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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (June 23, 1905)
THE MORNING OHEGOXIAX, EEEDAX, JCXE 23, 1905.
Catered at the Fostofflce at Portland. Or.,
as second-class matter.
INVjCKIABLT in advance.
Bjr Mall or Express.)
CHlr and Sunday, per yesx 8'?
DsJlr and Sunday, six months. ........ 5.00
Sally and Sunday, three months....... 2.55
Sally and Sunday, per month.......... -85
Sally without Sunday, per year......... 7.50
Sally without Sunday, six months..... S.00
Sally without Sunday, three months... 1.85
Sally without Sunday, per month .63
Eunday. per year..... 2.00
Eunday, six months.................... 1.00
Sunday, three months.... .CO
Sally without Sunday, per week.. ...... .13
Sally, per week. Sunday included .20
THE TVEEKLT OREGONIAM.
lssued Every Thursday.)
.'Weekly, per year...................... 1.50
ftVeakly. six months .75
."Weekly, three months 50
HOW TO BEMIX Send postorflce money
order, express order or personal check on
your local bank. Stamps, coin or currency
are at the sender's risk.
EASTJKHN BUfalXESS OFFICE.
The S. C. Beclcwlth Special Agency New
Xork; rooms 43-30 Tribune bulletng. Chi'
cs.ro, rooms 510-512 Tribune building.
SEPT OS SALE.
Chicago Auditorium Annex, Postolflce
Mews Co.. ITS Dearborn street.
Dallas, Tex-Globe Ncwi Depot, 200 Main
San Antonio, Tex. Louis Book and Clear
Co., 521 East Houston street.
Denver Julius Black, Hamilton & Kend
rtck, 508-012 Seventeentn street; Harry O.
Ott. 1563 Broadway; Pratt Book Store, 1214
Colorado Springs, Colo. Howard Ji. BelL
Det Molae, la Moses Jacobs, SOD Fifth
Ouluth, Ixu G. Blackburn. 213 West Su
Goldfleid, T. C Mai one.
Kaasas City, Mo Rlckseclcer Clear Co
Ninth and TValnut.
Log Angeles Harry Srapkln; B. E. Amos.
CM West Seventh street.
Minneapolis M. J. Kavanaugh. Bp South
Third; L. Regelsburger, 217 First avenue
Cleveland, O. James Pushaw. SOT Superior
New York City L. Jones & Co., Astor
Oakland, Cal. TV. H. Johnston. Four
teenth and Franklin streets.
Ogden F. 71. Godard and Meyers & Har
top. D. L. Boyle.
Omaha Borkalow Bros.. 1612 Farnam;
Mageath Stationery Co.. 1308 Farnam; 11c
Laoghlln Bros.. 248 South 14th: McLaughlin
Holtx. 1515 Farnam.
Sacramento, Cal. Sacramento News Co..
420 K street.
Salt Lake Salt Lake News Co.. 77 "West
Second street South; Frank Hutchison.
Tellowstone Park, Wyo. Canyon Hotel.
Lake Hotel. Tellowstone Park Assn.
Lone Beach B. E. Amos.
San Francisco J. K. Cooper & Co., 76
Market street; Goldsmith Bros.. 230 Sutter:
L. E. Lee. Palace Hotel News Stand; F. "W.
Plttt, 1008 Market: Frank Scott. 0 Ellis; N.
Wbeatley Movable News Stand, corner Mar
ket and Kearney streets; Hotel St. Francis
News Stand: Foster & Orear. Ferry News
BU Louis. Mo. E. T. Jett Book & News
Company. 806 Olive street.
Washington, D. C. P. D. Morrison. 2132
PORTLAND, FRIDAY, JUNE 23, 1905.
A LEADING SUBJECT.
Taxation of franchises is not longer
to be overlooked in Oregon. Sale of a
single street car line franchise in Port
land, for six millions of dollars, has
brought to the front here a subject
which though not new in other states
Is new to us.
Oregon cannot longer ignore the pol
icy of taxation of corporate franchises.
They are the most valuable of property.
It is the franchise, granted by the state,
that gives the value which has been
sold recently in Portland for so great
a sum. The stock has been sold for this
money not the bonds, upon which the
lines have been built. The market
value of the stock, linked with or based
on the franchise, is clear profit. It has
cost these people nothing. It is a great
property, and must pay tax on the val
uation. The greatest properties today in Port
land are these corporate franchises. In
this little city these properties, which
have cost the exploiters nothing at all
but the trouble of making charters and
working Legislatures, and Interchange
of traffic with Common Councils and
other city officials, are celling for mil
lions upon millions. Greatest of get-rich-quick
schemes ever pushed in Ore
gon are these.
The Assessor takes notice of this spe
cies of property and of its value. He
calls on the District Attorney for an
opinion, and that official holds that
these corporate franchises are proper
ties, and should be taxed. After the re
cent sale he could come to no other con
clusion. Oregon has suddenly awakened to the
fact, that these corporate privileges
have enormous value. Bonds have built
the visible property, and the whole
market value of the stock is based on
the franchise, which itself is a monop
oly. Its value, moreover, has been
wholly created by the community, and
a few individuals have usurped It.
