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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (May 9, 1905)
THE MORNING OREGONIJLW, - TUESDAY, 3&AY S, -1105.
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TUESDAY. MAY 8. 1905.
FRUITS OF THE DIRECT PRIMARY.
It seems to be agreed all around that
the election last Saturday was neither
a fair nor a satisfactory test ot the di
rect primary. The vote was light,
scarcely more than a third of the quali
fied electors of Portland having, regis
tered. Public interest -was languid. Pos
sibly the voter did not feel that there
was any crucial issue to be determined.
Or possibly he did not enjoy so much
as he once thought he might the
novelty of taking over from the bosses
the party machinery into his own
hands. Or possibly he could see no
great difference between the candidates
themselves. Whatever the matter was,
at least two-thirds of the voters of the
city remained away from the primary.
and permitted the remaining fraction to
settle all questions.
The great merit of the late primary
seems to have been that everybody had
an equal show, knew It, took advantage
of It, and ran for office. There were
good candidates and bad. Some good
candidates were beaten, and some bad
candidates were, it may be feared,
successful. There was no power of
selection beforehand. no intelli
gent and discriminating." judgment
on the part of some unseen tri
bunal that this man could, and that
man could not, stand for a nomination.
The Republican ticket represents the
collective desire of 8000 sovereign vot
ers, instead of the individual decision of
some boss and his kitchen cabinet. It
Is hardly worth while to speculate 011
what the Democratic ticket represents,
inasmuch as anybody could get a Dem
ocratic nomination under the old sys
tem and anybody can do, and has done,
the same, under the new. The fault
is not with the method. It is with the
"We hear from various quarters that
the Republican machine did exert Its
Influence in the primary and that It
was more or less potent. But iro one
seems to blame the machine If there
was a machine or to feel that respon
sibility for results can be placed any
where but with the voters themselves.
It is not to be supposed that any or
ganization, accustomed to control the
destiny of parties and .the fortunes of
candidates, would supinely surrender
and permit without a protest even the
sovereign voter to place foot on its
neck. But there are machines and ma
chines, even in a direct primary. Thus
ie find that every candidate from
Mayor down to Councilman had a ma
chine of his own, some big, some little.
Some of these machines-pulled together,
some .pulled apart. No fault will be
found with any individual for promot
ing his own candidacy "by organization,
by advertisement, by systematic solici
tation for votes. Indeed, he must and
he should do It. The primary has prac
tically abolished "the party platform.
The public wants to know who the can
didate is. who his friends are. and what
Interests he represents, openly or se
cretly. How can all this be.learned un
less the candidates tell about both
themselves and one another?
The candidates last week spent
money, some of them freely, on them
selves, Instead of submitting to a cam
paign assessment from a party organi
zation and permitting It td be disbursed.
In ways more or less subterranean, in
places where It would do the most good.
The expenditure was entirely legiti
mate, or at least it was not corrupt.
So. indeed, may the use of money by a
party organization at a primary be
Justifiable and necessary. So far
as anybody on the outside knows, then,
no money was expended improperly- last
Saturday, either by candidates or by
any organization. If the direct primary
shall have worked that reform. It will
at least have improved the morale of
our politics; and that Is much.
The defects in the direct primary sys
tem were pointed out by a fine galaxy
of our hest political talent In The Ore
gonlan yesterday. The able publicists
who have for some years been lampoon
ing the boss and launching jeremiads
against the machine seemed to think
the law Is all O. K-; other disinterested
citizens were not so sure about it. A
few things were obvious to all. The
size of the vote was disappointing. The
"moral forces", were not aufftciently
alive. The secret ballot Is a good thing;
a fair count is another good thing.
Everybody had a -show. The "newspa
pers did not run things, as some had
feared. Organization may be as valua
ble Jn a primary as in a convention.
If any fault was to be found at all. It
was with the people,' and not with 'the
law, -which cannot be self-acting.
It th'ere were other advantages or de
fects In the law. they were not indi
cated by Its friends; Its enemies have
nothing to say. But we can Imagine
they, have as lively and intelligent an
interest in the law's operation as Its
supporters. The boss no doubt we shall
have always -with us. If there is a way
to control the action of the direct pri
mary, he will find it. That xnaycbe de
pended on. No real boss Is easily discouraged.
A local illustration of the iniquities of
misdirected unionism is afforded in the
case of the British steamship Ferndene,
now lying idle under heavy expense in
this city. The union grainhandlers who
are employed by the men that own the
cargo and the dock from which It Is
to be shipped, in accordance with the
wishes of their employers, attempted to
truck the cargo from the warehouse to
the "ship's tackle." This the union
longshoremen, who stow the cargo on
board the ship, will not permit, claiming
for themselves the work of trucking
across the warehouse, inspired wun
the belief that they can handle their
own business in a manner which best
suits themselves, the shippers reserve
the right to give the trucking In the
warehouse to whomsoever they see fit.
