Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 9, 1903)
THE MORKlXG OKEGOSIA5, MONDAY, FEBRUARY 9, 1903.
Entered at the PostoSlee at Portland. Oregon
as second-class matter.
REVISED SUDSCMPTION RATES.
Br Mall tpostage prepaid. In advance)
Dally, with Sunday. rr month......... JJJ
DallT. Sunday excepted, per year J 50
SUly. with Sunday, per year. J
Sunday, per year - JJV
The Weekly, per year ?Y
The Weekly. S months , 60
To City Subscribers
Dally, per week, dellrered. Sunday 'D"a-l0
Dally, per week, delivered. Sunday lnclu4ed.Se
United Statu. Canada and Mexico:
JO to 14-page paper... '"""1
14 to 2S-page paper .......
Foreign ratea double.
News or discussion Intended for publication
In The Oregonian ihould be addressed lnvarla
,tly "Editor The Oregonian." not to the came
of any Individual. Letter relatlne to adver
Ulr.t. tubecrlptlon or to any business matter
ahould be addressed simply "The Oregonian.
The Oregonian does not bur poems or itorlea
froiA Individuals, and cannot undertake to re
turn any manuscript! sent to It without solici
tation. No stamps should be Inclosed for this
Eastern Business Offlce. 43. 44. 45. 4T. 4S. 49
Tribune building. New Tork City: BlO-li-12
Tribune bunding. Chicago: the S. C Beckwlth
Special Agency. Eastern repretentatlre.
Tor sole In San Francisco brUE. Lee. Pal-r-c
Hotel news irtand; Goldsmith Brc. SS3
Butter etreet: F. TV. PltU. 100S Market street;
J. K. Cooper Co.. 740 Market street, near the
Palace Hotel: Foster & Orear. Ferry news
tand: Frank Scott. 80 Ellis street, and I.
Wheatley. 813 Mission street.
Fox ssle in Los Angeles by B. F. Gardner.
259 South Sprint street, and Oliver A Haines.
SOS South Spring street.
For sale In Kansas City. Mo., by Rlcksecker
Clear Co, Ninth and Walnut streeta.
For sale In Chicago by the P. O. News Co..
SIT Dearborn street, and Charles SlacDcnald.
13 Washington street.
For Kale In Omaha by Barkalow Brceu 1012
Farnam etreet: Megeath Stationery Co, 1303
For sale In Salt Lake by the Salt take News
Co.. 77 West Second South street.
For sale In Washington. D. C. by the Ebbett
House news etand.
For tale In Denver. Colo., by Hamilton 4
Xendrlck. 000-912 Seventeenth street: Louthan
A Jackron Book and Stationery Co, Fifteenth
and Lawrence streets: A. Series. Sixteenth and
TODAY'S WEATHEIt-Occaslona! rain: brisk
poutherly winds, high along coast.
YESTERDAY'S WEATHER Maximum tem
Iratare. 4S dig.; minimum temperature, 33
W-: precipitation. .03 Inch.
PORTLAND, MONDAY, FEB. O, 1003.
PROBLEM OK CENTRAL OREGON.
The Harriman people will not aid
the extension of the Columbia South
ern Railroad farther into Central Ore
gon because they think President Lytle
will get undue profit from it. The Co
lumbia Southern if unable to go ahead
independently, and it holds a contract
prohibiting the O. R. & N. Co. from in
vasion of its territory. There Is a
traffic agreement between them under
which the O. B, & N. supplies cars to
the Columbia Southern and receives
all the traffic of that company destined
for railroad points off its line. The O.
R. & N. Co. holds something like
$700,000 Of bonds of the Columbia
Southern, and most of the stock of the
small railroad so pledged to support
the bonds. Thus the relations between
the Columbia Southern and the O. R.
& N. are very close. But this very
closeness of relation seems to paralyze
both with respect to getting into the
heart of Central Oregon.
It is pretty well understood that the
proposed portage railway at the- dalles
cf the Columbia Is desired by the Co
lumbia .southern neODie as a means
Of forcing Harriman to support an ex
tension of that line up the Deschutes
Valley. It would render the Columbia
Southern largely Independent of the O.
R. & -N. In the matter of traffic con
nections, by bringing the free river to
Its door. This would serve the inter
ests of Portland very well, taking a
narrow and selfish view of the matter;
but when we remember that the in
terior development of the state de-
jnrnds connection with Eastern mar-
Icets, as well as with those of the
Coast, It !n plain that a railroad from
the Upper Deschutes to the Columbia
River In cot all that Is to be "desired.'
It should have friendly relations with
Eastern connectlans, so that rates will
be as favorable for the Deschutes Val-
ley, for example, as for the Yakima
Valley. If local charges are to be plied
on the transcontinental tariffs, it means
simply that Oregon Industry will have
eo much handicap to carry. The port
age railroad would not Insure the Co
lumbia Southern Mr. Harriman'e sup
port. As a weapon to threaten with.
It may possess some virtue, but. likn
the celebrated gun of McFlngall, It Is
quite as likely to kick the owner over
as to do execution In the other direc
tion. By going to the river the Colum
bia Southern would leave the O. R. &
N. free to Invade the Deschutes. The
benefit of opening the Columbia to
through traffic will accrue to the en
tire Interior basin, not merely to the
This Is not the first time that private
differences have stood In the way of
public progress. Nor would this be
the first time that private differences
are forced to yield to the demand of the
public; for, of course, it Is not to be
admitted for a moment that the great
' State of Oregon Is to 'be bound and
- gagged for a petty railroad quarrel.
