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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
TH& "srOKNING OREGONIAN, TUESDAY, JUNE 3, 1902.
Liberal. Treatment Accorded
READ IN HOUSE OF .COMMONS
Brilliant' and) Enthusiastic 'Audience
Listens to the Statement by Mr.
i Arc Heard.
tei X 'T
A , ?
T . .. m A.v. mnnllC nE XVT71 A r"W A
lAUli-UUClL 1U1U VX' U.1VU m
The. burgher forces lay down their
arms and hand.over all their rifles, guns
and munitions of war In tbelr posses
sion or under their control.
All prisoners are to be brought back
as soon as possible to South Africa,
without loss of liberty or property.
No action to be taken against prison
ers, except -where they are guilty of
breaches of the rules of war.
Dutch -to be taught In the schools. If
desired by the parents, and used In the
courts If necessary- ; '
Klfles are allowed for protection.
Military occupation Is to be with
drawn as soon as possible and self
There is to be no tax on the Trans
vaal to pay the cost of the war. The
sum of 3.000.000 Is to bo provided for
re-stocklng the Boer farms.
Rebels are liable to trial. accordlngto
the colony to which they belong. The
rank and file will he disfranchised for
LONDON, June 2. Not In years has the
House of Commons been so thronged with
such a brilliant and enthusiastic audience
as when the First Xord 4of the Treasury
and government leader in the House, A. J.
Balfour, announced this afternoon the
peace terms concluded with the.Boers. An
hour before- the House met a large crowd
on "Whitehall vociferously cheered the
notable politicians, particularly the Colo
nial Secretary, Joseph Chamberlain, who
walked unconcernedly from the Colonial
Office with a broad smile on his face.
Long before the customary prayer, the
galleries of the House were packed. Jos
eph H. Choate, United States Ambassa
dor; Henry H. White, secretary of the em
bassy; Lord Rothschild and many 'mem
bers of the Cabinet patiently . waited
through the answering of fuiestlons In J
the House for the; momentous announce
ment. An unusually large number of peers
sat in their gallery. Mr. Chamberlain
and Mr. Balfour both received great ova
tions as they walked to their seats. The
lobbies and waiting-rooms were crowded
with disappointed seekers for 6eats,
among whom were many Americans.
The period of waiting finally came to
an end. Amid breathless silence, broken
a few seconds later by applause such as
the House of Commons seldom hears, Mr.
Balfour stood up and announced the
terms on which the war In South Africa
had been ended. The terms follow:
"His Excellency, Lord Milner; His Ex
cellency, Mr. Steyn; General Bremner,
General D. R. Dewet and Judge Hertzog,
acting In behalf of the Orange Free State,
and General SchalKburgher, General Reltz,
General Louis Botha i and -General De
larey acting for their respective burgh
ers, desiring to terminate the present hos
tilities, agree to the following terms:
"The burgher forces in the field will
forthwith lay down their arms and hand
mw all their euns. rifles and ammunition
in their possession or undernhelr control,.
desist from further resistance and ac
knowledge King Edward VII as their law
ful sovereign. The manner and details
of the surrender will be arranged between
Lord Kitchener and Commandant-General
Botha, assisted by General Delarey and
Chief Commandant Dewet.
"Second All burghers outside the limits
of the Transvaal and Orange Elver Colony
and all prisoners of .war at present outside
South Africa who are burghers, will, on
duly declaring their acceptance of the po
sition of subjects of His Majesty, be
brought back to their homes as soon as
means of transport can be provided and
means of subsistence assured.
"Third The burghers so returning will
not be deprived of their personal liberty
"Fourth No proceeding, cfvll or crim
inal, will be taken against any burghers
surrendered or returning for any acts in
connection with the prosecution of the
war. The benefits of this clause do not ex
tend to certain acts contrary to the usages
of war, which had been notified by the
Commander-in-Chief to the Boer Generals,
and which shall be tried by court-martial
after the close of hostilities.
"Fifth The Dutch language will m be
taught In the public schools of the Trans
vaal and Orange River Colony, where the
parents desire it, and will be allowed in
the courts of law, for the better and more
effectual administration of business.
"Sixth Possession of rifles will be al
lowed in the Transvaal and Orange River
Colony to- persons requiring them for their
protection, on taking out a license, ac
cording to law.
"Seventh The military administration
of the Transvaal and Orange River Col
ony will, at the earliest possible date, be
succeeded by a civil government, and. so
soon as circumstances permit, representa
tive institutions leading up to self-government
will be Introduced. .
"Eighth The question of granting the
franchise to natives will not be decided
until after the Introduction of self-government.
"Ninth No special tax -will be Imposed
on land property In the Transvaal or
Orange River Colony to defray the ex
penses of tho war.
