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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 25, 1905)
- THE MOUSING OREGOJttAN, WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 25, 1905.
Entered at the Postolflce at Portland Or.
as 6econd-class matter.
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PORTLAND, TUESDAY, OCTOBER 24. 1903.
THE MOVEMENT AT HAND.
During the next five years new foun
dations ought to be laid for develop
ment of Oregon greater "development,
even, than Oregon hus yet known.
It can come only through railway ex
tension. That Is to say, railway exten
sion must lead the way. The railways
of Oregon thus far have been developed
only on a line north and south,
through the western part of the state,
and on a line east and west (nearly)
along Its northern border. They meet
upon a right angle at Portland, near
the northwestern corner. It is but the
skeleton of a system, that we may hope
and beBeve is now to be filled in, by
lines traversing the great Interior and
A railroad across Middle Oregon Is
the first necessity. It might enter East
ern Oregon from any point In the Mid
dle Willamette or Upper Willamette
Valley. From this trunk branch lines
should be thrown out. right and left, as
the cdndltlons might require. The
Klamath Lake country should be
reached from the north and from the
south. Once a trunk line passes the
Cascade Mountains, Middle and East
ern and Southeastern Oregon will be
within reach. A vast region, now occu
pied by the keepers of isolated herds
of cattle and sheep, will gradually be
transformed into a district of agricul
ture, wheatgrowing, alfalfa, fixed set
tlement and permanent farms. It Is an
arid or semi-arid region, that will re
quire time for Its development; but
man is finding out how to get water
wherever water Is obtainable, and ex
perience shows that there are now few
stretches of hopeless desert.
A railway directly across Middle Ore
gon, from the Willamette Valley, would
Intersect tbe Oregon Short Line at or
in the vicinity of Ontario. Accommo
dation of the country would be complet
ed by laterals from It, or by additional
lines southward from the Columbia
River, of which already there are three,
A line into Coos Bay Is one of the
very great needs. There is no reason
to doubt that it will soon be supplied
from a point in the Umpqua Vallej.
It is natural to expect all these from
the combination known as the Harri-
man roads. The- vast territory envel
oped or Inclosed already by the main
lines of this system should naturally
be threaded by cross-cut lines or lat
eral feeders, belonging to the same sys
This is an outline of the development
that Oregon feels It has reason to ex
pect, within the' next few years. Equal
Interest is felt in the Snake River and
Clearwater country, where railway
work is expeoted soon to supply every
need of a region long In dispute be
tween rival interests. - Nor will our
northern and central coast country be
longer neglected; for we believe the Ne
halem and TillamooK road will soon
make a beginning there to be followed
perhaps by a railroad parallel to the
coast along the whole Pacific shore line
of Oregon and California.
In these ( modern times the railroad
must be a leader ln development It
cannot wait uu a region is luny occu
pied; for no region can be occupied at
all unless assured of speedy railway
i-onnectlons. And experience has shown
that a railway anywhere will soon
make traffic. What region ever seemed
more hopeless for a railroad than that
through the Rocky Mountains now oc
cupled -by the Denver & Rio Grande?
And where Is a region less Inviting,
more arid, than that now traversed by
the new railroad from Salt Lake City
to Los Angeles? The railroad makes a
country, and the country makes a rail
LET THE TEACHERS COME. j
The National Educational Association
is a numerous and powerful body of
men and women. Its officers are the
leaders of the Nation in school affairs.
Its members are the alert and progres
slve teachers in the schools of America,
Its annual meetings are attended by
many thousands of the most intelligent
people in the country. To receive the
members of the National Educational
Association and adequately entertain
them in Portland next Summer would
seem like'contlnuing into another sea
son the finest vof the influences of the
Lewis and Clark Fair. Portland has
advantages for the association meeting
which cities farther east can never
rival. .Our cool and thoroughly enjoy
able Summer climate, for example, is
one of them. Thousands of visitors
from the sweltering East found the
Portland -weather one of the principal
attractions of the Fair.
Teachers attending' the association
rarely return home without making ex
cursions to Interesting places In the vi
cinity of the city where It meets. Port
land abounds in such attractions. The
snow mountains, the steamer trips up
and down the Columbia to points of blB-
toric Interest and scenic beauty, the
falls of the Willamette and the lovely
boat ride to Salem these are only a few
of the interesting excursions. So far as
pure enjoyment goes, there is no city
which has more to offer visitors. To
Portland the meeting would mean
much in the -way of the most desira
ble sort of advertisement. To win the
good opinions of the schoolteachers of
the country would -be worth more to the
city than any other achievement. Its
praises would then be heard in every
schoolroom, for enthusiastic teachers
We very apt to give their pupils bright
talks upon their trips. And .from the
schoolroom the fame of Portland and
Oregon would go Into the homes of
America far and wide. What would
such advertising not mean in the way
of Intelligent appreciation of the city
and state? Accurate Information about
Oregon means desirable immigration to
Oregon. The more Intelligent our visit
ors the better their report of us; there
fore the Educational Association would
be doubly welcome.
