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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
THE ilOBNING OREGOXIA2T, TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 16, 190i.
ALL FEEL HIS LOSS
Members of the Cabinet Pay
Senator Hanna Tribute,
PLACE WILL BE HARD TO FILL
Secretary Hay Deems the Loss of the
Nation That of One of Her Forceful
and Useful Citizens-Others
Speak In Like Vein.
"WASHINGTON, Feb. 15. There "were
universal expressions of regret tonight
among public men at the death of Sen
ator Hanna, all of them, without distinc
tion of party, saying the country had lost
one of its most forceful and useful citi
zens. To Secretary Hay the death of Sen
ator Hanna is a great loss.
"No one who knew Senator Hanna,"
said Mr. Hay, "could fail to recognize in
him those remarkable qualities of mind
and heart that distinguished him. He was
a man in a thousand for generosity, hon
esty and loyalty. He was one of the tru
est friends that ever lived."
Mr. Hay said that one of the most sur
prising things about Senator Hanna's ca
reer was the contrast between the man's
true character and the cloud of calumny
and vituperation that was made to sur
rund his name "by political opponents.
Things that were attributed to him by
thoughtless adversaries were precisely the
things of which he was absolutely In
capable. "Senator Hanna was the soul of honor,
candor and open dealing," added Mr. Hay.
"So far from being, as some liked to con
sider him, a creator of trusts and organ
ized wealth, he was one of the most pow
erful and devoted champions of the labor
ing people this country has ever known.
"Senator Hanna was a faithful and loyal
friend of President McKlnley, perhaps his
masfrintlmate friend, and their names al
ways will be associated In our political
Secretary Wilson had this to say of Sen
."A remarkable development, possible
only with our conditions, a business man
from contact with affairs. McKinley's
candidacy and the issues on which it rest
ed, brought him into public notice. Sen
ator Hanna's ability as an organizer was
recognized then, and has been impressed
upon the country since that time on many
occasions. He shortened his life by ex
ceselve devotion to his ideals of public
duty, and leaves a vacancy that will not
be lllled soon and a name that will have
a place in history."
"Secretary Hitchcock said:
"The nation has lost a patriot and his
personal friends and associates a lovable
champion, whose sterling qualities of
head and heart found their most congenial
oppression In promoting the progress and
prosperity of his countrymen.
Postmaster-General Payne said:
"My acquaintance with Senator Hanna
Is almost lifelong. In all the phases of
life I have never known a truer man.
more devoted friend, and his death
strikes nearer to me than I can express."
Secretary of the Treasury Shaw was
deeply affected when news of Senator
Hanna's death was brought to him. Mr.
"Senator Hanna was one of the noblest
characters I ever knew. As a business
man he was very successful; as a poll
Uclan he ranked with the most potent:
as a statesman he was broad-minded, far
seeing and intensely patriotic, and as .a
friend was the truest of the true. His
loss Is National, and In the sad bereave
ment the humblest will be participant."
Secretary Cortelyou said:
"Senator Hanna's death is a personal
grief to me. Circumstances brought me
frequently In contact with him. and I
came to know him as one of the ablest
and. manliest of the really great men In
public life. Notwithstanding his remark
ably rapid rise In National affairs, and
his commanding position before the peo
ple, he was modest and unassuming, and
he was one of the most considerate of
Secretary Taft said of Senator Hanna:
"He was a marvel In American politics.
He had a remarkable grasp on public
questions of the day and a simple, lucid
and, therefore, most forcible way of stat
ing the Issues and supporting his conclu
sions." Cleveland Gives Him High Praise.
PRINCETON, N. J., Feb. 15 Ex-President
Grovor Cleveland, when Informed tonight
of the death of Senator Hanna, paid him
the following tribute:
"My relations with Mr. Hanna were
only such as grew out of our association
as members of' the National Civic Federa
tion. He was active in the work of that
body and sincerely devoted to the ad
justment of differences between employers
and omployes. His loss cannot fall to be
greatly felt in more than one field of
Mrs. McKinley's Regret Is Great.
CANTON, O., Feb. 15. The news of
Senator Hanna's death was first con
veyed to Mrs. McKlnley by an Associated
Press newspaper bulletin. She expressed
great grief and regret at the news. She
regards the death as a personal loss, be
cause of Senator Hanna's personal rela
tions to her husband.
Loss to Party, State and Nation.
