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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 22, 1900)
THE MORNING OEEGOJSIAN, WEDlsESDAT. AUGUST 22, 1900.
Li Hung Chang's Peace Offer
NONE IN AUTHORITY TO DEAL WITH
Viceroys Aslc TJiat TSo Indignities Be
Shovrn. the Chinese Rulers Conger
Reports the Situation.
WASHINGTON. Aug. 2L The Cabinet
lession today practically opened the con
sideration of the momentous questions
crowing out or the capture of .Pekln, and
the war In China. Until today's session
the absorbing question has been the
safety of Minister Conger and the Te
gationers in Pekln. Now,, however, that
has given place to problems or a more
intricate and far-reaching character,
touching the existence of the Chinese Em
pire and the part, which the American
Government Is to ake In the reconstruc
tion of that country.
The mooting today was devoted entirely
to the Chinese situation. Secretaries Hay
and Root, who. have been most active in
directing affairs., were- absent from the
city, so .that the attendance was compara
tively small, the President having with
him Secretaries Gage. Hitchcock and Wil
son and Postmaster-General Smith. Sev
eral questions were awaiting attention.
Earl TjVb Offer Rejected.
First of these was the application of
U Hung Chang for the appointment of
Minister Conger or some other commis
sioner to negotiate for the cessation of
hostilities. The decision arrived at was to
reject the appeal, and a reply of this char
actor will besont to Minister Vti, to be
forwarded to lAHung Chang. Te mov
ing cause for this -action is that this
Government Is at present, very much in
the dark as to whether there is any ex
isting government In China. With the
capital in the hands of the allies, the
Emperor and Empress Dowager fugitives
In hiding. And lhe.en.Ure sov-rnmental
fabric paralyzed, there is no evidence of
an authority adequate to conduct nego
tlationsand secure results which will be
final and binding. ,. . .
It was stated by members of the Cabi
net that the Chinese establishment, In
stead of being a government, appears to
be an enormous headless affair, without
knowledge or what Is for Its best good,
and without power to enforce Its wdshes.
"With the recognized ruler In flight, no
one seems to know if anybody Is di
recting its affairs. As China is an abso
lute monarchy, without any executive
branch, the Emperor and Empress Dow
ager are all-powerful, -and practically they
are the Empire of China. Under the
present remarkable conditions, the United
States will act with extreme caution In
whatever steps it may take toward a so
lution of the pending problems.
In the meantime there Is reason to be
lieve that the United States and all. tho
other powers interested will keep their
armed forces on Gio ground, so that order
may be maintained, and at least a sem
blance of stable government brought out
of the existing chaos.
Appeal to the Viceroys.
The reply of this Government to the
appeal of the Viceroys of Nankin and
lJunan, that no Indignities be offered tho
Emperor and Empress Dowager, Is a for
mal acknowledgment of tho receipt of the
communication, with a satisfactory as
surance that no Indignities would be of
fered the persons of their Majesties. This
reply Is couched In the polite language of
diplomacy, but It Is understood that It
does not In any way commit the Govern
ment to refrain from Imposing on the
IJmperor and Empress Dowager any pen
alty that MUbsequentlv might be decided
upon In case it Is proved that they were
Indirectly responsible for the recent atroc
ities. This question of Axing responsibility
where It bolongs and Imposing any pun
ishment that may be deemed fitting has
not received formal consideration as yet.
The answer with w hlch the tw o Viceroys
appeal is met, accordingly, is a diplo
matic assurance that the rights of the
Emperor and Empress Dowager will be
protected, but does not impose any barrier
to a proper punishment as may be sanc
tioned by civilized usage for any offenso
hereafter, and may bo held to call for an
accounting. This Is the Interpretation
given the reply by a Cabinet official to
night. The question of responsibility will
have to be worked out slowly.
Mesnairo From Contrer.
Tho Cabinet had before It a message
from Minister Conger, received last night.
After the meeting the State Department
made public portions of the dispatch, as
'United States Legation. Pekln (un
dated), via Che Foe. Aug. 20. Secretari
at State. "Washington: Saved. Belief ar
rived today. Entered city with little
trouble. (Do not yet know where impe
rial family is. Except deaths already re
ported, all Americans alivo and well. Des
perate efforts made last night to exter
minate us. Mitchell American soldier.,
and a Russian and Japanese wounded.
German killed. Advise Woodward. Chi
cago; Conger. Des Moines; Sims. Council
Bluffs; Conger. Pasadena; Porter. Paris,
"By Fowler, Che Foo."
It had been hoped that Minister Con
ger's advices, as 'well as those from Gen
eral Chaffee, would be ample by this time
In order to afford the Washington officials
full opportunity to deal with, the- perplex
ing questions raised by tho Chinese dis
turbance. General Chaffee has not been
heard from, and tho Conger message was
not as complete as tho authorities here
had desired. It was stated today that
messages may be sent from, here- to our
representatives In China, specifically call
ing for more detailed information.
Aside from the consideration given to
particular questions raised by the Con
ner dispatch, the appeal of Di Hung Chang
and that of tho southern Viceroys, the
Cabinet also had time to look over tho
broad Held of Chinese affairs There was
no effort, however, at tills early stage to
outline a. .general policy. That will come
later, and will bo to a considerable extent
tlft outgrowth of tho Government's action,
upon tho various issues as they may be
American Army In China.
