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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 28, 1905)
VOL. XLV.- KX). 14:,0O6.
PORTIAXD, OREGON, SATURDAY, OCTOBER 28, 1905.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
N ATI ON
ES ON STRIKE
ror in Russia.
IMMENSE MEETINGS ARE HELD
Trepoff Fears to Prevent Them
Lest Storm Break.
BLOOD FLOWS IN WARSAW
evolutionists Try to Provoke Con
flict, Which Government Seeks ,
to Avoid Governors
Threaten to Shoot.
EVENTS IK RUSSIAN REVOLT.
Revolutionists at St. Petersburg hold
great meetings, which call general
Strike spreads from railroad men to
men In all industries and employes of
League of Professions calls strike to
continue until freedom of speech and
assembly is granted and suffrage ex
tended. Trepoff forbids meeting, then with
draws order to prevent blopdshed.
Food at famine prices, stores closed
half the day. panic In St. Petersburg.
Kharkoff proclaimed In state of war.
Moscow, general strike proclaimed.
Great meeting being held. Douma In
Warsaw railroads and telegraph
'lnes connecting, with Germany .and
Austria tied up by strike. Fire de
stroys large section of city.
Lodz factory and street-car employes
Governors of Moscow, Lodz, "Warsaw
and other cities give warning that
troops will fire ball cartridges In case
of disorders. .
Troops pour into St. Petersburg and
mlllCary guards stationed in all large
Strikers at Baku capture dynamite.
Odessa students threaten to resist
Crowds march through Reval. shoot
ing, burning tolegraph poles and sing
ing revolutionary songs.
"Warsaw bank employes strike.
TroopH fire Into crowd, killing two,
wounding many persons. -Agitators
stop street-cars, close stores.
Cabinet to be created today with
"Wltte as Premier.
ST. PJITERSBURG, Oct. 27. That the
present situation cannot end without
bloodshid is the conviction prevailing in
the higher government circles, which
from moment to moment are expecting a
conflict between the troops and the revo
lutionists in St. Poterpburg and news of
trouble In the provinces, especially at
Kharkoff, which has been declared in a
state of .siege. Governors have been in
structed to take all necessary precautions
to preserve order.
One of the most important members of
the Emperor's council received the Asso
ciated Press reprejentatlve today and
fixld, with every evidence of deep emo
tion: "The situation is a grievous and pain
ful one, and I see no way out of it except
by the employment of armed force. Please
do not misunderstand me. I look upon
the prospect with tears, but It la becom
ing more and more evident that the
troops will be compelled to fire. I can see
no othor possible outcome. The revolu
tionists and terrorists are absolutely bent
on forcing a conflict upon us, and nothing
we can do will satisfy them. The exten
sion of the suffrage and the right of as
sembly will be nothing to them. They
are determined to have bloodshed and
we cannot avoid the Isfme. It Is a fright
ful disease from which Russia is suffer
ing and, sad and painful as It is, .the gov
ernment must act with force."
Witte Appointed Todny.
The Minister said that the law creating,
a responsible cabinet will probably be
promulgated, and Count Wltte's nomina
tion as premier announced tomorrow.
Under the statute the Premier may or
may not hold a special portfolio.
Count Wltte spent almost the entire day
with the Emperor at Peterhof, and he
hag not confided to his colleagues
whether he intends to take the Ministry
of Finance or no portfolio at all. The
whole of the Ministerial body is also in
ignorance as to whether they will retain
their places under the new leaders.
Realizing that any attempt to Interfere
with the monster meeting at the univer
sity would Inevitably lead to a bloody
outbreak. General Trepoff, who an
nounced during the afternoon that he
Intended to prevent the assembly, in
structed the police to close their eyes to
the fact, and the meeting, which was
attended by between 15,000 and 20,000 per
sons, passed off without a conflict. The
troops stationed around the building were
withdrawn, but in the court, the city
bourse and other nearby buildings half a
dozen companies of Cossacks and strong
forces of infantry and dragoons were in
readiness to sally forth, if necessary.
Big meetings were also held in the tech
nological and art Institutes and In two
engineering schools. The students at
neither of these meetings took any part In
the deliberations, yielding the hospitality
of the college buildings without attempt
ing to cloak the meetings with the guise
of student assemblies.
With the hope of avoiding furtner meet
ings, at the university, General Trepoff
later placed halls In three different porta
of the city at the disposition of the people
for meotlngs, thereby granting the de
mand for the right of assembly.
Rebels Swamp Conservatives.
