Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
THE MORNING OREGONiAN,"" MONDAY, 'APBIi;" 15, 1901.
FOR ROAD TAXES' IN CASH
wtisraJfGTOji counties may adopt
SYSTEM IP THEY WISH.
One-Tenth or One-TTrentleth
Electors Can Hare 'Q,netlon
"' "' 'Submitted to Vote.
OLTEMPIA, April 14. The.,last Legisla
ture jtaved the Tray for the collection of
road-taxes in cash. It passed a law -which
leaves this matter in the hands of the
electors of the several counties. Upon pe
tition of -one-twentieth of the voters of
any county, the County Commissioners
shall submit the Question at the next
general election. Upon the request of one
tenth of the electors, the matter shall
be put to a. vote at a special election to
he held in not less than 30 "nor more
than 90 days. . .
The law provides for a $2 poll tax and
not- more than a 5-mill tax. , The Com
missioners shall divide their respective
counties in not to exceed four districts.
At the time of making the county levy,
they shall order & tax of not to exceed
6 mills assessed to the several districts
wMch they Tiave created. The County As
sessors shall collect the $2 poll tax at the
time of making1 the annual assessments of
the county, the tax becoming due and
nnvahlo March L Soiourners In the state.
after a six months' residence, shall be
Tequlred to pay this tax. Employers
owing employes may pay this poll tax.
which shall be considered a legal debt.
The County Commissioners may employ
a" Road Supervisor at a salary not to
exceed $5 per day. They may authorize
Improvements to the amount of $50. In
all work, whether the cost exceeds 550
and Is less than $500, it shall be let to the
lowest responsible bidder. These are the
principal provisions of the act. In full,
it Is as follows:
"Section 3- That every male person resi
dent of this state, and every person so
journing In this state for six months
or more, over 21 years and under E0 years
of age, outside the limits of an incorpo
rates city or town, unless by law ex
empt, shall annually -pay a road poll tax
of $2, which shall be due and payable In
money, without any exemption whatso
ever, on the first day of March In each
year, or. In the case of sojourners, at
the expiration of six months sojourn In
this state. All poll taxes shall Tie ,pald
into the district funds.
""Sec. ,2. The County Assessors shall,
annuaily. at the time of the listing and
assessment of personal property, make a
separate list of all persons liable under
the law to the payment or a pou tax, imu
shall at the same time collect from the
persons listed the tax for which such
persons are liable by law; and return
such lists to the Boards of County Com
missioners, together with a statement of
the persons who have paid and those de
linquent. He shall pay all moneys col
lected to the County Treasurer. The
remaining taxes due or delinquent shall
be collected by the County Commissioners,
or as they shall direct.
"Sec 3. Any person, firm or corpora
tion owing money to any person from
whom -a poll tax or taxes Is due or de
linquent, may pay to any duly authorized
collector of poll taxes such amount or
amounts due or delinquent and such pay
ment shall be a discharge of the debt, to
the extent of such payment, and may be
pleaded In defense to any action brought,
for the money paid. In all actions brought
by poll tax debtors for money paid as
herein provided, the burden of proof that
he has paid or showliig that he does
not owe the tax shall be on such debtor.
