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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
THE MORNING OREGONIAN, SATURDAY. NOVEMBER, 10, 1JU6.
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l'OR1XANI, SATURDAY. NOV. 10, 100.
Almost every day brings reports of
new indictments against the railroads
for giving rebates. Now the New York
Central i accused, and convicted, of
allowing rebates to the Standard Oil
and sugar trusts. Now the Santa Fe
is under lire for favoring the Colorado
Fuel & Iron Company. Finally the
grand Jury at Minneapolis indicts four
different roads for giving rebates to the
elevator trust. When the rate bill was
under discussion railroad advocates like
President Spencer and Mr. Foraker
strenuously contended that the practice
of rebating had ceased. Formerly, they
admitted, rebates had been given, but
it was so no longer. A little later the
attorneys of the Standard Oil Company
with their ueual unctuous smugness
made the same statement. Once they
had been guilty of the practice in the
bad old times when everybody did it,
but they had reformed and had be
come most exemplary in their fairness
to competitors. Now these indictments
come in literally by the hundred to
show how much sincerity there was in
Why do the railroads continue to give
rebates? Certainly it diminishes their
revenues. They run the risk of lines.
The ofllcers Imperil their precious souls
by barefaced falsehood about the mat
ter. Still they 'persist, boldly facing all
the risks in this world and the next.
Why do they do it?
The reason is simple enough. Re
bates are given, not by the stockhold
ers of the road, but by the officers.
These officers hold ttock in the roadt,
of course, but the benefits which they
get from the rebates heavily outweigh
the losses which they 6uffer from the
practice as stockholders. What are
these benefits? They are twofold.
First, the ofllcers who grant the re
bates are deeply interested in the trusts
which receive them. As stockholders in
the roads they lose a little by giving
the rebates. As owners of the trusts
they receive the whole amount of the
rebate's. Thus the practice is immense
ly to their advantage, though the other
stockholders lose by it without compen
sation. Secondly, through rebates the trusts
crush out their competitors and gain a
monopoly of the market. This puts
them in a position to swindle the whole
Nation without restraint, and makes
their profits simply incalculable. In
comparison with this source of reve
nue, the actual rebate is a trifle. It is
valued by the trusts not so much for
itself as for its effects.
This double advantage from rebates
enables the trusts to laugh In their
sleeves at the paltry fines which are
imposed upon them for breaking the
law. The fines would not matter to
them even if they had to be paid, but
that is not the case. They are never
paid at once. Every case is appealed
and sent forth upon that interminable
course of sinuous windings which all
trust litigation follows. Some time or
other some of the fines may perhaps be
paid; but what does that matter to the
trusts, which meanwhile continue to
drain the resources of the Nation Into
The secret of the rebates lies, there
fore, in the fact that the trusts which
receive them control the roads which
grant them. And rebates in some form
or other will never cease until this ne
farious community of ownership is de
stroyed. LAWYERS ANI FARMERS.
Mr. Justice Brewer In some remarks
recently published sets out his con
cept of "The Ideal Lawyer." The being
of ineffable perfections whom he de
scribes is purely Imaginary, of course.
The actual lawyer who devotes his tal
ent and learning to bedeviling the
courts for the benefit of the trusts and
devising serpentine ways to circumvent
the law displays few of the character
istics of the ideal; but, glaring as his
sins may be. Judge Brewer thinks his
lot is enviable, and advises young men
to enter the legal profession, on the
ground that it is one of the best and
safest roads to competence and happi
nets. He admits that the profession is over
crowded, and that the average income
is small. Stll! he thinks the law Is to
be preferred to farming, for example.
Farming, in the Judge's opinion, con
sists in a continual round of severe
muscular toil, unbroken -by amusement,
intellectual growth or rational interest;
while the law combines moderate exer
cise of the brain with much muscular
relaxation. He does not wonder, there
fore, that young men should prefer it
to farming, and he commends their
It may foe gleaned from the remarks
of the eminent Jurist that he knows a
great deal more about law than he does
about modern agriculture. He under
stands better how to try a case than
how t raise a Hood River pippin. If
he believes, as he does, that the latter
process involves ' nothing of the intel
lectual, there is grave reason to think
that he Is mistaken. Between petti
fogging a case through an inferior
court and producing a roll of Oregon
butter, the advantage in respect to
pure reason is altogether with the
dairyman. He must study harder,
know more and reason better to do his
derring-do than the lawyer must.
