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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
VOL. XLIIi ISO. 13,186.
PORTLAND, OREGON, TUESDAY, MARCH 17, 1903.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
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Other Popular Varieties.
Descriptive catalogue tree.
. RETAIL .
AND IRON FENCING
President's Visit to Ore
HIS ITINERARY ARRANGED
He Will Stop at Ashland and
Salem in Oregon.
WILL BE GUEST OF CITIZENS
Committee of Council and Fair
Board Will ArraBgc Programme
Flans Completed for Two
Months' Tour In "West.
THE PRESIDENT'S TOUR.
Lear "Wtushtagton ......April 1
la Chicago April 2
In Yellowstone Pork April 8 to 2-1
In Nebraska, Iowa, and
Illinois ...April 25 to 29
In 8t Louis April SO
la Kansas CItr ...May 1
In Denver May 4 J
In San Franclaco May 12 to 14
Arrive at Ashland. Or May 21
la Salem Mar 21
Arrive la Portland after
noon) May 21
Leave Portland (morning). May 22
la Taconia May 22
Arrive Seattle May 23
Leave Seattle May 24
In Walla Walla May 23
In Spokane May 20
In Salt Lake May 29
In Cheyenne May SI
Leave Cheyenne on re
turn June 1
Arrive In Washington June 4
OREGON! AN NEWS BUREAU, Wash
ington, March 16. President Roosevelt
will arrive In Portland at 2 o'clock in the
afternoon of Thursday, May 2L will spend
the entire afternoon and night In the
Oregon metropolis,, unless present plans
are changed, and will leave for Tacoma
the next morning at 9. Senators Mitchell
and Fulton and Representative William
son called on the President this morn
ing to talk over plans of the proposed
The President slid his Itinerary was
tentatively made out, but might have to
be altered in some particulars. It was
his present Intention, however, to cross
into Oregon during the night of May
20, and proceed, northward to Portland.
He expects to make but one stop, at
Salem, where he will remain an hour or
more, long enough' to view the town and
meet the people. The delegation suggested
to the President, inasmuch as his route
lay through many Important towns, that
he should make short stops at Ashland,
Roseburg, Eugene, Albany, Oregon City
and Grant's Pass, but the President
doubted very much If he would have time
for these visits, brief though they might
By reaching Portland at 2 o'clock.
President Roosevelt will have opportunity
to drive about the city, viewing the
most Important points of Interest before
dark. Ho Intends to defer largely to
the wishes of the people of Portland dur
ing his visit there, and to that end asked
the Senators to communicate at once
with Mayor Williams with a view to ar
ranging a definite programme for his
CONTENTS OF TODAY'S PAPER.
Senate votes down many amendments to canal
treaty. Page 2.
Itinerary of President's Western tour. Page 1.
Daly confirmed as Surveyor-General and Mel
drum notified of dlamlseal. Page 2.
Philippine government will arrest backers of
ladrones. Paso 12.
Revolution la "Uruguay. Page 2.
Greet crevasse la Mississippi levee near Mem
phis. Pare 3.
Suit to cancel new bonds of Central Pacific
Railroad. Page 2.
Numerous murders attributed to negro herb
doctor. Page 2.
Xemocratlc leaders epeak at Iroquois Club ban
quet. Page 3.
Ex-PreJldezt Cleveland will make Western
tour. Page 3.
Carter Harrison renominated for Mayor of Chi
cago. Page 3.
Whlttaker Wright- relies on royalty to shield
him. Page 5.
Awful devastation by hurricane in South Pa
cific Islands. Page 1.
Riots In Portugal grow into rebellion. Page 2.
Vast Increase in British navy. Page 2.
Governor Chamberlain puts end to state land
graft. Page 1.
Funeral of W. M. Rqfideli, Oregon pioneer.
Decisions by Oregon Supreme Court. Page 5.
Bills signed or filed by Governor McBrlde.
Fair Commission .appointed for Utah, Page 4.
John J. McCloskey wants release from Butte
to manage Saa Francisco team. Pare 11.
Herrera knocks out Clifford at Butte. Page 11.
Commercial and Marine.
Spring trade In farm seeds at its height. Page
Two-cent break. In corn weakens wheat at Chi
cago. Page 13. n
Liquidation cau?es decline la stocks at New
York. Page 13.
New wheat business for South Africa at San
Francisco. Page IS.