'Sec 4. The County Commissioners or
any poll tax collector they may author
ize may in the name of any county where
any poll tax is .sought to be collected
invoke in- the collection of such tar any
process of civil procedure authorized by
law. Public officers of this. state shall
render any service demanded hy the Com
missioners or any collector duly author
ized by them without charge of fee of any
kind; provided, that County Commission
ers may allow in the case of public offi
cers who "receive their compensation by
fees, such allowance chargeable against
the taxes collected as they may deem
"Sec 5. Any poll taxes due or delinquent
are, together with penalty and interest at
the same rate as attaches to delinquent
real property taxes, shall be chargeable
to and shall be Hen from the time such
taxes are due and payable on any real
or personal property of the person owing
the tax. The County Commissioners may
certify a list of ' persons from whom
poll taxes are due or delinquent to the
County Auditor, who shall extend such
list or lists on the tax rolls, against the
real or personal property of such tax
"Sec 6. "The means or methods provid
ed in this act for the collection of poll
taxes shall he held to be concurrent and
any two or more -may be prosecuted at the
See. 7. The Boards of County Commis
sioners of the several counties of this
state shall, at any of their regular ses
sions, divide their respective counties in
to not to exceed four road districts for
the- purposes of this act, and cause a
brief description thereof to be entered in
the county records. May change such dis
tricts, but not oftener than once In any
"Sec. 8. The Boards of County Commis
sioners shall annually, at the time of
maklngthe levy for county purposes, levy
andcerjyto the County Auditor a tax
of not 'more than 3 mills on the dollar,
on all taxable property In the county,
which shall be payable In money, for the
general road and bridge fund; from which
fund they shall order paid such sums as
may be found necessary for the construc
tion, repair and improvement of roads and
"Sec 9. The Boards of County Com
missioners shall annually, at the time of
making the tax levy for general road and
bridge purposes, provided for in section
G, and levy and certify to the County Au
ditor a tax of not more than 6 mills on
the dollar of all the taxable property In
the road districts previously defined by
them, which shall be payable in money
for a road district fund, from which fund
they shall order paid such sums as may
be found necessary for the construction
and repair of roads in the several dis
tricts where the tax is levied.
"Sec 10. When taxes shall have been
levied and certified for the general and
district funds, as provided for In the
last two preceding sections, the County
Auditors shall extend such taxes on the
tax rolls of their respective counties,
against all of the property subject to
eaid levies, in the same manner as other
taxes are extended.
"Sec. U. The County Treasurers shall
collect all taxes on the rolls, whether
poll or property taxes, In moneys as other
taxes are collected, and credit the proper
funds with the amounts collected.
"Sec 32. The Boards of County Commis
sioners may appoint from among the
qualified electors In each district, for such
"tlmg as they may determine, with com
pensation not to exceed .$5 per day, a Road
Supervisor who .shall enter into a, bond
satisfactory to the Commissioners. The
Commissioners shall have power" to re
move any Supervisor.
tSec 13. It shall be the duty of the
Road Supervisor, under the direction of
the County Commissioners, to keep the
roads and bridges In his district in as
good repair as the - funds- -available will
allow, and keep all roads open -for travel
at all tlmes.and make a detailed monthly
report of all work performed in hfs dis
trict during the previous month to the
Boards of County Commissioners: exam
ine .and certify, all bills for labor and ma
terial In his district-'and' perform such
other duties- as may be required by the
Commissioners for the proper mainten
ance of the Highways. .
"Sec 14. The supervisors of the several
road districts shall meet with the Coun
ty .Connnlssloners on the-.first Tuesday of
the board's regular session In April, to
outline .the road Improvements to be made, j
"Sec. 15. All the funds in the county J
treasury, raised by the taxation herein
provided, shall be expended by the Coun
ty Commissioners, and all road and bridge
construction, Improvement or repair shall
be made by the County Commissioners in
the following manner:
"First All road a:nd bridge construction.
Improvement or repair,, of which the esti
mated cost shall be under $50, may be
let by the Commissioners,- or they may
authorize the road supervisor to let the
same without bids or advertising' as here
"Second In all bids the County Com
missioners may require bidders upon such
conditions' as they may Impos'eT before
advertising for bids, todeposlt with their
bids ' certified checks or bonds, approved
by the Commissioners. In the sum of 10
per cent of the estimated contract price, -and
said amount, if the conditions are
not fulfilled, shall be by the Commission
ers declared forfeited, and 'shall be paid
into the general road and bridge fund,
"Third In all road and bridge construe-
tion, improvement or repair, of which the
estimated cost shall be more than $50 and
less than $500, shall be let by contract
by the County Commissioners on "plans
and specifications previously prepared by
them, to the lowest and.best bidder, calls
for said bids to be made by posting for
10 days three notices in three public places
as follows: One at the most public place
on the route of the proposed work, one
at the nearest postofflce to the proposed
work, and one at the County Courthouse.
