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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 22, 1900)
THE MORNING OEEGONTAN," SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 22, 1900.
United States Does.. Not Ap
prove of Germany's Policy.
Fall and Complete JLiiwen "Were
Made to All the Inquiries at
"WASHINGTON. Bept 2L The United
States Government has made full and
complete answers to the various Impor
tant inquiries that have been addressed
to it by the powers relative to the Chi
nese trouble. Moreover, It has gone fur
ther and has made a disclosure of all its
purposes, and, as a member of the Ad
ministration puts it. it has thrown its
hand open on the table. This action was
taken after the Cabinet meeting today,
and a luncheon at the White House that
followed served to reduce the decision to
the ultimate form.
At 3:30 o'clock. Minister u called by
appointment upon Acting- Secretary Hill
and was handed a memorandum embody
ing the response of the United States
Government to the request of Prince
Chine that Mr. Conger or some other
person be immediately empowered to be
gin negotiations with the Chinese author
ities for a final settlement. The Minis
ter came away with a dissatisfied ex
pression upon his face.
Next came M. Tblebaut, the French
Charge, A few minutes' conversation
sufficed to impart to him orally an an
swer to his Terbal inquiry.
Then Baron Sternberg, the German
Charge, who had been notified of the
readiness of the State Department to
make answer to the German note, called
and was given that answer. He hastened
away to cable It to his government.
The Department then sent the answer
to the Russian inquiry forwarded by
messenger and wired cablegrams con
taining the substance of the answers to
Its diplomatic representatives abroad.
Thus closed one of the most interesting
wid Important phases of the Chinese en
tanglement. The State Department .absolutely re
fused to make any statement as to the
nature of the answers, taking the ground
that to do so would be a violation of the
-diplomatic proprieties. However, as it
was calculated that all of these answers
will have reached their destinations
abroad by tomorrow, it was promised
that the text of the communications
should be given to the press tomorrow
afternoon. The Ministers and Charges
who received the messages here took
the same attitude. The President, him
self, had given instructions that every
effort should be made to maintain secrecy
In this matter until the official disclos
ure. "With all this, it is known that the
German proposal that negotiations with
China be deferred until the Chinese re
sponsible for the Pekln outrages have
been surrendered to the allies has failed
of approval by our Government. The
declination has been conveyed in a man
ner that cannot give offense, but it is be
lieved that the United Stites Government
cannot recognize the principle that a
country may be cal'.cd upon to surrender
its own citizens to a foreign power or
powers for punishment. The Government
will not relinquish the Idea of the ulti
mate punishment of the offenders, when
they are properly Identified, but it does
not believe that the pursuit of this ob
ject Is to put a stop to all negotiations.
The idea of a commission to adjust the
differences with China, is again brought
forward, and it Is puggpsied that a com-
-mlsslon on- the part of the United States""!
may either form part rf the-Joint inter
national commission which, 'it is 'hoped,
will be appointed for this purpose, or, in,
the event of the failure of the effort to
secure joint action, then the members can
go on and deal directly with China for a
settlement. The names of Minister Con
ger, General James H. Wilson and Mr.
a&ockhill are mentioned in this connec
tion. It is believed that the outcome, from
military standpoint, of today's action will
he the withdrawal of all but one regi
ment of the American troops from China
to Manila, where they can be held ready
to return in an emergency. General
Chaffee probably will remain in China in
command of the force there, which will
be regarded simply as a legation guard.
One fact concerning the United States'
answers that was learned officially Is
that they contain no new proposition, but
simply clear away the debris of unan
Report From Clinffee.
The following dispatch, received at the
War Department yesterday from Gen
eral Chaffee, was made public this morn
lnsr: "Taku (no date). Adjutant-General,
Washington. Pekln, Sept 19 RockhM
Wllson expedition returned; object suc
cessfully accomplished: no casualties
among our troops. Forsythe's squadron
scouted northeast 40 miles to relieve na
tive Christians; returned, bringing in 14.
Surrounding country dally growing less
hpstlle and more peaceful, so far as my
expedition can determine questions.
The date of this cablegram. Pekin, Sep
tember 39. shows thit close communica
tion has been established with tho Chi
The State Department today gave out
a new and literal translation of the Rus
sian note respecting a withdrawal of
troops from Pekln. so as to prevent any
possibility of misunderstanding as to the
text during the progress of negotiations.
The hew translation .agrees exactly with
the statement of facts contained in the
Associated Press dispatches from St Pe
tersburg. A cablegram "was received at the State
Department today from Minister Conger,
dated Pekln, SeptmbT 17. announcing
the arrival of ..Special Commissioner
iRockhlll at Pekin on that date. Mr.
Conger made no statement as to condi
tions in the Chinese capital.
CAPTURE OF PEI TA CHU.
General WiIon and a Mixed Force
. Toole the Town.
PEKIN, Monday, Sept 17, via Taku,
Thursday. Sept 20. General James H.
Wilson, the American commander, took
Pel Ta Chu this morning. No details of
the affair have been learned, but the
British officials have received a dispatch
announcing that "the temples were taken
accordlnr to arrangement." It is said
General Wilson will move on San Hal
Tien and destroy the Chinese arsenal nt
that place. The Germans moved west
ward todav. and it is doubtful if they co
operated in the taking of Pel Ta Chu.
Japanese scouts report that the sur
rounding country is free of the enemy.