Modern farming is a high art. It is
also an intellectual pursuit. It-Involves
very little severe muscular toil, though
if it did there are worse evils, and
the hangdog parasitism of the petti
fogger is one of them. The farmer
must know the physical sciences. He
must observe. He must think. He
must understand the laws of trade as
they are modified by the pirate trusts.
The man who calls him a clodhopper
simply shows his own ignorance.
THE OLD HOME OF DR. M'LOl'GHXIN.
The citizens of Oregon City propose
to levy a kindly tax upon themselves
to secure funds wherewith, to purchase
the old home of Dr. John McLoughlin
irl that city. This dwelling, low and
square and old, with its many emall
paned windows and its weather-stained
exterior, is a well-known landmark.
Generous but dignified hospitality was
dispensed within its walls during the
ten years of its occupancy by the
white-haired chief factor of the Hud
son's Bay Company, There are rela
tively few persons now living who
knew Dr. McLoughlin in his home, but
the Tecords of the community life of
which he was a part the folk lore of
old territorial days contain many In
cidents that testify to his. graciousness
in. the role of host and to his uniform
kindness as a neighbor. History deals
with the official and public life of Dr.
McLoughlin. But of the records of the
commonplace events of his life as a
citizen in his own home little now re
mains, and that little is even now dim
with the mists of time.
This old house is, however, a reality
a material thing sacred to memory.
The effort to preserve it in the same
condition, as nearly as possible, in
which it was when vacated by the
death of its owner, nearly half a cen
tury ago, is a commendable one, and
should receive the generous indorse
ment of the generation that has sprung
up since Dr. McLoughlin completed hie
work and passed on. It is no weak
sentiment that urges the purchase,
restoration and preservation of this old
building, but a feeling of loyalty to
old conditions that lie at the founda
tion of our statehood and of seemly
gratitude to a man who was in at the
beginning. The movement also has a
practical feature, the purpose being to
make of the staunch old building a de
pository for city records and needed office-room
for city officials. Economy
thus linked with sentiment should, and
doubtless will, succeed in effecting the
purchase of this historic ,Kullding one
of the few that now remain of Oregon
City, when its name comprehended all
that was known of Oregon Territory to
"the far world east of the Rocky Moun
tains. The Mecca of many a band of travel
soiled, hungry, weary pilgrims in those
days was Oregon City, and Dr. Mc
Loughlin was the kindly, generous dis
penser of its hospitality. It is fitting,
indeed, that the house that was home
to him, then and there, should be
guarded from the effacing hand of de
cay and dedicated to the needs of a
newer generation as well as to the
memory of one that is past.
AN ECCENTRIC WHEAT MARKET.
The wheat situation at home and
abroad Just at this time presents some
interesting features, which, if viewed
in comparison with conditions existing
a year ago, must prove somewhat be
wildering by contrast. Yesterday's
quotations, in both the cash and option
markets in Chicago, were 17 cents per
bushel lower than on a corresponding
date last year. The "bear" element,
which Is always quite pronounced In
the American markets, offers as an ex
cuse for this marked difference in val
ues that the American crop this year
was so largely in excess of that of a
year ago that higher prices than those
now prevailing are not warranted. It
is apparently on this theory that the
American farmers have been proceed
ing in their free selling movement.
This argument, howeA'er, loses some
of its force when the statistical posi
tion throughout the world is consid
ered. It is quite generally conceded
that the 1906 wheat crop in this coun
try is approximately 40.000,000 bushels
greater than its predecessor, but so
rapidly has this increased amount been
moved out of the country, in compari
son with the movement a year ago,
that it would seem that whatever
weight It might have had is now to a
large extent removed. For the first
four months of the current cereal year
the United States has exported to for
eign countries more than 61,000,000
bushels of wheat, compared with 28.-
000,000 bushels for the first four months
ot last season. Had this increase of
33,000,000 bushels been dumped on the
market that was receiving generous
supplies from other sources, it would
be easy to account for the decline of 17
cents per bushel In the price; but such
Is not the case.
