Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (July 5, 1905)
VOL. XLY.-XO. 13,907.
PORTLAND, OREGON, WEDNESDAY, JULY 5, 1005.
PRICE FIYE CENTS.
OF J. H. MITCHELL
Newspapers of Both Parties
Unite in Approving Ver-
diet of Jury.
SENATOR BETRAYED TRUST
plow at Land Pirates Struck by
Hitchcock's Persistent Prosecu
tion Had Betrayed and
Robbed Nation. .
NEW YORK, July 4. (Special.) Com
menting on the conviction of Senator
Mitchell, the American will say:
"The conviction of United States Sen
ator John H. Mitchell adds another chap
ter to a career without a parallel in Amer
ican politics. For more than 40 years
Mitchell and his associates have domi
nated the politics of Oregon. He has been
elected to the United States Senate at
different times for four full terms. Dur
ing that period he has been the central
figure of a great state, dominating its
politics and controlling its offices almost
as he -wished. Is there a parallel in the
Union? Mitchell was in control of Oregon
when Tweed "owned" New York. That
was more than 30 years ago. and until
now Mitchell has been in control, with
nearly all the Federal offices In the state
held by his friends, and many of the state
and county offices as well. It is believed
that the conviction of Mitchell will lead
the way to the conviction of other men
of wealth and influence who re now un
der indictment on the Pacific Coast,
among them members of the House of
Has Won "Supreme Honor."
The "World will say:
"Half a dozen Senators of recent years
have earned the distinction of being in
dicted, but the supreme honor of being
convicted still belongs only to Burton of
Kansas and Mitchell of Oregon. But for
the temptation to resort to petty techni
calities. Quay and Diedrich also might
have help to elevate the Senate by their
enforced retirement. Courts and Juries
can never do the work thoroughly so long
as thrifty Senators are o modest as lo
mask the:r personality under corporation
titles in express, railroad, shipping and
marble contracts with the Government.
"Senator Mitchell should look not for con
tempt, but for 'sympathy, from fellow
Senators. His troubles come largely from
being too simple-minded. To be sure, he
had taken the precaution to have a wicked
partner in his law practice, but the part
ner was weak enough to give the game
away at a critical time, although cooked
articles of partnership had been substi
tuted. The corporation plan is always
safest, as President Roosevelt carefully
explained in his late treatise on varieties
"It is not pleasant to see a man of
Senator Mitchell's high office and long
public service go to jail. Some persons
will bemoan the fact that he has dis
graced the Senate by not being acquitted.
But Is not the tone of the Senate Im
proved by the aid of the Oregon jury?
Would it not be better still if the remain
ing Mitchells, who turn offices "into dol
lars, were condemned at the ballot box
before juries become necessary?" ,
Lawyer "Who Sold Out Client.
The Press will say:
"Twelve citizens of the state represented
by John H. Mitchell In the United States
Senate have convicted him of a criminal
offense against the Government he took
an oath to serve. The people were pre
pared for this outcome of the- aggressive
campaign waged by President Roosevelt,
with the energetic assistance of Attorney
General Moody and Secretary Hitchcock,
against the daring and Influential band of
thieves who have secured enormous tracts
of the public domain for their private en
richment "Notwithstanding Mr. Mitchell's ex
travagant outburst of adjectives, with
which he pictured himself to his sym
pathetic colleagues in the upper House
of Congress as the victim of a foul and
malicious conspiracy, the public had
sv-en the proof of his share in the
Western land frauds pile up and had
become convinced that his professed
desire for 'vindication was 'wholly for
effect. They knew that the loot of
an area of p.ublic land equalling sev
eral Eastern states could not have been
accomplished without the active aid
of men high in official power.
'The actual offense of which Sen
ator Mitchell has been convicted is
odious enough in itself, it is of a
piece with theMreachery of a lawyer
who sells out his client and of the
traitor who betrays his army's position
to the enemy.
'The conviction of Senator Mitchell,
following on the indictment of the
beef trust beads, will go far to Inspire
confidence in the purpose of the ad
ministration to bring to justice those
whom Mr. Roosevelt calls the members
of the 'wealthy criminal class.'"
Clearer Ideas of Public Trust
The Tribunewill say:
"The conviction of Mitchell is another
step toward the enforcement of clearer
ideas of public duty and public trust
The Oregon Senator made the mistake
of supposing that the laws against "pet
ty grafting" in the public service were
a dead letter and would 'remain so. He
probably thought that he would never
be called to account for abusing his
privileges as a public man and seizing
the opportunities offered him to pocket
questionable and even clearly illegal
profits." Accomplice of Land Pirates.
The Sun will say:
"No oae except the Hon. .Ethan Allen
Hitchcock can tell what pressure was
brought to bear on the Secretary of the
Interior to Induce him to 'et up on
United Stated Senator John Hippie Mitch
ell when that distinguished person was
found to be Involved in the Oregon land
frauds. Mr. Hitchcock will not tell. He
is not that kind of man."
