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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
THE MORNING OREGOXIAX, TUESDAY. SEPTEMBER 18, 1906.
Entered at the Poetofnes at Portland. Or.,
as Second-Class Matter.
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-PORTLAND, TUESDAY, SEPT. 18. 1006.
A CASE IN POINT.
"The swift way to hell for the aver
age young man of today Is to follow
the example of the many big corpora
tions, trusts. Industries, railroads, and
the methods of the modern business
world." This remarkable sentence oc
curs in the Teport of the sermon which
Dr. 8. C. Lapham preached last Sunday
night. Dr. Lapham Is ntot a man who
habitually indulges In sensational re
marks, and the fact that he has seen
reason to express himself In this man
ner Indicates that the event which he
van discussing Is of profound moral
significance. The event in question
was young Velguth's embezxlement
from the Portland Gas Company. Dr.
Lapham's comment upon it is neither
more nor less than a condemnation of
modern commercialism; and who shall
say that he is in the wrong?
The displacement of the individual
employer by the corporation undoubt
edly has resulted in Increased profits
from business; it has also made possi
ble certain undertakings of a magni
tude beyond the scope of individual
means; but on the other hand it ha
banished from Industry and trade the
old-fashioned personal relation between
employer and employed. The preda
tory corporation has one Interest in its
employes, and only one; that is, to ex
tract from them as much work as pos
sible for the leant possible pay. A cor
respondent of The Oregonlan observed
the other day. how ridiculously small
Velguth's salary was compared with
his responsibility. Uis case in tht par
ticular is typical. It is inherent in the
very nature of such a corporation,
which has, of couree, no feeling, no
sympathy, no humanity, to grind sal
aries down to the lowest possible notch
consistent with efficient service, and
often lower. The character of the em
ploye is of no consequence. 'He Is wel
come to go to perdition as fast as he
pleases and by any road, so long as he
slaves unimpeded at his daily task. To
the predatory corporation vice and vir
tue are all one. Having no soul itself,
it recognizes none in its employes.
There is a point certainly where the
vicious ways of an employe Interfere
with his work. The predatory corpora
tion is then compelled to take notice;
but instead of the admonitions of the
interested friend, instead of that whole
some counsel which is the salvation of
erring youth, a detective Is set upon
his track. He is dogged from depth to
depth of iniquity la the hope of secur
ing evidence for a conviction in court.
Cold, ghoulish, dehumanized, are all the
relations between the corporation and
its hapless employes. Sometimes they
display a sort of loyalty to the mon
ster in its times of trouble; but this
loyalty itself is infinitely sad. It is the
loyalty of Damocles, who sat at dinner
with a sword hanging by a hair above
his head; it is the attachment of a dog
whining at his master's feet in deadly
fear of the lash. To borrow another
striking thought from Dr. Lapham's
sermon, the influence of the corpora
tion upon its employes not only falls to
urge them toward virtue, but it Is a
positive temptation to vice.
It tempts them to vice, first, by of
fering the opportunity. The lavish in
comes of great corporations favor lax
methods of accounting and supervision.
Nobody quite knows where the vast
urns .of money come from and npbody
is excessively particular where they go.
The predatory corporation looks upon
the public as an exhaustless source of
wealth, a sort of Aladdin's cave, where
one need only reach out his hand and
gather the gold and precious stones.
Why bother about a few paltry thou
sands when more can so easily be ob
tained from the same source? . The
meek public loves to be robbed and the
corporation enjoys robbing it. Hence
directors do not direct, inspectors do
not inspect and supervisors do not su
pervlse. The books are a riddle to the
corporation officials. The employes can
be honest if they wish, but there is no
especial reason why they should. It is
quite as easy, and for the most part as
safe, to be dishonest. Nobody cares
Secondly, the corporations tempt
young men by example. They rob the
public and do It safely, easily and with
out reproach. Thieving magnates
Etand high in the church and shins
with the elect at prayer meeting. It
pays to steal in the case of the cor
poratlon and its heads; why should it
not also pay in the case of. the young,
impecunious, pleasure-loving clerk?
"What the magnate may do so agreea
bly on the grand scale, why should not
the clerk do with equal pleasure and
safety on a small scale? Like master
like man. The eagle devours the dove
and the dove swallows the ant. The
corporations must not expect that their
licentious example of high-handed con
tempt for law will not be followed by
their clerks and servants. The foul
bird which they set free inevitably
comes home to roost. Perhaps the
worst of all- the sins of the lawless cor
poration is its work as a corrupter of
youth. All ages have agreed that the
vilest of men is he who poisons the
mind and wrecks the souls of the
young. From this hideous office the
most debased shrink, the most vicious
recoil. It is left to the modern franchise-grabbing
corporation to carry on
the dreadful business without a blush.