Three additions to the en route list. Pare 12.
Portland nnd Vicinity.
George Shadlnger finds dangerous bomb under
his window. Page 14.
Mayor Williams thinks that Civil Service Com
mission overstepped Its limits. Page 10.
Southern Pacific Company wll build cut-oS
from Oswego to Beavertcn. Page 12.
First city election la St. Johns. Page 14.
Special committee recommends expenditure of
$17,300 in repairs to City JaiL Page 8.
Blsger Hermann. Congressional candidate, in
the hands of bis friends. Page 10.
stay In the city. He wants this pro
gramme to be amnged so as to enable
him to see the city to advantage, to
meet the people, and yet to avoid all
tiring features such as speeches or ban
Quets. It Is likely thit a public recep
tion will be arranged for Thursday even
ing, to allow the people of Portland and
others who may assemble there to meet
the President In person.
Whether or not the President -will
spend the night In his car or at the hotel
will be for the local authorities to say.
"While It is the President's -wish to ac
commodate the people, he asks in re
turn due consideration at their hands
that they may not impose upon him any
entertainment that -would be an undue
tax upon his strength or energy, as the
trip at best will be a hard -one.
In accordance with the. President's
wish, the Senators today telegraphed to
Mayor Williams asking him to formulate
programme as early as possible that
It may be submitted to the President for
his approval. .
Senator Fulton told the President that
he and the people of Astoria would like
him to visit tho city liy the sea.- The
President expressed a desire not only to
view the city to which much historic in
terest .attaches, to view the work on the
Columbia jetty and the lower river of
which he has heird so much, but to
view the Upper Columbia, but thinks
these side trips will have to bo abandoned
because of the shortness of time.
Senators Foster and Ankeny also saw
the President this morning and procured
his consent to stop off at Olympla for
70 minutes and a partial promise' to make
a brief stop at Ellensburg on his way
East. The Senators are not entirely sat
isfied with the arrangement for a tour
pf Puget Sound, for they want the Presi
dent to see that waterway from one side
to the other and to visit the more im
portant towns,, including Exerett, Port
Townsend and Whatcom, curtailing his
visit to Seattle, If need be. They will
see the President again tomorrow in tho
hope of Inducing him to change his plans
for a trip on Puget Sound.
As the Washington delegation has
planned to Join the President at Portland
and escort him through that state, so
the Oregon delegation expects to meet
the President at the California line, or at
Salem, and remain with him until he
leaves for Tacoma.
HIS COMPLETE ITINERARY,
Journey Extending Th.roneb.out the
Grent West to the Pacific.
WASHINGTON. March 16,-Several
Senators and members of the House of
Representatives from Western States to
day had conferences with President
Roosevelt concerning his approaching
tour of the West and Northwest. Dates
for the President's visits to cities of the
several states to be Included In his jour
ney were discussed. A few changes were
made, but the Itinerary of the trip prac
tically has been completed, with the ex
ception of the time of arrival and depart
ure of the President from a few places.
The Itinerary now Is In the hands of the
railroads for exact determination of the
The party wllHeai'e Washington on tbs
morning of April 1, and will proceed di
rectly by the Pennsylvania Railroad to
Chicago, arriving there the next morning.
April 2 will bo spent In Chicago, but the
programme for the President's entertain
ment there has not been completed. From
Chicago the President will go to Madison.
Wis., where on the morning of the 3d he
will address the Legislature In the State-
house. Thence he will go to Wautauk
shee. and then to Milwaukee. He will be
entertained at a banquet by the Mer
chants and Manufacturers' Association
The next morning, after a two hours
stop at La Crosse, the President will go
to fat. Paul, and thence to Minneapolis.
leaving the latter city late that night and
arriving In Sioux Falls, S. D., the next
morning. After a brief stop there he will
go to lankton, Mitchell and Aberdeen,
S. D., and Edgeley, X. D. On the morn
ing of April 7 he will reach Fargo. N. D..
and during that day will visit Jamestown,
Bismarck and Medora, all In North Da
kota. He will visit Livingston. Mont, on
Wednesday, April 8, and will arrive at
Cinnabar, Mont, at noon of that day.
Cinnabar Is at the entrance to the Yel
lowstone Park. The President's train will
be sidetracked there until Friday. April
24. President Roosevelt, accompanied by
secretary Root and John Burroughs, the
poet-naturalist of New York, who has
been Invited to accompany the party on
the trip, will make an extended tour of
(Concluded on Second Page.)