"Fourth In road and bridge construc
tion. Improvement of repair of which the
estimated cost shall be more than $500
shall be let by contract by the County
Commissioners on plans and specifications
previously prepared by them, to the low
est and best bidder, calls for said bids
to be made by posting three notices as
above provided for and publication in the
tZrVnnc,tu.rvt ?, l7
three consecutive weeks prior to the time
set by the Commissioners for the opening
e t.tA nu.. .. r iii -
mOaIa! AA4-. .. . . 4. 1a . Aln
shall reoulro nn of th ,H.fUi
bidder in-double the amount of the esti
mated cost of construction, improvement
or repair of roads or bridges, qondltioned
for the faithful performance of the con
tract .according to law and any requre--ments
the Commissioners may Impose at
the time of advertising for bids.
"Sec. 15. No money shall be paid by
the County Commissioners to exceed 50 per
cent of the value of any work done at
any time until the entire work is com
pleted by the contractor and accepted by
"Sec 17. The provisions of this act shall
not become operative in any county in
this state unless a majority of the quali
fied voters thereof shall vote In favor
of adopting the system herein ., provided,
which question shall be submitted as fol
lows: "First The system provided for herein
shall be known for the purposes of elec
tions as 'the system of collection" of road
taxes in money.- and the expenditure tbere-
tt by contract' . - -
"Second Upon the petition of a mlm
ber of qualified voters of any county equal,
to one-twentieth of the voters that voted'
in such county or the candidate for Gov
ernor elected at the last preceding elec
tion, the County Commissioners shall sub
mit at the next general election and place
the question on the ballot for such elec
tion. "Third Upon the petition of a number
of qualified voters of any county equal
to one-tenth of the voters that voted in
such county for the candidate for Gov
ernor elected at the. last preceding elec-.
tion, the County Commissioners shall call
a special election, to be held in not less
than 30 and not more than 90 days, pro
vide ballots, and submit the question at
such special election.
''"Sec IS. If a majority of the voters
voting at any election in any county vote
In favor of the adoption of the provisions
of this act, thereupon the provisions ,of -this
act shall become operative ltf.such'
county. This act shall receive a liberal
construction to effect its objects, and "all
laws relating to any other system, shall,.
be superaeaea by the provisions of this
act." - - - - -
Request Purchase of Island.
MELBOURNE, April 14. The Federal
Cabinet has decided to request the Im
perial Government to negotiate for tha
acquirement of Kerguellen Land, or Island
of Desolation, in the Indian Ocean which
was annexed by France in 1S93.
Crown Prince a. Musical Composer.'
"VIENNA, April 14. Crown Prince Fred-,
erlck William recently furnished a se-'
lection for the violin of his own compo
sition, which. In the opinion of experts,
shows considerable merit. "While at' the
University of Bonn, he will continue 'his
study of the violin,
iiSS'' vliRSffeiJ w82pgj$!z PINjAiCiJ0- ' p vM
NEW HOME OF Y.W.C.A.
CHEERFUIi ROOMS' IN TOP STQRY
OF MACIjEAY HUILDING.
Association Has 400 Members arid Its
'Officers EooIc for Rapid
" "."' Increase.
The Portland Young "Women's Christian
Association is beginning to feel at home
on the; top floor of the Macleay building,
the east half of which has- been fitted up
for the comfort of Its members. The vis
itor, upQn leaving the elevator, is ushered
Into .the rooms throutrh a well-llehted hall.
f which leads to a commodious dining-room
on the side facing Fourth street. A num
ber of ypung women enjoy a luncheon
here on week days, while taking In the
unobstructed view of the entire city to
the east, and of the Cascades, 'surmounted
by Mount Hood, beyond. The floors of
this fine room, like those of the remain-
der of the suite, have been treated to a
nara-ou nnisn ana tne cneenui uregon
wood adds to the attractiveness of neat
ly covered tables and dainty ware. Meals
are served a la carte, from 1130 A. M. to
1:30 E. M. A male chef "arid young, women
waitresses are employed for that 'portion
of the day.
The reading-room faces the Washington
street, or north side of the building- .and
commands a view of Mount St. Helens
and. the stretch of city, river and moun
tains intervening. A long table, covered
j with the latest periodicals, greets the
I vIsltor. and the neat chairs standing on
J .. . ' . ..fi,i ..,. o... -0
liJt't? S sussest rest
The reception-room occupies the north
east corner and includes Mounts Hood and
St. Helens In its unobstructed'view. Here,
neaCJless and taste are manifest in the
furniture and appointments, and as par
lor, reading-room and refectory can be
thrown into one apartment, quite a large
assemblage can find accommodation In an
emergency. When there are, lectures or
instructions -to .large classes, the three
rooms may be thrown into one.
