Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 22, 1900)
THE- MORNING OHEGONIAN, SATURDAY,. SEPTEMBER 22, 1900.
BEFORE GRAND JURY
investigation of Sailor Abuses
Said to Be On.
CTKEKGTH OF RESISTING INTERESTS
"rhree-PourthB of IToreiga. Ceauaeree
of Portland Represented la. Sight
Against Boarding Jffacters.
Though grrand Jury proceedings are sup
posed to toe secret there were many ru
xnors yesterday to the effect that a
searching Investigation Into the sailor
boarding-house practices "was In progress.
All professed to regard hls -with satis
faction, though tome regret -was ex5
pressed that action In specific cases
might be delayed -while the grand Jury
1s examining Into the situation in gen
eral. "1 see 6 Is still quoted as the wage
for sailors shipping from this port," said
Sir. Letta, of Balfour, Guthrie & Co.
"The crimps might just as -well quote 26.
The 6 wage Is a part of their demand
that will not he acceded to. It Is easy for
them to quote figures, but you will no
tice that their rates are not being paid
and they will not be.".
Foreign Commerce Involved.
Xjast year British -ships carried 77 per
cent of the foreign commerce of Port
land, according to the figures of Con
sul Laldlaw. Practically all these ships
are owned by the Liverpool Shipowners'
Association, which Includes all the ship
owners of Liverpool; the Glasgow Ship
owners Association, Including all the
vessel-owners of the Clyde, and the Lon
don Shipowners' Association, Including all
the shipowners of London. These are the
associations which have taken up the
fight with the sailor boarding-house mas
ters of Portland: The interests repre
senting three-fourths of the foreign trade
of Potland for the first time stand solid
ly together In opposing the demands of
It turns out that the demands made
of the ships Genista and Orealla were
only the spark which lighted the present
flame of agitation and action. Corres
pondence In the office of British Consul
Laldlaw and In -the local office of Bal
four, Guthrie & Co. shows that the
British shipowners have been complain
ing for some months of the exactions put
upon them for crews In Portland and that
they had gradually come to regard the
situation as unendurable. Some of this
correspondence has already been pub
lished. Shipowners referred their griev
ances to their associations and authority
was given Portland agents to take the
matter of shipping crews out of the hands
of captains. The shipowners' associations
were ready to act and the demands in
the cases of the Genista and Orealla sup
plied the occasion for the movement
These being Liverpool ships advices were
cabled to the Liverpool association and
the recommendation of t&e agents here
was promptly adopted. The London and
Clyde associations stand with their Liv
erpool brethren In the fight and all have
sent Instructions to representatives here
not to accede to the demands of the sailor
boarding-masters for "blood money." No
such combination of vessel Interests was
ever made before to stand against sailor
charges In Portland.
British and American Statutes.
TJpon looking tip the laws, I find that
the British and the American statutes
are almost alike as to the shipping and
paying of seamen," said British Consul
Lraldlaw yesterday. -"It is only In Amer
ican ports that American, captains are
required to pay off and discharge their
men not in foreign ports. British cap
tains likewise must pay off and discharge
their seamen In British or European
ports. So the suggestion of the shipping
man who recommended the change in the
British, lav so as to compel captains to
pay off their men in every port as a cure
for the evil now complained of here has
little weight. It would be an innovation
entirely, not conformation to another plan
that had been tested and found good.
And I have no Idea that the British Gov
ernment contemplates any such aotlon.
"However business men might favor
such an innovation, as a strictly business
expedient, our governments are not likely
to come to such conclusion. They must
look after their citizens, and must see
that thev do not suffer unjustly In for
eign lands. So It Is made the duty of
captains who take sailors away to bring
them back again. English captains may,
with the consent of the Consul, pay off
and discharge their crews In foreign
ports. So may American captains, and I
believe as a matter of fact American
captains do this oftener than do British
captains. One difference worthy of note
in the shipipng laws of the two countries
Is that the American law requires the
payment In every port of one-third the
sum due the sailor, unless otherwise ex
pressly stipulated in the articles by which
the sailor ships. Tfee English law leaves
payment entirely at the captain's op
tion." Story of a Deaerter.
A German sailor yesterday left the Brit
ish ship Marathon which arrived from
Japan Tuesday. He and two -companions,
not sailors, and the boarding-house -people
declared that absolutely ho outside
influence had moved liim to this course;
f hat he came ashore of his "own volition,
and sought the boarding-house. The rea
son given for this was cruel treatment
aboard ship. The sailor said the mate of
the ship threatened to kill him on the
This sailor said his name was Max
Goldstand; that he bad followed the sea
eight years, after having served nearly
three years in the German navy; that he
had been with many British ships, but
Clever on so hard a ship as this. He
showed a bare spot on his scalp large
as a silver dollar, and said it was where
the mate had hit him with a belaying
pin. because he had cut a gasket that he
could not untie aloft. He said he had de
serted the ship Palgrave In Philadelphia
and then shipped again on the Marathon
January 15, 1900. at ?1S a month, but when
more than live months out his pay haH
been cut down to $10 a month. He said
he had drawn in Japan ?44 35 (equal to
$22 17 in gold), which he had carefully set
down In an account book, and had had $10
worth of clothes from the slop (clothing)
chest. He claimed to have left 25 with
the ship. This man has a family in Ger
many. The young men who were with
him were Americans, one hailing from
California and the other from Maine, and
they 'said this German, being rather slow
and unresentful, was "picked on" by tKe
officers, who seemed to delight In heap
ing indignities upon him. Therefore, and
for the reason that he feared for his- life,
he said, he quit the ship. He also said
this was only his second desertion.
"not-d" Ships and "Sea Lawyers."
PORTLAND, Or., Sept. 2L (To the Edi
tor.) In your today's Issue a reporter
makes mention of having Interviewed the
various Bhlps' crews lp port, with the re
sult that with great Iteration they all la
ment their wretched fare, hard treatment"
and parsimonious captains.
