Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
VOL. XLVI NO. 14,409.
PORTLAND, OREGON, TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 12, 1907.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
President and Califor
LEGISLATION IS DEMANDED
No Concession on Schools
PROMISE IS NOT ENOUGH
San Francisco Delegation Rernses lo
Yield on School Question Unless
Assured Japan Will Agree to
Exclusion of Coolies.
WASHINGTON. Feb. 11. tSpecial.) A
complete deadlock has developed In the
discussion between President Roosevelt
and the educational authorities of the
City of San Francisco relative to the ex
clusion from the public schools of that
city of Japanese children. There is no
present Indication that this deadlock will
be broken or a satisfactory solution of
the perplexing problem will be reached.
The blame for present conditions rests
largely on the President He was forced
to an admission this afternoon that he
could go no further than to promise the
exercise of his utmost exertions in ne
gotiating a treaty with Japan for the
exclusion of coolies. This was not
sufficient for the Coast delegation.
The members desired an assurance
that Japan Is willing in rood faith
to enter upon the negotiation of
such a treaty, and that it will be fol
lowed by drastic legislation. The Presi
dent could not give the assurance request
ed, and bluntly said that the legislation
feature Is impracticable.
"Remove the Coast from friction, gen
tlemen." said the President, "and I do
my best to secure the exclusion of the
Japanese coolies by treaty or Imperial
The delegation refused to be influenced
by a mere Indefinite promise. The mem
bers declared that there must be some
thing conclusive in sight before they
receded from their position. A deadlock
followed the exchange of wives, which
consumed nearly two hours.
At the conclusion of the conference thle
afternoon the President informed the
delegation that he would present the
entire matter under consideration to the
Cabinet at Its meeting tomorrow and
later call the delegation to the "White
House for another discussion of the situa
tion, it is regarded as possible that the
President will also confer with Ambas
sador Aokl, the Japanese representative
here, relative to the disposition of his
government in the matter of arranging a
EACH SIDK GIVES ITS OPINION
Californians Hesitate to Yield Fnless
Coolies Are Excluded.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 11. As a result
of an hour's conference at the White
House this afternoon, at which Presi
dent Roosevelt, Secretary Root, Mayor
Schmtta, of San Francisco, and the
members of the School Board of that
city participated, Mr. Schmltz late to
night made a statement summarizing
the situation. When asked whether
the proposition submitted by the Sa.n
Francisco delegation called for the ex
clusion of the Japanese coolie labor
from this country, Mr. Schmltz replied:
"We are not making: a treaty and
have not discussed with the President
the question of excluding the Japanese
from this country by treaty. We heard
the President's views, and today he
heard our side of the question. It now
remains for us to modify our views in
order to reach an agreement with the
President or for Mr. Roosevelt to modi
fy his views to reach an agreement
with us. Today's conference adjourned
subject to the call of the President, and
I do not believe that we will be called
to the White House again until Thurs
day or Friday."
Tt has been agreed that the whole mat
ter will be considered at the meeting to
morrow. Mr. Schmltz declined to say
whether the question of excluding the
Japanese by legislation formed a part of
their proposition, which was submitted
today in writing.
Mr. Schmltz and other members of the
San Francisco delegation have received
hundreds of telegrams urging them to ad
vocate a treaty excluding Japanese labor
ers and legislation by Congress to carry
out the provisions of this treaty. The
Mayor has admitted to members of the
California delegation In Congress that he
Is very anxious to reeach a satisfactory
agreement with the President and stands
willing to make any concessions that will
be for the good of the whole country, yet
he hesitates to make any agreement that
will not meet with the approval of Cali
fornia. The private dispatches from the
Coast have In all Instances Indicated the
wide Interest of the people there.
It can be authoritatively stated that the
President has appealed to Mr. Schmitz
and his associates to bring the anti-Japanese
agitation to an end by rescinding
the order for Oriental schools. Under the
California law the question of separate
schools is left to the discretion of the
school authorities, and before the earth
quake disaster the Japanese were admit
ted to the white schools. Mr. Schmltz de
clared that the only reason for establish
ing separate schools was that the Jap
anese were crowding the whites out in
certain districts. When asked as to the
general tone of the telegrams received
from San Francisco, Mr. Schmitz said:
"The people of California do not give
a rap about the school question, but they
are opposed to the admission of Japan
ese coolies into this country."
Members of the California delegation
In Congress expressed ignorance of the
nature of the basis of settlement.
