Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, September 10, 1901, Page 9, Image 9

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of a million- The total exports for the
same period were 510S.000.000. By way of
the Oregon ports they were one and one
third millions.
In other words, Portland's exports to
countries naturally tributary to her 1.2
per cent of the total exports from the
United States to those countries and her
Imports were 2 per cent.
A few days ago I received from the com
mittee having charge of the Charleston
exposition a pamphlet. In it were maps
showing the routes of the travel of trade
and commerce via the Horn and the
Panama route. Commerce from the Orient
for Kew York by way of the Horn and
Suez Canal practically moves- a distance
of 20,000 miles to reach an American port.
The same goods landed upon the Pacific
Coast can be reached by carrying it a
distance of approximately 6000 miles. The
distance by way of the Horn is. so great
that commerce must necessarily be car
Tied on in the sailing vessel, which re
quires at least five months to make the
trip; while the same goods can be handled
hy way of the Pacific Coast ports ana
pass through all the commercial passages
of the United States and reach the con
sumer In practically 30 days time.
Our Government has donated to the rail,
"way companies territory equal to the
largest state in the Union to secure the
construction of railway lines across the
continent.- The railway lines reaching the
North Pacific states and their allied con
nections In the East conservatively cover
a distance of 20,000 miles, reach 25.000.000
people, a large percentage of which should
receive their supplies and interchange ot
commerce by way of the North Pacific
ports. These Northern ports get but a
fraction of their natural trade.
An Oriental ship landing Asiatic com
merce in Portland or upon the Sound,
laden with 5000 tons, allowing 15 tons to
the car, requires 333 cars to haul it to
the state line. Allowing 40 cars to the
train, -ft will require eight trains. These
eight trains, starting from Portland, will
need 40 crews to handle them. To return
-with the trains laden with products of
the Eastern states for the Orient means
40 more train crews, thus making SO train
crews to handle a single 5000-ton ship.
Would Distribute Money.
This means an equal distribution
throughout the whole of the eastern part
of the State of Oregon the wages of the
SO train crews. It means the distribution
in Huntington and La Grande, Pendle
ton, Umatilla and The Dalles and Port
land of the large shop forces and the
large track forces necessary to maintain
the equipment of the road.
The same thing is true of the next
ship that comes in, whether it moves
via the Northern Pacific or the Southern
Pacific. The same is true in the State of
Washington. The same principle that ap
plies to Oregon applies alike to Idaho and
every town in the Northwest between the
coast and the Mississippi River.
A few years ago the exports to the
Orient were a matter of small moment
They consisted largely of lumber and
wheat; but today that country whose
ports are nearest ours loads her teas,
her coffee and her matting, sails past
our ports and lands them at Charleston,
Baltimore and Boston, and we are left
to struggle for a morsel of this trade.
The Interests of the Pacific Northwest
and the transcontinental lines are bound
together in this struggle and fight for
supremacy and control of the Oriental
trade. Their Interests are inseperable.
The advancement of one is the advance
ment of the other. Therefore, it behooves
us to do everything in our power to ad
vertise -to the capitalists of the world
that we are In the field to secure the con
trol of and be supreme in the Oriental
A new civilization has dawned upon the
Oriental countries. Japan has already
-taken her position among the nations of
the world, not only as a commercial, but
as a world power. China, with her 600,
000,000 of people, Is the great field of
struggle for the nations today, fighting
to control her commerce.
The Middle West is the consumer of thB
products of the world, of the teas, the
coffees and the spices. Why should we
not 3o something to attract "the attention
of the world to the fact that this is the
natural gateway? A line drawn
around the globe from East to West
places us in the direct line of travel and
commence, and an. exhibition of the prod
ucts of the soil of these countries held
In our city, joined to an exhibition of the
products of our country, would be the
greatest object-lesson for the world, and
teach the people that here is the nearest
point where they can be Joined together.
A great struggle has "been going on be
tween the nations of the world for su
premacy and control of the Oriental trade,
and but little will be left for the slug
gard, and If we expect to make our fair
state bloom and blossom with commerce
and trade we must expect to be up and
It will not do to argue that the trade
cannot escape us, because we are con
fronted with the fact that it is escaping
vs, and we who should have 75 per cent
of It are controlling but 25 per cent of It,
and largely of a product of which we
alone of the states produce a surplus that
can be utilized in that country.