"Senator Mitchell he adopted that
name when It became convenient, years
ago, for John Hippie to disappear was
the valuable accomplice ofa band of "land
pirates who sought to make their for
tunes by robbing the Governmen: of the
United States, that is. .the people of
America. He counted on his wealth, his
office, his great political Influence, to pro
tect him from punishment
"He counted without Secretary Hitch
cock, however. He. looked to find an
easy-going, tolerant not too inquisitive
figurehead in the Interior Department
Instead, he found a quiet thorough, stiff
necked, honest man, who remembered
nothing except his oath of office."
OPINIONS OF CHICAGO PAPERS
They "Unite In Condemning Land
Thieves and Approve Verdict. .
CHICAGO, July 4. (Special.) The Trib
une editorially will say tomorrow of Sen
ator Mitchell's conviction:
"Whether or not mercy is extended, so
far as imprisonment Is concerned. Sena
tor Mitchell's public life is practically at
an end. He may, "like Senator Burton of
Kansas, appeal to the higher courts and
perhaps secure a new trial. But his use
fulness Is over. The Senate should pee
him no more. The spectacle of a career
thus summarily ended in disgrace is- piti
ful, but Senator Mitchell wrought his own
undoing. He deliberately violated a law
with which .he was 'familiar. "When ac
cused of the offence, he lied about it and
tried to get others to He for hi benefit
"Senator Mitchell would not have been
convicted and the extensive land frauds
on the Government which led to his
downfall would not have been exposed
if there had been In the Interior Depart
ment a man less uncompromising and less
persistent and relentless In the tracking
down of wrongdoers than E. A. Hitch
cock. The public does not hear or see
much of the Secretary. He is out of pol
itics. He is not given to making speeches.
But he is the best guardian of the public
lands the Government has ever had.
"The Secretary has appealed to Con
gress again and again to amend loose
laws under which those lands were being
stolen right and left, but little attention
has been paid to him. That made him all
the more determined to follow up the
land ring which was dally becoming bold
er in its operations and was absorbing
the public domain by wholesale. It had
its friends In the General Land Office
and in Congress, and thought It was so
strongly entrenched that it need fear
nothing. It did not make sufficient al
lowance for the iron energy of Secretary
Hitchcock. He bas proven that he . Is
the man for the place.
Let Wholesome- Work Go On.
The Inter-Ocean will say:
"Presumably the age of John H. Mitch
ell, Senator of the United States, is re
sponsible for the generous recommenda
tion to mercy which accompanied the
jury's verdict of guilty in his case. Cer
tainly neither his public position nor bis
dramatic protestation of innocence, cou
pled with expre&lons of virtuous indigna
tion against alleged political enemies ma
liciously seeking his undoing, at the time
the indictment was returned against him.
warranted the suggestion. The jury, if
we may judge by the reports of the pro
ceedings and the evidence, simply could
not return any other verdict
"The resulting spectacle another Fed
eral Senator In the pillory, convicted of
crime Inspired by greed Is not a pleasant
one, but It is very much pleaxanter than
the knowledge that 'respectable' rascals
evade justice and escape punishment. Let
the wholesome work go on.
"It has required and will require much
courage and determination to overcome
the obstacles placed by these conspirators
and criminals in the way of Justice. Such
courage and fearlessness the people ex
pect of the departments concerned."
Fate Deserved and Just.
The Record-Herald will say:
"Senator John H. Mitchell, of Oregon,
has been convicted of conspiracy to de
fraud the United States. Thus closes in
disgrace a long and conspicuous career.
The higher courts may find the convic
tion technically unwarranted and relieve
Senator Mitchell of legal punishment, but
on the evidence public opinion will not
acquit Senator Mitchell of sordid use of
his high office.
"In the period in which John H. Mitch
ell became a public man in what may be
called the postofflce and public building
period of American politics the taking of
such perquisites as. he took, while de
nounced by the law, was condoned by
public sentiment It was what many per
sons expected a Senator or Representa
tive to do, and so he did not injure any
body but the nation at large, few thought
of censuring him very severely for doing j
it Of course, such conduct was always
wrong, but dnly or late years has it be
come generally recognized that he who
robs the nation robs every citizen, and is
"The fall of this old and in many ways
Justly honored public servant is a sorrow
ful spectacle, but none can deny that his
fate was deserved and Is Just"
NOT EXPECTED TO RESIGN.
Mitchell Likely to Follow Precedent
Set by Burton.
ORBGONIAN NEWS BUREAU. Wash
ington. July 4. The question whether
Senator Mitchell shall resign immediately
or not is one he will have to settle for
himself. If he follows precedent he will
So far as known here, there Is only one
other case on record by which he can be
governed. That Is the case of Senator
Burton, of Kansas, convicted within a
year or so of an offense similar to that
of Mitchell and under the same statute.
