Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, November 13, 1900, Page 10, Image 10

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Bergenhus Clears With Over
54,000-Barfels of Flour.
First of the Xew Season Fleet Ar
rives Out in 110 Days Cromarty
shire In Port Marine Sotes.
Hie Norwegian steamship Bergenhus
cleared yesterday for Hong Kong and
way ports, with the largest cargo or
flour that ever left the Columbia River,
and, with two exceptions, the largest car
go of flour that has ever been floated.
Beneath the big steamer's hatches were
6tored 217,700 quarter-barrel sacks of
flour. Of this amount 30,750 barrels were
loaded by the Portland Flouring Mills
Company, of this city, and the remainder
was brought here on the steamer from
San Francisco. The nearest approach to
this cargo In sire was made by the Ger
man steamship Eva, which was dispatched
by the Portland Flouring Hills last
month with 52.000 barrels of flour. There
was no attempt made at'breaklng records
In loading the Bergenhus, but, she did not
begin taking cargo until Saturday morn
ing, 'and everything was aboard shortly
after noon yesterday. Her actual work
ing time In loading the 123,000 sacks was
20 hours.
The delay of the steamship Kvarven on
Puget Sound has caused two of the Cali
fornia and Oriental liners to reach Port
land very close together. The Kvarveji.
will reach here the latter part of the
Week, and while she Is a smaller steamer
than the Bergenhus, she will take an
entire cargo 'from Portland, which will
bo larger than the Portland portion of
the big cargo of the Bergenhus. The lat
ter steamer leaves down the river this
morning. She ha3 about 500 tons of mis
cellaneous freight on board. In addition
to the shipment of flour from Portland,
she carries 3C4 sacks of bran and 300 sacks
-f relied barley. Her flour shipment from
Portland Is valued at $86,500, and that
irom San Francisco at $169,442. The to
! 1 value of the cargo is about $200,000.
Tie Rlckmer Riclcnters Makes a Fly
Ins linn to Falmouth.
The first ships of the 1900-01 grain fleet
from this port arrived at Falmouth yes
terday, and If there is anything In a good
beginning the present season's fleet Is
destined to make some smashing records.
One of the vessels which arrived out yes
terday" was the German ship Rlckmer
Rickmers, and she not only beat the
British clipper Wendur, which Is one or
the fastest ships afloat, but she sailed
right down into the ultra-select circle of
fast ships which have covered the 17,000
mile voyage In HO days. There was noth
ing very slow about the Wendur's pass
age, for she went home In 12S days. The
Rlckmer Rickmers is not a "naturalized"
German vessel, but was built at the Rick
mers' yards In Bremerhaven in 1896.
She is a three-master, of 1S29 tons net
register, and carried a cargo of 334S tons
of wheat. The "Wendur, which was built
In the days when speed commanded a
premium, is of 1890 tons net register, but
carried a cargo of but 3218 tons.
Tho "Wendur was the first ship of the
July fleet to sail, and the Rlckmer Rick
mers was the last vessel of the fleet.
Sailing between these two flyers were the
British barks Lizzie Bell and Fifeshlre,
and the French bark Marechal de Vll
llers. None of the present season's fleet
from Puget Sound has yet reported out
on the other slde, and but one vessel of
the California grain fleet has been heard
from the French bark Marie Mollnos
going out In the fast time of HO days.
Scotch Ports Aspire to an Eqnallrx
. "With LlverpooL J
NEW YdRK, Nov. 12. Among the pasi
tensers who arrived on the steamer Lu
canla was Captain R. "White, R. N., who
tor 23 years has been port warden of Glas
gow. He Is on his way to Buffalo to
study the American system of handling
ores and grain, with a view of Introduc
ing the same system in Glasgow. He
"Glasgow hopes to become equal to Liv
erpool, as regards shipping; "Within two
or three years the revenues of Glasgow
for wharfage have Increase from 200,000
a year to 475,000. The shipyards of the
Clyde have not been affected by the
building of large yards in Ireland, France
and Germany. The demand for tonnage of
enormous sizes and the greater number
of ships required for the present active
market havo given Glasgow much pres
tige. She is today putting out more than
flve-elghths of tho total ships built In the
United Kingdom."
Joseph Loiter, of Chicago, was also a
passenger on the Lucanla. He went
abroad a short time ago.
"We never produced In this country so
much raw material as now," he said, "or
turned out the finished product as cheap
ly. In no great time America will be
supplying the markets of the whole
Robert Dnnlop, One of the Owners) of
the Clan Line, In Portland.
Mr. Robert Dunlop, of the big ship
owning Arm of Thomas Dunlop & Sons,
and the Dunlop Steamship Company, lim
ited, is spending a few days In the city.
The- Dunlops are the owners of the Clan
Line of .sailing vessels, and the Dunlop
Steamship Company, limited. The latter
company operate a number of steamers,
one of whloh, the Queen Adelaide, has
loaded at this port. Of the "Clans," the
Clan McKenzIe, Clan Buchanan, Clan Gal
braith. Clan MacPherson and Clan Rob
ertson have all loaded at Portland, some
of them making Beveral trips here. In
the old days of the port the Dunlops
used to send small vessels like the Clan
Ferguson to Portland, but they gradually
disposed of the small craft and replaced
them with larger vessels the smallest of
their sailers at the present time being the
Clan MacFarlane, 1446 tons, while their
smallest steamer Is the Queen Victoria,
1494 tons. Mr. Dunlop will go down to
Astoria before leaving here and will also
make a tour of the Sound cities while on
the Coast.
