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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
THE MOENING OREGONIAN, MONDAY. JUNE
MO MEAT OUT TODAY
Chicago Stockyard Team
sters Gain 125 Recruits.
MTEKPT'TO SETTLE STRIKE
National CItIc Federation to lie
.Asked io Intercede Ice and Coal
Hen. May He Drawn Into
CHICAGO, June L Success having at
tended the efforts of Franklin MacVeagh,
president of the National Civic Federa
tion, in his Intercession with the Union
Traction Company on behalf of the street
car employes, the differences of the strik
ing stockyard teamsters are to be taken
up in the same fashion. At a meeting
of the Federation of Labor tonight It was
said that an appeal should be made to
James H. Eckels, president of the Com
mercial National Bank, -to take up the
teamsters' cause with "the packers. Mr.
Eckels Is a member of the industrial
committee of the National Civic Federa
tion. The appeal will be made tomorrow.
The strikers succeeded today in getting
more than 125 recruits to their ranks, and
the tie-up of the delivery of meat to
morrow will be almost complete. The new
members of the union come from the
branch houses of the four big packing
Since the strike was begun the pack
ers have heen shipping meat by the car
load to these branches, and then distrib
uting it by wagons to their customers.
With the men unionized, this outlet hag
been cut off from the packers, and if any
deliver of meat shall be made tomorrow
It will have to be made by nonunion men.
Up to the present time the packers have
been unable to induce outsiders to take
the places of the strikers.
The executive committee of the 'Pack
ers' Association held a secret conference
today, but refused to make the object of
the meeting public Another meeting will
be held tomorrow. Some conciliatory ac
tion on the part of the packers is ex
pected by the strikers.
Under the cover of Sunday Quiet the
packers scored heavily on the striking
teamsters, and succeeded in filling all
their distributing stations about town ex
cept those in the Fulton Market. The
move by the packers came unexpectedly."
All was done quietly and quickly. The
carloads of meat which have been stand
ing on sidetracks were sent to the sta
tions and unloaded, Ice was brought from
the yards on the cars, and by evening all
was ready for tomorrow's business.
The coup of the packers brings the
Btrike to an acute issue. Up to the pres
ent time the strikers have been inform
ing all who dared to got their meat from
these companies that If such a course
should be continued their ice supply would
be cut off. With some of the distributing
stations closed and others with an Inade
quate supply of meat, the butchers have
been unwilling to take the risk, and have
let their meat reserve run low. The pack
ers say this situation has been changed
and that all butchers in need of meat
will come and get it.
The ice and coal drivers seem to hold
the key to the strike, and to them the
teamsters are turning for assistance.
None of the butchers has been completely
cut off from ice, but an attempt to bring
this about will come tomorrow, and with
it will be tested the real strength of the
strike. Should the ice and coal men fall,
sympathetic strikes may be called.
MIXERS ARE U2VEASY.
Much Depends on Whether Xcw Men
Will Go Out.
WILKESBARRE, Pa., June 1. The eve
of what is looked upon as a most impor
tant week in the progress of the anthra
cite coal miners' strike finds the region
In an abprehensive mood.
At 7 o'clock tomorrow morning the or
der of the United Mineworkers of Amer
ica, calling out all the stationary engi
neers, firemen and pumpmen, unless the
companies grant them an eight-hour work
day at present wages, will go into effect,
and no one can forecast the outcome of
the new move, Victory for either side
will be of Immense advantage, and both
parties to the contest are striving with
all the power at their command to win.
If the union shall succeed In shutting
down the pumps, the mine properties will
suffer damage that may reach into mill
ions of dollars, and if the employers
6houId be able to keep the water out of
their workings without the aid of or
ganized labor, it means that the power
of the union in the anthracite region has
reached its limit, and that all help In the
effort to force the mineowners to grant
the demands of the great army of 147,000
men must come from some outside source.
The mineworkers say they will preserve
the property of the companies if the
engineers, pumpmen and firemen are given
what they ask for, but the companies say
they will permit no outsider to fix the
hours and wages of their men. Neither
side tonight shows the slightest disposi
tion to 'yield.
Practically all the nonunion men to be
employed are now in the region. The
companies say that the number of those
who have volunteered to fill strikers'
places has been large, and that no diffi
culty has been encountered in selecting
An army of approximately SOOO armed
coal and iron policemen, sworn in under
a law of the State of Pennsylvania, Is in
the field tonight, ready to protect these
men and the various mining properties.
There are also scattered throughout the
country, it is said, about 1000 men who are
doing secret work for the companies.
Every colliery In the coal belt has either
a board or barbed-wire fence around 1L
At some of the mines "camp cars" are
lying on the elding for the accommodation
of nonunion men, most of whom will live
In the colliery during the suspension.