The meeting at- the university beggars
description. In the great open-air court,
with no light except a few flickering can
dles on a hastily constructed tribune from
4000 to 5000 workmen, students and profes
sional men stood wedged together In the
cold and wet snowfall, listening to revolu
tionary' harangues. Another great meet
ing was held in the central hall of the
university building and several smaller
meetings were held in labor and secret
In all the sections a strong minority
urged conservatism, but these were car
ried from their feet by the general en
thusiasm, and resolutions for a general
strike in every branch of 'Social Iemoc
racy were adopted with a hurrah. Even
the chinovlks in the government service,
whose meeting was largely attended, were
possessed of the same spirit and passed
resolutions to stop all work in the govern
ment department tomorrow. This prob
ably will include the government tele
graph agency, and may put the telegraph
and cable service out of commission. An
other resolution which was generally
adopted notified the authorities that the
Assize Court building, in LI tanla" street,
must be opened for a universal meeting
of all classes at noon tomorrow, at which
measures will be adopted against -onyfper-son
who is reported as not adhering to the
A remarkable feature of all the speeches
was the spirit of complete confidence that
the success of the movement was at hand
and the manifest Intention, as the minis
ter quoted in the first part of this dis
patch said, to force an armed conflict upon
the governmerfL The meetings continued
far Into the night.
City In State of Panic.
In the city, In spite of the absence of
disorders, there is a conditon of actual
panic. Half of the population Is compelled
to rely on candles or kerosene lamps for
light, while the street lamps In a large
part of the city have been extinguished.
The streets are deserted except for tho
squads of infantry and cavalry which are
The shops begin to close In the after
noon in even the " Morskala, Ncvsky and
other central streets. Many of the Inhab
itants shut themselves in their houses,
scarcely vonturing out to make necessary
purchases of food, which has mounted to
STRIKE GENERAL J3f 3IOSCOW
Great Meetings Being Held Gov
ernor Threatens to Shoot.
MOSCOW, Oct. 27. The ceneral strike
became effective this afternoon. All the
stores, the "banks and other business In
stitutions are closed, and the commercial
activity of Moscow Is at a standstill.
Great meetings are being held In sev
eral cuartcrs of tho city.
All the employes of the water and gas
Works and street railway lines struck to
day. The Governor-General has Issued a
proclamation to the effect that traffic, on
the Nlcbolala & Moscow and Kazan lines
will be restored and that the strike will
not prevent the city from being supplied
with provisions, of which there is an am
TheTSovernor adds that for the pro
tection of peaceable people troops have
been posted throughout the city, and that
they will fire with ball cartridges in the
case of even the smallest gathering of
people or the slightest sign of disorder.
The strikers are touring theh factories
where work la going on, smashing the
windows and demanding the stoppage of
The League of Leagues has divided the
city Into six districts .appointing an
agent in each territory to report condi
tions and to tcollect funds to support the
In the midst of the great strike move
ment, the National Patriotic League,
which was recently organized to defend
the autocracy, announces a meeting here
for tomorrow to organize and arm . a
militia to fight against the revolution.
The city continues In a ferment. The
schools are closed, but there was no seri
ous violence today.
In view of tho alarming situation, a
special session of the Douma has been
convoked to sit night and day. The
Mayor will convoke tomorrow In the town
hall representatives of the nobility, schol
astic institutions and the different cor
porations, union and professions, to dis
cuss the situation.
The employes of the banks have dc-
ciareu a suikc Agitators tonight parad
ed the streets, stopping the street-cars
and forcing the stores to close. Patrols
are on guard everywhere.
A detachment of troops In the suburb
of Muranoff this afternoon fired four vol
leys Into a crowd, killing two persons
and wounding many.
MOB PILLAGES GUX STORES
Then Starts to Plunder Factories,
hut Troops Interfere.
REVAL, Russia, Oct. 27. After pillaging
the shops of the gunsmiths today, a
crowd proceeded to plunder the factories.
Troops were summoned and the shops
The crowds went in procession through
the streets singing revolutionary songs,
discharging revolvers and setting fire to
the telegraph poles.
The vodka shops and all the govern
ment institutions have been closed.
SOLDIERS GROWING RESTIVE
Feeling of Revolt Spreads In Czar's
Only Main Stay.
ST. PETERSBURG. OcL 27.-(SpecIaL)
One development of the situation which
threatens serious consequences Is the feel
ing of revolt manifested by the soldiers
themselves. The soldiers, like every one
else, are suffering from the effects of
threatened famine. They, too. are be
ginning to turn against the government.
Here -is where the great danger lies. If
the army deserts the government, the em
pire Is doomed.
