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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
Entered at the Postofflce ax Portland, Oregon,
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Tribune buJldlngV 'New York City; 4C9 "The
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agencj. Eastern representative
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ace Hotel news stand: Goldsmith Bros. 236
Butter street; F. W. Pitts. 1008 Market street
J. K. Cqopor Co., 746 Market street, near the
jrauicB .uBiet, roster &. orear. Ferry news
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For sale In Ogden by W. C. Kind. 204 Twen
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tion. Charleston, S. C
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For sale In Denver, Colo, by Hamilton &
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TODAY'S WEATHER-Probably fair, with
JriL-1" thC Carly mornln; northwesterly
YESTERDAY'S WEATHBR-Maximum tem
perature S3, minimum temperature. 42- pre
cipitation. 0 23 Inch.
rORTLAAD. FRIDAY, XOVEMDCR 8.
THEIR AWFDL PUXISHMEXT.
The terms of thirty United States
Senators expire on the third of March
1S03. as follows: '
Allison. William B., Republican, Iowa.
Clay. Alexander. S., Democrat, Georgia
Deboe. "William J.Repubilcan. Kentucky
Dillingham. William P.. Republican Ver
mont. Fairbanks. Charles w.. Republican. Indiana.
Foraker, Joseph B., Republican, Ohio
sWrV",aSer' JaCb H" epu6l,can- Ne- HamP-
Hansbraugh, Henry C Republican, North
2RJ"VV1,,,am Populist. Kansas.
HeHfeM, Henry. Populist. Idaho.
Jones, James K.. Democrat, Arkansas.
Jones, John P., Slher, Nevada.
Kyle. James H., Independent, South Dakota,
McEnery. Samuel D.. Democrat. Louisiana,
Una L" Demoarat- Soth Caro-
X!!2Tv5.?ben V Dnioorat. Florida.
? V&m ""Wlcan. Illinois.
T.TZ? ' 2 ReluWioan. Pennsjhanla.
?! nav5e0rKe a- "bllcan, cillforeta.
P?aS0U ' Democr. Alabama
Sa "e o- SepUbl,can' Connecticut.
i0nTSC- "wWIcm. New York.
Il? ' JCt8r a nepuWlcaD. rth Caro-
Rawlins Joseph L., Democrat, Utah.
Simon. Joseph, Republican. Oregon
n$0m . ""-ojuimcan. t-oio-
Turner; George. Fusion. Washington.
xSllSn" Democrat- Missouri.
Wellington. George L.. Republican, Mary-
The effect of Tuesday's elections, as
!fS - 0ff years- especially odd
numbered years, is not great Most of
ll5lalur(a to choose successors to
this- list will be elected In 1902. The
actual result, so far as parties are con
cerned, is a "stand-off." That is, Sena
tor Deboe, of Kentucky, will be super
seded by a-Democrat, and Marvland is
reasonably certain to send Gorman,
Democrat, back in place of Wellington,
alleged Republican. Foraker is practi
cally returned from Ohio, and Allison
Incidental bearing on the complexion
of the next Senate is afforded by results
in other states. Thus, if states now ap
parently Republican continue so in 1902,
there will be an end of Rawlins In UtaH
and Teller In Colorado, while Republi
cans will elect successors to retiring
Republicans in New York, Pennsyl
vania, New Jersey and South Dakota.
Heltfeld may very readily be super
seded by a Republican in Idaho and
Turner by a Republican in Washing
ton, just as Nebraska and South Da
kota have done with their Senators re
tiring last March.
It is a mbstr- depressing thing, what
ever one's politics, to see how silver
has, drJyegrrthe,JDemocrats out of the
Senalefraridl&ft their party representa
tion In.4n&t body confined almost exclu
sively to Southern States. No longer
ago than 1896 the Democratic Senators
inciuaea such men as White of Cali
fornia, Gray T of Delaware, Palmer of
Illinois, Turpie and Voorhees.of Indi
ana. Lindsay of Kentucky, Gorman and
Gibson of Maryland, Hill and Murphy
of New York, Brice of Ohio, Mills of
Texas, Faulkner of West Virginia
Vilas and Mitchellof Wisconsin.
Every one of these men has been
sacrificed on the silver Baal Mth -h
cause he would not swear to a lie or
eise oecause silver drove his party
It is a melancholy commentary on
Bryanism that while the country has
largely come around to tariff reform
the party that won on It as an Issue
In 1884 and 1892 has lost the country's
confidence so that hardly a Democrat
sits In the Senate from a Northern
"WHERE SHAM, OREGON TRADE T
Oregon railroad development is In the
hands of Mr. E. H. Harrlman and his
associates. They control the Union Pa
cific system, which now comprises the
Southern Pacific, and they hold such in
terest In the Northern Pacific as will
protect them from encroachments from
that quarter. They can open and de
velop Oregon or they can leave it as it
stands today, so far as railroad trans
portation is concerned.
Since the influence of Mr. Harrlman
became dominant in certain transcon
tinental railroads the inclination here
has boon to regard him as friendly to
Oregon interests. It is feared that the
news printed in our railroad column
yesterday will tend to ohake the
confidence Oregonlans repose in him.
If the railroad policy is to be to draw
Oregon .business to San Francisco, it
may be set down as distinctly unfriend
ly to Oregon as a state, and to Port
land, the chief seat of its commerce
and capital. Oregon needs Independent
development, development that shall
give it autonomy and knit together its
social, business and political Interests.
