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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
VOL. XX.VI.-JfO. 14,466.
PORTLAND, OREGON, FRIDAY, APRIL 19, 1907.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
KNOCKS OUT PROP
Chicago Cannot Buy
SUPREME COURT ANNULS LAW
Mueller Certificates Would Ex
ceed Debt Limit. .
DUNNE'S DREAM VANISHES
City Could Not Guarantee Franchise
if It Should Default on. Interest.
Busse's Election Avoids
CHICAGO. April 18. (Social.) The Su
preme Court of Illinois today declared un
constitutional the Mueller law certificates,
thereby knocking out the sole prop upon
which was built the Iridescent dream of
municipal ownership for Chicago and
other large cities. The. Mueller certifi
cates were Intended to provide the finan
ces for municipal ownership, and until
some other scheme is evolved that will
stand the test of the courts and prove
acceptable to the voting public, the trac
tion companies wljl continue to do busi
ness. The court holds that the Mueller law
would Increase the bonded debt of Chi
cago above the S per' cent limit' The,
right of the city to purchase property and
give a mortgage on It Is recognized, pro
viding . that property Is the only prop
erty affected by the debt. The court
holds that, In the case of the Mueller
law, not only are the physical properties
mortgaged for all or a portion of their
purchase price, but in addition the city
has guaranteed a 20-year franchise, to
the mortgagee. In case he has to fore
close on the property.
. Problem of Ownership Itaised.
' iTwo years ago Chicago fushed frantically-
Into the municipal ownership Idea
Without ligurlng what the courts would
do. Ex-Mayor Hunne and his party
pledged the public 'immediate municipal
ownership" and the entire country
watched with unusual Interest for . toe
experiment of a great city owning and
operating Its own streetcars. Meanwhile,
however, there arose the question of how
the city would acquire the traction prop
erties, worth 50 or more millions. Con
demnation proceedings alone would not
stand the test of the courts, although the
mora rabid municipal ownership advo
cates Insisted that all that was neces
sary was to seize the properties and run
ConliKcatlon was seen to be out of the
question after the election excitement
began to cool oft and then the Mueller
certificate plan cume to the front as pro
viding means to buy the lines. In brief,
this mortgages the earning of the trac
tion lines against the expenses or, fig
uring that the expenses will be a certain
figure or. near that, and that the earn
ings will reach a certain figure, certifi
cates were to be issued against the earn
ings, minus the expenses.
Reaction on Second Thought.
While this vital question was before
the public. Chicago began to react against
the municipal ownership idea. Samples. of
what the streetcar service would be un
der municipal ownership were to be had
.n the wretched water, gas and other
public utilities which bore no comparison
whatever with service furnished by pri
vate concerns. Consequently, at the last
election, the voters overturned Mayor
Dunne and the entire municipal owner
ship crew and voted by a heavy majority
to accept the 20-year ordinances, which
permit the traction companies to operate
their own properties under strict super
vision by the city. These ordinances pro
vide that the city can enforce the best
Had Mr. Dunne been re-elected under
his pledge of forcing municipal ownership,
the city would have been face to face
with Interminable and costly litigation as
a. result of the Supreme Court ruling of
The Mueller law was adopted at the
city election of April 5,. 1904, by a vote
of & to 1. Under its provisions the City
Council in January, 106. passed an or
dinance authorizing $73,000,00,1 worth of
street railway certificates. The lower
court sustained the validity of the law
and the ordinance. On appeal, this de
cision was reversed today.
MAY BECOME OPEN CAMP
Uoldfield Mineowners Weary of the
Struggle Between Unions.
GOUDFIKIJ3. Nev., April JR. Persistent
rumors have been In circulation for sev
eral days that an agreement had been
reached between the Mineowners and
Business Men's Association and the labor
leaders whereby the miners would return
to work the first of the week. It has been
stated on authority that no agreement has
been reached, but there is some basis for
the report that, the miners will return to
The executive committee of mineowners
and the labor leaders have had several
conference during the last few days and
earnepit efforts have been made -to reach
an understanding. Acting President Ma
honey, of the Western Federation of Min
ers, who Is conducting negotiations' on be
half of the miners. Is quoted as saying
that a settlement Is in sight. Thil mine
owners decline to go that far, but 'several
of the leading operators in Ooldneld are
known to be "preparing 'for' an early re
sumption of work on their properties.
