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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 13, 1900)
THE MORNING OREGONIAN, TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 13, 1000.
QUEENCARLOTTA'S J EWELS
aCBXCOAXS JLEHESTED FOB. SMUG
CIiIKa FAMOUS STORES.
tiimtajoaAu Found in Their Possession
When Talten in Custody hy a.
NEW TORK, Nov. 12. Two Mexicans,
Urtio gave their names as Velo M. Preza
lanii Alejandro A. Maroucci, were arrested
today, charged with smuggling Into this
oountry part ot the famous Jewels at ono
ttTnA worn by Carlbtta, the widow of Em
peror. Maximilian, of Mexico. The jewels
in tire men's possession are said to be
worth $76,000. The men were shadowed,
end this morning Special Treasury Agent
SRuMbald saw them, with another man,
meet at the corner of Broadway and Sev
enteenth street. He approached them
and told one of them that he was a pris
oner. The T"" protested, and as he did so
banded two packages to one of the other
taen. A policeman was called and the two
were arrested. The third man was not
arrested, but went to the "West Thlrtleth
Btreet Station In a closed carriage.
At the station the men protested against
their arrest, but were held, notwithstand
ing. The packages were opened, and in
one was found two diamond rings. The
Btones were single diamonds set In plain
srold, and are said to be worth about
$18,000 apiece. The other package, con
taining a diamond pendant suspended
from a jeweled necklace, is said to have
been formerly worn by Queen Carlotta.
The pendant consist of a large diamond
Bet around with IS smaller stones, and two
large stones hanging beneath. The stone
(a the center Is said to be a famous dia
mond, and the pendant Is said to be
worth $40,000. The jewels were turned
ever to Agent Theobald. YThe men were
exralgned before Commissioner Shields,
md were held in ball of $5000, and their
examination was set for November 17.
It was learned that among the papers
ftrhlch Preza had on him when he was ar
rested was a bill of sale for the diamonds
for $2Q,O00. It is said that one of the men
told the officials that the stones were
given to them by a woman to sell. This
woman Is said to be Preza's nance. The
Jewels were in a red leather case, and
In the case was a piece of paper on which
was written n English: "Diamond neck
lace Is from Maximilian's crown, I860."
The center stone is 33.7 carats, and none
of the 13 surrounding stones are less than
One carat. The stone In one of the dia
mond rings seized was in Maximilian's
dng at the time he was shot.
LOUISE FROST'S MURDERER.
Sheriff of Lincoln County, Colo., Be
lieves lie Has the Guilty Sinn,
DENVER, Colo., Nov. 12. Sheriff Free
man, of Lincoln County, came to Denver
today and after a long intervlow with
Preston Porter and his two sons, negroes
under arrest here, announced his belief
that John Porter is the murder of
Louise Frost, at Llmon. The Sheriff was
with the suspected men for more than
balf an hour, and on coming out of the
"I am convinced that John Porter Is the
man who murdered Louise Frost, after
BUbjectlng her to the most revolting in
dignities. Before Porter and his father
and brother left Llmon Saturday they
buried a quantity of clothing and some
bedding at the bunk-house, and left there
to, pair of shoes, the Imprint and nails of
which fit the imprints about the scene of
the assault. John Porter and His brother.
I find, served a term In the Kansas peni
tentiary for assault on a white girl In
that state. There was great similarity
in the manner of the assault committed
on the Frost girl and that committed by
them in Kansas. Porter lies about his
whereabouts the afternoon of the day of
the crime, and I am of the belief that
hewlsr the. guilty "man. -John potter W
about 19 years old. He quit work in the'
section gang on the Union Pacific early
in the day on which the murder was
committed, and he has not satisfactorily
accounted for his Whereabouts during tne
remainder of the day."
One of the strong points in the chain of
evidence against Porter is the fact that
there are blood stains on his hat. Porter
confessed to the ownership of the shoes
Sound in the cabin where he lived at
"These shoes," Bald the Sheriff, "have
four nails in the soles sticking out a con
siderable distance, and by this peculiar
print we followed the man's trail for a
mile and half and back, three miles In
all. On the way to the .scene of the crime
the tracks Indicated that he was proceed- J
lng leisurely. The other way he was
running. I Intend to take Porter back
to Lincoln County, but I am satisfied that
I will never be able to get him across
the border many yards. I am sure Lin
coln County men are ready to lynch him,
end that It will occur as soon as I enter
the county, but, nevertheless, I am going
to take him along." .