HAVERHILL. Mass.. Feb. 15. Secre
tary of the Navy Moody said:
"I regard the death of Senator Hanna
us a great loss to the Republican party,
to the state and to the Nation at large.
He was a forceful man. and a man whose
place It will be hard to filL"
Will Attend Funeral in a Body.
COLUMBUS, O., Feb. 15. The Legis
lature will attend the funeral of Senator
Hanna in a body. This action was prac
tically determined tonight.
CONGRESS TO DO HIM HONOR.
Both Houses Will Meet, Appoint Com
mittees, Then Adjourn.
"WASHINGTON. Feb. 15. Both Houses
of Congress will adjourn tomorrow Im
mediately upon the announcement of the
death of Senator Hanna. No business
will be transacted In either
ntor Fo raker will announce the death of
ms coueague. and will offer resolutions
of regret, and for a committee to take
charge of the funeral arrangements. A
committee consisting of 20 Senators will
. be named by President Pro Tern. Frye,
and the Sergeant-at-Arms will be directed
to make the necessary arrangements for
the funeral sen-ices, both here and at
Cleveland. The Senate will then adjourn.
The resolutions will be sent to the
Houso at once, and General Grosvenor
wi iurani resolutions of regret on the
part of the House. As soon as these
resolutions are adopted. Speaker Cannon
will name a committee of the House to
accompany the remains to Cleveland. The
House committee will include the entire
Ohio delegation. It is expected that the
House will provide a special train to ko
to Cleveland, and that many members
besides the funeral committee will at
tond the last rites.
The Hags on the Capitol will be at half
mast tomorrow and remain so until after
tHe funeral. The desk of Senator Hanna
in the Senate chamber will be draped In
zAx. the official funeral in the Senate
chamber "Wednesday, It is expected that
the Gridiron Club quartet win participate
in the services and sing the hymns. This
will be done on account of Senator
Hanna's Intimate relations with the clubi
His last public appearance was at the
annual Gridiron dinner.
OPINIONS OF HANNA.
of Different Political Creeds
Eulogize and Criticise.
Brief expressions on Senator Hanna's
character were obtained yesterday from
men representing various political creeds.
All of them, labor unionists. Democrats
and Republicans, recognized his ability as
an organizer. Some of the opinions were
wholly laudatory, but Governor Chamber
lain voiced a calm criticism of Hanna s
H. G. Kundret, editor Portland Labor
Press I regret deeply Senator Hanna's
death. There was perhaps no man in
public life who attracted more attention
politically and industrially than Senator
Hanna. "While the modern wace-earner is
self-opinionated, and divided as to wheth
er Mr. Hanna was acting In good faith
in his professions of friendship for the
laboring classes, I believe he was sincere.
Close reading and considerable Investiga
tion of the Senator's attitude industrially
convinces me that he was honest in his
endeavors to conciliate capital and labor.
He was one of the prime movers, in fact
I think the first, to suggest the organiza
tion of the Civic Federation. He was one
of the largest employers of labor in the
United States, and for more than the past
ten years carried on his extensive opera
tions without an open breach with his
men. For years he held to the belief
that an employer had the right to
conduct his business as he pleased, and
during that time engaged in several
strikes. After giving some time to close
analysis of the perplexing question he
concluded that the man who Invested his
brain and brawn, all that he possessed,
also had rights and as he became con
vinced he put his findings into practice.
During the Summer of 1902, when the ex
ecutive officers of the American Feder
ation of Labor were in Portland, I asked
them what they thought of Mr. Hanna.
They replied that while the Senator was
a politician, and ever alive to the Inter
ests of his party, they were satisfied that
he was conscientious and that It was his
ambition to solve the labor problem. I
regret that we have been deprived of his
aid and purpose, and the country has lost
one of its foremost public men. Mr
Hanna had many friends among the lead
lng' laboring men of our country.
Ex-Senator Joseph Simon The death of
Senator Hanna removes from the councils
of the Nation a man whose sense was
sound, whose ideas were practical and
whose Judgment was keen. My acquaint
ance with him began during the latter
part of the year 1895, while he was mak
ing his famous campaign for the nomlna
tlon of Major McKlnley for the Presl
dency. I was the Oregon member of the
Republican National Committee at the
time, and this brought me In touch with
him. It was my great privilege to cor
respond with him extensively in relation
to this matter during the years 1S95 and
1S95, and I formed a very favorable opln
Ion of him through this correspondence.