"Tenth As soon as the conditions permit
it. a committee on which the local in
habitants will be represented will be ap
pointed in each district of the Transvaal
and Orange River Cqlony, under the su
pervision of a magistrate or otherwise
for the purpose of assisting people to their
homes, and for those who are not able to
proide for themselves, etc, indispensable
to the resumption qf their normal occu
pations, His Majesty's government will
place at -the disposal of these commis-v
s'ons the sum of 3,000,000 sterling and
will allow the notes Issued under the law
cf 1900 of the South African Republic, and
all receipts given up to officers In the
fie I'd of the late republics, or under their
orders, to be presented to a judicial com
mission, which will b appointed by the
government, and if such notes and re
ceipts are found by this commission to
have been duly Issued in return for valu
able considerations, they will be received
"by the first-named commissions as evi
dences of war losses suffered by the per
sons to which they were Originally given.
In addition to the above-named free
grant of 5.000,000 sterling. His Majesty's
government will be prepared to make ad
vances on loans Tor the same purpose, free
of interest for two years, and afterwards
repayable, over a period of years, with
3 per cent interest. No foreigner or rebel
will be entitled to benefit under this
After he had concluded reading the
peace agreement, Mr. Balfour proceeded:
"There are certain points not dealt with
in the document I have just read and
which was signed on Saturday. Therefore
It may be convenient if I read a dispatch
from Xord Kitchener to the Secretary of
State for "War, dated May 20, as follows:
" 'After handing the Boer delegates a
copy of the .draft of the .agreement, 1
read them a statement end gave "them a
copy of It, as'folIows: ' "" '
His "Majesty's government mustj place on
record lhat the treatment of the 'Cane and Na
tal colonists who have been in rebellion, and
who now surrender, will. If they return to
the'rr colonics, be determined by tho colonial
coiirfs, and in Accordance with the laws of the
colonies, and any British subjects jwho' have
joined the- enemies will be liable to txlal by
the Jaw of that part of tho British Empire to
which they belong. -
His Majesty's government is informed by
the Cape government that its views regarding
the terms to be granted to British subjects In
Cape Colony, now In the field, or who have
surrendered or been captured since .April 12,
1001. are as follows: "With regard to the rank
and file, they should all, aftersurrender und
giving up their arms, sign a document before.
the resident magistrate of the district In which
they surrender, acknowledge themselves guilty
'of high treason, and the punishment to be ac
corded them, provided they are not guilty of
murder or acts contrary to the usages of. civ
ilized twarf are. shall bo that they are, .not en
titled for ..life to be registered as 'voters or
vote In am' preliminary or provincial council
or municipal election.
With reference to Justices of the Peace,
field cornets and -others who hold official posi
tions under the government of Cape .-polony,
or who have been holding positions of author
lty, or -who have had commands In h rebel
or Boer forces, they shall be tried for high
treason before the ordinary courts of the coun
try, or such special courts as,may hereafter
be constituted, their punishment to be lea to
the discretion of, such court, with the proviso
that In no case shall the penalty of death be
The Natal government Is of the opinion that
the rebels should be dealt with according to
the law of that colony.
"These - arrangements," concluded Mr.
Balfour, "the government has approved."
The reference to the Boers acknowledg
ing King Edward as their sovereign made
the hit of the day. As the liberality of
the terms grew plainer, the cheers of tho
government side of the House diminished,
while the opposition's satisfaction was
proportionately increased. Through all
this the Irish members sat impassive, al
though earlier in the afternoon they had
startled the House by a demonstration
which at first was thought to be in honor
of peace, -but which, it was discovered,
was caused by the reappearance In the
House of William Redmond, wjio has just
returned, from the United States.
The tension was over, and when Mr.
Balfour's statement was concluded, every
one seemed glad of the opportunity for a
hearty laugh, caused by the government
leaders humorous quashing of the sug
gestion that the Commons adjourn In
hbnor of peace. Then the House In
which even members could not find seats,
was emptied, and diplomats, Indian rajahs
in gorgeous robes, peers and peeresses
and commoners and their guests trooped
into the lobby, where general congratula
Various objections to the peace terms
were expressed, but they did not appear
to be very serious. The Irish viewpoint
was that the government has given up
practically everything and that the regu
lations affecting the Cape rebels will do
done away with In consequence of the
King's amnesty proclamation. Mr. Choate
did a lot of handshaking and took part
In the general congratulations.
Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman, the
Liberal leader, in behalf of the opposi
tion, said unbounded satisfaction would
be felt throughout the 'empire at the
conclusion of peace. They were unani
mous In admiration of their lato enemies,
now their friends and fellow-cltlzens,
whose military qualities, tenacity of pur
pose and self-sacrificing devotion to lib
erty and country has won them the re
spect of the world, and, foremost of all,
the respect of their opponents. Every
member offered congratulations to the
King and the country on the thrice
blessed resolution of peace.
Rend In the House of Lords.
LONDON, June 2. The Prlhce of Wales
and the Duke of Cambridge went to the
House Qf Lords to hear the peace state
ment of the Premier, Lord Salisbury.
Thero was a large attendance of peers
and peereses. Lord Salisbury, before
mentioning South Africa, referred to the
great loss which tho empire had sustained
In Lord Pauncefote. who had done more
than any one man to cement the union of
the two great Anglo-Saxon races, "which
Is one of the healthiest and most promis
ing lndlcat'ons of the time."
