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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 25, 1905)
PORTLAND, OREGON, AVJEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 25, 1905.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
VOL. XXV.- NO. 14,003.
HIS IK! IN THEE
President Talks to Negroes at
CHIEF THEME IS SELF-HELP
3Ic Advises Negro Students to Learn
Mechanical Trades Ex-Confcd-crates
Open Their Anns to
Him at Birmingham.
IMtESI DENT'S ITIXEKAItY TODAY.
Little Rock, Ark. Arrive 1) A. . M. ;
visit t-' Fort Logan H. Roots; address
ty the President In the City Park;
luncheon; leave 4 P. M.
Memphlc, Tenn. Party split up, the
President, Secretary Loeb and Sur-geDn-Gcneral
Rlxey proceeding to New
Orleans, the remainder of tho party
returning to Washington.
BIRMINGHAM. Ala., Oct. 24. President
Roosevelt concluded a strenuous day In
Alabama by a two hours' visit to Blrm
Ingham, where his reception; In keeping
with those given him at Montgomery and
Tuskegee, was hearty and soul-stirring.
His day began at 7 o'clock, when the
special train left Montgomery for Tuske
gee. Visits to the Tuskegee. Normal and
to the Methodist Female College were
crowded into a little less than two hours,
and t!If noon hour had Just arrived when
the Executive stepped from his car Jn
.Montgomery. Here he spoke to a great
throng under tho shadow of the Confed
cracy's first capital, and was on his way
again at 2 o'clock. A few minutes before
5 o'clock the President was the guest of
Birmingham, and until his train left at
u.ij jr. uu uie muni run 10 iuue I
Bock, the President was cheered at every
The day was unmarked by any special
incident save at Birmingham. Here
drunken man, In his excitement, dropped
a pistol from his pocket on tho pavo-
The President saw the incident and
called the attention f tho officer t the I
man, wfto was arrested.
Streets Blaze Willi Light.
The President's train arrived In Birm
ingham promptly on time. Mayor Ward ,
made the formal address of welcome at j
the station, and lmedlately afterward the
party entered carriages and began the j
inarch to Capitol Park, eight squares dis
tant. The parade was along North Twen
tieth street, and the entire line of march
was packed with people. Rows of elec
tric lights the full length of tho street
made the scene all the more brilliant as
evening came on. The ovation was con-!
tlnuous and the President stood in his
carriage the entire distance, acknowledg
ing the outbursts of enthusiasm. Capitol
Park was brilliantly lighted. The party
entered the speaker s stand, and great i
applause greeted the President as he j
arose to speak. He began by speaking
of Alabama's wonderful recovery from
the desolation of" the war and reforred to
the state's great natural resources. He
Proud of Alabama's Men.
But try friends, there te something that Is
anoaa or any Kind of natural resources and
that is the citisenahjp of the man of the soil.
I want now to say that, proud though I am
of jour extraordinary Industrial prosperity,
I am prouder of the men who have achieved
It Think what- it means for our Nation to
hae tne President of the United States
greeted as he has been greeted today, on his
light and on his left hand as the guard of
honor the veterans of the Civil war. the men
tv ho wore the blue, the men who wore the
gray united forever.
Following the President's speech. ex
Governor Johnson spoke in behalf of the
United Confederate veterans, and pre
sented to the President several young la
dies, descendants of Confederate soldiers
and sponsors and maids of honor, who
presented to the President a badge from
Camp Hardee. Mr. Johnson said
"We do this to express to you our respect
ur me j-resiueni oi tne united state, our
confidence in the courage, unsctional pa
trlctlsm and generous impulses of Theodore
Roosevelt and In appreciation of your many
kindnesses to Confederate veterans, and for
the unsought honor recently conferred upon
the members of the camp.
We present this to you, sir, because we be.
lleve you come nearer standing for the ideals
that have Inspired our lives than any Preei
dent that we have had since the war. Had
we been born north of Mason and Dixon's
line. Mr. President, many of us In the war
between the states might have followed the
Hog of our fathers, the Stars and Stripes,
but we are sure that, had you been born !0
years earlier and in Georgia, where you
should have been born, you would have been
a gallant leader of a brigade under Forest
Confederates Express Thanks,
From Capitol Park the party wontvto
Third avenue and Twentieth street.
barded a. special electric train and pro
ceded to the state fair grounds. The
crowd at the fair was enormous and
greeted the President enthusiastically as
he rose to deliver a brldf address. From
the fair grounds the -President returnee
to the city and left for Memphis at 7:30.