Upon my election to the United States
Senate, one of the first Senators to meet
and greet me after I was sworn In was
Senator Hanna. He referred to our pre
vlous correspondence, and a pleasant ac
quaintanceship thus commenced. Senator
Hanna was a plain, unassuming, whole-
souled, genial gentleman, thoroughly
loyal to his friends and his party, and
above all an American in every fiber of
his body. As is well known. Senator
Hanna entered into politics late in life.
and then only because of his great ambi
tion to serve the late President McKln
ley: but like everything he did, he took
hold of politics and conducted his cam
paigns In a businesslike and systematic
manner, and knew no such word as fail
ure. Senator Hanna did not often par
ticipate in debate in the Senate, but he
was well able to do so, and when he did
he was bold, aggressive, fearless and
convincing, and uncompromisingly In
favor of any principle or policy he be
lieved to be right. He had the esteem
and confidence, not only of the business
element of the country, but of Its wage
earners, and these two ordinarily con
flicting elements will equally mourn his
untimely demise. Senator Hanna was a
hard worker and a roost valuable mem
ber of the Senate. He possessed great in
fluence In that body, and was one of Its
mort popular members. As a political
organizer he had no superior. The coun
try, as well as the Republican party, has
suffered an Irreparable loss in his death.
Judge Charles H. Carey, chairman Re
publican city and county committee Sen
ator Hanna's career in business and in
politics Is an object-lesson for the young
men of this country. He attained suc
cess because he was industrious, sensible
and honest. He accumulated wealth by
honorable means, but he did not allow
his desire to become rich to warp his
nature or prejudice his mind against those
who do not command great capital or
control great business enterprises. "When
he first appeared in National politics he
was cartooned by certain newspapers as
a bloated, coarse and brutish figure, cov
ered with dollar marks, and a giant In
size, over-shadowing President McKlnley.
This representation of him affected the
public Judgment of the character of the
man, and those who did not know him
personally, or who were not Informed as
to the facts of his history, had no just
conception of him. I remember that when
he was chairman of the Republican Na
tional Committee, and managing the sec
ond McKlnley campaign, he was being
most shamefully misrepresented and
abused In certain sections of the coun
try, so that the popular impression of
the man was entirely wrong, but this
was having a bad Influence against the
Republican ticket. Against the advice of
his more timid associates he arranged
for public meetings In the Dakotas. where
the prejudice against him was strongest,
and in spite of threats of personal vio
lence he appeared before the voters in
person and convinced them that he was
very different In appearance, and in his
alms and -aspirations, from the man that
had been pictured to them. This is a
good illustration of his courage. He
came to them as a business man and
made a plain, business speech, which ac
complished more In making votes and
bringing strength to the ticket than any
other one thing that was done in the
campaign. Senator Hanna was not con
sidered a great orator, but he had the
faculty of speaking straight sense,
whether In a public address or In a pri
vate conversation. He was plain spoken,
but he gave the Impression of being true
to his convictions and honest In his pur
poses, and this made It possible for him to
deal directly with the creat
on the one side and with the working
men nn thn nttim- tji,.
iuiiiun in mis
respect was peculiar, and no one can fill
the place his death makes vacant on the
board of National arbitration of the Civic
Federation. He dealt justly with his em
ployes and they learned to respect him,
and on the other hand he had the confi
dence of the great business Interests of
the country. In politics he grew faster
than any man now In public life. His
public career may be said to have begun
with the nomination of President Mc-
jviniey in and In the few years that
have elapsed since that date he suc
ceeded In becoming a foremost figure in
National politics. And. If he had lived,
and had anything happened to President
Roosevelt to prevent his becoming a can
didate for renomlnatlon. he would have
been the choice of the people for the
Presidency. His death is a National mis
fortune, for he was In a position to
wield a powerful Influence in the settle
ment of the great economic questions
that are now confronting the American
Governor George E. Chamberlain Sen
ator Hanna was a strong man In every
sense of the word, a veritable "Warwick In
American politics. Eight years ago he
was practically unknown outside Ms own
state, but his management of the two last
Republican campaigns, the methods he In
troduced and the caricatures of Daven
port gave him Immediate prominence. His
success politically has been almost me
teoric, and it Is safe to say that out tor
the tragic death of President McKlnley
no other man In his party could have en
tered the lists against him for Presidential
nomination this year. His affability,
pleasing personality and rapid develop
ment as a public speaker have ail unuea
to overturn the prejudice first entertainea
against him by the .great mass of ms
countrymen, and the whole tenor of nis
earlier life seems to have undergone a
complete change since he entered the po
litical arena. It Is probable that If he had
lived he would have used his great en
ergies to alleviate the acute differences
between labor and capital. He might and
probably would have been a useful man to
his country. It Is .doubtful, however, even
if ho had been spared beyond the limit or.
