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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (June 7, 1900)
THE MOKN'ING- OBBGONL THTDTRSBA, JTOT3 7, 1900.
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TODAY'S WEATHER. Fair and warmer:
'ORTLAIYD, THURSDAY, JUXE 7, IOOO
Three or four men cannot own a po
litical party, treat it as a property and
10 as they please with it.
Their Independent sovereignty the
Boer states have lost; but the people
of the Boer states will not lose any
right they heretofore have possessed,
save the right to oppress others. They
"Will, Indeed, be freer than before, be
cause they will be delivered from Ihelr
own oligarchy, and their rights will be
put on a larger basis of personal and
civic freedom than they have ever hith
erto enjoyed. Incorporated into the
British system, they will become Inher
itors of British freedom, and no differ
ence will be admitted between the
rights of the Dutch man and the Eng
lish man. But they will be compelled
to conform to British laws and regula-
lons, adjusted to the conditions that
exist In South Africa. There will be,
however, perfect equality before the
law, and rights of person and of prop
erty will be the same for Boer as for
Briton; but no government and no
armament will be permitted, except In
the name of the Queen. But the Dutch
population will be admitted to a share
In the government, as soon as the coun
try can be quieted, and during the com
ing century a great federation will grow
up in South Africa, after the manner
of that of Canada or of Australia, as
in appanage of the British Empire. It
will not be necessary to waste any
sighs or sympathy over the 'lost free
dom" of a people so situated. The
Boers will be gainers by the change,
by Just as much as the British system
is better for liberty, for peace and or
der, for progressive civilization, than
that of the Boers, which dates back to
medievalism, and has not yet fully
lerged from It.
The way In which the transaction
relating to the printing of the official
jallots for Multnomah County was
managed was an incident which alone
cost the Republican ticket more votes
than would have sufficed for the elec
tion of all the Republican candidates
for the House. It converted all the
printing houses of Portland Into active
opponents of the whole Legislative
ticket. The people resent It when party
management Is made the basis of fa
voritism to those who have a "pull."
It cannot be said that the Boers have
defended their country with a courage
real and resolute. They have never In
one instance shown a willingness to
meet the English in the shock of battle,
on equal terms. They have abandoned
positions everywhere, instead of fight
ing to hold them. They are good ma
terial for soldiers, doubtless; but they
are not soldiers. Never have they been
dlllng to meet the English on equal
ground, man for man, or even two to
The President had to devise some
way of getting rid of the importunate
M. M. Estee, of California, and he gave
"Wm an Hawaiian Judgeship; but on
the whole he has shown good judgment
and discriminating fairness in his ap
pointments under the territorial act.
They are for the most part residents of
the islands. It is different with Alaska.
The new bill provides a long list of fat
places, and they will go to the Admin
istration favorites and Senatorial de
pendents, not citizens of Alaska. The
territory has few actual residents any
way. Most of the people who go there
are mere sojourners, and expect to re
turn to the States when they can. So
the northern territory has no real cause
ior complaint, unless the appointees are
in themselves unfit.
Pettlgrew cannot well give away Re
publican campaign secrets he never
possessed. The South Dakota self-operating
megaphone Is not troubled by
ecruples, but he Is affected with ah un
bounded Imagination and unlimited Jaw
power, and no doubt we shall continue
to be afflicted with him until his un
happy constituents get at him.
The Fourth of July celebration prom
ises to be unusually successful, as the
project Is in competent and enthusias
tic hands, and the programme will be.
In circus vocabulary, "entirely new and
novel." What Is there Dan McAllen
cannot do, once he sets about It?
C H. Goddard Is a young gentleman
In "Washington upon whom rests heav
Lily the burden of waging the Fusion
jjnpalgn this Summer and Fall. He
secretary of the state central com-
lee. It lr incumbent on Mr. God-
R. to distribute among his followers
irmatlon of a cheerful nature, and
'he conceives it to be his prerogative.
kwhen the facts ar wanting, to Invent
la choice variety of misinformation.
lent the Oregon campaign he is re
ported from Seattle to have said:
The average Republican majority for the
?ood Commissioner and the popular candidate
for Supreme Judre w 111 not xeecd 4500. axalnst
6500 In 1898. Ther tthe Fuslonlsts) cut down
tongue's majority a. little more thin In two.
kIt Js not important to undertake the
jpeless task of straightening out Mr.
fGoddard and send him repentant along
Ithe path of political rectitude. But It
.may be worth while to inform ills fel
low-Democrats that he has erred, sadly
srred. The Republican state ticket is
sleeted by the largest majority ever
lown. Mr. Tongue's majority is in-
creased, and Mr. Moody will have
something like S500 over Smith. Prom
the course of events in Washington it
may be fairly Judged that that state
has about made up its mind to disre
gard the advice of men like Goddard
and do likewise with Oregon.
"WITH. HER. OS OUR SIDE."
Talk about the Monroe Doctrine has
led British, writers recently into some
examination of the origin of it. Mr.
