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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
.THL MORNING OKEGUNiAN. THURSDAY, 'APRIL 10, 1902.
kntered at the Postofflce, at Portland. Oregon.
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it has unmade him now. There were
those then who had regrets for Gov
ernor Lord. .Among them The Orego
nlan has always supposed Governor
Geer was not.
TODAY'S WEATHER Fair; slowly rising
temperature; westerly to northerly winds.
YESTERDAY'S WEATHER Maximum tem
perature, C2; minimum temperature, 37; pre
cipitation. 0.26 inch.
PORTLAND, THURSDAY, APRIL 10.
GENERAL SMITH'S ORDERS.
nual drain compared with the bill for guished English economist, goes farther J
domestic repairs In 1850. He has more than Mr. Crozier, and, speaks with con
Major "Waller's testimony "that Gen
eral Smith ordered him to kill Filipino
prisoners may be set at naught by the
spirited contradictions and explanations
that are springing up. It Is certain,
however, to be exploited for all It is
worth by the antis, who will adduce It
as sustaining their contention that we
are a nation of oppressors In whom the
cruelty of Imperialism has acquired full
Bway. Yet If that contention were true
there would be no point In their confi
dent appeal to the country to repudiate
General Smith's actions. The very con
fidence with which they appeal to" the
National sense of Justice and humanity
Is the best possible refutation of their
own pessimistic plaint
It will soon be four years since Dewey
defeated Montojo's fleet in Manila Bay.
In the Intervening time American
troops, officers and men, have beeh un
dergoing constant change and substi
tution. In all the throng, when we con
sider the unfortunately widespread Im
perfections of human nature, it would
not be surprising to find Ignorant and
vicious privates, and occasionally an of
ficer of Insufficient humanity and de
fective judgment. General Smith, ap
parently, made mistakes. Others have
made mistakes, in peace and war even
the antls, with their worship of Aguln
aldo and their trust in Bryan. Lapses
in discretion and temper are not con
fined to any walk or aspect of life. Our
Civil War was full of them. Our po
litical life teems with them. General
Smith may have erred, and probably
did; but the fact does not Indict the
Administration or the Army or the peo
ple, any more than they were Indicted
by the frauds of Carter and Neely.
It Is upon these minor and scattered
blemishes In our treatment of the Phil
ippines that the antis rest their case
for abandonment of the Islands. But
no mistake made there by any one from
Dewey and Merritt down to the hum
blest soldier or sailor at all affects the
necessity of our remaining there. Mis
takes of Judgment must be corrected,
and crimes against honesty and hu
manity must be atoned for. This will
be done, is being done. But the general
policy of the Government must be
steadily maintained. We did not abol
ish the pay department because Carter
stole or precipitately rush out of Cuba
because Neely and Rathbone embezzled.
No more shall we call the Army liome
because Smith exceeded his authority
or because some soldier brained an
amigo in a fit of passion. If General
Smith has brought reproach upon the
American uniform in the Philippines,
none will regret, it more keenly than
will the patriotc masses of the country
by whose desire the flag Is kept float
ing where Dewey and our volunteers
The atrocities in-6amar required dras
tic treatment of the Insurgent males. In
dealing with such an enemy, whatever
brutality General Smith Is justly
chargeable with, kindness cannot be
permitted. to bungle the work that only
severity can do. The idea that war
wifh savages Is a Sunday school picnic
is diverting, but not available for prac
THE HOUSE IS RIGHT, AS USUAL.
This House report on ihe Philippine
government bill will put the Senate In
a very unfavorable light before the
country. The Senate committee has al
ready gone on record in favor .of a
silver standard If not indeed a free
coinage dollar In the Philippines,
whereas the House stands by Mr. Co
nant's statesmanlike proposal of a gold
standard sliver coin to be maintained
steadily at Its par value of 50 cents.
The issue thus drawn between the two
houses of Congress is emblematic of the
long flght the business Interests of the
country have had to make against the
Senate In its capacity of silver's cita
del. The Senate has spoiled every cur
rency reform bill sent to It by the House
In recent years, and now proposes to
fasten the silver standard upon the
Philippines, while Japan has adopted
the gold standard and even Mexico and
China are contemplating It.
This whole silver proposal seems to
be the Joint product of American min
ing interests and British merchants of
the Manchester school at Hong Kong.
The old Indian argument in support
of the necessity for having the debased
standard of Asiatic silver-using nations
has been brought out to scare Congress
away from an honest dollar. But there
Is, in fact, no national silver standard
in any country of the Orient. Silver Is
the current money of China and the
British settlements, but Chfna has no
national coinage. On the other hand,
gold la the standard In Siberia, the
French .Indies, Japan, Java and British
India.,, Gold Is also the standard of the
European countries with which the Phil
ippines have carried on their chief
trade. Imports into the Islands come
4 from gold-standard countries to the
amount of $13,884,686 annually, while
they come from the silver countries to
the amount only of $5,572,156. Even
more remarkable are the export figures,
which show exports from the Philip
pines to gold-standard countries
amounting to $14,087,165 and to silver
countries amounting to only $2,723,214.