Ship Which Was the Central Figrare
In a Terrible Ocean Tragedy.
The British ship Cromartyshire arrived
In at Astoria yesterday, after a ver good
passage of lb days from Port .Los An
geles. The Cromartyshire is a ship whose
name will live la marine history for all
time, as the Innocent cause of one of the
greatest ocean horrors that ever hap
pened. While crossing the Atlantic in
ballast about two years ago, she was run
down by the French liner La Bourgogne.
and in the collision the Uner sustained
Injuries which sent her to the bottom of
the ocean, ever 600 lives being lost, in
cluding a number of people prominent
both In Europe and America.
The few passengers who were saved
from the liner were picked up - by the
Cromartyshire's boats and landed at Hall
fax, where the ship was' towed ' for re
pairs. That the ship was blameless for
the disaster was proven by the decision of
the courts awarding damages agalns't the
owners of the Bourgogne for the dam
ages done to the) ship.
" Another "Overdne" Safe.
SAN FRANCISCO, Nov. 12. The over
due .British ship Anglesy. on which 20 per
tent reinsurance had been paid,, has. ar
rived here, 163 days from Swansea. Soon
after -leaving port she was In collision
with the ship Rahana, but neither vessel
was seriously damaged. Very, heavy
weather was experienced, and Kdward
Mooney. an able seaman, was lost over
board during the voyage.
Wilson Liner Ashore.
LONDON, Nov. 12. The Wilson Line
steamer Angelo, bound from Chrlstianla,
Norway, for Hull, Is ashore near Witn
ernsea, on the coast of Yorkshire.
The Angelo carried 100 Norwegian emi
grants for the United States. She went
aground Sunday night. There was con
siderable excitement on board, but the
sea was calm and the shore sandy. The
captain declined assistance by rocket,
and when the tide receded all waded
ashore, the men carrying the women and
children. The Angelo, which is in a pre
carious condition, Is jettisoning her cargo.
She was out of her course, owing to the
Abbey Palmer Repairing.
The schooner Abbey Palmer, which col
lided with the Canadian Pacific steam
ship Empress of Japan Tuesday, about 40
miles off Cape Beale, is at the Moran
shipyards for extensive repairs. Her
owners estimate that the cost of repair
ing her will be about one-half the original
cost of the vessel.
The Empress of Japan was also serious
ly Injured. The condition of the Empress
indicates that the bark struck her head
on. Temporary repairs will be made so
that she may proceed to Hong Kong.
May Be Another Wreck.
YARMOUTH, N. S., Nov. 12. The ma
hogany stern name-board of a long boat
has been picked up on the coast a. Com
eaushlll, near here, bearing the name
"Picqua," and it is feared that another
craft besides the City of Monticello may
have met with disaster. .
The only vessel named Picqua known
here is a steamer owned by the Mediter
ranean & New York Steamship Company.
According to shipping records, this
steamer sailed from Sicily October 9, for
New York.
Altona Made' Special .Trip.
INDEPENDENCE, Or., . Nov. 12. The
steamer Altona made a special trip to
Salem yesterday, taking a lot of accumu
lated freight, so as not to delay the regu
lar trip on Monday. On the return trip
a stop was made at Dove's Landing and
over 600 sacks of potatoes loaded for this
Tug- Reported Foundered.
CLEVELAND, O., Nov. 12. A report
reached the Government life-saving sta
tion here this afternoon that a vessel,
supposed to be a fishing tug, had foun
dered off Rocky River, a few miles west
of this city. The life-saving crew imme
diately started for the scene of the
Marine Notes.
Captain A. Reed expects to have his
new steamer, the Mandalay, ready for the
Coos Bay trade about the middle of the
The British bark Morven arrived up
from Astoria Sunday afternoon ana went
to the elevator dock to discharge. The
Deccan left down Sunday.
The Norwegian bark Stjorn arrived In
from Honolulu yesterday afternoon. She
Is under charter to load wheat, at Port
land, and will leave up today or tomor
row. The schooner Sacramento, whlca put
into Astoria In distress last week, will
not load lumber on the Columbia, as pre
viously reported. She lias on board a lot
of merchandise for the Sluslaw, and will
go to that port to discharge.
The steamship Braemar. dispatched from
Portland by Dodwell & Co. with Govern
ment stores for Manila, arrived at the
Philippine port November 8. The Buck
ingham, which left here Saturday after
noon, made a fine run down the river
and crossed out Sunday afternoon.
Domestic and Foreign Ports.
ASTORIA, Nov. 12. Arrived at 12:20 P.
M., Norwegian bark Stjorn, from Hono
lulu; arrived at 2:40, British ship Cro
martyshire, from Port Los Angeles; arrived-
down at 4 P. M., British ship Dec
can. Condition of the bar at 5 P. AL,
moderate; weather, hazy; no wind.
