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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (July 2, 1900)
THE MORNING OREGONIAN, MONDAY. JULY 2, 1900.
Entered at the Post office at Portland, Oregon,
as second-class matter.
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TODATS WEATHER Oni-rallr- fair: warm
er; winds mostly northerly.
j PORTLAND, MOXDAY, JUIiY 2, lOOO
This week the Kansas City con-
Svention. The oratory will be vehement
and hysterical. It will show how m-
ilie hope remains for our beloved coun-
jtry. As It was to be ruined four years
ago by the accursed sold standard, so
I Bow It is to be ruined by imperialism.
fortunately ours Is a country which,
though ruined many times, can Btlll
It is announced that Mr. Bryan, who
is bo complete a master 6f his party
that no one else can have anything to
say, is resolved that there shall be dis
tinct and positive reaffirmation of free
coinage, at 16 to 1. and no eaul vocation
about it. Certainly, since he owes all
his fame, his position In his party, and
his mastery over it, to his rhetorical
crown of thorns and cross of gold. To
leave silver out would be Just about the
I same as leaving Bryan out It would
ibe a confession of judgment against
the sanity of the party in 189G. The
country has, indeed, passed judgment
on tnat point, but the party cannot be
expected to acknowledge the justice of
It is probable that the orators of the
convention and the makers of the nlat-
form will try to run a line of distinc
tion between "expansion" and "impe
rialism." That is,, it will not be af
firmed in direct terms that we ought to
abandon the newly acquired posses
sions, but that we have no right to
require the inhabitants to submit tn
the authority of the United States.
Ludicrous as such position would be,
th TnnTrArs nf tVio nlaffm-m mn nA
be unequal to it Such declaration Wy
take its place .'-in platform literature
with the old resolve that "we are un
alterably attached to the Union, but
loppose all measures for its preserva
itlon"; and "we favor prohibition, but
deprecate its enforcement"
These will be the main themes: but
Ion trusts much will be said or sung.
No practical or practicable means of
dealing with the trusts will, however.
be offered, for the subject is one on
which men of no party are agreed; but
it can be whooped ud by vamie decla
mation in the platform, and that will
For the rest. Mr. Brvan's pnmlnn-
platform mav be naranhraspd In th
iwords of the Salt Lake. Tribune, to
Come unto me all ye who have a growl and
. win sympathize with you.
Come unto me all ye who want silver and I
tr'Al supply it.
Ccmi tirjto me all yo who want greenbacks'
md I wll set the" machines going.
Come urto me nil va who mnt - vmi.v.
courts, so that you can beconie anarchists.
ir.a a wm join you.
If ye have any vajrarv In the world. oniric
lunto me and I will Indorse it.
Come unto me yc criminal clasps who obj-ct
o being governed without th mnmnt f v.
Kcvrrned. and I will stand by you.
All ye who are sick and have political mental
iyspepsla, come unto me, and I will give you
All yo who were tramns undo?- r- m ...-
nand'a administration, but who can get a liv
ing and lay up money now in eight hours.
sat ana siet-p eight hours more, and have eight
ftours for deviltry every day, come unto me
ind I will indorse Tour devil trr. n m!..
Jjchat it Is.
Come unto me, Agulnaldo. Tou have given
ne a great chance to use mv mmith nnin.i
the Administration. We know you am not
It to govern yourselves, but then ti 9M
plenty in my own party In the United States
nc mune way.
Come unto me. ve who Vmt ( .n.v. ,.,
Ef you can do nothing to lift yoursolves up,'
are wriinc to do all you can to pull others
aown zor je are Kindred spirits.
Come unto me. tb TJoei'a- hMn .. i.
Barge German contingent in the United States
Iwhlrh I Wish tO draw to me on -vrmi- nwit
iThero Is a large Irish contingent, which 1
wasn to araw to me through their hate of
ireat .uruain. My strong desire this year
for votes and I am training mv lnnu nnA
tos to minister to that delre, and the hlgh-
tnournt I havo is to win.
The New York Post, which is much
rorrled about imperialism on the one
land and free silver on the other, is
:lcarly uncertain what course to take
In the coming campaign. It has made
ip its mind, however, that one line of
iaction is clear before the small but he-
jlc band of anti-Imperialists, and that
is to make an earnest effort to "se-
?ure the election next November of a
pious of Bepresentatlves vith a ma
jority of members opposed to Imperial
ism," which the Post spell3 with a large
rX" Adds the Post:
McKinley or Bryan will be the next Presl-
lent that is certain. "What Is not certain is
rhether there will be a majority In the noxt
louse in favor of imperialism. A President
rho favors imperialism will not be able to
;d very far on that road with a House which
arl'l not keep htm company and to secure
h a House Is the great duty before the antl-
A President who favors imperialism
suld have to keep his Imperial de
signs buried in the innermost recesses
3f his soul. There is no danger that he
wlll get a Congress that would support
um, whatever Its political comnlexion.
We shall have an imperialist President
id an imperialist Congress only when
re have an imperialist people.