THE PRESIDENT AT TUSKEGEE
Advises Negroes to Practice Self
Help and Usefulness.
TUSKEGEE INSTITUTE, Ala., Oct.
24. President Roosevelt reached "the
grounds of the Tuskegee Normal and In
dustrial Institute after a brief stop in
the town of Tuskegee, where he was re
ceived by the Mayor and other distin
guished citizens of Alabama. The Presi
dent's train was brought directly Into
the grounds of tho Institute over Its pri
From midnight until this morning great
crowds of country people, white and
black, were arriving from all sections
surrounding Tuskegee. A motley assqrt-
ment of vehicles brought hundreds of
persons. They were allowed to come Into
the Institute grounds, where tne 1'resi-
dent saw the collection and secmea
amused by the sight.
The President was received uyrnncipai
Booker T. Washington and members 01
the faculty and the Institute board of
trustees. He then entered a carriage
made by the students of the school and
drawn by horses raised at the school
and driven by a student In the- school
uniform. Four other carriages, also
made by the students. In which were
dfcmber8 f the Prcsldont'
Students Parade Before Him.
The narty nrocecded Immediately to an
elaborately decorated stand in front of
the office building, surmounted by the
President's flag. From this point no
viewed the educational and Industrial pa
rade. upon the preparation of which the
students and faculty have been at work
for several weeks. This parade was
headed by the Institute Band, led -by
Bandmaster Elbert B. Williams, of tho
Ninth United States Calvary, who had
been detailed to Tuskegee by the War
Department. Then came 1500 students of
the school In two divisions; tho young
men uniformed in blue suits, with brass
buttons, white gloves and cadet caps; the
young women wearing blue dresses
trimmed with red braid and wearing blue
straw braid hats, followed, each bearing
a stick of sugar cane topped with a cotton
boll, all raised in tho school s agricul
tural experiment station,
Immediately behind the student body
came 61 floats, representing the various
phases of work of the academy depart
ment and the Industrial departments "of
the school. After the parade had passed
and the students, faculty and visitors
were repairing to the chapel, the Presl
dential party was driven hurriedly about
the grounds and was shown the extent
and scope of the work being carried on
in the Institution,
Inspiration to Xcgro.
At the chapel where the party was
taken, the students, led by the Institute
choir of 156, sang a number of plantation
melodies. Booker T. Washington then
presented the President In the following
ThWf Ik a great day for the TuskeKee Nor
mal and Industrial Institute, too great to be
described by words. "Wc have sathered to
hear bet one votee, to see but n face. In
j-e5cntliK our cuefrt te the student, teachers
and citizens, I mwt not omit to exproes the
gratitude felt by the people of the Tukejree
Institute and by the people of both raccw In
UiIk pec t Inn of Alabama for the honor M-hlch
has been conferred upon them. That the chief
magietratc of our beloved Republic of 80.000.
000 people deemed It good and wire to Include
Tuekegce Institute In hin trip through the
.south and spend a few hours t?elng the work
are ooing Here, brings to the heart of
every man and woran of our race In thUi coun
try a degree of encouragement and Inmlra
tlon which It Is Impossible for any American
emzen. not or our race, fullv to iimrwliitc
My friends, without further wordu of mini
I hVP ttw llWkaatlro ttnA ttu. tn- r .
Ing to yob the President of the United State?.
The President was srlven an ovation
when lie rose to speak. He said:
Train Negro in Urfnlnfi.
To the White DODul.ttion
black it In of th utmost importance that
the negro be encouraged to make himself a
citizen of the highest type of usefulness It
Is to the interest of the white people that
this policy be conscientiously pursued, and to
the Interest of -the colored people that they
clearly realize that they have opportunities
not now offered elsewhere..
within the Inst 20 years the industrial
(Concluded en Page 5.)
CONTENTS TODAY'S PAPER
YJSSTERDAY'S Maximum temperature. 82
dog.; minimum. 51. Precipitation. 0.12 f
TODAY'S Occasional rain. Southerly wlndh.
Railroad strfke Bpreadfi to St. Petersburg and
causes not in moccaw. Page X.
Striker appeal to "Witt-, who prtmiees lib
erty oi spoeen ana pre. Page 2.
Caar adopts Wltte's recommendation of on-
iarged suffrage and will make him Pre
mier. Page -.
Britain negotiate with Russia, aiming to
isolate Russia. Page 3.
Dowager Empress of China Imprisons Em
peror on suspicion of causing bomb out
rage. Page .
Spanish Republicans address Loubet- Page 8.
Canal engineer says wffk can 'be dene in 10
ears. Page 3.
