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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (July 21, 1902)
VOL. XLIL NO. 12,982.
PORTLAND, OREGON. MONDAY, JULY 21, 1902.
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LOSS OF MILLIONS
Corn and Wheat Destroyed
by Mississippi Flood,
AND THE RIVER IS STILL RISING
More Tlinn $0,000,000 Gone in Most
Dlanntronn Overflow Ever Known
North, of St. Loniii, and Situ
1 atlon Is GroiTlng Worse.
Losses by flood alone the Mississippi
above St. Louis are estimated at
$0,000,000. with probably halt as much
more to be heard from. New districts
are threatened with flood.
Heavy rains and cloudbursts In New
York State caused several deaths and
destroyed hundreds of thousands of, dol
lars worth of property.
Nine persons were killed by a tornado
KEOKUK. la., July 20. Exploration of
the flooded district of the Mississippi
River from Keokuk south shows condi
tions beyond the appreciation or realiza
tion of any but people of long experi
ence -with the father of waters In its
most destructive mood. The situation
Is growing worse hourly. There Is ab
solutely not the slightest chance of
stopping the flood, which Is a dozen times
the most costly of any in the history of
the great river abo-c St. Louis.
The correspondent of the Associated
Press went over the worst damaged
aTea In the steamer Silver Crescent and
found everywhere the greatest crops ever
known under water deep enough to float
a steamboat. People at the river cities
give an immense mass of details, all to
be generalized in losses aggregating many
millions of dollars. Hundreds of farmers,
rich 10 days ago, are penniless and
homeless and hundreds are watching and
praying that the great levees which are
the only bulwark against millions of
losses and many cases of penury will
Careful estimates Indicate the losa up
to today at about S5.000.000. with every
prospect' that it will be increased by
$2,000,000 or 33,000.000 by the rise above
which has not yet reached the lower
stretches of the river. Most of this loss
Is on the Missouri side of the river be
tween Keokuk and Hannibal.
Parsing the watcr-lappcd lumber yards
of Keokuk, the mouth of the Des Moines
River Is seen to "be nearly two miles wide.
Normally there are two mouths and .
Oclta -covered' -with fairus -which -are now
under raging torrents. Alexandria was
protected to the last by the Egyptian
levee, the breaking oT which would send
four feet of water all over the town
Gregory la submerged except tho "White
Church, in which services were held to
day, the congregation from the country
reaching the house of worship by the
railroad, which Is still above the flood
in a waste of waters miles wide. Other
towns and cities on the Islands are be
yond tho danger line.
Immense flelds are seen In a great lake
with the shore line visible only with a
glass, where the high bluffs bound the
bottoms. Islands dotting the river at Its
normal stage have disappeared, except for
the tops of trees or frlngfe of high
shore willows protruding slightly like
green coral Teefs. Occasionally a house
on piles Is seen, but generally only roofs
show to maTk the center of farms of corn.
On tho edge of the flood corn gradually
rises on a slope, tasseled tops, ears and
stalks appearing In order. In a few
half submerged flelds arc stacks of wheat
In the background and many more were
washed to the Gulf of Mexico.
In the middle of the present river, the
tracks of the St. Louis, Keokuk & North
western Railroad, normally the Missouri
shore, are now a few Inches above water
and In some stretches they nre submerged
Shore lights for pilots are standing In
the middle of a waste of waters where
steamboats can run over them. The river
Is 5 to 10 miles wide for a stretch 70
miles long, and another great lake Is
added to the geography. All this territory
was covered with corn estimated to yield
75 to 100 bushels to the acre. Previous
estimates of the loss have been greatly
increased by the prospective yield being
found much greater than ever before,
experts telling of many farms that were
good for 100 bushels to the acre. The
loss is total. Experience teaches that if
water stays 4S hours, even four Inches
over the rurface, it kills corn, and every
stalk wet by waves perishes from, rotting
roots. Much of that back from the chan
nel looks to the casual observer as If
It would recover when the flood subsides,
but a month will see It all brown and
The height of the flood Is Indicated by
an accident at La Grange. Thcsteamboat
warehouse was well back frcm the river
and high. A strong current and gale
caused the pilot to make an im
perfect landing and the cornice of
the roof of the warehouse was torn
by the forward guards of the Sil
ver Crescent. The river 1." Tislng all
I Why rC LITTLE
tho time six Inches during the day In
the immense area of 700 square miles, and
the worst to come by the extension of
the flooded area by the water passing
levees it Is now topping.
