r 4 t hntered t the Poctofflco at Portland. Or as eocond-clasi matter. ItEVIEED SUBSCRIPTION' KATES. St zn&Il ipost&go prepaid tn advance) iil. with tun flay, per Jnontn 3 .t& ally. trlth Sunday excepted, per year.. 7.50 )ti.y. "lth Sunday, per year......... 9.00 hundav. Der rear ............... 2.00 the Weekly, per year 150 Int.. TT7...V1., 1 -n-.nV,. ' Aft JaUr Pr week, delivered. Sunday ex cepted .16 Txl'.v Tier trrrt delivered. Sunday In cluded ,., -0 POSTAGE HATES. United Stater. Canada and Mexico 10 to K-paco paper. ........le 10 to 30-page paper 2c to 4-pace paper.. .....................aa Forelcn rates, double. EASTERN BCSXKESS OFFICE. The S. C Beckvritb. Special Areacy New j Stark: rooms 4S-50. Tribune building. Chi caso; rooms 510-012 Tribune bulldlns. The Orexonian does not buy poems or sto ries from Individuals and cannot undertake to return any manuscript sent to It -without solicitation. No stamps should be Inclosed !cr this surooee. B KEPT OK SAZ. Chlcaes Auditorium Annex: PostoQce Jt'ewT'Co 178 Dearborn street. Denver Julius Black. Hamilton & Kead- rick. &0G-&12 Seventeenth uu. and Frutauff Broa. COS ltJth ct Kansas City. Mo. Rlcksecker Cigar Co.. Ninth and Walnut. Jjom Aarelea B. F. Gardner. 259 South Enrlnc; and Harry D rapid n. Oakland. CaL TV. H. Johnston. Four teenth and Franklin fit. Minneapolis M. J. Kavanaujsh. SO South Third. 1 Begclsbursor. 217 First avenue South. New Xork City X. Jones & Co.. Astor House. Orden F. R. God&rd -and Myers and Har rop. Omaha Bar 1c alow Bros.. 1612 Farnara; Maceath Stationery Co. 1S08 Far nam. Salt lake Salt News Co.. 77 West Second South street. Baa Francisco J. K. Cooper Co.. 740 Mar ket rtreet; roster & Orear. Ferry Kews taad: Ooieemlth Bros., 230 Sutter: B. Xe. Palace Hotel News Stand; F. W. Pitt, 1008 ilaxket: Frank Scott. 80 Ellis; X. wheotley. 82 Stevenson: Hotel St. Francis News Stimd. WasMncton. 33. CEbbltt House News Stand. PORTLAND. TUESDAY, DEC. 27, 1904. STATE'S ULEU-IAKD POUCT. While there seems to foe no doubt that the 2Ieti-land policy of 4be Geer admin istration merits all the criticism it has received from State Land Agent Oswald West, it -was nevertheless In very poor taste for tthe present incumbent of that office to denounce in a personal manner the acts of his predecessor. That it was the duty of the State !Land Agent to present in ills biennial report a full and clear account of the affairs of his office, no one will question, but It is hardly fcls province to charge his pre decessor wfth wrong, argue the case as he sees it, and prpnounce the offender guilty, Mr. West Is the successor, and not the superior, of L. B. Geer. It would have been sufficient for him to Qt& fnrfli tfio rfnotcj n o i. A . - aq4. left the conclusions and criticisms for the Governor, or an investigating a committee of the Legislature. However, the manifestation of poor I judgment by Mr. West does not excuse whatever was wrong or -unwise in the methods of State Land Agent Geer and his favored friend, General W. H. Odell. That the methods pursued by these men during the Geer administration were unwise is certain, in view of resulting ' conditions. That their acts were com mitted with knowledge of the probable tonsequences, and were therefore wrongful, is a matter upon which opin ions may differ, though the men who tt good money by nayinc It to Octell tertain little doubt upon this point. ever the intentions of th CJpr Odell combination, the result has lippn trouble for tr.e State Land Department, less of title for investors in lieu land and discredit forthe State of Oregon. There Is nothing illegal or morally wrong In the business of adjudicating mineral base" and furnishing the same to Intending purchasers of lieu land, for a consideration. . It was the manner in which -the business was conducted that brought disaster. The first mistake was made when State Land Agent L. B. Geer permitted a private lieu-land operator to occupy a part of his office in the Statehouse, thus giving the pur chasers of lieu land some reason to be lieve that they were safe in dealing with that man. Another grave mistake was made when General Odell under took to adjudicate mineral base with out checking off the alleged mineral school sections on the records of -the State Land Office. He undertook to prove to the satisfaction of the Federal Land Department that certain school sections were mineral in character, and therefore remained the prop erty of the General Government, entitling- the state to take other lands in lieu ithereof. But all the time that Odell was conducting these proceedings in the local Land Offices ofvthe Gov ernment there was nothing in the rec ords of the State Land Office to indi ate that there was any question as to the right of the state to sell the school sections alleged to be mineral. The state therefore sold 50,000 acres of school land which Odell alleged to be mineral and which he and Geer were trying to prove were not the property of the state.' The proof offered was ac cepted and lieu-land selections ap proved by the local Land Offices, whereupon the state sold the Ileu land t& the several applicants. The state had thereby been placed in a position where it could not give title to both the purchaser of the school land and of the lieu and, for one title must fail. The result was a contest before the General Land Office at Washington, and, suspicious or the whole lieu-land business, the department held all the iieu-land selections for cancellation, either -upon the ground that the mineral character of the school sectlons'had not been proven or that the state had al ready asserted title by selling the land, or for both these reasons. It Is probably true, as General Odell has asserted, that if the General Land Office had