Having completed its work, as In the
case of young Velguth, it appeals to
the law to clear away the rubbish as a
saloon-keeper kicks out into the gutter
the poor wretch whom he has made
GREAT FREIGHT REGULATOR.
The deep Interest which Portland
feels in the improvement of the water
ways of the Pacific Northwest was re
flected in the enthusiastic greeting
given Hon. Joseph E, Ransdell by more
than 200 members of the Portland Com
mercial Club at luncheon yesterday.
Mr. Ransdell, who is a member of the
rivers and harDors committee of the
National Congress, and chairman of
the executive committee of the Na
tional Rivers and Harbors Congress, in
a thirty-minute speech presented an
array of statistics which showed in a
most convincing manner the insignifi
cance of the aid legitimate river and
harbor work has received from the
Government in comparison with the re
sultant benefits. He estimates that the
producers of the Columlba Basin would
save 19,000,000 annually in freight
charges if all waterways were im
proved to the extent warranted by
Mr. Ransdell's statement that regu
lation of rates could be much easier
accomplished by opening the ' water
ways" than by means of commissions
or by legislative enactment is a truism
that cannot be disputed. With im
provement of the Columbia River so
that "the largest ships in use can enter
it In safety, and with the interior chan
nels placed in condition for unham
pered navigation, the river will make
rates that the railroads must meet or
abandon the business. Best of all is
the impossibility of any monopoly on a
navigable stream. . When the Columbia
river is open to all classes of shipping
it will no longer be possible for the
roads climbing the mountains to meet
the freight rates established by the
river, and the entire Inland Empire
will enjoy lower freight rates and un
limited facilities. The Commercial Club
and Portland are to be congratulated
for the clear, keen grasp of the local
situation which Mr. Ransdell disclosed
in his speech. All that Portland ever
asked was that the Columbia River
project be considered on its merits, and
Mr. Ransdell will return East well
qualified to1 aid In the great work when
ever it is possible for him to do so.
A BCEXE OF BEAUTY.
The beauties of the hills to the south
west of the city, on and out to Council
Crest, have been often expatiated upon,
"but to the hundreds who took advan
tage of the bright Autumn day and the
new trolley-car extension yesterday
and Sunday to visit these hills the
panorama presented was a revelation.
It can only be said that this view gives
an idea that no words can convey of
the grandeur, beauty and utility of the
country immediately surrounding Port
land. From Nature in her untamed
beauty to civilization as represented by
homes and orchards, schools and
churches, cities and hamlets, the ka
leidoscope quickly shifts, each scene
and combination presenting a charm of
its own, and another charm borrowed
from or enhanced by its setting.
The commercial spirit is a necessary
adjunct of civilization, a forerunner
and companion of development, but it
cannot and should not exclude the
higher element In human nature which
finds expression in love for the beauti
ful. With this grand panorama, that
has its setting In the eternal hills, as a
background, Portland can never want
for scenic attractions. . Milton has it
Earth 'hath this variety from heaven
Of pleasure situate In hill and dale. '
If this poetic conception is true) and
the mind that requires something tan
gible to feed upon in its estimate of
heaven is fain to accept it unquestlon
ingly the declaration that "Heaven is
nearer than mortals think" may'also be
accepted as true.
Disaster follows disaster with alarm
ing regularity in the Harriman fleet of
steamers, although the loss of such ves
sels as the Elder, or even the St. Paul,
is inconsequential in comparison with
that suffered when such magnificent
steamships as the Manchuria and Mon
golia are the victims. Of course un
avoidable accidents will always be hap
pening, so long as men go down to the
sea in ships, and against some of these
disasters it will be Impossible to guard
successfully; but the frequency with
wlilch Inroads have been made on the
available supply of American tonnage
within the past twelve months, through
Bhlpwreck alone, has been such as to
cause speculation as to the reasons. A
theory has been given currency, gener
ally among landsmen unfamiliar with
the practical side of seamanship and
navigation, to the effect that tbe cur
rents of the South Pacific have been
changing and In their new courses have
proven so different from the old as to
deceive even the skilled navigators who
have been sailing in the dangerous lo
calities for years.
Thto is a theory, however, that will
foe accepted with due allowances by
navigators other than those who have
been so unfortunate as to wreck their
vessels on the reefs. Divested of all
unnecessary verbiage, the reason for
these numerous wrecks could undoubt
edly be covered by the single term
"reckless navigation." Steamers have
been sailing over the routes covered by
the Mongolia. Manchuria, Sheridan .and
Thomas for more than forty years, and
there has always been plenty of sea
room outside of the reefs and rocks
which are clearly charted. It is, of
course, quite an easy matter for a ves
sel to drift out of her course In thick
weather, when accurate observations
and soundings are impossible. At such
times the prudent navigator proceeds
with due caution and abandons the
practice of "cutting corners" which
might in a measure foe pardonable In
clear weather and a smooth sea.