The number of men on strike through
out the country is roughly estimated at
1.000.000. At the rate the strike Is grow
ing, the number may be doubled within
a few days.
DRASTIC LAW RULES WARSAW
Agitators and Rebels to Be Shot,
WARSAW. Oct. 28. (Speclal.)-The Governor-General
has ordered every labor
agitator found with arms In his posses
sion shot on the spot. He has also or-
tCoacludcd ea pare 3.)
Cummins and Stickney Speak
at Celebration of His'
REBATES AND RECIPROCITY
Railroad President Denounces One,
ex-Governor Advocates Other In
Preference to Policy of
Standpat on Tariff.
ST. PAUL, Oct. 27. President Roosc-i
velfs 47th birthday was celebrated In
St- Paul by the "Original Roosevelt
Club" tonight through the medium of
a banquet in tho large dlnlngrroom of
tho .-Ryan Hotel, at which over -400
covers were laid for enthusiastic ad
mirers of Theodore Roosevelt, who.
In the language of Governor Cummins,
of Iowa," was in more senses than one
"the man of the hour."
President A. B. Stickney. of the
Great Western Railway, who was as
signed the topic of "Tho President and
the Railroads," said:
It is well known that ever since competitive
railways have existed, the actual competitive
rates hae been made by the rebate system.
The rebate is the offspring of competition and
Is never paid except on competitive business.
It probably originated with the railway.
Cunning: Way to Pay Rebates.
The Ingenuity which Is now exercised by
both railways and their customers to maintain
the eecrecy of rebates can be Illustrated bet
ter than described. Since the injunctions were
Issued and the terrors of the law are con
sidered Imminent I have been told I do npt
vouch for Its truth, although I have teen
what purports to be a copy of the contract
between shippers and the routing agent of
cases where young men from so-called routing
agencies in New Tork make periodical trip
through the "Western cities, leaving not bank
checks, but packages of actual money, with
out note or comment, upon certain merchants
deri-s, taking no voucher nor receipt. Curi
ously, when these packages are counted, they
are found to be exactly a certain percentage,
supposed to be 25 per cent, of the amount
of freight which such merchants have paid
a certain railway company since the last
previous visit of the young man who thus
distributed hundreds of thousands ef dollars
Railways Have Monopoly.
Stating the fist of the law In a nuUhell.
the railway companies have an absolute mo
nopoly and under the law fix the price upon
that which they alone can produce and -which
every living man must consume (railway
transportation), and the law makes It a mis
demeanor for the customer to kick. Is that a
It is wrong in principle, but an long as
there are competitive railways it Is of little
practical Importance, because unreasonable
rates cannot be enforced. But In 29 years,
possibly in ten yearn, there will be few, if
any, competitive railways, and it thereby be
comes Important while we can to establish
these correct principles in law.
Experience has proved that no commission
can be a disinterested board of arbitrators
while at the name time It is engaged In the
prosecution of the caae at bar. Hence, it the
recommendation of the President la adopted,
the arbitration commission hould be appointed
for the purpose of arbitrating disputes In re
spect to rates, should not be charged with the
executive duty of enforcing the provisions of
the law or of their own decisions.
Mr. Chairman, never before has the Ameri
can people had a Roosevelt for a President.
Never before has a President, in mason and
out of season, in official documents and from
the stump, so courageously stood for the
Roosevelt Man of the Hour.
Governor Cummins, of Iowa, recelvod
cheers when he arose to speak on "The
President and the Tariff." Ho said:
Looking at our people from the standpoint
of public affairs. I see three kinds of men.
The first class is made up of lawbreakers,
conscience violators and selfish hunters - for
The second class is composed of a host of
good men who are either too busy, too tired
or loo timid to organize & warfare upon the
The third class is made up of the leaders in
the world's true progress. They are also few
in number, but mighty In their Influence.
One of these men was born on the 27th of
The Republican party has enrolled many
noble men for the highest office in the land,
but we never conferred the honor on a bet
ter ton of the republic than he who now oc
cupies the most exalted station in the world,
the man of the hour the Idol of the people
the commander of armies, the prince of peace
Governor Cummins briefly sketched
President Roosevelt's career in public
office, and continued:
I trust that a grateful people will, during
all time, celebrate the day of his birth.
If we are happy in the character ef our
leader, we are not less so In the history of
our party. These advance to a higher civili
zation, to better laws, to National greatness
are its advances.