There must be a railroad that will give
reasonably direct communication be
tween Portland and Use vast section of
Central and Southeastern Oregon. Any
agreement standing In the way of such
a consummation is against public pol
icy and good sense, and ought to be
' disregarded. If the Columbia Southern
cannot command confidence that will
enable It to extend Its line, that is its
misfortune. It Is not for that reason
. to be robbed of what it now has, but
It must accent rpanonnhlix turns
permit the opening of the country.
It would be easier to deal with this
matter If the Harriman lines were en
tirely above wisplclon. There has been
a. well-deflnei movement by that Inter
est to drain Oregon oway. to the East
and the South. There Is record to the
effect that Harriman officials are in
lavor or penetrating Central Oregon
from some point on the Oregon Short
Line at the easWrn border of the state.
That would turn two-thirds of the
state away from Portland, which Is its
Datural market and financial center. It
'would be absurd to drive Prlnevllle
people to Portland and Salem, the com-
merclal and political capitals, respec
tively, of the state, by way of Ontario
or Nyssa. and through a part of Idaho.
'Tel there seems to be a disposition on
. the part -of tho Harriman people to do
ikla .raw.. Ha kanla KaImw . 'Jl.l
to secure the long haul on all the traf
fic, free .from competitive conditions or
the Influence of an open river. But that
manner of service will not suit Oregon;
It will not even be tolerable. It Is time
lor transportation companies to under-
.-stand that Oregon Is not fair game for
Jtibpery; that it win not tamely submit
to "being 'drawn and quartered for the
exclusive benefit of "Wall street; that
Us citizens have some sense of fair play
arxl will Insist on setting reasonable
The Oregonian would suggest that a
committee of leading business men be
appointed to examine into the railroad
situation with respect to the Desohutes
Valley and to And where equity lies
between the parties whose disagree
ment now blocks railroad progress in
that direction. This should be a
friendly but thorough examination,
conducted with due respect to all par
ties in interest, including the public
The findings of such committee would
at least be a guide for public sentiment,
and it would probably afford a basis
for opening the large and rapidly de-
eloplng district of Central Oregon on
terms profitable to all concerned. It
will do tx good to sit still and wonder
and find fault. Let us find out what
can be done and then take steps to
do it. '
The following paragraph was accidentally
omitted from an article on the Associated
Press, published yesterday:
But, it will be asked, why does not
the Areoclated Press admit all appli
cants? Because it would not be good
business to do so. The Associated
Pres3 would weaken, not strengthen.
Itself and Its service thereby. But
while it does not admit indiscrim
inately, neither docs It close Its
doors wholly against new members.
It has rules, however, for admlrslon,
which It adheres to In every case; and
It Judges in each and every case, when
application is made, whether the cir
cumstances and conditions,, local and
general, will warrant the admission of
new members. To admit ail applicants
would multiply weak newspapers, dis
sipate the service, bring losses upon
the association through Inability of
weak members to keep up their pay
ments and Injure the members through
whose efforts and at whose cost during
many years the association has been
maintained. In these matters the As
sociated Pr?ss has accumulated a large
stock of experience. It has lost enor
mous sums through defaulting mem
bers, and other members have been
obliged to throw In money to meet
the deficits, or see the association fail.
Again, It is not the policy of the asso
ciation to hurt its own members, by
whom Its burdens have so long been
carried, by admission of additional mem
bers In places where the field Is not
sufficiently large to support other
newspapers without Injury or destruc
tion of the business of present mem
bers, who have spent the efforts of
long years md money- without stint.
In making the association what It la
3UAIX INSPECTION IN TWO STATES.
The Durham bill In the Washington
State Legislature, making grain inspec
tion optional with the shipper, has
aroused considerable opposition. Natu
rally, the greater part of this oppo
sition comes from the men now draw
ing good salaries from the service.
There is, however, some remonstrance
from the farmers, who seem to think
that the inspection service Is a neces
sity and that the farmers will be losers
if the service Is changed. They argue
that bj; making it optional with the
shipper such a small percentage of the
wheat shipped will he Inspected by the
state official that the offlce will no
longer be self-supporting.
But this makes a very strong, if tin
Intended, argument in favor of the
abolishment of the service as now con
ducted, or at least a modification such
as Is suggested In the Durham bill.
The object of all honest laws from the
beginning of time has been to provide
the greatest good for the greatest num
Hence, if the grain Inspection service
Is of such great benefit to the farmers.
a compulsory law is unnecessary, for
they will willingly pay the inspection
fee for the purpose of securing the ser
vice. In a state so overrun with Indi
viduals seeking anything that looks
like an office, It will not be a difficult
matter to secure a grain Inspector who
will accept the position for the fees, of
75 cents per car.
The advocates of the perpetuity of
the present system state that the ma
jority of the farmers are In favor of the
Inspection service. This, if true, will
Insure a continuance of the commission
by the fee service. If it Is not true.
the service should be abolished, because
the majority of the farmers who pay
the bills are not in favor of It. If the
bill now before the Oregon Legislature
phould by mischance become a law, the
farmers who are opposed to unneces
sary expense in marketing their grain
should be protected by a clause making
it optional with the shipper whether his
grain Is Inspected or not.
aUAV'S FIGHT FOR STATEHOOD.