It appears to be certain that the mines
will start within the next week, whether
or not a settlement of existing differences
is reached. If no settlement is agreed to
and the mines resume, it means that Gold
field will be an open camp. The operators
have about reached the limit of patience
and are determined to operate their prop
erties. There is an optimistic feeling here
PARIS WAITERS ON STRIKE
Make It Difficult to Eat and Vilify
PARIS. April 18,-Crowris of striking
waiters paraded the boulevards today en
deavoring to call out nonunion .waiters.
Several arrests were made on the charge
The Confederation of Labor is placard
ing the buildings with most violent mani
festos condemning the criminal govern
ment's" attempts to defeat the efforts of
the workingmen to ameliorate their con-
F. C. Hagerman,. Who. Has Resigned
! Governor of New Mexico and la
Hucceeded . by Captain tteorge
dition and vilifying especially Premier
Clemenceau, Minister of Education
Briand and Labor Minister ' ' Vivian! in
connection with the arrest of the strike
leaders, Marck and Tvetot, under charges
concocted by means of barbarous and an
The strike extended during the day to
many of the principal cafes, and caused
the greatest inconvenience at luncheon
time, when some of the staffs deserted
entirely. The older men, however, generally-
remained at their posts and con
trived to carry on the service with the
assistance' of amateurs, under the protec
tion of police.
Hundreds of excavators employed
upon the new Metropolitan Under
ground Railway lines joined in the
strike movement this afternoon.
Detachments of cavalry patrolled the
boulevards during the evening. Many
slight disturbances occurred because of
the strikers intimidating workers and a
number of further defections in Import
ant establishments were announced.
MRS. M1EAN WINS OUT
Daughters of Revolution . Vote for
WASHINGTON'. April 18. While the
vote of the Continental Congress for
National officers of the Daughters of the
American Revolution will probably not be
announced until tomorrow, it is freely
admitted by,-both factions tonight -that
Mrs. Donald McLean has been re-elected
as president general of the society. Mrs.
McLean's supporters claim that the entire
administration ticket will be elected by
an overwhelming majority. The vote re
ceived by Mrs. Elizabeth Howard of Alex
andra. Va., the "insurgent" candidate,
her friends declare, will - make her the
logical candidate to succeed Mrs. McLean
at the next session of the congress. -
At 11 o'clock tonight the tellers who
are canvassing 'the vote announced that
their work - would not be completed for
several hours. - The official - report will
not be made public until sumbitted . to
the congress tomorrow.
The election of the other National offi
cers, ' however, will be exciting, as more
than one candidate -has been selected- for
every office. In opposition to Mrs. Char
lotte E. Main for 'the- vice-president-generalship
of the .organization of chapters,
there Is- Mrs.' Jeppley. The remainder of
the ticket of, the opposing factions is as
Administration; . Recording . secretary
general. Miss Elizabeth P. Pierce.
Corresponding secretary-general, Mrs.
John P. Earnest.
Chaplain - general, Mrs. Esther F.
Register-general. Mrs. Amos G. Draper.
Treasurer - general, Mrs. - Mabel G.
Historian - general, Mrs.. J. Eaking
Librarian. Mrs. Helen M. Boynton. ., '
Opposition: Recording secretary-general.
Miss Catherine Barlow.
Corresponding secretary-general. Miss
Chaplain-General. Mrs. J. A. Gilflllan.
Register-general, Mrs. L. B. R. Fisher.
Treasurer - general, Mrs. Charles W.
Historian-general. Mrs. H. S. R. Hetzel.
Librarian. Miss Aline Solomons.
Mrs. McLean was nominated by Mrs.
A. A. Kendall, of Maine, and Mrs.
Charles Terry, of New York, seconded the
nomination. The indication that Mrs.