Suppose that Mr. Fred Dubois, states-
lan-at-iarge, is successful in persuad
ing the Kansas City conventions that
ft Is impolitic and dangerous to uphold
le right of free riot, as applied to the
.Idaho situation. The Sioux City con
vention -severely condemned the meth-.
ods adopted by the state and Federal
authorities to restore order. Mr. Bryan
Is the nominee of the Sioux Falls "Pop
ulists. He will be the nominee of the
Democratic and Silver Republican con
ventions. These platforms, if Mr. Du
bois' advice is followed, will be diamet
rically opposed on this Important ques
tion. In what position does this place'
Mr. Bryan? Can he be for anarchy and
arson and murder, and can he be
against it? He can be, if anybody can.
PURITY IN ELECTIONS.
Our election system is sorely in need
of purification. The Australian ballot
primary and registration laws, enacted
since 1891, are distinct advances upon
old methods, but they do not strike the
root of the evil; which lies in the star
chamber control of the political par
ties, from the selection of delegates at
the primaries to the slating of all
nominees in the county conventions.
They aim purely at the conduct of
elections, and do not give the people
free and unhampered participation in
the choice of candidates for office. They
do not take the right of making up the
party ticket out of the power of the
bosses, where it does not belong, and
place it in the hands of the party Itself,
the individual voters, where it does
belong. Because of this situation of
affairs, our candidates for office are
the nominees of county committees, not
of the party for which, they stand.
They are under obligations to the
county committee for setting up dele
gates for them in the primaries, and
for delivering the requisite number of
votes in the county convention. In re
turn, they pay the assessment levied
for campaign expense; they bow to the
dictum of the committee in the selec
tion of their deputies; they are the
creatures of the committee from the
day they aspire for office to the ex
piration of their terms. If the candi
date does all things as the committee
dictates, he is held to be a good Re
publican or Democrat unless he should
be guilty of malfeasance in office, in
which case the committee generously
unloads him with the gracious remark
that he has been unfaithful to his trust
Faithless to whom? To the people, of
course, though they had nothing to do
with his nomination in the first place.
Enactment of a law providing for di
rect primary nominations, similar to
the one proposed by Mr. E. W. Bing
ham, would correct the evil of which
there is so general complaint This
should be the first duty of the Leg
islature when it meets next Winter.
A law of this kind would do away
with county committees and county
conventions that ratify their slates and
platforms. It would give the poorest
individual elector an equal voice with
the wealthiest and most influential in
the selection of candidates, and make
the nominees for office the choice of
the party itself, and not the favorites
of a few men in control of the ma
chine. All differences would be settled
at the primaries by the ones who have
an interest in their settlement, and the
succeeding campaign and election
would be freed from factional and per
sonal bitterness and the independent
candidate. The independent would cer
tainly lose his calling, for a man who
would fall to carry the primaries could
not reasonably hope to win the office at
Another subject to which the Legis
lature could profitably give considera
tion is the suggestion that at the close
of a campaign all candidates, whether
successful or not, be required to file
with the County Clerk a statement
under oath, showing the amount they
expended in the canvass, the purpose
for which each Item was expended, and
the persons to whotn the money was
paid. Some way ought to be found to
rid the community of the horde of strik
ers who pounce upon candidates at
every election with offers to sell in
fluence which they do not have. Some
how or other the average candidate
feels it his duty to cater to this para
site mob of men who will not work,
divekeepers, consorts of disorderly
women and professional beer-olub or
ganizers, not so much to get their votes
as to minimize their power of doing
harm to his candidacy. A law requir
ing a statement of election expenses,
and a provision making disbursements
of a certain kind Illegal, would help to
keep the grafters away from the can
didates. The more safeguards we
throw around our nominations and the
men who get them, the better officers
we shall have, and the cleaner and
most business-like administration of
our affairs. But if we stand by and
permit candidates to go to county com
mittees for their nominations, to be
gduged by county committees before
canvass begins, and by the scum of
the electorate afterward, to be out of
pocket $1500 to get a $3500 officer to
must accept the situation philosophic
ally and prepare ourselves to put up
with men who look upon public office
as a private snap. The remedy is in
KING CORN LIBELED.
A good deal is being said from day to
day about the foolish antipathy, based
upon ignorance and prejudice, of the
Chinese against foreigners and foreign
products. Facts of dally occurrence
prove that the estimate of this folly
is largely correct and that China is
piling up for herself wrath against a
day of wrath in consequence of it
But China is net the only nation that
tries through edicts of exclusion to
block foreign trade. The same spirit
prevails in governmental circles of
Germany, France and some other coun
tries, and It is especially directed
against American food products. Take
for example the attempt of the two
countries named to exclude the meat
products of the United States under the
pretense that they are unwholesome.
The official war that is being waged
against these products is not as every
one knows, in the Interest of the pub
lic health, as It Is claimed, but for the
benefit of a few producers, who can,
with American competition destroyed,
realize enormous profits upon the do
But the latest and most utterly In
defensible attempt to discriminate
against an American food product In
European markets is shown In the ef
fort to discredit American corn as an
article of food. For some years the
United States has been encouraging ef
forts to familiarize foreigners with
corn as a cheap, nutritious and whole
some edible for human consumption.
