Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, September 26, 1900, Image 1

Below is the OCR text representation for this newspapers page. It is also available as plain text as well as XML.

    . - SS'BLSB M
?4;?;t-: .'' i:'!'
YOL. XL. NO. 12.414.
ii SISbISh I IhI ?
n . Age ... v. Purity . .
Hunter Rye
The Whiskey of Whiskeys, - .
Agents Oregon. Washington and Idaho.
2026 North First St., Portland, Or.
, Flavor . .
Host durable, finest finish. Easiest kept clean.
They broil to perfection.
W. Q. McPHERSON, Heating and Ventilating Engineer, 47 First St.
Agents Collins Card M stents, Vetf tlaendcr's CeNInear Lenses
Fourth, Near Merr'sen Pertfsiid, Oregon
- m y m M M w m TW '
In Business Offices
ore open tovtwo classes of persons. (1) Those who write well, are accurate
In figures, understand bookkeeping, etc. (2) Those" who are skilled In
shorthand and typewriting. Persons who are proficient i;i both lines are bet
ter off still. They are always given the preference. We teach all theso
branches, and many more. Investigate our work. It will pay. Call, or write.
Park .and Washington Streets -tgr .-- .-
A. P. Armstrong, LI B., Principal. r .T.A., Wesco, Penma,n and- '3ecretary.
VltlL. METSCEAN. Pres.
European Plan: . . . "
We carry a stock of over 1500 and
Wb. v o -
md S 1
.ifliEZIii d
Sfet -JJL- -.laja
Winter Carriages
Broughams, Rockaways and Station Wagons
Ideal rainy-weather vehicles. . " .
Exceptionally low prices.
A new line of plush and waterproof robes.
Robes, Whips
Founded 1870.
J. W. Hill, 31. D., Principal.
Christina Term. Open Sept. 18, lOOO.
A Boarding and Day School. Under preieni.
man&gemcnt since 1878.
Primary, Preparatory and Academic Depart
ments: College Preparation, Military Dleclp
Hne. Manual Training. Boy of all ages re
ceived. For cataloEUea or Information addresi th
Principal. J. "W. HILL. M. D.. P. O. drawer
17, Portland, Or
Buying1 a Pianola is only a question of whother music ogives you pleasure. If
you enjoy good piano music, you should buy a Pianola, for, by means of it, you
can plav immediately anything and everj'tmnff. Call and seo the instrument. We
think it will interest you.
M B. WELLS, Northwest Acnt for the Aeo'ian Cwnpany
353-355 Washington Street corner Park, Portland, Or.
We fire sole agents for the Pianola., It is exhlbjted only at our warerooms.
. t -
Eastman Kodaks
and Fiims
J, G JackS Co.
88 Third St.
C. "W. SNOWLES, Msr.
. $1.00, $1.50, $2.00 per Day
guarantee satisfaction.
FOR this best quality Single Elastic
tpamcl Pad Truss. Wijh Water
pd, $1.50; double, with water pad,
$2.50; with enamel pad, $225.
osLbsssV ' 8w
Woodard, Clarke & Co.
Popular-Price Druggists
Fourth and Washington Sts.
320-338 E. Morrison St
Germany Will Meet China
Von Waldersee Is Armed With
an Ultimatum.
Capture of tke Chinese Navy a Part
of Her Programme-Prance
Will Support Germany.
LONDON, Sept 26, 30 A. M.Only
through the Associated Press advices
from New "Fork, published In this morn
ing's papers, does the British public
learn that the United States and Great
Britain are once again ranged together in.
opposition to the Continental powers. Ap
parently such a grouping was entirely un
expected In both Berlin and London, and
until an official statement is made com
ment will be withheld.
The Dally Chronicle, however, devotes
a brief editorial paragraph to the an
nouncement, expressing a hope that it is
erroneous, and declaring "that the only
way in which England can reap the frult-l
of her exertions in China is oy stanaing
shoulder to shoulder with Germany and
Japan as the only effective counterpoise
to Russo-French machinations and the
weak-kneed policy of America."