For the first four months last season
Russia exported 65,000,000 bushels, and
the Danubiari ports exported 32,000,000
bushels. During the same period this
year Russia's shipments were but 38,
000.000 bushels, while those of the Dan
ube were 24.000,000 bushels. From these
two countries alone .there is according
ly a shortage of 34,000,000 bushels in
shipments, compared with the same pe
riod last year. Argentine is also nearly
10.000,000 bushels short of last year's
shipments for the four months ending
November 1, and the total export from
all countries, in spite of the enormous
increase in shipments from the United
States, falls more than 7,000,000 bushels
short of the first four months of the
preceding season. These figures, taken
in connection with the market prices at
home and abroad, would indicate that
the "pauper" wheatgrowers of Russia,
and the Argentine either used better
Judgment or had better luck in mar
keting their crop than our own pros -perous
farmers are having.
These statistics show quite conclu
sively that, while the European mar
kets absorbed 7,000,000 bushels more
wheat In the first four months of last
season than during the same period this
year, It was handled so skillfully that
the price was kept at a figure more
than 20 per cent above that prevailing
this year. The Influence of a prospect
ive big crop in the Argentine and in
India is now beginning to, be felt, but
the decline in prices was heavy long
before either of these factors was en
titled to any legitimate consideration
in fixing values.
The new French law for the separa
tion of church and state vests the own
ership of ecclesiastical property In lo
cal religious associations, instead of the
church, as heretofore. Much friction is
anticipated in executing the law which
should go into effect in December. Dis
sensions are rather expected every
where when the transfer of ownership
takes place, but the shrine of Lourdes
presents difficulties manifold and per
plexing. In this little town there Is a grotto
where on February 11, 1858, a celestial
vision appeared to a little peasant girl
naned Bernadette, who reported the
event to her parents and friends. Four
teen days later a miraculous spring
burst from the ground in the grotto.
The news of the miracle spread far
and wide. Multitudes flocked to
Lourdes from the surrounding villages.
It Tvas discovered that the lady who
had appeared to Bernadette was the
Mother of Our Lord, and that the wa
ter of the spring would- heal the lame,
the halt and the blind. No disease was
proof against Its power. Pilgrimages
to Lourdes became a settled rite. The
faithful resorted' to Its healing waters
from all over the world. A great in
dustry grew up about the grotto. The
visitors must be fed and lodged. Of
ferings which the limits of the shrine
could not accommodate must be dis
posed of. Relics, images and other sa
cred objects were to be sold. The wa
ters were not actually sold, but they
had to be bottled and shipped, for they
carried their virtue wherever they went.
Naturally, when all these consequences
of Bernadette's vision had demonstrat
ed themselves, the bishop of the diocese
purchased the grotto and eretted a
Now the question of how to dispose
of it confronts the French government.
Being dominated by radicals and so
cialists, the government naturally looks
upon the miracles as a piece of super
stition. It would like to destroy the
shrine and stop the pilgrimages. The
protests of the church it does not care
for; but the village of Lourdes is an
interested party also. With the de
struction of the shrine would go the
prosperity of the town, and the gov
ernment does not like to Impoverish a
flourishing community. The problem Is
difficult; nevertheless we venture to
propose a solution.
The government's wisest course Is to
make the place a public park, keep the
spring clean so that the foul water
will cease to spread disease, permit all
creeds and sects to perform any In
cantations they wish in the grotto, and
furnish free bottles to everybody -who
desires to carry away a portion of the
sacred flood. The prediction is hazard
ed that under this regime the pilgrim
ages will soon cease. The water will
presently lose its virtues, and the place
may be disposed of to some villager for
a garden spot. It will be desirable for
that purpose, since the miraculous
spring will afford water for irrigation,
if it does not dry up.
LOWER LEVIES OR NOT?
In the last two or three years the
County Assessors In most of the coun
ties have been increasing the standard
valuation of property, with a view to
attaining a nearer approach to the ac
tual value required by the constitu
tion. . During the present year in par
ticular, values have been heavily In
creased, the advance in some counties
being 100 to 200 per. cent. The theory
of the Assessors Is that if the' assessed
valuation be doubled the rate of levy
may be reduced one-half and the same
amount of revenue produced. Property-owners
have acquiesced In this
plan of assessment, believing that their
taxes will remain the same, but that a
higher valuation and a lower levy will
make a better showing when strangers
come to this state with an intention of
Now that the valuations have been,
increased, the Important question is
whether the rate of levy will be re
duced. This is a problem to be solved
by County Courts, City Councils and
annual school meetings. Some tax
levying bodies -will reduce the rate to
correspond with the increased valua
tion, while others will perhaps reduce
the rate to some extent, but still leave
it so high that the revenue derived will
be much larger, and there will be funds
for extravagance. What course 6hall
be pursued -In each particular in
stance will depend partly upon the
men who make the levy and - part
ly upon the vigilance of the taxpay
ers. Some public officials can- be
trusted; others must be watched.
