Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, January 21, 1905, Image 1

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    VOL. XLIV. IHO. 13,766.
Ooes Up From Russian
Angry Mobs Parade St,
Petersburg Streets.
Strike Spreads to Every In
dustry in the Capital.
Headed by Adored Father Gopon,
Half a Million Will Present De
mand for Reforms, Despite
Officials and Bayonets.
IXJNDOX. Jan. 21. The correspondent
of the Standard at St. Petersburg cables
an interview with Gopon, the priest
who has figured .o prominently in the
strike in that city. The clergyman
We have notUied Minister of the In
terior Svialopolk-Mlrsky that it is our
desire to meet the Emperor and hand
th6 petition from the workingmen to
him personally. Should he refuse to ac
cept or to aft in this vital matter, the
result would- be a terrible uprising.
"I expect 'Vat S00,QQO people w be
igalherea together in. the palace Square
1 & -Sunday.: .and tlipngh possibly I iJty
pfrlsh, I .ata convlt,7J TbariMbodshii.
I U comes; Trill bring jftJerly ho V
Tone-suffering people."
ST. IKTERSBUIU;. Jan. 21. It U
rumored that M. Smirnoff, niassger of
the ratllofT Iron "Work, where the
srroat strike, began, rrnu murdered la
the -tight.
ST. PETERSBURG, Jan. 21. With
riotous strikers to the number of hun
dreds of thousands parading the streets
of the capital city, and the continual
spread of the feeling 'of unrest through
out the empire, the Russian government
Is In a terrible predicament. Even worse
than the news of the disasters In the Far
East is the alarm in official quarters felt
over the domestic situation. Troops are
guarding the palace and all public build
ings, but It is not deemed wise to call
upon them to suppress the disorder, ex
cept in extreme cases.
Late Friday evening an organized mob
attacked the Marcus cardboard factors
and attempted to throw the manager from
the window, and It was reported that the
utrike fever had extended to the Alexan
drovsky Machine Works, where 7000 men
are employed; the Baltic cartridge fac
tory, owned by the government, and
Baron Strcglltz cloth factory, the latter
employing 3000 people of both sexes; the
Jtatc distillery and the Kallcr and Beck
man distilleries. The employes of the
Husso-Amcrlcan 'Rubber Company, the
Youkoff hoop factors, and a new cotton
fiplnning establishment were the latest
acquisitions to the tted-up industries. At
the latter works the police were unable
to control the mob of strikers and the mil
itary were ordered to their assistance. It
was learned late Friday night that the
employes of the State Playing-Card Fac
tors, the Vagounlnc Paper Mills, employ
ing 1000 hands: the Atlas Machine Works,
the Wolff & Max printing works and nu
merous other large plants had joined in
the strike.
City Almost in Darkness.
Tile city is almost in darkness, owing
to Uie strike of electric light employes,
and it is stated that newspaper publica
tion will be suspended.
The situation grows Tiourly darker, and
the prospects for a settlement of the
difficulties vanished when the Minister of
Finance refused to receive a delegation of
It has been doclded bs the workmen to
hald a great representative mass meeting
t 2 o'clock on Sunday afternoon in the
palace square, to present a great petition
tor the redress of their wrongs. The work
men havo agreed to go to this meeting
unarmed, and will not meet violence with
violence. Father Gopon. the priest who
heads the strikers procession, dressed in
clerical attire and carrying a crucifix, is
much in evidence, and will lead the pro
cession on Sunday.
Incendiarism Breaks Out.
Despite the efforts of the police and
mllltarj. the agitation Is growing, and
this (Saturday) morning an unconfirmed
report said that a large tobacco factory
at Moscow had been fired b incendiaries
and completely destroyed. Notwithstand
ing the peaceful tone of the strikers
manifesto, there is a deep undercurrent
of bitterness, and the least spark will suf
fice to enkindle the flame of revolution.
In addition to the army of striking work
xneo. there is another serious proposition
.for the Imperial government to consider.
Students riots, the activity of Zemstvo
ists, famine in Bessarabia and the Re
servist uprisings all go to show the stats
of political unrest In Russia.
Whole City on Strike, and Agitators
Sowing Seeds of Disorder.