Miserable Maxim, "Stand Pat,"
It is not enough, however, merely to con
template what has been done. In these days
of vajt enterprises, of unheard-of accumula
tion of wealth by a single man or combina
tion of men. when the laws, of the land can
be uped to foster and protect scinch Interests,
It is as natural as the recurrence of the sea
sons . that the rich and the powerful should
attempt to fasten themselves upon the dom
inant party and to use it as an Instrument to
promote their welfare against the common
welfare. It will require all the virtue of tho
olden days and all the strength of modern
character to resist these aggressions. There
is a benumbing spirit which seems to be fas
cinating some of the members of our party
and that has found expresrioa In the phrase
ology of the gambler "stand pat." I predict
that. If the party meets disaster and down
fall, there will be floating over Its retreating
columns this miserable maxim, "Stand pat."
If It In victorious and triumphant, as I believe
it will be, the flag that will lead Its gallant
hosts Into the future will bear -another motto,
an Inspiring phrase, "move on."
I have heard it said that it Is good states
manship to construct and maintain a system
through which our own people are made to pay
a higher price for our own manufactures than
the same manufactures sold by the same pro
ducers command in foreign markets. I would
vary the phraseology. It Is a high crime to
defend a tariS duty that has such a result.
I am & protectionist, born and bred, and I
stand for the defense of our own manufactures.
X 'want our producers to- take them at a fair
American price, but I shall fight the duty
which compels our consumers to pay more
than a fair American price, "bo long as I have
voice and strength.
The time has come when statesmanship de
mands that -through reciprocity In some form
or other our farmers 'shall be permitted to
enter foreign markets with their products
upon even terms with their competitors
everywhere. It will not satisfy them to- say
that we are prosperous.
Congressman J. Adam Bede handled
the topic, "The President and Con
gress In a witty manner. Mr. Bede's
speech closed the celebration.
HIS FAREWELL TO NORWAY
Oscar Declines Crown lor Member
or Ills Family.
STOCKHOLM. Sweden. Oct 27. King
Oscar has definitely and formally declined
the offer of the Norwegian throne to a
Prince of the House of Bernadotte, and
in a letter to the President of the Storthing-
finally severs his connection with Nor
way. The letter, which Is dated October
26, is as follows?
After having. In the same of Sweden, rec
ognized Norway as a state completely sepa
rated from Sweden, I Inform you of my de
cision to relinquish the ciuwu of Norway,
which, notwithstanding all my good Inten
tions, has given me in the course of years so
many bitter cares. Moreover. I could no
longer wear It to tho benefit of the country
under the Illegal decision the Storthing has
rendered- But I desire only the welfare of tho
country and the nation toward which I have
entertained a sincere affection ever since my
youth, and to the happiness of which It has
always been my heart's desire to contribute
so long as the means to that end could bo
reconciled with the duties entailed by my po
sition as King- of both countries of the Scan
In view of the turn the mutual relations be
tween the two countries have taken. I can
not think It would be conducive to the happi
ness of either Sweden or Norway that a
prince of my house should accept an election
to be King of Norway. Aamredly there would
not fall to arise In both countries a feellnx
of distrust which would operate as much
against him as against me. This dlsirtx
might only too easily become an obstacle to
the improvement of the mutual sentiments
of the two nations, unfortunately separated,
whereas I hope to see pacific relations as
sured between them In a not too distant fu
ture. I cannot therefore accept the Storthing's
offer. I thank with all my heart those who
during my reign or 33 years have faithfully
served me and Norway and who may even,
now entertain affection for their former King.
In now bidding them farewell, :i cherish sin
cere good wishes for them.
Debnte on Xew King Delayed.
CHRISTIANIA, Norway. Oct. 27. At
today's session of the Storthing- the
debate on the proposition of tho gov
ernment asking- to be endowed with
full power to negotiate with Prince
Charles, of Denmark, for his accept
ance of the crown of Norway on the
understanding- that a referendum be
taken, was postponed until tomorrow
bn account of the indisposition of Pre
mier MIchelsen. There Is no doubt
that the proposition of the government
will be carried by a large majority and
that Prince Charles will be accepted by
the great body of the people.
Sing- 9scirfs New TlUe.,
SToCKHOBM. Sweden. Oct. 27. At a
meeting of the Council of State today
Kins Oscar announced that he would in
the future use the following: stylo and
"We, Oscar, by the grace of God. king
of Sweden and of Gothswends." He fur
ther announced that his motto would be
The Welfare of Sweden," Instead of
The Welfare of the Sister Nations."
CONTENTS TODAY'S PAPER
TESTERDAT-S Maximum temperature. 01
deg.: minimum. 42. Precipitation, hone.
TODAY'S Fair. Northeast winds.