There was and still is dense Ignorance
among the European masses upon this
point, which It was hoped to dispel by
acquainting the people with the real
value of this cereal as a food staple.
The efforts of "Cornbread Murphy" in
Germany in this direction a few years
ago were a matter of common knowl
edge, but the success wita. .which fcejnature of bsidy. Wottli to to
met was very moderate. The same
may be aid of efforts that have since
been made in the same direction, yet
it seems tbey have been sufficiently
successful to alarm some Interested
persons, since It Is noted that here
and there In Europe are heard Inti
mations and insinuations against
American corn, or maize, as it is called
abroad. Corn products have been vari
ously .termed "coarse," "indigestible,"
"fit food only for swine," etc. The
boldest stroke In this effort to discredit
and shut corn out of European mar
kets, however, is witnessed in an ar
ticle that recently appeared in the
Dally Messenger, of London. Discuss
ing the "Food Value of Maize," that
journal hinted that American corn is
much the same as Italian maize, which,
it goes on to say, produces a terrible
leprous disease known as "lagra,"
from which 3000 persons are now suf
fering in the Province of Milan alone.
This is utterly contemptible. If
founded upon Ignorance, it is inexcus
able in the public journal; if upon preju
dice, it is abominable. Millions of
bushels of corn in One form or another
are consumed by the people of the
United States within and without the
corn belt and the skin disease referred
to is unknown In this country. The
Government should, In justice to the
large interests represented by the corn
producers of a vast area, send some of
the valuable data that it has collected
concerning corn as a food product to
this journal, asking In the interest of
truth and fairness that it be published
as a correction of its former mislead
GOOD WILL COME OP IT.
The present crisis in China will force
a settlement through a congress of all
the powers that will be of Inestimable
value to all parties concerned, and most
of all to the people of China. Fortu
nately, this crisis In the affairs of China
comes at a time when Russia is In no
situation to abuse her opportunity, be
cause Great Britain is practically foot
loose today to prevent it With the
South African dispute unsettled. Great
Britain feared to enter upon any policy
with regard to China which might lead to
a rupture, lest the Boers would snatch
the opportunity and try to seize South
Africa. For this reason England be
haved with pusillanimous diplomacy
during the period of Russian aggres
sion following the Chlno-Japanese war.
She asserted the open-door principle
and afterward almost abandoned It
Ruesia was allowed to take Port Ar
thur and press demands on Corea that
were antagonistic to Japan. That na
tion, on the advice of Great. Britain,
then handicapped with the Boer war,
yielded for the time being. Had the
war In South Africa been deferred a
couple of years longer; had Japan failed
promptly to strengthen her navy after
the Chinese war, Russia might have
seized Pekln and Northern China with
out Interference. She did seize Man
churia, and, through Great Britain's
cowardly diplomacy, she forced Japan
to let go of the mainland of China and
to abandon her designs on Corea. Fi
nally, Great Britain, threatened with
the spoliation of her far Eastern mar
kets, refused to allow Russia to dis
member China at her will, and Russia
was obliged to postpone her scheme of
dismemberment and the last two years
have been devoted by her to intrigues
at Pekln, to the garrisoning, provision
ing and fortifying of Port Arthur and
the determined exclusion of Japan -from
When the Boxer insurrection began,
Russian influence had supplanted that
of England at Pekln, and Japan was
near a rupture with Russia. But Rus
sia's opportunity to seize Pekln and the
whole of Northern China has not been
Utilized by that power, for Great Brit
ain is In a situation today to give the
hand to Japan and defeat Russia's de
signs on Pekln Uy threatening to dis
possess her of Port Arthur and all vantage-ground
in Manchuria and Corea.
Russia is not ready today to go to war
over China. Her railways are uncom
pleted. She is trying to borrow money
in this country on the security of these
railways and other public works. A
large Russian loan Is to be placed on
the market In Paris this Fait To get
the money she needs for her great pub
lic works, Russia must remain at peace.
A great war tomorrow would destroy
her capacity to borrow money, except
at ruinous rates. Even if the Siberian
Railway were completed, Russia could
not work her will in China against
Great Britain, Germany and Japan,
backed by the moral support at least of
the United States.
The crisis in China, precipitated by
the Boxer uprising, has forced the in
tervention of all the powers, so that the
general settlement of Chinese affairs
will be made by some .great congress
of nations, like that of Vienna, which
remade tha map of Europe after the
fall of Napoleon. Japan will be repre
sented in this congress. Such a settle
ment through the action of civilized na
tions will be of incalculable value com
pared with the nominal concessions
hitherto granted and vaguely enforced
by China. Such a settlement will thor
oughly open China to the trade of the
modern world, and nobody will benefit
more by it than our American manu
facturers and merchants. The ports of
our Pacific Coast will have their busi
ness enormously expanded. In 1899 the
value of the sales made by this coun
try to China exceeded those of all Euro
pean nations, England excepted, by
$6,191,936, and the present yearly excess
of $12,000,000 of British exports to China
over American exports thither will soon
disappear, for the power of Great Brit
ain as a manufacturing country Is gen
erally diminishing, largely because of
the increased price of coal and the
English failure to compete with Amer
ican workmen and American enterprise.