The matter of opening Eastern Ore
gon by railroads Js clearly in the hands
of the Harrlman people. If they are
exerclsinsr thlsnower aealnst Portland.
the iactm should he made snown. JfjAUowJng for the fact 4h&. the Turkish
they are pushing the Nevada-California-Oregon
road up from Reno and
checking the progress of the Columbia
Southern southward across the state, it
' 13 a matter of serious concern for 6re
gon. It meaos that San Francisco Is to
be favored at the expense of Portland in
a field that legitimately belongs to
Portland cannot rest passive In this
condition, of affairs. The management
of the Columbia Southern must move
forward. That road should lose no time
in getting- entirely across the state to
the California line. If necessary, Port
land capital must support the road,
that it may go forward. Independent of
the IS'ew York investors. Jt is a profit
able enterprise thus far as an inde
pendent business venture. Portland
cannot afford to let the territory
through which Ic is projected, be drained
to San Francisco. It lies much jaearer
Portland, ,it Is in the" same state, and
there is every reason why its business
affiliations should be with Portland
rather than with San Francisco. Here
Is a matter to which the business Inter
ests of Portland should give serious
ItAYKOR. AND HIS THEME.
Mr. Raynor pleasantly reminds us
that oratory Is not lost. AVe live so
fast these days that if we do not hear
of an eloquent appeal In each day's
news, we think the generation is one
denied the gift of speech. Great ora
tions, as has been well said, arise not
only from the speaker, but from the
occasion, the audience and the theme.
These are combinations that cannot be
evoked at wlH, to satisfy the critic or
delight the ambitious advocate. Daniel
Webster lived for 70 years, yet the
speeches with which he thrilled the
.Nation can be counted on the fingers of
your hands. No one has spoken more
eloquently than Lincoln, yet he did so
but once, at Gettysburg, or perhaps
thrice, counting a brief passage In each
Inaugural. Our popular orator. Colonel
Ingersoll, left his worshipers only three
or four masterpieces at Indianapolis
in 1876, at Cincinnati the same year, add
brief flights of religious fervor. Only a
few hours or moments in a lifetime
can the greatest df 'orators hope to rise
to the supreme helzhis of oinnnonxn
Therefore they are disappointed who
look for oratory as regularly, as their
morning paper or their box at the
Mr. Raynor found his opportunity In
the occasion, the theme and In himself.
The verdict of history was at stake, the
sorrows of a poor, persecuted .old Ad
miral might have moved a less ready
tongue to eloquence, and he was "full
of his subject He came from Mary
land, whose united, people are, on fire
with love for Schley and scorn of his
accusers. His achievement was not",
perhaps, great, but it was noteworthy
both In content and in effect. One need
not expect a bluff old sea dog like
Dewey to be hard to move to tears by
impassioned rhetoric and deft appeals
to professional sympathy. The crowd
in the courtroom was certain to applaud
fccnieys advocate, whatever he said.
The significant tribute to Raynor's skill
seems to rest in the fact of the profound
Impression made upon the court, who
suffered the applause to continue for
some moments, and then hastened to
congratulate him, one and all, including
Lemly himself, who must have wel
comed so humane a respite from the
thankless task to which duty has as
Doubtless Schley made mistakes In
May and June of 1898. We all make
mistakes, which we rue In bitterness
and tears. The careers are few that
can stand unblemished In the fierce
light of searching and hostile Inquiry.
But such mistakes as he made seem
to have been those divagations of dis
cernment which experienced judges as
well as the universal sentiment of hu
manity forgive and forget if proved to
have been Incidental only to the impul
sive promptings of a sound heart, stead
fast and true. Such, for loyalty and
fidelity, bravery and tenderness, was
the hero of Santiago's nature, such, were
his mistakes. They are crowns of glory,
services and sacrifices, achievements
and errors all, compared with the envy
and jealousy that have hounded him
to this closing act in his long life of
heroism and honor. In Mr. Raynor's
panegyric the country will join; and not
only this country, but the hearts of
brave men and devoted women, wher
ever his story Is told. The mistake he
did not make was that of being cow
ardly and ungerierous, and for that,
more grievous In judlcipus eye3 than
anything charged ajralnst him ,!. rif
les must answer In the court' of man
FRENCH CLAIMS AGAINST Trmu-v
The French fleet is prepared to collect
the claims of its government against
Turkey at the cannon's mouth The
history of these claims has a present
Interest worth- reciting.N About ten
years ago a French corporation repre
senting French capital secured from the
Sultan a concession for building a sys
tem of quays on either side of the
Golden Horn, at Constantinople. These
quays were built and opened to com
merce in 1895, and proved -of great ad
vantage to Constantinople, and a profit
able investment The Turkish Govern
ment grew covetous of the revenues of
the French company and began to
persecute It trying to "freeze" It out
and claiming the right to buy out the
The building of the quays had re
sulted In the reclamation of large tracts
of valuable land on both shores of the
Golden Horn, and these tracts belonged
to the company under th& torm. ,,
-original concession, but when the com
pany aeciaed to place this land upon
the market the Turkish Government
refused to give up the title deeds, and
thus caused the French corporation
heavy loss. Then the French corpora
tion was ready to Bell put to the Turk
ish Government but asked from $10
000,000 to $15,000,000 for work that cost
it about $7,QQOj00O. The Sultan, how
ever, was willini? to buv nut tr,a mm
but was unable to raise the purchase
money except by Issue of a new loan
on conditions which his ministers re
fused to approve. This situation was
maintained for several years, until
finally the French Ambassador, M.