Burton was tried by a Jury In St Louis
and found guilty. That did not cause him
to resign, although some people thought
he ought to have done so. The Kansas
Senator, however, got the verdict re
versed on a technfcallty . and is still a
Senator, exercising, all the functions -of
(Concluded on Pass 2.)
But This Hourth Shows Fatali
ties From Jireworks
DEATHS TOTAL FORTY-TWO
Keports From All Parts of United
.'States Indicate Nearly 2500 Ac
cidents, but Laws Show
' CHICAGO. July 4. (Special.) The
Fourth of July casualties this year do not
promise to be as large as those of 1904
and previous years, but the figures In the
accompanying table were compiled by the
Chicago Tribune at 1 o'clock, and the to
tals are constantly Increasing.
Previous experience has shown that fa
talities resulting from the Fourth reach
far Into the year. Last year the reports
received later in the morning doubled the
early figures, and when the final statis
tics were compiled a month later nearly
00 deaths were recorded, mostly due to
tetanus, which developed after July 4.
The same Increase of cases may be ex
pected this year.
On the whole, however, the agitation
against a noisy and bloody celebration
seems to have had its effect In Balti
more, Kansas City and Wisconsin the
laws against deadly fireworks were en
forced generally, and the number of cas
ualties decreased. '
Aurora. 111.. 3 Injured.
Augusta, Me., IT Injured.
Boone Grove, Ind., 7 Injured.
Burlington, la., S Injured.
Chesterton, Ind.. 6 Injured.
Concord, N. H.. S Injured.
Cheyenne, Wyo.. 1 dead, 3 Injured.
Centralis. 111., 3 Injured. .
Dixon. III.. 2 Injured.
Demotte, Ind., 3 Injured.
Elgin, 111., 1 injured.
Elkhart Ind, 11 Injured.
Freeport. 111., & Injured.
Galesburc. III. 12 Injured,
Hebron. Ind.. 1 Injured.
Jacksonville. IIL. S Injured.
Kout. Ind.. 6 Injured.
Lyndon. III.. 2 Injured.
I.os Angeles. Cat, 4 Injured, fire loss $2000.
Mllledgevllle. III.. 4 Injured.
Marlon. O., 2 injured.
Muskegon. Mich.. 1 Injured.
Minneapolis. Minn., 9 Injured, fire loic
Porter, Ind., 3 Injured.
Pekln. IIL. S Injured.
Heading, Pa., "Injured.
Sterling. Ill- 7 injured,
fiallns, Kan.. 1 Injured.
Salem. Or., 2 Injured.
St Paul. Ind.. 2 Injured.
Shelby viiie. Ind.. S Injured, fire loss $500.
Tampieo. III., 4 Injured.
Valparaiso. Ind., 5 Injured.
Wheeler, Ind., 4 injured.
Warren. O.. 1 Injured.
Washington. D, C, 25 injured; fire loss 60.
Baltimore. Md.. 3 Injured.
Bloomlngton, 111., 22 Injured.
Columbus. ft. C. 3 Injured.
Columbus, O.. 2 injured.
Erie. Pa.. 2 Injured.
Fremont. Neb., 1 Injured.
Hasting. Neb., 3 Injured.
Jacksonville. Fla., 1 Injured.
Jollet 111-. S Injured.
Jacksonville. Tenn.. 2 injured.
Kansas City, Mo., 11 Injured; fire lots.
Kokuk. la.. 2 Injured.
Kankakee. IIL, 4 injured.
Laramie. Wyo.. 1 injured.
Xew Orleans, La.. Are loss $5.
New Tork City. 47 Injured.
Oshkosh. Wis.. 3 Injured: fire loss, $100.
Portage Lake District. Mich.. 3 Injured.
Peru. III.. 1 dead, 2 Injured.
Portland. Me.. 4 injured.
Peoria. III.. 13 Injured; Are loss. $500.
Peru. Ind.. 3 dead. 2 Injured.
Qulncy. IIL, 12 Injured.
Richmond. Ind., I Injured.
Hock ford. 111., 4 Injured.
Rochester, X. T., 1 dead, 7 Injured; fire
Saginaw. Mich.. S Injured.
Syracuse. .". Y.. 0 Injured.
Shelbyvllle. Ind.. 3 Injured. .
St Paul. Minn.. 15 Injured.
Tncoma. Wash., 2 Injured.
Waukegan, IIL, 2 Injured.
Torkville. 111., 2 Injured.
Zanesvllle. O.. 5 Injured.
AKoona, Pa., 23 injured.
Albany. X. T.. 13 Injured; Are loss, $500.
Bruce Lake. Ind.. 2 Injured.
Buffalo. X. T.. 3 Injured; (Ire loss. $5000.
