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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
THE MCTRNING (VREGOXIAN, THURSDAY, JUXE 7, 1900
AT A STANDSTILL
Roberts' Army Is Resting at
PREPARING FOR A LONG CHASE
The Xext 3Ioi e Will Be la tke Direc
tion of Lydennnrs atal Boers
on the Point of Surrendering-.
LONDON, June 7, 4:35 A- II. Military
operations In South Africa, are apparently
at a standstill. For a day or two the
tired troops of Lord Roberts are resting
and he is filling the magazines and ware
houses at his new base, Pretoria, prepara
tory to a long chase after the retiring
Boers in the direction of Lydenburg. His
cavalr is probably seeking to intercept
Some dispatches are. to hand which left
Pretoria Monday, while the fighting was
going on outside the city. They come by
way of Lourenco Marques. One of them
"Toward the end of the day, when the
British naval guns were shelling the
southern forts, a number of projecti.es
burst, damaging tho suburbs. All day
armed burghers have been leaving Pre
toria., going east. The greater part ol
the railway rolling stock has been re
moved. General Botha was fighting an es
sential rear-guard action, his object be
ing tibt to defend Pretoria, but to delay
Lord Roberts until the railway switch had
been cleared and the main part of the
Boer army had started to withdraw. The
British advance appears to have left open
to the Boers the best line of retreat
along the railway."
Possibly Lord Roberts has been able to
cut the railway "before a full retirement
was effected. That Pretoria would b
defended was- apparently given out after
the council of war with a view of mis
leading the British.
Lydenburg, the district to which the
provisions originally destined for Pretoria
have been diverted, and where a cartildge
factory has been erected and reserve sup
plies of all sorts are stored, is a volcanic
region of fertile valleys, enclosed by great
ramparts of precipitous rocks, penetrated
by narrow, winding passes. There are
herds of cattle in the valleys, and there
is much native labor available for forti
fying. The Bpers used both heavy and light
artillery at Pretoria. What Is supposed
to have been the last train that left
Pretoria arrived at Lourenco Marques
Sunday evening. The. passengers included
a number of foreign volunteers, who were
leaving the Boers, and also the wives and
children of .Hollanders. They described
Pretoria as destitute of food and clothing
"What the Boer officials could not take,
the natives and townspeople did.
Probably the most Important Boer army
is at Lalngs Nek, where both sides are
passive. General Rundle and General
Brabant have withdrawn a little south
ward. General Baden-Powell has extended
martial law to the Marco and North Llch
tenburg dlstricta Shots were exchanged
between Boer and British patrols 18 miles
west of Mafeklng May 28. Part of the
forces lately at Pretoria are reported to
have gone westward to meet Baden-Powell,
and to make a show of holding the
country through which he and General
Hunter are moving.
,A dispatch to tho Daily Telegraph from
Newcastle, dated Tuesday, described the
Boers there as an unorganized rabble,
without flour, meat or sugar. Their sur
render Is only a question of time. Never
theless, the correspondent avers, they
hold strong positions, with a prospect ol
a safe retreat toward Lydenburg. It it
understood at Newcastle that the British
Government has approached the Nat a!
Government with a proposition that Natal
shall voluntarily renounce local self-government
for a time in order that a good
system of crown government may be in
stituted for all South Africa, leading in
the course of time to federation and the
-subsequent autonomy of the various states
simultaneously. Lourenco Marques corre
spondents attach significance to the num
ber of British warships In Dclagoa Bay,
suggesting that they are there possibly
In anticipation of aiding the Portuguese in
the event of disturbances on the Trans
BCLLER AND BOTHA.
A Three Days Armistice Agreed
LONDON, June 6. A special dispatch
from Lourenco Marques, dated June 5,
"Buller and Christian Botha met at
Lalng's Nek, at Buller's request, when a
three days' armistice was agreed upon."
The dispatch adds that the British evac
Lord Roberts telegraphed to the War
Office as follows:
"Pretoria, June 5.-5:35 P. M. The occu
pation Of the town passed off most satis
factorily and the British flag is now
hoisted on top of the government offices.
The troops met with a much more enthu
siastic reception than I anticipated. The
third battalion of the Grenadier Guards
lined the streets .when, the march past
took place. 0nVrJhlr having been
on duty at some distance around the town,
very few cavalry and Infantry were able
to take part In the ceremony. Several of
our officers, who had been prisoners, were
among the onlookers."
It appears evident that the Boer Commander-in-Chief.
General Botha, with all
his guns, withdrew In good order, prob
ably ajong the Delngoa Bay Railroad,
with a view of joining President Kruger.
So the Transvaal forces remain practical
ly Intact with Presidents Kruger and
Steyn and General Botha and Secretary
of State Reitz all safe and In a position
to continue the direction of affairs.
The more optimistic see in the fact that
President Kruger's wife and General
Botha's wife were left at Pretoria an Indi
cation that the President does not count
on a long resistance. In any case, it will
probably take Roberts at least a week to
organize a campaign of pursuit. The mil
itary authorities anticipate that the next
Important news will come from General
A belated dispatch from Mafeklng, dated
May 31, announces the British occupation
of Malmanla. where 200 Boers surrendered.