It thus appears -that the silver standard
has failed completely In stimulating any
remarkable volume of trade between the
Philippines and silver-using countries.
The Senate is very slow to learn
many things, and among them Is the
death of silverlsm among the people.
Its proposal for Philippine coinage Is
resented not only by Republicans every
where, but by Independent papers like
the New York Herald and "Democratic
papers like the Chicago Chronicle. To
foist upon the Philippines a currency
system we reject for ourselves would be
the worst possible way to promote pros
perity and contentment there, as is
abundantly shown, not only by the fre
quent complaints at present currency
fluctuations, but also by specific pro
tests against the proposed silver-standard
dollar. It is incredible that the
House should yield on so important a
matter of principle. '
light, more heat; he does not have to
lug water from the well; he has a vast
deal more of conveniences if not more
comforts, but when, he has paid for
them from first to last he doesn't save
much- of the gain In the purchasing
power of his wages since 1850.
This Is the labor situation as the Re
publican finds it in Massachusetts, and
probably the comparison would hold,
good In all the manufacturing cities of
New England, New York, New Jersey,
Pennsylvania and the Middle West.
Governor Geer writes with feeling
against those who have subjected him
to vituperation. Who these may be The
Oregonlan does not know. For itself It
can say that it has used no vitupera
tion against Governor Geer. The Gov
ernor seeme to think that he has been
made, the victim of a factional flght In
Multnomah County. He did not know
how to "line up," he says. In effect;
and so he failed to obtain a renomlna-
tlon. It Is not for The Oregonlan to
enter Into the Intricacies of this debate.
It avoids politics as much as It can, and
such politics as it feels an -Interest in
are altogether above the interests of
individuals. But since Mr. Geer writes
in so plaintive a tone about the sacri
fice of himself to factional contention.
The Oregonlan trusts it will not be ac
cused of unklndness when It recalls the
fact that four years ago Governor Lord
thought himself quite as much entitled
to a renomination as Governor Geer -believed
himself entitled to it this time;
but Governor Geer then did no't for a
moment hesitate to dispute Governor
Lord's claim and to push himself,
through the factional division in Mult-
WAGES AND LIVING.
Judge Simeon Baldwin, in' a recent
address to a Connecticut audience of
worklngmen. counseled them not. to get
married until they have at least $100
ahead, to, eat less meat and more vege
tables, and to be less extravagant in
furnishing their homes. This advice Is
well meant, but will not be heeded. If
a man's own natural instincts of cau
tion and prudence do not prompt him
to defer his marriage until he has some
money saved "for a rainy day," he
will not be restrained by good counsel.
So in the matter of diet the American
workingman has as a rule been a
heavier meat eater than the foreign
workingman, and It will be a long time
before he will consent to change his
diet As for extravagant furnishing of
their homes, few worklngmen exceed
the bounds of such neatness, comfort
and good taste as do not cost much
money. The average American work
ingman receives about $600 a year, and
while this is nominally larger wages
than he received fifty years ago, the
general standard of living has advanced
far out of proportion to the Increase of
Sixty years ago. It Is said, $12 a week
would support a family In more com
fort In New York City than $50 a week
will today. This Is largely due to the
difference In customs and standards of
living, to artificial wants, to the Im
provements and conveniences of modern
life that have to be paid for. While
this standard of living Is steadily ris
ing, for the masses of the people there
has been no corresponding advance in
the purchasing power of their day's
labor. The Springfield Republican,
speaking for the present conditions of
a large and flourishing manufacturing
city of 65,000 people, says that for the
average workman: there has been no
extraordinary advance in wages beyond
I the figures of fifty years 'ago. Cotton
mill hands In 1860 averaged $6 50 week
ly, all classes, and average little more
than that today. Men in the building
trades, all grades, averaged about $10
a week, which is considerably below
present average wages. Agricultural
labor Is little better paid now than
then. On the whole, average wages
show no such advance In the half cen
tury as the standard of living.
Of the purchasing power of wages In
the heart of manufacturing Massachu
setts the Republican says that In near
ly all lines of manufacture there has
been great reduction of prices and great
'increase In the value of the average
wage"; but .if a man Uves according to
the commonly accepted standard, the
situation is not greatly Improved.
Rents are much higher. A house with
an acre of land was rented sixty years
ago for about $10 a month, while today
a modern tenement or much narrower
accommodations and remote from the
city's center will command $20 a month,
The dollar of 1850 would go farther, In
the purchase of food staples than It will
today. It would buy more fuel; It
would buy less granulated sugar, but
about as much good brown sugar. The
Republican points out that the conven
iences and luxuries which have cbme
jto count as necessities eat away all
that the workingman has otherwise
gained In the purchasing power of his
wagea His house Is heated by furnace,
lighted by gas and plumbed for hot and
cold water, and to get such a house he
has to pay "from $15 to $18 a month In
rent Fifty years ago he could get, a
larger and better house for less money,
4 and with more land for a garden. But
THE TRANSPORT INFAMY.