Foraker to load fight for railroads against
rate SHII. Page 1.
Japanese diplomat explains attitude to Amcr
lea. Page 2.
American Minister mediates between France
ami Venezuela. Page 3.
President Roosevelt In Alabama.- Page 1.
New York Democrats stampodlng te owner
ship party. Page 1.
Mutual Life maintains press bureau: Metro
politan Life coticeals its loans. Page 4.
First damage milt against Iroquois Theater
owners on trial. Page 7.
Harrlman slows up on race across oen
tlnent beoause Roosevelt fears fer.daugh
tor's safety. Page 5.
Great strike of textile workers threatened.
Prosecution may follow Enterprise Bank fail
ure. Page 8.
Pacific Coast scores: San Franolsco 2, Port
land 0; Los Angeles 7, Seattle 2: Tacoma
4. Oakland 0. Page 7.
Idaho Federal grand Jury Is expeoted te re
turn many lndlctmonts. Page G.
Vaehon Island gh-1 may be victim of Puget
sound pirates, page u.
Oregon has much "base" land with little
demand for it. Page 0.
Son of Seattle policeman says he will kill
his lather. Page 0.
Oregon boy attempts to rob Hatten. "Wash.,
saioon, ana is snot, page u.
Commercial and Marine.
California buyers in market for Oregon jm
tatoes. Page 17.
Better demand for wool at Boston. Page 17.
Now San Francisco Dairy Exchange opens.
Wheat higher at Chicago on better cab!6s.
Manipulation of stock market. Page 17.
Coasting lumber trade continues heavy
Portland and Vicinity.
Toachors wrathy over delay In increasing
salarles. Page IS.
Death of Mrs. Henry Vagner. Page 0.
Fund for Miss Loubet. Injured Frenchwoman,
grows slowly; more money Is needed.
Officers of National Educational Association
speak In praise of Portland as a convep
tion city. Page in
Travelers' Aid Society will continue its work
assisting young girls. Page 10.
East Side Improvement Association reorgan
Ized to work for East Side depot, through
car service and rilling of streets. Page 12,
Lewlston-Rlparla line will be completed by
middle of May; laborers needed on work.
II. R. Klncald buys the Beverly & South
ern on Tamhlll street, and in partner
ship with Phil Metschan buys half-block
on North Ninth street. Page 13,'
Judge Cameron lectures youths urrcstell Jn
saloon. Page 13.
Samuel Goldstein must pay J50 for. suDUort
of wife or" go- toJall foV- contempt" ofi
Hearst Digging Big Holes
Ranks of Tammany
HIS PLATFORM POPULAR
Tammany Trailers Admit Iosscs, but
Hearst's Men Have No Organi
zation Laughublo Scenes
at His Hcadqunrtcrs.
NEW YORK, Oct. 24. (Special.) Do
you know I am really beginning to get
absorbed in this municipal ownership
campaign. It has added the element of
Interest, and what promised to be the
deadest olectlon in the history of Now
Yor.k City Is going to be the liveliest.
W'e are promised the busiest, most
exciting two weeks flight of red fire,
oratory and busy business that was
ever heard of, and the Tammany tiger.
which had settled down to a calm be
lief that Mayor McClellan simply had
to ride to the City Hall and be sworn
in again, is beginning- to sit up and
Yellow Journalism in politics has
torn the town wide open! Represents
tlve Hearst has hirod every union band
In the city, cvory hall in the city anI
the sonc of municipal ownership Is
abroad -In the land.
Take a tour of the East Side of Now
York if you want "to realize the
strength of the new fad. This third
ticket has hit right In the vitals of
Tammany, and the mourning of the
tigor Is plaintive and long: prolonged,
Here are a few statements made to
me by Tammany leaders, and the Tam
many men are the ones who really
know what Is going on. They will not
of course, give their namos for publl
All Talk the Same "Way.
A loader who controls sevoral East
Side districts in addition to his own
T would not be surprised If Hearst re
celved 100,000 votes. If they had got at
this thing onrlier. I honestly believe
ho would defeat McClellan. As It Is, wc
have the hardest kind of work, before
The landlord of n blr double-decker
tenement on Alton strccti "Last year
this houso votod 6B-lUot Five wcrt
for Roosevelt, although the voters are
ordinarily Democrats. Tnls year I
know that Hearst will get 49 votes
sure. Perhaps the others will swing Into
line -before election day."
A lawyer who has an extensive busi
ness on the East Side and Is an ardent
Tammany man: "McClellan will be sec
ond in the race In tills section."