Exercise of this right Is resented by
the union longshoremen, and as a result
we are afforded the spectacle of union
labor fighting union labor, and the men
who pay the bills are powerless to help
The charter of the Ferndene contains
the usual "strike clause." and the ex
pense of the delay accordingly falls on
her owners. She Is a large vessel, and
the loss thus occasioned amounts to
about ?400 per day. For the Immediate
present this loss will fall .on the owners.
but In the long run It will fall on the
port of Portland. The owners of the
Ferndene have a large number of
steamers plying to various parts of the
world, and there is business enough of
fering to enable them to be in a meas
ure independent of a port where union
labor lighting union labor causes a
heavy daily loss to a disinterested party
many thousand miles away. Portland,
for these steamers, will in the future be
a port of last resort, and the city as a
whole will suffer on account of the
work of a handful of men whose Inter
est In the city Is slight Indeed in com
parison with that of the commercial
and financial interests which are being
injured by their high-handed claims to
the right to handle a shipper's business
in a manner satisfactory to the union
and not to the shipper.
It seems hardly probable that the bet
tcr element of the union longshoremen
will sancti6n this Interference with the
rights of shippers, for, if it is contin
ued, It will In time compel the shippers
to do what employers have done in
many cities In the East that is. Join
hands for self-protection, and make It
possible for ' any man who can do a
day's work for a day's pay to get work
without a union card. The business
Interests of this community aTe not
-averse to union labor. They have no
quarrel with the unions, and accept the
wage scale uncomplainingly; but when
union labor becomes so strong-headed
and unreasoning that it essays to dic
tate to the employer of labor Just -which
particular kind of a union card such la
bor shall wear, the situation becomes
exasperating and cannot last long.
Every obstruction that Is thrown in
the way of shipping at this port Is det
rlmental to our best Interests Jn all
lines of trade, and we have enough to
contend with in competition with
neighboring ports without the necessity
of creating any such artificial grlev
ances as have caused the expensive tie-
un of the Ferndene. This Interference
with individual liberty and denial of the
right of a shipper to conduct his own
business as he sees fit can meet with
but one result, and that is defeat for
thbse who usurp a power to which they
are not entitled.
AN UNSEEMLY SPECTACLE.
The spectacle presented by a funeral
procession headed by a brass band,
bearing to a felon's grave the body of- a
murderer who had suffered the extreme
penalfy of the law. is not one -which
law-abiding citizens can be expected, to
regard complacently. More plainly
speaking. It Is one of which any self
respecting communjty should he
ashamed. Its repetition should not be
permitted in any city of this state.
Something less than a year ago a
most coldblooded murder of the erratic
type was committed in this city. A
young Italian, a nard drinker and a
do-naught, shot and killed a young girl
whom he claimed as his sweetheart.
This claim she, under the direction of
her father, refused to allow. Owing to
some Irregularity In the complaint or
lndlctmentor arraignment, or what not,
of the "Prosecuting Attorney, the case
of this murderer was bitterly contested
and a stay of penalty resulted, covering
some months, while lawyers haggled
over technicalities and sympathy of the
ebullient type sprang up among the
murderer's countrymen. The legal bat
tle was finally fought to a finish.
Every expedient known to men whose
purpose is to Juggle with law to de.
feat justice was worked and exhausted,
and finally, last Friday, proper penalty
was inflicted upon the murderer. The
incident should have closed In the
burial of the body of Frank Gugllelmo
In the prison yard, with such simple
rites as the creed that he professed
This is not a matter which should be
left to the decision of effervescent sym
pathy that Is characteristic of 'unrea
soning minds. A grave -crime the
graves known to civilized life had
been, committed. Passion, roused to
frenzy by drink, was all that could be
urged in Its extenuation. What sort
of 'an example has been set to the ex
citable countrymen of this man those
on his own plane of life and habit and
impulse by the great ado that was
made In the attempt to delay and
thwart justice In his case, and by the
final pomp with which he was borne to
the grave? Has not the effect been to
laud him as a martyr? As a "poor fel
low" more sinned against than sinning?
As a helpless creature against whom
society had lifted a red hand? As a
man who was hounded to the scaffold
by Implacable cruelty, rather than a
criminal sent to it by the calm and Just
decree of violated law?
Perhaps under the law as It exists
there was ,no way to .-prevent this un-ce-ply
display -"upon the streets of
Portland last Sunday. If thie Is true, a
way should. le made atth-e first Por- J
tunlty, using this caricature of jutlce '
as an object-lesson, for that purpose-
There is no excuse in rational sympa
thy for making a hero of a murderer.
BIRDS IN THEIR LITTLE NESTS.
