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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (June 29, 1900)
THE MORNING OREGONIAN, FRIDAY, JUNE 29, 1900.
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Renewal of effort on the part of the
t Prohibitionists is one of the features of
Apolitical activity this year. Not much
has been attempted by them during
several years past; but the nature of an
emotional sentiment like this forbids It
to be quiet long. Such eruptions have
a sort of periodicity; and this one
seems to be due again.
The platform It has put forth is no-
ticeable as a recrudescence of the spirit
of Puritanism. It snivels about sin and
iniquity. In the good old Barebones
style; It talks about Christian princl-
sles, and introduces ecclesiastlclsm into
solitics in support of them; it appeals
to the votes of Christian men, and
I, makes the astounding assertion that
this is a nation founded on Christian
principles, when in fact It Is not found
ed on any kind of religious concept, but
especially eschews such an Idea. This
lis not a Christian Nation at all, except
in the sense that there may be more
.Christians in it than persons of any
(other religious belief; and of the Chris
tians of the United States, themselves
a minority of the people, only a frac
tion give anj- countenance to this par
ticular movement, or approve Its plat
form. And what is it all about? It is a pro
posal to prohibit by law the manufac
ture, transportation, sale and con
sumption of alcoholic liquors beer,
wine and spirits and to enforce such
prohibition by penalties of law. It Is
an assumption that the people of the
United States are children, In need of
guardianship as to drink, under the
tutelage of ecclesiastical government.
The President of the United States
rUUsed of the heinous crime of being
wine drinker at public banquets
"and a wine-serving host in the "White
House." That, it seems, is to cut him
off from all the benefits of the new gos
pel. President McKInley no doubt
thlnkB fit to conform at times to social
i usage. He doesn t fuddle himself with
liquor, and doesn't need the guardian
ship of prohibition. Men of sense and
character do not. And men of sense
Etmd character are not going to be,both-
'ered with this commixture of Puritan
ism and Pharisaism. Because some
men are weak enough and foolish
enough to get drunk, other men, the
enormous majority, are not going to be
dictated to in their right and proper use
of drink; and, moreover, they will judge
for themselves as to the right and
proper use of It, and will not tolerate
the interference of those who would do
well to mind their own business.
It will be said, however, that the ob
ject is not to interfere with any man's
right to drink what he pleases, but only
to make it Impossible for him to get It.
Men shall not manufacture nor sell it.
Government !s to forbid its importa
tion, and carriers shall not transport It.
Yet nobody's personal right to have It
is to be Interfered with. Government
is simply to see that he doesn't get it;
and this is set forward as the leading
and main function of government, un
der ecclesiastical sanction and support.
The Christian church Is to control and
direct the state, to this nd. Members
of the Christian churches on this sub
ject we think will not be all agreed;
and there are others who would be
likely to have something to say
The makers of this platform back it
tip with a demand for woman suffrage.
Any movement that expects to derive
its main support from ecclesiastlclsm
would naturally Include this demand;
for the feminine nature is the main
1 support of the churches; and the mod-
idea of supporting any hobby Is to
try to get votes for It. But the state
will not yoke up with the church, and
government will not be permitted to go
into this business of meddlesome es-
I plonage and guardianship. There are
.citizens enough who feel competent to
control and direct their own conduct,
without this intrusion of government.
The principle is wrong In morals. It
proposes to remove evil from the world
by taking away from man the oppor
tunity of free choice. It Is the com
plete negation of the principle of per
sonal responsibility, on which alone
character can be founded. In the
LArmy it may be well enough, doubtless
Is; for in the Army man is not a free
Cent, but must be under restrictions
and do as he is told. But under con
ditions of chic freedom such tyranny
?ill not be endured.
The Springfield (Mass.) Republican
ints to know why the voters of Ore-
3a did not approve the amendment of
ie Constitution proposed for the pur-
se of removing the inhibition of the
looming of free negroes and mulattoes
lto the state. It says:
X word of explanation from Thf Orejronlnn
eula be acceptable hereabouts. Arc we to con-
ldor tho retention of the antl-nlgger feature
the Oregon Constitution a raft of the re
st glorious Imperialist victory In that state
r It sometimes is not possible to answer
sneer; but here is one easily an
swered. That feature of the Constitu
tion of Oregon never was operative, al-
lys was disregarded, and was com
pletely superseded by the amendments
of the Constitution of the United States
adopted after the Civil War. The mo
tion to remove it was voted down sim
ply because the people of Oregon knew
such removal was in no way necessary,
and they wanted to express their dis
approval of motions to amend the Con
stitution, a practice which they are un
willing shall grow to a habit Negroes
have all rights in Oregon that whites
possess, and there could be nothing in
repeal of an obsolete feature 6f the Con
stitution. It may just as well stand as
an historical landmark. Massachusetts,
we think, has laws of this kind the
product of bigotry and folly, now harm
less, which nevertheless she does not
consider a disgrace to her.
THE CONSTITUTION AXD TIIE FLAG.