San Francisco. Nov. 12. Arrived, schoon
er Western Home; schooner Daisy Rowe;
barkentlne Repeat, from Coos Bay;
schooner Lizzie Vance, from Gray's Har
bor. Hoqulam. Wash. Arrived, Nov. 9,
schooner Glendale, from San Francisco,
for Aberdeen.
Tacoma, Nov. " 12. Arrived, Nov. . H,
schooner Meteor, from, San Pedro.
Coos Bay Arrived, Nov. H, schooner
Emma Utter, from San Diego.1
San Francisco, Nov. 12. Arrived, bark
Prussia, from Port Blakeley; steamer
"Willamette, from Seattle; whaling steam
er Belvedere, from Fox Island; schooner
Annie Larsen, from Tacoma; schooner
Charles Hanson, from Port Gamble.
Salled-Steamer City of Puebla, for Victo
ria. Manila Arrived, Nov. 11, Port Albert,
from Seattle.
Havre, Nov. 12. Sailed, L'Aqultane, for
New York.
Gibraltar, Nov. 12.-6alled, Aller, from
Naples, for New York.
Yokohama Arrived November 10,
steamer Olympio, from Tacoma, for Hong
Much Drudgery Is Her Lot How to
, Improve It.
DAYTON, Or., Nov. 10. (To the Edi
tor.) In the article written by Mrs. Dunl
way she refers to the dreary existence
of the farmer's wife in pioneer days.
What better Is It today on Isolated farms,
except that it is not so dangerous? True,
some might extract sunshine from cu
cumbers, but I imagine even the cucum
bers would wilt after a while.
They say, "Where Ignorance is bliss,
'tis folly to be wise." Yet I do not regard
this as a good state of affairs. If there
Is one class of women who need wisdom,
legislative ability and time to apply It.
It is the farmer's wife. Under constitu
tional governments, where all classes,
more or less, participate In the exercise
of political power, the national welfare
necessarily depends more upon the quali
ties of the many than the few. In this
woman has a great deal to learn. She
may be misrepresented by some, and mis
understood by others. But with patience
and endurance she will eventually In
spire the respect and confidence she truly
deserves. It Is the spirit which actuates
the Individual and determines the result.
The farmer of today has, through the
advancement of the times, the latest and
most Improved machinery, and from our
schools of agriculture, the best Informa
tion for treating the soil. What has the
farmer's wife? True, she has the carpet-sweeper,
washing-machine and a pat
ent churn; the former she has little use
for, and the latter are delusions.
In my five years' experience of farm
life and work I have tried to bring about
a change, and live as near as possible a
life that has not drudgery for Its begin
ning and end. That I have fairly suc
ceeded has been very much owing to the
better half. So the question is. Are the
farmers to blame, or the customs of
olden times?
Nearly all conditions In life have been
bettered within the last 50 years. Yet
It has been my observation the farmer's
wife has been the last consideration, and
the best advancement so far is that she
is awakening- to the fact that she needs
more time for self-Improvement; that she
may not be a woman who Is simply men
tally outgrown by her husband.
All cannot live in town. I, for my part,
prefer my country home, with Its abund
ance of everything. But If we cannot live
In the city, let us bring a few of Its ad
vantages Into our homes. Let us have
more cheer, which is life's greatest bless
ing. It relieves its trials 'and Illumines
Its mysteries.
If the Common Point Won't Harm
Anybody, Why Are Some So
Afraid of Itf
PORTLAND, Nov. 12. (To the Editor.)
My letter contained In your issue of No
vember 4 Is confined to the consideration
of a transportation problem. It shows
that the presidents of two transcontinen
tal railroads have conceded the merit of
our contention and were willipg to extend
common rates to Astoria and the mouth
of the Columbia River. la the last para
graph of that letter are to be found ques
tions regarding our claim, that are di
rected to tie management of our only
remaining transcontinental railroad.
These questions are as follows:
Would It not bo to the Interest of Oregon
generally, and to the western portion particu
larly, if common rates be extended to the
mouth of the Columbia River? Are not tho
rates now charged by railroad companies suN
ficlently liberal to Justify the delivery of Our
products at the cheapen ocean port without
any additional compensation? Are not the
LOOKING GLASS, Or., Nov. 10. AR. Mat toon, Republican Representative from Douglas
County, was born In Clackamas County. Oregon, In July, 1S53, of Welsh and English parents.
His early education was received In public schools. Later he attended Monmouth College, but
was compelled to give up school on account of falling health and eyesight. After leaving school
he was traveling salesman foe a large machinery and Implement company, which posi
tion he filled for 15 years. In 1885 he was made general manager w,lth full control, of
a larse and prosperous business for Staver & Walker, at La Grande. This position he held
until 18S8. In that year he was nominated tor State Senator and made on active canvass
.against J. H Haley, a popular roan, In strong Democratic counties, and was beaten by only
four votes. In the Fall of 1833 he moved with his family to Look'nj Glass. In 1898 he was
nominated for Representative, but was defeated. In the county convention of 1000 he was
again made the unanimous choice of the Republicans for Representative, and was elected
by & large majority. Mr. Mattoon Is 4T years old.
views of The Oregonlan, Mr. Huntington. Mr.