The chief flood thus far Is on tho Mis
souri side from Keokuk to Louisiana,
with Canton and "West Qulncy as centers
of the country hurt worst. On the Illi
nois side there, are three continuous
levees for 40 miles from "Warsaw to
Qulncy which are thus far safe, but farm
ers arc afraid of a crevasse from muskrat
hills and every rod of the redoubt Is
watched day and night. The breaking of
these levees would flood 175 square miles
In Illinois and destroy $2,000,000 or 13,000,
000 worth ot corn. The levees below
Qulncy are in the same situation except
that they are lower and less firm.
Opposite Qulncy, In Missouri, Is still
another center of devastation which is
appalling. North 12 miles to La -Grange
and south to Holton. large prairies are
well under water, reaching from the Illi
nois bluffs to the Missouri bluffs, at least
10 miles. Levees hastily thrown around
farms have disappeared in a fierce cur
rent rushing from above through the
draw of the Burlington Railway bridge,
carrying everything before It. Lone Tree
Prairie, 10 miles square. Is deserted, the
population having flefi to Qulncy and the
bluffs on the Missouri side, from which
they watch the destruction. Fablus River,
15 miles above Hannibal, is high and
furnishing a route for the Mississippi to
flank and reverse the levees, as the Fox
River does 40 miles up the MIssfsslppl.
This flanking movement makes even the
highest Missouri levees Ineffective.
Around La Motte. Saverton, Busch Sta
tion, Clemens and Ashburn. north of
Hannibal, there Is more wheat than at
any other place, and all In the shock is
mostly washed away. The chief crop
there Is corn, however, and there Is the
same ruin as at other places. In the vicin
ity of Qulncy and Hnnnibal there is un
necessary loss on account of the peculiar
conditions of the flood. A smaller flood
began to subside when warning from the
Keokuk Weather Bureau Observer was
received and went unheeded as being
after the fact, when actually It was be
fore a new extraordinary fact.
The crest of the Mississippi rise will
probably pass here tomorrow. Great dam
age has already been done, but the worst
is probably over.
Fonr Killed, Tivo Injured, Property
BINGHAMPTON, N.Y., July 20. The
heavy rains prevailing In this section for
the past few days reached a climax last
night when three separate cloudbursts oc
curred within the limits of Rome County
and several In surrounding territory to tiie
northward, breaking mill dams, washing
out railroad tracks and highway bridges,
and doing other damage, besides delaying
trains. Four persons are dead, and two
are seriously injured. The loss to prop
erty will reach J200.000.
James Cook and wife, drowned at Af ton,
The C-months-oId child of Mr. and Mrs.
Michael J. Ryan, of this city, killed In
The seriously Injured are:
Engineer Edward Farran and Fireman
Willis E. Marsh, of this city.
People Seek Highland WHUTStocIcV
PEORIA, 111., July 20. The Illinois River
tonight stands in imminent danger of
causing thousands of dollars' worth of
damage to buildings and manufactories
In Peoria. The damage already caused
along the lowlands by the flood will be
but a drop In the bucket as compared
with what it will be If the water gets
one foot higher, and river men say there
is no possibility of the water receding In
the next StS hours. The river was rising
at the rate of an Inch an hour today.
Should It continue at that rate until to
morrow noon, It will have passed the
high-water mark of 1S92. People along
the bottom lands both above and below
Peoria hnve sought the highlands and
have driven their stock with them.
Seneca County, N. Y., Drenched.
FARMER, N. Y., July 20. The most
disastrous flood that has visited this
portion of Seneca County occurred this
evening. The rain commenced last night,
but the heavy downpour came between
2 and 2:30 o'clock this afternoon, wash
ing away everything In the path of the
torrent It created. Wheat In the phock,
hay on the ground once cocked up, gar
dens, roads and In some places bridges
wero washed out. At the Lehigh Valley
depot, on the level ground, the ballasting
was washed from under the track In
several places. The damage to the town
of Covert will amount to thousands of
Flood In Cunutnuqua County.
DUNKIRK. N. Y., July 20. Northern
Chautauqua County today suffered heavy
loss from floods. The downpour was ter
rific The damage to crops Is Immense,
and rallroadfl are heavy losers from wash
outs. On the Dunkirk. Allegheny Valley
6 Pittsburg, near Lllydale, the water lev
eled a banked roadbed 200 feet long and
40 feet high. The train due In Dunkirk at
7 o'clock Is blocked between Forestvllle
and Smith Mills by a wash-out. The Chau
tauqua division of the Pennsylvania, be
tween Brockton and Mayvllle, was washed
Mud Again Cover Crop.