Aristocrats in Boers' Hands.
LONDON. June 6. The Thirteenth Im
perial Yeomanry battalion, captured by
the Boers Friday near Llndley, Orange
River Colony, consisted of two Irish units
and two companies of the Duke of Cam
bridge's Own, Including Lord Donough's
company, which was regarded as the
crack company of the corps, a number
of men in the ranks being closely allied
to -noble lamllles.
Among the officers are the Earl of Le!
trlm. the Earl of Longford and the Earl
THE EXD OP THE PROMEXADE.
Tame Closing; of the Ansrlo-Boer
NEW XORK. June 6. A dispatch to the
Tribune from London says:
The promenade from Cape Town to Pre
toria was ended yesterday, after a battle
of maneuvers rather than serious fighting.
Lord Roberts gives a detailed description
of this engagement, and helps thereby to
dignify the ntry of the British troops
into the capital. The details have a hol
low ring, and It is not clear that the re
sistance offered by the Boers was serious.
The Boers, when attacked by the mount
ed infantry' and the Yeomanry, fell back
upon a position in the rear, where they
had concealed several guns. The naval
guns and the batteries of artillery moved
up with the infantry brigade behind them,
and the Putch mired. The Bpers then
made a feeble attempt to turn the left
flank of the British army, but were
thwarted when General Hamilton's col
umn of mounted Infantry filled the gap.
The Boers retreated, and Lord Roberts"
army, after bivouacking over night, en
tered Pretoria yesterday afternoon, the
Guards leading the way. The casualties
were not heavy, and the engagement was
a series of maneuvers' on each rfde, with
out desperate o- persistent fighting In the
dense Dutch stronghold.
Lord Roberts was embarrassed by the
Earl of Rosslyn'. enterprise last week In
revealing the helplessness of panic-stricken
Pretoria, and the facility with which
It could be entered by the British troops,
and he was deprived of the credit of forc
ing Ills way Into the Boer capital, since
the eagerness cf the officials to surrender
the town wan proclaimed when he was not
prepared to advance. By waiting six days
he gave the Boers time to recover from
their panic and to make some show of
defending the capital.
The account of Monday's engagement
and Tuesdav's entry In better re.idtnc for
each side in consequence of the delay.
The Boers have the credit for making a
final stand at Slx-Mllo Snru't and of seek
ing to ambush the British and thn to out
flank them, and Lord Roberts, Instead of
marching In several days after the memv
had ruttled out has the satisfaction of
entering tho capital In gallant style after
a successful engagement.
Lord Robfrtp does not appear to ha'e
usd more than two biiradei of Infantrv.
with a strong body of cavalry, and while
the runs were kept well In front, there
was lltMe work for thm. He hnd sta
tioned two brigades of onvairv north of
Pretoria and General Hamilton' column
to the west, and had not attempted to
concntrat hk force slnc the Beer com
mandoes were not rtrong. After a few
hours of maneuvering, the capital was left
defentMess. The forts. constructed at the
expenv? of the mine owners, and strncth
ened during thf war. were abandoned, tho
Creufots ?nd Kuppand the famous Long
Toms, which were to render Pretoria im-
pregnable, were taken cast to the moun
tains, and the capital, which President
Kruger's burghers nad boasted would be
defended month after month, was sud
denly left after a feeble engagement.
The facility with which Johannesburg
and Pretoria have been taken leads many
military men to suspect that there has
been a secret understanding between
President Kruger and the British Gov
ernment by which the war will be brought
to an end "without unnecessary loss of
life and wasteful destruction of property.
This theory, while plausible, cannot be
proved, since neither President Kruger
nor Lord Roberts will admit that there
has been any secret Intrigue, or that the
closing scenes of the war have been
prearranged In any sense.
The safer generalization Is that the
Boers have fought gallantly against the
resourced of a mighty empire, and have
been finally overwhelmed by superior num
bers and energy, and that Lord Roberts
has worked out an Intricate problem in
the dynamics of war. He has known how
much force was needed on the advance
line, and what kind of force, and how to
protect his line of communications most
effectively by operations on the eastern
flank under General Rundle.
The campaign may now be said to have
ended west of the line drawn from Pre
toria to Flcksburg. General Hunter's di
vision la reported to have entered Llch
tenburg. Lord Methuen will probably turn
up at Potchefstroom, and General Baden
Powell and General Carrington will oc
cupy Zeerust and Rustenberg. The occu
pation of Pretoria will probably dishearten
the Free State forces, and the Bethlehem,
Harrismlth and Vrede districts will be
gradually overrun by General Rundle'!
forces. The remaining operations of the
war will be restricted to the Lydenburg
district, to which the forces Mill holding
Lalng's Nek must retreat through Er
melo. There are many signs that the struggle
will end in the course of a fortnlpht. and
the details of the surrender of Pretoria,
communicated by Lord Roberts at mid
night, support this view. From Lord Rob
erts' report, it appears that the Boerj
were driven back fairly Into Pretoria In
Monday's engagement, and that the sur
render of the town was demanded. Gen
eral Botha proposed an armistice for set
tling the terms of surrender, and Lord
Roberts replied that there could be no
conditions. General Botha decided against
any attempt to defend the town, and
the civil officials arranged for the entry ol
the troops during the afternoon, as had
been done at Johannesburg.