Senator Quay's fight for the admis
plon of Arizona and New Mexico to
statehood Is characteristic of him. Not
enly Is the manner of his struggle
characteristic, but the reason for his
course of action Is specially so. He has
not declared this reason to the United
States Senate. It might not injure his
cause In the estimation of that body if
he were openly to avow his motive, but
it wouldn't look well in print and might
cause taiK among people cot thoroughly
scnooiea in senatorial dignity.
The oleaginous Pennsylvania Senator
has a business partner named W. H.
Andrews, and they have on foot a rail
road to be built southeastward from
Socorro, N. M., into Texas. The Sena
tor's experience In politics has fastened
upon him the habit of shaking every
plum tree In his path, and he has found
that the New Mexico tree would yield
him c large mess of luscious plumi but
for a certain disability that would be
ended with statehood. In other words
the authorities of New Mexico are eager
to Issue bonds for the benefit of the
Pecnsylvanlans railroad, but they are
prevented by a National law from In
currlng Indebtedness in excess of 4 per
cent of the taxable valuation, which
has already been reached. Statehood
would release New Mexico from that re
striction. Therefore Quay demands
statehood for New Mexico, and the
other territories are included as a mat
ter of course.
Arizona, which has fewei voters than
Multnomah County, asks for two Sen
ators and a Representative In the Con
gress of tho United States. New Mex
ico casts about half as many votes
as Orefeon. Either territory Is much
larger in area than Oregon. But the
rparseuess of population Is not the main
objection. Half the inhabitants of those
territories cannot speak the English lan
guage and the ratio of Illiteracy is very
large. Yet Quay practically notifies the
country that unless It gives authority
for New Mexico to Issue bonds in aid
of his railroad he will block the wheels
Of legislation. The very fact of Quay!
large influence In New Mexico would
argue caution In the matter of extend
ing the powers of such a community.
And, too, we already have rotten bor
ough representation enough In Con
gress. But there Is hope In the prospect
that President Roosevelt would veto
the omnibus statehood bill, tainted as
it Is with Jobbery, if It should pass the
Senate. One state at a time Is quite
nough for Quay to debauch.
XO SUITOR FOR LEGISLATION'.
The Oregonian is told that It Is at
tacked In certain quarters because of
the appearance of a bill in the Legisla
ture for an act that would require all
legal notices in each county- to be pub
lished In the newspaper that may be
the lowest bidder for the same char
acter, standing and circulation of the
newspaper to be taken into considera
tion in awarding the contract. Not hav
ing seen the bill, nor having had con
ference with any person about it. The
Oregonian dots not know Juet what Its
provisions ore; but it is told that the
charge is made that it is "an Oregonian
graft" therefore this Journal will have
something to say, about it.
The Oregonian seeks no assistance.
no business, no favors of any kind,
through the mandates of law. It Is
published for business, and its life Is
business; but it asks the law to do
nothing for IL In considering this bill,
or any other, the Legislature Is re
quested not to consider The Oregonian
at all, but only to consider whether the
measure Is Just, whether it Is a proper
subject of legislation, whether It will
conduce to public and private- Justice
and to .the general welfare.
Space In these columns has a cash
value, and if used by advertisers It must
be paid for; but If advertisements do
not come The Oregonian is spared the
expense of Its space, which Is worth to
it all the money It asks or receives for
the advertisements it prints.
This bill is not "an Oregonian bill."
The Oregonian never heard of it till it
was told It had been attacked because
of the bill's appearance. Now, there
fore, let The Oregonian be eliminated,
while a word Is said on a serious abuse
which it may be supposed this bill Is
designed to abate. .
There are classes of legal notices
which the statutes require to be pub
lished. Among them are notices as to
estates under administration, notices
to one party or another In litigant pro
ceedings, divorce cases, sales of prop
erty for taxes or otherwise in pursu
ance of law, and cases of many other
kinds. But in Instances innumerable
the purposes of the law as to publica
tion are thwarted or nullified by in
sertion of such notices in papers that few
persons see. and in some that no repu-
laoie person sees. Journals the most
obscure and least likely to be seen are
most frequently used for publication of
these noticesor rather for the print
ing of them, for the printing of them
in such papers is not publication at
all. Great property rights are often
lost In this way, divorces are unjustly
obtained, and the purposes of the law
as to publication completely- defeated.
Persons who desire to take advantage
of others, while yet complying with
the forms of law, purposely "bury"
the notices which the law requires In
the least known and most obscure pub
This Is a great wrong, a positive evil.
that has existed for years and is stead
ily- growing ranker. The bill In ques
tion has been devised, we may suppose,
for the purpose of putting a stop to it.
But The Oregonian repeats that it has
had nothing whatever to do with it.
didn't know such measure had been
thought of. and that It need not be
considered with reference to any al
leged interests, wishes or designs of
The Oregonian. In the vernacular of
the day, "Just cut that out." This
newspaper is not a suitor for any kind
A PATIEXT HEARING.
After a patient hearing of evidence
in the contention between the coal
miners and operators, covering a
period of fifty days, the Coal Commis
sion has completed this stage of the
exacting duty to which it was appointed.
and will now listen for an Indefinite
time to the summing up and pleadings
of tho attorneys In the case. The pub
lic followed the evidence for a time
closely and with interest, but the recital
became little more than stale repetition,
and Interest (not in the case, but in the
testimony) waned, until latterly It has
been practically lost eight of by the
masses. Now, however, that the testi
mony is all In, a renewal of public Inter
est may be expected. The people from
the first gave sympathetic ear to the
grievances of tho striking miners.