Some one is to blame, of course, when
one of these magnificent steamers wan
ders miles out of her course and piles
up on the rocks, but It is possible that
there are other parties to the crime
than the master of the vessel. The
Mongolia and her sister ship, the Man
churia, were the most costly vessels
ever built In America, their value be
ing in excess of $1,500,000 each. Ves
sels of this class are not placed In
charge of men whose records do not
Justify their appointment to such re
sponsible positions. There is no royal
road to the bridge of such fine and
JL costly steamers, and the unfortunate
masters of the two stranded ships are
probably as well equipped for their po
sitions as any men who could be found.
But there has been pretty keen compe
tition for the speed records across the
Pacific and, in their efforts to save
time, chances have perhaps been taken
which under other circumstances would
not have been attempted. No steam
ship agent or owner deliberately noti
fies the masters of his vessels to hug
the shores or to run at full speed in
dangerous localities when ths -weather
is thick, but very few navigators fall
to receive rather pointed hints that it is
very necessary that they should make
port on time with their vessels, a per
formance which, of course, is impossi
ble if thick weather compels wide de
tours in dangerous localities.
Hugging the shore in a fog in order
to save time caused the loss of the St.
Paul last Winter, and running full
speed in a dangerous locality in order
to reach port on schedule time caused
the loss of the Valencia and over 100
people a 'few days after the St. Paul
was wrecked. The masters of these
unfortunate vessels do not take long
chances through any spirit of reckless
ness or desire to increase the risk at
tached to the voyage. They take them
simply because they afford an oppor
tunity for saving a few miles run and
enabling them to make port on sched
ule time, knowing full well that the
shipmaster who comes in late too often
will be replaced by one who needs the
position and will take the chances
which go with it.
OPENING OE THE PUBLIC SCHOOLS.
Notwithstanding the grewsome ap
prehensions of the pessimist and the
alarm that attaches to the cry of "race
suicide," children continue to represent
the growth of the city In homes and in
population, and the cry for more
schoolhouses represents its most strin
gent need. Children thousands upon
thousands of them ruddy-faced boys
and rosy-cheeked girls, literally
thronged the school 'buildings of the
district yesterday morning, and later
crowded the suburban street-cars and
city book stores in quest of books with
Lwhlch to begin the year's work. An
Increase In attendance was noted
everywhere, and even if the new
buildings and annexes that were begun
early in the season had been completed
according to contract, it would still
have been difficult to seat the throngs
of children without overcrowding.
The few children of the rich may find
places in the private schools, but the
many that make merry in the homes
and gather around the tables' of the
workingmen, and yet others who
swarm the lowly tenements of thrlft
lessness and supine poverty, come
trooping to" the doors of the public
schools and take their places in line for
instruction, promotion,- future useful
ness and Intelligent citizenship.
The public may and does criticise at
times the methods of its schools; it
may see now evidences of a cram
ming process that is Justly deprecated,
and again find evidences of effort di
rected toward the 'promotion of pupils
regardless of their fitness. But all crit
icism is silenced -when ,the long vaca
tion over, the doors of the public school
buildings are thrown open and an
army of teachers report for duty as in
structors. "Blessings upon the public
schools," said a grayhaired man yes
terday as he stood upon a street cor
ner watching the merry children pass.
"What would the plain people, the la
boring people, of the country do with
out them?" he continued, "and what
would the next generation be without
them?" . Echo answers "What?" and
no other answer is likely to be heard,
since the people of the United States
will never be called upon to do without
them. The public school system is as
close to the heart of the multitude as
is the postal system of the Government,
and the one is not more likely to be
abolished than the other.
RIGHTS Or WATER-USERS.
Upon some of the questions discussed
before the recent Irrigation conference,
at Salem there is abundant room fof-
difference of opinion, and it is quite
likely that an agreement will never be
reached. Those interested will have to
agree to submit to the will of the ma
jority, not because the majority is cer
tain to be right, but because this Is a
government of majorities. Whether
our Supreme Court has practically ab
rogated the law of riparian rights in
this state, and whether the Legislature
should declare such rights abolished,
seems to be an open question destined
to worry the thinking and studying
members of the coming Legislature.