Widespread newspaper comment was
deprecated at the conference and the par
ticipants pledged themselves anew to re.
frain from statements until some con
clusions have been reached. The San
Francisco delegation has agreed that all
statements for publication must come
from Mr. Schmltz, while Representative
Hayes is acting as spokesman for the
As the Californians were leaving the
White House, the Mayor was asked If a
copy of a Japanese treaty on exclusion
of laborers from that country had been
exhibited, but Mr. Schmltz replied that
he had not seen anything of that sort.
Secretary Loeb announced there would
be no statement from the White House.
Mr. Root remained with the President
for some time after the Californians left
and toward nightfall took a long walk
Opposed to Trouble With Japan.
VENICE, Cal.. Feb. 1L The Venice
CJhnmber of Commerce at a meeting held
tonight adopted and ordered sent to
President Roosevelt a set of resolutions
reciting that "the anti-Japanese senti
ment expressed at San Francisco does
not reflect the true feeling of the citi
zens of California" and resolving "that
the Chamber of Commerce does not
recognize the school incident or the con
tinuance of the present friendly relations
with Japan as a menace to the progress,
development and prosperity of California
or to the success and welfare of her
Admits Only Friendly Rivalry.
NEW YORK. Feb. 11. Viscount Sluzo
Aokl. the Japanese Ambassador to the
United States, made the principal address
at the annur.l dinner of the Silk Associa
tion of the United States tonight. He
said that despite recent- unpleasant talk,
he admitted no rivalry between Japan
and the United States except the friendly
rivalry of commerce.
BUILD NO ZION CITY HERE
Portland Zionists Revolt A pa Inst
Despotic Rule of Yoliva.
SEATTLE, Wash., Feb. 11. Overseer
Voliva's dream of establishing a new ZIon
City in the Northwest has been aban
doned with the announcement today that
he has given up a trip Here and along
the Pacific Coast planned for next month.
Rev. August Ernst, elder of the local
Zionlte organization, says the plans have
been changed because of the revolt In
Portland, Seattle. Taconia and Vancouver
against the despotic rule of Voliva.
"We believe in the teachings of Dr.
Dowie, but we do not believe In the one
man rule, which he instituted and which
Voliva Is following," gUd Dr. Ernst.
A mere handful of Voliva followers in
Seattle and Vancouver are grouped under
the care of Rev. W. B. Kindle, who was
sent here by Voliva last Summer. In
Portland and Tacoma the revolt led by
Elders Hoey and Ernst, respectively, have
won an undivided following against the
overseer. . .
Former Oregon Volunteer Officer
Accused of Irregularities.
SALT LAKE CITY, Feb. 11. The court
martial of First Lieutenant Eugene P.
Crowley, M Company, Twenty-ninth In-,
fantry, on the charge of financial ir
regularities, has been ordered and will
he held at Fort Douglas. Lieutenant
Crowley was First Lieutenant and Regi
mental Adjutant of the Second Oregon
Infantry, in 1S98. and afterward Captain
in the Thirty-fifth United States Volun
teer Infantry. He was appointed Sec
ond Lieutenant of the Fourth Regulars,
In 1001 and made First Lieutenant in the
Twenty-ninth, in 1903. His regiment is
now stationed at Fort Du Chesne, Utah.
MEXICO CITY IS SHIVERING
Snow Falls and Government Shelters
MEXICO CITY, Feb. 11. For the
first time in many years, snow fell
upon the streets of Mexico City today.
Tne unusual conditions have caused
suffering among the poor, who habitu
ally go about clad in light garments
and with bare feet. The Government
is providing food and shelter tonight
INDICTS COUNTY OFFICERS
North Carolina Grand Jury Says
They Stole Public Funds.
CLINTON. X. C Feb. 11. A grand
Jury here returned Indictments against
C. W. Mann. ex-Sheriff, for embezzlement
of state and county funds. The former
and present boards of County Commis
sioners were indicted for failure to exer
cise proper oversight of the funds. The
shortage is said to be $45,000.
HIGGINS IS FAILING AGAIN
Doctor Keeps All Night Watch Be
side Dying Governor.
OLEAN. N. Y.. Feb. 11. Ex-Governor
Hlggins failed perceptibly this afternoon
and evening. Dr. Highart will remain at
the Hlggins homestead all night.
Tarbell to Quit Equitable.