John C. Calhoun and his Democratic
associates held that the Constitution in
all its limitations extended by its own
force over the territories. The Repub
lican National Convention which nomi
nated Lincoln said:
That the new dogma that the ConsUtutlon vi
Its own force carries slavery Into any or all of
tho territories pf the United States Is a danger
ous political heresy at variance with the ex
plicit provisions of that Instrument Itself.
United States Circuit Judge Lochreri,
of Minnesota, In his recent decision,
held with Calhoun and Chief Justice
Taney that the Constitution of the
United States extended by its own force
over the territories, and therefore ex
tended at once over Porto Rico; that
this extension of the Constitution gave
Congress the authority to legislate in
respect to that island as part of the
United States territory; that all the pro
visions of the Constitution in respect to
personal and property rights became at
once, when the cession was completed,
a part of the supreme law of the land.
Under this view. Judge Lochren sus
tained the argument of those Republi
cans In Congress who argued that Con
gress could make no rule or law which
destroys uniformity of duties, Imposts
and excises throughout the United
States, including all territory undej Its
Against Judge Lochren's opinion
comes that of Judge Townsend, United
States District Judge for Southern New
York, who holds views quite the re
verse of those expressed by the United
States Circuit Judge at St. Paul In the
habeas corpus case of the Porto Hlcan,
Ortiz, as to the Constitutional powers
of Congress over the new territory of
the United States. The case before
Judge Townsend related to an assess
ment of duties on an importation of to
bacco from Porto Rico after the ex
change of ratifications of the treaty of
Paris had taken place. The importers
appealed the matter to the Board of
General Appraisers, which decided
against the Importers, who took the
case to the Uinted States Court, con
tending that Porto Rico had become a
part of the United States and within
the tariff laws of the Nation. Judge
Townsend decided that Porto Rico is
not a part of the United States to this
extent, and will not become such a part
until Congress has expressly defined the
status of the island to this effect.
Judge Townsend holds that Porto Rico
13 a foreign country so far as the Con
stitution Is concerned, but United
States territory as against other na
tions. He cites the statement of Chief
Justice Marshall that in the case of
ceded territory "it becomes a part of
the nation to which it is annexed, either
on the terms stipulated In the treaty of
cession or on such as Its new master
shall Impose." Judge Townsend says:
To deny this power to gorern territory at
arm's length would be to thwart that Inten
tion to make the United States an unfettered
sovereign In foreign affairs. For If we wage
war ouccessfully we must some time become,
as many think we are now. charged with ter
ritory which It would be the greatest folly to
Incorporate at once Into our Union, making our
laws Its laws and Its citizens our citizens, our
taxes !t taxes; and which, on the other band.
International considerations and the sense of
our responsibility to Its Inhabitants may forbid
us to abandon. The construction of the Con
stltut'on which would limit our sovereign power
would force us Into a dilemma between vio
lating our duty to other nations and to the
people under our care on the one hand, and
violating our duty to ourselves on the other.
That construction would In such case Imperil
the honorable existence of our Republic
In other words, the President and the
Senate, as the treaty-making power,
may annex any territory and may then
delegate to Congress the power to act
beyond the Constitution In relation to
the new territory. Common sense would
reply to Judge Townsend that, when
foreign territory had been annexed to
the United States, we come to deal with
territory of the TJnfted States, and not
with that of some foreign power.
The people have not delegated to Presi
dent or Congress unlimited powers, and
Congress can step beyond the Consti
tutional law of its being only by an act
THE APOSTLE OF DErEAT.
"Writing of Colonel Bryan In the July
number of McClure's Magazine, Will
iam Allen White says:
He ran for the United States Senate In "04.
When he failed of election, he packed his grip
and went forth preaching the silver gospel. He
lectured Tor pay when lie could get It, for
nothing when he could do no better; but he
never stopped talking, and he paid his own
From the day that Bryan went on the
road he has been breeding class hatred
and making a good thing for himself
out of his lamentation about the mas
tery of the dollar and the slavery of
the man. His oratory for silver in the
Mississippi Valley between 1S94 and 1S96
Introduced him to the anti-Cleveland
following In the Democratic party and
the crown of thorns and cross of gold
speech molded him into a National
character. Bryan is the partisan of a
theory, not a scientist seeking the truth,
a spellbinder, not a. statesman. The pe
culiar oratory for which he is noted
has made him the logical candidate
of the present-day Democracy, and he
will be put up at Kansas City to lead
silver in its last assault upon sound
Bryan's defeat this Fall If he is de
featedwill mark the end of sliver's
long and losing light. The cause
touched high-water mark on February
2S, 1S7S, when Congress passed the
Bland-Allison a,ct over the veto of Pres
ident Hayes. At that time the bullion
In the silver dollar was worth about
92 cents, and there was only 8 cents of
fiat in the dollar. Many who voted for
the bill and for its passage over the
veto believed that the purchases which
the Government was required to make
would create an enlarged market for
silver and that the price would rise to
the point at which the bullion value
of the dollar would be Identical with
its coin value. They soon learned their
mistake. Legislation could not then
and cannot today add a jot to the "bul
lion value of silver, to say nothing of
eliminating a fiat of S cents. The same
disastrous experience was repeated un
der the Sherman act of 1B90. and the
conutry had come to understand that
no legislation could give silver a money
worth which it does not command as
a commodity in the markets of the
world until Bryan began delivering the
pay speeches that have made him the
idol of thoughtless thousands. Despite
the failure that attended compulsory
purchases of silver under the acts of
1873 and 1890; despite the confirmed
truth that no legislation can overturn
the expressed preference of mankind
for a stable money standard; despite
the fact that the flat in the sliver dollar
is today nearly 53 cents, or more than
six times what It was in 1878, the Demo
cratic party again seems willing to risk
another campaign under a false leader
and a false Issue.