ST. PETERSBURG, Jan. 20. With tho
Russian capital seemingly .on the verge
of an incipient revolution, thousands of
workmen parading the streets, agitators
and fanatics sowing the seeds of disorder,
half of the city in darkness and without
Are protection owing to walkouts, the
situation was hourly growing more tense
tonight, -when the authorities decided to
adopt energetic measures tto preserve
order, prevent rioting and overawe the
violent ro.Inde-3, at the same time seekiug
to placate the j-trlking workmen by offer
ing satisfaction for their demands in so
far as they are just and reasonable, thus
acting with combined firmness and mod
el atlon.
The government tonight augmented the
garrison of St. Petersburg with 2500 cav
alry and 1000 Infantry from Tsarkskoe
Selo and filled the streets, especially in
the disaffected quarter, with heavy pa
trols of soldiers. '
The refusal to permit a delegation of
workmen to present p.- -petition to the
Emperor Nicholas at Tsarskoe-Sclo has
made it known that the great demon
stration planned for Sunday, with its
unlimited possibilities for an outbreak,
will not be permitted to take place. At
the same time, acting in conjunction with
a conference of employers, it has been
determined to offer concessions in the
terms of employment, which the employ
ers declared the great majority of the
workmen would be inclined to accept if
they were guaranteed protection from the
more violent faction.
Father Gopon Arrested.
Late tonight it was reported that
Father Gopon. leader of the workmen,
had been quietly spirited away from his
bodyguard and taken into custody, in
furtherance of the plan to disorganize
the elements that are threatening the
peace of St. Petersburg. The authorities
believe that by these steps they have the
situation well in hand and announce they
expect a peaceful solution of the prob
lem. The situation had entered an acute
stage today, and the strike had assumed
an open political phase. The day was
one, of intense excitement. Mill after mill
and factory after factory closed. The
crowds of workmen paraded the street
and, when " their colleagues refused to
join them, broke down gates and forced
out the men. The whole industrial' cen tu
ts Idle.
All the textile mills and every printing
office in St. Petersburg: are closed. Ono
electric light pjant.and one water plant
"haye tjeerf shut Sown," and. over 100.000
men are .jut. 4'
Throughout the day workmen's meet
ings wcrVlield;:at?whTcn" speeches were
made, the wildest threats being uttered"
as to what would come in the event of
the authorities and employers failing to
meet their demands. The nervousness and
dread of what the next few days might
bring forth was Increased by the reports
that the -workmen of Moscow, Kieff,
Kharkoff. Kishinef and other large cities
in the interior might join In the move
ment!. While the government and em
ployers temporized, the telegraphers and
railroad employes threatened to join the
walkout, paralyzing the communications
of the country- Many foreigners are pre
paring to send their families abroad. Ev
ery newspaper in St Petersburg has been
forced to suspend publication owing to
the strike.
Strike a Great Surprise.
The suddenness of the strike and the
far-reaching nature of the workmen's or
ganization was largely a surprise to the
government and cmplojers. Starting with
the walkout of a few thousand employes
on the Putlloff Iron Works, due purely
to industrial causes, it spread as rapidly
as a conflagration through the labor
masses of St. Petersburg and became gen
eral. At first only Industrial demands
were presented, such as shortening the
hours of labor and Increase of wages: but
poverty and discontent, under the incite
ment of Social Democratic agitators, led
to the formulation of political demands.
A petition was drawn up and largely
signed, which, going beyond the com
plaints on which the strike originated, at
tacked the whole capitalistic system of
the country', bitterly assailed the present
government as one of bureaucracy and
demanded reforms, asserting that death
-was preferable to existence under such
conditions. This was to have been pre
sented personalis to Emperor Nicholas.
A deputation of workmen endeavored to
see His Majesty at Tsarsko-Sclo and ap
peal to him to come to the Winter Pal
ace Sunday to be present at an immense
demonstration of the industrial classes.
It was planned to" have the workmen In
SL Petersburg, headed by their leader,
the priest Gopon. in full gorgeous canon
ical robes, march to the palace and as
semble In the great parade grounds In
front of the palace and there present the
petition to His Majests. The deputation,
however, will be refused admission to
Tsarsko-Sclo. The government believes
this will reader a meeting on Sunday im
possible. Concessions Are Offered.