Countless are .the schools of medicine.
and to the myriad must now be added
yet another, the Seattle school. This
particular school, however. Is not' -distinguished
by any peculiar .beliefs re
garding diseases and their treatment, so
much as by its conception of the ethics
guiding professional conduct In affairs
of a more social nature than. say. an
operation for appendicitis. When Port
land requested Washington physicians
to subscribe to the fund for the enter
tainment of visitors during the sessions
of the American Medical Congress, the
Seattle medicos grew very angry, and
now that they have been informed that
their subscriptions are not needed, the
Seattle men. It appears, are angrier
than ever, and "will in all probability
refuse to attend the congress," the
The public is not unaccustomed to see
lively tilts between representatives of
different schools, but In matters
affecting the medical profession as
whole its members usually present a
united front and maintain the dignity
of an honorable calling. Here, how
ever, is a piece of "we won't play In
your yard, we don't love you any
more" business that makes the public
think of pouting and unspanked chil
dren. The congress Is a National affair,
Washington physicians have been espe
cially Invited to attend, and their sub
scriptions are not needed, but they
sulk, probably for no reason known to
themselves even, but because they just
feel like sulking. It cannot be. how
ever, that this attitude is maintained
by all the Seattle members of the pro
fession, or indeed by the majority.
There are probably some "kickers" who
make a noise out of proportion to their
weight. The only way to quiet these
would be to have the congress meet -In
Seattle, be managed by the sulkers
themselves and financed by Portland.
THE STATE CENSUS.
Here is something that all parties in
Oregon. Republicans, Democrats, Pop
ulists. Prohibitionists, open-town.
closed-town people every one can join
In, and will be very foolish not to Join
in. This numbering of the people Is not
ordered to support any one man's pride
or vainglory. No risk is attached to it.
Just a good, common-sense jiropasitlon
for all. If law Is needed for It, there It
Is to Justify it, and. every good citizen,
young and old. Is bound to take Inter
est enough to see that his or her name
goes down In th enumerator's book.
Estimates of the result are wide enough
apart to make It Interesting for any
who may be speculatively inclined.
There are no knowing ones to get
ahead of their fellows. Some think Ore
gon's rate of recent increase is better
than Washington's. Our neighbors on
Puget Sound scoff at the notion. The
farmer will get a longer price the better
settled Is his district. Town and coun
try alike refuse to accept the idea of
race suicide In Oregqn, place and peo
ple are too healthy in body and mind
for that. Figures will test that, among
many other things. Each city and town
wants to show that Its pretensions to
growth are better founded than Its
neighbor's. As for Portland, much is
at stake. On population, and especially
on rate of Increase, depends whether
many of this year's visitors, seeking
new homes, new business, will decide
to stay, or pass on from us to pastures
new. On such action hangs the verdict
-whether the Fair Is to be blessing or
Injury to us.
Stuffing and padding returns has been
heard of before of course not in Ore
gon. What we want is the truth, but
the whole truth. Ready response on
the part of the people will make the
census-taker's work easy and rapid
Then let all help.
One more point: Many believe that
Oregon Is entitled to another Congress
man. Let us put ourselves In the way
to secure one.t Much may hang on that.
This Is one of the times when just nurp-
bers count, not character, or acquire
ments. or possessions. Therefore; again.
let us all see to It that every one Is
DRUNKENNESS IN MINORS.
It is gratifying to note the successful
prosecution in Corvallls of two men for
giving liquor to a minor. The shocking
result of debauching a lad with liquor
was witnessed in the Agricultural Col
lege town a few years ago, in the Geath
of the intoxicated boy while resisting
arrest, and that of the Town Marshal
while In pursuit of his official duty In
the premises. One lesson of this kind
should suffice for Corvallls for many
years. If not Indefinitely. The prosecu
tion above noted indicates that it is still
remembered by the Prosecuting Attor
ney, at least.
If the law covering cases of this kind
was relentlessly enforced, we might
reasonably hope to have an end of
drunken minors on village streets', and
of the recruiting of jails and the state's
prison froni the ranks of young men of
eighteen and twenty. This Is a phase
of vice that can be controlled and prac
tically stamped out. To doubt this Is
to assume or admit that men In author
lty In the community cannot control Us
The lesson of the "old farmer and his
apple tree" is in evidence here. Find
ing that "neither words nor grass'
would cause the predatory lads to aban
don their purpose of stealing his fruit
the determined farmer "tried what vlr
tue there was in stones," whereupon
they speedily "came down from the tree
andbegged the old man's pardon." This
lesson of force, properly and In good
time, applied, is one that parents and
others in authority might recall rwlth
profit to the community and the rising
generation. There Is enough latent
power In parental vigilance and law to
put a stop to drunkenness in minors.
All that Is needed Is to put jt In effect.