No word has been received from the
Sixth United States, which is operating in
(As announced Thursday in a dispatch
received from Pekln. under date of Sep
tember 16, via Taku, Thursday. Septem
ber 20, General Wilson, with 800 Amer
icans and COO British and six guns,
marched westward that day. and the
Germans were to move the following day
(Sepiembpr 17) to co-operate in taking
Pel Ta Chu, where the enemy was sup
posed to be in large force. The American
commander, it was added, would attack
from the west and the Germans from the
east The dispatch also said that General
Wilson would take the San Hal Tien
The Kaiser's Sympathy.
BERLIN. Sept 21. It, transpires that
Emperor William sent Baroness von Ket
teler, the. widow -of the late German Min-
ister at- Pekln, a telegram to Tien Tsln
as follows: t
"As was the case during the long period
of terror through which you passed with
such fortitude, although deprived at the
very outset ofyour husband, so now my
hearty sympathy accompanies you on
your way home. My people mourn with
you. God comfort you."
The Baroness replied expressing her
deep thanks for his majesty's gracious
M Haar Changes Movements.
TONG KU, Bept 19. via Shanghai, Sept
20. LI Hung Chang arrived Tuesday
at the Taku anchorage, where ho was
visited by .Rear Admiral Remey and the
Russian fteg Captain. He proceeded to
Tons' Ku today. He was received with
no special honors, and his presence at
tracted little attention. Only the Russian
and Japanese officers called on him; but
later he had & long conference with Vice
Admiral AKexeff on board a Russian war
ship. Earl Li, accompanied by a Russian
guard of seven and hfs own escort, the
latter unarmed, but wearing the Imperial
uniform, will proceed by special train to
Tien Tsln, where a residence- has been
prepared for his occupancy.
Extradition of the Empress.
NEW YORK, Sept. 2L A dispatch to
tho Herald from Berlin says:
The Politische Correspondenz declares
that Germany has demanded the extra
dition of the Empress Dowager of China.
The Tageblatt denies this. The truth is
hnlf way between the two reports. Ger
many desires the accord of all the pow
ers In regard to those responsible for
the outrages, and will then demand their
delivery, even if tho Empress Dowager
should be among them. If the accord of
all the powers cannot be gained, Ger
many will Insist upon her idea alone or
with those powers than do consent.
Disorders Near Canton.
PARIS, Sept. ZL The French Consul at
Canton telegraphs, under date of Thurs
day, September 20, that disorders have
broken out at Sun Tai, near Canton. Sev
eral villages have been destroyed and
others are besieged. The missionaries suc
ceeded in escaping. The first batch of
troops sent by the Viceroy proved power
less to subdue the disorder, and the for
eign Consuls made a most urgent request
for the despatch of a larger body of sol
diers. The Chancellor of the French Con
sulate and the French gunboat Avalanche
will accompany the force.
Imperial Court Moved.
BERLIN, Sept 2L "Tho Chinese court,
by an imperial edict, issued September
8," saya. a Shanghai dispatch to the
Lokal Anzelger, "was removed from Tai
Yuan Fu to SInan Fu. The military au
thorities of Pekln agree that punitive ex
peditions to Shan SI and Manchuria have
become necessary because of the whole
sale murders of missionaries, and Dr.
Mumm von Schwarzensteln, German Mln.
Iser to China, urges this course."
Earl H at Tien Tsln.
TIEN TSIN. Thursday. Sept. 20, via
Shanghai, Sept 21. Li Hung Chang has,
arrived here and Is domiciled In his own
yamen, under a Cossack guard. His re
ception here was a repetition of his re
ception at Tong Ku, only the Russian
and Japanese officers calling on him,
those of the other nations not taking part
Connivance "With Pirates.
HONG KONG, Sept 21. The French
warship Avalanche, which has been in
vestigating the killing of Christians In
the Samnol district near Canton, re
ports that the crews of eight pirate junks,
by the connhance of Influential persons
ashore, have sought to destroy all the
Christian villages on the Canton delta.
Von Wnldersee at Wu Snngr. -BERLIN
Sept ZL A dispatchreceived.
Ipom Shanghai, underrate bf today? says
the German warship ",Hprtha, with Count
von Waldersee on board, has arrived at
Wu Sung. She will go to Klao Chou to
morrow. Favorable to Germany's Proposal.
BERLIN, Sept. 2L The German For
eign Office has received replies from
Italy, Austria and France agreeing, with
out reserve, to Germany's China pro
posal. IN A CAMP OF THE BOXERS
Procedure by Which They Have
Gained Thousands of Recruits.
Shanghai correspondent Chicago Inter
Ocean. One correspondent gave some very Inter
esting details of the ordeal through which
the Boxers went to show that they pos
sessed some superhuman power. The na
tive Christian servant of the correspond
ent went to the Boxer camp to see for
himself what the new movement really
meant. The camp was near Pao Ting
Fu. the Christian Church and mission
which was recently burned and looted by
Boxers. He found a camp of about 5v0
men, mostly made up of vagrants who
Infest all Chinese villages. A few were
old Black Flags, and these men had In
fused much of the real military spirit
into the rabble that made up their fol
lowing. Many of these raw recruits were
armed with repeating rifles, while others
had old-fashioned muskets, which still
seemed effective. About half the force
had guns of one kind or another; the
remainder had spears, tridents and long
knives. They looked hungry and eager
for any kind of looting or deviltry.