We may require, and probably must
have, specific statutes, to bring this
species of property in Oregon under
proper taxation. "We must have a law
by which these monopolistic franchises
shall be declared property for the pur
poses of taxation; and probably the
best way to get It would be by direct
Initiative petition. It could not be
beaten before the people, but might be
in the Legislature. For they who hold
these privileges our "first families"
and "best citizens" will have their
hired agents and paid lobbyists in the
halls of legislation, to steal bills, work
committees, play with normal schools
and other local grafts, to defeat Just
taxation. The state of this subject Is a
forecast of strenuous times in the pol
itics and legislation of Oregon.
WHAT IS A FRANCHISE?
If The Qregonlan possessed a fran
chise it would be very right that such
franchise should be assessed for taxa
tion at its value. But The Oregonian
has no franchise. Its owners have no
"When an effort was made two or
three years ago in the Legislature to
treat the Associated Press as a fran
chise monopoly. The Oregonian ex
plained at length and in detail the na
ture and character of the Associated
Press, showed that it .had no public
rights, no rights derived from the pub
lic, was not a stock organization, made
no profits, had no revenues, paid no
dividends, but simply was a club com
posed of newspapers which exchanged
news with each other, and that each
member of the club or group of mem
bers hired the telegraph companies to
carry their news. Seeing, from this pre
sentation, that there was not an ele
ment of franchise, or monopoly in it, the
Legislature of Oregon refused to treat
the Associated Press as a common car
rier, to regard it as a franchise or prop
erty, or to require it to deliver Its news
to others than its own members.
What does the word franchise mean
used in this sense of a property sub
ject to taxation? It is defined as "a
privilege arising from the grant of &
sovereign or government, or from pre
scription -which presupposes a grant a
privilege of a public nature conferred on
Individuals by grant from government."
The Associated Press has nothing
whatever from government or from the
public It is simply an association of
persons engaged in the publication of
newspapers, who assist each other by
collection and exchange of news. The
field in which they operate Is open to
all who choose to enter it The Associ
ated Press therefore is not a franchise
concern. It has nothing whatever from
the public or from government, and
can't be compared in the remotest way
with street-car lines, with gas or tele
phone companies. There is not an" ele
ment of privilege in it, and it has noth
ing that is subject to taxation no prop
erty, privilege or franchise, no ease
ment either of public or private nature,
no stock, no money nothing but the
activity of its members engaged in col
lection and exchange of news with each
Hence there is nothing in equity or in
Justice or in the laws of the land re
quiring it to share the Joint product of
the activity and enterprise of its mem
bers with any person or persons not of
the association, nor ever will be.
Equally certain it is that there is noth
ing in the nature of franchise about it.
REPORTING THE MITCHELL TRIAL.
The purpose of The Oregonian in
printing from day to day a. complete
stenographic report of the Mitchell
trial is to place all proceedings and all
the facts in possession of the public
The trial is in Itself an event of great
moment. Thaseries of occurrences lead
ing up to the present climax has attract
ed Immense attention not only In Ore
gon, but throughout the United States.
There has been great diversity of opin
ion as to the merits of the case against
Senator Mitchell, and many persons
have believed that he has been made
an object of persecution by agents of
the United States Government. These
persons, by reading In The Oregonian a
faithful transcript of the testimony,
and all of It. will be able to determine
finally and forever whether their belief
has been well founded. They will learn,
too. whether the activity of President
Roosevelt and his representatives in
probing to the bottom the alleged land
frauds and attempting to bring to Jus
tice the alleged swindlers and conspira
tors has been justified, or whether It
has had for its basis a malicious desire
to degrade and punish an Important
member of the Oregon Congressional
The casual reader of The Oregonian
does not. perhaps, understand the enor
mous labor involved in this undertak
ing on its part. Take the issue of yes
terday, for example. The stenographic
report alone occupied nineteen columns
of closely-set matter (nonpareil), or
somewhat more than 26.000 words. The
account of the trial, with its descriptive
and pictorial features, made a total, in
cluding the stenographic report, of
twenty-four columns, or approximately
30,000 words. Besides this. The Orego
nian contained an unusual volume of
important telegraphic and local news,
making an aggregate of eighty-four col
umns, or somewhat more than 100,000
words. When it is recalled that the
President's latest message, which was an
exceptionally long document, took up
only about thirteen columns of space in
The Oregonian, making about 17,000
words, the gigantic task that this news
paper has before it may perhaps be
The mechanical achievement is not
the only one. To take down in short
hand the proceedings of the Mitchell
trial and to transcribe the reporters'
notes in time for the labor of editing
and for typographical composition by
The Oregonian is work of exceptional
magnitude. Speed, accuracy, intelli
gence. Indefatigable Industry and great
physical stamina are all necessary In
the reporter. These qualities Mr.
Sholes. who has undertaken the work,
possesses In an eminent degree. When
his labors in the courtroom are com
pleted, the task of dictating to" a corps
of typewriters begins. The rapidity
and excellence with which this labor
is performed are remarkable, for the
copy Is all delivered to The Oregonian
before midnight each day. Up to this
time, while the great mechanical facili
ties of The Oregonian have been se
verels tried, they have stood the test,
and the paper has gone to press on its
regular schedule. The expense of doing
these things is cheerfully borne by The
Oregonian in the confident expectation
that its enterprise will be recognized
and its desire to tell the whole truth
will be appreciated and vindicated.
