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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (April 27, 1905)
-THE. MOKtfXKG - OREGONIAN THURSDAY, ABRIIT 27, . 190o.
Entered at the Postofflce at Portland, Or.,
&s secoaaclass matter.
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PORTLAND, THURSDAY, APRIL 27, 1905
THE EDDY AND THE STREAM.
The other day Mayor McClellan, typi
cal Eastern and Tammany Democrat,
ssid the Democratic party must have a
distinctive policy of its own, and must
not depend on Republican blunders for
Its success. It was a high-sounding
sentiment, but the Brooklyn Eagle, a
"conservative" Democratic newspaper,
does not approve it. The Eagle de
clares that the blunders of parties have
ever been the great causes of the sue
cesses of their opponents.
The Eagle illustrates by saying that
the election of Lincoln In I860 was due
to Democratic blunders; that the May
ors father. General McClellan, was de
feated by the blunders of the platform
makers of 1864 which, however", is only
partly true, since "General McCIellan's
ottn character of a trimmer between ir
reconcilable opposites was a great ele
ment and factor of his defeat. The
Samuel J. Tilden was elected In 1876 by
the blunders, and worse, of Republicanism In
Grant's second term. The Democracy was
defeated In 1SS0 by the blunder of not forcing
Tilden into renomlnatlon. Grover Cleveland
was twice elected, once by the Republican
blunder of the nomination of Blaine, and the
second time by the blunder of President Har
rison, who had an uncanny way of being
unable to confer a favor without making
an enemy. Republicanism has been kept in
puwer by the Democratic blunders, and worse.
of Bryanlsm. Man moves in mysterious ways
his blunders to perform, and parties are
made of men, to whom blunders are fatal.
or to whom the blunders of the other party
prrsent a usable advantage.
There is truth in all this, but all the
truth is not in it. Every party follows
its own main bent and inclination, and
cannot do otherwise. Every party, from
the very constitution of its nature, fol
lows Its main Idea to an extreme if
time and opportunity be allowed it,
These tendencies may be called its
blunders, perhaps; yet they are logical
But even when no serious blunders
are committed by a party, the people
after a while will tire of that party and
call in another. They may not know
why, but they "want a change." Then
very likely they fall back soon to the
old party again.
It was not the blunders of the Grant
Administration that elected Tilden
though, by the way, Tilden was not
elected. The Republican reverses of
that year were due to natural reaction
from the tense conditions of the Civil
"War and its consequences. The spirit
of the country, at white heat for twenty
years, was cooling down. The reaction
had indeed long been overdue.
This gave Tilden the vote he got,
There were Republican blunders in the
nomination of Blaine and in the second
nomination of Harrison; but nothing
that seriously affected the course of our
National Mfe. The eddy will run against
the stream, but the wise do not mistake
the eddy for the stream.
The Democratic' party had long-con
tinued success, because it was the party
of our growing and aggressive pioneer
life.' As the party of primitive life, it
attached itself naturally to slavery, and
fell with it. It. never has been able to
accommodate itself to' the higher
growth demanded by the advancing
movements of human opinion. It stands
for all crude, opinion, as it stood for the
silver craze, and. as- it stands for the
nascent vagaries of socialism. Now
and again a body of the electorate
turns to it "just for a change." But
the result is arid and barren, and the
waters of the eddy, after the short re
current movement, resume their course
with the stream.
FINANCIAL GAINS IN THE MIDDLE
James H. Eckels has an article in The
World Today in which he shows the
tremendous financial gains that have
been made in the typically Western
States in the last twenty years, espe
cially since 189S. He gives figures
which show that in this later period the
National banks west of the Mississippi
River made a gain in loans and dis
counts of 133 per cent, and in individual
deposits of 139 per cent, while National
banks In all the rest of the country
gained only 65 and 72 per cent, respect
ively, in the lines mentioned.
Taking only the .states and territories
on the immediate Eastern slope of the
great divide North and South Dakota,
Nebraska, Kansas, Montana, Wyoming-,
Colorado. New Mexico. Oklahoma and
Indian Territory, the Increase In loans
and discounts in the same period was
217 per cent.
Mr. Eckels says further that there
are bankers not yet gray who used to
s'pend their time seeking Eastern
money, that they might lend it af30 and
40 per cent, today soliciting- their Chi
cago correspondents to buy Eastern
commercial paper that will yield an an
nual interest rate of 4 per cent. The
financial transition thus presented is as
great in its way as is the political
transition in the same period and area.
Twenty years ago the wail of calam
ity was heard throughout the states
above named. Kansas was its storm
center. Jerry Simpson "sockless Jerry"
was its most conspicuous mouthpiece;
capital was arraigned as the foe of the
"plain people" and populism ran riot in
that part of the land.