Meanwhile, the news from China indi
cates that events are rapidly drifting In
the direction of war between China and
"There is the best reason for believing,"
says the Shanghai correspondent of tho
Morning Post, "that Count Von "Walder
see, on arriving af Taku, will present an
ultimatum demanding the surrender of
Ave leaders of the anti-foreign uprising.
After a few.iipurs', grace he will formally
declare srar, and, taking advantage ' of
Gjermany's position 'as a belligerent .he
will proceed to seise everything avall-
abieyltjTsttfe ,Gfetasan forces' S&4 r'3?&:
it is expectea;,tnatvuermany wii taxe
the,"wii euiig forts and the Klangan ar
senal, thus dominating oaanghal. It Is
also believed that she willjattack the Kl
arig Win forts, on the Tangtse, from the
land side, and endeavor to seize the Chi
nese fleet, including the valuable new
cruisers. Palling this, she will at least
occupy all the provinces of Klang Su
north of the TangtSe.
"The French will support Germany.
This is not rumor, but reliable informa
tion, and will probably be confirmed at
the Foreign Office. Prompt action is nec
essary to prevent a coup which will con
stitute a serious menace to British inter
ests. . "Russia has handed over the Taku-Pe-kln
Railway to Germany."
The Shanghai correspondent of the
Standard, telegraphing Monday, says:
"Chinese officials report that Prince
Tuan lias issued a secret edict in the
name of' the Empress Dowager, to the
effect that the Imperial cpurt has decided
to continue the war against the powers at
whatever cost. The edict threatens that
any official falling to support the Man
chus will be beheaded' as a traitor, his
whole family executed, and the tombs of
his ancestors demolished."
Her Representatives in China Send
Alarming: News.
BERLIN, Sept 25. Alarming news from
China has reached the German Govern
ment, but It will not be published now,
as Germany intends to use it during the
conferences in Pekin. Von "Walderspe
has cabled Emperor William direct that
he has found the general situation more
dangerous than he had expected, as it
has grown worse during the last fort
night, and the Consuls in Central and
Southern China are expecting a general
uprising. Advices from Dr. Mumm von
Schwarzensteln, the German Mlnlstor in
China, are of a simllai tenor. Rear-Aa-mlral
von Bendemann has repeatedly ca
bled that the situation along the Tangste
Klang Is very critical, also expressing
fear concerning the safety of Kalo Chou.
The- German Foreign Office has received
official .information of the appointment
of Prince Tuan as Grand Secretary. In
reply to an Inquiry as to whether this
Indicated a serious turn of affairs,' a high
official of the Foreign Office said:
"Undoubtedly it does for those powers
that want to begin peace negotiations.
The appointment means that Tuan is
now at the helm and shows to what
lengths the Chinese Government will go
In defying the powers." . v
The official added what Germany feel3
absolutely no bitterness over the answer
'of the United States, although she re
gards It as embodying a mistaken 'policy
toward China. There has been no further
exchange of views on the subject between
Berlin and Washington since the recep
tion of the American rply.
Mumm von Schwarzenstein will go to
Tien Tsln tomorrow.
The report is confirmed here that Ger
many has asured. Lord Salisbury that she
Is not opposed to the Empress retain
ing power, provided she retains it under
the control of tho powers, ' thereby pre
serving the harmony of the powers.
Private Russian advices say that official
news has been received at St. Petersburg
confirming the report that neither, the
Emperor nor Empress will return to Pe
kin .until the foreign troops have, left
Chinese territory.' A special to the.Lokal
Anzelger from,Pekln jSays that the Em
peror and Empress .have separated, and
tha the former Is now located in Ta
Tung. Other dispatches vsay the Germans
took" the Lu Tal 'forts without serious
The German press continues to comment
upon America's answer to the German
note, taking the ground that the situation
has been made mors dangerous, and sad-I
dling4 the blame for this upon President
McKInley. Several semiofficial papers
.condem'n the attitude of the VUnlted
States. Others "explain it" by a reference
jto'the difficulties in the Philippines.