The writer spent two years as a sailor
on an English vessel, and one which the
men used to dub, with customary pictur
esque embellishments, "the worst they
were ever In." The British maritime laws
prescribe the minimum allowance, or
"whack," to use the sailor's term, that
shall be served out each day. This is-an
ample allowance for an able-bodied man,
and no ship dare to Infringe on it, as the
crew know well the regulations, and tKere
is always at least one "sea lawyer"
among them to assert his rights. In fact,
the growl heard in the typical hard ship
is, "Ye git yer whack on this packet, and
When at sea, tho worst thing about the
sailor's food is its extreme lack of vari
ety, which taxes Jack's Ingenuity to con
trive various little dishes of his own by
the aid of remnants of salt meat, hard
tack, rice and beans mixed with molasses.
The quality of the food, however, lsgood
and wholesome far better1 than he gets In
the cheap restaurants that crowd, the
docks in all large ports.
However, all this is entirely irrelevant
to the matter of doing away with the
gross abuses of the boarding-Mouse men.
They only entice a sailor from one "Hard''
vessel to ship him for their sole profit
on another as quickly as possible; and no
such false sldb Ugnts should for a mo
ment divert the public gaze now riveted
on the control of this trouble. I.
Women Reoeive -the Lightest, Sen
tence for Polygasiy.
Emma Schmitt pleaded guilty to a
charge of polygamy in the Criminal
Court yesterdays and was sentenced by
Judge George to the lowest penalty pro
vided by law six months in the county
Jail. Tho man In the case Is "William
Ulrich, and the lawful husband of tho
woman is Gottlelb Schmidt, an aged Ger
man, and a gardener by trade. The chil
dren of the Schmidts were taken from
them about two years ago by order of
the County Court and given into the cus
tody! of the Boys' and Girls' Aid Society.
The mother afterwards made an ineffec
tual attempt to recover possession of
them In the courts.
E. aL Martin, w,ho stole $34 and some
cigars from thte "saloon of P. Lorati,
pleaded guilty and "sentence was sus
pended for the present.' The mother of
tho young man came here from Cali
fornia, and it is understood that she will
be allowed to take him home with her
and endeavor to accomplish his reform.
Martin has a good education, and comes
of a good family. He was befriended by
Mr Lorati, and took advantage of his
familiarity with the place to enter It
after it had? been closed for the night,
and commit the crime for which he was
arrested; "The 'use of opium is said to
be responsible for Martin's downfall.
The grand Jury.returned an indictment
against Aaron B. Springer, charging him
with an outrageous offense against his
An indictment was returned against
John Reed,- charging- him with burglary.
A second Indictment, was returned against
Reed, charging him with larceny from
the dwelling house of T. E. O'Connor.
Not a true bill was reported In the case
of Amos C. Smith, charged with abduc
tion of Hattle -Howard, a girl under the
age of IS years, from the Florence Crit
tenden - Home.
Three Divorce Granted-
Three matrimonial bonds were dissolved
by Judge Cleland yesterday.
Helen Fisher, was granted a divorce
from W. J. Fisher, and she was granted
the legal custody of their child, a daugh
ter 2 years old.
Because of desertion, "Winnie Schuyler
was divorced from Benjamin C. S. Schuy
ler, and - restored to her maiden name,
Johnston. Ttieywere .married at Empire
City In 1897.
Delphlne "Whalen was granted a divorce
from Thomas A "Whalen on account of
cruel treatment and desertion. The tes
timony of the plaintiff was that she was
married to the defendant In Portland in
1S8S, and he abandoned her In May, 1899,
and also abused her during the time they
lived- together. ,
The divorce suit of Sarah A. Bally vs.
Charles H. Daily was dismissed.
Default orders were entered in the fol
lowing cases: ....
James R. Conroy vs. Lizzie Conroy;
Clara Bliechfeldt vs. Earhart Blleehfeldt';
Anna Larson vs. Olof A Larson.
Judge Cleland will announce decisions
this morning In the following cases:
Helen "Watrin against John "Watrin, mo
tion for attorneys' fees.
"W. A. Coggeshall vs. Anna CoggeshalL
Larch Mountain Investment Company
vs. T. A Garbade et-al., motion to va
cate Injunction, and demurrer to answer
of defendant Garbade.
H. W. Corbett et al. vs. City of Port
land, demurrer to complaint.
United States Mortgage & Investment
Company vs. P. A Marquam et al., mo
tion to strike out defendant Marquam's
DAILY CITY 'STATISTICS.
Real Estate Transfers.
W. H. Irwin, et ux., to John Jensman, " '
lots 18. 19. 20 and -Si, block L Sunrise
Park September IS $ 350
Sheriff for K. H. Pilmer, et al., to
R. H. Lamson, lotd 1 to 15, Inclusive,
except lots 3 and 4. block 1: lots 1
to 9, Inclusive, block 2tVlHa Heights;
also parcel land Edgewater street.
Villa Heights, September 19 5565
R. M. Dooly, trustee, td Patrick
Hughes, lots 10 and 1L block 50, Ful
ton Park. September 17 500
Ldda C. Miller and husband to Nancy
E Sunderland, lot 8, block 72. Hol
Iaday's Addition, September 20.... .. 2500
Sheriff for Mry Leonard, to Mary W.
Pratt, lots 5. 6, 7 and 8, block 228,
Couch Addition. September 19 , 3372
Eliza Ferguson and husband to Ed-
j ward Sullivan, lot 6, block 153, East
Portland. June 7 1700
A J. Brooks to Eunice M. 'Brooks,
N. W. Y4. of N. E. y, section 1, T. 8
S.. R. 1 B.; also lot 7, block 23.
West Portland, September 21 1
Carl M. Hoeber and Margaret Hoeber
to R. E Dell, lots and 7, block 24,
Sallwood. "September 21 100ft
F. E. Dell, et ux. to Carl M. Hoeber.
lot 2. blocks. Central Addition, Sep
tember 17 1500
Sam J. Beswick, trustee, and George
"Wild and wlf. to Charles G. Hall,
Jot 5. block 12, Kenllworth. Septem
ber 10 J25
Joseph Dolllnger to Jone Ferguson,
lots 6 and 7, block 3S. Woodlawn.