All of this- is of the past. The voice
of calamity sunk by degrees to a whis
per and then died out, and prosperity,
induced by wise investment and revival
of agriculture and manufacturing, came
to the people, with the. result chroni
cled by Mr. Eckels.-
THE FACTS. Br DIAGRAM.
A diagram of the liquor shops estab
lished directly opposite the main en
trance to the Exposition grounds, with
marks showing sites of other places for
which license has been solicited, is pre
sented by The Oregonian today.
The Oregonian is not a. fanatical nor
unreasonable opponent of the liquor
traffic It must, however, say that it
thinks it a most unfortunate mistake
that licenses .have been granted for
liquor saloons directly in front of the
main entrance to the Exposition.
What do we wish or expect visitors
to think of us? That Portland is a
frontier town, of the mining-camp and
cowboy era? Of course there will be
liquor shops, but none should have been
licensed or permitted at, near or oppo
site the main entrance to the Fair.
We should "preserve our own dignity
and the dignity of the Fair. We shall
not do this by making it necessary for
visitors or for our own people to pass
through a lane of liquor shops, to en
ter It. "
The Common Council can do what it
wilj. It can revoke or cancel these li
censespaying back the money If it
sees fit to do so. The Oregonian simply
presents the facts.
CORNERING THE HOP MARKET.
Oregon hopmen have formed an iron
clad combine for the purpose of forcing
the price of hops to a higher figure than
consumers are now willing to pay. The
system on which they are proceeding is
the same as that followed by John W.
Gates with the wheat market. In his
-efforts to force the price of wheat to an
unnatural height Mr. uates secured
control of all of the wheat that he or j
his friends could purchase. This took
such a large amount off the market
that, for a time at least, the price
soared up to unnatural heights.
The hop corner, which is now getting
under way with so much in its favor,
has many advantages over the wheat
corner. Gates and his accomplices
placed their limits at no stated figure,
but were apparently content to watch
the market rise and take advantage of
a favorable opportunity to unload at a
The hopmen go a step farther. They
have fixed a limit of 30 cents per pound.
and nothing is to be sold at a lower
figure before August 1. Meanwhile
there can be no short selling or long
selling, and unless the men who are be
hind the hop corner weaken, the shorts
or the consumers may as well come up
to the captain's office and settle.
Another decided advantage over .the
wheat corner comes from the restricted
area of hop-producing territory. The
wheat corner was weakened and dis
turbed by Importation of Canadian
wheat, and the cereal is of such uni
versal production that it was Impossi
ble to hold in line a majority of the
producers, who were willing to sell at
a reasonable figure. As a result, while
some of the wheat producers were lying
back waiting for the corner to force
prices up to a dizzy height, others were
making hay while the sun shone by un
loading their holdings at . a price far
enough above the cost of production to
admit a handsome profit.
There is less danger of this kind of
work in a hop corner, for the reason
that a very large portion of the Ameri
can visible supply of hops Is right here
in Oregon, where the "cornerers" dwelL
The Injunction suit to restrain the
hopmen from creating this unnatural
condition of trade will be watched with
considerable Interest. The legal method
of checking exorbitant advances in the
wheat market has been attempted
against wheat corners, with varying re
sults, and the fear that injunction pro
ceedings would interfere with the sky
ward flight of prices in the Gates deal
was, at times during the progress of
that deal, a bear factor of considerable
The "cornering" habit seems to be
growing in popularity. It has been
tried on wheat, corn, pork, beef and a
great many other staples with varying
degrees of success. In the end, how
ever, the old inexorable law of supply
and demand gets in its work, and prices
are adjusted, regardless of corners. If
the hop corner just launched is carried
to a successful termination, it ought to
make pretty plain sailing for albklnds
of corners, in commodities used by
many and produced by few. It will
also stimulate hopgrowlng and increase
production to such an extent that
eventually the . hop cornerers may be
obliged to follow the suggestion of the
cotton planters and burn a portion of
the output to enable them to receive
Every wheat corner that has been
carried to a successful climax has left
on the hands of the cornerers a. large
supply of the cereal, known in the lan
guage of the pit as the "corpse." The
cost of disposing of the corpse, at the
cut-rate prices which follow corners,
usually absorbs most of the profits
which the public are led to believe are
made by the men behind the corner. It
is to be hoped that the Oregon hop com
bine will not be left with a Corpse on
hand to be marketed at a low figure
after the collapse, which will surely
come In the course of time
Commissioner Garfield is now in
California to Investigate the oil trust.
The result of his beef trust Investiga
tion was the discovery that the packers
were making less than ?1 per head
profit on the animals they killed. This
announcement was followed" by an ad
vance of several oentrper pound in the
price of fceef. If Mr. Garfield is as sue
cessful in investigating oil as he was
with the beef matter, light consumers
may as well get out the tallow candle in
anticipation of an advance in oil prices.