Very frequently It is found that men
who have the interests of their constit
uents at heart when elected soon for
get the obligations of their trusts
when they begin to spend money not
their own. It behooves the taxpayers
of every county and city to give atten
tion to .public business in which they
are financially concerned, and see that
fhe laudable action of Assessors in
raising valuations be not made an op
portunity for wanton extravagance.
The Wallowa County Woolgrowers'
Association signalized its organization
at Wallowa a few days ago by levying
a tax of a cent and a half a head on
all sheep belonging to its members, the
fund thus created to be drawn upon to
pay a bounty on coyote scalps. The as
sessment provided by this levy is due
and payable not later than May 15,
1907. The Oregonian notes the action
of the Wallowa Woolgrowers' Associa
tion in this matter to commend it. It
is creditable to men who recognize the
protection of their individual business
interests as incumbent upon them
selves rather than upon the state. Men
who resolve to help themselves and pay
for it out of their own resources will
have the help when and where it is
needed, and no thanks to the growling,
grudging general taxpaylng public. A
rent and a half a head will pot be felt
toy the sheepowners of the Wallowa
Valley and contiguous ranges, and it
will raise a sum sufficient to save many
a mutton sheep for the market and
cause the loss of his scalp to many
a prowling coyote.
A British steamship with a loaded
draft of twenty-four feet and a capa
city of 2,000,000 feet of lumber is load
ing on Gray's Harbor for Australia.
Another craft of the same flag and with
a capacity of nearly 3,000,000 feet is
loading at Eureka, and there is plenty
of water for similar-sized craft at Coos
Bay. The presence of such large craft
as are now entering these harbors re
flects the wonderful development of the
country tributary to them. It is only
a short time ago that the Columbia
River was the only good harbor be
tween San Francisco and Puget
Sound. Now there are three good har
bors in the State of Washington, and
Oregon's southern seaport has a suffi
cient depth of water for all classes of
vessels except the extremely large ones.
A British steamship is loading coal at
a British Columbia port for Portland at
$1.35 per ton freight. The coal sells at
the Critlsh Columbia port for 3 per
ton of 2240 pounds. As the freight la
also based on the long ton, the actual
cost per short ton at Portland is $3.80.
There is a duty of 65 cents per ton,
making the total cost of British Colum
bia coal laid down in this port $4.45
per ton. If the middleman who handles
the coal is satisfied with a reasonable
profit for handling it, and the coal sup
ply holds out, Portland should soon foe
experiencing relief from a cordwood
shortage or a slabwood combine unless
perish the thought! there should be
such a thing as a coal combine.
The Ute outbreak in Wyoming is in
a fair way to add a new touch of color
to the picturesque life of the West.
Advices received at Army headquarters
in Omaha state -that the best of feeling
exists between the renegade Utes and
the soldiers who rounded them. up and
are escorting them- to Fort Meade. The
noble red man and his white herders
are hunting together, and there Is no
more possibility of bloodshed than there
is in one of the "Arizona dramas. Lo
the noor Tndian has armarentlv learned
that it is less painful to obey the white
man's lavs than it is to stop his bul
If the farmer with hillside land has
freshly plowed fields he can learn
something worth while by going out
and looking at the water that runs off
after a rain such as that experienced
in the Willamette Valley Tuesday and
Wednesday. He will find the water
carrying a considerable quantity of
sediment the richness of his soil. The
loss cannot be entirely prevented, but
growing clover will go a long wayto-
ward reducing the wash of soil.
The senior class of the University
of Oregon has chosen His Grace Arch
bishop Christie, of this city, to deliver
the baccalaureate sermon next June.
His acceptance of the invitation will
insure a dignified and scholarly ad
dress that will reflect credit upon the
State University and Justify the out
going class, the largest In its history,
in their choice of a mentor on the occa
sion of their graduation.