Germany Says America Is Responsi
ble for Prince Tuan's Elevation,
BERLIN, Sept 25, The Cologne Ga
zette publishes -a statement, evidently in
spired, to the effect that, with the excep,
tlon of Great Britain, all Jthe powers have
replied to the German note, and that all.
with the exception of the United States,
agree, to Germany's proposal tln essen
tials. v t. ,; j
"The appointment of Prince Tuan as the
head of the Chinese Government may bo
regarded," says the Cologne Gqzettc, '.'as
the first fruits of America's policy. The
American "note has. evidently revived the
courage of the Chinese and their cher
ished speculations regarding discord
amous the powers. The act of the Em
press Dowager In appointing. Prince $uan
is a slap in the.facp for the whole world;
but China will deceive herself In this mat
ter, as she has done In others. EYen as
suming that active work against Chipa
should be left to only a part of the pow
ers, that part will be strong enough to
Impose- Its' wllifon China; and any state
'standing aslde-would never think, of oo
posing tho work of justice undertaken by
the others.
"There 13 no denying that Prince Tuan's
appointment has brought about a change
In the situation.! Many powers will ask
themselves whether it is possible toi enter
upon diplomatic negotiations with a state
headed -by a man strongly' suspected of
being guilty of the gravest breaches of
International law." ,
Proceeding to refer to the proposed in
structions from the United States to Mr.
Conger to arrange with the Chinese, -plenipotentiaries
for a preliminary confer
ence, the Inspired statement runs, nsv fol
lows: i
"One may well be curious as to how
negotiations potween Mr. Conger and
Prince Tuan'3 plenipotentiaries will re
sult. Mr. Conger had an opportunity
while the Legations were under siege to
become acquainted with Prince Tuan's
methods against the representatives of
the pbwers. The Indulgence of the United
Stat6s of late toward China cannot have
softened the Chinese Prince, who intends,
If possible, to impose, as a condition, that
American missionaries shall hereafter be
excluded from China. When It is said In
Washington in a telegram that Mr. Con
ger, Prince Chlng and Li Hung' Chang
will arrange a rendezvous for the repre
sentatives of the powers for preliminary
negotiations, it must be remarked that
nothing Is known In Berlin of any man
date for such negotiations as are sug
gested by the United States.'
More Missionaries Threatened.
PARIS Sept. 25. The Temps this evening-
publishes a dispatch from Shanghai
which says the missionaries in CHi Li are
threatened, European troops having been
serit against the Boxers. Prince Chlng, it
is asserted, has protested that the yamun
alone iB qualified to carry out their ex
termination, ordered by it.
LI Hung Chang, the cablegram con
cludes, has arrived at Pekin, and Is" nego
tiating for the return there of the Em
pe'rofc, ' ' -- - .
, .. Con(Itnea-ln AH-rtrla.' fA1
.Y.BMv-aj sepi. xpp-xne Austrian, press
bitterly .condemns' the attitude of ithe
United States 'towards China, attributing
to the course of the Washington Govern
ment "the arrogant defiance with which
China is treating the allies."
German Troops Go to Tnhra.
BERLIN, Sept. 25. The German naval
division left Shanghai today for-Taku.
Official Declination of the Presiden
tial Nomination.
.NEW YORK, Sept 25. Robert N. Wide
man, chairman of the campaign commit
tee, and Everett V. Abbott, secretary of
the National (third ticket) party, gave
out today the official declination by Sena
tor Cattery of the Presidential nomina
tion by the National party. In substance,
the reasons Senator Caffery gives for
declining are that ho Is unalterably op
posed to the policy which would make
the country the champion of fiat money,
and he Is opposed to the policy wnich
would destroy the Ideal of government
founded on the "consent of the governed,
and which would bulld.up favored classes
by legislation.
T"nrtr ihar "Would Not Have It.
YORK, Pa., Sept. 25. A. B. Faquhar,
a manufacturer'1 of this city, has been
tendered the nomination for President- on
the National ticket. Mr. Farquahur to
day declined the nomination, on account
of pressure of business.
What Secretary Wilson Found on.
His Stamp Tour.
CHICAGO, Sept. 25. Secretary of Agri
culture Wilson arrived, in Chicago today
en route to Topeka, Kan., where he will
address the Good Roads convention next
"I have Just concluded a week's speak
ing1 tour in Ohio," said the Secretary,
"and I found, the agricultural district fa
vorable to McKInley. The-farmers want
no chango In National policies. The onjy
source of doubt is tho cities. I may tour
Kansas and Nebraska before my return
to Washington."
