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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (April 11, 1905)
VOL.XLT. NO. 13,834.
PORTLAND, OREGON, TUESDAY, APRIL 11, 1905.
PRICE FIVE GENTS.
WHAT Wl LL IT D 0?
Question About Russian
ALL WORLD GUESSING
NO REFUGE OPEN AT SAIGON
Harbor -Is Too Shallow for the Big
- Warships Rojestvensky Sent
MAAILA, April JO. The German
learner, Mruve, which arrived from
Snlgron, jias reported that yentterday
(Sandfly) she nlghtcd two Japancne
crulnem In the Ohlnene Sea, headed for
PARIS, April 10. The authorities
here are satisfied, that the "Russian sec
ond Pacific squadron will not seek to
put in at Saigon, French Cochln-China,
as the shallow harbor does not permit
of the entrance of any deep-draft war
ships. The Imminence of a naval battle
arouses the keenest Interest. M. Ber
net, the naval critic, of the Temps, is
of the opinion that Admiral Rojest
vensky's plans are to inflict losses
equal to his own and thus reduce
Japan's naval effectiveness, so that the
remaining1 Russhih ships, reinforced by
Admiral Nebogatoff's division, will per
mit Russia to present an equal, it not
greater, sea power than Japan.
In the meantime. M. Bernet asserts,
the second Pacific squadron is likely to
seize the Dutch Island of Great Natuna
for use as a base, justifying Its course
by Japan's use of the Miatao Islands.
DON'T KNOW WHERE. FLEET IS
Russians Think Ships Took Different
Rotiifjp Dodni. Torpedoes.
ST. jXtTOKSKlJIlG, pr; XL (2:47 A.
M.) Russia's information regarding Ro
jestvenskys fleot, Its location, destination
and Intentions is based solely on foreign
tolegraras, which are all too meager to
prevent a. quick riponing crop of rumors,
according to one of which the adverse
floots have already joined in battle. Oth
ers of these dispatches are attempting
to locate variously the battleship divi
sion of the squadron. The Admiralty
steadfastly professes its inability to Im
part any light or clarify the situation,
and there is reason to believe the profes
Flon is made iri- good faith, at least as
applies to all except the very highest of
ficials. The Admiralty informed the Associated
Press today that the report received yes
terday was not from the commander of
the squadron, but trom die captain of
a merchant ship, who had encountered
the fleet and reported to the Russian
consulate at Singapore.
Some naval officers conjecture the four,
battleships arc delaying in order to ef
fect a junction with Vice-Admiral Ncbo
gatoff's division, but general credence
is" given to the report that the battleships
are taking a southern route through the
Sunda Straits, the selection of the Singa
pore route being regarded as In the na
ture of a foint, to minimize the danger
of a torpedo-boat attack on the main
stays of the fleet.
RUSSIA HAS SUBMARINES.
Eight of Them in Vladivostok Squad
ron Damage by Mines.
VICTORIA, April lO.-'-Eight subma
rine boats, four cruisers and 12 torpedo
craft are at Vladivostok, according to
the statements of blockade-runners
who arrived here today on the steamer
Athenian. Repairs on the Gromobol
have been completed. The garrison
there is a strong one. There is a good
supply of provisions in store, but the
coal supply is short.
Disasters to junks and larger ves
sels from mines in the Yellow Sea are
causing agitation' In shipping circle's
on the China coast. The steamer Kash
ain recently struck a contact mine. Her
bow was blown off, but she succeeded
in reaching port- A junk was blown
up off "Wel-Hal-Wei, four of her crew
Advices from Seoul state that the
American Church at Chusan has been
sacked hy bandits. One missionary was
wounded. The culprits were arrested
by the Japanese.
HAVE PLANS OF -VLADIVOSTOK
Japanese Had Secured Them Before
Spies Were Caught.
LONDON. April 11. The St. Peters
burg correspondent of the London Times
telegraphs from Vladivostok that five
Japanese officers disguised as navvies
were caught photographing the Vladi
vostok defenses and were summarily
banged. Documents were found in their
possession which showed that they had
already sent to the "War Department at
Tokio full Information as to the defenses
in and about Vladivostok.
The correspondent also states that the
absence of developments in Northern
Manchuria is considered ominous.
A private telegram received by the
Times from Kicntullng says that the
Japaneso are steadily drafting their
forces to the northeastward. It Is also
reported that Admiral Rojestvensky has
transferred his Has to the cruiser Aurora.
