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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (July 20, 1900)
THE MOKNING OREOOXIAJS, FRIDAY, JULY
APPEAL FROM PEKIN
Letter From the Japanese Min
ister Reaches the Outside.
IT BORE A DATE "OF JUNE 29
Admiral Remey Reports Casualties
at Tien. Tain Among American
Marine Rockhlll WIu'go.
WASHINGTON. July IS.-The Japanese
(legation here has made public the latest
communication received from Baron
Nishl, the Japanese MlnlBter to Pekln.
This telegram was received today at the
legation from the Japanese Minister of
2'orelgn Affairs, and is Important because
'of the dates given. The telegram was
dated July 17, by the sender, the Japanese
Consul at Che Foo, and is as follows-:
"I received at 10 A. M.t on the 12th, a
dispatch from Nlshl dated Pekln, June 29,
The letter was brought by a special mes
sengera Chinese, who left Pekln July 1,
and managed to make the journey with
difficulty. The substance of the letter Is
,The situation at Pekln is extremely
critical. The foreign legations are sur
rounded on all sides by Chinese soldiers
and bombarded day and night. The mem
bers of the legations, the guards and resi
dents are resisting to the utmost, but the
overwnelming numbers of the opposition
makes It hopeless; our ammunition is be
ing exhausted, our lives are In such dan
ger that we may be massacred at any
moment We earnestly request the Imme
diate dispatch of reinforcements for our
rescue from our precarious condition.' "
The Japanese Consul at Che Foo adds
that he communicated this lettor to bis
colleagues of the Consular body there
and also to the commanders-in-chief of
the forces of the powers.
Another cablegram received through the
foreign offlce from the Japanese Consul
at Che Foo reports that Tien Tsln castle
was captured by the forces of the allied
troops on the 14th. and the safety of the
foreign settlement is assured. Japanese
troops took possession of the Suss Ylng,
the Chinese naval station, on the 14th.
Discord Among the Powers.
In the absence of direct news from
China this morning attention was directed
mainly to the more or less speculative
stories emanating from European capi
tals Indicative of discord among the pow
ers. It is realized that these little ebulli
tions of mutual suspicion always charact
erize allied movements and are to be ex
pected in the present crisis. It can be
stated that so far as official record dis
closes, there is absolutely no ground for
them. Our Government having fully de
fined its intentions In Secretary Hay's
note of July 3, the other governments in
terested in the Chinese situation have
entered into the spirit of that declaration
of principles with perfect accord. At
least that Is the record both written and
oral, and Russia, a power more than any
other under suspicion in these stories,
has not beon backward in assuring the
State Department of the conlncldence of
Secretary Hay's declaration with Rus
sia's purpose in China. It is, of course,
possible that some of the powers are
swayed by motives that do not appear
in their formal declarations The Stat?.
Department, however, cannot go behind
their formal expressions and can now
only await results.
There is not the slightest disposition on
the part of our Government to follow
the example of certain European powers
and restrict In any measure the liberty
of the Chinese Minister here, Mr. Wu, In
communicating with the Chinese Vice
roys and whatever remains of the titular
Chinese Government. On tha contrary
thera is an earnest deBlre to do every
thing in his power to protect fprelgners
in the Chinese empire, and as it is confi
dent that he has no sympathy with the
Boxer Insurrection movement, the State
Department regards It as good policy to
facilitate, rather than to obstruct, his
cummunlcatlons with the Chinese Vice
roys. If there should be a declaration of war
by Russia upon China, based upon what
is said to have occurred on the Siberian
border, the technical relations of the al
lied powers towards China might, it is
said here, undergo a radical change. It is
believed the story of Chinese aggressive
ness is considerably exaggerated so tar
as it relates to the Siberian border and it
is hoped the troubles have been confined
to Manchuria, But if war should actually
and formally open between Russia and
China that fact might oblige the other
powers to do one of two things either
Join in the declaration of war or with
draw their forces from Chinese soil.
Remey Reports Casualties.
The Navy Department this morning re
ceived from Admiral Remey a list of
casualties of the Marine Corps in the
fight at Tien Tsln. It Is as follows:
"Taku, July 18. Bureau of Navigation,
Washington, D, C Official casualty re
port from Marine Regiment:
"Killed August R. Davis, Sergeant C.
J. Kollock, Corporal Thomas Kelley, Pri
vates J. E. JtfeConloy, I. W. Partridge.
"Seriously" wounded First Lieutenant
Henry Lord, Corporal J. A. McDonald.
Privates P. J. Kelleher. C. D. Miller. C.
J. Mathews, John Stakes, J. Van Home.
Wounded Captain Charles G. Long,
Daptaln B. Lemly, First Lieutenant Sraed
ley D. Butler, First Sergeant James Mur
phy, Sergeant F. T. Winters, Corporal
Joseph W. Hunt, Privates W. S. Chap
man, James Cooney, Robert Desmond, E.
G. Egleser, Lavrln Larson. N. D. Mc
Iver, J. C. Megonegal. A. B. Penney, H.
A. Rocker. HEMET."
Some of the names of the killed and
wounded were found to be erroneously
stated. Thus, in the list of severely
wounded, P. J. Kelleher should be J. J.
Kelleher; John Stakes should be John
Stokes. In the list of slightly wounded,
Robert Desmond should bo Roderick Des
mond; Lavrln Larson should be divided
into two names, as follows; James J.
Larvln and Laurin L. Larrson, and N. E.
Mclver should be George E. Mclver.
Rockhlll Will Investigate.
The Cabinet meeting today developed
nothing of importance regarding the Chi
nese situation except the decision to send
W. W. Rockhlll, formerly Secretary of
Legation and Assistant Secretary of
State, now chief of the Bureau of Ameri
can Republics, to China to Investigate
the situation for the authorities here.