Sheriff Porter is of the opinion that
John Porter's father and brother had
nothing to do with the crime, and they
will probably be released.
Chief of Police Farley tonight refused
to turn John .Porter over to the Sheriff
of Lincoln County without more substan
tial evidence of his guilt or authority
from the District Attorney.
McAIlster "Will Plead Insanity.
NEW YORK. Nov. 12. Walter C. McAl
lster. Indicted at Paterson for the murder
of Jennie Bosschleter, has been visited
bv his father, James McAllster, In the
jail, and, as the result of a long confer
ence, the father says he is prepared to
spend his last dollar if necessary in de
fense of his son. It is likely that Insan
ity will be the plea, as It is alleged that
come years ago Walter suffered impair
ment of the reasoning faculties. He was
treated by an expert in New York. An
effort will be made to have this expert
attend the trial.
A reporter who gave the name of
Thompson succeeded in having himself
sentenced to a term of 10 days In Pater
son Jail, his object being to join the pris
oners and secure a "beat" for his paper.
He did not learn until he got Into a cell
that prisoners ui?er sentence have no op
portunity to mingle with those awaiting
trial. After serving three days In Jail he
managed to get released and left for New
Trial of Xesrro Soldiers.
EL PASO, Tex., Nov. 12. A. special
Venire of 300 men have been summoned
from which to select a Jury to try six
negro soldiers of the Twenty-fifth In
fantry, accused of raiding the city po
lice station here last Winter and murder
ing Policeman Newton Stuart. The In
cident attracted widespread attention at
the time. The soldiers stole guns and
axes at Fort Bliss and went to the City
Jail to liberate one of their comrades.
Officer Stewart, after parleying with
them, opened fire and killed a Corporal.
The soldiers fired many shots Into the
building and killed Stewart.
Their alleged leader. Sergeant John
Kipper, has been tried,' found guilty of
murder and sentenced to life Imprison
ment. Movement for Funeral Reforms.
A federation of churches In Pittsburg
and vicinity has taken up the subject of
funeral reform, and makes a number of
valuable recommendations to that end.
Asmng other things, the federation ad
vises that display of all kinds should be
avoided, and that floral offerings, if used.
at all, should be simple and inexpensive.
Personal references to the deceased at
the funeral should be omitted. Services
ct the grave are declared to be unneces
sary, and in no case should the persons
who attend them be expected to stand
with uncovered heads. The admission of
curlotia people to.vlowXb (Scad before, CwJ.
funeral ia specially deprecated- Finally,
a discontinuance of the custom ox wear
ing mourning Is strongly recommended
as being "scarcely in harmony with the
hope of the gospel." These suggested
reforms are clearly-in the interest of good
sense and refined feeling. Some of our
funeral customs are relics of a super
stitious and barbarous age, and are with
out excuse In an enlightened community.
Cfttef among these Is the senseless and
extravagant outlay for flowers, coaches,
funeral trappings and other things often
indulged In over people whose whole
lives hive been a struggle with poverty'
and pain. Lavish expenditure over the
sepulture of any person, rich or poor,
high or low, has nothing to commend It
In reason or religion. Respect for the
dead does not demand these things, while
a proper regard for the living calls, for
TRUSTS IN GREAT BRITAIN.
Grovrtb. Has Been Very Rapid in the
Past Ten Years.
Ten years ago, the heading "Trusts in
England" would have been as great an
anomaly as the oft-quoted title of an ar
ticle on "Snakes In Iceland," which read,
"There are no snakes in Iceland," writes
Robert McDonald, in the American Month
ly Review of Reviews for November.
For many years the Manchester school of
lais-sez-faire had dominated English po
litical economy. Under free trade, com
mercial freedom, every one thought, was
guaranteed; competition had full play.
English economists pointed to the fruits
of protection in the trusts organized in
the United States, and predicted that
these gigantic monopolies would endanger
free Institutions, and strangle the politi
cal as well as the commercial liberties of
the republic. With free trade (so they
held) there could be no trusts. Trusts
could not be organized without high pro
tection and the assistance of powerful
railroad corporations; and, even If they
were established, tiiey could not exist any
length of time, and would never succeed.
These views were also held by free trad
ers and economists in America. Econo
mists must now revise their views, and
politicians change their tactics. England
no longer enjoys that Immunity from
monopoly which was the boast of its own
economists and the object-lesson of Amer
ican free traders. While the position of
trusts has not greatly changed In the
United States during the past 10 years,
except to develop on the same lines, a
commercial revolution Is taking place in
England. The country Is becoming honey
combed with combinations and trusts;
and, what Is more and perhaps worse,
there Is no agitation against the system.