September 21 675
Crescent Land Company to Hester A
Galloway, lot 10. block 4, Keystone
Addition. September 19 750
Mary Kellv to Matilda Brown, lot 1,
block 4, CEoverdale Extension. Sep
tember 3 500
D. J. Grabs, East First street, between
Broadway and "Weidler, two-story dwell
September 20 Kate L. Lockwood, 31
years old; anaemia and heart failure.
September 19 Mary Ellen McGowen, 80
years old; phthisis.
September 20 Edna Bell Rivers, 2 years
old; acute dysentery.
September 20 Alpha Lucella Landfaro,
14 years old; phthisis pulmonols.
September 19 Elizabeth Egges, 5 months
old; cholera Infantum.
September 20 Dealla Matson, 1 month
old; cholera infantum.
September 19 Valentine J. Hagen, 6
years old; heart-disease.
September 20-Edna Cedarson, 4 years
old; acute nephritis.
September 18 Girl, to Louise "Weather-,
September 20 Boy, to the wife of "Will
lam G. Stacy. -
September 13 Girl, to tho wife of "Wal
September 13-Girl, to the wife of Mount
Contagious Disease. t
Miss Annie Turner, 265 Alder street;
C. A Althous, 122 Union avenue; Ger
Albert -S. Johnson, aged 25, Lena John
ston, aged 19; Peter Nelson, 25. 'Price
County, "Wash., Ruby Monroe. 24; John
Peterson, 40, Lena Mortenson. 29; G.'Sle
mann, 41; Louise Backerleg27.
An Oregon Postmistress.
"WASHINGTON,' SeRj." 21. Jennie E.
Pope was today appointed Postmistress
at Elk Horn, Or., vice Joseph P. Case,
1 DID. SPAIN OWN ISLANDS?
HOW. WEI-ACQUIRED TTTLB.TO .THE
PHILIPPINES. '' :
Nothing la Contention That Insur
gents Had Any Right to Be
PORTLAND, Sept. 20. (To the Editor.)
In The Oregordan'of September 15 is
published an answer of the antl-lmperlal-iBts
of Portland to President McKinley's
letter of acceptance, signed- by W. R.
Lord, "W. Lw Brewster and C. E. S. "Wood.
These champions of "fairness" appear to
claim a monopoly of the "whole historlo
truth" relative to the Philippine situa
tion and the developments leading up to
It. I respectfully offer a few comments
on their charges against the Administra
tion. They say: "The first omitted fact Is
that, when President McKlnley Instruct
ed the Paris-commission to purchase the
Philippine Islands from Spain, Spain had
possession of no part 'of them."
This instruction was given to the Paris
Commission by the President, October 28,
1898. At that time Spain had actual pos
session of Ilo Ho. the second city In pop
ulation in the Philippines, and the cap
ital of the central or Visayan group of
Islands. General RIos. commanding the
Spanish forces In the district 'of the
Vlsayas, did not1 evacuate JIo Ho until
December 23, 1898, having received in
structions to that effect four days before.
Mindanao and the Sulu Islands, consti
tuting the southern district of the Philip
pines, were occupied -by. Spain until May
19, 1899, when the Spanish forces, num-'
berlng 24 officers and 800 .enlisted men.
were relieved by two battalions of the
Twenty-tHrd United States Infantry.
The Inhabitants of the Islands of Ne
gros and Cebu, In the Visayan district, as
early as February 2, 1899, realized that
they could not successfully establish an
independent government and requested
the United States Government to exercise
control. Cebu, the third largest city in
the archipelago, was occupied by the
American forces without opposition, and
at the request of the people of Negros,
who had raised the United States 'flag
and wished to have trqops to protect
them from the Tagals, whom they had
declined to "receive in the island. General
Smith, with a battalion of the -First Cal
ifornia, t was sent to them as military
governor. He arrlvevd March 2, 1899. and
the people, through their duly accredited
representatives, fully acknowledged the
sovereignty of the United States over the
Hence the facts do not bring- the case
within the rule as announced by" Chan
cellor .Kent Moreover, the "possession"
of a colony, so far as it is necessary to
confer the right of cession. Is conclusive
ly presumed to be in the parent country
until the independence of the.colony is
recognized by the latter, or at least by
tho sovereign country undertaking to
deny possession In the parent country.
When a colony is In revolt, and before its In
dependence has been acknowledged by the- par
ent country, the colonial territory belong, In
the senso of revolutionary right, 'to tho former,
and la that of legitimacy, to the latter.
Wharton's International T-aw Digest, I, p. 28.
Revolution, or possession by Insurgents, as
already stated, cannot be regarded by a prize
court as changing the national character of th
territory so possessed or occupied, until the
fact has been recognized by the political au
thority of the government to which the court
belongs. Thus, although It was a matter of
notoriety that a considerable part of the. Island
of St. Domingo had, by revolt, been detached
from the French Colonial Government, and its
Inhabitant were In common opposition to
France, then at war with England, tho court
of appeal, nevertheless, decided that such In
habitants must be regarded as hostile In their
commercial relations, till the British Govern
ment should recognize their change of charac
ter. The Supreme Court of the United States
has adopted the same rule of decision. HU1
leck. International Law and Laws of War, p.
710. citing numerous cases.
The Tagals had a right to revolt, but
until their independence was acknowl
edged by Spain the sovereignty was still
In the latter, and the parent country had
a right, recognized by the law of na
tions, to dispose of their territory.
It Is further charged that "the official
report (of General Otis) implies that it
(the first shot) was a shot fired without
necessity, though technically according
to military rule."
If this is a fair implication, I fail to
see It. The report reads:
During the entire month of January they
had labored Incessantly to strongly intrench
their lines and place their artillery In posi
tion. . . . On the night of February 2
they, sent-ln a strong detachment to draw the
flro of our outpost, which took up a position
Immediately In front of and within a few yards
of the same. The outpost was strengthened by
a few men, who silently bore the detachment's
taunts and abuse the entire nlzht. This was
reported. to me "by General MacArthur, whom
I directed to communicate with the ofllcer In
command of the insurgent troop concerned.