Moreton Frewen, an Englishman well
known in America, from his articles
during many years past on monetary
questions, publishes In a British review
an article on the Clayton-Bulwer treaty
and the status of the American Isth
mian Canal, in which, after referring
to the Holy Alliance, which aimed to
stamp out representative government
in Europe and prevent its spread in
America, he says:
Spain's colonies In South and Centril Amer
ica were at that tlmo In rebellion, and the Holy
Alliance was pledged to suppress this anti-monarchical
ebullition. George Canning, the British
Minister for Foreign Affairs, being anxious to
thwart the Holy Alliance without bringing the
combined forres of this warlike coalition (Aus
tria, France, Prussia, and Russia) about hb
-irs. went to Rush, the American Minister in
London, and propounded to Rush that policy
for the- Nation which Is now known as the
"Monroe Doctrine." Accordingly, on the 22d of
August, 1823, we find Canning submitting this
whole policy to Rush In a. state document.
Rush, not yet "being In a position to acquiesce,
referred home to President Monroe for Instruc
tions, end Mii-roo submitted the proposal
among others, in Jeffrnn and Madison. Such
was the Monroe genesis.
This is correctly stated. Jefferson, in
a letter written in October, 1E23, warmly
approved Canning's proposals, adding:
"By acceding to her (England's) propo
sition we detach her from the band of
despots, bring her mighty bulk Into the
scale of free government and emanci
pate a continent at one stroke. Great
Britain is the nation which can do us
the most harm of any one, or of all, on
earth, and with her on our side we need
not fear the whole world."
Here Is a suggestion which, If made
now, would produce an ague fit among
our "anti" people, who are so desper
ately fearful of any co-operation, even
of tacit kind, between ourselves and
Great Britain. The phrase "With her
on our side" would be horrible trea
son to the minds of the great Bryan
and other anti-expansionists of the
A TrPICAIi TRADE PROBLEM.
If the Administration is In sympathy
with the blind protectionists of the
country, and wants to darken the coun
sels of Congress on trade matters, it
must not send to foreign countries men
of discernment and convictions like ex
Governor Lord, of Oregon. In Sun
day's Oregonian appeared a letter from
Minister Lord at Buenos Ayres, in
which he spoke guardedly of the pros
pect for Increased trade between the
United States and the Argentine. "What
he said, specifically, was this:
"We ought t c'o i.ore business with this coun
try. This republic is destined to be the leadlntr
country In South America, and I believe lint
our people otisht not to let the opportunity pass
for cultivating closer business relations. The
people naturally are well affected toward u,
though thers is a s ing feelli.g that ws are
indifferent aN,ut trading with them.
This Is circumspect and diplomatic
ally unexceptionable. But the utter
ance has no meaning unless we read
between the lines that the Senate's re
jection of the reciprocity treaty is a
mistake. There Is no other "opportu
nity" about "to pass." Governor
Lord's view is of the highest Interest,
inasmuch as it confirms, from study
on the ground. Just what the discerning
have concluded through generalization
from known principles. The Argentine
treaty was rejected by the Senate; that
is, was denied consideration, through
fear of giving offense to protected in
terests now presumably benefited by
existing tariffs. Chief of these is the
wool Interests. As Governor Lord be
longs In a wool state, to whose interests
he Is loyal, It must be supposed his
study and observation have shown him
that the state's welfare would be con
served by the treaty; that Is, that the
compensations In exchanges would
have counterbalanced interests sup
posed to be jeopardized. The conten
tion Is doubtless true, therefore, as
friends of the treaty have maintained,
that 60 per "cent of the wool which
would be imported under the treaty
belongs to a class of wool which does
not come in competition with our wool.
The other 40 per cent, which would
come In competition, when considered
with reference to the whole amount
raised In the United States and export
ed from Australia and some other coun
tries. Is so infinitesimal that it is not
worth consideration. If this Is so. It
would have been far better that the
treaty should have been subjected to
discussion, even if rejection should
have followed it.
It may be well right here to summar
ize the terms of the treaty. In brief, it
provided a 20 per cent reduction on
wool, hides and sugar exported from
Argentina, but, as a consideration
therefor, Argentina gave a reduction of
50 per cent on canned salmon, lobsters,
shrimps, corn, succotash, tomatoes and
apples, dried or evaporated fruits and
parafnne wax, and also on windmills;
20 per cent on bacon, oatmeal, cracked
wheat, corn starch, corn grits, hominy,
sail twine and cotton rope, and 15 per
cent on white pine, spruce pine, Oregon
pine, yellow pine, oak and ash lumber,
and some other things.
Now, nearly everything here enumer
ated is produced in Oregon, and is
greatly desired In Argentina, and would
find a ready market there. The coun
try, being treeless, Imports all its lum
ber, of which it consumes great quan
tities, and will continue to consume in
creasing quantities with its growth and
progress, thereby affording American
mills an tlnexceptlonally good market
for their lumber. While Argentine
products are similar in many respects
to our own, wool, hides and sugar be
longing to the class upon which the
reduction is made, it is doubtful if the
amounts exported would materially af
fect, these Interests.