Whether an administrative system
should be created under a state ap
pointment system, or a local elective
system, is also uncertain enough to be
the basis for debate. '
But it does seem that there are some
demands by the advocates of an irri
gation code that are sound beyond rea
sonable objection. One of these is that,
when litigation arises between water
users upon a stream, all the water
users upon that stream should be made
parties to the suit, so that the actual
statue of the rights of each may be de
termined. When all the rights upon a
stream have once been defined there
would be no need to make all the users
parties In subsequent litigation. A sup
posed case will show the need for some
determination of the rights of water
users. There may be upon a stream
six water-users, two of whom may dis
agree and go into court to settle their
differences. With only the claims of
these two before it, the court may
award to each the quantity of water to
which the evidence shows them to be
entitled, when, as a matter of fact,
there are other rights superior to those
of either of the litigants. The court de
cree in such a case would be a mere
But the demand that all the water
users upon a stream be made parties Is
not based so much upon a desire to setT
tie the rights of the users as to ascer
tain the rights of the public It is com
mon knowledge that in a new Irriga
tion region nearly all irrigators use
more water than they need. Finding
the water unappropriated, they take all
they can get and hold it if they can.
Newcomers find no water available and
go elsewhere in search of homes. Per
haps they think the early settler has
taken more water than he is entitled
to, but they prefer to move on rather
than engage in a controversy. Settle
ment and development of resources are
thus retarded and the people of the
state are cheated out of what is Justly
No man should have a right to con
trol more water of a stream than he
puts to a beneficial use, whether he
claims it by riparian right or by ap
propriation. Subsequent settlers should
have the right to appropriate all the
water not already put to a beneficial
use. It Is to the interest of the state
to see that they have an opportunity to
( exercise that right. So far as possible,
then, the state should ascertain what
waters are unappropriated In the arid
region, so that homeseekers who desire
to reclaim land now barrn may have
an opportunity to do so. The settle
ment of water rights cannot be left
entirely to the settlers upon a stream,
for quite likely all of them are using
more water than is their right, and
their agreement, though Just as be
tween themselves, would be unjust as
to the general public, which has an in
terest in the unused waters. There
should be a public record of all appro
priated and unappropriated waters in
the streams of the state, so that those
interested may have some means of
finding out where' water may be had
for irrigation purposes.
It is popular to say all the improve
ments of the Columbia must be car
ried on. at the same time; that is what
the politician will say; also the man
who seeks the trade of all interested
sections by "pleasing" them. And this
plan will probably be applied. But it
will unquestionably result in deferring
.the deepening of the bar a long time,
perhaps many years, because it will
stand in the way of . obtaining the
.2,500,000 required before Jetty con
struction will proceed. Representatives
Jones and Ransdell, who visited the
Jetty last week and are members of
the rivers and harbors committee, said
such a sum cannot be obtained at the
next session of Congress. The situa
tion might as well be plainly under
stood. If the people of the Columbia
River region are w tiling that the Jetty
should wssit, The Oregonlan has no pro
test. It will simply say that a deep
bar would make accomplishment of
other projects easier and speedier by
enforcing their need, as is not the case
so long as there is a shoal barrier to
the shipping of the world at the mouth
of the stream. It is easy to clamor for
all the projects; many men, who
wish to "stand in" with the various
river interests, or to have their trade,
or to 'be "popular," or get their votes,
will Join loudest in the clamor. The
Oregonlan speaks plainly on this subject-,
as it does on every other, expect
ing to displease some interests, but
trying to inform all of the truth.
There is unfeigned regret among old
time Portlanders over the death of Mrs.
Jacob Flelschner, who spent here forty
years of a useful life. Among those
bound to her by blood and ties of
friendship, and the multitude who felt
the warmth of her charity, there is
genuine sorrow. She was devoted to
good works, and In them knew neither
creed nor race. For her husband and
for her two sons, who figure large in
the business and civic activities of
Portland, and for her daughters, this
community has sympathy in no small
The clamor against forest reserves
used to be popular, before land-fraud
trials and land reform. Now the noise
is almost qulefand It is seen that since
the lieu-land evil" has been cut out the
system will conserve great timber
areas for the future against present
greed. Tet there are persons suffering
for old privileges which once made
land grab and land fraud rampant.
These oppressed- persons have an
avenger or defender in the person of
Senator Heyburn, of Idaho, a quite suc
cessful Don Quixote.
Opening day for the city schools
showed an attendance of 14,044, an in
crease of nearly 1200 over the first day
last season. It is expected that with
the return of several thousand Port
landers still sojourning in the hopflelds,
the fruit orchards and at the seacoast,
this number will fee swelled to more
than 16,000. By every test that can be
applied, Portland continues to show re
markable growth, and the best feature
of this growth Is Its permanency.