Press dispatches announce that the
reports on the mismanagement of the
Army transport business .out of San
Francisco "will , amaze the country,"
showing, as they do, .a prodigal waste
fulness of Government funds. This
statement may be true as far as Wash
ington, D. C, and some other localities
not directly In touch with the situa
tion are concerned, but it does not ap
ply to Portland, Or. This portion of the
country has been In too close proximity
to the scenes of robbery to be amazed
by anything that can now be shown
by belated Government reports. The
methods of the Quartermaster's Depart
ment, shown by the turning down of
economical freighters when, offered by
Portland brokers at a low charter rate
and the engagement of ancient tubs of
limited capacity at much higher rates
in San Francisco, supplied Portland
with a hint that was sufficient to pre
vent any amazement at this late day.
Frequent and elaborate mention was
made at the commencement of the Phil
ippine outbreak of the masterly nerve
of the grafters who were selling marine
gold bricks to the Government, and the
only new features that can be presented
to Pacific Coast'patrlots are the exact
amounts thus secured. When the an
cient hulk Berlin, built twenty-seven
years before, was sold to the Govern
ment for $400,000, every practical marine
man on both coasts of America knew
that the venerable scrap pile would
have been an expensive luxury at $100,
000. They were hardly prepared to be
lieve, however, that the highwaymen of
San Francisco would receive from the.
Government an additional $580,000 for
changing her narrfe to the Meade, xe-painting-
and disinfecting her.
The ancient Guion liner Arizona,
small, old, expensive and very much
out of date, was picked up at a price far
In excess of that which would have
been demanded for a new vessel of her
size, and when she was renamed the
Hancock the Government paid an addi
tional $547,016 for repairs. These are but
two instances of the fortunes that were
squandered by the grafters of the Bay
Clty. The ancient Manauense, bought
from the scrap pile by private individ
uals for $25,000, was immediately pressed
into the transport service at $550 per
day, although new steamers costing ten
times as much, when offered by Port
land brokers, were turned down" by the
.representatives of the Government as
While the Government officials may
not have been directly Interested In
these colossal swindles, some one has
certainly displayed a reckless disregard
of the tryst reposed In him, or a halt
would have been called long before
these millions had been spent. It was
known from one end of the Pacific
Coast to the other that the superintend
ent 'of the transport service; with no
bther capital or visible means of sup
port except a salary of $250 per month,
accumulated over $100,000 worth of
property In about two years. This
should have given the honest Quarter
master's Department a hint which
might have enabled them to stop some
of the leakage. The Quartermaster's
Department should not, perhaps, be ac
cused of willful appropriation of public
funds, but It does stand convicted of
the monumental stupidity and Ignor
ance which has resulted In the wasting
of millions of dollars of Government
The transport business should be
taken out of the hands of the Quarter
master's Department forthwith and
turned over to the Navy Department
the Lighthouse Department, or some
other department manned and officered
by a set of men who have sense enough
to know that a ship twenty-seven years
old Is never, under any circumstances,
worth more than double as "much as a
new vessel. The transport business has
made San Francisco lively; It has made
some of her poor citizens rich and some
of the rich ones richer. The manner In
which It has been conducted, however,
Is enough to make Dick Turpin and
some of his Ilk turn over In their graves.
fidence of "the approaching abandon
ment of free trade." He says that the
rank and file of the Conservative party
Is almost to a man protectionist Free
tnfde was adopted In 1846 only because
Great Britain needed it In order to se
cure cheap raw materials and- cheap
food for her manufacturing labor. She
had been flrsf in the field of manufac
tures; she had the superior organization
and skill and she had command of the
sea. But In the last forty years condi
tions have changed so that Great Brit
ain's .old-time supremacy no longer ex
ists. No other great Industrial nation
has adopted the free-trade policy, while
Germany and the United States have
become most powerful Industrial com
petitors under a most vigorous system
of protection. The conclusion of Mr.
Hobson is that "a combination of polit
ical and financial necessities has gath
ered In the last few years' which will
compel the abandonment of free trade."
The popular feeling Is against the direct
taxation inseparable from the free
trade policy. The Increased revenues
required by the burden of government
expenditures for! the Boer War can
never be obtained by direct taxation,
but must be secured Indirectly, and In
his judgment a large scheme of Import
Ques is imminent that, however laid,
will be protective In their nature and
effect Great Britain will be compelled
to rely on Indirect taxation for new
The explicit directions given by Qecll
Rhodes in regard to the final disposal
of his body arc quite unusual In the
present day and age of the world. In
ancient times much was made of the
earthly tabernacle that had once been
"of ethereal spirit full," and great care
was taken to preserve It In the sem
blance of what It had been In life.
Latterly the tendency has been toward
quick, though reverent disposal of the
human body after death, and It Is
somewhat singular for a man so prac
tical in material things as was Mr.
Rhodes to enter Into such elaborate de
tail In regard to this matter. The will
of Mr. Rhodes is a formidable document
of more than JJ500 words. It explicitly
directs that the body of the testator Is
to be burled on the top of Matoppo
Hill, in an aperture cut In the solid
rock, surmounted by a brass tablet
bearing the words, "Here He the re
mains of Cecil Rhodes." A railroad Is
to be built to the place of sepulture
"so that visitors may go there to In
spect the majesty and glory of the sur
roundings." The sum of 4000 yearly
Is devised for the proper care of the
spot, and It Is stipulated that no one
Is to be burled there who has not de
served well of his country. Such direc
tions are puite at variance with the
spirit of the age. If it Is thought worth
while to direct the disposal of the hu
man body, it Is usually stipulated that
it -shall be Incinerated and convenient
disposition be made of the ashes, thus
getting rid of It as soon as possible.