Official surveys made by the United
States Engineers show a depth of
twenty-four feet on the Columbia River
bar at low tide, or from thirty-two to
thirty-four feet at high tide. These fig
ures corroborate the former soundings
made by the Government, and also sub
stantiate the claims made by Portland
shippers that the" bar was in good con
dition for the passage of ships drawing
at least twenty-six feeL The figures
also place the Pilot Commission in a
very ridiculous and indefensible atti
tude. When the commission rushed to
the defense of the timid pilots who en
deavored to place the port on a twenty-
four-foot basis, It Issued an official
statement, which, among other ram
bling and indirect assertldns, contained
The Pilot Commlsstoner feet that the pi
lots and atcambeatxnen who are constantly on
the pilot grounds should knew hew much
water there Is on the bar. They unite la
Baying there Is a ncant 21 foot at medium
low water. We think the Judgment of the
pilots correct In advising that a veecrt be
ing loaded to a depth of over 24 feet at
this reason of the year might cause her to
be detained for a conriderablo time.
Ignoring what the commissioners
might "feel" or "think" about the fairy
tales of the shoal-water pilots, the Port
land shippers loaded the steamships
Imaum and Coulsden to 25.7 feet and
25.1 feet, respectively. The river pilots,
who, since the abolishment of compul
sory pilotage, have been giving Port
land the best service we have ever en
joyed, hustled them down the river with
no delay whatever, and they were taken
on out to sea without the slightest
damage or detention. This fact was a
very hard jolt for the gauzy fiction
which the Pilot Commissioners had in
corporated in their attempted excuse
of the timidity of the pilots, but, in
stead of reproaching or reprimanding
the pilots for misleading them, one of
the commissioners came to the -rescue
and in a long communication to The
Oregonlan insisted that there vyas not
enough water on the bar to admit of
the passage of.shlps drawing -more than
The whole trouble on the bar seems
to be that the commissioners do so
much "thinking" and "feeling" that
they have no time for "knowing" any
thing about conditions. In their official
statement they say that they "feel"
that the pilots should know how much
water there Is on the bar. Portland
"feels" the same way about the mat
ter. We felt that the pilots who have
been cruising between the bar and the
quarantine station for the past five
years should know how much water
there was In that channel, but Just be
cause a pilot ran a vessel aground In
fifteen feet of water, we are not pre
pared to accept fifteen feet as a maxi
mum draft between the bar and the
quarantine station. The same degree
of skill In piloting a vessel over the bar
as was shown In piloting the Oceano
to the quarantine station would neces
sitate the issuance of another "official
statement" from the commissioners
showing that it was unsafe to load a
vessel as deep draft as fifteen feeL
The official figures of the Government
can be relied upon, and they should be
given the fullest publicity in order par
tially to offset the mischief wrought by
the misleading misrepresentation of the
pilots and their commissioners. The
Incident has served one good purpose in
bringing home to the minds of the men
most vitally interested in Columbia
River shipping the fact that a reorgan
ization of the pilot service at the mouth
of the river Is an absolute necessity.
In the future-this pilot service must be
under control of the men who are di
rectly Interested in- shipping, and have
at least a smattering of knowledge re
garding what constitutes a good ser
vice. A REVOLTING TALE.
The story of the murder of Newton M.
Jennings, In a mountain mining camp
in Jackson County, Is not more revolt
ing than the story of his dally life.
Jennings, according to the story, seems
to have been a man of, some Industry,
though of the nonproductive type. And
this, so far as the record shows, was his
only asset In virtue. This, of course,
does not intimate that he deserved the
fate that befell him, but, If he had com
posed his limbs decently when he went
to bed the last time and fallen Into a
natural sleep from which Nature did
not think it- expedient to arouse him,
neither his family nor the world would,
have suffered loss.
The disclosures in regard to this
man's home life and the manner In
which he was bringing -up his children
are revolting. The crime ty which his
part in the programme was finished was
shocking to a -degree, but not the least
shocking of its features Is the fact that
it was committed within two feet of
where his two young daughters were
sleeping the wretched apartment con
taining their bed In addition to his own.
Another chapter In this family his
tory that goes to show what manner'of
citizen was lost to the state by the vio
lent death of this man is that which re
cites the details of a fight between him
and his 18-year-old son, and the "bad
blood" that had been engendered be
tween the two. But perhaps the most
abhorrent feature of the family life
that has been disclosed by this murder
is the depravity shown by this young
man in, declaring that his slster--a girl
a fewears younger than himself shot
their father while he slept. It can only
be hoped, since these shocking details
of domestic degradation have been
spread before the public, and the chief,
or at least the leading, actor In the ter
rible drama has been- eliminated from
it, that Dora Jennings will, if Innocent,
be able to establish her Innocence be
yond the shadow of a doubt. The son
and brother-Jasper Jennings may also
be Innocent of murder, but to the even
greater crime of attempting to give his
sister even If guilty, ag he charges to
the gallows, he must plead guilty, since
decency and humanity will accept no
ROOSEVELT AT TUSKEGEK.
