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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
VOL. XLT- 0. 14,07
PORTLAND, OREGON, SATURDAY, JA2TUARY 13, 1906.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
LAD HANDS M.
Wheat Draws All to a
EVERY INTEREST IS PLEASED
Growers Discuss How to Raise
Big Grain Crops.
SHIPPERS COME TO TALK
fullman Has Convention, "Where All
Phases of Industry Arc Treated
by Miller, Exporter, Trans
porter and Farmer.
Br K. VT. Wright.
PULLMAN, Wash., Jan. 12. (Staff cor
respondence of The Oregonian.) The con
vention which closed a two days' ses
sion at Pullman today was a good deal of
a surprise party to all who attended. The
farmers were surprised to find that the
exporters and millers in attendance did
not wear horns, spiked tails and cloven
lioofs. The millers and exporters were
BUrpriscd at the earnest, respectful at
tention given their remarks by the farm
ers, and the railroad men were surprised
that neither the exporters, millers nor
farmers took the customary "slde-swipc"
at the railroads. Altogether the meeting
was productive of much good, and has
undoubtedly resulted in a much belter un
derstanding of the vast number of di
versified conditions surrounding the great
industry of growing and marketing
wheat. ' c
The millers, exporters and warehouse
men presented clean-cut and convincing
arguments showing that wheat which
was smutty or dirty 'with wild oats and
other refuse, will not command No. 1
price, and that the man wh.o gets the
gold brick In this case Is the farmer him
self. There were protracted discussions
of the best grade of wheat to sow in dif
ferent parts of the .state, of the best
methods for sowing, harvesting, thresh
ing, storing, shipping; in fact, all
branches of the Industry were taken up
jirotty thoroughly. The millers handled
their end of the story with a wealth of
figures and facts, covering the entire
range of time from the days when mill
ing was done with the pestle and mortar
down to the Chinese boycott.
3rr. Reed Spoils Melody.
The only unharmonlous strain in this
melody of good feeling was injected at
the afternoon session by W. M. Reed,
ex-Slate Grain Inspector. The devil was
never more than half as black as Mr.
Reed pictured , the exporters, and he al
luded to them as brigands, grafters,
bunco men and a number of other equally
bad characters. Mr. Reed considers It a
perversion . of the will of the Almighty
that any wheat should be shipped from
Tortland. Tacoma and Seattle exporters
along with those of Portland came under
Ji Is lash.
By a system of carefully prepared fig
ures he proved that the farmers were be
ing mulcted to the extent of millions by
selling to exporters instead of to good,
honest middlemen like Mr. Reed. Modesty
prevented him mentioning his own name
as the. prophet to lead these farmers out
of the exporters wilderness, but the
rather faint applause over some of the
serious charge conveyed the inference
that most of the audience understood
him. The convention, which was the first
of its kind eyer held in the state, was
crowded at every session, and enthusiasm
ran high throughout.
Little Ginger, Much Good.
There wasn't quite so much ginger In
the proceedings as in those of some other
conventions that have been held in the
Evergreen State, but as an interesting,
instructive and valuable exchange of
ideas regarding the greatest industry In
the 6tato it was a grand success, and is
certain to -bo of great value to the wheat
growers. The exporting, milling and ship
ping interests of Portland, Seattle and
Tacoma were well represented, and ever?"
phase of the wheat industry was discussed
by experts in the different lines.
Wheat King McCroskey and a number
of other prominent farmers gave their
less fortunate brethren the benefit of
their years of experience, and half a
dozen prominent millers told their side
of the story.
The affair was under the aUsplces of
the Washlagton State College and Presi
dent Bryan and his able assistants pre-;
sented a programme of unasual merit.
The proceedings were enlivened by ex
ceptionally well-rendered selections by the
musical department of the college. In
the absence of President Bryan, who did
not return from the fruitgrowers' meeting
at North Yakima until noon, the conven
tion was called to order yesterday morn
ing by Professor E. EL Elliott. He gave
an outline of the object of the meeting,
and discussed the wheat situation at
length. R. C. McCroskey, of Garfield,
was elected permanent chairman, and J.
H. Smith, of Pullman, secretary.
McCroskey Tells How.