Constans. prevailed upon the Sultan to
ralsea loan of $20,000,000, out of which
he could pay the company $9,000,000 for
the quays, and at the same time settle
some long-standing claims of French
creditors for money used in the con
struction of railroads, one of which
amounts, with Interest, to $9,000,000.
These claims. It is said, were Indorsed
long aga by the Turkish courts. After
agreeing to this scheme of settlement
of the quays question, the Sultan, about
two months ago brokehls pledge and
..iis, vuuhoud a. i. wutc idut-iujisutminopie.
Governnient robbed', the French .corpo
ration of a large sum by refusing to
surrender the title deeds to Its land
concession, It cannot be said that the
French company asked an excessive
price for the quays; "but probably the
Sultan was too poor to pay the sum
demanded. In the end Turkey must
yield, for the French fleet can destroy
Smyrna and sequester the revenues of
the Smyrna Custpm-House.f None "of
the DOWertj nf IHlirna nTjll ci'mn m
key, and since the Russo-Turklsh War
of 1878 Turkey has not dared to under
take a war of any consequence without
powerful Continental support.
No better assurance of the determi
nation of the powers of "Europe to keep
the peace is found than this spectacle
of JFrance; bulldozing Turkey without
any interference on party'of Great Brit
ain, Germany and Russia. Neverthe
less, the day may come when Europe
will hesitate before crowding the Sul
tan to the wall. If there ever should be
a Mohammedan uprising in both1 Asia
and Africa, in defense' of the Sultan of
Turkey as "Commander of the Faith
ful," as custodian of the tqmb of the
prophet, Europe would have very
ugly war on Its hands. The ravings 6f
a single "Mad Mullah" cost England a
very severe war with the Hill tribes of
her Afghan frontier only a few vears
l-9im v -nn..V.n4. Ii...l. ' . - -
i "t", " uitti. it Luuii. an unny or u,uuu
men to suppress.
If Turkey should once set up her back
against Europe and preach "the Jehad"
all along the line at Mohammedanism
from Khartoum,, In Africa to India and
China, there would be danger o'f a
series of very formidable and expensive
insurrections against the authority of
Christian powers, like Russia and Eng
"WATCH THD PROFESSOR.
The pronunclamento issued by San
Francisco's Mayor-elect brings reassur
ance from a quarter whence It Is ear
nestly to be desired. We all think well
of the first fiddle Jn the orchestra. His
signal to begin always earns a gener
ous hand from the Impatient galleries,
and life would be considerably less
worth living without his eight bars of
hurry to bring the hero on or the heart
searching tremolo to which the Ingenue
sunens tne grim vlsacv nf tVio mo .,-
Yet few of us, until San Francisco set
the pace, have thought or even wildly
dreamed of picking an orchestra leader,
however luxuriant of hair and vigorous
of baton, for Mayor of a 'city of, say.
Great men have come up from hum
ble beginnings and everybody will hope
for such outcome for Mr. Schmltz. He
has good sense of Tiis own, or at least
listens to sound advice, when he prom
ises to consider well the needs of in
vested capital, to refrain frdm radical
or revolutionary policies, and to see
that business interests suffer nothing
by reason of hig election. These are
wise words, and as they come from the
candidate of men but lately in arms
against San Francisco's business Inter
ests, they are. brave words. They en
courage us to think that the new Mayor
will be as effective no t y,a v,
drawn from the ranks of law or profes
sional politica A man can be a labor
leader and be just. He can be a labor
leader and be wise. We have had
many such men In this country, even
before the days of Mitchell and Shaffer,
and they are on the increase. The hard
headed and clear-eyed men of toil will
not, if they know it, intrust their desti
nies to a traitor or a fool, for the cer
tain penalty of such errors falls upon
their own heads.
When Professor Schmitz talks about
introducing "harmony" into San Fran
cisco's affairs, we trust he is not assim
ilating a painful joke from the realm of
Apollo. Whatever of peace and solace
Inheres in the musician's art is pro
verbially lost upon himself. Latin
America Is brotherly love Itself com
pared with the traditional peace of
church choirs, bands and opera troupes.
Hell hath no fury like a music teacher
scorned, and she who melts all hearts
with divine arias will pull right merrily
the hair of one who tramples mali
ciously on her professional pride. Which
reminds us that the man who can man
age an orchestra successfully for ten
years has demonstrated executive quali
ties of no mean order.
THE PANAMA CANAL.
The Panama Canal has been offered
for sale to the United States Govern
ment by the president of the company.
The canal was begun In February, 1881,
by De Lesseps. who believed or pretend
ed to believe that he could build a tide
water canal for $120,000,000 In less than
eight years from that date. By the
Autumn of 1SS8 the company was bank
rupt, and was forced Into liquidation
on January 1, 1889. The bond and share
indebtedness accumulated at that time
was estimated at $350,000,000, although
not a fifth part of the work had been
accomplished. In 1890 a vleiting com
mission of French engineers sent to the
Isthmus by the official liquidator re
ported that the tide-level cut at Colon
was rapidly filling up, the harbor was
shallowing, and that the plant valued
at $30,000,000 was' rusting away. The
obstacles to a tide-level canal are re
ported to be very great
In 1879 the overflow of the Chagres
River covered with twelve' feet of water
the Panama Railway, which three years
later was sold to the canal company.
