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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
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Portland's Progressive Photographer
Successor to Hyland
Seventh and Washington Sts.
320 TO 338
EAST MORRISON ST.
Do not fancy that a defect of the
eyes or vision will get better of It
self. It won't. If a child has symp
toms of near-tght or cross-eye. do
not think that he will outgrow It.
The very effort that he Is making to
overcome the trouble weakens the
eyes and makes It worse. Have the
eyes looked after at the first Indl
ca,KIon. ot. weakness or strain. It
win be far easier to relieve and
cure them now than after the de
fect has become chronic.
You cannot afford to let them go
unheeded for a single day.
133 SIXTH STREET
QREGOXIJLX BUILD I Q
Relief' Column at Kraai Pan,
32 Miles Away.
FOUGHT BOERS THERE TUESDAY
Roberts Remains at Kroonstad
Buller Pushing on Toward New
castle Small Force Opposes Him..
LONDON, May 17, 3:20 A. M. The Brit
ish relief column fought the Boers at
Kraal Pan, S2 miles south of Mafeklng,
Tjesday, according to a telegram received
Wednesday at Lourenco Marques from
Molopo, 100 miles north of Mafeklnsr,
This Intelligence Is accepted here with
some reserve, . because It Is difficult to day night a committee of six "Un ted
understand how the news could have been J states Senators, five Representatives,
eo quickly put on the wire from a- place and a committee of prominent citizens
132 miles from tho scone of the engage- i will go to New York to escort the dele
nient. gates hero. They will leave New York
A correspondent of the Morning Ppst, j Friday morning and will be met at the
presumably John Stuart, Is reported cap- depot here and taken to the Arl.ngton
tured by the Boers at Kraal Pan. J Hotel. Friday night an informal recep-
In army circles the opinion ems to ' tlon will be held at the hotel, and Satur
prevall that the relief of Mafeklng has day mdrning the Boer delegates will call
already been accomplished, although two on the Presjdcnt. Sunday night there
hours after midnight the War Office aa- ' wn be a meeting at the Grand Opera
serted that news of the relief had not House, when the delegates win speak, and
been received. The steadfast courage ot there will be addresses also by Senators
.-.,. .iuutci-uucu boisuu iiiu preuucea a. i
deep impression, and the new of succor
Is awaited with more anxiety than has
been felt regarding any other event of
Douglas S. Story, the Mall's correspond
ent at Pretoria, wires:
"The Boer Government Is holding back
some big news. Fever prevails here.
President Kruger Is working day and
night. The latest Boer official bulletin Is
that the relief column has been defeated,
with great loss."
Lord Roberts continues passive at
Kroonstad. His cavalry are stretching
like a semi-circular screen many miles In
length, without lapping flanks. The rail
way will probably be completed today.
The Kroonstad censor permits the pass
age of long dispatches dealing with Inci
dents prior to the occupation.
ii seams mat General French's cav-
7 1 eni"er crossing me
Zand River. A mixed squadron, composed
. uie ocois urey-s, me innisKiuings, uar-
blneens and Australian Horec, took a
kopje and dismounted. The Boers sud
denly fired from a concealed position, kill
ing many horses and stampeding the
rest The Boers then advanced In over-
whelming numbers and drove the squad-
ron off, capturing some. The Boers robbed sldered now that Reeves Is equally guilty
the dead and looted tho saddles. A small with Charles F. W. Neely. Investigation
brigade of cavalry drove them off. Farther as to the record of the clerk In the Mill
north the Hussars charged the Boers, tary Department, who handled several
killing and wounding many stragglers .hundred dollars worth of stamps proves
with sabers and pistols. . that the transaction, so far as'he Is con-
Lord Roberts Infantry marched I'M 'cerned, was legitimate. The stamps were
miles in seven days. General French purchased at the request of his brother,
marched SO miles In one day. . The Boers, who Is a stamp-collector In the United
wnen retiring,' dragged 32 guns through
Bailer Moving; on Newcastle.