WORK FOR DEVELOPMENT LEAGUE.
Yesterday's meeting was wanting
neither in numbers nor enthusiasm.
The general assembly at the opening
session in the Marquam Theater showed
representation of every district In the
state, and of well-nigh every interest.
The address of welcome by Governor
Chamberlain expressed the hearty con
viction that full advantage would be
taken of the exceptional, unexampled
opportunity of the Exposition.
But the speech of C. V. Galloway,
superintendent of the state exhibits in
agriculture and horticulture, justified
the introduction it received from Tom
Richardson. Modestly delivered, in
well-chosen sentiments, all words in it
Mr. Richardson appealed to the vari
ous counties, in organizing their exhib
its, to expend their main strength on-the
best possible show of chief products of
the county; this not only as the path of
wisdom, but of honesty. Not displays
of phenomenal growth or beauty, but
of average excellence, should be the
Visitors will be impressed with ex
hibits which they shall see duplicated
in the journeys they will be urged to
take through the state. What use to
show them a special exhibit, labeled as
from some special district, which they
cannot verify? A point well taken by
one speaker was that, whereas In previ
ous expositions the Fair itself was the
goal of the journey, in the case of the
Lewis and Clark Exposition the Pacific
Coast in general and Oregon in partic
ular will "be the goal of Eastern visitors.
Exposition visitors to Chicago, to
Omaha, to Charleston, to Buffalo and to
St. Louis have sought amusement and
Instruction, without gaining well-defined
notions as to the new environ
ment in change of iife occupation and
methods. Is it too much to suggest that
this new possibility will be present In
the minds of many thousands who are
to come here?
The visit to the Exposition will be the
ostensible reason for the long and cost
ly journey, but the wlBh to verify what
has been spread broadcast, of the at
tractions of this great and favored re
gion will be the underlying cause.
There is strong reason to believe that
railroads will grant frequent and cheap
excursions to all accessible points in
Oregon. Daily trains at a dollar fare
for the round trip was the suggestion
eagerly accepted y the meeting.
The advice to our country friends, so
frequently urged by The Oregonian,
was strongly noted to see that cities
and towns of the state are cleaned up,
swept and garnished, and that farm
houses be painted, fences straightened
up, outbuildings repaired, orchards,
yards and gardens put in order. Possi
bly under this special stimulus efforts
will be made which, otherwise, in too
common Oregon fashion, we should put
off to a more convenient time. A
blessed Fair this will be to many a
country home if these good things shall
come to pass.
The general spirit of co-operation be
tween widely separated parts of the
state and diverse interests, now so gen
erally in evidence, was referred to
again and again, with deep satisfaction.
Indeed, the farther this spirit goes and
the more deeply it penetrates, the
greater benefit to us all the Fair will
leave behind. The too-current remarks
about the absence of this "all-for-Ore
gon" spirit .and its 'full scope in Wash
ington and California, will lose their
force and sting.
RAILROAD INIQUITIES EAST AND WEST.
The testimony taken by the Senate
Interstate commerce committee on the
railroad question reveals the presence
in the East of antl-rallroad sentiment
that has little in common with the
West. The states tributary to the At
lanta seaboard are so thoroughly grid
ironed with railroads that few com
munities are without facilities for ship
But Pacific Coast States are so poorly
supplied with railroads that vast dis
tricts of rich territory are practically
uninhabited on account of the Impossi
bility of reaching market. The East
seems to be suffering with so many
railroads that the competition engen
dered has resulted In the pernicious secret-rebate
system. The West has so
few railroads that they parcel out the
territory between themselves and enjoy
a monopoly, which, naturally. Is not
conducive to the development of the
In all the complaint heard in the
East since the anti-railroad crusade be
gan, no charges have been made that
railroads have failed to construct need
ed new lines, but the grievance has
been all a matter of rates. In the West
much less complaint has been made
about rates than about refusal of com
panies to build new roads.
At one of the meetings of the Senate
committee last week Senator Elklns
made the direct charge that railroads
violate the law every day, and an offi
cer of the Santa Fe line to whom the re
mark was addressed retorted: "Chaos
would ensue If they did not."
In corroboration of this statement it
was shown that there Is direct conflict
in two of the most important branches
of the regulation sought. The public is
demanding, first, unrestrained competi
tion among the railroads; and, 6econd,
strict adherence to schedules.
Each of these demands so conflicts
with the other that the solution of the
problem Is most difficult. The public
does not care to do business under an
elastic rate schedule, such as might be
in evidence while the railroad com
panies were In continual warfare
neither would it be in the interest of
trade to have these rates made stable
by a monopoly controlling all lines. The
existing rates on lines leading into the
Pacific Northwest are not generally
considered exorbitant, and the only rate
contention that has ever bothered ship
pers very much has been that affecting
certain proscribed distributive territory
The real grievance on the Pacific
Coast is the refusal of the railroads to
provide facilities In localities where
they are sadly needed. Wheat in the
Palouse, 300 miles from Portland, can
be landed at tidewater by rail at Port
land or Puget "Sound for 10& cents per
bushel. Wheat in Central Oregon, an
equal number of miles from Portland
cannot reach the market without pay
ing at least 50 cents per bushel freight
and in consequence no wheat is coming
out of that rich but neglected section.