accepted the same degree of proof that it required when his pro ceedings were commenced, the minral base would have been approved andthe state's title to the lieu land would have been sound. It Is also true that -if Odell had not put the state into the position of trying to defeat its own sales, there would have been no trouble in securing approval for all lieu-land selections on mineral 'base. The manifest inconsist ency of the state's representatives in land rrftnsjinf Inns cnet atinntrn all lieu-land business. General Odell 5 : served four years as Clerk of the State : Land Board, and knew that his course i of procedure might involve the state In Ijust such a tangle as finally resulted. It is also true, as Geer has asserted, ihat it was formerly required by law that the state should sell lieu land as soon as the selection had been ap proved by the local Land Office. But Is fact only makes the circumstances iorse for the lieu-land operators. The t that the law was repealed cannot looked upon as anything else than expressed intention that the state should cease to sell lieu , land upon the mere approval of the local Land Office. More than that, the warning given by State Land Agent T. W. Davenport In 1S97 should have been sufficient to pre vent a repetition of the methods which brought the state Into discredit on a former occasion. A word may be offered In this connec tion regarding the obligation of the state toward the purchasers of lieu landi whose titles have failed. Neither the United States nor the State of Oregon warrants itle .to any land it offers for sale. The state and the United States sell only the title they have, and the purchaser takes the land,- at his own risk. The state is therefore under neither legal nor moral obligation to make the titles good, for the purchasers knew that no warranty was given. The state has repaid the purchase price, or stands ready to repay it upon demand, and this is the most the purchasers have a right to expect. Some have claimed the right to receive interest upon their money, and -assert ithat the law authorizes the payment of interest, though the Attornoy-General has held a different view. While the payment of Interest would be an act of generosity on the part of the state, it would also be an act of Injustice toward the great body of the people, who are in no' way way connected with the lieu-land trans actions. A very great number of the lieu-land purchasers were speculators, and, having been caught in a bad deal, they should be well satisfied to get back the original investment. The state is under no obligations to repay any money paid to General Odell. Every man who bought base from Odell did so after being told that the state could not supply him. The state should repay every dollar for which it has issued a receipt, if the title to land! has failed, but the man who holds a receipt from a private lieu-land operator should look to the signer of the receipt for his money. MEN'S PURSUITS. It is old as the hills to find men say ing they don't like their own calling, whatever It may be, and remarking further that any other pursuit would be better. So it is not surprising to find in The World's Work a statement, In line with thls'babit, of the results of the writer's inquiry among twenty clergymen, all of high standing and all "successful," on the point whether if they had their ILyes to live over again they would select and pursue the same calling. Seven of the twenty answered with a positive "Yes"; three were uncertain what they would do; one answered that he would follow the same callipg provided he could avoid being ordainedsupposedly on the ground that he would thereby have more freedom; and nine gave in reply an ernphatic negative. If "successful" men In this profession one that cer talnly should awaken enthusiasm if any could make answer in this was', what wonder that the same judgment is so often given by others as to thefr own callings? It is," in fact, only a trait of which we have a record almost since history and literature began. Two thousand years ago Horace dwelt upon it, and it is known that he merely expanded an Idea borrowed from the Greek comedy writers. "How happens It, Maecenas," says Horace, "that no onellves content with his condition, whether his personal choice directed or chance threw it in his way, but praises those who .follow pur suits different from his own? 'O happy traders!' says the soldier oppressed with years, and now broken down Jn his limbs through excess of exposure. On the other side the vmerchant, when the south winds toss his ship, cries 'Warfare is better!' " Horace In his In imitable way, which is really be yond translation, pursues this inquiry among men of many other' callings with like results. Yet the general tendency of his satire is that men will be con tent with such pursuits as they engage in if they are not too covetous; but the great majority of mankind think no sum enough. Even clergymen have been known, as the author of the. "Night Thoughts" says in his solemn verse, in which a touch or tinge of satire, to be "bit with the rage canine of dying rich." The trqubje Is that most of us are as "poor createers" as poor Mrs. Gummldge was. TIOS BETTER PART OF VALOR. The war spirit in Japan is stimulated rather than checked by the menace which the Baltic fleet is bearing to the coast. It is evident that .If the squad ron of Russia gets control of the Yellow Sea its officers will first know that they have been to a fight, and; that their vessels will number less than when they opened fire upon the British fishing fleet in the North Sea. Brave, active, persistent; fighting for the very breath of -life, with the chances in favor of their ultimate success, the Htt)e brown men of the Orient are