The employers at the same time, after"
conferences with the Ministry of Finance,
which was the first to recognise the
gravity of the situation, determined to
offer concession? In wages and other con
ditions of labor tC individual emploj-es,
but declared it was impossible to grant
an eight-hour day without general legis
lation affecting competitors and price
regulations for piece work. Compliance
with the emploes demands for the pay
ment of -wages during the strike was held
to be out of the question and the em
ployers declined also to permit of dicta
tion of the terms bs other than their
own employes. Thcj expressed the belief
Via mnt nf their pmnlovps Trri desirous
of accepting the concessions and return
ing to work it they could be assured of
safety from personal injurs.
Father Gopon's History.
The priest Gopon is an Interesting per
sonality. He Is Idolized by the workmen
who, since the beginning of the strike.
-(CsacJuded . Tf -i
Foster's Strength Is on
the Decline.
Forces Expected to Fail Prey
to Other Candidates.
Getting One Recruit at a Time Does
Not Seem to Discourage the Tire
less Worker From the Puget
Sound City. .
Fourth. Fifth. Sixth.
Foster 44 4 44
Plls.. 33 - 33 34
Sweeny IX 27 27
Wilson ...If.. 16 17
Jones U 7 7
God man (D em. ).... 7 S 5
Absent 2 2 2
Totals .133 ISft IS
OLTMPIA. Wash., Jan. 20. (Staff Cor
respondence.) Charles Sweeny and John
Zi. Wilson each gained a vote today as the
net result of three ballots cast for United
States Senator. There were other changes
in the first two ballots cast, and In the
third S. H. Piles received one more vote
than he had yesterday. This extra vote,
however, was not of the staying kind, and
no particular significance attaches to it
as it was also lent to Foster for one bal
lot today.
Foster was less fortunate, for while he
closed tho joint session with the same
number in strength as he had yesterday,
he had lost one Republican vote and only
held his own by the temporary use of a
Democratic vote of a complimentary na
ture. The Jones contingenTTDst one man. 3
the Democrat be VotV-wbJcE was cast for
Judge M. id. God man, -was three shy, on
account of the absence of Senator Graves
and the flirtation of Bar lea and Harper
with the Republicans. A
There were two changes in the first
ballot, but the relative strength of the
leading candidates was unchanged. Grif
fin, who had been voting for Foster, go
ing over to Piles, while Keyes, who has
been voting for Piles, landed In the Fos
ter camp. The result showed:
Foster, 44; TUt3K 33; Sweeny, 26; Wilson,
1C, Jones, 8; Godman, 7; absent. 2.
Expectation Is Aroused.
Since balloting began it has been in
dustriously rumored around that there
-would be a number of changes between
the fifth and the tenth ballots, so when
the customary motion that the joint ses
sion be dissolved failed to carry and an
other rollcall was demanded, there was a
murmur of expectancy both on the floor
and in the galleries.
The changes on the second ballot of the
das -were not great, but they made a new
high mark for both Foster and Sweens.
Earles of Whatcom and Harper of Ferrs,
both Democrats, voted for Foster, bring
ing his total up to 46. votes.
Long of Garfield, who has been voting
in the, air since balloting began, lined up
for Sweens. Increasing the Spokane man's
strength to 27 votes, with one man of his
old guard not present.
Excitement was running high after the
changes of the two ballots, and Senator
Walter Christian, who Is manager of the
Foster campaign, was on his feet before
Lieutenant-Governor Coon had completed
his official announcement of the result,
and moved that the session be dissolved.
This motion was howled down by up
roarious demands for "Rollcall," and the
reading clerk began calling the names of
the third ballot for the das and the sixth
for the session.
Davis Votes for Wilson.
Nothing happened until the name of
George L, Davis. of Chehalls.was reached.
Davis is a prominent lumberman, and was
supposed to be firmly in line for Foster,
but when his name was called, he voted
for John L. Wilson, amidst liberal ap
plause from all hands except the Foster
people. Senator John Earles. with a
commendable desire to please hi political
opponents, regardless of results, changed
back from Foster to Piles, thus disclosing
the Intuitive wisdom of Walter Christian
on the endeavoring to head off that dis
astrous sixth ballot. The last ballot
showed: Foster 44. Piles 34, Sweeny 27.
Wilson if. Jones 7. Godman 5. Absent 2.