A Tecllnlng-room, facing "Washington
street from about the middle of the build
ing, has been fitted up with upholstered
lounges and pillowed arm chairs to enablo
visitors to rest after an hour of down
town shopping. The manner ' in wh'ich
this room was being patronized proves
that the furnisher of the apartment knew
what he was about.
Miss Hunt, tho general secretary of
the -association, has a-cozy office all to
herself, where she may pore over the
books and accounts without being dis
turbed. This apartment is abundantly
supplied with all. that is needed, while
light and a fine northern prospect unite to
give it a cheerful appearance.
A peep into the kitchen discloses piles of
well-arranged crockery, glistening tinware,
a modery range,' and a papercappedNchef
the only man about the place. Several,
neatly-aproned waitresses were bobbing
in and out, as it was lunch hour and
the tables in the big,, bright dining
room -were occupied by members of the
association. Cloak and bathrooms, are la
the south side of the building.
To add to the cheerfulness of the apart-
ments, the walla and ceilings have been
shaded a light green. The wainscoting
and door panels of light Oregon hard
wood have been treated to a hard-oil fin
ish. 'All Is brightness, light, neatness
and cheer everywhere, and there Is no
room for gloom. "Visitors appreciate this
ana soon allow themselves to be absorbed
by the pleasant.surroundlngs. The rooms
are" to "be open daily from 9 A. M. to
9:30 P. M onweek days; and arrange
ments are being- made to open them Sun
day afternoons as well.
The Portland Y. "W. C. A. was organ
ized in November, 1900. It has obout
400 members,, but It did not have adequate
quarters until the new rooms were opened
a few weeks ago. Rapid increase in mem
bership is expected by the officers, as the
association offers a pleasant headquar
ters for women at a very reasonable cost.
A physical culture class" was organized
Monday by Mrs. E. TV. Gllflllen, and an
art class will have sessions on Tuesdays..
This last homed will be managed by mem
bers of the Art Club. A glee club, man-dolln-'and
guitar classes are. among the
probabilities of the near future, as also
a -class in French.
The present officers of the association
are: Mrs. "W". J. Honeyman, president;
L. E. Rockwell, first vice-presl-
i dent; Mrs. J. T.'Gray, second vice-presl.
I dent; Mrs. C. TV. Lawrence, third vice-
piciuciiL, .v3 ' -0 "'& iwun.it w--
president; Mrs. Levi J. Goodrich, .recording
secretary, and Miss Mabel E. Hazeltine,
treasurer. The officers desire to express
their hearty appreciation of the mannner
in which" the business men of Portland
subscribed to its funds, and express the
hopo- that the "I. "W. C. A. may become
self-supporting in the near future.
COLONEL" BERRETT DEAD.
Ex-Mayor and One of Best-ICnoivn
Citizens of "Washington, D. C.
"WASHINGTON, April 14. Colonel
James G. Berrett, ex-Mayor of "Washing
ton, and one of its best-known citizens,
died today, aged 86 years. He was a na
tive of Baltimore, and in 1SC0 was elected
Mayor of "Washington as a-Democrat He
was chairman of the inaugural committee
when President Cleveland was inaugurat
ed the second time, and during both the
Cleveland adnjlnlstrations was always a
welcome cajler at the "White House.
August 26, 1861, Colonel Berrett, by order
of 'Secretary Seward, was arrested as a
Southern sympathizer, the charge against
him being that he had written "certain
letters containing treasonable utterances
against the United States." He was sent
to Fort LaFayette, and held there for two
weeks as a military prisoner. "When
President Lincoln heard of the arrest, he
ordered Colonel Berrett'e discharge.
Marriage Notice Causes Surprise.
LONDON, April 15. Considerable sur
prise haa beeft caused here by the state
ment by the Sunday Special yesterday
that the Marquis of Headfort was pri
vately married during the present month
to "Miss Rosa. Boote, of the Gaiety Thea
ter, and that.tlrey are now staying at
Folkstone. .It was generally understood
that the marriage had been postponed,
and that the Marquis would go abroad.