"What was probably the most valuable
paper read at yesterday's session was by
Mrl McCroskey on "Soil Preparation and
Cultivation." As the broad acres of the
McCroskey farm have seldom failed to
turn, off big yields for the past 25 years,
the treatise was received with rapt atten
tion. He summarized his objects In cul
tivating, as .first, the conservation of
moisture; second, tfe pulverising of the
soil, so It will readily yield plant food;
third, tho development of bacterial life
which contributes to the fertility and pro
ductive of the soIL V
J. S. Klcmgard, of Pullman, read a
paper on "Seeding," comparing the ad
vantages Kalned by employment of present-day
machinery with old methods.
Harvesting was discussed by A. J. Stone,
of Rosalia, and Oscar Young, of Pullman,
tho latter presenting some intertlmsr.,fls-
ures showing the cost of harvesting "wHlu
combined thresher including interest on
the Investment and repairs, to he but Jt2
President Bryan opened the afternoon
proceedings yesterday with a 'half-hour
talk devoted to the general conditions of
tho Industry and tho necessity for im
proving them. He pointed' out the ad
vantages of improving the quality of the
wheat grown and the opportunity for
numerous economics in moving the wheat"
from field to tidewater. He stated that
Washington, by reason of tlp adjacent
mining, lumbering, dairying, tock and
other Industries, which do not compete
with wheat, was particularly favored by
nature over the wheat belt of the Middle
West. Wheat is so firmly intrenched in
the affections of the Talouse people that
President Bryan sounded only a mild note
of warning in his advice for farmers to
take up diversified farming.
Which Seed Is Best?
The topic, "Varieties to riant." was
handled by C. B. Kcglcy, of Pullman,
who recommended for the Palousc section
red Russian and Forty-Fold for binders,,
and Jones' Fire and Walla Walla for com
bines. On the same topic, T. C. Elliott,
of Walla Walla, the pioneer wheat coun
ty, of the state, recommended Blucstcm.
except for the foothills, whero the growth
became too rank, and where Walla Walla
and Turkey Red wore preferable. T. C.
Frye. of Davenport, ald Blucstcm was
the best variety for tho Big Bend, because
It matured earlier on the dry soil of that
Professor C. W. Lawrence, ccrcalist at
the State College, discussed the methods
of improving the varieties, and Professor
George Severance spoke on "Better Seed.'
He said the present methods are so un
satisfactory that the land has become
foul, and both yield and price are affect
ed to an alarming extent. He said he
would select wheat for seeding with the
same care and on the same lines as the
breeder of fine stock selected the best ani
mals In his herd for breeding purposes
He Insisted that the basis for improve
ment In seed was in the wheat now here,
and not In that brought -In from other
The smut evil was handled without
gloves by Professor Beattie.. who said
that the Washington farmers lost 2.500.003
bushels of wheat In 19M by smut, and sus
tained a heavy loss in price on a great
deal more. He warned the farmers
against the use of vitriol In preparing tho
seed, and said that formaldehyde, one
pound, to -45 gallons, was the only safe
method for eliminating the smut germs.
'Small I'anners Should Combine.
Handling, storage and shipping was dis
cussed by D. B. Putnam, of Pullman.- He
advised the small farmers to get together
and buy threshing machines of their own
and to use reapers and binders. Instead
of combines. He recommended the build
ing of Dins instead of buying bags. He
said farmers should not be dishonest by
demanding No. 1 prices for dirty wheat.
The hall did not shake with enthusiasm
when he expressed the belief that .no J
warehouseman would cheat a farmer, but
everybody approved his desire that state
grain Inspection take place in the rural
districts instead of at tidewater.
S. C. Armstrong, of the Pacific Coast
Elevator Company, put up a strong plea
for the adoption of the elevator system
and the warehousing of wheat on the
farm until it was sold. He said that
grain bags last year cost the Washington
farmer $1,120,000. a sum sufficient to erect
bins enough to hold one-third of the crop.
He figured the loss by the uso of sacks at
$500,000 a year as compared with the cost
by the elevator system.
Judge Grosscup Speaks.
The principal speakers at the eve
ning session were B. S. Grosscup on
"The Relation That Should Exist Be
tween Common Carriers and Agricul
tural Producers," John T.- Bibb, man
ager of the Tacoma Grain Company's
mill, "on "The Milling of Wheat" and
State . Grain Inspector Arrasmlth on
"Grading." The contention of Mr.
Grosscup was that the interests of the
wheatgrower and the railroads were
mutual and that anything that ham
pered the prosperity of the farmer was
felt with equal force by the railroad.
