Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, February 16, 1905, Page 6, Image 6

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r- ,
It is the usual thing to befate the
Legislature. This right, or the exercise
of it, the citizen holds to be his highest
prerogative. Certainly from the stand
point of those who lack experience "with
legislative complications and difficul
ties the work of the Legislature does
often seem "raw." So it may be in
fact; and yet on the whole, when the
whole situation is taken into account
it is seen that the work of the Legis
lature at its successive sessions is quite
as good as any i ndid reviewer of it
could have a right to expect.
The reason is that there is nothing
before the legislative body that Is not
under necessity of being considered In
connection with or in relatio'n to other
matters before It. Different parts of
the general policy of a state touch each
other at Innumerable points. Nothing,
therefore, that comes before a legislat
ive body has an isolate or separate po
sition. The -essence of government, on
a parliamentary basis, is compromise
between various and often variant
opinions and Interests. Besides, the
business is new, alwaj-s, to the mem
bers, or to a majority of them. Few
arc acquainted with existing legisla
tion or with its history. One who pro
poses a new measure seldom knows
how far it would if enacted clash
with laws and conditions of long
standing, which could not be interfered
with or upset without inconvenience or
loss to many. Problems of this kind
are presented at every turn. The legis
lator wishes to do the right thing If
he could onlj- see his way. But it is
a labyrinth, and feu- can pick their
way through it. Again it is nat
ural for the members to push the
interests of their special localities,
which in many instances conflict with
the general interests; for their several
constituencies wish to have special
tilings oone ror them, and it is easy al
ways for each of these constituencies
to persuade Itself that its own claim is
a special and worthy one. These spe
cial claims are "bunched," and "log
rolling" ensues. As a consequence the
etate is -committed to the support of
many things that it ought never to un
dertake, and taxation is forced to the
limit of endurance.
There seems at present little prospect
or probability of distodging from the
public mind the notion that each
scheme and each locality has a right to
get all it can through legislation, at the
expense of the whole. The members
from the several counties realize that
their home constituencies want and ex
ipect special things; and under this spur
each successive legislative session
enacts a body of laws most of which
the state would be better without The
result, moreover, every session is an
appropriation bill, of a magnitude that
startle3 the taxpayer with its biennial
increase exceeding that of the increase
of the value of the property of the state
during the biennial period.
The Oregonian is not so fond or so
Imaginative as to suppose that any
check upon this tendency can at pres
ent be established. But it believes it
fair to say that the fault is not with
the Legislature, but with the constitu
encies that require these things not
realizing the general consequences. The
system will continue so long as locali
ties seek to get special advantages for
themselves at the general cost, and
feel that they have a chance to get
more out of the common fund than they
pay in. That is, perhaps, always. For
merly there was little of this. Xow it
is very general. The members of the
Legislature but reflect the sentiment of
the localities from which they come.
A dispatch from Reno, Nev., tells us
this: "Fired with whisky, an Indian,
thirty miles- out, went on the warpath
today. He killed three sqtiaws and a
fellow-Indian, and then fled to the
mountains. He is still at large, though
a. posse of Indians Is pursuing him."
This Indian, unconsciously. Is a great
civilizer. It is "the likes o' him" that
enforces great moral principles.
Of course, in the evolution and dem
onstration of great moral principles,
the Indian will be wiped out. So will
worthless white people, mostly; but the
gain, to mankind is immense. People
must learn to avoid excess in use of
alcoholic liquors, and to avoid gluttony
and the passion of gambling and eyery
other vice: they must learn to keep
clear of measles and smallpox; and of
venereal diseases, too. or they will plant
death in the source of life and '.perish
Entered at the Postofflce at Portland,
as second-class matter.
suBscKirnoN- hates.
(By Mail or "ExDress.
by consequence. Through excess in
these' various things the Indian per
ishes, and a lot of worthless white peo
ple, too; and the world is better with
out them.
That Indian, thirty miles out from
! Reno, Nev., helps certain great moral
problems towards a solution. It is a
-rational solution, and necessary, too.
They who grossly misuse things of this
world and can't stand 'against the
temptations necessary for establish
went and maintenance of moral char
acterIndians, negroes or white men
I the world is better without them. No
use to coddle them, for they will be no
good to the world, nor to themselves,
any way.
The way of the Reno Indian fur
nishes the practical solution. Start at
this statement how you may, protest
it how you may, yet there is no es
cape from the truth. They who are so
weak that they can't abide the neces
sary conditions of life in the world
must "go." It is true alike in the
ph3"sical and in the moral world. It Is
a law from which there Is no escape.
Mankind gets on In no other way. We
all deplore human weakness and lament
it; but death Is the main cure and the
remedy. Nature is kinder than we
know, or kinder, certainly, than we are
willing to admit.