THE MULTNOMAH TIE-UP.
The Dalles Times-Mountaineer, Dera.
Reports are circulated broadcast that
the Democrats of Multnomah are -considering
a proposition from the Simon Re-
publicans for an alliance to defeat the
Republican county and city ticket It Is
to be desired that the Republican ticket of
Multnomah be defeated, but notby a
coalition with Simpn. This would be the
most disastrous thing 'or the Democratic
party that could be done. It would be to
place the party of the entire state under
the domination of a man whom his own
party has Just discredited, a man in whom
the people of the state have no confidence,
a man whom they hope to eliminate from
public life. For the Democrats of Mult
nomah to tie themselves onto the tail of
Simon's kite just now would be to throw
away their chances of success, which are
now brighter than they have been- for
years. A combination with Simon would
result in driving many honest voters from
thte Democratic ranks all over the state.
Such an alliance would take from the
strength -of George E. Chamberlain, whom
the state Democratic convention will most
certainly nominate for Governor next
Thursday. It would make his election,
which now seems likely, very nearly im
possible. As matters now stand. Mr.
Chamberlain la an exceptionally - strong
candidate, but coupled with Senator Si
mon, by the act of the Democrats of
Multnomah, he would vanish from the
Two years ago the Multnomah Demo
crats formed an alliance with the Mitcheil
wing of the Republican party. By so do
ing they succeeded in electing a few
members of the Legislature. But their
action weakened the party throughout the
state, and now to form an alliance with
Simon would not only alienate Democrats,
but would drive from the party Independ
ent voters everywhere. The alliance of
two years ago was for the purpose of re
electing Senator Mitchell. Could it be
construed now in any other light than an
attempt to re-elect Senator S'.mon? Two
years ago It drove many votes from the
state ticket; this year it will drive more
If there Is nothing in Democracy Itself
to draw people to it; if the principles it
advocates are not sufficient to commend
themselves to voters without forming
coalitions with a faction of the opposition
Tjartv. then the warty deserves defeat.
Let the Democrats of Oregon, and es
pecially of Multnomah County, stand up
for right and justice, for "equal rights to
all and special privileges to none," for
the principle that office is a sacre'd public
trust and their chances of success are
bright; but let them enter Into a com
bine with Mr. Simon and they had as
well close up their headquarters and quit
According to figures in WIHett &
Gray's; Sugar Trade Journal of March
27, which is competent and late author
ity, the United States last year pro
duced 163,126 tons of beet sugar. This
was produced from 1,521,957 tons of
beets raised in twelve states. Califor
nia produced the largest amount, 580,843
tons of beets, 62,733 tons of sugar;
Michigan fs second with 442,082 tons of
beejts and 42f692 tons of sugar; Colorado
Is third with 181,842 tons of beets and
19,977 tons of sugar; Utah Is fourth with
117,260 tons of beets and 12,748 tons of
sugar. Nebraska was the only other
state to raise over 50,000 tons of beets,
the remaining states of the twelve run
ning. In order of their production, as
follows: New York, Ohio, Wisconsin,
Minnesota, Oregon, Washington and In
diana. A large increase of sugar-beet
area Is promlse'd in most of the states
of the list Including our own, indicat
ing a substantial increase in beet-sugar
production for the coming year.
lional division in Multnomah is a dou-ble-ender,
back-action steel trap, that
catches 'em a-comln' or a-goln'; but It
remains to be salQ that It Just as clearly
made Governor Geer four years ago as
nomah County, Into the place occupied
by Governor Lord. No doubt this fac-J this house was in 1850 lighted by can
dles or dll lamps and heated by stoves.
In the old days he could no most of his
own repairs, but today he has to pay
for repairs to water pipes, gas pipes,
faucets, etc, which makes a large an-
PROTECTION IN GREAT BRITAIN.
Webster maintained that he had al
ways regarded the question of what
should be the American tariff policy as
one to be established and supported not
on abstract economic arguments, but
on the simple grounds of expediency,
because of certain Industrial conditions
then existing. For example, Webster
said that he was a low-tariff man, a
free-trader, so-called, when he entered
Congress In 1812; that the great indus
try of New England then" was not man
ufacture, but shipbuilding. The ships
of New England then sailed all the seas
from Boston harbor to the ports of
India, China and the Philippines. The
great merchants of Boston then were
engaged in the India and China trade,
and a great whaling fleet wentto sea
from Nantucket's Island. Webster, at
the head of New England, fought the
high protective tariff, but he was
beaten; New England was obliged to
accept the situation and invest her cap
ital in manufacturing, and then, of
course, said Webster, with this change
in industrial conditions accomplished,
New England voted for the high pro
tective tariff of 1824 and 1828. ,
The Fortnightly Review, of London,
for the present month contains two ar
ticles strongly urging the reversal of
the free-trade policy of Great Britain
and the substitution of protection.