He presented these view so admirably
that he was greeted -with frequent ap
plause and with, tremendous cheering
at the close of Ills address. Mr. Bibb
discussed the different varieties of
wheat grown in this country and land
ed some body blows on the hated red
Russian which is crowding- the bet
ter grades out of the Palouse country.
He Illustrated his argument with sam
ples of gluten from Red Russian and
blucstem and with a wealth of figures
to prove his charges. His talk made a
profound impression on the farmers, es
pecially those who have become ad
dicted to growing- the scrub red Rus
sian. Must Grow Better Wheat.
At this morning's session , Samuel
Glasgow, of the Centennial Mills, Spo
kane, gave a brief review of the mill
ing industry, tracing it through its
various degrees of development and
closing with an earnest uppcal for bet
ter grades of wheat. He also touched
on the Chinese boycott, stating that it
was the culmination of 30 years of in
dignities thrust on the Chinese by the
Americans and in answer to an Inquiry
Intimated thaj. it might take 30 years
to remove it.
S. S. King, deputy grain inspector,
read a paper on the basis for state
grading of wheat, quite naturally tak
ing the position that the Washington
State system was all right and that
of the Portland Chamber of Commerce
all wrong. Professor B. W. Thatcher,
chemist of the state experiment sta
tion, with the aid of a blackboard" pre-
sented very Interesting- figures -sfeewlsg
the milling qualities xt- the various- va
rieties of wheat.' Tiieame topic was
YOUNG MEN NOW
Will Make Laws Reforming
Life Insurance and
ALSO WAKE GAS CHEAPER
Sew Men Supplant Old Warhorscs
and Will Root Out Abuses of
Life Insurance Business.
So Direct Primaries.
ALBANY, N. Y.. Jan. 12. SpccIal.)-A.
new Legislature. In which all the old war
horses are retired to back scats, while
new men run things, is the spectacle
which is presented In the Empire State'
this session. The Speaker is serving his
second term as an Assemblyman, his
floor leader has been here only three
years, and nearly every one of his lieu
tenants who occupies an important posi
tion would ordinarily only be regarded as
In the primer class of politics.
For eight long years the Assembly has
been conducted practically without the
slightest change. S. Fred Nixon was
Speaker, and the same old men were con- J
Unued, session -after session, at the head
of the important committees.
President Roosevelt and Governor HIg
glns, the new rulers of the party, have
changed all this, however, and now the
old men are practically retired on pen
slons. while youngsters, upon whom they
have looked down In the past, rule in
To add to their woes, the New York
Central Railroad has absolutely cut off
all passes.and men who have been accus
tomed to obliging their friends with legis
lation and iret tickets now suddenly flad
themselves bereft of everything. They
hardly realize yet where they are at, but
understand enough to be the unhapplest
looking and acting men that ever came
Governor HIgglns declares that the pres
ent session will be short, sharp and busi
nesslike, good deal of Important leg
islation is contemplated, principally on
the subject of insurance andthe conduct
Abwscs Jn Life InsaraAcc.
The Joint Investigating committer,
which has spent nearly a, year at work,
and accomplished most remarkable re
sults, is now. busily engaged in preparing
the reform legislation which will be sub
mitted to the .Legislature. A member of
the committee tells me confidentially that
he and his associates are convinced that
the main defects in the insurance busi
ness.' and the ones that have caused all
the scandal, are four in number, namely:
Syndicates, in which directors and other
officers of the companies participate.
Ownership by insurance companies of
other financial institutions, such as trust
The system of deferred dividend,
whereby policy-holders only receive the
accrued earnings when their policy has
matured. This, gives the companies mil
lions of dollars, whlcn they arc enabled
to juggle as they please.
Extravagant salaries to officers and ex
cessive commissions paid to agents who
Remedies Which Arc Proposed.
Here is an outline of the legislation that
wJll be suggested, and. In all probability,
passed without any serious objection:
A bill making It a felony for officers or
directors of any life-insurance company
to participate, collectively or individually.
In any syndicate which participates In
bond deals, in which the society may
afterwards-be Interested. At present, the
law simply provides that the directors
may be compelled to give the money back.
A bill prphibitlng the purchase by
a life insurance company of more than
23 per cent of tho stock of a trust com
pany, and providing that the combined
holdings of the life Insurance company
and its directors, as individuals, may
not exceed 40 per cent.