The "War Department has no informa
tion concerning tho report that additional
troops for the allied armies are urgently
needed. If this was tho case, nothing
more could be done by this Government
at present. Tho troops how under orders
for the far East will continue to go for
ward, and when they reach Nagasaki It
will be determined whether they will go
to China or to Manila, the Philippines
being the original destination of some of
the troops under orders. There are now
in China the Ninth Infantry, eight com
panies, of the Fourteenth Infantry, Bat
tery F. of the Fifth Artillery, eight troops
of the Sixth Cavalry and four companies
of the Fifteenth Infantry, the latter hav
ing recently arrived. There are at sea,
destined for China, four batteries of the
Third Artillery, Company E of the En
gineers, fear troops of the Third Cav
alry, eight troops of the First Cavalry
and eight troops of the Ninth Cavalry
Besides, thore sailed on the Sherman to
day four companies each of the Second,
Fifth and Eighth Infantry. Some of the
troops at sea. should reach Taku within
a week or 16 days. The latest arrivals
were the four companies of the Fifteenth
Infantry who arrived with General Barry.
When General Barry reported from Taku
he aanottBced that he would at once
go to the front, and tt was expected that
the detachment of the Fifteenth Infantry
would accompany him toward Pekln. It
Is believed that this force will be able
to restore the telegraph line which seems
to have been interrupted. '
Consul Fowler Reports.
The State Department has received a
dispatch from Consul Fowler, at Cho
Foo, but it develops technical features,
and for this reason it will not be given
out. It sheds no new light on the situa
tion at Pekin.
The Government has received positive
confirmation from official Chinese sources
of the departure of the Emperor and Em
press Dowager from Pekln. They went
westward, but the point at which they
are now located was not given.
The Japanese Legation has received a
dispatch from the Japanese Consul at
Amoy saying that Chinese mobs continue
to work devastation In that neighbor
hood and have destroyed several chapels.
Earl 1A Hung Chang has signified his
Intention of leaving Shanghai for Pekin
as soon as he receives the reply of the
powers to his request of yesterday fof
It Is suggested In- diplomatic circles that
the delay In replying to Earl LA. is prob
ably for the purpose of ascertaining the
trend of. opinion of the other foreign pow
ers, inasmuch as the presumption. Is that
an Identical appeal wag made to all of
There has been some public discussion
of the subject of a leave of absence for
Mr. Conner, so that he may have an op-
'portunlty to recuperate from the trying
experiences of the past two montns. it is
said, however, that no request of a leave
of absence for the Minister has yet been
made to the State Department, although
the officials express the opinion that he Is
entitled to one.
ESCAPE .OB" THE EMPRESS.
Uncertainty aa to the Date She Left
NEW TORK, Aug. 2L A dispatch to
the Tribune from .London says:
News with reference to Pekin continues
both scanty and contradictory. There is
still confusion as to the precise date of
. the allied forces' entry, whether It hap
pened on the 14th or 15th. What is more
Important for practical purposes, the un
certainty continues to prevail as to the
proceedings of the Empress Dowager.
The Chinese Minister here states that
he has received a telegram from Pekln,
which shows that the Empress, together
with the Emperor, left the Capital some
days before the arrival of the allied
forces. No official news, however has
reached the Chinese Legation here since
the receipt of tho telegram from Pekln
announcing the entry of the foreign
troops on the 15th. Berlin, like London
and Washlngtqn, is supplied with both
versions of the Imperial movements, while
a dispatch has been received from LI
Hung Chang announcing that the court
has gqne westward.
With regard to the suggested peace ne
gotiations, nothing Is at present decided
at the foreign office. Li Hung Chang's
application to Washington has not yet
been officially communicated to Downing
street, which has only Just dispatched to
the British Consul at Shanghai, Lord
Salisbury's reply to Li's previous sugges
tion of an armistice. In this message
the British Foreign Secretary says that
no negotiations can be initiated till the"
Legation staffs and other foreigners are
safely delivered at Tien Tsln without
opposition from the Chinese troops. The
opinion of those qualified to express an
opinion Is that Great Britain would very
readily support the proposition for open
ing negotiations for a definite settlement
as soon as possible, especially to tho
United States. England herself has noth
ing to gain by the Chinese imbroglio, not
even in the Tangtse region, where it is
clear that she might easily drift Into dif
ficulties with other European powers.
But Russia has already obtained o-foot-hold
in Manchuria, and the longer hostili
ties real or nominal last the easier will
It be for her to secure her position there.
This Is scarcely more to the interest of
Great Britain than it is to that of Japan.
TO EXTERMINATE FOREIGNERS.
Imperial Government In Leasue
With the Boxers.
HONG KONG. Aug. SL A prominent re
former has obtained from the Tamun
runners a letter from General Yung Lu,
commander in chief of the Northern
Army to General Tung Fu Slan, com
manding the Kan Su troops, saying:
-It Is not convenient to accomplish my
secret orders," and proceeding:
"The foreign devils, counting their
superior strength in warships and guns,
have dared to exert all their power to
rob and Insult us, but their populations
are small and entirely dependent on the
Chinese productions. China now pos
sesses cannon and rifles and plenty of
"I don't fear tho foreigners. In tho
case of San Mun I refused Italy with
the result that nothing was taken. It Is
evident the foreign devils are cowards.