Lord Tweedmouth, Liberal, and Lord
Rosebery associated themselves with the
Premier's tribute. Lord Salisbury then
remarked that he hoped the agreement
on terms of surrender would bring- the
lamentable state of -things in South Africa
to an end, and proceeded to read the terms
of tho agreement arrived at with the
Boers. Lord Rosebery expressed his
hearty, unstinted and unreserved congrat
ulations. "TAFT AT VATICAN.
Governor o the Philippines Received
by Cardinal RanipoIIa.
ROME, June 3. The papal secretary of
state. Cardinal Rampolla. today received
Judge Tatt. Governor of the Philippines,
Bishop O'Gorman, of Sioux Falls, S. D.,
acted as Interpreter.
LONDON, aune 2. Cabling from Rome,
the correspondent of the Dally Chronicle
,fr understand from a good source that
the American Government wishes to de
prive the monks in the Philippine Islands
of thir immense estates, but Instead of
going in for spoliation pure and simple, as
some European governments would have
done, Washington wishes to' Indemnify
them, asid President Roosevelt will request
the holy see Xo fix the amount of this in
demnity." Manila Cable Broken. -NEW
YORK, June 2. The "Western
Union Telegraph Company today Issued
the following notice:
"The cable between Honk Kong and Ma
nila Is interrupted. Telegraph communi
cation with the Philippine Islancls, there
fore. Is stopped. Frequent stcamors from
Chinese ports will carry telegrams."
Xnvcfttlgrntlon of Souffrlcrc.
NEW YORK, June 2. Assistant Curator
Hovey, of the American Museum of Nat
ural History: Professor T. A. Jaggar, of
Harvard University; M. T. McDonald,
owner of an estate near Chateau Belalr,
on thp Island of St. Vincent, and others
have made a partial asceny of St Vin
cent's Souffriere, says a Herald dispatch
from Castries, St. Lucia. Mr. Hovcy
said, regarding his trip:
"The old crater of Souffriere was the
center of the disturbance. We found en
bother crater which was a half mile deep.
There was a small boiling lake at the
bottom of this crater. We found no evi
dence of molten lava having been erupt
ed; the Souffriere emitted vast quantities
of ashes and cinders.' '
"The volcano l? still active, and is a dan
gerous spot for explorers. Report reached
us upon our return here that another
eruption took place at an early hour this
morning. There was a decided earthquake,
disturbance. The summit of the Souf
friere was illuminated by a fieri', vaporous
Lonrdcg Grotto at Vatican.
ROME, June 2. An imitation "Lourdes
Grotto" was inaugurated in the Vatican
Gardens yesterday. A superb garden
party was given, which was attended by
the Pope In state. His Holiness rode in
an old- six-horse berlin, and was sur
rounded by the mounted noble guards.
The court appeared In medieval cos
tumes and for the first time thevladles
were allowed to war afternoon toilettes:
Morgan Goek to AthcnK.
NEW YORK, Jane' 2. J. Plerpont Mor
gan, leaving Rome forVenlce on board
the Corsair, cables the Rome corres
ondent of the Tribune, said that he was
going to Athens, and will return to
Venice In two weeks, artd go. to London
lot the coronation.
HOW LONDON CELEBRATED
NEWS OP PEAGE.
Nolsc'and Crowds, but-'Not iiic Aban-
don TJiat Marked the Raising,
or the fS leges. .
LONDON, June 2. The announcement
of peace in South Africa was celebrated
in London tonight with a wild repetition
of the Mafeklng celebration. Hundreds
of thousands of people .surged through
the streets of London from Whitechapel
to Buckingham Palace, but never at any
time did tho crowds equal those which
created the verb "to maffick," Tonight
there was a tromendous noise In the
streets, a pandemonium of horns and
cheers, and the coarse jests of costers,
but the abandon which marked the an
nouncement of the" rollefs CT Mafeklng
and Ladysmith was lacking.
Women, many of them carrying: babies;
boys, drunken loafers and others, glad
of an excuse to defy law and order, were
the principal elements In the ragged pro
cessions passing ind repassing through
the principal streets. The crowds con
centrated in Regent street and the Strand !
and let themselves loose. Women of the
lower class jabbed men In tho faces with
feathers, slung an apology of confetti,
and 1n turn were hugged and kissed by
men who found time for such a diversion.
A few helpless policemen stood around
and .watched tho fun. One of the favorite
decorations with the crowd was a cluster
of red, white v and blue stripes wound
around a tall hat.
A very serious undercurrent of discon
tent, engendered by Irresponsible,
showed that London did not show the
same symptoms of rojoldlng as on Mafe
klng nlgnt. In some quarters tho com
ment on the "peace withxhonor" ending
of. the war was that Great Britain has
the peace and tho Boers have all the
honor. Several members of the House of
Commons declared freely tonight that
peace In South Africa might have been
secured a year earlier and upon better
terms had not the British government
been so obdurate.