There Is no reason why the countries
hetween the Oregon territory and the
Mississippi tributary to our great North
Pacific lines cannot and will not consume
175,000.000 of Oriental goods per year;
and they in their turn with their popu
lation of S00.OO0.O00 will certainly consume
more than that of the products of this
territory, without figuring on any trade
from the Eastern States, for, unless we
can get the Imports through our ports,
we never can expect the exnorts for
the loss of imports Is the great blow that (
causes tne loss of exports. Ships must
have cargoes both ways, and it is our
duty to put our shoulders to the wheel
and educate the people that this is the
shortest and cheapest route: that tho. wn.
pie of the United States have an Interest
In the development of this country; that
this trade naturally belongs to this Coast;
that while there may be a friendly strug
gle Between the different ports upon the
Coast as to who shall secure the major
portion of the trade, there can be no
question but that the trade must be se
cured, and there can be no question but
that If we fall to -exert our every talent
and our every energy, there are others in
other communities who are ready to ex
ert them.
What Can We Do.
The question that naturally arises Is,
What can we do to secure for the Pa
cific Northwest the control of this great
and growing commercial field? What Is
there that we can do that will advertise
to the world and forcibly Illustrate by
practical demonstration that our location
is the correct one to be used from a com
mercial and financial standpoint?
I answer by asking you a question
What Is there that will do more to at
tract the attention of the world to our
location than to bring together at this
port on this Coast the products of the
Orient and the products of the Eastern
and Western states? What is there that
will do more to advertise to 75,000,000 of
people of the United States, to 5,000,000 of
the people of Canada, to the great na
tions of Europe, to Japan and the Orient
that this is the natural trade channel?
That 20,000 miles of railroad have been
huilt, costing millions of dollars; that
great sea ports have been provided, with
the result that there is every facility for
handling the vast trade and commerce of
the Pacific
Thus we can advertise to the world that
Portland and the Pacific Northwest form
this natural trade channel.
Charleston. S. C, with a population of
5,000 people, raised a quarter of a mil
lion dollars, without a dollar's assistance
from outside; built five magnificent build
ings, covering over five acres of ground,
and are building others on their exposi
tion ground, covering 200 acres. She is
commemorating the achievements of the
little Isle of Cuba, with her sprinkling of
population. Her Exposition runs from
December to June.
We have double the population, triple
the wealth, and are without another ex
position town within 2000 miles of us. Why
can we not succeed?
Little Charleston announces that she
will open her exposition out of debt.
We, the citizens of Portland and the
Pacific Northwest, who desire to see this
trade and commerce come to its natural
location, will put our shoulders to the
wheel and will demonstrate to the world
that in 1905 we will not only celebrate the
achievements of President Jefferson in
scuring to the government of this Union
this magnificent domain, but will cele
brate the achievements of President Mc
Kinley in securing the vast domain of the
Pacific and opening up the channels of
trade and commerce with the Orient, that
we might prosper and bloom as a great
and populous country.
Golf Club Will Take an Option on the
Lambert Tract.
There have been some negotiations for
the purchase of the entire Lambert tract
consisting of some 320 acres between Sell
wood and Mllwaukie by the Golf Asso
ciation. The plans, as talked of, are that
a boulevard should be built through the
land from the Mllwaukie road, and the
gravel is to come from P. Scott's ground
on Johnson Creek, also that part of the
contract Is to be cut up into five-acre
pieces. These are the plans that have
been generally discussed, and it was re
ported that the sale had been made; but
J. H. Lambert, the owner, said yester
day evening that such is not the case.
He had been- approached on the subject
some time ago, he said, but he had not
heard from the intending purchasers re
cently. However, they have an option on
the land In question, and will probable
consummate the purchase. It Includes
that portion occupied by the golf ground,
which takes in about SO acres. It will
mean much improvement and the erec
tion of five residences. It is contemplated
to keep the golf grounds intact.
Cost of Cycle Construction.
It Is now estimated that the cycle path,
building on Mllwaukie road, between Hol
gate and Division streets, will not cost
when completed over $700. It is about a
mile In length. Owing to the extreme
hardness of the ground and other unfa
vorable conditions, It has not been easy
to build. It is not yet finished, but will
be completed this week, with exception
of about 100 feet north from the corner
of Powell street.where the Brooklyn-street
railway will cross Mllwaukie street, which
will have to be omitted for the present.
It cost ?900" to build the cycle path on
East Twenty-iirst street, between Division
and the Southern Pacific shops, by con
tract, with favorable conditions and easy
construction. The comparison of cost of
the two paths shows that the county can
build paths much cheaper than by letting
contracts. The path on East Twenty
first Is several blocks shorter than the
Milwaukie-street path, yet the cost Is
much more.