I and Prince Tuan recently obtained the
help of millions of Boxers, possessing
magnificent boldness. I swear to murder
all the foreigners with tho assistance
of the Boxers who are supplied with
General Tung Fu Sian. in his reply,
which was also obtained, says hetls of
tho same opinion, and places the Kan Su
troops at General Tung Lu's disposal.
Von Bulow and Emperor Disagree.
NEW YORK, Aug. 2L A dispatch to
the Herald from Berlin says:
For the last day or two, rumors have
been current In the press of a conflict
between Count von Bulow and tho Kaiser
and the military party, regarding China.
Dr. Theo. Barth, a well-known mem
ber of the Reichstag, who Is known to be
In the confidence of tho Foreign Secre
tary, publishes an article In Die Nation,
In which he declares that Count von Bu
low could not regard the appointment
of Count von Waldersee as a purely
military question. He had probably given
his consent to it. but Its premature an
nouncement to the press before he had
finished negotiations with foreign Cabi
nets, was sprung upon him by the mili
tary party, anxious to bring about a fait
Dr. Barth declares tho treatment of the
Waldersee question causes enxlety, as it
looks as if military Influences were at
work on the Foreign Office.
Boxers March to Join Empress.
NEW YORK. Aug. 2L A dispatch to
tho Tribune from London saysr It is
stated that a force of Boxers is march
ing to meet the Empress and escort her
to the South.
The Times correspondent In Shanghai
understands that the Russian Govern
ment, In a communication to U Hung
Chang, has declared that ,the question
of Manchuria mu6t form tho subject ot
a separate negotiation between the two
PARIS. Aug. 1. The Temps publishes a
dispatch from Shanghai of today's date
saying It is reported there that the
Dowager Empress fled from Pekln with
treasure amounting to 50,000,000 taels, and
that sho is surrounded by Japanese cav
alry. Tien Tsln Telegraph Cut.
SHANGHAI. Aug. 2L 6:10 P.. M-r-The
foreign officials here learn that the tele
graph from Tien Tsln has been cut. The
position of tho allies Is uncertain, and a
large body of Chinese troops has taken
Chinese Morlnff East.
TTEN TSIN, Thursday. Aug. 15. About
5000 Chinese troops, which are reported
to have been at Sung Liu Chlng, left to
day for Pelt Sang, and 2000 more Chinese
troops have gone toward Tung Chow.
Hlffhest Possible Award.
PARIS, Aug. ZL The Remington Stand
ard Typewriter has won diploma ot
Grand Prix highest possible award Paris
WHERE THE BLAME LIES
COSGER BATS CHDTESH GOVERIf
' MEXT IS RESPONSIBLE.
The Boxers Are Only a Pretense,
Having Ifo Guns Leg;atIoaers
"Were Nearly Starved.
NEW YORK, Aug. 2L A dispatch to
the Herald from Pekln, Friday, August
17, via Shanghai, says:
Contrary to the agreement ot the allied
Commanders, the Russians -advanced and
occupied the first door of the east gate
early 'in the morning of Tuesday, August
14; hut failed to force the second door.
At 2 o'olock in the afternoon of the Hth
the British 'and Americans entered , the
gate near the legations,, and met with
only slight resistance. The Japanese met
more serious opposition at the jipper east
gate all day. At midnight on the Hth
they blew up the gate and entered the
city. Many Chinese were killed.
The people, la the legation, were well,
but somewhat starved. Minister Con
"They tried to annihilate us the day
G. A. Huffman, of Des Moines, Chair
man of Democratic Central Com
mittee. before you got In. Prince Chlng, presi
dent of the Tsung 11 Yamun, sent word
that his officers had received orders to
cease firing on us, under pain of death.
At 7 o'clock In the evening of the same
day the Chinese opened fire, and this con
tinued all day. If the relieving column
had not arrived when It did, we should
probably have succumbed. The Americans
lost seven marines killed and 15 wounded,
and one child died. The whole movement
Is purely a governmental one. The Box
ers are only a pretense, having no guns.
The confidential adviser of the Empress
was tho leader of the Imperial troops
here. In 11 days over 2000 shells fell
Transport Carries 1600 Officers and
Men to China.
SAN FRANCISCO, Aug. 2L The trans
port Sherman started at noon today for
Nagasaki, with troops and, supplies des
tined for China. On board the vessel
are battalions of the Second, Fifth and
Eighth Regiments, together with-general
officers, surgeons. Hospital Corps and
Signal Corps men. -There are over-J.000
officers and men on. the transport.
Light Battery, C, Seventh? Artillery, un
der command of Captain Macomb has-arrived
from, Fprt.-Rlley,. Kan.., and' en
camped attthe Presidio. ' Battery' C will
be recruited, to its maximum strength of
163 men by drawing from, the force of
Light Battery C, Third Artillery, now
on-garrison duty at the Presidio. s
The first battalion ot the First Infantry,
which Is encamped at the Presidio, will
probably sail on the Logan, September, 1,
with another battalion of the First, and
a battalion of the Second Infantry, whioh
recently returned from Cuba and are out
fitting at Fort Thomas, Ky. The trans
port Thomas, due here about the 25th
Inst, with 216 sick and wounded, from
Manila, .will sail from China about Sep
tember 16 with a battalion each of the
First and Eighth Infantry.