SPRINGVALE. N. Y., July 20. Many
brldprs were swept away and 100 feet of
the Buffalo, Rochester Pittsburg tracks
were washed out by the flood today. An
other layer of mud covers the crops which
were badly damaged two weeks ago, and
will probably completely destroy them.
MAZAMAS SKETCHED IN
-- CHK5.WMCRS k &?&f
J. W. MCKAY DEAD
Succumbed to Heart Disease
LAST OF THE BONANZA KINGS
Ther Toole 9110,000,000 Out of the
Comstock Began as a Miner oa
American Itlver Soon After
LONDON, July 20. John W. Mackay, of
San Francisco, who has been suffering
from heart prostration since Tuesday last,
died at his residence at Carlton House
Terrace, at 6:30 o'clock this evening.
Mr. Mackay's condition, as stated yes
terday, had improved, but the patient had
a bad night, and this morning a consulta
tion was- held by three physicians. Mr.
Mackay grew worse as the day pro
gressed. He was unconscious most of the
time, and died very peacefully.
The immediate cause of his death was
heart failure. The right lung was found
to be congested, and the eyrnptoms indi
Mrs. Mackay, her mother and Countess
Tclfener were present with Mr. Mackay
when he died, and Princess Galltro Colona
arrived from Paris half an hour after her
The morning papers publish long obitu
aries of Mr. Mackay.
(John "William Mackay was born in Dub
lin, November 23, 1S31, and went with his
father's family to New York when he was
9 years old. He learned the shipbuilding
trade, but went to California in 1831 and
engaged in mining. He held a two-fifths
Interest In the famous Bomnza mines of
the Comstock lode, which made him one
of the world's rich men. He, with Flood
and Fair, established the Nevada Bank
of San Francisco, of which he was presi
dent to the end of his life. With James
Gordon Bennett he established the Com
mercial Cable Company, and he was pres
ident of the Postal Telegraph Company.)
LAST OF BONANZA QUARTET.
Made Million In the Comntoclc Lode
Shock in San Fmnclsco.
SAN FRANCISCO. July 20. The news of
the death of John W. Mackay In London
caused quite a shock here, notwithstand
ing the public was In a measure prepared
for It by the previous announcement of
Mr. Mackay was the last surviving mem
ber of tho four Bonanza Kings, Flood,
O'Brien and. Fair, the other three mem
bers of the quartet, having long since
died. For the past IS years Mr. Mackay
had not been actively Identified with the
life of this city, but had passed most of
his time in the East, making annual visits
to the Coast to look after hla property
interests in this state and Nevada. On
the occasion of his last visit to this city,
early this Summer, Mr. Mackay completed
arrangements for a landing-place for the
new Pacific cable, a project that he was
much interested in.
During a visit in 1S92. Mr. Mackay was
shot and slightly wounded by TV. D. Rlp
pey, who had a fancied grievance against
him dating from the otockbroking days
of the Comstock.
Mr. Mackay came to California In fS51
via Panama. He at once entered a mine,
working with pick and shovel In the plac
ers of the American River and at Downey
vlllo.' In 1S30 he went to Virginia City,
Nevada, and began mining on the Com
stock with varying success. Hrs first real
start toward success was made when he
became superintendent of the Kentuck
mine in Gold Hill.
In 1S63, Mackay formed a partnership
with Flood. O'Brien and Fair. In 1S71, this
famous mining quartet purchased the olte
of the Bonanza territory, north of the
Ophlr mine, on the celebrated Comstock
ledge. They began work on a lode aban
doned by Sharon and other large opera
tors. The enterprise was a fruitful source
of ridicule in mining circles, financial dis
aster being freely predicted. Without los
ing heart or patience the four men con
tinued, expending half a million dollars in
prospecting operations. The ledge was
struck, and over 5110,000,000 was added to
the world's stock of precious metals.
No accurate estimate of Mr. Matjkay's
holdings in this state and Nevada can
be made, but it will run up into the mil
lions. He was the owner of valuable real
estate In this city, and had Interests In
mines throughout this state and Nevada.
Hott Mackay Stood.
Richard Dey, a clo6o personal friend and
former confidential secretary of the late
John W. Mackay, says In an interview:
"I don't suppose Mr. Mackay himself
knew within $20,000,000 of what he was
worth. But his buslnws was In such or
der and his arrangements were so care
fully made that everything will "go on
Just as though he were still alive. He
was president of the Mackay-Bennett Ca
ble Company, president of the Postal Tele
CAMP ON THE EVE OF THEIR
5ft tt viOJW
HEV Of4 HIS
graph Company, and president of the
prospective Pacific Commercial Cable
Company, vice-president of the new 57,000,
C00 sugar refinery at Yonkers, N. Y., of
which Gus Spreckels la president; direc
tor of the Canadian Pacific Railway, di
rector of the Southern Pacific, and direc
tor of the new proposed railroad from
HavanaNto Santiago, In Cuba. He was one
of the largest owners of the White Nob
Copper Company, of Mackay, Idaho, to
which the Union Pacific built -a SO-mile
branch. He was interested with Charles
D. Lane In the Wild Goose Mining Com
pany, at Nome. He was heavily Interest
ed In the Sprague Elevator and Electrical
Works, of New York.