That the protest of these men against
many of the exactions and rules of
their employers was well founded was
apparent to many men who did not
necessarily approve of the methods
taken to correct the abuses of which
complaint was made. The stubborn
stand taken by the operators In re
fusing to compromise the differences
of which the strike was the result In
creased popular sympathy for the
strikers, and tho efforts of the latter.
through .their leaders, to suppress law
lessness .and prevent an Idle host from
breaking out into violence tended fur
ther in the same direction. The case
was. Indeed, practically prejudged by
the public in favor of the miners up to
the time that the commission began its
sittings. The conflicting testimony
submitted has tended to confuse rather
than to clear the case, but through it
all a discerning public has not lost
sight of -the fact that a real grievance
underlies the strikers' plaint.
It has been shown, however, by the
testimony of many veracious witnesses
that the miners generally have reached
the point where their attitude toward
life, as It presents Itself to them in their
vocation, is one of bitter discontent. In
this mood their demands upon the op
erators, whose attitude Is in turn arro
gant, ore not made in a spirit of reason-
ablenesa From their standpoint, no
doubt, these demands are Just, but if
all that Is asked were allowed, they
would still be unhappy In the vocation
from which they cannot escape because
unfitted for any other. If by come
process of social alchemy simple or
mysterious discontent that Is grounded
in the necessity- of labor could be trans
formed Into a willingness to labor,
asking only humane treatment and a
wage scale commensurate with the
laborers' earnings; and avarice that
seeks inordinate profits upon Investment
could be transformed Into a disposition
to be pawned with reasonable returns,
the troubles, not only In the coal mines,
but in the Industrial world generally,
would soon reach amicable adjustment.
and that without strenuous effort to
reconcile otherwise Irreconcilable dlf.
fereocesL Since? this Is not possible, we
can hardly expect that the Coal Com
mission, with all of Its painstaking ef
fort, will leave the matters at Issue
between miners and operators any bet
ter than it found them, except as It may
be considered a gain to stifle discontent,
on the one hand, for a time, and tem
porarily put a check upon nrrogance
upon the other.
The strike. Interrupted by the ap
pointment of this commission. Is prac
tically ended, but the findings of the
commission can hardly be expected to
prevent a recurrence of strikes In the
coal regions, since It will be unable to
eliminate from the situation the ele
ments of discontent and avarice upon
which they feed.
The Northern Pacific Is a very enter
prising railroad company. It went into
and opened up the Clearwater country
or Idaho, where surveyors and promo
ters had been fiddling back and forth
for yearn It built a branch to Wll
lapa Harbor and another to Gray's Har
bor; and is now extending the latter
far clown the coast to Cape Flattery.
with the design. It Is said, of skirting
the shore around to Port Townsend. A
railroad supposad to be a part of that
enterprise Is now under construction at
Port Angeles. The Northern Pacific
has acquired the Port Townsend South
ern, the "Washington & Oregon and the
Portland, Vancouver & Yakima recent
ly. It is putting there lines In shape
for heavy traffic. It Is getting every-
tning in readiness for building down
tbe north bank of the Columbia, and the
definite purpose of putting a line across
from the Yakima Valley to the mouth
of the Klickitat has been officially de
clared. This is the policy that will de
velop a new country. It shows a will
ingness to take reasonable chances
with other lines of business and a faith
in the country that Is reassuring to all.
The railroad enterprise that Is opening
nearly every corner of the State of
Washington Is what Oregon needs.
Railroads managed on the conservative
lines that obtain In the Connecticut
Valley are out of place In the bounding
New bills Introduced in the Lower
House of the Oregon Legislature already
exceed 300 In number, and over 2S0 have
come, before the same branch of the
Washington Legislature. The Senate.
which Is numerically weaker. Is some
what behind this record, but In both
Houses In Oregon and Washington over
3000 bills have been Introduced. By far
the larger portion of these bills have
been introduced for the purpose of
amending same law already on the
statute book?, and it is highly probable
that In many cases the amendment will
fail to make the measure any more ef
ficient than It was before it was tam
pered with. A member of the Wash
ington Legislature, In explaining his
vote on a new bill amending the nickel
In-the-slot law last week, said: "I shall
vote 'no' on this measure, not because
I am opposed to Its object and Intent.
but because the law as It now stands
Is a good law If it is enforced, which
It never has been, and I see nothing to
be gained by cumbering the statute
books with any substitutes until we en
force the law as It now stands." If all
of the laws that are resting on the
statute books In a similar torpid state
were enforced, there would be a de
cided shrinkage in the number of new
bills which every two years flood the
Legislatures pf both states.
We regard the election of Mr. Ankeny. the
next Senator from Washington, aa a concession
to the sensltlveneea ot Eastern ears. It might
Just aa well have been Senator Puyallup, Sen
ator Klickitat. Senator Snohomish, or Senator
Taklma. Chicago Tribune.
And In consideration of this same
sensitiveness, why does not Illinois
elect Senator Kaskaskla, Senator Kan
kakee or Senator Klshwaukee? Or
If it Is the real Eastern ear we are to
please, what's the matter with cultured
old Maine's Chemquasabamtlcook and
Mattawamkeag? East and West, we
have been too ready to throw away our
native Indian names, with their price
less ethnic meaning and often beautiful
plcturesqueness, for Importations with
no meaning. The Tribune's complaint
is on the wrong side of the question.