The wives of President Kruger and Gen
eral Botha remained In the town, and no
attempt was made to remove the British
prisoners to Waterval. All the prisoners
will be speedtly released, and the stand
made In the Lydenburg district is not
likely to be .serious.
NEWS OF JAPAN.
Christian Paper Suspended for ShoTf
ingr Disrespect to Imperial Honse.
YOKOHAMA. May 25, via Victoria. B.
C, June 6. In the lull which has fol
lowed the rejoicings over the Imperial
wedding, little of interest has trans
pired. In the aftermath, the report that
a Christian Journal had been suspended
and Its editors arrested for disrespect
shown to the Imperial hous2 in Its com
ments on the ceremony, attracted much
attention, especially In view of the feel
ing against Christianity which has lately
been fostered In conservative and Buddhist
circles. It turns out, however, that the ob
noxious article, which Is said to be of a
decidedly indecent character, was the work
of an Irresponsible pair of boys, and that
In no way does It reflect upon the Japan
ese Christians. Whatever may be said of
the literary standing or Intellectual abil
ity of the Christian press of the empire.
It has been thoroughly clean and In every
way commendable In Its moral tone.
How far the present mining boom in
Corea Is of a merely political nature. It
Is difficult to say. There has been a re
markable number of demands upon the
government of that country for mining
concessions and privileges, leading out
siders seeming to gather the Impression
that the country must be a veritable store
house of mineral wealth. According to
the prevailing fashion here in the Orient,
however, the knowing ones recognize In
all this activity merely the first steps In
the process of establishing political
spheres of Influence. At all events, the
mining prospectors and adventurers of
America should be duly cautioned not to
wend their way hither on the reports of
a new Eldorado having been discovered.
Japan's admlnstratlon of Formosan af
fairs Is beginning to be greatly to Its
credit as a colonial power: the work of
the government Indicates that the island
Is assured a prosperous future. Railway
construction 1st rapidly progressing, and
the Industries of the Formosans are get
ting strong stimulus from the development
of means of communication.
Chicago Aid India.
CHICAGO, June . The Chicago India
Famine Relief Committee last night re
ceived the following cablegram from Lady
Curzon. of India:
"Simla, June 5. Indian Famine Com
mittee, Chicago: The generous contribu
tion of 10M gratefully received. Could
not be more opportune.
The Chicago committee is raising a sec
ond 100) and hopes to be able to Fend it
to the famine-stricken district before the
suffering grows worse.
American missionaries returned from
India speak In the highest terms of Lord
Curzon's work In behalf of the stricken
country. They say that in order to see
that relief work was done wherever possi
ble, he was inoculated for the plague that'
he might go into the plague-Infected
LARAMIE. Wyo.. June 6. The Demo
cratic State Convention today elected the
following delegates to the National con
vention a: Kansas City: A. E. Miller,
Laramie: P. C Alger. Sheridan; C E.
Blydenburg. Rawlins; Walter L. Marsh.
Cheyenne: R. A. Keenan. Rock Springs,
W"''?m Hlnton, Evnnslon.
SITUATION GROWS WORSE
BOXERS THREATEN TO EXTER.MI-
XATE FOREIGNERS AT TIEX-TSIX.
More Mnrdem Come to Xlght at Pao
Ting Fa Foreign Warships Land
TTEN-TSIN, June 6. The Chinese rv
ant of a Belgian engineer, who left Pao
Ting Fu two days after the Belgians, saw
five foreign and two Chinese dead bodies
in the Grand Canal, one being the body of
a foreign woman.
A blood placard threatens the exter
mination of the foreigners here June 10.
It Is rumored that the Boxers and Cath
olic Christians fought at Tung Hu Tues
day, three Christians being killed.
H. S. M. Balfloer hay arrived and the
Terrible Is expected. One hundred and
thirty-one British, 31 German. 50 French
and 45 Italian marines have arrived here.
These reinforcements render TIcn-Tsln se
cure. SITUATION IS WORSE.
Another American Warship Ordered
to the Tel Ho lllver.
WASHINGTON, June 6. Minister Con
ger cabled today that the situation at
Peking was worse, and this statement,
taken In connection with Admiral
KcmpfTs alarm'ng cablegram of yester
day, announcing that an engagement had
begun, decided the State Department to
strengthen the naval forces nearest the
wene of the trouble. Accordingly, a ca
blegram was sent to Admiral Remey, at
Manila, directing him to dispatch at once
to Admiral KcmpfTs command the gun
boat Helena, or a correspondingly light
draught ship. Admiral KempfC's flagship,
the Newark, drawing 23 feet of water,
cannot ascend the Pel Ho River safely
beyond the Taku forts near the entrance,
btu the little Helena, drawing only 11
feet, can taefly ascend to Tien-Tsln. 40
miles above. She was specially designed
for service In Chinese rivers, and so Is
likely to prove much more effective than
any other of the foreign warships which
can pass the Taku forts to reach Tlen
Toln. She carries batteries particularly
adapted for dealing with organized mobs.