long life, whether he could have ac
complished enough of good to outweigh
the evil Influence of his example in two
great political campaigns. Never In the
history of this country did any man ever
raise such a campaign fund or spend it
so lavishly and corruptly as did he In the
campaigns of 1S95 and 1900. For the first
time in history, through his efforts, great
manufacturing Industries and employers
of labor coerced employes into voting a
party ticket through fear of discharge, or
because of threats of the closing of fac
tories. His death smooths the way for
President Roosevelt's nomination, for to
Senator Hanna were turned the eyes of
all those of his party who dislike or dis
approve the policies of the present occu
pant of the "White House.
GREAT POLITICAL ORGANIZER
Chairman of Democratic State Cen
tral Committee Pays a Tribute.
BAKER CITY. Or.. Feb. 15. (Special.)
"When Informed of the death of Senator
Hanna this evening. Chairman Samuel
White, of the Democratic State Commit
"I am greatly pained to learn of the
death of Senator Hanna. I had strong
hopes of his recovery. I eel that the
country has lost one of her foremost citi
zens. I considered Senator Hanna. a man
of wonderful executive ability and the
greatest political organizer of this or any
age. "Whatever may have been his short
comings he certainly was the most con
spicuous figure in American public life.
The loss of his great ability will be felt
bv those larce financial enterprises of
which he was the head and moving spirit.
as well as the Republican party and the
country at large.'
LOSS TO NATION.
Chief Justice Moore Says Common
People Will Miss Hanna.
SALEM, Or.. Feb. 15. (Special.) When
he learned of the death of Senator Hanna,
Chief Justice Moore, of the Supreme
"Senator Hanna's death Is a loss to the
Nation, in whose service he has ever been
faithful, and to his party. In whose coun
cils he has taken an active part. Aside
from his family and Intimate friends.
those who will mourn his departure most
are the common people of our country,
with whom he always sympathized, and
who, in all their troubles, trusted him."
REMINISCENCES OF HANNA.
Edward Shields Tells of the Senator's
Campaign Work in Chicago.
Edward Shields, who was connected
with the sneakers' bureau of the last
Republican National campaign, tells the
following Interesting story of Senator
Hanna as a "spellbinder:"
"The 'grim reaper' has robbed the Na
tlon of its m-eatest statesman and the
Republican party of the greatest political
organizer the country has ever Known,
with all due respect to the memory of
Blaine, McKlnley and other Republican
leaders." said Mr. Shields last night.
"I must say there was no comparison
between their power of political manipu
lation and that of Hanna Both of these
statesmen were popular from the begin
nlng of their political career. On the
Democratic side Bryan sprang like a me
teor Into the public favor. But It was
different with Senator Hanna. As Na
tional chairman of McKinley's first cam
paign he was maligned and villlfled by
the Democrats and ridiculed by mem
bers of his own party. Public opinion
changed before the last campaign was
over, and I honestly believe that If Sena
tor Hanna had lived and been nominated
at the coming Republican National Con
vention, he would have been elected Pres
Ident. There is an unwritten law that no
rich man can gain the Presidential chair.
but Hanna would have been an excep
tlon to the rule. He had the enviable
reputation of affiliating closer with both
capital and labor than any other Amerl
can politician. He could easily have
raised a campaign fund of $10,009,000. and
I If It was a physical possibility for him
pQxmake speeches in every Republican
state not one of the McKlnley states
would be found In the Democratic
"Although a Republican I never had
any great amount of admiration for Mr.
Hanna until the last National campaign,
It was my good fortune to be connected
with the speakers' bureau at Chicago, and
I saw much of the National chairmalr4-
durlng the last two months of the cam
"His first effort as a 'spellbinder' took
place In a small town In Indiana, after
much persuasion on the part of Senator
Fairbanks. Shortly after Mr. Hanna
came to Chicago to take charge of head
quarters, he was Induced to make
speech at the 'gridiron.' at 225 Market
street. This 'gridiron was a large empty
store in the heart of the wholesale dls
trict, where noonday meetings were held,
Every speaker of unknown caliber was
obliged to give a trial speech before he
was .given an assignment, and that was
why it was called the 'gridiron. Of course
this did not apply to Hanna.