It Is nearly twenty-three years since
Richard P. Bland moved in the House
of Representatives to suspend the rules
and pass a bill directing the "coinage of
silver dollars of the weight of 4124
grains of standard silver, as provided
in the act of January 18, 1837," the
coins "to be legal tender, at their nom
inal value, for all debts and dues, pub
lic and private, except where other
wise provided by contract" The sil
ver cause is today distinctly weaker
than it was then, than it was when the
Bland-Allison act was passed, than It
was when the Sherman law was enact
ed, than It was in the campaign of 1896,
or than it has been at any time since.
How long is the Democratic party going
to continue its fight against fate?
"When will Olney, Vilas, Bynum and
Cleveland again be heard in the coun
cils of the party which gave us Jeffer
son? CHINESE FOLLY.
The situation at Tien Tsln Is not un
like that at Alexandria In 1882. Estab
lished authority had been overthrown
at Cairo. The mob rose In Alexandria,
aided by Egyptian Irregulars and Sou
dan regiments. The European quarter
was attacked and sixty Europeans
If the European concessions have
been attacked and destroyed, the pow
ers, after restoring order, will Impose
a fine large "enough to repay all dam
ages, including Indemnity for the dead,
meanwhile holding Chinese ports and
controlling local taxes until the revenue
has paid the penalty for the lawless
acts of Chinese troops. This was the
mode of proceeding on the part of
Great Britain during the Opium "War
of 1840-42, and the war of 1857-60. Chi
nese cities and territory were held as
security for payment of damages.
Japan did not evacuate the Llao Tung
Peninsula until China paid the war in
demnity fixed under the treaty of Shl
monoseki. France for months fought
China In Tonquln, destroyed the Chi
nese fleet at Fuh Chau, landed In For
mosa, attacked Hainan, made prizes in
South China, but by common agree
ment French warships never appeared
north of a certain point. Diplomatic
negotiations continued, and no "war"
existed in our diplomatic sense of the
term. This was because China Is not
organized as a civilized state, In which
responsibility is national. Each prov
ince has its own army, fleet, treasury
and civil administration. Its Viceroy
and leading officials are appointed from
Pekln, whb are rewarded or punished
by the imperial government; but the
Viceroy conducts the affairs of his own
province, and Is sometimes too pow
erful for the central government.
The war between Great 3rltain and
China in 1857-60 was originally brought
on by the wanton folly and arrogance
of the Viceroy of Canton, without con
sultation with the central government.
The stupid blunder of the Viceroy pre
cipitated the original collision, and
Chinese imperial pride made any satis
factory settlement Impossible until Pe
kln had been humiliated by capture.
It would seem that, through the ad
vantages of coeducation, the club Idea
and the widened view generally that
modern life and its privileges have
brought to women, the habit of running
feminine names into namby-pamby
derivations and pursuing normal, high
school and college graduates with them,
should by this time have been cor
rected. How superior as a suggestion
of womanly dignity and strength of
character, for example, is the name
"Elizabeth" to any of its abbreviations.
The same may be said of other good
old names Jewish or Saxon by which
the modest daughters of the household
were once called Mary, Margaret, Es
ther, Caroline, and so on through the
honored list borne by the mothers and
sisters of the long ago. Think of "Dr.
Mollle Smith," "Professor Essie Jones";
of "Lizzie" standing at the head of a
class in mathematics; of "Callle" re
ceiving the highest honors in Latin, and
"Fannie" distinguishing herself In
physics! Absurd, it would seem. And
yet. In the list of graduates turned out
by one of the state's schools a few
days ago all of these names figured,
together with those of Lulu and Bes
sie, Eva and Lenna. How like a cool
breeze from the domain of plain com
mon sense came the names of Hester
and Mary among the derivatives. A
young woman may, of course, rise su
perior to the suggestions of a childish
name. Fortunate Is she, however, who
does not start out in a student's or a
professional career handicapped in thl3
way by foolish fancy.
The burdens of Platform Editor Qulgg
are multiplying. He Is now charged
with having substituted the word
"Isthmian" in place of the word "Nica
ragua," and therefore of putting the
Republican party on record for the
Panama Canal. Undoubtedly the Phil
adelphia convention had no purpose of
declaring for a particular route, any
more than the Oregon state conven
tion, which favored an "Isthmian
canal." Republicans here doubtless
thought they were on safe ground for
the Nicaragua, or Panama, or any
other practicable enterprise that the
Government might decide upon; and
that is in all probability the way the
National convention looked at it. This
is .tantamount to deciding in the af
firmative a geographical question as to
whether the great continental Isthmus
extends to the northern boundary of
Nicaragua; but what of It? The pro
moters of the Panama Canal will doubt
less contend that the Republican plat
form meant to favor their project; but
Congress and the country know better.
