Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, May 07, 1900, Page 4, Image 4

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TODAY'S "WEATHER Continued cool.
cloudy, with occasional showers; westerly
It seems to be understood that Ger
Jnany has wish and. design of colonial
expansion in the direction of South
"America. Many Germans have recently
Settled in Brazil. Some accounts say
that the "colony" numbers more than
one million inhabitants, but that may
jbe an exaggeration. Secretary Root's
recent declaration, pointed at this Ger
taan movement, that the United States
anight deem It necessary to remind
Germany that the Monroe Doctrine Is
t& distinct part of American policy, has
received a good deal of attention in Eu
rope. But English journals very sen
felbly say that there Is no judgment in
our talk of -enforcing the Monroe Doc
trine in this or similar cases, unless
we make naval and military prepara
tion for it.
The German navy Is more powerful
-than our own, and Germany, appar
ently, is much better aware of the
fact than we are. Mere bluff, in cases
of this kind, Is nothing. If Germany
telieves it to be her interest to go
ahead in this business she will go
ahead. We have no sufficient means
of stopping her; for our state of prep
aration and readiness Is not like that
of Great Britain, which, alone, keeps
rival nations from trying to balk her
In South Africa. They fear her navy,
and that's all there is of it. When
the London Spectator says that Amer
ica must not imagine that if she ever
gets into a serious controversy with
Germany over the Monroe Doctrine
she will be allowed to have her own
"way as Great Britain allowed her to
have it in vhe Venezuelan case, it
speaks words of truth and soberness;
for if Germany wanted to infringe upon
the Monroe Doctrine she would simply
consider whether America would have
physical power to meet her and main
tain it, and if America had not, her
historical claims would be held not
worth a straw.
If, on the one hand we are to assert
the Monroe Doctrine against Germany
fa. Brazil, and on the other are to in
terfere on behalf of the Boer States in
South Africa against Great Britain, we
are likely to have "'militarism" enough.
Perhaps it would be as well for us to
mind our own business.
Messrs. Goodall, Bennett & Co., of
an Francisco, have decided to make
"Victoria, B. C, the home port at which
jlhey will register their recent pur
chases, the British ships Drumburton,
Drummuir and Lord Terapleton. The
Tessels will be handled by R. P. Rithet
& Co., the well-known Canadian brok
ers. This will mean the annual dis
bursement in Victoria of many thou
sand dollars and will add to the pres
iige of our Canadian neighbors as a
chipping center. The owners of the
British ships mentioned are natlve
liorn Americans, and they would much
prefer to do business under the Amer
ican flag. As the laws of this country
regarding the purchase of ships in the
open market are such that they cannot
place their recent purchases- under our
flag, they are forced to sail their ships
under an alien banner or else go out of
business. Most of the Americans with
capital sufficient to own and operate
a ship have accepted the latter alterna
llive, and this is the reason why the for
eigners are today carrying the bulk of
our ocean commerce.
The case of the ships mentioned
forms an interesting study for the
JPuget Sound papers which have been
."howling so lustily for more American
jehips to handle the lumber and wheat
(of the Northwest. Deliberately ignor
ing the methods by which the merchant
, marine of England, Germany and oth.
er sea powers have become great, these
papers keep up an unceasing cry for
a subsidy, as the only means for restor
ing the American flag to the ocean.
The Drumburton, Drummulr and Lord
Templeton, as previously stated, are
owned by Americans, and they will
make the greater part of their profits
by carrying American goods from Amer
ican ports to foreign markets. Their
cwners are willing to operate them in
competition with the ships of all other
nations without the aid of a subsidy,
and if the men who are demanding a
subsidy are sincere in their efforts to
build up a merchant marine, these ves
sels should certainly be permitted to
have the right to register at an Ameri
can port.
While the number of voters registered
in the several counties of Oregon, as
shown in yesterday's Oregonian, is
well up towards the number of votes
polled at the latest state election, it
falls considerably short of the whole
number of qualified electors in the
state. At the state election in 1S9S
but S4.713 votes were cast. At the
Presidential election in 1S96, over 10,000
more votes were polled, namely, 95,212.
Then Multnomah County cast 1S.2S7
ballots. To register as many voters
now means 359 a day for each of the
remaining eight working days available
and no time should be lost by the voter
who wishes to get properly on the list.