She Is commanded by Commander E. JC
Moore, and her complement Is 10 officers
and 166 men. In view of the service re
quired of her. it Is expected that Admiral
Remey will add to this one or two compa
nies of marines.
It is gathered from Admiral KcmpfTs
advices that the Boxers are about to at
tack Tlen-Tsin. so that the Helena will
be a particularly welcome addition to the
foreign fleet In that part of China. If she
leaves Manila today, she should reach
Taku Sunday night or Monday morning.
Secretary Hay cabled Minister Conger
an authorization to call for reinforce
ments from Admiral Kempff. and to make
such disposition of his naval force as he
deems proper to protect American Inter
ests generally. The Administration Is de
termined that the United States Gov
ernment shall continue on Its Independent
course respecting the Chinese situation,
though willing to go as far as possible to
aid In the restoration of peace and order
In China. Therefore. Admiral KempnT has
not been Instructed to Join the other naval
commanders in the Pel Ho River In con
FIGHTING NEAR PEKING.
Chinese Soldiers Attacked the Box
er Heavy Lor. on Iloth Sides.
.SHANGHAI. June 6. Soldiers dispatcn
ed to attack the Boxers have fought an
engagement quite close to Peking. Many
vcre killed on both sides.
In consequence of the representations
of Japan, the landing of a large Russian
force at Taku Is alleged to have been
stopped. It is believed here that should
Russia persist In sending a preponderat
ing military force to the front, a colllson
with Japan, will Inevitably result. Alarm
ing reports are current here of the hur
ried completion of the mobllzatlon of the
The Russian minister at Peking, M.
Deglcr, has made another attempt to In
duce .he Chinese foreign office formally to
request Russian assistance to restore or
der. but the offer has not yet been ac
cepted. Violent dissensions are reported to ex
ist between the Chinese Commander-in-Chief
of the forces, Jung Lu. and Prince
Chlng Tuan, who. In accordance with
the wishes of the Dowager Empress, is
strongly supporting the cause of the
The mobs who murdered the English
missionaries. Robinson and Norman, mu
tilated and disemboweled the bodies. The
station at Yan-TIn. three miles from Pe
kjng, has been burned.
The British minister. Sir Claude Mac
Donald, is reported to be quite 111.
NEED A FREE HAND.
Forelsn M!aters Lose Time In Con
sulting: Horaf Governments..
PEKING. June 6. The situation is
growing steadily worse. Events move
with such rapidity and affairs, owing to
the excitement of the natives, are so
critical that the foreign ministers hold
frequent meetings. They feel the need of
a free hand for energetic action, without
a perpetual reference to the home gov
ernments. Sir Claude ilacDonald, the
rwi 1 Wm IBs l-IF'-
British IMnlster, is wiring for To more
Native employes who have returned
from Feng-Tal say they left the Boxers
openly drilling In the adjacent village.
A strong imperial edict. Issued this
evening, censures the "cowardliness of
the imperial troops," and orders the
Viceroy of Pe-Chi-Ll and General Jung
from Feng-Tal say they left the Boxers
The foreign ministers, at today's meet
ing, discussed the -question cf a special
audience with the Empress Dowager, but
no decision was reached.
WORKING VP A CRISIS.
Boxer Movement Spreading' Un
checked Throughout China.
LONDON, June 7. Affairs In China are
gradually working up a crisis of the first
magnitude. The morning papers think
that tho British squadron Is recognised
as Inferior In strength to the 'Russian,
as well as to the Japanese. The Morn
ing Post has the following dispatch from
Peking, dated yesterday:
I "Report says the court party Is col-
St. Louis Globe Democrat.
lectlng inelde the city. Consequently,
there Is Increased uneasiness."
The Peking correspondent of the Times
"No train either left or arrived at Pc
k'ng yesterday (Tuesday). Further dam
age to the railways Is reported. Tne
Boxer movement Is spreading unchecked
throughout the provinces. Not one Boxer
has yet been arrested or punUhed. Anx
iety Is Increasing regarding the fate of
the missionaries at the varibus stations.
At the meeting of the Tsung-11-Yamen
yesterday (Tuesday) the Japanese Min
ister d-'scussed the offer of M. de Glcrs,
Russian Minister, to give the assistance
of the Russian troops In quelling disturb
ances. The Tcung-H-Yamen denied that
the offer had been made; but Russia did
make It, and the Chinese Government Is
quite capable of accepting such assist
ance." The Peking correspondent of the Times.
In a long mall article, dated April 25,
which deals with Russo-Japanese rivalry
In the far East, expresses the opinion that
war between the two powers Is Inevita-
I blc and that It cannot be long delayed,
because of Russia's immense Chinese de
1 signs and the hatred China feels for Rus
j sla when they see her enjoying the
I fruits of Janan's victorious war to the
detriment of Japan.