Boston. Mass., 1 dead, 3t injured; Are
Burlington. N. J., 1 dead. 15 Injured.
Cleveland. O., 1 dead, 4 Injured; Are loss.
Cincinnati, O.. 1 dead, 47 Injured; Are
r Camden. N. J.. 7fl Injured.
Columbia. S. C. 1 Injured.
Clinton. III., 3 injured.
Dayton. O.. 3 injured; Are loss, $320.
Ereanaba. Mich.. 3 injured.
Fort Wayne. Ind., 8 Injured; Are loss.
Grand Rapids, Mich.. 17 Injured.
Headier. Ind., 2 injured.
Hayward. Wis.. 1 Injured.
0 Indianapolis. 1 dead. 33 Injured.
Kalamazoo. Mien., 3 injured.
Knoxville. Tenn., 1 Injured.
Leltersford, Ind.. 1 dead.
Leister. Mass.. 1 dead.
Lincoln. Neb.. 4 injured.
Laporte. Ind.. 7 injured.
Michigan City, Ind., 3 injured; Are loss,
Montpelier. Vt.. 2 injured.
Marquette, Mich.. 3 Injured.
Monterey. Ind., 3 injured.
MaKon. Ind., Are loss $2500.
Milwaukee. Wis., 15 Injured.
Taylorvllle. in.. 3 Injured.
Troy. X. T.. 10 injured.
Xlagara Falls. X. V., 2 Injured.
XashMUe. 111.. 1 dead.
Omaha. Xeb.. 3 injured.
Paris. 111.. 4 injured.
Philadelphia. Pa.. 2 dead. 227 Injured.
Poughkcepsie. X. T., 3 injured.
Racine. Wis., 5 injured.
Sedalia. Mo.. 3 injured.
Storm Lake. Ia.. 1 Injured.
Sioux City. Ia., 3 Injured.
San Francisco. 3 dead. 3 injured.
St. Louis. Mo.. 3 Injured.
Chicago, 111.. 100 Injured.
Scranton. Pjl. 3fl injured.
Sheboygan. Wis., 2 Injured.
Wheeling. W. Vs., 1 dead. 6 Injured.
Worcester. Mass.. 2 Injured.
Webster. Mass., 4 injured.
Wlnamac, Ind.. 5 injured.
Wilmington, DeL, 1 dead. S injured; Are
TotaL 42 dead. 2431 injured; Are loss,
DEATH OX CHICAGO STREETS
Celebration Characterized by Murder
CHICAGO, July 4. One killed, a boy
fatally wounded, two men shot and a boy
hurt by a cannon cracker were early
contributions of ictlms to the Fourth of
July celebration in Chicago.
Charlesr Strelow, 19 years old. was shot
and killed by one of four unidentified
men, all of whom escaped. Strelow, who
was with several friends, had fired one
shot with a revolver, when four men.
who said they were detectives, demanded
that the parti submit to a search. Stre
low resisted, and one of the four shot
him dead. -
Harry Hind, 6 years of age. probably
was fatally Injured by another boy. who
playfully pointed an old revolver at him
The weapon was discharged and the boy
fell with a wound In his breast
Charles Bennett 3 years old. was
struck In the right knee by a bullet fired
by Patrolman Levis, who was trying to
disperse a crowd, which had objected to
the arrest of a boy lor placing torpedoes
on tne street-car tracKs. .Micr inc snoot;
Ing a crowd of SO) persons attempted to
assault the policeman, who was forced
to return to the station.
William J. O'Brien was struck In the left
foot by a stray bullet Burt Butler. 15
years old, was Injured severely by a can
non cracker, which exploded In bis hand
SALUTE LVJURES SOLDIERS.
One Fatally Injured, Another Blind
ed, by Exploding Shell.
NEW YORK. July 4. By the prema
ture explosion of a shell in the open
breach of a, five-Inch gun while a Fourth
of July salute was being fired at Castle
William on Governor's Isiand today. Pri
vate Cornelius Harrington, of Company
H. Eighth Infantry, was so badly in
jured that he" nTay not recover. One arm
was torn off, his right eye was blinded
and he was terribly burned on the head
and body. Sergeant Frank ebb, of the
same company and regiment, was also
badly hurt, and It is feared he will lose
the sight of one of his eyes, but la ex
pected to 'recover.
Both men were removed to the hospital
on Governor's Island, and the firing of
the salute was continued. An inquiry to
determine the cause of the accident will
be made at once.
Copenhagen Sees Many Flags.
COPENHAGEN. July 4. Many- buildings
were decorated wlth-Amcrican flags today
In honor of Independence day. The yachts
In the harbor were elaborately decorated.
and especially the Nahama. owned by
Mrs. Ilobtrt Goelet Wilson Marshall's
yacht, the Atlantic, Is also here. The ho
tels are crowded with people, and several
dinners In honor of the Fourth were given
Thomas J. O'Brien, the American Min
ister, did not give the customary recep
tion today, owing to the death of Secre
Ambassador "White Gives Dinner.
