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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
THE MOBISTSG- OKEGOITCAN, SATURDAY, DECEMBER 29, 1900.
ENDED IN HARMONY
With the City.
SATISFACTORY TO ALL PARTIES
Franchise for Line to Southern Pa
cific Carshops, "With Error Cor
rected, Passed Unanimously
Closing Gulch Streets.
An adjourned meeting of the Common
Council was held yesterday to provide for
the payment of Interest on bonds' falling
due December 31, a"nd to transact other
business. All the members were present
except Nealond. The dispute between the
city and the City & Suburban Railway
Company In regard to unpaid assessments
for street improvements was amicably
settled, and the company will commence
the new year on the best of terms with
the city administration.
An ordinance to amend section 1 of tho
franchise granted the City & Suburban
Railway Company to construct a line to
a point near the Southern Pacific Com
pany's carshops was passed.
The amendment was made merely to
correct an error In the naming of the
6treets over which the franchise was
granted. The street known as Brooklyn
street since the cities were, consolidated
was formely known as Alder street, and
this name got into the franchise through
an old map being used in drawing it up.
In mentioning East Tenth street, the word
"East" was accidentally omitted. These
trivial errors were corrected, and as so
amended the ordinance will be signed by
tho Mayor, and the people In the south
eastern part of the city will have rapid
transportation facilities as soon as pos
sible. An ordinance to amend section 15 of the
ordinance granting Graham Glass et aL
and their assigns a street railroad
franchise so as to give an extension of
time for the completion of a short section
of the line was passed.
For the Information of the Council, City
Engineer Chase stated that the City &
Suburban Railway Company, which now
own the franchise for the proposed line
from First and Burnside streets to the
union railway station, has purchased the
extra heavy rails required by him, and
has completed tho excavation for the
tracks for a considerable distance to
where there is a crossing to be put In at
Third and Flanders streets. The company
will not be able to get this crossing of
tho kind of rails being used, for some
time, and, as it contemplates laying a
heavy track on Third street next Sum
mer, he did not consider it advisable that
a light temporary crossing should be laid
and so render it necessary to tear up the
street again. The ordinance was amended
so as to provide that the granting of an
extension of time should not work a
forfeiture of the franchise over any
of the streets where the tracks are com
pleted In time.
The matter of unpaid assessments for
street improvements due the city from
the City & Suburban Railway Company
was reported amicably settled. The mat
ter was taken up by H. C. Campbell, of
the company and the administration, and
it was found that some of the assess
ments were not really chargeable to tho
company, and that none of them could
be collected, but an amicable arrangement
very satisfactory to all concerned was ar
rived at, and the company consented to
pay all the assessments, and also to dis
miss a suit It has against the city in
regard to one of the assessments, and
through this arrangement a suit against
the city by the holders of warrants for
some of these assessments will be dis
missed, and all Is peace and harmony, and
the City & Suburban Railway Company
and the city -will begin the new year with
the most friendly -feelings toward each
other. The company is pleased to have
this matter, which has been hanging fire
for a long time, disposed of, and the
Mayor and Councllmen are happy also,
and they deserve credit for bringing the
matter to a conclusion satisfactory to all
Ordinances were passed transferring
$18,3G7 from the general fund to pay in
terest on City Hall and bridge bonds,
duo January 1, 1901, and transferring $1300
from the same fund to the Improvement
bond interest fund.
Property-owners on East "Water street
presented a communication offering to pay
their assessments for the improvement
of that street, amounting to $7216 90. If the
Council will pay the costs and disburse
ments Incurred in contesting the assess
nirntr. Otherwise they intimate that pro
ceedings may be carried up to the United
States Supreme Court. The costs and dis
bursements amount to $293 10. Referred
to the judiciary committee.
Mulkey called attention to the fact that
a number of owners of property on East
Ninth street were present expecting the
matter of the proposed franchise for a
railway switch on that street to be
brought up, and moved that they be
given the privileges of the floor, which
9motion,fc)irrled. There were some 15 of
the property-owners present, including 8
or 10 women. A number of them spoke
against the granting of the franchise, and
alleged that practically all the residents
on tho street were opposed to It.
Holbrook spoke In favor of granting the
franchise, and said the Council should not
decide merely on the wishes of the property-owners,
but should consider the bene
fits to the city and compare these with
the alleged damages. Finally Bronaugh
suggested that, as the matter of the fran
chise was not before the Council, they
proceed with the regular order of busi
ness. CloMnp: Streets in n. Gulch.
The petition of the Oregon Real Estate
Company for the vacation of certain
streets in Sullivan's Gulch, in Holladay's
addition, was taken under consideration.
The petition asks for the vacation of
streots surrounding some 25 or 30 blocks,
along both sides of the O. R. & N. Co.'s
right of way through Sullivan's Gulch,
some of them running through the lake
in the gulch, and some of them at the
east end of the gulch, spreading up on to
high ground. So far no remonstrance
against the granting of the petition has
been filed, as the property Is all owned
by the petitioners, and some of the streets
ars not likely to be improved in this
generation, if ever.
C. K. Harbaugh appeared for the peti
tioner, and presented a map of the Sulli
van Gulch section, with the streets asked
to be vacated plainly marked, and he
answered the questions of the Council
men in regard to the matter.