NOMINATED FOR FOURTH TERM AS MAYOR
I MURE GRAFT
Governor Stops the Lieu
OPERATORS ARE WORRIED
Basehunters Get a Few Point
ers on "Honor."
NEW FORM OF DEED IN USE
Chamberlain Says Credit of State
Shall No Longer Be Hawked
About for Benefit of Lieu
Land It In sr.
SALEM, March 15. SpecIaDThe lieu
land business has come to an abrupt end.
Governor Chamberlain has refused to
make any more selections of lieu lands
on mineral base, even for the purpose of
setting up selections heretofore made, but
which have fallen down. In answer to
every application that has been made the
Governor has declared that he will not
make any more selections until It has
been finally determined what amount of
those already made will falL If the quan
tity is large he will continue his refusal
to proceed. If the amount Is small, he
may permit selections in all cases where
the purchasers furnish the base and pay
the state the difference between the pres
ent value of the base and the amount they
have already paid for lieu land. His de
termination Is that the credit of the state
shall no longer be hawked about by lieu
land operators for their own. gain. As a
consequence of Governor Chamberlain's
taking this firm position, the lieu land
operators and purchasers are In sore
straits and are fearful of the outcome.
It has been talked around quietly In
timber-land circles for several days that
tho Governor has sprung a surprise on
the land-grabbers, and that there Is trou
ble ahead for tho base-hunters who have
sold invalid base. It has been rumored
also that there is consternation ln-cer
taini small circles wher the effect of the
Governor's determination 13 likely to
prove serious In the extreme. Having
learned something of the facts of the sit
uation from some of those who are deeply
concerned. The Oregonlan representative
approached the Governor this morning for
a full statement of the nature, purpose
and extent of this radical change In Ore
gon land policy.
"It Is reported you have stopped mak
ing lieu land selections. Governor," was
said by way of Introduction.
"I have not stopped, for I never com
menced," was the reply. "With the ex
ceptlon of one or two' instances in which
the selection was made for the benefit of
the state. I have made no selections of
"13 It true that you have determined
cot to make any selections?"
No Selection for a Year or Two.
"I shall not make any unless I find that
tho amount of previous selections which
fall down Is very small. In any event,
shall not make any new selections upon
any base which has not been finally ap
proved by the Federal Land Department.
mis means mat no selections will be
made for a year or two, except for and
In the name of the state, after the state
has acquired title. I Intend to wait and
see where we are at before I proceed. It
has been reported that a large amount of
the selections made In the last three or
four years will be disallowed by the Gen
eral Land Office or the Department of the
Interior, I get the information, from
what is creditable authority, that there
will be some disapprovals, and the ques
tion to be determined Is what the extent
of the fallen selections will be. If the
department disapproves so large a quan
tity that It would work a great Injustice
to the state to use other good basis to set
up the fallen lands, then I shall refuse to
make the selections at all and let the pur
chasers apply to the land board to have
he purchase price refunded:
jbui tne lieu land people tell me that
the state Is In honor bound to make its
titles good," was. suggested.
"The state Is bound to no such thing.
either legally or morally. I believe that
when tho state sells a man school land In
place the purchaser .should be protected
to the extent that the state will not be
a party to proceedings which are Intended
to divest him of title. But there Is no
argument upon which the state can be
held liable to protect the title of a man
who has purchased lieu land upon min
"But the state gave a certificate of sale
or a deed over Its seal, ild It not?"
Buyers Mnat Loolc to Operators.
"That Is true, but the state did not war
rant title. The purchaser of lieu land
did not deal with the state alone. Before
the dealt with the state, he went to a
mineral base hunter and bought his base
for the selection of lieu land. He knew.
or ought to have knqwn. that his title to
the lieu land depended upon the validity
of that base. The state took the base he
furnished, and If it has failed, he has
no right to look to the state to make his
title good. The very fact that he went to
a dealer in base and paid from 73 cents
to Jl-50 an acre for the base shows that he
did not depend upon the state entirely for
his title. I know that the lieu land op
erators claim that the state is in honor
bound to make the titles good, but they
ceralnly have a strange sense of honor.