ROME, July 4. The American flag wav
lng In honor of the Fourth of Julv was
at half mast as a sign of. mourning for
the late Secretary Hay. The usual din
ner was given at the American College In
celebration of Independence day. but Am
bassador White withdrew his invitations
for the reception planned for this after
noon out of respect for the deceased
Castro "Will Celebrate Today.
CARACAS. Venezuela. July 4. PresI
dent Castro and his party returned to
Caracas today. Independence day will
be celebrated tomorrow.
CONTENTS TODAY'S PAPER
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature, 70
deg.; minimum. 56. Precipitation, non.
TODAY'S Fair and continued warm. North
Destroyer arrives at Kustenjl In search of
Potemkln. rage -.
Rebel ship seizes coal cargo and declares
war on Russia. Page 2.
Mutiny on transport followed by surrender.
More mob outbreaks in Poland. Page 2.
Celebration of the Fourth by American and
French flets. rage 3.
King Oscar win not And new king for Xor-
way. Tage 3.
Sweden mobilizes army. Page 3.
President and Cabinet on way to Secretary
Hay's funeral. Page 4.
Government win enforce law regarding live
stock shipments. Page 4.
Root a candidate for President. Page I.
Effort to disentangle Devlin's affairs.
Record of Fourth of July accidents. Page 1.
Opinion of American press on Mitchell's
conviction. Page 1.
Mob at Russelvllle. Ky.. gets one of alleged
assailants of Mary Gladder. Page 5.
Giants shut out the Tigers in two games.
Pacific Coast league scores: Portland 1-1,
Tacoma 0-0; Los Angeles 2-1. San Fran
cisco 1-0; Oakland 2-4. Seattle 0-1.
Buddy Ryan defeats Gorge Herberts, of
California, at Butte; Sheriff stops Her-rera-Xeary
go. Page 7.
Miss Sutton wins tennis match In England.
American crew likely to win Henley re
gatta. Tage 4.
Sysonby wins another race. Page 7.
Celebration of the Fourth is very general
throughout the Xorthwest. Page 8.
Six desperate prisoners break out of Mc
Xell Island prison. Page .
Fred Ross, knocked out In 15th round by
Jack Donnelly at Aberdeen, may die.
Secretary Tart and party arrive at San
Francisco. Tage 3.
Commercial asd Marine. .
Weekly crop bulletin reports favorable
growth of .cereals. Ppge 15.
Dunsmulr yacht Thistle brings party from
Victoria. B. C. Page 15.
Japanese libel steamer in Honolulu because
she did not sail on time for Seattle.
Tage 15. ,
Lewis and Clark Exposition.
Admissions, 53.705, break the record by
15.000. Tage 1.
Big crowd at the Fair well bandied. Page 1.
Independence day "celebrated at the Expo
sition. Page 11.
Portland and Vicinity.
Suffrage convention elects its officers for
the year. Page 10.
Woman slays husband and herself. Page 10.
Librarians are in annual convention. Page
Effect of Mitchell's conviction on the Sen
atorship. Page 12.
Protest against the election of Bishop
Coadjutor Lloyd is withdrawn. Page 10.
G. A. R. and W. R. C. condemn the trusts.
Head Ranger badly hurt near it Hood.
Railroad to Tillamook seems assured. Page
Mitchell places his hope la the
Supreme Court Page 16.
Fires and accidents of the Fourth of July.
Candidacy Is Result of His
Being Proposed for Sec
retary of State.
"WOULD-BES" IN. CABINET
Taft's Friends Tush Him Ajjalnst
Ills "Will, Shaw an Avowed Can
didate and Cortclyou Men
tioned Situation New.
WASHINGTON-. July 4.-(Special.)
Should the President be able to prevail
on Ellhu Root to re-enter the Cabinet as
Secretary of State, the result, In the view
of practical politicians In "Washington,
would prove of more than ordinary signifi
cance. The name of the former Secretary of
War has been associated more than once
since the last Presidential election with
the Republican Presidential nomination In
1508. This suggestion, it is understood,
has not been at all distasteful to Mr.
Root, and officials of the Administration
who arc on intimate terms with blm be
lieve he has aspirations In that direction,
lien of a practical turn of mind are ready
to predict that, if Mr. Root enters the
Cabinet as premier, a healthy impetus will
be given to a movement to make him the
Republican nominee three years hence.
Some persons believe that. If he consents
to -become Secretary of State, It will be
for the purpose not only of obliging the
President, but of promoting his own polit
Taft and Shaw Are Possibilities.