The decorations and illuminations of
London took on a more organized form
as tho peace news grew older. The
American and Irish flags figured largely
among the decorations, while the new
ensign of tho Australian Federation made
its first appearance in a national celebra
tion. The words "God Save the King"
were vers generously subscribed across
tho Union Jacks. This was a sort of un
conscious tribute of the national belief
that peace In South Africa was due more
to King Edward's personal Influence than
to any other cause. ,
A curious feature of the night's street
scenes was that banners were carried in
several processions bearing the inscrip
tion: "Brave Buller." Not a cab or 'bus
was driven through, the streets tonight
but was decorated with flags or some
other sign of rejoicing. There was a
general Jubilation in St. James Park. The
large crowd which ,had assembled" there
waited until a late hour for a' chance to
cheer members of the royal family bound
for Buckingham Palace. At the height
of the rejolclnp a hearse passed through
Piccadilly, and even the "undertaker's as
sistants, vcho are known ns mutes, waved
Union Jacks. '
Throughout the evening the crc-wds ex
hibited the .utmost good humor, and while
some of the worst element in London took
advantage of the opportunity to disgrace
themselves, the announcements of peace
on the whole was received with meroly a
wild "demonstration." This was some
what atoned for by tho up'roarlous scene
in the fashionable restaurants.
King Edward narrowly escaped what
might 'have been a serious accident this
morning. His Majesty was driving to SL
James's Palace when a cab collided with
his carriage. The cab horse feli and lay
struggling under the royal vehicle. The
King alighted and stood upon the pave
ment until matters were righted.
The King and Queen Alexandra, 'with
Princess Victoria and Prince and Princess
Charles, of Denmark, attended the pro
duction of Wagner's "Valkyrie" at Cb
vent Garden tonight. Their "majesties re
ceived an ova,tlon from the audience.
Special patriotic peace programmes were
provided at all the leading music halls,
and with the specialties the audiences de
manded that the orchestras play "God
Save the King" after almost every turn
on the stage. .
That London's hilarity was notHentlrely
confined to the lower classes of the city
Is shown by the fact that Lord fc&ns
downe, the Foreign Secretary, who Is
probably one of the most sedate members
I of the' Cabinet, had secured a box at the.
Amambra anisic ian. as me foreign-
Secretary, with his wire and a party or
friends, entered the box, he was cheered
by the people present. Several members
of the House of Commons, w'ho were In
the stajte. and i number of society men
present cheered for the popular Secretary,
and joined lustily In singing patriotic
choruses. At the Alhambra the waving
of -a Union JackTiddled with bullets and
other such incidents gave occasion for
repeated bursts of cheering, and Lord
Lansdowno and his party thoroughly en-
t ' ' - 1
- - ' J. N. WILLIAMSON.
CONGRESSMAN-ELECT FROM SECOND DISTRICT.
tered Into the contagious spirit of the
affair. ' .
All the cities and towns of the "United
Kingdom are giving vent to their Joy by
demonstrations, bonfires and - lllumlna
'tlons, and, considering the crowds, re
fmarkahly few accidents have been re
ported. TURNED INTO A, HOLIDAY.
Early Peace Demonstrations In the
LONDON, June 2. With the exception
of Ireland, practically the Vhole of. the
United Kingdom was holiday-making to
day in honor of the conclusion of peace
In South Afrlci. Trie streets everywhere
were thronged with people, who, every
now and then, relieved their overstrung
nerves by an outburst of hoarse cheering
or by blowing penny trumpets. The tone
of King Edward's message to the people,
and the absence therein of any note of
exultation, 'seems, however, to have set
a good example, and while giving free
vent to their own satisfaction, the 'British
showed small desire to crow over their
Flags and bunting were everywhere dis
played, church bells were ringing, salutes
fired and there was general Jubilation on
all sides. Crowds of suburbanites poured
into London at an early hour and con
verged toward the usual centers, the
Mansion House, Royal Exchange, Trafal
gar Square, etc., and quickly bedecked
themselves with tiny flags, buttons ana
badges. At interva'r, " some enthusiast
started singing "God Save tho King."
FROM SECOXD DISTRICT.
whlch was taken up by the happy throngs
and .was heard for miles through- the
neighboring streets from one end of the
metropolis to the other.
The earliest demonstrations on the Stock
"Exchange, where the members arrived an
hour earlier than usual, commenced at the
bidding up of South African (Securities
and consols. On the official opening, "God
Save the King" was sung by all present,
and .a telegram was dispatched to Lord
Kitchener as follows:
"The members of the London Stock Ex
change join with the rest of the British
Empire in rejoicing at the end of the
lengthened campaign. Peace with honor
Is a fitting prelude to a peaceful coronation
celebration. Heartiest congratulations to
your lordship and brave boys."
The members of the Stock Exchange
then marched to the Mansion House and
serenaded tho Lord Mayor, Sir Joseph C.