The New York Tribune recently
printed a letter written by a prominent
Russian to a friend in the United
States. The writer is said to be a mem
toer of a wealthy family "which is on
terms of intimacy with the imperial
household," and to be related moreover
to members of the ministry. He is him
self also a high official. Here is an ex
tract: I had wished to write thee a letter,, above
all. about our ideas on the war. The war Is
most unpopular and wc all desire our own do-leat-,
"We hope that it will open the eyes of
the common peoplo to the fraud of our govern
ment, which Is universally hated. One bears
on all aides that the Japancso are righting for
our freedom there Is nowhere the slightest
feeling against the Japanese.
How prevalent this sentiment is in
Russia it is impossible to ascertain; but
there are indications that it is very
general. Whether, however. It will
prove to be powerful enough to check
the might of Russia in prosecution of
the war cannot be known till further
developments. Since the fall of Port
Arthur the war, practically, has stood
still. AVinter barricades the realms of
frost in Manchuria, and the Russian
fleet finds safety thus far in dallying
about the French ports in Eastern
waters, at a distance from the naval
squadron of Japan.
But in the Spring there certainly will
be active military efforL Russia must
and will exert herself to change the
current that has set so steadily against
her fortunes ever since the war began.
Judging from the past, no success for
her can be predicted. Unless or until
she can meet and overcome Japan at
sea she can do nothing to hurt her ad
versary; and there is small probability
that she can effect anything at sea. It
is not her element; her ships and her
men are believed to be alike unfit for
action, and their hesitancy and delay
confirm from month to month this
judgment of the world. There is little
likelihood that the Russian squadrons
at sea will actually seek those of Japan,
for battle; but when the Winter is gone
an effort on the part of the Russian ar
mies may be expected, with more
bloody struggles, probably, than 'any
that have yet occurred in this war.
It must have been an Inspiring as it
was a strange sight, that crowded hall
in the East Side of . New York City,
when the President of the United
States was the guest of honor at a
meeting where the native-born Ameri
cans were in an Insignificant minority,
and where the hosts and the great ma
jority present were, of Hungarian birth
and bringing up. They are typical of
the conditions under which many resi
dents of this country of ours are Immi
grants in person, or by immediate par
entage, but are more truly Americans
than many native-born. For they are
Americans by choice, conviction and
intention, not by mere accident of birth.
Patriotism, in Its exact sense, may sig
nify the pride of race and original
home, an emotion still binding the emi
grant to hfs German fatherland, to the
Swiss Mountains, to the British Isles
or the 'Hungarian Plains. But Ameri
canism lives in the emigrant's heart,
side by side with the ancient love and
loyalty, and se'eks not to extinguish it.
It may be likened to the love of hus
band and wife, comparable with that
of child to parent. It is a love born of
choice and Identification. Its depth
and fervency could not be doubted
when in the great war of secession the
foreign-born citizens crowded the ranks
of American armies, ready to lay down
their lives for the country and the in
stitutions of their choice.
Without insight and appreciation of
the many varieties of condition In their
native homes of these multitudes of
foreign-born citizens, it is Impossible
either to measure or to appreciate the
force of the attraction of the great Re
public. Think of the races and lan
guages for the moment, and the condi
tions of their lives. There are from
time to time among us local and class
disturbances. Life among the striking
miners of Pennsylvania or Colorado
may be unsafe, surely it Is precarious.
But there is no distant autocrat to or
der oppression and massacre, to drive
the workman to labor at the bayonet's
point, to muzzle the press, and make
the outcry of the poor and destitute a
crime. Railroad rates and regulations
may diminish the farmer's profits, but
his earnings are his own," the fields
which he tills are his own " possession
and his children's after him. Creed
and religious belief and habits entail no
persecution in this wide land. In the
home land the priest must gather his
tithe, must dictate belief by force of
heavy custom, even if not by law, and
in' many of the older lan ds "fakes the
unbeliever as his and his flock's per
sonal foe.
As for the farmer immigrant, it is
easy to take note of the forces which
have drawn him from the small to the
large, from- the contracted limits of
earnings and of life conditions to the
freedom and breadth of our wide
spaces. And though one swallow may.
not have made a Summer, yet the fol
lowing of the first by the whole flock
is as certain as the course of the sea
sons themselves. Every state in the
Union tells the same tale.
As for the dwellers in the cities typi
fied by the gathering which the Presi
dent addressed, the causes of migra
tion He deeper. From many cities of
the Old World the younger laborers are
swarming. The work hours are long,
the nay is poor, food and decent lodg
ing are hard to get, the workmen's
quarters are crowded, the sense of con
straint, of mean and forced conditions
of labor and of life presses heavily on
them. Then ships abound and travel is
very cheap. These are the expulsive
forces. The attractive forces He malnlv
in the freedom which marks the United
States the world over In the citizenship
or that people which stands In the van
of the world's progress. In the nride In
the Americanism which draws no bar
riers around the newcomer, which of
fers to each a free course and oddot
tunity, where in taking up the burdens
the Immigrant gains a heritage a't once
in his citizenship equal to that which
has descended through generations to
the American-born.
