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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
VOL. XL-HI. NO. 13,536.
PORTLAltt), OREGON, THURSDAY, APRIL 28, 1904.
PRICE 'FIVE CENTS.
OREGON IS LUCKY
Congress Passes Nearly
All of Its Bills.
ONLY TWO WIIL 00 OVER
These Provide for Ratification
,of Indian Treaties,
WASHINGTON HAS ELEVEN
Appropriation for Improvement of
Crater Lake, National Park,
Is Finally Reduced to
OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU, Wash
ington, April 27. "Never 'before since I
have been in Congress has the Oregon
delegation so thoroughly cleared its docket
of local legislation as it has during the
session about to close," said Senator
Mitchell tonight "Every local bill which
stood has been passed, and several oth
ers are in a position to be taken up and
disposed of during the short session next
This statement is borne out by an ex
amination of the calendars. On that of
the Senate, Oregon has but one bill, that
ratifying the treaty with the Klam
ath Indians. Fas't experience has shown
that this bill cannot pass In an extra
session, owing to strong opposition, but
it is hoped by the delegation that they
may In the short session. The only Ore
gon bill on the House calendar is that
ratifying the Grand Ronde Indian treaty.
Washington Has Eleven Bills.
Washington has 11 bills still on the cal
endars. Those in the Senate provide for
the opening of the Colville Indian Res
ervation to settlement; improving Mount
Rainier National Park; dividing the State
of Washington Into two judicial districts;
erecting a lighthouse at Battery Point,
and permitting appeals in Alaskan cases
to be heard before the Washington courts.
On the House calendar there are the Col
ville Reservation and judicial-district
bills, -and the bills creating: the Elk Na
tional Park; building a lighthouse at Bel
llnghanr; -building a lifesavliig station at
Cape Flattery; and one for the construc
tion of two revenue cutters for Puget
There arc no Idaho bills on either cal
endar. There are several Alaska bills
heretofore passed by the Senate on the
House calendar, with slight prospect of
final passage. The Alaska delegate bill
The sundry civil bill as finally adopted
by both Houses today appropriates only
53900 for improving Crater Lake National
Park. Fulton's $4000 amendment was dis
agreed to. The Battery Point, Wash.,
lighthouse appropriation was stricken out,
although $5000 for a new lighthouse at
Dungeness was retained. The Senate
amendment appropriating $75,000 for a
lighthouse tender for Alaska, together
with $50,000 for education of the Indians
and Eskimos of Alaska, were stricken
from the bill.
Senator Fulton and Congressman Her
mann go to St. Louis tomorrow with the
Congressional committee to attend the
opening of the Exposition. Mr. Fulton
expects to return to Washington before
going home. Mr. Mitchell and Mr.
Williamson will remain several days to
clear up local matters.
Representatives Cushman and Hum
phrey left for home today to view the
political situation in Washington. Rep
resentative Jones and the two Senators
will remain several days after adjourn
ment. Navy-Yard Contract Let.
OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU, Wash
ington, April 27. A contract was awarded
today to the St Paul Foundry Company
for the erection of a steel storage shed
at Puget Sound navy-yard to cost $30,728.
WRITE US FOR SAMPLES AND PRICES OF
HEADQUARTERS FOR ALL KINDS OF RUBBER GOODS
GOODYEAR RUBBER COMPANY
It H. TEASE, President
73 AND T5 FIRST STREET. PORTLAND, OREGON.
VELOX DEMONSTRATION !
Next Saturday Afternoon, April 30th, From 2 to 6 In
Our Photographic Dapartment an Expert From the
Factory Will Demonstrate to You the Simplicity of
Manipulation of Velox Paper. EVERYBODY WELCOME.
BLUMAUER-FRANK DRUG CO.
142-146 FOURTH ST., PORTLAND, OR.
BLUMAUER & HOCH
108 and 1 10 Fourth Street
Sole Distributers for Qrefon and Washing-ton.
Bids for the xboathouse all exceed the ap
propriation, but the plans will he revised
to brine this structure within the limit of
the cost fixed by Congress.
Life-Saving Station for Tillamook.
"OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU, Wash
ington. April 27. The House today passed
Hermann's bill establishing a life-saving
station near the entrance of Tillamook
ADVANCES MONEY POE CANAL.
French Syndicate Desires to Expedite
WASHINGTON, April 27. Attorney
General Knox today received cablegrams
from Messrs. Day and Russell, who went
to Paris as his representatives to conduct
the negotiations for the Panama canal
property, to the effect that the deeds of
the property and all other papers and ef
fects, which will belong to the United
States under the transfer, have alreaHy
been turned over to them, and that the
purchase price of $40,000,000 has been ad
vanced to the canal company by a Paris
syndicate of bankers. This syndicate, it
is understood, offers to pay over the
money with a view to expediting the con
summation of the sale on the assurance
of the Attorney-General that the draft of
the syndicate on the United States for the
$40,000,000 will be honored on presentation
at the Treasury at Washington.
At the time the money was paid over
to the canal company in Paris, Major
Markbrooke, of the Engineer Corps of the
Army, now in Colon, was authorized for
mally to receive the papers on the isth
mus in the name of the United States.
Whether this transfer has actually been
made by the Republic of Panama, the
Department of Justice has not been ad
vised, but it is assumed it will be made
within a day or two. Messrs. Day and
Russell are expected to return to Wash
ington within the next ten days.
Though sympathizing with the efforts
of the European holders of the Colom
bian bonds to induce the new State of
Panama to assume some share of the for
eign indebtedness of Colombia, the State
Department has made no move in that
matter since the retirement from Wash
ington of M. Bunau-Varilla, the Panama
Minister. Before the Minister left Wash
ington, Secretary Hay took occasion, to
impress upon him the fact that considera
tions of equity should move Panama to
an assumption of some part of the Na
tional debt, but the Minister was not im
pressed and no effort was made to bring
pressure to bear upon the new govern
ment. The attempt to delay the payment
of the $10,000,000 to Panama by the pre
sentation of the old Colon fire claims
probably will not receive the indorsement
of the department
NATION MUST ITX POLICY.
Judge Grosscup Gives His Idea of the
Way to Handle Corporations.
DE3 MOINES, April 27. Before an audi
ence composed of the representative men
of the State of Iowa. Judge Peter Gross
cup, of the United States Circuit Court,
delivered an address tonight -at the Grant
Club on "Liberty and Corporations." The
occasion was the celebration of Grant's
birthday anniversary. Judge Grosscup
i "We hear on all sides of danger to the
people from the great corporations. The
paramount danger of the corporate pol
icy prevailing in America lies not so much
in what specific thing a corporation may
do, as in the fact that in its practical
operation that policy excludes from par
ticipation in this already wide and in
creasing field of American property the
ordinary American citizen as an owner.
Under the law, corporate ownership, like
the ownership of real estate, is open
alike to all. But I know also, as does
every observer of events, that In the
face of existing conditions, this vast por
tion of our country probably already
more than one-fourth in value and prob
ably one-half in its influence upon the
citizenship of the country is, as an op
portunity to proprietorship, a field closed
to those not educated in the Intricacies
of corporate organization and manage
ment "The paramount aim In any solution of
this great problem must be to fit this new
form of American ownership to the in
dustrial life of a republic.
"Ifco first step to this" end, and the
great step Is to nationalize the corpora
tion. Five and forty masters now ordain
its policies; It should bo governed by one
master and one policy. The corporation is
no longer the solo concern of the state
where its books happen to be kept or its
directors meets. It has become the con
cern of the whole country over which Its
enterprises reach. The day of the New
Jersey policy has gone, the day of the
New York policy has gone; the day of the
Iowa policy has gone. The day has come
for an American corporate policy.'"
Prices Rise on Russian Bourse.
ST. PETERSBURG, April 27.-3:12 P.
M. The crossing of the Yalu River by
the Japanese forces did not impress the
Russians, in view of the ensuing Japanese
reverses. Theso reports caused an all
around rise in prices on thHbourse, but
so far there has been no caJsRrmatlon of
Without a Rival
Stirring Political Debate
in the House. '
LITTLEFIELD OPENS IT
Minority Asked if It Is With
Gockran for Free Trade.
