Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, May 08, 1900, Page 2, Image 2

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THE MOENIKG OREG02TCAN, TUESDAY, MAY 8, 1900.
FRIEND OF THE BOER
Teller Wants the Senate to
Extend Its Sympathy.
"'CONSIDERATION OF NAVAL BILL
'fffee HoHse Passed tlie "Grand Army
FeaslOB. Bill" National tinard
Appropriation.
"WASHINGTON, May ".At today's scs
teloa of the Senate. Teller delivered a
'speech. In -which he strongly urged the
jSenate to ertend its sympathy to the Boers
in the contest with the British. The
adoption of his resolution, of sympathy,
bo maintained, could not bo considered as
m unfriendly act by the British Govern
ment. , Xhirlng the remainder of the session, the
Senate had under consideration the naval
appropriation bllL Chandler's amendment
o curtail the increase of the Marine
Corps created some debate and -was finally
laid on the table. 30 to 14. The bill -srae
''not completed. Notice was given that
the armor-plate provision would be con
sidered in secret session, on account of
certain facts that were to be called to
tthe attention of the Senate.
This was suspension day In the House,
and quite a number of bills were passed.
The most Important was the Senate bill
to amend the general pension laws so as
H.o provide for aggregating disabilities
xinder the act of 1890 without regard to.
"service, and to increase the net income
a widow may bave without destroying her
eight to a pension from $95 to $250. The
purpose of the bill la to modify rulings
of the Pension Office In accordance with
the recommendations of the Grand Army
of the Republic. It was passed without a
dissenting voice. The bill to increase the
appropriation for the National Guard
tfrom $400,000 to $1,000,000 also was among
those passed. Sulzer of Aew York at
tempted to secure a.ction upon his resolu
tion expressing sympathy with the Boers,
but was cut off by the Speaker.
THE DAY IX DETAIL.
"Senator Teller's Praise of the Boer
Fighters.
WASHINGTON, May 7. The Senate
agreed to the request by the House for
a conference on the Army appropriation
bill, and Hawley, Sewell and Cockrell
were named as conferees. A conference
was also agreed to on the fortification bill,
Perkins, Warren and Pettlgrew being
named as conferees. The Senate also
agreed to a- conference on the Colorado
co-operative colony bill, in respect to desert
lands, and Hansbrougb, Carter and Sulli
van were named as conferees.
The bill declaring Everett, "Wash., to
he a port of entry in the Puget Sound
customs district was passed.
Teller (Sll. Colo.) then called from the
table his resolution expressing sympathy
for the Boers and addressed the Senate.
Teller called attention to the fact that
his resolution was a phrase of the Cuban
plank of the National Republican platform
of 1S95. He deemed it would be proper
to pass such a resolution, and he quoted
a number of precedents by the Senate.
Ho found a precedent for It in the resolu
tion in the House by Clayton (Ky.) In 1831
In the Interest of the South' American Re
publics and In many subsequent resolu
tions of similar character. If this reso-'
lutlon was objectionable to the Senate,
lie thought any resolution would be ob
jectionable. Such an Intervention as he
suggested could not be regarded as a hos
tile or unfriendly act.
Some of the precedents and some of the
utterances of statesmen, principally of
!Mr. "Webster, as to the treatment of the
Hungarians by the Austrian Government,
Teller commended to those Senators who
thought that we "ought to speak of the
Boers with bated breath" and that we
ought not to extend our sympathy to
those who were struggling for liberty. He
'said it was argued the Boers were not
struggling for liberty, but were simply in
rebellion against the British Empire,
which claimed jdpmlnlon pver them. He
regarded this, as unworthy of serious con
sideration. He maintained that Great
Britain had no justification for the claims
It made upon the Boers and the South
African Republics.
Teller paid a high tribute to the Boers
as a people, denominating them as a
"kindly, brave, wis and Christian peo
ple." They deserved, he said, the con
sideration of the world, particularly of
the United States, as one of the most re
ligious people of the world.
"Wo ought," he said, "to declaro our
sympathy for the Boers. I havo said
nothing against the Government of Groat
Britain, and I do not intend to, except to
say I think the best sentiment of Great
Britain and the United States 'is against
this war. I believe that If the great and
noble woman who presides over England
had- had her way, there would have been
bo war."
At the conclusion of Teller's speech, the
, bill was passed granting homesteaders on
the abandoned Fort Fetterman military
reservation in Wyoming the right to enter
one quarter-section of public land as pas
ture and grazing land.
Consideration was begun of the naval
appropriation bill. The measure carried
560,SS7,G16 as It passed the House. As re
ported to tho Senate. It carried $G3,12S,61&
An amendment was agreed to allowing
naval officers mileage at the rate of h
cents a mile .when traveling within the
United States and actual expenses only
jwhen traveling outsldo the limits of tho
'"United States in North America."
The commltteo amendment prohibiting
rthe appointment of additional officers and
jenllstment of privates in the Marine Corps
Kvas vigorously antagonized. Stewart
' (SU. New) thought tho amendment looked
Ho tho abandonment of our possessions
(and tho serious crippling of an arm of the
(Navy.