Mishap to an Outing Party.
A party, composed of Ralph Routledge
and A. H. Averill and their families, have
just returned from a trip on Bull Run.
While returning they met with a mishap,
which fortunately was not serious. Near
the crossing on the north side of Bull
Run. one of the wagons was upset on
a steep grade, and the horse thrown over
on his side. There was a steep hill on
one side, and had the wagon upset that
way it would have rolled to destruction
very quickly. After much trouble the
wagon was righted, and an attempt was
made to start, but the horse, which, up
to that time, had been trusty and faith
ful, refused to budge. He was hitched
to a long rope and one end attached to
the buggy. Mr. Routledge got between
the shafts to steer the wagon, but it was
no go. They then changed the horses
and came along all right. They could not
understand what was the matter with the
horse, but attributed it to the harness.
Outside of the accident the party enjoyed
their outing immensely.
Tracklnylnj? Fropfressingr.
Tracklaylng Is going forward on the
Brooklyn branch of the City & Suburban
Railway Company. Work was started on
Grand avenue at Division street, and the
rails have been spiked to the ties as far
as Ellsworth and the curve made at this
corner yesterday. Iron and ties were
distributed yesterday to Milwaukie street,
and the tracklayers are pushing the work.
Poles for the trolley have been planted
from Harrison street and across the Steph
ens bridge. The track will be finished to
Milwaukie street this week.
All New Street Work Held Up.
Inquiry is made as to !the reason why
the contract for the Improvement of
Stephens street, between Grand avenue
and East Twelfth, was not let after bids
had been called for. For information it
may be said that all new street work,
of which a great deal had been projected,
was held up on account of the Bellinger
decision concerning streets. Stephens is
one of the streets affected. It was also
desired to Improve Mill street, - parallel
to Stephens, but the movement was sus
pended also. A decision from the Su
preme Court is expected In October.
Will Gravel the Street.
Councilman Sherrett, of the Eighth
Ward, said yesterday that the Portland
City & Oregon Railway Company will
gravel the west side of Mllwaukie street,
between the track and the curb. This
will provide a good roadway for teams.
The east side of Milwaukie street Is oc
cupied by the railway track and the bi
cycle path, and is not used by vehicles.
The railway company has opened a Jiejv
gravel pit on the Mount Scott Railway
where there is an abundance of excellent
gravel for ballasting and street improv
ing purposes. Screens have been put in
which will faclliate the handling of the
Want Jfame Changed.
Residents of Falrview want the post
office name Cleone of that placed changed
to Falrview, to remove constant confu
sion. For 45 years the place has been
known as Falrview. It is so designated
on the maps and time-cards of the O. R.
& N. Co., and it is generally known as
Falrview. There is a small place in Coos
County that is called Falrview, and for
that reason the name Cleone was givBn
the postofflce. It is earnestly desired that
it be changed to Fairview, so the confu
sion that constantly happens may be done
away with.
Stafford Is Alive.
Sim Stafford, who was reported dead
some time ago In California, is circulating
alive among his East Side friends. He
thinks that his presence is sufficient re
futation of the false report. For the past
three years, ever since he left Portland,
he was in California mostly in the mines
of Shasta County. He says he is glad
to greet his old friends once more. Staf
ford was formerly connected with Engine
Company No. 7.
Fire Hydrants Wanted.
A committee of property-owners has
petitioned for at least two fire hydrants
to be placed at suitable places on East
Twenty-sixth street, between Division and
Powell streets. One is wanted at about
the junction of the Richmond and Wood
stock railways, on account of the many
houses to the eastward.
East Side Xotes.
George McGowan, who lives north of
Mount Tabor, is able to be about after
having been confined to his home with
broken ribs, caused by a fall from a horse
while on a trip to Mount Hood.
Sellwood now has two mail deliveries
per day by the carrier. Mail arrives from
Portland at the Sellwood office at 7:30 In
the morning, and the carrier starts out
on his route at 8 o'clock. Mail in the
afternoon arrives at 1 o'clock, thus ena
bling an afternoon delivery.
Wise Bros., dentists, both 'phone3. The
"The best "olll I ever used," is the fre
quent remark of purchasers of Carter's
Little Liver Pills. When you try them
you will say the same.
Several Defendants Under Indict
ment Fail to Appear "When Their
Names Were Called Notes.