These English advocates of protection
view the subject exactly as Webster did,
for they say that the British policy of
free trade was not established and sup
ported on abstract economic arguments,
but upon simple grounds of expedi
ency. When free trade was adopted
England was believed to have reached
the 'acme of Industrial development.
There was no need of protection for In
fant Industries. But today new condi
tions have arisen under which British
Industrial supremacy is threatened by
America ,and Germany. Until the Brit
ish industries have been brought to the
"high state ot concentration and unity
which is seen in the mammoth trusts of
America, a specific protection policy is
necessary to meet these new condi
tions." This is the view of Mr. John B.
Mr. John Atkinson Hobson, a distln-
Minlster Wu Is naturally very much
Interested In the legislation now pend
ing for the exclusion of his countrymen
from the United States. He, however,
speaks of the matter In a calm, digni
fied way, says he has no sympathy with
Chinese who attempt to gain entrance
into this country contrary to law, and,
makes the following novel suggestion:
Every community should havo a standing
committee to read on all international matters,
and be ready to give others Information. If
you had this, your people would not ho doing:
an injustice to another nation. Most of you
don't Ttnow the difficulty -students professional
men and merchants have in comings to this
country; If merchants were in reality free to
come here, they would aid greatly in develop
ing your trade.
He evidently doe3 not know that
every American community Is a "stand
ing committee" reasonably well In
formed upon matters pertaining to Its
own labor and trade interests.
Richardson' Noble Service.
Kansas City Star.
The issue of the Congressional Record
containing the report of Captain Christ
mas is at hand. A single reading shows
why the astute Mr. Richardson was
chosen to throw a fit about It In Con-'
gress. Nobody else except possibly' Sul
zer, of New York, or Wheeler, of Ken
tuckywould have been so easily bun
coed" for that is the only word to ex
press what happened to Richardson.
Perhaps the most entertaining part of
the document is the genial Captain's ac
count of his conversations with Secretary
Hay, who, it seems, Is a mere novice' in
diplomacy, and is as unsophisticated as
a college sophomore. The first time the
Captain saw him he frightened the Secre
tary Into a fit by suggesting that Ger
many was interested In the Danish West
Indies. Mr. Hay had never thought at
that before. Here are the "agent's" own
That made a very strong impression on Mr.
Hay. He became actually very excited when
he learned that a German company had con
templated making use of the harbor and of
buying the whole Island. Once he Exclaimed.
"They are trying to sneak into the West Indies,
We can lmagirfe Richardson pricking up
his ears and rubbing his eyes as he read
that passage. Here was the guileless Hay
In the hands of the crafty Christmasf
Here the wily Dane was beginning t
Involve the gullible Secretary in his subtle
machinations! He was simply playing with
his victim as a cat with a mouse. "Ah,
here's richness," murmured Richardson,
in the language of Squecre. But that was
not all the story. Later Christmas was
again In tho Foreign Office with all his
documents. Hear, him:,
Mr. Hay became confused, annoyed and an
gry when I told him what was in my mind.
He was confused because I, a foreigner, had
secured such an unfortunate Impression of tho
nolltlcal conditions in Washington; annoyed
because Mr. Lodge had Bent me- Into the foreign ,
ministry, and angry, or more correctly, en
raged, against Rogers and hlapeople. To me
he said: "Well. It may be that these trust
people' are very powerful, but I will show
them that they do not yet rule the Adminis
tration of this country or Us Congress!"
What could a poor Secretary do when
confronted by such a diplomat as Chrlst
mas? How could he help losing his tem
per and telling everything he knew? And
is not he country fortunate In having its
Richardson, with his powerful intellect to
discover the fraud and save the land from
" TWO PHILIPPINE POLICIES.
The two opposing policies on the Philip- i
pines become more defined and dlstmct.
The bill for temporary government report
ed by the majority of the Senate commit
tee embodies the Republican purpose. The
substitute bill presented by the minority
embodies the Democratic plan.
The first is what its title signifies. It
creates a temporary government. For this
purpose It takes the existing Adminis
tration, gives It legislative sanction with
some modification, and carries It further
on the lines already marked out As soon
as peace shall be established a census
is to be taken with the full Information
necessary to enable the organization of a
permanent popular representative govern
ment Meanwhile provision Is made that
the public lands may be utilized and the
development of the Islands may proceed.
In the substitute bill the Democrats
for the first time adopt a clear and definite
policy on the Philippines. They have
heretofore divided, evaded and shuf
fled. Now they distinctly and unltedly
scuttle. This bill Is unanimously sup
ported by the Democrats of the -committee,
and frames what they have deliber
ately agreed on as the party policy. As
such It presents a tangible and vital Issue
which will be fought out in the campaigns
of this year and in the Presidential elec
tion. The Democratic bill starts off with the
proposition that the United Suites "here
by relinquish" not in the remote future.
but now "all claim of sovereignty over
and title to" the Philippine Islands. The
United States shall hold the Islands only
long enough to establish peace, provido
for the election of a Philippine constitu
tional convention, assure the fulfillment of
the obligations of the Paris treaty and or
ganize an Independent Philippine govern
ment Then wc are to recognize the Phil
ippines as an Independent and sovereign
nation and-withdraw all oar forces, ex
cept at such naval stations as may be
fixed upon. At "the same time we are to
negotiate with England, France. Germany
and other powers for the Inviolability of
the Philippine Republic from foreign inter
ference. That is, we are to haul down our flag,
withdrawn, our forces, give up all power
and authority, and yet stand sponsor to
the world for the conduct of the rnuip
plnes and sponsor to the Philippines for
protection from the rest of the world!