bending cheerfully to the mighty task that they have undertaken. If Russia succeeds In destroying the sea power of .Japan, the fight is over; if otherwise, Russia would show wis dom by swallowing her mortification at the failure of her plans of conquest in the East and opening negotiations for peaces In the estimation of the best judges of the situation It would be folly to continue to throw ships and men into the maelstrom into which so many have already been lost. Even If Russia could by next Summer place three-quarters of a million of men in Manchuria against the half million that are now being mobilized in Toklo. she could not feed them there. The re sources of the country have literally been exhausted by the armies that have for months been quartered upon its territory. To carry the enormous bulk of food that is daily required to maintain such an army in camp or on the field from a base thousands of miles distant, over a single-track railway that is already taxed to fhe utmost limit of its capacity In carrying troops and munitions of war. Is manifestly Im possible. All things considered. It would seem that the Russian Government has es sayed a task which every motive ex cept the hope to retrieve Its tarnished military prestige should prompt it to. abandon by making peace on the best terms that can be secured These would proba"bly be the evacuation of Man churia, the recession of the Llao Tung Peninsula to China, and a recognition of Japan's protectorate 'over Corea. It would be cheaper. Indeed, for Russia at this stage in the proceedings to pay a large pecuniary indemnity for losses suffered by Japan In the war that was forced upon her, than to continue the enormous waste of war. As yet-there is no sign that she -will follow the sug gestion of wisdom, which declares that discretion is the better part of valor, but it is not unreasonable to suppose that the coming of Spring will find the , government of the Czar strongly dis posed to treat, on the best terms ob tainable, for peace. "RELIGION AXD POLITICS." The New York Evening Ppst lias this paragraph, which it seems to think contains a lot of satire or sarcasm: General Wood has discovered that tho Filipino soldiers are too well fed. He .re ports thftt they do not work so well on Uncle Sam's generous rations as when they had only a little flh and rice to cat. This may be proper matter for a military re port, but it reflects unconsciously the true Imperialist point of view. The chief end o the natives is to work for their conquerors or to bo "worked" by them. This, doctrine was set forth with all Innocence by the London Morning: Post recently. In discussing the labors of missionaries amonp the Kaf firs. Might not Christianity disincline them to work? Hard labor was the real blessing for them, and beside It "a knowledge of spiritual ' technicalities" was unimportant, gravely said this organ of British Imperi alists. And then, with delicious Inability to pereelve its own humor, It added that the missionaries ought to be warned that "what they preach about religion Is readily applied to politics by the half-educated Kaffir." The delightful Implication Is. of course, that the fully educated Englishman keeps his religion and his politics severely apart, But can anything better be done for a lazy, unenterprising and naturally worthless people than to make them work that is, to make conditions un der which they are compelled to work, or perish.? Of course the educated Eng lishman "keeps his Teligion and Iris pol itics severely apart." Educated men in Rome did the same; and so do edu cated men In France and Germany, as well as In England. Russia doesn't, but it is a "raw" country. Italy has separated religion and politics, and is making progress. Spain, some centuries ago, moulded religion and politics into a, single system. But what Is Spain now? In our own country there is some residuum of a similar system, which manifests Itself in various waj's; but Its power is gopo. A curious relic of it is the spirit that utters itself as above, in the paragraph from the New York Evening Post. DAMAGING CHARGE REFUTED. The Tacoma- Ledger hurries to the rescue of Senator Foster from the hein ous charge of "being stingier than a down-T3ast farmer and closer than the bark on a tree." The Ledger does not say from whence these Infamous accu sations emanate, but nevertheless it understands perfectly the damaging impression they are likely to make on the sensitive legislative mind, and with proper Indignation says that "this kind of abuse" is "contemptible as it is untruthful and undeserved. The sole occasion for it is Senator Foster's un willingness to make a criminal effort to debauch the Legislature and purchase his re-election." The Ledger does not saj so, but we can readily perceive that the great endeavor of the Pierce County Senatorial management will be to pitch the campaign on a highly moral plane. The recent Lucullan ban quet given by Mr. Sweeny to Senator Foster's immediate supporters was but a part of this virtuous purpose. Mr. Sweeny could have had no possible no tion that he could get support Qut of Pierce County; and therefore, when he proposed a friendly session around the convivial board. It was understood and agreed on all sides that Mr. Sweeny's purposes were purely social, and the whole affair -was removed from the vul gar domain of mere politics into the empyrean realms of high-minded phil-anthropj-. There is honor even among candidates. The Ledger does not stop with vigor ous assertion of the integrity of the Foster campaign. It goes ahead and says that a "fund is being raised in Se attle which is a corruption fund pure and simple." The Ledger says a great deal on this subject which it Is need less to repeat; and besides it