While the changes were numerically
insignificant, there was considerable
meaning attached to the slight deflection
from the Foster vote. Representative
Davis Is a lumberman who has been con
sidered one of the Foster stand-bys. and
Representative Griffin has also been re
garded as a fixture in the Foster camp.
It Is thus easy to see that Foster was
the only candidate damaged by the
changes made today. He lost two good
Republican votes and gained but one Re
publican and one transient Democratic
vote. Piles fared better, for while he
lost one good Republican vote he replaced
It with another and also secured a tran
sient vote. Sweeny and Wilson each
gained a Republican vote and lost none.
Touch of the Unexpected.
The changes today were hardly ex
pected, as it was thought that the mem
bers would take only the customary single
ballot. Were it not for the fact that a
large number of the members left today
and more will leave before balloting Is
taken up tomorrow, it Is believed that
there would be a further revision of fig
ures tomorrow. So many have paired
off. however, that there may not be much
more than a quorum present, and it is
hardly probable that any fireworks will
be set off with so many absentees, and
one ballot to comply -with the law. will
be about all that Is attempted.
Opinion differs as to the length of time
necessary to shake out the unsettled
members and land them in the camp
where they are ultimately expected, to
line up to stay, but there is a general be
lief that there will, be a decrease in the
number of candidates before the end of
next week.
The elimination of John L. 'Wilson from
the fight will not be so easy as It seemed
earlier in the week. One vote at a time
Is not many, but John L. Is a tireless
worker and even his adversaries admit
that he can add a few more votes to his
column before his present Jn visible
strength has all been cxhaustefL-uLesa con-.
fidence is expressed In the uiOity of the
leading cwdldateWtncreasc his lead
and fro m iO-Au the Foster forces will
be the prey of all the- other contestants.
Earles Will Vote Around.
Senator Earles will probably continue
to pass his vote around among his Re
publican friends until the supply of new
candidates is exhausted. He will vote
for either John L, "Wilson or Joaes to
morrow. It is now pretty definitely settled that
there will be no Senator elected until the
Railroad Commission bill is either out of
the way or far enough, along on the road
to passage to prevent any votes getting
away which might be secured on a Sena
torial trade.
Senator Van de Vanter, of the railroad
committee, left for Seattle this afternoon
and before leaving stated that he had no
tified the railroad men to be on hand
early next -week and show cause why they
should not be favored with a regulative
commission. E. "W. "W.
May Bring Santo Domingo to Terms.
WASHINGTON. Jan. 20. Commander
Dillingham, who has been In Santo Do
mingo in consultation with the officials
there respecting the debts due to
Americans, has advised the Govern
ment here that he will leave for the
United States next week. His sug
gestion that a naval tender be station
ed In Dominican waters for a time will
be carried into effect. President Mor
ales is believed to be willing to enter
into & proper arrangement for meeting
the island s debts.
Bay City Paper House Burned.
SAX FRANCISCO, Jan. 20. The paper
house of Bones teel & Richardson was de
stroyed by fire totnlght. resulting In a
loss of JSO.OOO. Crossing of electric wires
is believed to account for the origin of
the blaze. Two firemen were injured,
neither seriously, by failing down an ele
vator shaft.
Tho WerJher.
TODAY'S flila: easterly winfij'-i
- otR-, -x-ujum-sa, as. rTeeipitauo-v ncnf
Tj -- v "
Kevelatien is RbmIi.
Nearly all workmen Jn St. Petersburg strike
and join In demand for free government.
Page 4.
Father Gopon declares that he wilt lead 500,
000 men to the Palace, in spite of bayonets.
Tage 4.
Petition demands both political and Industrial
reforms. Page 1.
Manager of Putlloff iron .works murdered.
Face 1.
Incendiarism breaks out in UoncoV, anil strike
spreads to other cities. Page 1.
The War la the Far East.
Baltic fleet sot expected to reach seat of war
for three months. Page 3.
Japanese talk of pumping out Port Arthur
harbor to reach sunken ships. Page 3.
Kaiser William angry with coal mlneowners
of Germany, and popular sympathy is with
miners. Page 5.
Senator Smoot testifies In his own defense.
Page 1.
Williams may resigo as Democratic leader In
the House. Page 1.
New Mexico protests to Senate, against Joint
statehood. Page 6.
House passes Army appropriation bill. Page 5.
United States may use force against Vene
zuela in asphalt dispute. Page. 4.