PT,!?C Hf.0"11'? steamer in collision,
but he suffers no Injury. Page -I
H1B.wk;,Ul ?iler ,Ca,ps of Governor
Brady and Sheldon Jackson. Page 3.
Government summons ex-Controller Dawes
as witness against beef trust. Page-3.
.lan starts tor Panama. Page 4.
King Oscar declines Norwegian throne for
member of his family. Page 1.
Autocracy In terror before whole nation on
strike. Page 1.
Immense revolutionary meetings at St.
Petersburg and Moscow order general
strike. Page 1. k
Trepoff allows meetings to avoid bloodshed
hut outbreak Is sought by rebels. Page L
Cxar may grant constitution like British.
Rate law convention organizes for vigorous
campaign: bolters form rival organiza
tion. Page 1.
Southern Congressmen united for rate bill.
Stickney denounces rebates. Cummins de-nounces-standpatters.
Split In Maryland Democracy may end Gor
man's rule. Page 14. t
New York Republicans nominate Jerome.
Harrftnan predicts competition In . railroad
building. Page 3.
Terrible train-wreck in Kentucky. Page 3.
Jack O'Brien knocks Al Kauffman out in
17th round. Page 7.
San Francisco bats Portland pitcher out to
tune of 13 to 1. Page 7.
Los Angeles wins from Seattle, score 3 to 0.
Oakland scores 13 to Tacoma's 0. Page 7.
Stanford circular makes vicious flings at
faculty and prominent students. Page C
Samuel Tremalne is acquitted of murder of
Marshal Clay at El ma. Wash. Page 6.
Grand Jury will commence Idaho land-fraud
Investigations today. Page 6.
District Judge Stewart of Boise refuses
. citizenship to an educated Japanese.
John M. Bunn, Northern Pacific attorney
at Spokane, punches C. M. Levey in face.
rortlaad aad Vicinity.
Pacific Hotel is visited by two highwaymen.
Controversy arises over Integrity of "early
Methodist missionaries. Page 10. .
Portland woman changes Into man as result
of accident and subsequent operation.
Water Board will send Engineer Clarke East
to study merits of steel-riveted and cast
iron pipe. Page 13.
Portland Chapter, Oregon State Congress of
Mothers, discusses relations of school and
home to Juvenile Court. Page 11.
Franchise for electric road opposed by Har
rlman counsel. Page 9.
Five divorces granted by Judge Cleland and
number of petitions for decrees filed.
Children of Tony and nose DeCIcco given
into custody of Juvenile Court.. Page 10.
Willis D. Edmund fined $23 by Municipal
Judge for violating ordinance that pro
hibits slaughter-houses In city limits.
Mrs. Caroline Baum charges transfer of
property -to evade paying Judgment
REFORM IN RATES
Interstate Commerce Conven
tion Will SendvLobby-to
CAMPAIGN TO BE VIGOROUS
Fight for Roosevelt's Rate Policy Is
On Antl Convention Adopts
Resolutions and Forms
CHICAGO, Oct. 27. Tho regular con
vention of the Interstate Commerce
I-aw League today decided to carry
on a vigorous campaign In favor of
President Roosevelt's policy for the
regulation of railroad rates. It will
publish and circulate literature on the
subject, get up petitions from every
state to Congress and send a strong
lobby to Congress in support of the
When tho convention assembled ex-Lieutcnant-Governor
Iowa, took occasion to deny a report
Intimating that he was a Socialist. In
cidentally, he criticised Mayor Dunne's
municipal ownership Ideas.
Murdo Mackenzie, of Trinidad, Col.,
president of the American Stockgrow
ers' Association, predicted that Con
gress at its next session would adopt
radical .railroad rate legislation, which
will -surprise the most ardent support
ers of President Roosevelt's policy.
Accept Railroads' Challenge.
Joseph H. Call, of California, pre
sented the report of the resolutions
committee, specifically agreeing to the
method recommended by President
Roosevelt as "the only constitutional
and effective method for the supervis
ion of rates, classifications and prac
tices." Ex-Governor Van Sant, of Minnesota,
In seconding Mr. Call's motion for the
adoption of the resolution, said:
"This Is a fighting age. The dearest
things we possess In life are those which
we fight for the hardest. A railroad pas
senger agent told me that the transporta
tion companies Intended to organize the
business men In every voting precinct In
the country to fight against this, rate
legislation, and oppose the election of
every candidate who will not agree In
advance to vote against President Roose
"I said that we would accept the chal
lenge and buckle on our armor. The fight
Is on and we must fight hard to win. Vic
tory will be ours."
