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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
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VOL. XL. NO: 12,350.
BLATZ BOTTLE BEERS
Each brand is adapted to somebody's
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representation of absolute purity and
ROTHCHILD BROS., Agents, 20-26 N. First St.
'. G. McPHERS
Heating and Ventilating Engineer
Wholesale and retail dealer in steam and hot
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Northwestern Agent for Richardson &
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WOOMRD, CLARKE & CO,
' ' .- ." a
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era TorUUh bath establlsameat i tho b.t.U g. p. OWW toaJST
Library Association of Portland
24,000 volumes and over 200tperlodlcals
$5.00 a year or $150 a quarter
Two books allowed on ail subscriptions
r?OURS-.grom ftQO A. M to SfcOO P. M dally, except Sumftys and hafldgv
KNOWLEDGE IS FOLLY UNLESS PUT
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M. B. WELLS, Northwcit Agent for the Aeolian .Company
353-355 Washington Street, opp. Cordray's,
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fchrtta Sew&& al f&6
t)nly News of Disaster From
the Seat -of War.
WHITE OFFICERS LEAD THE'CHINESE
General Ma. Said to -HaTe". InjRleted a
LONDON, July 13.-8:10 A. ML A terrible
veil of silence enshrouds Pekin, and there
is nobody but. what believes the worst
has happened. It is taken for granted
that all .the powers have exhausted every
means,- to get- direct news trom their Le
gations, and the fact that 'their efforts
have been in Train leaves but one Inter
pretation. The. Chineso representative . in Berlin
denies the statement that LI Hung Chang
had sent to him a; hopeful telegram. He
eays that, oii the contrary, no direct tel
egram, has-been- received by him from
Li Hung. Chang for some time.
The day's news is again restricted to
the usual crop of untrustworthy ru
mors, the most serious of which, reported
by the correspondent of the Express, is
to the effect .that Europeans are direct
ing the Chinese military operations. The
correspondent asserts that Captain Bail
ey, of H. M. S. Auzora, distinctly saw a
man in European garb directing the Chi
nese artillery operations outside of Tien
Foreign refugees from Tien Tsln openly
accuse a European official, whose name
the Express correspondent suppresses,
and Colonel von Hanneken, who was for
merly employed. to drill the Chinese
troops, of being parties to a plot to
procure tho escape of- General Chang and
themselves from Tien Tsln before the
bombardment, leaving the other foreign
ers to their fate.
Statements are in circulation in Shang
hai accusing the Russians of indiscrimi
nate slaughter of friendly Chinese non
combatants, without regard to age or
sex. The manager of a. Chinese steam
ship company, who has arrived in Bhang- J
hal, aeerts that he only escaped from
Tien Tsln by cutting on his cue and don-
mni- H.nmnAfin pinrnM if ir nrnr.n xnn.r .
to the powers against these Russian
It is asserted that the Buddhist priests
throughout the Empire are propagating
Prince Tuan's anti-foreign sentiment.
News is circulating throughout the
Yangtse Valley, that General Ma has In
flicted a crushing defeat upon the allies
at Tien Tsln, and that the foreign army )
has been cut to pieces east of Pekin. The
actual Impotence of the allied, forces
gives color to these stories with the worst ;
The Shanghai correspondent of the Ex
press gives Hen Tsln advices to July 8,
when the superior Tange of -the Japanese
artillery enable them to relieve the Rus
sians, who .were .hard Dressed at the xallt
"foVSLiilbnsL " """ " -r'iW.'
j, .ABpiaer Atory os B,e
"The Shanghai corrfesoondent . of the
Daily Mall- Bijys the following story re
garding the position iin. Pekin -emanates
from Chinese official sources:
"Thetwo remaining .legations, the Brit
ish and the Russian, were attacked In
force the evening of July cT Prince Tuan
being in command. The attackers were
divided. Prince Tuaji ..commanded the
center the right wing was Jed by Prince
Tsai Tin, and-the left by Prince Yin Lin.
The reserves were under Prince Tsln Yu.
"The attack commenced with artillery
nnng, wnicn. was severe, ana lasted until f
7 o clock In the morning, by which time
both legations were destroyed and all
the foreigners were dead, while the
streets around -the. legations were full of
the dead bodies of both foreigners and
"Upon hearing of the attack. Prince r
Chlng and General Wang Wen Sha went
with troops to the assistance of the for- i
elgners, but-they were outnumbered and i
defeated. Both Prince Ching and Gen-' Russian vessel while in this country
eral Wang Wen Sha were killed. Several ! he should be apprehended and returned,
foreigners are said to have escaped to the latter government. It. was -also'
through the. gates, one with a heavy i contended that the prisoner was not.gull
swofd wound In hU head. . Prince Tuan I tv of such an offense, as the crew of the.