McLean did not have the unanimous sup
port of her own state delegation was the
nomination by Mrs. Little, of Rochester,
of Mrs. Howard and the seconding of it
by Mrs. Herron Grossman, of New Tork.
Several states voted solidly for Mrs. Mc
Ian, Connecticut. Massachusetts, New
York and Indiana being divided. Virginia
was divided also In its support, while
Colorado voted for Mrs. Howard.
VOLCANO GIVES ONLY LIGHT
Pnyehu Causes Enormous Loss
Among Mountains of Chile.
LIMA. Peru.. April IS. The volcano
Puyehu. In the province of Valdtvia,
Chile, is yet in active eruption and new
craters have developed and opened. The
losses in the neighborhood are enormous
and the Inhabitants are panic-stricken.
Absolute darkness would prevail but for
the light from several fires over an extent
of six miles. A great number of cattle
have been killed. - The ruined inhabitants
are fleeing in all directions: Tiro- govern
ment has sent for assistance.
I Pi. v 1 1 1 '-'! 11111 9 WWWWSpBSC1!
Dayton Doctor Meets
KEEPS SILENT UNTIL LAST
Convicted of - Killing Parents
BURNED HOUSE AND BODIES
Pleaded Insanity at Trial, but He
Failed to Establish Claim Fact
Brought Out He Was Addict-
ed to the Use of Drug.
COLUMBUS, O., April 18. Dr. Haugh,
of Dayton, convicted of the murder of his
father, mother and brother on the night
of November 4, 1906. was electrocuted in
the annex at the Ohio penitentiary a few
minutes after midnight. During the early
part of the night a break in the machinery
at the Columbus Public Service plant
threw the prison into temporary darkness.
The break did not interfere with the elec
trocution in any way, however, as the
current for that purpose is supplied by
the prison dynamo.
Indifferent to the Last.
Haugh manifested an apparent indiffer
ence to his fate until the last. All visitors
were excluded from -the annex at the pen
itentiary today and Haugh had seen no
one outside of the prison officials except
Father Kelly, his spiritual adviser. Dr.
Haugh has never admitted the crime for
which he was sentenced to death. He has
never discussed It, so his attendants say,
since he entered the annex. He is re
ported, however, to have protested his
The murder of his parents and brother
occurred In Dayton on the night of No
vember , 1905. The house in which the
Haughs lived was burned and a search
of the ruins revealed .the bodies of the
elder Haugh. his . wife and a son. ' All
circumstances Indicated that the family
had been murdered and the house burned
to conceal the crime.
Strong circumstantial Evidence.
Dr. Haugh declared he had barely es
caped from the house with his life and,
though he denied that he had committed
any crime, suspicion pointed toward him
and after his arrest a strong circumstan
tial case was made. His defense was in
sanity, but he was legally declared to be
sane. It was brought out, however, that
he was addicted to the use of a drug.
I ..: it vm.;.v
Later attempts were made to connect him
with the murder of several women at
Cincinnati who were mysteriously stran
gled. He was also said to be Involved in the
death of May Twohe, who died under
suspicious circumstances at "Lorain, O.,
and with a Mrs. Annie Patterson, who
died mysteriously at Chicago.
Haueh was married and his wife, now
divorced.' and two children, are living in
Haugli walked to the death chair un
assisted. When asked if he had. anything
to say he fimply shook his head.
INSANE MARQUISE SHOOTS
Italian Noblewoman arid Nephew
- Stand Siege in Burning Palace.
MILAN, April 19. The beautiful March
ioness Atala Ramblet Massaglla, a mem
ber of an illustrious-Italian family, sud
denly became insane Wednesday and bar
ricaded herself In the family palace. She
then dressed herself to her robes of state
and set fire to some furniture. When fire
men arrived she shot at them with a re
volver. There was a protracted siege which end
ed only when her ammunition was ex
hausted. The firemen, on entering, discovered a
nephew of the Marchioness there. He also
was insane. Both are now in the asylum.
GRAFT IN KEYSTONE STATE
Legislature May Cause Arrests In He
gard to Capital Scandal.