X bill providing that dividends on
policies shall be apportioned annually,
and either drawn In cash or accepted in
paid-up insurance. This will do away
with the present system whereby the
policy-holder's heirs after his death
receive as much or as little as the com
pany sees fit to give.
A bill providing for the annual pub
licatibn of the salaries paid big life
Insurance officials, the premiums paid
agents, and a list of all who receive
over $20,000 a year, together with the
Put Business on Sound Basis.
"I am convinced," said a Senator who
was regular in his attendance all
through the sessions of the investigat
ing committee, "that these measures
will 'undoubtedly put the life insur
ance business of the state on a proper
basis. Excessive salaries and commis
sions, rebates and syndicating opera
tions have caused most of the trouble,
and we believe "we will be able to pre
vent them in the future. Of course, we
have no power to say what the officers
shall receive as remuneration, but .com
panies that pay salaries out of all rea
son will be sufficiently punished by loss
of business, and we are convinced that
every concern will hereafter he run on
a more economical basis. The insur
ance legislation will be pushed-through
with all possible speed, and the meas
ures contemplated should be laws not
later than March 13.
' Reform In Election Lawn.
Ejection .leglslatlen- is still vmore or
less -up1 In "the air, but the Indications
are that there will tee some Important
chajBges. Governor HIgglns. In his an-
JL-a.ul mscftge,".expreeee himself as e-
ing trongly in favor of acprrupt prac
tices la.w, making it a fekmy for cor
porations to contribute fo campaign
funds, and has also indicated, although
more Indefinitely, that he Is not op
posed to direct nominations and a new
ballot-lawr' - w '. . "
The chances are" tbatrtthe present
Australian ballot will bedone away
with and a new measure, patented on
the Massachusetts lawH6)tcd. Under
this he candidates for different offices
will be grouped together and arranged
alphabetically, with the appropriate
party emblem before cachjrnamc. This
would undoubtedly . facilitate the
chances of independent candidates, and
is indorsed by all the ballot-reform or
ganizations in the state. Had it been
In operation in New York City last
Fall, it Is safo to say that District At
torney Jerome's majority would have
beon from 75,000 to 100,000, Instead of
the 15.00D that he is credited with.
The direct nominations bill is backed
by the Hearst Municipal Ownership
Independence League members, but has
not met with muh favor up to date.
It does away with political conventions,
the electors voting direct at primaries
for thqlr first arfd second choice for,
the various nominations.
Eighty-Cent Gas Bill.
One measure in which New York City
is greatly interested, and which seems
certain1' to pass, is the SO-cent gas bill.
At present the illuminating fluid is sold
at Jl a thousand feet, and all sorts of
figures have been produced to how
that the cost does not exceed 32 cents.
The -Republican organization is on rec
ord in faor of the measure. Governor
HIgglns has formally Indorsed it, and
It will be rushed through with all "pos
A. similar bill passed the Assembly
last year, but was defeated in the- Sen
ate by a vote of 25 in favor to 2
against, it taking 26 votes for a con-
stltutlonat majority. It was claimed at
the time that many Senators who op
posed cheaper gas became rich . very
suddenly, and tho men who were sus
pected then are being watched" very
oloscly now. In fact several of them
have already declared that they have
experienced a change of heart and will
vote In favor of the measure this year.
It promises to bo a. lively session,
and the scneme of putting "young men
on guard" Is being watched with In
terest throughout tho state.
STANDS WITH ROOSEVELT
PRESIDENT A. B. STICKNEY IS
Head of Railroad Takes Side of Pco-plc-Against
Rebates, Which, He? .
Says, Foster Monopolies.
MENOMINEE. Wis., Jan. 12.-(9pecial.)
President A. B. Stickney. of thc'Chlcago
Great Western Railroad Company, tonight
delivered a remarkable address on "The
Railways and the People' at a banquet
given by the Commercial Club to the
bankers convention, held here today. In
which he thoughtfully discussed the whole
question of monopolies and the relations
of the railways to the people, and power
fully supported the principle that, because
the railroads are monopolies, the law of
self-preservation as well as fairness and
Justice demands that the people through
the Government should control rallway
rates by law.