Hon. L. M. Sullivan elected the Dem
ocratic candidate for Governor of
Nevada, but the Legislature is Repub
lican. He had to concede something
to old-time prejudices. And possibly
Larry knows how to get along with a
Republican Legislature better than a
Democratic, especially when there is a
A Canadian magistrate had the
frankness to call a bankwrecker a
thief. The term is one that can appro
priately be applied to others who have
stolen by methods even more refined
than those of the bankwrecker. We
are at least making some progress
when we learn to call things by their
Oregon's milk product for 1905, ac
cording to Food and Dairy Commis
sioner Bailey, was 82,500,000 gallons,
and would fill a reservoir 740 feet
square and TO feet deep. That's a lot;
yet a girl baby a mile high and 500
yards wide could drink it all in a day.
Kipling's vogue is pretty well over
with, but Professor Phelps, of Yale,
pricks the shrunken bubble with a deft
needle. The next generation as it
yawns over Kipling's books will won
der what made them once so popular.
Why did women once wear chignons?
Penrose may thank the Prohibition
Ists for his return to the Senate. Every
man has the right to make a political
fool of himself up to a certain limit,
but when his folly contributes to en
throne Penrose and his gang it is time
The Celilo portage road has up to
date transported a total of 25,000 bush
els of grain for Washington farmers
and 4000 bushels for Oregon farmers.
The only way the Oregon farmer has to
get even is to move over Into Wash
ington. The Louisiana Judge who murdered
his friend "for sufficient reasons" must
remain in jail Indefinitely, because he
cannot bail himself out. Naturally his
friends are much disconcerted. But he
ought to have thought of that.
Count Bonl continues to assert that
he is willing to be an affectionate, duti
ful and reasonably economical hus
band. But he'll have to show Countess
Anna. Evidently another case of "my
Boni lies over the ocean."
Corporation Counsel .Lewis, of Chi
cago (our own Jim Ham), announces
that he is about to "begin proceedings
to collect $25,000,000 city taxes from the
Pullman Company." He uses the word
The success of the Polish train rob
bers who got away with $650,000 is
chiefly interesting in so far as it dl:
pels an Impression that there is only
a little money in Russia, and the Czar
has it all.
It must be disconcerting to the great
life insurance company managers to
find -the policy-holders still insisting
that the insurance funds must be used
only for the benefit of the policy
Now Hood River has an apple fifteen
inches in circumference. A man who
would carry a knife large enough to
cut it would be subject to indictment
for carrying dangerous weapons.
The proposal to make city water free
to all cannot foe called socialistic. Free
water means more bathe, and, as
everybody knows, bathing is the direct
opposite of Socialism.
Evidently Mayor Lane thinks the two
rival Portland paving concerns are
qualified only to take contracts in that
famous eternal retreat which is paved
with good intentions.
Candidates Hoch and Harris still
seem to be having in Kansas that H. of
a time that, Hughes and Hearst enjoyed
recently in New York.
Is the influence of music good or bad?
If good, why exclude it from the sa
loons? If bad, why tolerate it in the
ALL FOR IRRIGATION. t
Nearly $3,000,000 Added to Fund
OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU. Wash
ington, Nov. 9. Receipts from the sale
of public land during the past fiscal
year nearly doubled the estimates of
Government officials, with the result that
the National reclamation fund, instead of
receiving $2,500,000 or $3,000,000 as had been
expected, received nearly $5,000,000 during
the 12 months encted June 30. 1906. To be
exact, the receipts from the sales of pub
lic lands, after deducting certain ex
penses, left a total of S4.SS2.0S4 for the rec
lamation fund and brought the total fund
up to $32,958,192. or nearly $2,000,000 in
excess of the amount that had been ex
pected. While the total contributions to the
reclamation fund aggregate $''3,000,000. this
large amount is not available for ex
penditure today; many millions have al
ready been expended on projects in course
of construction; the exact amount under
contract is not now available. However.
the $33,000,000 indicates the total to date
that has been available during the three
and a half years since the National irri
gation law was passed. Quite a number
of projects will be completed next sum
mer, and money that has been exiended
on these projects will begin to find 'its
way back into the reclamation fund, so
that the new funds adebd next year from
the sale of public land will be augmented
by the return to the fund of money al
While the actual amount expended on
Government irrigation works is not avail
able, it is known that every cent in the
fund today has been contracted for, so
that nothing remains for now projects.
unless the Secretary of the Interior should
feel Justified in spending a part of the
allotted money, looking to future contri
butions to pay the bills. Three years is
the average length of time required to
build an irrigation project, and the Secre
tary is, therefore, not justified in antici
pating more than three years' receipts,
for contracts made at this time will be
completed in that time and the cash must
be available to settle with the contractors.