The native Christian who had been to
Shanghai, and who had seen foreign
troops drill, was surprised at the pro
ficiency of these men In the manual of
arms, and could only attribute their skill
to training by French and German Army
officers. These leaders appeared to be In
defatigable, and- they drilled their men
several times a day. They also levied on
the surrounding country and forced con
tributions of men and supplies undr
threat of turning loose their rabble upon
In one part of the camp this native
Christian saw a number of Boxers sur
rounded by a ring of gaping countrymen.
They were indulging in a number of
gymnastic feats, which excited great ad
miration. Then they would go through
incantations, and. rising, would ask any
man in the crowd to step forth and test
their, invulnerability to blows. One big
Boxer, after many contortions, declared
he was willing that anv one should strike
him in the chest for no human being
could hurt him. The native Christian,
who was a very powerful man, had once
been an assistant in a foreign gymna
sium, accepted the Boxer's defiance and
hit him a blow in the chest which
knocked all of the wind out of the brag
gart and put him out of action. The
blow was so powerful that the Boxer
began to spit blood, though he assured
the crowd that his Injury was due to the
fact that he had omitted a certain part
of the necessary ritual. The crowd actu
ally accepted this absurd excuse, and
made threats against the Christian, who
expressed doubts of tho man's powers.
This is a specimen of the procedure by
which the Boxers have gained thousands
of. recruits. In a country where hun
dreds In every village have hard work to
escape starvation, it is not strange that
a new movement which promises food,
drink and looting and killing of native
Christians and foreigners should appeal
to the masses. The men who join the
Boxers have nothing to lose, because
they possps no propertv. and they leave
no assured positions. Thev have every
thing to gain in bravery in battle, or luck
in looting may give them power and in
fluence. Five Tramps Killed.
CINCINNATI, O., Sept 21. In a freight
wreck on the Queen & Crescent route
at Sadlevllle. Ky.. today, five tramps
were killed and a sixth badly Injured.
MASSACRES IN AMUR
"WHOLESALE DESTRUCTION OP LIFE
AND PROPERTY BY RUSSIANS.
Mcu Women an Catltfrea Shot
Dovra or Forced to Drewa by
NEW YORK, Sept 21. Concerning the
massacre of 5000 Chinese at Blagovest
cbensk by Russians, a local papsr pub
lished an account from G. J Wright,
one of the faculty of Oberlin, O., Col
lege. The letter Is written from Stretensk,
Siberia, under date of August 6. Up to
July 1, the relations between Russians
and Chinese were cordial. There was
no intimation of- trouble until about the
middle of June, when engineers at Tellng
received a telegram that no more .la
borers could he procured on account of
the revolution. There was a feeling
against the Chinee Eastern Railroad. Tho
work of grading was let out to Chinese
middlemen, who hired coolies. About 200,-
000 coolies, imported 'from Che Foo and
Tien Tsln, were at work on the lino.
All was going well -until about- tho last
of June, when the families of the en
gineers at Harbin were forced to flet1
for safety. Troops gathered from every
quarter to protect Harbin. Blagovest
chensk, defenseless, was besieged. Chi
nese in large numbers dwelt In settle
ments in the valley of Noh Yi from the
center of Manchuria well up to the vicin
ity of Blagovestchensk.
As soon as the Russian troops went
down the river on "transports (July 14)
the fort at Aygun began, without warn
ing, to flee upon passenger steamboats,
and on the 15th fire was opened upon
Blagovestchensk and some Russian vil
lages were burned opposite the fort. The
actual injury inflicted by the Chinese was
slight hut the terror caused by It was
indescribable, and it drove the Cossacks
into a frenzy of rage. The peaceable
Chinese, to the number of 2000 or 4000,
in the cly, were expelled and forced
upon rafts, most of them drowning In
crossing the river. The stream was fair
ly black with bodies. Three days after,
hundreds of corpses were counted In the
water. Mr. Wright says:
'In our ride through the country to
reach tho city Thursday, the 16th, we saw
as many as 30 -villages in flames. One of
them was a city of 8000 or 10,000. We
estimated that we saw the dwellings of
20,000 peaceable Chinese In flames that
awful day, while parties of Cossacks were
scouring the fields to find Chinese ana
shooting them down at sight What
became of the women and children no
one knew. On our way up the river, 500
miles above the city, every Chinese ham
let was a mass of ruins. The large vil
lage of Motcha was still smoking, and
we were told that 4000 Chinese had been
killed. The wholesale destruction, "both
of property and life, was thought to be
a military necessity. Since we left, we
hear that Aygun has been taken, with
great loss of life to the Chinese."
MASSACRES BY RUSSIANS.
The Order of the Day in Man
churia. LONDON, Sept 22, 4 A. M. It seems to
bo generally believed throughout Europe
that Germany purposely proposed her de
mand that the anti-foreign leaders should
be surrendered before negotiations were
commenced with a view of delaying any
general appliance of her proposal until
Field Marshal von Waldersee should ar
rive at Pekln. A dispatch to the Daily
Telegraph from Washington asserts that
the United States Government has polite
ly declined to agree to Germany's pro
posal. In any event, with Count von
Waldersee journeying northward and Li
Hung Chang conducting negotiations
fWrnjlTien Xsln. matteix-mtfe'&!?nreach
a crisis. "' . "'"
The" manner of Earl Li's ' reception
seems to confirm the suspicions in Shang
hai regarding his close relations with
Russia. About 4000 Russian troops and
all the principal Russian officers met
him at Chung Liang Chen, half way to
Tien Tsln. A long conference was held,
at which a representative of no other
power was present.