It is bad that any confusion has arisen
over the matter.
No wonder Bryan does not want Da
vid B. Hill as his running mate for
1900. It was David B. Hill who, at the
recent Blate convention, framed the
financial plank in the New York Dem
ocratic platfdrm. This plank Is at vari
ance with that of the Chicago plat
form of 1896, and Is opposed to the one
outlined by William J. Bryan in his ar
ticle in the North American Review.
The difference consists in demanding
that the parity of gold money and silver
money shall be maintained, whereas
both the Chicago platform and Mr.
Bryan hold that free coinage should
exist at the ratio of 16 to 1, whatever
the consequences may be. The first
consequence of free coinage at that ra
tio would be a variation in value of the
two kinds of dollars of more than 100
per cent, since each dollar would then
be worth exactly the amount of bullion
contained in it. It is the object of free
coinage to make the bullion value and
the coin value Identical with each other.
It is clear that what Mr, Hill's financial
plank insists upon could not possibly
be secured through Mr. Bryan's finan
cial ultimatum of free silver at 16 to 1.
So Mr. Bryan thinks his loyalty to free
silver at 16 to 1 is open to spsplcion
with David B. Hill as a running mate.
In 18SS Hill did not -help Grover Cleve
land by running for Governor, for,
while Hill was elected Governor, Cleve
land lost the state by some 14,000 votes.
Demonstrations in surgery In this
city within a few days in connection
with the convention of the State Med
ical Association, and the visit of Dr. A.
M. Phelps, of New York, indicate the
wonderful advance in surgical science
In recent years. So tremendous have
been the gains made in this department
of human knowledge that one can,
without becoming liable to the charge
of extreme optimism, look forward to
the day when the blind shall see, the
lame walk, the deaf hear, and all man-
ner" of physical deformity be In a
greater or lesser measure corrected.
The anesthetic paved the way for more
efficient surgery; skill and humanity
tread the wide path hand in hand,
working not only for the alleviation of
human misery, but for the correction of
physical deformities and conditions
once regarded as visitations of God.
Human intelligence has scored no
prouder victory than that embodied in
the name of surgical science.
A Michigan correspondent assures the
New York Evening Post that "the rank
and file of Gold Democrats hereabout
will vote for Bryan this year. . . .
They are as much opposed as ever to
16-to-l silver, but feel certain that the
Senate is safely gold standard for at
least four years and reasonably safe
for six." In other words, because there
is a Republican Senate to guarantee our
financial stability, a free-silver, social
istic, Populistlc Democrat may be elect
ed President without great danger to
the country. The Michigan Democrats
feel justified in flirting with folly, be
cause a Republican Congress will keep
them from all harm. Wisdom some
times has to use poor instruments to
achieve wise ends, but it incurs no
unnecessary risks. who would sup
with the devil must needs have a long
The enormous activity in the iron and
steel trade seems to have passed its
climax, and lower prices and more lim
ited production are the result. It had
to come. The so-called steel trust, or
trusts, neither created the market nor
was able to sustain It. Prices went up
because of the great demand. Manu
facturers were unable to fill their or
ders. Buyers were willing in many In
stances to pay a premium. When the
great activity in the use of iron and
steel products became less acute, the
tendency of the market was downward.
The law of supply and demand has
not been repealed by the Bteel trustB,
of which there are a dozen.
The general Impression that the hasty
preparation of the North Atlantic
squadron was not merely an experiment
In drill, but a threatening movement
on Turkey for the purpose of collect
ing our claims against that country, has
not thus far been supported by events.
The money has not been paid, and no
hostile demonstration has been made.
In the meantime, the kaleidoscope of
possibilities has shifted, bringing China
Into perspective and retiring Turkey
to the background. There is nothing
like having battle-ships and cruis
ers in readiness for whatever may hap
pen. This year's election for members of
the "House of Representatives will be
the last held under the division of dis
tricts now existing. The census will be
completed this year, and the next suc
ceeding Congress will be chosen on the
basis of apportionment following the
1900 census, and there will be a "reap
portionment of Presidential Electors at
the same time.
As a mere piece of contemporaneous
romance, most of the Interest has gone
out of the war in the Transvaal. Still,
Paul Kroger, with his seat of govern
ment In a parlor car or a mountain
camp, and with possibilities of a per
manent residence on the Island of St.
Helena, Is a somewhat picturesque and
more or less Interesting figure.
The reading of the Declaration of In
dependence at the Kansas City conven
tion is a good thing, although some of
the delegates have doubtless heard It
Ex-Senator Murphy, of New York, is
not in the Vice-Presidential race, and
knows it. Others are not in it, and
don't know it.
Prohibition of immoderate and in
temperate speech Is not one of the con
spicuous features of the latest Chi
Sulzer's pilgrimage to Nebraska Is to
persuade Bryan that his greatest need
is a running mate who will stand with
Tlie Spook of Militarism.