No effort Is made to check trusts or con
trol them. Not a word has been said in
Parliament on the subject. Newspapers
record the news of combinations without
much comment, except on the financial
or Investors' aspect of them. I can trace
only two serious review articles on this
Important development one superficial
and Ill-informed; the other, by the pro
moter of some of the combines. The fact
is that the new phase of Industrial com
bination is an easy, natural and perhaps
inevitable development of the Jolnt-stock-Umtted
company system, together with
the publicity and checks that accompany
it. We have .now in England as many
varieties of combinations as exist in the
United States These are (1) loose under
standings for apportioning trade; (2)
working agreements between groups or
manufacturers for regulating prices; (3)
great amalgamations which practically
control the markets; (4) local trusts, su
preme In their own areas and in their
own trades; (5) national monopolies, and
(6) International monopolies.
English Trusts Differ From Ours.
Two things make the organization and
working of trusts In Great Britain differ
ent from the operation of similar combl-.
nations in America. These are the joint
stock company system and free trade.
The first introduces an element of demo
cratic control In finance in place of an
autocracy; the other acts as a safety
yalvgjn the Interests of consumers., In r
'ganliing'trusts of localized monopolies in
England, no doubt various kinds ot per
suasion and coercion are utilized; but
once a company is formed, the methods
adopted in America for consolidating and
extending the combination would not work
well. Cutthroat, death-dealing competi
tion to destroy recalcitrant firms would
not be possible; nor would the concomi
tant of this method, high prices in places
where monopoly had been established, be
safe or expedient. Shareholders would
not risk their dividends for a single year
by this method of Industrial warfare.
Even If the Independent shareholders did
not control the combjne, they are cap
able of exercising great Influence. The
position of a company organized on the
"Jflinif stock limited liability system is open
IB!' Jllf t .., 1.. t ,.
to uiscu3i(iuu in puuuu lueouui, ui -"o
shareholders at least once a year. Ad
verse criticism on the part of a minority
has an influence on the market. J.f the
directors who may be the chief holders do
not furnish the information asked for, or
justify their policy to the saisfactlon of
the independent shareholders, the stock
will be at once adversely affected. It is
possible for a low to control the combi
nation by securing a majority of the stock
or Bhares; but that control will be In their
own Interest only so long as they behave
themselves, and pursue a straightforward,
business-like policy. The accountants,
who act as auditors of limited companies,
occupy an independent position, which en
ables them to check crooked methods of
finance. They are men of high profes
sional standing, who could not be
"squared" by unscrupulous directors.
Their strength lies In their Integrity; and
It would not pay them, even If they were
willing, to connive with directors to do
what was not straightforward, or to mis
lead the public.
Another Day of McKenrle Hearing.
SAN FRANCISCO, Nov. 12. Tho inves
tigation Into the alleged contempt of Dud
ley Duboce, In the matter of the Nome
mining litigation, was continued today
before United States Commissioner Hea
cock. Robert Chlpps, one of the direct
ors of the Alaska Gold Mining Company,
was the only witness. Attorney Geary
objected to all the questions asked. Chipps
said that he was In Washington during
the time when the candidacy of Judge
Noyes was up, and that McKenxIe was
working to have him chosen. In New
York, Chlpps made a deed to McKenzle
for the Discovery mine, but at Nome,
after the appointment of McKenzle, as
receiver, this deed was taken up and an
other one made to Hubbard. When the
properties were transferred Chlpps said
that McKenzie furnished money for the
men to go to Alaska and work In the in
terests of the company.
Charged With Fraud.
NASHVILLE, Tenn., Nov. 12. The ar
rest of T. P. Brady upon a Federal war
rant sworn out by F. O. Watts, cashier of
the First National Bank, has caused a
sensation here. The firm of Connor &
Brady, composed of J. H. Connor and T.
P. Brady, wholesale grocers and liquor
dealers, made an assignment today, and
the arrest of Brady followed. In this con
nection, the disappearance last July of
W. W. Lea, Individual bookkeeper of the
First National Bank, is explained. The
two are charged with collusion In de
frauding the bank out of $44,000.
Died From Effects of Accident.