Mellen and Mr. Hill more progressive and
more to the- Interests of the people of Oregon,
by affording cheaper export facilities, than are
the views of those respected qltlzens of Fort
land, who, through apprehension that their In
dividual Interests may be Jeopardized, becm
lngly oppose all extension and enlargement of
our commerce. If conducted upon new lines not
heretofore followed?
These are primarily transportation ques
tions, and must not b'e dodged, evaded,
suppressed or obscured by the Injection of
other extraneous matter.
Though hardly Incumbent, I reply In a
general way, only, to correspondents.
They must not entertain an opinion that
the builders of the Astoria road are com
plaining or offering apologies 'for its ex
istence. We have no complaint to make
nor apology to offer. My allusion to edi
torials contained In The Oregonlan, to
the resolution passed by the Portland
Chamber of Commerce, and to opinions of
Mr. Huntington, Mr. Mellen and Mr. Hill
was merely for the purpose of giving
answer to co-ordinate subject matter,
which has been Improperly Injected. Ac
cording to Mr. Hughes, the aforesaid
editorials, resolution and opinions do not
count for mlich. The chamber may ex-1
punge the said resolution, which was
passed at a special meeting 'composed of
214 members, but It cannot wipe out the
Astoria road it is here to stay. Its
builders did not depend upon town lots
at Astoria, Portland or elsewhere to fur
nish the needed capital for Its construc
tion. We do know that Mr. Hunt
ington extended the Central Pacific Rail
road from Us original terminus at Sac
ramento to the ocean at San Francisco,
and the Chesapeake & Ohio Railroad from
Its original terminus at Richmond to the
ocean at Newport News. Does anyone
question his wisdom in so doing? We do
know that Mr. Mellen's views accord
with a policy that has extended a com
mon point to the entire west coast of
Washington Increasing the commerce of
Puget Sound 1200 per cent, while that of
Portland has remained almost stationary.
We do know that Mr. Hill Is building
two 54,000-ton ships not 27,000, as stated
in my letter and that his company In
every way favors the deepwater ports of
Puget Sound In competition with the Co
lumbia River.
How clear and convincing is the argu
ment of a prominent member of the
Chamber of Commerce and the Port of
Portland, which shows that Portland,
among her past sins of commission, had
forced a ruinous policy upon the O. K. &
N. Co. by breaking the joint lease,
"which would have given Portland undis
puted control of thej Northwest, as well
as the Oriental trade, and left the Sound
without a Tacoma, and probably without
a Seattle." Will not the refusal of the
O. R. & N. Co. to extend common rates
to Astoria still further contribute to the
growth of Puget Sound ports to the det
riment of Portland and the whole Colum
bia River Valley?
The following quotations are familiar
at least to all members of tlte 1894 Cham
ber of Commerce; they are as true and
sufficient today as they were when ut
tered. They are suggested as appropriate
answers to friendly correspondents:
"We shall have the Columbia River Railway
to Astoria, which will place our railway
common point' at the seaboard." "The advan
tage of the gateway" of the Columbia River
over every other route Irom the interior to the
coast never will be fully asserted and estab
lished till a railroad be built along the river
from Portland to Astoria, so that the doctrine
of 'common point' may be made to tell In our
favor with all its proper force." "Though ves
sels may come, and do come, to Portland, yet
Portland 1s not on the .seaboard. Till the
com point" for our great route of com
merce, the point In common recognized by the
railways, shall be actually at the sea, we shall
not eet the full advantages of our position."
This la not a Portland scheme, nor an As
toria scheme, but an Oregon scheme,"
Let Portland deepen her channel to any
depth she may desire. , but let not her
citizens needlessly antagonize the pro
ducer and unwisely retard the state's:
growth by supporting and, advocating the
policy pursued by the only transporta
tion company now opposing the extension
of common rates to the mouth of the
river. A B. HAMMOND.
How the Crops Are Raised, Gathered
and Prepared for the "Markets.
8t. Louis Globe-Democrat.
This Is peanut time In the South. Go
ing through Eastern Virginia and North
Carolina the traveler can see through the
car window row after row of what ap
pear to be round bushes. They are the
stacks or shocks of peanut vines hung
around sticks waiting to be placed upon
wagons and carried away for stripping.
Some of the larger fields will contain 1000
of these stacks, yielding from 50 to 75
bushels of nuts to the acre. Most of the
nuts grown in Virginia and North Caro
lina are the goobers. The goober Is to the
actual peanut what the quahaug Is to the
genuine clam. The shell usually contains
but two kernels. This Is the nut with
which the Italians load their wagons and
sell In paper bags on the street corners.