Chicago Itself is an Indian name, of
which that great city has become Justly
For every line and word of special
report from New York or Washington
which The Oregonian receives it pays
one cent and three-quarters a word for
transmission, and the rate by both tel
egraph companies is the same. It is
the same rate the open rate charged
to every newspaper on the Pacific slope.
and either telegraph company will carry
for that rate to any paper In Portland.
The Associated Press pays $12 a year
per mile for a certain number of hours
In each night for the wire that carries
its report from the East to points on
the Pacific Coast, and a rate twice that
for the wire for the day report. Any
news association or newspaper can get
the use of wires from either telegraph
company on the same terms. Where
Is the "privilege," where the "monop
Official Washington is said to be
laughing at the Sultan's use of "Praise
be to Allah!" in a state paper. The ex
pression is as fitting and unexception
able as language employed by the Uni
ted States Government Itself In the
treaty of 1824 with Colombia, beginning,
"In the name of God. Author and Leg
islator of the Universe," or the treaty
of 1S50 with New Granada, "In the
name of the Most Holy Trinity,"
One of the large commercial agencies
reports that the advance In the cost
of living In the month of January was
half of 1 per cent, which, under the
circumstances, was regarded as very
moderate. The other agency on, the
same day found that the movement of
prices In the same' period had been
downward for an average of nearly 1
per cent. There Is statistical .accuracy
worthy of Seattle.
When Governor McBrlde was stump
ing the State of Washington In the In
terest of his railway commission bill, he
repeatedly alluded to the defunct Ore
gon railway- commission bill as a "poor.
weak, nerveless thing." If the fore
casts on what will happen'to the gov
error's pet measure at Olympla during
the coming week are accurate, the
same description will admirably fit his
The Legislature should elect a Senator with
out the aid ot the Multnomah delegation. Just to
show Portland for ones that she la neither the
whole thlnr nor any part of It. Eugene Beg-
Now, good friend, Multnomah doesn'
claim to be the whole thine, end Aarnn'
expect to be, but does suppose she is
part of it. Or, if she Isn't, she can leave
you to the tender mercies of Mr, Simon.
EDMUNDS OX INTERSTATE LAW
In"LesIIe's Weekly appears a letter from
ex-Senator Edmunds in answer to an In
quiry from J. A. Slelchcr. editor of tho
Weekly, as to the accuracy of Senator
Vest's statement concerning the origin of
tho so-called Sherman law. The letter
is dated at Aiken. S. C January 2. 1303.
and reads as follows:
"Yours of the 27th u'.L has reached me
here. The statement of Senator Vest con
tained In the slip you Inclose Is correct. I
have not tho Concressional Record or the
Senate files to refer to, but I am sure on
looking them up you will find that the bill
reported by Mr. Sherman from the finance
committee was not the one passed by Con
gress, but that the one passed by Congress
was reported by the judiciary coraraiure,
to which the Sherman bill, after It was re
ported from the finance committee and
discussed and probably more or less
amended, was referred for consideration;
and that the bill reported bythe Judiciary
committee and passed was. In every es
sential respect, entirely different from
the Sherman bill, ana was purely a suq
stltute for It. The Judiciary committee
was, I think, unanimously of the opinion
that the bill it reported was. in respect
of its general scope, nn exercise of the
wholo constitutional power of Congress,
which could only legislate for the freedom
and regulation of commerce with foreign
nations and among the several states; and
I am of the same opinion still.
"The only difficulty with the bill we re
ported and which became law was the
want of administration: that is to say.
that the law was and Is entirely capable
of putting an end to such so-called trusts
and such combinations as Interfere with
or restrain commerce among the states.
etc.. if the officers of the Government
having charge of the enforcement of law
understand their duty and are willing to
do it, being, of course, supplied with suf
ficient means to put it Into force. If the
famous Knight case had been instituted
and carried forward with suitable allega
tions ot the precise nature and history of
the KnlBht affair, and had been sup
ported, as It could have been, by adequate
proof of the facts It set forth. I believe
the Supreme Court of the United States
would not have had the least difficulty
in preventing the carrying on of the com
blnatlon under consideration, and putting
an end to It. as it can still do with similar
ones. The bill of complaint in that-ease
was unhappily not drawn in such a way
as to present the question which now so
much commands Just public concern.
What Is needed Is not. so much, more leg
islation as competent and earnest ad
ministration of the laws that exist. 1
have no doubt triat tho present Attorney-
General and his very .able assistant will
find easy means, if supplied with the
necessary funds, to arrest the progress
and undo the mischievous work of such
great and injurious combinations as have
so largely come into recent existence.'
3Iadc n Scrlona Mistake.
The Oregon Senate made a mistake yes
terday in defeating the direct primary bill.
It was a serious mistake. Although some
Democrats voted against the proposed
measure, and the favorable action of even
one of them would have secured its pas
sage, the majority party will be blamed
for the defeat of the bill. The matter will
be referred to over and over again In
future campaigns. The people of Oregon
are struggling to be free- from ring rule
and boss methods. This was one of the
preliminaries thereto. In some way or
other. In the course of time, they will
work themselves free. It may take a
political revolution to do it. But they
will do it- Depend upon that- These men
in the Oregon Legislature at this time
who are trampling down the rights and
demands of the people are making their
last play In this state for a long time.