Isaac Crowther, tho Portland laborer,
who was struck by a freight train near
Cornelius two weeks ago, and was
brought to Portland to have his leg am
putated, failed to rally after the opera
tion an.d died yesterday. His mother U es
in Forest Grove, and when the accident
happened he was returning from the
burial of Ms father.
Official Election Returns.
VANCOUVER, Wash., Nov. 12. The
County Commissioners commenced the
canvass of the returns of. the election
In Claric Ponntr todav Thw Truf
compJot tho 4aak4omorxaw;
CHRISTIAN SCIENCE CASE
HEALER HERTZKA ON TRIAL AT
Defendant Made a Poor 'Witness He
Did Not Know His Pa
OREGON CITY, Or., Nov. 12. The trial
of A. W. Hertzka. the Christian Science
healer, of Portland, occupied the time of
the Circuit Court today. About 20 Chris
tlon Scientists, of Portland, principally
women, the ministers of the city, and
many other people, followed the pro
ceedings in an interested way. District
Attorney Allen is assisted in the prosecu
tion by George -C. Brownell, C. D. Latour
ette and J. U. Campbell. Defendant Is
represented by Attorney Stoddard, of
Portland, and Gordon E. Hayes, of Ore
gon, City. All the forenoon was taken
John D. Atkinson, newly elected State Auditor for "Washington, was born in 1861 at Coa
nellsvllle. Pa., where his parents and a number of brothers and sisters still reside. He Is a
Graduate of "Waynesburg Colle&e. and vra formerly a. member of the bar of Chicago. He has
lived In Washington 10 years, practicing law at Seattle several years. He has resided
during the last four years most of the time in what Is now Chelan County, where he Is in
terested In mlnlns enterprises. Ho was chairman of the last Chelan County Republican Convention.
in securing a Jury, the defense Is most
instances objecting to orthodox members
as jurymen Hertzka, instead of taking
a seat in the bar, occupied a rear seat
with two women friends, during the
greater part of the trial.
Dr. Byron E. Miller, of Portland, sec
retary of the State Board of Medical Ex
aminers, was the first witness. He tes
tified that Hertzka did not hold a license
to practice medicine, nor had he ever ap
plied for one.
C. M. Quint, son of Mrs. S. B. Quint,
testified as" to -applying to Hertzka to
treat his mother, about January 20, a few
weeks previous to her death. Quint final
ly acknowledged that there was soma
kind of understanding that Hertzka ex
pected to receive 15 per week for giving
treatment, after his evidence before the
Coroner's Jury was -produced. He also
testified that several physicians had treat
ed his mother, but that she had not re
ceived any permanent benefit therefrom,
but was helped by the first treatment
given by the Christian Science hfcaler,
and was benefited by subsequent treat
ments given at his house in Gladstone.
Dr. E. A, Sommer testified that he was
called to visit Mrs. Quint on the evening
of February 7, after she liad been treated
by the Christian Science healer. He found
her suffering from uric coma, which might
be caused from kidney, heart or other
troubles. In fact, she was unconscious
and dying, and he did not give her any
J. W. Loder, who took the testimony
of Hertzka at the Coroner's Inquest, was
called to the stand, but the court ruled
that this testimony was out of order.
The defense then called Hertzka to the
stand. He made a poor witness, show
ing either gross ignorance, or lack of
ability to express himself in the English
language. In fact, continued questioning
by his attorney did not enable him to
explain the principles of Christian Sci
ence. The prosecution, however, met with
some better success In getting informa
tion out of Hertzka, although he per
sisted in contending that it was God and
Jesus Christ that was carrying on the
healing business, not himself. He finally
explained that It was a devotional act,
but was unable to tell in what part of
the Bible certain quotations occurred,
when questioned by his own attorney.
The fact was elicited, that he had form
erly lived at Spokane, where he was em
ployed as a bookkeeper In a department
store, and came to Portland !n February,
1898. After coming to Portland he claimed
that he was In the employment of the
Government for two months testing
sand, and later went Into Christian Sci
In reply to questions, Hertzka stated
that after doing some other work he went
to Southern Oregon and did Christian
Science work for three or four months.
Returning, he located at the Christian
Science headquarters in Portland, and had
treated about 200 patients in two years,
losing only two cases. He stated that he
had studied Christian Science for several
years past, his authority being Mrs. Mary
B. Eddy's book. He had also attended
the Christian Science Institute in Port
land for three weeks. In answer to a
question, he stated that he had treated
Mrs. Quint for heart and liver troubles,
having been Informed that such was her
ailment. Further consideration of the
case was postponed until tomorrow morn
ing. COURTHOUSE AND SCHOOLHOUSE.