The weekly wheat statistics, which
appeared yesterday, were all favorable
to higher prices, and the Chicago mar
ket responded on both the July and Sep
tember options. TThe American visible
showed a decrease of 2.194,000 bushels,
the total now standing at 26,335,000
bushels, the smallest amount at any
correspondlhg date since the Letter deal
In 1S9S. when it shrank to 22,528,000
bushels. World's shlpriients were prac
tlcally unchanged, but quantities on
-passage decreased more than 1.000.000
bushels. These bullish features may
result "in strengthening the market until
the arrival of new-crop wheat, but -crop
condition at home and abroad arc- too
good to warrant continuance of presqnt
high prices for wheat .Krpe-)t for
more -than a year secured j)racUcaJiyau
of the supplies needed from countrie
which were eager to sell at prices frera
19 to 39 cents per bushel lower than the
Ullng quotations in this country. -The
surplus this year and there sarely will
be a surplus must accordingly be mar
keted In competition with wheat from
the Argentine, India andRussIa. where,
regardless of price, the crop is always
marketed as soon after, harvest as pos
sible. A five-foot specimen pf the Columbia
River sturgeon, an almost extinct spe
cies of our food fishes, was caught near
Falrvlew a few days ago. A dozen
years ago the capture of a whole car
load of monster .sturgeon w.ould not.
have attracted attention, but the al
most criminal wastefulness of man has
so nearly exterminated the now valu
able species that the catch of a large t
one Is an event of considerable Interest. J
jn iisn. game, ana even in lorest. prod
ucts we have been taking entirely- too
great an advantage of the prodigality
of nature, and some of our bird, animal
and fish families have already been
practically exterminated and the loss
can never be made good. Before It Is
too late. It might be advisable for Colo
nel Hawkins to secure a big sturgeon
and have It mounted for future refer
ence. Glowing reports of the favorable out
look" for both fruit and grain are com
ing from California, and a season of
unusual prosperity Is predicted for our
southern neighbors. This will be good
news for all of us. We have, of course,
enjoyed temporary advantages at the
expense of California when a short crop
in that state created an extra demand
for Oregon' products, but the .Callfor
nians are so close to us that their mis
fortunes have at least a slight sympa
thetic effect on all ot the Pacific jCoast
States. There Is a good market for all
of Oregon's products without the neces
sity of unloading them on California,
and we hope that the people of that
state will this year have as much to sell
as Oregon and Washington had last
An Aberdeen dispatch regarding the
canning of Quinault salmon says hat
reports from the East are to the effect
that these flsh are finer than the Co
lumbia River brand, and equal to the
famous Puget Sound sockeye." The
Quinaults are undoubtedly very palata
ble fish, and may be equal to the Puget
Sound sockeye, but the Aberdeen man
who sent out the dispatch makes a
strange assertion when he says they
are finer than the Columbia River
salmon. The royal chlnook, found only
at Its best In the- Columbia River, is
the -standard of excellence from which
all other brands of salmon grade down
ward, not upward.
St. Johns is to have a bank, and there
is every" reason'to believe -that. If prop
erly conducted. It will be a profitable
venture as well as a great convenience
for the rapidly Increasing population of
that thriving suburb of Portland. The
size of the dinner-pail brigade is always
an Indication of the degree of prosper
ity that Is ehjoyed by a city, and, as
St. Johns has a larger industrial army
In proportion to its population than is
In evidence in any other locality near
Portland, the new banker Is In no dan
ger of becoming lonesome.
The second electrical railway to be
completed under American colonial "ad
ministration was finished in Manila
April 10 The first was built In Ha
vana in 1S99-1900. There are now forty
miles of street railway In Manila a
place of 200,000 Inhabitants. This- is a
result of American occupation which
very many of these people appreciate
and which the most indifferent and
stolid of the former subjects of Spain
in that old-new city must regard with
astonishment and a degree of satisfac
To all appearance the Chicago strike
Is on the wane. The most that can be
said is that It is . likely to cease. It
cannot be held that it Is settled, or that
It will be as long as professional agi
tators are given the freedom of the city
and spend their time and such talents.
as they have cultivated In blowing a
coal between labor and capital.
Civil government is to be instituted in
Manchuria by the Japanese, and the
administrator of the province has al
ready been selected. From this It ap
pears that Japan has little Intention of
asking China to step in and take pos
session of the parlor from which the
Russian spider has been chased.
The dear public Is first of all a patient
burden-bearer. Its prototype In the
animal world Is the long-eared beast
that Balaam rode. It kicks the air and
brays the wind upon occasion but It
bends Its back and plods on stupidly,
Public tributes Sunday to the mem
ory of Schiller In various cities of this
country are but further evidence of the
hold his work has on Christendom. Of
Germany's great poet It may be said':
"To live In the hearts of men Is not to
Jt Is not often that a man who dies
at the end of a rope has the post
humous honor of a brass band at- the
head of his funeral procession. There
Is comfort In the thought that Gugllel
mo "didn't enjoy the music.
If the platforms" of the two Mayor
alty candidates are to be respectively
"what's right." we shall have to fall
back on the one who can give the most
satisfactory definition and interpreta
tion of "what's right."
A discriminating public will receive
with undisguised satisfaction Nan Pat
terson's decision not to go on the stage.