The wet season In this region Is eight
months long; the earthquake of Sep
tember, 1882, did much damage to the
Panama Railway, and the climate of
.the Isthmus Is pestilential. The friends
of the Panama Canal contend that if
the plan of the enterprise ba changed
from a tide-level waterway to a lock
canal it can be completed and operate'd;
that the only question Is the price de
manded for the property of the French
company: that if this nronertv enuifl
be bought cheaply pnough, a canal at
Panama could be finished earlier than
one at Nicaragua, and for less outlay.
The only real asset of the Panama
company Is the railroad which It owns
and such part of the work done upon
the canal that would be of service ia
its completion. The Isthmian Canal
Commission reported last December to
Congress that less than half of the ex
cavation was of any value, and the
actual value of what had been accom
plished It estimated at $33,934,463. This
estimate of the total canal assets of
the Panama Canal Includes $7,000,000
for the stock of the Panama Railroad.
The total cost of the Panama Canal is
placed by the commission at $142,342,579,
so that the work already done on the
Panama Canal Is today .worth, to a new
canal not over one-fourth of Its total
Our engineers would probably not ad
vise our Government iapay-ihuch more
than $30,000,000 for the entire, tassets of
the French corporation, which' Is about
nne-thlr? tVinWiinn of irrtiinlt V. T3nnn,n
company held It in November, 1898, and
OREGOfflAy,. PHIDAY,. NOVEMBER. 3, , 1801.
about one-sixth the cash canltal sunk
in the canal. 'The practical result of
mis renewed discussion of the Panama
Canal purchase will be still further to
postpone the buildlmj of any trans
Isthmian canal whatever. Probably the
whole Panama purchase scheme g?t3
Its life from the great railway Inter
ests that have thus far successfully
blocked the Nicaragua. Canal.
So far as Great Britain Is concerned,
it Is- likely that the United States will
be able to build an isthmian canal on
her own terms. The real opposition to
the canal that is difficult to overcome
is the opposition of the great railway
Interests that havd thus far successfully
prevented any decisive action. Thfc
fresh presentation of theproject of the
Panama Canal purchase probably has
these railway Interests behind it.
Dan M. Hogan waa killed at his coun
try home In Illinois a few days ago by
his son, Dan M. Hogan, Jr., in defense
of the latter's mother, whom the senior
HOgan was brutally beating. The Cor
oner's jury promptly returned a verdict
of "justifiable homicide" in the case.
Any community is well -rid ofv a. man
of instincts so brutal as those mani
fested by the elder Hogan in this in
stance, and Coroaers juries have a
very dignified but positive way of say
ing bo. A similar case occurred many
years ago In Clackamas County, of this
saie. a. iaa of some 16 years rallied
to the defense of his mother, who was
being pursued by his father with intent
to kill, felling the latter with an ox-bow
as he passed his son on his deadly er
rand. The lad was promptly acquitted
by the Coroner's jury at Oregon City,
and if he was not congratulated openly
for his sturdy stroke In defense of his
mother it was because the men who
heard his story were restrained in
speech by prudential motives. The
physical argument appeals to the wlfe
beater more strongly than any other,
and when Its conclusions are final, as in
the cases above noted, few regrets ate
The death of Li Hung Chang records
the passing from the stage of Oriental
politics of the most conspicuous figure
of the century. Els history is the his
lUf? nmese diplomacy for more
than two generations. While the civil
ized world may regard the astute old
statesman as unlearned in the lore of
modern progress, It must still concede
to him an intelligence broadened by
contact with the world beyond the Chi
nese Empire and an influence that has
been felt in accordance with this touch
and outlook. Though he was an old
man, he had not attained a great age,
the most authentic designation of the
year of his v birth making him seven
years younger than was the late Queen
Victoria at her death, and much
younger than were William I, Bismarck
or Gladstone at their passing. He re
tained, in, spite of great physical in
firmity, his mental faculties to the last,
and In his death China mourns the loss
of her most sagacious man of affairs.
The probability that Minn TCiinn -r
Stone will be rescued alive from her
Moslem captors grows more dim and
uncertain as the days pass without tid
ings of her or knowledge of her where- j
bdouis. Tne rigors of Winter In the
Balkan Mountains are extreme, and
they begin early. Persons familiar
with the conditions there existing- are
justified In the belief that the hapless
missionary has not been able to sur
vive a practically shelterless life in the
mountains, to the bitter discomforts of
which are added the hardships due to
fatigue and anxiety. Death would, of
course, be the least of many evils that
could happen to a woman situated as
is Miss Stone, and the assurance that
she is beyond the reach of further harm
is awaited by her friends and the
friends of missions with the gravest ap
prehension. Books that sell by the hundred thou
sand are not common. Hence the fact
13 remarkable that tle book written
by John Bunyan In Bedford jail about
240 years ago is a vital part of the book
trade of the present day. Millions of
copies of "The Pilgrim's Progress" have
bebn sold, and'lt L probable that more
copies have been sold In any month of
tne nrst year of the twenlteth century
than could have been disposed of In a
year-in the author's lifetime. Amid all
the so-called popular novels of the day
and there are some that are entitled
to distinction it would be hard to select
one that seems likely to weather the
popular tide of two centuries and a half
as bravely and successfully as has thiB
aiiogory or .uunyan written with a
hojy purpose and Inspired by religious
It is reported that the Secretary of
War In his forthcoming report may rec-.
ommend the creation of a paper force
of reserves which shall consist of men
who have been honorably discharged
from the regular Army, and of officers
who have proved their fitness for com
missions, by passing suitable examina
tion boards, which would include those
who have resigned from the service for
honorable reasons; those who were of
good record In th'e volunteers during
the war with Spain or In the Philip
pines, and men In civil life or the mi
litia who have proved their fitness for
line or staff duty before a board of
regular officers. In event of war, such
a list could be commissioned at once,
A much-married scion of a family
honored in the early history of the state
Is in trouble in this city on account of
his uxorious propensities. The courts
will probably be called upon later on to
decide which one of two women who
call him husband Is entitled to the
doubtful honor and questionable privi
leges conveyed by her claim. The won
der in a case of this kind is that any
woman of ordinary self-respect will try
to establish a preferred claim to the
affections of such a roving blade.