Texas Will Be for Roosevelt.
J. C. Keel caused laughter by declaring
that he believed Texas would go Repub
lican at the next National election If
President Roosevelt Is a candidate for re
election. "Texas Is the greatest Democratic state
In the Union, but her citizens love Presi
dent Roosevelt." said Delegate Keel. "If
he runs for President next time I think
Texas will be for him on this freight rate
Chairman Hughes appointed an execu
tive committee to serve for the ensuing
year, headed by E. P. Bacon, of Wis
consin. The finance committee submitted a re
port recommending that a fund of J10.CC0
be raised to send a delegation to Wash
ington during the next session of Con
gress to work for the passage of the de
sired legislation. The plan of the com
mittee was approved and J70CQ of the fund
was raised by contributions made by the
The convention adopted resolutions
indorsing President Roosevelt's plan
for Federal Government freight-rate
regulation by enlarging the powers of
the Interstate Commerce- Commission.
It was also decided to send a copy of
the platform direct to the White House
by a committee of five. This commit
tee Is as follows: E. P. Bacon. Wis
consin; J." H. Call, California; S. B.
Burnett, Texas; R. W. Hlgbee, New
York, and S. H. Cowan, Texas.
In addition to such action, the con
vention determined to send President
Roosevelt a telegram saying the con
vention, representing 44 states and ter
ritories and a large number of busi
ness, commercial, producing and manu
facturing concerns, had adopted reso
lutions indorsing the President's po
sition on the rate question as laid
down In his message.
At the close of the convention the
executive committee met and organ
ized for the ensuing year by electing
these officers: Chairman, E- P. Bacon,
Wisconsin; vice-chairman, J. E- How
ard. Kansas; secretary, Adolph Muller,
Illinois; treasurer, R, S. Lyon. Illinois.
Campaign for Rate Bill.
It was decided by the executive com
mittee to organize in every state and
enter upon a vigorous campaign for
the success of the Roosevelt rate-regulation
plan. According to presont plans,
a strong lobby will be sent to Wash
ington at the next session of Congress,
and business and commercial bodies in
each state will be asked to petition the
United States Senators of their respec
tive states to vote for the Roosevelt
measure. In addition to this, the pro
ceedings of the convention will be pub
lished and distributed along with other
literature In the Interest of the Gov
ernment. The league was invited to hold its
next convention at Houston, Tex.
ATIS ORGANIZE ASSOCIATION
Adopt Resolutions Opposing More
Power to Interstate Commission.
-CHICAGO. Oct- 27. The convention ot
bolters from, the . regular Interstate. Com
merce Law Convention today adopted the
title "Federal Rate Regulation Associa
tion." N. W. McLeod, the temporary
chairman, was elected president, and an
executive board of vice-presidents from
the different states represented was
elected by the different state delegations
and ratified by the convention as a whole.
The purposes of the new organization,
as outlined by Mr. McLeod and by G. X.
Wendllng, of San Francisco, are lo be
the same as those of the regular body,
except that the views of the regular body
are not to be followed as set forth in the
resolutions. Beside the board of vice
presidents, Mr. McLeod was authorized
to select a board of 12 delegates-at-large
to formulate by-laws and rules.
"Wants Railroads to Fix Rates.
A speech, which was received with en
thusiasm, was made by Delegate Lane,
of Alabama, who made a plea for careful
consideration of the question under dis
cussion. In speaking of the need of Im
mediate legislation. Mr. Lane said:
"In six months the traffic managers of
the different railroads of the country
could agree on a blanket law of rate3
which would be fair to all. This Is the
day of the demagogue and the Socialist,
and we must stop and consider things in
a careful light before those forces run
riot with us."
D. M. Parry, of Indianapolis, ma.de .an
address favoring tho formation o a per
Daniel Davenport caught tho fancy of
the convention In a speech attacking E;
P. Bacon, of Milwaukee, a leader of the
When the convention resumed business,
the following report of the committee on
resolutions was read:
Indorse Roosevelt. Not His Policy.
We declare aa a fundamental basis of our
deliberations our confidence In the unques
tioned faith, wisdom. Integrity and high pur
pose of President Roosevelt: our appreciation
of his Influence, which permeates every branch
of the Government, every Industry and all
development of the entire Nation, and our
confidence in his leadership
We recommend definite action by thU con
vention looking to the establishment of s
permanent organization which shall be repre
sentative of every state and territory In the
Union and shall be the nucleus for all fur
ther work that shall become necessary here
after to carry out the expressed will of this
association. To that end we suggest the
selection ot a general committee which shall
be charged with the duty of transmitting to
the Congressional committees on Interstate and
foreign commerce during the next session the
action of this convention.