Mr. Rockhlll will go as a special commis
sioner to ascertain the extent of the re
sponsibility of the Chinese Government,
if any, for the existing disturbances, and
otherwise furnish the Administration with
information upon which the case of the
United States against China for Indem
nity and reparation will be based. Ho
is well equipped for the mlssslon. having
been Secretary of the American Legation
in Pekln for several years. He speaks
and writes Chinese fluently.
For some reason the officials did not
care to have it known that Mr. Rockhlll
has beon selected for this responsible
duty. Within a week he will have a final
conference with the President and Secre
tary Hay and then will leave for China.
He probably will go to Vancouver and
there take the Japanese line steamer for
Yokohama, preceding from that point to
Shanghai. Not until he arrives at Shang
hai will Mr. Rockhlll undertake to outline
his further course. His position Is a pe
culiar one; he will be actually an Ambas
sador In powers, and so In the scope of
his function will be akin to President
Cleveland's commissioner to Hawaii, Mr.
Blount, Among othor subjects; the sub
ject of instructions to Major-General
Chaffee was gone over at considerable
length and a cablegram was drafted,
which will le forwarded to reach hjm on
his arrival at Nagasaki. .The Instructions
&reof a diplomatic, as well as of a mili -
tary nature, and Indicate, the line of pol
icy to be pursued by the commander of
the United States forces in China, The
exact nature of the instructions was no
The rank of JIaJor-General fdr the com
mander of. the Chinese expedition -will ne
cessitate the presence of two, or perhaps
three. Brjgadier-Generals In China. These,
in all probability, will be chosen from
the officers of that rank now in the Phil
ippines, but General Chaffee will be given
considerable latitude in the selection of
Secretary Root and General Leonard
Wood, who were present at the Cabinet
luncheon, remained at the White House
with the President until almost I o'clock.
After leaving the White House, General
Wood said he would start for Havana
The Administration expects authentic
news from Pekln soon; lu fact, both the
President and his advisors can harfliy un
derstand why some absolutely reliable
news has not arrived before this time.
The Government authorities arc finding
the present Chines agitation is having
the usual effect of stimulating cranks and
agitators, and many of the highest offi
cials are receiving anonymous letters
containing threats. The Chinese officials
also are the victims of fooollsh effusions.
They are not considered seriously, how
ever, and the officials dismiss them as
from Ignorant persons.
DEFENSE OF SHANGHAI.
England Looking: Out for Her Inter
ests in the South.
NEW YORK, July 13. A dispatch to the
Tribune from London says:
The most Important move on the Chi
nese chessboard yesterday is the new di
rection given to the defense of British
Interests. The Indian troops at Hong
Kong, instead of going to Tien Tsin.
have sailed for Shanghai and Woo Sung.
Sir Alfred Gazelee may also halt there.
This Is a sign that the British Govern
ment, having been convinced that Tien
Tsin and Taku can be held by the allied
forces now on the ground, has decided to
make serious preparations for the defense,
of Shanghai and the other centers of com
merce in Middle China,
This determination Is wise, because LI
Hung Chang has left Canton to shift for
itself and has ordered 60 Black Flags re
cruited from the worst elements of the
population to march overland through
the Yangtse provinces to Pekln. The
presence of this marauding party will
be a menace to the peace of these im
mense districts, whore British commer
cial Interests are paramount.
The British Government Is not so blind
as to exhaust Its resources In defending
the Russian Interests in Manchuria, which
are menaced by the military camarilla
at Pekln. It has suddenly remembered
the quarter where the main sphere of
their trade lies and has ordered rein
forcements, and vessels of war to the
gateways of the Yangtse provinces. The
cable station at Shanghai Is one of tho
thousand British Interests requiring res
olute protection. A break In the cable
at Shanghai would cut off the world from
Information regarding the great strug
gle now in progress. Tien Tsln Is now
secure and it is considered possible that
a strong Japanese force. Instead of land
ing at Taku will go to Shan Hal Kwan
and march on Pekln along the great walL
The British fleet Is already off the har
bor and one press agency reports that
Sir Alfred Gazelee will command the
army of Invasion along the north wall,
but this Is not confirmed. The allies need
a commander-in-chief to direct the en
tire campaign, but by reason of jealousy
among the powers Russia, Japan and
England are excluded from naming him.
The German emperor Is reported In dip
lomatic circles to have expressed a strong
preference for a French general as com
mander, and this solution Is the most
natural one. The keenest observers do
not doubt that, as the campaign advan
ces, each power will operate so far as
may be possible in the districts which
Will naturally fall within Its future sphere
A deplorable hitch prevents the dis
patch of more- troops from Japan to China,
according to the Toklo correspondent of
the Express. The apparent unwillingness
of Germany and Russia to consent to the
appointment of a Japanese commander
has caused the Mikado's Government to
delay the embarkation of the proposed
CHINESE MOVING SOUTH,
Viceroys Before Friendly Are Novr
NEW YORK. July 19. A dispatch to the
World from London says:
Great bodies of Boxers and reg
ular Chinese troops are known to
be marching southward from Pekln,
murdering all Christians they find
and destroying their possessions. It is
feared that some of the Viceroys, who, as
a whole, have hitherto shown themselves
most friendly disposed toward foreigners.
are now wavering in their support, and
with the Governors of several provinces
are going over to the rebels.
Many people regard LI Hung Chang's
eagerness for his present Journey from
Canton to Pekln with suspicion, and urge
that he be detained when the steamer
carrying him reaches Shanghai.