Bryan says he never has proposed
things which were not opposed some
where. Even his attempt to drum out
Sullivan has raised opposition. On pub
lic ownership he has opposition, too,
just as on free silver and imperialism.
Trust to Bryan to make the opposition
that defeats him. Note that he is get
ting ready to take the side of the Cu
bans, should President Roosevelt inter
vene. That will make him opposition
The Latin-Americans in Cuba will
probably dislike Uncle Sam quite as
much as do their brethren in other
American republics, after he shall have
quelled their revolution. We shall ex
pect from the Latin-Americans sdTne
day a declaration of Independence
their inalienable right to blow up the
life, liberty and pursuits of happiness
of one another without the consent of
any other nation.
The fact that automobllists are so
much more plentiful than deerhunters
probably accounts for the greater num
ber of deaths traceable to the bubble
wagons. The open season Is young yet,
however, and from now on we may ex
pect an increasing number of cases
where some innocent was mistaken for
The discovery of Stensland's Nadlne
saves him from the obloquy that was
cast on him before it was known he
was a "sport"; a sport is always a gen
tleman; he may "take" money, but he
is no or'nary, low-down thief.
The business activity in San Fran
cisco is something marvelous. It rep
resents tae herculean effort of supply
to meet demand, and one way or an
other It will succeed, because it must.
The president of the master plumbers
of the State of Washington says that
a plumber should make 30 per cent
profit on a job. That's good news; we'd
like to have him do a Job for us.
Undertakers say preachers pray too
long. Doubtless they think also doc
tors doctor too long. But it makes lit
tle difference; the undertaker gets
there Just the same.
And there are other corporation
tainted men in the Democratic party
beside Sullivan. Will Bryan have to
go oft and make a party of his own?
Might as well kill a man as scare him
to death. The terrorists didn't use
bomb nor bullet on Trepoff, but he's
just as dead one way as another.
Not the big stick, but a small switch,
ought to be enough for the squabbling
Cubans. But Uncle 6am will have the
big stick ready anyhow.
This is not prohibition weather, like
that several days ago. when rain fell
on the hops; but prohibitionists enjoy it
Just the same.
Senator Heyburn falls short of the
"fairness" which he denies to others.
ISSUES LOOMING BEFORE VOTERS
Congressman Caahman Talks of Bryan
and Other Political Isma.
Extracts from a speech delivered by Rep
resentative Francis W. , Cushman before tbe
recent Republican County Convention of Pierce
County. Washington, held at Tacoma:
As I look out over this convention now
in session, I realize that after months
of hard but honest struggle between
rival candidates and contending factions,
the leaders of the Republican party of
this county have now met to settle all
differences; not only to nominate a ticket
that we will all be for, but also to nomi
nate a ticket that will be elected by an
overwhelming majority on the 6th day of
next November. Here" are 946 dele
gatesalmost a thousand of you. And
I congratulate each ana every one
of you If for no other reason than
each one of you was popular
enough in his home precinct to be elect
ed as a delegate to this great conven
tion. That is more than I can say for
myself. (Laughter.) Yes, gentlemen, up
In the "bloody First Precinct of the Sec
ond Ward" when the smoke of battle
cleared away, my political carcass was
found "Just outside the breastworks."
You gentlemen have noticed that Wil
liam Jennings Bryan has been abroad,
but he is just as narrow now as before
he was abroad. (Laughter.) I might say
that I, for one, have a great admiration
for Mr. Bryan. I consider that Mr.
Bryan Is today the greatest living
American humorist. If you don't believe
It, get Tils book. "The First Battle" that
Is, if you can find a copy anywhere and
read it. It is funnier than Mark Twain
and more romantic than "Gulliver's
Travels." Everything Bryan said was
going to happen failed to happen. Every
thing he raid would not happen did hap
pen. And yet the Democratic party say
that Bryan Is about to be "vindicated."
It may be so. But Bryan Is evidently
about to be "vindicated" because he has
never been right in his life. W. J. Bryan,
in his own personality, constitutes an un
abridged dictionary of all economic fal
lacies and "financial foolishness.
I want to say a word to the young
Republicans who are here in this con
As the years roll on I am mindful that
the destinies of the great Republican
party will soon be committed to younger
hands. Since our party was founded two
generations of our great political leaders
have passed away.
Lincoln Is gone, and Grant is gone;
Garfield Is gone, and Blaine is gone.
McKinley Is gone, and Reed is gone.
Harrison Is gone and Hanna Is gone.
They are with us today only as mighty
and Immortal memories.
And but a few short years from now
Cannon and Fairbanks, Root and Taft,
Shaw and Foraker will all have passed
over to that silent shore. And who will
lead us then?