General Buller Is moving towards Xew-
castle. He appears ta be using 25.0Q0 men
ae&inat w or w.w, iis opcnruons-wiil 'spectors, ttmr-If wwaJd be betterjp have
almost xertalnly result-in his forcing his the suspected persons arrested)?ir(0
v.iijr mu uie rranavaai, possiojy in time gve me men opportunity to obtain ball,
to eS-bperate with Lord Roberts' ad- thin td keep them Indefinitely under close
vance. although General Buller Is now supervision at a time when the detectives
J2 miles from Johannesburg, or 25 days' were needed for other work.
march- Postmaster JE. P. Thompson his signed
A Dane who was captured says that a sworn statement. In which he says that
there are 500 Frenchmen- with the Boera September 16 last, being In need of; money,
who are opposing General Buller, to- ,he took from the money-order funds 5435,
gether with many Germans and other 'giving his memorandum as a receipt for
foreigners. i the same. When the Inspections Vere held
The Ladysmlth correspondent of tho 'Mr. Thompson ordered a clerk In charge of
Dally Telegraph says that only one Boer tne money-order department to place
was shot In the movement which resulted remittances received that day, which
in the taking of Helpmaakar. ' would not have to be accounted fcr until
General Bundle Is sweeping through tho i the following day, sufficient to cover the
northeast of the Free State. The Boers i amount of his receipt, which was there
are dissolving before him, and some are wlth withdrawn until after the inspection
surrendering; Their main force Is aesem- ThIa wa kept up until AprlL 7, when the
bled between Flckeburg and WInburg, I special agents unexpectedly discovered the
but It Is without close organization. receipt, which Mr. Thompaon then paid.
Today's Installment of the war story iHe aIs0 admits that Neely. Jate. financial
from even part of the war field Is, there- ' agent of posts at Havana, Indorsed a bill
fore, seemingly a narrative of British sue- toT 350' which Thompaon had discounted
cesses, but, with the Boers preparing fcr Jy tne North American Trust Company.
a last desperate fling farther In the In- .Thompson admits other Irregularities In
terlor and with Boer guerrilla parties connection with his department,
looting houses and stores In the north- J Much sympathy Is expressed for Thomp
west section of Cape Colony, It Is not ion as u ,s felt that nothing would ever
all roses for the British. The Uplngton have been heard regarding the action to
district Is the locality where the guer- !whIch he has confessed, had not the pre
rllla tactics of the Boers are Just now j cnt Investigation, growing out of the gen
most In evidence. .era! postal frauds, brought the matter to
The postponed congress of the Afrl- 1,chV. His '""lends are positive the money
kander Bund has been called to meet wou,a n&ve been repaid, the memorandum
at Paarle June 15. receipts taken up and the Incident thui
A Canadian battery of 15-poundcrs ar- ,'sed' tne affair stands riow, Mr.
rived at Beira, Portuguese East Africa, (Thompson's career In the Postal Service
May 10. .must necessarily cease, even If he es-
The Daily Graphic, which refers to the caPes a term of Imprisonment. More
Boer mlss'on to the United States as a by- ov"' nls action in giving orders to postal
product of the war. says: u to alter flsures regarding stamps
"There Is no name of Importance a '"" request of Corrydot Rich, without
among the- orators who saluted the dele- notifying Mr. Rathbone, makes things
gates. We fear they have fallen into a U.. w?1'!e even , he acll innocently
sort of Anglo-Saxon ambush and are be- tnc CeI,ef that everything was correct,
lng victimized for purely party purposes." I ou.r PO5" Inspectors arrived this
nio Timoe .Ancitvr v. ,-,,... .ki.j morning, and after confernrMs -nritvi -.
here as to President McKInley's alleged I
pro-Boer sympathies "utterly baseless.
. "Mr. McKInley Is convinced that the
country does not wish him to Interfere
and that interference would be In all
irayttus lueijreujcui, as eu ua unpos- came as a complete surprise to the offl-sloIe-"
, dais of the Postofflce Department gener-
The Times also refers to the admission 'ally, who had been of the opinion that
by the American State Department of among those who could not possibly be
Portugal's general right to refuse passage Involved in fraudulent transactions was
to contraband goods. Mr. Thompson, who was regarded as h
The Lourenco Marques correspondent 'man of high Integrity. The Postmaster
of the Times, under Tuesday's date, says: General read the printed statement but
"There has been a heated discussion made no comment. '
In the Raad in secret session respecting Fourth Assistant Postmaster-General
the expediency of destroying the mines. Brlstow received his final Instructions to
The result Is not publicly known. The for- . day. and left at 3 o'clock for Tampn Fltt.