The captain of an olectlon district
which last year voted Parker 310, Roose
volt 25, Herrlck (Dem.) for Governor 321,
HIgglns (Rep.) 10: "I will be lucky to
split even with Hearst. If I do that, I
A saloonkeeper whose establishment has
long been a recognized Tammany head
quarters: "I vc lost 75 old-time regular
customers because l would not put a
Hearst picture In my window."
A collector employed by the Consoli
dated Gas Company: "I visit 1000 fam-
lllos evory month collecting bills. One
woman I called on this week did not toll
me her husband was going to vote for
Hoarst. Everi' other one did."
Now, these interviews do not come from
the Hearst headquarters. Everyone I
can vouch for. and they certainly do
show a most astonishing condition of af
fairs In this city. ,
Wild Claims for Hearst.
.The band of faithful Hearst mon u at
the Hoffman House Is wild with delight.
They are making the most astonishing
claims. Some of them say McClellan will
be third. All of them are absolutely sure
tucir iuoi win oc ciectea. iney put ins
vote all the way from 250,000 to 330,000. One
of them even ventured a guess at TSO.OOa,
and was not pleased a bit when told that
the total registration did not exceed 625,-
"You cannot tell what Hearst, will do,"
he retorted. "He Is so popular with the
The fact Is that the Hearst campaign.
while It Is being conducted with noise and
enthusiasm. Is not under capable mr.n
agement. The situation can be compared
to nothing better than that which pre
vailed on the Knlaz Potamkln when that
gallant Russian battleship sailed the
Black Sea, controlled by the happy but
undisciplined and foolish mutineers.
Had the battelshlp been In charge of a
capable naval officer, the probabilities are
that the neighboring seaport towns would
have had a dizzy time of IL But as It
turned out,' nothing but a healthy scare
All Amateurs .and Mutineers.
The men In charge of the good craft
"Municipal ownership" are nearly all
amateurs and political mutineers. Head
quartors up at the Hoffman House la, the
busiest place. Go up there for a while.
and your brain will whirl. The place Is
full of excited men, and you speedily be
come Infected with the Idea that every
body Is rushed to death. But when you
go away and commune quietly with your
self, this is the thought that strikes you
"Mhat practical work has been accom
pllshcd?" Here Is a sample of It.
wldly excited man rushes in. He grabs
the first workor he sees, and shouts:
"My name Is Dennis GUhooIcy. of Troy
I have always been .an ardent Democrat.
fbut thlsfyear,'. If I had a vote, I w6uld
"give It to Mr-Hearst."
"TJien he beams. Everybody else beams
10ccaslonallyjsomebody buys a-drink.
iCnother man gallops In to say that he
Is "with them," and will "take on; nis
coat and roll up his sleeves and work
night and day for the ticket."
But he doesn't. He just stands around
and beams. He meets other people wno
are going to do the coat-and-shlrt-sleeve
act, and they compare notes on the sub
ject. Thon they sit down and rest.
A breathless Individual tears In to say:
"I saw BUI Smith, of Yonkers. down the
street Just now. He knows o. man in
Harlem who says that Hearst will boat
McClellan two to one up there."
Evorybody cheers, of course. Then an
other man, who Is sitting In a cornor. In
dustriously ohewlng tobacco, stops long
enough to remark:
"Hearst will have six to one up there.
Feollng for Municipal Ownorshlp Is
mighty strong In Harlem."
The breathless individual Is sqt-elcheti.
But some one c4so ?ompllmcnts him for
the "magnificent work he Is doing for the
ticket," and he revives.
Neglecting; Hie Canvas.
Do you remember when Mr. Vencorlng
ran for "Pocket Broaches ' how ins
friends aldedyhlm by riding around in
cabs? If cab rates were not so extortion
ate la New York, they'd be doing It for
municipal ownership. As it Is, they take
It out IaJ)?asing, and swapping lies
about whWgoing to happon perhaps.
It has noiPsias yet struck anybody to
sec that tiie voters come out and rogls-
ter. Neither, apparently, has anybody
been Impressed with the necessity of
making a caroful canvass of the election
districts to learn just who Is who. Straw
votes are being taken everywhere; in
elevated trains, on ferryboats. In the
depths of the subways, and on the roofs
of the office buildings. And everybody is
frightfully surprised and terribly Inter
ested. But straw votes don't count. Like
straw hats, they are out of season In
November, when the ballot boxes are In
The Municipal Ownership League is run
ning candidates for all sorts of offices.