DECEIVING THE BUND GODDESS.
That there has been a miscarriage of
Justice in the Santa Fe rebate case is
plain. The Atchison, Topeka &. Santa
Fe Railroad, of which-Paul Morton was
vice-president for a period of nearly
two years, directly violated the provis
ions of the Elkins law by returning to
the Colorado Fuel & Iron Company a
heavy rebate on all of the coal shipped
by the company over the Santa Fe lines.
This rebate was so liberal that all op
position in the territory reached by the
Colorado company over the lines of the
Santa Fe was eliminated. So complete
was the extinction of aH semblance to
competition with the Colorado company
that Secretary Morton is not stretching
the truth when he says that It was the
only shipper in the field, and conse
quently there could be no discrimina
Secretary Morton denies that he was
a stockholder In the fuel company at
the time It was enjoying these special
rates which no other company could
eecure. but when the Colorado Fuel &
Iron Company was enjoying its great
est prosperity, about three years ago, it
was noticeable that what Is known in
Wall street as the "Santa Fe crowd"
were among the big winners by the up
turn In the market. If the matter were
probed to the bottom, it is not Improb
able that It would be found that there
were some officials in the railroad com
pany who were stockholders in the fuel
company. This phase of the matter,
however, is not directly connected with
the point at issue. It was proven be
yond the shadow of a doubt that the
Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railroad
was guilty of flagrant violation of the
Elkins law. Blame for that violation
rests with some one In authority In the
company. Mr. Morton states that It
became necessary to protect a traffic
that was worth 51,000.000 per year to the
No cheap olerk established thai sched
ule, which gave to the fuel company
such an enormous advantage over its
competitors. It surely had the sanction
of some one higher In authority than
the office boy. This fact was deter
mined by the counsel originally em
ployed by the Government to probe the
matter, and their sentiments in regard
to the attempted shifting of the blame
are very keenly put In the following
The evils with which w are now con
fronted are corporate Is name, hut individual
In tact. Guilt Is always personal. So long
as oCctals can hide behind their corpora
tion, so remedy can be effective. "When the
Government searches est the guilty men and
makes corporate wTosyr-deteg mean personal
punishment and dUhaner. the laws win be
If this rule of granting immunity
from punishment to the officials of the
offending railroad companies is fol
lowed in all cases, there will be no pun
ishment for any violations of the Elkins
law. The excuses offered by Secretary
Morton are too thin and transparent to
bear the strong light of publicity, and
from appearances the President has
permitted his zeal in behalf of a per
sonal friend and member of his official
family to overstep his usually excellent
Judgment in such matters. This Santa
Fe case will not speedily pass out of
public notice, and, like Banquo's ghost,
it will reappear to bother some of the
friends of the accused men. Mr. Mor
ton's vindication Is on a par with that
offered by the verdict "Not guilty, but
don't do it again."
DEATH ON A FAST TRAIN.
The terrible disaster which snuffed
out more than a score of lives on the
Twentieth Century Limited will, for a
time, cause the more timid travelers to
take passage on slower trains. If it Is
proven, as charged, however, that the
accident was due to an open switch, it
is not clear that much, if any, of the
blame for the disaster can be charged
up against the high speed of the train.
It is noticeable that the loss of life in
this latest disaster was smaller than
that in a collision on the Western Mary
land Railroad a week ago. when the
train was moving at only less than half
the speed which the Lake Shore's crak
train was showing when she hurled so
many of her passengers into eternity.
It is fully as painful to be killed on a
slow train as on a fast one. but the
horror of the disaster to the Twentieth
Century Limited Is Intensified by con
templation of the tremendous speed at
which the train was flying. In mention
of the Pennsylvania Railroad's fast
train in these columns about a week
ago. it was stated that "the timid trav
eler will experience an involuntary
shudder in mentally contemplating the
effect should a broken rail, misplaced
switch or other cause send this flying
mass of hundreds of tons of steel and
wood into the ditch with Its human
freight." The possibility of such a
scene became an actuality much sooner
than was expected, but the only new
feature in the wreck was the high speed
of the train.
There were the same burning cars
with their pinioned victims dying in
awful agony, the crunch and grinding
of wood and steel welding into a mass
of wreckage, the splintering of glass,
the engineer lying dead under his en
gine, even the same old misplaced
switch that in the past has cost so
many lives was alleged to be here in
evidence. All these scenes and features
have appeared in other tralnwrecks on
slower trains, and they win appear
again in the future on slow as well as
If. as the railroad company claims,
the switch was turned purposely, no
punishment on earth Is too great for
the criminal guilty of the deed, and If
it was the result of carelessness on the
part of an employe, there also should
the punishment fit the crime, in order
that an example may be afforded to
promote vigilance on the part of other
LIFE' INSURANCE SOCIETIES.