JAPAN AND RUSSIA.
English Admiral Snys They Will
VANCOUVER. B. C. June 6. Admiral
Sir E. R. Freemantle, for years In charge
of the Indian and China squadrons, and
now Commander-in-Chief at DavenpoTt,
arrived today on his return from a tour
through the Orient. He said he thought
Japan and Russia would surely fight. At
any rate, Japan would never back down.
The feeling was so Intense there that no
ministry could or would give In to Russia.
Corea. he said, should Deiong to Japan,
and the Japanese know It and would fight
for It. When questioned os to what part
England would take in the struggle, ho
said that, being "oft duty," he could make
no statement whatever as to England:
probable ourse In the event of war, but
he said that-Ja'pan was in the right; that
she would 'fight, and she would win.
When told of the -ecent massacre of
British missionaries and of Japan's pro
test against Russia sending in more troops,
he said: "That greatly intensifies the
situation, but you can understand how
I don't wish to commit myself.1'
Count von Leyden, German Ambassador
to the court of Japan, arrived by the Em
press on his way home on leave.
"The Boxer question," said the Count.
"Is a most serious one In China. My own
country has sent trcope to Peking to co
operate with those of the other power,
and the outlook is serious. The present
state of affairs cannot be put up with:
but It Is to be hoped that the Dowager
Empress will suppress tte lawlessac.
He went on to say that It was not so
much for China's sake that the diplomats
feared, but the European nations, with
the United States and Japan, were so
deeply Interested that, should strong meas
ures have to b: taken with China, no one
knew what might happen. When he left
the combined forces from the represented
powers were sending troops to Peking
merely as a demonstration. "So, of
course," he said, "a few Hundred men
can do very little; but It may be the be
ginning of greater events."
The alarm of the Japanese Government
at the emigration to the United States
and Canada Is expressed In Japanese ro
pers. The Japan Mall says the Mikado's
Government Is powe-'ess to pass any act
regulating emigration without some en
abllng legislation by the Diet. The Gov
ernment has notified all Governors of prov
inces to Issue proclamations declaring that
emigration to America is a hazardous and
News from Northern Japan Indicates
that the earthquake of May 12 caused
more damage than was at first supposed.
At Oshlma, a landslide caused the forma,
tlon of a lake 0 miles In circumference.
In 4$ villages houses were destroyed, and
while there were no fatalities, scores of
people were injured.
Li Hung Chang Is again In high favor,
the Dowager Empress of China having
conferred upon him the highest decoration
at her disposal, that of the Sqtmre Dragon.
Much comment but little grief has been
heard in Peking over tho violent death of
LI Lien Yen. the favorite eunuch of the
Empress Dowager. He nad amassed a
fortune of 3S,C00,0CO taeLs, and he Is al
leged to have been poisoned by relatives,
who desired his fortune. He died after
three hours' illness.
"SOONERS" ON COLVILLE
COMPLAINT HAS BEEN MADE TO
Those "Who Go on the Rcserrntloa
Lands Before Date Named Im
peril Their Chances.
WASHINGTON, June 2. R. B. Scott.
Junior Vice-Commander of the Depart
ment of Washington and Alaska, recently
called the attsntlon of Senator Foster to
reports coming from the northeastern part
of the State of Washington, that "soon
ers" were squatting en lands not allotted
to Indians on the Colvinc reservation. On
behalf of the old soldiers of the depart
ment, Commander Scott requested that
precautions be taken to give them an
equal chance with those who seem deter
mined to disregard the laws of the country.
In the act of July 1, 1S0S. under which
the allotments of land to Indians is pro
vided, It Is apec'fically stated that six
months from the date of the proclamation
by the President, and not before, the agri
cultural lands within the reservation,
which have not bsen allotted to Indians,
may be subject to entry and settlement.
Secretary Hitchcock, of tho Department
of the Interior, has assured Senator Foster
that If the provisions already made are
not sufllcl.nt to prevent the premature oc
cupation of the land on the reserve to be
allotted to settlers, others more effective
will probably be found. All persons will
be warned that entrance on the land before
the day-of opening will jeopardize their
interests, and cause the department to
look with disfavor upon their claim or al
The proclamation Issued by the Presi
dent specifically warns all prospective set
tlers from attempting to make settlement
on any of the lands ol che Colvllle reser
vation earlier than six months from the
date of the proclamation.
Ketchikan Port of Entry.
The Treasury Department has finally de
cided to maintain the port of entry at
Ketchikan. Instead of Mary Island, ai
heretofore. This matter was first brought
before the department In definite form, as
the result of a pei'tlon. signed almost
unanimously by the shipmasters who op
erated vessels between Alaska and the
Pacific Northwest. These masters stated
that It had been dangerous and inconveni
ent to enter at Mary Island, there being
no wharf or other facilities there. Their
petition and statement was placed before
the department by Senator Foster, ano
subsequently the port of entry was trans
ferred to Ketchikan. It was thsn stated
that Ward's Cove, situated five miles from
Ketchikan, would afford a safer harbot
and be more desirable as a port of entry.