HARRISBVRG, Pa., April 18. Senator
Fisher, chairman of the legislative com
mittee which is investigating the charges
of extravagance in the furnishing of the
new State Capitol, said at the close of
the hearing today that enough testimony
had been brought out to warrant the
Attorney-General In entering suits against
the alleged offenders. He also said that
certain former state officials would be
called before the commission before the
preparation of its report to tbe Leglrla-ture.
OREGON MAN STEPS UP
Professor Coghill, of Willamette,
Elected to Denison University.
COLUMBUS, Ohio, April ' 18. (Spe
cial.) Professor George E. Coghlil of
Willamette University, Salem, Or., 'has
been chosen by the trustees, of Denison
University, of Granville, Ohio, to fill the
chair of zoology, recently vacated by
Professor C. J. Berry, 'who was made
professor of neurology at Chicago Uni
versity. x-rofessor Coghill graduated from
Brown University in the class of 1896.
Taft Starts Home From San Juan.
SAN JUAN. Porto Rico,-April 18. Sec
retary Taft and his party sailed for home
today on the dispatch-boat Mayflower, at
noon, accompanied by Beekman Win
throp, the retiring Governor of Porto
Rico, and Mrs. Winthrop, Mrs. Taft and
Miss Marjorie Ide. An lmmenee crowd
bade the Secretary farewell. The Insular
troops escorted the party from the pal
ace through streets lined with people
waving good-byes. Mr. Winthrop gave a
banquet last night to Mr. Taft and the
members of the Supreme Court.
British Firm Leases Ferrol Arsenal.
MADRID, April 18. It is said that the
Yarrow Shipbuilding Company and the
Armstrong-Whitworth Company are the
British firms which have offered to lease
the arsenal at ferrol and that the offer
has been accepted.
WHAT WILL, THE HARVEST
STORM OF CHEERS
Hero of San Francisco
CALLS FOR GOOD CITIZENSHIP
Scornful Against Jurors Who
STAMP OUT DISHONESTY
Thousand Merchants Banquet to Cel
ebrate Physical and Moral Re
generation of City After Its
Great Disaster of 1006.
SAN FRANCISCO, April 18. While
there was no general cessation of the
work of rehabilitation, the first-anniversary
of the earthquake and the fire which
left this city a mass of ruins was ob
served today by appropriate religious
services and commemorative exercises by
the Building Trades Council and other
The crowning event of the day was the
banquet of the Merchants' Association
at the Hotel Fairmount, at which the
material and civic regeneration of the
city was amply discussed and faith ex
pressed in a new and greater San Fran
cisco. The principal business streets
were decorated with bunting and incan
descent lights. Flags were flying every
where and the dome of the City Hall,
still in a partly wrecked condition was
"illuminated as on gala occasions "be
fore the fire."
About 1000 guests assembled at the Fair
mount at 6 o'clock this evening for the
merchants banquet.. After a lengthy
menu had been served. President Frank
J. Symmes, of the Merchants' Associa
tion, pressed an electric button which Bet
aglow 2100 electric lights on the dome of
the City Hall.
j.-- Heney Hero of the Hour.
Francis J. Heney was the hero of the
evening. His speech was cheered to the
echo. Time and again he was interrupted.
When he referred to W. J. Burns, pande
monium reigned. There were loud cries
of "Burns. Burns," but the famous detec
tive concealed himself behind one of the
huge pillars of the room. Mr. Heney said
"I recall what. Gail Hamilton said. 'How
we think we could all be heroes until we
are called upon to act.'
"As I arose to speak. I thought to my
self, how I would like to have these 900
names in the jury box out in Judge
Dunne's court;" and then I rememberd
what Gail Hamilton said and, when the
Judge asked for excuses, I saw 199 rush
forward with excuses. Am I overdrawing
"No," from the crowd.
Question of Moral Caliber. '
."That is my text. As San Franctoco
was on trialr-one- year ago, you are now
on trial before the people of the United
States as to whether you possess a high
enough class of citizenship to govern
yourselves properly. An it Is not build
ings that make the city, so it is not the
political party that makes the govern
ment. If lahot a question of candidates,
but it is a higher question. Do you pos
sess the moral caliber to face dishonesty
and. stamp it out? .. .. ...