This remarkable friendship exists at a
time when two continents are ringing
with the story of massacres by the Rus
sians in Amur. The. Moscow correspond
ent of the Standard, reverting to the
subject of the massacres this morning,
"From a recent visitor to the Amur re
gions, I learn that massacres are the
order of the day with the troops that are
overrunning Manchuria. The orders are
.Issued by General Grodokoff, but it Is
quite certain that Emperor Nicholas must
be ignorant of their nature. My Inform
ant says every Manchurlan commander
beseeches that he be allowed to spare
peaceable citizens, but the Russian In-'
difference to the lives of the common
herd is still of a truly Oriental type."
The same correspondent asserts that
troops by the wholesale continue to pour
Li Hung Chang, according to Shanghai
dispatches, assumed the seals of the vice
royalty of Chi LI yesterday. His officers
are busy raising 8000 foreign-drilled and
well-armed mon,.who ore now encamped
at a point near and will soon move to
Tien Tsin. It is reported that Lieu Kun
YI, Viceroy of Nankin, alarmed at the
prospects of the German fleet ascending
the Yangtso River, is placing obstruc
tions in the channel below the Kung
Yien forts and landing troops to the
northeast of Kiang Su for fear the Ger
mans may land troops there to attack
Tsing Kiang Fu. The Shanghai corre
spondent of the Morning Post expresses
the opinion that Germany's policy may
yet load to a rising In Central China.
.The Standard has a Taku telegram as
serting that, as a means of averting pun
ishment, the Governor of Pao Ting Fu
has posted a proclamation ordering the
suppression of the Boxers.
The Shanghai correspondent of the
Daily News cites the opinion of a high
foreign official that the Emperor and Em
press Dowager will, under tho pressure
exerted by Chinese viceroys, surrender
Prince Tuan and the other anti-foreign
leaders to the powers.
Austrian Occupy a Fort.
VIENNA, Sept. 21. An official dispatch
from the commander of the Austrian
squadron In Chinese waters says:
"A small Austrian detachment has oc
cupied the south fort at Pel Tang, in
conjunction with German and . Russian
troops, and the Austrian and "German
flags have been hoisted. The Russians
captured two guns and a mine-exploding
station. The Austrian losses were a na
val cadet killed and 14 men wounded."
More German Troops to Go.
BERLIN, Sept 21. Emperor William Is
evidently making ready to send more
troops to China. All regimental com
manders, in their farewell speeches to
soldiers who have finished two years' ser
vice, make a point of declaring that such
an increase is necessary, and expressing
confidence that there will be volunteers
enough to meet all demands of the situa
tion. Colonisation and Imperialism.
Kansas City Star.
Colonlratlon The act of removing and set
ling In a distant country. Webster.
Coloni2atlon A crime against civilization,
liberty, justice, the farmers and organized
labor, unless tho land Is taken from the
American Indians or Mexico. W. J. Bryan.
Imperialism The power, authority or char
acter of an Emperor; tho spirit of empire.
Imperialism Tho result of colonization, if
not on lands taken from tho Indians or Mex
ico. Wi, J. Bryan.
It would be Interesting to know what
Mr. Bryan, as President, would do if a
large .number, of Americans remained in
the Philippines after he had carried" out
his programme and they were assailed by
the natives on the ground that they did
not want any American colonists in their
country, just as the Mexicans objected to
'American colonization. Would "he refuse
to protect them with ships of war and sol
diers if the 'natives declined, to desist or
yield? Would he say&hat the Americans
must go home or fight their owii battles?
It Is, Indeed, a curious 'thing thai colo
nization, which has been practised since
the world began, has become a crime
through the edict of Mr. Bryan.
THE DAY'S RAClk
. - if
Receipts at Graveaend Were for Gal
NEW YORK, Sept 21. A big crowd
attended the extra .day'B racing at
Gravesend. There was a good card and
the receipts were for the' Galveston suf
ferers. -Everybody seemed anxious -to
help and a large amount 'was.,, realized.
James R. Keene donated tho purse won
by his ccK, Unmasked, in the Sympathy
handicap. Borne of the jockeys subscribed
their riding fees, the band, bookmakers
and the track employes all gave their
mite and then the public turned out also
in goodly numbers. The racing wa3
spirited and the weather and track con
ditions favorable, "Well-backed horses
secured the money in every race, al
though only two nominal favorites won.
These were Unmasked and Greenock.
Hurdle handicap, 'one mile and three
quarters Three Bars ijcop. Maze second,
Monroe Doctrine thlnff time. 3:15.
Sympathy handicap, about six furlongs
Unmasked won, Mojley second, Silver
dale third; time, 1:1ft 1-5.
One mile and 70. yards, selling Cam
brian won, Dolando second. Sparrow
Wing third; time, 1:45.
About six furlongsLady Schorr won,
La Valltere second, Doctor Barlow third;
time, 1:11 1-5. J
One mile and 70 yArds Greenock won,
Carbunkle second, jeaceful third; time,
About six furlongslLselllng The Regent
won. The Golden Klnce second, Queen I
carnival third; time, 1:11 4-5.
i Races a-tjSt. Louts.
ST, LOUIS, Sept.,$l. Summary:
Four and a halfi. furlongs Propellor
won, Kenova second, Fire Play third;
time, 0:56. 'J
Selling, six xurlon$ Four-Leaf C. won,
Elghor second, Miss; Lynah third; time,
Selling one mile and 70 yards Amelia
Strathmore won, Iriuendo second, Pinar
del Rio third; time; 1:48&.