By common consent it is admitted
that the new chairman of the Equitable
has gone to work In the right way by
setting the best experts obtainable to
work to ascertain facts as to the ac
tual amount and value of the assets, the
liabilities, and as to recent manage
ment, and its influence on each and all
of the foregoing items. Light first, ac
tion next. Enough Is known already to
set the policy-holders' minds at rest on
the main point, the essential stablllty
and solvency of the Institution.
Whether past management has served
to diminish the surplus to any material
extent we shall hear In due time It
may turn out after all that the eminent
gentlemen who handled the funds in
manner peculiar to "high finance" and
shared their profits with the office
which provided the money basis for In
vestment or speculation have, in the
ultimate summing up, added to the
total assets. It is a traditional patent
among that class to gain money by
trading, and if any one in the United
States -had mastered that art. It was
the very men who pulled the strings of
the transactions of which so much has
been heard. Whether such business
was legitimate, even decent, for direct
ors of an insurance office, handling the
aggregate savings of the thrifty and
provident multitude, is a far different
question. The glamor of successful
money-making has an undeniably
blinding effect on both the public and
on those Immediately interested. Meth
ods and customs are thus obscured. In
the end, howeverM the yet stronger
searchlight of Instructed public opinion
dominates the situation, and many
doubtful things are made exceedingly
plain. To this end the Equitable scan
dals have contributed.
It is not too much to predict that the
day of syndicates and secret agreements
among life office directors, at any rate
to make personal profits from handling
the office funds, is about past. Ex
Presldent Cleveland is not the first or
the only one to proclaim that the office
of director, president or manager of
such corporations is about synonymous
ylth trustee, and that the handling of
trust funds for private gain is not only
wrong, but very hazardous, with the
door of the penitentiary in sight.
"They (or we) all do it." has been the
only possible excuse up to date. And
what a poor one!
How is it to be generally known, from
this time on. that insurance offices gen
erally are on firm and clean ground?
Various states have answered the ques
tion by creating Insurance commission
ers, charged with the power and duty
of investigation and publication. All
states might do so. If powers are. not
wide enough, they can be extended, for
this is a matter In which the states of
this Union have undeniable and com
plete control. Every corporation has a
birthplace and home. Every one knows
that a corporation is an artificial per
son, created through compliance with
the laws and regulations of the state
of Its origin which can supervise its
creation, control its working, lay down
rules for Its management, tax its prof
its, fix the conditions of its life, death
and burlaL It is difficult, therefore, to
acquiesce ln-JPresIdent Roosevelt's sug
gestions for National "effective super
vision" over "great Insurance corpora
tions which do an Interstate business."
The comparative word "great" should
not govern a question of this kind. The
report o Superintendent Hendricks, of
the State Insurance Departmcnt-of New
York, published on the same day as the
President's letter to Mr. Morton, Is
good evide'nee that a state officer can
deal most effectively with an office like
the Equitable, and there are none
greater. The other ground for the Pres
ident's suggestion seems1 to be the term
"interstate" as applied to life insur
ance business.- This is also a new de
parture. National control over inter
state commerce Is reserved in the Con
stitution. For reasons of convenience,
more, perhaps, than on logical grounds,
this reservation has been and is being
widely extended. In this all acquiesce.
But reasoning by which the ordinary
and .legitimate business of the Equita
ble, for example, is called "interstate"
is hard to follow. The office has its
home and habitation and citizenship In
the State of New York, where, Its busi
ness both originates and centers. That
the State of New York through Its com
missioner can supervise, through Its
courts can control and restrain, through
Its laws can govern, i3 being demon
strated now. New York has no wider
powers than any state In this Union.
Let the states 'do their work first. If
they fail so to do. and their failure is
essential, not accidental, it will be time
to consider how far "behind the state
stands the Nation."
Parm aloe's 'bus line has carried mil
lions of people across the City of Chi
cago, where for years the owner of the
line had practically a monopoly of the
business of the. railroads and hotels.
Having this monopoly, Parmalee natur
ally at times charged a dollar for a 50
oent ride, and by Industry and frugality
accumulated a fortune of 5400.000. But
few of the men who paid Parmalee a
dollar for the 50-cent rides will now
regret it when they read of the dispo
sition of the fortune left by the 'bus
magnate. AH of the money Is left In a
trust fund, and the net income is to be
devoted to the purchase of food and
fuel for poor and needy families. Here
is an example which other rich men of
Chicago could follow without jeopardiz
ing the opinion in which they are held
by the public
The degree of LL. D. was conferred
by direction of the board of trustees of
Pacific University last Wednesday upon
Mayor George H. Williams, of this city,
and Governor George E. Chamberlain.
The honor is prized by the recipients as
coming wholly without their knowledge
of its intent, and further because of
the fact that this old and honored uni
versity Is not prodigal of favors in this
line. Governor Chamberlain was pres
ent and made happy and appreciative
response to the honor conferred. Mayor
Williams, serenely unconscious of the
honor that the day held for him, was
at the time presiding over a prosaic
meeting of the Common Council. Many
regrets were expressed at his absence
upon an occasion that brought him a
title at once dererved and unsought.