There are two men in the Cabinet who
are looked upon as strong Presidential
possibilities Secretary of War Taft and
Secretary of the Treasury Shaw. While
Mr. Taft has disclaimed any ambition to
( become the Republican standard-bearer in
1S0S, there are many men of Influence In
the party who intend to have him nomi
nated. If possible. In Ohio the leaders of
the state organization favor him as
against Senator J. B. Foraker, who no
doubt will go to the convention with a
Mr. Shaw, however, is regarded as an
avowed aspirant, and upon his' retirement
from the Cabinet next "Winter her will
doubtless start his preliminary canvass.
With Mr. Boot occupying the first place In
the Cabinet, the politicians do not hesitate
to predict that his name will be connect
ed more frequently than ever before with
the succession to Mr. Roosevelt.
Cortclyou Also Mentioned.
Another Cabinet officer whom some per
sons regard as a Presidential possibility is
Postmaster-General Cortelyou. The Postmaster-General
himself has never admit
ted he had such ambitions, but he has a
great many admirers who believe he will
be in the running In 1005.
The situation thus presented is unique
in American political history. Never be
fore within the recollection of men" who
make a specialty of accumulating such
knowledge has the President surrounded
himself with so many official advisers who
aspire to become his successor.
DIFFERS WITH PRESIDENT.
Governor Carter, or Hawaii, Comes
to Have a Talk.
SAN FRANCISCO. July 4. George Car
ter. Governor of the Territory of Hawaii,
was a passenger on the liner Alameda,
which arrived today from Honolulu. Gov
ernor Carter is on his way to Washington
for a consultation with President Roose
velt. Carter recently tendered to the
President ir resignation as Governor of
President his resignation as Governor of
forwarded a request for permission to
visit Washington and lay before the Chief
Executive certain matters connected with
the government of Hawaii.
Carter's resignation followed closely the
announcement of the result of the terri
"The full reason for my sending In my
resignation Is a long story and one I do
not feel at liberty to tell at this, time,"
said Governor- Carter. "I will say this
much, how,ever. as Territorial Governor. I
represent In Hawaii the President of. the
United States. The President Is a man
of decided views. I have views of my
own In regard to Hawaiian matters, and
I feel that in some things my views dif
fered from those of President Roosevelt
"I am going to Washington have a long-
talk with the President, and my real rea
son for placing my resignation in his
hands was to avoid any embarrassment
In the event of his deciding to place some
body eLp at the helm In Hawaii."
Governor Carter Is accompanied by Mrs.
Carter and his private secretary. V. Cree
don. and will remain in San Francisco
three or four days before proceeding to
the National capital.
OPEN FOREIGN MARKETS.
livestock Men Plan Big Reciprocity
DENVER. July 4. J. H. Gwynn. sec
retary of the National Livestock Asso
ciation, has made the following statement:
"At the last annual session of the Na
tional Livestock Association a strong
resolution was introduced by Alvln H.
Sanders, of Chicago, and unanimously
adopted, pledging the -concerted efforts
of the National Livestock Association
looking to the opening of foreign markets
that have been closed against American
livestock and livestock products. Since
that time the executive officers of the
National Livestock Association have
been working continuously, endeavoring
to concentrate and crystallize the senti
ment of the country- looking toward these
Former Senator W. A. Harris, vice
president and general manager of the Na
tional Livestock Association, with others.
Is planning a big reciprocity convention
to be held in. Chicago about the middle
of August in conjunction with the Chi-
cago Commercial Associations, the Chi-!
cago Board of Trade, the Illinois Manu
facturing Association, the National Live
stock Exchange, the Millers National
Federation. the American Shorthorn
Breeders Association, and the National
.Association of Agricultural Implements
and Vehicle Manufacturers.
Conference on Reciprocity.
CHIGxGO. July 4. August 13 and IS
have been selected by the committee on
arrangements as the dates for the Na
tional reciprocity conference to be held
In Chicago, and a general call has been
sent out by Chairman Alvin H. Sanders.
ARMISTICE IS NEXT THING
Roosevelt Continues Efforts to Stop
Fighting Pending Conference.
ST. PETERSBURG, July 4 (1:30 P. M.)
With the completion of the arrangements
for the Washington peace meeting. Presi
dent Roosevelt has resumed his efforts
to bring about an armistice. No light Is
thrown on the actual status of the nego
tiations and the character of the com
munications passing between the Russian
and Japanese governments and Washing
ton. The mattor Is exceedingly delicate,
but the outlook for success nevertheless
from all Information obtainable Is not
unpromising if Japan Is ready to sheathe
the sword until the Washington meeting
develops whether a basis for peace Is
possible. Russia's consent seems assured.
In diplomatic circles It is felt that
Great Britain could render service by
tlmely advice to her ally, but so far as
known she Is not supporting President
Roosevelt's efforts. Should the Presi
dent be able to arrange successfully the
preliminaries, it appears certain that
actual negotiations for an armistice will
be concluded directly between Field Mar
shal Oyama and General Llnlcvltch on
the battlefield In Manchuria.