Substantially the same Is true of other
counties. This, of course, does not
take into calculation any Increase
through the natural growth of the
state nor any decrease by reason of
the stricter definition of voters Quali
fications, or the evidence of them, un
der the new law. Neither is the num
ber registered with Justices of the
Peace and Notaries Public, but not yet
reported to the County Clerks, taken
Into consideration in this estimate. The
last hours permitted for registration
are sure to be busy ones, however, and
it is not safe to defer this important
duty of citizenship. There Is time
enough for all voters to register, but
not an hour to waste. The matter
demands close attention ' in every
county in Oregon. When the registra
tion lists close May 15 it will be to re
main closed until another registration
in 1902. There will be no further op
portunity to register prior to the Pres
idential election In November.
In another column Mr. John P. Rob
ertson exploits his Infinite Ignorance on
the money question with fullness and
precision. All there is to money, he
thinks, is "legal tender." The magic word
of government is all that gives value
to gold, silver or paper, and without it
even gold coins are "dead," without
life because demonetized and "no long
er money." His reference to gold Is,
indeed, the one unaccountable portion
of Mr. Robertson's letter. With his
clearly demonstrated Inability to see
anything correctly, how is It possible
for a mind so constructed to perceive
that the logic of his doctrine com
pels the absurdity of destruction of
gold through withdrawal of "legal ten
der"? Logically, he embra'ces that ab
surdity, though it discredits his sense
of humor that he takes the thing se
riously. Money must be worth what it is
exchanged for, or It is not money and
substitutes for money must be conver
tible into money or they cannot do the
work of money In exchange. The voice
of government saying, This is money,
or This is not money, disturbs mankind
very little. Stronger than government,
with the severest penalties contrivable
is the instinct of self-preservation,
which forbids a man to part with the
product of his toil for a thing he knows
Is valueless in itself and Incapable of
exchange for real value. Evolution of
trade has given us perfected instru
ments of exchange, known as currency,
called In common parlance "money,"
whose worth Is no more or less than
their convertibility into real money.
Gold Is real money today everywhere
and silver is real money in silver
standard countries. All things else
doing the work of money everywhere,
and silver itself In gold-standard coun
tries, are currency, substitutes for
money, worth what they will bring In
gold. This is the fact about money,
and whenever Mr. Robertson comes
into conflict with it he Is wrong, which
happens, to do him justice, with com
mendable consistency on pretty much
all possible points of contact.
Specifically, the United States de
mand notes were not worth par because
of their legal-tender quality, but be
cause they were issued in limited
amount only, were available for pay
ment of public dues, were redeemable
on demand, and were ordered retired
in six months after their issue. If
they had been issued in the same quan
tity as the "greenbacks," they would
have descended to the same plane.
Specifically, also, the trade dollar
was kept at par, not through its legal
tender quality, but through limitation
upon its Issue. It was never designed
for our domestic circulation, but for ex
port to serve the need of trade with
China and Japan. Their excessive Is
sue was accompanied by their decline.
"Legal tender" did not keep them up,
nor its withdrawal drag them down,
any more than legal tender discredited
the "greenback" before 1S79 or helped
it afterward.
Human experience almost seems in
vain, when we see how poorly it serves
the mind that draws upon Its record
without accurate information or the
first beginning of comprehension. The
facts of history merely serve to fur
nish such with a half-knowledge, un
assorted .knowledge, undigested knowl
edge, that makes it Impossible for
them ever to know anything. Let us
have an end of this now, once for alL
Let us assign and consign every one
of these money paranoics, white, black
and gray, with all their trumpery, to
that limbo, large and broad, known in
old literature as the Paradise of Fools,
once supposed to have disappeared; but
still In fact peopled with gibbering
ghosts on the wrong side of Styx or
SION. Our Pacific Northwest states are not
in the territory embraced in the Louis
iana Purchase, but it was the Louis
iana Purchase that set on foot the great
expedition of Lewis and Clark, through
which the first definite idea was ob
tained of the extent and value of the
territory, previously acquired by dis
covery, on- the Pacific Northwest Coast,
now constituting these Pacific North
west States. It was the Louisiana
Purchase, therefore, that pushed dis
covery and development here.
Consequently the Inhabitants of these
states have a natural interest In the
coming Centennial Celebration of the
Louisiana Purchase by the city of St.