In celebration of the victory, distributed
100,000. taels and huge quantities of rice
to tho Boxers."
The Canton correspondent of the Dally
Telegraph, wiring July 11, says:
"Li Hung Chang. has decided to remain
here, and the American gunboat which
was waiting -to convey him en route to
Pekin will sail tomorrow."
Berlin- Scoffs at Minister Wu's Com
mnnlcation. BERLIN, July 12,-lOfflcial circles here
attach little importance to the communi
cation of the Chinese Minister at Wash
ington,, dated June 29. At best It is in
terpreted as an attempt to gloss over
the recent outrageous deeds. A number
of statements made In It are declared to
be notoriously false, such as, for instance,
the representations regarding Baron von
Xetteler's death and the.Taku seizure.
The main objection urged here Is that
nobody .knows who is the government
Which the statement represents, -whether
the government of the Dowager Em
press and.Kwong Hsu, or that of Prince
Tuan. The document -bears date of June
23, and nobody knows what government,
if any, has since succeeded.
A majority of the papers regard the
communication as a part of the Chinese
network of lies with -which both Europe
and America have lately been overrun.
The Foreign Office thinks that.lf the com
munication Is authentic and authorized by
the existing Chinese Government, it would j
mean, that the Peldn Government fore-!
sees the proximate end of the rebellion
and would like to effeota reconciliation.
Tho publication tonight in the North
German, Gazette of the text of a circular
bearing Count von Bulow's signature and
giving a summary of the Chinese trouble
and Its origin, copies of which have been
sent to the government of every German
state, isTneant also to reassure all the
others powers regarding Germany's in
tentions.' The closing paragraph especi
ally sums up the alms of the govern
ment as being wholly In accord with those
of the other powers, and emphatically
announces that Germany does not seek
Bpeclal advantages in China. The whole
document conforms with the news here
tofore published. After reviewing recent
events in China, he says:
"The latest development in the military
situation is the piercing of the Imperial
canal near Tien Tsln for the purpose of
Inundating the country and thus ham
pering any advance upon Pekin from the
Bouth, while masses of hostile Chinese are
pressing on from the North and East.
"Our military- measures, consisting of
eight battalions of Infantry, three squad
rons of cavalry, and four batteries, will
enable us to participate in the military
action in a manner corresponding with
Germany's political Importance.
"By the recent events ia China, the
successful German mission operations
there, the flourishing German, trade and
economical enterprises are menaced. Qiir
moral and material interests -we mast
protect. Our aim Is the restoration of
securltr for persons and property, free
domof action for Germans in China, the
rescue of the foreigners beleaguered in
Pekin, the re-establlshment of .security
and regular conditions under a properly
organized Chinese Government, and repa
ration and satisfaction for the outrages
committed! "We desire no- partition of.
China, and seek no special advantages.
"The Imperial Government, ..is "imbued
with the conviction that the maintenance
of the agreement betwen the powers is
a primary condition lor "the restoration
of peace, and order In China,"
The German press today prints lauda
tory .articles regarding Dr. vpn Mumm
Schwarxensteln, the newly appointed Min
ister to China, approving "his appointment
to- the post. Nearly the entire- German
press express utter disbelief in the ...moat
recent dispatches from Chinese sources.
declaring that the situation today la
really worse than It has been recently,
inasmuch as there is no authentic news
from Pekin, and that from Tien Tsln Is
Qafet on the "Wst River.
HONG KONG, July 12.-Juiet continues
along the" West River. Missionaries are
arriving at Foo Chow from all parts.
"When some of the missionaries left Te
King,. theChlneso were -openly-discuss-.
Ing placing a price on the heads of
TRIAL OF CALEB POWERS.
of the Jury Ja tttiU
GEORGETOWN. July 12. In the Pow
ers' .trial this forenoon the defense-made
a request that the .orders of yesterday
be made to show that six "temporarily
accepted jurors were aworn to try the
case. Judge Canirfll granted the request,
but refused to permit the names, of the
six jurors to appear -In the order. The
swearing of the jurors before tho full
Jury is selected will likely be urged as
erroneous in case of appeal.