FIGHTING IN NORTHER COREA
Japuncse Claim Successes in Skir
mishes AVith Cavalry.
TOKIO. July 4. The following official
dispatch has been received from the Jap
anese army headquarters in Corea:
"At dawn on July 2. a detachment of
Russian cavalry. 400 strong, and accom
panied by artillery, approached Noromok.
on the Puryorg road, six miles north of
lusyong. Our force engaged and re
pulsed them, driving them northward
and Inflicting a heavy loss.
"In tho meantime our detachment made
a detour far to the northward for the
purpose of cutting off their retreat, and
engaged a body of Russian infantry at
Koon, four miles north of Yusyong, and
also struck at and scattered the enemy's
cavalry retreating from Nc-romok."
RUSSIANS STORM 3 HEIGHTS.
Llnlcvltch Tells of Local Success
ST. PETERSBURG. July 4.-General
Llnlevitch, telegraphing to the Emperor
under date" if July 3. reports the annl
hllatlon of a Japanese battalion. He
"On July 1 our force assumed the of
fensive against the enemy occupying a
position near the village of Sauvaltz. 15
miles south of Llao Choupeu. At' 7 In
the evening, after the artillery had pre
pared tne way. the enemy a fortified po
sitions were stormed, and wo pursued
him for three miles. One Japanese infan
try battalion was destroyed."
Terms- of Japanese Loan.
BERLIN, July 4. The Tageblatt prints
a dispatch front London giving the sub
stance of an interview which the corre
spondent of that paper had with the Jap
anese financial agent. M. Takahashi, on
the subject of the new Japanese loan of
$120,000,000. Mr. Takahashi said it prob
ably will be issued at the end of this or
the beginning of next week at 4 per cent.
The price will be SS or SO.
Admiral Docs Not Know "Worst.
LONDON. July 4. The Toklo corre
spondent of the Dally Telegraph say3
that owing to his mental distress Vicc
Admlral RoJestvensky has not yet been
Informed of the annihilation of his fleet.
He Is still under the impression that a
Fubstantial part of the fleet reached Vla
divostok. FAIRBANKS MAKES ORATION
Proclaims Freedom's Dny at Centen
nial of Champaign County, O.
URDANA. O.. July 4. The three
days' centennial celebration of the
founding- of Champaign County as an
organized county of Ohio, began hero
today, an address by Jrlco-PresIdent
Fairbanks, who was born Just across
the line In Union County, being the
feature of the day. Mr. Fairbanks
This Is essentially freedom's day. Th peo
ple do well to lay aside their customary du
ties and celebrate It. It Ut the day above all
others, when we should reverently and grate
fully recall the sacrifices and recount the story
of tluwe who fought so wondrously In free
dom's holy name In times which are past.
The Centennial fathers set a hlsth standard
of devotion and duty to country. The story
of their heroic endeavor is ever Inspiring.
Their sons, actuated by their example. hae
extended the zone of human liberty.
The principles enunciated so felicitously In
the Declaration of Independence have been
tho people's unfailing jculde. and they have
Riven freedom to millions Jn their own land
and millions more, in the distant seas. Free
dom has never corae an a free-will ofTerlnjr.
It has been purchased by the blood of those
who no loved it that they were willing to die.
If need be, that others might enjoy it. Yes,
we have so loved It that we have not only
drawn the sword to win It ourselves", but have
assembled our fleets and marshaled our armlet
to-gH-e it to aliens who were opprw-ed.
We have much reason to be Krateful. for
while there are wars and rumors of wars
about the earth, while other peoples are In the
thtws of unrest and revolution, our people
are walking the ways of- peace, prepared for
war. but praying that It may never nsaln dis
turb our national tranquility. A wise and
Juet course in our relations with other pow
ers will largely Insure us against any inter
We may Justly take 'pride in the fact that
President Roosevelt has pointed the way to
the re-establlshment of pence in the Orient.
We find that the debate upon the battlefield
and. upon the sea must, in the final analysis,
be concluded in the deliberative chamber.
Would it not seem that It were powlble for
men to come to reason upon great international
imies . before the infraction of international
peace? Slay the powers of the world not
take a lesson from what has occurred and Is
occurring, and establish some method by
which they may settle their differences in a
manner consUttent with their honor, without
first Invoking the sword, without sheddln?
each other's blood and bankrupting each oth
Celebration on Canal Zone.
PANAMA. July 4. From Colon to Pan
ama, enthusiastic crowds celebrated the
Fourth. AH stores and offices were
closed. At Colon and Corozel. addresses
were delivered by Governor Magoon arid
Judge Gudger, respectively. .
Professor Jacques Ecllsee.