In support of this statement figures were
produced from the Coast and Geodetic Sur.
vey, showing that Ward's Cove was a de
sirable harbor, and that boats could an
chor there with perfect safety. The en
trance to the harbor Is small, however, and
It is alleged that there is a sunken rocK
near the entrance, which renders It very
dangerous to heavy vessels at certain
stages of the tide.
The Treasury Department assigned Spe
cial Agent J. F. Evans, of San Francisco,
now permanently .stationed In Alaska, to
make the Investigation, and his report
Indicates that there are no objections to
Ketchikan, and that It afforded many ad
vantages over Mary Island, and over
Lnkc Washington Canal.
The final right-of-way papers In tha
Lake Washington ship canal project have
been passed upon by the Attorney-General,
and are now in the possession of the Sec
retary of War. In the litlgatien that
has resulted from a systematic effort to
secure the rights of way for this Improve
ment It Is reported that the people of
King County have expended $230,003. It is
now claimed by those interested in the
canal that the county has. a perfect title.
All the abstracts have been examined by
the United States District Attorney for
the State of Washington, and the same
have been reviewed by the Attorney-General
here. With these papers In the pos
session of the Secretary of War, he will
be prepared to go ahead with the work
already outlined by the Chief of Engineers.
An appropriation Is already available
for beginning the work, and as the Chief
of Engineers has reported In favor of the
project, active operations may ba begun in
the near future.
Question of Reorgrnniratlon Will
Come to a. Vote Today.
MILWAUKEE, June, 6. Reorganization,
the Issue of the day In the General Fed
eration of Women's Clubs, will not come
to a vote until tomorrow. It was dis
cussed both at the morning and after
noon sessions today, the drift of argument
being In favor of the majority report of
the committee on reorganization, which
report stands for but little in the present
organization. The chances are the color
ques.Ion will not be pushed to a public
controversy, unless Mrs. Josephine Ruffln,
the colored delegate, chooser to do so In
dividually. The announcement that the ticket would
be made up with Mrs. Lowe as presi
dent and Mrs. Charles Denlron. of New
York, as vice-president, was somewhat of
a surprise after Mrs. Lowe's repeated re
fusals, but It nevertheless seems to please
the greater part of the delegates, and
there Is little doubt that at least the
head of the ticket wlil go through with
little opposilon. As for representation on
the board, it is likely Californ a whl get
something, and Illinois is a'so discussing
a candidate for that position. Following
the business session In the af.ernoon, came
a drive along the lake shore to Milwaukee
Downer College, where a reception was
The subject of the evening sensicn at
the Alhambra Theater was "Our Own Au
thors." the speakers being Mrs. Kate Up
ton Clark, of Brooklyn; Mrs. Alice Will
iams Brotherton, of Clnc'nnatl, and M u
Alice French (Octave Thanet), of Daven
TEMPORARY ORDER GRANTED
Another Victory for the Chinese ef
SAN FRANCISCO. June 6. Dr. O'Brien,
of the Board of Health, reports that no
cases of plague have been reported within
the past 24 hours.
Judge Morrow, of the United States Cir
cuit Court, on complaint made In the name
of Jew Ho, has granted an order tempo
rarily restraining the Board of Health
and Chief of Police from prohibiting the
eurgcons employed by the Chinese to cai'e
for their sick and to examine their dead,
entering the quarantine Urns. The Heal h
Board was also ordered to aprear In court
Thursday with Its witnesses to show causa
why they should not be permanently en
Joined from Interfering with the physi
cians employed by the Chinese.
The board must also show cause for the
denial of the application of the Chinese
for an order commanding the city to pro
vide sustenance for those impr soned by
the quarantine or to grant the quarantined
North Dakota Democrats.
FARGO, N. D.. June 6. The State Dcm
oerat'e Convention met here today, with
a large attendance. John Burke, of Roila,
was chosen chairman, and Editor E. C
Carruth, of Grand Forks, secretary. The
resolutions adopted reaffirm the Chicago
platform of 1S?5, advocate the election
of United States Senators by popular vote,
denounce imperialism and instruct dele
gates to vote as a unit for W. J. Bryan.
Maloney and Remmell.
NEW YORE; June 6. The Social Iabor
Of Spring and Summer Treatment in Catarrhal Affeo
- tions Its Supreme Importance to Those With
Irnfeebled Constitutions, Weak Lungs
and a Tendency to Consumption
$5aiLtii All Medicines Free $5aji
The lesson to those with enfeeblel con
stitutions, weak lungs or a tendency to
bronchial trouble or consumption, of the
vital opportunities that Spring and Sumt
mer offer them.
The best teaching Is the teaching that
will save the most lives.
And this lesson to those with the slight
est predisposition to consumption will save
more lives than any that can be taught.
In the Spring and Summer catarrh may
be more speedily cured; with Nature help
ing the work, the result Is more certain;
after the cure the constitution resumes Its
normal condition more quickly; tho3o so
feeble that they shquld not even expose
themselves to the weather during the Win
ter may visit the offices, and are helped In
the progress of treatment rather than in
jured by the exposure to outdoor ah.