So America -Is filling up. True it Is
that a majority of the new nrrivals
need teaching as well as the opportu
nity to work and feed and multiply.
Herein lies our great duty. As we rec
ognize the depth of their old novertv.
the Inherited Ills from which they are
striving to free themselves, let us
rather aid than ridicule their efforts.
America invites them: let her children
take up the responsibility and continue
to welcome the newcomers.
The process of "coupling up" appro
priation bills has its drawbacks. Two
years since Governor Chamberlain
vetoed a-miscellaneous aonroDrltion bill
because it contained several improper
and unnecessary items. Now he threat
ens to disapprove the bill for mainte
nance of certain important state insti
tutions, because the Normal School
graft and one or two other Items are
saddled on it. The Governor is quite
likely to carry out his purpose. He
should. The Normal Schools ought to
stand on their own bottom, and so
should the Agricultural College and the
State University. Why should these
appropriations be rushed through with
an emergency clause, or. for that mat
ter, why should the Normal School ap
propriations be put through at all?
The State Insane Asylum, the Peni
tentlary, the Blind School and the Re
form School can get along somehow
without appropriations. They must be
maintained, and they can be main
talned. though not without inconven
ience. It would be unfortunate If their
ordinary resources were to be cut off
Dy any arbitrary act of the Governor.
but in an emergency certificates or
warrants could be issued for claims
audited by the Secretary of State, and
these would, no doubt, be negotiable
paper. So the state would not be in so
great a difficulty as might appear, and
Its employes would be able unquestion
ably to get their money regularly. The
State University and the Agricultural
College are both state Institutions,
within the meaning of the law. and
they have annual appropriations, so
,that they, too, would not be In very
serious trouble If the Governor shall
take the stand he declares that he will
take. The Normal Schools alone would
probably be cut out entirely. There is
no fund for their maintenance except
such as is provided by the biennial ap
propriation bills. The Immediate and
only result, therefore, of a veto bv the
Governor of this particular bill would
be to cause some inconvenience to state
institutions and to kill entirely the Nor
mal School graft. It would seem that
the promoters of the Normal Schools
may have, overreached themselves un
less they s"hall be able to muster force
enough to pass the bill over the Gov
ernor's expected veto.
hOregonian has not advocated,
and does not advocate, entire suspen
sion of appropriations for Normal
Schools. It has objected to the miscel
laneous and unjustifiable dissipation of
the states funds for maintenance of
four Normal Schools, to interfer
ence by the Normal School manipulat
ors with other state legislation, and to
support at state expense of institutions
that are merely high schools for the
benefit of particular communities. It
believes that a reasonable appropria
tion might be made for one Normal
School, and an efficient and creditable
institution thus created. But its sug
gestions have not been listened to by
the Legislature, and It. therefore, can
not regard with consternation the pros
pect that none of them will get any
thing out of the state for the coming
biennial period.
Every succeeding Legislature makes
more and more obvious the abuses that
may be practiced under the policy of
collecting In one appropriation bill un
related appropriations, some meritori
ous and some not, and forcing them
through because any legislator who
has a particular interest in any one
item cannot afford to stand in the way
of the whole measure. If the Governor
had the power, as he should have, to
veto any particular item in an armro-
prlation bill, it would be found that all
demands for funds from the state
treasury would stand upon their re
spective merits. Log-rolling, combina
tions of inharmonious interests and
general schemes for wholesale loot
would disappear. Each appropriation
would be considered by the Legislature
upon its merits and by the Governor
upon its merits. It might happen In In
dividual instances that the Governor
through caprice would disapprove of
a particular aDDronriatlon. Tn
he did, the Legislature would have an
opportunity to pass ltxver his veto Just
the same as any other bill.
By the aid of the Young Women's
Christian Association it will again be
possible for Portland girls to obtain in
struction from an expert in cooking.
This bit of news is perhaps less excit
ing than reports of anti-trust action by
Congress or particulars of the inaugural
procession, which is to be a pageant en
livened by Rough Riders and be-feath-ered
Indians, but none the less it Is of
more Importance to the people of Port
land. -What are politics to pie, parades
to pot roast? Rumors of war are small
matters in comparison with rumors of
an egg famine, and the doings of the
House are trifles to the doings of the
kitchen. Yet it is not with this aspect
of the news that we would deal, but
with one that affects the student-cooks
more than their friends. If such a thing
is possible.