The notable thing about the appended
table is the showing made by North Da
kota. Up to this year Oregon has enjoyed
the distinction of being the heaviest con
tributor to this fund. Oregon now takes
second place, Washington third and Okla
homa a close' fourth. The heavy lnnd
sales In North Dakota last year gave that
state the lead, while Oregon's loss of posi
tion is attributable directly to the decline
in land business resulting from land-fraud
prosecutions and the suspension of all her
timber entries for a part of the past year.
Had normal conditions prevailed. Oregon
would probably have maintained! her lead.
The following table shows the amount
contributed to the fund during the past
year, the total contribution of each state
and the so-called restricted fund of 51
per cent to which each state is entitled
under the law:
2 " e
N. M. ...
N. D. ...
S. D. ...
10!', 1 1 ,-.
2, 64i.4.i3 .11
1. 8(14, 764. 40
220.41 IS. KB
5, 230, 6 1.99
The figures representing money received
during the past fiscal year may be slight
ly revised when the reports have been
finally audited by the Treasury Depart
ment. Xavjp League's Annual Meeting.
NEW YORK, Nov. 9. The Navy
League of the United States held Its
annual meeting yesterday and finished
up the day with a banquet last night.
General Horace Porter, president of the
league, presided. In a short speecii he
said it was the purpose of the league
to educate the people to the necessity
of a strong Navy for the United States.
He said the disrespect which, on sev
eral occasions had been shown the uni
forms of sailors of the United States
Navy would cease if public opinion
were in favor of the Navy and if its
great use to the United States were
realized by the country. At the annual
meeting arrangements were made for
a general convention, to be held in
Washington next February.
Grant Aspersion Denounced.
COUNCIL BLUFFS, la., Nov. 9. The
Society of the Army of the Tennessee re
elected General G. M. Dodge, president,
this morning, and selected Vlcksburg,
Miss., as the place of meeting in 1907.
A resolution strongly denouncing the
statement of an orator at the recent
function at General U. S. Grant's monu
ment to the effect that General Grant as
pired to a dictatorship at the close of
the Civil War. was adopted. General O.
O. Howard, Genera! John C. Black and
Mrs. John A. Logan joined in the denun
ciation of this aspersion as calumny, and
General Frederick D. Grant took occa
sion to declare that it was without the
least foundation in fact, that his father
never thought of such a thing.
-n n n y r m .
Vet5 posTED'te s e-slr
II Pine. KnotX I n -i-T
LAW FOR FILIPINO ASSEMBLY
Legislature of Islands to Be Elected
July 1, 1907.
MANILA. Nov. 9. According to the
proposed election law, the coming Philip
pine Assembly' will consist of 81 members
representing each one of the population of
90,000. The election ot members ef the
Assembly is to be held July 1, 1907, and
the assembly is to convene within 90
days after election.
The delegates are to be granted con
stitutional immunities and are to be al
lowed to hold no other office or to ac
cept an appointment to an office created
by the Assembly or one whose emolu
ments have been Increased during the
term of the delegate.
The Assembly Is to make its own rules
and elect a speaker and a recorder. The
salary to be given to the recorder Is 20
pesos per diem for actual days in session.
The Philippine Commission will submit
the proposed law to public discussion af
ter November 25. The election must be
ordered by the President after March 27,
1907, the expiration of the two years of
peace provided In the act of Congress. If
there is an insurrection before then It
will be necessary to wait two years.
The proposed law was decided upon af
ter much discussion, participated m by
representative and leading Filipinos, Pro
vincial Governors and others.
The Filipinos are generally pleased with
the proposed law, which Is based on the
election laws of New York, Massachusetts
AWAIT ROOSEVELT'S RETURN'
New Diplomatic Appointments to
Follow Cabinet Changes.
WASHINGTON. Nov. 9. Diplomats
who are watching with great interest ,.ie
prospective changes in the American dip
lomatic service, must wait until after the
President's . return from Panama and
Porto Rico to have their curiosily grati
fied, as Secretary Root has announced
that the State Department will not take
any action during Mr. Roosevelt's ab
sence. Since the announcement" of the purpose
to appoint to a Cabinet position Mr.