The Shanghai correspondent of the Lon
don Express cables under Wednesday's
"The Consuls, acting as representatives
of the powers, have unanimously agreed
that Liu Kan Yih, the Viceroy of Nan
king, shall be regarded as the Emperor
of China, so far as tho collection of tho
revenue Is concerned. Liu Kan Ylh has
always been frlerrtly toward foreigners,
and the Consuls believe they may place
implicit faith In him."
The Express correspondent at. Toklo ca
bles: "The Japanese Government is now seri
ously discussing whether. In view of the
attitude of some of tho powers, it would
be advisable to dispatch the division of
troops which has been already mobilized.
It is feared that Russia and Germany
may not accept the command of the Jap
anese as senior officers, who would neces
sarily take charge of the army corps.
Japan desires assurances on this point be
fore giving orders for the embarkation
of the troops. This may mean further de
lay of several weeks."
Baron Murdoch, the agent of Prltch
ard Morgan, M. P., in Corea, who has
Just reached London after a CO days'
Journey by way of Vladivostok over the
Trans-Siberian Railway to Moscow, says
Russia, even before he left, was actively
mobilizing troops In Central Russia and
West Siberia. The Trans-Siberian Rail
way is conveying close onto 300,000 men to
Manchuria or its borders.
Russians Lost Three Hundred.
NEW YORK, July 19. A dispatch to
the Herald from Tien Tsln Saturday, via
Che Foo says:
Russians made up the right wing of
the international column in the ad
vance on the native town of Tien
Tsln Friday. As they moved stead
ily over the open plain toward tho en
trance pf the city the Chinese shelled
steadily from the walls. The Russians
lost 300 killed and wounded. The city was
occupied by the international troops, who
found dead Chinese lying about the
streets in hundreds. Tonight the city is
Though the taking of the city will have
the effect of discouraging the Boxers,
the total loss of the foreigners Is thought
to be 1200 dead and wounded.
Critical at Canton.
NEW YORK. July 19. A dispatch to
the Herald from Canton, Tuesday, via
Hong Kong, says:
Viceroy LI Hung 'Chang has Just de
parted for tho north, having been ordered
by Prince Tuan to proceed to Chi LI
Province and assume his Viceregal office.
The .situation here is critical, although
it is still quiet There is little hope for
the Pekln officials.
TtowY ?n-rfilM 1 4 42 --
J Keep Perry Davis Pain-Killer on hand,
GAVE HIM HIS PASSPORTS
RUSSIA .SEXDSTHE' CHINESE," MKff
O ' , I5TER HOME!
Recoffriiees That a State of War Ex
istsEngland anil Germany
May Do Likewise.
NEW YORK, July 19. A dispatch to
tbe,Journal and Advertiser from London
The Chinese Invasion of the Amur
Province is equivalent to a declaration of
war against Russia, which, construing
It as such, has handed the Chinese envoy
at St. Petersburg his passports today and
requested him to leave the country, along
with tho members of his mission.
The importance of thla Chinese declara
tion of war against Russia, and of this
bold Invasion of Russian territory. Ilea
la the fact, as the matter now stands, that
it virtually pleases the Czar from his -obligations
to the foreign powers to act
In concert with them in China. He is
placed thereby in a position to act Inde
pendently, not only with' reference
to the. defense of bis dominions against
the Chinese invasion, but also as regards
the carrying of war Into tho enemy's
country and an eventual march upon Jfe
kln. Should a Russian army, proceeding from
Siberia, reach Pekln and capture It be
fore the allies could get to it from the
Pacific. Coast, the Czar would be able to
dictate terms to China Independently of
the other powers, and without any regard
to their wishes, virtually establishing
himself as master of the country.
The British and German Governments,
alarmed at the' idea of this eventuality,
have today decided to abandon the policy
which they have pursued until now arid to
declare war upon the Chinese Government,
thus placing themselves In line with
Russia and France, and the United States
is expected to follow suit Immediately.
France has. Indeed, already Issued, today,
a, decree forbidding the sale of arms or
war material of any kind to the Chinese,
while Germany has already pro
hibited the Chinese envoy at Berlin from
communicating with his government ex
cept through the German Foreign Office,
and is preparing to give him his pass
ports. Here In London, the Chinese Min
ister has already packed all belongings,
removed his boys from the schools and
cancelled all his engagements, so as to be
ready for Immediate departure.
In addition to the corps of the Imperial
Chinese Army, which has Invaded Siberia
with orders to drive all foreigners out of
the rich gold-bearing Amur Province of
the Czar, there are five other corps, one
or which Is engaged In destroying the
Russian Railroad In Manchuria and In
driving all the foreigners, especially the
Russians, from tho northern portion of
the Empire; another is to occupy the
roads between Pekln and Sham Hal
Kwan; yet another Is to concentrate at
Nanking, while columns are being direct
ed in hot haste to Tien Tsln, to the bor
ders of Corea and to the neighborhood of
Altogether the Pekln government Is es
timated to have under arms at the pres
ent moment no less than J,000,X men.
splendidly equipped with Mauser rifles,
smokeless powder and quick-firing .ord
nance, and carefully trained under the
direction of Danish and German officers
This huge army is under the orders of
In addition to this, there Is the Chi
nese fleet, reconstructed and reorganized
since the war with Japan, and compris
ing J5 first-class cruisers of the very lat
est type. These are cruising about the
Yellow Sea, with the.Ir decks cleared for
Inasmuch as Ave vessels of the allied
fleet. Including the British battle-ship
Terrible, are cruising about In the same
waters, recopnolterlng various towns and
forts and inviting the latter 'tp open fire
upon them, news' may be expected at any
moment of a naval battle.