He characterized President Roosevelt's
position on the question as courageous,
and strongly upheld the demand that the
legislative commission, after full investi
gation, whenever the Reasonableness of a
rate Is challenged, shall have the power to
put In force a rate- which the commission
shall deem Just and reasonable. As a pre
cedent, he regarded this action as worth
taking, but no tariff or reasonable rates
for the whole country could be estab
lished, he said, until there .has been a
thorough and complete investigation of
the fundamental underlying principles of
reasonable rates, which neither traffic
men nor doctrinaires yet understood.
"It Is a ridiculous and undisputed fact."
Be said, "that most of the great trade
monopolies of the country arc founded
and sustained by the rebate In connec
tion with thcIrprotectIve tariff, which has
In effect, taxed the people hundreds of
millions of dollars, not to produce revenue
for the Government, but to enrich trade
"What Is the remedy?" Mr. Stickney
asked. "It is my conclusion that, because
railways- have assumed tho common-law
function of common carriers and because
they are public highways, and by accept
ing thlcr charters, have voluntarily sub
jected their property to a public use. It Is
fair and right to control their rates by
law, and, because railways are monopo
lies, the law of self-preservation as well
as fairness, and Justice demands that the
people through the Government should
control railway rates by law." '
NEWIAN'DS AIRS HIS SCHEME
National Incorporation Remedy for
All Railroad Evils.
WASHINGTON. Jan. 12. T5he Senate
committee on Interstate commerce met to
day, but there was not a quorum present,
and. after an Informal discussion, ad
journment was taken until Tuesday.
Senator Newlands occupied most of the
time discussing bis plan for Incorporation
of railroads under a National law Instead
of the conflicting laws of 45 states. He
said capitalization would be limited to
honest valuation and actual investment.
Instead of being swollen abnormally by
"the familiar device of stock-watering"
The Senator said:
"With the settlcmentof both rates and
taxes on a permanent basis, railroads
.would go out of politics, because they
wouitt nave notning to gain by political
activity. My measure is based on the the
ory that railroad consolidation Is not
harmful if properly control ted. I would
not only "permit, but encourage., such con
solidation under National charters!"
Commission Men -for 'Rate Reform.
MILWAUKEE. rJan. ' 12. The- Na
tional- League of Cemmfcwlon;. Merchants
at the dosing business eeslon this after,
noea adopted a. rpelutkm addreied to
Precedent ReoeeveU. pledging, support in
Ms efforts for the afeatemeat of the' tramv
Will' Pass Maximum and Mini
mum Tariff for That r
ADVANCE DINGLEY RATES
Dlnplcy Tariff Minimum, Increase of
25 Per Cent Maximum Stntc A
hood Insurgents Claim Votes
Enough to Defeat Rule.
. WASHINGTON, Jan. 12. (Special.)-The
Republican leaders of Congress ' have
practically entered into an agreement to
pass a maximum and minimum tariff bill
before March L The purpose of this Is
to allay what appears to be a growing
sentiment for tariff revision. It Is also
agreed to meet the situation presented by
the new German tariff laws.
After a conference with his lieutenants.
Speaker Cannon put the matter up to the
Senate leaders. Ho declared that, if they
would give him assurances, the House
would pass a bill fixing the minimum
tariff at the present DIngley rate and the
maximum at 25 per cent increase, to be
enforced against foreign countries that
discriminated against American exports.
The Senate leaders, after a conference to
day, decided that the Speaker could have
the assurance he wished, and that, if the
House passes such a bill as outlined, tho
Senate would pass It before March 4.
Speaker in (Statchood Fight.
The situation over the statehood bill has
reached a very serious stage, which
threatens some sharp division among the
Republicans. It has become necessary for
tho Speaker to enter .the fight with un
usual vigor. It Is said that the Speaker
caused it to bo made known that the con
test had developed to a stage where it
cannot be overlooked by the party man
agement, and that somebody will have to
The Representatives who are opposing
the statehood rule were just as insistent
today as ever that they will win. and
Just as determined. From this time on no
quarter will be asked or given on either
side. Representative Babcock. who is
prominent among. the Republicans oppos
ing the statehood plan, said this after
noon: Insurgents Claim Victory.
At ibis rnomnt the rule is as xood as
defeated. The men who- arc oppostojc the
rule have the signatures of 51 Republican
Representative to a paper pledging them
selves to vote ajralnst the rule. That num
ber will be sufficient to defeat It, as not a.
full membership of the House will b present
to vote. But la addition to that number,
there will be 20 other Republicans who have
not signed the paper, but who will vote
against the rule.