WILL GUARD OUR NEUTRALITY
Squadron Ordered From Manila
Russians May Dock at Saigon.
WASHINGTON, April 10. Admiral
Train, commander-in-chief of the Asiatic
Station, has cabled the Navy Department'
that he has dispatched the cruiser Ra
leigh and several torpedo-boats to the
Island of Palawan to observe the move
ments of the hostile fleets which must
pass through those waters. This direc
tion was not given as the result of any
special orders from the department, but
under the broad instruptlons sent some
months ago to take all proper, steps to
guard against any violation of neutral
ity by 'cither belligerent in the Philip
pines". There is no dock in the. Philippines big
enough to handle any of the great Rus
sian battleships, so that fortunately it
will not be necessary for the State De
partment to decide whether or not the
Russian vessels can dock In our ports to
clean their bottoms. The naval records
show that there is a drydock at Saigon
IDS 2-5 feet in length, which could ac
commodate the Russian shlp, f.o that the
French government is liable to be con
fronted with this question.
CASE OF MISTAKEN IDENTITY
Dutch Squadron Near Muntok Sup
posed to Be Russian.
AMSTERDAM, April 10. A dispatch to
the Hande Isblad from Batavia, Island of
Java, says that a Russian squadron is
noar Muntok and that it is expected to
arrlve at Batavia today. The Dutch Bat
Indies squadron is now at Tujo Island,
(There are two Muntoks In the Bast
Indies, one comparatively near Batavia
and the other far distant from that port.
To reach either of them it would seem
that the squadron referred, to may have
entered the Java Sea through the Straits
of Sunda, though it Is possible that part
of the Russian equadron which passed
Singapore Saturday may have turned
south when out of sight of land and have
reached Muntok, on the Island of Panka,
off the southeast coast of the Island of
Sumatra and some 250 miles from Batavia.
The second Muntok is situated at the
extreme northeastern part of the Island
of Celebes and is too far away to en
able a squadron there to reach Batavia
under about five days.
WELTEVREDEN. Island of Java. April
10. It is reported that the supposed Rus
sian warships sighted off Muntok are real
ly the ships of the Dutch squadron, which
has left Its former anchorage under secret
orders and is now steaming north.
GATHERING ALL HER FORCES
Katoka With Squadron Joins Japa
nese Battle Fleet.
VICTORIA, B. C, April 10. Advices re
ceived by the steamship Athenian, say that
the Japanese fleet, with a hase at the
Pescadores off Formosa, whence Togo was
moving to give battle to Rajeetvensky's
fleet was reinforced by a squadron com
posed of vessels withdrawn from the
blockade squadron which guarded the
northern approaches to Vladivostok until
Vice-Admiral Katoka was given com
mand of this fleet, called the third squad
ron, and he sailed from Corea for the
South March 22.
It is believed his flagship I the Kasug,
which was watching the Soya Straits for
blockade-runners until mid-March. This
work is now Intrusted to old coast-dofensc
vessels of the typo of the Musashl and
RUSSIAN FLEET AT ANCHOR
Sighted at Anambas Islands, North
east of Singapore.
SINGAPORE, Straits Settlements,
April 10. The latest Information in
regard to the Russian squadron, com
manded by Rear-Admiral Enqulst,
which passed here Saturday afternoon,
was brought hore today by the British
steamer 'Gregory Apcar. The latter
yesterday sighted the Russian ships
20 miles northeast of MankI, one of
the islands of the Anambas group,
about ISO miles north-northeast of
Singapore. . The Russians were at an
chor when the Gregory Apcar passed
Information has also been received
here to the effect that four warships,
apparently Japanese, were off Cape St.
James, near Saigon, April 7.
BANDITS ATTACK THE RAILROAD.
Oku Makes Turning Movement to
Kirin Mud Delays Operations.
HARBIN. April 10. Information re
ceived at the Russian headquarters seems
definitely to establish the fact that only
Chinese bandits under the lead of Japan
ese officers, together with some Japanese
cavalry, are operating westward toward
Tsltspar, tbelr object evidently being to
raid the railroad communications. There
is, however, a real turning movement
eastward of Kirin. said to be under the
command of General Oku.
The roads have grown desperately bad.
On too flat ground there are seas of mud.
Japanese proclamations have been Issued,
giving mo state of the roads as an ex
cuse for the date of their entry into
Harbin having been changed from April
10 to April 30.
AMERICAN SQUADRON IS OUT
Goes From Manila to Guard Neutral
ity of Philippines.