But hold. May not her refusal to ac
cept 31500 a week be only a clever press
Portland has no orders for the rail
way conductors ot the United States as
sembled today within her gates. They
have a clear track wherever they wish
to move, and are In no danger of collls-
Mr. Merrill will not support Judge
Williams; bat he would have been en
thusiastic for Albee. So he says. Just
where were the "moral forces" In the
late campaign, anyway?
Schiller celebrations show that the
public .considers itself safe in honori-ng.
a poet who" has Iseca- dead 1M years."
Japan held that tfcere are two 31 nds
of strict neutrality British and Freach.
NOTE AfiDJOMMENT. ;
One evil result from the President's
hunting trip Is already apparent. A
terrier called Skip Is being taken to
Washington, and- Skip Is being "men
tioned In dispatches" with appalling fre
quency. If he keeps up hi3 popularity
at the White House there will be a flood
of stories about the dog, and Skip' will
become as tiresome as Kermlt and Archie
used to be.
Young" Rockefeller Is too sick, to con
duct his celebrated Bible class, so the
scales that weigh the Rockefeller -good
oecds against the bad will drop a little
more to the bad end.
The California woman who was en
gaged for nearly It years, married for
one year and Is now divorced, must have
lost hcr sense of proportion,
As the President emerges from the
wilderness. Chicago quiets down.
We hereby swear off r
Lawson the Frenzied.
Hereafter each time any of these per
sons is mentioned in this column we shall
contribute 1 cent to some charitable or
ganization. A girl likes to be surrounded by suitors,
but the Sultan of Morocco probably feels
just the other way about -it. French.
British and German envoys are visiting
him, not that they love the Sultan much,
but hate each other more. And a girl
gives but her hand, whereas the Sultan
may quite possibly have to give his head.
Mexico City is
flowers; Chicago a
having a battle of
battle of brickbats.
Dr. Chapman asks. "Are wages
slavery?' Never mind If It Is. golden
fetters are not ' so bad,' and nobody Is
forced to accept wages against his will.
Hcrreros have again checked the march
of civilization in South Africa by killing a
number of Germans who were trying to
"At dinner the President win appear
in the conventional frock." says an ac
count, of the return oU the Roosevelt
hunting party. So frock coats are con
ventional at dinners In Colorado.
Punch maintains its reputation by offer
ing the British public this paragraph:
There Is one kind of rat that -we never find
deserting a sinking ship that is. not fn Rus
sia. That Is the Autocrat.
To which we respond. "Drat It." (See
the joke "d rat It?")
A Norwegian waiter, who works four
days a week from S A. M. to 12:30 P. M
carried a pedometer and found that he
took almost lOT.WQ steps eacn day. He
calculated, according " to the story, he
walks more than 700) miles -a. year.'Prob
ably he will now begin to And his work
very tiring. The knowledge that 100,000
steps must be taken in a day is enough
to quell the stoutest heart.
Under the head of "Today's Amuse
ments" the Anacoada Standard publishes
the following list:
Roosevelt AVild West Show. Positively last
appearance this season.
Togo "and Rojestvensky (216th consecutive
performance) In "Never Touched Me."
Spectacular and realistic diorama, "The
Battle of Chicago." continuous performance.
Hourly Hyde-Alexander .et-tos for the
championship of the Equitable.
Nan Patterson in "Durance Vile.
Johann Hoch in "Is Multi-Marriage a Fait
Mae Wood in "Letters of Marque and Re
By the way. this must not be consid
cred a violation of the "swear-off,
higher In the column.
A New York woman has just obtained
a divorce from her seventh husband. She
was married at H. IS. 21, 23, 24, 27 and 32.
If she keeps up this lick she will be able
to celebrate a- wedding anniversary every
day in the year.
Have you been "took?" not
graphed, but censused.
It must be a great comfort -to the de
parted Schiller to know that wreaths of
flowers arc being placed upon his statues.
Eggs ar,e classified as ncw-lald eggs,
strictly fresh ranch eggs, fresh eggs and
just plain eggs.. So there Is absolute
neutrality, strict neutrality and just plain
Advertisers announce, their intentron ot
putting up an "automatic clock." Jevver
see a clock that wasn't, automatic?
Some naval architect should design a
battleship like a doughnut, so that all
the straight shots would pass through
Bombs are so common in Russia that
we believe they must be used Instead of
doorknobs for setting hens.
Essays or Little BoTjuIc
policemen is men that wares brass but
tons blue coats & says Move on. now,
& every month thay go to git tbare pay
at the city hall.
-When I git big I think I will be a police
man, all you have to do If you are a po
liceman Is to stand on the corner or else
help a pritty gurl across the street, then
when It 13 nlte you walk along and'try all
the doara on your beet, and if a burglar
shoots you in the head when you are try
ing the door the paper will print your
picter and say A noble hero who died
doing his duty.