Mr. Hearst Is running for Mayor, his
personal counsel, Clarence J. Shonm, I
running for District Attomoy; another
employe. Thomas Gillcran, is running for
President of the Borough of Manhattan,
and other faithful adherents arc running
for -Coronerlshlps. Assembly. Board of
Aldermen and surface oars.
Of course, municipal ownership is tho
sacred fetich, but the "roal goods," as
they say on the Bowery, is the gas ques
tion. Every householder is angry because
bills have not been reduced. They blame
Tammany and Odcll simultaneously, for
killing the relief measures in the last
Legislature. Naturally, they turn foe. aid
How He Figures It Out.
Two years ago McClellan recoivod
314.7E2 votes against for Low. a
Tammany majority of G1.685. Tho vote
this year will probably bo 10.00ft In excess i
or these figures. IX the republicans had
any organization, they would stand a good
chance of winning out, for ppractically I
all of the Hoarst strength will come from j
Tammany. The fefptRcpubllwms who ax&4
singing "Mew-niclpal Ownership are not
warm partisans." If Ivlns could hole
Low's vote of 19W, which really represent
ed a fair showing of the party voto, lie
could win, should Hearst got the KXMSu
ballots that Tammany privately concedes
But thousands - of Republicans aro
going to vote for McClollan, and thou
sands of others will vote sololy for
Jerome, who Is running for District
Attorney all alone by hlmsolf. and
othor thousands have not rogistcreu.
but will remain home election day anda
cry. For they do not like Odell, and'
they do noj: know his candidate, now
affectionately and Improperly called.
Ivan the Terrible." So unioss the
Harst vote Is "something frightful
the Indications are that McClellan will
be elected, not by the rotos of his own
organization, but thoseof good Republi
But the good cruiser "Municipal
Ownership," is sailing around the po
litical Black Sea. while echo answers
"Public Control of Utilities and Gas."
Cxar Murphy on the shore Is shiver
ing, but the chances arc that the mu
tineers will fail to accomplish any
thing. But oh! if you could only see those
straw ballots. L. r . 1.
DEATH ROLL OF RAILROADS
Slaughter Last Year Would llavc
Made Guod Battle.
WASHINGTON, Oct. 24. The statement
of railroad accidents recently issued by
the Interstate Commerce Commission cov
ered only the last quarter of the last
fiscal year. The figures for the entire
fiscal year are now given as follows:
Total number of passengers killed In
train accidents, 350; passengers Injured in
train accidents. M9S. The total number of
employes killed in train accidents was T9S:
Injured. 70S2. There were 1ST passongers
killed In other than train accidents, and
3563 Injured; 2153 employes killed In othor
than train accidents, and 3S.374 Injured; a
grand total of all classes of 537 passen
gers killed and 10.010 Injured, and 3261 em
ployes killed, and 43.426 Injured.
This shows an Increase of 117 passengers
killed and 1SC3 Injured, and a decrease' of
105 employes killed, and an Increase of
2160 employes Injured.
There were 6221 collisions during the
year, with a money loss of Jl,S13,03l, and
5371 derailments, with a money loss of
I4.S62.602. a total of 11.505 collisions and
derailments, a total money loss of ?9,711.
656 being done by damage to cars, en
gines and roadways.
CHARRED BODY IN ROCKER
Aged Widow, Crippled With Rheu
matism, Cannot Escape Flames.
OAKLAND. Cal.. Oct. 24. Mrs. Sarah
Cunerford, a wealthy widow, agpd 75,
was burned to death at her home. S13
Seventh street, tonight. Afflicted with
rheumatism and other Infirmities, she was
unable to get out of her chair and slowly
roasted to death as the flames crept upon
her. She cried for help, but the house
was In flames when neighbors arrived
and the fire drove the would-be rescuers
The fire started In .the rear of the
house. Its origin 'Is unknpwn. . The
"charred body of Mrs- . Cunerford" ' was
found in a .rocking -chair "In the front
FQRRKEB TO BE '
Lead Fight for Railroads
INTRODUCE BILL OF OWN
Ohio Senator Will Furnish Oratory,
While Elkins Works in Com
mittee Will Propose Sys
tem of Appeals.
OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU. Wash
ington. Oct, 24. There Is every prob
ability that Senator Foraker, of Ohio,
will take active charge of the xntl
Adminlstration fight on t)e railroad
rate question in the Senate this Winter,
notwithstanding Senator Elkins is
chairman of the committee on inter
state commerce and Is as stoutly op
posed to the President's views as Mr.
Foraker or any other Senator.'
There Is reason why the active man
agement of .the anti-AJministratlon i
iraruf n uhmtlfl ho nltAl In tl ho nils'!