The President's speech to the students
of the Tuskegee Institute Is the most
Important he has made upon his South
ern tour. None would call It eloquent,
but the clear, unmistakable language
surpasses mere eloquence In the force
fulness of Its appeal to the reason, and
Mr. Roosevelt In this discourse was addressing-
the reason of the negro race
and of the American people. It con
tains no new truth what truth of eth
ics can be new In these days? Our
times need not new truth, but a vital
feeling of the force of old truths. Mr.
Roosevelt deals with the oldest. His
remarks were peculiarly Instructive to
the negro boys and girls attending the
Tuskegee Institute, but they were no
less instructive to the white boys and
girls all over the United States If they
could be made to heed them. He told
the Tuskegee students that the profes
sions and the mercantile callings were
overcrowded, and that their best hope
of success lay in farming and the me
chanical trades. This Is Just as true
for white youth as for negroes. So Is
the aphorism that "No help can perma
nently avail you save as you yourselves
develop for self-help." Such Is the"
character of the entire address. A solid
mass of the-homeliest, most-vital truth,
it reads like one of Bacon's essays.
Mr. Roosevelt insisted that the solu
tion of the race Issue between the ne
groes and the whites is to be found In
obedience to the broad and eternal
truths of the moral law. The salvation
of the blacks, he believes, is to be
achieved through self-help, honest In
dustry and kindly feeling toward their
fellow-men. What race ever found sal
vation through any other means?
What man ever did? Ignorance and
disregard of the moral lawhave made
the negro race a danger to civilization
In the South. Disregard, not Ignor
ance, of the moral law has made the
commercial and political life of America
foul beyond all the parallels of history.
The negro has made his private life In
the South a dally repeated chapter from
the experiences of the brothel; but he
sinned through Ignorance. The Ameri
can people have built their political and
commercial life upon the ethics of the
hog. Our history since the close of the
Civil War has been a free fight over a
swill barrel, but we sinned against
light. We cannot plead Ignorance as
the negro can. We have set anarchy to
rule over us under the title of "Individ
ual freedom," and we have made a god
of swinish, pitiless, ravenous greed.
In the universal rot which has struck
our high finance; In the threatened
downfall of democratic government
through sheer dishonesty, we are reap
ing as we have sown. "AH we like j
sheep have gone astray; wc have turned
every one after his own way." Mr.
Roosevelt recalls us to sanity, self-help
and mutual kindliness. His whole the
ory of life and pontics is .easily summed
up In one sentence. "Stqp living like
hogs at war over -a trough of swill and
begin to live like decent men who fear
God and love their country." That Is
the whole -of It
It must be admitted by their best
friends that the negroes-are a backward
race. They have contributed little to
civilization since they became free; but,
considering where they started from,
there is nothing surprising In that. The
surprise lies In the fact that they have
contributed anything. Mr. Roosevelt,
seeking something encpuraglng to say
to them, remarked that they paid taxes
on $300,WXiOOO. and that they had di
minished their illiteracy by 50 per cent.
For all that, S9 per cent of the adult
negroes are still unable to read or write.
The average per capita property holding
of the negroes Is about J30; that of the
whites S250. There Is still room for Im
provement In the colored race, it will be
perceived, but on the other. hand there
lis no cause for discouragement. They
are forging ahead slowly but persist
ently and overcoming great difficulties
as they go, not the least being moun
tains of foolish advice.
There are two classes of counsellors
whose advice to the negroes Is "wholly
evil. One class Is typified by the Rev.
Thomas Dixon, Jr. Ke advises the col
ored race, to settle down as a perma
nently servile class. He denies them
the ordinary capacities and rights of
men, and thinks It a wrong to the white
race that the negroes should aspire to
Industrial equality or Independence.
Anything like social equality throws
him into violent convulsions. The other
class of advisers, equally pernicious
with Mr. Dixon, but not more so, In
eludes the old-style negro preacher, ed
ucator and politician.. According to
them, the black race was to be saved
by religion, politics and classical cul
ture. Their religion degenerated Into
animal excitement stimulative to vice
rather than to morality. Their classical
culture developed nothing more than a
ludicrous display of high-flown mala
proplsms. Their politics turned out lit
tle better than the municipal politics of
the whites. Finally the urgent need of
the negro race for sane and genuine
leadership called Into public life a class
of men among whom Mr. Washington,
the founder of Tuskegee, Is the most
conspicuous. His name was not men
tioned In the President's address to the
students, and doubtless that was his
wish, for he Is a singularly modest man.