Pueblo grand jury says great majority of bal
lots were Illegal. Pare 4.
Committee on Colorado contest finds half bal
lots in one box bogus. Page 4.
Niedrlnghaus loses another vote In Missouri.
Page 4.
. Domestic
Senator Mitchell wilt come borne and demand
speedy trial. Page S
Lawson made money by making false predic
tion about Amalgamated Copper dividend.
Page 3.
Randall expelled from coal miners convention
for his attack on John Mitchell. Page 4.
Pacific Coast.
Mrs. Belle Bales, of Bearerton. Or., smashes
up saloon where liquor .was sold her son.
Page 5.
W. S. IT Ren denies being mixed up with th
Portland machine. Page 7.
Negro in Nevada nearly lynched, suspected of
attempt to murder white woman. Page 6.
Northwest legislatures.
Washington State Senate pasres appropriation
of $100,000 for Lewis and Clark Fair.
Page 7.
California Senate makes 1905 Fair bill rpeclal
order for Monday. Page 7.
New counUes, local opUon and fisheries the
burning Issues before the Oregon Legisla
ture. Page 6.
Foster weakens in Senatorial contest la Wash
ington. Page 1.
Commercial aad Hariae.
Sugar trust boscotts San Francisco dealers.
Page 13.
Amalgamated Copper under prexsure In stock
market. Page 15.
Chicago wheat closes firm, after break. Page
Oregon potatoes higher at Saa Francisco.
Page 15.
Progress more rapid hi manufacture than in
distribution. ,Page 15.
Schooner Gerald C. reaches Astoria In distress.
Page 11-
Blg cotton shipment for Orient goes on Arago
nla. Pace 11.
Portlaaa aad Vicinity. .
Committees are taking active part towards
adding portion ot the Lewis and Clark Ex
position .grounds and Hawthorne Park to
the city's parking system. Page 10.
J Blshep Morrii-. of the Protestant BsUcopal
Church. Is to have a coadjutor. Page .11.
Passenger and freight agents of California
will come to inspect Lewis and Clark Fair.
Page 10.
Executive Board calls on bondsmen of Con
tractors Riner. Page 16.
Wholesale Liquor Dealers and Brewers Asso
ciation deny (Charges of Tailing corruption
fund. Page II. t
Toons burglars sentenced to seven years in
the penitentiary. Page 0.
Elaborate plan made for music- at the Expo.
alUca. Page 10-
Told by Senator Smoot
to Committee.
Opposed to Polygamy and
Does Not Practice It,
Utah Senator Spends -Whole Day in
Defending His Right to His Seat
He Demanded Investigation
of Polygamous Apostles.
"WASHINGTON. Jan. 20. Senator Reed
Smoot was testifying the whole day be
fore the Senate committee on privileges
and elections, which Is inquiring into the
protest against his right to retain his
seat. He went over the whole history of
his life, his political career, his relations
with the Mormon Church and his opinions
and policy toward polygamy.
Senator Smoot was at his ease, although
every eye in the room was directed to
The first questions were as to the Sena
tor's nativity. He said be was born in
Salt Lake City In 18S2. His father and
mother arc both dead. His mother was
a plural wife. Concerning his own fam
ily, he said he was married September
17, 1SS4 and has but. one wife. They have
six children. He said that at the time
of his marriage he did not take the en
dowments, but that In 1SS0 he had gone
through the endowment house, at the re
quest of his father, for the benefit of the
tatter's health. He said he told his father
at that Umo that he did not care much
about taking the ceremony.
Senator Smoot said he had been engaged,
in the mercantile business most of his
life. The only office In the church that
he has held, other than that of apostle,
was counsellor to the president of the
Utah Stake of Zlon. and he declared that
he had taken no oaths of any character
when he became counsellor, nor had he
taken any oath when h became an
apotfe- - - -4
Oath Does Not pledge Vengeance.
' Mr. "Worthlngtor. asked Mr. Smoot about
the endowment ceremony, and he replied
"I could not give it If 'I wanted to."
"Why not?"
"Because I have no distinct recollection
ot the ceermony."
Mr. "Worthlngton read what witnesses
have alleged to be the "oath of venge
ance." and asked Senator Smoot if
there was anything of that character in
the ceremony.
"There was not."
"Was there anything of vengeance upon
this generation?'
