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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 21, 1904)
THE MORNING OBEGONIAN, MONDAY NOVEMBEB 21, 1904.
HONOR THE DEAD
Grangers Hold Annual
Ceremonies Participated In
by Every Granger.
MUCH WORK YET TO BE DONE
State Masters' Reports Received and
Many Resolutions Acted Upon
Arrangements' Perfected for
Conclusion of Convention.
THE NATIONAL DEAD.
National Pastmaster J. H. Brlgham,
Fast State Master Thomas Taylor, of
Past State Master S. H. Bills, of Ohio,
Past State Master C W. Emory, of
Past State Master M. E. Harbaugh.
Past State Master Washington Church
ill, of Wisconsin.
Sister Edna Brlgham, of Ohio, wife
of Past National Master J. II. Brlgham.
Bister Jtuth Rhodes, wife of Past
master Rhodes, of Kansas.
A beautiful ceremony, second only In its
Impressiveness to the burial service of. the
National Grange, was held In Armory Hall
yesterday .afternoon in memory of seven
departed members of the National body.
A large audience witnessed the peculiar
rites of the Grange in honor of their de
parted brothers and sisters, and tender
memories were revived as tributes, "were
spoken of those who had gone before.
The altar had been previously decorated
with evergreens and carnations contribu
ted for the occasion by the "Woman's Club
of Portland. Appropriate music was fur
nished by the musician, the selection
"Nearer, My God, to Thee" swelling
through the hall a requiem for the dead
and a promise of future life in the great
hereafter for those yet living.
Promptly at 3 o'clock the worthy Na
tional master's gavel fell and, after a
prayer by the chaplain, to the hushed and
expectant multitude he announced with
a touching tribute the death of Past Na
tional Master J. H. Brignam, of Ohio.
Eulogies upon the life and character of
the deceased brother were delivered by
State Master Derthlck, of Ohio; National
Lecturer J. N. Batchelder, of New Hamp
shire; National Treasurer Mrs. E. S. Mc
Dowell, of New York: National Secretary
C. M. Freeman, of Ohio, and State Master
J. B. Ager, of Maryland.
Then followed one of the most lmpres
slve parts of the ceremony. From the
pedestal of the three graces. Flora, Po
mona and Ceres, the members and officers
of the National body gave the "tribute of
the United States." In couples, the mas
ters and officers, accompanied by" their
wives, took from the graces a white
chrysanthemum each, and placed them
upon the altar with loving words of re
membrancetokens of the purity of the
life of their departed brother and Nation
al master. An anthem by the choir fol
lowed the placing of flowers, and then the
deaths of the other National officers were
announced in turn. From South Carolina
State Master W. K. Thompson gave out
the death of Past Master Thomas Taylor.
From Ohio came the tidings by State
Master F. A. Derthlck that Past Master
S. H. Ellis had departed to the great be
yond. From California the sad news was
given by State Master H. C. Raap of the
death of C. W. Emery, past master o
that state. From Illinois, State Master
Oliver Wilson told of the death of Past
Master W. E. Harbaugh. From Wiscon
sin was announced the death of Past
Master Washington Churchill, by State
Master A.- C. Powers. From Ohio, State
Master F. A. Derthlck told of the death
of Sister Edna Brigham, wife of their
late National master, and from Kansas
the death of another sister, Ruth Rhoades,
was given out by State Master E. W.
After each name was read and eulogies
spoken, the choir sang requiems for the
dead, ana .National sisters ox eacn ae
ceased placed white carnations upon the
altar as floral tokens of appreciation and
esteem. With a final benediction the cere
mony closed, the last tribute of the Na
tional Grange having been paid to their
Resolutions and Work Relating to
Before final suspension of business on
Saturday the committee on resolutions
submitted a partial report, based upon the
McKean County, Pennsylvania, Pomona
Grange, No. 62, in- session at Coryvllle, Octo
ber 5, 1004. adopted the following resolution:
Resolved. That we favor the parcels post
system, and earnestly request our National
Legislative committee to use Its influence In
Congress for the passage or a parcels post law.
Also the following resolution, offered by
Brother S. H. Derby, of Delaware, on the
same subject, has been duly considered:
Because of the greed of express companies.
the need of some cheap means of sending small
parcels has long been needed by the people of
these United States; and, whereas, the postal
service In foreign countries has been In sue
ceseful operation for some years and dera
onetrated its utility and feasibility, ateo that
our Government has postal arrangements with
other countries which give foreigners mall
privileges In our country which we do not en
Joy. Therefore, this National Grange demands
the Institution of parcels post by our Govern
ment at the earliest possible moment.
The preceding resolution? advocating
the establishment of a parcels post as
part of the United States Postofflce De
partment, have been referred to this
committee, with both of which we are in
' "hearty accord. But a mere indorsement
of the spirit and purpose of these resolu
tlons does not seem to be sufficient. Tour
committee, therefore, ventures to offer
the following remarks:
By reason of the establishment of the rural
delivery service, which was created and has
reached Its present tato of development as
result of the advocacy and effort of the Xa
tional Grange, the Postofflce has vastly In
creased its field of usefulness to the people
of the United States, and especially to those
who live In the rural sections. We have Tea.
son to be proud of the efficiency of the Post
office Department. It Is one of the great
civilizing and enlightening forces of this gen
eratlon. Of course, this department of the
Government is not perfect. And. strange to
say, its most glaring-defect Is made more con
rplcuous oy Its greatest Improvement.
The rapid development of the rural delivery
service brings forcibly to the attention of
country people the fact that they need & kind
of service from the Postofflce Department
which cannot be bad tinder present conditions.