In the end the Council determined to
take further time to consider the peti
tkn. Some of the members had been out
to look over tho ground, and others de
riroa tc go.
Bronaugh said they must exercise great
care in this matter, and he wished to
look over the ground again before arriving
at a decision. The Council had to make
findings, the same as a court, and as these
findings must be made a matter of public
record, it was Important that they be
careful in reaching a decision.
The petition was therefore laid on the
table for the present, to be taken up and
considered when the Council has thor
oughly Informed itself on the subject.
Petitions for the construction of sew
ers in Morris and East Taylor streets
were referred to the sewer committee.
A petition from the Portland Land, Ir
rigation, Lumber & Fuel Company, ask
ing for the Improvement of Grand avenue
from East Lincoln to Ivan street, was re
ferred to the street committee.
A' petition" for the Improvement of
Kearney street from Twentieth to Twenty-first
Various Opinions as 'to Greatest
Needs of the "Woman's Club.
A departure was made In the usual
programme of the "Woman's Club at its
meeting Friday afternoon, the time be
ing almost wholly give over to a dis
cussion of the needs of the club, along
what lines it should work, and the meth
ods that should be employed.
Mrs. Eggert was the first to speak, say
ing there were four pertinent questions to
ask in regard to the club's future:
First Are we a mutual admiration so
ciety, coming together to say pleasant
things to each other, and the influence to
extend no further?
Second What are we doing for those
who are not so blessed with tho good
things that we have?
Third Do we gather together like
sponges to, let things roll over us, while
we only absorb?
Fourth Shall we exist alone for our
Under each of these heads she mado
telling remarks, which should stimulate
the club to greater exertions.
Mrs. La Barre said the club numbered
among its members some of the brightest
women of the city, and Its Influence
should be great, ever standing for all that
was true, uplifting and progressive.
Mrs. .E. "W. Bingham was attracted by
the words "intellectual improvement" set
forth in the constitution, but thought
tho bringing In of so much outside talent
for entertainments not conducive to the
educational development of the club.
Dr. Thompson stated the three objects
of the club literary, philanthropic and
social and concluded "not a great deal
had been accomplished In any compared
with what a body of 200 women could do."
She strongly advocated closer relations
between club members.
Mrs. Ward thought Dr. Thompson had
struck the keynote to successful club
work, saying that the club should work
more as a whole. Anything a depart
ment took up should recelvo the loyal
support of every club member.
Mrs. Prltchard thought the club had
much to be) proud of, but did not approve
of its meeting In a lodgeroom. It should
have club parlors of its own.
Mrs. Hoy f was strongly of the opinion
that the departments should be better at
tended, as there the real work and edu
cation of the club takes place.
Mrs. Walter Smith said she had recent
ly heard the remark that if 11 men under
took a thing and bent their whole efforts
to it, there was nothing they could not
accomplish, and upon this basis a club of
this size should wield a power almost Il
limitable in this community.
Madam Bauer maintained that tho club
was an Influence of vast good. It was
doing away with much of the "paste
board" acquaintance; formal calls were
less frequently "exchanged, and through
the departments they were coming to
know the worth of their friends.
Mrs. French thought the work Bhould
not stop at the club, but that unitedly
they should work for the less fortunate.
Mrs. Marquam was of the opinion that
they should have more discussion; It
brought out the capabilities of the more
timid members, and she thought the de
partments very beneficial, as there was
more general discussion there than in the
Mrs. Rogers thought they made a mis
take In their Ideas of philanthropy; they
looked too far away from home, whereas
they could not improve themselves with
out benefiting others.
Mrs. Hertschel said the object of the
club was educational as well as social,
and approved of more advanced educa
tion along the lines of domestic science.
She thought they could profitably expend
soma of their funds in securing a trained
Instructor for those desiring such study.
Dr. Cardwell explained that this Idea
was suggested by a discussion in the
home department as to the advisability
of turning the Home for Unemployed
"Women into a domestic training school,
where girls might receive an education to
fit them for valuable domestics.
Mrs. Evans proposed a plan whereby the
best literary talent could be brought to
Portland, working through the State Fed
eration. The president, Mrs. Ross, being called
upon, said she thought the different
tastes, objects and departments mado the
salvation of the club. If the tastes of 200
women ran In one direction they would
certainly not be well balanced and would
do foolish things. She strongly urged up
on the club the Importance of the mem
bers doing department work, and taking
greater interest in the departments. She
thought discussion the life of tho club,
and hoped more time hereafter would be
devoted to it.
The programme consisted of the recita
tion of Hager, which was beautifully and
dramatically recited by Miss Lulu Mae
Buddemer and the charming little piece,
"My Ship's at Sea," was given in re
sponse to a hearty encore.
Miss Gambell sang an exquisite solo,
"Farewell to Summer," and kindly re
sponded to an encore, Mrs. Thomas ac
DAILY CITY STATISTICS.
Real Estate Transfers.
James Forbes to Katie Forbes, lot 9,
block 13, Center Addition, Decem
ber 2S $400
Rudolph Schmeer and wife to I. A.