Th position of the opponents Is that ther.
simply ask fora division of the rule so
that the House may vote upon the- admis
sion of Oklahoma and Indian Territory as
one proposition and upon the proposed ad
mission of Arizona and New Mexico to Joint
statehood as another.
On the other hand. Watson of Indiana.
the Republican whip, expresses great con
fidence that' the Insurrection will be
broken by Democratic support.
Not as Big as It Looks.
NEW YORK. Jan. 12. In an address be
fore the Patriotic Club Society tonight
Rear Admiral Coghlan, Commandant of
the New York Navy-Yard, spoke on the
subject. "The Navy," In which he said
that, while on paper the United States In
would be In second place as a naval
power, yet. If there were stricken from
the list such vessels as the "sainted Ore
gon," now a second-class battleship In
stead of In the first line, the United States
would not rank better than fifth or sixth
among the powers of the world.
Oppose Abolishing Pilotage.
WASHINGTON, Jan.. 12. Captain J. E.
O'Brien, of Florida, nresldent of th
American Pilots' Association, and Andrew
t-urusetn. or san Francisco, president of
the International Seamen's Union, today
appeared before the Houso committee on
merchant marine and fisheries In opposi
tion to the Littlcficld bill doing away with
pilotage on coastwise sailing vessels."
NEW RUtES F0R GRAZING
Sheepmen's Protest Against Rules of
OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU, Wash
ington. Jan. 12. Senator Fulton today
presented to the Forest Service the prp-
test or tne umattna county V oolgrowers
Association against alleged discrimination
against Oregon sheepmen In tho Wen a ha.
fqrest reserve. It was alleged In the
petition that permission had been granted
for grazing Washington sheep In that
part of the reserve in Oregon to the ex
clusion of Oregon stock.
Tho Forest Service informed Mr. Fulton
that no one had been authorized as yet
to Issue permits for grazing any sheep
In this reserve, and for this reason the
department believes the protest Is with
out foundation. When permits are issued
it is the policy of the department to per
mit Oregon sheep to occupy the "range In
Oregon end of the Wenaha; reserve and
confine Washington sheep to that part of
the reserve which is In Washington, ex
cept In a few Instances of persons living
along the state "border. In each Instance
it is probable that the sheep of one state
may be permitted to cross into the other.
but this will work to tne mutual ad
vantage of both states.
It was further explained to Mr. Fulton
that next season a -charge will be made
for grazing stock within all forest re
serves. It is proposed to charge sheep in
the Cascade reserve 8 cents a, head and
cattle 30 cents during the Summer months.
or 45 cents for the full year. In the We
naha reserve, the sheep tax will be S
cents a head and cattle at the same rates
as In the Cascades.
Mr. Fulton Js decidedly opposed to the
Imposltloh'.of thte tax. maintaining that
ranges' should be free to all, and later he
will submit to the department a formal
protest against, this charge. He believes
'there Is no authority for Imposing this
tax. and will raise this Issue at the prop
er time. There are other Western Sen
ators holding this .view, and it Is quite
1IVi1v that this -will become a. live Imug
during the present- session of Congress.
KAISER TEARS SOCIALISTS
Troops "With Ball Cartridges Will
BERLIN, Jan. 13. According to the
Tagellche Rundschau, the most compre
hensive measures to oreserve order will
be taken January 21. when the Socialists
will hold 0 immense mass meetings in
Berlin to commemorate the St. Petersburg
"Red Sunday" (January 22), and to pro
test against the existing suffrage restric
tions In Prussia.
The police will be out in full force and
will forbid access to the square in front
of the castle, and the troops within the
castle will have their rifles loaded with
ball cartridges. The troops throughout the
city and in the vicinity will be held in
readiness from Saturday evening at 10
o'clock. At 10 o'clock on Sunday morn
ing they will be mustered in marching
order, with ball cartridges, in the bar
racks jard. ready for duty.
It is anticipated that. If the crowds re
fuse to obey the police and try to form
processions, troops will be requisitioned
forthwith. The Socialist executive com
mittee declares in a public statement that
no disorders will occur. The Police Presi
dent says that street demonstrations will
BIG STEAMER ON BEACH
Passengers on Cherokee Walt to Be
ATLANTip CITY, N. J.. Jan. 12. The
Clyde line steamer Cherokee, from San
Domingo, for New York, ran ashore to
day near South Brlgantlno life-saving
station, and tonight is still fast aground.