"No, sir."
"Was there anything about avenging
the blood of Joseph Smith?"
"There was not. And it would have
been very strange If there had been.
Joseph Smith wat the Instigator of the
endowment ecermony. and It would have
been very strange If he had asked his
people to avenge bis blood when he was
"Was there anything In the ceremony
which would affect your loyalty to your
"There" was not."
"How came you to be a candidate for
"Well. I had been rather active in pcJI
tics before the division was made on party
lines. I took the leading papers of both
National parties, and at first believed my
self gradually drifting to the principles
of the Republican party, and Joined that
party when the division came."
The Senator said that in 1S& bis political
friends in Provo, most of them non-Mormons,
asked his to either run for Gov
ernor or for the united States Senate:
"I told them." he said, "that I did not
care to run for office until we could get
our own county in the right political col
umn, and that when that time came I
should like to go to the Senate. We or
ganized and carried Utah for the Repub
lican party In 1900. I announced my can
didacy for the United States Senate in
1302. Of course I knew of the rule which
required me to ask the presidency of the
church if I could run."
Church Gave Leave of Absence.
Here Mr. "Worthlngton interrupted and
asked him to explain this rule. Senator
Smoot replied that It referred only to
officials of the church, and amounted sim
ply to a leave of absence from the church
duties. He said he went to the first pres
idency while it was sitting In one of its
regular meetings and formally made ap
plication for a leave. He told the first
presidency that If elected he would re
quire a leave of absence so as not to in
terfere with his duties as a Senator.
"That consent was given me sometime
early In May. and I announced my can
didacy May 19. 1902." continued the Sen
ator, "and I immediately began to organ
ize my forces for a campaign."
"Do you mean to organize Republican
forces or your church friends?" asked
Mr. Worthlngton,
"The Republicans, most assuredly," was
the reply.
"Was the Mormon Church a factor In
politics In your candidacy for the Sen
ate?" asked Mr. Worthlngton.
"Not In the least. No more than the
Presbyterian or the Methodist Church.
No man or woman can say that I ever
asked them to vote the Republican
ticket because I was an apostle. "What
ever I did to promote my candidacy
was based upon Republican arguments
Would Not Allow Dictation.
"Did any one ever attempt to Influ
ence you or to dictate to you in your
"Not In any way. I would not per
mlt IL"
"Is the leave of absence received by
you a church indorsement of your can
"Not at all, and the people do not re
gard It so."
"If the Dresldent of the church
should ask you to. vote according to his
wishes, what would De your attitude?
"I would vote as I believed was for
the best interests' of the country."
"What would be your position if the
president of the church should attempt
to Influence your vote as a Senator?"
1 would not submit to it for a min
ute." "What was the state of your knowl
edge regarding the polygamous rela
tions of Joseph F. Smith up to the
time he testified before this commis
sion?" "I knew that he had more than ono
wife, but I knew nothing of the man
ner ot his living."
Surprised at So Many Smiths.
"Witnesses have testified here that
the statement of President Smith took
the people by surprise. What was your
feeling in regard to that?"
"I was surprised at the number of
children born in his families since the
manifesto, but not surprised aCall as
to the number of his wives." .
"Whatwas the state of your knowl
edge concerning the family relations of
other apostleB?"
The Senator explained that he had not
intimate acquaintance with the families
of the other apostles at the time he be
came an apostle In 1900. When asked
about their general reputations and
whether he had made any protest against
those reputed to be living in polygamous
relations, he said the Government of the
United States had accepted the existing
conditions; that there had been no prose
cutions and that the attitude of the peo
ple was that of toleration.
Ho declared that the people felt that
the best and in fact the only way to
settle the conditions was to let the
polygamlsts die off. Mr. Worthlngton
asked If that sentiment of toleration ex
tended to plural marriages which have
occurred since the manifesto.
No More Plural Marriages.
"Oli, not at all," replied the Senator
earnestly. "I don't believe there la a
good citizen ot Utah who would con
done new plural marriages."
"What action did you take to put a
stop to the polygamous relations of the
other apostles?" asked Mr. Worthlngton.
"None at all. I never thought of It
any more than any other citizen would
have done."