JUmsdale. Later in tho day a levee at
and a Cabinet meeting in Downing street
attracted Immense crowds. Thousands pf
people awaited thet arrival of the Cabinet
Ministers, and the' scenes which greeted
the favorites have not been equaled In
many years. It Is almost needless to
add that Joseph Chamberlain, the Colon
ial Secretary, came In for special atten
tion from the masses. The police were
unabte to hold them In bounds, and
crowds surged around Mr. Chamberlain's
carriage, shouting congratulations until
the Colonial Secretary escaped within the
On the adjournment of the Cabinet meet
ing the crowd repaired to Buckingham
Palace and St. James' Palace, and further
relieved their feelings by cheering the
King and other notables who attended
the levee,, at ichlch the United States Am
bassador, Joseph H. Choate, and all the
members of the Embassy, and a number
of special coronation enfoys, were pres
Telegrams received from all parts of
the provinces testify to the extreme joy
felt by all classes of business at the con
clusion of the war. At many places the
magistrates discharged all the prisoners
charged with light offenses. A singular
fact is that the first news of the conclu
sion of peace was received at Windsor
by telephone from Berlin and Paris.
Many of tho provincial exchanges elbsed
at lunch time, and the chldren at tho
schools everywhere were' dismissed.
There Is no further news from South
Africa, but the opinion in official quar
ters is that Commandant Fouchc and oth
er Boer leaders in CnpeCoIonywho did
not attend the Vereenlglng conference
will come In of their own accord.
The vicinity of the Mansion House, the
Strand and Picadilly were the favorite
centers for the crowd, nnd the metropolis
seemed to be giving" Itself over to unre
strained rejoicings. Queen Alexandra
drove out from Buckingham Palace at 6
P. M., and was greeted with loud cheers.
DODGED THE CENSORS.
' Nevfs to .Their Papers.
NEW YORK. June 2. Some Interesting
stories are told In this morning's papers
of the ruses adopted by correspondents
to dodge the press censors In South Af
rica In letting their editors keep Informed
of the progress, of the peace negotiations
says a Herald dispatch -from London.
Ihe Dally Telegraph, f or Instance, re
ceived from Bennett-Burlclgh on Whit
monday a cablegram with the words
"Whitsuntide greetings." When the mes
sage arrived without any offlclal dispatch
the first Idea, was that the -transmission
of such a messago' at full rates from the
seat of war was a somewhat superfluous
demonstration of, politeness. A little re
flection, howevar, Iseemejd to indicato the
significance of the 'particular season at
which -the sociable sentiment was ex
pressed. The editor turned, therefore, to the
prayer book, knowing Burleigh to be well
acquainted with holy writ. and. rcadinc
The Great Medicine for Build
ing Up Weak and: Sickly
People in Summer.
RESCUES A LADY FROM NERV
The surest, speediest banlsher of dls
eare and sickness known to medical men
Is' Paine's Celery Compounds
The peculiar virtues of Paine's Celery
Compound. enables It to reach all the
centers wnere disease Is working; it
quickly banishes all pain and trouble.
At this time Paine's Celery Compound Is
a veritable boon to every .nervous, weak
and debilitated man and woman. The all
.ments and diseases that have held people
In bondage and suffering up to the pres
ent, can be Dermanently. banished by the
use of a few bottles of nature's life giver
and health builder. Mrs. Mamie Goukler,
Nor. 66Sl39th street. West Philadelphia, Pa.,
who suffered for months from, severe ner
vous afflictions, writes as follows:
"I beg leave to add my testimony to
the wonderful good Paine's Celery Com
pqund has done me. Soirfe months ago I
was troubled with a general breaking
down of the system. J consulted a physi
cian, without avail, -and; upon the sugges
tion of Ir, John A. Coin, who I believe Is
a. living example of your wonderful cur
ing medicine, I purchased two bottles of
your cbmpound, and I must sayithat I im
proved wonderfully since the first dose.
My nervusness has left me entirely, and
I am now feeling better than I ever did.
You cah rest assured that I will not hesi
tate to recommend, your wonderful medi
cine to my friendo who may suffer from
nervousness In any form." '
over the gpspel for Whitsunday, came
upon the sentence:
"Peace JJeave with you; my peace I give
unto you. Not as the world glvefby "give 1
unto you. Lct-n&t j-oui? heart bctroubled,
neither let it Ae afraid."
"When wc recblvcd Mr. Burleigh's mes
sage to his brother In Giasgow, 'Returning;
tell Lawson, we felt," says the Dally
Telegraph, "that the moment had arrived
and we might fairly take the public into
our confidence." '
The Daily Mail had a most Ingenious
arrangement! It was a simple device, pur
porting to send mining- market news,
whereas It was Tn reality a-code telling all
about the peace negotiations. Here is a
verbatim copy of one. the first of a Ions
series of cables:
"Regarding purehasb gold farm Paxfon-
teln. All , necessary parties to contract
now Pretoria, whltherrtVlf, gone get better
prlcei have every reason believe vendors
wish to sell." '
The simplicity of the device renders ex
planation unnecessary. Of course, this
one instance was but an Isolated success
for a scheme devised to meet all possible
contingencies, but it worked excellently.
It barely needs the translation. "Alf" Is
Lord Milner. The vendors are, of course,
the Boera. Paxfonteln gold farm is the
synonym for peace.
BEFORE PEACE WAS SIGNED.
Correspondence That Preceded the
LONDON, June 2. A Parliamentary pa
per Issued tonight gives the correspond
ence preceding the peace agreement.