Judge Cantrlll called afl the newspaper
reporters into his private .room -at the
Courtrhouse and requested them not to
write anything In anticipation of what
witnesses will say on the stand, and said
that he did not wish the defendants tried
In advance in the newspapers.
At 11:30 o'clock 12 Jurors had been select
ed temporarily. Of the six selected this
mnrninff rtii, & taw. ... . . ..
Republicans. The Judge ordered the com-
monwealth to make Its peremptory chil
lenges. The commonwealth then chal
lenged the following of the accepted Jur
ors: A. M. Bradley and J. D. Groves,
Judge Cantrlll, at the afternoon session,
refused to allow the record to show that
A. M. Bradley, who was challenged by
& prosecution today, was sworn aa a
Juror yesterday, because, he said, the
prosecution was entitled to lis Ave chal
lenges at any time before the jury was
finally sworn. At 3 o'clock J. C. Zelslnger
and George Murphy "were accepted a Jur
ors In place of Bradley and Groves, chal
lenged, and the commonwealth accepted
the jury. The defense then began con
sulting as to its challenges, it being en
PHILADELPHIA, July 12. Judge Mc
Phersori, In the United States District
Court, today handed down a decision in
the case of a deserting Russian naval
surgeon, which has an Important bear
ing on the sending of foreign nations
to this country of skeleton crews to
man warships under construction in the
TTnltw1 Rfnt Th mm tm "thf nt
Leon Alexandroff, an assistant surgeon,
-who wim iuHimni. with n. tnff nmni
who was assigned, with a staff officer
and a crew of 51 sailors, to man the
cruiser "Variag, which is near completion
at the Cramp shipyard. Hebeas corpus
proceedings for the release of Alexandroff
were brought two weeks anro. Counsel
for the prisoner at that hearing con-
tended that the treaty betwen, the United
States and Russia merely provided that
in case -a Russian seaman deserted aj
Varlag had never been organized. There
fore It was , argued that Alexandroff
might be a deserter from the Russfon-
Navy but not from a Russian vessel.
It was maintained by the counsel for
the Russian Government that the treaty
provided for desertions from the navy
as well as Russian vessels.
Judge McPherson discharged the pris
oner on the ground maintained by Alex-r
androffs counsel. The Judge said he had
reached the decision with reluctance, as
the prisoner was a deserter and he did
not regard his abandonment of duty
Counsel for the Russian Government
Immediately took an appeal to the United
States Court of Appeals and Alexandroff
was held in ball pending a decision of
PORTO RICAN PUBLIC . LANDS
Commissioner Hermann Holds Tkere
la Ko Fund for Surveying.
WASHINGTON, July 12. In a decision
announced today, CommlaslonerGeheral
Herman, of the General Land Ofhce,
holds that the general appropriations for
surveying public lands do not In any
sense apply to public lands In Porto Rico.
Tho Question, on account of its Import
ance to the status of that island, has at
tracted considerable attention, and was
referred to the Interior Department by
tne secretary or state.
Commissioner Hermann decides that, as
there exists no United States law pro-
"d11 survey and disposal of Porto
Rican lands, which, under the cession
f rom 8Paln Inure to our Government, "It
yrov:i appear that Congressional legisla-.
tlon will be necessary before any action
con bo taken.'
OIL TANK EXPLODED,
Tvro Persons Killed and One Hun
dred Injured Near Boston.
BOSTON, July 13. By an explosion of
an oil tank In the railroad yards at Som
ervlUe, during a Are last night, over 100
persons were more or less injured, and
two are, reported dead.
Electric Cars Collide.
SPRINGFIELD. O.. July 12. Two cars
collided on the Dayton, Springfield &
Urbana eleetrlc road last night, and
telescoped. Probably 20 persons were in
jured. The injured are:
' Motorman Charles Armstrong, inter
nally, may die; Feirl Shoup, Emma Lan
nert, George Gerrln, Marion Baen Carl"
Elser, Walter Wehrorlm, Charles Ulles,
Carl Hartman. Dora Gourer, John-Kelsey.
Boers Release Prisoners.
LONDON, July 12. The War Office an
nounces that General Buller reports that
G59 prisoners released by the Boers have
arrived at Ladysmlth.
President Official ly. 'Apprised
of His -Nomination.
PolicTr-o-tlieAdininiBrtioH la- tie
Chinese and, Philippine-" Questions
Outlined by the President.