-- - -- :
of Mr. Forakor. He is not only thor- f
oughly familiar with the railroad side'
nf tho pnntrnvomv tiut h is an active i
..r . ... f. nm9rPn i
committee, and. unlike Mr. Elkln. is
w H-K.-.-r n,l
. ,, J
a very effective man on the floor. Mr.
Elkbuf. while he thorousitly under
Ktands the rate question and while he
makes aa effective caairman of comyjT J5 BEGUN TOO LATE
in 11 tee, is not & nrst-cias man in ue- j
bate; he Is not aa orator, and he lacks .
in a rougn-and-twmble contest of
Elkins Will Pull String.
But the fact that Mr. Foraker will
lead the tight on the floor of the Senate
does not mean that Mr. Elkins will be
any less instrumental In conducting
the fight against die Administration's
plan of remedying the railroad evils.
Mr. Elkins Is a. shrewd, keen man: he is
weJ1 acquainted with all the Intricacies
of legislative procedure as practiced in
the senate, and he will at all times be
consulted by Mn Foraker. In fact he
will have as muek to sur as Mr. For-
. -rrvw. x - - u..; in
. . JT ,,,
not havo the mow prominence before
ihe public. If Ir. Kifclas wore as much
of an orator as Mr. Foraker and had
the same ability in debate, there Is no
question but that he would 'assumo
active control of tho contest on .ho
floor of the Senate, but the cause is too
great to run any risk, and for that
reason the chairman of the interstate
commerce committee is expected to
I waive his personal privilege in favor of
a man wn can reader better service
Foraker Will Offer Kill.
Mr. Foraker, by the way. has an
nounced that he will bring forward a
bill of his own to regulate railroad
rates, a bill
which will embody the
views of the anti-Administration Sen
ators, and whica will probably moet
with the aanction and approval of tho
railroads. It is not known exactly what
ities are that It will not Impose condl-
lions which the railroads will object to.
It will not enlarge the powers of the In
terstate Commerce Commission, for Mr.
Foraker and the Senators who stand
with him aro determined to prevent any
such legislation. It will, however, pro
vide some form of tribunal to which
complaints can be made as to rebate.
discrimination arid unfair rales, but it
will not give this tribunal power to
regulate rates. Instead, it will allow
appeal to the higher courts, presum
ably ail the way to the United States
Supreme Court. It is to this very thing
that President Roosevolt seriously ob
jects, for he believes that whatever
tribunal hr authorized to pass upon the
fairnoss of rates should have absolute
authorltv to determine the fairness of
such rates, without right of appoal. It
is to do away with this appeal and the
consoquent dHay that the President fa
vors more rigid legislation than Sen
ator Foraker aad Senator Elkins arc
willing to concede.
There is difference of opinion as to
whether the President in his messago
will insist upon the enlargement of the
powors of the Interstate Commorce
Commission or leave it to Congress to
determine whether the question of rates
hall be passed upoa by some othor
tribunal, either a court or some body of
NO FREE TRADE WITH ISLANDS
Payne Says They Must AValt Till
OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU, Wash
ington. Oct. 21. In view of the attitude
of many men who accompanied Secretary
Taft to the Phlllppiae Islands this Sum
mer, it is doubtful, ia fact quite improb
able, that free trade will be established
between the Archipelago and the United
Stats until the expiration of .the treaty
with Spain in 1E30. This sentiment is
voiced by Chairman Payne of the House
committee on ways and means. Mr.
Payne, like others of the Taft partv, be
lieves there should be free trade between
the Philippines and this country, but he
deems it Improper to remove the duty so
long as Spain is privileged to enjoy the
same tariff reductions as the United
States. And yet Mr. Payne favors a re
duction, to 25 per cent of tho Dlngley
rates, which carries with It a like reduc
tion on Spanish goods.
Mr. Payne, is at- the head of the com
mittee that must frame any Philippine
tariff legislation, and what he says on
this subject Is. therefore, of great Im
portance. He, alone, however, would not
be strong enough to prevent the passage
of a bllh abolishing the duty on Philip
pine products entering this country or
American products entering the Islands.
But. as has been demonstrated by numer
ous Interviews, many members of the Taft
party agree with Mr. Payne, and the fact
that these men, after making an extended
tour over the Islands, are practically
unanimous on this question will go a long
way toward blocking any free-trade legis
lation at the coming session.
Mr. Payne goes on to express the be
lief that the United States must hold the
Philippines Indefinitely, until the people
are fit for self-government. He was al
ways opposed to the acquisition . of the
islands, but now that we have them, he
says, there Is nothing to do but hold on.