elgn mining representatives are greatly from which place he will sail for Havana'
alarmed, and have addressed strong rep- reaching there early Saturday morning!
resentatlons to their respective Consuls." The only person to accompany Mr. Brisl
Persona acquainted with Colonel Baden- I tow was his private secretary. It was de
Powell's ocheme of defense at Mafeklng . elded at the department not to make pub
assert that the occupation of the Kaffir tHc at present the Instructions g!verMiv
location by the Boers would not endanger I Brlstow.
the garrison, provided relief came quickly.
A telegram from Cape Town says that
Cecil Rhodes has decided to retire alto
gether from Cape Colony politics.
Brabant's Force Advancing'.
THABANCHTJ. Tuesday, May 15. The
British force advanced this morning 20
miles to the northwest, and took posses
sion of Mauqatllngs Nek. Prisoners con
tinue to be taken dally.
THE PEACE ENVOYS.
Deny That They Advised Their
Countrymen to Surrender.
NEW TORK. May 16. Messrs. Fischer.
Wolmarens and Wess;ls. the envoys from
the South African Republic and the
Orange Free State, who arrived here yes
terday commissioned by their govern- j
c. " .- .7. i """ "" uu" i
States to use Its Influence In the estab-
llshment of peace In South Africa, were
questioned today regarding the statement
from London that a cablegram from Cape
Town asserted that they had advised sur
render, should their countrymen be de
feated on the Vaal River. Severally and
collectively the members denied that they
had given any-such advices, and ther de
clared that they "were opposed to sur
render. Charles B. Pierce, the Consul-General of
the Orange Free State, today received the
following cablegram from Pretoria:
"Messts. Wessels, Fischer and Wol
marens: 3ay justice and righteousness be
with you. KRUGER."
Beyond a drive through Central Park
and the principal localities- of Interest In
the city; no programme was arranged for
the Boer envois. They spent the lore
noon In 'answering telegrams from more
than 60 cities In the United States, from
which invitations had been received. An
effort Is being made to arrange plans so
that the envoys can visit a majority of the
Their Tlslt to the Capital.
WASHINGTON, May 16. Reprerenta
tlve Sulzer, chairman of the -committee
to receive the Boer delegates la Wash
ington, today received a telegram from
Messrsr Fischer, "Weasels and Wolmarons.
stating that they could not leave. New
York before Friday. Mr. Sulzer then an-
nounced the programme as follows: Thurs-
anfl Renres entail ves. Mr. Suiemats the
stay of the delegates will be made the oc
casion ot a notable demonstration.
Later Mr. Sulzer announced the Con
gressional committee which -will go to
New York tomorrow night to meet the
Boer delegates, as follows: Senators "Helt-'
feld. Idho; Mason, Illinois; Wellington,
Maryland: Teller, Colorado, and Allen,
Nebraska: Representatives - Sulzer, New
York; Robinson, Nebraska; De Armond,
Missouri; Rhea, Kentucky, and Champ
CUBAN POSTAL SCANDAL.
Postxaaster Thompson and
HAVANA. May 16. Warrants were ts-
'sued this evening for the arrest of E. P.
Thompson, tho Havana Postmaster: W.
ih. Reeves, deputy officer of the Island,
and Edward Moya and Jorge Mascaro,
Cuban clerks in the stamp department,
and by 7 o'clock all were lodged In the
Vlvac, the Tombs of Havana. They were
arrested under the advice of the postal
Inspectors, who arrived todav. it in oon
States, for $S00. They were of the old Issue,
and were obtained from Neely.
The. -arrest of Thompson caused ;great
surprise In the city. -It Is lookedupon as
the precursor of many other' arrests.
wnera wooa .xeit. as. did tne:espeIaMn-
aI "vood & Mr. Rathbone, Immediately
Washington Officials Surprised.
WASHINGTON. Mav ifi T. An.s.
slon of Postmaster Thompaon at Havana
RATHB ONE'S REPORT.
Representative Hay Axles for" Infor
mation From Postmaster-General.