The halls of legislation' wilt not know
them again until the memory of the
voters becomes poor. There will be a
new deal end not a new deal with the
same old cards, either.
Senators Mason and Hopkins.
New York Evening Post-
Abstemious, cautious, careful, thrifty. Is
Hopkins. Reckless, blundering, brilliant.
thriftless, is Mason. The contrast affords
one of thoeo almanac morals for rising
youth: "How to get on in the world. Be
circumspect ot tongue and act; cautious In
promising and punctilious in payment
keep out of bad company and save the
sharp arrows of wit for marks where they
will not rankle and for victims who will
not understand them." Nobody ever ac
cused Hopkins of biting sarcasm. Hopkins
never dallied In idle comDanv: he hoards
his own counsel like a Jesuit his church
secrets. In the train of Mason were al
ways a raft of the unfortunate, the un-
scrupulous, venders of hard-luck stories
and seekers after Government Jobs. They
an touna ready access and the Jolly Sena
tor would giaaiy have taken care of them
all at his own and the Government ex
pense. On the other hand, the patronage
and aims of Hopkins have been as method
ical and discriminating as the Associated
Secretary Shntr and the Snrplna,
Kansas City Star.
Mr. Shaw, as Secretary of the Treasury.
knows what an abnormal National surplus
means. He knows that it is dangerous.
Although it may represent a high state of
prosperity it Involves porelblUtles that
cannot be contemplated without an effort
to avert them. If a great surplus in the
national treasury, which is capable of ad
mlnlstratlve manipulation, creates i
dangerous condition, is it not even more
dangerous to foster a system that accel
erates the accumulation of the Nation's
wealth in a comparatively few private
hands, where It cannot be manipulated by
uovernmental agencies? Yet the system
that Mr. Shaw upholds, and which he
would not modify "merely because it is
imperfect," Is constantly and rapidly cen
tering a vsst portion of the money of the
country in tne hands of the great trusts.
Section Linen Fortrotten.
Kansas City Star.
Love-feasts between men of the North
and South have become so common of late
years that they have ceased to attract
much attention. Yet such an incident as
tho dinner of the Confederate Veterans-
Camp of New York with its toast to the
President and Its addresses on Lincoln,
Davis and Lee is really a remarkable oc
currence. It would be Inconceivable in
nny other country. British and Boers.
indeed, havo fraternized since the war.
but tner are not of the same blood. En
mitlea aroused in civil war are usually
strong and lasting. That they have so
far died out In the United Statcn as to
permit such a. programme as that at the
dinner last night testifies to the fine rea
sonableness of tho American people.
Give the People a Show.
It is about time that the people had a
show. The proprietors of the trusts and
tho men who are paid wages by the trusts
form a very small part of the commu
nlty. The people who buy trust products
and pay trust prices arc the great ma
jority. Take off the tariff protection from
trust products and give the people
A Dime for Everr Child In Town
New York American.
Pliny Sexton, president of the First Na
tional Bank ot Palmyra. N. Y.. has just
completed his yearly distribution of dimes,
In the first week of every year Mr. Sexton
Invites nil tho boys and girls of the vll
lage under the age of 12 to call on him at
the bank. There he gives each of them
10 cents and each signs a receipt for It.
Power of the Great West.
Senator Aldrich made an unhappy re
mark about "the greed, if you please, o
the agricultural Interests of the West.'
The West corned pretty near running
things in this country, and it it should
decide to smash the high tariff not. even
Mr. Aldricb, could save It
St. Paul Pioneer Press.
When Senator Aldrich Joins a move
ment to open the tariff question It be
comes evident that the unrest and dis
satisfaction of a large section ot the coun
try with present tariff conditions has at
last made an Impression on the extreme
protectionist element. That the movement
has taken only the form, of a proposal to
investigate the possibilities of the maxi
mum and minimum tariff plan, for some
time In use by France and other Euro
pean countries, docs not lessen the sig
nificance ot the departure from the let-
alone policy in which the extreme protec
tionists have obstinately persisted.
When the DIngley tariff law was passed
It was generally accepted by Republicans,
partly because it was necessary to afford
revenue and to give stability to the Na
tional finances; partly because It did away
with the nondescript Witron-Gorman
hotch-potch and partly because It was
made palatable by provisions for reci
procity. But though several rcclproclty
treatles were negotiated as promptly as
possible, and though the influence of both
President McKInley and President Roose
velt was thrown for their ratification, a
few Individual interests, such as the knit
goods men, the Imitation Jewelry men and
the California fruitgrowers, who were hit
but not Injured By these treaties, suc
ceeded In preventing ratification. It be
came apparent that sound as reciprocity
was in principle, and unequivocally as It
had been adopted an a party doctrine
and shibboleth, as a practicable policy it
amounted to nothing. Whether it would
have turned out so under President Mc
KInley, with the weight of his prestige
as a successful political leader, as a tariff
expert and as chosm head of the party. Is
idle speculation. Under conditions as they
actually are. reciprocity may be dis
missed, for the time being at least, as a
feasible method of .securing relief from
the operation of the present tariff law.