A Joint meeting of the Brotherhoods of
Railway Engineers. Firemen, Trainmen,
Switchmen, Conductors and Telegraphers
employed by the Central Railroad of New
Jersey, was hold at Ashley tonight About
600 men were present President Mitchell,
of the United Mineworkers, District Pres
ident Fahey and Charles S. Wilson, vice
grand master of the Brotherhood of Lo
comotive Firemen, delivered addresses.
Mr. Mitchell outlined the strike situa
tion In the anthracite region In detail
and told of the prospects of the miners
winning the strike. He said a victory for
the miners would bo a victory for all or
ganized labor. In his opinion the miners
were going to win. Grand Master Wil
son, in his talk, said if Mr. Mitchell de
manded the co-operation of the railroad,
brotherhood men he could get it without
a dissenting voice. The present strike did
not concern the miners only, but all union
labor. A resolution was adopted pledg
ing the co-operation of all railroaders
if such a move was necessary in order
for the miners to win their strike.
SPECIAL OFJFICERS OX GROCXD,'
Not Popular nt Hazleton, However i
To Keep Track of Men.
HAZLETON, Pa.. June 1. The several
hundred special officers brought here last
night for guard duty at tho collieries In
the Hazleton district were distributed to
day. They will be housed and boarded at
the breakers. Public sentiment here Is
against the special officers, and the local
labor union today made an effort to In
duce the servant girls at the hotel where
they remained over night to strike. The
girls are still at work, however. Some of.
" mineworkers' leaders think thetofQ-
cers are nonunion firemen and pump-runners.
The plan of the coal companies to ex
change engineers, firemen and pump-runners
who expressed a willingness to work,
but not in their, own district, has been
frustrated by the mineworkers by the is
suance 'of orders to the engineers, fire
men and pump-runners who remain away
from their posts to report at headquar
ters tomorrow. In this way the union
will keep track of all hands. The leaders
assert tonight that all of the firemen and
pump-runners will strike. They are not
sure of .the engineers, but believe that
only a small portion of the latter will
continue at work.
The coal companies' agents say they
are prepared to fill the places of all
strikers, and that the calling out of the
engineers, firemen and pump-runners will
not cause them any hardship. In some
quarters the belief prevails that If the
companies succeed in keeping their fires
and pumps going, an effort will be made
within the next two weeks to resume the
mining of coal at some collieries with
District President Duffy spent today In
the Panther Creek Valley, where it was
reported there was danger of the defec
tion of some of the firemen and pump
runners. Situation Is Strained.
The scene that occurred hero last night
upon the arrlvil of a deputation of spe
cial officers was repeated at 7 o'clock to
night, when about 20 officers, in charge of
a coal company agent, boarded a trolley
car at the Hazleton House for Freeland.
The streets were crowded and when the
officers came into sight about 500 men
rushed at them, hissing and yelling. It
was feared the crowd would attcak the
officers, and trouble would undoubtedly
have occurred had not Chief of Police
Ferry and four of his men held the ex
cited strike sympathizers back until the
car left. As the car started the yelling
and hissing was resumed. Two of the
Imported men remained in the city, and
as they proceeded through the crowd un
der police protection to their hotel they
The servant girls at the Hazleton
House, where some of the officers are
quartered,, Immediately after the cpisodo
quit their posts, doclarlng they would
not wait upon the imported men. About
800 men have been in the vicinity of the
Hazleton House all night and the situa
tion is very exciting. A tremendous cheer
wont up from the crowd as the striking
servant girls were esnveyed by a com
mittee of miners from the hotel.
The employes of the Xehigh Valley
Coal Company, who live in the houses
owned by that corporation, have been
notified that their failure to report at
the mines will be considered equivalent to
discharge. All who refuse to return to
work are expected to. vacate the houses.
3000 FURXACEMEX STRIKE.
Only United Steel Competitors Are
Affected by It.
YOUNGSTOWN, Ohio, June 1. A fur
nacemen's strike, affecting all the inde
pendent furnaces and the Republic Iron
& Steel Company's furnaces in the Ma
honing and Shenango Valleys, began to
day, thrbwlng SOOO men out of work. No
United States Steel Corporation mills are
yet affected, but President MeMahon says
thzt some of them will be closed within
a few days. President Thompson, of the
Republic Iron & Steel Company, said
that tho strike Is an unfair one to that
.company, the union forcing the independ
ent furnaces into a position which re
quired 50 per cent greater cost for pro
duction than the United States Steel Cor
poration. Already Practically Defeated.
PITTSBURG, June 1. The blast fur
nace operators of the Shenango and Ma
honing' Valley feel confident that the
strike of the furnace workers, begun to
day. Is practically defeated. The ope
rators say 10 of the 30 furnaces are work
ing tonight, and claim to have new men
ready to take the places of all strikers.