Powell, east half of lots 5 and 6,
block 22, Lydia Buckman's Addition,
December 26 1200
SW. Vi of SW. Vi. of section 24, T. i
N., R.1C, August 21 1
The Hawthorne estate to C. E. Spll
ler. lot 1. block 23, Hawthorne's
First Addition, December 4 400
M. C Dammeler and George H. Dam
meler to Richard Zeller, 1714x50 south
of and adJolnlnsr lot 3. block 6.
Buckman's Addition. December 26... 60
L. S. Gregory and W. M. Gregory to
Henry D. Janes, lot S. block 2, Pit-
' tinger's Addition. December 26 100
Adelaide B. Marsh and husband to
D. C. Miller, north CO feet of east
34 feet of lots 1 and 2. block 1SS, East
Portland, December 10 1500
E. W. Baughman, cottage. East Madi
son street, between East Thirty-seventh
and East Thirty-eighth streets; $000.
John TurnbulU one and one-half story
cottage, Vaughn street, opposite Thirty
second street; $1500.
Herman Fullner, aged 34, Anna Relmers
December 26 To the wife of Edwin
Hutchlns. Third and Clay streets, a glrL
December 25 To the wife of F. Corletta,
Columbia Slough, a boy.
December 23 To the wife of J. L. La
boer, St. Helens road, a girl.
December 23 To the wife of Fred Sallis,
405 North Nineteenth street, a glrL
Child of Olll Scott, at 615 East Alder
December 27 Charley Cook, Good Sa
maritan Hospital, from Glendale, Or.;
pneumonia; aged 46 years.
December 27 Raymond J. Mitchell, at
Baby Home; cholera Infantum; aged 6
New Year's Reception.
A New Year's reception will be. .given n
the parlors of the Centenary Methodist
Episcopal Church, corner of East Pine
and Ninth streets, Tuesday, January 1,
1901, from 2 to 5 o'clock, P. M.. at which
the pastor, Rev. G. W. Gue, the official
members and the women of the church
will be pleased to receive the member
and friends of Centenary. All who Rrt;
Interested in them and their work, and
strangers are specially invited. .
For a. Cold in the Head,
Laxative Brorao-Qulnlne Tablets.
TROLLEY LINE FEEDERS
SYSTEM OP ROADS PROJECTED FOR'
Believe That 50 Miles of Track
Could Be Made to Pay From the
Start Fuller Development. ,
NORTH YAKIMA, Dec 28. A system of
electric roads, operated as feeders for the
Northern Fallfic, -is one-of the enterprises
now under consideration for trie improve
ment of this valley and in ca6e the plan
13 founo. to be feasible, after an investiga
ticn which Eastern capitalists will make
next month, the first steps looking toward
its construction will probably be taken
early In tho new year. Citizens of Yaki
ma who have been Interested In the pro
ject believe that about 50 miles of road
cculd be made to pay from the start.
Power, which is abundant and cheap, is
Better transportation facilities are es
pecially necessary for fruitgrowers and
dairymen, and as the population becomes
more dense the demand will be stronger.
A representative of tho Eastern capital
ists was here this week, and, after look-
ing over the ground, came to the con- I
elusion that the country is capable of de-
PORTLANLVS FIRST PUBLIC-SCHOOL TEACHER.
I, ' ,
J : I j '
THE LATE JOHN T. OUTHOUSE.
John T. Outhouse was the first public school teacher in Portland. He began teaching in
a little frame house on the site of the present Chamber of Commerce building, in the Winter
of 1852, at a salary of $100 per month, two-thirds of which was paid by the town and one
third by the county. Mr. Outhouse had 20 pupils for a. starter, and the number Increased
xnaterlallr soon after he took charge, and by the Winter of 1853 he was obliged to have an
Mr. Outhouse was a native of Nova Scotia, and had arrived in Portland about & year
previous to his appointment as teacher. At that time he wm about 22 years of age. He
followed tho profession of teacher for several years afterward in Polk nd Union Counties,
and was County School Superintendent in each. He was married In 1803, and died October
2S, 1S89, at La Grande, while Receiver of tho United States, Land Office there. His wife,
who is now Mrs. C W. Cottel, resides at 602 Second street; and is by no means an old
woman in appearance. Mr. Outhouse left no children, his two son, having died while yet
little boys. Mrs. Cottel s husband is connected with the Luckel, King &. Cake Soap Com
pany, of Portland.
velopment to such a point that these
facilities will be necessary. He will re
turn to make further observations about
January 15, and will bo accompanied by
one of the leading electrical engineers of
Local men who have figured in the mat
ter des!re the construction of a line from
here to Sunnyslde. and another up the
Ahtanum Valley.. The first line would be
over 40 miles In length, and would tap
the richest parts of the valley.
QUESTION OP CHILD'S FARE.
Initial Line Carried Him Free and
A case of unusual Interest and one
touching upon the rights and privileges of
tourist passengers coming west on tho
trains of the continental roads was aired
In a Seattle court, and the Times gives
the following account of It:
"The action was Bushnell vs. the North
ern Pacific Railway Company, and was
brought to recover possession of baggage
held by the defendants, and also for al
leged damages Incurred in transportation.
"Mr. Bushnell, the plaintiff, arrived in
this city Saturday week with his- wife and
two children from Kansas City. One of
his sons is above 5 years of age, and for
his transportation the rattway company's
attorneys contended that the road was
entitled to half fare. This, according to
the testimony, was not demanded when
the family left Kansas City, and was not
demanded until connection was made with
the Northern Pacific trains further west.