The United Stetes has become, through
our occupation of the Philippines with
a powerful army and naval squadron,
a factor to be seriously reckoned with
in the Impending settlement of China,
and it Is certain that our Secretary of
State understands too thoroughly the
Imrnense Importance of the far Eastern
markets to the American people not to
insist with Great Britain and Germany
on their protection through "the open
door policy" against Russia.
Newbergs victory in winning the
beet-sugar plant Is chiefly valuable for
Its demonstration of the quality and
temper of the people of the community.
Of course, the concrete achievement is
Important, for the investment of three
quarters of a million or more In a pro
ductive industry in a small town will
be a very great factor in Its progress
and prosperity. But the hope and en
ergy of the people are displayed by the
vigor with which they took hold to
help themselves by pledging the requi
et nerMinv fhla la f In tvm
given without a fair equivalent The
factory could not' run without raw ma
terial, and the ,farmers have slmply
agreed that they will grow the raw
material at the market price and in
sufficient quantity to warrant the
building of the large mill. This Is eco
nomically sound and wise. The giving
of the factory site does savor of sub
sidy, but it Is 'a comparatively Bmall
consideration in this case, and the town
to be most directly benefited pays the
bill. Newberg and Yamhill County
are to be congratulated on the spirit of
enterprise manifested, and their ex
ample Is to be commended to the con
sideration of other communities that
may be sighing for developing and ex
Fire at sea is the moat appalling of
horrors. Fire among shipping at dock
is not necessarily attended by any un
usual features of terror and death. It
Is hard to understand the reason for
the extrordlnary los3 of life in the great
Hoboken disaster. The flames. It is
said, spread with extraordinary rapid
ity, and speedily cut oft access to the
shore. But New York Harbor Is crowd
ed with small craft of all descriptions,
and a rescue fleet of large dimensions
ought to have been immediately avail
able. Evidently it was not One nar
rator Bays that thirty people were
crowded at one end of a pier, and
"called to some of the passing tug
boats but their appeals were in vain,
and when the flames came near them
they dived into the water." Possibly
some of the captains were thinking
more of the salvage of property than
of lives, because there would be more
in it for them. What are police-boats
and lifeboats for; If not to rescue per
sons? If they were not on hand In
time, so much the worse for all con
cerned. An Eastern newspaper, one of the
"red" or "yellow" kind, that live chief
ly In the atmosphere of conjecture and
sensational effort, says that "news is
only good for anything before It hap
pens." There is a-sense in which para
dox is true. Coming events, when great
and important often cast their shadows
before them. The newspaper that can
see the significance of such things may
often "print the news before it hap
pens." But the levity in journalism
that contents or exhausts Itself by try
ing to turn trifling things into sensa
tional events, cannot do It There are
proportions in news which It requires
close attention and long experience to
discover, and things of little Import
are not to be made greater by trying
to magnify them. Yet this is one of
the vices of "red" and "yellow" jour
nalism. The Washington Post, a quasI-Ad-minlstratlon
organ, quotes Mr. Hanna
as having declared, with reference to
the Vice-Presidency, at the late Phila
delphia convention, that he "controls
the delegates to such an extent that he
can nominate any candidate he
pleases." But the great Republican
leader refrained, according to the Post,
because to "exercise the power would
make a most unpleasant Impression
upon the thinking masses of the Re
publican party." This is valuable as
exploding a common Impression that
the Republican party is not permitted
by Mr. Hanna to do for Itself whatever
he 4an do for It
The British House of Lords has at
last passed the bill making it legal for
a man to marry the sister of his de
ceased wife. For a hundred years,
more or less, this question has been
before the British Parliament The
House of Commons has often passed the
bill, but the Lords hitherto have always
refused. There has been so much fuss
in England about the right of a man
to marry his deceased wife's sister that
the wonder always has been why he
didn't marry her in the first place.
South Carolina has a nrlmary elec
tion law applicable to all state and
county officials. But no one can be
nominated till he has received a major
ity of the whole vote cast In the elec
tion to decide. If no one have received
a majority for a nomination, a second
election is to be held for decision be
tween the two highest
Mr. Bryan's itinerary for the next
few days will be confined to the high
way between his Lincoln home and the
truck farm near the Nebraska city.
But we may justly imagine that he
will have Borne slight interests In the
proceedings at Kansas City.
It may be feared that there has not
been latterly the quality of seaman
ship on board the Oregon that rendered
her famous formerly. No dangerous
place in Chinese waters is better known
than that where the Oregon Is ashore.
The anti-tax bicyclers want to do the
fair thing by the anti-bicycle taxpayers.
All the former want is for the latter to
foot the bills for building the paths, and
for keeping the streets and sidewalks
in repair, and they will do the riding.