The September term of the State Cir
cuit Court opened yesterday with a large
attendance of lawyers, the four Judges,
Frazer, Cleland, George and Sears occu
pying the bench. The courtroom of de
partment No. 1 has been refurnished dur
ing the vacation, and presents a much
Improved appearance. The floor is cov
ered with new linoleum, there are new
chairs for the jurors, and new chairs
and tables for the attorneys, and also
for the Judges. A new benclr-haa also
been built for the Judges. The furniture
is of dark oak, elegantly polished, and
the Judges' chairs are upholstered with
black leather covering.
The trial jury was not in attendance,
having been ordered to report September
23. An effort will be made to get through
Igg ,&$$m M$k rMt ?? ftps $X Wm
Sit- - WHEBmmmlMMm$i Kn lim
A pure-bred Angora goat kid, bred In Oregon, will be on exhibition at the Ore
gon State Fair in J. J3. Stump's flock of Ansora goats. There are but few
pure-bred goats in the United States, and those In. Oregon are said to be equal,
if not better, than those bred In any other state in the Union.
O -- -------
with the jury cases in two or three weeks,
although it is expected that the business
of the term will be large. There will be
a number of actions at law tried before
court without jury, and equity cases are
always disposed of in that manner.
Cases Set for Trial.
The trial "docket was called, and cases
were set for trial as follows:
State v. Joseph Holder, State v. R. Lar
sen, Ward v. Knott, September 23.
State v. R. Latourelle, State v. William
Latourelle, State v. A Miller, September
W. H. Sherrod et al. v. R. L. Durham
et al., October 16.
Allen & Lewis v. O. P. Molson et al.,
September 26.
O. R. & N. Co. v. Columbia Real Estate
Company, September 25.
O. R. & N Co. v. Peninsular Real Jitate
.Company, September 27.
E. E. Crookham v. R. Williams, October
State v. Dexter Day, September 25.
State v. Minnie Williams, September 2s.
State v. B. F. Durphy, October S.
N. A Musgrove v. Samuel Coison, Oc
tober a.
Charles L. Barre v. N. C. Pederson, Sep
tember 17.
State v. A. Von Grunlgen, September 30.
Peterson v. Peterson, September 20.
The suits of H. W. Corbett v. The City
of Portland, and the J. McCracken Com
pany v. The City of Portland, were called,
and Deputy City Attorney Duniway asked
that they be set at once before the joint
session of the court. He said the cases
had bene pending for a long time and
grew out of the Improvement of Pine
street, from Second to Third streets.
There were important questions involved.
In one case the plaintiff sued the city,
alleging that the work was not properly
done by the contractor, and in the otner
case the allegation was that the work
was properly performed, and that the
city has been negligent in not collecting
the money. After some talk by Mark
O'Neill, opposing counsel, Judge Frazer
said he would Bet the cases for the first
of- next month.
When the contested divorce suit of
Peterson v. Peterson was set for Friday,
September 13, Judge Carey, who appeared
for one of the parties, remarked, "It is
bound to be unlucky for one of us." Pe
terson, throush his attorney, Ralph
Moody, objected, saying he could not
have the witnesses in attendance at that
time, and the' date was changed to Sep
tember 20.
When Judge Frazer called the name of
Minnie llliams, District Attorney Cham
berlain took occasion to say, "Your Honor,
in all probability this is one of those cases
where the witnesses disappear. It may be
set, and I will see whether I can find
B. F. Durphy, under indictment for
polygamy, Is at liberty on J2000 cash hail,
and is in California. His attorney, C. W.
Idleman, promised to have him here in
time for the trial October 3.
James Campbell was arraigned on a
charge of obtaining 5600 by false pre
tenses from F. S. Benson, and also on a
charge of conveying land not his own to
Antonio Villa was arraigned on an in
formation charging him with assaulting
fMike Dyer with a razor, and will be called
upon to plead today.
Cases Dismissed.
Cases were dismissed on motion of the
attorneys, having been settled out of
court, or for other good reasons, as fol
lows: A N. Gambrell v. J. D. Wyckoff et al.
City of Portland v. W. J. Hawkins.
Oregon Transfer Company v. City of
Chan Sing v. City of Portland, damage
Ella P. Sears v. City of Portland.
James P. Wells v. D. P. Thompson. R.
M. Wade, W. K. Smith, C. Rockwell, E.
J. Jeffery, George H. Durham, S. A Dur
ham, and Walter F. Burrell, directors of
Portland Savings Bank.
B. Singer v. Same.
Jolin Burke v. J. P. Howe, note suit.