Neither of the two railroad systems
which have bottled up the Pacific
Northwest doubts the large traffic
which could be developed in the sec
tions they now Ignore, but so long as
there Is no legal way of pulling down
the flag of truce und.er which they are
proceeding, the country can do nothing.
Out of the very complicated rate situ
ation, the Senate Interstate commerce
committee may succeed in evolving a
plan by which competition can be main
tained, and at the same time can re
main stable. Unfortunately, it is not
clear that the isolated North Pacific can
secure any relief from the monopoly
now restricting its growth and divert
ing its business to California.
Canadian lumber manufacturers are
making a vigorous protest against the
unrestricted importations of American
lumber into the Western Provinces. Ef
fort will be made to have an import
duty levied on all American lumber
crossing the line. Cheap lumber is of
great assistance to the thousands of
new settlers who are now rushing Into
Western Canada, but it is unsatisfac
tory to the mills. The American lumber
manufacturers who insist on a heavy
tariff on Canadian lumber sold in the
United States could not In fairness ob
ject to the Canadians indulging in a lit
tle reciprocity in this particular line of
One-fifth of the inhabitants of New
Tork, according to the New York Sun,
are of the Jewish race. That -Is, there
are S00.000 Jews In the City of New
York. The population distinctively
Christian Is about two-fifths of the
whole. But the Protestant percentage
is becoming less, the preponderance of
the additions being of Roman Catho
lics and Jews. In these directions there
Is constant and steady movement. In
JSSO only 3 per cent of the population
was Jewish. Now It is-20 per cent. This
exceeds even the Roman Catholic in
Representative Comerford, of Illinois,
who made sensational charges of cor
ruption against his fellow-legislators,
failed to substantiate them, was ex-
pelled--a!3was re-elected by his sympa
thizing constituency, win not. una me
Springfield atmosphere entirely congen
ial, une otner members manifested
their contempt for -Comerford by re
maining seated when he was sworn in.
So the honors are even. Comerford
knows what the Legislature thinks of
him; the Legislature knows what the
voters think of them.
The New York Times, an organ of the
Cleveland-Parker Democracy, refuses
to be comforted over the situation that
the Chicago election has created or
threatened. It says:
The property that private capital has actu
ally created and brought Into being by the
expenditure of money and brains has In his
(Mayor Dunne's) opinion been "seized" and
is wrongfully withheld from the public When
once it is entered upon this theory has no
limits. Every form of property become rob
bery, and the man who keeps and seeks to
profit by the fruits of his own toil, hU own
Intelligence and his own expenditure -is a
Out of the East continue to come ru
mors of the retirement of Mr. Harri
man from his present position of power
In the railroad world. If a successor
shall be selected for Mr. Harriman and
Portland shall have any voice .in the
matter (of course Portland will not), it
would like to have a man as good at
fulfilling promises as at making them
If Harriman had possessed this charm
ing trait, we would today have rail
connection with Central Oregon and
also with the Clearwater.
The family feud, which is such a
prominent feature of life in the corn.
cracker and moonshine districts of
Kentucky, is attracting some attention
in California. Three brothers have al
ready been killed, from one family, near
Bakersfleld. The murderer of the lat
est. Is In the hands of the Sheriff, and
as some laws are enforced better In
California than In Kentucky, this par
ticular feud may die out at the end of a
The Oregonian is sorry its defense of
Senator Mitchell and of Representative
Hermann is not better appreciated by
"Veritas," the unknown author of the
Editor Orlgonlan: "A Dannlel come to Judg
ment." Let me congratulate The Orlsonlan
on Its able vindication of thlvees and here
remark that churely the Orlgonlan Is a fit
type of the historic "Bottom." No wonder
that Orison la represented by those two
worthce Senator Mitchell and Congressman
The Wisconsin Legislature has passed
a law making it a crime to "tip" a
waiter, or any other individual, whose
remuneration Is supposed to be supplied
by his employer. This law. If it came
Into force throughout the United States,
would materially reduce the profits of
the Pullman car owners. The public
has been paying the graft so long that
it has almost assumed a legitimate hue.