Bryan at His Home Again.
LINCOLN, Neb., Sept 25. Mr. Bryan
returned today to Lincoln after his trip
to Ghicago to consult with the Demo
cratic National Committee. He was ac
companied by Eugene Smith, of the Pop
ulist National Committee, and J. C.
Dahlman, National committeeman for this
state, who will have charge of the spe
cial car to be .occupied by Mr. Bryan
on his forthcoming tour. Mr. Bryan said
he had no announcement to make as to
the result, of his visit to Chlcajro further
than has been made.
New Yorlc Authorities , Investigate a
Millionaire's Death.
' NEW YORK, Sept 25At the sugges
tion of the District Attorney and Chief
of Detectives. Coroner Hart' is Investi
gating thedeath of .William Marsh'Rlce,
who died, Sunday night at the Berkshire
apartment-house, on Madison avenue.
Mr. Rite was a millionaire, 84 years of
age who retired from active mercantile
life 12 years ago, and is said,' o have
haa? large Interests in Houston, Tex., and
Milwaukee. ' .'
The"-Inquiry of the authorities Into the
dearth of Mr. Rice was "begun because
early Monday four 'checks' bearing the
dead man's name and calling for'thfe pay
ment of-nearly 5250,000 were'qjresentcd fbr
certification at the offices? of the Fifth
Avenue Trust Company and the banking-
house of S. M. Swenson'.fcSon, 15 Wall
street. They were all ri&de payable to
Albert T. Patrick, a lawyer, who for the
past 10 years has beenjIMr. Rice's legal
adviser in New York, c
Illinois' Ex -Senator Passed
Away Suddenly.
He Was Up and Apparently In Good
Health the Day Before His
Political and War Record.
SPRINGFIELD, 111., Sept. 25. General
John m! Palmer. ex-United States Sena
tor from Illinois, died at his residence in
this city at 8 A. M., from heart failure.
General Palmer, was an honorary pall
bearer at General v McClernand's funeral
r 'a c i u
&S ' 't -
last Saturday. Last night he was on the
street-viewing the" state fair illuminations
until a late hour, apparently" lri eooi
health. He had complained yesterday,
however, of a pain In his chest He slept
uneasily last night About 3 o'clock this
morning, Mrs. Palmer called a physician,
who did not think the General's condition
alarming. The General awoke about T,
still complaining. He talked to his wtfe
for a short time, then fell asleep and
expired soon after. f
Long Political Career and Brilliant
War Record of the IlHnoisan.
John M. Palmer, who was the Gold
Democrats' nominee for President in 1896,,
was born in Eagle Creek, Scott County,
Ky., September" 13, 1817, buthis parents
settled In Illinois when ' he' was still
ryoung. He obtained his eaucauon at Al
ton College, where he 'attended one year.
Palmer made the acquaintance of Ste
phen A. Douglas at a country Inn, In 1838.
The "Little" Giant" and 'John', T. 'Stuart
were forced to share a room with- Palmer
and a friend, and on learning of the" pol
itics of the two, Douglas said to his com
panion: "You take the -Whig and I'll -take
the Democrat." " "
Admitted to 'the bar in 1839, Palmer en
tered politics, and ' wast elected ";a State
Senator in 1854, whenhe opposed the 'Ne
braska bill and brought about the 'elec
tion of Lyman Trumbull 'to the United
States Senate. He supported Fremont
for the Presidency In 185G, and Lincoln in
1860. He cast his first vote ih Illlrtojs for
Stephen A. Douglas for Congress, but he
was always an anti-slnvery man in feel
ing, and left the1 Democratic party when
the Missouri Compromise was repealed.
Then he became a Republican.
' lri 1856 he was chairman of the Repub
lican state convention at Bloomlngton.
He ran for Congress In 1859. but wa.s de
feated. In 1860 he was a Republican Pres
idential Elector for the state at large..