The, etaternerit of the Sunday Special is
not confirmed In any quarter.
Fhotoa by Ford.
DRUNKENNESS GREATLY INCREAS
ED AMONG SOLDIERS. "
At JFort Myers," There "Was More in
One Month Than Under Old
law In Six.
"WASHINGTON. April 10. Although the
anti-canteen - law has been in operation
but a few weeks. Its evil effects are al
ready being felt at many of the Army
posts. This Is particularly the case at
Fort Myer. located just north of Arlington,
on the hills overlooking Washington City.
The officers at that post, whldh, by the
way, is one of the most complete and
modernly equipped of any in the country,
are deeply lamenting the passing of the
canteen. They say the anti-canteen law
has not only destroyed the canteen, but
has practically wiped out the post ex
change, so far as- its general good effects
are concerned. It Is generally understood
that the greatest revenue was derived
from tie sale of beer, and the stopping of
those sales has so reduced the profits,
other commodities being sold on a slight
margin, that the exchange can.no longer
thrive, and no longer attracts the men.
Surrounding Fort Myer, in almost every
direction, are groups of small, dingy,
dirty groggeries, where are sold the poor
est qualities of beer, whiskies and other
liquors. During the days of the canteen
these places did little business, and de
pended for the most part on the patron
age of farmers. In the few weeks since
the abolition of the Army canteen, how
ever, these same groggeries have been
transformed, and everywhere are seen signs
of business activity. 'Some that have been
closed for years for lack of business have
been reopened and are drawing crowds of
soldiers. Moreover, within half a mile of
Fort Myer Is a small settlement, a col
lection of gambling and oiher houses of
more or less ill repute, that for some
years has done little business, except
with the sporting element that went out
from Washington. In the last month that
town has changed Its hue, and now resem
bles athrivlng mining center in the West,
save for the mines. Vice has Increased
generally. The soldiers are the men who
are accountable for this change, but back
of that, the Congress which abolished the
canteen is held 'primarily responsible by
The officers stationed at Fort Myer
freely say there has been more drunken
ness at that post In. the past month than
there was under the canteen system in six
months. This' is particularly so around
pay day. When the canteen wa3 In oper
ation, they say, pay day brought no
change in the good order of the post.
It now brings general disturbance. The.
explanation Is easy. The canteen at Fort
Myer was a general place of congregation
for the men. There was no disorder, there
was no commotion, nor rioting. The abo
lition of ,the canteen destroyed this place
of congregation, and threw the men Into
the near-by saloons; where their surround
ings and associations were of the very
worst, while the liquor they purchase is
bad. If men have been accustomed- to
the moderate use of beer or other bever-
ages, you cannot, evidently, destroy their
taste by taking: away the canteen. Tne
evil that has resulted was expected In
most quarters. The Fort Myer officers
say it now remains to bo seen whether
Congress, after having a year in which
to observe the workings of Its Illy-framed
legislation, will have the courage to rec
tify what is a manifest evil.
- Domestic and Foreign Ports.
ASTORIA, April 14. Arrived down at 10
A. M"., British ship Kate Thomas. Condi
tion of bar at 6 P. M. smooth. "Wind
northwest, weather clear.
New York-, "April 14. Arrived Taurlc,
from Liverpool. Sailed Georgian, for
San Francisco, April 14. Arrived
Barge C. H. Wheeler, Nehalem; steamer
Monterey, Coos Bay; schooner Charles R.
Wilson, Aberdeen. Sailed British steamer
Wellington, Chemalnus; ship Drummier,
Port Townsend: ship Two Brothers, Bris
tol Bay; bark Coalings. Bristol Bay.
Hoqulam, Wash. Sailed April 13
Schooner Lillibonne, from Aberdeen for
Kinsalep, April 14. Passed Cevic, from
jNew York for Liverpool.
Lizard, April 14. Passed Minneh,
from New York for London.
Antwerp, April 14. Arrived Friesland,
Londonderry, April 14. Sailed Lauren
tine, from Glassow and Liverpool for Hal
ifax. N. S.