'I have heard & great deal of talk that
labor cannot be trusted to elect honest
officials, but I want to eay that I still
believe the American people capable of
self-government and that . the - laboring
V v .r.s
i ' 4.. K'l
L . ... ..... ; .Lai
Mrs. Donald McUaa, Ite-Elected
pr-raldent of DauffhterB of Ameri
people of San Francisco are governed by
as high Intentions and as lofty a senae
of morality as the merchant class. -
Labor Can Be Trusted.
"Out of the passion of the teamsters
strike, labor and the merchants rent
apart, but the time shall come again
when they shall trust each other,1 when
the laborers can understand that a man
can be a merchant or millionaire like
Rudolph Sp reck el a and still' have in his
heart a love for hi fellow-man.
"We must have as high a standard of
morality in business as in official life.
We must have a. higher standard of
morality in politics. None of us 4n this
Investigation desires to profit politically.
Mr. Sprockets never had the germ. " I
had the political appendix removed some
(Concluded .on Pas 4.) (
CONTENTS TODAY'S PAPER
( The Weather.
YESTERDAY'S Maximum, temperature, 62
degrees; minimum. 44.
TODAY'S Clearing and warmer; northerly
British budget proposes old age pension and
Increased taxes on rich. Page 5.
Kings Edward and Victor confer. Page 5.
Colonial premiers banqueted In London.
Mexican earthquake poisons' country' with
sulphur. Page 1.
Pope gives red hats to new cardinals. Page
Interstate- Commission decides - against
Union Pacific in elevator case. Page 6.
Vice-president of New York Central favors
' Government control. Pag 9.
Southern cotton' manufacturers' complain' of
, rale discrimination. Page s. ..
s . National , ,
New Governor of Porto Rico Inaugurat
ed. Page 5.' ' '
Governor Hagerman.-' of New Mexico, forced
to resign. Pajje. 18.. . . ,
Hearst slights Bryan and builds up third
party in West. Page 4- '
Deadlock In Wisconsin Senatorial contest.
Page 4. ,
Bryan speaks at Hartford. Conn. Page 4.
Haskln on work of Woman's Christian As
sociation. - Page 6. ' v
Jerome investigates charge of tampering
with Thaw Juror. Page 18.
Chicago probes for evidence of police graft
. on dives. ' Page - 4. i , ,
Snow storm In Middle States and South dam
ages fruit. Page 18.
Case of' Nebraska land frauds In 'jury's
, hants. Page 6.. '.r
Judge preparing instructions to Jury -In Her
mann case. Page 5.
Illinois Supreme Court "decides against Chi
cago municipal ownership law. Page 1.
Dr. Haugh electrocuted for wholesale mur
der., page 1- ,k
Mrs. McLean re-elected president of Daugh
ters of He volution. Page 1. .
San Francisco celebrates ' anniversary , of
- earthquake and makes Heney hero of
hour. Page 1. ... .
Editor McManus placed on trial at Pendle
. ton for killing 'Bob Estes, gambler. Page
6. v -
W. H. Perry, wanted in South Carolina on
charge of murder, is arrested In Belt
lngham. Page 6- '
Congressman Jones toying with Senatorial
bee. Page 6.,
Damage to Missouri berry crop means good
prices for Hood River product. Page IS.
Portland and Vicinity.
Hearing of Spokane rate case concluded by
Interstate Commerce Commissioner Prou
ty. Page 10. '
P. K. & N. will conclude Us side this morn
ing in Tillamook right-of-way light. Page
Three old lire horses pensioned for life.
Ernest Lane, pink domino burglar, proves
former O. A. C student, page 12-
Boilermakers at Willamette Iron Works
walk out. Page 11.
Commercial and Marine.
Quartecof wheat crop Is yet to be moved.
Chicago wheat market affected by weather
news. Page 19.
Stock . trading lifeless. Page 19. -
Comle Bart clears for the United Kingdom.
Lumber shipments decline, page 14. ....