In 186L he was appointed one of the five
delegates (all Republicans) sent by Illi
nois to the peace congress at Washing
ton. When the civil conflict broke out.
he offered his services to his country,
and was elected Colonel of the Four
teenth Illinois Volunteer Infantry, and
-participated in the engagements at Isl
and No. 10; at Farmlngton, where ho
' skillfully extricated his command from a
dangerous position; at Stone River,
where' his division for several hours, on'ember 31. 1862. held an advanced posi
tion and stood like a rock, and for his
gallantry there he was made Major-Gen-eral;
-at Chickamauga, where his and Van
CIeves divisions for tw ohours main
tained their position, when they were cut
oft by overpowering numbers. Under
General Sherman he was assigned to the
Fourteenth Army Corps, and participated
In the Atlanta campaign up to a date in
August, when he asked to be relieved be
cause General. Sherman had ordered him
to report to General Schofleld. In Feb
ruary, 1865, General Palmer was assigned
to the military administration of Ken
tucky, which was a delicate post.
General Palmer was nominated for
Governor of Illinois by the Republican
state' convention, which met at Peoria.
May 6. 1S68, and his nomination would
probably have been made by acclamation
had he not persistently declared thait he
could not accept a candidature for the
office. The result of tho ensuing election
gave Mr. Palmer a majority of 44,707 over
John R. Eden, the Democratic nominee.
After the expiration of Governor Palm
er's termT while he was somewhat prom
inent In Illinois politics, he devoted most
of. his time to the practice of his profes
sion. -
He was a delegatc-at-large to the Na
tional Democratic convention which met
at Chicago In 1834. In 18S7,and.l8S8, he
was the candidate ot his party for the
,Up!te& Spates Senntorshlp,',bnt was de
feated, the first time by Charles B. Far
w"ell. and the seccnd' time by Shelby M..
Cullom. The Democratic "state conven
tion, held" In lS-'S. nominated him atraln
for1 the bffice of Governor. Ho carefully
canvassed the whole state and was de
feated 'by Joseph W. Flfer,
He received the Indorsement of the
Democratic stato convention held In
June, 1S90. for the office of United States
Senator. He carried the state in the elec
tion which followed by 30,000 plurality, 101
Democratic members of the State Legis
lature being elected. The Instructions
which every Democratic Senator and
Representative elected in November,
1890, received were considered a3 obligat
ing him to vote for no one but John M.
Palmer. All followed their Instructions
literally, and stood by their candidate for
153 ballots. On the 154th ballot the inde
pendents united with the Democrats, and
he -was elected United States Senator,
March 11. 1S91.
General Palmer was a candidate for
the Democratic Presidential nomination
in 1892, or, to say more correctly, he wa3
urged by many Democrats for the nomi
nation. At that time he expressed him
self as unwilling to run, referring laugh
ingly to his age. On the money question
he was sound. On the tariff question he
said that he was as near being a free
trader as It is possible for any man to
be. The Senator waved aside as intol
erable all opinions that leaned toward
He was twice married. In 1812 he was
united in marriage to Mellnda Neely,
who died In 18S3. He was married In the
Spring of 1888 to Mrs. Hannah L. Kim
Collector o the Port of San Pran
, cisco.
aN FRANCISCO, Sept. 25. Colonel
John P. Jackson. Collector of the Port
of San Francisco, died tonight. He suf
fered from a painful kidney affliction,
and failed to rally after a surgical op
eration, which was performed this after
noon. Mrs. Elizabeth. Van Le-nr.
RICHMOND. Va., Sept. 25. Mrs. Eliza
beth Van Lew, who during .the, war be
tween the States furnished the Union
forces valuable Information of the Con
federate.Army, and aided prisoners in es
caping from Li )bjt prison, and who, after
tfiVwar, was rewarded by General Grant
with the postraactershlp at Richmond,
died here today,, at an advanced ago.
. Seven Death From Plagrnc.
GLASGOW, Sept. 25. Another death
from bubonic plague was reported here
today, majdng the seventh since the out
break.. Only 40 persons are now- under ob-
Germany 13 about to declare war on China.
Pase 1.
Vpn 'VaIdereo will demand the surrender' of
leaders of the outrages, Paso 1.
It Is proposed to seize the Chinese fleet and
forts. Pago 1.