Apparently the greatest difficulty en
countered by Mr. Raynor In his sum
ming up for the defense of Admiral
Schley was in fitly characterizing the
evidence of many naval officers for the
prosecution without denouncing the offi
cers themselves as they deserved. If
courtesy had permitted, he could have
simplified his statements In regard to
them by the use of language that no
one could have misunderstood.
X robber who robbed a robbing ma
chine at Oregon City has been convicted
of his crime and will expiate It by
"doing time" at Salem. In other words,
one Perry E. Polk, who robbed a
nlckel-ln-the-slot machine In a saloon
of that cjtylast August, has been con
victed of the crlme and received sen
tence as provided- by law for all evil
doers, and passed upon some..
FAU CONCERT INLDUZER AlCR
New York Sun.
It Is our duty to try to check once
more the torrent of vlstors that Is rush
ing into Hagcrtown. Their enthusiasm
is praiseworthy, but it is inconvenient
Yesterday was. Springfield Day, and 1144
pilgrims, headed by General Sambo
Bowles, perhaps the mest Illustrious dis
ciple of Dithyramb Dick, presented an ad
dress to that prince of poets. When
nearly 1200 persons go to the Maryland
shrine from a comparatively small city,
the multitudes now treading- on one an
other'fl kibes and tho grass in Pllduzer
Park are easily imagined. It is our ad
vice to all Dickites. whether they are
members of Dick clubs and societies, or
not, to keep away frccn Hagerstown for
the present It seems imppsslble'that the
trowds should not thin out by late Spring.
Meanwhile do not disturb Vq master
as so many thoughtless and Intrusive ad
mirers are doing. Do not vex hlmrin
his bower in Pllduzer, Park where he
meditates the perfect song. "Sun-steeped
at noon and in the raoon nightly dew-fed."
It mellows, trembles, falls. The squirrel
forgets his cache. The sparrow and the
cat listen delightedly. The jackass in the
paddock emlt3 his longest, sweetest note.
The man with the scarlet poll and un
compromising chin beard who is sweeping
the path weeps viBibly and swallows a
option ot navy plug In his vain efforts
to hide his agitation. The master has
rubbed the lamp, the slaves obey:
Tho Autumnal air, vibrant and potent, comes
nsarehlne over tho yellowed and wan grasbes
with the rustle ot aerial chariots at flrat alow,
then quickened as with sportivo engagement It
meshes the late And hvorin- innr ith in
tricate eniacery of frost; soon it lifts itself on
wider wing and wrings from tho orchard trpea
a storm of red and golden apples, and then
with vehement pinion, lean and alacritous, it
rushes into the dulling forest and stirs the
heavy oaks to resonantal hymns.
The driver of -the mail cart smllca from
out the intricate eniacery of his frosty
"Galloway sluggers." Tho park laborer
Wrings the red storm ot his chin, wet
with honest brine. Vibrant and potent,
tho chariot3 of the Funkstown and
Shoatsburg trolley line come marching.
With vehement pinion, lean and alacri
tous, the black and midnight crow ruehes
into the dulling forests of Pllduzer Park
and stirs the heavy croaks to resonantal
hymns. Here begins another fit:
It showers through all animate creation Its
keen arrows to slay tho last clinging memo
ries of the burning Summer, and leaves them
dead one by one on their high places, twisted
and lorn like warm desires suddenly trans
fixed by tho Chill Of rtrnth rMufz-Mncr thn c.i.
let leaves. It hurli them slantingly to their'
long name, ana with delicately tripping fingers
uptllts those fallen and sear and sends thorn
skurrylngly In disordered night, little Irreso
lute Pears fleeing a relentless Pursuit.
Clutching his scarlet poll, tho park la
borer twists and tears hair after hair
ana nuns them slantingly. Remember
that there are no birds in last year's nest,
Dick's good gray cat Walt Whitman,
slays a sheeny sparrow. With delicately
dripping fingers the driver of the mall
cart uptllts a can of beer. Two boys
who haye been stoning the squirrels are
sent skurrylngly in disordered flight little
Dears fleeing a relentless Pursuit lnthe
shape of a pock-markeapollceman. Favete
Unguis! Shut up! Canto Three is trem
bling on the Iipa of Dithyramb Dick:
Gaunt and ribbed, It spirals aloft Into the
paths of the stars and scours the sky and then
headlong descends in hxoad curving sweeps to
raivn tho green and saffron-tinted vales and
slopes, passing and repassing, the Imperative
breath of coming "Winter; it huddles the leaden
clouds Into rough, heaped banks, east and
west, and between rushing in wide rebound
from side to side billows, all the cooling void,
with long skirling moans and thin, high-circled
walllngs; then, -as tho dying day shudders to
Its close. It leans toward the West, and tho
pallid hills, pressing, deep panting and insa
tiate, out to where the sun, like a blood-red
rose, hangs on ihe furtherest rim of earth
wistiuuy low ana passionately still.