Tariff revision has been given even
shorter shrift. Whether it has come up
In the form of specific proposition to modi
fy particular rates, such a the Iron and
steel, lumber, -hides or wool schedules, or
as a proposition for a general revision
and scaling down of duties, such as has
been demanded by Iowa. Minnesota and
other states and communities, tariff re
vision has always found the let-alone pro
tectionists In Impregnable control of legis
Under these circumstances the maximum
and minimum tariff plan offers the only
possible avenue of escape, and the fact
that it has at least secured the respectful
consideration of such an extreme pro
tectionist as Senator Aldrich gives 1( a
promising start. It has. however, a long
and difficult road to travel. The theory
of the plan Is that there should be two
sets of schedules, the higher rates ap
plicable to all countries which do not
grant us their minimum rates and tho
lower rates to those that do make such
concesslona The minimum rates are
established by Congress once for all. and
are to be put In effect by order of the
President whenever ,the terms of the law
have been complied with by any country-
It Is an entirely feasible plan and one
that produces much less friction than the
negotiation ot separate reciprocity
treaties. But the practical difficulties of
securing suitable minimum rates will ob
viously be very much like those which
have greeted attempts at tariff revision
and reciprocity. Any proposal to reduce
the schedules below the present rates,
with the possibility that they may go
Into effect, even as to the Imports of some
commercially Insignificant country, will
set the whole pack of protected Industries
yvipuiK at- wie neeis ot uongrcss. xne
country has become eo thoroughly im
bued with the notion that these lndus;
tries control Congress that there Is a gen
eral skepticism of relief even from the
maximum-minimum plan, or that Con
gress, if it adopts the plan at all. will do
more than establish the present rates as
the minima and clap on still higher rates
as the maxima. The steadily growing vol
ume Of protest against the continuance
of the present rates without modification
Is however, likely to prevent any such
outrage as this.
A Joke on Crnmpacker.
A man from Indiana, a colleague of
Mr. Beveridge, whose frock coat lends
magnificence to Washington from dawn
to sunset, found himself in a most per
plexing situation yesterdiy. Judge
Crumpacker had received an Invitation to
an afternoon tea. and confessed with tho
frankness of the true native of the state
beside the Wabash that he didn't quite
know what to wear. Of course, he had
clothes enough: the real difficulty lay with
what he grimly termed the necktie.
"Leave It to Mrs. Crumpacker to de
cide." suggested a friend.
"Ah," said the Judge, "If she were
here I wouldn't have all of this trouble.
But she Isn't here."
"Telegriph her," put In another ac
quaintance. "There is where I am up against It
again," said the Judge In a lugubrious
tone. "She has started for Washington,
and I don't know where to reach her by
At last the representative of the state
which produced "Alice of Old Vlncenncs,"
Booth Tarklngton and James Whltcomb
Riley, sought counsel In a haberdasher's
store, and later came forth adequately
mignlflcent In "a flowing white tie with
wide ends." Armed with this fatal adorn
ment he sought his afternoon tea.
When Mrs. SIcgel Given.
New York Press.
"I am almost afraid to look Mrs. Henry
Slegel In the eyes." said a woman closely
Identified with charities and public move
ments in New York. "You see. I had
taken great Interest In the Stony WolJ,
and was figuring out how best I could
serve the sanitarium for consumptives.
Finally I determined to arrange a musi
cal e. and ask all my friends to subscribe.
Meantime I was In Washington, where I
met Mrs. Slegel at a reception. Knowing
how charitable the Siegcls are, I made
bold to call on her when I returned to
the city. I told her of the Stony AVold
pmuslcale and asked for aid. Sho smiled
and said she would send a check. Fancy
my surprise I may say my amazement
when a check for J20.O0O arrived In the
next mall.l ga&ped. Then I rushed to my
husband with that bit of paper clutched
In my hand. I asked him it I should re
turn the check, as It wa3 out of all pro
portion to mv modest little entertain
ment. 'Don't be rash,' said he llrs.
Slegel knew what she was doing. When
a woman is as blg'hearted as that, don't
question her. Just stand back and say
"good." He was right, of course, but
even now I have visions of Mrs. Siegers
Some One Gulltr of Something.
A man named Doblln says that at the
Instigation of Lemuel Quigg. of New York,
he went to Representative Leesler and
told him that there would be $5000 in it
for him if he would support the bill
authorizing the purchase of submarine
boats. Immediately after he had made
this statement he went before the com
mittee and said that the statement was
false. If what he" first said was true
Quigg was guilty of attempting to bribe
a Congressman. If his second statement
was true he was guilty of perjury.
Riders Are Indefensible.
One of the earliest cases of the rider was
in 1S56, when a provision prohibiting the
employment of Federal troops for the en
forcement of territorial law in Kansas was
tacked on to the Army appropriation bill.
The President signed the bill, but pro
tested against the rider. Tho salary grab
bill ot 1ST3 passed as a rider on an appro
priation bill. The practice has generally
been resorted to for ulterior or vicious
purposes and is altogether Indefensible.
NOTE AND COMMENT
General Miles wiiT reach New York.
next Thursday. See Friday's papers.
There seems to be no town in the coun
try too cheap to support a baseball wir.
It 13 cheaper these days for a million
aire to declare a dividend than to have.
It Is apparently Impossible for the
Hapsburgs to keep their troubles to them
The anti-trust bill - has passed the
House. It remains to be seen if It can
pass Senator Quay.
It Is a pity thn the public can't watch
Colonel Hawkins strolling up Mount
Hood on those ten-foot skis.
The best thing that Mr. Bowen can do
for his case now Is to refuse President
Castro car fare to The Hague.
It Is a curious thing that the public
seems only to object to polygamy in the
men who get Jobs in Congress.