American troops, except a location guard, aro
ordered from China. Page 2.
'England rejects the German proposal. Page 2.
. , " Political.
Senator Beverldgo opened the Republican cam
paign in Illinois with a speech In Chicago.
Fage 3.
Roosevelt made two upeeches in Denver last
- night. Pago 2.
Miners' Strike.
The Luzerne County Sheriff asks for troops.
Pago 5. ,
The Markles at Hazleton reply to the minors'
'- .demands. Page 5.
President Mitchell reports the strike growlnr.
Pago 5 . .
Foreign. ' .
Michael Davltt Is no longer a champion of the
Boers. Page 3.
Progress of Lord Roberts' campaign. Pago 3.
1 Domestic.
General John M. Palmer Is dead. Page 1.
Texas floods caused great prepcrty loss. Paga 2.
Galveston appeals for help to rebuild the city.
Page 2.
Four persons were killed by a tornado In an
fowa town. Page 2.
Naval maneuvers were continued off Newport.
Page 5.
Pacific Cont.
Harr Wagner's comedy of geographical errors.
Page 1.
'Epidemic of smallpox at. Nome has been
stamped, out. Page 4.
Henry Schroeder accused of passing worthless
checks at Baker City. Pasre 4.
Report of early construction of the Oregon
Midland Railroad confirmed by president of
company. Page 4.
Officers and desperadoes battle In "Washington.
Page 4.
Commercial and Marine.
Two grain-laden ships and a United States
transport cleared yesterday. Page 5.
The' Hale wood asks C2s Cd for charter to
United Kingdom. Page 5.
Centenary Church protests against appointment"
of Rev. G. W. Quo to Its pulpit Page 12.
Lawrence Sullivan Indicted by grand Jury on a
charge of trying to persuade a sailor to de
sert. Pare 12.
City Council will rrobably pass amended blank
et, ordinance today. Pago T.
Transport Lennox sall3 for Manila. Page 8.
Suit broupbt to contest tho vehicle ordinance,
Grotesque Geography for Peo
ple of Washington.
Hnrr "Wasrner's Stnpld "Worlc Impewd
Upon Children Superintend
ent Browne to Blame.
Harr Wagner, an "educator" oJ Baa
Francisco, Is author of "Tho Now Pa
cific School Geography" now In use la
the State of Washington. This work Is
the crowning achievement of Superintend
ent Browne's Justly celebrated project for
expelling the book trust from tho atato
and forming a more tractable home-made
octopus of his own. It Is also a shining
monument to the colossal Ignorance and
stupidity of "Geographer" Wagner, The
work, abounds In errors of the most glar
ing kind. Its maps are on too small a
scale and. many of them are so misera
bly printed that the unhappy child who
has to decipher them must needs bo pro
vided with a powerful magnifying glass.
The letter.-press Is only fair, and the pic
tures are often a desecration of purs
white paper. The text Is frequently in
ane, and grammatical errqrs and 2alse
syntax are of common occurrence. It la
said that many counties have already re
fused to permit Its introduction In their
schools, and. In defiance of law, aro us
ing one of the standard works.
The policy of the work has been ta
"place special empnasls upon the geog
raphy of Washington and tho Pacific"
To that end the author seems to havo
accepted as authentic and authoritative
all the old railway guides, Immigration
pamphlets and second-hand county and
state histories he could lay his hands on.
And when he could not And authority
for some statement that looked Hke a
fact, he supplied It from the boundless
depths of his matchless Ignorance, and
expressed it in a highly ornite style of
pigeon English. A few examples will suf
fice. He saysr
"Tacoma Is a thriving city on Puget
Sound, and is noted fortts machine-shops,
lt3 manufacture and large exports trado
to China and Japan, and other cities of
the New Pacific."
The clumsy use of the singular and
plural in "manufacture" and "exports" la
followed by classification of China and
Japan with "other cities" of the "New
Pacific." China and Japan have too long
been identified with the old Pacific to
have their Importance and national char
acter thus circumscribed.
A Cenini Boomer.