MANILA, April 10. Tho American vice
consul at Singapore reports that a Rus
sian fleet consisting of six battleships,
six cruisers, six converted cruisers, eight
torpedoboat-destroyers, one hospital ship,
one repair ship and 16 colliers, have
passed Singapore, headed this way.
The American cruiser Raleigh, the torpedoboat-destroyers
Barry and Chauncey
and the supply ship General Alvarado,
have been dispatched to patrol the west
coast of Palawan Island to enforce neu
trality. Three -other destroyers are pre
paring to sail.
BRANDS OFFICERS AS COWARDS
LInlevitch Does Not Spare Those
Who Flinched From Fire.
GUNSHU PASS, April 10. General
LInlevitch has pilloried a number of of
ficers who displayed cowardice during the
battle or Mukden, publicly disgracing
them by posting their names at all the
division headquarters, while some of them
are ignomlniously drummed out of camp.
N LAND PE
Straut Brothers Killed
by J. H. McBain,
WHO .SURRENDERS TO LAW
Alleges That the Two Men
Had Jumped His Claim,
SEALED LIPS .REFUSE FOOD
Colorado Engineer Says He Found
Armed Intruders on His Home
stead, and When Attacked
Shot Both in Self-Defense.
WALLOWA, Dr., April 10. (Special.)
There occurred at West Grossman, about
25 miles northwest of this place, some
time yesterday, the most sensational
shooting of many years.
J. H. McBain, an engineer, of Grand
Junction, Colo., who came here several
weeks ago to take a homestead, shot and
killed two young men named Straut, who
had jumped his claim. McBain came
west several weeks ago, surveyed the
claim, putting up notices to that effect,
and made a contract with B. S. Brady to
erect a house' on the land.
When Brady went to work on the place
he was ordered off by the Straut brothers,
who had taken possession. McBain, who
had in the meantime returned to Colo
rado, was notified. The story of tne en
counter is that when McBain went to his
claim he worked one day without molesta
tion, but on the second day met the claim
jumpers and ordered them off. Then one
of the Strauts raised an ax against him.
In self-defense McBain shot him. The
other brother shot a hole through Mc
Baln's hat with a single-barrel shotgun.
McBain then shot him to death while he
was attempting to reload his gun.
Thomas Brady, a timber locator, heard
the shooting and went to the scone, where
he found the two men dead and McBain
Gives Himself Up.
Brady then advised McBain to come to
Wallowa and give himself up. He came
to Wallows,' and went to the Wallowa
Hotel, where he ordered suppor. It was
set before him, but he could eat nothing.
He then called A. S. Cooley, attorney-at-law,
and told him the circumstances.
An attempt was made to get Dr. Seeley,
County Coroner, at Lostinc, but this could
not be done. Early this morning McBain,
Cooley, Dr. Gregg and Justice of the
Peace Miller left for the scene. Nothing
was said before their departure, and par
ticulars were not generally known until
tho arrival of the stage from Promise,
about 2 o'clock this afternoon.
No one witnessed the shooting except
tho men participating. Whether the Cor
oner's Jury which will be convened by the
Justice of tho Peace will develop anything
new remains to be seen. This is the first
trouble known in this county over claim
jumping for many years.
WAKE FOR STANDARD OIL
Opinions of Protesting Clergy on
Rockefeller and His Money.
BOSTON, April 10. The committee rep
resenting the Congregational clergymen
who have protested against the accept
ance of a gift of $100,000 from John D.
Rockefeller made public tonight a mass
of correspondence received frm all sec
tions of the country and in 'which the
stand of tho protestants is approved. In
comparatively few instances are the
names of the writers made public, but
those announced Include Professor Hugh
N. Scott, Chicago Theological Seminary;
Rev. H. Thayer, Home Missionary Super
intendent for Kansas, and Rev. J. C.
Armstrong, superintendent of the Chicago
In tone tho letters range from mildly
argumentative opinions to bitter ex
pressions of disapproval of the action of
the prudential committee.
Professor Scott says he behoves tho
Lord does not yet want "robbery for
burnt offerings," or "the price of a dog"
to enter his treasury. 1
Superintendent Armstrong says the
money is unclean and the church knows
it, and adds:
"Wo do know that for shameless disre
gard of the highest rights of our fellow
men, the Standard Oil Company, stands
out as the most conscienceless, brazen
and dangerous corporation this country
has ever produced."
HE GIVES ANOTHER 5100,000
Rockefeller Doubles Donation to Bap
tist Foreign Missions.