Meyer, and the selection of Lloyd Griscom,
now at Rio Janiero. to fill Mr. Meyer's
place at St. Petersburg, there have been
many predictions as to Mr. Griscom's
successor in Rio Janiero. Charles Page
Bryan, the Minister to Portugal, is fre
quently mentioned as the most likely can
didate for the Brazilian post.
It is generally conceded that Minister
Barrett, now In this country, will not re
turn to Bogota, and Leslie I. Combs, the
American Minister to Guatemala and
Honduras, is mentioned for the Colom
ACTING BRITISH AMBASSADOR
Esme Howard, Consul to Crete, Du
rand's Temporary Successor.
LONDON. Nov. 9. Esme Howard.
British Consul-General In the Island of
Crete, has been appointed to the recently
created post of Councillor of the British
Embassy at Washington and will be
Acting Ambassador during the Interim
pending the appointment of a successor.
Mr. Howard has had a varied career
in the diplomatic service and is highly
esteemed at the Foreign Office. His wife.
Lady Isabella Howard, is a daughter of
the Earl of Newburgh, who also bears
the Roman title of Prince Gisutinianl-
No Sunday Baseball In Army.
LITTLE ROCK. Ark., Nov. 9 The ban
has been placed on Sunday ball playing
in the army by Secretary Taft, accord
ing to a letter received from Secretary
Taft today by Lieutenant-Colonel Smith,
commanding Fort Logan. Secretary Taft
acknowledged that he had been Informed
of the Sunday games by Rev. Dr. Coch
ran, pastor of the Memorial Church at
Reports on Eugene Building Site.
WASHINGTON. D. C, Nov. 9 A. F.
Statter, private secretary to Secretary
Shaw, today made his report on public
building sites at Eugene. Ills recommen
dation will not be made public for 30
New Oregon Postmasters.
WASHINGTON, Nov. 9. Oregon Post
masters: Mist. John O. Libel; Nyssa,
Samuel H. Thompson.
Indian Messenger and Returns Lost.
RENO. Nev., Nov. 9 Tom Bigfoot, an
Indian runner, to whom the election bal
lots and returns of the Wonder Mining
District were given Wednesday morning,
has disappeared, and a crowd of deputy
sheriffs is scouring the country 60 miles
east of Reno for him. L' pon the returns
depend the fate of the candidates for
Judge in the Second District, and the fate
of several Churchill "County candidates.
It is believed that the Indian was inter
cepted and robbed of the returns, anil
that he had fled to the hills for fear of
prosecution for their nondelivery. Won
der is 65 miles from Fallon, the county
King Edward Celebrates Birthday.
LONDON. Nov. 8. King Kdward Is to
day celebrating his 65th birthday quietly
at Sandrlngham, surrounded by his fam
ily. He is in excellent health. Many con
gratulatory messages reached His Majesty
during the day and many valuable pres
ents were received from the Sovereigns
of Europe and personal friends. The cus
tomary salutes were tired by the warships
at the naval centers.
From the Washington Post.
OF THE SUNDAY
Flint and foremost, all th world
news by Associuted PreftH, special
correspondents and members of The
Oregonian staff, ma kins; the fullest
and moat complete record of any
Pacific Coast newspuper.
IS THE HERO OF
BLOODY SUNDAY AUVE?
- A most remarkable document by
Ivan Naroding, a Russian agita
tor, who has been in hiding in
New York and is now on the At
lantic en route for Europe, where
he confidently expects to find
Father George Gapon. whom the
Russian police proclaimed to be
dead. He tells of a romance be
tween the priestly reformer and
friend of the revolutionists, and
Grand Duchess Elizabeth, sister of
the Czarina and widow of Grand
Duke SeiKitis. He goes into par
ticulars! concernintr her aldis him
to escape after the sanguinary up
rising which he led.
WHY TELL CLUMSY 1
LIES TO CHILDREN?
Taking for her text a pase in a
woman's journal which she tore
out before it could reach her child.
Mrs. Mary Lyman McCoy writes
a protest against the modern ten
dency to teach immature youth the
cold facts conceinine their origin.
She believes the old Action of an
gels should be tausht and on this
point pens an artirle that must in
terest every mother even though it
may not meet with approval.
TALKS OF HIMSELF
A very readable Interview with the
distinguished man from Massachu
setts who is to iro on the United
States Supreme bench. He tells
the secret of his success; it ousht
to ba an Inspiration to every
earnest boy in the land.