His prepared letter was shown -me and ap
proved, and reply received (both papers found
in General MacArthur's acrompanylng report)
was all that could ,be desired. However, the
agreement entered into" was ignored by tho
Insurgents, and on 'the evening' of February 4
another demonstration was made on one of
our small outposts -which occupied a retired
position, at least 150 yards within the xllno
which had been mutually agreed upon, an In
surgent approaching the picket, and refusing
to halt or answer when challenged. .The result
was our picket discharged his piece, when the
insurgent troops near Santa Mesa opened a
spirited fire on our troops there stationed.
The natural and reasonable inference
Is that the Insurgents Instigated and pro
voked the outbreak, and were only too
eager to follow it nip and carry out their
plan. The first shot was fired' February
4, at 8:30 P. M. General Otis reports that
Aguinaldo, after concentrating his well
armed forces for battle," "prepared the
outline of his declaration of war, the full
text of which was published at Malolos
on the evening and very shortly after his
hostile shots were first responded 'to by
our trocps, and without considering cause
or Intent. The longed-for opportunity had
arrived, and he hastened to embrace It.'.'
The declaration was dated February 4,
1SS9, and ordered, among other things,
that ".peace and friendly relations be
tween the Philippine forces and the
American forces of occupation are
broken, and the latter will be treated as
enemies." . .
In the hope that the readers of Senator
Hoar's speech of April 17; 1900, and his
admirers as a statesman, of experience
and sound judgment will also read his
reasons for supporting the Republican
nominees, I beg to submit his expres
sions as published In the- Argonaut of
August 6, 1900: '
President McKlnley and Governor Roosevelt
will have no more earnest supporter In tho
country than I shall be. Whether we consider
the character of tho candidates, the character
of the counselors they will bring with them
into power, the effect en the prosperity and
happiness of the Amorlcan people, or tho ulti
mate triumph of liberty and justice in the dis
tant islands which have been brought under
our control, the alternajlve of Mr. Bryan and
David B. Hill, or any other associate the
Democratic party is likely to give him. Is not.
to be' thought of for a moment. Mr. Bryan's"
election will -mean tho overturn of the pro
tective system, ''how happily established, and
(he wonderful prosperity it has "brought to all
classes of the people: a dishonest and fluctu
ating "currency; great "diminution of tho value
of all debts and savings'; the overthrow of the
authprity of the, Supreme. Court; a dangerous
assault on property; socialism; thecomple(e
success of the attempt now going on to dis
franchise 10,000.000 of American "citizens at
Home, and render null and void the great Con
stitutional amendments.- .
I was and still am opposed to the- policy
which brought on the war In the Philippine
Islands. I like the policy which has been and
Is to be pursued" in Cuba. I am willing now
to test the 'two methods by their results. But
I have never questioned the honesty of pur
pose of President McKlnley and tho Republic
ans who agreed with him. Thew past cannot
be undone. I think thfl future of the Philip
pine Islands' safer in tho hands df Mr. McKln
ley than of Mr. Bryan, in the hands of the
Republicans than of Tammany Hall and the
Solid South. In saying this I am but repeating
what I said in the Senate and what I said last
year in Massachusettsf , l
Mr. Bryan earnestly advocated tho treaty
which bought the,, Philippine Islands, and ..so
cured for It tho votes ot IT ot hlo supporters.
For this action of ntsno" motive can bo rea
sonably argued but the desire to kwp tho
question for an issue in the campaign. The
Republican party, in its platform, his refused
to commit Itself to keeping the Philippine peo
plo in subjection against their wish, and cites
the example of Cuba, to which it renews its
pledge of Independence. Tho .Massachusetts
Republican platform of 1809 promises them,
after hostilities are over." a government as
free, as liberal and as progressive as our own.
I believe that these pledges will be .kept.
Whatever mistake may have been made in th
past, I prefer to trust the'.f uturo Qf liberty to
the party that for 50 years Tms never been
wrong but once rather than to the party that
for 60 years has never been right onco.
Does anybody believe that tho American peo
ple haye changed: that the great North has
changed; that the Republican party has
changed In a minute, In a day. In a twinkling
of on eye 7 Liberty isnot dead. Justlco la not
dead. The great Declaration Is not dead. Men
will differ: rood men will differ; good men
will sometimes err; parties are not Infallible.
But I am confident that tho great free North,
which achieved and, established liberty at
home, will surely and very soon establish- it
Senator Hoar evidently believes that no
new issue can, possibly make any differ
ence with the essentials of Bryanism as
they have been preached for four 'years.
C. U. GANTENBEIN.
SEATTLE'S LATEST SCHEME
"Wants ' Other Transcontinental
Roads to Make Termini There.
SEATTLE, "Wash!T Sept. 20. (To the
Editor.") Returning from Idaho to Port
land by way of Seattle in order to In
vestigate those superior 'natural advan
tages which Seattle' claims over Portland,
I found that she has not by way of arti
ficial improvements or- 'expenditure of
money on the part of her citizens, ere-,
ated any greater resources than she had
in 1875, when I- flrst visited Seattle, then
with 30C0 population, now with 80,000. In
short, I find Seattle' has not except in
Its greater depth of water for ocean, ships
one-half the natural ' resources and
country tributary as Portland possesses
today. Why, then, has she prospered?
Simply by, the cb-operatlon and unity. of
action of all her citizens, regardless
whether they are rich or poor, high or
low in the social sca.le. 'native born 'or
foreigners, provided' they are men, of
business experience oc. brains and seek
tho progress of Seattle first and their
own individual prosperity therefrom."
Truly, they, carry, out Adam Smith's the
ory in his ""Wealth of Nations" that the
good of the few can' only be obtained by
a community through the co-operation
for the prosperity at large bf Its, citizens.
"Would to the Lord our 'good citizens of
Portland would do the same.