O. R. & N. Co. v. Susie M. R. and John
N. Grant Scott v. Baird-Cllnton Com
bined Show Company,
Notable Absentees.
R. W. Patterson, a saloonkeeper,, Fred
Love and Charles Feldman should have
been in attendance to answer to a joint
information charging them with robbery.
Their names were called, but there was
no answer. The District Attorney in
formed the court that the men had been
released on bonds, and he could not un
derstand why they were not present. If
they were not in court this morning he
would ask for the forfeiture of the bonds,
and 'the issuance of bench warrants.
H. Schneider, Max Ruhle, William
Grimes, Richard and William Latourelle,
accused of selling liquor without license,
also failed to appear, and if they do not
show up today their ball will be for
feited. James' Lyons, charged with as
sault, is in the same boat. There are
two charges pending against each of the
liquor-license offenders.
Default orders for want of answers
were made in the following cases:
Harriet M. Carlson v. Charles A. Carl
son. R. C. Shown v. Jane Shown.
Dora Graves v. O. F. Graves.
Anna B. Frost v. Chester C. Frost.
Ann Elizabeth Bard v. James F. Bard.
Margaret Thomas v. John Thomas.
Katie Dagman v. Gus L. Dagman.
Schusler Bros, were granted judgment
by default against Alexander Bernstein,
for 5345.
In the suit of Sarah A. Shattuck and
Ira O. Shattuck et al. against Charles A.
Showers et al., a decree was rendered for
?117C, and foreclosing a mortgage on lot
5, block 7, Kenifworth.
Court Notes.
Judge George will announce a decision
this morning in the case of the Pacific
States Savings- Loan & Building Com
pany v. Mary Peterson et al., on merits.
A motion to have the writ ot arrest
set aside in the case of Charles Colfelt v.
W. Shatton, captain of the steamer
Oceano, was argued before Judge-Frazer
yesterday. Colfelt sued the master for
?5500 damages, and caused his arrest un
der the provision of the statute which
llVJ I I .
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applies in a suit where the defendant
is about to leave thestate. Captain Shat
ton furnished bond, with the American
Bonding & Trust Company, of Baltimore,
as surety. J. Couch Flanders, attorney,
argued to the court that the action was
one in the nature of an action for debt,
and under the seaman's abuse act a mas
ter could not be arrested for debt. Judge
Bellinger, he asserted, had so held in
the ship George Stetson damage suits.
Judge Frazer will decide the question
A suit of Marshall Field & Co., of
Chicago, against R. L. Sabln,- secretary
of the Merchants Protection Union, for
possession of a quantity of goods or re
covery of their value, was tried before
Judge Sears yesterday, and was taken
under advisement. The goods were sold
to D. Gross, A. Wittson and A. Llppman,
as partners. They afterwards made an
assignment for the benefit of their cred
itors to Sabin, turning over a stock of
merchandise appraised at $6000, and sew
ing machines, fixtures and machinery.
Marshall Field & Co. contend that Gross,
Wittson and Lippman obtained considera
ble merchandise from tlicm by means of
false representations,- claiming they were
entitled to credit when they were not.
Trees Found Underneath the Lava
Sonja specimens of what resemble cedar
saplings, installed in the free museum
yesterday by L. L. Hawkins, prove that
the timber line was once three miles
nearer the top of Mount Hood than it is
now. Whether the cllmat'e of the moun
tain has changed, or whether the internal
heat enabled . timber to thrive 1700 feet
higher than it does now, Is. a question
to be decided by the savants; but this
particular wood In Mr. Hawkins pos
session is indisrmtnhlA nrnnf thnf trQ
flourished where for several thousand
years past fields of snow and ice have
held perpetual sway.
When the Mazamas visited the summit
of Mount Hood last Summer, Harry Field
ing Reld, of the Johns Hopkins Univer
sity, found a prehistoric forest hidden be
neath the flows of lava about midway
between the t'imber line and the summit.
He had no time to make a minute exami
nation then, but spoke of the matter at
the evening camp Are. and Rev. A. J.
Montgomery, of Oregon City, a geologist
and enthusiastic Mazama, made it' his spe
cial business to obtain specimens of the
timber, which he calls Tsuga Pattonlana.
He considers it Identical with the forest
of hemlock now growing on the south
side of the mountain, away down below.
Thecr are two of these buried forests
Mr. Montgomery says, one on the west
side of the mountain, at the head of the
Sandy Glacier, and the other on the
south, at the head of the glacier tfhat
feeds White Salmon.