TAUNTED FOR HIS SPEECH
Baker Arises When Leaders Will
Not, and Is Told Fools Rush
In Where Angels Fear
WASHINGTON: ATJril 27. In the nre3-
enco of crowded galleries and of almost
a full membership, Llttlefield (Me.) and
Williams (Miss.) In the House today
made speeches intended for the coming
Presidential campaign. The two speak
ers were wildly applauded by their re
spective sides, but there was an absence
of personalities such as characterized the
clash between Dalzell (Pa.) and Cockran
(Dem., N. Y.), indeed the best of humor
Llttlefield continually taunted the Dem
ocrats with the utterances of Cockran,
and by name called on several of the
prominent members of that party in the
House to answer "yes" or "no" as to
whether they approved Cockran's tariff
viewB, and whether they intended going
before the people on the issue of fres
trade. He defended the protective tariff
system from every point of view.
Williams (Dem., Miss.), 'adopting the
tactics of Llttlefield, endeavored tc force
from the Republicans, and Llttleflcld in
particular, categorical answers to several
questions which he deemed pertinent.
Llttlefield answered "yes" when asked
if he approved of everything In the Mc
Kinley Administration, which caused
Williams to remind him that he (Little-
field) and Williams had stood together in
opposition to colonial establishments.
Williams asserted that the Republicans
were going before the people practically
on the Issues borrowed from the gambler's
table' of "standing" pat."
Starts the Ball Rolling.
Llttleflcld took the floor when the bill
to require the employment of American
bottoms In the transportation of supplies
for the Army and Navy was called up.
In advocating the measure he began b
saying It was entirely proper for him to
suggest that the remarks he would mako
would be entirely germane to the bill.
He said It had been the privilege of the
House to witness some very unusual and
remarkable displays of political eloquence
"The gentleman from New York," he
said, "has contributed In a large and
remarkable degree to the rhetorical dis
play." Ho congratulated the country
upon Cockran's return to Congress,
which brought forth Democratic applause,
and paid a tribute to hlmas a man of
ability and great capacity, but he said
the arguments that are supposed to main
tain "the theory of free trade" had long
been threadbare, frayed out, tool-worn,
travel-stained and "they now achieve a
new distinctiveness by the rhetorical dis
play from the gentleman from New York.
Cockran, he said, spent little time In de
veloping the metaphysical theories and
general line of argument, which were
supposed to llo behind and Justify the
doctrine of protection. Republican ap
plause greeted this assertion. He referred
to me uemocrauc platform recently
adopted In New York, and said the con
vention did not dare proclaim any propo
sition that had any idea of deflnlteness
whatever, because, he said, the Demo
cratic party could not enact any of their
propositions into law of the land. He
asked the Democrats If they stood on the
speech of Cockran, "the new risen leader
of the Democracy."
Goads Williams for Reply.
He directed a specific question to Wil
liams (Miss.) if be approved of Cockran's
policy. Williams remained silent Ho
goaded Williams for a reply, but the
minority leader remained silent. He then
sought a roply from Clark (Dem., Mo.).
Clark set the Democrats frantic by say
ing that when the House should give
him an hour he would make a reply
"that will knock some of the gents silly."
No one, he said, could reply "yes" or
"no" to one hour of cheap demagogy.
Screams of approval came from the
Democrats at this utterance.
"The gentleman from Missouri wants
one hour to indulge In vindication and
vituperation," retorted Llttlefield. Clark,
he said, could say "yes" or "no" now,
and he would give him until the end of
the campaign to answer.
A suggestion from Clark that he and
Llttlefield should hire a hall and debate
the proposition was the signal for a
tumultuous outburst of applause from the
Democrats, but Llttlefield pressed for a
categorical answer from any man on the
Baker (Dem.. N. Y.) arose. "Will the
gentleman yield?" he excitedly 'asked.
Fools Rush In, Etc.
"No sir," said Llttlefield, "fools rush
in where angels dare not enter."