Nine other foreign men-of-war are at
anchor off Shanghai, tvith the object of
assisting In the" defense of that city In
the event of its being attacked by the
big Chinese army, which Is now within
one day's march of the place.
STEPS IN RIGHT DIRECTION.
Russia Recoprnlxes That a State of
LONDON, July 19. The action of Count
von Bulow, the German Minister of For-
lgt Affairs, In informing the Chinese
Legation at Berlin that all telegraphic
messages must be in plain language and
submitted for approval by the censor,
and the suggestion of M. Delcasse, the
French Minister of Foreign Affairs, that
tho exportation of arms to China be pro
hibited, which are generally regarded here
as long steps In the direction of treating
China as a state engaged in war, have
been supplemented this morning by the
official announcement from St. Petersburg
that certain portions of tho Amur terri
tory, including parts of the Khabarovsk
district and the coast territory, as well
as the town of Blagovestchensk, Khaba
rovzk and Nlkolskussuri, have been de
clared in a state of war since July 17,
Russia's announcement Is regarded In
London as at least foreshadowing a
speedy unconditional recognition of the
fact that a condition of war exists be
tween China and the olvjllzed world, and
the general opinion seems to favor such
recognition as tho best means pf meeting
the barbarian upheaval, while at the same
time endeavoring to isolate the Independ
ent Viceroys from the general conflagra
The revelation of the ability of tho
Chlnose forces In the north to stand their
ground against the Internationals is pro
ducing the inevitable results In the south.
At Shanghai it Is announced officially
that foreign women and children have
been requested to leave the ports along
the river. Serious rioting has occurred
at Po Yang Lake, near Klu Klang. Sev
eral mi-"Ionarie have been killed, and
chapels burned. The telegraph between
Kiu Klang and Hankow Is Interrupted.
In connection with the story that Prince
Tuan's forces have been ordered to march
to Wei Hal Wei, it Is considered as sig
nificant that Indian troops arriving at
Hong Kong have been ordered to proceed
to Wei Hal Wei.
A Shanghai dispatch also reports that
Russia has been in secret negotiation
with Prince Tuan's Government with the
connivance of Li Hung Chang.
In a dispatch from St. Petersburg it is
stated that Russia's anxiety to minimize
the alarming nature of the news from
Manchuria is dictated by fears of the in
Jury the confirmation of such news might
cause in tho matter of artangements al
leged to have been made In the United
States for money with which to complete
the Manchurian Railroad,
A dispatch from Shanghai received hero
today reports that the losses of the Chi
nese in the fighting at TJen Tsln was up
ward of SOW.
It is understood that Lleutenant-Gen-eral
Sir Francis Grenfell will have com
mand of the British forces In China.
TORTURED BY BOXERS.
Terrible Fate of One of the First
SAN FRANCISCO, July 19.-A Chronicle
special from Victoria, B. C, says;
Advices received from North China con
tain particulars of the awful toVture In
flicted on the Rev. H. V. Norman, who
with Rev. C Robinson was among the first
of the American missionaries to become
victims of the Boxers. A correspondent
writing from Tien Tbln on July 7, say
some refugees who had arrived therd
gathered rom Chinese ghastly, details
of tho torture Inflicted on Norman.
It seems that he' fell into the hands of
LI, the head man of a' little town hard
by tho little Anglican mission, where he
and Robinson had their headquarters. In
a quarrel between Boxers and Christians,
J toe converts bud driven oft the Boxers
from the mission and LI vowed vengeance.
This he took in a horrible manner when
Norman was thrown Into his hands.
After his capture by the rioters, from
whom LI took tha captive, the, missionary
was stripped by the retinue of li and a
collar of Iron fastened Jo his neck. A
short chain was attached and" he was
tethered to a stake. The Chinese men, wo
men and children then poked sharp sticks
Into his flesh and Jabbed him With tri
dents. When he sank down, weak with
the loss of blood and half crazed by the
awful torture, and was nnable to get
upon his knees even, the' chain being
made too short, he strangled slowly. Mol
ten lead was then thrown1 on his nude
body and as he writhed In ngony, he was
stabbed to death. His body was cut to
Robinson, the other missionary, was
slaughtered without being so long In ag
ony. He was cut down by u mob and
hacked to pieces almost Instantly. A
number ofi the mission converts were
slaughtered. Some were asked to recant
and those who did so to save their lives
were saddled and bridled and forced to
crawl to the temple idols.
LETTER. FROM MRS. CONGER.
Lost She Wrote Before the Upris
ing. DES MOINES. la.. July 19. The last let
ter written by Mrs. Conger, wife of the
United States Minister to China, Is one
to friends hero, under date of May 1.
shortly after the return to China from this
country. Extracts from this letter fol
low: "I must tell you Just a little of the way
we found things at the legation. First,
tho servants had made the house clean In
everj' crack and corner. We see very
much In our servants to respect, admire
and even love. They are so patient,
faithful, attentive, thoughtful and kind.
The qualities of character they manifest
surprise me. Heathens? In some. ways,
and so are we all.
"You hear much about the Boxers, don't
you? Well, we do nbt feel at all in
danger. Next week a party of us starts
overland upon a trip to the great wall of
China. The Boxers do not like the for
S'gnere. They greatly desire the for
eigners to go home and stay there and
let China alone. What the outcome will
be. no one can tell.
"There has been no rain during the Win
ter and Spring and the Ignorant Chinese
think the 'foreign devils' cause- this lacs
of water, and starvation threatens them."
The President Returns to Canton.