All classes of our people, moreover,
woolgrowers included, must bear in
mind the indirect benefits accruing to
them through, a flourishing trade, with
its incidental increase of demand for all
commodities consumed, both at home
and abroad. The Alaska trade has
been a godsend to the plumbers and
carpenters of the Pacific Northwest, as
well as the steamship and outfitting
men, because it has made business
lively and money plenty. So with Ar
gentine trade. Portland would feel an
Impetus in the shipment of lumber, and
our state ought to furnish many of the
other articles mentioned, such as
canned salmon, tomatoes, manufac
tured meals, twine, etc
This- Argentine matter Is only an In
cident in the general change that Is
coming over our National attitude
toward the outside world. We must
abandon our traditional policy of isola
tion and reach out for active trade and
close commercial relationship with all
the great trading nations. The time is
passing when our own country fur
nishes sufficient opportunities for the
investment of home capital, or markets
for our products, raw and manufac
tured. This was In part illustrated by
the offer of one of our Insurance com
panies to take 400,000, or $2,000,000, of
the proposed English loan. Capital
cannot afford to lie idle; it must be
employed to be profitable, and new
fields will he sought for its employ
ment. As a means to that end, nothing
Is more efficacious than the extension
of our foreign commerce.
A PERPETUAL DISADVANTAGE.
The Northwestern Miller, of Minne
apolis, the leading journal of its class
in the world, displays an Imperfect un
derstanding of the Oriental flour trade
in an article printed a few days ago.
Relying on the assurance of Mr. J. J.
Hill that he will make a through rate
of $S and possibly $7 per ton from Buf
falo, and other points on his rail and
water lines, to Hong Kong and Japan
ese ports, the Miller sees a great op
portunity for the flour manufacturers
of the Middle West to come In and di
vide the field with the Pacific Coast
men who have built up the trade. In
commenting on the prospect, the Miller
Eery day hrlngs tha Asiatic flour trade
nearer to the millers of the Central West, with
their enormous productive capacity, their army
of well-organlxed and well-trained salesmen,
and their modern and aggressive systems of
exploiting trade. Already the more astute and
far-seeing among them are quietly planning to
enter the trade at the earliest opportunity,
realizing that It will afford an escape for the
fierce competition In the East and across the
Atlantic, compared to which the Asiatic com
petition Is as nothing.
There can never be an opening In the
Orient for flour manufactured east of
the Rocky Mountains until the de
mands of the people across the Pacific
are in excess of the production of the
Pacific Northwest and of California. No
matter what rate Mr. Hill may make
for the through traffic from the East,
the fact will always remain that he is
compelled to haul the flour of the Mid
dle West 2000 miles by rail before it is
on even terms with the flour manufac
tured at tidewater on the Pacific Coast.
The cost of this long rail haul will al
ways remain a differential in favor of
thePaciflc Coast manufacturer, and It is
too great to be overcome, except at the
expense of the wheatgrowers of the
Middle West That they will object to
footing the bills Is an assured fact, for
the reason that they have superb trans
portation facilities for landing their
wheat in Liverpool, the world's mar
ket, at a much lower rate than is paid
by the Pacific Coast grower to reach
the same market. This fact further in
creases the differential in favor of the
Pacific Coast miller, as it enables him
to secure his wheat several cents per
bushel cheaper than It can be secured
by the Middle West manufacturer.
If the big millers east of the Rockies
are sincere In the' belief that Asiatic
competition Is so insignificant In compar
ison with that in the East and across
the Atlantic, they should come to the
Coast and build mills, and thus start on
even terms with the men with whom
they are competing. Ever since the
Oriental flour trade has assumed any
thing like large proportions the mills
in the Pacific Northwest have set the
pace for the wheatbuyers, and the
growers have, on the whole, realized
better prices than they would had they
been obliged to depend on the European
wheat market for an outlet. For this
reason it would be highly beneficial for
the Pacific Northwest to have all of the
mills In operation that could find an
outlet for their product. The Orientals
are a clannish people, and It has re
quired years of hard work and a heavy
expenditure of money to establish the
reputation which Pacific Coast flour
now enjoys In China and Japan. Even
after years of work and the growth of
the business Into handsome propor
tions, the Orientals take hold of new
brands of flour with great diffidence,
and the Middle West millers will be
obliged to do just as the Pacific Coast
millers have done that is, work up a
market for the flour, and the trans
portation problem will take care of It
self. POSSIBLE CRISIS IX CHINA.
The news that fighting has com
menced between our naval forces and
the Taku forts, at the mouth of the
Pel-Ho River, means that the Chinese
troops are attempting forcibly to pre
vent the dispatch of further foreign
soldiers to Peking. The scene of the
hostilities is exactly where the British
naval squadron under Admiral Sir
Hope Grant was badly repulsed In Its
attempt to pass the Taku forts In 1SG0.
Sir Hope Grant owed his rescue from
destruction to the interference of an
American war vessel, whose command
er, saying, "Blood is thicker than
water," rescued the English wounded
and took them out of the line of fire.
The origin of the present movement
of foreign war vessels toward Peking
Is to protect foreigners from murder
and outrage at the hands of a secret
society, known as the "Boxers," which
from desultory forage and village rob
bery has turned to the ejection of for
eigners, the destruction of the Tien
Tsin Railroad, and the capture of Pe
king. The Chinese Government has
two armies, one of Chinese and one of
Manchu troops, which were worthless
In the famous Talplng rebellion, and
would be worthless against the "Box
ers," should they march against Pe
king. The government of China, as
represented by the Dowager Empress,
has been in secret sympathy with the
"Boxers," and the Empress has or
dered her troops to oppose further land
ing of parties from foreign warships
and prevent further reinforcements
reaching Peking, where the usual plan
has been followed of landing detach
ments of foreign troops to protect the
European and American Legations.