Southampton, April 14. Sailed Lahn,
from Bremen, fpr New York
Queenstown, April 14. Sailed Umbria,
from Liverpool for New York.
Boston, April 14. Arrived Ultonia, from
New York, April 14. Arrived, Astoria,
from Glasgow and MoviHe.
Liverpool and Queenstown.
Probable Site for Soldiers' Home.
KNOXVILLE, Tenn., April 14. The
Board of Managers of the National Homes
for Soldiers completed its investigation
of a site for a new Home to be erected
at Johnson City, Tenn., and passed
through here this afternoon, .en route to
Los Angeles, Cal., to Inspect the Home
at'that place. The board has under ad
visement two sites known as the Carne
gie and Lyle tracts, one of which will
be selected and announced by the time
the party reaches New Orleans. The
Lyle tract of 400 acres will probably be
selected. Tho party consisted of Gen
eral Martin T. McMahon, of New York;
General W. J. SewelU of Camden, N. J.;
Colonel L. J. Mitchell, of Milwaukee:
Colonel George' W. Steele, of Marion.
Ihd.; General W. B. Franklin, of Hart
ford, Conn.; General A. L. Peterson, of
Pittsburg, Pa.; General Charles M. An
derson, of Greenville, O.; Colonel S-. G.
Cooke, of Harrlsburg; General T. J.
Henderson, of Princeton. 111.; General M.
J. Brown, of Portland. Me.; Major W. H.
Bonsall, of Los Angeles, and General J.
B. Patrick, of New York.
A Word About It From Goldirln
. New York Sun.
We heartily and gratefully accept the
revelations of physical science, casting
away, all traditions, cosmogonical. an
thropological, or of any other kind, which
its discoveries have disproved. But be
fore we resign ourselves to its exclusive
dominion we may take time at least
to lobk around. One or two grounds for
hesitation may be mentioned. It is not
pretended here to do more. The knowl
edge of the universe, or of the particle
of it -which we inhabit, is tha't received
through our bodily senses. Is it certain
that these are our only trustworthy
sources of knowledge? Supposing our
moral perceptions to be natural, clear,
uniform and constant, ought they to be
at once put out of court? In approach
ing these questions we cannot help being
filled with a sense of our Immense Ig
norance and of the possibilities beyond
our physical ken. This universe, as we
call it, and which physical Bcience ob
serves, including- the remotest telescopic
stars, is but an atom in infinity. It Is
less than an atom; for an atom bears
some proportion to the mass, while our
universe can bear no proportion to In
finity. What physical science calls laws
and bids us venerate as supreme, how
ever they may bound and, control our
lives, are not laws, but only phenomenal
uniformities, unless there Is a Lawgiver;
and If there Is a Lawgiver, who can say
that his action generally or In relation
to us does, not transcend his physical
laws? No one can be more strictly scien
tific than Mr. Herbert Spencer; yet he
recognizes the Unknown as an object of
reverence, and it Is not through any
physical organ that he can perceive the
existence of the Unknown.
The freedom of the human will in any
degree, and however qualified by the Influ
ence of character and circumstance, would
seem fatal to the materialist hypothesis
as establishing the existence of a force
Independent of physical causation. It Is,
accordingly, altogether and peremptorily
denied. The powers of physical causa
tion we can Inspect; we can see that there
Is nothing between the Impact and the
shock, between the composition of the
Ingredients and the compound. The pro
cess of moral causation we cannot inspect.
Between the ascertainable determinants
and the result there is room for an un
seen factor. The only appeal Is to our
consciousness; and our consciousness tells
us plainly that we are free. Responsibil
ity would otherwise be an illusion. If
we are really automata, how come we to
fancy ourselves free?
Against the belief in the Immortality
of the soul it is said that eternity trans
cends thought, and that the attempt to
conceive it and Identify our conscious ex
istence with it only produces mental pain.
This Is true; but It Is a merely psycho
logical difficulty. Xet us- discard the word
Immortality, which connotes eternity, and
ask only whether we are sure that all
ends here. ' If all does end here, what a
scene Is human hlstoryL What a scene la
human life! What can the Power be un
der whose dominion we are? Huxley
wished. If nothing better was to come,
that the globe might be shattered by a
comet. Can we readily believe that when
a man comes to die It makes no differ
ence to him whether his life has been that
of a benefactor of his kind or of a devil?