Production of rice in the United
States has nearly doubled within the
last five years. It has Increased from
250,280,221 pounds grown In 1899 to 470,
000,000 grown In 1904. The Increase has
been largely upon the lands on the Gulf
coast In Southwestern Louisiana and
the adjoining territory In Texas. The
average crop was 730 pounds to the
Three Montana "ward ' heelers" have
begun suit against the Amalgamated
Copper Company for expenses alleged
to have been contracted In behalf of the
Republican party for the election last
FalL Political Influence In Montana
has been on a purchasable basis for so
long that politicians probably think It
time to get a legal opinion on Its actual
The world moves. A Jury of white
men in Mississippi have acquitted a
negro charged with criminal assault on
a white woman. More or leas risk is
usually attendant on the establtahment
of a remarkable precedent; hence it is
not surprising to learn- that the Judge
advised the discharged prisoner to get
out of town on the first train.
Judge Parker advises the Demo
cratic party to get back to the old
moorings and Mr. Bryan advises It to
get back to the people. The Dallas
(Texas) News wishes some man of au
thority in the party would advise It to
A saloon-keeper of Albany Is arrested
for keeping open on Sunday. This is
enforcement of law. Several candidates
for Portland's Mayoralty have prom
ised enforcement of law, but have not
told what laws they would enforce.
If Mr. Harriman is at the mercy of
mightier railroad magnates, maybe his
timidity In the Pacific Northwest Is not
without cause and petitions for needed
railroads should be sent to other-giants,
Davy Jones is enlarging his morgue, in
view of the approaching meeting of Togo
If Rockefeller has any human nature in
his money-making machine he won't offer
more money to any of those who look
askance at his gold.
Dr. Osier has brought out a new
phrase. Addressing a body of medical
students at Philadelphia, he declared that
most men commit "mental suicide" after
leaving college. What with mental sui
cide, race suicide, and just plain suicide,
the nation is in a self-destructive way.
Revised proverb: Don't look a gift dol
lar in the pedigree.
Sarcasm flourishes like a green bay tree
In the letters of Governor Chamberlain
and Judge Burnett, and sarcasm makes
letters interesting reading for those
whom it doesn't like. It is said frequently
that nobody can write a letter nowadays,
but a standing exception must apparently
be made of Oregon's governors. Mr.
Geer and Governor Chamberlain may not
be able to write those gossipy letters
which delight the recipient, but they are
masters of the art of writing "open" let
ters. Seattle's city authorities object to tha
Igorrotes eating dogs, not because of
sympathy for the dogs but because of
jealousy of the Igorrotes' pleasure, as
Macaulay said of the Puritans and bear-
A trust is a, terribly bad thing, but a
pool Is an excellent thing.
Photographs are developed in the dark
room, but countries in tho daylight.
Colorado can produce other things than
bears and bobcats. Potatoes blr enough
to feed a regiment are now reported from
that land of mines and strikes. By the
way, what arc these bobcats which
President Roosevelt is shooting? Is a
bobcat the same as a tomcat an abbre
viation of Robert and Thomas?
Burgess Charles H. Pennypacker. who
Is a relative of Governor Pennypacker of
Pennsylvania, recently declared that "the
pathway to hell is through a church
choir." Governor Pennypacker might
give up his efforts to muzzle tne press,
and try to muzzle his namesake.
Writing to the New York Herald, an
observant man calls woman the nation's
alarm clock. The schoolboy Is rousted
out of bed by his mother, and when he
becomes a married man he expects his
wife to awaken him In time to go to work.
The writer of the letter asks if woman
requires less sleop than man. but that is
not the way to explain the matter. She
doesn't like to see man serenely slumber
ing, so she wakes first for the joy of
dragging the poor fellow from his com
Colonel du Paty de Clam, whose blll-of-
fare name did so much for jaded para
graph-writers during the Dreyfus affair,
is about to marry a Parisienne. We shall
have to look up the files for a few as
sorted Jests in readiness for the wedding
A New York beggar kept a stenog
rapher in his employment. No wonder
he had to beg.
The residences of three beef trust offi
cials have recently been entered by
burglars. And yet "people talk of, honor
among business men.
It is a rare tribute to its intrinsic
interest that anyone should read a 0000
word legal decision.
A novelty in funeral services has been
introduced in the East. A missionary,
conscious that his death was imminent,
preached his own funeral sermon and an
nounced the numbers of the hymn3 to be
sung, and when he was burled a large
phonograph ground out his remarks. Ac
cording to newspaper accounts of the
affair, "the auditors wcro thrilled," so
the plan was evidently a success.
The superintendent of an Ohio railway
has offered a month's pay as a bonus to
any employe who marries within a cer
tain time, As if a month's pay would
induce a man to make a fool of himself.
Big guns in the navy show a tendency
to blow their muzzles off when they are
fired. In view of this Idiosyncrasy every
additional battleship may well be another
guarantee of peace.
Russian aristocrats dream of May poles
decorated with their own heads.
Irony is dangerous. Few there be that
appreciate It. and, as a Portland man
was accustomed to say, "It don't pay to
The New York Herald has a symposium
on "What would happen Jf everybody
told the truth for twenty-four hours?"