Soiling, seven furjgngs Glen Lake won,
Satin Coat second., - Slsle Barnes third;
Selling, five and half furlongs Adolante
won, Athada second, Small Jack third;
Selling, one mile and 70 yards W. B.
Gates won, Rollins second, Colgay third;
CHICAGO. Sept 21. Weather clear;
track heavy. Summary:
Five and a half furlongs Hurry won,
Kohnwreath second, Audio third; time,
Six furlongs Sir Christopher won,
Lennep second, Jim Gore II third; time,
One mile and 70 yards Hood's Brigade
won, Larkspur second, Frelinghuysen
third; time, 1:51&.
Six furlongs Gasan won, Handy Man
second, Bowen third; time, 1:19.
One mile and a sixteenth Eberhart
won, Branch second, Eva Rice third;
One mile and a quarter Joe Shelby
won, Quanah Parker second, Pat Gar
rett third; time, 2:14:
Wintering: Whitney's Horses.
NEW YORK, Sept 21. William
Whitney's horses .In training will Winter
Madden, who will dispose of the horses
he Is now racing. Practically this much
has been decided on. Never before In
the history of American racing have
horses been shipped so far just for the
purpose of 'Wintering. It has not been
decided definitely that Mr. Madden will
remain In Aiken, but Mr. Whitney is en
deavoring to persuade him to do so.
Searchlight Defeated Anaconda.
INDIANAPOLIS, nd., Sept. 21. Search
light easily defeated Anaconda today In
the special match race at the State Fair
grounds before 20,000 people. In tho first
heat, Anaconda broke' 40 yards from the
wire and finished 'four lengths behind.
He broke badly in the second heat and
was distanced, Searchlight coming under
the wire in a Jog. Time, 2:12, 2:14.
Another Storm In Terns.
FORT WORTH, Tex., Sept. 21. Trinity
River, at this point, has risen , 20 feet
since last night on -account of a 12-hour
rain, inundating the 'river bottom in a
portion of the city. Hundreds of fami
lies haveheen driven out. Three persons
are reported drowned. The water Id
spreading over half a mile of country. A
relief corps is at work in the bottoms
carrying the people to places of safety.
' DALLAS. Tex., Sept. 21 The. fiercest
electric and rain Btorm known here for
years prevailed last night Streets and
basements were flooded. Cotton suffered
extensively. Trinity River is rising a foot
an hour at Dallas.
NEW YORK, Sept. 21. The inheritance
.tax on C. P. Huntington's estate will
amount to more than ,$200,000. In an esti
mate prepared for Controller Coler it ap
pears that the transfer charge on specific
bequests alone will amount to $40,000. No
appraiser has been named for the huge
estate and the real valuation of the enor
mous fortune left by Mr. Huntington
will not be known positively for 18
months, the time limit allowed for filing
appraisement reports. It is estimated by
those familiar with the affairs of Mr.
Huntington that his estate is worth $50,
000,000. Russian Treasure Seekers.
SAN FRANCISCO, Sept 21. Three Rus
sians, Marc Gurchowitch, Joe Feldmann
and Robert Schoub, have reached this city
in search of a phantom fortune of $35,
000,000. Eight years ago they saw in the
Warsaw Courier a statement- that one
Yakob Mossek Horowitz, whose heirs
they claim to be, died in America, leav
ing the sum mentioned. Later the story,
was repeated by a dying millionaire in
Ohentschln. and convinced of tho truth,
the Russians have come to the Far West,
and with their legal representatives are
seeking for clews to the alleged treasure.
Balloon Accident at Street Fair.
CHICAGO, Sept. 21. A special to the
.Times-Herald from St Joseph, Mich.,
says: Professor L. J. Kahler, a young
ballonlst, died Jast night from injuries
sustained earlier in the day by a fall
from his balloon while making an ascen
sion. A street carnival was In progress,
and over EO00 people had gathered to wit
ness the ascension, which was one of the
features Is one of four brothers who have
met death through falling from a balloon.
Long's Daughters Will Vote.
COLORADO SPRINGS, Colo., Sept. 21.
The Misses Long, daughters of Secretary
John D. Long, of the Navy, today reg
istered with the County Clerk of El Paso
County as voters and will vote in the
election in November. .
Depreciation of Money.
In 1873 a silver dollar was cworth one
dollar and six-tenths in gold. In 1878,
eighty-nine cents: in 1SS3, eighty-five
cents; in 18SS. 72 cents; In 1893, sixty cents,
and In 1898 forty-five cents. Money may
depreciate, but there is one standard
stomach remedy which has not chansred
in half a century, and that is Hostetter's
Stomach Bitters. It always has been the
ono unsurpassed remedy for indigestion,
dyspepsia, liver or kidney troubles.
THREE FEET OF RAINFALL
IfO DROUGHT IN NORTHERN INDIA
- 4 ' NOW.
Halt of the City of Calcutta Is Sub
mersed, and. Many Hohscs Save
OATjOUTTA, Sept 21. Tho extraordin
ary rainfall in Northern India hns not
ceased for fdur days. Half the city of
Calcutta is submerged and even in tha
northern part the streets are flooded to
a depth of three feet Many houses have
collapsed. Thus far, there has been but
little loss of life, although as the rain
continues very heavy, there is consider
able apprehension. It is estimated that
35 Inches of rain have fallen In Calcutta.
LONDON. Sept 22-A dispatch to the
Daily Moll from Calcutta, dated yes
terday, says that 25 inches of rain was
registered there in two days of the pres
ent great storm.
UNIONIST VICTORY PREDICTED.