Improvements Laid Out for Fossil
FOSSIL, Or., Nov. 12. Wheeler County
Court Saturday made an order to the ei
fect that a call for bids for a brick
courthouse, similar In size and accommo
dations to the new courthouse of Sher
man County, which cost about JS0O0. The
bids will be opened by the court January
A subscription list Is out for a new
brick schoolhouse for Fossil, which the
citizens Intend building next Spring, along
with the courthouse. It is the intention
to build the schoolhouse, the projected
cost of which is $4000, entirely by sub
scription. CHURCH APPOINTMENTS.
Oregon and California Assignments
of African M. E. Church of Zion.
REDDING, CaL, Nov. 12. The confer-'
ence for California and Oregon of the
African Methodist Episcopal Church of
Zion has made the following appoint
ments for the ensuing year:
San Francisco, T. Brown; Oakland, C
B, P. Moore; Portland, Qr.t E.LS. Swan;
Baker City, Or., M. E. Fullenlpve; Monro
via, Cal., C R. Hunter; Redding, Cat,
A. J. Woodward; Los- Angeles. VJ. W.
Wright; Fresno and.Hanford, J. C. Rob
erts; San Jose, J. Jackson? Paso "Robles,
John W. Watllngtoh. ' '
WASHINGTON, Nov. 8. Pensions have
been granted as follows:
Oregon: Qrlgtnal Thomas J. Parish,
Highland, $S; additional Flllman A.
Swan, Lebanon, $8; war with Spain, orig
inal William T. Allen. Portland.' $S;
widows, etc. Minor of Michael P. Crow
ley, La Grande, $14; original Joel B.
Bates, Troutdale. $6; Increase David
Beers, Hermann) $S; original widows, etc
Lavernia Ulm. Union, S.
Washington: Increase James K. P. Al
len, Klrkland, $S; reissue and Increase
William A. Lammey, South Tacoma, $10.
Wheeler County's First" Prisoners.
FOSSIL, Or., Nov. 12. Wheeler County
has its first prisoners on its hands, in
the persons of three young men giving the
names, of Lloyd Dalton, Ed Smith and
Frank Johnson (all supposed to be false),
bound over by Justice Fisher, of Wag-
ner, for breaking Into County School Su
perintendent Charles" Royse's bachelor
cabin and stealing a few small articles
that were found In their possession. They
are strangers, presumably from Western
Oregon. Dalton and Johnson look very
much like brothers. They had some
stolen horses in their possession, of which
two were recovered by their respectivo
owners, E. P, Weir and Robert Cannon,
and three are in the custody of tho
Sheriff of Wheeler County. Wheeler
County having no jail yet, the prisoners
are being boarded In Gilliam County JaiC
They will be tried In Circuit Court in
Fossil next January.
New Mill at Kendrlclc.
The completion of the new flour mill at
Kendrick promises to ease up the wheat
situation of that section. The mill will
have a grinding capacity of about 400
bushels dally, which will result In much
of the grain finding a local market. To
a very great extent the wheat that is
being held in the farm granaries is hold
for this new market. This, the farmers
argue, will have a tendency to divide the
market so that they will not be at the
mercy of the railroad company for trans
portation facilities, which at times causes
the local market to be quiet and stop
Northwest Horses for Cavalry.
which is really more nourishing for tb
VANCOUVER, Wash., Nov. 12. Cap
tain Walnwright and party left here yes
terday for Walla Walla, Wash., In com
pliance with orders from the War Depart
ment topurchase 600 horses for the United
The steamer Undine took a cargo of
horses from Vancouver Barracks today
to Portland, from whence they will go
to Manila, where they will be used In
the cavalry service. , About 600 horses are
quartered here awaiting transportation.
Yamhill Pnrm Changes Hands. .
HILLSBORO, Or., Nov. 12. Hon. Hu
bert Bernards, Representative-elect from
Washington County, has purchased a 600
acre farm, located one and one-half miles
north of McMInnvHle,' Yamhill County. A
few years ago the tract cost the grantors
$22,000. Mr. Bernards secured the prop
erty for $15,000. His two sons will at once
take possession of the new purchase.
Northwest Postal Orders.
WASHINGTON, Nov. 8. The postoffice
at Vlda, Lane County, Or., has been
moved two miles to the west, with, no
change of Postmaster.