WASHINGTON. July 19. After a stay
of two days in tho city, during which he
had several consultations with his Cabi
net on the Chinese situation, the Presi
dent started back for Canton tonight,
taking the 7;45 express on the Pennsyl
vania railroad. The President came to
the station unattended during a thunder
shower. He was met by several members
of his Cabinet, with whom he had a brief
private conversation before the train left.
French Report of Minister' Safety.
PARIS, July 19. An ofllcial telegram
from Shanghai dated Wednesday, July IS,
states that, according to the Governor of
Shan Tung, the foreign Ministers and
their families at Pekln are safe and
sound, but that the danger Is still very
great- The Viceroy, according to this dis
patch. Informed the Consular Corps that
he had telegraphed to Pekln, urging the
protection of the foreign Legations.
IK Off AND STEEL.
Sharp Competition Is Mnlclnff Prices
CLEVELAND, O., July 19. The Iron
Trade Review says: The past week has
been without doubt the most active of the
year In finishing material, The significant
fact established by those trnpscct.ons Is
that a basis has been reported on wnlcn
business will be flonjj and that the mam
obstacle for some months has been d's
trust of existing prices and not such
an utter drying up of 'business as .some
views have Indicated. The mills have
shown In the contests of the. past week
a disposition to put prices wnere buyer
want them, and some rather savage work
has been done in the struggle for orders.
In steel bars and In plates . contracts
have been taken at figures rolatively low
er than the lowest record of three years
ago. taking account on today's cost for
fuel, ore and labor, Sellers have had to
forget that any such prices were ever on
their books as were secured with such
ease pine and twelve months ago; thu
main purpose being to end the lons-dtawn
run of driblets and deal again in con
siderable blocks. It Is to be noted, how
ever, that the very low prices are on
business which will yield early specifi
cations and mills are not Inviting long
contracts on this basis, for there Is a
strong leaning to the belief that later le
the year higher prices wilt prevail for
material that for weeks has gone begging.
The business of the past week has been
well scattered. Construction contracts- in
the hands of bridge, boiler, tank and
fitting works have taken a large part oj
it. Agricultural buyers have made a be
ginning of new contracting, the Chicago
district reporting consiaeraoie activity
In this direction. There are signs on all
hands that buyers have held off until tho
last moment and that the past week has
seen many coming simultaneously Into the
market to cover work actually In hand,
on which bids have been asked repeatedly ,
In recent weeks, but without placing or
ders. The pig Iron situation has not shown the
flexibility of certain finished line, In the
process of readjustment, but here also
values have shown further declines In the
past week, northern Irons yielding more
rapidly than southern. At the prices now
established. It Is evident more furnaces
will soon Put out of blast,' many of
them to stay out for months, Wage ques
tions are arising at a number of furnaces
and resistance of the reductions proposed
will facilitate the blowing out process.
The July 1 pig Iron figures did not show
the expected restriction, but the stacks
put out this month will make a marked
change In the showing by August L
The market for bessemer remains at a
standstill and there are several problems
ahead of the furnace men. Steel works
have yet to take out a large amount of
Iron bought at top prices and the ques
tion of revising these contracts is up,
as is also the proposal for putting out of
a portion of the steel companies' blast
furnaces along with the merchants' fur
naces. Two Lorain furnaces havo been
closed down and a number of valley fur
naces will probably quit before the end
of the month. In foundry iron prices have
fallen 51 a ton at least In the week.
FRESNO, Cal., July 19. The Raisin
Association today announced that the
required acreage was on hand, and the
packers have accepted the statement. Tho
association has 83 per cent of the state
acreage of three -year contracts, and
enough two-year contracts to bring it up
to 90 "per cent
Pullman Manual Tralnlnpr-Sohool.
CHICAGO, July 19. Executors of the
will of George M. Pullman have turned
over to the board of directors of the
Pullman Free School of Manual Training
51,200,000, the amount decreed for building
such Institution and for the purpose of
carrying into execution the stipulations of
the will. The board of directors of the
proposed institution have effected perma
nent organization by the election of offi
cers, and as soon as these officials, to
gether with the board of trustees, can
determine what the scope of the school
is to be, work will be begun.
Gold for France.
NEW YORK. July 19. The gold ship
ments on the steamer La Bretagne, which
J sailed for -Havre today,, amounted tq.
2,203,214, all bars.
PREPARING TROOPS FOR SEfiVJCE
Df" CHINA. '
Work atjthe Transport Docks Fifth,
Infantry Soon to Return
SAN FRANCISCO, July 19. The bat
teries ofthe Third Artillery that received
orders on the 17th Inst, tojrendervous at
the'Prealdlo, with a view of ultimate serv
ice in China, have been ordered Into camp
at the Presidio, with Instructions to the
various officers to have everything In
readiness for sudden departure. Clothing
is being Issued to the hien that will be of
service in either China or the Philippines.
Instructions have been forwarded from
Washington requesting the Immediate
preparations of camp requisites for the
comfort of fiOOO men. Recruits are arriv
ing every day from all parts of the coun
try, and are belngfurnlshed with clotning
and outfits as rapidly as possible.
The Aztec will carry 452 horses. The
Hamburg-Ahierican line has the contract
for carrying 5000 horses that were bought
here for Germany, but that company as
yet has been unable to charter any ves
sels. The Pacific Mail Company's steamers
City of Para, City of Sydney and Colon
have been withdrawn from the Central
American trade. No confirmatory news
has been received from Washington, but
the supposition is that all three vessels
will carry troops to China or Manila, The
owners of the Zealandla will not say
where she Is going, but the work of fit
ting her out for a run Into tho tropics has
already begun. The Senator and City of
Puebla are coming hero from Puget
Sound, and it now begins to look as
If Uncle Sam would havo 10,000 men
on tha waters inside of a fortnight.