During the Journey west two different
conductors demanded fare for the boy, but
Mr. Bushnell had no money to pay it and
contended that, inasmuch as railway
agents at Kansas City had agreed to
transport the family to Seattle for three
tickets, which he had, the conductors or
officials on the connecting lines had no
right to demand another half-fare ticket.
"Arriving in this dry on a Saturday
morning, Mr. Bushnell went to the bag
gage office and asked for his baggage. It
had not arrived, however, and did not ar
rive until" the next day, but upon Mr.
Bushnell's demand for it on that day the
officials, he alleged, refused to deliver it
to him, claiming that it was being held for
the half-faro which he bad refused to pay
for the boy.
"Judge Cann held that. Inasmuch as the
officials at Kansas City had stated to Mr.
Bushnell that the three tickets ho had
purchased were sufficient to take his fam
ily to this city, the officials of the North
ern Pacific, a connecting line, in forcibly
holding the baggage to enforce payment
for another ticket, were acting entirely
without their jurisdiction. Judge Cann
gave a verdict for the plaintiff, Mr. Bush
nell, ordering the railway company to de
liver over his baggage, and also ordered
that the railway company pay the costs
of 'the action, attorney's fees and $20 dam
ages to the plaintiff for the extra trouble
which the matter had caused him. The
question will be taken to the Supreme
Court, as the attorneys for the railway
company announced that they would ap
peal." TRAFFIC MEN CONFER,
Talk Over the Freight Situation in
There was a conference of traffic men
at the office of General Traffic Manager
Campbell, of the O. R. & N., yesterday
afternoon. Those present, beside Mr.
Campbell, were: S. G. Fulton, first as
sistant general freight agent of the North
ern Pacific: C. H. Markham, general
freight and passenger agent of the South
ern Pacific; J. W. Blabon, "Western traf
fic manager of the Great Northern, of Se
attle, and S. B. Calderhcad, general
freight and passenger agent of the Wash
ington & Columbia River Railroad, of
"Walla "Walla. After the conference it
was said that nothing definite had been
accomplished; indeed, that the purpose of
the meeting was merely to talk ovex traf
fic matters In a general way.
IMPROVEMENTS AT ABERDEEN.
Northern Pacific te Spend $25,000 is
ABERDEEN, Wash., Dec 23. General
Superintendent Law, of the" Northern Pa
cific, was here today, and gave out in
formation that Ills company will expend
immediately on Improvements here $25,000.
The present station will be moved north
half a block; and an addition for an ex
tra, waiting-room and offices built. A
large warehouse will be built, tracks and
switches changed, and all around the
buildings graded. The business of the
company has increased CO per cent here
in .the past six months.
FRIB RURAL DELIVERY.
Residents Near Troutdale Are Pre
paring a Petition for It
GRESHAM, Or.,Dec 28. Another ef
fort Is already being made to extend free
rural mall delivery In this section, the
recent success of Gresham having been
potent in stirring up other neighbor
hoods. E. B. "Williams is now engaged In
nrermxine- mass and a netition for the
free delivery of mall from Troutdale. The
territory to be covered will extend west-
ward to Cleone, eastward to Gage, be
yond the Sandy, and southward to the
Base Line, so as to Join the district which
will be served by carrier No. 1 from
Gresham. Two carriers will be needed on
the new routes, but they will not bo
chosen until the other details are settled.
It Is asserted by those who are Interested
In the work that the entire territory of
Eastern Multnomah from Sunnyslde to
Hurlburt will be served by United States
mail-carriers before another year ha3
passed. This will seriously affect at least
six or eight existing postoffices. and
probably cause their discontinuance, as
they will not be needed after free deliv
ery has once been thoroughly established.
Besides the free delivery there are other
improvements In the mall service being
established. The petition for a dally mail
to Ames has been granted, and the peti
tion for a dally service to Hurlburt will
undoubtedly be favorably considered soon.
More Planlc Road.
Supervisor Llttlepage, of Powell Valley,
has asked the County Commissioners for
authority to extend the plank roadway
along the road through that place, and
the work will be done. The different saw
mills will furnish the required lumber ct
reduced prices, as their tie teams will
use It rooro than any others. The dis
tance Is nearly a mile over a very muddy
and steep grade, and will close a gap In
a plank road that will then extend all
the way from Cottrell to Troutdale, about
eight miles. The work will bo done as
soon as possible.
John Rlnella is building the first hot
house east of Mount Tabor, and will be
prepared to furnish the Portland markets
with many kinds of early vegetables. He
is going into the business on a large
scale, his building being 120 teet long by
12 feet in width, heated by a -furnace.
The first crop will be lettuce, which Is
now being planted, and will come off
early enough to aUow the planting of
other early crops. Mr. Rlnella has 10
acres of excellent garden land, all of
which will be devoted to early crops, the
plants for which will be started in the
hothouse during the "Winter and early
Spring. His location Is on tho Baso Line
one mile east of Rockwood.
J. L. Chalker is putting up a new resi
dence at this place, at a cost of about
$500. He will occupy It with his family.