Louis. Oregon, Washington and Idaho
are amonr the "Jefferson States," and
they should participate in the celebra
tion to be held at St. Louis.
It may be hoped that notice of this
mighty incident of national expansion
will not give very much distress to the
Anti-Expansionists and Little Ameri
cans of the present day. St. Louis is
going to do a big thing In this celebra
tion. The people of that great city
have raised five million dollars by vol
untary subscription; the city of St.
Louis has voted five millions more, and
a bill is now pending In Congress for
an additional five millions, which it
is believed will pass next session, if not
this. On the whole this celebration is
taking on a character which may ba
considered a tribute to the principle
of National expansion.
Confession is a good thing. Even
Colorado is disposed to admit that it
was mistaken in 1896 when all Its peo
ple and papers with substantial unan
imity declared that the defeat of 16 to
1 meant irretrievable ruin to the na
tion generally and to their state par
ticularly. The following from the Den
ver Times Is instructive: "Now it Is
firmly believed and openly proclaimed,
even by conservative men, that the
old val'ues of 1892 are not only being
restored, but will soon be exceeded in
value. There has been- great Individ
ual loss in the city and state, but it
has been of inestimable value to have
demonstrated to us and to the world
thau sliver mining was not our only
resource, or principal backing." If
Colorado had had ita way, we paould.
all have been dumped in the pit of
disaster. But that state was forced
by circumstances to take all Its eggs
out of the one sliver basket. It now
has one camp that produces as much
gold as all California; and its resources
of agriculture and horticulture are be
ing extensively developed. Colorado
has been forced Into sane ways in spite
of itself.
The facts as to the cause of the pres
ent awful famine In India, and the im
possibility of its complete relief until
India is as thoroughly webbed with
railways as Great Britain or the United
States, do. not seem to be correctly un
derstood, and England Is unjustly held
responsible for the recurrence of a ca
lamity which her government has al
ways done Its best to alleviate when It
could not prevent It. The present fam
ine is the greatest in extent, though
not in severity, known In the present
century. Through the failure of the
monsoon, drought prevails over a terri
tory inhabited by 60,000,000 of people, SO
per cent of which are agriculturists.
The governmental and private relief
has been so well organized that the
mortality has been so far less than in
any preceding year of famine. In the
famine of Orissa, thirty years ago, fully
a million of human beings died of star
vation. As late as 1S97, when the
drought was not so widespread as It
is this year, there was a larger mortal
ity. The Indian Government Is doing
Its best to fight this famine; it places
a supply of food In every stricken prov
ince, and gives work to every man who
applies for it. More than 5,000,000 men
have been taken on in extra public
works. Beyond this, both parties In
the British Parliament are agreed the
government cannot go. Lord Curzon,
the Governor of India, reports that he
has on hand all the money he can prop
erly spend. Nearly a million of dollars
has been raised in London for the
starving people of India. Lord George
Hamilton, speaking for the Indian Gov
ernment, said that when It found itself
unable to find food for all who wanted
it and work for all who came for it, it
would apply to the Treasury for a
grant. The Indian Government has ex
pended 5150,000,000 within the last twenty-five
years on Irrigation works, but
these works were of little avail in most
regions when a prolonged drought oc
curs. The evidence .Is abundant that fam
ines are less frightful In India than
formerly, owing to the railway system
and the Irrigation works pushed
throughout India by the government.
The amount of human suffering has
been Immensely reduced under British
rule. Washburn Hopkins, in a very
able and very Interesting letter to the
New York Evening Post, points out
that private relief for the famine
stricken people of India should be sent
in the form of money, which will buy
grain, of which there is no lack In
India. The peasants are starving be
cause they have no money to buy grain
of the grain merchants, who will not
give it away, nor may the government
compel them to do so, nor allow the
mob to sack and loot .the stores. The
cause of the famine is drought. When
ever the monsoon rains fail and the
Winter showers also, there will always
be a famine so long as the Hindu peas
ant, remains an utterly improvident,
illiterate creature, instead of a fore
handed and prudent laborer. The
Hindu ryot works hard, but Is always
in debt. Not only can he not save, but
he will not, so he Is always the slave
of the money-lender. When crops are
good, he lives lmprovldently, and when
drought comes he is utterly unprepared
for the scarcity that follows It. Before
the day of English rule the inhuman
native Princes left their subjects to die.