says it is "aslanderupon the state to say that.Se attle MUST have a Senator." Go slow, neighbor. Slander Is ar harsh word. Remember Seattle's multitude of griev ances against the United States Gov ernment, the neglect and contempt .'with which that unhappy city has been treated. All it has had so we learn in part from that celebrated bill of par ticulars presented to the consideration of a sympathizing world in the Invita tion to the Piles banquet is a new Fed eral building, an Army post, a battle ship contract, and a vast proportion of the transport business. No wonder Se attle drops a tear or two o'er its mis fortunes. Tacoma has had everything a Federal building and a large amount of money for the Puyallup River improvement, to say nothing of an entire mountain which it stole from Seattle. We suppose that Tacoma may en deavor to respond to Seattle's just and reasonable demands by pointing out tbat few states choose their Senators with reference to their residence in their principal cities. Alabama, Arkan sas, California, Georgia, Illinois, Jowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Maryland, Massa chusetts, Mississippi, Missouri, New Jersey, Texas, Virginia and others have entirely overlooked their leading citlejL But Chicago, Baltimore, Boston and others seem to worry along. Of course it is different with Seattle. THE LOCAL PARCELS POST. The Postal Progress League is Inde fatigable in the effort expressed by Its title. Its latest scheme, as outlined and urged by its secretary, James L. Cowles, in a letter to the New York Evening Post, proposes as a remedy for the present postal deficit of $9,000,000 the introduction of the rural parcels post. Even without looking into it one Is ready to champion the scheme, and, after following Secretary Cowles' line of presentment and argument, to give it full Indorsement. He shows, for example, that the aver age rural carrier is costing the Gov ernment 546G.SO a year, which maj' be reckoned as dead loss. That is to say, the rural carrier Is making forty-five cents a day for the department and spending three times that sum. The average load that he carries round his circuit In a wagon is less than twenty pounds a. weight much less than the city carrier bears on his shoulders up and down and around about the city streets and blocks and suburban lanes. Secretary Cowles would establish a schedule of mailable parcels up to 200 pounds in weight. He would have a 100-pound package carried from the railway terminus, which it reaches as freight, in the, rural carrier's cart to its destination by virtue of a Govern ment stamp of the value of two. cents for a one-pound package, or 25 cents for a package of the maximum weight. The carrier, would then not tye'.jising his horse and cart for a wage of "but 45 cents a day a dead loss but would be promoting trade and commerce and at the same time swelling the funds of the Postal Department WJioevr-r thinks, says the San Fran cisco Argonaut, of a 1200-pound horse, a harness, a cart and a civil service ex aminer, traveling on an aYeragje' twenty seven miles, supplying 127 homes with aiv average -of. twenty-four pieces of mall and thereby Incurring an expense thrice the income derived, -will likely see In this local parcels post a sensible suggestion,, which, if qarrlcdinto eL feet, would work wonders financially'. and soglally." . The 'legitimate object is that of a postal service rural or parcels that will not be a dependent upon the Gov ernment, as achild upon the parent, but one that will, like a husky ladwho wants special privileges, get out and earn them.. NwYork City was buried under an enormous bulk of snow on- Ctirlsffnas day. The heavy snowfall was accom panied by A hard, dull bitterness of cold That checked, mid vein the circling,, race Of life-blood In tbc. "sharpened face. And Idter by a bleak wind which blew at the rate of thirty miles an hour. The five inches of snow that fell dis- pelled all fear of a green Christmas and1 brought the record up to 29 Inches forDecember the heaviest snowfall in that city for this month in many years." Whether or not the "lean graveyard" that, according to tradition. Is the heri tage of a "white Christmas" will fol low this heavy fall of snow is yet to be shown. The chances may be said to be against it, especially In that part of the city's burial place known as Pot ter's field. A Seattle real estate man has just been convicted of swindling a blind man out of $00. The -trick was turned by the sale of alleged unincumbered' property in an addition known as the Garden of Eden. This is believed to be the first time a Seattle man has been arrested for selling lots in the Garden of Eden, although numerous outlying additions to Seattle are much closer to the North Pole than the unfortunate purchasers are led to believe they are. Particulars are not at hand, but it Is supposed that the blind man was a stranger in Seattle. Otherwise the transaction might not have occurred. ,The White Star liner Oceanic, which sailed from New York early last week, carried 1555 passengers. It will require a good many passenger lists of this size to equalize'- the score registered by the vessels which last Fall and Summer were dumplng-from 2500 to 3000 passen gers on our shores every trip they made. In .one respect the score has been more than equalized, for It Is a pretty safe assertion that the "Christ mas crowd" on the Oceanic carried away from this country more than twice as much money as has- ever been brought in by a ship with a correspond ingly full passenger list. Another of the Lelter family has wed ded a titled Englishman. It Is, of course, a matter of regret 4hat the young ladies of the Leiter family, even with the comfortable subsidies that are supposed to go with