CANTON, O., July il!- William McKIn
ley today t was.- officially notified qf his
second nomination by the - Republican
party fo? .the' highest office in the gift
of. the Republic. j
There was enthusiasm to snare, and to
many of the -pointed utterances of both!
aenaxor ixdge and the President, hearty
and cordial' approval was shown.. Im-
.pprtant. features of the speech of Senator-Lodge
and; the response by President
McKlnley were the references to the
Chinese situation. Thin enii n n
deal of discussion durlne t1if.pnnr.nMiM. I
-iouowmg-the-formal speech-making- and
tfle "npression created was that these
PITH OF CHINESE NEWS )R BUSY" READERS
The news from China Is confined t largely .to rumors', from untrust
worthy sources. One-is that- the allies atf.'Tien Tsinw"eredefeated and a
foreign, force cut to pieces east of Pekin. .VEuropeart' offlce'rt'f are said to
be directing the operations of the Chinese-, . , ' ''
There Is still no authentic news f ronr Pekin. A Shanghai correspond
ent repeats the massacre story, which he has from Chinese official sources.
Admiral Seymour reports the situation at Tien Tsln up to Saturday,
when he was bringing up more guns from Taku. At that time there
were 10,000 foreign troops on hand, "but more were required.
The United States Government is determined to. communicate with Mr.
Conger, and has notified Minister Wu 'to that effect There will be 'no
pause until the fate of the foreigners In Pekin Is known, ample protec
tion given Americans In China and thegullty officials brought to Justice.
The German Foreign Minister announces that his government Is seek
ing only the protection of -foreigners in China, not the partition of the Em
A Yokohama dispatch says Japan will, send ""0,000 troops to China. A
Che Foo story Is that Prince Tuan has become .insane. Shanghai re
peats the rumor that a Russian force of SO.COO is coming down on Pekin
from the north. -f " ,
U Hung Chang will remain at Canton.
utterances 'were-'" notification to the advice' to the passageof the great meas
world that the United States intended to 'urea which are today the great. bulwark
preserve all Its rights m- China. The .of both. You led again, in the great pol
most impressive parts -of the" President's ley wlilch has made Hawaii a possession
speech were his reference to the malnten- . of the United States. On all of these
anco of the gold standard? and the flnan-' Questions you fulfilled the hopes and Jus
dtp. jpubllc -faith; the preservation of a ' titled the confidence of the people who
protective tariff and the enlargement of . four years ago put trust In your prom-
tariff- or four years ago?" -there wsro
abouts of, "ftb, Jta" from "every, part of
uo auuicuce, Anuinpr' jjruiuji&tru turei
greeted' bis words relative to the main
tenance of our authority in the Philip
pines. With, the-keenest interest everybody fol
lowed that pottion.of the speech relating
to ,'ttie new possessions, and' there was a
most lmprjesslve shout when he declared
there should be continued legislative con
trol over the territory possessed, by the
United States, and another outburst when
he said such authority would be coupled
with "liberty and humanity." His dec
laration that the United States had re
claimed "10,000,000 human .beings from Im
perialism" made.a declded'impresslon.
The President seemed at. his best. . He
was In good voice and spirits. His ap
pearance Indicated the best of health;
and his voice rang out loud and clear,
reached the outskirts of the crowd which
surrounded the house and. extended over
the lawn and across the t street, speak
ing -from the same place 'where he re
ceived the formal -notification four. years
-While the speech of the President closed
the formal notification, other speakers
were called for. Senator Fairbanks, of
Indiana: Senator Hanna, chairman of the
National committee; .Charles E Smith,
Postmaster-General; Colonel Samuel Par
ker, of Hawaii, and Senator Lodge we're
heard. The speakers, -with the exception
of Colonel Parker, who was called out
of compliment to the Pacific Islands, took
occasion to refer to the recent action of,
the Democratic National Convention in
Kansas City. It was evident that Sena
tor Fairbanks Intended to moke - the
money question the dominant Issue of the
campaign, denying that with 16 tp 1 in
their platform the Democrats could make
Imperialism, tho leading Issue. Senator
Hanna adjured -Republican voters to re
member the importance vof the campaign.
Postmaster-General Smith warned his
hearers that Democratic success . would
disagree with the business Interests of
the country. The features of the second
speech' of Senator Lodge was hi resent
ment of criticisms of President McKlnley
by Ma opponents, and his pointing, out
the difficulty Mr. Bryan would "have "In
securing a Cabinet from the men promi
nent in the conventions at Kansas City
and Sioux Falls.