Mr. Bryan is displaying an attitude
of masterly Indifference on the Vice
Presidential question. He has one run
ning mate already. He is likely to have
two. He would not falter at sixteen.
The powers are coming to the con
clusion that for ways tha are dark
and tricks that are not so almighty
vain, the "heathen Chinee" is peculiar.
It may not be war with China, as the
powers declare; but somehow it looks
very like "war.
THE COUNTRY FOR EXPANSION.
The Mistake the Democratic Party Is
Louisville Courier-Journal, Dem.
Speaking of the Courier-Journal's ad
vice that the Democrats, instead of sur
rendering to the Republicans the old
time Democratic policy of expansion,
should make their fight on the Repub
lican's Administrative abuses of that
policy, the Hartford Post (Dem.) says
that "unquestionably an overwhelming
majority of the people of the United
States believe in the policy of expansion.
Expansion Is a part of the spirit of the
Nation. It has been the country's pol
icy for a century, and if the attorneys
for littleness had been able to dom
inate history the United States would
today consist of a strip of land on the
Atlantic slope extending not much farth
er west of the Alleghanles. The num
ber of Democrats who are wholly out of
sympathy with the Democratic opposi
tion to expansion la undoubtedly Im
mense." Every word of this Is true. The Dem
ocratic masses are not opposed to expan
sion, although they have not become so
aroused on the question as to assert
themselves. Meanwhile the present short
sighted file leaders are improving their
opportunity to Identify the party ma-
expansion, not because they, care, much,
about that one way or anotherr notfbe,
cause they believe that In any event? we
shall be willing to, contract where we'
have already expanded, but merely be
cause they think the question affords
them at least a temporary ground of
expediency on which to make a politi
cal flgljt for a party that is out against
a party that is in.
QUXGG ONLY AN AXAHUBNSlg.
He Had. No Rigrlit to Ca&nse tke Re
The Philadelphia Press, of which
Charles Emory Smith is publisher, ap
parently reflects the Administration view
of the Republican platform and its omis
sions in tha following:
Mr. Lemuel E. Quigrs comes to the defense
of the platform which Congressman Grosvenor
Justly term "crude and seaUe." Mr. Qulgg
ays that he "put together" the pl&nka of this
platform, and he evidently covets tho fame
of Its authorship, but we doubt If he Js en
titled to that honor. As secretary of tho sub
committee he was doubtless utilized as the
amanuensis for yettlnj the document into Its
final form, but Senator Fairbanks read the
platform to the convention, not very audibly,
to be sure, but -with the conscious pride of pa
ternity, which it would have been difficult tor
Mm to assume 'If ho had been really handUnc
Mr. Quigg explains that the proposition that
"Congress has full legislative power over ter
ritory of tho United States, subject only to tha
fundamental safeguards of liberty. Justice and
personal rights," was left out of the platform
because tins question was now before the
United States Supreme Court. The suppres
sion of this declaration without making the
fact known tn. any other manner than In an
Inaudible report, was a gross Imposition, If
not & fraud, upon tho convention. If it had
been known that tho committee had emitted
this essential Republican principle tn refer
ence to our possessions, the convention would
have inserted It over the heads of tho com
mittee. It was seriously proposed to do so
next day, when tho grave omission Was dis
covered, but tho knowledgo that the President
could and would cure this defect, as well as
give vitality, directness and force to tha In
anition of the platform made It seem hardly
worth while to bring tho platform a second
time before the convention.
The plank which the committee rejected Is a
Republican principle, which should have been
Inserted. It Is the princlplo on which the
Administration has acted and Congress' has
legislated. Temporary Chairman Wolcott and
Permanent Chairman Lodge laid eloquent
stress upon It in their convention addresses.
The Supreme Court, we aro confident, will up
hold it; but until It overthrows It any declara
tion of the principle which controls Republican
legislation and administration is Incomplete
Tho Republican party was not well served
by Its committee on resolutions. Its rambling,
verbose and Incomplete production Is the one
regrettable outcome of an otherwise most suc
cessful and glorious convention. Fortunately,
the party will suffer no permanent disadvan
tage on this account President McKlnles
letter of acceptance will be the real plat
form on which the Republican ticket will go
before tho country, and the Inane and tedious
platform which Mr. Qulgg says he drafted
will drop out of sight and out of mind.
GOOD TERMS WITH CANADA.
No Reason Why AH Differences
Should Not Be Adjusted.
The relations between Canada and the
United States are discussed by the New
York correspondent of the London Times.
His conclusion is that there is no danger
of serious difficulty between the United
States and Great Britain because of Can
ada, In spite of the .many indications to
the contrary, which have caused alarm
to British not fully acquainted with the
situation. It is true that the Dominion
and the United States are always quar
reling. There Is now an outstanding list
of 12 or 13 unsettled questions, ''all of
them important two or three of them
grave, and one pre-eminently so." But
none the less there is no cause for appre
hension. The Times correspondent finds
that there is a state of irritation, espe
cially in the Western States, arising out
of the business and other controversies
"The West" he says, "has an impatient
temper and perhaps an Imperfect concep
tion of those diplomatic methods by
which controversies are best adjusted.