Lord Roberts Bulletins
NEW YORK, Sept 21. A dispatch to
the Tribune from London says:
Tho leaders have now taken charge of
the political campaign on either side.
Lord Salisbury is expected to write a let
ter to some prominent Unionist candi
date and Mr. Balfour will produce an
address within 36 hours with official ex
planations of the .government reasons for
appealing to the country. Sir Henry
Campbell-Bannerman and Sir William
Harcourt are holding back their ad
dresses until the Unionist leaders state
the main Issues of the elections. Proba
bly there will be more life in the oppo
sition canvass next week when these vet
erans open their attack, but at present
the current is strongly Unionist and
seems most likely to sweep everything
Some uneasiness Is shown by the Union
ist press over the Intervention of the
National Protestant League in politics,
but it is not likely that pressure will
be brought to bear upon many candi
dates during so short a canvass. Tlie
antl-rituallsist 'leaders of that movement
will bo content to concentrate their efforts
upon a small number of districts and
establish a claim to having donated half
a dozen candidates upon the test ques
tion of Protestant discipline. If Sir Wil
liam Harcourt was to emphasize this is
sue something might be done with it,
but it is not believed that he will re
open the discussion. South Africa holds
the, field to tho exclusion of everything
else, with annexation as the Unionist
method of settlement.
Lord Roberts meanwhile is acting as
the Unionist whipper-in by keeping his
columns in motion toward Portuguese
territory. His bulletins could hardlybe
more decisive. The Boer Army retreat
ing before French and Pole-Carew has
virtually disbanded. The refugees who
have entered Portuguese territory have
destroyed their artillery and will now be
disarmed by neutral officials. Other com
mandoes are going to pieces in every
direction and only a few bands of guer
rillas Temaln In the field, wretched rem
nants of the formidable army which held
the battalions of Buller, Methuen and
Gatacre at bay last December. Steyn
and Botha have both disappeared, and
Dowet Is still In hiding. The occupation
of Komatlpoort by French's troopers Is
expected within 48 hours, and Lora Rob
erts can choose his own time for return
ing to England, leaving either Buller
or Kitchener to direct the police work.
All these details supply the Unionist
press with effective headlines for elec
tion purposes and justify the conclusion
sthat thewar has really, ended. The finSl
scenes wltn rioting at .Komatlpoort and
the destruction of the ''Long Toms" and
captured British guns aro certainly most
Some discussion has been raised over
the right of the British Government to
Intercept the gold and public documents
which Mr. Kruger is reported to be anx
ious to take with him to Holland. It
is not probable that any obstacle wfll
be placed In the way of his carrying off
anything he has with him. Tho Nether
lands Government has received from the
Foreign Office assurance that Kruger's
journey will not be interfered with by
the British fleet. It Is plausible that
the amount of gold which Kruger still
retains has been grossly exaggerated, and
in any event the Ministry here will be
greatly relieved to have him leave the
BRITISH ELECTION MANIFESTOES
From Balfour, Chamberlain, Har
court and Campbell-Bannerman.
LONDON, Sept. 22. A flood of election
manifestoes appears in the morn
ing papers.. The Conservatives, under the
lead of Mr. Balfour and Mr. Chamberlain,
give the successful war the first place in
their campaign. Sir Henry Campbell-Ban-norman.
" Liberal leader in the Houso of
Commons, and Sir William Vernon Har
court in their addresses denounce the un
precedented precipitancy of a dissolution
In order to snatch a hasty Judgment. on
an Incomplete register of voters. 'Sir
William Vernon Harcourt refuses to re
gard an "ephemeral war" as the sole
test of good government, declaring that,
although from the moment of ."the Boer
invasion he had supported the govern
ment, he has not changed his original
opinion that the needed reforms might
have been attained without war.
"The result of the government's pol
icy." says Sir William, "Is that we are
now the best hated country in the world,
and burdened with the accumulation of
debt and on Increased taxation. We may
well regard our national finances with tho
gravest apprehension. The C03t of the
war will not fall short of 100,000,000."
Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman dwells
upon the "failure of the government's
diplomacy and preparations for war," and
upon "the miscalculation of Boer
strength." He contends that the struggle
might have been avoided, and points out
that there has been a series of difficulties
all over the world since the government
came into office. Deallrig with home re
form, Sir Henry says: "Above all stands
the necessity of readjusting the powers
of the two chambers in order to prevent
the people's ascertained will from being
set at naught by irresponsible authori
ties." COMPELLED TO FIGHT.
Few Boers Willing; to Keep Up the
LONDON. Sept. 21. Further reports
from Lord Roberts say the Boers who
remain in the field Include a few lrrecon
cilables, but that the majority are fight
ing under compulsion. General Delarey,
it is added, holds 300 burghers as prison
ers in his laager. The War Office gave
out the following from Lord Roberts this
"Watervalboven, Sept 20. Pole-Carew
reached Koopmuiden yesterday. There
was no road and a way had to be cut
through Jungles Intersected by ravines.
He captured 38 cars of flour, a lot of
coffee and 19 damaged engines at Water
valonder. Yesterday evening Lieutenant
U. P. Clarke 'was shot, but not fatally,
while making the rounds, by a sentry."
To Settle French Strikes.
NJEW YORK, Sept. 21. A dispatch to
the Times from Paris, says:
A Ministerial order of Interest to Amer
icans now, in view of the strikes in Penn
sylvania, has Just- been Issued by the
French Minister of Commerce. Tills de
cree creates bodies to be known as labor
councils, whose purpose it will be to settle
disputes between labor and capital. The
councils are to consist of an equal num
ber of workmen and rmployers, but the j
workmen must belong to the recognized
labor unions. This last clause is likely
to create difficulties, as tho majority of
French laborers do not belong to unions.