The lady who will have charge of the
cooking school here served five years
In a similar position In North Dakota,
and every one of her graduates, she
says, is now married, "some of them
not even waiting to finish the course
before making an actual test of their
cooking ability on a husband." or. in
other words, trying it on the dog. At
first sight this state of affairs appears
to Indicate an unusual decree of cau
tion and providence among the young
men of the day. It appears at first
sight' that they select these girls as
wives, not because of a rosy cheek or
a coral Up, but because of housewifely
qualities, yet second thought shows this
to be a mistaken idea. Nobody has
ever yet heard a lover sighing Jlke a j
furnace on account of his mistress skill
in boiling potatoes. There have been
sonnets to eyebrows, but none to hot
biscuits. Another reason must be
sought for the marrying oft of the. cook
ing class. It must be that the pupils
become so vain of their accomplish
ments that they jump at the first
chance of an engagement to cook. If
this be so. and the evidence appears
conclusive, it will be a dangerous' thing
for an eligible man to express admira
tion for the work of a cooking class
pupil. He will find It so sudden.
Apart from this feature of a school
of cookery, It Is evident that there Is
great need for such an "Institution to
teach frugality. Women are not so
economical in the use of materials as
they were, and, even if the country is
exceptionally prosperous, there Is no
excuse for extravagance. In the cur
rent issue of the Irrigon Irrigator, for
example, there is a description of a
supper 'given by the Ladles' Aid Soci
ety. "The managers," says the ac
count, "were profuse In their apologies
about the oyster soup. They had sev
eral gallons of the bivalves ordered
from Portland, but the express messen
gers .carried them some place up the
line. So the ladies had to make some
200 plates of soup with only sixteen
oysters." "Profuse apologies I" and
"only sixteen oysters!' what next?
To admit the presence of more than one
oyster In the soup at a church enter
tainment is flying in the face of all
tradition, yet here we have apologies
for sixteen. The time Is ripe for cook
ing classes in which economy will be
Detective stories make interesting
reading, even if the results obtained
by the 6leuths of Action provoke the
Inqredulous into smiling. In real life
the detection of criminals is conducted
along much simpler lines. The police
official is not feverishly active, and does
not display undue perspicacity. He is
Just an ordinary mortal, with a liking
for ease and a hankering for the glory
of publicity, but he has a method that
Sherlock Holmes never employed. See
how Florebelto was apprehended, and
how the gang 'of safecrackers, all but
the principals, was watched and finally
caught. The same method was used in
each case. Neighbors marked down the
murderer in his retreat, and a man
with no official standing is credited
with having watched the robbers' roost
in South Portland for several months,
the robbers committing several daring
crimes during the period of espionage.
The great rule for the peace officer to
remember is. "Let the public do the
The Newell bill for humane convey
ance of insane to the Asylum at Salem
has passed the State Senate by a prac
tically unanimous vote, with some
amendments relating to the disburse
ment of the transportation fund. Here
is a measure, in the Interest both of
common decency and of economy, that
has been successively defeated by polit
ical influence In many "Legislatures.
Now the present Legislature, recogniz
ing its unquestioned merit, enacts it
into law with almost no objection. It
is creditable to the Salem lawmakers
that they have declined to listen to the
'Sheriffs' combination. Senator Coe and
Representatives Newell and Stelner,
who have taken an active Interest in
the measure, have thus done a genuine
public service. The House will, of
course, promptly concur in the Senate
It is nonsense to declare that the state
ought not to discontinue appropriations
for the Drain Normal School until the
Legislature shall have passed a bill to
abolish It. There is no continuing ap
propriation for any Normal School, and
they are not properly state institutions.
As well might it be declared that the
state Is pledged) to continued support of
the Florence Crittenton Home until It
enacts a law that says affirmatively
support shall be discontinued. The
state itself indeed has ever made a
clear distinction between Institutions
that must be supported and other insti
tutions that may be supported. When
no money is provided for the latter
they are out of business, so far as the
state Is concerned.
Blockade-runners continue to fall
into Japanese hands with a monotony
that must be very depressing to the
owners and underwriters, to say noth
ing of the Russians in Vladivostok.
With the end of the Russian fleet Japan
was enabled to put her fast cruisers
and smaller craft into the service ofJ
keeping Vladivostok effectively bottled,
a task that the naval commaqders ap
pear to be carrying out very success
fully. The fact that the late Federal grand
jury was made up almost wholly of
Republicans, and that It indicted no
body but Republicans, has been deemed
worthy of humorous comment in some
quarters; but there Is nothing strange
about it. The number of members re
quired to maki up a grand jury some
what exceeds, if memory serves cor
rectly, the entire Democratic poll at
the last election.