Invariably preferring the substantial
good of his race to the vain pomp of
personal distinction. Consistently
throughout his life he has taught by his
words and more effectively by his deeds
the gospel of human kindliness and
honest work which Mr. Roosevelt. enun
ciated to the colored boys and girls in,
his fine address.
"Whenever," said that great and good
friend of the Columbia River, the Seat
tle Post-Intelllgencer, "whenever the
Imaum crosses the Columbia River bar
and gets to sea with her present cargo
aboard and with her present draft, the
Posi-Intelllgencer will cheerfully pub
lish the fact, providing It can find the
Information in the columns, of The Ore?
gonlan, to which It looks as authority."
Eleven days , have passed since the
Imaum went safely out to sea. Ten
days have elapsed since the attention
of the P.-L was called to the fact by
The Oregonlan and the Seattle 'Times,
It has, in fact, been a whole week since
the Tacoma Ledger editorially repri
manded the Seattle paper for Its unfair
ness In not keeping Its promise. But
any news favorable to the Columbia
River always seems to travel toward
the P.-L office by slow freight, and
generally gets ditched on the way, for
no notice of the Imaum's fine passage
to sea has -yet appeared in the P.-L
The Seattle Times, In mentioning the
unfairness of its morning neighbor,
quite truthfully says: "The eyes and
ears of the organ are not for seeing or
hearing those things -ihat disturb edi
torial conceptions of what ought to be."
The distressing feature of the acci
dent by which W. G. Eddy, of Lents,
lost his life In the mountains of the
Nehalem. outside of this central fact. Is
that It was wholly Inexcusable. It is dif
ficult to have patience, even with a boy
suddenly seized with his first attack of
"buck fever," who shoots Into moving
bushes in the expectation of bringing
dbwn a deer and kills a man. But when
the reckless and excited gunner Is a
man out with a companion on the chase,
both sympathy and patience vanish.
The same excitability and lack of judg
ment which led to the shooting of the
'man In this case was further illustrated
by the fact that In attempting to go for
help the distracted hunter lost his way,
and almost his own life from exposure
In the mountains. The need of self
control as a saving grace of manhood
has seldom found more painful and
vivid illustration than in this case.
To decide some of the problems which
confront the Washington Railroad
Commission must undoubtedly require
rare technical knowledge. For exam
ple, complaint has been made by a Bel
llngham firm that the railroads were
discriminating by giving the gralnmen
cars and withholding them from the
lumbermen. The investigation disclosed
that between September 15 and Octo
ber 15 the railroads had supplied 5500
cars for the lumber and shingle manu
facturers, while the wheat-shippers re
ceived but 2000. Reduced to mathemat
ics, the problem with which the com
mission must wrestle Is whether 5300
cars for lumber Is a proportionately
smaller number than 2000 cars for
wheat. Solomon could make use of all
of his -wisdom if he had an opportunity
to straighten out some of the transpor
tation -tangles of the present day.
When the new Portland drydock was
first opened for business, a large num
ber of the San Francisco lumber ves
sels which are so plentiful on the Portland-San
Francisco route were handled
by the dock, but for -several months
none of them has patronized the local
institution. The reason given Is that
while the charges made by the Port of
Portland for use of the dock are lower
than at San Francisco, the charge per
hour for labor on the vessel In dock Is
50 cents, compared with 35 cents at San
Francisco and Puget Sound. This dif
ference on a large crew of men more
than offsets the reduced rate made by
the dock, and until some method for
equalizing it is discovered shipping will
give our dock a wide berth.
No. "Constant Reader," It was not the
"merit" system which Increased the
salary of Professor Rlgler and a num
ber of other high-priced pedagogues.
while It failed to affect the salaries of
the underpaid teachers. A strict Inter
pretation of the term "merit system"
could never have produced such results.
"My system may not be as pretty as
Mr. Hoyle's, 'double-out or 'break-
oven,' " said the man who extracted the
bank roll while the faro dealer looked
down the muzzle of his gun, "but It has
some advantage over Hoyle It gets the
money." Of course, this story has noth
ing to do with the "merit system" as
applied, or rather not applied, locally.
We like It when the Argonaut girds
at The Oregonlan for what It has said
of California as the dreadful example of
political and other Immorality, and then
asks us If It Isn't true that Oregon has
lost Its representation In Congress. We
like it, because It enables us- to ask.
mildly, that the Argonaut wait a little.
till the land frauds In California have
been probed as thoroughly as In Ore
gon, and then report to the world how
many eminent politicians and states
men of California are still out of Jail.
The plutocratic organ say3 It Is "court
ing trouble In no direction." That Is
very fine. But It "courted trouble" for
years, by venomous and unpro
voked abuse of The Oregonlan, before
The Oregonlan disregarding: the hired
men retorted on the principals. It ap
pears now that neither man nor mas
ter likes it. Very well. Civility and
decency are lessons, unfortunately, that
can be taught to upstart wealth and to
the clowns It hires, only by severity.