From this It appears that General Scnalk
burger. Acting President of the Trans
vaal, Informed Lord Kitchener March 12
that he was prepared to make peace pro
posals. A month later the Boer delegates
submitted propositions. April 13 the War
Secretary, Mr. Brodrlck, refused to enter
tain any proposition based on the Inde
pendence of tho republics. Subsequently
President Steyn, of the Orange Free
State, and Generals Schalkburger and
Botha declared that the surrender of Inde
pendence must be submitted tothe burth
ens In the field. The"BrItlsh Government
expressed surprise at this attitude, but
announced its willingness to accept the
Boers' surrender on the saraei terms that
Lord Kitchener had previously offered
General Botha, and to give facilities for a
consultation of the Boer commandos'.
May 17 General Schalkburger and Mr.
Steyn Informed Lord Kitchener that the
burghers assembled at Vereenlglng bad
empowered a commission to negotiate
peace terms, subject to ratification at
iVereenlgina. Lord Milner, Lord Kitch
ener and tho Boer commission met .May
29. The latter offered to surrender the
Independence ot the republics as regards
foreign relations, to surrender part of
their territory and retain self-government
under British supervision. These propos
als were forthwith rejected. The same
day Lord Milner, General Smuts and
Judge Hertzog drew up a form of agree
ment to be submitted to the conference
at Vereenlglng for an aye or no vote.
This was very similar to the final agree
ment, and with few alterations was ap
proved by Mr. Chamberlain, who, In giv
ing notice of his approval, told Lord Mil
ner he must Inform tha Boers that unless
It was accepted within a fixed limit of
time the conference would be considered
ended and His, Majesty's government
would not be bound In any way by the
present declarations. The Boers asked to
be allowed until Saturday night to give an
answer, and the result was seen in the
termination of the war. The last message
It is, aa evil day for the wife and
mother -wben she scans her worn face
in the mirror, and asks the question,
"Does it pay? Does it pay to sacrifice
health ana happiness
to wedded love?" But
there is another qu.es
tin which rightly
takes precedence of
Does it pay? It is
this: "Is it neces
sary to sacrifice
health and happiness
to wedded love ? "
'Half a million women
answer, No I They
have been weak and
have been made
strong by Dr. Pierce's
They were sick and
u Favorite Prescrip
tion'' made them
well. It will do the
same for almost every
woman who gives it
a fair and faithful
trial. It stops weak
ening: drains, heals
inflammation and ulceration and cures
female weakness. It tranqualizes, the
nerves and encourages the appetite.
"I expected to become a mother, and a
threatened mischance greatly weakened me,"
unites Mrs. E. A. Nations, of Witts Springs,
Searcy Co., Ark., "and my old disease returned.
My husband got another doctor for me bat I
seemed to just drag along and get no better.
At last I told the doctor that if his medicine did
not help me I would go back to Dr. Pierce's
medicines. I did so, and by the time I had
taken them one month I could do my ovrn
housework, except washing, and tended my
garden too. I was stouter than I had c-rer' been
while waiting baby's coming since my first
baby came (thU one was the sixth child). She
is now eleven months old and is a healthy child.
Aft for me, I feel as young now u I did at
eighteen years, of age; am thirty now. I can
cheerfully recommend Dii Pierce's medicine to
ail suffering womankind.1'
Doctor Pierce's Pleasant Pellets care
biliousness and sick headache
NOW IS THE TIME
THE PROMISE OF SPRING AND SUMMER
AH Chronic Invalids Should Take Advantage
of Favorable Climatic Conditions.
There Is No Impropriety in Calling,
attention tp file fact that tb"e Spring and
Summer months afford the best time for
the treatment of Catarrh.
It has been seeji, even during the in
clement and unfriendly Influences of the
severe and the changeable weather, how
the Copeland treatment, even against the
Influence of the climate and weather,
reaches and cures common Catarrh and
Catarrh of the Throat, Deafness, Bron
chial Catarrh and Catarrh of the Lungs.
Katnrp Lends Her Aid.
From now on these wonderful tests will
be made even under more favorable In
fluences, anct all sufferers from Catarrhal
or Bronchial Difficulties, from disease of
The Proper Course for Sufferer.
Great numbers of people suffer from the
malign poisons of catarrh as from other
chronic maladies, without any correct or
definite idea of the nature of their af
fliction. The foljowlng symptoms have,
been carefully arranged to enable many
sufferers to understand Just what it Is
that alls them. Many diseases, known
under various specific names, are really
of a catarrhal origin and nature. Every
part of the mucous membrane, the nose.
HEAD AND THROAT
The head, and. throat become dis
eased from neglected colds, enns
ing Catarrh -when, the condition of
the bloodspredlpoae to this con
dition. "la your voice husky T '
"Do you spit up sltme?"
"Do you ache all over?"
"Do you snore at night?" ,
"Do you blow out scabs at night!
"Is your nos atopped up?"
"Does your nose discharge?"
"Does your nose bleed easily?"
"Is there Uckllns in the throat?"
"Is this worse toward nlghtT"
"Does the nose Itch and burn?"
"Do you hawk to clear the throatr"
"Is there pain across the eyes?"
"Is there pain In front of head?"