A postoffice has been established at
Highland, Spokane County, Wash, to be
supplied by special service from Hl'llyard.
Nathan Leight has been appointed Post
master. Hops nt Independence.
INDEPENDENCE, Or., Nov. 12. There
remain in the Southern Pacific warehouse
here 1933 bales of this season's hops. Of
this numbr, something like 450 are sold
and will soon be shipped. Thus far the
warehouses have handled 6642 bales, rep
resenting 45 growers, all of whom, ex
cept seven, have sold their output. They
control about 1400 bales.
Circuit Court at Albany.
ALBANY, Or., Nov. 12. Department
No. 2 of the Circuit Court convened this
afternoon, with Judge R. P. Boise on the
bench, and 33 cases on the docket, and
will hold sessions during the week.
Among the cases are U partition suits,
eight foreclosure cases and seven divorce
Independence Municipal Affairs.
INDEPENDENCE. Or., Nov. 12. The
City Council will meet tomorrow evening,
in adjourned session, to consider street
improvements, street lights, etc As there
is some opposition to street lights on
the part of some of the Councllmen, an
Interesting time Is expected.
Accidentally Shot Himself.
FOREST GROVE, Or., Nov. 12. Word
reached here tonight that Buford Creps
had accidentally shot himself near Green
ville. The extent of the Injury will not
be Tcnown until Drs. W. P. Via and C L.
Large, who have been summoned, return.
Farmers Utilise Good "Weather.
HILLSBORO, Or.. Nov. 12. Fanners are
putting forth every effort In plowing and
seeding, and If- the weather continues
good for a week or 10 days, thousands oX
-ftcrcflrlll fcavo. be.encecded,
OUR' TRANSPORT SERVICE
REVIEW OF THE WORK ON THE
How the Complex Problems Brought
About by the Spanish War Were
Met and Handled.
WASHINGTON, Nov. 12.-One ot the
leading features In the report of the
Quartermaster-General for the past year
Is his review of the work of the trans
port service on the Pacific, which prac
ticably means between the Pacific Coast
and the Philippines, although a little
space Is given to the transport service
that Is whoUy confined to the Philippine
Islands. Of these two branches of the
service General Ludington says:
"On July 1, 1899, preparations wero be
ing made for the transportation of an
army to the Philippines and the return
from there of the volunteer troops whose
term of service had expired.
"For this serHse there were on the Pa
cific Ave owned transport ships, the
Grant, Sherman, Sheridan, Hancock and
Warren, with a combined carrying ca
pacity of 326 officers and 7733 enlisted men.
The department at that time had eight
vessels under charter, with a carrying
capacity of 284 officers and 6S04 men.
Twenty additional ships were chartered
for the service and fitted up for the ac
commodation of troops. These last-mentioned
had a carrying capacity of 371 offi
cers and 14,328 men. Upon the foregoing
ships were transported from San Fran
cisco, Seattle and Portland to-the Phil
ippines 424U passengers, which Included
officers, enlisted men, nurses, civilian em
ployes, and others.
During the fiscal year there were trans
ported from the Philippines to the United
States 26,654 persons, consisting of offi
cers, enlisted men and others.
Transportation of Animals and Sup
plies. "During the fiscal year three large
troopships were transferred from the At
lantic to the Pacific fleet, viz., Thomas,
Meade and Logan, which Increased the
number in the latter fleet to eight. With
theso transports semi-monthly sailing be
tween San Francisco and Manila was ar
ranged, so that a transport would leave
each port on the 1st and 16th of each
"In addition to the accommodation fori
troops and their baggage, these ships
have a large freight-carrying capacity,
and are used In transporting a large
quantity of quartermaster, subsistence,
medical and other supplies for the Anny
in the Philippines. The increase in the
military force serving there greatly aug
mented the demand for animals of the
cavalry and artillery, means of transpor
tation, and the suppllaj for the Army,
making additional freight and animal
"During the fiscal year 15 steamships
and one sailing vessel have been under
charter for the transportation of animals
"For the transportation of animals spe
cial care has, been exercised In selecting
suitable ships. Transports of large carry
ing capacity are necessary, as an ample
supply of forage must go on each ship to
sustain the animals en route.
"For the safety and comfort of the ani
mals, stalls are constructed on the ships
of smoothly planed lumber, and material
placed on board for padding the stal's n
case the animals become chafed. Extra
stalls are provided to enable the animals
to be changed from one to another, and
space left on the decks, where the ani
mals may be exercised when the sea is
smooth. Slings, made of heavy canvas,
of sufficient strength to support the
weight of the animals, are also provided.