.For example. Seattle. .Chamber of Com
merce Is today agitating a scheme ,for
the creation of a permanent committee of
five; with a special secretary, appointed
to solicit seven more "transcontinental
lines to come to Seattle and there make
their final termini, and in order more
effectually to solicit such railroad com
panies so to act they are. to appoint, not
a clerical amanuensis merely as secre
tary (as is done in Portland), but a work
ing secretary specially experienced in
railroad construction and organization,
who possesses the local "knowledge also,
and the experience of all of the country
tributary to Seattle, "to correspond with
seven-"Western railway lines (whom-they
name), and which secretary is to prepare,
it Is proposed, railway" estimates of the
probable cost of construction' of such
transcontinental lines into Seattle, and
to go East and viva voce discuss same
with their several presidents there. "Why
cannot the Chamber of Commerce of
Portland do the sarije? Many Portland
ers will remember that years ago I then
strongly urged a filmlaeQurse and plan
for Portland. But tho members o'f-Seat-tle's
Chamber of Commerce go further
and urge that that? city should own a.
small belt line surrounding- the city and
suburbs by which all new railways pro
posing to enter the city 'should come in
and go over the "same at a nominal
charge for operating expenses and In
terest and interchange products and pre
vent the heavy charges iwhlch the North
ern Pacific claims the O. R. & N. Co,
did upon its freight destined for Alblna
True, Glasgow, in Scotland, has had for
vearst that system and had no difficulty
in raising at 2y2 per cent interest the
money so invested. The same policy,
however, Mr. Donald Fletcher, the ex
president of the Denver Chamber of
Commerce claims (now in Seattle) got
great railroad systems to go to Denver,
and succeeded so well that Denver se
cured many competing lines therein. Be
this as it may, surely we in Portland
can. If we will give equal, if not better,
facilities and Inducements for such rail
roads to terminate finally at Portland as
Seattle can do, with fthe same prospective
Asiatic trade, and coal on Nehalem Bay
for ocean steamers going to China and
via' the Nicaragua Canal to Eurone.
Comments on the Stnrr Case.
The comments on the case of Rev. S.
A. Starr, just tried at Ashland before
the Oregon Conference, in the community,
are many and various. Those familiar
with the case and the mass of evidence
against him are noi surprised at the re
sult. His friends even were not sur
prised when they heard' the verdict, but
the result seems not to have changed
their opinion that he is Innocent and is a
victim .of a conspiracy. 'It seems to be
conceded 'that the verdict will end his
career as a minister, as a different ver
dict cannot be expected, even if he should
take an appeal to the highest ecclesiastic
tribune in the church, although Rev. C.
E." Cline, D. D., who was expelled a year
ago, took "an appeal and his caau was
reversed and hetwas restored to the min
istry. However, -the two cases are by
no means parallel. ', A member of the
official board of the Sunnyside Methodist
Church said yesterday, that the church
had not been brokea1 up, nor even badly
disrupted by this, case-, Some excellent
and Influential members, who believe Dr.
Starr to be innocen; 'an'd wronged, left
the church, but others pok their places,
and the membership was again harmoni
ous. A WEEK OF STOCK.
At the Metropolitan.
Commencing Sunda- an'd all week, tho
Crawford Stock Company will present
three scenic plays, Opening with a very
interesting production Of "A True Kcn
tucklanV a play never offered here be
fore. It was originally produced at the
Grand Opera House, Boston. It is new
to the Metropolitan patrons, and it is not
saying too much to'tidmlt that the pres
ent production Is quite as satisfactory a
tho original. It is s'aid. to be the most
powerful and instructive , story of love,
mystery and adventure aver written. It
is a comedy drama blended ,wlth a broad
romantic atmosphere of hovel conception
and 'at times quite tragic intension. Sev
eral strong settings decidedly realistic
will be snown. The, vaudeville features
come thick-and fast' making a continu
ous performance. The specialties appear
ing 'between the actare all new' and up
to -datel Seats are -how- on sale at tha
box office for the entire, stock engage
ment. ' A1 DAYS,v OUTING.
Those desiring tofipend Sunday in com
fort should take, theTO. R. & N. train to
Bonneville -Sunday arid f enjoy the "mag
nificent scenery arid pool breezes tob-s
had 'under the pine1 trees at- Bonneville.
Train leaves Union depot at 9 A. M. Re
turning, train reaches Portland at 4:30
P. M. The very 1 low rate, of. 60 cents for
the round trip is still In effect. This rate
is good on Sundays only.
SEPTEMBER'S BIG FLEET
FOURTEEN SHIPS, "WITH NET TON
NAGE OF 25,000, IN PORT.
X, Fontaine Arrives Atter & Lonar
Passage Rlversdale Completes
a Big- Cargo.
The French bark La Fontaine arrived
yesterday after a long passage of 168
days from Santander. She comes In bal
last under charter to A Berg, and will
receive dispatch not at all in keeping
with her long voyage. The arrival of
this vessel brings the fleet in port up to
14 vessels, with over 25.000 tons net regis
ter. The outward bound fleet for the
present month was rather slow In mov
ing, but within the past 10 days five ships
have finished 'loading and are now in -the
stream or at Astoria, These vessels car
ried over C70.000 bushels of wheat, an
amount sufficient to bring the month's
Shipments above those of August, with a
fair prospect for one and possibly two
mora ships to finish before October L
The British ship RIversdale, which fin
ished loading yesterday, carries one ot
the largest cargoes for her tonnage that
has ever 'left the port. She Is of 2057
tons net register, and has aboard 136,900
bushels of wheat, equlvalent-to 4107 short
tons. The RIversdale came Into port
about five weeks ago, bringing a cargo of
over 4000 tons of cement. It was turned
out in good shape, and by the time sbe
was ready for cargo, her owners had no
difficulty In fixing her outward at the
highest rate of the season. She secures
47s 6(1, a rate which makes her a floatipg
gold mine for the owners.
SOME IMPARTIAL COMMENT.
Eastern Oregon Editor Discusses the
Scarcity of Ships.