People In the larger towns and In the cities
can and do receive express packages at their
doors, brought there by the semi-public ex
press companies. It is true that farmers llv- j
lng on the rural mall routes can and do re
ceive small parcels of merchandise by mall.
But the postage on these parcels Is excessive,
and the limit as to, weight of parcels (four
pounds) la so low that the transmission of any
considerable amount of merchandise by mall
We are aware of the current belief that the
Postofflce Department pays excessive prices to
the railway companies for carrying the malls.
We are also aware of the fact that the ex
press companies, whose business is carried on
through contracts with the same railways, are
able to handle the lowest class of mall matter
in competition with the Postofflce. We pay 16
cents a pound for the merchandise we send by
znall. Newspaper publishers and news dealers
are allowed to" send newspapers and other
periodicals through the malls for 1 cent a
pound. Yet the express companies carry vast
quantities of second -class mall matter, which
could be sent through the Postofflce for 1 cent
pound. This fact at least suggests the pos
sibility of greatly reducing the postage rate.
As "Americans, we pride ourselves on our
progressive Government; yet all of us are fa
miliar with the fact that most of the European
governments have vastly better mall facilities
than our own. Most of us know that large
parcels, which could not be sent by mall from
one United States Postofflce to another, even
at the high rate of 16 cents a pound, are de
livered la this country by tho Postofflce De
partment at a much lower rate when tbey are
sent from certain European countries to our
own. The service which our Government will
not perform for Its own people at any price
it does for foreigners at rates low enough to
satisfy all reasonable advocates of a parcels
post in this country.
We would emphasize the fact that tho rural
mall service now has the machinery for a most
efficient parcels post system. We declare It
as our conviction that the parcels post Is In
evitable. The rural mallcarrler Is equipped
to deliver parcels of merchandise, up to about
15 pounds in weight, at a very small addition
al cost to the. Postofflce Department. The
rural free delivery eystem Is Incomplete with
out tho addition of provisions, for the delivery
We would not advocate a parcels rate that
would drive the express companies Into bank
ruptcy, or that would be less than self-sustaining,
but we do insist that the people, and
especially the country people, have a right to
demand of Congress an extension of the use
fulness of the Postofflce Department. It is the
business of the Government to serve the peo
ple In all proper ways. The Postofflce De
partment Is, in a special (sense, the people's
department of the Government; It exists tor
all and to serve all with equal fairness, with
equal liberality, and with Increasing efficiency.
Tour committee recommends the adoption oi
the preceding resolutions, and that the legis
lative committee of the National Grange be
directed to use all honorable efforts to bring
about the establishment of a parcels post
worthy of our great country, aad la keeping
with the needs of the people.
T. C. ATKESON. Chairman.
G. W. BAIRD.
M. M. WILSON.
C R. F. LADD.
A. M. HORTON.
From the same committee a report
was received bearing upon public high
Whereas, Our Government has expended hun
dreds of millions of dollars upon rivers and
harbors, and Is expending many millions more
In building an Isthmian canal, which Is laud
able, and this to facilitate and reduce the cost
of transportation. Now, why not. In justice.
use a like amount upon the public highways?
therefore, bo it
Resolved, That the National Grange, through
its legislative committee, urge Congress to a
speedy passage of bin 10,705, and to state
masters that they take up this Important mat
ter In their several states, as It is plain that
both National and state aid must come to the
assistance of the farmer in this much-needed
Whereas, The subject of -good roads Is of
deep Importance to every citizen of the United
States, and no branch of general Improvement
has been so sadly neglected, which can only
be accounted for on the ground that our people
have been bending every energy in the build
ing of the roost superb railroad system under
the sun, girding the continent with a network
of steel, and all this time to the total neglect
of the public highway, the primary arteries
over which must bo drawn the entire com'
mere of the country, at such a frightful loss
of energy that the cost In the aggregate Is ap
palling, amounting to a tax of 3 per cent upon
every dollar of property in the country.
Tho committee on resolutions sent in
a .third report which was as follows
Whereas. It is generally known that members
of Congress, State Legislatures and county offi
cials receive free passes over the various rail
roads of the country, which we, the members
of the National Grange, believe to be detri
mental to good government; therefore, be It
Resolved, That it should be prohibited by
law, to be made punishable by fine or Imprison
ment. and that they should forfeit their office
by so doing. In all states, as It Is In some at
the present time.
The committee on finances submitted the
following report, which was unanimously
We recommend that the officers and voting
members of the National Grange ' receive 3
per day for time nececaarlly traveled to and
from plff of meeting, and for days In at
tendance during session, and 3 cents per mile
for dlstdb.ee traveled to and from place of
meeting by the nearest practical route.
We- recommend that the Worthy Master re
ceive the sum of $500 per annum, and the
sum of $3 per day and actual traveling ex
penses whllo away from his office In the dls
charge of hlB official duties, also his necessary
We recommend that the Worthy Lecturer
receive the sum of $400 as salary and $3 per
day and necessary traveling expenses when
away from his office discharging official du
ties by order of executive committee; also an
additional sum to cover postage and office ex
We recommend that the Worthy Secretary
bo paid the sum of $1200 per annum as salary
and necessary office and traveling expenses
when on duty for the order, by direction of
We recommend that the Worthy Treasurer
receive th'e sum of $400 as salary and necessary
office and traveling expenses when engaged In
work for the National Grange.
We recommend that each member of tho ex
ecutlve committee be paid $3 per day and
necessary office and traveling expenses when
engaged In work for the National Grange.