Seattle Is described as "the largest city
In the Northwest. . . . The important
naval station at Port Orchard, the public
library, the museum of the University
of Washington, the assay office, and. the
factories Cwhat factories?) are among
the many interesting places in the city
that furnish Instruction, and which school
children could visit with profit." Tha
quick transition from the uae of the rela
tive pronoun "that" to "which," Is strict
ly Wagnerian. Seattle Is not the Jargest
ity In the Northwest. Fort Orchard is
not "In the city," but 12 miles dtstant.
Continues the Inveralous historian: "It,
has a number of fine public school build
ings, including the buildings of the Stn,to
University, located in the suburbs." What
are In the suburbs? The university or pub
lic school buildings, or all?
Twin Hlprh fountain.
The writer seems to have heard some
where that in Alaska Is the highest
mountain in North America, and he gives
an abundance of misinformation on that
subject. On page JA: 'The highest moun
tain peak in North America Is raid to bo
arount St. Ellas." On page E0 is mentioned
"Mt. McKInley. which Is the highest
mountain In North America." You pays
your money for Wagner'3 wonderful book
and you takes your choice. The schol
arly author raises anew the Alaska boun
dary question, nd Informs the diligent
student thnt Dawson is in Alaska, and
by Implication also places the Klondike
region in the same favored territory. "The
Aleuts." he-says, "somewhat resemble tho
Eskimo." What particular Eskimo? Sal
mon "factories" are located In Alaska.
A Jfciv Natural lllatory.
On page 37, Wagner tires of his arduous
geographical labors, and wanders oft Into
a most surprising dissertation on natural
history. "The black bear," he says, "Is
frequently seen In the woods. Its aver
age weight is about HOO pounds. It climbs
small trees neany as quickly as It doe3
large oncj.." No bear can climb a small
tree as quickly as a large one. It can
not climb a small tree at all, without a
ladder, which the professor has thought
lessly failed to provide. "The cougar
. . . sometimes creates havoc among
sheep. Like the coyote, it Is a great
howler." But he will never learn ,to,
hmvl half as loudly as the parents of tho
little ones who have to study Wagner's
worthless work.
"The Douglas squirrel is very plentiful.
It has long, black whiskers, strong; sharp
claws, roguish eyes, and may be seen
any day in a ramble through the woods."
Careless .habit of the roguish squirrel to
ramble alone through the woods!
f "Tho ruffled (ruffed!) grouse inhabits
the entire wooded districts of Oregon and.
Washington. It Hke3 to perch on mossy
logs 'and. flap its wings. In the Summer
they (It?) dust themselves In the road
ways." Qneer "Ways of Railroads.
On page SO Is a most wonderful railroad
map of the United States. It is probably
the most conspicuous tribute to tne Pu
ce t Sound boom idea ever seen anywhere.
The O. B. & N. begins at the eastern
boundary of Oregon, cuts across tho
northeastern part of the state, then
makes a Jump across the Columbia River,
boldly follows the summit of the Cas
cade Mountains in Washington, and fin
ally falls off at Tacoma. Neither tho
Northern Pacific nor the Great Northern
appear at all. One railway line Is shown
to start out from Chicago, make a beo
line across Illinois, Iowa and Nebraska,
and thn, having apparently forgotten
something, describes a sharp turn and
wanders down to Lincoln. Neb. where It
stops. It seems to have occurred to tha
chartist that he was slighting Mr. Bryan's
hdme, and he remedied the error as speed
ily as possible. Expense In railroad build
ing was no object. No railroad at all
runs from Chicago to New York.
The announcement Is made that tho
rulings of the United States Board of
Geographic Names have been followed
"with one or two exceptions." But there
are many more than one or two. "Shoal
water Bay" Is used for "Wlllapa Harbor.'
"Laldlow" for ""Laidlaw"; "Sulton City''
for "Sultan City"; "Glazier" Peak; Lakes
"Superlo" and "MIchagam " "Mas3achu
sets," "St. Hellens' "Greeland," "Cacut
ta." "Hawahan" Islands, where a "stat
ute" to Captain Cook Is erected.
On page 41, It 13 stated that North
America has an area of 9.000,000 square
miles; but the eminent scholar seems to
have had some doubt aliout It, and be
fore the end Is reached he becomes aa
(Concluded on Tenth PaxeO