NEW YORK. Feb. 11. Gage E. Tar
bell, second vice-president of the Equi
table IJfe Assurance Society, has ten
dered his resignation, to take effect
March 1 next, the date of the annual
meeting. The resignation has been ac
cepted by President Paul Morton. Mr.
Tarbell Is to become the head of a
realty operating company.
Indicted for Forming Trust.
SAVANNAH. Ga., Feb. 11. Indict
ments were returned today in the Uni
ted States Court against a number of
persons and corporations engaged in
naval stores traffic for violations of the
"S BILL IS
PASSED BY HOUSE
COMMISSION TO BE ELECTIVE
Board Will Appoint Its Three
PEOPLE NAME TWO IN 1908
Third Will Be Chosen at Election in
19 1 0 Teal and Followers to
Carry Political Fight
Into the Senate.
SALEM. Or.. Feb. 11. (Special.) By
unanimous vote the Chapin Railroad
Commission bill passed the House to
night. . with the temporary appointment
of the three Commissioners given to a
state board consisting of the Governor,
Secretary of State and Treasurer. At
the June election In 190S two of the three
Commissioners will be elected by the
people. The third - will be elected In
1910. In the afternoon occurred a big
fight over the adoption of the majority
report of the railroad committee recom
mending that the board appoint. The bai.
tie ended In the defeat by a vote of 30 t 29
of the minority report, which recom
mended appointment by the Governor,
the vote being on the question whether
the minority report should be substituted
for the majority.
Except for this one change, the meas
ure passed as submitted by the Portland
Chamber of Commerce and the Oregon
and Washington Lumber Manufacturers'
Association. On roll call but one vote
was cast against the bill, that of Adams
of Multnomah, which was afterward
changed to aye.
Two to Be Elected in 1908.
The state-at-large appointee of the
board will bold office until 1910. the two
others, each representing a Congressional
district, will serve until after the elec
tion In 1908, at . which their, successors
will be chosen by the people.'
Now arises the question whether strife
will ensue In the Senate, whose railroad
committee has recommended appointment
by the Governor, two of the appointees
to serve until after the 1310 election and
the state-at-large commissioner to hold
until after the 1908 election, at which his
successor is to be elected. The Senate
will consider this question tomorrow
morning at 11 o'clock.
Greatly disappointed at their failure in
the House, the Gubernatorial appoint
ment workers have now turned to the
Senate,' led by J. N. Teal, W. T. Muir
and George M.. Cornwall, of Portland.
The majority report in the House was
made by Jones of Polk, King of Mal
heur and Holt of Linn. The minority re.
port is identical with the Senate report
and was made by Chairman Coffey of
Multnomah and Edwards of Lane.
Line-Up of the Forces.
The array of forces In the House was
shown by the vote this afternoon on the
question whether the minority report
should be substituted for the majority.
The vote was:
Ayes Barrett of Umatilla. Bayer. Bev
erldge. Brlx. Beutgen, Burns. Chapin,
Coffey, Connell, Dobbin, Drlseoll, Dye,
Baton, Edwards, Farrell, Freeman, Hen
drick. Huntley, Jones of Clackamas,
Knowles, Kubli, McCue, Northup. Per
kins. Rothchild, Slusher, Steen, Wilson,
Noes Adams, Barrett of Washington,
Beals, Bones. Brown. Campbell, Carter,
Chase, Crawford, Donnelly. Gray, Holt,
Jackson, Jewell, Purdy, Rackleff, Rey
nolds, Rodgers, Settlemler. Simmons, Up
meyer. Washburn, Davey 30.
When voting tonight Barrett, of
Washington, declared himself not con
vinced that the commission would give
satisfaction, but said that he voted aye
in response to the demands of his con
stituents. Dye, of Clackamas, spoke in
the same way, also Jackson, of Doug
las, and McCallon, of Polk.
Davey Commends Bill.
"We cannot expect human efforts to
be perfect on the first trial." said
Speaker Davey. voting last. "But the
bill is as good a one as could be pre
sented at this nme."
In the afternoon the speakers for the
majority report, who were led by
Davey and his followers, were Jones,
of Polk, Campbell, of Clackamas, Bar
rett, of Washington. Rodgers. of Ma
rion, Jackson, of Douglas, and Wash
burne, of Lane. The speakers for the
minority report were Coffey, of Multno
mah, chairman of committee on rail
roads; Edwards, of Lane, and Northup,
Freeman and Chapin, of Multnomah.