Senator Smoot said he attended mnst
of the meetings ot- the apostles. In reply
to Mr.. Worthlngton, he said that the
meetings were held In a private room in
the temple, and Mr. "Worthlngton then
"In reference to the charge here that
tho apostles had entered Into a conspir
acy to further polygamy, what can you
"Such a thing was never referred to at
any of the meeting'?." Senator Smoot
said the apostles frequently were called
In to advise the president of the church,
but that he had the power to do as he
pleased after the advice was given. He
was asked If anything ever had come
up at any of these meetings that might
be regarded as furthering polygamy, and
he replied more emphatically than before:
"Polygamy was never mentioned."
Continuing, he denied that there was a
particle of foundation for the story of a
Asked again concerning the testimony
ot President Snith that he had five waives
and was living with them In violation ot
the law. Senator Smoot said that until
that time he bad no more knowledge
than any other man.
Senator Smoot said he was not present
at the conference in April, 1904. that sus
tained the presidency and the apostles of
the church, but he did attend, the semi
( annual cjornferenee hruOotobar of last S'ear,
Will Investigate Cowley and Taylor.
The Senator spoke of a meeting of the
apostles and the first presidency before
the October conference, and he said that
at that meeting he inquired of President
Smith If Apostles Cowley and Taylor had
been sustained at the April conference
In view of the testimony before the Sen
ate committee that both of these apostles
had taken plural wives since the mani
The Senator said he objected to have
the men sustained at the October con
ference, and was told by President Smith
that as a member of the church he ought
to know that an official or a member of
the church could not be excommunicated
or disfellowshlpped without an investi
gation and hearing.
"I realized this," continued the Sena
tor. "but was told that an investigation
would be made, and I have no doubt that
a very rigid Inquiry Is now in progress.
Without this promise. I would not have
voted to sustain them. Up to the time of
the testimony before this committee I
had ho knowledge that either of the
apostles had violated the law in that re
gard, nor had I heard anything ot the
kind against any other apostle, except
from the testimony given In this room.
Concerning a meeting held Immediately
before the October conference. Senator
Smoot said that he had not been Informed
that the name of Charles W. Penrose
was to be presented by President Smith
to fill the position of apostle made vacant
by the death of Abram O. Woodruff.
The Senator was asked If he objected to
the election of Mr. Penrose.
No Polygamlst Officials.
"I did not object to Mr. Penrose. At
that time I thought he ,had only one wife,
but I do not want to hide between that,"
the Senator continued hastily, "for I take
the position that when a man was mar
rled before the manifesto he can accept
a purely church position. He has not
violated a law of the church, and for a
purely ecclesiastical position, I hold that
he is eligible. But I don't think that a
man in that status should hold a Gov
eminent position either elective or ap
pointive. Neither do I feel that there Is
a man in Utah who thinks a polygamlst
who continues to violate the laws of the
land should hold such a place. To the
best of my knowledge, there is not a
Federal office in Utah filled by a polyg
amlst. j. Known tnat a postmaster was
removed on that ground, and there have
been other cases of that kind."
"Have you referred to the President the
appointment of a polygamlst to a Federal
officer asked Mr. Worthlngton.
"No, sir: and I do not Intend to," re
plied the Senator.
Further Inquiry was made by Mr.
Worthlngton as to the investigation under
way In the cases of Apostles Cowley and
iayior. and tne witness said:
"If it should be found that these
apostles or any other officers of the
church have taken plural wives since the
manifesto, or have solemnized plural mar
riages for others since the manifesto, I
win not vote io sustain them.
In answer to another question bv Mr.
"Worthlngton, Senator Smoot said that
he had never advised or countenanced any
man or woman to live m polygamy.
At the afternoon session, Mr. Worthlng
ton resumed the direct examination of
Mr. Smoot. He called attention to a
discourse by President Smith at Ogden.
which Mrs. Bathsheba Smith, one of Pres
ident Smith's wives, attended. Relative
to President Smith's remarks. Senator
Smoot said the President declared the
endowments were promulgated by Joseph
Smith, and not by Brigham Toung. as had
been stated in Utah. Continuing, the
Senator said:
"As I understand his remarks, he wished
the people to understand that the endow
ments were Instituted by Joseph Smith
Instead of Brigham Young, and also that
polygamy itself was a revelation received
by Joseph Smith, and had been practiced
during his life. He also wished it un
derstood that he was not advocating or
teaching polygamy, but was giving a mat
ter of history.