Sum times you git a chance to arrest a
man that lias a jag. and if he has any
munny maybe he will give you a nlsc tip
for taking calr ot him, but of course you
can't keep the Up. you give Jt back and
say No, I am -nearly doing my duty.
when thare is a great crime and every
body wants to find out about It thay look
In the paper and see what the police .are
doing. The police doant always find the
man, hut thay offer a big prize and sum
other people And the man, and then every
one says Its pretty hard to fool the
our cheet Is the be"st policeman I know,
he runs this town pritty slick, there Is no
crime here hardly. & just think how near
Chicago Is. too! I know our cheet pritty
well. & It 1 ever git In trubbel he wont
arrest me. will you. cheet?
the first policeman was Cain, he took his
club & told Abel to move on. and Abel
said When I git reddy, & Cain -cracked his
skull and said The law must be respeck-
ted. then Adam came and said Whare Is
Abel, and Cain said I doant know, and
when he lied the Lord took away his star
& told him to move on himself, and Cain
kept moving on till he died.
Mistook tho "Under Dog.
Burlington Free Press.
Chaplain Bradford, ot- Illinois, who
prayed that President Roosevelt might be
delivered out of the paw of the bear, evi
dently docs not know the man. Chap
lain Bradford should have prayed tar the
- CROWN PRINCE AND BETROTHED : c
Character of German Emperor's Heir and t the- Dacfces Cecilia. Whom He Will
Marry la Jane.
Marquise de Fontenoy In Independent.
Of nations It has often been asserted
that those are happiest which have no
history. The same may be said of princes,
and that is why so little Is known abroad,
or even at home, of the Kaiser's heir
apparent. His Afe thus far has been
singularly uneventful and has been sig
nalized by none of those romances which
too frequently, developing into scandals,
play so Important a role In the annals of
European royalty. For the tales ot his
Infatuation for certain actresses owe
their origin to the fertile Imagination ot
the press agents ot these ladles, and
equally- fanciful and groundless are the
stories, widely circulated In America ac
cording to which he Is said to have lost
his heart to a young girl whom he met
at a country house where he spent a
single day -when In England. What with :
his rank, his courteous, unaffected man
ners, devoid of all self-consciousness,
and even modest, and his sunny disposi
tion, which causes him to look at the
bright side of everything In life, he natu
rally finds favor In the eyes of the wom
en, to whom, young and old. his attitude
In characterized by a sort of boyish chiv
alry and deference, and he he lsbut
23 finds them all charming. But only
two women can ever boast of having held
his affections namely his mother, the
Empress, whom he regarded as his
feminine Ideal until he met the other.
namely, his fiancee. Duchess Cecilia.
Yet with all that he Is neither a milk
sop nor a prig. Adept In all athletic
sports, he Is as fond of mischievous
pranks as most young fellows of his age.
and has paid the penalty for them, when
bo In the shape of spankings admin
istered by the august yet muscular right
hand of his imperial father, and since he
has attained manhood, by "stubenar
rest" that Is to say. confinement to his
quarters. But the offenses for which he
has been thus punished have been very
trivial and of a character to attract rather
than to prejudice people against the
young Frince. consisting, as a rule, or
some laughable practical joke or some
daring and oven foolhardy equestrian
feat. On one occasion- It was for riding
his horse up and down a great flight ot
marble stairs In the Park ot the Palace
ot Sans-Souct at Potsdam, while at an
other time It was for winning a race over
the most dangerous steeplechase course
in Germany. He Is passionately fond of
horses, and possesses over them, as over
dogs and other animals, a curious Influ
ence, which enables him to teach them
all sorts of tricks. Indeed, when still a
boy, his trick ponies and dogs were the
chief features of the very successful
amateur circus entertainments which he
was wont to give with his brothers and
some young friends at Potsdam.
Being a Hohenzollern and destined to
Inherit at his father's death, along with
the Imperial crown, the stipreme com
mand of the German army, which In time
of peace numbers half a million and In
war no less than 3.000.000 highly trained
soldiers, it Is needless to say that the
Crown Prince is. like his father, grand
father and great-grandfather, before
everything els a soldier by inclination.
tradition, -nd education. At present he is
doing duty as Major of the magnificent
regiment of the Gardes du Corps at
Potsdnm. being very popular with both
his follow officer and men. He has been
spared none of the terribly hard work
and even drudgery that fall to the share
cf every 3Uhaltern rcglmcptal officer of
tne ucrman army. indeed, his tasks
have bpen even more arduous than theirs,
since his studies have, covered so far
wider a range. It may be taken for
granted that on his marriage he will, like
his father on a similar occasion 21 years
ago. be promoted to a Colonelcy.
Whereas Emperor William at the time
of his birth stood sixth in the line ot
succession to the throne of England.
there are today some 30 lives or more be
tween the latter and the German Crown
WHY BIGELOW FELL.
Friend of Milwaukee Bank President
Tells How It Happened.