Foraker (Rep. O.) was opposed to the
amendment In any form. The Marine
Corps was now short 1500 men and 40 offi
cers. Ho said the corps had made a
splendid record for efficiency, and "he
thought it ought not to be curtailed. In
response to a question by Foraker, Chan
dler (Rep. N. H.), the author of the
amendment, said this was the only
amendment in the bill looking to a reduc
tion of expenses. The proportion of ma
.Tines and seamen in the Navy was, he
thought, about one marine to five seamen.
This would make a symmetrical Naval
complement. Chandler further Insisted
that too many Naval officers were en
gaged In shoro duty. There were, he
said, between 000 and 700 on shore duty.
Perkins (Rep. Cal.) opposed tho amend
ment. On motion of Hawley (Rep.
Conn.), the amendment was laid on the
table, 30 to 14. The reading of the bill was
not quite completed when it was laid
aside until tomorrow.
Tillman (Dem. S. C.) gave notice that
he would Insist that tho armor-plate pro
vision of the bill be considered In secret
legislative session, on account of some
iacts that were to be elicited in dobate.
Chandler said he would join Tillman in
his insistence.
The Senate then held a brief executive
session, adjourning at 5 P. M.
In the House.
This was suspension day in the House,
and Sulzer (Dem. N. Y.) created a slight
flurry by attempting to secure the adop
tion of a resolution expressing sympathy
with the South African Republics. He
got recognition before the approval of the '
Journal, and moved the adoption of his
resolution under suspension of the rules,,
"The journal has not been approved,"
eald tho Speaker. "The gentleman is out
of order."
A moment later, after the journal had
been approved, Sulzer again demanded
recognition.
"For what purpose -does tho gentleman
rise?' Inquired -the Speaker.
"This being suspension day,"- replied
Sulzer, "I rise for the purpose of moving
to suspend the rules and adopt the reso
lution expressing sympathy with the
patriotic Boera who are fighting for lib
erty in South Africa." (Applause from
the galleries.)
"The chair declines to recognize the gen
tleman for that purpose," replied the
Speaker.
"Is it because the chair Is opposed to
the resolution.?" asked Sulzeri
"Thd gentleman is out of order."
"A parliamentary Inquiry," shouted Sul
zer. "The gentleman will state his .point."
"I desire to know whether a member of
this House has not tho right to make a
motion in accordance with the rules ot
this House."
"The chair," replied the Speaker, "must
perform Its duty in making recognition to
suspend tho rules. The gentleman is out
of order and will take his seat."
Thereupon Sulzer subsided.
Newlands (S1L Nev.) called attention to
tho urgent need of a revision of the laws
relating to the militia.
Marsh (Rep. HI.), in closing the debate,
spoke enthusiastically of the work of the
National Guard during the Spanish War.
The bill was passed, 123 to 9.
Graft (Rep. 111.) then moved the pas
sage, under suspension of the rules, of the
amended Senate bill to amend the exist
ing pension laws, known as the "G. A. R.
pension bill." It was arranged that there
should be an hour's debate on each side.
Norton (Dem. O.) said ho would vote for
the bill, but objected to its being termed
the Grand Army bllL The rank and file
of the old Army, he .said, would never be
satisfied with it, but for the present it
was the most that could be obtained.
Talbert (Dem. S. C) said he would vote
for the bill if there was coupled with it
a provision inhibiting the further passago
of private pension bills.
Curtis (Rep. Kan.) said the bill did not
go far enough.
Sulloway (Rep. N. H.), chairman of the
Invalid pension committee, closed the de
bate. He declared the bill was the Grand
Army bill, without changing the dotting
of an "1" or tho crossing of a "t." He
read from, the testimony of the Grand
Army officials before his committee, in
which they said they would be entirely
satisfied If the bill became a law. The
bill was passed without a dissenting vote.
Bills were passed to change the name
ot tho steamship Paris, of the American
line, to "Philadelphia"; to authorize the
Internal Revenue Commissioner to redeem
internal revenue stamps improperly and
unnecessarily canceled; to establish a
lighthouse and fog signal at Slip Point,
Clallam Bay, Wash.; to authorize the
Commissioner of the General Land Office
to sell Choctaw orphan Indian lands and
executo the act of June 23, 1SSS, and to
grant a right of way across Government
lands for a pipe lino to Flagstaff, Ariz.
At 4:20 P. M. the House adjourned.
COEUR. D'AIiEXE INVESTIGATION.
Counsel for the Complainants Began
His ArKomcnt.
WASHINGTON, May 7. Arguments by
counsel in the Coeur d'Alene investigation
were begun today, Frederick C. Robertson
opening in behalf of those who have made
the charges. He will be followed by John
C Cheney, for the Idaho authorities In
a general defense of the action, both ot
the Idaho officials and of tho United
States troops. General Merrlam, who was
In command ot the troops of the Coeur
d'Alenefr, was present, but was not repre
sented by counsel. The attorneys were
urged to limit themselves to three hours
on each side.
Mr. Robertson spoke with much empha
sis on the wrongs which he contended had
been committed, both by the Idaho ofli-
hdais and the United States troops. He
wa3 particularly severe in arraigning Bart
lett Sinclair, tho state official placed by
Governor Steunenberg in supreme author
ity in the Coeur d'Alenes. Mr. Robertson
contended, however, that when martial
law was declared and troops were sent
Into the district they could not bo subordi
nated to the c:il authorities. He pre
sented letters from authorities holding
that United States troops could act only
under the President as Commander-in-Chief.