It does not seem to occur to them that It
Is not honorable for them to sell bad base
for good money. The operators are the
ones who have profited by those transac
tlohs, and If the purchasers have lost title
to their lands, let them look to the men
from whom they purchased their base.
If the state had been the sole party In
effecting the sales of lieu land, and had
received all the money, -then I would say
that the state Is In honor bound to make
the titles good."
"But some of the lieu land men tell me
that they are willing to furnish new base
In the place of that which has failed, and
thus set up the lieu land selections with
out any cost to the state," the reporter
"But what kind of base?" asked tho
Governor. "How are we to know that
the new base Is any better than that
which has fallen down? To substitute
one Dlece of Invalid -base for another
would only .be putting off the day of
reckoning, and would give the purchaser
of the land that much more show of
claim -uoonfihe; 'honor' of the state. Be
sides, any baso they might furn'stris-the-
property of the state. I say that the only
safe and proper way to proceed Is to wait
until the Federal Land Department has
finally passed upon all the selections, and
then we can tell what Is best to be done.
The way the state has been selling lands
when there was reason to expect that the
titles might fall Is discreditable, and the
sooner It Is stopped, the better It will be
for the state's 'honor. I may be wrong In
taking that position, but if I am to make
a mistake. It will be an error of omission,
and not of commission. The state ha3
been going It blindly too long, and should
wait until there Is some light upon this
"But the man who has a deed from the
state doe3 not want to wait."
"Then, let him take his money back.
The State Land Department will return
him what the state has received with f
per cent Interest He should look to the
lieu land operators for the money he has
paid them. If any man has paid $320 to a
base-hunter for the base upon which to
purchase 220 acres of land from the state,
and the base has failed, the sooner the
purchaser gets after the man who sold
the base, the better chance he will have
of getting his money. If a man has paid
good money for bad base, -I hold that the
base-hunter Is in honor bound to payback
the money. There in another phase of the
'honor question that you might think
"But, see here. Governor, I am told that
a large proportion of this lieu land has
passed into the possession of third per
sons, who stand as innocent purchasers,
"There you are again; the same old
story. First, It Is the honor of the state,
and then It Is the poor, Innocent purchas
er. Now, let me tell you that the men
who buy most of this lieu land are not as
innocent as you might suppose. They are
not homeseekers who have Invested all
their money In a tract of lieu land. Most
of them are men who have had enough
experience In land matters to know Just
what they are doing. But suppose they
arc what you might call 'Innocent pur
chasers.' How far does their Innocence
extend? Every man who buys land In
these days is expected to have the title
examined by a competent person, espe
cially If he Is dealing with private par
ties, as all these 'Innocent purchasers'
were. Any abstractor or attorney could
tell an Intending purchaser that the title
to lieu land Is not perfect until the base
upon which It was selected has been final
ly approved. The deed from the state Is
not a warranty, but Is really a quit-claim,
and the' purchaser must look out for his
t'tle. The rule of 'caveat emptor let the
purchaser beware Is applicable In all
cases of this kind.
Must Loolc to Operators for Title.
"The state once gave away 3S.000 acres
of good base to set up fallen lieu land
selections. I am Informed that this was
not a total loss, for some of the base was
afterward approved. Nevertheless, it was
then demonstrated that the sections are
likely to be disapproved and that the
title to lieu land Is not perfect until th
department at Washington has finally
peeaed upon the adjudications. The lieu
land operators know this. The Oregonlan
and other newspapers gavt- wide pub
licity to the way the lieu land business
had been conducted. Land Agent T W.
Davenport explained It In his report. No
one can be heard to plead Ignorance of the
subject, for a word of Inquiry at the Land
Department would give all additional In
formation desired. I believe Land Agent
Davenport was right in using good base
to set up the falien ejections, for then,
perhaps the purchasers did not know the
real leral 3tatus of lieu land. Since that
time, however, there has been no room
for doubt, and those who bought lieu
land through the agency of operators In
mineral base must look to those operators
for their titles.
"The day of reckoning Is already here,
and we ara colnc to find out the exact
situation with regard to lieu lands."'
Under tho last administration It was
the etistom of - the Governor to dzn a
(Concluded on Fifth Page.)
II BK SI
Dead inTuamotu Islands
ONE-FIFTH OF POPULATION
Swept Into Lagoons and Beat
en to Death on Rocks.