them, could not find suitable husbands in the land of their birth. For the sake of posterity, however, it is perhaps as well for America that we occasionally get rid of people of this class. The young lady who is unable to find a suitable hus band In America is necessarilj of a type that can well be sparod. The holiday number of the Nofthr western Miller, of "Minneapolis, is the handsomest publication that . has reached this office this year. Interest ing facts and fiction bearing on the milling trade are Interspersed by nu merous beautiful engravings. The Port land Flouring Mills Company, of this city, covers nearly.an entire page of the publication with a handsomely en graved banner bearing the Inscription "Don't forget the Lewis and Clark Fair at Portland, Or.. In 1905." The first kindergarten was opened in St. Louis in 1S73. There are now 123 of these schools In that city, employing over 300 teachers and with over 10,000 pupils enrolled. The cost of these kin dergartens is about $90,(300 a year, which It Is said the citizens or taxpayers cheerfully pay. With nearly a third of a century of systematic, conscientious effort behind them, the record of these schools Is said to justify fujly the ex penditure of all that they have cost In, money and endeavor. Yesterday was not as warm as some of the Christmas daj-s of the past, but the Portlanders who wandered over the hills and out to the Fair grounds with out feeling Uncomfortable were more fond than ever of the Oregon climate when they read of the antics of the thermometer through , the Middle West and of the snow storms and blizzards sweeping over the East. No one in this part of the country was ever frozen to death in Winter or prostrated by heat In the Summer, A Japanese at Vancouver, B. C, is reported to have committed suicide be cause he was unable to reach his native land and enlist Yor the war. If some of the reports of Japanese battle oharges in the face of insurmountable odds are true, this Is not the first case of Japanese suicide duo to the war with Russia, and the Vancouver Jap accom plished about as much as some of his countrymen who committed suicide by walking up to the muzzles of the ene my's guns. "Senator Fulton and Senator .Mitch ell." says the San Francisco Argonaut, "are, respectively, from Astoria and Portland, Or., which are adjacent-, towns." Portland's suburban districts are growing. The fund for the election of Mr. Piles, it is said in Tacoma, will reach from $100,000 to $150,000. It Is subscribed with the understanding that it shall be used for the suppression of corruption at Olympia.. . Colorado has introduced a political noveltj' in the "post-election oatri paign," which appears to be the most Important feature of Jhe election In Colorado. In playing its game of hide and seek, the Baltic fleet should remember that the Japanese are not blindfolded. The death is announced of the In ventor of the gpld brick. But his. works live after him. Yhen the Lantern Went'out.. New Yor.k Sun. Diogenes was looking for an honest man. "What's the use?" thoy protested; "your daughter couldn't marry him to reform him." Seeing tho waste of effort, thp philoso pher desisted front the search. NOTE AND COMMENT. "1905" Next! M "Say, ojd man, fiow is .your purse?" ExltTCan Patterson. Enter "Cassle." . Butier says " the 'eonsrtrucUon of the .Morrison-street bridge wWan honest (?) job. ' "Thank de lawd. Santa 'Claus is not due for another 12 months" voices the existing sentiment in Portland. . We have an affair of our own. "Hit. tho Trail." " Yesterday telegraphfcdlspatches car ried the story.of Thoma3.P'Brien's death Ina. penl settlement. b'Brien-.was tho originator of the famous "gold brick" swindle. As Shakespeare said: "The evils that men do live after them, but oft is the good Interred with their bones." All , employe of . the French Foreign Office must shave. Such Is the text of a peremptory decree from the Minister. Many protests have boon filed by the Federation of Government Employes. Their answer was "even the mustaches are at the service of the state." Thei order Is without precedent in the annals of French history and without their waxed mustaches and immaculately twisted goatbes, the Frenchmen will look quite Americanized. La tost reports ace to the effect that Paris Is adin with In dignant cries of "Mon Dleu" and "Sacre Bleu." .; i.- Portland had a day off yesterday. George H. Howell is hot after Mr. But ler and repeats his charge against the Pacific" Construction Company. "Won- der How'll it end?" What's the matter with Multnomah? Wow!- The "farmers" will now go back to the plows and harrows. Four days more In which to form your good resolutions. Centralis, Wash., had a $15,000 fire Christmas night. "That's going some.1' . The teachers this morning are thinking: "Will wo?" ''We won't," "We ought to," "We will." A feller in Boston or New York or somewhere -is going to kill Lawson, so he says. He will not,' but he would shut off a lot of "guff" if he should. There is nothing like breaking tho news gently. Dispatches tell us that the an nouncement of King Alfonso's engage ment to the Princess Marie Antoinette may be expected In February. Had the announcement come upon us without a preliminary warning, who could answer for the consequences? "According to the New York Press, "one of the oddest fancies for a Christ inas remembrance is a Brooklyn moth er's idea of setting the first tooth In a finger ring, with a tiny diamond on either side to disguise the real character of the central gem, which the glint does most effectively. This particular mother has treasured two of these precious Incisors, one of the firsf-born and one of the sec ond, and they' are identical in size, shape and color." Save your milk-teeth! The