The bowof the great Ulysses was left
to him who was strong enough to
The leadership of the great Republican
party will pass to the man whose quali
ties of head and heart fit him for the
guidance of a great party, the whole ex
istence of which has been consecrated to
the uplift of mankind.
It may be that In the years to come
some young man who hears my words
today may assume the leadership of this
great party. If so, a word to him now:
The one thing that above all others
has made the Republican party a mighty
engine for the uplift of humanity was
because its leaders have continuously
stood for that which was eternally right,
rather than that which was temporarily
popular but fundamentally wrong. (Ap
plause.) Two years from now we will be in the
throes of another great Presidential cam
paign. And I am here to tell you that we as
a nation are Just about due to have an
other political "ism." Just what "Ism"
It will be no man can tell. But the same
fertile minds that in the past have sought
to lure the American people from the
solid moorings of common sense on into
the mldft ofs all the economic crank no
tions of the dark ages can be relied upon
at the appointed time to produce a brand
new sugar-coated "ism."
And with great enthusiasm they will
Invite the American people to chase off
after It It may be "Socialism": it may
be the refined essence of anarchy in
homeopathic doses; it may be Kovern
ment ownership of all utilities. No man
can tell what It will be. But one thing
is certain: The more hideous and pre
posterous It is the more enthusiasm will
attend its birth. (Laughter.)
Young men, now is the time for you
to take a half-hitch around your better
Judgment and get action on your
Remember that the Republican party
is the party that does things.
Remember that the Democratic party is
a party that "does" people. (Laughter
Future generations of Americans, while
delving in unmarked graves, are likely
to dig up from Bome unmarked sepulcher
the mortal remains and political skeleton
of an extinct species of an erstwhile
noble "paramount Issue." (Laughter and
Ah. yes. like the burial place of Moses,
the sepulcher of many of them is un
known. And the leaders of the Demo
cratic party today with great political
pathos may sing
"By Nebo's lonely mountain.
On this side Jordan's wave.
In a vale in the land of Moab,
There lies a lonely grave."
They have perished and are In oblivion.
tj v,o irt fundamental policies of the
tj .kii. n nsiriv ha ve endured the
i -i cti-ifen cf SO vears. and those
policies are today a blessing to 90.000.000
of our race.
Young man, nail your principles to the
masthead. Remember 'that it la better to
accept defeat, which can be but tem-
v ara flcrttlner for an tm-
ih thnn to surrender
that principle for the ignoble satisfaction
of dividing tne spoil ui a. ua."j -
ruined Republic, iiouu awia.
Just a Rap at Prohibition.
" , . . A l n T? n n 1
Baltimore . '
The reduction In majorities Is due almost
-i .. k tYttM Tipmn-
entirely to tne bivikkj j .
cratic party of the question of resubmis
sion of the liquor question to the elec
torate. Governor Cobb is not only a
standpatter on prohibition, but the author
of a law making more stringent prohbl
tory provisions. Interest has centered
on the campaign made against L ttleneld
by Samuel M. Gompers. president of the
American Federation of Labor, on account
of Littlefleld's antagonist! to the an -m
junction bill defeated in Congreiii . but it
now looks as though but small share of
the process of pulling ttn
ties is to be accredited to the labor lead -er.
The trend was general. A state ques
"on has affected the reliability of the
Bonnie Bank. O' TLoeh Lomond.
Old Scotch Sons.
T, von bonnle banks and by yon bonnle braes,
Vhere the -un shines bright op Loch Lo-
Wh.r.m and my true love were ever wont
On the bonnle. bonnle banks o' Loch Lomon'.
O ye'U take the high road and Til take the
, low road.
And I'll be In Scotland afore ye:
But me and my true lovs will never meet
On the bonnle. bonnle banks o' Ixjch Lomon,
Twas there that we parted In yon shady glen,
On the steep, steep side o' Ben Imon ,
Where In the purple hue the Hleland hills we
And the moon coming out In the gloamln .
The wee birdies sing, and the wild flowers
And In sunshine the waters ars aleeoln ,
But the broken heart It kens nae second
Though the waefu' may cease from their
NEW I'SE FOR YOUIi yoTATOES, .
How Money May Be Made la Denatured j
Washington. American farmers, If they
will profit by the experience of farmers
of Germany and France, will find In the
new denatured alcohol act. which takes
effect January 1, 1907, a means of ma
terially increasing their Incomes. At the
State Department reports have Just been
received from Conaul-General Thackera
at Berlin and Consul-General Maon at
Paris, which show the great market
made In those two countries for farm
products by free denatured alcohol laws.