The editor of the "Weston Leader prints
some Interesting comment on the wheat
situation, which should be carefully
studiedly the "Walla "Walla Union before
It again discusses tha wheat tonnage sit
uation. The .Leader man gives the ex
porters credit, which is due, hut seldom
accorded them, and sizes up the causes
of the present high freight rates as fol
lows: "Wheat would command a fair price
from 55 to GO cents a bushel, were it not
for the excessive figures demanded for
ocean freights. It Is likely-that If wheat
does go up a few cents charters wilt ad
vance with it, and there Is not. much en
couragement for" farmers to hold their
crops. It is quite generally the case that
when a man holds his wheat until an
other season, and pays warehouse
charges and interest meanwhile, he sees
the time when he feels like retiring be
hind the straw-stack to be kicked by the
hired man. Exporters charge that farm
ers are now paying for the time when
they refused high prices for their wheat
and allowed the exporter who had loaded
up with tonnage to lay awake nights
until his hair was gray, trying to figure
how he could get a cargo without selling
the office furniture and his wife's piano.
He is wise now, and engages no more
bottoms than he is sure of filling. This,
as well as war's demands, makes tonnage
scarce, at our Coast ports, and Is some
thing on which the farmer should pon
der. "We agree that the merciless ship
owner should be hanged as a pirate and
his vessels confiscated, but he is only
taking a mean advantage of the law of
supply and demand."
MIDST SHOT AND SHELL.
Inverness Discharges Cargo From
Portland Under Disadvantages.
The steamship Inverness, which left
this port with a cargo of' lumber for the
Orient about three months ago, 4 had a
very exciting tinfe duringjhe first pt the
Boxer outbreaks. Writing, to a friend in
this city, Captain Clegg says:
"We arrived off New Chwang bar(at 5
P. M August 1. too late to enter 'that
dav. but on the next dav, at 9 A. M., we
arrived at the town. The situation here
was very bad. The Boxers were con
stantly threatening to attack, and every
body was in arms. Two Rusisan soldiers
were killed and one wounded alongside
our ship that night, bullets passing over
our decks, and the crew on two occasions
required me to leave the wharf and get
out. For a long time we were the only
foreign ship in harbor, but I held along
side the wharf till a force of 7C0O Boxers
was reported to be within two miles of
us, whereupon I swung off into the
stream at midnight with several refugees
on board, women .and children. The ship
was lying in a dangerous place to get
under way quickly, and no pilot on
board, but I succeeded In getting off safe
ly from the wharf. The Boxers retreat
ed next morning, so I came alongside
again, but have been up night and day
nearly all the time."
American Shipping Laws May Have
to Re Changed.
SAN FRANCISCO, Sept. 21. By the
steamer Monana today news was received
of a strong protest in the Australian col
onies ngalnst the application of Amer
ican shipping laws to the Hawaiian Isl
ands. The American laws prohibit ves
sels from doing business between Amer
ican ports except under the American
flag, and this shuts out a number of
British steamers that have been doing
business between Hawaiian coast ports
Negotiations have begun, it Is an
nounced, between the British and Amer
ican Governments looking to a modifica
tion of the laws. The Australians are
talking of making reprisals upon Amer
ican hipping In case the United States
refuses to allow their steamers an, equal
chance at Hawaii.
STEAMER FOR TAHITI.
Sailing Vessels Will Be Replaced by
SAN FRANCISCO, Sept. 21. The
Oceanic Steamship Company's steamer
Australia, which for years has been run
ning between here and Honolulu, will be
taken off the Hawaiian run on her return
from the Islands, and will be used to
open the monthly service between here
and Tahiti. The contract of the French
Government for the carrying of the mails
between here and Tahiti will go into ef
fect November 1, and on that date the
Australia will start on her Initial trip,
supplanting three sailing vessels, which
have up to the present time performed
the mall service. After November 1 there
will be a sailing every 33 days. The time
each way will occupy 10 days.
' RIVER STEAME3RS BURNED.
One Man Burned to Death, One Miss
ing nnil One Injured at St. Louis.
ST. LOUIS, Sept.' 21. In the destruction
at an early hour today of the steamer
"War Eagle, of the Eagle Packet Com
pany, and the steamer Carrier, operated
by the Calhoun Packet Company, at the
foot of Locust street, one man, was
burned to death, another is missing 'and
a third painfully Injured, and property
valued at nearly $100,000 was destroyed.
The wharfboats Eagle and Illinois were
b'adly damaged, and 'the cargo of the Car
rier, consisting of wheat, apples and oth
er produce, was totally burned.
Two Vessels Ashore.
ATLANTA, Ga., Sept. 21. A special to
the Journal from Key "West; Fla., says it
Is reported that two vessels are ashore
on, one of the keys, about. 40 miles south
ofjhere. It is reported also 'that half the
crew of one-of the vessels has been lost.
"Wreckers have gone to Investigate tha
reports. . .
The Semantha Is receiving cargo at a
lively rate, and will finish early next
The Jupiter went 'through to Astoria
without delay, arriving down, at noon
yesterday. The river is at zero now, and
the vessel was drawing over 22 feet.
The steamer Del Norte, from San Fran
cisco, by way of coast ports, arrived up
about 4 o'clock yesterday morning, an,d
wa3 "discharging redwood lumber at
Couch-street dock yesterday forenoon.
Domestic and Foreign Ports.
ASTORIA, Sept. 21. Arrived in at 11:30
A. M. French bark La Fontaine, from
Santander. Arrived down at 12:45 P. M.
Danish ship Jupiter, schooner Repeat.
Condition of the bar at 5 P. M., moder
ate; wind northwest, weather hazy.
Guaymas. Arrived Sept. 17 Schooner
Zampa, from Gray's Harbor.