If this defect can be overcome it is be
lieved that these councils will provide
a ready "means of settlement of labor dis
putes, thus avoiding strikes.
France and England Annex Islands.
MELBOURNE, Victoria, Sept 21. The
Kurutu and Tabul Islands were formally
annexed to France by the Governor of
Tahiti, August 21, at the request of tho
WELLINGTON, nTz., Sept a. Rich-1
ard John Seddon, Premier of New Zea
land, announced today in tho House of
Representatives the annexation of Cool
Islands, southwest of the Society Islands,
with the consent of the Basatonga chiefs?
This step Is a counter movement to
meet the French annexations of tho Ta
bul and Kurutu Islands.
German Socialists' Congress.
MAUMZ, Germany, Sept 21. Tho So
cial Democratic Congress today, by a vote
of 163 to 66, adopted a resolution pre
sented by Herr Bebel. pledging the Social
party to participate in the next Prussian
Parliamentary elections and pronouncing
against any kind of a deal with the
Bourgeolse parties without the consent
of the Socialist committee. The sessions
of the congress were then closed.
Murderer to Re Deported.
DEIRA, Portuguese East Africa. Sept
21. Guisert, the German-American, who
murdered J. E. McMaster the British
Consul here, in July last, has been sen-,
tenced to 22 years' deportation to tho
West Coast of Africa.
Manchester Cotton Spinners.
MANCHESTER, Eng.. Sept. 21. After
tho meeting of the cotton spinners here
today, It was decided to recommend that
all members of the trade using American
cotton stop their mills for the first 12
working days of October, t
A WASHINGTON NOTEBOOK.
Washington. President McKinley has
an almost Infallible lnsttnct as to the
character and capabilities of men. He
rarely, makes a mistake. A few months
ago some one was wanted to go to Cuba
to supersede Postal Director Rathbone,
and give that branch of the public ser
vice a thoroughly overhauling. Bristow'a
name was suggested tentatively.
"I know a little about Brlstow tell me
more," said the President.
"Well, Brlstow comes from Kansas. He
is an old-fashioned sort of man. He be
lieves in living within one's Income, what
ever it Is, and I think he pays about $5
a week for his board here In Washing
ton. He wears very plain clothes. He
has old-fashioned Ideas about the Gov
ernment service, too; thinks a man who
takes a lead pencil from Uncle Sam should
be prosecuted for petty larceny. He is a
stickler for the merit system, and can't
get along very well with tho politicians.
He is at this moment at loggerheads with
several Important members of your Na
tional committee, I am sorry to say."
"He Is Just the man we want for this
Cuban Investigation," remarked President
McKinley. "We'll send him right off this
And so Mr. Brlstow went to Cuba. It
Is a matter of history how he shook up
the dry bones of the postal service down
Clark, the Montana, copper king, is said
by dealers and connoisseurs to be the
most generous and at the same time the
I mo3t critical picture buyer in the" United
States. Mr. Clark once told me that he
-studied art for 10 years before ho felt
competent to buy a picture. "Of course,
I could have bought through agents," ho
said, "but that is just 'what I did not
want to do. I bought pictures for pleas
ure, to gratify my taste and my passion
for flne paintings. So I did not want to
buy through others, nor did I care to
make a single purchase until I felt sure
of myself. It was 10 years before I ac
quired the necessary confidence, and then
I started buying. I have bought all my
pictures solely on my own judgment, and
of my hundred or more canvases almost
all of them would now fetch double the
price I paid. But, of course, they are not
for sale." Mr. Clark paid $41,000 for For
tuny's "Model." But he has two other
i pictures which cost him about twice a3
much each. He never buys through mid
dlemen. Every successful artist in Eu
rope sends him an invitation to the studio.
In Paris and other cities Mr. Clark's rep
utation as a critical but liberal pur
chaser frequently enables him to pick up
a famous painting from some old mansion
or chateau through whose doors nd agent
or dealer would be admitted.
Every visitor to Washington falls in
love with the National Library, the splen
did structure which faces the United
States Capitol. Not long ago the official
architect of the French Government was
here, and he proceeded to go Into raptures
over the library. "It is the most mag
nificent building of its sort in the world."
he said, "and I must see the great man
who designed it." So he hunted up Paul
Pelz modest, artistic Paul Pels, wboaa
genius flashed forth in the drawings for
the finest building on the American con
tinent. After paying many enthusiaatio
compliments to Mr. Pelz, the Frenchman
"Of course, you were educated abroedr
"No. I was born In Germany," re
plied Pels, "but I "came hero as a boy
and studied in this country."
"Then you travel much in Europe every
year a few months, perhaps?"
"No. I have not been back to Europe
since I came over, many years ago."
"Where, then," asked the astonished
stranger, "did you get your inspiration
for this great creation?"
"I sucked it out of my paws, like the
bear," was the reply.