We are unalterably opposed to conferring
upon the Interstate Commerce Commission or
any appointive agency the power to prescribe
specific rates for transportation, believing
that such action would prove a dangerous ex
periment Inimical to the. best interests of com
merce and the continued development of this
Recognizing existing evils connected with
the transportation Interests of the country,
viz.: All forms of rebates or favoritism ex
tended to one Individual or corporations to the
disadvantage and detriment of others, private
car lines. Industrial terminals or switching
lines, manipulation of freight classflcatlon. un
fair and unequal distribution of freight equip
ment, etc, we demand the most rigid enforce
ment of laws, which. If found to be Inade
quate, should be so amended as to provide
speedy, efficient and permanent relief.
We recognize the great and almost uni
versal dissatisfaction with the Interstate com
merce laws as now administered or enforced
aa due to the delay In reaching a determina
tion of questions demanding early and final
settlement, and we urge upon Congress the
'iperatlve necessity for providing the nec
sary machinery for relief.
Deny It Is Railroad Scheme.
After several amendments to the re
port submitted by the resolutions com
mittee had been considered, tho report as
represented was adopted by a unanimous
In addresses of Its members, this con
vention protested that its delegates had
not come to Chicago In the Interests of
Among the vice-presidents elected are:
A. C. Roluffson, Sail Francisco; A. B.
Moss. .Fayette, Idaho; ex-Governor B. F.
White. North Dakota; Wallls Nash. Ore
gon; Joseph Geoghegan. Salt Lake City,
and J. S. Goldsmith, Seattle.
SOUTH BACKS UP ROOSEVELT
Canvass of Congressmen Shows
" Unanimity on Rate Question.
NEW ORLEANS, Oct. 27. The Picayune
has begun a canvass of Southern Demo
cratic members of Congress on President
Roosevelt's plan to give the Interstate
Commerce Commission authority to fix
maximum railroad freight rates. So far
every member of Congress heard from has
declared In favor of the legislation de
manded by the President: Congressman
J. Sharpe Williams, of Mississippi, says:
Mr. Roosevelt In doing a good and brave
thing In maintaining his uncompromising atti
tude upon this question. The South will
benefit more from the propos-ed legislation
than any other part of our common country.
We would .have been manufacturing, la my
opinion, two-thirds of the cotton of the United
States today but for the existence of unfair
preferential rates, chiefly on the raw ma
terial on Ita way to the mills.
Among the others who expressed them
selves In favor of railroad-rate legislation
are Senator A. Culbertson. of Texas, and
Representatives J. T. Watkins and S. M.
Robinson, of Louisiana.
FLEES T0JWEET DEATH
"Wealthy Woman Leaves Home Sud
denly and Is Killed on Railroad.
NEW YORK. Oct. 27. With J 25,000 worth
of Jewelry and a large sum of money In
her possession, Margaret Todd, SO years of
age, who. Is very wealthy, disappeared
mysteriously today on the way from a ho
tel in West Twenty-sixth street to East
PHILADELPHIA. Oct 26. A woman
supposed to be Mrs. M. Todd, of New
York, was. found along the tracks of the
Philadelphia & Reading Railway at the
Oxford-street entrance to Falrmount
Park, lato tonight. Both legs were sev
ered from the body below the knees and
her head was crushed. She was found
by a flagman who happened to be walk
ing along the track. A patrol was hur
riedly summoned and the woman was con
veyed to the German Hospital, where she
died a few minutes after being admitted.
How ,the woman met with the accident
Is not known, and the officials have start
ed an Investigation. From papers, news
paper clippings and letters found on the
bodylhe police believe that she is the
wife of Louis L. Todd, proprietor of the
Hotels Marlborough and Vendome, of
New York- When found, the woman wore;
diamond rings, diamond earrings and a
diamond brooch. In her handbag were
found a canceled Pullman car ticket from
Jersey City to Philadelphia; also a check
drawn by Augustus W. FIsch, of 257 West
One Hundred and Twelfth street. New
York, and a small sum of money. A card
also In her handbag gave her address as
23 West Twenty-sixth street. New York.
The body'ls at the morgue and the police
have taken charge of the valuables.
Application for Franchise by
T. R. Sheridan Raises
IS HARRIMAN LINES' FIGHT
Counsel for O. R. & X. and Southern
"Pacific, With Friendly Inter
ests, Show Purpose to Con
test the Ground.