lines of the Australian poet are going the rounds again. They are worth repeating: . I,lfe Is mostly froth, And bubble. Two things stand like tone, Kindness in another's trouble. Courage In thine, own. Togo has been congratulating the men of the Port Arthur blockading squadron. If any persons are more deserving of con gratulations we should like to know where they are. Harbin is booming. The Russians are building enlarged bathhouses, churches and a hospital there. The dispatches say nothing about saloons, but there is not so much neoessity for them when every" soldier carries a bottle. A Siberian merchant has been sending vodka to the front labeled as medical sup plies. Well. Isn't it? The Baltia fleet has temporarily dis appeared from view. On meeting the Japs it will disappear from view perma nently. ' An airship has been doing great things at Los Angeles, but then the CaUfornians were always pretty fly. Some families try to complete a string of pearls. The Letter family Is collecting a string of Earls. There is a rising among the Palajanas. The name sounds as If the people had swallowed a few cakes of yeast. Asks the Walla Walla Union, "Can you give a good reason for living?" We could give a better reason for dyeing. He Is Financially Responsibility. New York World. Thomas W. Lawson, whatever may be said of bis character, methods and pur poses, is financially responsible. Those aggrieved at his printed charges would present a better appearance by proceed ing against. him under laws which amply cover the case than by threatening a dis tributor in advance of the distribution of tho magazine containing those charges. .. t 'A Geisha. Nora Chcsson In Slack and White. O Shlro Kuro was a danqing girl. Fairer than Love that feeds on bttor fare. And paler than a pearl. Agate and coral blossomecf In her hair; Te set a Illy there she did not dare. A rose she would not wear. Moonshine and water net more softly meet. Than swelled the bountiful brown earth to greet The touches of her feet. S)ie sang: and when she san?, tho nightin gale, HIdlnp ami singing In a wlllowod vale. Forgot her own sad tale. She danced: and waves that danced out In the bay Knew her their mistress, and In tears of spray Dissolved themselves "away. But she grew, tired 'of danqing. Even so Before the darkncwi gives, them leave to go The wayward sunbeams, grow. The birds grbw fired of singing.- and their quost Is all for mate and nestltngs In a nest. The bird tired In her breast. Sho had no mate, for she was of that clan. T.he wind's own "kindred, 'made since Time ,- began '- To serve the'lust of irjan $Vna not his -love: tp fill his empty hours With laHghtr and with song, to build him. . bowers ' v " Made. bright with rootless flower?.. A Bird without the knowledge of nst. A rootless Flower wag she that took no care Of Autumn's coming. ICow she Is the guest Of root and worm, and knows that sleep Is best. Siren, with no dreams to bear. GREAT WOMEN OF MODERN TIMES CATHERINE DE MEDICI (By Arrangement with the Chicago Tribune.) CATHERINE BE MEDICI was the wife of one King and the mother of three. Between her marriuge in 1533 and her death In 15E9 she Jived in France under five reigns. She had no Influence upon the government of her father-in-law, Francis I, and hardly more under that of her husband. Henry II. She made Ifcrself but little felt when her son, Francis II. was on the throne. During the reigns of her sons. Charles IX. and Henry III, sho was the real monarch of France. Had sho. used her commanding position and undoubted abilities solely for the good of the country, she might have saved it many miseries. But selfish ambition, not public virtue, was the key to Catherine's character. She emploj'ed her Italian cun ning and skill In statecraft, not for the good of France, but to strengthen the position of herself and her sons. The re sult was she almost disrupted ami wrecked the French nation. Her char acter must not. however, be measured by the high moral standards of the present time. Her age was one of private licen tiousness political Intrigue, and of pub lic crimes. If Catherine was no better than her age, she was no worse. Catherine was the daughter of Lorenzo de Medici, the magnificent and celebrated Duke of Urblno, and was born at Flor ence. Sho was taken to France and mar ried to Henry, second son of King Fran cis I, in her 14th year. Her situation at court was a secondary and even precari ous one. but she sot to work with line Italian tact to fortify it. She affected to shun and be Ignorant of affairs of state. At the earns time she kept her eyes and ears open, and abon knew more about them than any other woman of the court. The King, her father-in-law, was much Influenced by his mistress, the Duchess d'Etampes. Her own husband had for mistress the beautiful Diana of Poitiers, later Duchess of Valentlnos. Catherine repressed her womanly and wifely feel ings and adroitly paid court to both of them. By the death of his eldest brother Henry became heir to the throne. As Catherine bore him no children for ten years there was talk of divorcing her. Catherine threw herself at the feet of Francis I, her father-in-law, and pro fessed her readiness to remain the wife of, his son, or, if another were chosen, to be the humblest of her attendants. The old icing's heart was touched, he ended tho divorce talk, and Catherine bore him grandchildren. In fact, she had ten children, all weak In mind and In body. Henry II became King in 1547. In his later years he went often to see his Queen, and she began to give a foretaste of the part she was later to play. Henry II died In 1559. The new King, Francis II, a poor creature, was under the spell of his wife, the beautiful Mary Queen of Scots, and she was guided by her