The Oregonlan never was a paper
afraid to have an opinion on a partlcu
lar subject or any .subject, lest some
person, place, order or society might
object, take offense and propose boy
coti. It has been found by The Orego
nlan that the great body of the people
like a paper that expresses direct. In
dependent and vigorous opinion, and
they are not offended by presentation.
in a vigorous way, of facts, suggestions
or arguments. In support of IL
The pilots find twenty-one feet of
water at the Columbia River entrance.
and the United States Engineers twen
ty-four feet. Before making up Its
mind that the pilots are wrong:, the
public should take Into consideration
their superior capacity for finding the
shoal places, which they demonstrate
by piling- up an occasional ship thereon.
Investigator Hughes wants to know
why the "dividends of policy-holders
in the Mutual Life have steadily de
creased while the salary of President
McCurdy was raised to $150,000 per an
num." That's the-reason.
The story that Cole Younger, the ex-
bandlt, had reformed, was premature.
and now, alas. Is not likely ever to come
true. He has secured a street railway
franchise and started out to bond and
otherwise exploit It.
"Oregon Land Thieves" is, the title
of an article In the Independent, the
well-known weekly of New York". It Is
the like of this that causes Oregon to
avert her face and drop her head. .
Mr. Harrlman .will make the run
across the continent In something like
four days. It still takes about a month
to run across Central Oregon..
We didn't observe that the President
and Booker T. Washington had lunch
together. Not this time.
We don't need the educational con
ventlon, perhaps; out we'd like
"Doc Woods semi-monthly promo
tion has arrived again. This time he is
made supreme commander of the troops
in the Philippines. "Doc" will be re
membered sts the hero who assisted
Mulvaney In the taking- of Lungtung
pen.' Among: the other attractions which
Portland will have to offer the National
Educational Association next year will
be the poorest baseball team on earth.
A Copy-Book Motto. .
Never a day should come and go.
Never an hour should pass;
In which some good we cannot see
Some worthiness our lives bestow.
An 'Exception to the Rule.
Blinks That woman who is giving
spiritualistic seances is not so old or
so fat as I expected to find her.
Winks No, she's just a happy me
Lord Kitchener is reported engaged
to an American girl. Here's hoping she
will make him eat In the kitchen.
I notice that bald-headed men are
prone to make fun of curls.
Nat Go'odwin has at last found a con
genial role In "Wolfvllle." He is there
with bells In the barroom scene.
Dr. Day mny yet be able to discover
traces of plum duff In that black sand.
Whom the Lcrd lovcth he chasteneth.
The State University Glee 'Club threat
ens Portland with a concert.
One of God's Good Men.
With the 'death of Jerry Simpson one
of the most distinctive and picturesque.
Americans has passed. If he was not
above demagogy, he was so kindly
cheerful and lovable that it was al
ways easy to forgive the weakness. His
taking off will be sincerely mourned
throughout tho country. He was not
an old man, 63, and at that age one
should Just have reached the" period
of greatest usefulness. His death Is
mo3t untimely for, had he lived, and
had New Mexico been admitted as a
state in all likelihood he would have
gone to the United States Senate.
We need at least one such as he In
the Senate, for while he might Indulge
In the small tricks of the demagogue.
they were the harmless sort and In
great anj vital things he was honest.
As against plutocracy he was for the
mediocre majority of his fellow citi
zens. He was for men, always.
Almost two years ago when he was
In Portland, Simpson told me the story
of how they came to dub him "Sockless
Jerry." So many versions of tho affair
have been printed that for the sake of
history I want to tell the story of that
incident as he told It to me. It was not
for publication at the time, but dear old
Jorry Is Jead now, and won't care.
In 1S90 the Farmers' Alliance move
ment swept over Kansas and the old
order of things was completely over
turned. In the Sevorith district. In which
Medicine Lodge, where Jerry was City
Marshal, was located, a Congressman
-was to.be elected. The Republicans had
nominated a Wichita lawyer of parts.
Colonel Hallowell. He was attorney for
Che Santa Fc Railroad, possessed con
siderable means and was famed as a
stickler In the matter of dress and
manners. He was affectionately known
as "Prlnco Hal" and lived up to the
part. He has been dead these five years.
During- that memorable Snmmer the
dlnsonters. among whom Simpson had
already become a leader, held a moss
convention at Wichita to nominate an
opponont to "Prince Hal." Tho City
Marshal, of Medicine Lodge, had been
repeatedly "mentioned, and went to
the convention with a considerable fol
The convention adopted a policy of
trotting out the various aspirants
there were a dozen of them before the
assemblage and insisting that tney ex
press their views. Simpson was called
upon and he mounted the stand, his
gaunt, hungry figure, typifying- the
spirit of the cause. This was the
speech he made:
"Ladles and Gentlemen They tell me
that 'Prince Hal wears silk underwear
and boasts of It. During- these times of
financial distress, when the money
power his riveted the shackles of pdv
erty upon the plain people and when
men arc selling- their honor and women
their virtue for bread. It Is an act of
treason to wear silk underwear and
suicide to boast of It. Now, ladles and
gentlemen. I want to show you the
kind of underwear I wear and I'm glad
to have even that." As he said tills
Simpson colled up his "pants' and dls
closed a zone of bare shin from the top
of his old Congress shoes to his knees.