We recommend that $7000 be set apart as
a lecture and extension fund, to be used un
dcr direction of executive committee as It may
We recommend that the High Priest of De-
meter be paid $3 per day and necessary office
expenses when engaged in work for the Na'
G.W.F. GAUNT. Chairman
W. K. THOMPSON.
W. T. HILL,
PERLEA M. DERTHICK.
NETTIE C. HADLEY.
MART K. POWERS.
From the International Anti-Cigarette
League came a communication, which was
unanimously received and made a part of
the proceedings. It follows:
To the Officers and Members of the National
Grange. Patrons of Husbandry: In the name
of the 1.600,000 boys and girls of the United
States, Great Britain and Canada, who .are as
soclated together In the warfare against the
cigarette, and in behalf of the officers and
members of the International Anti-Cigarette
League. I cordially thank you for the strong
resolution adopted by your body at your sea
elon November 18. 1004, demanding National
prohibition of the manufacture and sale of
cigarette and cigarette papers la the United
The elimination of the cigarette will remove
one of the most fruitful causes of degeneracy
and crime flow rampant among the children
and youth of this Nation.
Most sincerely yours,
WALLACE R. STRUBLE.
General Superintendent International Ant!
Cigarette League, Chicago, U. S. A.
State Master E. W. Wingate Reports
Great Increase. "
"I have the honor of presenting this,
my fourth report of the conditions of the
order In Kansas, and am glad to say that
it is prospering. Wc have added ten
Granges to our roll and over 1080 to our
membership. We have 60 subordinate
Granges and one Pomona.
The Patrons' Co-operative Association,
of Johnson County, which, with a capital
of $100,000 suffered a loss by fire one year
ago of $97,000, including store buildings
and goods, was doing business three days
after the fire. They have rebuilt their
store building and have sold over $200,000
worth of goods it a net profit of over 14
per cent on the capital stock.
"Our Are insurance company is now ear
ning risks amounting to 53,200,000, with
an advance of over $500,000 during the past
year. For the past six years tne cost
has been $5.50 per $1000 for five years.
Our charter prohibits the Insurance of
other than Grange property in the state
and we are exempted from the supervi
sion of the commissioners of our state.
Our agricultural college and the
Granges are working heartily together for
common end. Tho president and ten of
the professors of the college are members
of the order.
It becomes my sad duty for the first
time to announce the death of a member
of the National Grange. On September 2,
Sister Ruth Jeffries Rhoades, wife of
Past Master Rhoades, was suddenly
called upon to answer to that roll call to
which we must all sometime respond and
to which she could answer, 'Ready. "
Report by State Master F. M. Mar
chant Shows Gains.
"I am glad to be able to report the past
year as one of fair prosperity for the
Grange in Rhode Island.
"One new Grange has been organized
and others have materially added to their
membership, and I think the necessity of
organization and co-operation for mutual
protection and the advancement of the
agricultural Interests of the state is more
fully realized by our members as the years
go by, and that their faith in the Grange
as a medium by which these ends may be
accomplished becomes deeper from year
to year. I also feel that there is a grow
ing respect for the order among the
people at large as its principles, objects
and purposes are better understood. Ever
since the Grange was organized in our
state It has always taken an actual part
In all matters of legislation pertaining to
the agricultural interests. Our Legisla
tors soon learned that when the Grange
took a decided stand upon any question
it was a power to be reckoned with, and
are even willing to give its wants earn
The Grange In our state Is responsible
THE REPORT OF THE WORTHY LECTURER
Discussing Lecturing in All Branches of the Grange Agriculture in Schools and Colleges.
Worthy Master and Members of the National
Grange: The work of the Grange In the sub
ordinate, pomona, state and National degrees
may be properly divided into two classes. The
first and most Important Is the acUon neces
sary to strengthen the organisation by the ob
servance of rules and regulations laid down by
the constitution and by-laws of the order, the
execution of which Is largely In the hands of
the master, through his own efforts and the
efforts of his organizing and Inspecting dep
uties. Upon this depends In a large measure the
extension of the order through Increase of
membership and the strengthening of the ties
that tend to make a thorough and Impregnable
organization. The opportunities for doing this
arc limited only by the ability and Ingenuity
of the master, and may well be considered
from a business standpoint. The master of
any Grange is primarily Its business manager.
The second proposition in Grange work is
the direction of Its educational policies by such
action and through such exercises as are best
adapted to existing conditions, noting the effect
upon the public at large.
For mental development of membere there
should be well-arranged programmes for Grange
meetings, which no amount of degree work
should be allowed to crowd out, and for shap
ing public sentiment toward the Grange or
toward policies Indorsed by the Gran sea.
Public discussions should be held and the
printed page utilized to the fullest extent con.
tiistcn t with probable results. The execution
of this work fa In the hands of the lecturer
always, under the direction of the master,
authorized by the Grange, and is commonly
known as educational work. A consideration
of this matter will constitute the basis of this
A comprehensive discussion of this matter
Involves separating of the subject on the line
separating the Granges of various degree. Sug
gestions appropriate for lecture work in tne
subordinate. Grange would not apply to lecture
work In pomona, state and National Grange,
except so far as - general principles are con
cerned. We will, therefore, address the lec
turers of the lower Granges through the mem
bers of the National Grange, commencing with
the subordinate, which la the most important
branch of the order, upon the success of which
depends tho success of all others.
Lecture Work in Subordinate Granges.
The lecturer of a subordinate Grange occupies
a unique position in the work of the order.
It Is In that It Is entirely separate and dis
tinct from the work of every other officer. It
cannot be said that It Is the most Important
office In the Grange, for we cannot compare
things that are unlike. We are reminded of
tho old illustration of the controversy between
the organist and- the boy who worked the bel
lows as to which was the most Important In
producing the music for the - cfSurch services.