"In San Francisco, Mr. Mackay owned
half the Nevada block, the Grand Opera
House, and the big lot at the southeast
corner of Market and Fourth streets. He
owned, together with Flood, the Burl-Burl
ranch of about 1000 acret. In San Mateo
County, the Coleman tract, of about 1500
acres In and adjacent to the City of San
Rafael, and 2000 acres of timber land in
Mendocino County. He owned several
thousand acres of wood land In Nevada,
between Reno and Truckee. In New York
City he owned the Postal Telegraph build
ing, a 16-story structure, and he was tne
largest owner of the Commercial Cable
Company's building, a 21-story structure,
and the property adjacent to it. He owned
the Territorial Enterprise, a newspaper
of Virginia, Nev. Mrs. Mackay owns tne
palatial house In which he died In London.
"Mr. Mackay was a member of the Pa
cific Union Club, of San Francisco, anil
of the Merchants' Exchange. He was a
stanch Republican, but before the Civil
War he was a Democrat. Again and again
he refused to be Senator from -Nevada,
and eschewed office. In religion he was
a Catholic, and two of his warmest friends
were the late Bishop Montague, who had
Jurisdiction over Northern California's
mining regions, and a large part of Ne
vada, and Archbishop Rlordan. Mr. Mac
kay for a long while virtually supported
the Catholic Orphan Asylum, and Its 130
children, at Virginia, Nev. In New York
he maintained five or six free beds In
hospitals In memory of his son, Willie,
who died half a dozen years ago at the
age of 26. Mr. Mackay was always doing
good quietly, and giving money. A large
number of regular pensioners will miss
"Mr. Mackay came to America from Ire
land as an infant with his father, who
was afterward naturalized. But along in
1S67, Mr. James G. Fair, who was Mr.
Mackay's partner and also born in Ire
land, could not remember whether or not
the elder Fair was naturalized, so to
make sure Fair -and Mackay were natur
alized together In Virginia, Nevada, by
their friend, Sandy W. Baldwin, who was
United States District Judge. I think Mr.
Mackay was originally a carpenter, for
when he camo on the Comstock he was
considered an authority on mine timber
ing." Ex-Secretary Herbert Better.
WASHINGTON, July 20. The condition
of Hilary A. Herbert, ex-Secretary of the
Navy, has Improved, and today he was re
moved to Afton, Va., where It is hoped
conditions will be more favorable for his
Mohnivlc River Rose Three Feet. "
SCHENECTADY. N. Y., July 20. Tho
heavy rains of Saturday and today have
cawed the Mohawk. River to rise thtee
feet, and reports from further west indi
cate that flats will be flooded today.
Mohavrlc Lowland Overflowed.
UTICA, N. Y July 20. Heavy rain
during the past 4S hours has again over
flowed the Mohawk River and the low
lands. It Is believed the oats, hay -and
corn crops will be very small.
CONTENTS OF TODAY'S PAPER.
John W. Mackay, last of the bonanza kings,
dies In London. Page 1.
King Edward attended church yesterday.
London papers say United States ha right to
expel friars from Philippines. Pago 2.
Steamship sank on the Kibe with 155 on board.
Mississippi flood has caused loss of $0,000,000,
and situation la growing- worse. Page 1.
Colonel Groosljeck, ex-Judse Advocate ot Phil
ippines, Justifies "water cure." Page 2.
Two swift trains crash together; one killed,
20 seriously- hurt. Page 2.
Garment-workers to the number of 25,000
struck In New York, and 15,000 more are
expected to go out. Pago 2.
Gibson found guilty of murder In first degree
at Grant's Pass. Pago 3.
Immense ledge of nickel ore discovered In Jo
sephine County. Page 3.
Weather and price favorable for hops. Page 3.
Four men reported blown to pieces by -dynamite
at Lyle. Wash. Page 3.
Charles Stahl. former Portland carpenter,
drowned at Clatsop Beach. Page 1.
Portland beat Spokane, score 7 to 2. Page 0.
Helena beat Seattle, score 3 to 2. Page C
Tacotna beat Butte, score 5 to 2. Page 0.