Ex-United States Senator Manderson, an
old Union soldier, in his address to tho
graduating class at West Point Military
Academy among other things, said In
contempt of the spook of militarism erect
ed by demagogues:
"Would one soldier to the thousand or
population be dangerous? Yet that would
mean 75,000 to 80,000 6f a regular army.
Would one man to every square mile of
continental area be a thing to fear? Yet
that would mean an army of 145,000.
Taking the armies of Europe at a
period in 1S99. when all European nations
were at peace ,and It will be seen that
France, with 540.000 men. had 14 soldiers
to each lOOu people, and 2.6 soldiers to
each square mile; Germany with 390,000
soldiers, being 14.3 to each thousand and
2.7 to each square mile; Russia, 895,000,
being C.9 to every thousand, and. on
account of her enormous area (Including
Siberia), 9.6 square miles to each sol
dier; Great Britain. 258,000. being 6.8 to
the thousand and 2.1 to each square mile.
Now, let us compare the United States
under existing conditions, all of the coun
tries named being on a peace basis and
the Republic at war. Our population in
ISM was 62.000.000. I estimate It now at
75,000,000. The regular Army Is. under ex
isting law, 65.000. which Is .56 of a soldier
to each 1000 of people. Adding the volun
teer force now in. tho field, and we have
1.33 soldier to each 300, as compared with
9.8, which is the average of all Euro
pean nations, and 13.2, which is the pro
portion in Great Britain at the present.
And yet this absurdly small fraction of
an armed man is declared by the cowardly
cavillers and deceiving? demagogues to be
a threat at the liberty of the people! In
France there are 2.73, and in Germany
2.S3 soldiers, to each square mile Of ter
ritory, while in the United States there
is one regular to each 55 square miles
of American soil, and when the volunteers
are added, one man to each 36 square
miles. Truly, this solitary man would
have an active time of it lording It over
such a broad domain. He would be ever
on duty, and to accomplish anything his
reville would have to continue until after
bed taps and taps never be sounded."
THE BOXERS' CREED.
His Philosophy la That He Wants to
Be Let Alone.
London Daily Express.
Most of us regard the Chinese Boxer
as an ignorant fanatic, whose intolerant
hatred of foreigners leads him to pillage
and murder. Hear the other side, as a
member of the Boxers expounds It to
a representative of this paper. He is, in
effect, what the Empress of China called
him "in the main, a good and patriotic
citlaen." Missionaries of a young faith,
a creed that seems childish to him by
comparison with his own religion, tho
duration of which is reckoned in tnou.
sands of years, come to teach him that
he and his forefathers for a hundred gen
erations have been following the wrong
path. Can we Wonder that he resents It?
Let it be well understood that we do
not slight the noble purpose and splendid
self-sacrifice of our missionaries. Let it
be evett better understood that we do
not defend the hoary and magnificent
heathenism of the Chinese. But It is the.
most true and most humble Christianity
to make allowance for the Inherited be
liefs of others, to put ourselves in their
place, and view the questions of reform
in religion and advance in civilisation
from their standpoint.
What is the Boxer, as a member of
the society represents him? He is a
patriot and a zealot, a mistaken martyr.
He treasures the religion that has been
handed down to him through countless
centuries, and tho customs that represent
the concentrated wisdom ot countlesa
generations. Our modern civilization la
to him only the pastime of young nations
that are children beside his own. Bar
baric Europe was fighting with the crudo
weapons of the savage when his ancestors
had learned the secret of gunpowder, the
art of printing half the discoveries that
the genius of the Western world has
given to us in the last 1000 years. His
people, so he claims, learned ages ago the
futility of progress and the importance ot
contentment. Thoy have passed through
all the social problems that are vexing
us today, and have arrived at the philo
sophic conclusion that happiness, attained
through labor and the faithful observ
ance Of duty, is the supreme good.
To this calm and satisfied Celestial we
Europeans come with our rush and hurry
and bustle of progress, our noisy rail
roads, our armaments of war and death,
our diverse and contentious forms of a
creed that is new and strange to him.
Can we wonder that he hates us, and ac
cepts the necessity of killing us off .the
face of the earth as the only method ot
securing his peace from our disturbance?
We are to him like the buzzing fly In the
sleeping-room, and he would accord us
Just the same grace as we would give tho
fly. If the insect will only go out through
the open window, he wishes it no barm;
If It persists in troubling his rest, he
would crush it. That Is, In brief, the,
philosophy of the Boxer, and it is emi
nently human and natural.
LYNCHED INNOCENT MEN.
Hut cs. Mlsslsftlppl Mob Had to Find
The Tribune has received from an en
tirely reliable source the details of the
recent lynching of two negroes at Mis
sissippi City. The authentic story only
adds to the horror of these mob mur
ders. Unless the Governor of the state,
who has tecently pronounced against
lynching, shall tako steps to arrest and
punish every man connected with thH
abominable outrage, the people of Mis
sissippi must not complain If their state
becomes the object of public aversion and
On the 2d of June the remains of a
young girl were found near Biloxl, and
the testimony of the physicians showed
that sho had been outraged and murdered.