The weather was perfect. Tho rati
fication committee .and party came from
Cleveland on a special train, making the
run In one hour and 25 minutes. They
were met at the station and escorted in
carnages to tne home of 'President Ho
Klnloy. The Tippecanoe Club, of Cleve
land, was given the place of- honor next
to the band with which the Canton citi
zens welcomed the delegation. jDecora
ttonsW.exe not plentiful, out thp Ameri
can flag floated from many business
houses and residences along' the route of
A number of distinguished men occu
pied seats on the porch, among them be
ing Senator Hanna, Postmaster-General
Smith, Cornelius N. Bliss, Henry C
Payne, Judge Day. R. C. Kerens and Rep
resentative Tayler. With Mrs. McKlnley
were Mrs. -Barber, Mrs. Mary Saxton, Mrs.
Judge Day and Mrs. Charles Dawes.
.Senator Lodge' Speech.
Senator: Lodge immediately mounted a
small- standing block and delivered, his
speech. He said:
"Mr. President: This committee, repre
senting every state In the Union and tho
organized-territories of the United States,
was duly appointed to announce to you,
formally, your nomination by the Repub
lican National Convention, -which met In
.Philadelphia, June 19 lost, as the candi
date of the Republican party for Presi
dent of the United States for the. term
beginning' March -4. 1501. v
"To be selected by' the Republican par
ty as their candidate for this great office
Is always one of the highest honors which
can be given to any man. This nomina
tion; however, comes to you, air, under
circumstances which give it a higher sig
nificance, and make it an even deeper ex
pression of honor and trust than usual.
You were nominated unanimously at Phil
adelphia. You received "the unforced vote
of ' ervery" delegate, from every state and
"The harmony of sentiment which ap
pears on the face of the record was but
the reflection of the deeper harmony
whichexisted.ln the "hearts and minds of
the delegates. Without faction, without
dissent, with, profound satisfaction and
eager 'enthusiasm, you were nominated
for the Presidency by the united voice of
the representatives of our great party, in
which there is- neither sign of division
nor shadow of turning. , Such unanimity,
always remarkable,. Is here the more Im
pressive because it accompanies a second
nomination to the great office which you
have- held for four years. It ls; not the
facile triumph of hope over "experience,
btft ' the- sober approval aS cohduct and
character tested In pany trials and tried
by 'heavy and extraordinary responsibili
ties. With the exception of the period
In which Washington organised tfcW Na
tion 4and built the.atate and of thosether
awful years' when Lincoln led his pegnje
through the agony of civil war and saVii
from destruction the work of Washing
ton, there never has been a Presidential
term In our history so qrowded with great
events, so filled. With new and momentous
questions, as that which Is now drawing
to its. end. True to the declarations
which were made at St, Louis In 1896, you.
sir, united. 4wlth the Republicans In Con
gress in the, revision of the tariff and the
i You' maintained our credit and upheld the
re-estaousnment oz tne protective poucy.
gold standard, leading the party by yout
iseasw - -. . .- w . jk-Ktfc--
' -. . ,' - .f i. .
on 'all these questions, also, -yoir
Ijhsas'-guldes" nbt only yoo? .own. prlncf-
Kdf' training .and, reflection, but also the
- pies. tn woii-consiarrea results oi yenxs
pium declarations aOi. xne ptauqnai con',
ventlbn which nominated; you In 1896. Far
different was it wen the Cuban ques
tion which we had- already promised to
settle brought war arid then peace . with
Spain. Congress declared w;ar, . but you,
as Commander-fn-Chtef. had to carry It
on. You did so. and. history records un
broken victory 'from the first, shot from
the Nashvilje to the day. when the proto
col -was signed. The peace you had to
make alone.- Cuba, Porto Rico, the Phil'
ipplns you had to assume alone the re
sponsibility of taking from Spain. Alone
and weighted with the- terrible responsi
bility' of the unchecked war powers of
the Constitution, you. were obliged to gov-
etn these Islands and ttf repress rebellion
and disorder in .the Philippines. No par
ty creed defined -the course you were to
fdllow. Courages foresight, comprehen-
islon of American Interests, both now and
In the uncharted future, faith In the
American people and lp their fitness for
great tasks, were then your only guides
"Thus you framed and put In operation
this great new policy which has made
us masters of the Antilles and a great
Eastern- power, holding firm' our posses
sions on both sides of the Pacific The
new and strange, ever excites fear, and
the courage and prescience which accepts
them always arouse -criticism and attack.