OFPOSE ALIEN INTERESTS.
Application of Thomas n. Sheridan for
a franchise for an electric railroad to
enter Portland on Front Htreet Is des
tined to meet with resistance at the
hands of the Harriman legal depart
ment and property-owners of that sec
tion ot the city aligned against the pro
ject. This antagonism took form yester
day In a meeting of the Htreet commit
tee of the Council, at which General
Counsel "W. W. Cotton, of the O. R.
N; General Counsel W. D. Fenton. of
the Southern Pacific, and J. N. Teal,
of the transportation committee of the
Chamber of Commerce, appearing for
property-ownew, protested against the
granting of the franchise, demanding
that the Identity of the backers ehould
be made known. It Is generally con
ceded that the project is in the lnteres
of Gould'.i Western Pacific, and this
seems confirmed by the pronounced at
titude of Harriman legal representa
tives and their frlenda.
It is quite apparent that Thomas R.
Sheridan Is not going to encounter any
smoother sailing In his efforts to secure
a franchise for an electric road Into this
city than did his Illustrious namesake of
military renown when he made his fa
mous ride at Winchester.
The Southern PacWc and O. R. &. N.
have already got their hammers out for
the enterprise, besides a miscellaneous
assortment of hatchets, tomahawks and
spears, not omitting a few blunderbusses
and Gatllng guns, metaphorically speak
ing, and at the meeting of the street com
mittee of the City Council, yesterday
afternoon, the proceedings took on the
appearance of a roll-call of the third
house of the Oregon Legislature during
the "unfriendly legislation" season.
Judge W. W. Cotton, Judge W. D. Fen
ton. J. N. Teal and others more or less
prominent In the affairs of the railway
corporations and transportation matters,
political and otherwise, were there with
bells, and all were loaded for bear.
"Who Is this man Sheridan?" thundered
Mr. Teal, his face assuming a sort of
cannibalistic expression of ferocity. "Who
13 behind him? Who represents thl3
Front-street franchise anyway?" he con
tinued, as members of the committee, In
their terror at the man with the big
voice, dodged. He read from section
102 of the charter to show that property
owners have a right to protest, and that
there Is opposition to granting any right
of way for any road.
William D. Fenton, counsel for the
Southern Pacific Oregon lines also spoke
on the question. He Insisted that the per
sonality of the men behind the applica
tion should be made known and pro
tested against the granting of such fran
chise as was asked for. He made a
strong argument though rather briefly,
but the array of talent ready to partici
pate had there been any apparent pur
pose of the committee to pass a recom
mendation that the franchise be granted
Indicated that the opposition is organized
and determined to contest every inch of
ground with the new transportation sys
tem that seeks entrance into Portland.
The tumult had Us origin In an applica
tion for an electric franchise Into this
city from points up the Willamette Val
ley, and 'the Harriman Interests saw the
shadow on the wall of a competing road
backed by the Goulds.
There being no representative present
on behalf of the applicant for the fran
chise, or he was too badly frightened at
the array of hostile force to make his
identity known, and in view of th$ magni
tude of the Interests Involved, the com
mittee set next Friday afternoon at 2
o'clock as the hour for holding a special
meeting of the body to consider the mat
ter, at which hour. In case Mr. Sheridan
or his representatives have In the mean
time mustered sufficient courage to face
the music, thev will be allowed to show
cause why they should longer remain on
SAYS CLARKE STOLE STOCK
Borrower Sues Enterprise Bank for
PITTSBURG, Pa.. Oct. 27. A suit In
court against the Enterprise National
Bank was brought in Common Pleas
Court. No. 3. this afternoon, and directly
charges T. Lee Clarke, the cashier, who
committed suicide, with feloniously tak
ing and hypothecating a valuable certifi
cate of stock pledged as security for a
loan 27 years ago. The suit was brought
by D. L. Patterson, of this city. He asks
the court to grant him such relief as equi
From a statement made today by E. P.
Moxey, special examiner for the Federal
authorities, it will ' be some time before
the bank's condition is known.
FIRE SWEEPING PRAIRIE
Devours Hay, Grain, Cattle and
Buildings Near Mlnot.
ST. PAUL, Minn., Oct. 27.-r(Speclal.)
One of the fiercest prairie flres ever
known In the vicinity of Mlnot, N. D.. Is
raging eight miles south of Palermo.
Thousands of tons of hay have been con
sumed, also several buildings, a large
amount of grain and some stock. It Is
rumored there has been loss of life. It Is
not known how the fire started. With a
high wind It spread fast, and at last ac
counts had traveled 50 miles