Evolution Is 'an immense discovery, the
most momentous probably ever made,
though perhaps It has hardly yet settled
down into its final form and limits. Yet
may It not weigh on us too much? That
we have been evolved from anthropoid
apes is the conclusion of science and we
accept it, as once we believed that man
had been made out of the dust of the
earth. Still, we ape what we are, not
apes, but men.
Evolution Itself seems to preclude final,
lty. Where physical selection" ends, moraf
selection may begin. Perfection and
beauty of character, which, we seem to
feel, have a value apart from their mere
social usefulness, may also have ends un
seen. These remarks, however, aim at nothing
beyond a plea for circumspection and
against giving up ourselves blindly to
ultra-physlclsm while we fly from tradi
tion and superstition. Such caution Is
specially to'be desired, an ultra-physlclsm
Is 'evidently beginning to affect morality,
particularly in relation to the duty of
strong nations and Taces toward the weak.
Russian School Lectures Resumed.
ST. PETERSBURG. April 15. The Of
ficial Messenger contains the announce
ment that In consequence of the closing of
the high schools, owing to the student
disorders, it has been decided that lec
tures shall be resumed forthwith and be
continued, if necessary through the sum
mer vacation, extra examinations being
held to enable the students to make up
for lost time.
"Will Kot Give Fnll Account.
DALLAS, Tex., April 14. There was a
meeting today between County Attorney
Shields, of Omaha, and . C. Henderson,
who asserts that he is one of the Cudahy
kidnapers. This meeting was arranged
Saturday, on a statement from Henderson
to Shields, that he would probably talk
after having consulted attorneys. Mr.
Shields said tonight that Henderson still
declined to make a. detailed statement of
his alleged connection with the kidnaping.
and that his talk waa full of generalities,
ancl had very little of the details that are
wanted. He also said that Henderson Is
very- cautious as to what he says about
the case, though he will converse volubly
on other subjects' connected with Omaha.
Shields said it was Drobable that Mr. Cud
ahy and his son would come to Dallas
within the next few days to see Henderson.
Precedence of "Labor Claims.
PORTLAND, April 12. (To the Editor.)
Which is paid first, a working man's
wages, or first mortgage? A. B.
If the mortgage be bona fide and for
value, it would seem by the labor law
of 1S91 fOhave precedence over the Hen
of a laborer or employe. But In that law
it Is distinctly provided that "every sale
or transfer of any property in payment
of any pre-existing debt or obligation and
every mortgage or Hen created or exe
cuted to secure the payment of a pre
existing debt, shall be void as against la
borers or employes of such vendor, or
mortgagee, io the extent of their claims
for wages, not exceeding the sum of $100
to each of said laborers which may be
owing for work or labor performed within
90 days." - -
A transfer In consideration of a pre
existing debt has been held to be a trans
fer of property for which nothing of
value was given to the vendor but only
an old debt, which may or may not bo
good, was wiped out.
.Turkey Sends Sharp Xoje to Bulgaria
LONDON, April 15. "It is asserted
here," says the Vienna correspondent of
the Times, "that the Ottoman Govern-
ment had addressed a sharp note to Bul
garia, demanding the Immediate dissolu
tion of the Macedonian committer and
prohibition of the MacodontKn Congress."
Mrs. Day Passed a Comfortable Day.
CANTON, O.. April 11. Mrs, WHHom R.
Day, wife of ex-Secretary Day, has. re
covered complete consciousness, and
passed a very comfortable dhy. Her
physicians are more hopetul tonight ofi
In Atchison County, Kansas a farmer's
wife sold SiOCO worth of butter last year.
Another one sold $354 worth of butter and
DAILY .UKTK'OKOI.OGICAI. UKl'OU T.
PORTLAND. April 11. 8 P. M. Maximum-
tempera turc, 2; minimum temperature, "'.
river reading at It A. -if.. 3.7 let. change In
24 hours. .1; total precipitation, S P. M to
8 P. M.. tract; total precipitation lne Sep
tember 1. 1000. .17..11 Inches; normal precipita
tion since September 1. 1000, .a.Ou; ifctteien'y,
2.58: total .-un.thlne April 13. 0:00; jjowtlblo
Pnelllc Const Wrnther.