San Francisco, Sept. 21. Sailed Steam
er Victoria, from Chemalnus; bark-Prussia,
for Port Blakeley; schooner May
flower, for Coquille River; schooner Jen
nie Thelin, for Coos Bay; steamer Co
quille River, for Gray's Harbor. Ar
rlyed Steamer Mattewan, from Taco
ma; schooner Prosper, from Bristol Bay;
bark "W. "W. Case, from Alaska,
Port Townsend, Sept'. ZL Passed in
Steamer Aberdeen, from Skagway, for
Seattle Arrived Steamer Charjes Nel
son, from Cape Nome.
Bristol Bay. Sailed August 26 Bark
Coryphone, for San Francisco.
San Diego. Sailed September 20 Ger
man, ship Altalr, for Portland.
Nushawak. In port August 31 Ships
Tacoma, Oriental, St. Nicholas, Bohemia,
Servia and Indiana; barks C. &. Kenney
and "W. "W7 Case; steamers President and
New York, Sept 21. Arrived Rotter
dam, from Rotterdam: Kaiser Frlederich,
from Hamburg; Thlngvalla, frdm Rot
terdam. . Havre, Sept. 21. Arrived La Bretagne,
from New York.
Moville, Sept. 21,-Salled Ethiopia,- from
Glasgow for New York.
Southampton, Sept. 21. Sailed Colum
bia, from Hamburg for New 'York via
Boston, Sept. 21. Arrived Sylvanla,
NEW EAST SIDE SAW MILL.
Cone Bros. Will Build a. Plant at
The Cone Bros., who have operated a
saw mill at Troutdale for a number of
years, have secured a site for their mill
on what Is known as the Marshall tract,
near the foot of Portsmouth avenue,
about half way between University Park
and St. Johns. They have had under
contemplation a removal of their mill at
Troutdale for some time, and secured the
site several weeks ago. H. Cone has al
ready moved with his family to Ports
mouth so he can be on hand to superin
tend the erection of the new saw mill at
that point. Also several other families,
whose heads have been employed at
Troutdale, are arranging to move to
Portsmouth. The plant at Troutdale Is
now being transferred to the new site
at Portsmouth. The Troutdale saw mill
has a cutting capacity of about 50,000
feet of lumber per day, but It Is under
stood that the new mill will have about
double that capacity. At the old site the
mill has engaged mostly In cutting rail
way ties, but It has always been very
difficult to get logs down the Sandy
River, which is too shallow In the Sum
mer and too much of a torrent In the
"Winter months. Cone Bros, have timber
enough to supply their two mills, one
being at Vancouver, for the next 30 years.
The enterprise will be a big help to
Portsmouth, University Park and the
Peninsular, which suffered a sever blow
when the Portland University moved
away, and It will cause a revival in that
district. A considerable force of mien
will be employed in the mill who will
llye'ln the community, and most of. them
w'ill have families. On the whole the mill
may be better In some respects for the
Peninsula than the school was."
"Work on the construction of tho new
mill has been commenced, and will be
crowded forward as rapidly as possible, so
that it will bo under cover before the
rains set in. The location of this saw
mill will likely hasten the construction of
the proposed railway spur to St. Johns.
Until a switch is built down the river, the
mill will have to ship lumber by water.
Railway on East Ninth Street.
The Oregon Packing Company is ask
ing, for the privilege of constructing a
railway on East Ninth street from the In
tersection of Division street It is pro
posed that this spur shall extend from
the Oregon & California Railway to Bel
mont street. The pending ordinance also
provides that a secondary switch may be
built to the company's packing-house on
the corner of East Ninth and East Yam
hill streets. The packing company is ask
ing the Council for the right to build
this switch so that railway facilities may
be had for the cannery, which is a large
establlsnment. East Ninth street Is not
Improved, and one of the conditions Is
that In case It is improved that portion
of that street occupied by the railway
shall be Improved by the company and
also kept In repair. The railway shall
also be under the general direction of
the City Council and Board of Public
"Works, and shall be constructed as di
rected. The spur Is to be completed wltxi
ln 12 months after the passage of the
Meat Market Robbed.
The meat market of Gellnsky Bros., on
the corner of East Sixth and East Morri
son streets, was broken Into Thursday
night and robbed of a quantity of arti
cles. Entrance Into the shop was effected
through the front screen door by cutting
the screen and lifting the Inside hook.
A quantity of lard, bacon and meats was
taken. The money till and safe were not
Oscar Pechsteiner, of Woodstock, met
with a sovere accident yesterday, by
which his left shoulder-blade was broken.
He came out of his store In a hurry and,
falling, struck his shoulder against the
sidewalk, fracturing It. He came on to
the city and had the fracture reduced.
East Side Notes.
T. R. Manning and family, who have
been at Long Beach, returned to their
home, 651 East Seventeenth and Broad
way -streets, yesterday.
Mrs. Emory Oliver and family, who
have been spending the Summer at the
coast, returned to their home yesterday,
i53 East Twenty-sixth street.
Michael J. Hally and family will move
to The Dalles In a few days, where he
has a good position. They have resided
on the East Side for some time.
J. Elliott, who recently returned from
Nome, Is preparing to ship a large quan
tity of eggs to that mining camp, where
he thinks they will find ready sale.
Mrs. John H. Hall and children, who
have been at the coast for some time,
have returned to their home on East
Burnside and East Thirteenth streets.
T. J. Rowe, who lives on East Tenth
and Weidler streets, left his bicycle on
the back porch Thursday evening, but It
was gone yesterday morning, it having
been stolen during the night.
L. R. Train let a contract for the erec
tion of a J2500 dwelling yesterday on East
Burnside and East Nineteenth streets.
Four other dwellings are being put up on
East Burnside street at an average cost
Attorney Fred Keenan, who has been
sick at the St. Vincent's Hospital, is
slowly Improving, and will probably be
able to leave the hospital by the end of
the month. He is too weak to walk, but
is growing stronger dally.
Dr. Wise, room 614, The Dekum.
"The best pill I ever used," I3 the fre
quent remark of purchasers of Carter's
Little Liver Pills. When you try them
you will say the same.
WHY EARNINGS KEEP UP
RAILROADS UNAFFECTED BY MIN
NESOTA WHEAT FALLURE.