The Behring Sea arbitration left a sore,
as arbitrations aro apt to. Fisheries ques
tions on the Atlantic are still open, other
questions are open distinct from the for
midable Alaskan boundary dispute. In
all of these the Northwest takes a strong
Interest In Canada also strong views
are held on these subjects. It Is possible
nevertheless for an American to visit
Canada and never see a trace or hint of
Ill-feeling or of contentious feeling. I met
many Canadians of high place In public
life; I never heard a word of anything
but good will to the people of tho United
States." The closing paragraph of the
article shows an excellent understanding
of the situation as a whole. "The atti
tude of the United States Government,"
writes the correspondent, "has been cor
rect and something more than correct It
has shown, I think, a sincere desire to be
friends with Canada and to concede all
that can be conceded. And In that atti
tude It has and will continue to have the
support of the American people. I do not
doubt that the people of Canada or the
present rulers of Canada. In spite of all
differences of lnterost and policy, are
friendly to the United States. With this
state of feeling on both sides, there Is
no visible reason why the two countries
should not when the time comes, agree
amicably upon a fair adjustment of all
matters in dispute between. them."
Wheat and Politics.
New York Evening Post
Thore is a political as well as commer
cial bearing to the recent news from the
various wheat-producing districts. This
is true, first because of the great 'in
fluence exerted by good or bad times on
political sentiment Prosperity in the
wheat district has very much to do, as
tha country has learned since 1896, with
National prosperity, and the Republican
party Is going into the campaign with
prosperity as its chief reliance for suc
cess. A ruinous harvest failure such,
for Instance, as the destruction of the
Kansas and Nebraska corn crop in 1SSH,
which cut down the yield 400,000.000 bush
els would make havoc with this Admin
istration argument Such an event would 1
In no way be chargeable to- the party.
But people have a way of blaming the
ruling powers for the shortcomings of
Nature, and It would bo hard for the
party which condemned Mr. Cleveland
for the low price of wheat In 1E95 and the
corn shortago of l&M, to escape some sim
ilar Inference on its own account in the
case of harvest failure.
What Sryanltcs 'Will Do.
New York Mall and Express.
"What are the Bryanites going to do at
Kansas Cityt" asks tho Now York Her
ald. What difference does it make what
they do there? They have been doing,
and they will continue to do, all over tho
country, everything in their power to
make good their calamity prophecies of
1SSG. Yet not a single plank in their
platform is today regarded seriously by
the people, and tho country keeps right
on prospering and strengthening in every
line of Industry and commerce, both for
eign and domestic The more ruin they
predict the more prosperity prevails.
Why, then, give heed to anything these
Bryanites may do or say at Kansas City
on July 4? It will be the same discredited
story of 1SSS over again that's alL
Everybody knows It and nobody believes
it So let them fire away. It's rather
hard on the Fourth of July, of course,
but the glorious old National holiday can
stand it ence In 12i years.
Value of a National Convention.
Tho Philadelphia Ledger reproduces
some estimates in figures of the com
mercial value of the Republican conven
tion to the city. The gift to the National
committee was $100,000, and it Is sup
posed that the local political clubs spent
5230.000 In. entertaining. The visitors are
believed! to- have spent over $753,000, the
National' committee spent $S,000. and
the delegates and alternates about $200,
000. The receipts of the street cars in
creased 13 per cent, and the amount of
business done by the hotels and boarding
houses Is not put Into figures. The be
lief that the visitors spent over three
ciuarters of a million dollars Is based
upon the estimate that the dally aver
age of sightseers was ISO.OOO for five days,
and that each of them spent at least a
dollar every day.
THE DECEASED WIFE'S SISTER.
Entering: Wedge to Reform of Eng
lish aiarrlaerc System.
New York Times.
It is the House of Lords which al
ways withstood the proposition to allow
a man to marry his deceased wife's sis
ter. That rock-bound body of conserva
tism has gone further than the Roman
Catholic Church, which Is well known
to be particular about such things. The
degrees of affinity were first formulated
in England In Henry Vni's time, and It
was not until 1S35 that any attempt was
made to legitimize tha children of mar
riage with a deceased wife's sister. Ever
since the struggle has been renewed and
continued. The Marriage Law Reform
Association, of which the purpose is to
repeal the statutory prohibition, is half
a century old. But the House of Lords
has always been In tho way.
The cable brings us news that the
House of Lords has consented at Jast to
validate in Great Britain such mar
riages when made in a British colony In
which they are lawful. Evidently that Is
the "entering wedge," and it will, not
be long before they are recognized and
legalized In Great Britain Itself. That
which by English law is natural and
proper In a British colony of course does
not become revolting and unnatural when
practiced In England.
It Is a very curious Insularity which
has kept Great Britain so long from
recognizing the consensus of mankind.
To say that a certain union Is incestuous
and monstrous which Is so regarded only
in one country Is to talk evident nonsense.
Yet Englishmen who are also "Angli
cans" have been hugging this prejudice
after It has been given up by all the rest
of mankind, even the British colonists.