Hancock: Dnc tit Taku.
WASHINGTON, Aug. 21. The transport
Hancock left Nagasaki the 17th of this
month, and it is believed she has arrived,
at Taku. She has on board four batteries
of artillery. These batteries did not have'
artillery with them, but are expected to
do service as infantry until their guns
can bo sent to Taku, if It Is decided to
send them. The Hancock also took 500
marines, which are expected to do service
The transport Stephens has left Manila
for Taku, carrying 25 wagons and teams
for service In the Quartermaster's De
partment in China, '
Protected hy a Friendly General. '
NEW YORK, Aug. 2L A dispatch td the
l$-2 $1? wW
Volunteers' Monument Fund
Previously reported ,...$9718 93
Clan Macleay's benefit concert'.. ., Vtj. 355 15
Joseph Meyers & Co., Salem , .' 12 CO
National Association Letter Carriers, Branch No. 82 20 00
Total to date .'.......:. $99Cfi 03
9999999909999 99999999999999999999999909 09000099 09 009 9
Herald from Tien Tain, via Shanghai,
Father de Hets, a Lazarist missionary,
has arrived here. At a village 40 miles
to the northwest, he. with 0000 converts,
held out for six weeks against Borers
armed with rifles and swords. They num
bered 20,000. They Intended to kill the
whole population. The village officials
sent Father de Hets word that he muit
leave China, but with a few rifles and a
small cannon he held on until General
Sung sent word that the Christians would
be spared, but they must disarm, " arid
Father de Hets must leave for the coast.
He was escorted to General Ma atTelt
Sang, and had been there for three days'
when Pelt Sang was taken. The remain
ing converts were given one week's 'food
by General Sung.
Entered the Sacred City.
LONDON, Aug. ZL The following dis
patch has been received from Rear-Aa-mlral
"Taku. Aug. 19 (Sunday). The allies are
reported to have entered the sacred cl?y
of Pekln August 17."
Accounts have been received by mis
sionary societies here of the terrible suf
ferings endured by the missionaries, male
and female. In the long Journeys -from
the Interior of China to the coast, through
a hostile population. The Province of Sse
Chuen is now, however, said to be much
quieter, and the British Consul has been
instructed to return to Chung King In
on armed river steamer. His needlessly
precipitate retirement waa not at all
liked by the Foreign Office, and he re
ceived peremptory instructions to go back
Dr. Roberts Safe.
CHICAGO, Aug. 2L A special to the
Tribune from Bucyrus, O., says:
The news of the safety of Dr. Roberts
has Just reached hero In a cablegram from
Shanghai. The message states that Dr.
Roberts and several missing missionaries'
who had been stationed on a farm at
Koofan have been located with the lega
tion at 'Pekin, and are -now with the
allies forces. Two women who were
members of the party are missing.
They are Mrs. Charles Roberta and Mrs.
Nellie Parker. Mrs. Parker is known
to have been Idlled by the Boxers who
surrounded the Koofan farm early in
July; arid grave fears are entertained as
iu hid saieif ut iurs. xiuuerus, iiuu ia ut
most certain to have been captured by
France Received the Request.
PARIS, Aug. 2L The French Foreign
Office has received from Ll Hung Chang
a request similar to the one addressed
to the -United States Government asking
for the appointment ot M. Plchon, the
French Minister at Pekin, or another per
son to represent France at the peace ne
gotiations. It is said all the powers have
received a Ilka message.
Governor of Shan Tnngr Dead.
SHANGHAI. Aug. 21. Yuan Shi Ki. the
Governor of Shan Tung, is dead.
-. DAMAGE TEN MILLIONS.
Caused hy Forest Fides In Wyoming
DENVER, Aug. 21. C. B. Wantland,
general land agent of the Union Pacific
Railroad, estimates the damage, present
and prospective, caused by the forest
fires now burning in Colorado and Wyo
ming at $10,000,000. The loss of timber
burned, according to Mr. Wantland, is
only a comparatively small item in the
total amount of damage.
"In many places," he said, "the fires
are spreading over almost bare country,
land where there is nothing but young
growth, which might have made the for
ests of 10 and 20 years hence,, if It had
not been for these fires. Lands which
could have been sold for homes because
of the pleasant surroundings will not be
worth much for years. The vicinity of
Glenwood Springs and suclr places, where
tho tourists resort, will be affected un
questionably in a commercial way, be
cause the scenery will be impaired."
In Middle Park the fires are burning
bo fiercely that ranchmen are beginning
to fear that their homes will be swept
away and their properties ruined. A dis
patch from Saratoga, Wyo.says the-fires
in the Sierra Madro range have been
checked by rain.
' "WORK OF A FIREBUG. '
One Fireman Killed, Four Injured,
and Property Destroyed in Peoria,
PEORIA,' 111., Aug. ZL One fireman
dead, 'four Injured and 130,000 worth of
property destroyed is the work of a fire
bug in two fires early this morning.