Davey. called to the chair Newell, of
Washington, and took his place on the
floor in line of battle. After the read
ing of the majority report, and then of
the minority report, Coffey was .on his
feet at once with a motion to adopt the
But the voice of Davey rang out
loudly from the floor,- declaring the
motion out of order, because "the ques
tion occurs on the adoption of the ma
jority report." Acting Speaker Newell
sustained Davey's point, whereupon
Jones, leader of the majority of the
committee, moved the adoption of the
majority report. Coffey moved to
amend by substituting the minority re
port' for the majority, whereupon the
debate opened and was waged an hour
and a half, closing with a vote of 30
noes to 29 ay,es, Vawter being absent.
The majority report was then, adopt
ed. Davey's Telling Speech.
In the debate Davey made the first
of his telling speeches. He said he had
had no thought of changing the Chapin
bill beyond providing that the commis
sioners should be selected by a Repub
lican board. "Imagine my astonish
ment.'' said he. "at having seen 60
amendments in the Chapin bill, brought
In by the minority committee." He
then spoke sarcastically of the "buff
colored envelopes with the pretty col
ored cards Inside." adverting to the
many letters that he, along with others
of the House, had received, obviously
from the same source, urging appoint
ment by the Governor.
"Did they," he asked, adverting to the
writers of the letters, "Intend that we
should vote for the Chapin bill and
these 60 amendments men who have
never seen the Chapin bill or the
- . .' jW
Wlllard H. Chapin, Author of the
amendments, and don't know what they
Davey turned to the charges that he
had been "fixed" by the railroads. He
had In mind a cutting reply, but would
have more charity than his detainers,
whose remarks were but as "sounding
brass and tinkling cymbal."
Favors Republican Board.
"X ' am there to say I am not op
posed to the Chapin bill," he
continued, "but 1 ivm . opposed to
putting appointing power in the hands
of the Governor, I believe the people of
Oregon are capable of selecting all their
officers and railroad commissioners who
will give honest application of the law.
It is a cheeky demand that we should
pass this over to a Democratic Governor.
If there are not two or three men among
the 70.000 Republican voters in Oregon
capable of honest application of the
law, then well and good, but I am not
ready to make the confession."
He then cited that all members of the
committee, when chosen, had been con
sidered anti-railroad. He had never initi
ated discussion on the bill, or spoke on
It to any member of the committee "un
til after a majority of the committee had
asserted their manhood and refused, to
Davey mentioned the discussion of last
Wednesday, when the committee agreed
to the election of two commissioners in
1908, and then the change the next day
to the election of but one commissioner
at that time, thus leaving to Governor
Chamberlain control of the commission
throughout his term. .
First Shows His Hand.
"Jones and Holt then came to me." he
continued, "and I gloried In their spunk
and said. 'Boys, I'm with you." That was
the first utterance of the Speaker of this
House to members of the committee on
the Chapin bilL Members of this House
should not stultify themselves and lie
down and be run over. We have a good
Secretary of State and a good Treasurer,
who, with the Governor, are capable of
giving the state a good railroad com
mission. I believe that the report of a
majority of the committee should be
Jones, of Polk, declared himself in favor
of the Chapin bill, except as to its
method of choosing the commissioners.
Four years ago he said he had stood for
reciprocal demurrage Jn the House and
had been voted down, seven of ten Demo
crats then voting against him.
"I know something of the feeling of the
state regarding railroad legislation. I
have attended all big meetings. In Polk
and Lincoln counties no one has ever
mentioned to me the appointment of the
commission.", thus showing that the peo
ple were not demanding appointment by
the Governor, as the workers for the
Chapin bill made out.
Coffey said that of the 60 amendments
mentioned by Davey, nearly all were
typographical changes. He remarked
that there was universal demand, as he
understood It. for appointment by the
Governor. In order that there might be
some central authority responsible for the
doings of the commission.
Campbell urged the popular election
method, saying that the commissioners
should be kept as close as possible to the
people. Just as Bryan, when addressing
the Legislature, urged that all officers
be kept close to the people.
Edwards mentioned the large number of
letters received by htm urging Governor
W ould Shun All Politics.
"The Governor." he said, "should have
the power of removal. Let's put off po
litical garb," said he, "and put on our
Barrett of Washington opposed turning
-Concluded on Face 3.)
i . " : t
Jerome Shuts out Much
FORCES PROOF OF INSANITY
Mrs. Thaw's Attempt to Con
tinue Story Blocked.