An old-fashioned picnic was held a
few days ago In a grove on the banks
of the Rlckreall. In Polk County, near
the old home of Senator Nesmlth. Of
course every one had an enjoyable
time. The old-time picnics "that our
infancy knew" have never been sur
passed as a means of wholesome,
healthful enjoyment for body and souL
Old and young find refreshment and ln
vlgoration In a. day of relaxation In the
shady coolness of a Willamette Valley
grove, where the purity of the water
dispels all thought of other drink and
the bountiful spread of home-made'eat-ables
puts all bakeshops to shame.
Good- cheer without limit prevails on
such occasions: new friendships are
formed and old ones renewed.
An automobile stage is running be
tween Salem and Independence, making
the run of twelve miles in an hour and
fifteen minutes. Two round trips a day
is the service given. A smooth-surfaced
road with curves reduced would
make great increase in speed possible,
and would reduce the amount of power
needed as well as the wear and tear
sustained. Perhaps the experiment be
tween Salem and Independence will
show that interurban auto lines are
practicable and that Interurban electric
railway lines cannot successfully com
pete therewith. The trial of the horse
less stage will be watched with inter
est. The sugar trust lopped off 10 cents
per hundred on the price of sugar yes
terday. The decline, coming at. a time
when there is an unusual demand for'
the great staple for preserving pur
poses, would have been somewhat mys
tifying had people failed to remember
that the trust Is beginning to feel the
alleged necessity for crushing out the
competition of an independent company
j which is widening its swath in the Pa-
cific Coast field. A decline in the price
as an evidence of generosity on the
part of the skillful manipulators who
control such a large share of the world's
supply of "those Important commodities.
Dilapidated flags, whether on school
houses, public buildings, stores or
dwellings should be replaced with new
bunting. This is a season when Port
land should not show neglect. And
speaking of flags, the one that sur
mounts the 200-foot staff Is too smalL
If the dove of peaec should land in
Washington, which all of us hope, there
will be little danger of injury from the
American Eagle. ' He is big and strong
and willing to fight, but he never will
start a row with a peaceful one of his
The Washington Post says Chicago is
a very decent place between strikes.
Whenever a newspaper of high charac
ter like our Washington contemporary
makes an assertion of this sort, it
should simultaneously produce the
The undented statement that G rover
Cleveland has bought an automobile,
taken In connection with his trusteeship
of the Equitable, may be taken as good
evidence that he has- retired from poli
tics. At this .distance it looks as if Messrs.
Hyde and Alexander when they went
into their holes pulled the holes In after
This is the season when the school
house janitor feels the Joy of freedom;
also the pupil and the teacher.
A Ballad or Batter. ;
Mary had a little goat:
It followed her to school;
UtUe Mary didn't know't '
Was dead against the rule.
All the children laughed and played
To see the capers cut
By a goat that stayed and stayed
Of childish pranks the butt.'
When that little goat had been
In school an hour, about.
After having butted In.
Why, then it butted out.
The public is informed through the col
umns of an enterprising horticultural jour
nal that the raised bottom in the straw
berry box "is a decided advantage in pro
tecting the top layer of berries in the box
.beneath." and does not exist merely for
the purpose of enabling the dealer to palm
oft a short box on the buyer. This is a
sufficient explanation so far as tho straw
berry box is concerned, but it does not
elucidate the raised bottom In the soda
One of the unfathomable mysteries of
commerce lies in the fact that when a
10-cent cigar becomes "the. beat seller In
the world" its quality declines to the
Miss Adelaide Clifford, an actress In De
Wolf Hopper's "Wang" company, has won
a verdict of $200) for damages received
while she was walking the ties on the
Denver & Rio Gran do Railroad. The evi
dence showed that Miss Clifford was not
counting ties in the time-honored manner
of the peripatetic Thespian hitting the tie.
trail for home after a barnstorming Wat
erloo, but merely walked along the track
to reach a station after the trainmen In
formed her that the train was not going
farther. Nevertheless, the verdict should
send a thrill of hopeful anticipation
through the surging breast of the lean
and hungry "Cassius, the melancholy Ham
let and the jolly Second Gravc-DIgger,
who heretofore have faced the future with
foreboding and have entertained gravo
doubts as to whether their soles could
stand the strain.
Chambermaids and bellboys at Portland
hotels are hereby informed that If they
will keep their eyes wide open next week
they may learn something greatly to their,
advantage. The members of the National
Editorial Association are coming. Mr.
Wlliam A. Ashbrook. corresponding sec
retary of that select coterie of multl-miU
lionairea, left 5S00O in paper money in his
apartments at a St. Louis hotel last week
when he departed to Join his editorial
brethren- Through the carelessness of the
chambermaid. Mr. William Miller, a
brother editor, was permitted to find tho
5X00. which he restored to Mr. Ashbrook.
but In his zeal to restore the money he
left J1S.C00 in his topcoat pocket, lyingvon
a seat in the first section of the train,
which he missed. There are several hun
dred of these opulent editors, and their
money will be good here In Oregon, even
if It is made of such flimsy material that
they can carry 51S.CC0 of it In one pocket
and forget that they have It.
"All's Well That Ends Well."
He was a Harvard Junior, and he knew
, his Latin and Greek.
And she was a little simpleton who lived
down there by the creek;
And ho was handsome and winning, and,
though learned, not overwise.