Elmer Jackson and Albert Hall, two
students of the Agricultural College, have
been visiting relatives at Falrview dur
ing the holidays. They will return to Cor
vallis on Tuesday next.
B. H. Bowman has Just completed a
new cottage on his farm at Terry for
his own use, and has taken up his resi
dence therein. He lately leased his '00
acrefarm for a period of three years for
a cash rent of $500 per year, and the
renter will occupy the old farmhouse.
Captain J. A. Brown, proprietor of Mel
ville farm, has Just completed an excel
lent concrete cellar, which he Is having
arranged for a dairy- He Is putting In a
lot of Improved butter-making machin
ery and otherwise preparing for the man
ufacture of a high grade of tho beat
Sonthern Pacific Gap Closed.
SAN FRANCISCO, Dec 2S. The South
ern Pacific Company today closed the gap
on its Coast line by completing the SO
miles of tracklaylng between Santa Bar
bara and Surf. The work of closing the
gap was begun IS months ago. It is the
intention of the railroad officfals to have
trains running over the route from this
city to Los Angeles the latter part of
If Baby Is CattinK Teeth,
Be sure and use that old and well-tried remedy,
Mrs. "Wlnslow's Soothing Syrup, for children
teething. It soothes the child, -softens the gums,
allays all pain, cures wind colic and diarrhoea.
SCHOOL TEACHERS' WORK
PROMIXENT EDUCATORS DISCUSS
SEVERAL PLANS FOR IT.
Subject of Addresses Before State
Association Convention Better
Attendance Each Day.
ALBANY, Or., Dec 2S. The morning
session of the State Teachers' Association
was called to order by Vice-President
Campbell. Many new faces were to be seen.
It la thought that the attendance tomor
row, the closing day, will easily be
double that of the opening day. The as
sociation united In singing heartily "The
Star-Spangled Banner," after which Su
perintendent Ressler, of Eugene, opened
the discussion of tho subject. "Relation of
the Elementary Schools to High Schools."'
He set forth the object of the elementary
schools to be the preparation of the stu
dent for the high school, and the prac
tical duties of life, for many will go no
farther than the elementary schools. The
present state course for elementary
schools was undoubtedly prepared with
the thought that the student will pursue
his work further.
Elementary teachers ax coming to see
that mora la required than to carry out
a certain prescribed course of study, but
to Impress them that they are prepar
ing lor their life work, he made the fol
lowing suggestions concerning the courss
of study for elementary schools:
"That the teacher in the elementary
schools should not teach hlsrh school
studies unless well qualified, and must be
able to teach student methods of study.
Tho student to enter high school Bhould
have ability to study 'and to discern the
important from the unimportant must be
able to know how to get out of the books
what Is in the book. The high school
student must have learned his own respon
sibility. Elementary students should
bo trained to do some note-book work,
such as reproducing articles read them
selves or read to them."
The address of Professor Ressler was
well received, and the discussion which
followed was spirited and enthusiastic,
many of the teachers taking part.
After the discussion of the former sub
ject. Superintendent Robinson, of Port
land, presented a resolution, which was
adopted, authorizing the executive com
mittee to devise ways and means by
which the proceedings of this association
hereafter shall be published in pamphlet
form for the members and others who ore
Interested. Miss Holmes, of Portland,
gave a short reading entitled, "A Visit
to a Quiet Shaker Village," which was
well received. Being encored, she gave
another short reading on, "When the Folks
Are Gone." This closed the morning ses
sion. The afternoon session was opened by the
singing by a quartet of "Freedom's
Flag," written for the occasion by W
J. Crawford,- principal of the Sllvjrton
public schools. It was as follows:
O thou glorious flag of freedom,
"With thy shining stars.
In a blue field pure as heaven.
And thy white and crimson bars. ,.
Glorious nag! O sliver stars.
In a blue field pure as heaven,
"With thy white and crimson bars.
Shine where patriots' blood Is given.
Oh! thou hero's inspiration.
Thou patriots' sacred shrine.
Thou that lead'st mea up and onward,
By thy influence divine.
thy fair folds float forever
In this grand and matchless worth,
May the power universal
Ever guard tho weak of earth.
the stars phlne out still farther.
May thy Influence wld'nlng bo.
Till the sun in all his circuit
Shall look down on nations free.
The meeting was called to order by Pro
'Miss Holman then read a well written
paper on "The Study of Civil Govern
ment." The history of the early action
leading up to independence was briefly
yet concisely reviewed. Miss Holman
showed how public sentiment grew In fa
vor of the Colonists from meetings to
conventions. The necessity of a central
government wa3 clearly shown. In the
early history of our country the diverse
opinions led to the organization of, or
laid the foundation for political parties.