The real peanut which answers to the
Rhode Island clam Is smaller than the
goober. The kernel is about the size of
a large pea, and Its flavor Is sweeter than
the other variety. It Is grown principal
ly In North Carolina and Tennessee. Oc
casionally a few get Into a bag of goob
ers, but very seldom, as they are shelled
and sold for from 10 to 15 cents a peck
more than the others. They go into
candy paste and to the oil factories of
Europe. "
The peanut farmer begins planting as
soon as the frost is out of the ground In
the Spring. The shelled nuts form the
seed, and about two bushels are required
for an acre. In a few weeks the plant
gets above the earth and begins to leaf
out A field of peanuts looks much like
a field of clover, and during the war
many of the Northern soldiers mistook
clover fields for peanut patches while
hunting for Something to vary their ra
tions. The plants grow in rows very
much like potato vines, and are culti
vated in the same way. Weeds will soon
choke their growth, and the pickaninnies
on the farm are kept busy during the
Summer In weeding out the patches with
their fingers. Nowadays the harvesting
Is done by what is called a plough, made
especially for' the purpose. It Is drawn
by one mule, and cuts the plants off
close to the roots. As soon as enough
as accumulated on the plow to fbrm a
stack, It Is thrown off and massed around
a short pole stuck In 'the ground. The
stack is formed with the leaves outside,
and the vines are wound around It as
tightly as possible, to protect the nuts
from the weather. The plan Is somewhat
similar to that of binding wheat. About
three weeks' exposure "seasons" the nuts
and dries the vine so that the pods are
ready to be picked.
The picking is the most expensive oper
ation of all, and takes the most time.
Whether in the born- or in the field, all
the work has to be done by hand. The
nuts are thrown Into large baskets, and
the vines made into large stacks or stored
away in the loft, for they make a hay
which is really more nourishing for the
average mule thanN timothy. The vine Is
a little too rough for a horse's throat,
but It Is a luxury to the average Southern
mule, who will grow fat on peanut" hay
and nothing else. In all fields some of
the vines will be blackened and the nuta
of poor Quality. These are left on the
ground, and later the pigs are turned into
the field. They eat everything that Is left
except the roots. The nuts are not very
fattening, but they give the porker a
very sweet flavor. The famous hams
cured in some parts of Virginia owe most
of their quality to the fact that the pigs
have lived partly upon nuts before being
turned Into smoked meat, and have not
been fed the sour milk and garbage from
the farmer's kitchen.
In half a dozen towns most of the pea
nut "factories" .are located. The factory
Is merely a place where the nut is shelled
or the shell polished for the market. It
is a curious fact that peanuts with clean,
glistening pods will sell for 15 to 20 per
cent more at retail than those with large,
dlrty-looklng-pods, although the kernels
may be just as good, so the nuts Intended
for the bag trade at the circus and on
street corners are scoured In large iron
cylinders. Then they are carried to fans,
which blow the heavier nuts into one
part of the factory and the. little ones
into another part and at the same time
remove the dirt which was not taken off
the shells In the cylinders. The ' dark,
partly filled nuts are shelled by machinery
and sold to confectioners, while the other
ones are carried by a sort of endless
chain apparatus into bags, each of which
will bold about 400 pounds. As fast as a
bag is filled it is sewed with Englhh
twine, marked with the weight and proper
address and sent to the wholesale pea
nut dealer, who makes anywhere from
23 to 50 per cent profit In dealing with
the Italians, who are his principal cus
tomers. Of late years a quantity of the
bag peanuts lias gone to manufacturers
of cheap cpffce. to be roasted and mixed
in with the coffee berry and then ground
to be sold in packages as choice Mocha
and Maracalbo.
While most of the American nuts are
grown In . Eastern Virginia and North
Carolina and Tennessee the peanut fields
are beginning to be cultivated In parts
of Louisiana and Nebraska. Many of
the fields In NortH Carolina contain ap
parently nothing but wet sand, and tha
dark green of the leaves in contrast to
the whiteness of the sand on a sunny
day Is very .striking. Digging down, six or
eight feet, however, the farmer generally
comes to a loam which retains the rain
and. other surface water. This nourishes
the plant, which requires a -very light and
porus soil. It also needs as hot weather
as corn to properly mature. After
raising several crops the average peanut
field needs to be heavily fertilised with
lime or marl, as the plant exhausts the
During a fair year the American pea
nut crop will average nearly 5,000,000
bushels, estimating 22 pounds to the
bushel. This Is but a small proportion of
the world's crop, however, which aggre
gates fully 560,000,000 pounds. It is calcu
lated that we eat about $10,000,000 worth of
peanuts yearly, or 4,000,000 bushels of the
nuts, either In candy or the original ker
nels. The shucks or shell form also good
food for pigs, while, as already stated,
peanut vines are a first-class fodder for
Very few peanuts are eaten out of the
pod in Europe, although fully 400,000,000
pounds are sent to Great Britain and the
Continent every year from Africa nnd
Asia. They are converted into oil and a
sort of flour at factories at Marseilles
and several English cities. A bushel of
the genuine peanuts shelled can be
pressed Into about a gallon of oil, which
Is substituted for olive and other table
oils very frequently. It sells at from
60 cents to $1 a gallon, and the meal or
flour left after pressure Is used for feed
ing horses, and baked Into a kind of
bread, which has a large sale in Germany
and Fran.ce.
The Upward Movement Appears to
Show Increased Vitality.