The Inquiries and Investigations made in
the islands showed the utter unfitness of
the natives for self-government, says Mr.
Payne. Many who advocated Independ
ence, when questioned as to their pro
posed plan of .government, wore greatly
confused. and bad no tangible Ideas to
MORE LANDS ARE RESERVED
Further Addition to Cascade Rescrvo-
OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU. Wash
ington, Oct. 21. A further addition to the
Cascade- forest reserve was made today
by the withdrawal from entry of S320 acres
In township 4. range 6. a few miles south
est of Portland. These lands, like those
withdrawn from entry yesterday, arc
chielly valuable for timber., and Include
all the vacant public lands In sections 2.
4, 6, S, 10. 12, 13. 14. 22. 23, 21, 25 and 25.
Like tlie lands within the permanent for-
! or reserve thev are still subject to mln-
Xcw Rural Carriers.
OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU, Wash-
Mngto" Oct. 2l.-Henry H Wood has been
appointed regular, and Schuyler Wood.
substitute, rural carriers, route Xo, 1, at
YVesicrn -Ifc Made Deal Before Pol
Icy-Holders Took Action.
CHICAGO. Oct. 21. The deal for the
purchase of 900 shares of the Security
& Annuity Life Company for $100,000 by
the Western Life Indemnity Company
was closed cn the day before-the meeting
of the policy-holders of the latter com
pany was to be hekl. presumably to sub
mit the proposition to them forthelr ap
probation or rejection.
This new development In the tangled
, ,r.n T.,fn Tmim.v-
Ccmmny wnis nMlde known by Mr. Mayer
1 tn.mv -i,n h nnrn.i for ih offtninls
nl the corporation cited before Judge
I TCohlsuat for contempt: The
. sMvtiffht tf ht shown was this nartlcula
: transacted, alleged to have been executed
-nrt1in. r n tni..nPtinn smirPri n.,r-
; J(6gcly to prevent execution of this deal
The defense outlined in court today is that
the deal was closed long before the peti
tion of the policy-holders was filed In
Fisht on Arcanum Itatcs.
NEW YORK, Oct. 24. Fresh Impetus
was given to the fight agalntt the new
rate and board by the Royal Arcanum,
5'esterday by a new application by James
Lawrence for a permanent injunction to
prevent his imspenslon for failure to pay
the increased rates put In forco.Octobcr 1.
The application was made in the Supreme
'Court, in Brooklyn, and after a short
argument the tearing was adjourned to
t nt Monda'- , , . .
1 lit? piMiuuu is n inuwiuvi ui Di'iM-a-)
Council No. 191. The decision in this
case will affect "more than 3SO.C0O members
of the order.
! BLOW FROM BLACK HAND
Explosion Aimed at Doctor, Who
Refused to Pay Blackmail.
NEW YORK. Oct. 21. The seven-story
tenement house on the corner of Grand
- ,. ... u
VAjfludiuii ui liiiuiiuiu nuiLii vjiiiu iiuiauil
had placed on the steps of the butcher
shop on the ground floor. The explosion
threw the hundreds of tenants In the
building and in the house adjoining Into a
panic, which lusted for an hour. Tho
butcher shop was wrecked, but the rest
of the house was uninjured, save for tho
smashing of many- windows.
Dr. Zellaro. who has an office and
apartments In the building, informed the
police that the dynamite probably was
meant for him. He had received several
thrpatenlng letters, the first demanding
JJOCO and the others ranging down to $100.
He Ignored all the letters. Finally one
came telling him he must not think he
was forgotetn. and that he would yet
see the "mighty vengeance of the Black
One Italian was arrested on suspicion
of being concerned in the explosion.
YOUNG HANCOCK TO BLAME
Held as Accessory to Death of Emma
WASHINGTON. Oct. 24. The Coro
ner's jury", to Investigate the death of
Miss Emma Smallwood. which occurred
about ten days ago near Hyattsvllle,
Md., returned a verdict today that the
woman died of malpractice, performed
by a person or persons unknown, and
holding Wlnfield Scott Hancock, a
nephew of General W. S. Hancock, and
his sister, Mrs. Amanda Mackali, the
former having been arrested in connec
tion with the case, to be accessories to
Hancock, who Is In Jail, will be re
leased on $5000 bail, and Mrs. Mackali
will be required to give nominal ball
In about (1000.