Gesticulating wildly and showing great
excitement. Baker shouted, "I will give
you an answer if you want one; I will
give you one."
Llttlefield paid no attention to Republi
can cries of "let him go on; let him go
on," but said there was only one man
left on the Democratic side. Baker, who
had the physical courage to say he was
ready to give an answer.
He contended that Baker could have
said "yes." and after some remarks 4n
which Llttlefield refused to accept Baker
as entitled to speak for the Democracy,
Llttlefield was drawn Into a lively collo
quy by De Armond (Dem., Mo.), which
was much enjoyed-by the crowded gal
leries. Llttlefield called ,on De Armond to say
. ... .. --"' ' ' -
whether he did or did not agree with
Democratic applause greeted De Armond
when he said the Democratic party
would declare for a revision of the tariff,
in order to drive from shelter the trusts
that are now robbing the people.
He then wrought tho Democrats up to
a high pitch when he asked Llttlefield
to answer "yes" or "no" as to whether
the Republicans would drive out the
Llttlefield, amid Democratic jeers and
laughter, said ho would answer when he
got ready, and asked if De Armond had1
given anything like an Ingenious, fair
and decent reply to his question.
Throws Down the Gauntlet.
Llttlefield threw down the gauntlet to
the Democrats, and .said no one dared
to rise In his place and say he approved
the speech of Cochran.
Cochran, himself, Llttlefield declared,
did not stand by It, but, on the con
trary, withdrew it on the floor of the
Llttlefield then continued with a general
discussion of the protective tariff policy.
His time expired, and Grosvenor (Ohio)
asked unanimous consent that. he be al
lowed to proceed for 15 minutes.
"I object," shouted Baker, amid gen
eral laughter. "You cannot treat me that
way. I cannot be Insulted on this floor
by you and then extend you any cour
tesy." He took his seat, wildly shaking his
fist Democratic members persuaded him
to withdraw his objection, which he
did. The conference report on the. Mili
tary Academy bill was agreed to.
Llttlefield, resuming the floor, said that
under the last Democratic Administration,
there was a deficit, of $105,000,000. It was
then, he said, that Secretary Carlisle is
sued the bonds which August Belmont
and J. P. Morgan negotiated at a profit
to themselves of more than 510,000,000.
Continuing, he said. It was no wonder
that a return to power was "wanted by
the Democrats, In order that they may
have opportunity to steal the revenues
of the United States Government"
Williams Makes Reply.
Williams, then addressed the House, de
voting the first part of his address to
a comment on Dalzell's assertion that
hoodlums were to be found among those
adventurers who have left their own
country for the' country's good, rather
than among Americans. He recounted
Jhe deeds of foreigners In this country,
and referred to the members of tho House
of foreign extraction, drawing the in
ference that Dalzell's statement was un
justifiable. Llttlefield, he said, had defied anybody
to prove protection was the mother of
trusts. He would, ho declared, tell what
trust protection was not the mother of.
It was not uie mother of "that sort of
trust which owes its success to increased
efficiency of public service and to cheap
Ho then asked the direct question of
Llttlefield if be indorsed the Administra
tion of President McKInley, "yes" or
"Yes," answered Llttlefield.
"Every word of It?" Williams inquired.
'Yes," was the reply-
Williams then reminded Llttlefield that
they stood together against the spirit of
(Concluded on Page Three.)
i. ..... r i .
""-'- ---- OREGON WILL FIRE IT
Japanese Attack on Fort
LOSSES ARE NOT KNOWN
Russian Fire Also Proves Too
Heavy for Gunboat.
ENGAGEMENT ON THE YALU
Paris Has the Report That a Submarine-Boat
Has Sunk Transport
and That 600 of Mikado's -Men
LIAO YANG, April 27. The Japanese
troops, which crossed the Yalu nortti of
Eultjlou (TchangdJIou) charged during
the night of April 25-27 the Russian posi
tion near LIzavena, a village on the Man
churian bank of the Yalu. They were re
pulsed, but their los3 Is not known.
Two gunboats steamed up the river to
tho support of the Japanese, when a Rus
sian field battery opened fire upon them,
resulting In a battle which lasted for 20
minutes. The Russian fire was too hot
and the gunboats were forced to steam
out of range.