The crow spirals aloft and scours the
sky. Over tho green and saffron-dinted
vales and slopes of Pllduzer Park Walt
Whitman rushes with long, skirling
miauls and high-circling waillngs. The
squirrels huddle In rough-heaped ranks.
The jackass shudders in the close. Deep
panting, the mallcart horse kicks In the
pallid fills. The driver, insatiate, wistfully
long and with a passionate "still," hangs
on the furtherest rim of the can. The
leaden clouds are lighted with the blood
red nose of the man with the blood-red
poll. Ah, Dithvramb Dick!
"Where are the songs of Spring? Ay, where
The Highest Climb.
If you thirst for something really new.
If you want to do something which has
never been done before, here is a chance
for you. Climb Mount Everest Its
height is 29,002 feet, and you will not find
anything in the nature of a paper bag on
Its snow-capped summit, for tho excur
sionist has not reached thero yet
The highest point to which man has so
far climbed Is 28,393 feet This Is tho
height of Aconcagua, the loftiest summit
of the main cordillen of the Andes. This
point was reached by the guide Mattias
Zurbriggen and Mr. Vines, two members
of the expedition that went out in 1897
under Mr. E. A. Fitzgerald. Before this
the record was held by Sir William Mar
tin Conway's expedition, which in 1S92
climbed a mountain in the Karakoram
Himalayas. Just 22,600 feet high,
Man having ascended to a height ot
23,393 feet, tho question to be now pon-
siaerea is wnetner ne win ever be able
to reach 29,000 feet
Wo live at the bottom of an ocean of
air, and our bodies are specially adapted
for life at low levels; consequently, when
we are placed in unusual conditions such
as exist at great heights, we are affected
In various ways. Respiration becomes
difficult, the circulation of the blood is
altered, the heart is fatigued, "mountain
sickness" Is experienced, lassitude and
exhaustion follow. ... On this subject
Sir Martin Conway observes: "On two
ocaslons when I have been at 23,000 feet
I have fel that I could have climbed
further, and that If I could have slept
there, I might have climbed much fur
ther. The problem of climbing Mount
Everest will be conflicted by two main
difficulties politics and finance. If the
Government of India would persuade the
Government of Nepal to let the Alpine
Club try, and If about $50,000 were forth
coming, and a good party, with an ample
supply of porters, could devote two or
three consecutive years to the attempt
thero would be some chance of conquer
ing the peak."
The Future of Morocco.
It Is impossible to write on tHe subject
of Morocco without some mention of Its
future. There Is no need to enter Into
speculation and it Is all speculation as
to what that future may be. It need only
be pointed out that, In the Interests of
all the powers of Europe, It is necessary
to maintain the status quo. The Internal
cuuuiuou 01 toe country is not satisfac
tory. The recent long series of arrests,
imprisonments and confiscations has dis
turbed the tranquillity of the governing
classes, who do not know whose turn may
come next, while it mupt be confessed
that the young Sultan's European tastes
have not Increased his popularity. That a
general upheaval may take place Is ex
tremely unlikely, but there Is certainly
a strong existing feeling of unrest, which
tends to let loose the wilder spirit of the
people, who see an opportunity of paying
off old scores and making new ones, and
who are not slow to turn their hands to
robbery and pillage. So long as they keep
those national amusements to themselves
there is little or no danger, but directly
the interests of European traders are af
fectedand their cattle feeding in the in
terior are often looted then the question
becomes one in which the powers are in
terested. Calms are made against the
Moorish Government In accordance with
treaty rights. These claims are always
disputed and often refused, and difficul
ties invariably arise, sometimes ending
in. navai qemonsirations ana shaking tne
very foundations of the rotten fabric of
the decaying country. ,
Jess of the Bar Z Ranch." which was
given at the Marquam last night b Miss
Alice Archer and a very good company.
Is a melodrama on a theme which has
never been overworked on the stage. Most
people have taken a kindergarten course
on the subject of the groat American cow
boy, using the yellow-covered novel for a
text-book and studying It very thorough
ly; but the gentleman with, the sombrero,
the- blue flannel shirt and the ever-active
gun-hand, has seldom figured on the stage
In any such numbers as he appears in
this drama. The story 13 told In far bet
ter style than that of the Kit Carson
and Deadwood Dick authors. The cow
boys are real cowboys, their speech r
calla, the classic pages of "Wolfville." and
when they come In from a ride they have
real dust to shako out of their clothes.
They also shoot freely and cordially, fur
nishing thereby all the heart Interest that
Is necessary, but they slvoot like cow
boys, and onlv nnnn rirvxo tv nnfhm.
tray his unfamlllarlty with the life by
making his hero take off his gun and
leave it lying around loose. It seemed to
bo necessary to take off the gun to give
the villain a sufficient start in the plot,
but your real cowboy wouldn't take off
a gun to make tho plot of the finest drama
The story is located in New Mexico,
and Jess of the Bar Z Ranch, Is a young
lady who comes home from nursing in
Cuba to take charge of her father's ranch.