He maintained that the responsi
bility for what had occurred rested with
the Federal authorities.
Mr. Robertson's argument lasted
throughout the day. Tho argument for
the defense will be heard tomorrow, tho
purpose being to close all arguments on
that day.
Canal Bill In Senate Committee.
WASHINGTON, May 7. The Senate
committee on interoceanlc canals held a
meeting today and discussed the Nica
ragua Canal bill, which passed the House
last week. No action was taken, and the
committee will meet again Wednesday to
consider the measure further.
Prlvllefired Buslncsx.
WASHINGTON. May 7.-Senator Chan
dler today introduced a resolution for
seating or unseating a Senator privileged
over all other business.
Coal Landi In Alanka.
WASHINGTON. May 7. The Senate
commltteo on public lands today agreed
to a bill extending the laws relating to
coal lands in Alaska.
SERVICE RESTORED.
Final Decree Entered la the Inter
Ocean's Suit.
CHICAGO,' May 7.-Judgo Dunne, of tho
Circuit Court, today entered the final
decreo in tho suit of tho Inter Ocean Pub
lishing Company against the Associated
Press. The court grants to the complain
ant the restoration of theservlceof the As.
eoclated Press and removes the baa of
suspension under the by-law of tho As
sociated Press which prohibited subscrib
ers In the association from receiving news
or from furnishing news to any person- cr
corporation declared antagonistic to tho
Associated Preta.
The decree liuds "that tho Associated
Press is a corporation engaged in a busi
ness upon .which a public interest is en
grafted and that it can make no distinc
tion with persons who wish to purchase
Information and news for purposes of
publication! that article 31, section eight,
of the by-laws of the Associated Press,
forbidding the exchange of news by members-
with associations or newspapers de
clared by the board of directors of tho
Associated Press to be antagonistic Is
not required for the corporate purpose
nor included within the purposes of tho
said incorporation and tends to restrict
competition; that the tendency of the said
by-law is to create a monoply in favor of
the Associated Press and that such by
law is illegal and void, and that all other
by-laws, rules and regulations of the As
sociated Press and all provisions of the
contract existing between it and the Inter
Ocean, in so far as they may tend to
-strengthen, confirm or carry out the pro
visions of article H, section eight, of the
by-laws are illegal and void."
The decree further found that the Prist.
ing contract, except in eo far as It sought
10 carry out tne provisions of article 31,
section eight, of the by-laws. Is a valid
and specific contract and is of the Ktmt
force and effect as though the provisions
carrying out the invalid by-laws had not
been incorporated. It was therefore de
creed that the above provisions in the con
tract and In the by-laws be declared il
legal, null and void, and held for naught;
and that the Associated Press, Its officer
attorneys, agents, servants and employes
be enjoined from suspending tho Inter
Ocean from its membership or from refus
ing to give it news as required by its con
itract with the-iUegal provision eliminated.
It was further decreed that the Inter
Ocean recover the Associated Press its
cost-incurred in this suit
i
Dally Treasury Statement.
WASHINGTON, May t.-Today's state
ment of the condition of the Treasury
balance, exclusive of the $150,000,000 gold
reserve, shows:
Available cash balance. $145 043,032
pld 77,337,151
ELECTION OF BISHOPS
METHODIST GENERAL CONFER
ENCE MAY' CHOOSE FIVE.
Twenty or More Candidates for the
N. J.
Places Temperance Memorial Con
demns President McKlnlcy.
CHICAGO, May 7. As the time ap
proaches for settling the question of how
many bishops are to be elected by the
Methodist General Conference, the sentl-
ment is growing among the delegates
that none of the present occupants of the
high office should be retired and placed
on the superannuated list. It seems prob
able that because of the advanced age ot
several members of the episcopacy the
committee on episcopacy will recommend
the election of five additional bishops.
There are 20 or more avow.ed candidates
for the high office of bishop; notwithstand
ing the fact that It is not likely that
more than five additions to the present
board of episcopacy will be made.
The commltteo on temperance listened
to tho reading of several memorials re
ferred to it by tho General Conference.
One memorial condemned Prerfdent Mc
Klnley for laxity in enforcing the antl
canteen law, and was generally dls-
FORM OF OFFICIAL BALLOT.
SALEM. May 7. Secretary of State Dunbar today Issued he form for
the official ballot so. far as state and Congressional candidates are con
cerned. The names of candidates will appear upon the ballot in the fol
lowing, order:
STATE.
FOR CONGRESS, First Congressional District. "Vote for One
Bernard Daly, of lake County Democratic, People's
W. P. Elmore, of Linn County Prohibition
James K. Sears, of Polk County Regular People's
Thomas H. Tongue, of Washington County Republican
FOR CONGRESS, Second Congressional District. "Vote for One
Leslie Butler, of Wasco County Prohibition
Malcolm Moody, of Wasco County Republican
J. E. Simmons, of Multnomah County Independent Democrat
William Smith, of Baker County. Democratic, People's
FOR JUSTICE OF SUPREME COURT. Vote for One
C. J. Bright, of Sherman County Prohibition
Thomas G. Greene, ot Multnomah County Democratic
Charles E. Wolverton, of Linn County , Republican
FOR OREGON DAIRY AND FOOD COMMISSIONER. Vote for One
J. W. Bailey, of Multnomah County Republican
P. L. Kenady, of Marlon County Prohibition
W. Schulmerlch, of Washington County Democratic, People's
Certified copies of tho form of
Clerk for their guidance In making
be used at the Juno election.