In Germany over three-fourths of the
alcohol distilled la made from potatoes,
last year 91,148.182 bushels being con
sumed in the production of 76.010,927 gal
lons, or about 1.26 bushels of potatoes
to the gallon of alcohol. During the last
season there were 72.172 alcohol distil
leries In operation, of which 6048 were
farm distilleries, which illustrates how
closely the new Industry can be brought
home to the farmer.
In Germany the distillation of alcohol
from potatoes Is one of the most Im
portant branches of agriculture. It alone
in some cases renders farming pursuits
possible In regions situated at a distance
from business centers and possessing
light soil, and many farms owe their
existence to the distilleries. About one
third of the alcohol produced In Germany
is denatured. .
"The use of spirits for driving motors,
lighting rooms and public places, cook
ing food and producing heat has a great
future," savs Consul-General Thackera.
"In the United States." he continues,
"where alcohol for use In the industries
can be produced more cheaply, perhaps,
tharr- in any other country in the world,
the increased consumption of the spirit
which will take place under the pro
visions of the new law will be of great
advantage to our agriculturists."
It costs In Germany about 2 cents a
gallon completely to denature alcohol,
and this Is the greatest drawback In
that country to growth in Its use. The
price of denatured alcohol varies from
about 30 cents a gallon to 27 cents, ac
cording to strength and purity, and it
has to meet In competition petroleum,
which retails in Germany at from IS
centg to 22 cents a gallon.
In France the alcohol used for various
-industrial purposes is manufactured
mainly from beet root, the material being
either the refuse molasses from sugar
factories or beets which by reason of
unfavorable conditions contain only a
small percentage of sugar. Potatoes and
grain are also uned to some extent, nut
relatively much less than In Germany.
In France it costs about 10 cents a
gallon to denaturize alcohol, because the
government has set one process, while
iu Germany several different methods are
permitted. This makes the cost of de
natured alcohol in France In ordinary
times 30 cents a gallon. In France about
8.000.000 gallons of denatured alcohol are
consumed annually. From the cost of
manufacturing the raw alcohol should be
deducted a subsidy paid by the , govern
ment ennnl to about 6 cents a gallon
Alcohol denaturized by the formula in
use in France is not only unnecessarily
evnenslve. but mav also be purified and
be used for human consumption. As the
Trnited States will adopt a formula wnicn
renders the product unfit for human con
sumption, the French denaturizing pro
cess will not be followed, and a much
cheaper one may be adopted.
Consul-General Mason reports that In
both Germanv and France there has been
..nnninimoiit that free denatured alco
hol has not given greater stimulus to the
Industries and also come In closer com
petition with petroleum. It appears from
his statement however, that in ma
chinery motors must be especially con
structed to consume alcohol and that de
natured alcohol has proved only partly
successful in lamps. ....
The obstacles which have restricted tne
...v, f the comparatively new in
dustry in France and Germany may be
surmounted in the United States but
aside from Its use as fuel and for light
ing purposes there Is a wide field In the
mechanical arts and Industries for de
natured alcohol produced free of taxa
tjon. Mark; Twain to Bnlld Fine Mansion.
New Haven Dispatch In New York World
Mark Twain has bought the old Noah
Sherwood home. In the secluded village
of West Redding, Conn., and will recon
struct the house into a beautiful man
sion. The house will occupy the crest of
an elevation which commands a view in
every direction. It will be constructed of
stone chiefly and will cost $30,000, it is
said. There are 110 acres ,of ground
about the house, which will be improved
on an extensive scale.
There is a large tract of woodland with
picturesque features, which the daughter
of Mr Clemens will beautify according
to her' own taste. The place Is expected
to be ready for occupancy by next June.
New Yorkers are flocking to 'West Red
ding since Mr. Clemens purchased a home
there. The old Eddy place, purchased
recently by Miss Jeanette L. Gilder, it Is
rumored, will be taken by MisS Ann
Morgan, 'daughter of J. Pierpont Morgan.
Returns 111 to Philadelphia Home.
P. A. B. Wldener, who lately arrived
at Newport, after a European trip, has
been taken to his Philadelphia home on
account of a severe Illness. Mr. Widener
has been In poor health for some time.
He Is making the Journey on his yacht
Homer to Live In Grand Opera.
Richard Strauss has a new opera un
der way, the details of which he Is try
ing to keep a secret. He has taken his
subject from Homer, and Thaumus and
Electra will be the leading characters.
THE CUBANS: "PLEASE TRY TO STOP US"
CUTE BIRDS TAUGHT US TO DANCE
The Aborigines) Just Picked It Up and
Cleverly Passed It Along;.
New York Sun.