STRUGGLES OF THE SURVIVORS
Fnmlnc Follows Storm and Poiaox
Adds Its Terrors Americans Save
Slany Lives by Condensing
Water Relief Measures.
Particulars of the hurricane which
swept over the Tuamotu Islands, in the
South Pacific Ocean, In January con
firm all earlier stories as to its hor
rors. The deaths number about COO. or one
fifth of tho population, and the loss
is about $500,000, which ultimately
falls on the white traders.
Hunger and thirst threatened to kill
the survivors, but a Mormon , mission
ary rigged up a condenser for water and
French and Italian men-of-war gave
PAPEETE, March 4, via San Francisco,
March 16. (Correspondence of the Asso
ciated Press.) The latest Intelligence rela
tive to the hurricane In the
Tuamotus, or Low Archipelago, In
dicates that the fatalities will num
ber 600. The loss o property will
be $500,000. Relief measures have been in
stituted. Th'ehurjeane and high water
lasted during- January 14. 15 and 16. At
Hlkuera 377 deathj&pccurred. In moat in
stances jamong tie,, -visitors fromH other
Islands Jojournlng'there during tlsadjvlng
season. One "hundred ' and fortytwo
deaths are'Yeported. from six other smalh
IsIanCa- In this repohere is no record
bit "the unknown dead, and It Is believed
that the total number of fatalities In the
entire archipelago was not leas than 600.
On the Islet south of Hlkuera 262 natives
perished, being swept Into the lagoon and
again Into the great sea, lacerated ter
ribly by contact with roclcs, corai ana
debris of all sorts. Upon some unfortu
nate ones cocoanut tres fell either maim
ing or killing them outright, or holding
them down beneath the water unui tney
On the awful night of January 15, when ,
th darkness came and a driving down
pour of rain stung their faces and naked
bodies, the parents tied their little cnnaren
to their backs and sought safety. Over
their heads rolled the mighty wave, and
when the surges retreated, the Infants and
the half-grown boys and girls succumbed.
The father or mother would valnlv en
deavor to retain the corpses of their dead,
but usually at length had to abandon
them. Tying themselves' to cocoanut
trees, som at last fell with them: others
escaped, clinging to the trees temporariiy
and at other times able to catch hald of
something else, and so. between the break
ers, reached safety after many hours of
hardship. About 20 natives, Including a
young girl, swam across th lagoon, and.
after five or six hours, battling with tna
waves, succeeded In landing safely on
the leeward side of the Island. Thoso who
perished In their attempt," however, were
far more numerous than those who suc
ceeded. Dnngcr In the Lagoon.
The sea In the lagoon was as unsafe, by
reason of the debris floating on Its sur
face, as was the ocean outside. The depth
of water In most parts of the Island waa
from 15 to 20 feet, but the meeting- of the
waves from the outside, and thosa forced
across the lagoon frequently made the
flood much greater In places.
The gale found the natives weakened
from a virulent form of measles that had
become epidemic; otherwise more might
have been spared In the struggle with the
water. Those who survived were the
ones who were able to leave the main
village and cross several dangerous low
stretches whore the waves washed Into
the lagoon, wading neck-deep, aiding one
another and holding to debris and grad
ually withdrawing from the danger to a
3llghtly more elevated section on the
Messrs. Cheffleld and Allen, elders of tha
Mormon church, and Mr. and Mrs. Gilbert,
of the Latter -Day Saints' Mission. In a re
port to United States Consul Doty, give
grewsome details of the disaster. Tha
Gilberts lost one shelter when a cocoanut
tree fell, but secured another In a high
stump of a booran tree. The water, which
had all but submerged them completely,
now only reached their feet. The wind
threatened to tear them from their po
sition again and again, and so these
Americans passed that awful night. In tho
morning the scene of horror that met
their eyes on every side was harder to
endure than the terrors of the night.
Corpses. frightfully mutilated. were
strewn about, and there were living beings
with unsightly and most painful wounds..
In some Instances only one put of a
family had survived. Upon the barren
reef many bodies had lodged," and, as the
brown skin had been scraped off by the
coral, the ghastly appearance of tho
corpses were hard to bear. Out on the
surface of the deep, the sharks were seen
to devour many bodies,-while In the lagoon
bodies were floating- upon the debris a
most unsightly mars.
The story of the fatality In Moraku.
where 95 out of 100 Inhabitants perished.
(Concluded on Second Page.)