"Is your sense of smell leaving V '
"Is the throat dry In the morning?"
"Are yon losing your sense of taste?
"Do you lep. with your mouth open?"
uoes your nose stop up toward nirnir-
This condition often results from
catarrh extending; from the head
and throat, and if left unchecked,
extends dovrn the windpipe into the
bronchial tubes, anil In time attacks
"a.ve yon a cough?"
Are you losing flesh?"
"Do you cough at night?"
"Have you pain in aide?"
"Do you take cold easily?"
"Is your appetite variable?" .
"Have you stitches in side?"
"Do you cough until you gas?"
"Are you. low-spliited at times?"
"Do jou raise frothy material?"
"Do you eplt up yc;ow matter?'
"Do you cougt. on going to bed?"
"Do you cough In the mornings?"
"Is year cough short and hacking?"
"Do you spit up little cheesy lump?"
"Have you a disgust for fatty foods V
"Is there tickling behind the palate I"
"Hsac you pain behind breastbone?"
'Do you fee you are growing weaker V
"Ib there a turning patn In the throat?"
"Do you congh worse night and mornings?"
"Do you have to elt up at night to get
Deafness and ear troubles result
from catarrh passing; along the Eu
stachian tube that leads from the
throat to the car.
"Is your bearing failing?"
"Do your ears discbarge?"'
"Do your cam Itch and burn?"
"Are the ears dry and scaly?"
"Have you pain behind the ears?"
"Is there throbbing In the ears?"
"Ib tbre a buzzing sound heard?"
"Do you have a ringing in the ears?"
"Are there cracklln? sounds heard?"
"Is your hearlngbad cloudy days?"
"Do you have earache occasionally?"
"Are there sounds like steam escaping?"
"Do your ears hurt when you blow yow
"Do you constantly hear noises In the ears?"
"Do you hear better some days than others?"
"Do the noises In your ears keep ypu
awake r' f
"When ybu blow your nose do the ears
"Is hearing worse when you have a cold?"
"Is roarlnr like a waterfall In the head?"
of Lord Milner to Mr. Chamberlain, Juno
1, after the signing; of the peace agree
ment, mentions that Mr. Steyn's name
was omitted from tho signatures because
Tie was too ill to come to Pretoria, add
ing that he had already taken his parole
General Dewet signed for the Orange Free
State delegates because Mr. Steyn nomi
nated him "acting president" on retir
ing from the conference.
BOER. PRISONERS PLEASED.
How the News "Wns Received at the
Bermuda Camp a.
HAMILTON-,' Bermuda, June 2. The
news of peace In South Africa was com
municated to the Boers In the inclosure
on, Hawkins, Island last night. The pris
oners -were' 'delighted, and received the
news with great enthusiasm, shouting,
singing and hurrahing. Some of them
rushed wildly about embracing every Eng
lish soldier they met, and said: "Yester
day we were foes, but today we are
friends." Drinks were served out to the
Boers on Hawkins Island, and the rejoic
ing there continued until a late hour.
The Boers on Tucker's Island also T
celved the news with great joy. "When
the fact of peace was communicated to
them, the prisoners went fairly wild,
shouting and singing the "Folkslled" and
other hymns until 1 o'clock Jn the morn
ing. At reveille the band of "the "Warwick
Regiment moved up to the Tucker Island
Inclosure and played "Auld Lang Syne,"
"Old Hundred" and "God Save the King,"
and In all of these alr3 the prisoners
joined most heartily. The peace news was
received by the prisoners on the other
Islands hero with similar manifestations
King: Receives Congratulations.
LONDON, June 2. King .Edward has
been the recipient of a large-number of
congratulatory telegrams from European
sovereigns. A message ' from Emperor
"Wtilllam Is understood to have been of a
particularly gratifying character,
"tyhilo London went temporarily mad In
a saturnalia of rejoicing over the pews
from South Africa, the telegraphic nerve
system of the empire throbbed responsive
ly. From Canada and Jamaica and from
India and Australia came messages of
congratulation and reports of local rejoic
ings. Gibraltar, Malta. Cairo, Bombay
and Melbourne each In turn recorded the
enthusiasm with which the news of peace
King Edward has received a message
from the pope which conveys sincere con
gratulations on the re-establishment of
Leyds Goes to SeelCrnger.
PARIS, June 2. Dr Leyds, the Euro
pean agent of the Transvaal, who had
the Ear, the Throat, the Bronchial Tubes
or Lungs should recognize this and avail
themselves of the knowledge.
In the Spring and Summer Nature lends
her aid "to the work of the physician, the
causes that produce Catarrhal conditions
are less active, liability to cold 13 re
duced. One month of Spring and Summer treat
ent 13 worth two months of the most
careful Winter treatment, and If all who
suffer, from Catarrh were wise enough to
devote a little of the Summer to treat
ment, there would soon be few cases of
Catarrh to treat; cases of Deafness would
become rare, head noises a curiosity, and
chronic coughs and Consumption would
be reduced to a minimum.
the throat, eyes, ears, head, lungs, stom
ach, liver, bowels, kidneys and bladder,
are subject to disease and blight by ca
tarrh. The proper cqurse for sufferers
is this. Read these symptoms carefully
over, mark those that -apply to your caso
and bring this with you to Drs. Copeland
and Montgomery. If you live away from
the city, send them by mail, and ask for
mall treatment. In either instance, and
whether by mall or office treatment, the
patient may be assured of the speediest
relief and cure possible to medical science.