"The seating capacity was nearly 1000,
but the noonday Senator Hanna appeared
the place was packed to suffocation.
Hundreds came through Idle curiosity
only to depart as stauch admirers of the
plain, blunt man they had Just heard.
"When he arose to acknowledge the In
troduction of the chairman of the meet
ing, every neck was craned to catch a
glimpse of the man who "had gained for
Homer Davenport and Fred Opper their
reputation as cartoonists.
"His first words were: 'Gentlemen, you
will kindly notice that I have left my
horns at home.' This put him on friendly
terms with his listeners, and for over an
hour he held that large assembly spell
bound with his plain. Interesting logic.
Not the least bit nervous, he lacked many
of the catchy perorations and the reso
nant modulated voice of a seasoned cam
paigner, but they were overeshadowed by
his wonderful magnetism. He made the
greatest hit when he said, "I have been
vilified by the Democrats and damnably
and maliciously cartooned by their press:
I have been called the tool of the trusts
and the oppressor of the laboring man,
but I want to say right here that I have
hundreds of men employed in the coal
mines In which I am interested, and If
there Is a person within the hearing of
my voice that can prove and .truthfully
say that I have ever had a strike through
the reduction of wages or dissatisfaction
on the part of my men. or If I have not
conferred and sought the confidence of
my employes and Increased their wages,
then I will resign my seat In the United
States Senate.' This statement brought
the audience to their feet cheering wildly.
"Senator Hanna made many more
speeches during the campaign, including
his tour through South Dakota, where he
went to pay his respects to bis arch
enemy. ox-Senator Frank Pettigrew, and
also Nebraska, where he went so far as
to teli the people of Lincoln that the ma
licious statements Bryan had made about
him were as 'false as helL
"Those unacquainted with the Inner cir
cle of a National campaign and a Repub-
llcan administration can appreciate the
wonderful influence and power wielded by
the man whose remains are waiting to
be conveyed to their resting place.
"His headquarters, facing Lafayette
Square, were besieged almost as much as
the "White House and one minute he was
settling some Senatorial fight, laying plana
for a subsidy bill or entertaining some or
his friends, and this remalnds jne of a
funny Incident shortly after the last In
augural of President McKlnley. In com
pany with George L. Lavery, chairman of
the National Republican Commercial
Travelers. I called to pay my respects to
the Senator. He was closeted with a del
egation from Nebraska that had come for
his aid to settle the bitter Senatorial fignt
that was then being waged In the Legis
lature of that commonwealth. He had just
finished the conference and was ushering
his visitors out of his private office, when
man who looked as it the 70 years of
his life had been spent on a farm, opened
the outer door and walked Into the crowd
ed reception room. Henna's small, pierc
ing eyes caught sight of him In an In
stant, and the people In the room were
electrified by hearing Hanna exclaim:
' 'Well, you d d old long-legged Indian,
come In here. I want to see you.' He
went In and it was an hour before any
one else was admitted for the Senator was
closeted with an old-time friend from
MARINES LEAVE COLON.
American Force Believed to Be Going
to Santo Domingo.
COLON, Feb. 15. The United States
auxiliary cruiser Prairie, with the bat
talion of marines on board under com
mand of Major Lucas, left here tonight
for Guantanamo. It is said that from
that port she will go to Santo Domingo.
The withdrawal of these marines from
the isthmus before the ratification of the
treaty between Panama and the United
Spates Is regarded as indication of the
relief on the part of the American
authorities that there Is no probability or
Immediate hostilities between Colombia
and Panama. Nevertheless, the warships
of the United States are continuing their
watchful patrol of the entire Panaman
Cruisers Reach Santo Domingo.
SANTO DOMINGO. Monday. Feb. S.
The United States cruisers Minneapolis
and Columbus, arrived here this morning.
and a vessel of the Clyde line Is expected
The senior American naval officer has
no Instructions to protect American ships
while unloading here and If protection Is
not afforded, vessels probably will not
be able to discharge cargoes.