Politics should not be taught In the pub
lic schools, but underlying precept should
be taught. No more potent factor for the
development of good citizenship can be
found than the teacher in the public
schools. The better the citizen the less
the restraint. Tho paper was well re
Senator Mulkey led In the discussion of
the question. He referred to the views
of- great men as an inspiration to the fol
lowing generations. Reference was made
to the advancement In England, but noth
ing stood out so prominently as the
granting of equal rights to the several
states. The township government was re
ferred to as the highest type of civil
government. The one who teaches civil
government should go back to the funda
mental law. The township1 contained its
blockhouse, the township today has its
blockhouse the schoolhouse. He who
thoroughly understands the township sys
tem is ready to understand any system
of government. If the elective franchise
is ever extended to women it will be
through the township system. The school
Is a little government, where forms of
government may be thoroughly and sys
The department of Superintendents con
sists of County Superintendents, 'ex
County Superintendents, City Superin
tendents and principals. The department
convened at 1:30 P. M. with ex-Superln-tendent
A. S. McDonald in the chair and
Superintendent C. L. Gilbert, of Wasco
County,, secretary. After approval of the
minutes of 'the previous meeting, a list
of the County Superintendents of the
state was called, and there were 16 pres
ent out of a total of 33 In the state. Su
perintendent H. S. Lyman, of Clatsop
Countj', and E. E. Bragg, of Union Coun
ty, were absent on account of sickness.
Ex-Superintendent A. P. Armstrong could
not be in attendance because he had to
substitute for one of his teachers.
Superintendent G. W. Denman led In
the discussion of the subject, "Desirable
Modifications In the State Course of
Study." He was followed by Superintend
ent J. C. ZInser. These gentlemen were
followed In a lighter discussion by sev-,
eral members of the department, but it
was finally concluded that the state
course of study Is good enough for pres
ent needs, and that other changes may
bo made after the meeting of the Board
of Text-Book Commissioners. A vote of
the department will be taken tomorrow as
to the merits of the upright system of
penmanship vs. the slant system.
Superintendent E. T. Moores, of Marion
County, presented an exhibit which read
ily shows the standing of all pupils in
the primary, Intermediate and advanced
divisions, as outfined by the course of
study. He was followed in the discussion
of the subject on "Correlation of Re
ports" by Superintendent Nowlin, of
Umatilla. County. It was suggested by
Superintendent Robinson, of Multnomah
County, that any and all reports of school
work done by teachers to the office of
the County Superintendent keeps the Su
perintendent in closer touch with the
school work -of the county. From the re
ports of different Superintendents over
the state, it is to be Inferred that the
general condition of school work is better
than ever before. Superintendent F. B.
Hamlin spoke on "Desirable Modifica
tions In the Present School Law." As the
proposed changes are too numerous to
mention, a committee was appointed to
examine a draft of proposed- changes
.made by State Superintendent Ackerman,
and which Is to be presented at tho next
session of tho Legislature.
The follbwing officers were elected for
the ensuing year:
President. E. V. Littlefield; vice-president,
a L. Gilbert: secretary. E. T.
Moores; treasurer, F. B. Hamlln.
The department of Secondary and Colle
giate -education met at 1:35 P. M., Presi
dent P. L. Campbell in the chair.
Professor Strong, of Oregon University,
read a paper on "The Relation of Uni
versity to Secondary and Collegiate Edu
cation." In part he saldr
"Tho organization of public schools
grew out of the need felt for such or
ganizations. Linking primary and gram
mar schools together, there are eight
grades: High School, four; college, four,
making all told 15 grades. Then comes
the post-graduate course, three grades,
and now we have 19 grades. In order to
have thlngj of high type, there must
be organization. Secondary schools have
not been Included in this organization.
There are 100 High Schools in Oregon.
The gap between the university and the
public schools must be filled. About the
course of study for secondary schools
shall it be prescribed by the secondary
School or by the University? Not by uni
versities. The two branches should be in
harmony with each other. -The university
alms to do all it can to prevail upon
the secondary schools to concentrate their
studies. The supply of teachers must
come from the university- Specializing
Is the tendency of the times. Professional
training must be done in the university.
Tho university must set the standard for
the grade of work In tho secondary
, "Academic freedom comes from a
largeness of view. The narrow teacher
can make or unmake a child. Every sec
ondary school has a local function. The
quality of the work done In secondary
schools should be known by the univer
sity. Bulletins from the university are
useful to the secondary schools.
"The State University is the best en
dowed In the state. The State University
should therefore do the highest work in
the state. The university wishes to be
useful to all other institutions in the
Dr. J. H. Orcutt, president of tho 6tate
Normal School at Drain, read a very pop
ular paper on "Examinations: (a) of
Teachers; (b) of Pupils." In part he said:
"To discuss the question economically
and judicially, it is better to consider one
point at a time for the simple reason
that the two kinds of examinations have
very distinct purposes. What 13 the pur
pose of teachers examinations? My an
swer Is, to secure a legal basis upon
which to Issue to the candidates a license
to teach. In many cases, however, the
County Superintendent is compelled to
issue certificates to candidates who, in
his Judgment, are not qualified to teach,
because they have not answered the re
quired per cent of questions. There Is
another purpose; that is, to ascertain the
candidate's aptness to teach, ability to
govern, and character.. Of the last
named qualification, the Superintendent
can know. Of the other two, no set of
examination papers can reveal the truo
worth of the candidate. He must be tried
at the flaming forge of experience. It 13
necessary that we have a constructive
policy. We must recognize the necessity
of schools. We must also recognize some
uniform rule of action in securing proper
persons to officer these schools. We must
further bear In mind that the school
exists for the child, not the child for the
school. In the knowledge of child life
there is only one field the child itself.