C. L. Pierce. Jr.. In Chicago Tribune.
Frank G. Bigclow was a humanitarian
ot the broader type. He has "made"
more young business men than any man
In the Middle West. He loved young men.
He loved children.
Never yet have T heard of a worthy-
young man In business trouble being
turned away by him. His smile would
give a gleam of welcome and hope to the
humblest of those seeking his aid. and
with the smile would go the help needed.
It is said in Milwaukee that he has
started a thousand young men In busi
ness and that not one of them has failed.
It was not alone his financial help which
made them invincible. It was his im
plicit confidence, his counsel, the grip of
lils hand, the gleam of his eyes, the op
timism radiating from him, which forced
the faltering ones on to success.
Tou must know all this to appreciate
his downfall and how-it carrte.
I have never forgotten my first meeting
him. He was a young man then, already-
rising in the bank In which he had begun
as messenger; a young man of whom
Milwaukee was proud. He came In upon
us at a church lawn party; his wife was
beside him, a plain little woman, every
Inch a mother, and between the two, all
hand-in-hand, were three little brown
babies In blue gingham dresses. I was a
boy then, and that father endeared him
self to every youngster there. He under
stood . us, our games and ways, our likes
and dislikes, and we knew that he loved
us. every tow-haired rascal of the crowd.
The youngest of those three brown
babies, his oldest boy, Is the one who has
caused his father's downfall. As a young
ster he was a dare-devil, the leader of the
gang, the "King of Boyvllle." As a young
man he sowed his wild oats and he sowed
them thick and plentiful; but though the
oats were wild they were clean there was
no rust on them. The father's heart bled.
but It never hardened against his boy.
Mayhap, as Is the way with hearts, it
softened a bit with the bleeding. As often
as the boy would fall the father would
pick him up, would start hlra with a clean
slate. He had done It for other boys.
Could he do less for his own? And the
boy became a man and put his boyish
ways behind him; but he was still master
ful, still the leader ot the gang. He took
dips Into the stock market and won. He
invested in manufacturing enterprises and
won. He bought -wheat and won. Last
week in Milwaukee they talked ot Gordon
BIgelow as a broker who "had arrived."
Through It all the father had helped
him. but he had not guided. The boy was
not that sort. He worked on his own
initiative. The father saw his success, his
level judgment, hl3 foresight, his almost
Intuitive knowledge of the game. He loved
the boy this boy who had made his heart
bleed, and he was growing proud of him,
No one knows the rest no one but the
father and son, and perhaps the gentle
little woman who had been the wife of
one. the mother of the other, the com
panion of them both. The supreme mo
ment came. The son was playing a big
game. Failure was imminent for him.
success probable It a stay could be se
So this man who loved boys, this man
who had made possible the business suc
cess of 1M0 young men. this man who
had never In hla life refused a half-way
worthy request for help, stooped to save
the boy whe had most hurt hlra, the boy
whom, perhaps, he most loved.
The law can have no pity, can make no
exceptions; but you who judge this man.
veiaember the ether side; remember that
tnere are thOHMnds ef us today -whose
hearts are Weeding for the. man we loved,
for tblf maai who has" stood by us ta r
heurs of trouble; remember tills, and be
Prince, whose rights thereto, although
remote, nevertheless txist, as the senjOr
ot the great-grandchildren of the late
Queen Victoria- Perhaps It Is due to this
that he Is able to speak English without
the slightest trace of a foreign accent.
Thta, however, and his seat In the saddle,
are all that there Is of She Anglo-Saxon
In his composition, and his leanings
toward Great Britain are far less pro
nounced than those ot his father, who,. In
certain respects gives striking evidence
ot the English blood that comes to him
through his mother. Crown Prince
William's Inclinations are rather in In
direction of Austria, of Hungary- and of
Russia, which Is likewise the trend of the
present policy of the Kaiser.
That his union" with Duchess Cecilia
Is a love match pure and simple, differ
ing in this respect from most royal mar
riages, which arc so often based on po
litical and dynastic consideration?, rather
than on those of Inclination, Is known at
every court of Europe. For although the
matrimonial alliances between the
reigning houses ot Hohenzollern and
Mecklenburg have always turned out
most happily, and the name or Queen
Louise, who wa3 a Mecklenburg Princess
and the great-great-grandmother of both
the Crown Prince and his fiancee, is still
revered throughout Germany as that of
the heroine of the War of Liberation, yet
It is notorious- that his parents had
formed other plans with regard to his
future. For while the young Duchess Is
charming and everything that the Em
peror and Empress could desire as a con
sort for their son, yet the relations or
her mother, the Grand Duchess Anastasia.
with the court of Berlin havo always
been somewhat strained. By birth a
Princess of the reigning house of Russia,
the Grand Duchess Is more Muscovite
than Teuton In her sympathies. She has
taken no pains to conceal hcr distaste
for everything pertaining to the land of
her adoption, spending as much as pos
sible of her life abroad, with the result
that she has remained extremely unpopu
lar In Germany. Moreover, her Intense
worldllness was not of a nature to com
mend hcr to the goodwill 6f either the
Kaiser or the Kaiserin. .Fortunately, how
ever, she left tne education of her daugh
ters entirely in the hands of a most ac
complished English governess. Miss Mary
Jvlng. and. thanks to this, the young
Duchess, while she has much of her
mother's grace, elegance and brilliancy,
has inherited none of her prejudices.