3 3-1 1'
? : . o
l l ' 3
1 1 I
Baker City ....
Neah Bay .....
Jr. I KM Mill ittt
.iio.00l..2 .. V
. iC T U!.
Portland . .
1321 T L2IIJ.W
Salt Lake Cltr
San Francisco .
W'nlla AValla ..
AS Mi.,H - dW
. 00(0,001 SiV
A small shower occurred Sunday morning
In Portland, nnd liorht rain is reported at Spo
kane and Kall.pclH but elserhrc irk tho Noreh.
Pacific Statea fair weather has pravalk'd. It
is cboler In Northeastern Oregon, Eatem
Washington and Northern Idaho, while in xhii
interior valleys of California th warmest
weather of the season prevails, with fmpor
atures In the 80s. The Indications are for
fair weather in thii d'strlct Monday, with
light frosts general In sheltered places.
Forecasts made at Portland for the 28 hours
ending midnight, Monday. April 13, 1001:
Portland and vicinity Fair, with probably
light frosts in early morning; warmer during
afternoon; northerly winds.
Western Oregon Fair, with light frosts back,
from coast In early morning; warmer during
afternoon, escept near coast; northerly winds.
Washington Fair, warmer during afternoon,
frost In early morning, except near coast;
Eastern Oregon and Northern Idaho Fair,
with frost in early morning; probably warmer
during afternoon; northerly wlmla.
Southern Idaho Fair, with probably frost
in early morning; northwesterly winds.
EDWARD A. REALS Forcena Ofil-lnl
AUCTION SALES TODAY.
At freight warchOu'e O. R. &. N. Co., 10 A.
M. S. L. N. Oilman, auctioneer.
At Hansen's grocery, corner of 17th and Sa
vler, at 2 P. M. J. T. Wilson, auetleneer.
PORTLAND LODGE. NO. IIS. I. O. O. F
Regular meeting this (Monday) evening at S
o'clock, Abington building. Election of grand
lodge representative.1 and first degree work.
Visiting brothers Invited.
E. R. BUSH, Secretary.
Wn,ftAifEiTE,'LiDGE. NO. 2. A.
F. & A.' M. Stated communication
this (Monday) evening at 7:30 o'clock.
Work In F. C. degree. Alt M. M.
are cordially Invited to attend.
THOMAS GRAY, Secretary.
IVANHOE LODGE. NO. 10. IC. OF. P
Regular convention this (Monday) evening at
8 o'clock. Auditorium building. Ernulre rank.
Visitors welcome. G. C. MOSER, C. C.
L. CARSTENSEN, IC. of R. anil S.
HAWTHORNE LODGE. NO. 111.
A. F. & A. M. Stated communica
tion this (Monday) evening. 8 o'clock.
M. M. degree. Visiting brethren
welcome. By order W. M.
F. GLAFKE. JR., Secretary.
KBISTENSON At St. Vincent's Hospital,
from heart disease. J. Krlstenson. of Sandy
Or., aged 57 years.
KELLY At St. Vincent's Hospital. April 14,
1001, Thomas P. Kelly, aged 4.1 years. Fu
neral Tuesday, April 10. from Dunning &
Campion's undertaking parlor, at 8:45 A
M.; thence to the Cathedral. 15th and. Davis,
at 0 A. M. Interment at Mount Calvary
EDWARD HOLMAN, Unrteria Jeer, 4th
and Yamhill sta. Rcaa Stlnson, lady
assistant. Hoth phones "No. 507.
Flnlcy, Kimball !fc Co.. Undertakers.
Lady assistant. 275 Third st. Tel. 9
On unproved city and farm property.
R. LIVINGSTONE. -24 Stark it.
800O cords wood In tree.
4000 ties In tree.
ROO cedar telegraph poles.
All on 100 acres good land, level enough, 10
miles from Portland, close to rail and water
For sale now for half Its real value to oper
ator. R. M. WILBUR. 233 Stark st.
lots of eggs
106 FIRST STREET