No effort was made to extend the strike
to the Pittsburg district, the leaders say,
because In some Instances superintendents
of furnaces asked for more time and ar
ranged for conferences during the week,
and in other cases because the organiza
tion is not strong enough as yet in this
Reports to the furnace owners tonight
say four furnaces of the National Steel
Company, at Youngstown, and three at
Newcastle, of the same company, are
operating. Also one of the Sharon Steel
Company, at Sharon, and two of the W.
P. Snyder Company, at Sharpsville.
Twenty of the other furnaces in tho val
leys are banked. The strike leaders de
clare that most of the valley furnaces
Thomas H. Fynn, the Federation of La
bor organizer, who has charge of the
strike, says that unless concessions- are
made, the strikers' ranks will be dou
bled within a week. The demand of the
men is. for the establishment of an eight
hour day at wages now paid for 12 hours.
The operators say tho demand Is not
Pumpmen Will Go to Worfc.
TAMAQUA, Pa., June 1. Today a meet
ing of delegates from all the locals In
subdlstrict No. 1 of the United Mine
workers was held at Coaldale to decide
whether the pumpmen In the Panther
Creek Valley should obey the order to
strike tomorrow. The session lasted three
hours, the anti-strike sentiment being
very strong. It is said tonight that the
greater number of the men will depart
for duty tomorrow. Immediately after
the meeting strike missionaries made a
canvass of the men, but It is said that
their efforts will not be productive ot
This evening an official of the Lehigh
Coal & Navigation Company told the As
sociated Press correspondent that the
company had the assurance that a suffi
cient number of men to run the pumpa
would report for duty in the morning.
Shcriff Posts Trespass Xotlces.
SCRANTON. Pa,, June L In anticipa
tion of possible trouble this week result
ing from strikers' places being filled by
other men. Sheriff Schad today sent his
deputies through Lackawanna County
posting big sheets warning all persons
against trespassing. Sheriff Schad has
refused all along to -swear in any depu
ties at the request of the coal companies.
He says If there is need of deputies he
will direct their work.
A canvass made today gives indications
that few engineers and not many more
pumprunners will obey the strike order.
The firemen, it is thought, will generally
strike. The Delaware, Lackawanna &
Western, the Delaware & Hudson and the
Erie men are expected to remain at work,
especially the engineers and pump-runners.
Pump-Runners and Engineers Stay.
SUSQUEHANNA. Pa,, June 1. The fire
men, pump-runners and engineers em
ployed in the Erie Railroad's mines at
Forest City have voted not to go out on
strike Monday. In anticipation of trouble
after Monday the company's property has
been Inclosed with an eight-foot barbed
wire fence, and will be guarded by a largo
force of coal and Iron police.
To Start With Non-Union Men.
DENVER, June L The strike situation
in the building trades is unchanged today
except for the declaration of the owners
of, the -Ornamental Wire Works that they
will start ud tomorrow with non-union la-
l bor. Nb serious trouble Is anticipated if
the attempt is made.
For n. Wenlc Back.
The rnusclcs of the back may be very
much strengthened and all pain and sore
ness removed by applying Chamberlain's
Pain aim, and having the parts rubbed
vigorously for five minutes at each appli
cation. Twenty-five and fifty-cent "bottles
of this liniment are for Bale by all drug
gists. , Vote for I. A. McNarv. rr-milnr "Rfnnh-
jllcan nominee for City Attorney.
THE PHILIPPINES BILL
SENATE CTJLL VOTE TJPOX IT TJCES
' DAY AFTERXOOX.
Intervening: .Time to Be Taken Up
With SpeechesThen Xicaraena.
Canal, and .Then Cuba.
WASHINGTON, June L Under the
terms of the unanimous agreement
reached last Wednesday, the Senate will
vote at i. o'clock Tuesday on the bill pro
viding a form of civil government for
the Philippine Islands and the entire in
tervening time of the Senate's sessions "will
be devoted to 15-mlnute speeches on the
bllL The Senate will meet at 11 o'clock
on Monday and on Tuesday for the pur
pose of giving additional time for the dis
cussion. A large number of short speeches
willbe made, but no order for their de
livery has been agreed on.
Tho general understanding now is that
on Wednesday, after the disposal of the
Philippine bill, the Nicaragua Canal bill
will be called up and made the regular
order of business. An effort will be made
to substitute for the Nicaragua bill the
bill Introduced by Senator Spooner, leav
ing to the discretion of the President
the selection of an Isthmian canal route,
and its champions are claiming a major
ity of the Senate will support them. The
friends of the Nicaragua route, and also
the advocates of a policy that would leave
the President discretion as to the route,
now say there Is no necessity or prospect
tor prolonged debate. A number of
Attacks on the Army and the Administration' Called to
Account by Senator Morgan.