It would simply make this world a
Statistics published by the British Medi
cal Journal show that men who drink
alcoholic liquors live on the average 2
years and 22 days longer than teetotalers
And the drinkers live a good deal faster
, There Is complaint among the natives
In our Island of Guam that since we got
the sovereign possession the cost of living
has Increased 200 per cent, and now is
oppressive. They say they could go naked
before we got there, but now they are
forced at least to wear mother hub-
bards. Civilization has Its burdens.
They say now that young Mr. Hyde, of
the Equitable, who gave the big dinner.
Is reading over the story of Belshazzar'3
feast, and wondering why he hadn't read
A Change of Mind.
An elderly professor who had grown
weary of the bachelor state determined
to marry, and asked a lady whom ha
had known for a long time to be his wife.
The question was a surprise to her, and
her answer was a confused "No." On re
flection, however she reconsidered tha
matter, and the next time she met the
professor she said to him: "By. the way,
Professor , do you remember the ques
tion you asked me the other day?"
The professor replied that he did.
"Well," she went on. "I've been think
ing over the answer I gave, and I've
changed my mind."
"So have I," replied the professor.
New Tork Sun.
When we travel, in the future.
To the distant foreign clime,
Will these be the preparations
.That we make ahead of time:
Pack your trunk and buy your ticket.
Read your Baedeker Improved.
Then by way of final foresight
Have your vermiform removed?
HEIRESS WEDS NOT DUKE BUT COACHMAN:
Niece of Andrew Carnegie, Secretly Married a Year Ago, Brings
Hone Baby From Enroye, and Mother Refuses to Meet Her.
Andrew Carnegie's niece -was to have '
married a duke; at least such was the plan
ot her mother, the widow of Carnegie's
millionaire brother. But a year ago the
girl married the mother's coachman and
the two went abroad at Uncle Andrew's ex
pense. Last week the pair brought home a
The mother is horrified and. has issued
a family tabu.
But Uncle Andrew says he would rather
see a niece of his marry a. poor, deserving
man than a "worthless duke" and has re
ceived the pair in his house and set them
up in life.
NEW YORK, April 22. Nancy Carne
gie, favorite niece of tho Ironmaster, was
married nearly a year ago to James
Hever. at one time coachman In the em
ploy of her mother at Homewood, Pa.,
and later a riding master in this city and
Newport. The pair returned from Europe
Sunday with their Infant daughter, who
was born abroad.
All of the family met the steamer but
the unforgiving mother. Carnegie has re
ceived them In his house. The mother has
offered to support them if they will stay
away from her home In Pittsburg, but
probably Carnegie will do better for
them. The sturdy Scotchman says that
he would rather have "a sober, moral,
well-doing" poor man as a husband for
his favorite niece than "a worthless
duke." It appears that the widow, who
is connected with the Pittsburg Thaws,
has been moving heaven and earth to
capture a title for her daughter since she
was a bridesmaid at the Yarmouth wed
The groom is said to be a decent person
of good Irish stock. He is of different
religion fromthe Carnegies and has a
child by a. ..former wife of his own class.
There seems to be absolutely nothing
against him except that he has spent his
life m faithful domestic service of the
kind harshly described as menial. His
bride was the greatest heiress in the
country until Andrew Carnegie had a
daughter, and is still rich beyond ordi
In announcing the wedding Mr. Car
"Mr. Hever is not rich, but he is a
sober, moral, well-doing man, aud the
family would much rather have such a
husband for Nancy than a worthless
"My niece and Mr. Hever were married
in New York city a year ago. It Is true
that the wedding was a quiet affair.
No Objection to Union.
I myself, you see. was abroad at the
time, and none of my niece's immediate
family was in town. But there wasn't
the slightest parental objection to the
union. Mr. and Mrs. Hever sailed for
Europe lmediately after the ceremony
had been performed and only returned a
few days since. Mrs. Carnegie that Is
to say, my wife and Nancy's sister and
two brothers met her at the pier.
we are all delighted with the mar
riage. It was a true love match, and the
pair are ideally happy. Mr. Hever is an
honest, sober, industrious young man.
and I would infinitely rather see my niece
married to a poor but deserving man
than a worthless duke."
Here Mr. Carnegie interrupted himself
long enough to insist
"Now get that in- Be sure to get that
in. 'Worthless Duke is good.
"We want no rich men In the Carnegie
family," the dispenser of libraries con
tinued. "Mr. Hever was a riding master
at Newport, and it was there whlje he
was teaching her to ride that my niece
fell in love with him. Mr. Hever was at
one time, I believe, in the employ of
SLY TOGO WAITS FOR PREY
New York Tribune.