And right here Is where It is proposed to
put the candidate for his knowledge of
teaching, his skill and his final test, we
have shown that the candidate has been
I subjected to the best tests as to scholar
ship, aptness to teach, ability to govern
and character. He now stands forth with
his state parchment in hand, certifying
to theso facts. But there are two degrees
beyond the state certificate and the life
diploma. These must be secured by spe
cial -and rigid examinations.
"Today the County Superintendent is
struggling with inefficiency of applicants.
He meets with crude, youthful material,
barely out of the eighth grade, sometimes
not so far advanced, asKing for certifi
cates. The Superlntendent'3 question Is,
What shall be done to officer our
schools? Place the standard for certifi
cate higher, pay ability what it Is really
worth, and you will have ability without
a dearth. The standard should be uni
form throughout the state. This can be
secured only by uniform examinations,
which we have, and uniform grading,
which we have not- This uniformity of
standard secured, I see no reason why
the first-grade certificate should not be
valid throughout the state in which it 13
issued and for the time issued.
"State icertiflcates should be issued to
no one under 21 years of age., and then
only on the basis of thorough scholarship
and proper training, or successful expe
rience. After five years of successful ex
perience under state license, a life license
should be executed by the state, covering
at least four additional branches, to glvo
the teacher a broader scholarship. I plead
for an education which seeks for the per
fection of man In nature, enjoyment and
labor, an education that prepares the
mind to think the truth, the heart to en
joy It, the purpose to will it, and the hana
to perform it.
"The teacher should Inspire the pupil
to higher attainment Instead of subordi
nating training, culture, the man, to the
glory that soon vanishes. True educa
tion educates. Inspires, leads, creates am
bition, stimulates to worthy alms and
purposes, banishes day dreams, gives the
pupil full possession of his possible self.
Examinations are knowledge-testing: they
develop power. Examinations should nev
er be .given to determine the status of
the pupil, nor should examinations, per
se, be given as tests of promotion. I fully
agree with Arnold Tompkins when he
says: T can see no educational reason for
consulting" the almanac in'the matter of
examinations,' but I would give written
tests whenever they can be made sub
servient to educational growth."
"Electlves in the High School Course."
was the title of a paper by Professor E.
D. Ressler. In part, his remarks were:
"English is required for the ful four
year course. One year In botany, one in
biology, three years of mathematlc. Why
allow pupils any choice? No one course
would suit the requirements of all cases.
"The object of elective3 is not for spe
cialization. Natural sequence should be
regarded. 'Snaps should be provided
against. Electlves enlist the Interest of
pupils. The change from one course to
another is not very great. The pupli
learns to choose before he goes to col
lege." This being a subject of vital Interest la
many ways, a lively discussion followed.
In which a, large number of teachers took
part. The topic was discussed by Pro
fessor Geddes. On motion, a committee
of three on course of study for secondary
schools was appointed as follows: Presi
dent Strong, President Lee, Superintend
A paper by H. B. Buckman on "HIgheF
Education In Its Relation to the Public
School Teacher" was read. He laid down
three requisites for good teaching:
"Knowledge, method and personal apti
tude. One must know- what he under
takes to teach others to know. Every
thing must be made subservient to meth
od. The teacher must have a liberal edu
cation and a great reserve fund of knowl
edge." The visiting teachers have shown much
Interest In the public school work of the
Albany children, who made a fine exhibit
I of drawings, sketch work, compositions
and exercises. They ail elicited warm
words of praise. One especially fine orig
inal sketch, entitled "An Original Thanks
giving .Story," told of the football game
here between Eugene and Albany High
Schools Thanksgiving day. The players,
with their different school colors, are des
ignated, by brownies with pumpkin and
cabbage heads. The Eugene rooters (the
High School girls) take the lofty stride of
turkeys, while the Albany gfrls, repre
sented by a flock of stately geese, give
the High School yell, "Rickety, rackety,
zip, boom, bah, Albany High School, 'rah,
rah, rah!" The sketch is the work or
Miss Gertie Jewell, of the Albany High
Schoo1. and the original wit and sarcasm
displaced Is striking. Others include
many fine pieces of map work, studies in
physiology and short stories. The exhibit
was viewed by a large number during
"THE DUKE'S JESTER."
"Warde's New Play Pleases a Big.
Just whether or not "The Dukes Jest
er," which Frederick Warde presented at
the Marquam last night. Is a melodra
matic comedy or a melodrama with com
edy trimmings. Is by no means certain,
but there is no doubt that It mightily
pleased a large audience pleased it so
much that curtain calls were the order
of the evening, and the star was not al
lowed to retire to his dressing-room at
the close of the second act until he had
acknowledged the appreciation of those
across the, footlights in one of the easy
little speeches ho know3 so well how-' to
The play reeks with hot-tempered nobles
who are perpetually spoiling for a fight,
and whose love affairs are kept In a sad
ly tangled state by the fool, some of
whose tricks are played under a misap
prehension of the facts, while some of
them proclaim him to be what his master
calls him, a man of heart a3 well as brain.
Cecco, fool to the Duke of Milan, of
noble birth but stripped of his title. Is
the one man In whom his master fully
trusts. Cecco is loved by Nina de Borgia,
ward of a nobleman, and loves her in
turn, but, believing her to be In love with
Count Maletesta, renounces her; and
when his master, in a moment of caprice,
declares that the girl must marry the fool,
Cecco clothes Maletesta with his motley
and the Count becomes her husband.