A negro hunt was at once Instituted and
a half-demented negro was arrested. Al
most every species of cruelty was em
ployed to force a confession from him.
His head, hands and feet were burned,
but his only reply was: "You may tor
ture me to death, but I will not confess
to a crime I never committed." This
caused a doubt In the minds of the mob,
but a victim must be had, so another
negro was arrested and put in jaiL On
the night of the 9th both were taken out
of jail by the mob and shot!
Now it is ascertained that neither of
these victims committed the crime, an
other man having confessed, although ho
Is not in custody. When he is caught, of
course there will bo another lynching.
Governor Longlho In his recent message
recommended to the Legislature that
strong measures looking to the suppres
sion of lynching should be adopted. But
was he sincere? It was known by every
one In that vicinity for days before the
lynching that It was to happen, and the
Governor had the power in his hands to
prevent it, but he failed to use It, and the
result was that two Innocent men were
murdered. The community in which such
a crime can be committed is not far re
moved from barbarism. The fact that the
perpetrators of it have not been promptly
arrested and punished shows that the
law In that locality Is Inoperative and
that the processes of the courts havo
given place to the decrees of a savage
Expansion, Not Imperialism.
The Staunton (Va.) News quotes this
paragraph from The Oregonlan:
Any proposal to "protect" ourselves against
any people, over whom- tK flag- floats is the
height of Injustice, and no such policy can
be permanent. The people- ot Oregon have
voted with these facts fully in view, but the
people of Orecon aro expansionists, and later
they will take part, if necessary, in correction
ot any errors that may be committed la ap
plication of the principle or policy of expan
sion. But. since the principle Or policy of
expansion Is disputed, that Is to be settled
first. It is on this broad question ot holding
these new places Into which tho flag has been
carried that tho peopla of Oregon hara voted
in the affirmative.
And it makes the following comment:
If tho Democratic party would be wise at
Kansas City, It would approve expansion, but
condemn the Republican methods of dealing
with tho Inhabitants of tho new territory. The
country Is not against expansion, but It is
against imperialism. Should the Democratic
party condemn expansion and Imperialism. It
will run solidly up against the sentiment de
scribed by Tho Portland Oregonlan.
Demopopa Prefer Kciv Issues.
EI Paso (Tex.) Herald.
The Demopops do not care particularly
to face their old predictions they'd pre
fer to make new ones about Imperialism
and militarism. Grosvener of Ohio, at
the Philadelphia convention, quoted from
Congressman Bailey's remarks in 1S9S
that If prosperity followed tho passage of
the Dingiey bill, there would be no neces
sity for a Democratic convention in 1900.
and in the light of present conditions in
our land, Grosvenor Invited Bailey to eat
A Good. Times Ticket.
Springfield (111.) Journal.
In addition to everything else, .the Re
publican Presidential ticket Is a good
EASTERN OREGON REDEEMED
A gratifying result of the June election,
shown in the official canvass of the re
turns. Is the redemption of Eastern Ore
gon from the silver heresy. In 1S36 Bry
an carried the counties east of the Cas
cadestwo In the First Congressional Dis
trict and 12 In the Second by a vote of
13,001. against 10.39S for McKInley and 260
for Palmer. Bryan's majority over the
combined Republican and Gold Demo
cratic vote was 23 K. In June, 1900, the
Republican candidates for Congress
Tongue in Klamath and Lake, and Moody
in the other counties received 11,711
votes, tho Fusion nominees S5G3, and tho
Populist and Independent Democratic
candidates 2053. The Republican majority
over the combined Fusion. Populist and
Democratic vote was 1107. Between No
vember, 1595, and June, 1900, a Republican
minority of 2346 in Eastern Oregon was
converted into a Republican majority of
1107, a net Republican gain of 3453.
In 1896, there were 14 counties east of
the Cascade. Bryan led in nine. McKIn
ley carried five Gilliam, Morrow, Sher
man and Wasco by majorities, and Crook
by a plurality. This year there are 15
counties beyond the mountains, Wheeler
having been organized in 1S99. Of these,
the Republicans had majorities in 10
Crook, Gilliam, Grant, Klamath, Morrow,
Sherman, "UmatillaWallowa, Wasco and
Wheeler and pluralities in two Harney
and Malheur. The Fuslonists carried three
counties Baker, Union and Lake but by
vastly smaller majorities than in 1836.
Four years ago, Bryan had S9 majority
in Baker County over McKInley and
Palmer; this year the Fusion and Inde
pendent Democratic vote for Congress ex
ceeded tho Republican by 214, a Repub
lican gain since 1S36 of 7S5. In 1S93, Bryan
led McKInley and Palmer by S2S in Union
County; this year the Republican minor
ity fell to 322, a Republican gain of CO.