JAPANESE TRANSPORT SUNK.
Russian Submarine Vessel Also
Causes Loss of 600 Men.
PARIS. April 2S. The St. Petersburg
correspondent of tho Journal reports that
a Russian submarine boat has sunk a
Japanese transport which was conveying
600 men to Corea, and that all the troops
REVIEWS CAMPAIGN ON YALU.
Member of Russian Staff Says Enemy
Will Only Be Harassed.
ST. PETERSBURG-, April 2S, 3:50 A. M.
Disappointment prevails in St. Peters
burg that no official dispatches giving
details of the operations on the Yalu
River have yet been made public. The
press dispatches are so meager a3 to be
cloud rather than enlighten the people
who are hourly waiting news.
The Associated Press has obtained from
the general staff the following statement
of the situation:
"Before beginning the passage of the
Yalu, the Japanese evidently completed
the concentration of the armies along the
river commanded by Generals Kurokl and
Oku. Each army Is composed of three di
visions and three reserve brigades. The
total force Is 100,000. The Russians on the
Manchuria bank of the river are Inferior
"Having perfected the essential prepar
ations! the Japanese, without waste of
time, commenced the passage of the riv
er, and the Russians realized It would
be Impossible to prevent their crossing
The Japanese front extended from WIju
as far as Piek Tong, over SO miles. We
faced the possibility that they would
cross at a score of places, and all we
could hope was to harass and Impede the
crossing, for every day gained time for
us to push our preparations and bring up
"There are only two instances In the
history where an army was unable to
cross a river, that of Napoleon at As
pera, and that of Prince Eugene of Sa
voy at Lech. Both failed because of
floods. They also proved no exception
to this established rule.
"We know that the Japanese crossed at
least at two points. The first attempt to
force a passage near Chang Che Kow, 20
miles above Wlju, on the Pousslkhe, a
tributary of the Yalu, was successful.
This Is most Important because a road
leads from Staopousslkhe, northeast to
Kwan Tten, which commands one of the
roads to Mukden.
"It Is evident that the Japanese devoted
mort of their attention to crossing near
Wiju. The river here is divided into
several channels by islands, the largest
of which is Samallndo. Above and below
Wlju the river was bridged at three
"Up the stream near Slndiagou the Jap
anese were watched by a small detach
ment of Cossacks, but the enemv was
practically unopposed. At Turenchen,
lower down, our outpost directed a fire
from a fleldplece so successfully that
they destroyed the mooring and wrecked
tho pontoons. The enemy was thrown
Into disorder and suffered considerable
loss. Still further down the stream the
Japanese proceeded to make a third at
tempt at crossing.
"We do not think that the Japanese
will attempt to land at Takushan or Ta
Tung Kau now that they have crossed
the Yalu. The object of such landings has
been to cause a diversion so as to ennble
the Japanese to cross the river. Taku
shan is not a good strategic point. The
road leading therefrom Is bad and troops
could only bo supplied with difficulty.
"With regard to future operations we
cannot speak. The Russians will not show
their hand at this stage, but will con
tinually harass the enemy, choosing their
own time for a battle."
A military expert who Is particularly
Impressed with the Japanese crossing
near Slapqussikhe, said that the use of the
road therefrom would enable the enemy
not only to march upon Mukden, but to
outflank the Russian position at Feng
Huan Cheng and cut oft any of General
RennenkampFs Cossacks who may have
gone to join the attack on Gensan.
Denver ex-District Attor
. ney Nearly Mobbed.
IS DEFENDER OF OFFICIALS
People Are Satisfied Election
Board Is Corrupt.
LIGHTS ARE TURNED OUT
Great Confusion Reigns and a Free-for-AII
Fight is Imminent-Resolutions
Passed to "Make"
Commission Do its Duty.