Learning that her proxy husband is hate
ful to her, the fool effects a second ex
change of clothing, this time with the girl,
who escapes to the house of a friend,
while Cecco awaits Maletesta as his bride.
The Duke, angered at the fool for Inter
fering with, his plans, forgives him. for as-,
sistlng the girl to escape, and the two re
pair to her haven of refuge, where they
are followed by Maletesta,. and Princo
Lodovico, a third lover of the girl. A
general fight ensues, in which Maletesta
13 slain, and all becomes well. The fool
13 restored to his lost rank, and at last
his so long hopeless love Is rewarded.
As Cecco, Mr. Warde had a fine oppor
tunity for the comedy side of his talent,
which was shown so well when ho ap
peared here as Prince Hal In "Henry TV."
There is also much feeling in the part,
and his scenes with Nina were particu
larly strong. The character, however, Is
hardly so well suited to an actor of his
ability as those in which he ha3 made
himself well known to Portland play
goers. E. R. Spencer, as the Duke of Milan,
has, next to Mr. Warde, the principal role
of tha drama, and there can be no fault
found with his interpretation of it- Fred
erick Forrester was sufficiently dark and
lowering for the part of Maletesta, Cyrus
Hales made a good Prince Lodovico,
Alexander McKenzIo was acceptable as
the duke of the palace, and Douglas Fair
banks appeared to answer tho require
ments of the role of Florio.
As Nina, 3irs. E. R. Spencer proved
herself an actress of really great- abhlty.
Possessed of a fine voice, a graceful car
riage, and1 a temperament that lends It
self readily to such a character, her per
formance was in every respect excellent,
and she added a host of new friends to
those she made as Julie in "Richelieu."
Aa Bonnetta, a maid with a timid lover.
May Warde added a delightful bit of com
edy of her own, while Bessie Hunter, a3
Madonna Lisa, awakened a wish to see
more of her.
"The Duke's Jester" will bo repeated at
the matinee this afternoon. Tonight,
FRAWLEYS BEST PLAT.
Unusually Fine Performance
"Madame Sana Gene."
Of all the plays the Frawley company
have presented jit Cordrays, none is, so
well suited "to theni, nor so weir given as
"Madame Sans Gene," which, was the bill
at that theater last evening. The name
part of the piece might have been written
for Miss- Van Buren. so exactly does it fit
I her. In every scene of the pla-v she Is
what her name proclalmes her, "Madame
Don't Care," and. the delightful non
chalance with which she exchanges cour
tesies with tho fine ladles of the drawing
rooms is worth going a long way to see.
Harrington Reynolds, as the French sol
dier who is so fortunate as to have her
for a wife, is in the first scene the rol
licking youth he ought to be, and in the
latter scenes the sedate courtier the
changes of the time have made him.
Frawley Is no Ies3 of a surprise in Na
poleon than he was last year. He de
FTawleyizes himself completely in this
part?, looks as if he had stepped out of a
picture of tho great soldier, and. storms
about as one might expect of the Em
peror of France. His scenes with Miss
Van Buren are particularly well done.
The remainder of the cast was all good.
The play suits the company, and they can
not play it too often to suit the majority
of their admirers.
A NEW ROAD.
The'new Improvements that have been
made during the past year or two in the
tracks, roadbed, bridges, trestles, tunnels,
etc, have virtually made a new road or
the Northern Pacific The roadbed ha3
been widened, trestles filled in, new and
heavier steel rails laid, grades cut down,
wooden bridges replaced by steel pnes,
curves taken out, tunnels lined with con
crete and brick, and improvements made
wherever possible. Hundreds of thou
sands of dollars have been expended in
Improvements during the past few years.
New and mammoth locomotives capable
of drawing the heavy transcontinental
passenger trains at 75 miles per-hour,
when necessary, have been bought. Prog
ress and advancement have been and are
the order of the day. Such a road, solid,
smooth, safe, it Is a, pleasure to ride over.
especially as it runs through the finest
scenery of the Northwestern Empire ana
touches all the greater cities found there.
Pullman's best cars, both standard and
tourist sleepers and a' royal dining-car, (
are a part of the through trains from!
Portland daily. Your bedroom and din
ing-room are carried along with you all!
the way to Minneapolis and at. Paul, al
distance of over 2000 miles, where you are,
they are, where you go, they go.
If you are going East and desire infor
mation a3 to routes, rates, sleeplng-carJ
reservations, etc., call on or write A. D.
Charlton, assistant general passenger
agent, 255 Morrison street, corner Thirc,
Death of Peter Roth.
Peter Roth, an old and well-known res-"'
ident of Columbia slough, living near the
old Charles Hall farm, died December 2i.
He was 74 years and 10 months old, ana
had made his home in that neighborhood,
for a long term of years, engaging inl
dairying. There is quite a large family or I
the Roths. He is survived by four sons 4
Casper, Henry, Peter and John Roth-j
who are also engaged In the dairy bus!-1
ness. The funeral will take place thl3'
afternoon from the old home, and Love'
cemetery will be the place of interment.
The services at the house will be at 2
o'clock, and at 3 o'clock at the cemetery.J
Those going from the city may take
Vnnpnnvpr or Wnnfllawn car.