Yet a great departure and a new policy
were never more qulclcly Justified than
those undertaken by you. On the pos
session of the Philippines rests the ad
mirable .diplomacy which warned all na-
tlonsthat American trade was not to be
shut out from China. It Is to Manila that
we owe thp ability to send troops and
snips in tnis ume or stress to tne ae
fense of our Ministers, our missionaries,
our Consuls and our merchants In. China,
instead of being compelled to .leave our
.citizens to the casual protection of other
powers, as would have been unavoidable
had we flung the Philippines away and
withdrawn from the Orient. Rest as
sured, sir, - that the vigorous measure
which you have thus been enabled to
take, and that all further measures In
the same direction which you may take,
foe the protection of American lives arid
property, will receive the hearty support
of the people of .the United States who
are now, . as .always, determined -that the
American citizen, "shall be protected at
any cost In all his rights, everywhere and
at all times. It Is to Manila again, to
our fleet In the bay and to our army on
land that, we shall owe the power, when
these scenes of blood in China are
closed, to exact reparation, to enforce
stern Justce and to Insist. In the. Anal
settlement, upon on open door to all that
vast .market for our growing commerce.
Events moving" with terrible rapidity
have been, swift witnesses to the wisdom
of your action in. the East. The Phila
delphia convention has adopted your pol
icy both In the Antilles and the Philip
pines and has made. It their own 'and"
that of the Republican party.
"Your ' election, sir, next November,
assures to us thV continuance of that
policy abroad and In our. new possessions.
To Intrust these difficult and vital ques
tions to other hands, at once Incom
petent and hostile, would be a disastrous
and a still more unrelieved- disaster to
our posterity. Your election means not
only protection to our Industries, but the
maintenance of a. sound currency and of
the gold-standard, the very corner-stones
of our economic and financial welfare.
Should these be shaken, as they would be
by the success of our opponents, the
whole fabric of our business confidence
and prosperity would fall Into ruin. Your
defeat would be- the signal for the ad
vance of free trade, for the anarchy ot
a debased and unstable currency, mora
.business panic and depression and hard
times, and for the wreck of our foreign
'Your election and the triumph of the
Republican party which we believe to be
as sure as the coming of the day will
make certain the steady protection of our
(Concluded en Second Page.)
TRAPPED BY 8'OERS
Another British Force Falls.
Into Dutch' Hands.
THE CAPTURE OF NITRAL'S NEK
Lord Roberta Reports the Casnnltiejj
HeitvyAnotner English iDe ,
feat Xortlt. of Pretoria. - t
LONDON, July 12,-Lord Roberta ri
porta to the War Office, under date of
Pretoria, July 12, as follows:
"The enemy, having foiled In their at
tack upon our right rear, as mentioned
m my telegram of July 9, made a deter
mined attack upon our right flank yes
terday, and, r regret to say, succeeded'-lu
capturing Nitrai's Neck, which was gar
risoned by a squadron of the Scots
Guards, with two guns of a battery of tho
Royal Artillery and five companies of the
Lincolnshire Regiment. The enemy at
tacked in superior numbers at dawn, and,
seizing the hills commanding the Nek.
brought a heavy gun fire to bear upon
the small garrison. Nitrai's Nek Is about
IS miles from here,, near where tho road
crosses the Crocodile River. It was held
by us in order to maintain road and tele
graphic communication with Rustenberg.
"The fighting lasted, more or less,
throughout the day, and Immediately on
receiving Information this evening of tha
enemy's strength, I dispatched reinforce.
ments from here under Colonel, Godfrey
of the King's Own "Scotch Borderers
Before, however, they reached the spot,
the garrison had been overpowered iher
guns and the greater portion of the
squadron of the Grays had been captured
owing to the horses being shot; also about
90 men of the Lincolnshire Regiment, A;
list of the casualties has not been rex.
celved, but I think they ore heavy.
"Simultaneously, an attack was mad
on our outposts, near Durdepoort, norlthi,
of the town. In which the Seventh
L Dragoons were engaged. The regiment
was handled with considerable skill b
Lieutenant-Colonel Low, and kept tha
enemy la check until they retired on theh
supports, and would probably have suf
fered but slight loss, had not our troops,
mistaken some Boers in the bushes forj
our own men.