The Jaw of a cadet who was hazed at
Annapolis was broken. It Is time that the
hazing practice at Annapolis was itself
Kaiser William is so busy making alli
ances that he hasn't found time to say a
word about the Mailed Fist for the past
It Is keeping John D. Rockefeller, Jr..
busy explaining to his Sunday School
class the lick of wickedness in what the
old man docs week days.
Mr. Bryan Intimates that Mr. Cleveland
Is not his political equal. Possibly not.
Mr. Cleveland was twice elected Presi
dent of the United States.
The Hon. Gas Addicks. of Delaware,
has excellent prospects ot being re-defeated
to the United States Senate for
the eighth consecutive time.
The commission has decided to allow an
advance In wages to the miners. Now if
the coal operators get what is coming to
them, the public will bo well content.
A dispatch says that Prince Henry
alms to leave the German navy. If the
exhibition at San Carlos Is any criterion,
the Prince will probably stiy In the serv
ice. After a long procession of ewskls and
witzes and offs and lnls, wouldn't it be
terrible if some musical prodigy should
come along with a plain name like John
Mr. Nixon's statement that he would
rather build one merchantf vessel than a
dozen warships tikes him out of the
octopus class, but puts him in a much
Ai anti-cartoon bill recently adopted
by the Pennsyivmla Legislature makes
it a crime to picture Pennsylvania poli
ticians as beast, bird, fish, insect or other
animal. Thus are the Tights of dumb
Caracas cries for coal. News dispatch.
So' docs New Jersey and Wales and Ore
gon and Texas and Japan and Hong Kong
and Kansas and France and but space
is limited. The only place that isn't
crying for coal does not appear on the
Although Germany's colonies hive an
area of over 1.000,000 square miles that is
five times tho Bize of the Fatherland yet
the whole number of the Germans In
them, apart from soldiers. Is Just over 4000.
This Is about a fifth of the number who
annually migrate to America.
The slang phrace "up against It" ap
pears to fit the position in which Mayor
Fagan. of Jersey City, finds himself. He
is in bid health and doctors have ordered
him to take Immediate rest at some place
away from home. But Mr. Fagan is a
Republican and If he leaves his offlce
it will be Ailed by Alderman Block, a
Democrat. Political lines are drawn
tightly In Jersey City, so there is no
knowing what Acting Mayor Block, might
do. Therefore Mr. Fagan Is filling up with
medicine and sticking to his Job.
A story Is being told in Paris of the
Shah which savors more of previous
monarchs than, of the present occupant
of the Persian throne. When he went
over to France the Shah suffered from
toothache, and so a dentist" was sum
moned to move the offending tooth.
But like less exalted monarchs the Shah,
when he found himself face to face with
the dentist, discovered that his tooth
ache had dtsappeired, and so absolutely
refused to be operated on. Hpwover, His
Majesty declared that he did not wish
tho dentist to lose his time, and so com
manded that a tooth should be extracted
from each one of his suite. He said this
with his eyes on the ground, and then,
suddenly looking up, found, to his in
tense amusement, that all his ministers
and staff had quietly slipped away, ex
cept the Grand Vizier, whom he compli
mented upon being the only one faithful
enough to undergo a little discomfort for
his sovereign's sake, and then dismissed
the dentist with a present.
PLEASANTRIES OF PAHAGRAPIIERS
"Don't worry about him, dear. All the world
lovea a. lover." "Yes; but papa's to awfully
Wife I found out something today that I
promised never to tell. Husband Well, go
ahead: I'm listening. Chicago Dally News.
"PatUnce." said Uncle Eben, '! a great
virtus It a roan doesn't gib up his regular
business In order to tend to it." Washington
Dlnwlt Say, our backbones are like serial
stories, aren't they? Thlnwlt Prove It. Dln
wlt Continued In our necks. Harvard Lam
poon. "Mr. Blxler has become quite a society roan.
He goes out every evening." "Indeed! And
what has brought about the changer "He
says it saves coal." Cleveland Plain Dealer.
Naggsby What Is a problem novel? Waggs
by It Is one In which the motive of the author
and the Judgment of the publisher are equally
puzzling to the reader. Baltimore American.
Teacher Can any little girl tell me who was
Columbus? Sadie (frantically snapping her
fingers) I know. Taclir Well. Sadie?
Sadie Columbus the gem of the ocean Phila
Miss Withers I presume Mr. Fllpp made his
cjual weekly call on you last night? Miss
Callow Yes. and I must say that he made a
fool of himself. Miss Wlthtrs Proposed to
you. eh? Richmond Dispatch.
"I hear you want to sell your dog, Pat.
Ttity tell me he has a pedigree." "Shure, an'
01 aiver noticed It, sor. Anyhow, he's nothln'
but a puppy ylt. an' Ol'm thlnkln aa how
he'll be afther outgrowln" It, sor." Glasgow
"What bothers me," said the new prisoner.
"Is the thought of a long trial, and weary
montta In Jail!" "Don't let that disturb you,"
replied the High Sheriff. "I've Just got word
that they're coming to lynch you- at 12 o'clock
sharp!" Atlanta Constitution.
"Did you see that one ot the richest man In
the country has offered to give $1,000,000 tor a
new and healthy stomach?" "Yes. but I dan't
bellev It. The offer didn't sound like him.
He would have made the gift conditional on
somebody else giving Just as much." Cleveland