Wichita never heard such a tumult of
wild applause as followed this sally.
The delegates tood on their chairs
andfalrly screamed with patriotic fer
vor. They lifted Jerry to their shoul
ders and carried him around the room.
his bare legs shining like the plume
of Navarre. When the demonstration
had subsided they refused to permit
Jerry to proceed with his speech, but
commenced balloting- at once and he
was overwhelmingly nominated.
"Sockless Jerry" became the cam
paign cry of his compatriots, the Re
publicans used it as a term of contempt
and reproach, and the Eastern news
papers took It up until from one end
of the country to the other even the
children wondered what sort of a
monster this "Sockless Jerry" might
be. Simpson fairly wiped the earth
with "Prince Hal" at the Fall election
and afterward served two moro terms
In Congress. He was as keen of wit as
Tom Reed and possessed some of the
attributes of statesmanship.
He was a rare soul, a kindly phllos
opher and a good man. One of my
pleasantcst recollections Is of the night
he told me the story I have told, and
many others which will bear repeating,
one night almost two years ago over a
plate of crawfish at the Quelle. And
now he Is dead. God rest his soul.
ARTHUR A: GREENE.
"Let the Men Cooled'
A Virginia paper ventures the opin
ion that "lots of young girls who arc
devoting lots of time to music lessons
will learn after marriage that cooking
Is a more valuable accomplishment
than thumping a piano." Cooking? Not
on your life. And not much piano play
ing, either. The dear girls will be In
commercial life or on the vaudeville
"stolge." Let the men cook for them
selves. All they're lit for.
OBJECTS TO THE REFERENDUM
Los Angeles Paper Says It Is a Vis
At Los Angeles there Is debate on the
question of "taking over" for the city a
large public park. On this and some other
matters certain citizens are disposed to
call for the referendum. The suggestion
does not please the Los Angeles Times,
the principal newspaper of the city, whol
ly Independent, and free from all muni
cipal schemes. The Times delivers It3
opinion of the referendum In this way:
The "referendum" U an untried, visionary
experiment. It was borrowed from Switzer
land by certain socialistic agitators who teem
to Imagine that American laws are not ao
good for Americana as foreign experiments. If
enough signers to a petition can be secured,
auch petition may be submitted to the Coun
cil, asking that the ordinance of acceptance
be submitted to public vote. But what If a
majority of the Council, acting upon an hon
est conviction that the "referendum" scheme
la unconstitutional, should refuse to grant the
demand of the small minority of voters rep
resented in the petition? The faet that a
large majority of the clty'o voters had re
frained from signing the petition would be
presumptive evidence that they were opposed
to bringing the question up in the form of an
Furthermore, as Judge Torrance of SaR
Diego no forcibly pointed out. legislation by
minority petition, or by the voter direct,
not the constitutional way, not the Ameri
can way. of cnactlnc laws. If the Council
should refuse to act In conformity to the de
mands of the minority petitioners. matKinmus
proceedings might be had. and these would
bring the "referendum" before the Supreme
Court. There is little doubt that the court
would declare It unconstitutional. There fc
no provision in the state constitution for logld
latlon by direct popular vote, and thl la pre
cisely what the "referendum" provMea for.
The "Initiative" jnd the "recall" are prac
tically In the ame boat.
SKYSCRAPERS IN NEW YORK
Difficulty of Now Limiting; the
Height of Buildings.
New York Globe.
The Chamber of Commerce has ap
pointed a committee to consider the
limiting of the height of buildings in
this city. The action was suggested
by rumors of projected towers which
will dwarf all the existing peak. In
cluding one interesting structure
which Is to reach 1000 feet Into "the
sky. and a 50-story hotel.
Whether these reports are true or
not. It Is scarcely probable that the
Chamber will achieve much in setting
bounds to the altitude of New York.
The attempt Is not a new one. Other
bodies made It at the very beginning
of our uprising. Six-story buildings
were at first deemed presumtuous. Ten
were looked upon as overweening
monsters. By the time we reached 15
Investigating committees were to be
found on every street corner. At the
dizzy altitude of 20 we were almost
reconciled to the idea that height was
the only dimension that counted on
Manhattan. Island. But talk of 50-
story hotels and 1000-foot high "places
of amusement" has caused a new pause
and no wonder. At some point we
must surely stop, even though our ar
chltects are ready to keep on mount
The trouble lies In the fact thnt
notningwas done at the start of the
As real estate values rose, bulldlng3
rose with them. How to check one
without checking the other and at the
same time deal Justly between the ex
lstlng giants and dwarfs Is a question
which all the wisdom of the Chamber
of Commerce will be required to an
Cuba and Sugar.