In 1896, Lake County gave Bryan 29 ma
jority over McKInley and Palmer; this
year. Tongue, the Republican nominee
for Congress, ran 33 behind the Fusion
and Populist vote. Lake County Is not
Populistlc, as it3 vote this year would
seem to Indicate. Dr. Daly, the Fusion
candidate, lives in that county, and the
result Is partly due to his personal popu
larity. On state offices Lake returned Re
publican majorities. Wolverton, for Su
preme Judge, carried the county by 130,
and Bailey, for Food and Dairy Commis
sioner, by 176.
Tho detailed vote of the trans-Cascades
counties for President in 1S96 was:
Lake ............. 352
Total 10.393 13,004 2C0
The vote of these counties for Repre
sentative in Congress this year was:
Baker 1,433 1,450
Crook 502 293
Gilliam 2M 2S0
Grant .'. 829 493
Harney 365 326
Klamath 3S9 343
Lake 304 390
Malheur 400 344
Morrow 615 363
Sherman 433 243
Umatilla 1,565 1.302
Union 1.429 1.492
Wallowa 630 4i6
Wasco .1,601 493
Wheeler 479 203
Bryanism took firm hold in Eastern
Oregon four years ago. Silver Is found
In considerable quantity In many ledges
and some mines, notably the La Bellevue
and tho Monumental, had been extensive
producers of the white metal. Under
these circumstances and the disturbed
condition of business. It was not difficult
for agitators to create a sentiment that
the country would go into bankruptcy
unless it bought all the sliver that was
offered to it at $1 9 an ounce. In the
past four years silver has been forgotten
In the development of the gold ledges and
the general prosperity of the people, and
is no longer a factor in politics. It Is
done for In Eastern Oregon, as well as
west of the Cascades.
Who Will Mr. Platt Same?
New York Tribune.
Now that Mr. Platt has succeeded In
lending Governor Roosevelt to the Nation,
the Republican party of the State of New
York Is confronted by a serious problem.
It must And a new candidate for Gov
ernor who will command the favor of
Independent voters, add to rather than
detract from the strength of the National
ticket In this state, and himself win the
election. Mr. Platt doubtless thinks he
can attend to the selection of a new Gov
ernor, else he would not .have been so
anxious to advance the old one. There
are, however, some things to be considered
In the solution of the problem besides Mr.
Piatt's interests and wishes if the state
government is to be kept out of Tam
many's hands and McKInley and Roose
velt aro not to suffer seriously as the
result of local disaffection. The more far
sighted of Mr. Piatt's own special ad
horpntn have discerned this, and are al
ready beginning to demand the nomina-
., . .. .-,1.3 ot1. r.lt irtfr warn'm
UOn OL a CtUlUlUitlt: "U n.i. ..w.. ...v.. v-.j
represent the machine, but will have the
support of the same Independent elements
which alone made Governor Roosevelt's
election possible two years ago.
Bryan's Strength In East.
El Paso (Tex.) Herald.
The Demopops In claiming that Bryan's
strength is stronger In the East, are but
burying their heads In the sand to avoid
the fearful sight of his weakness in the
West. As a matter of fact, the East was
not and is not easily swept away Dy any
debased money scheme. The East is
older than the West, and knows enough
to know that a dollar needs to be a dollar
and no fraction less.
El Paso (Tex.) Herald.
El Paso has a good many McKInley
Democrats. They are not so much In love
with McKInley but they can't see it
MEN AND TVOME5.
Joseph Jefferson is at work upon a volume ot
memoirs treating of the famous actors and
others of prominence whom he has known.
3Ime. Pattl baj for some time held the rec
ord for the largest sum that has been earned
In a year by a woman. Her highest total for
12 months U 70.000.
Albert C. Mayer, of Vicksburg, Mls., who
has Just graduated at the New England Con
servatory of Music, at Boston. Is considered b
the faculty the beet violinist who has ever
studied at the school.
Frederick Hyland. of Wexford. Ireland, "who
died reeentlr at the age of 85 years, had a re
markable record in his vocation. For CO years
he was an undertaker, ana during that time he
burled more than 3000 people.
Father Patrick O'Connell. who was ordained
In Cleveland last week, achieved success In an
other profession before he made up his mind
to study for the priesthood. He was City En
gineer of Lanstmr, Mich., when he abandoned
Civil Engineering to devote his life to the serv
ice of tho church. He served two terms as City
' NOTE AND COMMENT.! a
" .. "- i
How do you" pronounce Tien Tsln?
The Boxers' press censor knows hi
business.- He simply cuts the wires.
Oora Paul appears to have folded his
whiskers and silently stolen off' the map.
Tho Philadelphia convention came pret
ty near putting the cart before the horse
There is yet hope for the Boxers: Tet-
tlgrew has not yet demanded that they
It remains to be seen what Agulnaldo's
friends in the great Democratic party are
going to do for him.
Emperor William's yacht won a race
the other day. It Is needless to add that
His Majesty was not at the Jielm.
A woman in Brooklyn founcVa burglar '
under her bed the other night- Why
don't burglars read the newspapers?
One day the heat is most Intense.
The next we do without It.
" ather acts like thirty cents.
There's so much change about It.