The wood seems well preserved, and
very dry, as though protected for ages
from the weather. Pieces have been sent
to Professor Reld, (Henry Gannett, Pro
fessor Linton, Professor Lemon, the Pa
cific Coast) authority on coniferae, and
to other scientific men.
The presence of a forest so high up the
mountain side, covered hundreds of feet
deep with molten lava, shows that Mount
Hood was in a slate of eruption for a long
period after vegetation of -all sorts thrived
high up on its sides, and about its foot.
Whether the mountain Itself was nearer
the equator than it is now is a question;
but evidently there was some good reason
for tall trees to thrive so far beyond the
timber line of the present day.
Soldiers Arrive nt Vancouver..
VANCOUVER, Wash., Sept. 9. One
hundred and six-enllsted men of the
Seventh United States Infantry ar
rived here from Alaska today.
The men comprise members of the Alas
ka troops whoso terms of enlistment ex
pire within six months. Two companies
of the Seventh are expected to arrive here
to take the station within a month.
Medford Acndettvy Opened.
MEDFORD, Or., Sept. 9. The Medford
Academy opened today with W. T. Van
Scoy, principal; Mary E. "Hevener, com
mercial teacher; G. H. Samuels, assistant
In the academic department, and Mrs.
Aileen Webber, teacher in the music de
partment. There are 31 students in the
academic and commercial courses, and
18 in the music department. This insures
150 students for the school year.
State Blind School Enrollment.
SALEM, Sept. 9. The State Blind School
will open September 18, with 28 pupils. The
usual enrollment for the year Is 23.
A bad complexion never geto better of
Itself. Doctor with Satin-Skin Cream and
Powder, crainlnir healthy skin. 25c.
Talks of Land Matters and land Of
fice Business Income From
Forest Reserves.
Commissioner Hermann, of the General
Land Office at Washington, is home in
Oregon for his annual visit. He reached
Portland yesterday and took a room at
the Imperial Hotel, where numerous
friends found him In the course of the
day and evening. Today he will leave
for Roseburg and will spend about two
weeks there with his family. On his way
back to Washington he will stop over a
day in Portland. Mr. Hermann said he
had been kept busy at Washington
through the heated Summer, when mo3t
of the officers were away enjoying them
selves, and he had come to feel the ne
cessity for a rest, and he could rest no
where so well as in Oregon.
"We hai'e been very busy this year,"
said Mr. Hermann to a reporter last even
ing. "The summary of my report for the
year ending June 30, which was sent out
in tho press report several days ago,
showed this. There were more final home
stead proofs in the year than for any
prior year since the homestead law went
into effect, 40 years ago. Nearly 55,000.000
of public 'moneys were received, an in
crease of 150 per cent over the sum re
ceived in the first year, of my term as
commissioner. The money received from
our 46,000,000 acres of forest reserves was
one-tenth as much as the sum expended
in their maintenance and we will soon
get a great deal more from them than
we will spend on them. Our income from
the forest Is from the sale of timber for
domestic, mining and milling purposes.
Mature timber that can be removed with
out detriment to the rest of the forest is
disposed of under direction of the Secre
tary of the Interior. Those who buy this
timber are required to clean up the
debris. Our forest reserves will soon
become a source of considerable Income,
like thos of Germany, where the Gov
ernment receives about $4,000,000 net an
nually for Its timber.
"T believe the next great question to be
solved by our Government Is the reclama
tion of the arid and seml-arld lands, and I
look with favor upon the reservoir plan
of impounding water for use upon dry
soil. This is a big question In this country,
a big question even in our own state of
Oregon. I do not think it advisable to
encourage a land lease system for stock
ranges. A great portion of the public
grazing land may yet be desirable as
As to Timber Land Frauds.
"My attention was just called particu
larly to frauds under the timber and
stone act by the operations in. Montana,
which caused a large number of entries
to be suspended. Now, I have instructed
registers and receivers to depart from
the regular form of proof, the regular,
stereotyped affidavits, whenever there is
ground for suspicion that an entry is
not made in good faith for personal bene
fit and without any prior understanding
or agreement to sell. The departure
from the regular forms is for the purposB
of subjecting the applicant to a rigid
cross-questioning calculated to develop the
fraudulent nature of the transaction, if
it be such. Though an application may
bear prima facie evidence that it Is legiti
mate this may be overborne by such cir
cumstances as a number of persons tak
ing claims in the same neighborhood at
the same time. This Is strong indication
that the entries are In the interest of
some person who does not appear, and
that they are fraudulent. Upon the cross
questioning in such cases if crookedness
appears It is the duty of tho land office
to suspend entry and proceed through
special , agents to criminal prosecution of
the offenders. The best plan I can fhink
of for relief from abuses In the disposi
tion of timber land is to enforce the
present laws rigorously. Greater caution
is now exercised and fewer questionable
entries are permitted.