WASHINGTON, June 1. It has remained for a Democratic Senator,
the veteran Morgan o'f Alabama, who has long been prominently iden
tified with the Nicaragua Canal, to put before the country in its true
light tho Democratic attitude toward the Philippine Islands, and to show
up In clear light the, Inadequacy of the .Democratic assaults on Ameri
can sovereignty there and the futility of Democratic attacks on the Army.
In the Senate Mr. Morgan said: '
I voted for the Treaty of Paris, as It came from the hands of tho ne
gotiators without amendment or explanation, ,and I voted against all res
olutions that attempted to attach conditions to that treaty, believing that
If such conditions were proper to'be attached to Its execution, the treaty
should not be ratified.
The question I asmrself Is forced upon me by the attitude of some
of my fellow Democrats, who charge that the- administrative history of
the Philippines has been nothing hut evil and Is due to the policy which
is called "expansion," as a natural If not a necessary result, and that the
vote for ratification of tho Treaty of Paris carried with It these in
It was at this point that the lino ot separation was established when
the treaty was ratified," which today is the lino that separates the friends
of the treaty from its opponents. The opponents of the treaty Teproach
its friends for having supported it, while they don't propose to repeal any
of its provisions. They place the whole question in the shape of a National
curse that is irrevocable, when they could get rid of all the. alleged evils
by repealing the parts of the treaty that relate to the Philippines. Of
this they seem to be afraid. They don't offer to repeal or abrogate the
I excuse those who now see a fatal policy in that cession, and thought
they saw it then, from all accusations of witnesses on that occasion, and
I still excuse them for not trying to repeal that cession, when we know
that the SUCCESS OF SUCH AX EFFORT "WOULD THROW THE
PEOPLE OF THESE ISLAXDS BACK IXTO THE ARMS OF SPAIX,
WHOSE TYRAXXIES HAVE MADE THE3I ITS UXFOIGIVIXG ENE
MIES, AXD WOULD HAVE DISHOXORED THE POLICY OX WHICH
THAT WAR WAS DECLARED.
To have crowned such a war, waged for such generous purposes, with
such a result, would have dismayed stronger hearts than those even that
beat In the bosoms of my Democratic colleagues.
Referring to the Rawlins substitute to commit tho Government ul
timately to release the Islands, he said:
What would be thought of me, as a Senator, If I should copy the lan
guage of the pledge that Is in this substitute In a Joint resolution to
provide for tho future Independence of Alabama, that Is already sovereign
and Is in full exercise of autonomous government? Who would
rise here and assert that such a measure was within the del
egated powfers of Congress? If I should keep my seat In
the Senate after such an effort, I should have no hope of remaining In
the Democratic party as a respectable member.
I MUST DECLARE MY COXVICTIOX THAT WB SHOULD
HAVE REVERSED THE MOST SACRED AXD HOLY PRIX
CIPLE IX OUR SYSTE3I OF GOVERXMEXT AXD THE REAL
GLORY OF OUR IXDEPEXDEXCE IF WE HAD ABAX
DOXED DEWEY'S COXQUEST OF MANILA WITHOUT SE
CURIXG RELIGIOUS LIBERTY TO THE ISLAXDS OF THE
ARCHIPELAGO. I MUST OX COXSCIEXCE FURTHER DE
CLARE. UXTIL FREEDOM OF RELIGIOX IS ESTABLISHED IX
THE ISLAXD OF MINDANAO AXD THE SULU ARCHIPELAGO, IT
WILL DISGRACE THE UXITED STATES THROUGH ALL THE YET
UXWRITTEX RECORDS OF HISTORY' IF WE WITHDRAW OUR
SOVEREIGXTY FROSI THOSE ISLAXDS.
It would bo a terrible reflection on the Republicans of the American
type, and to the followers of Thomas Jefferson, In political belief, that
the United States should bo in the occupancy of a country consecrated to
religious Intolerance, and after it had admitted to such a country a day's
sunshlno ot the freedom ot religion, It should turn that country back to
a sovereign power that would Instantly put out that light and remand
tho people to tho fetters of an established church. If, for this, I must
plead my excuses to my Democratic brethren for Insisting that this car
dinal principle must be permanent in tho Philippines.
If my vote for tho Treaty of Paris prove to be my death as a Demo
crat, my tomb will not be dishonored if it has the inscription, "The
freedom of religion," which Thomas Jefferson wroto for his own tomb as
the most cherished work of his great career?