NOTE TO THAW PRODUCED
Told Husband "That Blackguard"
Had Been in Restaurant Expert
Says Thaw Did Xot Know
Shooting White Was Wrong.
XEW YORK. Feb, 11. Answering a
hypothetical question covering every de
tail of the testimony up to this time In
the . Thaw trial. .Including Mrs. Evelyn
Nesblt Thaw's narration of her life his
tory. Dr. Charles G. Wagner, superin
tendent of the State Hospital for the In
sane at Blnghamton, declared on the wit
ness stand today that In his opinion
Harry K. Thaw did not know that his
act was wrong when he shot and killed
Stanford White. Dr. Wagner stepped
aside for later cross-examination by Dis
trict Attorney Jerome and. when court
adjourned for the day It was announced
the defense would offer testimony from
other alienists tomorrow morning.
Dr. Wagner's opinion of a hypothetical
question, the man under consideration be
ing the author of letters which have
been introduced as emanating from Harry
Thaw during his estrangement from
Evelyn Nesblt after their return from
.Europe in 1903. finiHhed a day of legal
sparring between Mr. Delmas of the de
fense and Mr. Jerome of the prosecution.
Stops Sirs. Thaw's Story.
Mr. Jerome effectually blocked the com
pletion for the time being of the testi
mony of Mrs. Evelyn Thaw by insist
ing that before she should go further
competent testimony as to Thaw's sound
ness of mind should be given. Mr. Del
mas tried to carry forward the young
wife's story, but the District Attorney
was on his feet with an objection to
Mrs. ' Thaw had been recalled as the
third witness of the day. One of her
predecessors was J. D. Layton. vice-president
of the Union National Bank of
Pittsburg, who stated that he had received
Harry Thaw's will from the latter's own
hands some time prior to April, 1906, and
had held it in a safe deposit box until
late in November last, when he directed
his secretary to forward It to John B.
Gleasoh, of Thaw's counsel. Mr. Gleason
then sw,ore that he had received the. will
by mall December 11, 1906. and that abso
lutely no changes had been made in the
instrument while in his possession. Mr.
Jerome admitted the progress of the will
from Mr. Lyon to Mr. Gleason without
the necessity of calling the former's secre
tary. Mr. Delmas did not offer the will
In evidence, however, owing to the fact
that It has not in its entirety been proved
as having been legally executed by Thaw.
Mrs. Thaw's Note Produced.
When young Mrs. Thaw was called to
the stand, she was dressed precisely as
when she occupied the witness chair last
week. As she was taking her seat. Mr.
Delmas turned to the District Attorney
and renewed his demand of Wednesday
that the note which was passed by Mrs.
Thaw to her husband at the Cafe Martin
the night of the tragedy should be pro
duced. Mr. Jerome at the former de
mand had remained silent. Today he at
once said he would send for the slip of
paper. It was brought from his office.
Identified by Mrs. Thaw and read by
Mr. Delmas as follows:
"The b was here a minute ago, but
went out again."
The contents of the note caused sur
prise only as to the exact wording. It
had generally been supposed that the
"The b Is here."
Mrs. Thaw testified today that "the 1) "
meant the blackguard, as Thaw' always
referred to Stanford White.
The other essential point Mrs. Thaw
was allowed to bring out was the state
ment that the defendant never carried a
pistol except In New Tork. She was
asked many other questions, embodying
various stories she had discussed with
Thaw, including the alleged fate of a girl
known to them as "the pie girl" at the
hands of Stanford White, but Mr. Jerome
blocked the question with sustained ob
Expert Witness Half Gagged.
Compelling the defense to begin ex
pert testimony as to Thaw's Insanity by
his objections, Mr. Jerome next pro
ceeded to block the testimony of Dr.
Wagner as to the results of his six visits
to the defendant in the Tombs and his
tests as to the latter's mental condition.
Dr. Wagner was not allowed to go Into
the conversations he had with the defend
ant nor the conclusions he had reached
from these conversations. He was con
fined to what he actually observed, and
he declared his observations were so
closely interlaced with his questioning of
the defendant that he didn't know
whether he could separate them.
A long legal argument over the point
resulted In Mr. Delmas withdrawing
many of the questions as to the tests.
contenting himself with asking Dr.