None of the passengers has been taken
off. After assuring them that they were
In no Immediate peril, the Hfesavers stood
by the steamer to be ready for any
Tugs from Atlantic City are also at
hand to endeavor to pull the vessel Into
deep water at any favorable opportunity.
THE DAY'S DEATH RECORD
President Polk's Sistcr-In-Law.
RALEIGH. N. C, Jan. 12. A dispatch
from Warrenton, N. C. tells of the death
there yesterday of Mrs. Lucy E. Polk, the
venerabla widow of Colonel William H.
Polk and sister-in-law of President Polk.
She was buried at Warrenton today.
Sir 31. E. Grant Duff.
LONDON, Jan. 12. Sir Mountstuart E.
Grant Duff, former Under Secretary o?
State for the Colonies. Governor of Mad
ras and president of the Royal Geographi
cal Society, Is dead. He was born in 1S29.
Governor of Algeclras.
MADRID. Jan. 12. General Hernandez
Ferbes. Military Governor of Algeclras,
died suddenly today.
Jiawyers Honor EHhu Root.
NF3W YORK. Jan. 12. EHhu Root. Sec
retary of State, was chosen as president
of the American Society of International
Law, which, perfected prganlzatlon In this
CONTENTS TODAY'S PAPER
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature. T,n
deg.; minimum, 3S. Precipitation. 0.4S of
TODAY'S Rain. Fresh southwest breeze.
Liberals nin first elections in England. Page 3.
Kaiser makes great preparations to suppress
Socialist demonstrations. Page 1.
Revolution in Ecuador suppressed. Pase 5.
Morale seeks refuge in American Legation
and resigns. Page 4.
France recalls envoy from Venezuela. Page 5.
Terrible revolt and assassinations at Irkutsk.
Government gradually reconquering Siberia.
Awful slaughter of Armenians at Tlflis.
Senate committee will try to make case
against Canal Commission. Page 1.
Republican leaders -arrange- to pass maximum
and minimum tariff bill. Page 1.
Eeet-Augar men oppose Philippine tariff bill.
Severe article on Hermann In Eastern paper.
Oregon sheepmen protest against grazing rules.
Chinese Commission welcomed on behalf of
President. Pace 5.
Probable action of New York legislature on
insurance, election law and price of gas.
- Page 1.
President Stickney "speaks for railroad rate
regulation. Page 1.
Philadelphia Republicans reorganize, but "Wea
ver has no chance for Governor. Page 4.
Rogers tell Supreme Court why he objects
to Hadley's Questions. Page 2.
Xeff-.York. Life again admitted to Missouri.
Mrs. Chadwlck arrive at penitentiary. Page- 3.
Herrera puts Young Corbett out In five rounds
at Los Angeles. Page H.
Eleven" Pacific Coast ballplayers drafted by big
leagues. Page 14.
Football "rule committees- decide to consoll-,
date and: reform rulea. Page 14.
Wheat convention at Pullman Is great suc
cess. Page 1.
Dredger and lighters abandoned by tugs;
workmen have narrow escape. Page 0.
Chinese boycott affects Puget Sound flour
trade to Orient. Page 6.
Harry Orchard, suspected of Steunenberg mur
der, may attempt alibi. Page &
Commercial sad Marine.
Small outside demand for wheat. Page 13.
New York stock, market animated. Page 13.
Fluctuations In May wheat at Chicago.
Labor situation In East not disturbed by
strikes Page 15.
Rains In California cause selljng of grain
options. Page 15.
Japanese mako offer for Pacific Mall's trans
Pacific net. Page 14.
FertfaiBd and Vicinity.
Oregon Development -League and Oregon editors
Join to boost the state. Page 10.
Lauren Pease sues Insurance company which
had him arrested and tried for embezzle
ment, and demands S30.0CO damages.
San Francisco gas situation. Page 11.
Doings of a day In the Municipal Court.
Dr. "Wise Informs Temple Beth Israel that he
will go to New York Jn September to head
an Independent Jewish movement in that
city. Pam 11-
Assessor Sigler terms proposed new tax bill
viclou and serniclous; E. Hofer defends
"measure;. Pae 14.