"Smith-Dorrien had a small engagement
with the enemy yesterday near Krugers-
dorp, and Inflicted heavy loss on them.
"Buller reports, that the Boers wha.
were destroying his line of railway neoit
Paarde Krall were driven off yesterday
after a short action.
"Hart reports from Heidelberg that thef
surrendering of Boer arms- and ammu
nition continues in that district."
DETAILS OF THE FIGHT.
Tae British Garrison Overpowered
Boers Employed Natives.
PRETORIA, July 12. Colonel Mahon.,
reinforced by General French's brigade
yesterday took all the positions held-
js-Aft-jit3y'xns jsoers m uie iiei5iiuyraoou- oc .
t "Reltlontein. A number of Boer dead1 wera
found; The .British casualties wero
Details- are nov at hand regarding the!
disaster to the Lincolnshire Relgment.
Wednesday. It appenrs that five com
panies were ordered to proceed-and hold
the pass through Magalesburg, . in tho
neighborhood of Daspoort Fort. They ar
rived at the pass in the afternoon, where
three companies, with two guns, took up;
a position and camped for the night, leav
ing two companies on a plain south ofi,
the pass. The eastern hill was rugged
rocky and inaccessible, but further east
I apparently approachable from the main.
ridge. At daybreak yesterday all the
Boers apeared on the eastern kopje and.
opened a heavy fire. Confusion ensued
Tho -Colonel ordered the men to takd
up a position on a kopje west of the gap.
From this point a hot fire ensued during
the entire day. Two guns under the es-.
cort ot the Scots, placed In advance from
the main body, were captured, after a.
stout resistance. Nearly every man was
killed or wounded. A Maxim gun was'
brought into action early in the day. The
fire was too hot and the men were finally
forced to retire. A sergeant, aided by
seven volunteers, saved the gun. Thertt
was a continuous fire all along the llne,
the Lincolnshire Regiment replying.
About 3 o'clock In the afternoon, tha'
Boers appeared to the left of the position'
occupied by the British. An officer and?
15 men attempted to charge them. Four-"
teen men were killed or wounded as tho
result ot the charge: The three com
panies were practically surrounded; but
they kept up a steady fire not wavering
until towards nightfall, when their am-s
munition, had been expended.
It is understood upon good authority
that the -Boers have employed armed ha
tives. Two of the natives leaped frorar
cover when a small party from the Llh-.
colnshlre Regiment stepped up and de.
manded their surrender. A soldier?
stepped forward and shot both the na
tives dead. One officer, who succeeded, iiv
making his escape, had an encounter-J
with an armed native.
It is feared that the losses of the Britx,
lsh were numerous. About 30 of tha
British soldiers straggled"back to- camp"
today. According to all accounts a great
force Is being assembled to prevent fur,
ther progress of. the Boers.
BOLD FUN OF THE BOERS.
Botha's Army Trying: to Recnpturei
LONDON, July 13. Lord Roberts dis
patch, reporting still another unfortunate"
occurrence, throws a serious light upon,
the state of affairs In Bouth Africa. There"
has been some comment recently, regarding-
the virtual absence of progress by.
the Immense army under command of.
Lord Roberts, but few could have been!
found to believe that the scattered Boers
were able to inflict such a defeat so near.
Instead, of the surrender of all of tha:.
remaining Boers being Imminent, as ro-.
cent telegrams had hinted, it seems they,
have been making a concerted attempt,
to surround or recapture Pretoria, with.,
so much success that In the region which t
was supposed to be pacified, and .In which,
no attack was expected, they succeeded in
Inflicting a serious defeat, and capturing,
two-guns and some 200 men. It is eviden
that General Botha has considerable
force, seeing that he Is able to press Lord
Roberts lines at half a dozen points
around Pretoria, from the Springs to the
southeast of the city northward to Mid--delburg
and Durdepoort and thenco
southward to Nitrai's Nek and Krugers--dorf.
Lord Roberts omits to give the name of
the commander concerned, giving rise to
the belief that worse remains to be told.
Even If the mishap be not more grave
than his Information at present Implies,
It proves that the situation Is still serious,
and that there Is no possibility of any
troops being spared from South Africa for
China, but on the contrary, it will still
take a long time to clear the country oi
News has reached London that Lord
Roberts has been suffering from a serious
bowel complaint, and that Lady Roberta
was hurriedly summoned to Bloemfonteln.