WASHINGTON, May 16. Representa
tive Hay. of Virginia, today Introduced In
the House the following resolution
"Whereas. It Is stated that E. G. Rath
bone. Director of Posts In Cuba, made
a report to the Postmaster-General on
April 23, 1000, In which he stated that the
postal accounts of postal officials Jn Cuba
were correct; and
"Whereas, It Is stated in the nubile
prints that the Postal Inspectors of tho
v.uom jrosuu aervice nave not made any
Inspection or reports of that date;
"Resolved, bj the House of Representa
tives. That the Postmaster-General be
requested to Inform the House whether
e. G. Rathbone. did on APrIl"23. 1S00 or
mereaoouts. maKcsuch a report, and
what said -reoort contalnixT t r,,r,y,
what said Teport contained; and.to further
Inform the House whether such report
purported to be based on reports made to
said E. G. Rathbone. by Postal Inspectors
In Cuba, and whether the Postmast-ir-Gcn-cral
has any Information as to whether
said Postal Inspectors In Cuba ever made
suchreports to said E".- G.- Rathbone."
TO TAKE THE CENSUS
List of Enumerators for First
AL1 ACCEPT THE APPOINTMENT
Information Given Them la the
Coarse of Their Duty "Will Be Held
ALBANY, Or., May 16. Census Super
visor Winn reports- the following appoint
ments of enumerators fee the rjirst Con
gressional District of Oregon, acceptuices
for which have heen filed, and whion have
been approved by the department at
-5I5?f3 ARn:EST ! 7H5W YORK FOR EMBEZZLEMENT OF FVTiTtS t)FTIIE
Hs.iSZj:g.' CUBATT POSTOFFICE DEPARTMENT.
Washington. The list Is given by coun
ties, and Includes the names of the enu
merators and the postofflce address of
. Benton County.
Donald W. Holgate, Corvallls; William
F,; Graves, Corvallls; Fred S. Tomllnson,
W.ell; William G. Rees. Dusty; Charlie
8. Seeley, Alsea; Benjamin F. Felger,
Wren; Arthur Dlttmar, Philomath.
Charles T. Blumenrother, Bandon;
Claud H Nosier, Coquille City; James S
Masters, Sumner; Byron F. -Savage,
Marshfleld; John B. Dully, Coquille City;
G.. A. Hansen, Remote; George Wilion,
Empire; W. R. Mavity. Arago; Charle3
A. Woodward, Marshfleld.
F.- M. Nlckerson. Kerby; George P. Fur
man, Grant's Pass; Joseph W. Harman,
Selma; Hugo W. Garbers, Hugo; John
W. Casper, Murphy; T. P. Judson,
Grant's Pass; Volney Colvlg, Grant's
William R, Wakefield. Wallport; C. C.
McBrlde, EddyvIHe; Oscar G. Daiaba, Elk
City; Lester M. Starr. Toledo; John
Stlmpson, Newport; Earl Henry Bryant,
Fred S. Fisher. Summer Lake; Lorenzo
D. Frakos, Warner Lake; L. G. Beach,
Lakevlew; G. W. Johnson. Lakeview.
Will D. Merrill. Albany; Ashley M.
Dickinson, Albany; Gale S. Hill. Albany;
Oeorge McKnight, Tallman; William J.
Steele, Jefferson: Luther A. Wiley. Toll
man; Asa P. HIrons, Shelburn; Edward
B. Hes3eman, Mlnto; Charles N. Young,
Sclo; William M. Stewart, Halsey; Jes
se D. Irvine, Brownsville; Barney May,
Harrlsburg; Will H. Ross. Lebanon; Na
than Needham, Albany; Herbert C. Jor
dan, Albany; Abraham P. Flory, Soda
vllle. Douglas County.
Ernest elliwell, Yoncolla; Arthur
Roadman, Oakland; James O. Newland.
Looking Glass; F. M. Gabbert, Myrtle
Creek; David McKay. Wilber; William
M. Hedrlck. Drain; J. E. Blundell. Rid
dles; L. G. Mathews, Roseburg; Mark A.
Livingston, Peel; Alonzo F. Brown, Oak
land; George W. Benedict, Elkton; Scott
Morris, Gardner; N. Taylor Jewett, Rose
burg; Nathan Fullorton, Roseburg; Jep
thk' L., Stratford, Roseburg.