This precaution was taken at Beirut,
In Syria, in 1SC0; at Alexandria in 18S2;
at Seoul, in Corea, In 1895. These for
eign troops, consisting of more than 300
men from the British, French, Russian,
American, Italian and Japanese war
vessels, arrived In Peking on the 31st
ult., and Rear-Adrnlral Kempff, com
manding the Newark, landed a body
of American marines at Tien- Tsin.
Should the Empress Dowager persist
In her present attitude of sympathy
toward the looting, murdering army of
"Boxers," by refusal to permit foreign
troops adequate for the protection of
their countrymen to proceed to Peking,
she Is dangerously likely to see Peking
again captured and severely punished,
as it was in 1860, when an army of
English and French troops occupied it
and burned the famous "Summer Pal
ace." This punishment the Chinese Gov
ernment brought upon itself by firing
from the Taku forts upon the British
naval escort of the peace commission.
The Taku forts command, the Pel-Ho
River, the approach to the Chinese cap
ital. The Newark, which is Rear-Ad-mlral
KempfTs flagship, is an unar
mored steel vessel, armed with twelve
six-Inch guns, and has a crew of 337
officers and men.
In event of the "Boxer" Insurrection
growing into a formidable anti-foreign
crusade, Russia Is in a position effect
ively to Interfere In the interest of
peace and order, for -she has an Impreg
nable military and naval base at Port
Arthur, and there are now not less than
110,000 Russian soldiers in Manchuria,
which has become practically a Rus
sianized province. No other nation
could sat in motion toward Peking
within twenty-four hours' notice half
so many disciplined and well-armed
troops as Russia, could, for, while
Japan has a large army, sho must
send troops by water to reach the Chi
nese coast. Before Russia will permit
a state of anarchy, fatal to remuner
ative trade and commerce, to prevail
in China, she will certainly interfere,
and her Interference might be the be
ginning of the end of the Chinese Em
pire under native rulers.
THE "POWERS' IS THE ORIENT.
Lord Roberts was asked ten days
ago whether he could release 1(0,000 of
his troops for return to England before
October 1. This was regarded as sig
nificant, in view of the situation in the
far East, where Japan, bitterly jealous
of the gradual encroachments of Rus
sia in China and Corea, alone has ex
pressed a wish for the speedy Buccesa
of the British arms In South Africa.
The Mikado was the only sovereign
who telegraphed Queen Victoria con
gratulations upon the surrender of
Cronje's army, the relief o( Ladysmlth
and the occupation of Bioemfonteln.
Since the beginning of April the whole
of Japan's navy has been mobilized,
with a considerable part of her army.
During the maneuvers of the Japanese
fleet no one but the British commander-in-chief
on the Chinese station was in
vited to be present. It was reported
that the purpose of these naval maneu
vers, in the Straits of Corea was the
blockade and capture of a squadron
supposed to represent the Russian fleet.
Japan regards war with Russia a3 in
evitable, and, in order to hold her own
against Russia, needs England's co
operation for enforcement of neu
trality upon France and Germany.
Russia, supported by France and Ger
many, compelled Japan to surrender
the territory acquired on the Chinese
mainland by the treaty of Shimonoseki,
and she knows she Is powerless in a
naval contest with Russia, unless Eng
land forbids the intervention of France
in behalf of Russia, Now that the sub
jugation of the Transvaal Is assured,
England, with her splendid army of
over 200,000 men In South Africa, Is
stronger than she has been at any time
since Waterloo; and her protest against
the intervention of any European
power In behalf of Russia against Ja
pan would be no weak or Idle threat.
These facts have probably encour
aged Japan at this moment to protest
against the landing 6f a large Russian
force in China. Japan knows that. If
she is to fight Russia successfully, she
must light this year. Today her naval
power Is superior to that of Russia's In
the far East; she has a great advan
tage in dockjng facilities and In coal
supplies, which will be lost to her when
Russia's fleet Is enlarged, when her
docks at Port Arthur and her Trans
Siberian Railway Is completed.
If war should break out tomorrow
between Russia and Japan, Russia
would be unable tor reinforce her squad
rons In the Pacific, because she would
no longer be permitted to use British
coaling stations on routes thither.
With England's help, Japan can compel
France to remain neutral, and if Japan
defeated Russia she would obtain Corea
and would set up anew her claim to the
Llao-Tung Peninsula, which she won
from China, but was obliged to surren
der at the demand of Russia, backed by
Germany and France.
Br'er KIncald's great postage stamp
Campaign for the County Judgeship
ended in failure. Lane County appre
ciates mighty editorial talents too well
to deprive itself of their hebdomedal
The President signs the Alaska code,
and at once appoints the new officials.
The territory cannot complain of pro
crastination in one Important feature
of Administration consideration.
Jim Ham Lewis Is in Idaho defying
the Money Devil and roasting the
Trust Vampire; and his Vlce-Preslden-tlal
boom has advanced another Inch.
Hawalljs beginning at last to fee?
truly at home as a member of Uncle
Sam's official family. The Federal pie
is being distributed.
Pretoria has fallen. But that was In
Africa. We have Just had other things
of real interest to engage our atten
tion nt home.
We may not all agree as to how it
happened; but we know what hap
pened. Lentz is also an Ohio politician.
Scats ia Demand nt a Weddings
New York Evening Sun.
Just as the wedding march was about to
strike up at the, Morris-Clark wedding
the other day three tell, amply propor
tioned women appeared in the church door
way. The women wore no hats, but elab
orate head-dresses nodded upon high.