About 2 o'clock Are was discovered in
tho plant of the Peoria Lounge & Mat
tress Company. The plant was practi
cally destroyed. The loss will reach $25,
000; insurance, $15,000. Hoseman Philip
Distler, of Truck No. 2, and Fred Brodr
beck, of Hose No. 5, fell from the t4ot of
a two-story building adjoining the fire.
Distler' s shoulder was broken and Brod
beck was badly bruised.
An hour after tho mattress company's
flro, Carroll's Icehouse, only 200 Yards
from the! scene of the first fire, was dis
covered In a blaze. At the end of an
hour's fight the roof of the building caved
In. Captain Barney Manning and Pipe
men Michael Gibbons and Harry Palmer,
of Hose Company No. 1, entered a door
of the burning- building. They were hold
ing a stream of water on tho fire when
the wall toppled over. Captain Manning
was killed outright. PIpemen Gibbons
and Palmer were burled under the walls,
but) were soon dug out by their compan
ions. Gibbons had both legs broken be
low the.knees, while Palmer, escaped wjth
a few bruses. Ladderman James P.
XyncH, of Truck No. 1. was struck by a
falling timber and-crushed about the hips.'
Riot in a Wisconsin Tovrn.
PRAIRIE DU CHIEN, Wis,, Aug. ZL
Charles Freyaugle, formerly of the Fifth
Cavalry, and Harry Clnqunas, formerly
of the Seventh Cavalry, both members of
a wild-west Bhow, and City Marshal
Charles Lindner, shot In last night's
riot, are in a serious condition. It Is
believed the Marshal will die. John Mer
rill, night policeman, was .also seriously
During the thick of tho fray the City
Marshal telegraphed Mayor Anderson, of
this city, to send down the militia, but
as applications for such aid must be
made to the Governor he wa3 unable to
Lynchers Pleaded Guilty.
PALESTINE, Tex., Aug. 21. Ex-Justice
of the Peace Wilkeson, the alleged leader
of tho mob that lynched the three Hum
phreys in Henderson County In May, 183S,
and J. A. Johns, Sam Hall and John F.
Harris, the remaining defendants, today
pleaded guilty to murder In the first de
gree and each, received a life sentence
In the penitentiary.
Papal Letter on Protcsnntlsm.
ROME, Aug. 21, The Pope has ad
dressed a -letter to tho Cardinal Vicar In
which he sets forth the danger of the free
propaganda of Protestantism in Italy,
And especially in Rome. He observes that
this propaganda is permissible by law,
but goes on to show how painful to him
is tho situation resulting from it, since
he cannot oppose the propaganda. Leo
recommends that the cardinal vicar
strengthen the work of preserving the
faith and exhorts Catholics' to unite in
an effort to minimize, as far as possible,
the damage caused by sectarian propa
gandas. Protected His Honor.
PORT GIBSON, Miss., Aug. 21. Charles
F., Wheeless, a, merchant of Grand Guir,
near Port Gibson, last night shot and
killed W. C. Williams, a fisherman, and
the 7-year-old sonW Williams, and mort
ally wounded a negro boy. The two last
named were bystanders. Williams leaves
a large family. Wheeless says the shoot
ing was done to protect his honor.
GLENFORD, O., Aug! 21. Manna Hels
ford's sawmill boiler exploded today,
killing Lavlga Dupler, Blsea Winegart
ner and a man named McLaughlin. The
bodies were horribly mutilated and blown
a .great distance. The owner of the mill
was seriously Injured. The cause of the
accident Is unknown.
" Chicneo Plumbers' Strike.
CHICAGO, Aug. 2L The Journeymen
Plumbers' Union has ordered a general
strike to take effect at once. The action
was taken at a protracted meeting, when
It was determined to put an end to the
dilatory methods now being used a'nd be
gin an aggressive fight on the contractors.
Arnold Ordered Extradited.
SAN FRANCISCO, Aug. 2L-Julian Tre
genna BIddulph Arnold, son of Sir Edwin
Arnold, has been ordered extradited to
England by United States Commissioner
Heacock,i. on the charge of embezzling
over $60,000 of the estate of John Thomas
POLITICAL VAGARIES OF DON PE
Worked for Native Independence
Under the Eyes of the Americans
CSow Poalns: as a Martyr.
MANILA, July 15. the recent political
vagaries In Manila of Don Pedro Pa
terno, a prominent Insurgent, have re
ceived but little comment in the local
Spanish press, because the press censor
prohibited tho publication, both here and
In the United States, of this man's
strange doings. Paterno's liberation from
Jail for the purpose of working on the
peace propositions begun by Don Felipe
Buencamlno, his Immediate publication of
a most remarkable "document In favor ot
Philippine Independence, his subsequent
reincarceration, and the fact that he then
took the oath of allegiance to tho United
States and' was freed, but declined to ac
cept his, liberty, electing, to remain In
Jail and pose as a martyr, read more like
an act from a comedy than the truthful
records of a week's political happenings
Paterno came to Manila about three
months ago from VIgan. He says he sur
rendered, but the Army reports say he
was captured. In Manila he was placed In
the Anda-street Jail, along with Buenca
mlno and other political prisoners. While
9 RUIN THAT DID NOT COME. 0
O . 0
? Under Its (the Republican party's) re- J
0 peated assaults, the pillars of the Gov-
0 ernment'ar rocklns on their base, and
O should it succeed In November next and 6
e Inaugurate Its President, we will meet 0
oa a subjected and conquered people, 0
9 amid the ruins 'ot liberty and the scat-
0- tered. fraements of tha Constitution. 9
9 Democratic National Platform of 1808. 9
there he meditated political coups, stud
ied English and was well lodged and fed
at Government expense.