In the midst of a selection the boy stopped
work, and when the music ceased, announced
that It was a good time to determine that
question. The master of a subordinate Grange
cannot make a successful Grange without the
assistance of the lecturer, and the lecturer
cannot make a successful Grange without the
work devolving upon the master has been faith.
fully performed . The basis of successful lec
ture work is the printed programme for the
year. In theory the xreohly prepared pro
gramme announced at each meeting for the
next is most desirable, for by this course mat
ters of local interest that could not be fore
casted at the beginning of the year may con
stltuto the prominent feature of the pro
gramme, but in practice such a course, gen
erally results In no programme. The lecturer
wilt be more likely to attend to the arrange
ment of the programme when made a special
duty at the beginning of the year than when
attended to at 12 different times during the
year. The members assigned parts In the
programme will be mora likely to prepare them
selves when notified at the beginning of the
year, and all other members notified that they
have been so assigned. The programme should
be sufficiently clastic to admit of the intro
duction of topics of local, timely Importance as
they arise from time to time. In addition to
the topics suggested by the state and National
After the programme has been arranged and
printed -there Is .still much for the lecturer to
do. The manager of a rallroaa arranges his
train schedules with great care and publishes
his time-table accordingly, but If he dropped
the matter there the people would be seriously
disappointed In train service.
Contingencies are constantly arising that can'
not be forecasted and arrangements made ac
cordingly. Employes are to be directed and
vacancies are to filled. The -lecturer must no
tify those who are assigned parts previous to
the time, however many programmes have
been printed, and fill any enforced vacancies.
The lecturer should assign duties according to
the mental capacity and characteristics of
members, constantly keeping In mind that
mental development is, of paramount Import
ance to the entertalnent of the Grange. These
two objects can generally be harmonized. It
Is what members do for themselves that de
velops mental powers, rather than what others
do for their entertainment. It Is a nice thing
to arrange the lecture work In the subordinate
Granges to the best possible advantage.
Lecture Work in Pomona Granges.
The suggestions made tor lecture work In
the subordinate Granges will generally ap
ply to lecture work In Pomona Granges, ex'
cept that Pomona Granges bear the same
relation to subordinate Granges that the
high school bears to the lower grades. Top
ics of a broader nature should bo discussed
and more difficult exercises should be intro
duced and participated In by members of bet
ter attainments. This will afford more en
tertaining exercises for those who have trav
eled long distances to attend the meetings
and for the public -frequently admitted to Po
mona meetings. Generally speaking it Is
better to assign parts to members outside the
Grange, where the meeting Is held. A prime
object of these iseetlngs is to awaken aa
tatereet smsac tfee local yeoyle rather t&M
for the establishment of our Agricultural
College and experiment station, and its.,
interests In matters of legislation are
closely watched by our members.
"Our Mutual Fire Insurance Company Is
gaining In favor and saving the farmers
something more than 50 per cent on cost
of insurance. The meetings of our Po
mona Granges have been regularly held
with an Increased attendance, and I think
the prospect good for the organization
of several new Granges in the near fu
ture, and an earnest effort is being made
to strengthen the weak Granges and it
is hoped that my successor will be able
to report material Increase another year."
State Master J. B. Ayer Makes Mag
"It affords me great pleasure to report
that we have at last found a fertile field
for Grange work near the Pennsylvania
line in Carroll County, and the West Vir
ginia line in Garnett County. I suppose
the fertility has been caused by the over
flow of Grange enthusiasm created by the
master of the West Virginia State Grange
and the master of the Pennsylvania State'
Grange. It has been our good fortune to
secure two good deputies. Brother W. K.
Eckert, who has organized four new
Granges and reorganized one; and Brother
C. T. Sweet, who has organized 13, mak
ing a total of 17 new Granges, two reor
ganized and one new County Grange
during the year,
We have held several field meetings
and Grange picnics that were well attend
ed. Our Pomona Granges are unusually
We have had visits from the National
master, State Master Hill, of Pennsylvania,
and R. W. Silvester, president of the
Maryland Agricultural College; H. J. Pat
terson, director of the Experimental Sta
tion, and other professors from the col
lege, which made our meetings very In
teresting and instructive."
State Master G. B. Horton Reports
"We have not during the year past
given as much encouragement to or
ganization of Granges as in years prevl
ous, but as a natural result already In
operation we have added SI Granges to
our list, making a total at the present
time of 719 in active operation.
"According to reports from the state
entertain visitors, and this can best be done
by hearing those from outside the town.
It Is seldom wise to depend upon partici
pants from outside the Grange except In
cose of persons of exceptional ability, and
it is still rarer when paid entertainers of
any nature should be obtained for regular
meetings. We must constantly bear In mind
the fact that mental development Is the ob
ject sought rather than purchased entertain
This suggestion has no reference to the
employment of specialists in literary or
musical matters, either by subordinate or
Pomona Granges, as a source of revenue out
side of regular or special meetings, and also
has no reference to field-day meetings,
which will bo considered later.
Lecture Work la State Granges.