cussed, but no action was taken. An
other recommendation amends the book
of discipline so that the members of the
church who rent property for saloon pur
poses may be brought to trial. They wero
all referred to the subcommittee for con
sideration. Report ot General Missionary Com
mittee. The report of tho General Missionary
Committee contained the following:
"The past quadrennlum was entered up
on with serious misgivings, owing to the
industrial and financial depression that
prevailed, by which all business interests
were prostrated to an extent seldom, if
ever before, experienced by the American
people. Multitudes of laborers were In
many Instances dependent upon charity,
while the well to do and the wealthy were
sustaining heavy losses in the shrinkage
of values and diminishing resources. These
conditions argued diminishing contribu
tions and consequent damage to our mis
sionary work, both at home and abroad.
To add to these gloomy forebodings, oc
casioned by the "hard times" there was
a debt upon our treasury of $233,655. We
are glad to report that the Lord has been
better to us as a Church than our fear?.
Our people have nobly sustained the Mis
sionary Society In Its work by contribut
ing a sum larger than in any previous
quadrennlum in our history. The debt has
been extinguished, except about $15,000,
which Is covered by unpaid pledges. In all
the departments ot our work there has
been a steady and encouraging advance.
"Tho aggregate membership, including
probationers, reported four years ago, was
$149,203. The annual report for 3S99 gives
an aggregate of $151,956, an Increase of
$32,763. The number of Sunday School
scholars In 3S95 was 354.257; in 1899, 191,907.
a gain of 37,640. The sum collected for all
purposes ot self-support In 1895 was $316,
3SS; In 1S99, $491,010, an increase of $174,822.
"Tho estimated value of the churches
and chapels in the foreign field In 1895 was
$281,703; in 1SS9, $3,134,978. a gain of $553,275.
In 3895 there were 225 missionaries and 224
assistant missionaries (mostly wives of
the missionaries, and including a few un
married ladies), a total of 449. In 3899 there
were 234 missionaries, 201 wives of mis
sionaries and 32 unmarried lady mission
aries, a total of 467, a gain of IS. In 3S93
there were 691 native ordained preachers;
in 3899, 763, a gain of 74. In 3S95 there were
3159 native unordalned preachers; in 3899
there were 3033, a loss of 323. due probably
to Imperfect reports. In 3895 there were
1631 local preachers and other helpers; In
1S99, 2502, a gain of SSL In 1S95 there were
15C,2S3 reported adherents; in 3S99, 380.633.
a gain of 24,323.
"In the home field the society has aided
about the same number of English speak
ing missionaries as during the preceding
quadrennlum. There are 11 conferences
In which foreign languages are exclusively
spoken, and there are eight missions or
ganized outside of annual conferences.
Our missionaries are preaching the gospel
In this country In 34 different languages,
and ministering to the spiritual needs of
probably more than 400,000 members and
probationers. Missions have been estab
lished In Alaska, Porto Rico and in the
Philippines Islanda"
Report of Committee of Church Ex
tension. The report of the General Committee of
Church Extension showed that $3,228,450 had
been asked for, but only $4S6,323 had been
received by collection. The failure of the
conferences to respond In raising their
apportionments for church extension has
been most serious. The city church ex
tension movements have. It Is believed. In
a measure taken from our board something
or tne support of former years, and yet
tne planting of churches for our foreign
populations In the great centers has fallen
largely to our board, and demands for
large donations for Important churches In
cities have come again and again, so that
the requests for aid from the stronirer
conferences have increased rather than
diminished, while they have not raised
their apportionment. These statements
are not designed to either criticise or dis
courage city church extension movements.
They are all imperatively needed, but we
do plead for such enlarged contributions
tor our cause that we may meet the de
mands from the centers of population with
adequate response. We believe that the
demand for a definite sum. to be nronerlv
distributed in the conferences, according
to the provisions of the discipllno, with the
I preaching of a sermon on this question
In every congregation every year, and with
the distribution of instructive literature,
and a public and separate collection for
our cause in connecttlon with the sermon
would adequately provide for our needs.
If the church can be made Intelligently to
understand that the 42 per cent and more
devoted by the Missionary Society to do
mestic missions can only be utilized for
permanent results when accompanied by
the work of church extension, .our cause
would be permitted to stand out berore
each Individual church In Its majestic per
sonality, presenting Its claim, based upon
its merits and. services. The report c;n
tlnues: "We ask the General Conference and the
Methodist Episcopal church it represents
to prayerfully consider the fact that, la
I the face of the painful evidences of 'thi
lack of legitimate and healthful increase
in membership in late years, the principal
Increase In the land, which has ltssened
our humiliation, has been in the sections
of the country where church extension
has done Its principal work.
"At the beginning of the quadrennlum
we had over $30,000 of bonded debt, and
$124,045 due the conferences, for something
over $174,000 of obligations to meet with
$13,423 of cash In the general fund, against
which $9383 of drafts were outstanding;
$C8.S19 were promised In donations.