Work on the transports Hancock and
Meade is being rushed. Just as soon as
the troops are here both vessels will sail.
This will be about the 29th last., and the
ships now being chartered will follow
them In rapid succession.
The United States Quartermaster's De
partment has awarded contracts for sup
plying 243 field ranges, to be delivered
In three weeks. These ranges are built
In" such form that all of the cooking uten
sils can be stored In the stove during
transportation. The number of ranges or
dered will be enough to supply an army
of 25,000 men.
Several of the large grocery houses In
this city have received orders for Im
mense quantities of supplies to be deliv
ered at once to the United States Sub
Troops to Leave Arizona.
CLIFTON, Ariz.. July 19. Orders have
been received to put In readiness for leav
ing s'.x troops of the Ninth Cavalrv O'
ored), which are garrisoned at Fort
Grant, Huachuca and San Carlos, estab
lished to protect settlers' In the several
Apache regions of Arizona. The negro
troops will be relieved by four troops of
the Fifth Cavalry at Jefferson Barracks,
The action will likely call for a strong
protest from settlers, who claim they
would be left unprotected from sanguin
ary Indians If the changes were made.
According to orders received tho six com
panies will go to San Francisco, probably
the last of the month.
Order to First Cavnlry.
ST. PAUL, July 19. Today the War
Department has been In communication
with G-cneral Wade, in command of the
Department of the Dakotas, to hurry the
First Cavalry through to Seattle not
later than July 28. and to sail from that
port not later than the 2Sth. The First
Cavalry is scattered In two departments.
One troop Is located In Yellowstone Park,
another at Fort Meade, and still another
at Fort Yates. There are perhaps 4S men
In the Department "of the Dakotas. "A
large shipment of horses for this regi
ment left for Seaftre today. While the
First Cavalry Is Under orders ostensibly
for Manila, the reglmont will probably
be diverted to China.
Minnesota's Militia Strength.
ST. PAUL, July 19. Governor John
LInd, In reporting to the War Depart-J
ment the militia strength of Minnesota,
today notified the Federal Government
that the force was amply sufficient and
competent to protect settlers from In
dians, who were reported by the newspa
pers as restless In the northern part of
the state. In case there was any use for
the regular troops In China or else
where. Return of Cuban Troops.
SANTIAGO DE CUBA, July 19. Tlie
United States transport Rawlins has ar
rived here from Matanzas with a battal
ion of the Tenth Cavalry. Captain Mur
phy commanding. This battalion has
come to relieve the Fifth Infantry, gar
risoning the Modro. The Fifth will Im
mediately embark for New York.
Clothlncr for Soldiers.
JEFFERBONVILLE, Ind., July 19. The
Government depot In Jeffersonvllle has
received orders from Washington to be
pin making 150 000 flannel blouses and 00.
000 pars of drawers. This Is In antici
pation of military operations In China
and to clothe the soldiers In the Philip
pines for the changing seasons.
JESTER AN ATTRACTION.
Acquitted He Will Go Into
Dime Museum Business.
ST. L.OUIS, July 19. A special to tho
Post-Dispatch from New London, Mo.,
Interest in the JeBter trial Is Increas
ing. Letters and telegrams have been re
ceived Inquiring about the defendant and
his alleged victim. It la said that if
Jester is acquitted, he will travel aad ex
hibit himself. The state has traced
Jester through Kansas and Missouri and
today followed him, through Illinois. Sen
ator Sylvester Allen, of Scott County,
Illinois, testified that In 1S71, when he
resided near Naples, HI., Alexander Jester
stopped at his house over night Ho was
driving one team and leading the other.
Senator Allen said that Jester attracted
his attention by his peculiar demeanor,
would not sleep In the house, but slept
in his wagon.
Herman Hofferkomp, who was in the
livery-stable business at Springfield, 111.,
said that in 1S71 Jester and his teams
stopped at his barn and stayed there
about one week. When he departed he
left a very intelligent shepherd dog
which the witness said ho kept This is
supposed to be the dog that belonged to
Hart W. Dunham testified that In 1S71
Alexander Jester sold three Buffalo hides
to a man named A. Dennis, of. Decatur,
111., who is now dead. Dennis took the
hides to Dunham's father to be tanned.
The hides were put into the vat Some
time after M. Gates came along on the
track of Jester, who. he alleged, had
killed his son. The hides -were examined
and blood was found on tho hairy side
of one of them. The theory Is that this
was tho blood of Gilbert W. Gates. Mrs.
Matilda Dennis corroborated Durham's
testimony. She remembered her husband
telling about buying three bloody hides
from Jester. This afternoon Mrs. Joseph
ine Clark testified that one day In Jan
uary. 1S71, she saw a man with two
wagons and a buffalo calf pass her home
on a byroad In Monroo County, and in
the front wagon she noticed the form of
a man lying on the floor. She saw the
face of the man sticking out of the cov
ering of the wagon. Mrs. Clark made a
strong witness for the state. The defense,
tried to break down her testimony, but
without much success.
Wise Murder Trial.
ANOKX Minn., July 19. At tho conclu-
slon of the preliminary examination into
tha shooting of the "Wlse f araljy today,
tha court decided to release James Hardy
and jElnier; Miller, accused of tha Wlso
rtriurders. holdinjf that their alibis were
conclusive. Young Mattiaon, whose con
fession first directed suspicion to Hardy
and Miller, was held for trial.
s . . . .. . .
REVIEWED BY LOUBET.