William R. Miller. Wedderburn; Fred
Hare, Gold Beach; Stores Pitt Pelrce,
Francis M. Lamb, Tillamook; A. M.
Hare, Bay City; Absalom I. Hembree,
Sand Lake; Arthur G. Reynolds, Tilla
mook; Samuel H. Rock, Oretown; Charles
Ara W. McLaughlin. Milwaukee: Leon
ard TL Vincent, Wllsonvllle; Charles W.
Hayhurst, Carus; Herman A. Webster.
Clackamas; Frank Slight, Canby; Albert
Grossan. Wllholt; Adolf Aschoff, Mar
mot; Harvey Gibson, Eagle Creek; J. D.
Rltter, Needy; Jerome E. Rhoades, Ore
gon City; Lester P. Smith, Oregon City;
Edgar L. Davidson, Oswego.
Aaron Andrews, Medford; Homer W.
Barron. Barron; WInfred Y. Crowson,
Ashland; Ira Tungate. Big Butte; James
H. Gay, Central Point; Squire S. Aiken.
Prospect: Joseph Lee Humphreys. Gold
Hill; Mark Applcgate. Jacksonville; C
C. Taylor. Medford; Henry H. Goddard.
Talent: Henry T. Lyon, Climax; Silas F.
Morine, Table Rock.
Charles E. Harwood. Glenada; E. A.
Bean. Mapleton; Walter Blachly. Blach
ly; Marlon D. Lingo. Franklin; Ola J.
Foss. Lorane; Frank Moorhead. Junction
CIty;vJames W. Bond, Irving; Owen Van
Duyne, Coburg; John M. Whitney. Eu
gene; Lewis E. Bean, Eugene; William
B. Emmons. Goshen; John W. Walker,
Creswell; Glen O. Powers. McKlnzle
Bridge; Herbert S. Murch. Coberg; Hen
ry Baxter, Mohawk; Thomas H. Hun
saker. Zion; Frank Mclntyre, Bohemia;
F. S. Day, Cottage Grove.
George F. Judd, Turner; Lawrence L
Snjder, Aurora; U. S. Rider. Niagara;
j Theodore Forcier. Gervals; John F. T. B.
urcniano, at. faul; Charles W. Toung
gren. SHverton; Lester B. Davis. Salem;
John C. MeFarlane. Salem, 3. D. Hor
gan, Salem; W. J. Williams. Salem:
j Charles W. Gllllngham. Salem; Wylie A.
Moores, Salem; William Manning, Salem;
James Altken. Salem; Charles A. Bort.
Salem; John H. Atwood, Salem; John S.
Richie, Scott's Mills; John J. King, Mac
leay; J. L. Calvert. Hubbard; James F.
Blanchard, Jefferson; Fay J. Wrlghtman,
Sublimity; Louis K. Siegmund, Klumb;
Claud M. Buster, Salem; Chester A. Par
vln, Salem; Pearl L. Blackerly. SHverton.
S. H. Humphreys. Hlllsboro; MU.es D.
Cady. Beaverton; John J. Fletcher, For-
F. W. NEELY.
est Grove; Soren Jeppesen, Bacona: C. B.
Buchanan. Cornelius; William L. Moore.
Greenville; Eugene X. Harding, Gaston;
H. J. Vaughn. MIddleton; John II. Henry,
Tualatin: J. B. Eddy, Forest Grove; P.
H. Baughman. Hlllsboro: Rodolph Cran
dall, Hlllsboro; John J. Kuratli, Bethany.
David Waddell. Whiteson; Ellis F. Had
ley. Dayton: Jessa M. TTnrtr!nTi r
Mlnnvllle; C. R. Eberhard. McMinnvIlle;
Wyatt Harris, McMInnvih.; Ernest A.
Hill. La Fayette; Samuel L. Parrctt. Dun
dee; Walter B, Hadley; Newberg; Henry
M. Hosklns, Newberg; John R. Sanders.
Sheridan; Warren W. Glandon, North
' 'Polk County.
J. C. Ellis. Butler: J. Fred Emmett.
McCoy; Frederick D. Gardner, Zena; Hen
ry B. Casper, Dallas; William J. Farley,
Dallas: Edwin C. Pentland, Independence;
Scott Laughary, Monmouth; Senator W.