"During the quadrennlum we have paid
Off the bonded debt of oer $00,000. have re
duced the amounts due to conferences
nearly JGO.OOO, and cut down the donations
promised by $35,000, and had, November
1, C0.717 cash In the general fund. We
eeeceosoees9s0ecoe9eco
the ballot will be sent to each County
up the forms for the printed ballots to
e
a
have thus reduced our liabilities by over
$100,000, and Increased our cash balance
over 53 per cent.
"We congratulate the church and the
General Conference on the very remarkable
improvement in our work that crowns the
quadrennlum and the greater promise for
the future: and express the hope that the
very greatly increased need for churches
on the frontier and in the needier places
of the entire country, and In the widely
expanded field In our new possessions will
bo met by greatly Increased contributions
to our cause."
ANOTHER NEW YORK FIRE.
Half a Million. Dollars' Worth of
Property Lost on Water Front.
NEW YORK, May 7. Fire tonight de
stroyed a large section of the docks and
sheds of the New Jersey Storage Com
pany, connected with the Standard Oil
Company's Constable Hook Works, caus
ing a property lo3s of $500,000. There la
some suspicion that the fire was started
by strikers, who for the past week have
been troublesome at the oil works, and
at tho Oxford Copper Works, which ad
join. The oil tank ship Adelphia was ly
ing alongside one of the piers, and be
fore she could be hauled out, took fire.
Tugs tried to get her off and beach her on
the Staten Island shore, hut the hawsers
caught fire and she went adrift In the
Kills. Three oil barges which lay along
side the docks took fire, and were de
stroyed. Fire tugs from Brooklyn, New York,
Staten Island and Jersey City responded
to calls for assistance. The tugs- and fire
men finally drove the flames back from
the piers. Piers No. 1 and No. 2 are total
losses. Two pile drivers at pier No. 3
were destroyed, but the pier itself and
pier No. 4 were saved.
The ship Josephus belonging to Ar
thur Sewall, of Maine, was destroyed. She
had been loading with case oil for China
ports, and the flames spread over her
so rapidly that she could not he saved.
The loss to the Standard OH Company
will be In the neighborhood of $400,0:X),
on buildings, docks, oil and machinery.
The aggregate loss to private Individu
als Is estimated at $100,000. Officials of tho
Standard Oil Company are of the opinion
that tho fire started on one of the pile
drivers. They say It would have been Im
possible for the strikers to set the fire,
as they could not pass through the yards
to the docks.
EMBEZZLEMENT THE CHARGE
Employe of Cuban PostofHce
De-
partment Arrested.
NEW YORK, May 7. Charles F. Neely,
who was arrested In Rochester, N. Y.,
Saturday night, while on his way to Cali
fornia, and brought back to this city last
night, refused to make any statement. He
Is charged with embezzling $36,000 from
tho Postofflco Department In Cuba. Neely
was appointed from Indiana. He was ar
raigned today and held in $10,000 bail for
examination Wednesday. Being unable to
securo ball, he was sent to Ludlow-Street
Jail. Late this afternoon Neely secured
the required ball and was released.
Alleged Dynamiters' Trial.
WELLAND. Out.. Miy 7. The trial of
Bullman, Nolan and Walsh, the alleged
dynamiters, reopened here today. The
first witness was W. C. Thompson, the
canal engineer. He estimated the damage
to tho locks at from $1000 to $1500. He
gave his op.'nlon as to the effect If the
locks had been blown out. The water, ho
said, would have swept down the Grand
Trunk Railway tracks, washed out the
Merrlton station and flooded the valley of
Fifteen-Mile Creek. WHUam Wright posi
tively identified Nolan as one of the two
men who had been seen running away
from the scene of the explosion.
A St. Louis Strike.
ST. LOUIS, May 7. At 2 o'clock a mass
meeting of the employes of the St. Louis
Transit Company, without a dissenting
vote, decided to go on strike immediately.
Twenty-six hundred men participated In
the meeting.
"Why Does Yoar Head Acher
Don't ask. Cure it with Wricot's Para-
leon Headache and Neuralgia Cure. 25c.
WHERE THE FLAG GOES
COXSTITUTIOX EXTE"DS OVER OUR.
JXEW POSSESSIONS.
Jodge LoeXran'a Decision in the Or-
Its Case Congress Can. Make
Lavrs for Porto Rico.
ST. PAUL, May 7. Judge Lochran to
day filed la the United States Circuit
Court his decision on the application of
Rafael Oritz, a Porto Rfcan. to be re
leased from the Minnesota state's prison.
Oritz was convicted by a mlll.ary tri
bunal in Porto Rico for the murder of a
United States soldier and condemned to
die. The sentence was commuted to Le
Imprisonment.
The application for release was based
on tho claim that the military authorities
had no Jurisdiction ovr Oritz; that peace
had been declared and that ne .should have
had a civil trial. Judge Lochran refus d
the application In an oral decision Thurs
day last and today filed an exhaustive
opinion thereon, The decision has evoked
great Interest throughout the country, as
It bears largely on Constitutional ques
tions, which have arisen on the question
of Porto Rico as a territory of the United
State3. The decision states:
"Our general Government was founded
by the men of the Revolution, who had
rebelled against the arbitrary power as
serted by Great Britain to govern her
outlying colonies at the will of her Par
liament. They established the govern
ment upon the asserted theory that all
just powers of government come from the
consent of tho governed. They founded,
as described by President Lincoln, In lan
guage not yet forgotten, ' a government of
the people, by the people and fcr the peo
ple.' It will be. Indeed, marvelous If it
Is to appear that these men who then
founded our National Government so. con
structed It that it Is capable of ruling
with unlimited power a subject people o
have neither guarantees to protect them
nor any voice In the Government. ThU
Is foreign absolutism the worst form, of
tyranny.