Lecture work In subordinate and Pomona
Granges entails but trifling expense, as the
work is done gratuitously, and the only cost
being for printing and postage. When we
reach the lecture work In states the matter
of expense Is an Important Item for the serv
ices and expenses of the lecturer have to be
met in addition to printing and postage. This
makes It subject to the funds available for
the purpose as well as to the policy of the
Its extent In any event will depend some
what upon the ability of the master to re
spond to the demands for a representative of
the state Grange. Such occasions are gen
erally arranged for the extension of the or
der by a public discussion of its alms and
purposes, and the master will rightly con
sider It his duty to represent the state
The extent to which the lecturer and other
officers of the State Granges participate in
such work and attend Grange meetings will
depend upon the orders of the master under
authority of the state Grange. However
much may be done in this direction, there
will be benefit derived from regular com
munication between the state lecturer and
Pomona and subordinate lecturers through
the medium of a quarterly or monthly bul
letin. Such publication will very material
ly aid the lecturers receiving it and assist in
promoting systematic lecture work. Several
state Granges already provide for this, and
the slight expense involved more than Jus
tifies the adoption of a similar policy in every
state. In no way can a state lecturer ac
complish so much for the expense Involved
as through this medium of communication
with those working In lower Granges.
Lecture Work by the National Grange.
Our suggestions in regard to lecture work
In the lower Granges have been confined to
what should be done and when we follow this
policy In regard to the work of the National
lecturer we may be at greater variance with
tho work accomplished than in the lower
Granges. Here the field and editorial work
is under the direction of the master and
executive committee. All requests for the
former have been referred to the master and
with but two exceptions where Important
state duties prevented we have responded to
all requests approved by him. In this work
we have addressed Grange gatherings In
Connecticut. Delaware. Maine, Massachusetts,
New Hampshire, New York, Ohio and Ver
mont. The meetings were largely attended
and much interest manifested. In the edi
torial work we have issued four numbers
of the Grange Quarterly Bulletin of 40,000
each, sending -a copy to the master, lecturer
and secretary of every Pomona and sub
ordinate Grange, In the country. It has also
been sent to a list of paid subscribers. The
Bulletin has been made the medium of dis
tributing tho Important reports of the last
session, and much of the Grange literature
Issued has been published in the Bulletin.
adding largely to its dissemination. In ad
dition to this about 400,000 copies of litera
ture has been distributed sent into states
on the request of the officers of Granges, as
California - 18,500
Connecticut .. 1,000
Indiana .. 15,000
Kansas ' 2,000
Kentucky r. 120.000
New Hampshire 5.000
New Jersey 1,000
New York 12.000
West Virginia : 1.000
Wisconsin - -4,000
The Influence of the. press In disseminating
Grange news and advocating Grange prin
ciples has aided very materially In the lit
erary w6rk of the order.
Our distinctly Grange papers, chief of
which is the American Grange Bulletin, have
been loyal to the interests of the Grange:
while the large number of agricultural and
Grange papers and newspapers with Grange
departments have contributed in no small de
gree to the progress of the Grange. These
papers publish much of local Interest In
regard to the work Of the order.
There is another class of Grange matter
known as "plate matter," prepared under
the direction of a press agent by the au
thority of the state Grange that Is issued
by state papers to good adyaatago where
the order is of tuflSdent .membership to war
rant it. So far as Ort latleerimlaata pub
lication hC sack matter 5 ceoerd la sc
tloaa of Um eMMitrr wtomra tk Orange Xu
"tat Hs-kt rtrwMM)H tlwt 'fm feat lit
secretary, there are 44,013 members, none
of whom were delinquent for. more than
"Our fire insurance companies are gen
erally doing well and prove to be a great
aid to greater membership. We have
about 20 county and district companies
and one state company. The average cost
of insurance on each $1000 is about
"Our official state committee on
woman's work has accomplished much for
the good name of the Grange through
three special lines of operation, as fol
lows: Co-operation with organizations of
charity workers In cities and placing
worthy poor children out in country homes
for a few days in August and September;
promoting social work in subordinate
Granges and establishing the observance
of a school day and programme by each
"Our Grange treasury possesses $20,000,
Invested in long-time municipal bonds;
also ample funds, subject to draft. I am
able to report the ownership of over $400
Grange halls by our subordinate Granges.
In one county alone there are 24.
State Master T. C. Atkeson Praises
Grange of His State.
"As the 'new dominion,' West Virginia,
the youngest daughter of the 'old domin
ion,' Is rapidly coming to the front among
our galaxy of progressive states.
"She is second to none in her wealth of
coal, timber, oil and gas, while her pos
sibilities in agriculture and horticulture
have hardly been dreamed of, and as a
Grange state she is by no means the hind
most. "The register issued by the secretary
last January showed 91 Granges in good
standing, and since that time enough
Granges have been organized to put the
number above 100, which has been my
cherished ambition ever since assuming
"Owing to the topography of the state
our agricultural communities are badly
scattered, and therefore difficult to in
terest in any common cause; but notwlth
standing the obstacles that have ham
pered and obstructed the Grange cause, we
are much gratified with what progress we
have made, and I wish to give full credit
to a few faithful deputies and every work
ing member of the order, who have so loy
ally supported my efforts to maintain the
Grange In our state.
"More 'field meetings' were held during
the last Summer than ever .before. At
four of these meetings we -iad with us
the worthy master of the National Grange,
tle to recommned it, unless its publication
is followed with vigorous efforts to organ
ize. However extensive advertising a busi
ness firm may be doing It never spends
money in sections where-its goods are not
offered for sale by agents, or the advertis
ing followed with active canvassing. The
indiscriminate advertising of the Grange
through plate matter, however low the price
might be for the number of copies Issued,
would not be. a profitable investment unless
followed by organizing deputies, which would
be Impossible over such an extent of terri
tory. A business firm would spend five
times the amount spent for advertising in
a near territory, in establishing the sale of
its goods, and until the Grange is prepared
to adopt the same policy it had better let
such extensive advertising contracts alone.
One of the most Important means of dis
seminating Grange doctrine and awaken
ing Grange enthusiasm is through well ar
ranged and well advertised field meetings.