In view of the nearness of the time
when the taking of tho census will beg'n.
Supervisor Winn, on behalf of the de
partment, la particularly desirous that
the people of the district shall under
stand the Importance of the work and the
necessity of being prepared when the
enumerators appear. In order to secure
a completeness of Information that can
not In any way be confounded with any
assessment that has been made, the enu
meration is made absolutely confidential,
and the enumerator should be received
with confidence and all the facts desired
given without reserve, as they can never
be used against one In any assessment
that may follow. Preparation should be
made on population, mortality, the prod
ucts of agriculture, manufacturing ard
mechanical Industries, so that the sex.
age. birthplace, married or single, occu
pation, ability to re'ad. whether owning
a home or farm, the value of products
and manufactured articles, will be cor
rect and complete. It Is particularly de
sired to make the list complete of all
foreign-born persons, and such persons
need have no hesitancy In answering
freely the questions put to them. Super
visor Winn Is very desirous of making
the enumeration of this district complete,
one that will reflect erpdlt nn thta mn
spot of the United States, and nothing
will be left undone to make It so.
Presbyterians Will Meet in St. Louis
ST. LOUIS; Mo.. May 16. At 11 o'clock
tomorrow the 112th General Assembly of
the Presbyterian Church in the United
States will be convened In the Compton
and Washington-Avenue Presbyterian
Church. Matters of great Importance are
to be considered during the present gath
ering, and It will probably be two weeks
before final adjournment Is taken. At
present special Interest Is centered In to
morrow afternoon's work, when a suc
cessor to Rev. Robert F. Sample. D. D.,
LL. D., moderator of the Assembly; is
to be elected. Rev. Dr. William McKlb
bln, of Cincinnati, and Rev. Dr. Charles
A. Dickey, of Philadelphia, two of the
several candidates for the position, ar
rived yesterday, and their presence ac
complished much In "booming" their can
dldacj. Second only to the position of
moderator Is that of permanent clerk of
tho Assembly, for which position there
are a dozen candidate?, the Pacific Coast's
representative being Rev. Dr. William E.
Xobk of Redlands, Cal.
Among the Western delegates to arrive
tomorrow morning are: H. W. Chapman
and A. M. Reynolds, of Lakeport. CaL;
J. D. B. Stewart, of Fowler, Cal.; Thomas
C. Duffy, of Tracey, Cal.; James McFar
land, ot Denver; Charles Smith, of Wash
ington. The Oregon contingent Is expect
ed on the evening' trains.
NO MONEY FOR RIVER
Fight for Yaquina Defeated
WORKING FOR' IT IN THE SENATE
Indian War Veterans' Pension BlXft
Practically- Killed Simon on tne
Republican Rational' Platform.
WASHINGTON, May 1C; Surprise WM
manifested among Oregonians generally
that no provision was put In the river
and harbor emergency bill for the mouth
of the Columbia or even for the survey,
for the canal and locks at the dalles,
although possibly $10,000 may be, set asldo
out of the general fund, which Is of llttlo
practical use. It appears, however, that
Representative Tongue made a fight for
Yaquina Bay and secured, the release ot
$23,000, which has been held 'up, for that
Improvement. The committee would glva
him nothing more In the bill, although
he hopes to secure $10,000 of the general
fund for a revetment on the Willamette
at Corvallls. The long fight for Yaquina
and Its constant defeat in several sessions
of Congress has done a great deal to re
tard getting appropriations for legitimate
work on the .Columbia.
Senators Simon and McBrlde were be
fore tho appropriations' committee today,
urging the McBrlde amendment for $250,
000 for emergency svork'at the mo'Uh of
the Columbia River. The committee sad
they would give the Senators "another
hearing when that stage of the bill was
The committee agreed to an amendment
by Senator Simon for a fish culturlst at
the Clackamas hatchery at $900.
The Indian War Pension Bill.
- The pension committee has agreed o re
port an Indian war veteran bill, but has
amended It so as to Include veterans of
all Indian wars up to 1S5S not already
provided for In the act of July 27, 1S92.