Combined. -Mediterranean, and Chan
CHERBOURG. July M.Bresldent Lou
bet went aboard tho dispatch boat Elan
toiaay and reviewed In the harbor the com
bined Mediterranean and "Channel squad
rons, which have Just completed their
annual maneuvers. There were 42 war
ve sa s lined up, comprising 17 battle-ships,
five armored cruisers, eight cruisers, six
torpedo-boat destroyers and a floating
buoy. There was magnificent weather
and the spectacle was a splendid one. M.
Fallleres, President of the Senate; M.
Des Chamel, President of the Chamber of
Deputies; M. Waldeck-Rousseau, the
Prime Minister, and M. De Lannesan,
Minister of Marine, accompanied Presi
dent LoubeL Tho Teview was witnessed
by enormous crowds from a swarm of
W. W. ASTOR APOLOGIZES.
But It Will Not Regain Him His So
cial Position in London.
LONDON, July 19. William Waldorf
Astor has apparently reached the conclu
sion that he made a grave blunder when
he publicly Insulted Captain Sir Archibald
Berkeley Milne. Today Mr. Astor pub
lished in his newspaper, the Pall Mall
"We desire to express regret that a
paragraph which appeared in this column
July 2, with regard to the presence of
Sir Berkeley Milne at Mr. Aster's concert,
the preceding Thursday evening should
have been published under a misappre
hension of the exact circumstances. Ex
planations of a complete categorical kind
now show that Sir Berkeley Milne's pres
ence was dua to a misunderstanding that
entirely absolves blm from any intentional
Mr. Astor's apology was without doubt
forced by tho action of the Prince of
Wales, who when tho matter was placed
before him. unhesitatingly expressed his
Indignation and declared that unless an
ample apology was forthcoming, Mr. As
tor could not bo permitted to retain his
membership In the Marlborough Club.
The Prince of Wales' vleVs were convey
ed to the club committee and Mr. Astor
was notified that an apology alone
could save him from being expelled.
Though this apology Is now forthcoming
and Mr. Astor has narrowly escaped
the Ignominy of public expulsion from the
club, It 13 Widely asserted that his forced
repentance will not save him from bslng
cold-shouldered by all who are not daz
zled by his wealth.
THEY SAW THE QUEEN.
Christian Endeavorers nt Windsor
LONDON, July 19. Several thousands
of the Christian Endeavorers visited
Windsor today, en route to Oxford and
Stanford. This afternoon a large assem
bly gathered In the Royal Grounds, hop
ing to see Queen Victoria, and received
word that Her Majesty would appear In
the quadrangle of the castla Here the
Queen shortly arrived, accompanied by
Princess Henry of Battenbnrg, ready for
a drive. A thousand voices united tn
singing "God Save the Queen." which
was followed by the Christian Endeavor
ers anthem, as Her Majesty drove down
the ranks acknowledging the plaudits,
bowing and smiling.
Nearly all the delegates will eventually
go to Paris to see the exposition. Some
will take longer tours and visit Germany,
the Rhine, Munich, Oberammergau and
Switzerland. Another tour includes all
of these places and two weeks In Italy.
Death ln. tlvo Alps.
BERLIN, July IS. Tho, annual chapter
of Alpine accidents has begun unusually
early tills year. - Within a week seven
citizens of Berlin, . Including two ladles,
have met their death in the Alps. The
latest case was reported today. William
Welgand, the well-known Alpinist and a
teacher of gymnastics In a number of
Berlin Institutions, fell with Moser, the
most famous guide In the Tyrol, while
climbing Koenlgs Peak. Both were killed.
German Ment Inspection.
BERLIN, July 19. The Munich Allege
melne Zeltung says that an Imperial de
cree will be Issued In a few days, pro
hibiting the Importation of sausages and
canned meat, but that no deqlslon has
been reached as to when the other sec
tions of the meat Inspection law will
TEA WILL ADVANCE.
Oriental AVnr n a. Lever to Lift
JTEW TORK. July 19 Already the
troubles In China have given rise to re
ports of a probable Increase la the price
of tea and there Is llttla reason to doubt
that efforts will be made to induce tea
drinkers to pay more for their beverage
than they have been doing, everf If tho
disorder now prevailing In the northern
part of China does not spread to the
south, where -the tea fields are.
But unless the Boxers do succeed in In
ducing the southern provinces to Join In
tha anti-foreign outbreak, It does not
seem probable, so many merchants say,
that the tea crop of China can ba se
riously affected. The natives who raise
tea will be Just as anxious to sell It as
ever, and the home market cannot con
sume it all. even In the most favorable
Another reason why thera should be lit
tle genuine stringency In the tea market
Is the fact that India and Ceylon and
Japan furnish a large part of the world's
tea supply, and would grow vastly larger
crops than they do now, were It not for
the competition of cheap China teas. StlllK
If this competition should be removed, by
the spread of anarchy and war Into tho
tea-growing provinces of China, there is
every probability that prices would ad
vance temporarily, at least, and this
would probably result In America In a
large drop In the consumption of tea.
Nevertheless, for some reason or other,
there has recently been a marked advance
Invtho wholesale price of some grades of
CHICAGO, July 19. The Tribune says:
An advance In the price of tea, due to
the Chinese difficulties, is already felt In
the wholesale market. N. O. Conybear,
"Western manager for Thomas J. Llpton,
said that dealers In tea anticipated a long
war In China, and the market was being
Bryan' Letter to Egan.
NEW YORK, July 19. The following
letter, given out for publication by Pat
rick Egan. rormeriy umtea states Min
ister to Chile, was received by him, he
states, In answer to a telegram of con
gratulation sent by him to Mr. Bryan on
the, latter's nomination for the Presi
dency: "Lincoln, Neb., July 14. My Dear Mr.