Such meetings are now held in nearly all
the states and are regarded as Important aa
any meetings of the Grange. In order to be
successful they must be arranged long in
advance and local and visiting speakers se
Whenever failure has occurred in such
meetings it has been traceable to neglect of
local Interest. It Is not fair to Invite
speaker to travel hundreds of miles to at
tend a field meeting and fall to make the
proper local effort to secure an attendance.
In localities where the Grange Is strong
comparatively little effort will be required.
but In new fields and In unorganized terri
tory it requires the most thorough and per
sistent canvassing to get the people to at
tend. Someone in the locality must be in
tensely Interested or the meeting will be
failure. When these details are given
faithful attention the meeting will be suc
cessful In any locality, but should be fol
lowed with active canvassing in order to de
rive the greatest possible benefit.
Agriculture in Public Schools.
No feature of educational work in which th
Grange can exert an influence Is more promis
ing than that of Introducing the principles of
agriculture In the curriculum, of public schools.
By this we do not advocate teaching students
how to cultivate the soil, grow crops or feed
stock, but something of the composition of
soils, the nature of the rock formations that
finally make soil, and the growth of vegetable
and animal life. It Is as well for the mental
development of the child that the origin, com
position and uses of the objects by the road-
side between its home and the schoolhouse be
understood, and far better for its success In
life than to be taught the heights of mountains
that will never be seen, or other intricate prob
lems In the -higher mathematics or the dead
languages. Whatever the occupation or profes
sion of the child In after life. It will be of
advantage to him or her to know something
about the common things of life with which he
comes la contact every day. It will strengthen
his Interest In the soli and the occupations
connected therewith. The State of Missouri
haa taken advance ground in this direction.
and provides means for the teachers of the
public schools to equip themselves for impart
ing such instruction. It has become one or
the requirements of a state teacher's certificate
In that state. The Grange can lead In this
Important matter and require similar regula
tions In other states, and provide means for en
forcing them. This is one of the leading edu
cational Issues of the present time, and one
upon which Important results depend.
Agriculture in Iados trial Colleges.
When the Industrial colleges were, established
by act of Congress 42 years ago. there were
neither text-books In agriculture, Instructors
ouallfled to teach agriculture or even an agri
cultural science established, and from the
lacks of means for teaching agriculture these
Institutions drifted into Industrial colleges with
out agriculture, or became sickly adjuncts of
classical InsUtutlons. Later an agricultural
science began to be developed, text-books In
agriculture were prepared and published, and
men became qualified to teach agriculture.
After these changes took place it was found
that" It required a vigorous effort to secure rec-
oznltlon of agriculture In these Institutions
They bad become firmly intrenched In other
policies, and a change was not favored by tne
managers In many Instances. During later
years there have been notable Instances where
public sentiment has demanded a more liberal
agricultural policy, and good results have roi
lowed. The great need of agriculture today Is
better trained, better educated men, skilled In
agricultural science. The more such men wc
have located upon the, farms of the country the
better the prospects for the agricultural peo
ple. Everything pertaining to the establish
ment of these colleges Indicates that the Idea
of those through whose efforts they were estab
lished were concentrated on making prominent
the agricultural features. The Grange can
render valuable service In educational matters
by vigorously championing the rights of the
farmers In all such Institutions. While these
suggestions are not applicable In all the states.
they are appropriate to existing conditions Jn
We have conducted an extensive correspond
ence in regard to lecture work, and have aimed
to arouse the lecturers of subordinate and
pomona granges to a better appreciation Of the
duties and responsibilities of their respective
positions. Education Is the corner-stone upon
which this organization rests, and the perman
ent advancement made depends In a large de
gree upon the attention gives to this feature
of Grange work. With this object la view,
we have made this report Intensely practical.
dealing with matters that severally may seen
of little Importance, but which la the aggre
gate contribute in an e ml neat degree to tin
access of Grange work throughout Um load.
X. J. SATCKsUWR.
Lwtwcr Hattol etc.
who greatly "delighted our people and
strengthened the order with his eloquent
words of wisdom and patriotism.
Brother SlIL of Pennsylvania, dropped
across the border and left a ray of sun
shine and hopefulness among our people
on the eastern side of the state, who as
sembled to hear him on one occasion.
"Notwithstanding my precarious health
during the year, every moment that I
have been able to snatch from my nu
merous other duties has been given to the
advancement of the Grange cause, and
the support of my deputies In their heroic
efforts, and always without a cent of com
pensation and usually at my own personal
"The two Grange Mutual Fire Insurance
Companies, organized by District Granges
Nos. 1 and 2, are saving money for their
patrons and prospering finely under the
safe and careful management of their
1 am sure that if the members of the
National Grange could realize the difficul
ties under which we labor, they would
fully appreciate the small measure of suc
cess we are winning.
"Realizing that I must soon place the
burden I have -borne so many years upon
other shqulders, It is my one hope to see
the order grow and strengthen with each
passing year, until West Virginia shall
occupy a place well up to the front among
the Grange states.
Congratulating the entire order upon
the splendid achievements of the last year
ana uHth hone fulness for the future. I
bring greetings from the sturdy yeoman-
rv of our mountain state to every mem
ber of the order assembled on this sunset
edge of our matchless country.
State Master G. W. F. Ganut Makes
During the past year we have organ
ized 12 subordinate Granges ana
PnmnniL nddinr about 2000 new members
our list. Our order nag Deen nrmiy
planted In counties where the Grange was
unknown and is recognized as an m
nortant factor in promulgating a higher
type of citizenship among tne agricultural
I believe the alms, objects and work
accomplished by our order should be made
more public so that those outside the
order, as well as those inside, will know
we are continually in evidence, and not
'Our membership is saving annually
manv .thousands of dollars by the co-
oneratlve purchase of farm supplies.