Even the canary birds that sing by
electric light In the lobby of the Majestic
Hotel ceased warbling when a peculiar
noise echoed throughout the place from
the ballroom above. It was George T. '
Wilson of Portland, Me., felicitating over
his unexpected election to tne presidency
of the American Society of Professors df
Instead of making a speech over his
victory, as most folks would, Mr. Wilson
performed an Arabian double shuttle,
winding up with a somersault. Quick
as a flash, by way of repartee, the other
members gave four fancy side steps to
the left In unison and ended with a
modest hitch kic-k.
Mr. Wilson's outburst of Joy was not a
ripple on the surface as compared with
the reception given the new national
dance, the Spirit of America, executed for
the first time in any ballroom, a few
minutes later by Mr. Holland. Jauntily
attired as Uncle Sam. It consisted of a
combination of four simple break steps
and a forward glide similar to a Hester
street waltz. The only person who had
a kick to register was the official or
chestra, Gottlieb Meyerbeer. He had to
play every national, tune on the calendar.
"Too much Is enough," he said desper
ately, as he got up from the piano. This
earned him half an hour's vacation.
"In New York," said Mister Oskar
Duenweg of Terry Hut. Ind.. "every little
violet wishes to bloom In public and be
Interviewed, but I have something to say,
He didn't finish, however, for Just then
a pretty little woman, attired in a white
China silk gown and, sh-h, a three
quarter length skirt, wafted herself upon
the scene. She was Miss Kittle W.
Nathan, spieling expert of Colorado
Springs and Denver.
"You newspaper men have got In wrong
on our convention," she said. "Our ef
forts are ridiculed. Instead of being en
couraged. Are we not restoring one of
the oldest of arts?"
"Dancing, as you know, originated with
long-legged bipeds such as storks, fla
mingoes, cranes, etc.," Interrupted Mister
Duenweg. Aborigines noted these antics.
Indulged in at certain seasons of the year
by their feathered friends, and later
adapted the gyrations to music. The
original dancing master was a bird.
"Operates learned to dance when he
was an old man," interrupted Miss
Nathan, as she pirouetted coquettlshly.
"Plato advocated It, and Miriam. Moses's
sister, was a regular soubrette in her
day. It became a lost art. though."
The ball at the Astor House last Win
ter, she said, inaugurated the return of
the old style dances.
"You don't know It, but the old dances
are the fad In New York society. My
pupils demand It now at Colorado Springs
The Money Musk, the original Virginia
Reels and Pop Goes the Weasel would
replace the modern cotillons. The old
style willowy waltz would replace the
Political Topsyturvy dora Active.
New York Press.
In Illinois Mr. Bryan's uncompromis
ing fisht for the effacement of Roger
Sullivan from the Democratic map fails,
but by order of Roger Sullivan his
Nebraska enemy IS enthusiastically in
dorsed for the Presidency.
Charles E. Hughes, through whose ef
forts Benjamin B. Odell suffered the
worst damage sustained by him In his
whole political career, has no more zeal
ous supporter for, the Governorship than
Senator "Pat" McCarren, whose meth
ods and personality have always been
aggressively stacked by Justice Gny
nor. finds It convenient to urge the nom
ination of Gaynor for Governor.
Charles F. Murphy comes out In favor
of William R. Hearst for the Governor
ship. Mr. Hearst quickly returns the
compliment by denouncing the Tammany
leader and spurning the proffer of his
Politics in the campaign now opened
will not lack the charm of novelty and
promises never to become dull, tame and
An Kdltor Who la Ontapokeo.
The editor of this dinky paper wishes
sometimes he were rich. No, we only
wish we were rich for about a week
just long enough to teach some rich peo
ple we know how to act toward less
fortunate people less fortunate In the
matter of worldly possessions, we mean.
As 'a matter of fact, inordinately rich
people the majority of them have no
sense at all. This Is especially true of
some man who has "struck it rich" or
woman who has married to a bunch of
money. It gives us Infinite pain to wit
ness the nauseating airs of these toads
with the dollar-mark sticK-ng all over
them. Gee whiz! It makes us riled to
have some purse-proud monkey without
brains enough to carry breakfast to a
sick bear put on hlghfalutln airs around
Admiral's Two Sons Enter Navy.
Annapolis (Md.) Dispatch.
Harold B. . Sampson is the second son
of the late Rear Admiral Sampson, Vnited
States Navy, to enter the present fourth
class at the Naval Academy. He was
sworn in this morning. His brother.
Ralph Sampson, entered the same class
several weeks ago.
Imported the First English Sparrows.
Catholic Standard and Times.
Eugene Schicffelln, of New York, who
died recently, was the first to Import
English sparrows Into this country, his
purpose being to exterminate the cater
pillars which infested the trees in Madi
son Square, where the Schleffellns lived.
From ths Chicago Inter-Ocean.