Diversity of Crops Carried the State
Beyond Dependence on Grain
Northern .Pacific's Situation
A dispatch from St. Paul gives tha
following statement and explanation of
the earnings of the Northern Pacific
The earnings of the Northern Pacific
for August and September were so large,
and Increasing week upon week, that in
terest has been attracted to the road.
With the almost total failure of crops on
the lino of this road east of the Missouri
such a showing comes as a surprise, and
tha railroad and financial world would
like to know how It comes about.
There are several reasons, but the main
one Is the healthy financial condition of
the country through which the Northern
Pacific passes, the acquisition of new
feeders and the phenomenal growth of
business, which Is the result of prosperous
tTmes and a general feeling that tho
future is still more promising. To quota
the words of a high Northern Pacific
official: "In July tho Northwest woke
up to the realization that the wheat
crop and a large part ot the other small
grain was lost. For a month this created
a panicky feeling all over the Northwest.
The Northern Pacific imbibed some of
this feeling. By the end of July or
early In August the people had come to
realize that something was wrong In
their calculations. The Ios3 of crops did
not produce the anticipated results. Tho
truth dawned at last that the Northwest,
especially Minnesota, is not now depend
ent upon grain. It had gradually passed
that stage without knowing it.
"Then came an Inventory, and farmers
and merchants found that they were
spending Just as much money and buy
ing Just as many goods as when the
grain crop was a full ono. They had be
come Identified with a diverse system ot
farming, and the loss fell but slightly
on each one. Confidence returned and
but for a few short weeks before tho
harvest one would not know that wo
were short of grain. General business
has revived. The attendance at stata
fairs and county fairs has been uniform
ly larger than ever before; immigration
has been heavier, the mills have run
steadier, the roine3 have produced more
ore, the factories have extended their
output, and new enterprises have been
established. This is true of all points on
"That the Northern Pacific territory is
prosperous is shown by the increasing
passenger travel. The additional Coast
train which we put on between St. Paul
and Puget Sound In May as an experi
ment has been a money-maker from tha
day it started. In fact, both trains havo
been crowded so that for days In suc
cession all our sleeping-car berths were
sold out two and three days before the
train started. Considerable of this travel
was tourist business. It is true, but this
travel was not larger than that of a
year ago. so that the great Increase is
shown to have been In through and local
business on our main line. The North
Coast Limited was put on to run till
November 1. but it appears very much as
though it would have to remain perma
nently. "With the completion of the Burlington
line from Denver to Billings we have ac
quired a most valuable traffic, both
freight and passenger. From points in
Colorado, New Mexico, Texas and Arkan
sas to Helena,. Butte and all points west
to Puget Sound we have the shortest
route, and this will naturally make tho
route a popular one and greatly Increase
our traffic west from Billings.
"We have sent 10,000 settlors Into tha
country along our line west of the Min
nesota border during the past season.
More xthan half of these have gone to the
far West to develop the various Indus
tries and contribute to the traffic of tha
"The Oriental trade, yet in its Infancy,
is growing enormously. Our freight ship
ments are undergoing a change. It is
only this Summer that the first tralnload
of fruit was brought from the Coast
and the first complete train made up ot
silks from a foreign land. Tha fruit, 'of
course, came from the Pacific Coast. Tha
shipment of lumber has grown to be an
Important item from the Coast. Struc
tural Iron Is another big freight Item, and
until these things are manufactured on
the Coast the business will continue ta
Increase. When peace conditions are re
stored in China flour Is likely to be ona
of our principal exports, and that will
afford the Western roads an Important
Item which they do not now receive to
any considerable extent. Cattle sheep
and horse shipments. Instead of decreas
ing, will steadily Increase. The North
ern Pacific has entered upon a new era
Opposed io New Traffic Deal.
NEW YORK. Sept. 2L Members of tha
grain trade of the New York Produce
Exchange are not inclined to regard with
favor the agreement entered into by tho
four railroads connecting Buffalo with
New York to pool the grain-carrying
trade between these two cities. Tho
opinion is expressed that the new
traffic arrangement will prove detrimental
to the Interests of New York; that prac
tically the same causes which led to the
abandonment of two similar agreements
formerly will again operate to dissolve
the present pool; that the railroads can
not In themselves successfully offset com
petition ot rival ports, particularly that
of the Canadian water route; and that
the compact to restore and maintain rate
from Buffalo to New York, thereby elim
inating competition In rates between the
two points, will only tend to create new
competition at other ports.
The salmon catch, at Rogue-River fell
75 per cent short this year.
But Coffee Was the Cause of the
An old veteran from Springfield, Mass..
made a curious experiment In the use of
tobacco and coffee. Ha says: "I have
been an Incessant smoker for 40 years,
using at times 20 cigars a day, besides
several pipes. I wa3 also very fond of
"In 1893 I noticed my stomach, was be
coming weak and that I could not retain
my breakfast. Within six months after
ward I had arrived at that stage where
I vomited up at least five breakfasts each
week. The doctor claimed that the sick
ness was caused by smoking,, so I went
under tho care of Dr. Barbault, of Spen
cer, Mass.. who cured me of the tobacco
habit. For eight months I refrained from
Its use, but the vomiting still continued
"My physician then attributed It to ca
tarrh, so I carefully dosed myself with
the catarrh cures, but the vomiting be
came more severe, though not more fre
quent. I therefore concluded to resume
my smoking and get as much comfort as
possible in that direction. I noticed that
tho smoking did not increase tha vomit
ing. "Quite a time after that I me a. friend
who In one minute put me on the right
track by telling me that he was satisfied
that it was coffee that caused my'trouble.
I stopped drinking coffee, and within a
week the vomiting ceased entirely.
"Shortly after that I took to using
Postum Food Coffoe and found It filled
all the requirements of coffee. My fam
ily are using it regularly, and like It as
well as the best Java coffee, after be
coming accustomed to lt3 use. We know
from practical experience of the benefi
cial effects of Postum Food Coffee.
Please omit my name." Name and ad
dress can be given by Postum Cereal Co
Llnu, Battle Creek, Mich,