They were gowned resplendently end they
wore much Jewelry. Over their long
gloves, wrlnk.ed clear to the shoulder,
flashed a number of bracelets. They
charged straight upon the ushers, herding
together preparatory to the bridal pro
cession. "'Where is Mr. ?" demanded
the tallest arid most bebraceletted of the
three women, naming the head usher. "I
wish to speak with hlra -at ones." One of
the ushers scurried up the main aisle
and summoned the head usher from the
front pew to which ho had retired to
watch the ceremony. "Mr. , we have
come all the way from Montana to attend
this, wedding," announced the spokeswo
man loud and clear, the three meeting the
head usher fully quarterway up the aisle,
"and we want front seats. We've come to
see everything there la to see and we're
going to see It." "Why certainly, cer
tainly," he replied, bowing. Then without
the suspidon of irony in the expression
of his face he called out, "All ladles from
Montana will kindly step this way." Then
he led them up to the front while the
other gilests .from humbler places like"
New York, smiled audibly. "Mr. k
Mr. ," fairly shouted one man, as he
left his seat and crowded out of a pew
half way up the middle aisle as the head
usher happened to pass, "can't you give
mo a better aeat than -this? I have an in
vitation to the bouse as well the church."
"Get back into your seat." retorted the
usher, even his patience exhausted.
"You've got as goo e seat now as 'there
is In the house ind I'm not going tcychange
yoo. We haven't a seat left any better
GENERAL WOOD'S STATEMENT.
Jfeely Baalaess la Rare aad DIicor
tfrnt Ia SlHappcarlBff.
New York Herald.
HAVANA. May SL General Leonard
Wood, Military Governor of Cuba, today
authorized me to cable to the World the
following statement from him relative to
the frauds in the Cuban postal service and
the general condition of the island:
"I firmly believe that the irregularities
In the Cuban postal service, which amount
to plain theft only, are all that will Dc
"The postal service has not been under
my. Jurisdiction. I learned of the frauda.
Instituted an Inquiry and took steps to se
cure the punishment of the men Impli
cated. "I have-since Inaugurated a thorough In
vestigation into all the departments, and
am confident that the condition of affairs
of the postal service does nouexist in any
other branch. Of course there have been
many rumors Inspired by the postal scandai
of fraudulent transactions In the other de
partmentsthe customs service, the En
gineers Department and the Department
of Parks. I have every reason to beKeve
that these departments have been con
ducted In a most buslnesa-Uke and honest
manner. If there is one department I
am eure of It is the Customs Bureau. You
can readily understand that men who
have been In the habit of swindling tho
Government under the Spanish regime do
not take kindly to the Introduction of
the business methods Inaugurated by the
United States. I th.nk that on the whole
the entire public service of Cuba has been
"Should you discover the existence of
irregularities In any other department.
General, what would be your action?"
"I would institute a thorough investiga
tion and punish the offenders," replied
tho General, firmly.
"Has an intimation been conveyed that
tho Administration at Washington would,
for political reasons, rather that no other
scandals be disclosed and that the full
extent of the postal irregularities In the
postal service be kept as secret as possi
ble?" was the next question.
"I have not received any such Intima
tion," was the answer. "It !a my place
to find out whether the Government serv
ice Is properly administered. If I find It
Is not I shall insist on the immediate pun
ishment of any offender, no matter who
he may be or what influence, political or
otherwise, may bo exercised to protect
him. I am responsible for the honest con
duct of the government, and any person
found guilty will be punished."
"What have you to say regarding the
reports of unwarranted extravagance on
tho part of officials sent by the United
"There is nothing in the condition of
affairs to justify such a statement. I
know a number of officials who have been
compelled to spend more money to main
tain the dignity of their rank and country
than the United States has allowed them.
They have dTawn upon their private in
comes to do eo, and the Government has
not been called upon to foot their bills."
"How many men have been found guil
ty of fraud and cither been.quletly dropped
from the service or placed5 under arrest?
"Very few, and with one exception all
were In civil branches of the service. But
of 00.000 soldiers eent to the island but
one man has been directly charged with
embezzlement. He was a Volunteer of
ficer, and the amount of his stealings was
$18). He was tried, found guilty, and
sentenced to three years. Aside from
Neeley, Reeves. Rich and the other men
Implicated in the postal scandal there are
a number of men await ing trial for perpe
trating frauds In the customs service. If
guilty they will surely be punlehed."
"How about the general condition of the
"It is most satisfactory. The revenues
are In excess of the expenditures. There
Is less discontent than j'ou Imagine, and
while the advancement of the people is
slow It Is undoubtedly more satisfactory
than the old condition. A most significant
Indication is furnished by the fact that
the preparations for the election of munic
ipal officials, on June 16, have been con
ducted In a most orderly manner. I
have not. received a single request for
"The registration of voters foots up
150.000, one-half of the voting strength. In
order to preserve the best feeling I de
cided to give the mlnoritry party repre
sentation on every Board of Aldermen
and the other elective bodies. I don't
anticipate trouble of any character as a
result of the elections."
Xevr Orleans; and the Canal.