Whatever else may or may not happen to the Philippines, we have dedi
cated, those islands to tho freedom of religion; we have unshackled them
from tho dominion of an established church, and no power will ever exist
that can undo our work or remand them to that servitude through the
agencies of polltloal or military power. I cannot regret a vote In the
Senate of the United States which God has blessed with such imperish
able good. Much has been alleged that Imputes to the Government a
purpose to enrich its favorites at the expense of the people of the Phil
ippine Archipelago. I feel that simple Justice requires me to express my
dissent to that statement. It is not sustained by tho facts. On the con
trary, there is a feeling ot distrust toward men of enterprise and capi
tal that is calculated to Injure tho islands by keeping tho public lands
unoccupied , and by keeping out of the world's commerce the productions
that would make Its Islanders prosperous and contented.
Tho Islands wore full of Indians, as our country wa3 when Wash
ington surrendered his commission at Annapolis. And It would be quite
as Just 'to say that the Constitution of the United States was a barbarous
edict because It provided for the government of the Indian tribes through
regulations of commerce by acts of Congress as to contend that the pur
pose of the Government was robbery in assuming sovereignty rights over
the various tribes in the Philippines.
IX OUR DEALIXGS WITH THE PHILIPPIXE ISLAXDS, THERE
WAS XEVER A 3IOMEXT OF TIME WHEX WB COULD HAVE
HALTED OR COULD HAVE REVERSED OUR MOVEMENTS WITH
OUT VIOLATIXG THE IXSTIXCTS OF OUR RACE AXD THE DUTY
OF OUR GOVERNMENT.
We are discreetly silent when people In mobs Inflict summary Justice
On outlaws, and should be discreetly careful in "our investigation, but
we declaim against the men we sent out to confront outlaws and to pun
ish them for their crimes.
I DOX'T BELIEVE THAT ANY A3IERICAX OFFICER HAS MALICIOUSLY-
IXFLICTED HAR3I OX AXY BODY OF FILIPINOS. OR
OX AXY PERSON, EITHER BY ORDERS GIVEX TO HIS SUBORDI
XATES OR BY THE SILEXT APPROVAL OF THEIR MISCOXDUCT.
TF OUTLAWS HAVE SUFFERED, IT IS BECAUSE THEY DEFY
TTIE LAWS, HUMAN AXD DIVINE, AXD WREAK THEIR VEX
GEAXCB AXD SATISFY THEIR MALICE, CUPIDITY OR LUSTS
UPON THE IXXOCEXT AXD DEFEXSELESS.
It Is very difficult to restrain the soldiers or the people in the pre
cise methods of legal procedure when they are forced to free the country
from men who are voluntary outlaws.
But what excuse can possibly be found in the conduct of the Army for
tho refusal of Congress to give proper government to the Philippine
Islands? We must either govern them or abandon them, and the more
the Army may have abused these people the higher is the duty of pro
viding for them a better civil government
speeches, however, have already been an
nounced. Senator Hanna will speak at length for
the Spooner bill, as will Senator Klttredge.
Among those who have Indicated their
purpose of addressing the Senate In the
interest of the Nicaragua route are
Mitchell, Foster (La.), Turner and Mor
gan. The present understanding is that the
Cuban reciprocity hill will not be dis
cussed during the week. That measure
Is still in committee, but probably will
be reported on Tuesday or Wednesday,
its terms having been practically agreed
on by the Republican members of the com
mittee, and Senator Piatt (Conn.), chair
man of tho committee, having indicated
his purpose to lay the bill before the
full membership at an early day.
Tho bill agreed on provides for a
straight reduction of five years of 20
per cent of the duty on Cuban goods
coming Into the United States without
Imposing conditions as to Immigration and
labor, or, Indeed, any other conditions.
It Is the present intention to have the
Republican Senators caucus on the bill
reported, with the hope of maklng.it a
party measure and thus avoiding the di
visions in the party ranks which were
experienced over the question in the House
of Representatives. The naval and Dis
trict of Columbia appropriation bills prob
ahly will be reported during the week,
but their immediate consideration will
depend largely on the readiness of Sen
ators to. continue the discussion of the
Three Importnnt Bills In the House.
WASHINGTON. June . 1. During the
coming week the House probably will act
on three Important bills which the rules
committee decided some time ago to bring
before that body at the earliest oppox-
OF THE PHILIPPINES.
tunlty. These are the anti-anarchy, the
Pacific cable bill and the Senate Irri
gation bllL No lime limit 13 to be set
on the antl-anarcny bill, consideration of
which will be entered on tomorrow, but "
It Is not believed "jtbat It will occupy more,
than two days. A day Is to be given to
the bill tor the Government cable to the
Philippines and three days to the irrtga-V
tlon bllL In case the general deficiency,
the last of the big appropriation bills,
shall be ready before the end of the week,
the programme hero outlined may be In
terrupted, as appropriation bills and con
ference reports are o have the right of
PEACE IN AFRICA.