General Kuropatkln is having quite
as much trouble with the enemy at
home as with the foe at the front.
The military genius who in time of war
remains 6000 miles from the smell of
gunpowder always . knows what ought
to be done by the men -who are doing
the flghting.
Stephen A. Douglas Puter will get
back his 51S00 from the state, but he
may be indicted. Puter without a
pending indictment would not be the
same old Puter.
General Stoessel may have his own
opinion of the Russian naval officer, but
he will not add to his reputation by
giving It expression.
A Zemsky Zabor sounds a dcsDerate
remedy for even Russia's disease.
The veto is mightier than the ma
chine sometimes.
Awful Responsibility Nobly Assumed.
Salem Journal.
The Journal need not remark that
neither Collector Patterson, T. T.'Geer,
Fred R. Waters, nor any other oereon
but Hofer Bros, are owners, nor part
owners, in this paper.
Habits of Polk County Musicians.
Independence Enterprise.
A tinnd tnarrhwl through TnrijnnnrlAnrAa
streets yesterday In extended drder and
the players never got their feet muddy.
An Envious Neighbor.
Tacoma Dally News.
The new directory of Portland will con
tain few who have not .been indicted by
the grand Jury.
King Edward managed to open Parlia
ment this time without the aid of Will
lams and Walker, the Royal Comedians.
The Authors' Club, of New York, has
sent a petition to the Czar, asking for.
the release of Maxim Gorky. A far more
effective method would have been a rep
resentative delegaUon. Think of a pro
cession like this marching down the Nev
sky Prospect:
Henry Mills Alden leading.
Waving rejected MSS.
Bearing banners with "Death to the System."
In carriage drawn by purple cows.
Metcalfe of "Life." In" blinker?.
Carrying fodder In shock?.
S. Y. I'. E. W. G. A. N..
(Society of Young People Engaged Jn Writing
the Great American Novel.)
In ctwtume of period. '
Leading Run-ian Bar In chain of hyphens.
Distributing advertisements of Disraeli's unfin
ished novel.
The latter returning thank? for the retirement
of Sherlock Holmes.
A chewing gum manufacturer has left
an estate valued at 510.COO.000. and his
heira are keeping up the family tradi
tion by chewing the rag over iL
Hoch, the single-file Mormon, is credit
ed by an exchange with half a dozen
aphorism? on the subject of women.
"Nine out of every ten women can be
won by flattery" is his first. "Never let
a woman know her own shortcomings"
Is another tip from one who should
know. "Women like to be told pleasant
things about themselves" Is a self-evident
truth, and It Is just as true of men.
Lastly. Hoch declares that "the averago
man can fool the average woman if he
will only let her have her own way at
the start." To this dogmatic assertion
we cannot subscribe. The average woman
is moro likely to fool the average man
and never let hlni have his way at all.
Hoch offers nothing new. but it is the old
methods that are successful. Flattery is
the active ingredient in all love-philtres.
Tho dread wages of rfn is shown in this
item of theatrical news from the Dra
matic Mirror:
Her First False Stop closed in Indianapolis
January 27.
A Chicago woman, according to the evi
dence in a divorce v case, promised her
husband to stop drinking liquor, and kept
hor word by substituting spirits of am
monia as a stimulant. No wonder her
deception was discovered what could
clovos avail against ammonia? Another
trick that annoyed hubby was wine's Joke
of keeping two notices for the buffet in
their Summer home. One read "Bar
Open" and the other "Bar Closed." Very
The Indianapolis Newg thinks that
bankers should have to hold certificates
of competency, as physicians and drug
gists must. The Idea might be extended
so that no unqualified person might en
gage In any trade or profession. Besides
insuring the public more or loss against
unskillful practitioners, think what a
number of nice Jobs there would be on
the boards of examiners.
"In what does flirting consist?" asks
the Woman at Home. . What is moon
light made of? What makes a smile
thrill the heart? What music is played
on the pianola of the spheres? The
Woman at Home should ask something
one can answer.
Perversity, thy name is teachers. Here
arc numbers of Portland teachers as dis
contented as can be. and just after their
superintendent has had his salary In
In the squabble with General Stocssel.
Admiral Lockinsky Is breaking outsky.
A year ago and every bard
"Was ending word with "sky."
And. oh! but it was passing hard
To gar the custom die.
Rut now. thank heavens. It is dead. "
The bards no longer wrltcrtcy
. A lot of wordskys to be read
And praised as bolng brlglitsky.
Bronze medals for brave railroad em
ployes should be awarded by the Govern
ment, In the opinion of the House com
mittee on Interstate commerce. And this
recommendation in the face of Carnegie's
hero-rewarding experience. But why con
fine the medals to railroad men? All
classes should be entitled to such Gov
ernment distinctions, and In time we
should then probably have to reward our
diplomats and others with the Insignia of
some order, say the Order of the Big
Stick. Thon further progress to knight
hoods and peerages would be easy
enough. J
Conference With Costa Rica .to Ac
cept Award by Loubet.