And she had hair of billowed gold and
heaven's blue for eyes.
He was spending his last vacation, and hi
stayed up there at the house.
And he eeemed to like the girl from the
first, though she was shy as a mouse:
But the pair went fishing together (she
lived, you know, by the creek)
And men are sometimes 'wlfehing, and
women are sometimes weak!
And so it happened that never a college
Through such delightful byways, nor sped
the days so fast;
And when September came again and he
had to say "Good-bye,"
Th,ere was a tear on a maiden's cheek
that would grace an angel's eye.
Til come, my sylvan sorceress," he said,
as bo pressed her hand.
With other hlfalutin' words that she
And I felt as I saw that parting that Fate
once more had frowned
And in the colls of a treacherous love a
trusting heart bad wound.
She waited all through the Autumn and
all through the Winter's storm.
And all through the April showers and
the Maydays mild and warm;
But still her lover was absent. "He com-
eth not." she said;
"Alas! I am aweary, aweary! I would
that I were dead!"
You see, he had taught her Tennyson,
and also Pope and Poe.
And many another thing of note that a
a scholar's wife should know;
But still sho was sweet and simple, .and
still she was trusting and true.
And still she believed that her Harvard
man would come again to woo.
And be came at last on the rarest day
that ever was born to June.
With a bachelorhood diploma and a Bos
ton soo-veneer spoon
Cama back again to the neighborhood
he'd lived in all his life.
And settled down on his father's farm and
made the girl his wife!
The Income tax in Great Britain is
levied on J3,50d,300.000 af annual in
come, and produces 5155.000,000 of reve
nue for the government.
If Gibsen Bowles is right in saying
that only one-third of the National in
come pays the tax, the total of Incomes
of the United Kingdom must be 510.
500.000,000, a sum almostlnconcelvable.
Tnat Is only 5244 a year for each
person. If it wero equally divided. It
isn't. Less than 750,000 persons, have
more than half the total income.
From money lnvseted abroad alone
Great Britain's capitalists probably re
ceive 51.200,000,000 a year of income,
thought no one can tell exactly.
It Is probable that too total of pri
vate incomes, great and small, in tho
United States Is over 525,000.000.000,
though the sum cannot be so closely
estimated as In the island kingdom.
Refused Their Money.
New York Evening Sun.
Sam Hey. a saloonkeeper who had kept
a place In Bradford, England, and died
the other day, would give workmen only
one drink on payday till they had been
home. He used to say: "Ton must go
home and give your wife your wages.
You may then come back and hive an
other drink when you have washed your
self and brushed up." The English work
man does not clean up before leaving his
HOW ASSOCIATED PRESS WORKS FOR NEWS
AaiMactatat from Nctt YorU or Pope Lee's Death a Weria Beat" ef
First XaipUtade- LIsltalHs; Moves for Supremacy Pelata em
Melville E. Stone In July Centurr.
On tho afternoon of September 6, 1901.
worn out by a long period of exacting
labor, I set out for Philadelphia, with the
purpose of spending a few days at Atlan
tic City. When I reached the Broad
Street Station in the Quaker City. I was
startled by a number of policemen crying
my name. I stepped up to one. who
pointed to a boy with an urgent message
for me. President McKInley had been
shot at Buffalo, and my presence was re
quired at our Philadelphia office at once.
A message had been sent to me at Tren
ton, but my train had left the station
precisely two minutes ahead of its ar
rival. Handing my baggage to a notel
porter, I Jumped into a cab and dashed
away to our office. I remained there un
til dawn of the following morning.
The opening pages of the story of the
assassination wfre badly written, and I
ordered a substitute prepared. An in
experienced reporter stood beside Presi
dent McKlnley In the Music Hall at Buf
falo when CzoIgosJlred the fatal shot.
He seized a neighboring telephone and
notified our Buffalo correspondent, and
then pulled out the wires. In order to
render the telephone a wreck, so that It
was a full half hour before any addition
al details could be secured. I ordered
competent men and expert telegraph op
erators from Washington, Albany, New
York and Boston to hurry to Buffalo by
the fastest trains. All that night the Buf
falo office was pouring forth a hastily
written but faithful and complete account
of the tragedy, and by daybreak a relief
force was on the ground. Day by day,
through the long vigil while the Presi
dent's life bung in tho balance, each In
cident was truthfully and graphically re
ported. In the closing hours of the great
tragedy false reports of the President's
death were circulated for the purpose of
Influencing the stock market, and. to
counteract them. Secretary Cortelyou
wrote frequent "signed statements, giving
the facta to the Associated Press.
1 The illness and death of the late Pope
constituted another event which called
for news gathering ability of a high or
der. Preparations had been made long
in advance. Conferences were held with
the Italian officials and with the authori
ties at the Vatican, all looking to the
establishment of relations of such inti
macy as to jruarantee us the news. We
had treen notified by the Italian Minister
of Telegraphs tfiat. because of the strain
ed relations existing between his govern
ment and the papal court he should for
bid the transmission of any telegrams
announcing the Pope's death for two
hours after the fatal moment. In order
that Cardinal Rampolla might first no
tify the papal representatives in foreign
counties. This was done as a gracious
act of courtesy to the church.