"No, I do not think there will be any
more additions to forest reserves soon.
The present law is so shamefully abused,
and the Government Is so shamefully im
posed upon that It seems to us no more
reserve should be made until the law
shall be changed so as to require Indem
nity selections to be of the same value,
approximately, as the base surrendered.
In all these exchanges now we require
the selection to be made when the base
Is surrendered. This makes a cleaner
transaction and avoids some of the criti
cism that lies against the method of ac
cepting base and leaving the lieu selec
tion for settlement at some more con
venient time."
Charles R. MacKenzle.
ST. LOUIS, Sept. 9.-Charles R. Mac
Kenzle, aged 46, well known as a turf
writer under the nom de plume of "The
Gadfly," died at the City Hospital a3
the result of a street-car accident In
which his skull was fractured. He
was born in Java. His father was
Count de Helman. Ho came to Chicago
from the Island of Java. His mother was
Scotch, and from her he took his name.
At one time Mr. MacKenzle was private
secretary to Robert Garrett, vice-president
of the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad,
Bicyclist John Nelson.
NEW YORK, Sept. 9. John Nelson, the
young bicyclist of Chicago, who was In
jured in his race with Jimmy Michael, at
Madison-Square Garden, last Wednesday
night, died today at Bellevue Hospital.
Nelson's left leg was badly lacerated by
one of the wheels of his motor tandem.
The limb was amputated last Saturday
to prevent the spread of blood-poisoning,
but he did not recover from the shock of
the operation. Nelson was 21 years of
J. Gordon Coogler.
COLUMBIA. S. C. Sept. 9. J. Gordon
Coogler, poet and painter, died this morn
ing. His verses have been read univer
sally. Hash Adams, Pioneer of 1S50.
GOLDENDALE, Wash., Sept. 9. Hugh
Adams, who died here September 5, aged
77 years, was a well-known and respected
pioneer. At the age of 21 he immigrated
to Oregon from Warrensburg, Missouri,
in 1850, settling in Clackamas County. On
February 25, 1856, ho enlisted at Oregon
City, in Company E, of the battalion of
recruits to First regiment of Oregon Mount
ed Volunteers, commanded by Colonel
Thnmns Cornelius, to serve in the Yak
ima Indian War, and was on duty along 4
the Columbia River for 99 days. Since
1873 he had lived near Goldendale, where
he was highly respected.
Forty years in the market, still booming
with greater eles than ever. Cook's Im
perial Extra Dry Champagne.
ains- reuse
the world
food makes Brains ,,
Sold by alf Grocers.
Sixty-four Pages
Over One Hundred Illustrations
Cover In Three Colors
All Printed on Enameled Book Paper
Of the edition of fifty thousand copies, over thirty
three thousand books have already been sold on ad
vance orders.
The book will be ready for delivery some time
during the present month. Orders for copies to be
mailed abroad should be sent to The Oregonian at once.
Price by mail to any 'address in the United
States or Canada only Seven Cents a copy.
Within the limitations which a publication of its
size so necessarily impose, everything that anybody
could reasonably ask about Portland and the wonder
ful section of country tributary will be told in the
Handbook. Following are the
"Where Rolls the Oregon," by H. W.
The Work of a Century, by ex-United
States Senator H. W. Corbett.
Portland as a City, by Mayor H. S.
The Exposition to Be, by J. M. Long.
Climatic Conditions and Physical
Portland's Commerce,
Portland's Position.
Portland Water Supply.
Portland's Railroads.
Scenic Attractions.
Lumber in Oregon and Washington.
Lands Open to Settlement in Oregon.
The engravings for the Handbook are now in the
hands of the printers. These engravings are all ele
gant miniature vignetted half tones, finished in such
an artistic manner that they present the rich appear
ance of the most carefully executed steel engravings.
Moving Wheat Ships in Portland's
Shipping Scene, Portland'3 Lower
Type of Summer Excursion Steamer on
Lower Columbia and Willamette
Wheat Ships in Portland's Harbor,
ai-fv. otraat shnwlntr Hotel Portland.