In reference to sending Apostle Heber
ACoscIudes oa Page 14J
Williams Likely to Re
sign Leadership.
Retired Officers' Pay Question
Divides Democrats.
Democratic Chief, Ane-ry at Refusal
of Party, to Aid His Championship
of Miles, Calls Caucus to
Receive Resignation.
WASHINGTON. Jan. 20. (Speda. The
probabilities are that John Sharp Will
lams, ot Mississippi, the minority floor
leader in the House, will resign his posi
tion as leader next Tuesday night and
allow some other member of his party .o
don the mantle he has worn so easily dur
ing the past two years.
Tbe trouble causing this state ot affairs
arose today from" the lack of unanim
ity in Democratic sentiment and Demo
cratic votes on the amendment .to thar
Army appropriation bill, providing that
no retired Army officer above the rank
of Major shall receive full pay when as
signed to duty with state troops. Mr.
Williams contended that the amendment
was aimed directly at General Nelson A.
Miles, and thought it ought to be defeat-"
ed. The Democrats on the military af
fairs committee and their colleagues on
the floor who voted with them argued,
that It was not aimed at General Miles,
and voted for it because, it tended to pro
mote economy in the expenditure o the
Government money.
As soon as Mr. Williams had demanded
this afternoon an aye and no vote on
the proposition, and had seen that the
Democrats failed to support him, he sent
to the Speaker's desk for the roll, and,
atter examining It, notified Representa
tive Hay. ot Virginia, chairman of the.
Democratic caucus, that he would like to
haYS.e'caalId.jfor .next. Tuesday
evening." 1
There is talk that Bourke Cockran may
be chosen Democratic leader it Williams
. .
Democrats Withdraw Signatures to
Williams' Caucus Call.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 20. The Post to
morrow will say that Representative John
Sharp Williams late yesterday afternoon
called a caucus to resign his leadership
of the minority. A sufficient number ot
names was secured to the call, when the
Democrats discovered Mr. Williams' pur
pose, and many ot them withdrew their
names, so that the Democratic leader
said last night that he could not say
whether the caucus would be held. He
did not deny his purpose of resigning
when asked If it were his intention.
Interstate Commission Condemns One
of Its Perquisites.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 20. The Inter
state Commerce Commission today an
nounced ita decision in the Chicago live
stock case, sustaining that organization's
complaint ot discrimination on the part
of railroads that exact higher rates for
transportating cattle and hogs than for
carrying livestock "products" to Chicago
from points west, northwest and south
west. The commission finds that the discrim
ination is not justified in any way and
that it subjects the livestock interests to
unreasonable prejudice ahd disadvantage,
giving to the traffic In the "products' of
livestock unreasonable preference.
Senator Lodge Advises Conservatism
in Railroad Rate Laws.
BOSTON. Jan. 20. United States Sena
tor Lodge was the chief speaker at a din
ner given In his honor tonight by the
Middlesex Club. He declared against the
supervision of railroad rates by the In
terstate Commerce Commission and in
favor of a special court to have power
only to revise rates, not to fix them. Mr..
Lodge said:
"Those who regard the policy of the
President as radical and likely to make
great changes, are liable to make mis
takes. I think that the policy suggested
by the President is conservative.
"Four years hence we will be brought
face to face with a great radical Social
ist proposition to put all railroads into
the hands of the Government. It we meet
It now, fearlessly, without cither thought
less conservatism or thoughless radical
ism, we shall settle it with great benefit
to our country, to our race and to West
ern civilization."
Br.isson May Be Premier.
PARIS. Jan. 20. The Cabinet crisis
is still In progress. President Loubet
today received a number of Senators
and Deputies,- but did not give the
slightest Indication of his intentions.
If Henri Brisson Is called it will be a
formal courtesy, as he is not willing to
act, owing to his recent defeat for the
Presidency of the Chamber, showing
his Inability to command a majority.
After M. Brisson, the names of M.
Rouvler. with a new or revised polipy,
and M. Sarrlen. with the old policy, are
Borden Finds 'a Seat at Last.
HALIFAX. N. 'S.. Jan. 20. R. L. Bor
den, leader of the Canadian Conservative
party, who was defeated in the general
election last November, has been provided
with a seat in Parliament by the resigna
tion of Edward Kidd, M. P., of Carleton,