(Continued1 from First Page.)
mons. This statement Is eagerlyawalted,
as It Is understood Mr. Balfour will en
lighten his hearers as to the conditions
upon which the 'Boers surrendered- On
this important point no further informa
tion has been forthcoming other than the
Intelligent anticipations with which the
papers have been filled for the past week.
Concessions Were Small.
Cabling from - Pretoria, the correspond
ent of the Dally Mall, after announcing
tho signing of the terms of surrender,
saya the British authorities absolutely re
jected the suggestion qt the Boer dele
gates that the terms of surrender should
be ratified by Mr. Kruger, and declared
that the Boers In Europe had no hand In
"The terms will show," continues the
correspondent, "that the British Govern
ment carried Its contentions on every vital
point, while tho minor concessions, par
ticularly those in regard to the generous
financial treatment, will greatly appeal to
tho Boers In general. Tho value o Lord
Kitchener's personality as a factorjln the
conclusion of beace can never be overesti
mated. There is no'doubt that peace will
be popular among the Boers."
, Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman, the
Xilberat leader m the. House of Commons,
said in- an Interview on the "announce
ment ot peace: $
' "The "whole country will rSJoIce over
peace.; I know nothing of tlje terms or
conditions, but I hope they are such as
will be- full of promise for-tbe future."
-- , In Other English Cities.
The large cities of England, notably
Liverpool and Manchestercelebrated tho
receipt of the new3 from Sjputh Africa In
k manner similar to that -tfhich prevailed
In London. The country where almcst
every member of the Cabinet had gone
fbr the week end, heard the news too
late "for any organized rejoicings. Wher
ever' telegrams had reached throughout
tna.whole United Kingdom, or where the
glad tidings had become known by any
other means, the keynote of the senti
ments expreased and of the cqlcbratlons
was: "Thank God it Is over."
What Newspapers Say.
In the absence of any terms of peace,
the editorials in this morning's papers are
rather stereotyped and uninteresting, ex
pressing generally arid without any undue
exultation 'thankfuness that the long
ana arduous struggle Is ended and a hope
that the peace will be enduring. The
papers recognize al30 that thero Is a great
and difficult task r ahead In conciliating
and reconstructing" South Africa, and, as
the Morning Post significantly observes,
"to take the right means to prevent what
has been won north of Orange River from
being lost to the south of It."
In this connection It should be remarked
that there' are ' still some small -Boer
commandoes in jCape Colony and prob
ably elsewhere - which were not repre
sented at the Vereenlging conference.
The Dally Graphic In this connection
"Thl3 Is a consideration which may well
chasten our sense of triumph today. We
have done great things In tho war, but
we still have greater things to achieve
While expressing the need of admira
tion for and gratitude to the British
troops, almost all the newspapers un
grudgingly testify to the bravery of the
Boers. On this subject the Standard
"Assuredly, the Boers have no reason
to look back with humiliation on the
events of the campaign. Although de
feated, they aro not disgraced."
The Standard still further exhorts the
nation to accept Its victory In a calm
and dignified manner, and not to Indulge
In "unbecoming or offensive demonstra
tions of jubilation.
Te Daily. Chronicle says:
"We have, gained peace with honor. If
our statesmen are henceforth wise In
making use of their opportunities, we
shall find that, we have also gained peace
Tho Dally News says:
"It will do most to glvo us dignity and
nobility In the hour of victory If wo pay
homags to the Immense and heroic cour
age of our foes. Let us think of them
not as enemies, but as the "bravest fight
ers who ever met us In the field."
The Dally Telegraph Bays:
"It Is well for England that this crisis
arose to be encountered when it did.
Later it would have been too late. Tho
danger we have met and mastered was
a mortal danger, and England alone, of
all the powers of Europe, possesses
wealth, energy, command of sea and In
domitable steadfastness of national tem
perament, which has been taxed to pre
vail over the most insidious and for
midable hostility by which the colonial
dominion of any emplro has ever been
Holiday In South Africa.
The dispatches received hero from
South Africa, describe the rejoicings in
all the principal towns thero which fol
lowed the announcement of peace yester
day and say that today, Monday, has
been proclaimed a general holiday.
In an editorial on the news from South
Africa the Times points out that thero
can be no treaty, but merely, as Lord
Kitchener names it, a document contain
ing "terms "of surrender." Tho Times
is confident that the terms offered to
General Botha a year ago have been
The newspaper-is equally certain that
the Interests of the loyal colonists,
whether of Dutch'.or British blood, have
not been overlooked In the settlement.
The Times pays a tribute to the saga
cious and conciliatory diplomacy ot Lord
Salisbury and Lord" Lansdowne. the For
eign Secretary "Which has built up an
amicable understanding, It declares, with
the United States, and which has done, so
much to sober the reflections ot less
friendly states. ,
BRITISH EMBASSY JUBILANT.
Terms Were Probably Liberal Will
Help Our Trade.