If their use should become necessary.
Special attention has been given to tho
subject of ventilation. Electric plants
have been Installed for lighting the ships
and running fans for forcing fresh air be
tween decks occupied by the animals ana
for exhausting the foul air In them,
which are supplemented by wind sails at
tached to the hatches and ports. Con
densing apparatus Is placed on the ships
to provide an ample supply of fresh wa
ter. A hospital is provided on each ship,
where the sick animals may be treated.
A veterinary surgeon and a corps of ex
perienced caretakers for the animals ac
company each ship. In a word, every
thing Is provided on these ships that will
be conducive to the safety and comfort
of the animals during their long voyage.
"A j-orral has been established at Hono
lulu, where the animals are landed for
rest and recuperation before resuming
the voyage to Manila. Hllo, another Isl
and of the Hawilan group, was also used
for this purpose during the prevalence of
the bubonic plague at Honolulu.
"Through the' courtesy of the Japanese
Government, arrangements wero made to
permit the animals en route to the Phil
ippines going by the northern route to be
landed at Kobe for rest and recupera
tion, and a large number have been
landed at that port Instead of stopping at
Honolulu or Hilo.
"There was shipped from the Pacific
Coast during the fiscal year 10,315 ani
mals. This service, as a rule, has been
most satisfactorily performed, the ani
mals generally arriving at the end of
their voyage in good condition and the
losses en route not greatly, If at all, eao
ceeding the percentage of loss among
similar numbers of animals when trans
ported on land, except In two shiploads,
which suffered loss and damage by en
countering severe storms.
"For the large number of animals in
the .Philippines It is necessary to provide
many tons of forage. Hay and grain are
purchased largely In the markets of the
North Pacific Coast and shipped thence
direct to Manila. It has been ascertained
after trial that in case of shortage of
American forage the native forage, con
sisting of rice straw, unhulled rice and
native grass, can be fed to the animals
during the emergency with fair results.
This native forage can, however, be ob
tained only in a very limited quantity.
"During the fiscal year 44 ships wero
employed under-charter by this depart
ment in connection with the transport
service. These vessels have been discon
tinued and charters canceled as rapidly
as their services could be spared. At the
close of the fiscal year H chartered ves
sels remained In service.
Transport Service in Philippines.
"Upon the military occupation of Man
ila, In 1898, the supply of the Army serv
ing there was confined to tho delivery of
military supplies in the harbor of Manila
by the transport ships. These supplies
had to be lightered from tho ships to the
Quartermaster's depot, at a distance of
two or more miles, and for this purpose
the native cascoes and lorches had to be
depended upon. These proved to be en
tirely inadequate for the service.
"The Chief Quartermaster was accord
ingly authorized to purchase the neces
sary steam lighters, tugs, and launches
to meet tho lighterage requirements in
Manila harbor, so that this work could
be accomplished expeditiously.
"The distribution of the Army serving
in the Philippines to the various import
ant islands of the archipelago rendered
necessary the detail of ships for the
transportation of troops and supplies
from Manila to those islands. For this
purpose the chartered steamships Penn
sylvania and Indiana were ordered, on
their arrival In Manila from San Fran
cisco In February and March, 1S00, to re
main in Philippine waters under the or
ders of the Chief Quartermaster at Ma
nila for local service around the islands.
These ships had previously been fitted for
carrying troops and were well equipped
for the purpose, and in addition could
carry large quantities of stores.
"It is designed to replace these ships
by two other ships which are owned by
the department as soon as they can be
fitted up and made suitable for tho serv
ice. "Tho coaling of Army transport ships in
lg harbor of Manila has "tea. a. pcrples-
NO MORE DREAD OF THE DENTAL CHAIR
The New York Denial ParJars
Fourth and Morrison Sts., Portland
Be sure you are In our office Blumauer-Frank Building; over
Sealy, Mason & Ost's.
Teeth extracted and filled absolutely without pain by our lata scientific method.
No sleep-producing agents or cocaine. These are the only dental parlors in Port
land that have the patent appliances and Ingredients to extract, fill and apply gold
crowns and porcelain crowns undetectable from natural teeth, and warranted for
10 years, without the least particle of pains Gold rowns andutaeth without plates,
gold filling and all other dental work done 'painlessly and Ujr specialists.