BOSTON, April 10. A gift of $200,pOO
from John D. Rockefeller to the Ameri
can Baptist Missionary" Union was an
nounced today by Treasurer C. W. Per
kins, a member of the executive' com
mittee. One-half of the amount was re
ceived .last Friday and the receipt of the
donation was made public at that time.
At a meeting today Mr. Perkins said that
an additional 5100,000 from the same
source was at the disposal of the com
mittee, to be used exclusively for the con
struction of the mission buildings In for
eign countries. This money has not yet
been received, but will be available when
ever the demands of the work contem
plated require it.
Neither gift, the treasurer stated, was
voluntarily contributed by Mr. Rockefel
ler, both having been solicited by officers
of the union.
Stratton Estate Wins Final Decision.
COLORADO SPRINGS. April lO.-Coun-scl
for tho Stratton estate has just re
ceived word that the United States Su
premo Court bad-declined to grant the re-
quest of the Venture corporation of Lon
don, England, for a writ of certiorari In
the suit against the Stratton estate. The
action was first prought in the United
States Court claiming J7.000.CCO damages
for alleged salting of the Independence
mine. At the trial a verdict was given
iue ouaiiuu muu uuq i.ic vcuiuic
pany appealed to tnc unuea states uourt
of Appeals. Here another victory was
scored for the Stratton estate, and the
Venture attorneys sought to carry the
case Ino the United States Supreme
Court, but the denial of the application
hasfinallv settled thp case. In favor of
K30PLEY TEATN-ILOBBEBS DEAD
Detectives Sure Much-Sought Gates
Brothers Have Been Killed.
SAN FRANCISCO, April 10. According
to Detective Thacker, of Wells-Fargo &
Co., the two Gates brothers, who held
up the Oregon express at Copley in
March, 1C0I, were shot and killed last
ifchojith In' New Mexico.
George and Vernon Gatos were resi
dents of Alameda County, California, and
mombers of a very respectable raxnlly at
that- place, their father being a promi
nent mining man of Amados Counts. In
March of last year the Oregon express
was stopped at Copley and In their ef
forts to secure the treasure box the
highwaymen shot and killed Messenger
O'Nell, who offered, resistance.
On March 5 at Lordsburg, N. M., a
saloon was held up "by a number of
masked men and the proprietor and vis
itors robbed. A posse was organized to
arrest the thieves, and the fugitives a
few days later were overtaken at Separ,
N. M., where a fight ensued, and two of
the suspects were killed. Detective
Thacker was notified of the resemblance
of the dead men to the Gates brothers,
and he went to New Mexico to make an
Investigation. "He has returned and says
that from the description of the bodleB
and cortain marks of identification on
them ho is convinced that the men who
perished were the Gates brothers. Arnett
la still at large.
Trials in Montana Land Frauds.
HELENA. Mont.. April 10. United
States Judgo Hunt today set for trial on
June 6. the cases against R. M. Cobban
and 53 others on charges of perjury and
subornation of perjury in connection with
extensive Western Montana land frauds.
The Government alleges that Cobban
Induced tho indicted persons to take up
lands and turn them over to him. and
that he in turn, .as an agent, transferred
them to Senator W. A. Clark. The Gov
ernment has also sued Senator Clark for
recovery of the lands.
No Wigs In Dunsmulr Trial.
VICTORIA. B. C. April 10. E. P. Da
vis continued to read extracts from evi
dence givon for the defendant In the
Hopper-Dunamulr case, showing Alexan
der Dunsmulr to have been In possession
of his faculties when he made the will in
The legislation recently passed abolish
ing the uso of wigs in British Columbia
courts camo into force with today's sit
ting, the Judges and counsel appearing
without wigs In consequence.
CONTENTS OF TODAY'S PAPER
TODAY'S Fair. Northerly wind.
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature. 68
deg.; minimum, 36. Precipitation, none.
Tho War In the Far East.
Japanese crulaera seen headed for Singapore.
Russian nee cfn't gt into Saigon and may
seize a Dutch island. Pago 1.
Japaneso have plans of Vladivoetok forts.
Llnlovltch brands officers as cowards.
Bouligan Commlrnion works slowly on plan
of national assembly. Page 5.
Schoolboys blow up Czar's portrait. Page 5.
Chamberlain trying to bring British Union
ist factions together. Page 5.
British budget shows surplus. Pace 5.
Moors and French defeat rebels. Page A.
Hermann coming hdme for trial. Page 3.