What Is Rojestvensky to do? He prob
ably expected Togo to meet him In the
Indian Ocean or at Singapore, or certainly
In the South China Sea, and give general
battle. In such an engagement his supe
riority in heavy ships would have given
him a chance of victory, while at worst
his defeat would have been an honorable
one. But Togo has not done so, but is
instead, apparently, playing a Fabian
game. The reason of this Is obvious.
Defeat, or even a serious crippling, of
the Japanese fleet would be an over
whelming and perhaps fatal disaster to
Japan, and. while there might not be
great danger of It In a general battle, it
does not seem. prudent to run even the
slightest risk. So Togo seems inclined to
keep at a safe distance and wear his
enemy out until such time as it will be
perfectly safe to close in and give the
final blow. For. as we have said, time is
tremendously against the Russians and
on the side of the Japanese, for the latter
can get all the supplies they want for
months and years to come, while the for
mer must achieve victory before their
present supplies are exhausted or be hope
Now, this Is Rojestvensky'a plight. He
has gone many thousands of miles to fight
a foe who eludes him. He is getting short
of coal, and he has no base of supplies
nearer than Vladivostok. 2300 miles away.
He must either interne himself In a neu
tral port or push on to Vladivostok. To
do the latter he must traverse 2500 miles
of narrow seas, In 'some unknown parts
of which the Japanese ships are lurking,
to strike at him unawares at any oppor
tunity. He must traverse strange straits, i
unllghted at night and strewn with float-
ing and submerged mines. If he keeps I
on the direct course, he must pass through !
the Strait of Formosa, and then through
the narrow Corea Strait, almost within
rifle shot of tho Japanese coast. If he
breaks out Into the Pacific through one of
the channels between Luzon and Formosa,
he will have to get back again into the
Sea of Japan to reach Vladivostok, and
to do so must pass through either the nar
row Tsugaru Strait, between the two chief
islands of Japan, or through the little
wider La Perouse Strait, between Japan
and Saghallen. both of which straits will.
doubtless, be swarming with torpedo-boats
and with mines. It is really a desperate
dilemma which confronts him, compared
with which all the labors and perils be
tween Cronstadt and Singapore were the
merest trifles. If only the Japanese would
como out Into the open and fight! But
that, apparently, is just what they will
not do; and so long as they do not Ro
jestvensky's plight Is one of the most per
ilous and most trying that any naval com
mander ever suffered.
Were at Lincoln's Deathbed.
Washington Correspondence New York
In a letter to a local newspaper, A. E.
N. Johnson, who was private secretary to
Secretary of War Stanton, says that there
were 2S persons around President Lin
coln's bedside when he died, 40 years ago
Saturday, and tbat among those still liv
ing are General Thomas T. Eckert, of
New York, then Assistant Secretary of
War. and afterward president of the West
ern Union Telegraph Company, and Gen
eral Thomas W. Vincent, of Washington,
who closed Mr. Lincoln's eyes. Another
correspondent of the same paper writes
that Henry Dike, a portrait palntr, still
living In Washington, was present also.
No 3iddlc Partings of Hair.
At the meeting of the Pittsburg
Presbytery of the Cumberland Pres
byterian Church, at Donora today the
Rev. W. S. Danley proposed this reso
lution: "Whereas sissified asses are no long
er to bo tolerated In the ministry;
"Resolved, That their admission be
discouraged; that the ministers bo in
structed to no longer part their hair
in the middle."
Lord Lord Somebody-or-Other in Eng
landfor the life of me I can't remember
3Iarricd Nearly a Year Ago.
It was in May ot last year that Mr. and
Mrs. Hever were married here. The
bride's family belong to the Protestant
Episcopal Church, while the bridegroom
was a Roman Catholic The marriage
was performed by a Catholic priest. Since
that time a little daughter of Mr. Hever
by a former marriage, who was being
reared In a convent, has been taken out
and has become a member of the new
family. Mr. Hever was a widower with
Miss Nancy Carnegie, the present Mr3.
Hever, was known as a beautiful young
woman, with a pronounced fondness for
outdoor life. She cared little for society,
although she had been much sought after
since her formal coming out a few years
ago. She is now 24 years old. Always
a daring horsewoman she has been espe
cially devoted to cross-country riding. In
appearance she resembles her mother in
small but stury build, while her fair com
plexion is in" sharp contrast with her
Bridegroom Born in Ireland.
Mr. Hever, who is S3 yeara old, is al
ready known in Pittsburg, where it was
said today that he comes of good Irish
stock and was raised asa foster child in
an aristocratic family near Dublin.
When he came to America to make his
own way in the world his knowled;e of
horses and capability in handling them
determined his -means of livelihood.
Mrs. Thomas Carnegie first engaged
him about five years ago.
While In her employ in Pittsburg he
had the reputation of being a clean-cut,
capable and industrious man, with few
bad habits and decidedly superior to tha
class of men usually found In his place.