When It was suggested that a reciproc
ity treaty be arranged between this
country and Cuba, by which Cuban sugar
was to be given the benefit of a tariff re
duction on entering this country, oppon
ents of such a treaty argued that under
It Cuba would flood us with her products.
It was said that the domestic producers,
whether of cane sugar In the South or
of beet root sugar In the North and
Middle West, would be driven out of
business. Such, however, has not been
tho case, and the United States continues
to furnish a" market for all the sugar
raised at home, while we are obliged to
Import enormous quantities from other
countries to make up the deficiency of tho
supply, Cuba not being anything like
equal to the task. Last year in this
country we consumed no les3 than
2.767.162 tons of sugar, and Cuba does not
produce . anything like one-half that
amount In a year. The menace of sugar
Imports from Cuba was as groundless as
is that of free imports from the Philip
pines. Such Imports, even If we took all
that the islands could ship, would not
destroy any Industry that now exists
within our borders.
Mnrk Twain Met Grcclcy.
Letter to Harper's Weekly.
I always recall that talk with Hay
with pleasure, not only for Its own sake
but because it was Incidentally the oc
casion of my getting acquainted with
Horace Greeley, a man whom I greatly
admired and longed to see and whose
memory I still revere. It was difficult
to get an Interview with him, for he was
a busy man. he was Irascible and he had
an aversion to strangera: but I not only
had the good fortune to meet him. but
also had the great privilege of hearing
him talk. The Tribune was In Its early
home at that time, and Hay was a leader
writer on Its staff. I had an appointment
with him and went there to look him up.
I did noQknow my way and entered Mr.
Greeley's room by mistake. I recognized
his back, and stood mute and rejoicing.
After a while he swung slowly around In
his chair, with his head slightly tilted
backward and the great moons of his
spectacles glaring with Intercepted light:
after about a year though It may nave
been less, perhaps he arranged his firm
mouth with care and sold with virile
"Well? What the hell do you want?"
Cook Backed by Revolver
After a awing around the circle the hap
py couple haQ settled down In a cozy flat.
One morning as she took her customary
place at the breakfast table the bride
placed a large revolver by the side of her
"W-why, my dear," stammered the as
tonished husband, "w-what does that
"It means. George." replied her bride
lets, "that we have biscuits of my own
construction for breakfast and that no
adverse criticism will be tolerated."
Humorist and the Automobile.
New York Sun.
Here is the latest automobile story: A
physician started a model Insane asylum
and set apart one ward especially for
crazy motorists and chauffeurs. Taking a
friend through the building, he pointed
out with particular pride the automobile
ward and called attention to Its elegant
furnishings and equipment.
"But," said th5 friend, "the place Is
empty; I don't see any patients."
"Oh. they are all under the cots fixing
the slats," explained the physician.
None Like the Old One.
Louisville Courier Journal.
"While he was under 30 his parents
had too much sense to let him marry."
"While he was under 50 he had too
much sense to wed."
"Now that he's 85" v
"He's going to take a wife."
THE ARMY CANTEEN.
Evidence That Congress Should Con
sider in Dealing With Problem.
At the- meeting of the Association of
Military Surgeons in Detroit a day or two
ago. Major Jefferson R. Kean won tho
Seaman prize of $300 with an essay on
"The Prevention of Disease in the Army
and the best Methods of Accomplishing
That Result." One of the featurs of Ma
jor Kean's paper was the plea for the
re-establishment of the canteen at army
posts. It is related that he showed by
statistlcs that since the abolishing of the
canteen, all kinds of diseases traicib'.o
to dissipation have increased amoug the
soldiers of the regular army, and the rea
son for this, he said, is that low grog
gerles have sprung up around army posts
where soldiers drink to excess and then
fall victims of disease.
The testimony of Major Kean is Im
portant. Post commanders have all tes
tified to the unsatisfactory conditions that
have resulted from abolishing the can
teen. These include an Increase of drunk
enness, negligence of duty involving fre
quent punishment, disobedience. Indiffer
ence to discipline, frequent altercations,
lack of thrift, debt, increase of desert'ons,
and a general lowering of moral stand
ards. No wonder that Major Keun adds
that the health of the soldiers Is mater
The Post finds It difficult to believe that
Congress can longer permit these con
ditions to continue. The experiment based
upon the beautiful theories of the well
meaning members of the Woman's Chris
tian Temperance Union has utterly failed,
and nothing short of the restoration of
the canteen will right matters.