Wagner to give his opinion of the hypo
thetical question covering the evidence in
the case. The question was almost
record-breaking in length, a comprehen
sive resume of the entire case. Including
Mrs. Thaw's personal narrative. In It
Mr. Delmas accused Stanford White of
having "drugged" Miss Nesbit and of
having attempted to renew "communi
cation or relations" with her subsequent
to her marriage. Mr. Jerome objected
to these features, and it was amended to
embrace the evidence of record as to the
disputed points. It was on the amended
question that Dr. Wagner gave it as his
opinion that Harry Thaw did not know,
because of defective reason, that his act
In killing Stanford White was wrong.
When the expert Is taken In hand by Mr.
Jerome he will have to give detailed rea
sons for his opinion.
Dr. Evans of the New Jersey State Hos
pital for the Insane will be the first wit
ness for the defense tomorrow.
Women Barred From Court. .
A new rule by Justice Fitzgerald, bar
ring from the courtroom all women not
engaged in active newspaper work, went
into effect today. Many of those who,
bedecked in gala costumes, had occupied
-i "X )5 I
4 tis -Ui - i
1 . Wi '&:. 1
Blngetr Hermann, Whom Trial Will
Begin in Washington Today.
front seats heretofore, were on hand early
this morning, but to no purpose. The
court officers had direct orders and
obeyed them. As a result, there were
many empty benches In the courtroom all
BLOCKED AT EVERY POIXT
Delmas Introduces Proof of Thaw's
Insanity Under Difficulties.
NEW YORK. Feb. 11. That the de
fense would procee4 with the struggle
to have Harry Thaw's will accepted in
evidence as tes-tlmony of his mental
condition was indicated by Mr. Delmas,
who asked that J. B. Lyon be called as
the first witness of the day.
Mr. Lyon testified that he had been
engaged in the banking business In
Pittsburg for more than a quarter of
(Concluded on Page 4.)
CONTENTS TODAY'S PAPER
TE-RTETt DAY'S Maximum temperature, 35
degrees; minimum, 41.
TODAY'S Pair; easterly winds.
Venezuelan olTlelals accused of grafting by
American and Parades begins revolution.
Boers likely to control Transvaal Parlia
ment. Page 3.
Nicaragua prepares to Invade Honduras.
Roosevelt and San Francisco deleRatlon
reach deadlock on Japanese question.
House committee hears Taft on canal con
tract. Piwre 2.
fenate rejects reduced railroad rates for
Army. Page 6.
Oregon to be divided Into two Judicial dis
tricts. Page 3.
New York gas trust delays conclusion of
suit on 80-cent gas. Page 2.
Chicago Council passes street railway fran
chises over Mayor's veto. Page 3.
Haskln tella stories of President Lincoln.
Evidence of Thaw's Insanity given in face of
Jerome's obstruction. Page 1.
Chapin bill for temporarily appointive Rail
road Commission passes house. Page 1.
Bouse passes bill giving State University
$125,000 a year. Page 7.
Solons puzxled over state banking law. Page
House committee dodges normal school
fight. Page 6.
BUI to tax holdings- of timber barons passes
one bouse. Page 6.
Plot to drive Japanese from Woodburn was
formed in local saloon. Page 6.
Foreman construction crew for Portland
General Electric Company in battle with
Italian workmen. Page ff.
Women tramp 26 miles through snow and
cold from stranded train In Cascade
Mountains. Page 3.
Federation of Miners and mineowners lined
up at murder trial of Steve Adams. Page
Mrs. Henrietta L. B. Sutro gets divorce and
valuable property concessions. Page 16.
Commercial and Marine.
Large blocks of hops sold. Page 15.
Upward tendency of st6ck market. Page 15.
Wheat markets drop on denial that Russia
will buy In America. Page 15.
Steamship agents at oul with County
Court over Madison-street bridge. Page
Steamer Nlcomedia will clear todaj. Page 14.
Tort land and Vicinity.
Mrs. H. H. Wilson leads police in pursuit of
her husband, who sought to elope in an
automobile with Mrs. T. W. Taylor. Page
Trial of Mrs. Huntsman's suit for $10,000
against Money Lender R. I. Eckerson
again results in disagreement. Page 10.
Mayor appoint C. C. Grltzmaoher Chief of
Police. Page 10.
Owners of small private banks object to
proposed banking legislation. Page 14.