Egan: Tour telegram of congratulation
was one of the first received, and none
was more highly appreciated. Tou wero
the first prominent Republican pointed
out to me when I arrived In Lincoln.
October i, 1SS7, and you may remember
that I responded to the toast, 'Our
Friends, the Enemy?' the evening when
you and other Republicans were celebrat
ing the Republican victory in 18SS. I at
tended the banquet given you when you
were departing for Chile. So much for
"Am glad that you" like our platform.
T Hlnlr If la OTinaph . Tf neHt in fimnetflT r
the conscience and patriotism of the peo-
pie. Tou are In a position to do lm-
I portant service for the party lu the crisis
which Is upon us, and I am delighted to
know that your zeal is equal to your
ability. Yours truly,
"W. J. BRYAN."
ONLY AN OBSERVER.
Gnptnia Reich mann Says He Was
Not a Boer Lender.
LEAVENWORTHTkan., July 19. Cap
tain Carl Relchmann, United States at
tache Tartth the Boers, denies that he took:
part as a Boer leader In any of the bat
tles In South Africa. It was reported In
May that Relchmann was In command oC
a Boer force In a battle wherein the Eng
lish were defeated. The first word of di
rect dental Is received in a letter to
Adolph Lange, of this city, written by
Captain Relchmann at Pretoria, May 15.
"I have been an observer in several
fights, and they were very interesting.
Was also at the battle of Sinnas Post, of
which you probably heard that I was the
leader on the side of the Boers. Thai
was a silly ."canard. I was only a plain
but much-shot-at observer."
THE TRANSVAAL CAMPAIGN.
A Fox and Hound Chase In South,
NEW YORK, July 19. A dispatch to
the Tribune from London says:
Lord Roberts reports from Pretoria a
battle and a fox chase. The bat
tle was 'brought on by - General
Botha, who attacked General Pole
carew's position east of Pretoria,
while General Hamilton was mov
ing northward and driving back Delarey's
commando and General French was In
the center between the two wings. This
was a vigorous counter-stroke planned
when Lord Roberts had succeeded in cut
ting off communications between the two
Boer forces and was pushing back tho
weaker column from Waterval.
The British positions were gallantly, de
fended by the Canadian and the New Zea
land Mounted Infantry and the Irish
Fusiliers, and a series of desperate at
tacks was repulsed. The losses were bal
anced on each side, but Included two
brave Canadian officers. Lieutenants Bor
den and Birch, to whom Lord Roberta
pays a fine tribute.
While Lord Roberts' army Is virtually
on the defensive within a few mlle3 of
Pretoria, he has sent Lord Methuen and
General Smlth-Dorrlen from Krugersdorp
to Rustenberg, to clear tho western dis
trict, where recent successes haye caused
a renewal of the bad feeling against the
British. Tho fox hunt has begun In tha
Orange River Colony, where Generals
Hunter and Rundle were slowly but sure
ly closing around General Dewet's com
mando. The fox has suddenly started across
the country toward Llndley. with tho
mounted forces of Colonel Broadwood and
Colonel Ridley In hot pursuit. Tha
Boer force does not exceed 13)0 men with
five guns, and the pursuers If their horses
are In good condition may succeed In
running It down. If this can be done, the
pacification of the Orange River Colony
ought to be effected rapidly, as the re
maining commandos cannot keep up the
fight In the mountains If Van Reenan'B
Pass and Harrlsmlth have been taken
but the fox must be first caught
The renewal of the Boers' activity Is
probably due to the effect of the crisis
In China. Mr. Kruger and Mr. Steyn
have perceived In the far East a diver
sion In their favor which they previously
expected either from European diplomacy
,or from American politics.
Potofflce at Pnnsro Pansro.
WASHINGTON. July 19. Fourth As
sistant Postmaster-General Brlstow, has
established a postoffice at the U. S. Naval
Station. Panico Pango. Samoa. Mrs. M.
H. Hudson, wife of Chief Boatswain Hud
son, U. S. N., has been appointed postmis
tress. ? fzmn
Or discomfort, no irritation of the in
testines but gentle, prompt, thorough
healthful 'cleansing, when your tska
Sold by all tirugglsts. 25 cents
Great (jA Price
Saftrea Parted War '
20 Pcr ceQ ft Dinner Sets
20 per cent, off Jardinieres
e20 p1" cen ctt clocJt3
20 Pcr Cnt tf Glassware
20 Per ccn H Lamps
20 Pr cc H Knives, Forks, Spoons
rilffh Crpde Silver glafca Ware
30 Per ccn h aI1 s acd nds
Grey Encrnelcd Ware, prices away down
Table Glassware, prices away down .
44 piece Sinner Set,. S3.00
Co piece Dinner Set, S4.4Q
loo piece Dinner Set, 36 95
GLASS BERRY AND TABLE SETS
35. 40, 45. 55. 75. 90 Cta. per Bet
GLASS PITCHERS, SUGAR BOWLS
AND SPOON HOLDERS
5, to, xs, 20, 5 cta. earn
LEMONADE AND WATER SETS
45. 35 3, 75. 9Q Cta, per Bet
CO uS JUST TO MESS
Good Time and Place to nuy
Great Eastera Tea Co.
223 First Street, Portland.
320 "Waahinarton Street, Portland.
' 113 Grand Avenue, E. Portland.
PRICES LOWER. THAX EVER,
disease by the timely use of
Tutt's Liver Pills, an old and
favorite remedy of increasing
popularity. Always cures
k SICK HEADACHE,
sour stomach, malaria, indiges
tion,, torpid liver, constipation
and all blllOUS diseases.
m Trrvw.nr w 2.- T"II I GL
i Ui i O JUIYQV iiLi-i