WASHINGTON, Nov. 7. (Special to the
New York Journal of Commerce.) Tho
upward movement of the bank-note circu
lation, which seemed to be pretty nearly
checked during August and September,
has shown Increased activity during the
post few weeks. The bonds pledged to'
secure circulation increased only about
$1,700,000 during the two months of Au
gust and September. The Increase dur
ing October has been about J4.000.000, or
more than four times the earlier rate.
Tho pressure for currency may have
something to do with the demand for new
notes, but it is thought at the Treasury
that the ability of the Bureau of Engrav
ing and Printing to supply notes which
are ordered has stimulated orders. Banks
which were prompt to rush In their orders
for notes when the sold-standard law
took effect on March 14 last wcro some
what appriled when the developments of
early Summer Indicated that they would
not receive notes until the crop-moving
season was nearly over or at least well
advanced. The more prduent especially
among the older banks Intending to In
crease circulation, who watch the. bond
market thereupon wltheld some of the
orders which they intended to give. More
recently the Bureau or Engraving and
Printing, by great activity, has caught up
with the orders for new plates. Circula
tion can now be issued as soon as usual
after the receipt of an order. The' fol
lowing table shows the progress in the
deposit of bonds to secure circulation, and
in the actual issue of the notes:
Lawful money
Bonds to Clrcula- on deposit
secure tlon based to redeem
1900. Circulation, on bonds, circ'at'n.
Jan. 1 $234,484,570 J209.75D.&S5 $36,435,638
Feb. 1 206.830,170 210.166.7S3 SC.S20.404
March 1.... 240,172,270 213,610,023 35,824,549
April 1 256.001,480 233.284,230 37,668,838
May 1 26S.40S.240 246,067,162 39,211,164
June 1 27b',S29.990 263.089.U7 37,099,772
July 1 284,387,040 274,U5,552 35,444,167
Aug. 1, 294,948,930 2S6, 447,434 33,567,922
Septal...... 2&5.790.380 290,641,356 33,682,454
Oct. 1....... 296,672,630 294,222,979 34,112,991
Oct, 31 301,123,580 289,829,064 32,864,348
The Increase In the bonds deposited since
the beginning of the year appears In these
figures to be about 567,000,000, but the in
crease In circulation is larger, because of
the authority to increase the issues upon
a given bond deposit from SO per cent to
tho par value of the bonds. This privil
ege, with the reduction of the tax on cir
culation when secured by the new 2 per
cent bonds, has obviously been a powerful
stimulus to the lncreaso of circulation.
The total circulation at the beginning of
thq year was about 1246.000,000, and now
stands at nearly $332,000,000, or an increase
in 10 months of about JS6.000.000. Study of
the table already given will show that
this Increase was most rapid, so far as
the deposit of bonds was concerned, during
the first four months under the newlaw.
The Increase in circulation was retarded
to some extent by the delay in the prepa
ration of plates for the new notes. Tho
Bureau of Engraving and Printing had to
deal not only with the creation of sev
eral hundred new banks, under the au
thority to establish banks -with a capital
of $25,000, but was flooded with orders for
plates from the old banks, owing to the
provision regarding notes for JS. The
act of March 14, 1900, required banks to
reduce their notes for 5 to' one-third of
their circulation. As many of them had
plates for notes of no other denomina
tion, orders for plates for $10, $20 and J50
.began to pour In upon Controller Dawes.
Assistant Secretary Vanderllp found It
necessary to throw out a drag-net for
competent engravers throughout the Unit
ed States. He had a rather surprising
degree of success In this regard, and has
finally brought the execution of orders
up to date. The orders received have
been 1000 in number from existing banks
in order to meet the requirement regard
ing notes for Jo, while on their heels have
traveled orders from 447 banks Just enter
ing upon their note-Issuing function. It
usually requires 45 days oetween the re
ception of an order for plates and the de
livery of the notes. Time is required not
merely for engraving the plates, but for
printing the notes and allowing them to
season thoroughly before they are issued.
The degree to which tne new 2 per cent
bonds are being preferred as the basts for
bank-note circulation is a stronr Justifi
cation of the .strategic wisdom of the
Senate In lowerlnir the tax upon notes
which are thus secured. It is doubtful
if the exchange of the old bonds for the
new 2 per cents would have been any
thing like as rapid as It has been if the
tax had remained unchanged or the re
duction bad applied to circulation based
upon the old classes of bonds. The sub
stitution of the new bonds for the old
has extended not merely to the bonds
which were convertible, but a large prpr
portion of the other classes have been
withdrawn by the banks, and the new
bonds have been substituted. The pro
portion which the new 2 per cents now
bear to the total bonds pledged to secure
bank-note circulation Is very close to 90
per cent. The following table shows how
this proportion has grown from month to
month since the new 2 per cents were Is
sued. Bonds on Deposit to Secnre Bank
Xote Circulation.
Total on New two
Date. deposit, per cents.
March 31, 1900 $256,001,480 S 97,797,690
April 30, 1900 268,405,240 202,783,650'
May 3L 1900 276,829,9a) 219.133,350
June 30, 1900 2S4.3S7.040 237,843,950
July 31, 1900 29.948.930 251.922,800
August. 31, 1900 235,702,630 259,194,400
September 29, 1900... 296,072.630 262.967.500
October, 31, 1900..... 301,123,580 269796,600
"Wanted to Be Chrlsttzs.