"If the Constitution does not extend to
Porto Rico and our other hew acqulsltlors
of territory, Congnss has the untrammeUd
absolute power to establish separate gov
ernments or make laws for such terri
tories; It has the power to establish del
pendent monarchies or satrapies, state re
ligions and even slavery. The argument
of one of the Senators referred to, that
the last clause of the 33th amendment
prevents the establishment there ot slav
ery, is obviously lame and Impotent, for
If the Constitution docs not extend to
those parts of the domain of the United
States, nor limit Congress In its powers
of legislation over them, by what process
will this single clause of an amendment
of that instrument detach itself from the
skin of the parchment, and alone fasten
itself upon these" new territories? If it be
considered that this 13th amendment, ex
propria vigore, extends to these new ter
ritories, or limits the powers of Congress
respecting them, every clause of that in
strument for the like reason 13 equally
potent. To say that a clause in the Con
stitution does not extend to a territory,'
but does limit the power of Congress In
legislating for that, territory. Is to draw
a distinction too fine to be practical.
"Tho argument, much repeated, that If
tho National Government of the United
States his not the power to deal with
these new territories untrammeled by the
Constitution, Its power is less than that
possessed "by the other governments of tho
civilized world, is admitted. It proves
nothing. The National Government of the
United States Is one of very limited pow
ers. In respect to Its own people, in its
entire domain, and generally except in re
spect to Its power to deal with foreign
nations, and concerning matters express
ly committed to It by the Constitution,
Its powers are much less than that pos
sessed by other governments. No one will
dispute- this.
"The National Government of the United
States was created, and Its powers and
jurisdiction granted and limited, by the
Federal Constitution. Its powers can only
be increased by amendment of that in
strument. "The power of the General Government
to acqulro additional territory rests upon
Its Constitutional power to make war,
which may result in conquest, and its
like power to make treaties, which may
bring territory by cession. The power to
govern such acquisition ofterritory re
sults from tho power to admit states, and
to make all needful rules and regulations
respecting the territory or other property
belonging to tho United States. This
clause authorizes Congress to legislate In
respect to a territory In local as well as
National matters before its admission to
statehood in the Union.
"Tho novel doctrine that the power of
Congress to govern territory ceded to the
United States may be conforred by a for
eign sovereign by and through the terms
of the treaty of cession and that the gen
eral Government can exercise powers thus
granted by a foreign sovereign independ
ent of and in disregard of the Constitution
until Congress, mayhap In tho future, shall
by Its enactment see fit to extend the
Constitution over tho territory, la con
trary to the holding of tho Supreme
Court of the United States, to the effect
that the Government Is one of the enu
merated powers, and can claim, and ex
erciso no power not granted to it by the
Constitution, either expressly or by nec
essary implication. It Is clear that the
General Government cannot legislate over
territory where the Constitution, from
which Its every power Is derived, does
not extend. The Constitution must be in
force over a territory before the general
Government can havo any authority to
legislate respecting It. No foreign sover
eign can Invest the General Government
with any legislative power."
Numerous decisions are cited In support
of his opinion, and he continues:
"It must be held that upon the cession
by Spain to the United States of the Isl
and of Porto Rico, that Island became
a part of the dominion of the United
States as much as Is Arizona or Minne
sota; and that the Constitution of the
United States ex propria vigore at once
extended over that Island;, and that this
extension of the Constitution gave Con
gress, whose every power must come from
that instrument, the authority to legislate
In respect to the Island a3 a part of the
United States territory. It follows that
all of the provisions of the Constitution
In respect to personal and property rights,
including the right to trial by Jury In
criminal prosecution, became at once,
when the cession was completed, a part of
the supreme law of the land. The char
acter of an offense and the nature of its
punishment would be determined by the
law In force where and when the act
was committed, ond laws of that charac
ter remain In force after the cession until
changed; but the manner of trial must de
pend on the law In force when the trial
Is had. even though the establishment
and organization of courts must be await
ed before the trial can be had."
The decision states that military law
being the sole authority the acts of a
military court were entirely legal, and
the petition for a writ of habeas corpus
was denied.
KAISER'S DECORATIONS.
After ReTPardlncr Others, He May
Appoint Himself a Field Marshal.
BERLIN, May 7. Although Emperor
Francis Joseph and the princely visitors
have gone, Berlin has not yet resumed its
normal aspect. Notwithstanding the ab
normal heat today, the streets were un
usually crowded, many people only now
venturing out to see the decorations.
Today some additional facts about the
festivities in connection with the coming
of age of the Crown Prince became
known. It seems that Emperor William
received telegrams of warmest congratu
lations from Emperor Nicholas, Queen
Victoria, King. Humbert,. King- Leopold,
King Chnrles of Roumanla. and the King
and Queen of Swedpu. During tha gala
banquet Emperor William conferred the
Order of the Black Eagle on the Duke of
Oporto. The members of the Russian mil
itary delegation received high decorations.