BRUSSELS, July4. Professor Jacques
Ecllsee. the famous geographer, died here
616 CROWD IS
No Delay at Entrances to the
. Exposition Is the
PERFECT JULY DAY AT FAIR
Street-Cars Are Filled "With Passen
gers Golnpr to the Grounds, but
Xone Has to Walt "When
Gates Are Reached.
As was generally predicted, the at
tendance at ths Exposition yesterday
broke all records. 53.70S persons belnp
admitted to the grounds. The at
tendance on opening; day was 30,377. a
difference of 14.131. At 6 o'clock last
night the attendance was 44.672. The
Exposition officials confidently ex
pected that the record of opening day
would be broken, but the largo in
crease came as a total surprise to
From early morning until late at night
a steady stream of humanity poured
through the gates at the Lewis and Clark
Exposition yesterday without the slight
est interruption or Inconvenience. The
total absence of congestion at the .gates
was particularly noticeable. The Immense
crowds were handled without the least
difficulty, no one being obliged to remain
outside the grounds more than a few
minutes. Exactly as predicted by the weather
forecaster, the sun of yesterday shone
down upon the Exposition from a clear,
cloudless sky. The atmosphere was also
clear, and the snow-capped mountains
stood out bold and distinct 'against the
blue horizon In all their beauty and mag
nificence. Tho day and night were per
fect. Nature having neglected nothing
that would have added to the charm of
the celebration of the Fourth of July at
the Exposition. Even in the middle of
the day the heat was not Intense or dis
agreeable. The night air was cool and
invigorating, but was not chilly.
Yesterday morning before the gates
were thrown open, people began to gather
at the entrances to the Exposition In
eager anticipation to be among the flirst
to start the celebration. At S o'clock
the ticket windows were thrown open'and
the stiles began to click a3 one by one
the visitors passed through the different
gates. AVIthln a few minutes the small
crowds that had congregated at the gates
bad disappeared, but the click of the
stiles did not stop for -an Instant, for
additional visitors were steadily arriv
ing. By 9 o'clock the crowds began to ar
rive in earnest, the streets that terminate
at the Exposition gates being filled with
hurrying masses of people who were
anxious to gain an early admittance to
the grounds to avoid the crush that
they presumed would ensue. The hun
dreds of street-cars leading to the Ex
position were crowded to their utmost
capacity. Arriving at the entrances,
rapidly the cargoes of human freight
were unloaded and the cars would has
ten to the city to return with more.
Crowd Easily Handled.
But as rapidly as the visitors arrived,
and they came by the thousands, they
were admitted to the grounds without
trouble. Again and again a large crowd
would start to accummulate outside the
gates, but the men at the ticket win
dows would work with such rapidity
that it would dwindle away. The only
suggestion of congestion was at the
ticket windows where at times there
were a dozen or so people In line. How
ever, they were attended too so quickly
that It can be safely stated that no per
sons were obliged to stand outside the
grounds more than two or three minutes
owing to the inability of the attendants
at the ticket windows and the gates to
handle the crowd.
On the opening day of the Exposition
there were fully 10,000 in front of the
main entrance. Immediately after the
parade. Very few people entered the Ex
position until after the parade and then
there wa3 a rush for tho gates. Then
It did not take more than an hour to
take care of the thousands of people who
had arrived outside the grounds In a
body. Yesterday the people came grad
ually, exactly opposite to the conditions,
of opening day.
While the street-cars leading to the
grounds were crowded, there was no
crush and people were not delayed Ir
being transported to the grounds. The
cars stopped at the Intersection of the
streets In front of the main entrance,
where heretofore they allowed the pas
sengers to alight immediately In front of
the first ticket office. This change pre
vented there being a congestion at ths
one ticket office. This action was taken
by General Manager F. I. Fuller after
rt consultation with the Exposition man
agement. While the grounds and buildings were
comfortably fdlcd yesterday, there was
room left for many thousands of people.
With the exception of the Oregon build
ing, all the buildings were open to the
public. Being a public holiday the mem
bers of the State Commission thought
it advisable to close the Oregon build
ing. The Trail was the scene of seeth-
lng activity yesterday, all of the showp
and concessions doing a tremendous
business, far greater than that of the
Gratified at Result.
The successful handling of the Im
mense crowds of yesterday Is a great
source of gratification on the part of
the Exposition officials. While they" felt
reasonably certain that the large at
tendance of the Fourth would not be
accompanied by any unpleasant feat
ures or occurrences, their elation knew
no bounds when they saw the throngs
of people melt away before the stiles
without the crush that has been In evi
dence at other expositions. F. B. Davi
son, Chief of Admissions, was particular
ly pleased over the large attendance.
"The Lewis and Clark Exposition has
established a precedent that Is really
marvelous." said Mr. Davison last night.
"At Omaha on the Fourth of July, the
total attendance was only 44.000. Omaha
Is In the center ofa thickly populated
section and the city alone has a popula-
(Concluded on Page 11.)