We have more than ss.uw.wu worm oi
property Insured in our Grange fire insur
ance company, which has been in exist
ence for 25 years.
We held' a series of field meetings m
13 counties during the- months of August
and September. At five of these meetings
we had the honor of the presence of the
National master and other National
Notes of the Grange.
It has been announced that the Armory
Hall will be open to the public each day
during the session between the hours
of 12 and 2 P. M. and between o and 7
M. Also the hall will be open .all day
tomorrow between 10 A. M. and 10 P. M.,
and while the National Grange Is away
on the Corvallls excursion. This is for
the purpose of giving' people the chance
to view the agricultural exhibits.
State Master J. O. Wing,, of Washington,
will be at his desk every day after each
session to sign return certificates for all
persons visiting the city from either Or
egon or Washington.
The Multnomah Pomona degree team,
which gave such creditable work at the
Empire Theater on Saturday afternoon.
has been showered with congratulatory
bouquets by the National visitors. The
teamwork was perfect and was pro
nounced the best ever seen by many who
are high In the order, among them the
National master. The team was organ
ized from the various granges of this
county by Mrs. Annie Craswell and was
drilled by Jasper J. Johnson. It has al
ready been Invited- to give the Pomona
degree In several localities.
The excellent address and reDort of tha
xsationai lecturer was unanimously adopt
ed Dy tne National Grange and 25,000 cop
ies ordered printed for distribution.
The Eastern bodies have requested Mrs.
E. L. Thorp, of Gresham. to organize a
party for a trip through Chinatown some
day during the week. A reliable Chinese
guide will be secured and the visitors
win oe accommodated.
DISCUSS THE PLAN.
Labor Leaders Talk of Trouble With
"We hope to gain in the end what now
seems to be denied us and held from us
by the action of the Citizens' Alliance in
refusing to treat with the Federated
Trades Council or to recognize (the union
" ior tne Detierment of tbe condi-
tion. of the laboring class and the conse
quent promotion of the Interest of the
This is about tho concrete statement of
the labor leaders when asked the effect of
the recent letter sent to the Federated
Trades Council in answer to the proposi
tion maae Dy mat oody for a plan of arbi
trating iaDor dimcuities.
The people who have been workinc- for
the adoption or this plan do not like to
discuss the question or. comment on the
action of the alliance at this time, nre-
iernng to wait until the council has had
an opportunity to take the answer up for
It is felt that the action of the executive
committee of the alliance Is hostile, but
it is noped tnat tne majority of the mem
bers of the organization are not of such
"We made the proposition in good faith.
desiring to Denent as much as to be bene
fited. We asked for no great concession
for no abandonment of principle, for no
los3 of ngnt or for no surrender of liberty.
The plan which was to have been proposed
was fair to us and just to them. It was a
movement away from the possibility of
trouble and toward the condition of peace.
and, tnese things considered, it was a sur
prise when the letter received so cold a
welcome at the hands of the Citizens' Al
liance, which is practically a business'
men's union." This is more opinion, but
it also is unofficial.
"I would not like to discuss the ques
tion now, continued the speaker, "as hav
ing any bearing on the attitude of the
Council or of any union. I believe that
the union men feel as one who is reproved
for a meritorious deed, not because the act
was wrong, but because it was policy to
Though the arbitration plan has been
turned down by the alliance, the Federa
ted Trades Council does not lose hope.
The attitude of the Manufacturers Asso
ciation and of the Franklia Association
are friendly, and when the real meaning
of the Council's offering is understood it
is hoped that there will be no objection to
its adoption. In the meantime,- the Coun
cil will try to show the fairness of lt3
spirit and its sincere desire to promote the
welfare of the general condition of all
classes In the city, and not the intention
to profit at the hands of friendly employ
ers or to wrest from them a concession
which might be used to their detriment-
Northwestern People in New York.
NEW YORK, Nov. 20. (Special.)
Northwestern people registered at New
Tork hotels today as follows;
From Portland W. E. Reed and'wife,
at the Cadillac; J. S. Kiest, at the St.
From Seattle F. H. Noble, at the
'Grand TJnion; J. M. Miller, at the York;
W. W. Philbrickv at the Victoria.
From Union. Or. A. B. Brown, R. A.
Marr. at the, York.
Frow Pendleton, Or. D. It Stewart,
at the Bartholdl.
"Wfcai Mrt C a e se yot tut is
r "A !9rr wfear toy Jw't ax:
WOES OF A JUSTICE
Waldemar Seton Has Numer
ous Peculiar Experiences.
HUMOROUS BRIDAL EVENTS
Judge Tells How One Bride, Sobbed,
and How a Prospective Mother-in-Law
Was Mistress of Cere
monies During Service. .
Justice Waldemar Seton, of tho East
Side. Justice Court, has an inexhausti
ble fund of amusing experiences,
which, when tapped, flows along' like
Bull Run water gushing from a faucet.
He is frequently called on to perform
marriage ceremonies, and his descrip
tions of some of these bridal events
are irresistibly funny.
"A short time ago," said Justice
Seton, as he sat in his office and al
lowed the smoke from his two-fer
float upward to the celling-, T was
called on -to perform the marriage cer
emony at a certain house, and I was
to be on hand at a certain hour. It did
not occur to me that the house was
on the East Side, and I went to the
number of the West Side, and found
I had been directed to an old barn.