M. A. A. C. will hold annual meeting to
night to hear president's report and elect
Ave trustees. Page IS. '
Chinese New Year festivities begin. Page 10.
"OLD ABE" L1NG0LN
One of Three Greatest
VICTOR OVER CIRCUMSTANCE
How He Earned His First Dol
lar and Studied Law. j
SETTLED FIRST COURT CASE
Danced With Future Wife the Very
Worst Way Advice to Bachelor
British Ambassador Kindness
to an Old Xegro Porter.
BY FRKDERtC J. HASKIX.
WASHINGTON'. Feb. 6 (Special Corre
spondence.) Twelve states In the Union
will observe this, the date of Abraham
Lincoln's birth, as a holiday. Lincoln
was In many respects the most remark
able figure In American history. If an
expression could be had from all our
people, .as to who might be the greatest
man this country has produced, the three
names that would be mentioned most
would doubtlessly be George Washington.
Abraham Lincoln and Robert E. Lee.
President Roosevelt says in one of his
books that he considers Iee the greatest
soldier the Knglish-speaklng races have
produced. Lee was a better man morally
and had finer personal characteristics
than either Washington or Lincoln.
Washington had the advantage over
Lincoln in birth and education, he was
born to the purple, as It were, while
Lincoln came of obscure stock and went
to school only "by littles." as he once
said. TJncoln might well be called the
shiftless child of destiny. He moved aim
lessly along In his tragic, ludicrous way,
and yet his star led always onward and
upward to the pinnacle of highest fame.
He was by turns a farmhand, ferryman,
a clerk in a village store, postmaster or
the village of New Salem, 111., pilot on
the Mississippi River, lawyer, member
of the State legislature, member of the
lower house of Congress and then Presi
dent. first Home, First Earnings.
The Lincolns moved to Illinois when
little Abe was but R years old. They
lived in a cabin 14 feet square, built of
poles and having only three sides, the
fourth being left open for a door. The
bed was made of saplings that reached
from cracks in the wall to forks driven
In the dirt floor, and the bedding was
bags of leaves and skins. The meager
tableware consisted only of tin and pew
ter articles. The upper floor where the
boy slept was reached by means of pegs
driven In the wall. When Lincoln's
mother died his father bad to make the
coffin In which she was burled. - Several
months after her death the boy bad a
minister come and preach the funeral
The first dollar Lincoln ever earned
was paid him for ferrying a couple of
men and their trunks from the river
bank to a steamer waiting In midstream.
Each of the men gave him a shining
half-dollar, and later in life, when he
was living In the White House, Lincoln
related the Incident, and said:
"I could not believe my eyes when I
picked up that money. It was the most
important incident In my life. I could
scarcely believe that I had actually
earned a dollar In less than a day. The
world seemed wider and fairer before me.
and I was a more hopeful and confident
being from that time."
Lincoln's first pair of Jeans trousers
was earned by splitting rails X rails for
every yard of cloth.
Pays Dearly for a Book.
The boy Lincoln was very much inter
ested In a book on the life of George
Washington. He had borrowed the vol
ume from a neighbor, and one night
after sitting up late to read it, put it
in the opening between the logs In the
wall of the cabin. During the night there
was a heavy rain and the water soaked
through the mud daub, staining the leaves
and warping the binding of the book.
Abe was dreadfully frightened 'over the
damage that had been done, and with
great trepidation went to the owner of
the book, made his explanation and asked
how he might make restitution. The
"Beln' as It's you. Abe. I won't be hard
on you. Come over and shuck corn for
three days and the book's yours.
Lincoln was appointed Postmaster by
Jackson, seeking the position eo he could
read all the newspapers that passed
through his hands. As the office did not
pay, he was seldom there. He carried
the letters around in his hat on the
chance of meeting the owners, and was
always on the lookout for something to
read. While "clerking" In a store, he
decided that he would like to study gram
mar and, hearing about a man seven or
eight miles away who had one, he walked
over and borrowed It. When he studied
law. he walked to the county seat, 20
miles away, to borrow the books, loung
ing around the old Salem tavern and
making himself useful as chore boy while
he studied. His favorite paper was the
Louisville Post, and it is said that he
always managed to raise the money to
pay the subscription, even though he
lacked proper clothing.
When the news got around the neigh
borhood that Abe Lincoln was studying
law, most of the neighbors were very
much amused. Old Squire Godby says:
"The first time 1 ever saw Abe with a
(Concluded on Page 13.)