WASHINGTON, June '1. The officials of
the British Embassy are sharing the Ju"
bllant feeling over the -settlement of the
war In South Africa. Official notice ot
the signing ofthe terms ot surrender came
to Mr. Ralkesj the British Charge here.
In a cablegram from the Foreign Office.
It was very brief, and was In accord with
tho statements contained In the Aesoclated
Press dispatches. It probably will be
alone will sustain life, but Mellin's
Food is intended to be and should be
used with fresh milk with fresh
milk it is a complete food,
Mellin's Food not only supplies nutri
tive elements needed by the young
infant, but modifies the milk and
makes it more easily digestible.
SEND FOR A FREE SAMPEE OF MELLIN'S FOOD.
MELLIN'S FOOD COMPANY, BOSTON, MASS.
communicated formally to the United
States Government tomorrow. Nothing
official has been received by the State De
partment from Ambassador Choate at
London, or any other source. President
Roosevelt was furnished a copy of the
Associated Press dispatch, giving the
news of the signing of the surrender
The Impression prevails in official cir
cles that the terms of surrender named
by the British in their negotiations with
tho Boers have been very liberal In char
acter, perhaps from the double desire to
bring the war to a close and to have this
happy event formally proclaimed, before
the coronation of King Edward. From a
commercial point of view, the cessation of
hostilities will result beneficially to Amer
ican exports to South Africa, the reports
Issued from time to time by the foreign
commerce bureau of the State Department
showing that they have suffered conslder
ablyt since the beginning of the war.
Interest on Transvaal Bonds.
PRETORIA, June 1. A proclamation
which was Issued yesterday in connec
tion with the signing of the peace terms
last night declares that, notwithstand
ing the proclamations of Mr. Kruger, In
terest on the bonds of the Transvaal Re
public would be suspended so long as the
war lasted, such interest shall begin to
accrue June 1.
June. 26 and 27, the days of King Ed
ward's coronation, have been proclaimed
public holidays here.
French Somewhat Regretful.
PARIS, June 2. The news of peace In
South Africa reached Paris too late for
publication in the afternoon papers, did
not become generally known yesterday
evening, and hence caused no excitement.
This morning's papers, however give due
prominence to dispatches announcing the
fact, and describing the way the news
was received In London. The comments
of the press are mostly tinged with regret
nt the failure of the Boers to secure inde
pendence, and highly praise the courage
and tenacity of the defeated people.
CRATER LAKE BILL.
Text of the Measure as It Passed
WASHINGTON, May 27. The following
is the text of the act creating the Crater
Lake National Park. In Oregon, as it
finally passed Congress and was signed
by the President:
"Be It enacted by the Senate and House
of Representatives of the United States of
America In Congress assembled: That
tho tract of land bounded north by the
parallel -13 degrees 4 minutes north lati
tude, south by 42 degrees 48 minutes north
If no National Issues are Involved In
this campaign, why have the Democrats
circulated antl-expanslon speeches made
by Democratic leaders In Congress?
"Why Is It necessary to spread tho slan
ders against the American soldiers In
the Philippines, If the contest Involves
only state issues? The Democrats deny
that National Issues are Involved, and
yet seek to make rotes by circulating
literature supplied by the Democratic
campaign managers in Washington.
Will Republicans permit their opponents
to entrap -them by this double dealing?
latitude, east by the meridian 122 degrees
west longitude, and west by the meridian
122 degrees 1G minutes west longitude, hav
ing an area ef 249 square miles, In the
State of Oregon, and Including Crater
Lake, Is hereby reserved and withdrawn
from settlement, occupancy or sale under
the laws of the United States, and dedi
cated and set apart forever as a public
park or pleasure ground for the benefit
of the people of the United States, to be
known as Crater Lake National Park.
"Sec 2. That the' reservation estab
lished by this act shall be under the
control and custody of the Secretary of
the Interior, whose duty It shall be to
establish rules and regulations and cause
adequate measures to bo taken for tho
preservation of the natural objects within
eald park, and also for the protection of
the timber from wanton depredation, the
preservation of all kinds of game and fish,
the punishment of trespassers, the re
moval of unlawful occupants and Intrud
ers, and tho prevention and extinguish
ment of forest fires.
"Sec 3. That "it shall be unlawful for
any person to establish any settlement
or residence within said" reserve, or to
engage in any lumbering or other enter
prise or business occupation therein, or to
enter therein for any speculative purpo32
whatever, and any person violating the
provisions of this act, or the rules and
regulations established thereunder, shall
be punished by a fine of not more than
$500, or by Imprisonment for not more
than one year, and shall further be liable
for all destruction' of timber or other
property of the United States In conse
quence of any such unlawful act; pro
vided, that said reservation shall be open
under such regulations as the Secretary of
the Interior may prescribe, to all scien
tists, excursionists and pleasure-seekers,
and to the location of mining claims and
the working of the same, and provided
further, that restaurant and hotel-keepers,
upon application to the Secretary of the
Interior, may be permitted by him to es
tablish places, of entertainment within the
Crater Lake National Park for the accom
modation of visitors, at places and under
regulations fixed by the Secretary of the
Interior, and not otherwise."