When General Otis was leaving Manila
ho liberated Buencamlno with the under
standing that he use his Influence with
the Filipino people toward bringing about
peace. Buencamlno worked a-fray on
these lines until about the middle of June,
when he realized that Paterno's influence
would be a good thing to have on his
(Buencamlno's) side of the undertaking;
so permission was obtained from Gen
eral MacArthur for Paterno to leave the
Jail every day In order more easily to
confer and work with Buencamlno. Pa
terno returned to the Jail to sleep nightly,
and it was understood between General
MacArthur and himself that his efforts
and attitude must primarily embrace the
recognition of the sovereignty of the
United States in the Philippines. With
General MacArthur's permission, there
occurred, June 21, the locally famous
meeting In Paterno's house, where about
200 well-known revolutionists met to dis
cuss the terms of an honorable and dig
nified peace with the American Army.
Thirty of the 200 men present were lib
erated from the Anda-street Jail purpose
ly to attend the meeting, and, tatter a
stormy and spicy 'session, they resolved
that peace could be obtained on eight cer
tain bases, which, that same evening,
were handed to General MacArthur. The
next morning the General was stricken
with a local fever, which prevented his
attending to his official duties for nearly
This- delay In the proceedings was seized
upon by.' the Filipino enemies of Buen
camlpo's ,plans , (there - were American
enemies to the, peace .scheme as well, but
these latter were passive), to start .an
antlTpeace-campaign sin .the" country, wth
the idea of forestalling ,thegood that the
Manila, group hope to .accomplish. Dur
ing' the delay 'caused by th.e American
General'3 HInees7 Fatefno sprang his coup
d'etat in the formrot upmost remarkable
and impertinent document, without rea
son, without sequence, without head or
tall, which began with a quotation from
a plafr of Philippine? government and
ended with -quotations from European
statesmen like .Gladstone, Von Moltke,
etc. Paterno's plan was nothing less than
a seditious plea for Philippine Independ
ence, and It had 1 disquieting effect on
tho people. It was published simultane
ously in all of Manila's Spanish papers,
a method of publicity which Insured Its
spread throughout the entire archipelago.
In this document Paterno set forth what
he and his followers graciously would
deign to accept from the United States
in exchange for a cessation of hostilities
by the Filipinos. He conceded the chang
ing of the name "Filipino Republic" to
that of "Free Philippine State," as a sop
to the American National pride; he de
manded the admission, on a basis of
equality, of Filipinos Into the American
Army, Navy and Consular Corps; he de
manded the recognition of tho Filipino
flag, but saw no objection to the Stars
and Stripes flying by its side. After many
printed columns of rules for our future
restriction and guidance In Philippine af
fairs, by which he practically limited our
power and control to the protection of
the International relations of tho "Free
Philippine Siate," Paterno remarked that
when the United States had conceded
the foregoing, he opined there would be
peace. Ho also announced a meeting in
his house for tho following Sunday to dls
cuss hl3 new programme. ' ,
As soon as the real nature and signifi
cance of Paterno's utterances were made
known to the military authorities', they
forbade the meeting In, question and Pa
terno was sent back to the Anda-street
Jail and kept Incommunicado.
The Filipino people Jump at conclusions;
they do not always read carefully and
reason clearly, and Paterno worked his
document In such a way that the common
people at once concluded that the United
States- had conceded to the Filipino peo
ple all that Paterno had asked for, and
Paterno's stock, as the man who had ob
tained these remarkably favorable con
cessions from the common enemy,
boomed accordingly. On the streets, na
tives talked volubly of the hew "conces
sions," and said they had always known
they could bring the Yankees to terms
And during these days there was much
talk of uprisings in Manila explosive
bombs were found In the streets, houses
were fired, General Estrella and General
Rlcarte were captured in Manila, each
boldly admitting they were here to take
part In-an uprising, and Rlcarte's follow
ers passed pictures of Agulnaldo among
the crowd at the Tondo market, whisper
ing mysteriously that the time had come.
flTHE ACADEMIE DE
At the Head of All the Waters
Examined for Purity and Freedom
from Disease Germs.5V
But the excitement about an, uprising died
down, and Paterno took the oath of alle
giance to the United States before the
Provost Marshal of Manila, Colonel Wll
llston, and was given complete liberty.
But complete liberty did not suit Paterno.
As long as he was In. Jail he could pose
before the people as a martyr In the cause
of Independence, and to do this Is part
of his scheme. So now he voluntarily
returns to Jail every night, saying he will
not- leave Anda-street Jail until every po
litical Filipino prisoner under--American
durance has first been set free.