This is what the opportunity of the
SYMPTOMS OF CATARRHAL COMPLAINTS,
CATARRH OF HEAD AND THROAT f
The head and throat become dis
eased from neslected colds, canslnsr
Catarrh when the condition of the
blood predisposes to this condition.
"Ii tha vsle hukyr"'
"Do you spit up llmtr
"Do you ach all over?"
"Do you snore at nlrfat?
"Do you blow out scabs at nlihtT
"Is your nose stopped up?
"Does your nose dlscharjcaT"
"Do-s the noeo bleed eaoilyT"
"Is there UckMnr In the throatl"
"Is this woroo toward nleht?"
"Does the nose itch and burnt"
"Do you hawk to clear the throatl"
"Is thers pain across ths eyes 7"
I there Daln In front of. heaAT"
"Is your sens at smell ItavlnrT"
"Is the throat dry In the moraine?"
"Are jou losing your sne of taste I"
"Do you Ieep Tlth your mouth opsaf
"Does your nose stop up toward nlfhtr
CATARRH OF BRONCHIAL TUBES
Tills condition often results from
catarrh extending: from the head nnd
throat, nnd. if left unchecked, ex
tend down the vrindplpe into the
bronchial tubes, and in time attacks
"Hare you a. couKhT
"Are you losing flesh 7"
"Do you couth at nlrhtt"
"IIae you a pain in lde7"
"Do you take cold easily!"
"I your app'tlte variable?"
"Hav you stltcntr n side?"
"Do you cough until jou raft"
"Are you Iow-splrlttd at times?"
"Do jou ralM frothy material?"
"Tin you cough on jolnr !o bed?"
"Do you cough In the morning?"
"Do yon spit up yllow natrr7"
"Do ynu spit up little cheesy lumps T' I
"Is your cough short and tack'ng?"
"Hae you pain behind th breastbone?-
"Haie you a disgust for fatty foods T'
"Is thre a tickling- behind thr palate?"
"Do you feel you are groTlnr weakarr
"Is there a bumlnjr pain I.: the throat?"
"Do ynu cough worse night and morning?"
"Do vou bae to sit up at night to gtl
CATARRH OF THE KIDNEYS.
This condition result either from
colds or from overwork of the kid
neys in separating from the blood,
the poisons that hnve been absorbed
"Is the skin pal and dry?"
"Is jour hair getting graj?"
"Has th skin a. waxy look?"
"Is the hair drr and brittle?"
"Is the skin dry nd harsh?"
"Do the legs feel oo havy?"
"Is there nausea, after eating'"
"Do the Joints iialn and nch7"
"Is the- urine dark nnd rlnudy"
"Are the eyes dull and staring?"
"Is there rln In small nf barV?"
"Do your hands and fet swell?"
"Ar they cold and clammy?"
"Hae -toil pain In too of head?"
"Hnf th persplraMnn a- bad odor?"
"Ts there pufRneF under the eyes?"
"I there a had taste In the mouth?"
"Is there a deslr? to get up at night?"
"Are th"-e dark rlncs n round the eyes?"
"rw jcu see pots floating before the eyes?"
"Have vou chUTv feellrgs down the back?"
"To you ee unpleasant thing while alep?"
"Does a deposit form when left standing?"
HOME TREATMENTNo one deprived of the benefit of the Copeland
Treatment because of living at a distance from the city. If you cannot come
to the office, write for Home Treatment Symptom Blank and Book and be
cured at home.
ECOPELAND MEDICAL INSTITUTE
The DeXum, Third
W. If. COPELAXU, M. D.
OFFICH HOURS Trom O A. M. to 13
M. front 1 to 5 I. 31.
party. In convention In this city today,
nominated Joseph F. Maloney, of Lynn,
Iarc. for President of the United States.
But ono ballot wao taken, and Mr. Ma
loney receded the votes of 60 delegated.
Mr. Malonej- made a brief speech of ac
ceptance. Valentine Remmell,. of Pitts
bur?, was nomlrated for "Vice-President on
the flrct ballot.
The "VVorlc In Oregon.
"Walla Walla Union.
Oregon has again .fallen into the Re
publican column. This was indicated by
dlspatches received late last nljjht.
The election was fought out on strictly
partisan lines by he Republicans, and not
only was It between the Republican and
Democratic parties, but In several coun
ties it was a decidedly mlsed-up mesB.
there being fusion tickets, independent
tickets and citizens tickets all being op
posed to the Republican party. In some
cases these opposition tickets were creat
ed by men who should have been patriotic
Republicans, but who were led off by
factional Issues and who were more Inter
ested in the patronage In sight or th?
advancement of some Individual's politi
cal welfare than In the good of the Na
It 13 to be said to thp credit of The Ore
gonlan that it made a grand flgnt for
the welfare of the party and the Nation.
It placed the Issues of Republicanism
firmly and well before the people, and
fought for those principles down the line.