That will be a mighty Interesting Issue,
and there will be plenty of time to dls-
REFLECTS PUBLIC OPINION.
That la Why the Republican. Party
Holds Its Ascendency.
The adoption of "the platform, of the
Oregon Republican party comes as a re
sult of the masterly leadership of Tho
Oregonlan. The platform recognizes
the fact that public opinion has de
manded an advance step. The Oregon
Republicans have had their ears to the
ground and have .shaped a platform not
in discord- with, tote- Republican ideals,
,but.ln harmony, with the music of the
multitudes who. tramp the soil of Ore
The 'Republican party was born into
a success because it did the same thing.
President Lincoln was not so much a
leader of public opinion, but a keen ob
server and a fearless follower.
Public opinion grows from a great va
riety of causes. -No political body has
succeeded which undertook to frame Its
platform first theoretically and create
a public opinion afterwards. The suc
cessful politician is keen to catch the
Impulse of the public heart beat and
to fashion the utterance of his, creed
accordingly. American public sentiment
Is never at a standstill. It Is a growing,
cumulative, changing force. Its pace for
public betterment is always to future
Idealsbut It crystallizes slowly. To
catch the inspiration of its growth and
announce Its establishment of its birth
in time to receive its first approval 13
the acme of the statute politician.
NOTE AND COMMENT.
It never rains but it"' halls.
What's the matter with aerograms for
There is something rotten in Denmark,
and his name is Christmas.
What the Democrats seem to need is
one or two permanent candidates.
When a candidate Is hanged in effigy
would you call It a political pull?
The apple trees bears glorious promise
of future cases of cholera- morbus.
It Is 16 to ,1 that th'- name of Bryan
will not be mentioneod in the convention.
Let us njbtbe discouraged. It will begin
to warm up along toward the middle of
If the platform to be adopted today says
anything about free silver It will be in a
. The spirits of Thomas Jefferson and
Andrew Jackson must prepare to be con
jured up this afternoon.
But it is a safe gues .that the Presi
dent "kept his p!stol hand free all the
time he was in Charleston.
Aguiiialdo has not yel asserted that ha
had to buy Congressmen In order to get
this country to take the Philippines.
Marconi Is said to be negotiating with
J. P. Morgan for the exclusive use of.
the atmosphere by his telegraph com
pany. The mills of justice in New Tork are'
grinding so fast that the Sing Sing dyna-.
mo has to run overtime to keep up with
The unterrlfled will proceed to nom-j
lnate with all the fervor and earnestness j
of a party which stands some chance at J
Elegant gambling resorts are being fitted
up in New York. The trust magnates ap
parently have nojt time to run over to
Monte Carlo every time they get too much
money on hand.
Perhaps President Roosevelt will bring!
a pitchfork home as a souvenir of the
exposition. It might prove useful In hlaj
coming scrimmage with the Northern Se-'
A merchant of Havre, France, has is
sued the following circular: "To evcry
person who buys of me a parcel contain
ing one kilogram of coffee and one-quarter
of a kilogram of tea all of the best qual
ity, and cost S francs, which is much be
low the ordinary trade price I will for
ward gratis 8 francs' worth of books,
pamphlets, drawings, etc., which he will1
be able to distribute or keep himself for
his own library. From this day's date
any one, in sipping his tea or cuffee.
may be able to say to himself that he is
helping, without opening his purse, with
out spending a penny, in the worK or dis
seminating anti-Clerical ideas."
Maine furnishes a story that Illustrates
the grotesque charactec of some prayers
which are offered In entire good faith.
Some time ago an earnest Prohibitionist
The Oregonlan has been a "keen ob- came -unawares on a lone fisherman, who
For some reason the Danish people
are opposed to the sale of the Danish
"West Indies to the United States. We
can only think that this opposition is a
sentlmental'one. As an economic ques
tion there can be but one answer to the
proposition to realize for the first time
something out of these Islanda Senti
ment a at times a costly luxury, and
in this case, shquld It prevail, it will
certainly prove to be extravagantly so.
The outgo from the treasury of the
kingdom r for these islands has been
steady for many years, and the income
practically nothing. Patriotism, It is
said, prompts the King and the entire
royal family to resist the sale, but toll
tics and economy are potent forces, and
the King has reluctantly yielded to
their pressure, -while the Landsthlng
still demurs and hesitates.
Unless there Is speedily a radical
change In Spanish affairs, the youthful
Alfonso will come to the throne next
month amid political conditions that
are far from indicating a long, peace
ful and prosperous reign. Military ln
'subordlnation Is a recent unfavorable
It Is n Hard Grime.