DENVER. Colo., April 27. A riot was
narrowly averted at Coliseum Hall to
night, at a mass meeting of citizens called
to protest against the so-called crimes
against the ballot. The particular object
of attack of the speakers was the elec
tions commission. When ex-District At
torney George Allen Smith attempted to
defend the commission, he was nearly
mobbed. While he was trying to speak
the lights were turnpd eut and the hall
Rev. Robert P. Coyle, moderator of tha
Presbyterian General Assembly, and pas.
tor of the Central Presbyterian Church,
of this city, Intimated that the example
of other cities In tho formation of a
vigilance committee to drive out fraud
and corruption In municipal government
could well be followed In Denver. Cheers
of approval greeted the statement.
Resolutions calling upon the citizens'
committee to "make" the elections com
mittee perform Its duties according to
law were adopted.
OWEN" WISTER IS VERY HI.
Author of "The Virginian" Suffers
From Operation for Appendicitis.
PHILADELPHIA. April 27. Owen
WIster, the novelist, is in a hospital
here fn a serious' condition, after an
operation for appendicitis.
'Congressman Seriously III.
WASHINGTON, April 27. Representa
tive Morgan C. Fltzpatrick. of Tennes
see, was taken ill tonight In the House
and later conveyed to the emergency
hospital In a serious condition, following
two attacks of epilepsy In quick succes
sion. Russians HarassChinese Villages.
LONDON, pril 2S. The Tientsin cor
respondent of the Standard sends a re
port that 40,000 Russians are harassing
the Chinese villages west of the Shuang
Tal Su River, midway between Chin
Chau and Ylnkow.
CONTENTS OF TODAY'S PAPER
Only two Oregon bills will go over until ehort
session. Page 1.
Llttlefield and Williams engage in a spirited
political debate tn the House. Page 1.
Adjournment will occur today. Page 3.
House passes the shipping bllL Page 3.
Senate again refuses to confirm the nomina
tion of Crum aa Collector at Charleston.
Knox Informs the House of antl-trust proceed
ings. Page 2.
Japanese attack Bussian fort on Yalu and are
repulsed. Page 1.
Japanese transport with 600 men on board re
ported rank by submarine boat. Pago 1.
Military expert says Kuropatkin can make no
move on Yalu until he knows plans of
enemy. Page 5.
Departure of Admiral Skrydloff made the oc
casion for a great demonstration, at St.
Petersburg. Page 5.
Indiana Republicans indorse Roosevelt and
nominate state ticket. Page 5.
Xew Hampshire Democrats pass the He at con.
vention, which is controlled by Parker men.
Riot nearly occurs at Denver mass meeting
when defender appears for election commis
sion. Page 1.
Judge Grosscup speakn on "Liberty and Cor
porations" at Des Moines banquet la honor
of Grant's birthday. Page 1.
Hill Military Academy defeats High School at
baseball. Page 12.
Columbia University defeats Portland Academy.
Paclflc Coast League scores: San Francisco 4,
Lea Angeles 0; Seattle 10, Portland 4; Oak
land 10, Tacoma 0. Page 12.
Oregon Labor Commissioner secures safeguards
in factories by peaceful methods. Page 4.
Seward Peninsula, Alaska, tin mines to be ex
ploited by an Eastern sjndicate. Page 4.
Seattle Civic Union criticises County Attorney
Scott'H administration. Page 4.
Commercial and Marine.
Weekly review of local and Jobbing markets.
Improvements In hops. 'Page 13.
"Weakness of Steel feature of New York stock
market. Page 13.
"Wheat closes Arm at Chicago after fluctua
tions. Page 13.
San Francisco wool trade In good shape.
Steamers Spencer and Dalles City race up Co
lumbia. Page 8.
Portland and Vicinity.
Reform forces look for Independent candldata
for District Attorney. Page 8.
Four students dropped from High School for
immoral conduct. Page 14.
Japanese editor arrested on charge of crim
inal libel. Page 0.
How Paine got the revolver with which ho
committed Southern Paclflc robbery. Page 8.
Sole survivor of Sixes Indian tribe, which
fought In Rogue River War, visits Port
land. Page 14.
Portland woman says James Dunn was her
husband and tells etory of desertion and
attempt at divorce. Page 14.
Patriotic Club celebrates birthday of Grant
FP&e 8, '-J