Interior Department rebuked for taking re
bates on irrigation supplies. Page 2.
Latin-American ministers expose Pacific
steamship monopoly. Page 4.
Pension Commissioner Warner stops frauds.
Page 1. ,
President Roosevelt has. good day's hunting.
Piatt and Black form alliance to down
Odell. Page 3.
Secret accounts of beef trust seized by grand
Jury. Pago 3.
Chicago employers declare against extension
of teamsters' strike. Page 4.
Stock transfer tax causes consternation In
New York. Pago 1.
Equitable dispute argued in court. Page. 4.
Wheat market falling and corner doomed to
failure. Page 4.
Rockefeller gives another $100,000 to mis
slons and Is roasted by preachers. Page 1.
Seattle Chinese determine to expel 'stool
pigeons" of the Immigration service from
city. Pago 0.
Two brothers named Straut killed by J. HV
McBain near Wallowa in" land quarrel.
Supreme Court holds that Multnomah Coun
ty must abide by agreement on taxes with
J. Thorburn Ross. Page 6.
Clerk Koontz. of Spokane Camp, W. O. W..
short in his accounts. Page 6. '
Portland and Vicinity.
Women of tho Domestic Science expose the
horrlblo condition of markets In Port
land. Pago 1.
Dr. Joseph Hickey shoots himself with sui
cidal intent. Page 0.
Republican Club fails to indorse for Mayor.
Steamer Rcdoado arrives In port with the
report that the murderer of the. Italian
whose headless and limbless trunk was
found in San Francisco was probably
aboard, escaping when the vessel touched
at Eureka. Page 5.
Good Roads convention will be held in Port
land during June. Page 10.
Admiral Kemp IT Inspects craft In the har
bor In flro and boat drills. Page 14.
Blair T. Scott sues insurance company for
$50,000. Page 11.
Sprinters will be feature of Saturday's ath
letic meet. Page 7.
Big Increase in orchard acreage reported at
cession of Horticultural Board. Page 14.
St. Louis merchants .say from their own ex
perience that Portland need fear no slump
after the Fair. Page -10.
Oregon state building at the Exposition is
completed. Page 14.
Counties must be ready to install their ex
hibits at Fair. Page 14.
Jobbers get a gold brick from the railways.
Commercial and Marine.
Sheep shearing begins 'in Morrow County.
May wheat weak and July, strong at Chi
cago. Page 15.
Orogon produce sells well at San Francisco.
Page 15. ...
New York stock market sluggish and nar
row. Page 13.
'Aragonta arrives from Orient after fast
passage, rage T.
III OF DESPAIR
Wall Street Wounded in
TAX ON STOCK SALES
Stock .Exchange May Move
From New York.
BLOW TO REPUBLICAN HOPES
Higgins' Pet Measures Raise Violent
Protest From Empire City Poll-
ticians Talk of Dividing .
NEW YOR1C, April 10. (Special.)
The New York Stock Exchange s con
fronted with a condition, noSa theory.
After July 1 a stamp tax of 2 cents per
5100 of par value of stock securities sold
or transferred must he paid to the state.
To realize what this seemingly insig
nificant impost amounts to. it might be
stated that -based on a calculation of the
business done last year. Wall street's
donation to the state government would
exceed 15,500.000. There havo been days
on change when 1.000,000 shares, of a
par value of 5100.000,000 have been dealt
In. Some times the figures run over
that, so It can be seen that the state has
picked out a great source qf revenue If
Governor Frank Higgins. of Olean.
where they do not have any stocks or
bonds, and whore Walt street" is looked
upon as a snare of the evil one, is re
sponsible for the passage of the bill. He
had the measure Introduced, forced It
through tht Senate and listened un
moved when a delegation comprising
every Bepublican legislator from tho
metropolitan district called and urged
him to call It ofT, as it meant the ruin
of Xhe Republican party In the Greater
Destroys Republican Hopes.
"We had an excellent chance to elect
a Mayor this. Fall." they pleaded. "Now
we will not only be beaten, but prac
tically every one of us will be wiped out
"I would not bo surprised if you did
not see a single Republican Assembly
man here noxt Winter," added one man
Tho Governor expressed his sorrow for
their personal afflictions, hut added that
the bills were going through. And they
did. Representatives of various organ
izations. Board of Trade, Chamber of
Commerce, Wall Street Bankers' Asso
ciations, etc.. waited upon him and there
was a terrible outcry, but he signed the
Now tho question arises, What is Wall
street going to ao about it? Tho mem
bers of the exchange havo two months
to docidc, and they are doing some
pretty hard thinking. They are unani
mous In agreeing that they will be un
able' to do business under the new con
ditions at a profit. Brokerage Is now
one-eight of 1 per cent on transactions
of 5100, and one-sixteenth on deals In
volving larger amounts.