Marquam ' block and Oregonian
Rocky Gor ges of the Columbia River.
Ships at Portland's Wharves.
Portland, looking east from tower of
Oregonian building.
View, showing- Impenetrable growth
on Forest ranges of Oregon.
Wheat Ships Awaiting Cargoes, Port
land. View, showing: trees 300 feet high.
A Logging Skid Road in Oregon.
Types of Timber Growths in Oregon
and Washington.
An Oriental Liner in Portland's Har-
Ships Awaiting Cargoes of Flour lor
the Oriont, Portland.
"Where Rolls the Oregon." Scene
typical of the Columbia River.
Columbia River near Bridal Veil.
Ferrying Sheep Across Columbia above
The Dalles.
Portland's Water Front between the
Stick of Fir Timber, 112 feet long.
A Cattle Roundup, in the "Inland
An Eastern Oregon Ranch.
An Eastern Washington Farm
Albany Steel Bridge.
Portland High School.
City Hall, Portland.
Oregonian Building.
nicintor' "MYiiinf Tinlnlor
Oregon's Ocean Beaches.
A Sternwheel Steamer, Portland.
A Southern Oregon Orchard.
Sturgeon Fishing, Columbia River.
Booming Logs. Chehalls. Washington.
Picking Apples, Oregon.
A Young Oregon Orchard.
Logging by Rail, Oregon.
Upper Willamette River.
Overhanging CllnT. line O. R. & N.,
Columbia River.
Views Along O. R. & N.
Views Along S. P. R. R.
Great Glacier, Mount Hood.
Locks and Canal. Oregon City.
Placer Mine in Southern Oregon.
Wheat at Moro, Oregon.
Harvesting on a Big Scale, Eastern
Looking Up the Columbia from Hood
Tillamook Light, off Oregon Coast,
rhe Lower River, Portland.
A Melon Patch, Rogue River Valley,
Railroad Steel Bridge, Portland.
Sugar Beet Culture.
The Fishing Industry.
Gold and Other Minerals.
The Columbia River. (This subject Is
treated In a manner to command
great attention. A most valuable
map accompanies article.)
Wheat and Other Cereali.
Livestock and Wool.
Heavy Flour Trade.
Opinions of Prominent Visitors.
Irrigation of Arid Lands la Far In
terior. Ice Fields of Mount Hood.
Picturesque Southern Oregon.
A Log Boom in a Portland Mill.
Eastern Lumber Company, Portland.
Cranberry Picking In Oregon.
An Oregon Hopyard. -o
Portland Laden Ship.
Cascade Locks, Columbia River.
Railroad Terminal Grounds and Union
Depot, Portland.
Views, showing types of Business
Blocks, Portland.
Laddrs Fine Dairy Farm, Willamette
Mount St. Helena.
Original Site, Lewis & Clark Fort.
Mount Hood from Portland.
Tree 50 years old Growing on Sound
Fir Log.
Mount Rainier from Heights Columbia
Fast Passenger Steamers, Portlands
Wind Mountain. Columbia River.
Top Mount St- Helens, showing mouth
Columbia River.
Logging In Cowllts County. Washing
ton. Logging Train. Eastern Oregon
Dogging on Lower Columbia- .
British Steamship, Orange Branch.
O. R. & N. Co.'s Passenger Steam
ship Columbia.
A Willamette Valley Woolen Mill.
Mount Adams from Trout Lake.
State Capitol. Salem.
A Creamery, ' Coqullle River, Oregon.
Morrl3on-Street "Bridge,. Portland.
Columbia University. Portland.
St. Vincent's Hospital, Portland.
Portland Custom-House.
Mount Hood from Mount Tabor, Port
land. St. Helens Hall, Protland.
Bishop Scott Academy, Portland.
Medical Department. University of
Oregon, Portland.
Willamette Falls.
Mount Hood from. Columbia River.
Portland Cordage Company.
Postofflce, Portland.
Big Logs In Portland Sawmill.
First Congregational Church, Port
land. A Mountain Stream, Western Oregon.
Salmon Fishing Fleet, Mouth Colum
bia River.
Passing Through the Willamette Val
ley. Draw, Steel Bridge, Portland.
Looking South from Summit Mount
State University, at Eugene. Oregon.
North Head, Mouth Columbia River.
St. Mary's Academy, Portland.
D. P. Thompson Fountain, Portland.
Portland Hotel.
Celllo Falls, Columbia River.
Map of Entire .Columbia River Watershed.