Gold crowns. $5.00; full.set teeth, $3.00; bridge work, $5.00, gold fillings, $1.00 up;
silver fillings, 50c.
A Protective Guarantee Given With Air Work for 10 Years.
Any Work That Should Not Prove Satisfactory Will Be Attended
to Free of Charge aj Our Nearest Office.
We are making a specialty of gold crown and bridge work; the most beau
tiful, painless and durable of all dental work known to the profession. Our name
alone will be a guarantee that your work will be of the best. We have a specialist
In each department. Best operators, best gold workmen and extractors of teeth, In
fact, all the staff are Inventors of modern dentistry. We will tell you in advance
exactly what your work will cost by free examination. Give us a cal! and you will
find we do exactly as we advertise.
New York Dental Parlors
Fourth and Morrison Sts., Portland, Or.
Branch offices: 614 First Avenue, Seattle; 723 Market Street, San Frandsca,
Hours, 8 to 8; Sundays, 10 to 4. Ladle a always in attendance.
lng question, the lightering of the coal to
ships out in the harbor and the transfer
from the lighters to the ship bunkers by
hand being a slow and costly process.
"A vessel was purchased In Manila and
anchored in the bay for use as a collier,
upon which hoisting apparatus, with a ca
pacity for delivering to the transport ships
60 tons of coal per day, was Installed.
"Additional colliers being needed, efforts
were made to secure suitable vesels In
China and Japan without avail, and the
sailing ship St. Mark, with a capacity for
2700 tons of coal, was purchased during
the fiscal year in New York and fitted up
and sailed from Norfolk, Va., for Manila,
via Cape Horn, with a load of coal on
board, on July 11, 1900. The price paid
for this ship was $50,000.
"Another sailing ship, the Cyrus Wake
field, has been purchased In San Fran
cisco since the close of the fiscal year,
at a cost of $45,000, and dispatched! to
Nanalmo for a load of coal, whence she
will sail for (Manila,
"These ships on arrival In Manila, will
be provided with hoisting apparatus and
anchored In the harbor for coaling pur
poses. They will be known as colliers
Nos. 1, 2 and 3.
"At certain seasons typhoons are of
frequent occurrence in Manila harbor,
during which It has been Impossible to
deliver coal to the ships. With these col
liers it will be practicable to coal the
ships during s storm the collier being
towed under the lee of a point at Cavlte,
protected from the violence of the storm,
where coal may be transferred to the
ships with safety."
Th6 pipe connections between the two
city wells at Pendleton were finished
last week. Tho improvements cost about
Over 2,000,000 pounds of freight were
handled by the Sumpter Forwarding
company at their warehouse in the past
C A. Benbow, of Dayton, Washington,
who will establish an iron foundry at
Baker City, expects to have the building
completed, about the first of the new
A prominent flouring-mlll man of La
Grande estimates the 'wheat yield ot
Union County at 825,000 bushels. The
crop is the best ever raised In that sec
tion. It is said the Roseburg Water Company
will soon begin active work on a new
electric-lighting plant. The plans are
fully perfected. The company will also
put In a new and much larger plan.t at
Its pumping station.
The dam being constructed at Oro
Dell will have an 18-foot fall, and will
furnish from 40 to 150 horse-power, ac
cording to the stage of the water. Tho
La Grande Journal says the company
will establish an electric-light plant
there of EOO-Hght capacity.
G. W. Weatherly arrived Monday to
look after the interests of the creamery,
says the Junction Times. The manufac
ture of butter will commence as soon as
possible after the arrival of the ma
chinery. Last week, the number of cus
tomers nearly doubled.
It has been proposed at Astoria to
prospect the ledge of rock east of S x.
teenth street. It is hoped that the ledge
contains rock of sufficient quantity for
the Government work at the mouth of
the river. Tho amount required will be
1,500,000 tons. The quality of the ledge
is excellent and if there is enough stone
for the purpose, there is no doubt that
the Government will accept it. The lo
cation is such that the Astoria & Col
umbia River Railroad by means of a
short switch could convey the rock to
Designation for Portland Banlr.
WASHINGTON, Nov. 8. The Control
ler of the Currency has designated the
Merchants National Bank, of Portland,
as reserve agent of the Montesano Na
tional Bank, Washington.
CHICAGO, Nov. 12. Between 1000 and
1500 engineers and firemen of the Chicago,
Milwaukee & St Paul Railroad system
have received material concessions In the
way of pay and working time.
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iaat-ajSji'jtjat tv Sn"! 2mRM
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