The Portland Oregonlirt puts the whole
matter in a few words when It says:
The simple facts of the question need no em
bellishment. The product known as oleomar
garine Is a fraud when sold as butter. Sailing
under Its jown colors, made of wholesome ma
terials and subjected to ordinary rules of clean
liness In manufacture, no legitimate objection
can be urned against Its production and sale.
Foisted upon consumers as "butter," whether
It Is composed of deleterious substances or not.
It Is a fraud, not only upon dairy Interests,
but upon the public
Whether the bill which passed the Sen
ate on Thursday will mend matters re
mains to be seen. It Is so complicated
that Its enforcement will be difficult, if
not impossible, and the mingling of Na
tional and state laws and requirements
only make it more difficult It would
have been easy, If the National Govern
ment is going to legislate on a matter
which should be left to each state, to
pass a law Imposing a tax on any artifi
cial or mixed substance sold as pure but
ter and have no other complications in
It That would enable manufacturers of
oleomargarine and other substitutes for
butter to sell their products for what It
really Is and no one would be deceived
or Injured. Such a tax should also carry
with It a penalty sufficiently severe to
put a stop to all swindling and deceit,
and such a simple law could be Impar
tially enforced, which is more than can
be said of the one now proposed.
server of what has ueen going on in
the" minds of the people of Oregon1 for
decades, arid tho shaping of tho Rpnub
llcan platform Is believed to be a well
chosen step toward cementing the mass
of voters in the state in behalf of the
Republican party because Its platform
correctly voices the already formed con
victions of the major part of its citi
zenship. Tho politician who is hide-bound to the
idols of the past, and will not put his,
car to the ground to see if humanity 12
not singing a song with which he is
not familiar, is likely sometime to find
himself in a hopeless minority.
The Republican, party, while fond of
Its past achievements and of Its mul
titude of laurels. Is a party of progress,
of push and energy, or Keen observance
and possessed of a sincere desire to
serve" the- public weal. Nd general pub
lic, sentiment .can crystallize without Its
"knowledge" and" approval. It Is most
probable that the platform of Oregon
will be- strongly" ratified at the polls
on the 23" of June next
symptom of the coming storm. General
Weyler's methods are held to be respon- year the campaign of 1904 will be easier
Activity and Sanity Jfeeded.
St Louis Globe-Democrat
The Immediate duty of the Republicans
in the way of carrying elections Is to at
tend to 1902. This will be an Important
canvass. Tho Democrats are preparing
to make the most active campaign which
they have put upjn many years. If they
win this year they will be encouraged to
make the flght of their lives in 1904. On
the other hand. If they aro beaten this
happened at the moment to be qulen
'drinking something from a black bottle.
He -was so much scandalized by the sight
that at the prayer meeting that evening
he referred to the Incident as follows:
"O Lord, we ask Thee to turn from his
evil ways the poor, besotted sinner I seen
this afternoon swigging rum from a black
bottle against the peace and good order
of the state." It so happened that the
sinner referred to 'was present at tho
meeting, and at the conclusion of tho
prayer arose and offered the following pe
tition: "O Lord. Thou knowest that when
the brother seen me I was not drinking
rum, as I don't like It, but Scotch whisky,
which the doctor ordered me to take to
keep away rheumatiz, and Thine be the
glory forever. Amen."
Captain Thomas Bixby, under whom
Samuel L. Clemens (Mark, Twain) served
as pilot and engineer on the old Missis
sippi River boat Swallow, has given in
a New Orleans paper the following de
scription of the engine of the Swallow:
"The craft was a little, shaky affair,
which plied between St. Louis and Cairo,
it had a stem wheel, a place for freight
and passengers, a pilot-house and a placo
on what may be called the pilot deck for
the engine. That 'engine' went aboard
when it was needed, and only then. It
burned no wood or coal, but ate a power
ful slsht of trrass. It was a large gray
mule named Jerry, which worked a tread-
An Untimely Report.
St Paul Pioneer Press.
The dlslngenuousness of those who were
pleading the weakness of the beet-sugar
Industry in order to induce Congress to
shut its ears to "the call of National
honor, ordinary humanity and good busi
ness policy was most astoundingly re
vealed by the beet-sugar concern Itself.
Early In the week it held Its annual meet
ing and the report of the struggling condi
tion in which it finds itself would bring
tears to the metallic eyes of a brass Mo
loch. All the time that Oxnard was- he-
waiungtne sickly conamon 01 tne pour u Samuel
Infant In his Keeping ne prooaoiy Knew " ,..,.-- ---
that the output of the company had I Clemens was chief engineer ana puoi
slbletfor this. He blusters as he did at
Havana, and his commands were re
cently Ignored by half a hundred offi
cers who gathered at a railway station
to show their sympathy for a Captain
whom Weyler had disciplined. When
an unpopular government cannot de
pend upon its army to obey orders
promptly and unquestionlngly. Its over
throw at any time would not be surprising.