OF ENGLAND AND AMERICA
A. H. Ballard writes finm New
York about Charles Frohman's in
fluence on the theaters of (lie two
"THE FIRST GENTLEMAN
OF EUROPE "
Thus does Rev. George C. Cressey
t style Edward VII.. who repre.anls
England's traditions, but does not
rule. Dr. Cresscy draws a striking
contrast between Edward and his
impulsive and impetuous nephew,
THE BULLY OF
Another of W. W. Jacobs' lively,
realistic and very funny sea yarns
with a most surprising climax. No
one who enjoys Renuinely humor
ous salt water tales should miss
these. Each is complete in itself.
THE CITY BEAUTIFUL
Dexter Marshall nuts Vienna In
first place, with Farls nnd Buda
pest disputing the claim. There
are illustrations showing types of
orchestration and. as usual, an In
teresting, unconventional letter
that will hold the attention of
those who have "done" Europe. as
well as those who haven't.
THE DRAWBACKS OF
Relng the account of a balloon race
held under the auspices of the col
ored population of Sarsapariila
Center. It is rich in negro humor.
ON THE TENDERFOOT
This is his best contribution. From
John Phoenix and M-ir'K Twain
down to Owen Wister. all writers,
he sayp, have failed to 60 Justice
to the real hero of the pUIns.
OF PLEASURE SEEKERS
An Illustrated New York; letter
describing how the railroads with
out confusion' or dlscomfnrt carry
3W.000 rich folk every winter to the
resorts ot Florida.
BOOK REVIEWS AND
NEWS OF LITERARY FIELD
All that's worth while in current
books are noted on the book page,
as well as news conct-rning men
and women prominent in the world
of letters. Among the books re
viewed this week are: ' The Cl
ient War." by John Ames Mitch
ell: "The Wonder Chiltlren." by
Charles J. Bellamy: "Th Secret of
the Old Masters." by Albert Abend
sc hein: "Memories." .by M:ix Mul
ler: "Here's Luck to IjOtna and
Other Poems," by William Wal
steln Gordak: "Saul of Tarsus," by
Elisabeth Miller: "The Good
Fairies and the Bunnies." bv Al
len Ayrault Green; "The Goose
Girl, Rhymes and Picture"" by
Lucy Fitch Perkins; "The Roose
velt Bears," by Seymour Baton:
"International Law," bv Associate
Justice David J. Brewer and "
Charles Henry Butler. United
States Supreme Court reporter.
CURRENT NOTES, NEWS
AND GOSSIP OF SPORTDOM
Football is now of all-asorbing In
terest and full accounts of import
ant struggles on Eastern .gridirons
as well as Pacific Coast confsts
are published. Basketball, hand
ball, boxing, wrestling and other
Reasonable sports receive attention.
AVlth the service of the Associated
Press in addition to a. large corps
of special writers and correspond
ents. The Oregonian is able to pre
sent a more complete sporting de
partment than any other news
paper in the Northwest.
AND THE DRAMA
The section of Tlie Sunday Oregon
Ian devoted to these departments Is
a thorough resume of local happen
ings of interest. Social and musi
cal events of importance are de
scribed, and a review of the at
tractions at the local playhouses is
given, frhere are also entertaining
stories of the stage and a forecast
of the plays which are to be pre
sented soon to Portland theater
goers. REAL ESTATE AND BUILDING
REVIEW OF THE WEEK
Each week The Sunday Oregonian
chronicles important sales of IochI
realty and the latest developments
concerning new building projects.
No other paper prints no thorough
and reliable an account of the
week's transactions. Comparative
values, the trend of the market
and the influences operative in it
are carefully noted. The depart
ment is illustrated with pictures of
new homes and business structures.
NEW YORK'S GREETING
TO GREAT COMPOSER
Dr. Camille Saint Saens has taken
New York by storm, and the ova
tion given him Is well described in
the usual letter from Emlle
Frances Bauer. This is the first
visit ot ..e distinguished French
composer to America and it Is the
event of the season In Eastern
Starving Sailors Are Rescued.
NEW YORK, Nov. 9 Five starving
men on the Nova Scotian coasting fishing
schooner A. M. Lewis were eucuored on
Wednesday by the officers of the steamer
Armenia, which arrived here today.