Milan Bell In Woman's Home Companion.
It has been quite a trial for me to live
In the house with Judas of the Passion
Flay. He plays with such tremendous
power he makes it seem so real, so close.
so near. Once I asked him .If he liked
the part, and he broke down and wept.
He said he hated it, that he loathed him.
- self for playing It, and that his one- am
bition was to be allowed to be the Chrlst-
That Jgjjk
Women w$&M&
Work. Ji "4B
It's enough to wear any one out.
First it's washing, in damp and draft.
Then it's ironing with the hot stove and
the hard work to endure. And in be
tween whiles, meals to get, house to
clean, and children to tend. It's bad
enough for a well woman but for a weak
woman it's slow torture. Dr. Pierce's
Favorite Prescription cures the diseases
of the delicate, organs which weaken
women. It makes weak women strong
and sick women well.
Sick women are invited to consult Dr
Pierce by letter, free of charge All
correspondence stnetly private. Address
Dr. R. V. Pierce, Buffalo, N. Y.
"My health Is the best now that it has been
for four years," writes Mrs. Phebe Morris, of Ira,
Cayuga Co., N. Y., Box . "I have taken but
two bottles of your medicine, 'Favorite Pre
scription and 'Golden Medical Discovery.'
These medicines hare done me more rood than
all that I haTe ever taken before. Before I took
your medicines I was sick in bed nearly half the
time. I couldn't da my work only about half
the time, and now I can work all the time for a
family of four My advice to all who are troub
led with female weakness Is to take Dr. Pierce's
Favorite Prescription and Golden Medical Dis
covery 'the most wonderful medicines in the
Dr. Pierce's Pleasant Pellets sweeten
the breath.
us for Just one time before he died. In
order to wipe out the disgrace of his
part as Judas and to cleanse his soul.
I cried .too, for I knew that his ambi
tion could never be realized. I told him
that perhaps they wou'.d allow him to
act the part at a rehearsal If he told
them of his ambition .and the thought
seemed to cheer him. He said he had
studied the part and knew it porfectly,
and had often rehearsed It In private
to comfort his own soul.
Such was his sincerity and grief, such
his contrition and remorse after a per-
formance, that it would not surprise me
some day to know that the part had over
powered him and that he had actually
hanged himself.
The Boy, Webster.
Professor McMasters In the Century.
As the boy grew in years and stature
his life was powerfully affected by the
fact that he was the youngest son and
ninth child In a family of ten; that his
health wa3 far from good; that he showed
tastes and mental traits that stood out
In marked contrast with those of hi 3
brothers and sisters, and that he was,
from infancy, the pet of the family. Such
dally work as a farmers lad was then
mid-e to do was not foi him. Yet he was
expected to do Something, and
might have been seen, barefooted.
In frock and trousers, astride of
the horse that dragged the plow
between the rows of corn, or raking hay,
or binding the wheat the reapers cut, or
following the cows to pasture In the
morning and home again at night,. -or
tending logs In his- father's sawmill.
When such work was to be done, It was
his custom to take a book aloni ret the
log, hoist the gates, and while the saw
passed slowly through the tree trunk,
an operation which, in those days, con
sumed some 20 minutes, he would settle
himself comfortably and read.
rot D4DIU3 mothers.
Borden's Condensed Milk Co,HY
All Styles
All Leathers
One Price, $32
SHOE. j j )
Lofi.s iron "woiuiarccx
Not a dark office Jn the building)
absolutely fireproof) electric Ujshts)
and- artesian water) perfect aanltn
tlon and thorough ventilation. Ele
vators) ran day and nlffht.
. , Room,
AINSLIE. Dr. OEOnaE.Physlclan.... 603-609
ANDEPJSON. GUSTAV. Attqrney-afrLaw ..613
AUSTEN, P. C. Manager for Oregon and
Washington Bankers Life Association, of
Des Moines, la 5O:-G0S
MOINES, IA.; F. C. Austen. ManaEer.oU2-50a
BAXNTUN. GEO. R., Mgr. for Chos. Scrlb-
ner"s Sons 513
SEALS. EDWARD A., Forecast Official U.
S. Weather bureau 010
BENJAMIN. R. W.. Dentist 314
B.NSVANGER,DR. O. S-. l'hys. Sur. -410-411
BROOKE. DR. J. M.. Phys. & Surs....70S-709
BROWN. MiRA. M. D 313-3H
BRUERE, DR. a. E.t Physlelan ...412-413-114
CANNLVO. M. J 602-601
CAUKIN. G. E.. District Agent Travelers
Insurance Co.... 713
COFFEY. DR. R. c, Phys. & Surgeon.... 700
UJ l-LOS-jm-(07-813-m4-613
CORNELIUS. C. W.. Phys. and Surgeon. .. .200
COVER F. C.. Cashier BqultaWe Life 300
COLLIER. P. F.. PuMUlur; S. P. McGuIre.