This bill was reported with an agreement,
however, that It should not be called up
at this sersion of Congress, which prac
tically means Its defeat, as there will be
little chance to get it through at the next
Simon Suggests Platform Planks.
Senator Simon says that the Republican
National platform should declare emphati
cally In favor of thesold standard and
should commend the Itslation passed by
the Republican Congress to place the cur
rency of the United States on a sound
basis. Expansion should be manfully sus
tained and a declaration which cannot be
misunderstood In favor of tho retention of
the Philippines should be made. The
Senator thinks that there should be no
faltering on this Important Issue before tha
American people, and that all criticisms
of the Democracy should be fairly and
squarely met with the assertlqn that the
Republicans believe In expansion and in
tend to maintain It. The Senator also
believes the platform should contain a
strong declaration regarding trusts, and
that the formation of Immense combina
tions ol capHaI""Ior controTirfrgthe prod
ucts and prices of commodities In tha
United States should be declared a vio
lation of sound economic doctrine, and
legislation to correct and control the
abuses of trusts should be called for. He
says that there are other features of
party policy which might be dwelt upon,
but these four named should make tho
cardinal principles of the platform to ba
adopted at Philadelphia.
Strikes and the Campaign.
The feeling which is being engendered
by so many strikes throughout the coun
try indicates that organized labor Intends
to make Itself more effective in, favor of
Bryan and against the Republicans than
It was four years ago. While It Is trtfo
that organized labor was against the Re
publicans, .it was also a fact that this op
position did not extend to what Is known
as unorganized labor, or that portion of
the working population that does not be
long to un'ons.
It Is generally believed by those well
versed In nolltics that the strikes, comlncr
at a time when the laboring men are re
ceiving better wages and are employed In
greater numbers than ever before, havo
behind them a great deal of political sig
nificance. In fact. It was predicted a year
ago that apart of the Democratic campaign
ould bef'the stirring up of labor troubles
In order to raise something of a calamity
cry, which Is a part of the stock in trade
of a Democratic campaign.
Of course, all the ramifications of the
labor troubles cannot be gone Into and
explained; but. briefly, it is well under
stood that strikes occur most generally
when the laboring men are most prosper
ous. It Is when the shops are overcrowd
ed and there Is a great demand for all
comirodltles that the laboring men see an
opportunity to enforce their demands.
The question will naturally arise as to
whether the average man who has found
employment, and who did not have it four
yeare ago, will take the strikes as nn
example of bad government and vote
against the party In power. While thf3 la
possible among the organized working
men. It Is doubtful whether It will extend
to the unorganized workingmen. It Is the
laboring men's vote that is sought for
so anxiously this Fall, and It Is believed It
will be a great factor In those states
which are usually Republican, and which
are absolutely necessary for Democratic
Quite frequently proposed legislation In
Congress arises through some personal
experience of Its author or his friends or
constituents. This was the case with a
bill recently offered by Loverlng of Mas
sachusetts, which compels all steamship
companies ptying to and from our port3
to carry to the port of destination the
bodies of any persons who may die on the
voyage. The merits of such legislation will
be Instantly recognized. The bill arose
from an experience of Mr. Loverlng's.
On a trip across the ocean last Summer
he had as a traveling companion a gentle
man and wife of long acquaintance. When
tho ship was three days out the gentleman
was taken suddenly 111 and died. As soon
as his death became known the captain
ortlered that the body should go over
board, and In spite of the protests of the
bereaved wife and her friends, and offers
of any amount If the remains would be
carried to New York, then but two day3
distant, the body was put over the rail
the morning following his death. The hor
ror and the pathos of such Incidents need
no description and no comment. And.yet
that thing Is done day after day by many
of the transoceanic vessels although not
by nil. Mr. Loverlng proposes that the
practice shall be stopped, and his bill
makis It Imperative that all steamships
shall not only carry deceased passengers
to port, but shall be prepared to embalm
the bodies and then encase them In suit
able caskets for the rest of the trip. He
points out that the passenger pays his
fare for the entire trip, and Is entitled
to it. dead or alive. This is requiring all
steamship companies to do Just what, and
no more, tnan is done on the Government
transports, and the bill should become a
law. If it fall', it will be due to no lack
of effort on the part of Mr. Loverlng.
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