uncles, ther Duke of Guise and car dinal of Lorraine. The Queen mother, Catherine, therefore, still' had a secondary place. But her influence slowly but steadily increased. France was agitated by the struggles of two powerful parties that of the Catholics, led by the Guises, and that of the Protestants, or Hugue nots, under Admiral Coligny. Catherine, although a Catholic, took neither side, but tried to build a third or middle party which would be docile to her and. by al ways supporting tho weaker of the two great parties, would prevent control of the government from falling Into the hands of either. In 15G0 Francis II died, and Charles IX, a child 10 years old, be came King. Catherine's indefatigable patience was at last to be rewarded. Her time had come. The full effects of her trimming and unscrupulous policy were at last to show themselves. Catherine was fond of ease and pleas ure. She ate and drank heavily, and was fat. which spoiled the doubtful beauty of her youth i but she still had brilliant black eyes and a fine olive complexion. She al- BITS OF NORTHWEST LIFE, Nine Ducks at One Shot. Washtucna Enterprise. Frank Castoel, the champion hunter of Hooper, killed nine ducks at one shot Saturday. Ye Editor's Merry Christmas. Weston Leader. Tho Leader wishes its friends and patrons a merry Christmas. Incident ally, we will remark that if you owe us anything we hope Yule-tide us over until July 4. W'lat Became cf the Window. Hoqulam Sawyer. W. Briscoe walked through a plate glass window last week and escaped without a scratch. "Will had forgot his hammer, and while working outside xf Vern Smith'3 new store, started to get it by going through the window, the glaziers having put in the glass during Briscoe's absence. The Swivel Gun in Sport. Olympia Dally Recorder. Sheriff McClarty went to Nesqually today to Investigate complaints that have been made of parties infringing on the game laws by shooting ducks for market. It is alleged that a swivel gun. mounted on the bow of a boat, has been used with deadly effect by a couple of strangers. The Sheriff, It might be added, took along his gun and hunting dogs. Mr. Desmond's Great Bear. Pitner Correspondence Tillamook Her ald. We wish some of those bear hungers would relieve Charles Desmond, for; ho said there is such a large bear on his place and he Is so fat that he almost drags his tracks out when crossing on his premises. He will not go out in the woods without nls mastiff dog. Bruney, with himv but if it would snow he thinks the bear would disappear. Notes From Willow Creek. Crook County Journal. The weather Is looking more like Winter the last day or two. Mrs. William Joslin has moved to Willow Creek to send her children to school. P. Chitwood. after a few weeks ill ness, is improving vey fast. L. Hamilton is going to move closer to the schoolhouse to send his children to school. Walter Newbill' and. wife left for Washington the first of the week. They will remain there all Winter. Mr. Lovelet was seen on the streets at Grizzly Monday. Complimentary. Unpopularity. Boston Herald. The Washington correspondents are quite generally agreed that Pension Com missioner Ware retires from office the most hated man who ever set foot In Washington. That Is to say. he was hated by the Government clerks and other at taches of the Pension Office, whom Com missioner Ware held up to a rigid ac countability. It is cold fact, not de nied, that the office has never been run In so business-like a manner as during his term, and that the Government never before got anything like so much for its money. For the finrt. time In the entire history of the Pension Office the work is up-to-date. Milkman's Crime. Atchison Globe. j A number of Atchison men will bring i suit for damages against Doc Morrison, j the milkman. They claim that while he talks to their wives in delU'ering milk, the bread burns in the oven, tho fire dies out In the furnace, the steak is cooked to leather, and other waste is incurred. ways joined the- young King in his stag chases, and was a good and even reckless rider. But 3he let nothing Interfere with business. She assumed complete manage ment of the King and kingdom. The Guises-and the Catholic party were now in tho ascendant. True to her trimming policy, Catherine leaned toward the Pro testants. In the ensuing civil war. how over, the Protestants got the upper hand. At the siege of Orleans the Duke of Guise was killed. Admiral Coligny, the Protestant leader, came to court after the treaty of Amboise. and by 'his engag ing manners, great ability and noble char acter won tho affection and admiration of the unstable young King. Catherine feared Coligny and the Protestants would get control of affairs. She and her son. the Duke of Anjou, later King Henry III. therefore, plotted with Henry, the new Duke of Guise, and his followers to as sassinate Coligny; and August 22. 157-'. Coligny was shot by Maurevcrt, an old tutor of young Guise." - "By God's death, I will take such ven geance it shall never be forgotten," said Charles, in a fury, when he heard the news. Latq in the night of the next da. however, his mother and brother entered his apartment, confessed their complicity In the crimp, and urged upon tho King that Coligny"s death was necessary to prevent their betrayal and the destruction of his throne and the Catholic religion. "By God's death," his usual oath, the King at last exclaimed, "since you think proper to kill the Admiral, I consent; but kill all the Huguenots in Paris, In order that there remain not one to reproach me." The Guises. Catherine and the Duke of Anjou had already laid plans for a wholesale murder of Protestants., and the words were scarce out of the King'3 mouth when the historic and hideous, mas sacre of