As the Post has frequently pointed out,
the canteen or post exchange, as It
should be called, contributed very mj-h
to lighten the monotony of the soldier's
life, and its general Influence was good
It was the soldiers" club, where he co.ild
spend odd times socially with his com
rades, regulated by the officers so as to
prohibit excesses, drunkenness or dis
order. Whisky was not sold, but beer
and light wines were. The profits of the
exchange went to procure other luxuries
for the soldiers that otherwise they dli
For Instance, the exchange made It pos
sible occasionally for the soldiers to Lave
eggs for breakfast or oysters for dinner
or ice croam occasionally, such luxuries
not being Included in the soldier's ration,
The men no longer enjoy these luxuries
and the temperate sociability of tho p"4
exchange has been exchanged for t!:e
rowdyism, dissipation and Immorality of
the proggeries and dives to the sacnf.re
of discipline and the Impairment of th
soldier's physical, mental, and moral wel
fare. Whether the President deems It rctl
nent to deal with the matter In his mes
sage we do not know. But both President
and Congreiss are In possession of a f ill
knowledge of the facts, and It Is In.-vi-cclvable
that the present state of affairs
will be lonser tolerated.
Close Statement of Its Features and
Spingfield (Mass.) Republican
This platform merits attention. Its Pr-t
principle is expressed in the deelarV.ln
that "Public necessities and public vvlu's
ceatcd by the people should be owned by
the people." An extreme indrviduilif
might denounce that as socialistic, yr-r in
theory at least what could be soun'Trr?
Men will differ not as to the principle,
but as to the expediency of applying ti.o
principle to certain conditions. The plat
form goes on to demand:
The Imtnetltate establishment awl opera?. :n
by the city of a plant for the sale ani .1.3
tributlen of kks to all the cltlzcra.
The coiwtructkm of thene nubways by fhs
city, ami their operation by the elty as s -
as the elty shall be legally and financially aVe
to undertake their operation; profits to be df-voted-
to comfort and lowr farea for tho
people, to- th lowerlise of taxes, to better r.r
ami ehorter hours for employee.
The elimination of private water companies.
Full school accommodations and th- b'it
education for the children of New York, with,
adequate tteatlnK capacity for them all.
In these demands is tacked all the so
cialism that can be discerned In th mu
nicipal ownership platform. Education is
already In this country regarded as a pub
lic function. In most cltlos the publ!
ownership of waterworks Is an accepted
fact. The extension of the publlc'-ownr-shlp
principle to subways and gas Is a
moot question, concerning whose expe
diency honest people may differ, hut; ta
describe such an extension as an assaulc
upon property Is nonsense.
Regardless of Mr. Hearst, who excites
no particular admiration as a man or a
statesman, the platform upon which he la
now running for Mayor undoubtedly rep
resents the views concerning public fran
chises In our cities of an Increasing num
ber of people. To class them Indiscrim
inately as socialists, and to Imagine that
they sec red. would be an unwise lntf--prctatlon
of the times. They simply want
the people to get the full benefit of what
Is their own.
The Iniquity Is the Thlnjr.
The cry that men are being da
nouneed because they are rich must
not be permitted to silence tho con
demnation of men because they are
bad. There may be those who ha'a
rich men simply because they are rich,
but the attempt to put all those who
denounce the high crimes and misde
meanors of predatory wealth In thl3
category of haters. Is a blunder so
grievously absurd that It ought no
longer to be made. Nothing can ba
more pleasing to the man who Is ex
ploiting the people than the view that
tho opposition to him Is due solely to
h. ff tVifit J rirh. Rpallv thfro
! Is little of this kind of opposition in
; the country. wnat stirs me raorai
olement of America is tne lninuuy
whlch has spread through big business
operations. The more this element Is
aroused and the clearer Its under
standing and aims, the better It will
be for the country.
"You must try to love your papa as
much as he loves you." said the visitor.
"Oh! I love him more." replied
"Indeed? Doesn't your papa love you
"Not much. He says he only loves mo
when I'm good."
Xell They say her wedding simply- beggared
Belle I don't know about that, but I'vo
heard It nearly .beggared her father. Phila
"That thief, it seems to me. got a remark
ably light sentence.'
Tea: It was proved that he was guilty of
plain, direct stealing, and the novelty of th
thtnp caught the Jury." Chicago Tribune.
"That pianist has a metallic touch."
"I've noticed' that; he borrows money of
me every time ha cornea to town." Detroit
"Why do you eelect a family doctor who
lives so far from your home?"
"If any of my family are taken siok I
want them to have a chance to recover he
fore the doctor gets there." Cleveland Plan
"Why do you think all Is not right between
Mr. ami Mrs. Flasfclngton?"
"They are as often seen together lately. It
must be that they have some reason for try
ing to drown auaplclon." Chicago Itecord
Kerald. "Do you regard the political future at thla
country as securer
"Yfs." answered Senator Sorghum. "I have
thousht the matter over, and I still -alder
politics an entirely safe investment." Wash