"Let me tell you a strange story of hu
man nature," said a member of the Cab
inet; "for nearly four years now I have
sat at this desk. In that time I have seen
nearly all the members of the Senate and
the House of Representatives. They have
been here, one after another, some of
them many times. But you will be sur
prised when I tell you that not a single
call have I ever had from Senator or Rep
resentative on any other errand than one
of selfishness. Every last one of them
came here to ask something for himself,
or for one of his constituents, which
amounts to the same thing. Not pne of
them has ever come to see me to talk
about legislation, policies, the public busi
ness. It is always and forever appoint
ments, patonage. Jobs, favors. That is
one reason why I like to stay in Wash
ington in Summer there are no Con
gressmen to annoy me with their impor
tunities." Last Winter a friendly dispute arose
between two Senators concerning an oc
currence of some 16 or 17 years ago. They
wore not able to agree, nor to find any
one whose memory was equal to the task
of deciding between them. Finally some
one suggested that they try Chandler,
and, sure enough. Senator Chandler was
sure he could settle the matter.
"Walt till I go home tonight and con
sult my diary," he said.
Next morning he walked Into the Sen
ate chamber primed with the very fact
his colleagues had had their argument
"Yes, I've kept a diary for 20 years,"
said Senator Chandler, "and I wish I'd
kept one all my life. I never go to bed
without first jotting down the principal
events of the day where r was, and
what I did, who I had conferences with,
what was said and done. I wouldn't take
$1000 apiece for those 20 diaries. They
are Invaluable to me."
TRAINS REACH GALVESTON
COMMUNICATION WITH THE
Martial Lavr Abolished at Noon Yes
terdayCivil Government Re
sumes Control of Affairs
GALVESTON, Tex., Sept. 21. At noon
today martial law was abolished and the
civil government resumed control of af
fairs. The contract for clearing the
streets has been awarded. The contract
ors will establish boarding- camps on tho
beach and commence work Monday morn
ing with an army of laborers at $2 per
Adjutant-General Scurry, of the Texas
Volunteer Guard, has placed his regiment
of militia at tho service of the city, and
they will remain here for guard and pa
trol work. No saloons will be permitted
to open. There will bo no Impressment
of men to work, and there is plenty of
work both for mechanics and laborers.
A. J. Youens, inspector for the Galves
ton Board of Underwriters, is footfng up
the losses. He has finished the district
east of Twenty-fifth street, and finds that
in this territory 1649 houses' were de
stroyed. His diagram shows that from
five to seven blocks of the district lying
along the Gulf of Mexico and cast of
Forty-second street was shorn clear of
buildings. West of Forty-second street
the settlement was sparse and nearly
everything but a few buildings far back
from the Gulf were demolished. Mr.
Youen will continue his inspection until
a complete survey of the property loss
has been made.
Mrs. Mussey, vice-president of the Red
Cross Society, will leave for Washington
Sunday night, and will explain to the peo
ple of the country exactly what is needed
in Galveston. Her idea is that meetings
should be held throughout the United
States, and tho needs of Galveston thor
The Galveston bridge was completed at
3 o'clock, and the first train on the Santa
Fe to arrive since September 8 pulled into
the Union station at 6:25 o'clock. Full
passenger train service has been resumed
by all the lines entering the city via Vir
ginia Point The Gulf & Interstate Rail
road, which enters at Bolivar Point and
the ferry, will not be in operation, for
several days. The five lines which cross
the bay bridge operate 30 passenger trains
daily, and they have an enormous quan
tity of freight to come in and go out.
The usual work of sanitation, caring for
the sick and disposing of the dead bodies
was continued today. Large amounts of
garbage are being hauled from, the city
and burned, and disinfectants distributed.
The sanitary condition of the city contin
ues to improve, and Dr. Wilkinson, City
Health Officer, says that all danger from
an outbreak of disease is now passed.
With the resumption of railroad service
today, business along the wharves began
in earnest. Several ships are taking on
The number of patients in the various
hospitals is much smaller than would
have been expected, considering the num
ber of dead. This 13 due to the fact that
few who were entirely helpless succeeded
In escaping alive. There are several hun
dred persons who were more or les:J
bruised, but their wound3 are rapidly
Commander Selfridge, Lighthouse In
spector, is in Galveston. He gives official
notice that all buoys at the entrance of
Galveston harbor are in position.
The Children Safe
NEW YORK, Sept. ZL Filled with ap
prehension for their six children, Dr
and Mrs. Flavin, of 1508 N ave
nue, Galveston, have arrived here on tc
White Star liner Majestic, Dr. and M"s
Flavin were in Limerick when tV1
learned of the destructive hurricane.
They knew that their children must ha "
been among the sufferers. The doctm
cabled from Limerick and again from
Queenstown, but was unable to get an,,
reply from his children.
On landing from the steamer. Dr. ami
Mrs. Flavin went to the International
Hotel, where they knew tidings woukl
await them. With trembling fingers Dr
Flavin opened a letter with the Galves
ton postmark. It told him that his six
children had been saved and were well.
Mrs. Flavin fainted In her husband's
arms. Trembling with emotion. Dr. Fla
"Thank God for this! The children aro
saved. That's enough for us."
Dr. and Mrs. Flavin at once left on the
Old Dominion Lino for their home, where
they will rejoin their family.
Diaz Will Visit Yucatan.
CHICAGO. Sept. 21. A special to tho
Record from Oaxaca, Mex.. says:
President Diaz has expressed- his inten
tion of visiting the scene of the military
campaign that is being waged by the Gov
ernment troops against the Maya In
dians in Yucatan. He will spend several
days at tho camp of General Bravo, who
is In command of the Mexican forces, and
will make a close personal inspection of
tho operations with a view to adopting
further measures looking' to an early
suppression of the unconquered Indians.
Got There Fust.
Webster Davl3 and a hurricane started
at the same time for Texas. It is be
lieved from the evidence that the hurri
cane got there first
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