So enlightened a man as Matthew Arnold
could not discuss the question without
becoming coarse and abusive, as If it
were the test of decent sensibility to be
horrified at what horrified nobody but
tho English "upper classes." It Is a
good thing for England that the non
sense has been exploded and that the
question Is" left to the Individual sense
of propriety and suitableness. And It Is
a particularly good thing for many excel
lent couples who have obeyed the mar
riage laws of the countries In which they
were married, only to find that they
were treated as outcasts by a section of
The German Vote.
In 1SSG the German vote went almost
solidly to McKInlcy. Bryan will make
a big mistake if ho indulges the sweet
dream that he Is to get all those votes
back this year. The Kansas City con
vention is going to reaffirm the Chi
cago platform. The most prominent
plank In that platform is the one call
ing for the free and unlimited coinage
of silver at the ratio of 16 to 1. Thore
Is not a bit of proof anywhere that the
Germans are this year any less opposed
to that rascally folly and foolish ras
cality than they were four years ago.
Just Like Roosevelt.
Roosevelfs allusion to the New York
Ice trust In his convention speech is al
ready sending shivers down the backs of
the Bryan managers. It will be lust like
Teddy to go sailing around the West re
peating similar observations at the very
points where Democratic "anti-trust" ora
tors are Bent to shout their loudest
Imperialism Has No Ilelnjr.
The bogy of "Imperialism" put to tho
front to frighten voters has no being;
It exists only in the partisan chicane
of the opposition. Of all people in tho
world to whom the thought of Im
perialism In any form Is repugnant, the
citizens composing the Republican
party stand foremost
Loyal to the Heaven Born.
Boston Herald, (Ind. Dem.)
Watterson Is doing his best to scare tho
Democrats into taking a prudent course
at Kansas City. He may frighten all tho
rest of the party and beat Bryan out but
no man ever has had reason to call Bry
an a quitter. His dying song will be 16
Music of the Sphere.
St Louis Republic.
With an American garrison at Hawaii
jn the West and an American regiment
preparing to take transport for China In
the East, It won't require much of a
stretch now for our drumbeat to be
heard round the world.
In accepting a campaign contribution
of $25,000 from John R. McLean it may
be well for Colonel Bryan to make in
quiry as to whether any part thereof
was derived from dividends on octopus
New Orleans Picayune.
GI'e a man enough money to spend and
ho will bo able to decide upon a placo
for spending his Summer.
MEN AND W03IEN.
It Is said there aro fewer divorces among tho
Chlckasaws than any other race of people.
A Worcester man has Just taken out a patent
for a music typewriter. It will do for music
what an ordinary typewriter does for manu
script Admiral Dewey and his bride will build a
Summer residence on Big Fish Island, some
40 miles from Halifax. It Is located In Chester
It has been settled that the trial of the
youthful anarchist SIpldo, for the attack on
the Prince of Wales shall begin, at the Brabant
Assises, on July 2.
Congressman John Allen, of Mississippi, has
intimated to Several of his friends that he
will probably retire at the end of his present
term. He has served In all eight consecutive
The Italia Milltaire e Marina states that
Captain W. Bade d! Wismar has organized an
expedition to the east coast of Spltzbergen
and Franx Joset Land to seek for traces of
Andree, and also to obtain intelligence of the
Duke of Abbruzzl. Captain dl Wismar will
start from Trondhjera early In August and will
be accompanied by Cornello Mahzl, the Italian
writer and traveler.
She leaned from her window as he camo by.
He paused, with a bow and a hopeful sigh;
Then- softly he played.
To the listening maid,
A lyrical dream from the "Serenade."
Ho drifted from that to a Tostl song.
And mused of the land he had left bo long
Of Italia fair.
With its amorous air.
And the fair Senorlta he'd loved over there.
The languishing cadence In melody flows
As sweetly he plays of "The Beautiful Rose."
The beauty enhanced
When upward he glanced
To where the fair damsel sat half-entranced.
But seel Prom her window she leans, and she
"Git aft av the shtrate, or Ol'M git yez tin
Yez lazy galoot!
Now niptle an shcoot '
Or Ol'll break In yez face,--- an pl-anny f
NOTE AND COMMENT., ;
Whatever may be her fate, the Oregon
Is still fast
St Loui3 Is getting almost as quiet as
the TransvaaL '
The Fourth, it appears, has come early
to avoid the rush.
McKInley may head the ticket but the
campaign hats will be the rough rider
article. Having invented gunpowder, the- Chi
nese are now preparing an extensive mar
ket for it
In making repalra to 'his front? porch
last Summer, Bryan forgot to 'put up a
The old Oregon got off right atgSan
tiago, let us hope she will do asV well
where she Is now.
Of course the Boxers couldn't resist tho
temptation to share in the results of the
Czar's peace conference
Tammany is likely to have an ice time
in the noxt campaign. This joke was
made by a constant reader.
Ono thousand music teachers are taking
part in the convention at Saratoga, and
martial law hasnot yet been declared
Now can the man who .kicks about
The weather much rejoice.