St. Bartholomew began. Coligny was one of the first to bo killed. In all France a number of people estimated at from 30,000 to 100,C00 were- butchered. Charles IX died miserably two years later, wailing almost -with his last breath over the horrible crime to which his con sent had been extorted. The Duke of Anjou, now King of Po land, fled from that country in disguise, and, without abdicating Its throne, took the throne of France as Henry III. He was Catherine's favorite son. It was even charged she had poisoned Charles IX to make way for him. An indolent voluptuary, and at the same time a re ligious fanatic, his mother's power became- under his reign greater than ever. St. Bartholomew had widened the breach between Catholics and Protestants, and Henry's reign was a period of incessant war between them. At first Henry and his mother supported the Catholics, now organized into the famous league. Henri being childless, the next heir to the throne was the gallant Henry. King of Havarre. now leader of the Protestants, and Honry Duke ofc Guise laid claim to the succes sion. Henry of Navarre, sure of the validity of his title, was willing to wait until Henry III was. dead. Henry of Guise, less certain of his and fearful jest the King should join the Protestants. Seemed bent on seizing tho throne while Henry HI still lived. In May, 15SS, Henry of Guise, under pretense of presenting a petition, took possession of Paris and made the King practically a prisoner. For once Henry III acted an his own hook. Without consulting his mother, ho had Guise assassinated. "When the Catholics. In consequence, arose against him. he fled to Henry of Navarre. Tha two sovereigns marched on Paris with a Huguenot army. August 1, 15S9, Henry III was stabbed to death by a Dominican monk, and Henry of Navarre became King, of France Meanwhile, six months before. Catherine de Medici, the principal author of all these crimes and miseries, had died. Her death was almost unnoticed, and was soon forgotten by her contemporaries. Time, as Guizot says, has restored her to her proper place In history. S. O. D. THE SO-CALLED OPEN-AIR CURE. Paterson, N. J., the Scene of a Health Experiment That Is interesting. Brooklyn Eagle. The doctors are putting a young man named Scott through a course of treat ment at Paterson calculated to show that ono need not go to the Adlrondacks or Colorado for the benefit of the open air cure for consumption. Young Scott was attacked by pulmonary disease some months ago. the doctors declared that he had quick coon3umpt!on and must sleep in the open air. At first they were con tent with the removal of the window sashes from the young man's room and he showed marked improvement after sleeping in that atmosphere. When Win ter came on the young man did not want to freeze the other people in the house, so he had an' open house made in tho yard, with a tight roof and with tho slde3 made of windows on pivots. Before ho goes to bed the patient warms this room somewhat with an oil stove. Then someone comes in, turns out the oil stove and opens all the windows and the pa tient sleeps till morning wrapped In army blankets. In the morning the process ia reversed so that ho may have tho edge taken off the air before he dresses. The progress toward recovery 13 declared "to be excellent under this heroic method, as it has been in various mountain sanitorl? where the open-air treatment is the chiet remedial agent relied upon. It 1 to be observed that young Scott Is undergoing this treatment under tho eye of a physlr clan and by order. Tho publicity being Slven to his case should not tempt per sons with weak lungs to try open-air experiments on their own account. No doubt pine-tenths of U3 who are in aver age health might be better for windows wider open at night, provided the change was made with duo precautions against over exposure, but tuberculosis is, too serious a matter for guesswork. Persons whose lungs are In the last affected should be under competent medical care from tho first. Open-air cures, encour aging as they are, are for the guidance Of physicians and are not to be under taken except under medical orders. And as there are doctors and doctors, so will there be "orders" of different kinds. And as scarcely two cases or two constitu tions are alike, it will be well for each patient to obey and believe In his own doctor, "live or die." The Census of British South Africa. London Geographical Journal. The tabulated results of the census of the various South African colonies, car ried out early in the present yar. arc: Whites. Colored. Total Cape Celony 5S0.3SO 1.S25.172 2.405.532 Transvaal and Swaz iland H0O.223 1.033,075 3.334,200 Orange IMver Col ony 14X419 241,623 SS3.V3 Southern Rhodesia.. 12.G2.: Jfatal D7,l 1S7.5S2S 284.631 The increa.e in the total population of Cape Colony Is 37.51 per cent, since 1S91, while tho percentages for the white and colored population arc 5:5.96 and 5S.6S re spectively. In the Orange River Colony the percentage of total population of white and colored, respectively, which in 1S90 had been 37.45 and G2.55. amounted in 1KM to S7.25 and 62.75. respectively, or a very slight increase of natives. The relative Increase of natives since 1SS0 is-, how ever, much more considerable. In South ern Rhodr.ela the total net increase of whites has been 1,591 in the last three years. Tho colored population of the Transvaal includes a small proportion (1.7 per cent of total population) of non native races, while in Natal the number of Indians alone reaches 160,018. Laziness, Atchison Globe. They didn't sing "Beloved. It Is Morn" at the wedding of a certain Atchison woman, but she has been told every morn ing since, thouch In dlfforent language, that it Is time for her to get up.