Mr. Hester, of Now Orleans, the cotton
expert, cites the exports of cotton to
Japan as an argument for the construc
tion of the Nicaragua canal always as
suming that said canal Is a practicable
and practical thing. This season, says
Mr. Hester, we have sent to Japan 200.000
bales of cotton, of which number 169.000
went overland to Pacific ports to cross
the Pacific ocean, 87.000 bales went from
Gulf ports and 44.000 bales went from
New York and Savannah by way of the
Suez canal. If the canal were open and
the tolls were low It would cheapen trans
portation to Japan, he thinks, and develop
this export trade. The New York Journal
of Commerce observes by way oT com
ment: "The Interest of New Orleans In
this matter is much greater than that
of New York, which la nearer Suez and
farther from Nicaragua than New Orleans
and Galveston are. That the canal would
be of great value to tho Gulf ports Is
evident enough, and that It would promote
our Orient trade Is not less certain. But
it is Interesting to notice that a good
deal more than half our cotton exports
to Japan was able to bear the cost of
land transportation from the fields to
The Censns Man.
James "W. Foley, Jr., In Bismarck Trlbune.
Ar you readr for the census.
Have ypu read the almanac?
Have you studied your ancestors
For a dozen cycles back?
H&to you counted up your freckles?
Have you figured up your sins?
For you know you'll have to tell em
"WTien the census man berlns.
Hae you added up the children?
Have you figured up your cash?
Did you ever find a button
In s. dish of -corn-beef hash?
Are you deaf or blind or ugly.
Do you to out or toe In?
All of this you'll have to answer
"When the census man begins.
Do you lisp or squint or stammer?
Ever have the whooping cough?
Are you handy with the hammer?
Ever do a stunt at golf?
Ate you fond of checkered neckties?
Ever fall and bark your shins?
Did you swear? You'll have to tell It
When the census man begins.
If your partner gave trump signal
Would you lead him back the deuce?
Ever wear a porous plaster?
Was It hard to get It loose?
Are you fond of pickled onions?
Do you smoke or chew or swear?
Hae you any corns or bunions?
What the size of shoe you wear?
Oh. you might as well look pleasant.
For you know you'll have to tell.
Would you use a bit more sugar
When the Jelly doesn't Jell?
What the nature of your labors?
Do you sugar your baked beans?
Are you friendly with your neighbors?
Do you live beyond your means?
Are you lean or stout or medium?
Do you suit yourself that way?
Did your vaccination take well 1
Did you move the first of May?
If a bobtalled flush called aces,
Could rou tell me which one wins?
Oh. you'll have to come to center
When the census man begins.
Are the children well this Summer?
Are they troubled with the hives?
Don't you think pink teas are tiresome?
Did you ever play high fives?
Didn't see you at the party?
Don't you go out any more?
Well, good morning! Can you tell me
Who the family is next door?
GOSSIP OF THE NATIONAL CAPITAL
WASHINGTON, Juno 2. Tillman's -assertions
that S3 per cent of the white
people of the South are sorry that the
Confederacy lost In the Civil War, is in
dorsed by the papers In his state, which
are opposed to him, and his political
methods. Some Senators arose to deny
the assertion in the Senate, but the news
papers of the South generally support the
proposition. Not long ago. at Louisville,
Ky the Confederate Veterans refused to
j march in a parade If the United States
flag was carried. More than that, they
voted positively against having an Ameri
can flag Jn the procession, and it was not
carried. Probably these people would not
allow their loyalty at the present time to
be questioned, but their loyalty to the
Union Is a secondary consideration to
their loyalty to the defunct Confederacy.
At tho battle-field of Antletam. Senator
Daniel, of Virginia, on Decoration day.
had considerable gush about the President
putting ahoulder straps and stars upon
ex-Confederate soldiers. We have also
heard a great deal about all feeling be
tween tho North and South being wiped
out by reason of the unification of the
Spanish War. Possibly this is true, but
tha Tillman episode and the episode at
Louisville indicates that the spirit is there
the same as ever. These are the reasons
why no ex-Confederate soldier, no matter
what profession- he has made, can ever
be elected President of the United States.
It Is possible that some time the South
will get the Presidency. Republicans In
the South realize that not even a South
ern Republican can be named for Vice
President for the reason that the South
erners still keep alive their Confederate
feelings, and still believe that they were
right, and that the Union was wrong.
There is no use of making a political is
sue of this, but the people of the United
States will see to it that nobody except
men who believe In good faith In the
Union, and who never were anywise tinc
tured with secession, will be elected to the
highest office in the land.
Situation, in Colorado.
While there Is absolutely no hope of
the Repub.Icans carrying Colorado this
year, yett the situation in that state Is in
teresting. A prominent gentleman from
Denver was recently talking of the polit
ical outlook in his state, saying there
was no doubt that Bryan would carry
Colorado this Fall, although his majority
would not be as large as four years ago.
"There are many Republicans who voted
for the Nebraskan, on the sliver issue four
years ago," said he, "who have gone back
to their old love, the Republican party,
but there are not enough of them to over
come tho tremendous silver majority.
The Influence of Senator Teller In the
state. If nothing else, would be sufficient
to hold Colorado for Bryan. Out our way
we would like to see Towne retained with
Bryan by the Kansas City convention.
Tho Sllver-RepubHcan axe the people who
give tho West to Bryan, and we feel
that we are entitled to some litrle recog
nition. Still, his displacement would not
cost enough notes to jeopardize the ticket
In the West. We are for sliver first and.
the candidates afterward."