' THE STOMACH
This condition anay rerult from,
several cause, but tho usual cause
is catarrh, the mucus dropping;
down, into the throat and being
"Is there nausea?"
"Are you costive?
"Is there vomiting?"
"Do you belch up gas?''
"Have you waterbraah?" v . .
"Are you lightheaded?'. '
"Isr your tongue coatod? t
,"Do you hawk and spit?"
Ia thre pain after eating?"
"Are you nervous and weak?"
"Dq you have sick baadache?"
"Do you bloat up after eatlnsT
"Is there disgust for breakfast?"
"Have you distress after eating?"
"Is your throat filled with slime V
"Do you at times have diarrhoea?"
"Is there rush of blood to the bead?
"When you get up suddenly are you dlzzyT
"Is there gnawing sensation In stomachT
"Do you feel as It you had lead la stomach?"
"When stomach Is empty do you feel faint T'
"Do you belch material that burns throat?"
"If stomach 1 full do you feel oppressed?"
CATARRH OF THE LIVER
The liver becomes diseased by. ca
tarrh extending; from the stomach
Into the tubes of the liver.
"Are you Irritable?"
"Are you nervour
"Do you get dizzy?"
"Have you Ob enargy? '2'
"Do you have coffi feet?" hJ ,
"Do you feel miserable?"
"Is your memory poor?" . "
"Do you get tired easily?"
"Do you have hot flashes?1'
"Is your eyesight blurred?"
"Have you pain In the back?"
"Is jour flesh soft and flabby?"
"Are your spirits low at times?"
"Is there blorfilnr after eating ?'
"Have jou pain around the loins?"
"Do you faave gurgling In bowels?"
"Do jou ha.e rumbling In bowels?"
"Is there throbbing- In the stomach?"
"Do yoa have a sense of heat In bowels?"
"Do you suffer from pains In temples?"
"Do you- have a palpitation of the heart?"
"Is there a general feeling ot lassitude?"
"Do these feelings affect your memory?"
" Deafness, Catarrh of the Head,
Nose, Throat, Bronchial Tubes,
Lung's nnd Stomach, Disease of the
Liver and Kidneys, Blood and Skin
Drr Cop eland's Book Free to AH.
The Copeland Medical Institute
The Dekani. Third ani Washington.
W. H. COPELAXD, M. D.
J. H. MONTGOMERY, M. D.
OFFICE HOURS From O A. M. to 13
M.f. from 1 to 5 P. M.
EVENINGS Tuesdays and Fridays.
SUNDAY From IO A. 31. to IS M.
been In Paris for a couple of days, was
informed lato yesterday evening of the
conclusion of peace In South Africa, but
he refused to credit it. The news, seem
ingly, was an unpleasant surprise to him.
This morning, however, sl messenger from
the Foreign Office brought him official
confirmation of the press reports, and Dr.
Leyds Immediately decided to proceed to
Utrecht, Holland, for which place he de
patted at noon. "When questioned as he
was leaving his hotel here. Dr. Leyds de
clared he was pleased with the news, but
he declined to make a statement.
Sympathy for Krnger.
PARIS, June 2. The Municipal Council
today adopted an address of sympathy
with Mr. Kruger, "whose people have so
valiantly fought for right against might."
General Louis Botha telegraphed to his
wife, who Is at Brussels, yesterday, that
he had signed the peace agreement and
would start for Europe next month. The
T.emps and the journal Des Debats both
express satisfaction at the conclusion of
peace. The Tomps, however, says It con
siders the situation in Cape Colony to be.
grave and thinks it is probably causing
mora anxiety to the British Government
than the recent belligerent republics.
Krujrer Sees No Visitors.
AMSTERDAM, June 2. Since the news
was received here that peace had been
concluded in South Africa, Mr. Kruger
has declined to receive visitors or express
an opinion on ' the subject. The other
Boer delegates here are disappointed at
the outcome and are not inclined to dis
cuss the matter.
Boer Leaders Leave Pretoria.
PRETORIA,' June 2. A number of. the
Boer leaders left here today. They are
going to brlngln the commandoes. It Is
expected these operations will occupy
about a fortnight.
The Pope's Gratification.
ROME, June 2. On receipt of the newg
of the' conclusion of peace In South Af
rlcar the Pope expressed his joy, adding:
"I hope to close my eyes on world-wide
' Shbt at a Robber. "
DENVER, June 2. Edward P. Britt, a
private of Company M. Eighteenth In.
fantry, was shot and killed early this
morning by Erank "Wagner, watchman In
.the Elcaney saloon In Sheridan, a suburb
of this city. "Wagner claims that he heard
somebody trying to open ,a window of
the saloon and he shot through the win
dow. Britt enlisted at Boston, Mass., and
served three years In the Philippines. He
had a good record.