Candidates for c-Klce throne the streets of
Portland. Page 0.
Bogota Journals highly praise John Barrett.
United States Minister to " Colombia.
EC liora of Oregon have a brilliant session.
SEMITE TO THY
Will Be Judges.
WILL AIR EVERY SCANDAL
Try to Make Case Against
Roosevelt and His Aids.
MAY ABOLISH COMMISSION
Latitude Will Be Given In Taking
Testimony In Hope of Showlngr
Will Be Summoned.
MAY AnOUSH C031MJSS10N.
"WASHINGTON. Jan. 12. (Special.)
A suggestion has been advanced In
the Senate committee on lnteroceanlc
canals that the Panama Canal Com
mission be abolished and the man
agement placed In charge of the "War
WASHINGTON, Jan. 12. (Special.)
While the Senate has labored to mask
the truth, the fact la that next Tuesday
Theodore Rooaevelt, William H. Taft.
Theodore P. Shonts, John F. Stevens and.
incidentally, John F. Wallace are to be
arraigned and tried before the none too
impartial judges who constitute the Sen
ate committee on lnteroceanlc canals.
The trial Is to be called an Investiga
tion, but it means aipmly that every sup
posed scandal, every petty criticism,
every report of friction between 'ofllcIuLs.
every story of an unearned salary, every
tale of a discharged employe and every
fleeting bit of gossip Is to be told in pub
lic, and from them all the members of
the committee expect to set possibly
some of them hope to get tho basis for
a direct charge of incompetence, oi it
may be of guilt. There Is not a soul In
Washington who believes that anything
will come of the Investigation save the
knowledge already held that some of th
heads of tho enterprise have had their
bickerings and their disagreements.
May liearn Why Wallace Left.
It may be that In the course of the
hearings the public may learn the real
reason for the resignation of Mr. Wal
lace. It may learn whether or not there
was any truth In the reports of friction
between Mr. Taft and Mr. Shonts. It may
learn whether or not Poultncy BIgelow
drew the long bow, but that anything sub
stantial can come from the investigation,
no one in his heart believes.
It is understood that the greatest lati
tude will be given in the matter of ask
ing questions, and, it curiosity about per
sonal difference between officials is to be
considered one of the chief things which
it Is necessary to satisfy, the Senate and
the people may have their fill of satis
faction. May Abolish Commission.
The Senate declares that President
Roosevelt practically challenged the In.
vestigation and that it has been . decided
not to deny him. There was nothing for
the President to do, apparently, in the
present condition of affairs, except to
"challenge" an investigation. There Is a.
feeling In Washington that he took the
course that he did to-win eventually the
right to conduct the canal construction
unhampered by a commission of, seven
If the result of the Investigation leads
to the statutory abolition of the canal
body, it may be that trouble and rumors
of trouble will disappear, and that the
work will go forward, thus showing evi
dence of the strong hand that is behind
It. If trouble does not vanish and. the
work does not progress Congress -will ba
in a better position to criticise or to in
vestigate the conduct of a Chief Execu
tive who is now working under the handi
cap of a law which his critics have im
posed. BIGELOW REPEATS CHARGES
Insists Negro Quarters Are "Unsani
tary and Engineers Deficient.
NEW YORK, Jan. 12. PoultneyBIge
low, for whose presence before the Sen
ate committee on Inter-oceanic canals a
subpena was Issued yesterday, has a
signed letter on "Panama" In today's
Times. The communication In part fol
"Two things are notable to him who
reads the signs' of the time. No German
historian touches modern Hohcnzollern
history. No American engineer of stand
ing cares to be Identified with the Pana
ma canal. This is momentary only w
are happy to believe.
"My own purpose in going to Panama
was to look . at the conditions under
which the negro laborers were compelled
to live. My charges against our adminis
tration arc those which any independent
observer would have made under analo
gous conditions and with analogous" ex
perience of the negro in tropical coun
tries. These charges made. Taft does
not meet- I have made several broad
charges, and I authorize the trustees of
the Boston University to withhold my
salary for the coming year it thes
charges are not substantially true.
"To determine this question, it is ab
surd to call In as witnesses men who, havs
political axes to grind. 1 am willing. t
abide by the brief yes or no of anyone?
with respectable standing among aver
age men of clean, business record- It will
' (Concluded on ra-e 4.