Rascally greasers steal cattle belonging
to the hero, a rough rider, also recently
returned from Cuba, and make trouble
all round. The girl's brother holds up a
stage and hides In the mountains to keep
his head on his shoulders, making more
iruume 10 Keep tne officers from getting
him. The hero gets rounded up and
stabbed or shot once or twice, but of
course he considers all his wounds mere
scratches, escapes in the end and marries
the girl, while the villain's long, lone wall
sounds from behind a precipice down
which he is engaged in falling at the
time. There are other characters, who,
each in his time, plays hl3 part, but they
all center around the hero and the girl,
although tfvjy throw in a little comedy
in places where It Is much needed.
Altogether tho play will be found en
joyable, free from too mubh blood and
thunder, and Interesting, beyond a shadow
of a doubt.
Miss Archer makes a capital Jess. She
is full of energy and enthusiasm, and
always knows how to make the mo of
the climaxes, of which there are quite a
few. Fin Reynolds, as Maximo Quigg, a
halfbreed foreman and incidentally no
slouch of a villain, does some, excellent
work, and Is good throughout. William
F. Granger Is a rollicking cowboy Sheriff,
James Manely makes a funny "poet lar
iat," Edward Cravon gets plenty of com
edy out of the character of an Irish cow
puncher, and Randolph Robert, of glgam
tic frame, is all sufficient as the liero.
The play Is admirably mounted and cos
tumed. It will be tho attraction tonight
and tomorrow night
Sale of Sent for Harcrly'a Minstrcli.
The sale of seats will open this morn,
ing at 10 o'clock for Haverly's minstrels,
which come to" the Marquam Grand The
ater next Monday and Tuesday nights.
The composer and singer, Will E. Nanke
ville, is now the owner of Haverly's min
strels, and the vocal department of the
now company is said to be something out
of the ordinary, and contains voices of
richness. Such vocalists a George Mor
gan, England's famous lyric tenor; Ben
son Bathrlc, Sam Nankeville. Signor
Mlchlleni. Charles Bury, Edwin Piatt and
three other prominent singers form a
strong octet of singers.
The Fran-ley Enjrngement.
Daniel Frawley arrived In Portland yes
terday and spent the day In arranging
the details of the coming engagement of
"his company at Cordrays Theater, which
opens Sunday night with "Lord and Lady
Algy." Mr. Frawley says he feels sure
that he has tho best repertoire this year
he has ever had. and he Is confident that
tho people of Portland will be pleased
with, the plays he "has selected Since the
long engagement of tho original Fraw
ley company in Portland years ago, the
return of this orrrnnlatinn Vin Soon
Ueagerly looked forward to year by year.
"' ttoiuj oumtiuiL inquiries nave come
to the box office at Cordray's to assure
large houses all tho week.
"Kinjy of the Opium Ring."
Manager Baker, of the Metropolitan,
has received assurances that the com
pany playing "King of the Opium Ring"
this year is the best that has yet ap
peared in that surprisingly successful
melodrama. A large number of specialties
aro carried by the company, and it is
promised that all are above the average.
The play Itself Is one which seems to ap
peal to many classes of theater-goers, and
wherever it Is produced it plays to big
business. For nine nights last year It
filled the Metropolitan to capacity. The
engagement will open at the matinee Sun
day afternoon, Mr. Baker having deter
mined to make the Sunday matinee a reg
Royal Italian Dnnd.
The advance sale of seats for the Royal
Italian Band will open tomorrow (Sat
urday) morning at the Marquam Grand
Theater box-office. The band will give
four concerts, Tuesday and Thursday
nights at the Exposition building, Wednes
day matinee and night at the Marquam
Grand Theater. Tho success of the Royal
Italian Band on It3 tour through the
West, and particularly In California, has
been remarkable, when it Is taken into
consideration that it came here as an
almost unknown organization. True, there
havo been many notices come In from the
East concerning it, but the people rre
who have heard It have sounded its
praises until there aro already a large
number of music-lovers in this city who
are awaiting with anxiety the band's com
Flora Macleod In. Fortnightly Review.
In the sunken City tjf Murlas
A golden Image dwells; ,
The sea-song of the trampling waves'1 '
Is aa muffled" bells "
Where Ho dwells,
In the City of Murlas.
In the sunken City of Murlas
A golden Image gleams;
The loud noise of the moving seas
Is as w oven beams
"Where Ho dreams, r
In the City of Murlas.
In the sunken CUy of Murlas,
Deep, deep beneath the sea.
The Image sits and hears Time brea
The heart Igave to the
And thou to me.
In the City of Murlas.
In the sunken City of Murlas,
Long. oh. so long ago,
Our souls were wed when the world waa young;
Are wo old now, that we know
This silent woe
In the City of Murlas?
In the sunken City of Murlas
A graven Image dwells;
The sound of our little sobbing praj er
Is as muffled bells
Where He dwells,
In the City of Murlas.
Constance Farmar In The Smart Set.
Before Love's wings were dipped
How merrily he newt
'Neath Summer titles of blue,
O'er flowers divinely, lipped.
Gold pinions, azure tipped.
Brought messages from ou.
Before Love's wlng3 were clipped
How nierrily he flewl
Too deep In joy we dipped.
Sweet hidden things wo knew;
So strong the fair plumes grew,
To heavsn'we might have slipped
Before Love's wings were cllpoedl
, . NOTE AND COMMENT.
Ll HungX2hang sat up late1 once too
often with his old friend Death.
With all the new safety devices, foot
ball lsf beginning to be nearly as safe as
Bryan's telegram of condolence to Cro
ker la due, but' no one seems to have
read it. .
The first of the month has no terrors
for AbSul Hamid. Bills are always due
Miss Stone and her captors are giving a
Some day the Sultan will wake up to
find his subjects have got scared and paid
his debts for him.