PANAMA. Feb. 15. An important con
ference was held today at the Govern
ment House to discuss the boundary of
Costa Rica. President Amador Invited
leading public men and distinguished law
yers of all political parties to attend the
meeting and it was resolved by a great
majority to accept the new line, which
provides for mutual concessions accept
able to both governments. A protocol
will be signed accepting President Lou
bet's award.
As provided for by the constitution of
Panama, a referendum treaty giving
Panama an Important part of the Pa
cific Coast and territory which probably
will be traversed by the Panama Rail
road, based on tho status quo, will be
submitted to the next national assembly
The Minister of Foreign Affairs of Pan
ama has cabled to Lconldas Pacheco, the
special envoy of Costa Rica to Panama,
who is now in Costa Rica, that his pres
ence here is necessary In order to pro
ceed with the negotiations.
And All This Time Where Has This
Editor Been?
Astoria Daily News.
But dishonesty will never win. and the
grafters of Oregon have at last been
brought up with a short turn. The Ore
gonian expresses wonder that the start
ling disclosures were so long delayed. In
timating It knew of the Impending crisis.
Perhaps The Oregonian was rather too
much occupied politically to make an ex-poso,-
leaving that disagreeable task for
the Government's agents. The storm has
at last broken, and when all the guilty
ones have been landed In prison the peo
ple of the state and of the Nation will be
Firebug at Work in Japan.
TOKIO. Feb. 15. A fire took place at.
the Atsuta works, near Nagoya, last night
and the damage done was considerable.
The origin of the fire is unknown", .but it
Is considered possibly the work of an In
cendiary. A searching investigation is
now in -progress" -
Predicts Deficit of $50,000,000 When
All Appropriations Are Made.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 13. The Senate
today continued, but could not conclude,
consideration of the bill making appro
priations for the support of the govern
ment of the District of Columbia. Elklns
took exceptions to an Item of $50,000 for
the construction of a local bridge as In
the Interest of speculators, and made a
general plea for economy In appropria
tions. "We now have a deficit In the Treasury
of SM.000.000." said Elklns. "and with a
river and harbor bill and a public build
ing bill facing us. wc shall increase that
deficit to $50,000,000. Now. we must at
some time, and in some way, find a place
to begin to practice economy, and It ap
pears to me to be a good place to begin."
Allison called attention to the fact that
only $10,000 is appropriated for the pres
ent year, and said he was sorry that the
Senator from West Virginia should have
begun with so small an Item.
Replying. Klklns quoted a newspaper in
terview with Allison, saying that oconomy
Is necessary to protect the Treasury. He
added that he had tried In committee to
get another item stricken out: that he
would be willing to cut the bill to the ex
tent of $1,000,000.
The amendment was agreed to.
The following bills were passed:
. Providing for the payment of pensions
due to inmates of the Government Hos
pital for the Insane.
Authorizing the establishment of a lep
rosy hospital In the United States or the
Limiting the period of absence of diplo
matic and consular officers from their
posts to 60 days: also C75 private pension
The resolution of inquiry concerning In
dian school funds introduced yesterday by
Bard was adopted.
Beverldge presented a memorial from
the Legislature of Indiana and Berry a
memorial from the Legislature of Arkan
sas, both praying for the enlargement of
the powers of the interstate Commerce
Slewart presented the credentials of his
successor. George S. Nixon.
The Senate agreed to the conference re
port on the omnibus claims bill.
A resolution calling upon the Secretary
of the Treasury for a statement of the
amount of silver coined under existing
law. which was offered by Teller, was
Grosvenor Asks Information About
Grabbing of Arid Land.
WASHINGTON, Fob. 15. Representa
tive Grosvenor of Ohio introduced a
resolution today requesting informa
tion from the Secretary of the Interior
as to the violation of certain laws re
garding the taking up of public lands.
The resolution asks the Secretary
whether there is any foundation for
the preamble and resolution recently
pussed by the National Business
League of Chicago, reciting that under
pre-existing laws, namely the desert
land law, the timber and stone law and
the commutation clause of the home
stead law, certain persons have been
and are surreptitiously obtaining pos
session of large tracts of the public
domain which were set apart to pro
moto the Irrigation of arid lands.
Not Enough Time to Reach Vote on
Smoot Case.
WASHINGTON. Feb. Id. Chairman
Burrows has called a meeting of the
Senate committee on privileges and
elections, to be hold on Saturday, to
consider the arguments of counsel in
the Smoot investigation and determine
on some course of action. There has
been -no' meeting of the committee sinco
the hearings were closed, and no con
sultation of members to discuss wheth
er it is possible to decide the case at
this session of Congress. In view of
the limited timo that remains of the
presont session, the disposition is to
postpone action until the next session.