The Minneapolis and the auxiliary
cruiser Yankee are to leave here this
afternoon. No action yet has been taken
by the American warships toward ob
taining satisfaction for the recent killing
of a machinist of the Tankee, and the
firing on the American flag by the insur
Labor Unions Not Responsible.
SPRINGFIELD. III.. Feb. 15. Judge
Humphrey, in the United States District
Court, today, said the fact that labor
unions were not Incorporated enabled
them to escape any responsibility that
might accrue from damages resulting
from their actions.
The case In question was that of Eu
gene Ltnxweller. secretary-treasurer of
the Decatur Trades and Labor Assembly,
who pleaded guilty- to a violation of the
postal law by sending through the malls
postal cards threatening to boycott busi
ness firms If they continued to advertise
In a "Western newspaper which has dif
ferences with the Typographical Union.
Linxweller was fined J1000 and costs.
Unknown Man Kills Himself.
An unknown" man killed himself In the
Gilbert rooming-house. Third and Taylor
streets, shortly after 3 o clock this morn
ing, by sending a bullet through his brain
The unknown man came Into the house
last night early and engaged his room
The landlady did not know when he went
to his room, but shortly after 3 o'clock
one of the roomers was awakened by the
sound of a revolver shot. He hastened
down and awakened the landlady, and
they opened a side door to the room He
was found dead In the middle of the floor.
The Coroner and police were hastily noti
Has Dread of Electric Shocks.
VANCOUVER, "Wash., Feb. 15. (Spe
clal.) Bert Lawton, a young man, from
the vicinity of La Center, after having
been examined before Judge A. L. Miller
by Drs. Black and Smith, was ordered to
be committed to the State Asylum for the
Insane. The unfortunate young man is
25 years of age, and, while apparently
rational on all other subjects, he Imagines
that some one is pursuing him and en
deavoring to torture him with electric
shocks. He has been afflicted with this
trouble for some time. Treatment seemed
to help him for a time, but It seems that
h.Is case Is hopeless.
Public and Private Grafters.
Apologists for our postoffice grafters,
who say that the gang merely did In pub-'
lie what other men do in private business,
ought to make known the names of the
men who do private business In that way.
It is a poor excuse for a crime that others
are In the habit of committing it. If,
however, the public grafters "named"
the business grafters, the latter might
jail them for libel. Hence the general
asseveration Instead of specific statement.
Safety makes more than grafters pru
dent. It makes' newspapers prudent.-
To Mark Alaskan Boundary.
OTTAWA, OnL, Feb. 15. Mr. Stlllman,
of the Coast and Geodetic Survey of the
United States, and Mr. King, chief astron
omer of Canada, have been appointed to
lay out the Alaska boundary line In ac
cordance with the decision of the Alaskan
tribunal in London last Summer.
Army Official's Wounds Fatal.
"WASHINGTON, Feb. 15. Lieutenant
George D. Jarrett, Second Infantry, died
at Fort Logan, Colo., today from wounds
self-inflicted, while suffering from a tem
porary attack of dementia. '
American Chosen to Advise Britons.
LONDON, Feb. 15. William Barclay
Parsons, of New Tork, has been chosen
with Sir "Wolfe Barry and Sir Benjamin
Baker to act as technical adviser to the
Royal Commission on London traffic.
Batter la Elgin.
ELGIN. I1L. Feb. 15. Butter ruled Arm on
the board today at 20c a pound, an advance of
lUc from last week's quotations. Sales tor the
a istr! ct last week were 427.300 pounds.
1 Doctors first prescribed this grand medicine
1 over sixty years ago. They use it today
I more than ever. They rely upon it for colds,
coughs of all kinds, bronchitis, consump-
tion. They will tell you how it heals in-
flamed lungs and strengthens weak throats.
25c. COc., $1.00. Jill dmsrlsts.