It Is probably true that a purely Demo
cratic vote In Colorado, as against the
Republicans, could never win; but it is
the fusion of SUver-Repubyeans, Popu
lists and Democrats, all in support of a
silver candidate, that will give the state
so overwhelmingly to Bryan. And it Is
probably also true that there Is a stronger
feeling for Bryan personally than Is con
templated by this gentleman, even though
many Coloradoans would be as willing to
support any other silver man as they
would Bryan. Yet It cannot be denied
that many, not only of Colorado, but
throughout the silver states of the West,
are wedded to Bryan, and will not harken
for a moment to any other name to head
the silver ticket.
Boer Envoys' Mistake.
No sot of men regretted mora than the
Boer envoys themselves that they fell
Into the hands of the b-athcrskites when
they came to this country on a mission
seeking assistance of a substantial char
acter for their people- Sulzer, of New
York; O'Farrell, of Washington, Bourke
Cockran. Mason. Wellington and Champ
Clark wore the principal talkers and per
formers at the reception given the Boers
in Washington. These Boers were in
formed that this was a strictly nonpar
tisan meeetlng, because two Republican
Senators were among the men to speak.
Names of prominent Republicans were se
lected by Sulzer and his friends and pCaced
upon the committee of reception without
oven consulting any of these men. The
Boers found out after they had been here
a short time that they had been made
use of for the purpose of exploiting
a spurious Vice-Presidential boom for
Sulzer; for giving Wellington and Mason
an opportunity to strike a blow at the
Administration; for O'Farrell and Cock
ran to exploit their Fenian sentiments,
and for Champ Clark to advertise the
Missouri Democracy. Of course tho Boers
when they found out what they had
fallen Into were very much depressed.
They dM the best they oouvd to recover,
but mistakes of that kind are hard to get
over. They have probably learned by this
time that the people of the United States
do not want foreign complications Injected
lhto the politics of this country. It has
never been popular, ariS the people of the
United States are a unit in standing be
hind any Administration, no matter what
its action may be. especially if they be
lieve that the Administration is honest In
Its endeavors to do what Is best for the
country- No sane man believes that this
country or any representative of it would
tie or bind the country In any way con
trary to what he believed was for Its
best interests. Nor does any one believe
fTIat we have any secret alliance with
England, as has been charged, because
such an assertion carries its denial vlth
it, on account of Its absurdity. In all the
years the republic has existed. It has
been found that In treating with foreign
questions every Administration and every
party has been for the United States first,
and for that reason It has always had
the support of the people. Before the
Boers complete their tour of the country
they may learn a great deal regarding
our interests. They certainly were very
Ignorant when they came here, and wen
very much misled.
Secretary Iiongr Turning Fashion
Chicago Tribune's Washington Letter.
Secretary Long appeared on the streets
this week resplendent in Summer attire,
strictly up to the fashion plates in cloth
and cut. This is a radical departure for
tho Secretary of the Navy. He is best
known in a black frock and a silk hat
the bat until recently being of ancient
block. The suit was of blue serge, with
double-breasted coat. Tho shoes are of
tan. He wore a straw hat. The greatest
innovation was made by the Secretary in
the selection of a shirt. He wore a neg
ligee of blue and white stripes, and wide
B'tripee at that. With tho coat buttoned,
the shirt was considerably subdued, but a
dash of color peeped from the end of the
coat sleeves and beneath the collar. More
than this, tho Secretary was the first of
tha Cabinet officers to exchange Winter
garb for tho more comfortable clothes
appropriate to this climate.
Always the Way.
San. Jose Mercury..
Again the St. Louis street car strikers
have resorted to dynamite. It seems
strange that the leaders of labor wars
never learn the lesson that dynamite
blows the cause of the strikers far higher
than it does street cars or railroad cul
verts. It is understood, of course, that
those who advocate and practice violence
are generally in the minority among strik
ers, but unfortunately they seem to be
among those at the head of affairs, and
thus commit ail the others to responsi
bility for their acts. The sympathy of tha
substantial portion of tho community Is
forfeited, and the original grievance of
the strikers is lost to sight in the necessity
for the authorities to protect the lives
and property of peaceable citizens.
NOTE AND COMMENT.,
Now let us return to business.
How would you liko to he the censusv
V. enumerator? " "
Console thyself. O writer of bad verse.
For Austin's stuff Is Infinitely worse.
Wanted A rhyme for Johannesburg
Address A. Austin. South Africa.
The days will soon foe long enough for
a farm hand to do a full day's work.
Eastern Oregon sheep shearers are
talking-of forming a barber's union neat
season. Anyway, tha Oregon election' didn't
turn any new Vice-Presidential candi
It is now up to President Krugec to -die
a few deaths, just to let the public
know he Is alive.
If silence Is golden, the Sultan must
havo accumulated much more than
enough to pay that little bill.
"I think these election returns ought
to be classified under two heads," re
marked Cuticus; 'the Reps and the dis
reps." Bryan has built a new porch to his
house. He Is evidently .desirous of hav
ing the 1 cold outside as comfortable as
In Chicago a man who was playing a
banjo was arrested and. sent to jalL Ho
had a narrow escape from hanging. Ho
might have been playing an accordion.
The British citizens are delightedly
parodying the famous epic about tho
sparrow and the pout, rendering It &3
There was a blooming' Boer
Flew up a blooming spout,
A blooming Briton came an
Drove the "hloomlng Boer out.