FROM THE EARTH
Earthquake in Mexico
POISONS BOTH AIR AND WATER
Peath List Exceeds 100 and Is
Still Incomplete. -
WHOLE CITIES DESTROYED
First Direct News From Cbilpancln.
go and Chi la pa Says Few Houses
Remain and Sickness Follows
. Odor Measures of Relief.
TWO SKVKKK SHOCKS AT MANILA. I
MANILA, April 18. Two savers I
earthquake shocks were felt here : I
this morning. No damage Is reported. ' t
CITY OB" MEXICO. April 18. Today th
Associated Press was in direct telegraphlo
communication with a number of towns
in the district affected by Sunday's earth
quake. FTom the telegrams received it Is
certain that the death list will exceed 100.
There are a number of small towns yet
to be heard from, but up to date the av
erage number of fatalities at these places
has ranged from 9 to 12 and the number
of Injured from 30 to 40.
In Chilapa 33 persons were injured and
779 buildings destroyed. Nobody was
killed, as- reported yesterday.
After the first great shock the air was
filled for many miles with a thick, sicken
ing, sulphurous odor. This caused great
distress to the survivors. There are
many speculations as to the cause of the
peculiar freak of nature and some con
sider it a proof that the earthquake had
Its origin In some subterranean explosion.
Even the water In the streams was made
sulphurous, as the following telegram re
ceived from Chilpanclngo by the AssocP
ated Press will show:.
. Sickened by Sulphurous- Air. .
; "On the 14th of April at 11:30 P. M. an
earthquake shock of terrible Intensity was
felt here. In the beginning the movement
was oscillatory and then ' changed to
trepatory. Nobody could tell how long It
lasted on account of the Intensity of the
phenomenon, but It must have been more
than four minutes.
-"At the same time there was a very
pronounced odor In the air. On the fol
lowing day almost everybody complained
of headaches. In some parts of the city
the odor could be detected when excava
tions for water were made. On the night
of the 14th. the same odor was detected
on the road to Acapulco and in the
streams as far as Agua del Perro, a dis- -tance
of 9S kilometers from here.
Only CO Houses Stand.
"There are ten dead. It is Impossible
to calculate the amount of property loss,
because with the exception of the. City
Hall and about-20 other houses the whole
city is in ruins. The quakes continue at
long Intervals and spread panic among
the Inhabitants. There was no disorder,
nor were there any acts of pillage regis
tered. Everybody is trying to help the
sufferers. The authorities are aiding the
people to the best of their ability. Lst
night there was another shock 'at 10
o'clock, accompanied by subterranean
Destruction at Chilapa.
A telegram from Chilapa to the Asso
ciated Press says:
"The number of injured In this town Is
33.. An Infant was killed by falling walls.
Thirty-one houses were completely de
stroyed. Seven hundred and seventy-nine
houses are partailly destroyed, including
the telegraph office. The total loss of
property. Including the cathedral, the
various churches, the City Hall and other
buildings, amounted to over J2.000.000."
A movement Is under way In the City
of Mexico to furnish relief to those ren
dered homeless and destitute in Guerrero.
Vice-President Roman Correl, acting for
President Diaz, has sent a message to
all the Governors of the states of Mexico
asking for aid In relieving the sufferers
in the two states most affected.
NO HABITABLE HOUSE STANDS
Many Burled Under Ruins of Ayut
la Jjoss About 9200,000.
ATUTLA, Mex., April 18. Seven people.
Including men, women and children, wers
buried under wreckage at this place after
the earthquake on April 14. None of the
killed was prominent. The wounded num
ber 37. One died yesterday; another is in
in a critical condition and the remainder
Innumerable buildings have been
thrown down, and those which are still
standing are In a dangerous condition.
None of the houses Is habitable. The
losses are estimated at approximately
No communication has yet been received
from the outlying districts.
General Markley Ketires.
WASHINGTON. April 18 Brigadier
General Alfred C. Markley, recently pro
moted from ; Colonel of the Twelfth In
fantry, was placed upon the retired list
of the Army today on account of age.
Colonel Earl G. Thomas, commanding the
Eleventh Infantry in Cuba, has been pro
moted to the grade of Brigadier-General.