The Punjab, where formerly at every
famine the peasants died like flies, has
been converted, under British rule, into
a graingrowlng country by means of
immense works which drain the great
rivers of the Punjab and distribute
their waters over a vast area. The
same system has been introduced by
the British Government on the Ganges,
but India is so vast a country that
famine spreads faster than great Irri
gation works and railways can follow.
The statement that famine was un
known before British rule is a He.
Famines lasting foryears are chroni
cled through all the centuries of Hindu
and Mohammedan rule, and no appre
ciable, adequate public relief was given
or even attempted.
The statement that the peasant is
now so heavily taxed that he cannot
meet famine when it comes is another
historical blunder. Under Mohamme
dan and Mahratta rule the peasant was
robbed of all his visible possessions and
forced by torture to surrender his con
cealed property. If there was no fam
ine, he was robbed; if there was a fam
ine, he was left to die. If the peasant,
after ho was raided by the Mahrattas,
could not or would not under torture
pay the land revenue under native rule,
he and his family were sold into slav
ery, while In times of famine men sold
themselves for a single meat Under
the British rule the land revenue repre
sents on an average about one-twenty-fourth
of the gross value of the prod
uce. Out of ninety-nine millions of
revenue in 1S98-99, the land tax was but
twenty-seven and one-half millions. In
189C-97 seven and one-half millions were
spent on famine relief outright, the
whole cost of the famine being four
teen millions. Nearly two millions were
lost to the government through suspen
sion of taxes, while one and a third
millions were loaned to cultivators.
Today there are over five millions of
people supported at government ex
pense. In 1S9S-99 thirty-three millions
were spent on famine relief building
and railroading. In explanation of the
condition of the helpless and improvi
dent Hindu peasant, Mr. Washburn
The native usurer Is his refuge ln time of
trouble. His grain goes chiefly not to pay the
land tax. but to buy a mortgage and keep the
usurer quiet. For the expenses of a -wedding
or a funeral he will cheerfully double this soma
mortgage. And he pays ISO tp 300 per cent
Interest, sot on the sum loaned, but on this
sum with a cipher added, which the usurer
"knows how to tuck on, and the peasant Is too
Ignorant to discover. No government o&n put
the peasant in a position where a three years'
drought will not brinr hlra to the edge of
The fires of revolution continue to
smoulder, and now and then to flare up
In the states of Latin America. Fili
bustering expeditions, night surprises,
murderous incursions of a few hundred
intrepid, well-armed men into peaceful
valleys; the report that Argentina is
urging Peru and Bolivia to form a fed
eration and attack Chile and thus re
trieve their defeats In a .former war,
the cruising of the gunboat Detroit In
Central American waters with an eye
open to possibilities there, are the most
salleat points in the late new from
these distressful, turbulent Spanish
American countries. The most serious
feature of the situation is the Interrup
tion of trade which In some ports has
amounted practically to annihilation.
There seems to be nothing for it but
to wait until these choleric people get
their tempers down and become hungry
enough to stop shooting and give the
world a chance to supply their needs.
Henry C Payne, vice-chairman of the
National Republican Committee, is in
the West talking this style of non
sense: While there was somo doubt In 1SJK5 there
is absolutely none now. William McKinley
will be triumphantly elected this year by the
largest majority, both In the electoral collega
and popular vote, ever known. It will be the
Nation's Indorsement of the able manner In
which the Administration has conducted affairs
through some trying times.
The greatest danger of the Repub
lican party lies In the idle assurances
of its leaders that the result is a
foregone conclusion. It is not. Ken
tucky and Maryland are practically
certain for the Democrats and New
York and Indiana are debatable. The
Bryan states McKinley expects to gain
are all fighting ground. Unless the
Republican organization exercises
great Industry, and unless the voter
is again made keenly aware of the
grave menace of Bryanism, we shall
not have four more years of prosperity
and financial security.
Thomas E. Watson, of Georgia, who
was a prominent figure among the Pop
ulists two years ago, gives out that he
has retired from politics forever. He
was a member of Congress from his
state, and he had a nomination for Vice
President in 1896. He was during this
time a clever. If misguided, young man,
who in his leisure moments was writing
a history of France, one volume of
which has since been published, and,
though not without Its peculiarities,
has brought him some credit for re
search and readable qualities In liter
ary circles. He says now that his fut
ure life is to be devoted to his profes
sion of the law and his literary work.