To meet the emergency we arranged a
code message to be sent by all cable
lines, which should be addressed, not to
the Associated Press, but to the general
manager In person, and should read:
LONG NEWSPAPER SERVICE.
St. Louis Globe Democrat.
Seldom does anybody's connection with
any activity last halt a century, but
Henry R. Davis, in the various capa
cities from carrier up to business man
ager, has been part of the Providenco
Journal for that length of time, and
that paper has Issued a book telling of
it and giving a sketch of itself during
the past five decade. This is ,a remark
able recprd, and recalls the fact that
Senator Joseph R. Hawley. who died a
few weeks ago, was odltorially connect
ed with the Hartford Courant for forty
five years, except during his service in
the army in the War of the Rebellion.
Senator Anthony had a similar' relation
to the Providence Journal for nearly as
long a time. Ex-Senator Chandler, of
Now Hampshire, has a newspaper con
nection extending over several decades.
Instances of long newspaper service
can be found outside of New England
also. Horace Greeley was editor of tho
New York Tribune from its foundation
in 1S41 to his nomination for President
in 1572, or thirty-one years. This wa3
considered at the time a notably long
record, but it has been beaten in dura
tion by his successor. Whltclaw Reld
became editor in 1S72 and continued at
the head of the paper until his selection
as minister to England a few weeks ago,
a period of thirty-three years. He was
a member of the editorial staff of the
paper for four or five years before he
became its efiltor-ln-chlef. Henry Wal
terson has been editor of the Courier
Journal for much more than a generation.
The Portland Oregonian has had H. W.
Scott for its editor for forty years. For
forty years Crosby S. Noyes has been
editor of the Washington Star. For
over half a century, as boy and man,
Daniel M. Houser, the head of the Globe
Democrat, has been connected with this
paper and Its progenitors.
.The longest connection with a single
newspaper which we ever heard of was
that of William Durant, who, at the
time of his death, two years ago. as
treasurer of the Boston Transcript Com
pany, had been associated with that pa
per for seventy years; William E. Cra
mer, at. his death the other day, had
been editor of the Milwaukee Evening
Wisconsin since its establishment by him
in 1S17, or fifty-eight years, which almost
breaks all the records among heads of
dally newspapers. The only instance
beating- It which we recall at this mo
ment is that of Alfred E. Burr, who had
been editor of the Hartford Times for
almost sixty years. For two-thirds of a
century the Springfield (Mass.) Republic
an has been under the control of a Sam
uel Bowles, the present head being the
grandson of the founder. For seventy
years the New York Herald has been un
der the proprietorship and general direc
tion of a James Gordon Bennett, father
and son. the present Bennett being in
control thirty-three years.
In a little Massachusetts town lives a
man who for two causes enjoys death
less local fame. For one thing, he is
the only native of the place who has
been to Europe; and heK moreover, per
formed while there the ensuing feat,
which the neighbors still recount with
While In Rome the New Englander was
shown a certain shrine before which
burned a solitary taper.
"That taper," explained the guide In
machine-built English, "that taper he has
burned before this shrine 700 years. He a
miraculous taper. Never he has been ex
tinguish. For seven long century that
taper has miraculously burn before our
shrine and not once has he been what
you call "put out.' "
The Yankee viewed the miracle-candle
In silence for a full minute. Then, leaning
slowly forward, he extinguished the flame
with one mighty "puff."
Turning with a triumphant chuckle to
the scandalized and speechless guide, he
"Wa'al, it's aout now!"
Dogs and Snake Bites.
New York American.
Proof of the old assertion that dogs
know the remedy for every poison they
are heir to was furnished in part by
Joseph Gaughler's canine pet. near
Maple Grove, Lehigh County. The pet
in question was bitten pn the heel by
a deadly copperhead and thendisap
peared. Hours later the dog was found
half buried in the oozy soli of a swamp
a mile or so from home. He remained
In that position for about a day; when
he returned home .apparently none the
(.worse for- his deadly snake-bite.
"Number of missing bond, . (Signed)
Montefiore." Thl3 bore on its face no
reference to the death of the Pontiff,
and would be transmitted. The blank
was to be filled with the hour and mo
ment of the Pope's death, reversed. That
Isy if he died at 2:53 the message would
read: "Melstone. New York, Number of
missing bond. 32. (Signed) Montefiore."
The object of reversing the figures was.
of course, to prevent a guess that it was
a deception In order to convery the news.