Notes of tho Northwest League Paste C
Pendleton and Baker Clfy win In the Inland
Empire League. Page 6.
Race at Irvlngton track. Page 6.
Portland and Vicinity.
Mass meeting tonight wltt consider Harrlman
plans of advertising Oregon. Page 8.
Dr. Hutchinson, of Bureau of Animal Industry,
Ears more hogs ehould be raised in Colum
bia Valley. Page 10.
Centenary Church Is re-opened. Page 8.
East Side residents In high-service district,
complain of water Scarcity. Page 5.
CLIMB OF MOUNT ADAMS.
j i r" " jfe"
'4frwm"r &, U Sfii
SWEPT OUT TO SEA
Charles .Stahl, Carpenter,
VENTURED BEYOND BREAKERS
When Efforts of Xncc Grant to Save
Hint Fail, Swimmer la Carried
Away ly the Strong Ont-
folngr Carrent. '
SEASIDE, CLATSOP BEACH. Or., July
20. (Special.) Charles Stahl, a carpenter,
was swept out to sea and drowned at noon
today. In full view of the several hundred
bathers and the spectators who thronged
the beach. Stahl's death was due to his
own extreme venturesomeness, and to tho
strong cross-current that sweeps off to
the north at full tl'dc. Just beyond the line
of breakers. Nace Grant, well known a3
a powerful swimmer, had gone out through
the surf, and was disporting himself In
the waves about a quarter of a mile from
the shore. "Whether Stahl was tempted
beyond the line of safety by the sight of
Grant is not known, but he probably was,
and he followed him out. He was himself
a very athletic young man, and doubtless
had great confidence In his own physical
powers. Tne crowd, wnlcn nnd Been
watching with Interest and no little un
easiness the unusual sight of a man's
head bobbing around in the waves far out
beyond the surf line, was soon attracted
by another form moving through tho
waves In Grant's direction. After a quar
ter of an hour, both Grant and Stahl
started in, being within hailing dlstanco
of each other. Stahl appeired to Grant
to be tired, and he asked him If he could
get back. "I'm all right," said Stahl, and
both moved slowly toward the shore.
Grant finally reached a point in the break
ers where he could touch bottom. Then
he heard a call from Stahl, who was still
about 100 feet out. Though much worn
by his own exertions against the excep
tionally strong tide. Grant at once re
turned to Stahl, and took him. by tho
arm and tried to aid him to get In. As
they mounted the waves. Grant tried to
show the carpenter how to take advan
tage of the Intermittent Ingoing sweep,
but It was no use. "Never mind," said
Stahl, and Grant then set out to save
All this pantomime was not understand
able to the spectators. They saw Grant
return through the breakers toward the,
shore, and Stahl pass on again out tq
sear It seemed to them as If Stahl had
concluded to stay out a while longer and
had told Grant to ge on in. Stahl kept
himself on the surface of the water for
many minutes perhaps a quarter of an
hour, and then was seen no more. Men
while, Grant had reached the beach, much
exhausted, and told the story of his part
ing with Stahl and the carpenter's certain
death. There was some talk of trying to
get a lifeboat out through the breakers,
and several persons came running down
to the beach from the ridge back of tho
shore line and said the carpenter wa3
still afloat. But others declared they had
seen him. Anally disappear; so nothing
was done. Clatsop Beach has neither life
line nor lifeboat.
Stahl was about 25 years of age. Ha
had been hero about two months. In tho
employ of Hickman & Horn, contractors
and builders. He was unmarried, and
came here from Portland. He was a
brother of the wife of Policeman Jack
Roberts. He had lived In Portland about
three years, and went there from Oak
The drowning created great excitement
all along the beach. It will doubtless put
a stop for the present to ventures beyond
the line of known safety In the surf.
STEAMSHIP CUT DOWN.
Of 1S5 Pansen$rers Only 30 Arc Re
HAMBURG, July 21. The steamship
Premlus, with 1S5 passengers on board,
was cut in two nnd sunk by the tug
Hansel on the Elbe at 12:30 o'clock this
morning. Only about 30 on board were
Streets Were Like Rivera.
GOWANDA, N. Y.. July 20. A disastrous
flood did great damage to this village and
surrounding country today. The creeks
went over their banks and the streets
were soon like rivers. A dam in Thatch
er's brook gave way, and the rush of
water carried away sidewalks, fruit treea
arid small outhouses. Bridges were badly
damaged, and several houses were moved
from their foundations. The Erie tracks
were washed out. No trains have passed
since early this morning.
Sfc - ' '-