It i9 all very well for the opponents
of the Cuban relief bill to Insist that
we should Incorporate in it a cordial
offer of annexation. But suppose' the
Republicans had proposed annexation;
does anybody doubt the intense indig
nation the Democrats would have
shown at repudiation of our "pledge"
of her Independence?
for the Republicans The Republicans
can win in 1902 if. they put up good men
and make an Intelligent effort to carry
tho country. They havo the record, and
the material on which to gain a magnlfi
cent trlumphl All that is needed Is for
them to take a wise advantage of their
opportunities. In the Executive and Leg
islative Departments of the Government
the Republican party has done good
work. It has men capable of leading it
to victory. A reasonable degree of san
ity and activity In the canvass will glvo
the Republican party a great victory In
The Isue in This Campaign.
The Democratic shibboleth in ihe Con
gressional elections this year, as well as
In the Presidential campaign in 1904, "bids
fair to be "Freedom for the Philippines."
but It cannot be more than an academic
battle-cry, at the" best
lumned from 44.5S1.000 pounds in 1900 to
h 77.932,500 pounds In 1901, and that the gross
xii l-JI .. t. (IK K r C.l ftl'l
JJrO HIS UUU KUI1U tip 11UUI iou,uuu w vwiiv.
The gross-earnings jumped from $1,931,707
to $3,521,047. Yet this is the industry that
requires protection at the expense of the
Cuban people, of our National self-respect,
and of a trado which experts, on the ba
sis of known facts and past experience,
assert would be worth from $50,000,000 to
$100,000,000 a year under generous reci
The Family Meeting.
We are all here.
All who hold each other dear.
Each chair Is nll'd; we're all at home!
Tonight let no cold stranger come."
It Is not often thus around
Our old familiar hearth we're found.
Bless, then, the meeting and the spot;
For once be every care forgot;
Let gentle Peace assert her power.
And kind Affection rule the hour.
We're all all here.
We're not all here!
Some are away the dead ones dear.
Who thronged with us this ancient hearth
And gave the hour to guileless mirth.
Fate, with a stern, relentless hand,
Look'd In and thlnn'd our little band;
Soma like a night-flash passed away.
And some sank lingering day by day;
The quiet graveyard some lie there
'And cruel Ocean has his share.
We're not all here.
We are all here!
Even they the dead though dead, so dear
Fond Memory, to her-duty true.
Brings back their faded forms to view.
How life-like, through the mist of years.
Each well-remembered face appears!
We see them, as In times long past;
From each to each kjnd looks are cast;
We hear their words, their smiles behold;
They're round us. as they were of old.
We are all here.
We are all here. i
Tou that I love with love so dear.
This may not long of us bo said; f
Soon must we Join the gather'd dead
And by the hearth we now sit round,
Some other circle will be found.
I Oh! then, that wisdom may we know.
Which yields a life of peace below!
So, In the world to follow this.
May each repeat In words of bliss, ,
We're all all here!
..ii- ...,. f-
had a system of signals wmuu -fectlve
and ingenious. Ly pulling a cord
he could raise a head of cabbage just out
of reach -of the mule. The 'engine' would
start and begin to walk after it. and tho
boat floated majestically down or up tho
river, as the case might be. Without de
siring to be personal. I will say that
Jem' was one of tne most "sent
animals I ever met His voice was more
on the order of a foghorn than a whistle,
being too much of a baritone for the lat
ter. When Samuel wanted to whistle for
a landing he just hit Jerry with k stick."
PLEASANTRIES OF PARAGRAPHERS
Allowed to Go Out.-Caller-Ia Mrs. Meek at
home? Kitchen Goddess-No. mum. It's hex
afternoon off. New York Weekly.
"The Senator is from some Western State. Is
he not?" "His state can't be very far West.
I heard him say his scat cost him only $10U,
Mamma-Fighting again? Why. a good little
boy wouldn't hurt a hair of another boy's
head. Johnny Well. I didn't! I Just punched
his nose. Tlt-Blts.
Pointed Query Mabel Tou sec. I was afraid
If It let him kiss me that I mlsht be sorry
afterward. Esther And were you. dear?
Chicago Dally News.
Kitchen Thrift. The New Mald-And the mis
tress cooks some herself, does she? The Cook
Oh. y!s! But there's nawthln wasted I make
It over Into Irish stews. Puck.
The Bent Pin. "Don't you consider it lucky
to nick up a pln?'r Inquired the superstitious
man. "Not it you pick It up by sitting down
on it." replied tho schoolmaster, prompuj.
Papa (reading paper to mamma) Man half
killed In a glove tight. Jessie Poor man! I
wonder which half it was. Bobble? Bobble
Why, tho top hair, silly. They mustn't hit
below the belt! Punch.
The Parental Opinion. "Did you speak to
father about our marriage?" asked Maybelle.
"I did." answered Count Fucash. "D!d ho ;
give his consent?" "Yes. After a fashion.'
He said that If you had no more sense than
to be willing to marry me. you didn't deserve
any better fate." Washington Star.
Her Inconsistency. First Tramp Women Is
curus critters, anyhow. Second Tramp
What's tho trouble, now? First Tramp Well,
dere's dat ole lady says: "My good man. here's
a tract." an she gives me a tract what's not
for a good man at all. but fer de wust kind of
a sinner. Brooklyn Life.