Then I was mad. I thought somebody
had jobbed me, but finally it dawned
on me that It might be on the. East
Side, so I hurried over to the street
and number, and found the place.
Come in quick,' said a female voice, as
I knocked at the door. 'We have been
waiting an hbur for you.'
" "Well, said I, 5how me the man
who gave me the directions, as I want
to kill him before I perform the cere
mony. Trot out the couple." I took my
stand in one corner of the room, when
somebody handed, me a ring. It was a
ring marriage, ahd I never had per
formed a ring marriage. I gazed at
the ring, meditating on what I was to
do with it. Finally I blurted out: 'Ladies
and gentlemen, if you see anything
peculiar about this ceremony you
need not feel alarmed. I never used a
ring before. Just how I got rid of that
ring I can t say today, .but it disap
peared somehow, and so I guess either
the bride or groom got it.
"But that was a corker of a wedding
I had a short time ago on the East
Side. It was a swell affair, too; at least
that was the way It appeared to ,me. I
1 found my way to the house on time,
and took my stand near the piano. The
room was decorated with flowers and
tissue-paper festoons hung from the
ceiling. The room where I was stand
ing was about 10x12, and the house
was filled with guests. There were two
doors for the bridal party and guests
to enter and they opened against each
other and interfered. Presently a young
woman sat down at the piano and
commenced grinding out the wedding
march, which sounded to me like zlp
bang, zip-bang, to-tum-tum-tum, rip
p-l-za-rooooo. Well, the prooesslon
came into that 12x10 room through the
two doors, which kept slamming and
banging until I thought they would
come off their hinges. Finally I com
menced the ceremony and got through
in a hurry. The couple stood as if
badly scared. Then congratulations fol
lowed. Each one marched past, took
their- -hands,, mumbled something and-
went on. It was a swell wedding. I
know It was. for next Sunday I saw an
elaborate account of the decorations
and the wedding march.
T had an experience out in the sub
urbs near Mount Tabor. It was in a
small house some distance away from
the car track, but I found the place.
and was ushered into the parlor by a
dignified woman, who was the mother
of the bride. Here I met a young man.
the bridegroom, who seemed about'
to "be executed. Nervous! Well, I should
say he was. Never saw anything like
It. He would pick up the lamp and set
it down. Then he would take down and
replace the telephone receiver. He was
in a hundred positions in a minute. I
remarked to him: You have witnesses.
" 'Witnesses witnesses; what's
them? he answered. I explained so he
understood, and he. stepped out of the
room and I supposed conferred with
his would-be mother-in-law. for sho
came !n and said everything was ready.
Just at that moment I heard a sob in
. the adjoining room, and there was a
long delay, but finally the couple came
out and the ceremony was performed
mighty quick. Just as tho ceremony
was finished the bride gave a most
piercing shriek, and fell on the lap. of
her mother. I got out of there as soon
as I got my fiver. The bride was a very
attractive young woman, and tha
bridegroom" seemed a fine young man,
but the mother seemed to be running
ESCAPED PMS01TEBS TAKES".
Who Dug Out of County Jail
Captured at Linnton.
Two more of the prisoners who es
caped from the County Jail a month
and a half ago by d'gglng through tho
top of the cell Into the grand jury
room were reported caught in Linnton
last night to Chief of Police Hunt. He
reported the matter to Sheriff Word,
who sent two deputies down last night
to bring back the men. They were
Frank Hogan and Frank Matthews.
The details of the capture were not
given to Chief Hunt by J. Z. Alcorn,
the Linnton Postmaster, who seized
and held the two men for the Sheriff.
Frank Hogan was sent to the County
Jail to serve a year on Mdy 7. Frank
Matthews was sent in on September 16
for the same length of time. They were
both convicted on burglary charges.
Postmaster Alcorn figured very prom
inently in the- capture cf Frank Gug-
lielmo, the murderer of Freda Guaras
cla. June 14 last.
Teachers Granted Certificates.
OLYMPIA, Wash.. Nov. 20. (Special.)
Certificates have just been Issued by the
State Superintendent's office to the fol
lowing named persons:
Cowlitz County E. A. Bennett, Ada Burrlss.
C. R. Bell. Maggie Brim. Esther Converse.
Venus A. Coburn. Dcra Claw-son, w. VY Em-
bree, J. C. Ferguson, Anna L. Leonard, Mabel'
Qulcn, Pearl Reynolds, Frances SchaubWs,
Maud Bumphrey, A. W. Bush.
Skamania County Mary Cheyne, Verm O.
Emmons, Nellie Hewitt, C, II. Cromwell,
George II. Cole.
Chehalis County Raymond Baker, Edward B.
Beaty, Freda Bowen, G. H. Dunning, Deda. M.
Gllmore, Jennie E. George, W. W. Hewitt.
Maude Hulbert, Katharine U. Knack, Susie
Lenfesty, Kate Shaughnessy, Mrs. K. I.
Smith. R. M. Van Dorp, A. D. Van Walker.
Samuel Gordon Burkhead, J. A. Dowden.
Columbia County Marie L. Barnes, E,
Blanche Chamberlain, "Winifred Clayton, Al
berta Gerking. Pansy Harrl. Harry F- Ken
nedy, Clyde H. McGhee, Celeste Price, Alfred
Franklin Coanty M. I. Burkholder. Margaret
D. Dean, R. L. Hltt, Jessie H. Jackson. Mabel
Langdon, M Irene La Porte. Mary H. McKean,
H. Fay Pierce. Harley H. Peter, T. A. Rogers. .
mttt tzUi. naih.
m tM csui, aoati '
aliv4ni a8 pstBv mm wfeMl wlic mnT