In the course of the reception. Emperor
William called Count von Waldersee to
the throne, and Informed him of his ap
polntment as Field Marshal General.
"Thereupon," says tho Lokal Anzelger,
"Field. Marshal General Prince Albert of
Prussia, as the oldest ofllcer In the Ger
man Army, and General von Hahnke
asked Emperor William, m the name of
the Army, to appoint himself a Field.
Marshal. The Kaiser's, decision is ex
pected very soon."
The Shnh ana His Favorite Wife.
LONDON, May 8. The St. Petersburg
correspondent of the Dally Mall, says:
"The favorite wife of the Shah of Per
sia, a beautiful Circassian, will accom
pany him during h!3 forthcoming tour in
iiurope. disguised in male attire."
OMAHA. DOLLAR DINNER.
A Fusion Banqcct at "Which Bryan
lYati the Chief Guest.
OMAHA, May 7. About 400 peraons sat
down fo the banquet board ot the Peter.
Cooper dollar dinner at the Coliseum this
evening. Half of this number, perhaps,
was made up of delegates to the .t'opudst.
Convention at Sioux Fails. It was given
out on excellent authority thai the dele
gates had agreed to nominate Mr. Bryan
J Wednesday, and to leao the second place
open to be made the subject of confer-
j ence. A conference committee Is to be'
named to meet a like committee at Kan
sas City.
At the banquet the address of welcome
wea spoken by Elmer E. Thomas. Toast
master John O. Yeiser then Introduced
Uovernor W. A. Poynter, of Nebraska.
He was followed by T. M. Patterson, -of
the Denver News. "Cyclone" Davis spoke
and then the toastmaster" introduced a
Silver Democrat from New York, Dr. J.
H. GIrdner, who said many Democrats
in the Empire State were coming over to
Bryan. John W. Breldenthal, of Kansas,
spoke briefly. There was noticeable a
conciliatory tone In all the remarks of
tho Western speakers; the argument was
to the effect that fusion, gocd In li9J,
would be better In 3900.
Mr. Bryan was greeted by great ap
plause. There was little if anything new
in his address. Its tenor was an argument
for the continuance of fusion. He speci
fied the old Issues on which the Demo
crats, Populists and Silver Repub.icans
fused In 3896, and pointed out the reasons
J why they should stand together now. He
ucvuieu more um& to tne money pianic
than to any other one Issue. Mr. Bryan
took up the familiar Issues briefly and
pointed out the common ground upon
which Populists and Democrats stood.
He then took up the new issues Incident
to the war with Spain.
Tom Patterson and -"Cyclone" Davis
talked for harmony, and the putting aside
of small things. Mr. Patterson said that
when they got to Sioux Falls they should
nominate Mr. Bryan and leave to the
Democratic Convention the naming of a
candidate for second place. There seemed
to be an atmosphere-of doubt that every
thing would go smoothly Wednesday.
Some were looking for breakers ahead,
and that there was a lack of "enthusiasm
was remarked by many.
ILLINOIS REPUBLICANS.
Exciting; Time Promised at the
Opening: of the State Convention.
PEORIA, 111., May 7. The state conven
tion promises to have an exciting opening
tomorrow morning. It has been the plau
of the State Central Committee, which U
controlled by the Tanner-Hancey faction,
to nominate the temporary chairman of
the convention, and John J. Brown, cf
Vandalla, has been selected by the com
mittee for the chairmanship. This evening
there was a conference of all the dele
gates opposed to the Tanner-Hancey fac
tion. These were the supporters of Sena
tor Cullom, and of Reeves, Carter and
Yates, candidates for the nomination for
Governor. It was decided at the confer
ence to oppose the plan of the State Cen
tral Committee, and Charles G. Dawes
was selected as the opposition candidate
for temporary chairman. The action cf
the anti-Tanner forca in selecting Mr.
Dawes for temporary chairman '? regard
ed a3 an effort to secure the united sup
port of the friends of tne National Ad
ministration. Democratic Committeemen Satisfied.
KANSAS CITY, Mo., May 7. For the
second time since Convention Hall was
destroyed by fire April 4. the subcommit
tee of the Democratic National Commit
tee met here today and put Its stamp of
approval upon the hall and general ar
rangements being made by Kansas-CItIansv
for the July gathering.
O'Dell Is in San Francisco.
SAN FRANCISCO, May 7. Benjamin B.
O'Dell, chairman of the Republican State
Central Committee, of New York, is In
this city. He .say that his visit to Cal
fornla Is merely a pleasure trip.
PERSONAL MENTION.
A. J. Pickard, of Eugene, 13 registered
at the Perkins.
W. M. Ridpath, of Spokane, is registered
at the Perkins.
J. H. Parker, a Baker City banker, Is
at the Imperial.
C. H. Jones, of Tacoma, Is registered
at the Portland.