It Isn't poetry, but It serves to work oft
a whole lot of enthusiasm.
It is probable that the banners bear
Ing portraits or names of candidates
which have been hung" on the outerwalls
and strung across the streets for the
past weeek or two, will disappear in tha
same mysterious manner as they ap
peared, and at once. Those of successful
candidates can be of no further benefit
to them, and the unsuccessful candidate
will not care to make themselves so prom,
inent for a while. Before election ana
after election are very different things.
'Es sprinttn o'er the kopjes at a record
With a bunch o bloomln.' Britons at 'is
'E's a trekkin toward the timber at a most
An' 'e's got no time to stop to eat 'Is meals;
But as long as they ain't got Mm. they can't
end tho bloomln war.
Fur lie can't surrender when 'e ain't on 'and.
So they've got to keep on fightin' an a chasln'
Till they kill off every burgher In tho land.
So keep trekkin', Mr. Kruger, for the end o
That we'll ketch the whole blame struggle in
the bloomln' magazines.
In Lakevlew the police have been ac
tive in suppressing the cries of street
venders, and the result has been a loss
of trade to many fruit peddlers. They
soon noticed, however, that the police
embargo did not apply to organ-grinders.
In Lakevlew now the organ-grinder and
strawberry man are seen together. The ,
quick-witted Italian fruit peddler, whose
vocal advertising methods have een
choked off by Captain Schuttler's men,
trails along behind the organ-grinder.
When the merry rag-time strains of the
street piano bring the dwellers In flats to
the windows, then the fruit men get busy.
One of them has made up an exceedingly
clever pantomime. With face, arms and
hands he tells the flat-dwellers that the
nolicpmen no longer will permit him to
cry his wares. His gesticulation attracts
attention, and when he makes a quick
change from pantomimic despair to pan
tomimic invitations to buy his strawber
ries he seldom fails to make a sale.
FJVEASAXTRIKS OF PAKAGRAPHERS
Appreciative. "Ah!" softly hummed tha mos
quito, as the sleeping victim restlessly turned
over in his bed. "The other check! He must
be a good manr'--Chlcago Tribune.
Rightly Ostracized. "No," said Senator lots
mun, "most of us have nothing to do with
Smallpyle. He tried to ue his official position
. c...n.. fotton his Docketbook and falied.
Failed, sir. most disgracefully!" Chicago Trib
Police Protection. "Have you adequate po
lice protection for your house?" asked the
burglar-alarm agent. "Yes. Indeed." said the
housekeeper In a tone that carried conviction,
"w have the prettiest servant girl on tha
block." Brooklyn Life.
Some Day. "When," shouted the orator,
"when Mil come that blessed day when every
man shall get all he earns?" "It'll come along
about the time," fiercely back-answerpd the
man in the crowd, who waarjthijarthat pur
pose. "It will come when every man earns all
he gets!" Indianapolis Press.
Higher Education. "My boy Jlmmte, aged 0,
is a corker in psychology and it's only his sec
ond term at It, too." "Indeed." "Yes. The
other day he said he was certain that tho
higher moral Influence had nothing to do with
my bains a good citizen." "Thn how did he
account for It?" "He said I was atrald ot tha
police!" Cleveland Plain. Dealer.
i..mnviatinn. VJr- asicod the farmer hii
opinion ot the rural free d-ll7cry of mall "It
Is a good thing. saia me iarmer. navins;
erminl himself Irom STAialwlnff in dialect
u; on the plea that he hal been ordered by his
doctor to avoid great exertion. "It is a grat
accommodation. In the busv season ot the
year, to get our green ?oo1 rlrculars uninter
ruptedly. Under the old lystem I have known
the time when I didn't a prun ?ooui cir
cnlar for six weeks, during harvest and hay
ing." Detroit Journal.
The Woman With the Broom. -
(Written after seeing a farmer's wife clean
Bowed by the cares of cleaning hoase, she leans
Upon her broom and gazes through the dust.
A wilderness of wrinkles on ner lace.
And on her head a knob of wispy hair.
Who made her slave to sweeping and to soap,
A thing that smiles not and that never rests.
o.T.inm n irrt1 a. ntster to the COW?
Who loosened and made shrill this angled Jaw?
Who dowered this narrowed cnest ior djow.u
Of sluggish men-folks and their morning fire.
Is this the thing you made the bride and
To have dlmlnlpn over hearth and home.
To scour the stairs and search the bin for
To bear the burden of maternity?
t ... .i. i tviv Tmt iiho framed our law
13 tins mc " i..w -.
And pillared a bright land on smiling homes .
Down all the stretcn 01 street 10 iu wi uuua .
There Is no shape more angular than hers.
More tongued with gabble of her neighbors'
More filled with never-ache and rheumatla
More fraught with menace of the frying-pan.
O lord" and masters In our happy land.
How with this woman will you make account.
How answer her shrill question in that hour
When whirlwinds of such women shake the
Heedless of every precedent and creed.
Straight In hysteric haste to right all wrongs?
How will it be with cant of politics.
With king of trade and legislative boss.
With cobwebs of hypocrisy and greod.
When she shall take the ballot for hr broom
And sweep away the dost of centuries?
Edwin W. Sanborn In New Tcrk Sua.