Tha prpmRt action br the American mil
itary authorities stopped the spread ot
the Paterno propaganda, but they were
too late to stop among the natives the
feelings of exultation1 and consequent de
pression resulting from their interpreta
tion of the Paterno document, and to give
Paterno an excellent chance to pose as a
martyr for his country's welfare.
Notwithstanding the Paterno flare-up,
Buencamlno has persistently and quietly
gone ahead with his work; he has re
ceived from. General MacArthur the lat
ter's answer to the peaco propositions ap
proved by the Filipinos at the meeting
held June 21, and has embodied these, to
gether with the terms of the DO-day am
nesty and some remarks of his owu. In a
pamphlet, which Is being- distributed to
the Filipinos In the country. Including
Agulnaldo. The mare levelheaded Fili
pinos and many Americans,, hqpe for a
successful outcome to these peace propo
sitions. But the idea has Its Filipino ene
mies, and but three days ago they showed
their hand by suddenly causing to disap
pear the trusty messenger whom Buencamlno-Intended
should convey these pro
posals .of peace and amnesty to Don
EmlHo Agulnaldo, In whatever corner of
the woods that gentleman might be
Work of Philippine- Commission
MANILA, Aug: 21. The Philippine Com
missioners, when installed on bejitemDer
1," will 'consider a bill fof municipal" or
ganizations. General Otis municipal scheme, as
modified, includes provisions regarding
land taxation and a civil service bill em
powering the Commission to take ap
pointments by the civil service advance
ment, by which It will be possible for the
incumbents of the lowest offices through
efficient service and competitive examina
tions to attain positions, at the. head of
departments and under-secretaryshlps.
The heads of the civil service departments
are empowered to discharge employes for
cause, but are powerless to fill vacan
cies, except through the regular path
The Commission's executive sessions
will be open to the public
The Sumner at Manila
WASHINGTON, Aug. 21. General Mac
Arthur informed the War Department of
the arrival of the transport Sumner at
Manila today. The Sumner carried a por
tion of the Fifteenth Infantry, destined
for Chinese service, as far as Nagasaki,
there transshipped the troops to the In
diana and then proceeded on her way to
CAPE BRETON RAILWAY.
Unlc in Canadian Transcontinental
NEW YORK. Aug. 21. Tho projected
Capo Breton Railway has become an as
sured fact through the granting of the
necessary concessions Dy .the Canadian
Government. When completed this rail
road will run from Hawkesbury across
the Straits of Canso, to Loulsburg, a dis
tance of 100 miles, with a branch to
Ultimately this road will, it is said,
make a link In the contemplated Atlantic
Pacific RAllway, together with the Cana
dian Atlantic, the,Great Northern, of
.Canada., and other lines which are, now
Already built or in process of. construc
tion. . Erorn" the terminal at Loulsburg, It
is mienaea 10 run,, last sieamsnips. .10
Liverpool. ,The dlstauqe between these
'two elt'ies Is far less han between New
YorK andt Liverpool, ana as the JTouJs
'burg harbor Is the only one to remain
open all the year, this project has a
great advantage over others of a simi
lar nature. The country is rich In coal,
the price of that fuel there being only
about half of what It is here, and this
would materially reduce the coat of run
ning fast steamboats.
The cost of the railroad proper will
probably exceed $3,000,000. while the bridge
across the stralt3 will cost $5,000,000 more.
This bridge will be built of steel and
will be about three-quarters of a mile
Will Restore Military Rates.
CHICAGO, Aug. 21. Western passenger
officials resumed their conference today
on the subject of military rates, and after
considerable wrangling passed a resolu
tion recommending that the normal tar
iffs, which are shattered Into an unrecog
nizable condition, be re-established. Tho
recommendation will be acted upon by
the officials at the meeting In Glenwood
Springs, Colo., August 30. Under existing
conditions the Western lines are carry
ing the soldiers to San Francisco below
the actual cost of transportation.
Existence Under Difficulties.
In one of the West Indies group there
Is a colony Qf some S00 whites and blacks
where there are neither towns nor vil
lages, nor fresh water supplies. In fact,
there Is such a scarcity of everything
that the Government has to sond food
and employment to the Inhabitants to
keep them from starving. Salt fish and
sweet potatoes are the stable foods of the
Angulllas, and the only water obtainable
Is brackish and tainted by the sea.
Cnvrnpore Plague Riot Cases.
LONDON, Aug. 22. A special dispatch
from Alahabad, capital of the division of
Northwest Provinces, British India, of the
same name, says the trial of 25 prisoners
concerned in the Cawnpore plague riots
have resulted In the condemnation to
death of 20 of the accused, the transpor
tation of one and the acquittal of the
Charles H. Borry.
WINONA, Minn.. Aug. 21. Charles H.
Berry died today, aged 78 years. In 1878
he was elected Attorney-General of Min
nesota, and In President Cleveland's first
term was- appointed an Associate Justice
of the Supremo Court of Idaho, which po
sition he filled until Idaho was admitted
as a state.
Burled In a Well.
GUTHRIE, O.'T., Aug. 21. Six men lost
their lives this morning by tho caving In
of a well. They were Howard Ellle, E, T.
Shafroth, H. R. Wales, Jerome Hill, S. S.
Stude and John Meade.
MDECINE OF FRANCE
OF TABLE WATERS.")