Its policy was: The financial and eco
nomic policy of the Republican party, as
against that of the Democratic party;
National expansion and the general con-
I sequences of the Spanish "WAr the elec
Spring v and Summer months means,
Indeed, with many of the more serious
cases w-here long-neglected catarrhal dis
eases Invading the bronchial tubes which
convey the air to the lungs, has taken its
advance Into the tissues of the lungs
themselves, has reached the end of tha
road lined with the mucous membrane
upon which it lives and feeds, and finding
no new tissues settled down to feed upon
the lung cells with many of these serious
cases, treatment during the Spring and
Summer months is the only hope. Little
If. any help can be promised then during
It is, then, during the Spring and Sum
mer that catarrh in its early stages, In
volving, maybe, the nasal passages and
throat and vocal cords and windpipe, may
bo most speedily cured, and tho danger of
its extension into the deeper part of the
bronchial tubes or lungs averted.
CATARRH OF THE STOMACH.
This condition may result from sev
eral canses, hat the nsnal cause Is
catarrh, the ran ens dropping: doTTO,
Into the throat and being; srral
lowed. "Is there nausea?"
"Are you costive?"
"Is there TomltlngT"
"Do you belob. up ga?"
"Have you watrbr"H
"Are you lightheaded?'
"Is your; tongue coated?"
"Do you hawk and aplt?"
"Is there pain ter eatlngf
"Are you nervous and weak?"
"Do you have sick headaches r
"Do you bloat up after eating?"
"Is there disgust for breakfast?"
"HaTo you distress after eating?"
"la your throat filled with kllme?"
"Do you at times .av diarrhoea?" -
"Is there rush of blood to the head?"
"When you get up suddenly are you dlzart
"Is there .gnawing rensatlon In stomach V'
"De you feci as If you had lead In stomach?"
"When stomach Is wnpty do you feel falntT
"Do you belch material that burns throat?"
"If etomach Is full do you feel oppressed?"
SYMPTOMS OF EAR TROUBLES.
Deafness and ear troubles result
from catarrh passing: along: the Eh
atachian tnbe that leads from the
throat to the ear.
"Is your hearing falling?"
"Do your ears discharger
"Do your ears Itch and burn?"
"Are the ears drr and scaly
"Have yon pain behind the ears?"
"Is there throbbing In the ears?"
"Is there a buzzing sound heard?"
"Do you have a ringing In tne ears?"
"Are then crackling sounds heard?"
"la jour hearing bad cloudy days?"
"Do you hare earache oc-caslonallr?"
"Are there sounds like steam escaping?"
"Do jour ears hurt when you blow youv
"De you constantly hear noises In the earr
"Do jou hear better seme days than others?"
"Do the noises In your ears keep you
,rWhen you blow your nose do the eara
"Is hearing wofse when vou have a cold?"
"Is roaring like a waterfall n the head?"
CATARRH OF THE LIVER.
The liver become: diseased by ea
tnrrh extending from the stomach
into the tubes Of the liver.
"Are you fretful?"
"Are you peevish 7"
"Do you get dlriy?"
"Do -ou feel fatigued?"
"Do you feel miserable?"
"Do you. have cold fee?"
"Do you get tlrd easily?"
"Is your eyesight blurred?"
"Can't jou explain where?"
"Constant seneo of depression?"
Is there a bloating after eating?"
"Constant sense of pain In back?"
"Have ynu gurgling In bowels?"
""Ho you have rumbling In bowels?"
"Have you pain under shoulder-blade?"
"Is there throbbing In the stomach?"
"I you have sen-- of heat In bowels?"
"Do you uffr from pains In temples?"
"Do jou have palpitation of the heart?"
Dr. Copland's Book Free to AIL
J. H. MONTGOMERY; M. D.
nVETflJICS Tuesdays and Friday.
Slllf DAT" rom 10 A. M. to 13 M.
tion of Republicans to Congress, and the
United States Senate, as the only meana
of carrying out the policy of the party.
The result of the Oregon election is
certain to have Its effect on every state
In the Union, as showing what tho people
of that state tho first to hold a general
election after the exciting events of the
Spanish "War think of the policy of ex
pansion adopted by President McKlnley
and ratified by a. Republican Congress.
American Stock for Japan.
SAN FRANCISCO. June 6. Japan Is
seeking American and European cattle
to Introduce among native herds and im
prove the general stock on the Islands.
Four Japanese Government officials, spe
cially commissioned to select and pur
chase fine stock, have arrived here. They
will Inspect the herds of thl? state before
going East and to Europe. They propose
to get the best grades of breeding stock
Qnlet Day In St. Lonli.
ST. IX)UIS. June 6. Gauged from all
standpoints, today was the most un
eventful since the strike on the St.
Louis Transit System was inaugurated a
month ago. On account of the absence
from the city of ex-Governor "W. J.
Stone, attorney for the striking em
ployes, negotiations with the company,
looking to a settlement of the strike,
were not resumed today.
Simon and Tongrne Coming Home.
"WASHINGTON, June 6. Senator Si
mon and Representative Tongue left to
night for home by way of Nev Tork,
. t. ?