ROBBERS WRECK A BANK
First Bind and Gag Watchman, Then
RIDGEVILLE, -Ind.. Oct. 24. Robbers
last night .wrecked the safe In the Ridge-
vlile State Bank and escaped with about
J60C0. ' Tlie explosion .aroused Cashier
Branson, who hurried to the bank in time
to receive a bullet In the ankle. Before
entering the bank, the robbers met the
town watchman, overpowered, bound and
111 WILL POCKET
That Seems More Probable
Than Memorial Hall or
AMERICAN INN THE CAUSE
Large . Stockholders , in Exposition
Feel That Loss In Big Caravan
sary Should Be Recouped
Portland will not have a park built and
beautified in memory of the Lewis and
Clark Exposition out of the funds ac
cumulated In dividends due the stockhold
ers of the corporation, nor will there be
erected a memorial temple to keep alive
remembrance of the Fair. For this con
dition, so the story has spread about, the
American Inn is partially the cause,
strange as It may appear at lirst glance.
Up to the Dresent time more has been
no movement on the part of the people
Interested in the purchase of a park, or
erection ot a memorial building, to sound
the stockholders" as to whether or not
the-men who have the dividends coming
would be willing to donate the amounts
due them toward the purchase of the park
or the erection of the memorial. In one
or two Instances there have been ad
vances made and discussions raised, but
not representative of any organized move
ment. Now the stockholders themselves
are beginning to look Into the advantages
and the advantages" of the talked-of
surrender of dividends.
Many of the largest stockholders are
unwilling to surrender their dividends, so
It Is said, and for various reasons. One
oil these Is said to be that those, who, as
a rule, held the largest blocks of Exposi
tion stock and are, therefore, entitled to
a proportionate share of the dividends
are also generally Interested to a greater
or less extent in the American Inn, which
has not-been a financial success.
Legal Questions Involved.
These people, therefore, having
gained a little on the one hand and
having lost more by the other deal,
are willing to forego the pleasures of
a park, and what little Is received
may In part counterbalance what has
gone to maintain the Inn. In other
words, they want to draw down their
margin on the Exposition to cover
their losses on the other venture.
This is one phase of the question,
and the other has to do with a legal
obstacle, as It seems at present.
Among some of the heaviest stock
holders In the corporation are estates
and. not Individuals, and it is held by
the managers of some of these estates
to be illegal for them to direct an ex
penditure of the dividend for the pur
pose of purchasing a public park.
There is nothing for them to do but
to turn whut dividends there may be
over to the account of the estate.
While In no case will any definite
statement be made. It Is known that
some of the heavy stockholders have
expressed themselves as desirous of
retaining the dividends due them, and
If these men take such a step It Is
practically certain that the small
holders will follow, until the amount
available for the purchase of a park
o'r the construction of a memorial
building will have dwindled to such
small proportions that It will not be
possible to do anything towards either
H. L. Corbett. one of the executors
of the Corbett estate, among the
largest stockholders in the Exposition
Corporation, sees no reason why the
men who are losers by reason of the
American Inn should not feel like
evening up the score as far as possible
by accepting the dividends. The Cor
bett estate, however. Is not interested
In the American Inn. and therefore has
no other than public Interest In its
"To my knowledge," said Mr. Cor
bett las.t night, "there has been no
definite statement or proposition made
to any of the stockholders, and pend
ing the time when such a tender may
come, I have thought nothing of the
matter. I do not know "whether or not
I could turn the dividends over, as the
stock Is held by the estate, and I have
not consulted any of the attorneys for
the estate concerning the question.
The estate does not own any of the
stock of the American Inn, however,
and so I have paid no attention to
that phase of the question, but I can
readily see why some of the Investors
might feel like taking the dividends
to balance the loss caused by invest- v
ment in the Inn."
Xo Definite Proposition Is Made.
A. L. Mills had heard no proposition
made by any one interested In the
park or in the memorial hall. He
thought the agitation at this time wa3
"I think the talk about the park is
premature," said Mr. Mills. "The Expo
sition grounds have to be restored to their
old condition, the buildings have to be
torn down, and no one knows Just yet
what the surplus will be. nor will they
know until all the work around the Expo
sition has been finished."
While no discussion had been hacTas to
the disposal of the dividends due the bank,
Mr. Mills was of the opinion that the
amount of the dividends would not by any
means cover the loss sustained by- support
of the American Inn.
W. M. Ladd would not discuss the action
to be taken In regard to the disposal of
the dividends due the Ladd estate by the
Exposition. When asked if he had, as a
stockholder, heard any discussion of the
park question, or if any proposition had
. .(Concluded on Page 10.).
court. Faire 1L