NEW TREATY WITH SPAIN
AGAIN "WE ARE Otf FRIEXDLX
TERMS WITH OUR LATE ESE11Y.
Minister Storer Slffns the Convention
at Madrid Relations Aro
WASHINGTON, Aug. 21. Minister Stor
er, at Madrid, Informs the State Depart
ment that a treaty of amity, commerca
and navigation and general Intercourse
has been signed, provisionally, by the
Minister of State and himself. Thi3 prac
tically marks the last atop In the com
plete restoration of relations between
Spain and the United States.
The new treaty modernizes the treaty
relations between the two nations. Prior
to the severance ot all communication
upon the declaration of war with. Spain,
the two governments were proceeding;
under terms of a treaty negotiated In
the la3t century. It was very cumber
some, and In some respects wholly Inap
plicable tq existing conditions,, one pro
vision, for Instance, relating to trade be
tween the United States and Florida as
a colony of Spain. Several efforts were
made to remedy the defects, but only
one waa partially successful, the adop
tion of the Cushlng protocol. The last
attempt was made when Mr. Olney was
Secretary- of State, but the strained re
lations growing out of the Cuban affairs
caused, the effort to fall.
It is understood that Minister Store?
negotiated with Dupuy de Lome, ex
Spanlsh Minister 'to tho United States,
and now the Under Secretary of. State,
who,, of course, is thoroughly conversant
with all the conditions of trado likely to
Although the general provisions are not
known In. detail at this stage. It is un
derstood that tho Instrument provides the
usual facilities for Intercommunication,
and probably contains provisions which
carry out those relations growing out of
tho territorial conditions resulting from
SAN SEBASTIAN, Aug; 21. The trea
ties between Spain and tho United States,
regarding general rights, public and pri
vate relations, consular and maritime re
lations and the extradition of criminals
have been signed. The commercial re l
proclty treaty has not been negotiated.
Protection From Insect Ventn.
WASHINGTON, Aug. 2 In responso
to a letter of inquiry from the Postmaster-General,
the Secretary of Agriculture
has approved the request ot the Califor
nia State Board of Horticulture, that
postmasters at Pacific Coast points of
entry shall submit all mall matter from
Hawaii and the Philippines, containing
fruit or plants, to the horticultural of
ficials of the Pacific Coast States for
their inspection before delivery to the
The executfvo committee of the Cali
fornia Board had forwarded resolutions
asserting that a- large number of pest3
are carried in the horticultural products
sent from those Islands. Secretary Wil
son, in his reply, says that the quaran
tine service which California had been
carrying on for some years, to protect
the state from injurious Insects, espe
cially from Asiatic and Australasian
ports, has done admirable work, and has
saved the horticultural Industries on the
Coast from great loss.
Agricultural Department' Awards.
WASHINGTON, Aug. 21. Secretary
HVllson has received a cablegram from
Professor Dodge, tho United States Di
rector of Agriculture for the Paris ex
position, announcing the award of med
als for exhibits of the various branches
of the Agricultural Department. Tho
exposition awards 10 grand prizes and
three gold medals to tho Secretary of
Agriculture; a grand prize td Professor
True, Chief at the Office of Experiment
ing" Stations; gold iriedal3 to Messrs.
Marven and Henry, of the Weather Bu
reau; Atwater and Evans, of the Experi
ment Station office; Williams, of the Di
vision of Astrology, and silver medal3 to
Messrs. Pearson, dairy division; Whit
ney, division of soils: Galloway and
Woods, division of vegetable physiology
and pathology; Dorett, bureau of animal
industry, and Benton, division of ento
mology. Bids for Frenchman's Bay Station.
WASHINGTON, Aug. 21. The Bureau
of Equipment, Navy Department; opened
bids today for a-coaltng plant to be erect
ed at the United States Naval Depot, at
Frenchman's Bay. The coaling plant will
have a storage capacity for 10.C00 tons ot
bituminous coal, and will be "provided
with machinery for handling the coal
with the greatest possible dispatch. There
were four bidders who submitted proposi
tions based on their own plans, as well as
those of the Navy Department. The bids
ranged from $110,000 to $276,000.
Inspector of Land Offices.
WASHINGTON. Aug. 21. William Mc
Millen. of Nevada City. Nev.. has been
appointed Inspector of Surveyors, general
and local land offices. Mr. McMillan waa
the Republican candidate for Governor ot
rVevada In the last election. His appoint
ment to the office, of which there are only
three In the United States fills a vacancy
which has existed for two'years. He was
recommended by both Senators from Ne
vada and other leading men ot that state.
He will draw $2000 a year and subsistence.
Wyomlnjc Will Soon Be Launched.
WASHINGTON, Aug. ZL The Union
Iron Works. San Francisco, have notified
the Navy Department that the monitor
Wyoming will be launched September 8.
The same Ann also announces that the
Wisconsin will be ready for her prelimi
nary trial September 15. She will go first
to Puget Sound to be drydocked and
Table-ware Factories Resume Work.
PITTSBURG, Aug. 2L Operations were
resumed today at alt the factories of the
National Glass Company (tableware com
bine). The resumption gives employment
to 4000 men.
To assist digestion, relieve distress
after eating or drinking too heirtlly,
to prevent constipation, take
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