Stock Exchange Will Move.
"We cannot stand this tax ourselves,"
said one prominent "Wall street man the
other day. "And If wo try to make our
customers stand It, we will simply drive
them away. ' Of course on small
amounts our customers would not object,
but take a man who Is dealing In even
1000 shares. The stamp tax on this
would be 520, and why should they give
this to us when they can wire their
orders to Philadelphia or Boston, towns
where there are no foolish state laws. I
would not be surprised if the Stock Ex
change moved to Jersey City or Hobokcn,
where New Yorjc laws would not bother
"How can the state expect us to give
up 2 cents on every 5100, when all we
receive ourselves (except on transactions
of 5100 or under) Is SVJ cents per hun
dred? It is bouna to have a disastrous
effect on business here and will put a
large number of firms out of business.
The only question at doubt It as to
whether Philadelphia. Boston, Hoboken
or Jersey City Is to be the new financial
center of the country.
Ono thing Is certain. Wall street Is as
dead as a doornail unless it should happen
that the law Is declared unconstitutional,
but" lawyers say there Is but small
chance of upsetting It.
Tax on Mortgages Also.
Another measure which passed tho Leg
islature at the same time Imposes a state
tax of 5 mills In lieu of all other taxation
upon all mortgages recorded after July 1,
the proceeds to bo divided equally between
the state and the localities. This has
raised a terrible row, particularly among
the email householders of Brooklyn. They
have been holding meetings and protest
ing vainly for days and weeks, but with
out the slightest effect.
In New York City every year upwards
of 5400.000.000 Is Invested In mortgages',
while throughout the rest of the
state tho amount will not reach half of
that. Consequently, It is claimed to be
another blow aimed ty the country at
the ' city.
Assemblyman Prentice, of New York,,
in a bitter attack ho made upon the mort
gage, tax bill upon the floor of the House
said In part:
Boon to Rival Cities.
It is significant that since tho passage of
this measure seemed assured seats upon the
, Boston and Philadelphia exchanges have sold
',at a, higher price than ever before and at a
great Increase over the price current before
'.this measure was advanced. This lj a blow
dealt by the Republican party at the finan
cial position of New York City.
Upon the mortgage 1 appreciate that the
Interests of the up-state counties are at vari
ance with the interests of New York 'City,
tut while upward of 5400.000.000 is invested
in mortgages in Jiew York City every year,
there are probably not more than $200,000.
000 invested In all the rest of the state.
I believe that the Imposition of this tax
will raise the rate of interest In New York
City. It will drive out 4 per cent money.
It will check building. It will eventually
raise rents so that Its effect will be felt by
every householder. And many of the pro
visions of this bill are so harsh as to seri
ously discourage the loaning of money on
bonds and mortgages.
It Is easy for you men from up the state to
vote for these hills. They are not hurting
your districts. but if they hurt your dis
tricts one-half as much as they hurt mine,
you Would stand here protesting with me.
You are driving Republicans in New York
City from the party. ' You are destroying. I
believe", the chance which we had of elect
ing a Republican Mayor of the City of New
York. You are doing the party an injury
from which lt will not Foon recover.
Republican leaders frankly admit that
the passage of these two bills will give
them a mighty hard row to travel next
4T am not going to take the trouble to
run for re-election," declared Assembly
man Charles Francisco after he heard
that the Governor signed the bills. "Last
year my majority was 1S00. but, If I took
the nomination this Fall I would be
beaten by at least 2500. No Republican
can win over my way, and every vote
we poll will be a gratifying surprise to
Move to Divide the StaJe.
Large numbers of Republicans have
renewed the agitation for a division of
"Every year the up-state Legislators
show their hostility to the city." declared'
President George W. Chauncey, of the
Merchants' Bank. "They seem to believe
that New York City is an inexhaustible
source of wealth and that all they havo
to do is to pass laws and take our money
away from us. I suppose it is .hopeless
to try to got away from these farmers
-who rob us year in and year out, but
something has got to be done, or New
York will go on the down grade very
Governor Higgins, however. Is happy.
There will be no direct state tax thl3
year, and perhaps not for several years,
unless Wall street moves.