S. Owens and wife, with Mr. and Mrs.
If yen" hayen't a rejralar, healthj movement of tae
boirela eiery day, you're ilcfc. or will be. Keep jonr
bowels open, and be well. Force. In tbe sbape of
Tlolent physic or pill poison. Is dangerous. Tba
smoothest, easiest, most perfect way of keeping tna
bowels clear ana clean u to taia
Pleasant, Palatable. Potent. Taste Good. Do Good,
Nerer Sicken. Weaken, or Gripe. 10c iOc Write
for free sample, and booklet on health. Address
EUHlnj Btatt; I tmftaj, CUtt, Soatroil, Xnr Tuk. 3U
XEEP YOUR BLOOD GLEAN
'S INHALER
CURES
CATARRH
Colds, Coughs,
Hay Fever, Bron
chitis, Asthma
and all Diseases
of the Throat and
Lungs.
Clewls of Medicated Vapor are Inhaled
through the mouth and emitted from the nos
trils, clecnsln; and vaporizing all the lnCancd
and diseased parts which cannot be reached hr
medicine taken into tbe stomach.
Jt reaihes thr tore tpctsIl heals the rcaa
placcs-f-Jt got to the teat ofdUeaseIt acts a
aosfm? and tonic to the whole ruttemtuoo at
YfpS CANDY
f !iJ CATHARTIC
W TRADE MAHK MMSTrKED 0
X-TtsLr t
4riftf4ttQrsmitiym&L i&J.rchSt-tl'lttio-
a W. Wooster, of San Jose, are guests
of the Imperial.
E; W. McComas, a Pendleton graindeal
er. Is at the Imperial.
W. E. Eldridgc, of Spokane, is regis
tered at the Portland.
James McLeod, of Pendleton, is regis
tered at the St. Charles.
J. W. Douglas and wife, of Astoria,
are guests of the Perkins.
Mrs. E. X. Harrison, of pakland, CaL,
Is a guest of the Portland.
W. G. Rood, lumberman, of Gray's Har
bor. Wash., is at the St. Charles.
H. Erwin, a well-known cattle-raiser oS
Payette, Idaho. Is at the Perkins.
H. H. Hendricks, an attorney of Fos
sil. Is registered at the Imperial.
James Dunamulr and wife, of Victo
ria, B. C, are guests of tho Portland.
J. Li. Alberson. a mining man of Cornu-j
copla. and wife, are guests of the St
Charles. .
Hon. Sol Hirsch and Miss Mai HlrschJ
returned yesterday from a visit to Sanj
Francisco. I
Morris Upham Bates, editor of the San?
JTranelsco Commercial News, Is in tea
city In the interest of his publication. 1
N. Merrill, a Clatskanle merchant, ana
Republican nominee for Representative ot
Columbia County, is at the St. Charles.
XEW YORK. May 7. Northwest people
In New York are:
From Spokane E. D. Hooker, at tho
Herald Square; C. M. Manley, at the Neth
erland. Seatt'e Sailed May 5-Steamer City of
Topeka, for Skagway. Arrived May &
Steamer Humboldt and steamer Cottage
City, from Dyea. Sailed German steamer
Miloa, for Vladlvostock; United States
steamer Bear, for Cape Nome.
From Seattle W- H. Rome, at the Mor
ton; A. Spring. Jr., at the Grand Union.
Factory Fire in Atlnntn.
ATLANTA. Ga.. May 7. The factory of
the Ware Furnituro Company, located
Just outside the city limits, was burned
this afternoon. Forty cottages, occupied
by many people employed In tho factory,
were destroyed. The loss to the factory
and on the cottcges will be about $200.
CO', with Insurance about half.
Sprln
cr
I jrlfidh- welcomed for tho
vitality, frcFhness and purity it
gives everything- in nature; its
plcansimj showers and sunshine
remove, dissolve and disinfect
uuhcalthful accumulations. It
Is the Time
"When our physical systems
n.eed to be cleansed and invig
orated vrith Hood's Sarsapa-
nlla. This good medicine ;
expels all the badness that lias
gathered 111 the blood and en
riches and vitalizes the life
current. If vou take Ilood's
To Purify'
Your Blood
Now, you lay the foundation for
good health in the months that
are to come. Hood's Sarsapa-
rilla tones the stomach, creates
an appetite, builds up and forti
fies the whole svstcm bv erivins:
vitality and strength to every tis
sue, organ, nerve and muscle.
Take the Best
Spring Medicine
" I can highly recommend
Ilood's Sarsaparilla as a spring
medicine. There is a necessitv
for taking such a medicine, and "
I find none better than Hood's.
I would never accept any other
m its place." C. Laib, 1231 ii.
29th St., Philadelphia, Pa.
Positively cured by these
tittle PiHs,
.They also relieve Distress from "DjspcHs
Indigestion and Too Hearty Eating. A per
fect remedy for Dizziness, Nausea, Drot-sl.
ncss, Bad Taste in the Mouth, Coated Tcngua
tain in the Side, TORPID LIVER. Ihry
Regulate the Bowels. Purely Vegetable.
Small PHU Small Dos,
AM ELE8AHT TOILET LUXURY.
Used "by people of refinement
for over a quarter f & century.
REYNOLD'S
ca
pesm
Few persons need
be confined bv
Goutor Rheumatlsm.if on the nrst approach
01 the paroxysm tney nave recourse n uus rem-ir-.
thou cmtr!f. drwe Is often sufficient.
k, FOVGSftt a co. as.atf iV. WUllAW SCAM
fWml H1H TTiE J
l&sillfaW? Pl5i2?1 JUS fiJila?
Dr. Lyon s
PERFECT