He was highly thought of by the mem
bers of the family.
The Thomas Carnegie home in Pitts
burg is at Penn and Lexington avenue-.
In Homewood. Some time before his
wedding Mr. Hever had left there. It
was said today that he quit after asking
an interview with his employer, at which
he told her that he intended to become
a suitor for her daughter's hand. Such
an outspoken method, it was said, was
characteristic of James Hever and not
without its subsequent value in winning
Andrew Carnegie to the young folks
Thought Acquaintance Ended.
After Hever's departure It was thought
that the acquaintance with Miss Car
negie had ceased. They heard from eaeh
other frequently, however. It was said
that the intermediary might possibly
have been a personage very well known
Indeed, and not In Pittsburg and New
According to his curtom of giving all
his nieces and nepfcews a comfortable
gift of money on the occasion of their
marriage. Andrew Carnegie, it is said,
presented $20,000 to Mr. and Mi's. Hever
as a start in life. He is also said to
have expressed his admiration of the self
reliance displayed by his niece Nancy.
! Mr. and Mrs. Hever. it was announced,
have planned to make their home In the
i country, and are even considering the
i purchase of a stock farm in . Virginia,
j Mrs. Hever Is not a rich woman In her
' own right, as her father's will made Mrs.
: Lucy Coleman Carnegie, the widow, his
j only heir. The Thomas Carnegie estate
) was a considerable one, though not of
: any such fabulous amount as his broth--er's
WHO OWNS THE SURPLUS.
The agent of the Equitablo Life, ;
ranee iociety, who wrote a letter t Jfie
.riartiord Times the other day, stating in
a very positive manner that the 530,000,000
surplus of the society belongs to. the policy-holders,
and not to the stockholders
of the society, should road the report "of
the proceedings In Judge laddox's court
room in Brooklyn, N. Y., yesterday.
He will learn by so doing that Instead
of Its being quite certain that the $50,000,
000 is the property of the policy-holders of
the society, it remains a moot question
which will have to be decided finally by
the courts of the United States, since it
Is easy for the lawyers to appeal from
any decision of the Supreme Court of
New York, of which Judge Maddox is a
justice, to the Federal tribunals. He will
find that although the Equltable's adver
tisements declare that the policy-holders
are protected by the surplus and huve a
right to share in the benefits, one of the
stockholders of the company, taking Pres
ident Alexander's statements as a basis,
has appealed to the courts to confirm his
belief that at least $10,000,000 of the sur
plus belongs outright to the owners of the
1000vshares of stock, thus making the 3fi
shares of the litigant in this case. F. B.
Lord, worth $360,000. He will also dis
cover that the plan of mutualizatton cun
ningly devised by the Hyde party and
purporting to be in the interest of the
policy-holders, in reality vitiates what
ever right in the surplus policy-holders
Edward M. Shepard, the lawyer era
ployed by Mr. Lord, is second to no man
in his profession In acutencss, and his
analysis of the Hyde mutuallzation schema
Is one that should set both the policy
holders and the agents of the society to
thinking. Possibly Mr. Shepard under-,
takes to prove too much when he asserts
that the new mutuallzation plan really
proposes to destroy the rights ot both
the stockholders and the policy-holders,
putting the control of the company enr
tlrely into the hands of Its agents. It will
not be ready to believe that Mr. Hyde and
his friends arc really proposing to deprive
themselves of any right to share in the
millions of the Equitable's surplus. But
his argument serves to emphasize the
confusion and uncertainty that now ex
ist as to the rights of all persons who
have money invested in this particular in
surance company. It Is obviously neces
sary that there shall be a judicial deter
mination of the respective claims as to
the Equltable's surplus:
First Does the surplus belong, as as
serted by Mr. Hornblower, the counsel for
Mr. Alexander and tho Equitable Society,
wholly to the policy-holders?
Second Or does It belong in part to the
stockholders, as claimed by Mr. Shepard.
counsel for 'Stockholder Lord?
Third Or does It belong entirely to the
stockholders, as would apparently hap
pen If the company were to be wound up
and Its policies reinsured In other com
panies? The sooner these questions are decided
the better It will be for the Equitable So
ciety and for all the other life insurance
Interests of the country.
Lines to a Mountain lion.
Maurice Morris, in New York Sun.
Take to the timber tall
On the loftiest mountain top.
And cut your yell it's a sure death kneJt'
It your night serenades don't atop. -
Lope till you cross tho line; ;
Colorado is hot this date;
Less strenuous times and cooler climes
You'll find In some near-by state.
Call all your boys and girls
In the Thompson-Seton mode.
Tell 'em this tale till they all turn pale.
And then let ;em taste the goad.
Beware of a four-eyed man.
With a wide and cordial smile:
If you see him around, start in. and pound
The trail for & hundred mile.