And at Painted Post, Westvillo, Steam
burg. Sullivan's Siding and Westphalia
Junction, farmers meeting at the post
office remark to one another, "Seems tor
be er lot of excitement up ter' York."
GASOLINE IklOTOE IS COMING
After Another Trial It Will Start for
OMAHA, Neb.. April 10. (Special.)
The Union Pacific gasoline motor-car.
built at the shops here for passenger
'service, -will be given Its initial trip
with passengers tomorrow night. Later
in the week it will leave for Portland,
Or., whera It will be placed in service,
making the rim under Its own power.
Tomo-row evening the car will be en
exhibition here in the Union Station
yards with experts on hand to explain
its methods of operation.
Several minor improvements In the
mechanism have been made since the
car was first turned'out of the shops.
The car was given a private run yes
terday and W. R. McKeen, Jr., superin
tendent of motive power, under whose
direction it has been built, declares it
has proved successful In every particu
lar. The car Is said to run as smoothly
as an electric' motor, with which It is
intended to compete.
FRAUD ON PENSION EUEEAU
Ten Officials Suspected of Giving
Pensions to Bogus Soldiers.
WASHINGTON, April 10. Commissioner
of Pensions Warner hag cited 10 members
of the Board of Pension Review to show
cause why their services should not be
dispensed with. This action was taken
because of the discovery of serious de
linquencies in the allowance of pensions
to members of a Pennsylvania regiment
organized In 1S61, but never participating
In the service. Applications from mem
bers of Mercer's Brigade, New Jersey
National Guard, in which the same cir
cumstances prevail, also have been al
lowed. Mr. Warner said today that he was de
termined that such practices should be
stopped In his term of office.
Strange End of Plngree's Partner.
NEW YORK, April 10. Charles H.
Smith, who was a member with the late
Governor Pingrce, of Michigan in tho
boot and ahoe manufacturing firm of Pin
gree & Smith, and who dieappcarcd from
Detroit 15 years ago, is dead at St. Vin
cent's Hospital, of nephritis. In Detroit
his appearance remained as much of a
mystery as ever save to a few personal
friends who have known for ncveral
years that ho had been living at the
Mills Hotel under tho name of Scott. Fif
teen years ago business reverses preyed
on the mind of Mr. Smith. His wounded
pride would not permit him to greet his
Daniel McCullough, Theatrical Man.
PITTSBURG, April 10. Daniel Mc
Cullough, well known in tho theatrical
business, and brother of E. J. McCul
lough, manager of the Empire Theater
in this city, died today from apoplexy
and heart failure. He was born in
San .Francisco In 1862, and during his
career had been associated with the
theatrical business in all parts of the
United States. Ho was formerly man
ager of the Locks Opera Company and
tho Henderson Extravaganza Company.
Initiation Results in Death.
LITTLE ROCK, Ark.. April 10. While
Ebenezer Runyan was being initiated by
the local lodge. Knights of Pythias, at
Fclzel Hall, Ark., he was shot and In
stantly killed. Charles Fuller, an officer
of the lodge, was officiating at the initia
tion and. It Is paid, used a revolver which
had In some way been loaded, although
It was supposed to contain blank cart
ridges. The bullet entered Runyan's
brain. The lodge broke up In consterna
tion. Hollander Arrives on Island.
SANTO DOMINGO, April 10. The Uni
ted States steamship Chattanooga arrived
here -today with Jacob H. Hollander on
board, who is charged to make an inves
tigation into and report on the financial
condition of Santo Domingo. Mr. Hol
lander' presented his credentials to the
government today. The country Is quiet.
Markets Ftiund in Bad
FOOD IS UNFIT FOR USE
School of Domestic Science
"SHOW ME" SAYS BAILEY
Women Finally Convince Food and
Dairy Commissioner That 'Noi
some Conditions Need His
In Cologne, a celebrated author counted
two-and-seventy stenches, all well de
fined, and several lesser ones. In meat
and fish and butter markets of Portland
women of the School of Domestic Sci
ence yesterday found noisome odors till
they couldn't count.