The Crown. Prince met her at a hall,
and. exceedingly fond of dancing, found
in her not only an "almost divine waltz
es'the expression Is his. not mine but
also a most witty conversationalist. He
fell head over cars In lave with her. and
though the political and dynastic - ad
vantages of the match were obvious and
the young Princess quickly won the
heart-i of the Emperor and Empress, yet
they hesitated on account of her mother
from giving their consent until their son
practically forced their hand by himself
publicly announcing ho engagement. Like
the Crown Prince, the future Kaiserin Is
tall and willowsy. fair-haired and brown
eyed, speaking English without an ac
cent, levoted to outdoor sports, warm
hearted, unaffected and possessed of that
consideration for the feelings of others
which Is the most gracious and fascinat
ing of all forms of courtesy. Although
hpr mother has remained an adherent of
the national Orthodox Church of Russia.
Duchess Cecilia has been brought up as
a Lutheran, and as she is said to possess
no little of that strength of character for
which so many of the Princesses of the
House of Mecklenburg, notably the late
Duchess of Orleans whom the French
revolutionists of ISIS declared to be the
one "man" of the Orleans family have ,
been famed, and has. moreover, inherited
the sunny disposition of her great-grandmother.
Grand Duchess Alexandrine,
there Is every reason to believe that the
marriage will prove a hlcssing to the
House of Hohenzollern and to the Ger
NEW LAW AGAINST TIPS.
Wisconsin Legislature Takes Action.
Governor Signs Bill.
"MADISON. Wis.. May S. The dread
blow has fallen, and the waiters and
waitresses, porters and bootblacks, cab
drivers and messenger boys and several
other classes ot employes are In mourn
ing. They are no longer to enjoy the
profitable pleasure of the "tip." What
was known as the anti-graft bill be
came a law today, when Governor La
Follette affixed his signature to the
measure prohibiting employes from re
questing or accepting any gratuities, and
also prohibiting everybody from giving
or offering any gift or tip whatever to
any agents, servants or employes.
Made a Misdemeanor.
It la really a hard blow dealt by the
governors pen. If the general under
standing ot the law is correct. While
the bill was originally aimed at the, prac
tice of paying commissions to employes
of large stores or corporations whose In
fluences went a great way In the pur
chase of goods, it also Is contended that
it applies to the practice of "tipping."
A violation of the law la made a mis
demeanor, punishable by a fine of not
less than J10 nor more than $500. or a
fine and Imprisonment for a year.
Walters and porters and bootblacks and
barbers are in a fine stew lest the law
shall stop them from accepting the nick
els and dimes proffered by the generous
public. They fall to understand how it
can be anybody's business, much less that
of the state, whether they gather in a
few dollars a week from people who want
to give their money away. But the law
Is plain enough. It provides that who
ever corruptly gives, offers or promises
to an agent, employe or servant any gift
or gratuity with Intent to Influence his
action In relation to his employer's busi
ness or any . agent or employe who re
quests or accepts such gift or gratuity
Is guilty of a violation of the law
Full or Perplexity.
Now the question that is perplexing the
porters, waiters and barbers Is whether
a "tip," accepted by them from a cus
tomer is corruptly given, as' described
in the law. The barber wants to know
how he is to tell whether a customer is
going to "tip" him until he gets out of
the chair and reaches Into his pocket.
The porter who carries a trunk up or
down a flight of stairs for a traveling
salesman Is anxious to know If the sales
man expects to Influence him after tho
job is done and he has his "tip."
Berlin Eats "Horse 3Icat.
From a Consular Report.
There Is in the Griefswalterstrasse, Eer.
lin, a regularly Installed horse slaughter
house which Is under careful police su
pervision, with a veterinary surgeon In
attendance to see that no animal Is killed
the flesh of which would be, by reason
of disease or other cause, unfit for hu
In 1S53 the whole number ot horses killed
in Berlin for meat was 7257. In 1900 the
number had Increased to 10.S15 and In 1S01
to about 13,000. Estimating that an average-sized
horse will yield 230 pounds of
edible' flesh, there was derived from this
source last year about 3.960.000 pounds of
meat, which was sold for consuroptldn'rn
64 shops which are specially licensed for
An Early Preference.
Teddy hated the dark, and his mother
was trying to cure htea of his fear.
"Now. Teddy," she said as she tucked
hlra in for the' night, "yeu know; who to
always with you even In "the. dark-". .
. '"Well, T 'don't want a man. T"whL a
womaai" was his astoslehlmg xeiiy.