There are so many points involved in
the discussion -that it is estimated that
a week or more would be required in
the Senate to bring the case to a vote.
The arguments of counsel huvt hnen
bound in one volume, and are being
House Committee Finds-Panama Rail
road a Good Investment.
WASHINGTON. Feb. 15. The members
of the subcommittee charged with an in
vestigation of the affairs of the Panama
Railroad by the House committee on in
terstate and foreign commerce have re
turned from New York, where they went
to visit the offices of the company. Chair
man Shacklcford, of the subcommittee,
said that the testimony developed that the
railroad and Its constituent steamship
line was an exceedingly well-paying piece
of property. It has been a dividend-payer
. from Its organization. The evidence
was to the effect that should the steam
ship line be abandoned by the Govern
ment the value of the property would be
very greatly depreciated.
Ambassador Porter Has Already
Found Rov8 of Graves.
WASHINGTON. Feb. 15. Ambassador
Porter already has justified the faith he
expressed to the State Department In his
ability to find some trace of the remains
of John Paul Jones. He has cabled the
State Department from Paris as follows;
"Sunk shaft, found rows of graves un
disturbed at a depth of 17 feet."
This refers to the preliminary examina
tion which the Ambassador has been
making of the ground which once formed
the site of the cemetery to which the re
mains of John Paul Jones were traced.
Conductors Say He Was Under Con
gressional Committee's Eye.
WASHINGTON. Feb. 13. At 2 P. M. to
day the Senate resumed the impeachment
trial of Judge Swayne. Three conductors
on the Louisville & Nashville Railroad
testified that Judge Swayne is in the
habit of riding on that road on passes,
but one conductor said that, when the
Congressional committee was in Florida
investigating the case, and Judge Swayne
was traveling with it. he paid his fare.
Testimony was Introduced concerning
proceedings In a contempt case.
President Again in Washington.
WASHINGTON. Feb. 16. President
Roosevelt and some of the members ot
his party, who have been spending the
greater part of two days In New York
City, arrived here at 7:30 o'clock thi3
morning on the Pennsylvania Railroad.
The President looked the picture of health
and not at all fatigued by his active round
of festivities while In New York. There
were a few people at the station and to
these he bid a pleasant good morning as
he walked to his carriage.
In the party, in addition to the Presi
dent, were Mrs. Roosevelt, Mrs. Cowles,
Mrs. Douglas Robinson, the President's
sister, who is to make a visit in Wash
ington; Secretary Loeb and Dr., Stokes.
No Danger of Anti-Foreign Riots.
SHANGHAI. Feb. 15. The Governor of
Shantung Province discredits the German
fears of anti-foreign riots. He asserts
that he Is perfectly able to preserve order,
if it Is menaced, and says there is no
necessity to increase the numW of Ger
man guards along the railroad.
Britain and Russia Almost Came to
Blows on Contraband..
LONDON. Feb. 15. A Parliament pa
per issued today gives the correspondence
between Great Britain and Russia relat
ing to contraband of war between Feb
ruary 12, 1904. and October 24. It covers
generally everything known through the
Associated Press dispatches and shows
the firm attitude of Foreign Secretary
Lansdowne In dealing with Russia's con
tentions. The paper is chiefly interesting
in showing the acuteness of the contro
versy at one period. Lord Lansdowne. in
a dispatch to Sir Charles Ilardinge. the
British Ambassador at St. Petersburg.
August 10. describes tho situation arising
from Russia's "unprecedented attitude"
with reference to contraband as one of
the utmost gravity, and said that unless
this condition was ended without delay
Great Britain would be constrained to
take such precautions as she thought de
sirable to protect her commerce.
Another disvutch from Secretary Lans
downe, of October 16. to Ambassador
Hardinge. mentions a conversation which
Lord Lansdowne had with Count Benken
dorff. the Russian Ambassador to Great
Britain, in which lord Lansdowne in
formed him that the decision of Russia
making coal contraband obliged Great
Britain to use special vigilance in regard
to the supply of coal to the belligerents.
The correspondence' concludes with ati
expression of the satisfaction of Great
Britain at the fact that Russia had modi
fied her views In making rice and provis
ions conditional contraband, but regret
ting that this principle was not applied
to coal.
German Naval Minister Explains Pol
icy in Shipbuilding.
HER LIN. Feb. 15. -Admiral von Tirpitz
Secretary of the Admiralty, explaining
the naval estimates before the appropr!