Labor and Socialism.
DENVER, June 1. Tomorrow will be
the most Important day of the sessions
of the .conventions of the Western Feder
ation of Labor and, the Western Miners'
Union. The matter of the adoption of
socialism- or of independent political ac-
tlon will come up In both conventions,
and it is expected that a vote will be
taken before adjournment for the day.
President Boyce and some of the other
leaders predict a victory for socialism,
but It Is admitted that this will not
carry without considerable opposition.
How strong this oppolstlon Is will prob
ably not be known till the vote la
Transport Meade Arrived In San.
Francisco From SInnila.
SAN FRANCISCO, June 1. The trans
port Meade arrived from Manila tonight
too lite to pass quarantine. On board,
besides the passengers, are 28 officers and
854 men of the Twenty-first Infantry.
Domestic and Foreign Ports.
ASTORIA, June 1. Arrived at 6 A. M. and
lett up at 7:30 A. M. Steamer Aberdeen, from
San Francisco. Condition of the bar at 5 P.
M., moderate; Wind southwest: weather
cloudy, with rain.
Tacoma, June 1. Arrived Northern Pacific
liner Claverlng, from China and Japan. Sailed
Schooner Alveno. for San Pedro; schooner
Fred E. Sander, for Port Los Angeles.
San. Francisco, June 1. Steamer Umatilla,
from. Victoria; schooner Signal, from Coos Bar;
steamer Mackinaw, from Tacoma. Sailed
Schooner Edith, for Seattle.
Hamburg; June 1. Arlved Graf Waldersee,
from New Tork, via Cherboug.
New York. June 1. Arrived 1 Aqultalne,
from Havre; Ryndam, from Rotterdam and
Boulogne; Georgian, from Liverpool. Sailed
May 31 Steamer Furnessla, for Glasgow and
Gibraltar. June 1. Sailed Lahn, from Genoa
and Naples, for New Tork.
Queenstown, June 1. Sailed Steamer Etru
ria. from Liverpool for New Tork.
Southampton. June 1. Sailed Steamer Bre
men, from Bremen for New Tork.
New Tork, June 1. Arrived Steamer Minne
haha, from London.
Engineers and Firemen May Join.
NEW YORK, June 2. Members of the
Safety Association ot Engineers and ot
the Firemen's Executive Union are re
ported to have announced that they In
tend to assist the striking coalminers by
refusing to handle soft coal for use in
this city. The union has not yet taken
formal action. Should the threat be car
ried out by the members of the two
unions it will mean the closing of many
factories and business houses. Anthra
cite coal has become so scarce that many
of the factories hive been compelled to
use soft coal. The two unions named In
tend to take this action because they say
their members are arrested for using soft
coal, only last week one of them being
fined $25 for a violation of tha smoke ordi
nance. Dr. Barrows Very Lotv.
BERLIN. June 1. Dr. Barrows, who Is
seriously 111. suffered a relapse this morn
ing and his condition was alarmingly
low. He rallied during the day, but to
night his condition Is again said to be
Want Shorter Hours.
SYRACUSE. N. Y.. June 1. The 200
garment workers of this city, mostly
Hebrews, struck today for a nine-hour
day, with the same -pay now given for
Vote for L. A. McNarj't regular Repub
lican nominee for City Attorney.
Election returns read at the Baker
Do not gripe nor irritate the alimen
tary canal. They act gently yet
promptly, cleanse effectually and
Sold by all druggists. 25 cents.
ANOTHER WONDER OF SCIENCE.
Blolocry Mos Proved That Dandruff
Is Caused by a Germ.
Sclcnco Is doing wonders these days in
medicine as well as in mechanics. Since
Adam delved, the human race has been
troubled with dandruff, for which no hair
preparation has heretofore proved a suc
cessful cure until Newbro's Herplcide
was put on the market. It is a scientific!
preparation that kills the germ that
makes dandruff or scurf by digging into
the scalp to get at the root of the hair,
where it saps the vitality; causing itch
ing scalp, falling hair and finally bald
ness. Without dandruff hair must grow
luxuriantly. Herplcide at all druggists.
It is the only destroyer of dandruff.
To those living
'n malarial districts Tutt's Pills
re indispensible, they keep tb
ystem in. perfect order and are
an absolute cure
or sick headache, indigestion,
malaria, torpid liver, constipa
tion and all bilious diseases.
Tutt's Liver Pills