If the hour had been properly written
they might have suspected the purport of
When finally the Pope died, although
his bed was completely surrounded by
burning candles, an attendant hurried
from the room into an ante-room and
called for a candle to pass before the
lips of the dying man. to determine
whether he still breathed. This was the
signal for another attache, who stepped
to the telephone and announced to our
correspondent, two miles away, that the
Pope was dead. Unfortunately the hour
of his death was four minutes past 4. so
that whichever way It was written,
whether directly or the reverse, It was
Nevertheless the figures were inserted
in the blank In the bulletin which had
been prepared, it was filed with the tele
graph company, and it came through to
New York in exactly nine minutes from
the moment of death. It was relayed
at Havre, and again at the terminal of
the French Cable Company In New York,
whence it came to our office on a short
wire. The receiving operator there shout
ed the news to the entire operating room
of the Associated Press, and every man
on every key on every circuit out of New
York flashed the" announcement that the
Pope had died at four minutes past 4:
so that the fact was known in San Fran
cisco within eleven minutes after its oc
currence. The Reuter, Havas and Wolff agents
located In our office in New York re
transmitted the announcement to Lon
don. Paris and Berlin, giving those cities
the first news of tho event. A comparison
of the report of the London Times with
that of any morning paper in the United
States on the day following the death of
the Pope would show that both as to
quantity and quality our report was
vastly superior. The London Tlmejs had
a column and a half; the New York
Times had a page of the graphic story
of the scea.es in and about the Vatican.
The New York Times story was ours.
This was so notable an event that it oc
casioned comment throughout the wor!4.
Seven hundred newspapers, represent
ing everj conceivable view of every pub
lic question, sit in judgment upon the
Associated Press dispatches. A repre
sentative of each of these papers has a
vote In the election of the management.
Every editor is jealously watching1 every
line of the report. It must be obvious
that any .serious departure from an hon
est and impartial service would arouse a
storm of Indignation which would over
whelm any administration.
Army and Navy Journal.
From the archives of tho Confederacy
on deposit in the War Department, the
Military Secretary. Major-General Ains
worth, has brought to light some inter
esting data concerning the commanders
of the Confederate forces in the field In
the fateful days of 1S61-63.
Deducting 11 names of officers who did
not qualify for one reason or another,
we have in this list 415 Generals, and the
records given show that of these 74 were
killed or mortally wounded in action, or
13 per cent-
Thls is a very striking showing when
we recall the almost entire immunity of
the Russian and Japanese armies fighting
in Manchuria from fatal casualties to
general officers. We recall but one who
has been reported killed in battle In the
Far East, and if there are others they
must bo very few; whereas the percent
age of casualties among the general of
ficers of the Confederacy are far In ex
cess of the percentage of casualties among
the rank and file of tho Russian and Jap
anese armies as given by General Bliss,
who has the best of facilities for learning
the facts. No less than 23 general officers
of the Confederacy were killed in battle
during the 11 months of campaigning and
the eight months of fighting commencing
with Grant's Battle of the Wilderness and
ending with Appomattox. Ten Brigadier
Generals of the Union Army were also
killed during this campaign, besides 13
Colonels commanding brigades, six ot
them at Cold Harbor alone. At Franklin
seven Confederate Generals were killed,
and during Sherman's campaign five, the
Union Army losing three. At Gettysburg
five Confederate and five Union Generals
were killed, ten in all. besides three
Union Colonels commanding brigades. At
Fredericksburg two Union and two Con
federate Generals were killed. In all. the
Union Army lost In killed or mortally
wounded E0 general officers, 23 brevet
Brigadier-Generals and 34 Colonels com
Taking the proportion as one killed to
4.52 wounded, this would indicate that 407
Confederate Generals were killed or '
wounded out of a total of 415. Probably,
however, the general officers were the se
lected victims of the sharpshooters, who
shot to kill. In one regiment of the Civil
War, subjected to the ordinary casualties
of battle, the First Minnesota at Gettys
burg. 23 per cent of those engaged wero
killed and S2 per cent were killed and
wounded. In 42 other regiments the per-
centage of killed in different battles was. ,
18 or more. The ratio of killed to wounded
in 56 battles of the Civil War was 1 to
4.S varying between 1 to 3 at Williams
burg and 1 to G.7 at Arkansas Post. Tha,
average among the regular troops was
1 to 4.52. The mortally wounded equaled
per cent of those killed outright. In
the German army during the war with
France the proportion was 61per cent.
Secretary John Hay, Poet.
The stanzas below, entitled "Humil
ity," are frm the pen of John Hay,
better known as diplomat, editor and
historian, than as a poet. The verses
were written for the World's Christian
Endeavor Convention at Washington a
few years ago, but have just found en
during place, being chosen now as one
of the hymns In the new "Hymns of
Worship and Service":
Lord! from far-severed climes -we come
I To Tneet at last In Thee, our Home.
inou wno nasi Deen onr truiae and. guard
Be still our hope, our rich reward.
Defend us. Lord, from every ill.
Strengthen ourhearta to do Thr will.
In all we plan and all we do
Still keep us to Thy service true.
O let us hear the Inspiring word
Which they of old at Horeb heard;
Breaths to our hearts the high command.
"Go onward and possess the land."
Thou who art Light, shine on each soul!
Thou who art Truth, each mind control!
Opes oar- eyes and make us see
The path which leads to heaven and Thesl
A Stage Farmer
Puck. Grinnand Barrett. Hamfatter
Just bought a farm.
E. Forest Fro3t. Does he know any- '
thing about farming?
Grinnand Barrett. Lord, yes! Why,
he played in "The Old Homestead" and
"Way Down East" for years.
SIHes Under the Spot Light.
General Miles' campaign for Governor
of Massachusetts will enable the Nation
to Judge the truth of the long-standing
charge that he is a politician.