Manager 41B.110
DAY. J. a. & I. N , 313
. W h. NAPOLEON. Presldant Columbia
Telephone Co , 007
DICKbON. DR. J. F., Physician 713-714
DRAKE. DR. H. B.. Phyl.lan....C12-51J-514
DWYHR. JOE F.. Tobaccos 02
?D,I,tRIAI I:0"S Eighth floor
L. Samuel, Manager; F. C. Cover, Cashier 303
EVENING TKLBullAM J25 Alder street
FENTON. J. D., Physician and Surgeon.609-310
FENTON. DR. HICKS C-. Ee and Ear... 311
FENTON. MATTHEW F.. Dentist 603.
GALVANI. W. H.. Eng' and Draughts
man ,.,,. .tSOQ
UAVIN, A.. President Oregon Camera Club,
GEARY. DR. EDWARD P.. Phslclan and
Surgeon . 212-213
GEBUIE P'iB. CO.. Ltd.. Fine Art Publish
ers; M. C. MeGreevy, Mgr., BIS
GIESY, A. J.. Phyjslcian and Surgeon.. .700-710
GODDARD. E. C. i CO.. Fcotwtar
Ground floor. i2i) blxth street
GOLDMAN, WILLIAM, Manager Manaaitan
Life Insurance Co.. of New York. ...200-210
GRANT, FRANK S., Attorney-at-Law . UT
HAMMAM LA1..S. liuj s. Clapton. Props 300
HAMMOND A. 11 .4:0
HOLLISTBR, DR. O. C, Pars, .t Sur. .504-503
JOHNSON. W. C 1 315-Jlu-JlT
KADY, MARK T.. Supervisor of Agents
Mutual Reserve Fund Life Ass'n IKV1-C03
LAMONT. JOHN. Vlce-Preildent and Gen
eral Manager Co!umbUTelephoni Ct.... 001
LITTLBF1ELD, H. K.. I'liys. nnd SurgcoaSUfl
MACRUM.W. S., Sec. Oregon Camera Club 214
MACKAY, DR. A. E., Phy. and Surg .711-713
MARTIN, J. L. & CO., Timber Land.. UOl
MAXWELL, DR. W. E.. Phys. Surg.701-2-3
McCOY, NEWTON. Attorney-at-Law 7l3
McFADEN. MISS IDA E., Stenographer... .201
McGINN, HENRY E., Attorney-at-I-nw 211-13
McICELL, T. J., Manufacturers' Represen
tative 303
MILLER, DR. HERBERT C., Dentist and
Oral Surgeon 00o-C00
MOSSMAN, DR. E. P., Dentist 312-J1J-014
New York; W. G6droan. Manager... .203-210
Mark T. Kadi, Supervisor of Agents..604-603
Mcelroy, dr. j. o.. phys. & sur.701 702-703
McFARLAND, E. B.. Secretary Columbia'
Telephone Co coo
McGUIRE. S. P.. Manager P. F. Collier,
Publisher .....413-410
MeKIM. MAURICE. Attorney-at-Law 500
York; Wm. S. Pond. State Mgr.... 404-405-400
NICHOLAS. HORACE B.. Att'-at-Law.. .713
NILES, M. L.. Cashier Manhattan Life In
surance Co., of New York ..203
Dr. L. B. Smith. Osteopath 403-409
OREGON CAMERA CLUB 214-215-210-21T
POND, WM. S.. State Manager Mutual Life
Ins. Co., of New York .... 404-403-408
Ground floor. 133 Sixth street
Marshall. Manager ..313
QUIMBY. L. P. W.Oame and Forestry
Warden vvr'T.WT ,-..710-717
ROSENDALE. O. M., Metallurgist and Min
ing Engineer 515-510
REED &. MALCOLM, Opticians... 133 Sixth st.
REED, F. C, Fish Commissioner 407
RYAN. J. B., Attorney-at-Law 41T
SAMUEL. L., Manager Equitable Life 300
Co.; H F. Bushong, Gen. Agent for Ore.
and Washington 501
SHERWOOD, J. W., Deputy 8upreme Com
mander K O. T. M...f 31T
SMITH. Dr. L. B., Osteopath 408-400
STUART. DELL. Attorney-at-Law 017-C19
STOLTE, DR. CHAS. E., Dentist 704-703
Special Agt. Mutual Life of New York. ..400
TUCKER. DR. GEO. F.. Dentist 610-011
U. S. WEATHER BUREAU.. . .907-008-000-010
DIET.; Captain W. C. Langfltt. Corps of
Engineers, U. S. A 809
C. Langfltt. Corps of Engineers, U. S. A. .810
WATERMAN. C H.. Cashier Mutual -Life
of New York 408
WHITE. MISS L. E., Assistant Secretary
Oregon Camera Club 214
WILSON. DR. EDWARD N., Physician
and Surgeon .....304-303
WILSON. DR. GEO. F., Phys. & Surg..706-70T
WILSON. DR HOLT C. Phys. & Sur .507-608
WOOD. DR. W. L., Physician 412-413-414
A few more elegant offices may be
had by applying to Portland Trat
Company of Oregon, 100 Third at., ot
to the rent clerk in the bulldlngr.
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