For we have all varieties.
And he may take his choice.
The congress of nations now In session
in China seems to be proceeding about
as peacefully a3 such congresses usually
LI Hung Chang has a very business-like
way of removing official heads. He re
moves the officials heads at the same
The Boxer that stays In the fight long
est may have the honor of sending a
challenge to the honorable James J. Jef
It Is said that Senator Clark-l3 so rich
that ho can afford to spend the Summer
at the Paris Exposttlon after staying a
whole week at Kansas City.
A Philadelphia paper now glve3 it away
that 71 million silver dollars were lying
In the vault of the old mint in that city,
while only a few blocks away the Re
publican National Convention was mak
ing a gold platform. This outrage ought
to be aired at Kansas City.
Some humorous tales are told of tha
clashes between bicycle tax collectors
and the nonpaying riders. On the steel
bridge draw, a few days ago, a collector
halted one wheelman who had no 1900
tag, and while "Jawing" with him, an
other came along. The second rider was
pulled off his wheel, with a "Where's
your tag, young fellow?" and he had
scarcely struck the deck of the bridge
with his feet when No. 1 jumped on his
wheel and darted off. The collector left
No. 2 to follow the first, and so the sec
ond delinquent made off also. Whether
No. 1 was caught, No. 2 did not stop to
A young lady who Is spending her va
cation in the country assures the East
Brady (Penn.) Review, that the barn
yard chickens are filling themselves up
with 17-year locusts at a great rate, and
that it is nothing uncommon for an old
hen to waddle around wltn a load of
locusts Inside her craw that aro '.giving
forth their peculiar cry Just the same aa
though they had not been eaten. It
sounds like some snake stories that have
gained currency, but the young lady
vows that It Is a fact that she can vouch
for, and she Is a good Methodist who
would not exaggerate a locust story.
Kite-flying records were beaten at an
observatory on Blue Hill, Boston, recent
ly, by a kite used In the exploration of
the air. It was sent to the height of 14.
OX) feet which exceeds the greatest helgbt
previously obtained there by 1440 feet.
The temperature at this height was IS
degrees below tho freezing point, the wind
velocity was about 23 miles an hour from
the northeast, and the air was extremely
dry, although clouds floated above and
below the level. The kites remained near
the highest point from 5 to 8 P. M. They
were then reeled In rapidly by a small
On the way down the kites passed
through a stratum of thin, ragged doud3
at the .height of a mile and a half. These
were moving with a velocity of about 8
miles an hour. At thl3 time the wind at the
observatory, about 600 feet above the gen
oral level of the surrounding country, had
fallen to a calm, and the small revolving
cups which register the velocity had
ceased to turn. The kites entered this
calm belt at a height of about 700 feet
above the hill and fell rapidly to the
The highest point was reached with
four and a half miles of music wire as a
flying line, supported by five kites at
tached to the line at Intervals of about
three-fourths of a mile. The kites were
Hargrave or box kites of the Improved
form devised at the observatory. They
have curved flying surfaces modeled
after the wings of a bird. The three kites
nearest the top of the line had an area
of between GO and 70 square feet each,
and the two others about 23 feet each.
The total weight lifted Into the air. In
cluding wire, instruments and kites, was
about ISO pounds.
PLEASAKTRIES OP PARAGRAPHERS
A Serious Difficulty. Mrs. Isaac Vot vos all
you boys quarreling apoud? Ikey Veil ve
vanted to play ve vos forming a trusdt but
nopobdy vanted to be der gustomers. Puck.
"How Mrs. Scrymser hates to see money
wasted." "Yes, she told me she accepted
Mr. Scrymser chiefly because he had made a
long railroad Journey to propose to her."
He Won. "All right then, we'll toss for It"
said Tommy. "Her goes! Tou holler. Heads
Or tails?' "Very well." replied little Emersou,
of Boston, "I prognosticate the falling of the
obverse uppermost" Philadelphia Press.
"Young man." catd the mature friend,
"learn to say 'no.' " "What for?" asked tho
flippant New Tork youth. "That habit came
mighty near costing a man up our way the
Vice-Presidential nomination." Washington
Not a Free Agent "Charlie, do you think
of marrying a little woman or a big woman?"
"Well, Dave, you don't know a thing about
human nature! How can I tell? It depends
entirey on what kind of a woman takes a
fancy to me." Detroit Free Press.
His Little Joke. In wandering near the sea
rocks of St. Helena, General Cronje picked
up a plecp of broken glass. "What Is this?"
Inquired tho General. "It looks like a piece
of lamp shade," responded his wife. "Nml
Perhaps it is the shade of Napoleon!" One
hour later the English guards saw the Joke
and grinned. Chicago News.
"This Is a terrible oversight of yours,"
growled the city editor to the new reporter.
"How's that?" asked the new reporter, la.
tones that indicated a gladness over having
committed his terrible oversight for that day,
"In your story of the speech of the Hon. Win
D. Jammer at the convention, you do not say
that he sounded the keynote of the. campaign,"