STANDS BY BALFOUR
House of Commons Refuses
to Censure-Fiscal Policy,
ELECTION IN FALL PREDICTED
Division Takes the Form of a Vote of
Confidence, and Cannot. Be Said to
Represent Feeling on Pro
LONDON. Feb. 15. By a
51 the House of Commons
feated John Morley's amendment to tho
address In reply to the speech from the
throne, censuring the government s fiscal
policy, which was moved by Mr. Morley
In behalf of the opposition. There were
276 votes in favor of the amendment and
327 against it. This result, as forecasted
In these dispatches, was a foregone con
clusion. The opposition did not entertain
any Idea that it would be possible to oust
the Conservatives. The division took the
form of a vote of want of confidence In
the government, wljlch Impelled many
Unionists, who totally disagree with the
Idea of protection, to vote to keep Pre
mier Balfour In power. "While Mr. Bal
four's absence was keenly felt, it was,
perhaps a source of strength to his party.
as without any defined fiscal declaration
from the Premier, many of his supporters
felt justified In upholding the government-
Joseph Chamberlain also was absent.
and the, division lacked the intense inter
est which otherwise would have attached
to It. A general election is now expected
in the Autumn.
The action of the Irish party In voting
solidly against the government was to
night succinctly explained to the Asso
ciated Press by John Redmond, the Irish
leader, as follows: "Ireland has suffered
In the past equally from the protection
as from the free-trade policy of England.
"We are determined to use the complica
tions which have arisen In the English
parties solely for the purpose of for
warding the cause of home rule. "We
voted against the government tonight not
on the merits of Mr. Morley's amendment,
but because we regarded It a vote of want
of confidencejn the government, "We shall
strike In the same way against every
government, no matter what party it may
be drawn from, so long as home rule is
Neither the speeches tonight nor the di
vision can be taken as an accurate Indi
cation of the probable trend of British
opinion on the fiscal question. In the
lobbies of the House of Commons It was
frankly admitted that votes were given
to the government, which may be counted
on the opposite side when a general elec
tion on the basis of free-trade versus
protection takes place.
Neither Mr. Akers-Douglass, the Home
Secretary, who led the House in the ab
sence of the Premier, nor Sir Henry
Campbell-Bannerman, the Liberal leader,
who summed up the debate for the op
posite side, made much of an Impression
upon his hearers. Tho most notable
feature of the debate has been the hope
less division of opinion among Cabinet
officers, some favoring Mr. Chamberlain's
out-and-out protection, while others sec
onded Mr. Balfour's half-way measure of
power to retaliate.
Scarcely a member of the House who
voted with the government did not frank
ly admit his ignorance of the degree of
fiscal reform to which the Cabinet really
Is committed. f
AJarge crowd gathered to hear the de
bate, and the House was full from top to
bottom in the hope of a sensational de
nouement. CAPTURE PORT ARTHUR NEXT
Troops Can Land in Corea.
"WASHINGTON, Feb. 15.-Information
has reached here that nearly 20,000 Japan
ese- troops were landed at Chemulpo yes
terday, the first division of a large num
ber which will be thrown Into Corea as
rapidly as possible. In the effort thorough
ly to occupy the strategic points In the
Hermit Kingdom while the Russian fleet
Is bottled up In Port Arthur.
By one conversant with the Japanese
plans it is said that the repeated attacks
on port Arthur are not for the purpose
of seizing that place at-present, unless an
unexpected weakness in the fortifications
there should develop. They are part of
well-defined plan for the harassing of the
Russian fleet until Corea can be occupied.
The bottling up of the fleet there enables
the landing of troops In Corea without the
convoy of a large number of warships.
The reports of disorder in various parts
of Corea hastened the operations of the
Japanese that they might obtain posses
sion before anarchy became-prevalent and
foreign Interests menaced In consequence,
The taking of Port Arthur will form the
second number of the war programme.
First, however, it 13 learned that the Jap
anese propose to cut the line of com
munication well up on the railroad run
ning from Nlu Chwang to Port Arthur.
It Is expected that a large Japanese
force will land at Nlu Chwang shortly for
ROBERTS YIELDS TO PREMIER.
Famous British General's Services at
Disposal of Defense Board.
LONDON, Feb. 15. It Is officially an
nounced that Lord Roberts has retired
from the "War Office, but that at the spe
cial request of Premier Balfour he has
consented to place his services at the dis
posal of the committee for Imperial de
fense. The Duke of Connaught has been
appointed Inspector-General under the
new army reform scheme.
Church Boacd Favors Consolidation.
CINCINNATI, Feb. 15. The Methodist
Book Committee has decided to recom
mend to the General Conference at Los
Angeles next May the consolidation of the
Cincinnati, Chicago and New York Book
Concerns. This means that the manufac
tures of these houses will be placed under
one roof, but whether the combined house
will be In Cincinnati, Chicago, New York
or elsewhere no recommendation will be
made. There is a branch depository at
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