Mr. Bryan has reached so high a. point
In Mr. Crokers esteem that the latoer is
Journeying all the way to Lincoln UuLet
Him in on a Good Thing.,
The punster wrote a horseless Joke,
By way of pleaant chaff. . '
And when he sprung the gag In print
ne got a horseless lough.
A few days ago there passed through
the City of Wabash, Ind., what a synVr
pathetic agent of the Forestry Associa
tion might well term a mournful, pro
cession. It consisted of some 0 wagons
laden with the last black-walnut logs
In the county that were fit for lumber
Not only has Wabash County, Indiana
been denuded of Its walnut groves with
out reference to future supply, but every
section of the Central West where these
trees once flourished has suffered like
despoliation. The walnut, the most
abundant of all trees In the groves of a
wide section, including Northern Illinois,
Indiana and Ohio, Is today practically
extinct. Not only was the walnut drawn,
upon without stint for manufacturing
purposes, but it was ruthlessly slaugh
tered for firewood, fencing, barn-building,
etc. Prodigality and thoughtlessness
worked together for its extinction.
While a number of articles have beea
going the rounds of the papers on the
"arrested growth" of some of the Chris
tian churches, some encouragement may
be had from the steady advance of the
conservative Christian institutions. Tho
year-book of the Young Men's Chris
tian Association, recently published by
the International committee at New
York, shows that this organization has
been making a healthy progress. There
are 235,472 members, an Increase over tho
year before of nearly 27,000. These ara
35,070 of these serving on committees, and
115.547 are church members (something;
less than half the total membership).
These associations own buildings, real
estate, furnishings and endowments to
the amount of J20.256.437 above all liabili
ties, an Increase of $906,165 for the year,
with $1.020,SSO building funds pledged. Be
sides this $2,620,241 was paid out for cur
rent expenses. Men to the number of 1395
are at work as general secretaries, phys
ical directors and other paid officials, but
the astonishing statement Is made that .33
vacancies exist, presumably because com
petent men cannot be found. The lead
ers say that the work has grown faster
than It has been possible to develop men.
There are 491 gymnasiums, with 77,485 men
using them, an Increase of 20,000 In 12
months. Three hundred and sixty-nine
city associations report 17,189 Bible and
training class session, with a total at
tendance of 229,510. In the association
night schools of the country there was a
registration of 25,902 different men, being
1S17 more than the year before. The
increased thoroughness of this work Is
shown in that 1570 have successfully
passed the international examinations,
against 972 last year.
PIjEASANTIIIES OP PAUAGRAPHERS
His Luck. She Two weeks seems such a
short vacation. He That depend3 on where you
spend it. I struck a place where It seemed
"How much did you pay for that horse?"
asked the Ice maru "Seventy-live aouars a.
front foot," answered the real estate man.
Laylrig Out a Celebration. "Freddy, tell pa.
what you want for your birthday." "Oh, pa, r
want a tent in th' back yard, an a gun. an a
grea' big cigar-store Injun." Minneapolis
Jack Well, whatever the Summer girl may
be. there Is ono thing she Is not. Will
What's that? Jack-She Is not ontaglous. Will
How do you mean? Jack Tou can't catch
her. Detroit Free Press.
Dime Museum Gossip. "The tattooed man
says he gets so despondent at times that hs
thinks of committing suicide." "He ought to
be watched. One can easily see that he baa
designs upon his own person." Philadelphia
Hoax So May Marryat and Mr. Plodder aro
still no more than engflged? I had expected to
hear of their union before this. Joax Well, I
believe the only obstacle lies In the fact that
Plodder doesn't get union wages. Philadelphia
It Has Various Seats. "What's the news
from the seat of war?" she asked at the break
fast table. He looked up from his paper in
surprise. "Please specify," he said. "Do you
refer to China. St. Louis, South Africa, Phila
delphia or the Philippines? Chicago Even
Drawing the Line. "I suppose yon feel sur
of your ground In the coming campaign?" "I
should say so." answered Senator Sorghum.
"I think I may say without boasting that I
have enough laid by to hold my own without
mortgaging any real estate." Washington Star.
Let Discord. Cease.
(An Oregonlan correspondent proposes that
the- Confederate battle-flags should ba burnt.)
i:ura those ancient tatters.
Let Discord cease for ays!
Some loved thm once what matters
The strife of yesterday?
The years have rolled.
The men are old . .--,
Whfe waved their folds la vlaw
Of gallant men
Who followed when ., . "
Those faded stripes were new. ,
Burn those ancient tatters;
Clasp hands, you Blue and Gray.
Some spurned them once Time ahttra
The lance that Hate would away.
The silver threads
"Upon the heads
Of heroes bent attest
The gauntlets flung.
When men were young.
In Age's grasp should rest.
Burn those ancient tatters.
Baptized In Battle's fray;
Our nobler Impulse scatters
The Upstart Pack who prey
Unon the pride
Our hearts should hide , .'
Tou fought beneath two flags
On ono unite.
The one In sight.
And burn the tattered rags.
H F. Rodney.
It Will Be Free Silver.
The second nomination of Mr. Bryan
will be In itself a reaffirmation ot free sil
ver at 16 to 1, as positive and unmistak
able as any aggregation of phrases could