Rtlons committee of the Reichstag tod.' .
said events of the Russo-Japanese war
had shown the soundness of the foundr
tlou of the principle of Germany's naal
programme, numuly. that the atrength c ?
a fleet lies In heuvily-urniorcil ships. Torpedo-boats
under special circuinstanc.
had won Japnn's initial success, but in
the engagement of August SO heavy guns
and armor had been decisive. The .strong
est artillery behind thick armor must U"
der normal conditions hold the upper hanJ
In sea lighting. The extensive use of
mines was by no means new. They had
been used successfully during the Amer
ican Civil War.
Admiral von Tlrpltz remarked that n
new programme was proposed by the
Government, which only asked for means
to continue the execution of the author
ized programme. He would not attempt
to speak for future generations, but. tile
secretary added, he expected In the Au
tumn to ask for the six large cruisers
which were refused In 1S00 and for 35 torpedo-boats.
Russian Newspaper Alludes Sarcastic
ally to Dispute With Senate.
ST. PETERSBURG. Feb. 15. Tne
Novoe Vremya, in a sarcastic editorial
on the action of the United States Sen
ate' in connection with the arbitration
treaties, pokes fun at the alleged at
tempt of the United States to take the
leadership In the world's diplomacy.
The editorial reviews the plan for
preserving the administrative entity of
China, the proposed naval demonstra
tion in Turkish water, the establish
ment of the Republic of Panama and
the proposition to hold a second peace
conference at The Hague, concluding
with the cornucopia of arbitration
treaties, the whole Idea of which, the
paper says, "finally met the fate which
always ov-srtakos a new Jadl. There
fore. It is not to be worifcered at that
the Senate declines to jiel.l to a.
scheme which plaees the settlement of
future disputes entirely in the hands
of President Roosevelt."
Emperor Organizes Body Which He
Calls a Parliament.
PEKIN. Feb. 15. The Emperor of China
has recently approved a memorial present
ed by the president of the Board of Rev
enue, advising the establishment of offi
cial parliaments, where matters of im
portance, both foreign and domestic, can
be discussed by the chief metropolitan
Officials, members of tho Haulin College,
the various boards of censors and tin
grand secretaries. This new council i .
not to hold discussions at regular inter
vals, but only when commanded by the
Emperor. Its consultations will be cur
ried on by correspondence and vcrball
The formation of this new so-called pat -liament
Is regarded by the foreign com
munity as entirely illusory; useless, but
interesting as an indication that Chii-i
now recognizes the inadequacy of exist
ing government machinery.
While Charcot Seeks South Pole Wife
Sues for Divorce.
PARIS. Feb. 15. Jeanne Charcot, grand
daughter of Victor Hugo., has filed a
petition for divorce In the Paris courts
against her husband. Dr. Jean Charcot,
son of -the famous nervous specialist and
head of the French Antarctic expedition,
on the grounds of desertion. The petition
creates the liveliest Interest In Parisian
circles, where both parties are prominent.
Dr. Charcot left France over a year ago
in an attempt to reach the South Pole
a'nd recently rumors of the possible sink
ing of his ship, based upon statements of
officers of tan Argentine vessel that they
feared the expedition was lost in the
South Sea cyclone of April. 1204. were cir
culated. Mmc. Jeanne Charcot was the
divorced wife of Leon Daudet. eldest son
of the late Alphonse Daudet.
Minor Bills Passed by the House
WASHINGTON. Feb. 15. Bills were
passed by the House today to amend the
act to prohibit the passage of special or
local laws In the territories to limit ter
ritorial indebtedness, and amending tho
revised statutes so as to classify the in
spectors of the steamboat inspection serv
ice. This, last bill was one of the number
which were drafted to meet conditions de
veloped by the General Slocum disaster.
To Make Automobilists Liable.
NEW YORK, Feb. 15. Owing to nu
merous' motor car accidents in German,
a bill Is to be presented to the Reichstag
providing, says a Times dispatch from
Berlin, for the compulsory formation of
an organization of automobilists which
will be responsible for all damages. The
plan is that every owner of a motor car
be compelled to Join tho organization.
New Cotton Mills in England.
MANCHESTER, Feb. 15. The" heay
crop of American cotton has caused In
creased activity in mlllbuilding here.
Four new mills are In course of erection,
and at the same time a number of new
mills are going up for Egyptian cotton.
Altogether the new capital in these new
enterprises amounts to 515.000.000. The
new miUs will give employment to 9000
Germans Kill Some Herreros.
BERLIN. Feb. 15. Ueutenant-General
von Trotha, commander-in-chief of the
forces In German Southwest Africa, re
ports a sharp encounter between Lieuter
ant Bymael's detachment of troops anJ
several Herrsro bands 20 miles north of
Dabls. The Germans surprised ,.the na
tives., who fled eastward, leaving 62 men
killed. - - - -f