The possibilities of General'Algers book
as a war drama are so great that they
will probably be developed.
It was fitting that the court of inquiry
should be flooded wlth tears. It added
the flavor of the salt, salt sea.
Even Croker can scare up a few things
to be thankful for If he takes a good,
hard look at his bank account
Mark Twain is now trying to figure out
just what percentage of Low's majority
was due to his (Mark's) speeches.
The returns from Nebraska indicate that
the editor of the Commoner will not be
likely to leave his desk for some years.
A contemporary has an editorial en
titled "Buying and Selling Votes." It Is
probably a stray Item from the market
An Atlanta messenger boy has been sen
tenced to the penitentiary for two years.
His fall is probably attributable to his
An Italian monk was arrested In Paris
the other day. There Is nothing to show
whsther or not they also arrested the
If It were not for tho Sultan, the dip
lomats of the various nations would be
come lamentably deficient In opportunity
for target practice.
Kruger says the Boers would light If
they were forcod to do so. They seem to
have been putting up a very fair imita
tion of fighting all along.
The brigands think they have not been
offered a large enough ransom. They
must think their time Is worth as much
as J. Plerpont Morgan's.
Having- the first call on all President
Roosevelt's writings, tho Congressional
Record Is in a fair way to multiply its
circulation by seven qr eight
Alfred Austin met the Duke of York
on his return with an ode. But such Is
tho Duke's love of his native land'that he
didn't even think of going back to Can
ada. Minister Rookhlil favors the establish
ment of an American bank in China. Min
ister Rockhlll certainly ought to know
by this time that fan-tan Is the only game
that can be made to pay over there.
It will probably be unnecessary to ask
President Roosevelt to write a short mes
sage. A man who can sell everything he
writes to the magazines Is not likely to
fill space very full when there Is nothing
in It for him.
For the last two years members of the
Baptist Church of Saco, Me., have been
annoyed by a sound In the church build
ing. While it was not especially trouble
some, It was annoying from the fact that
it was constant and could not be located.
The sexton hunted everywhere for It, but
without success, until the latter tart of
last week. In making a more thorough
search than usual, he found tucked away
In a gable end a swarm of bees and about
50 pounds of honey.
A "funeral stenographer" Is one of New
York's functionaries. She Is a young
woman skilled in the art of shorthand
writing, who attends tho obsequies of peo
ple of prominence and wealth and Jots
down In her notebook all the complimen
tary things the preacher says about the
deceased. If mourning relatives desire,
she transcribes these notes, and either ar
ranges them In book form or engrosses
them upon parchment, for which she re
ceives adequate, and sometimes exceed
ingly liberal, compensation. Of course,
the prayers are all about alike, and do
not require preservation, but in his ser
mon tho preacher is apt to say some
pretty fine things, and it Is the desire
of many up-to-date families to keep a
record of them. In rio way other than by
the employment of a stenographer can
this record be secured, for as a rule fu
neral sermons are extemporaneous
PLEASANTRIES OP PARAGRAPHERS
Lady Snecnivell Hae your daughters accom
plished much In music? Unfortunate Father
Yes the tenants below have moved. Punch.
Ambiguous. Blla But why did you refuse
him if jou loeti him? Dora Well, you see
lw said he couldn't live without me, and t
aroused my curiosity. Puck.
"De reason some of us doesn't get along,"
saW Unci Eben, "ia dat we sits down
dreamln' of automobiles when we orter be
puhln' a wheelbarrer." Washington Star.
Naturally Disappointed. Blanche Why did
she break off the engagement? Edith Why.
they had been engaged a month, and he never
onee told her she was too good for him.
"My dear, are you feeling any better?"
asked her fond mother. S"I dunno." replied
Dolly. "Is the Jelly all gone?" "Yes, dear."
"Well, I think I am wcil enough to get ud
What He Missed. "Tea; they call it a
'rural play'; but it seems to me there's some
thing lacking." "Why, so there Is; there's
no mortgago on the farm." Philadelphia
Evening- Bulletin. ,.
That's It. They were talking of the New
York municipal oampolgn. Bald one: "What
do you think of Shenard'n rardMoi.vr n.
Stopard thinks of marrying Tammany to
reform it," was the reply. Pittsburg Chron-leie-Telegraph.
In a Dublin paper some time since was a
biographical notice of Robespierre, which con
cluded as follows: "Tills extraordinary man
left no children behind him. except his
brother, who waa killed at the same time."
Glasgow Evening Times
Out of the Question. "Seo here!" cried the
Irate machine politician, "in your paper this
morning you liken me to BilJ Tweed." "Well?"
caW the editor. "Well, you've got to apol
ogize. See?" 'Impossible, my dear sir. Tweed
Is dead "Philadelphia Press.
A Bump for tho Pharisee. "I thank God."
said the Pharisee, "that I am not as other
men." "Oh, I don't know," replied the lady.
"You seem to be lute & good many of them.
I saw you oocupylng a seat In a car last night
when there were lot of women standing."
Why Tommy Remained After School.
Teacher Tommy, in the sentence. "A microbe
Is a minute living organism," parse "microbe."
Tommy Tucker "Microbe" is a common noun,
possessive case Teacher Possessive case?
Tommy Yes' m. First portdn. microbe: second
.person, your orobe. third terson. hl
Teacher Thomas, sro and tV vnm- r?M-
1 cago Tribune.