And besides the odors they found filth
nnd rottenness beyond the power of po
lite diction to describe: poultry blue and
black and yellow with decay and pois
oned with entrails yet undrawn; shrlmijs
embalmed with salicylic acid or other
preservative, and restored to their natle
hue with aniline dye: fish exhaling of
fensive perfume from nauseating heaps
on filthy counters; butter and milk and
cream exposed to contamination of dust
laden atmosphere and noxious vapors;
meats, either slain too soon after arrivtl
'on earth or kept too long for trade; pu
trid and loathsome flesh cooked into lard
or ground Into sausage; oysters opened
unwashed and cast Into tin pails too foul
for fish-bait all this surrounded by dis
ease breathing garbage, fetid rubbish,
floors soaked with corruption, walls be
spattered, ceilings festooned with cob
webs, unvcntllated. scarce lighted and
never seeing the sunshine.
His Eyes Opened.
J. W. Bailey. State Food and Dairy
Commissioner, accompanied tho women
and confessed that his eyes had ben
opened and that he could not imagine
worse conditions. This was after he
had denied that the evil conditions exist
ed and had said that the tales, of them
were creations of Imagination.
Dr. Mae H. Cardwcll, of tho City Board
of Health, declared the rsvelatlor"?
"beastly" and "fierce" ami beyond ex
"The markets should clean up." sh
said determinedly; "they must clean ti,i.
they must be made to clean up." Ar
cordlngly she notified each offender that
the stropg arm of the law had not
"But," said the woman of the School of
Domestic Science who led Mr. Bailey and
Dr. Cardwell through the dens of filth,
"the arm of the law stretches out not
far enough. We must have an inspector
to enforce cleanliness and sanitation every
day. One year ago the public arose in
wrath and the markets grew decent. But
that was only for a brief ppan. Now
And the woman looked and heheld again
the filth and rottenness and the unclean-ncs3-
"Ugh!" they said.
Will Hold Public Meeting.
Next Friday they plan to hold a public
meeting for all housewives and others
who desire to learn with their own ears
of the evil in Portland markets. Then
they will go before the City Council and
ask for the passage of an ordinance creat
ing the office of inspector. They aim
not so much at prosecution of offenders
by law as at compulsion of cleanliness
by force of public opinion.
Tho women were Miss Lillian Tingle,
director of the school; Mrs. W. J. Honey
man, president of the Y. W. C. A., of
which the school Is a department; Mr?.
A. E. Rockey, Mrs. James F. Failing.
Miss Esther Goodman. Mrs. Dell Stuart,
Mrs. C. E. Bronaugh, Mrs. H. Jasper, Mr.'.
William Reld and Miss Howell. But theso
are not all the women crusaders, for
allied with them are Mrs. M. EL Dalton,
Mrs. M. Hv Calef. Mrs. C. E. Cnrry, Mrs.
A. H. Kerr, Mrs. J. McRoberts. Mr-.
Sarah Evans. Mrs. C. S. Jackson and
Mrs. E. E. Lytle. All the foregoing wo
men are members of the managing boarl
of the school.
The Investigations: were of the "best"'
markets in the city, where fresh meat,
fish, vegetables oysters, butter and egg3
are vended to the retail trade. But bo
fore going on tho trip of Inspection the
women met with Mr. Bailey in thr Y. W
C. A., whero he said that the stories of
unclean conditions so far as he had ob
served were untrue. He declared that thp
sale of unwholesome food in Portland wa
very rare: whereat the women sniffed.
The tale of dyed shrimps ho' would not be
lieve and to convince him one of tho
women went out and procured a small
package of them. Mr. Bailey said ho
would have his chemist examine and
analyze the "peroxide beauties," as tho
woman who procured the mess termed
them on her return.
"Not one-tenth as much preservative Is
used as is popularly supposed." said Mr
Bailey, "and. I have yet to be convinced
that It Is unwholesome. No reputable
physician or scientist can say positively
that it is dangerous to health. Anyhow.
It is little used; ice is cheaper than prp
sorvative." Then They Laughed.
The women laughed, but Mr. Bailey
stoutly maintained his ground. Thy
pointed to the Hhrimp, one of them say
ing: "Is that .the natural pink of shrimp?
No. , Look for yourself see." as Mr.
'Bailey proceeded to pick one to pieces
'Those shrimp." she went on, "arc treat
ed with salicylic acid or otlur preserva
tive, which pales them to a gray hue
To restore them to a semblance of their
natural color, they arc dyed; . yes, sir.
dyed," and forthwith she related a story
of how a man of her acquaintance had
come nigh unto death from having eatn
"Preservatives." she proceeded, "are
very cheap cheaper than ice." She knew
because she had investigated.
"Give me evidence of violations of th
law," responded Mr. Bailey, "or show me
where I can collect the evidence, and I
will prosecute. In the last SO days I havr
(Concluded on Page 10.)