He is evidently unsatisfied with his
political work, sees his mistakes, and
wants to escape from them. So he
Ohloans In California are making
preparations' on a grand scale for the
launching of the battleship Ohio, which
Is expected to take place at the Union
Iron Works, San Francisco, some time
in September. The Ohio Is to be a
-jreat ship, considerably exceeding, the
Oregon in about all its properties, thus:
Oregon. Ohio.
length 343 feet. 3SS feet.
Breadjll .03 ft., 3 In. 72 ft.. 3 In.
Draft 24 feet. 2.1 ft., 0 In.
Displacement 10.000 tons. 12.500 tons.
Contract speed 15 knots. IS knots.
It is proposed, therefore, to make
the launching a memorable occasion.
Governor Nash and other eminent
Ohloans will be present, and perhaps
President McKinley.
The new names of the' Oregon Board
of Commissioners to the Paris Exposi
tion, Mrs. Knowles, Miss Harrington
and Mr. Pf under, are welcome not only
for the fitness of the appointees, but
for the fact that they will be able to
attend the Exposition and render serv
ice. It Is doubtful what benefit will
be derived from the commission, but
there can be no doubt of the Governor's
wisdom In filling vacancies as they oc
cur, and filling them with those that
can at least be present at the Exposi
tion. The board as now constituted
Is representative and capable. '
No, says Eryan, I have not dropped
silver. It is still the paramount ques
tion. So is Imperialism, and so are
the trusts. This country Is strong
enough to enact free silver without the
aid or consent of any other nation on
earth; but it is not strong enough to
expand with the aid and consent of
every other nation on earth. So I
will never drop silver until silver drops
me and I will take up Imperialism and
the trusts because they are good things
to howl about.
A man named Gee, who was con
victed for forging1 road warrants some
years ago, not long since was par
doned by the Governor, on a petition
purporting to have been signed by "citi
zens" of Multnomah. And now a peti
tion Is In circulation for signatures of
"citizens," asking the Governor to re
store him to citizenship, so he can go to
voting and otherwise plying his trade
again. What sort of citizens are
Curiously enough, the man whom
everybody wants for the Vice-Presidency
will not have It, and about
everybody -whom nobody has offered It
to expresses his willingness to take it.
Roosevelt continues to get about as
much good advertising out of his daily
refusal of the office as all the rest of
the Vice-Presidential Barklses put to
gether. There Is food for painful reflection In
the fact that the Texas PopuHsts have
Just had a mighty row and "Cyclone"
Davis Is at large somewhere out here In
the Northwest. Evidently the Money
Devil got in his deadly work while
Davis was away from home. This
shows the unhappy results of abandon
ing your own affairs to look after your
Mr. Robertson says the law forbids
any man to make a contract payable
In sliver to the exclusion of gold. The
law does nothing of the kind. Con
tracts can be made for delivery of
any commodity, whether gold, silver,
sheet iron or brickbats. No law is
needed to" make men accept good
Mr. Quay says he has no quarrel
with McKinley. Certainly not. Nor
with Hanna. Mr. Quay's effective quar
reling days are over.
Boom the buttons! Enough money
ought to be realized from their sale
to complete the sum necessary for the
monument fund.
Hard Llxtes for the Aatla.
New York Commercial Advertiser.
What Is the matter with the Republican
party? Is it not notorious that It Is
"rent in. twain," "hopelessly divided,"
"brought to the verge of ruin." "flounder
ing without a leader," and in various
other ways on the straight road to de
struction because of Its Porto Rico policy
and Imperialism generally? Why. only a
few days ago Ervlng Winslow served no
tice that he with "hundreds of thousands
of his associates" was "observing and
judging and waiting" to see which way to
go In the approaching campaign. Yet Re
publican convention after convention
throughout the coutry goes on approving
the ilcKialej) Administration without a
suggestion of dissent about Porto Rico or
anything else. The whole party .seems to
be stone blind or so under the tyrannical
control of the "Hanna-McKlnley syndi
cate" that It has no mind of its- own.
Think of approving the Porto Rlcan policy
with Ervlng Winslow "observing and
Judging aind waiting" with the entire
Anti-imperialistic League massed behind
him! The lack of ordinary political sa
gacity fairly makes you shiver. No party
so blind as that can hope to live. Here
Is the whole country fairly seething with
antl-Imperiallsm and not a -breath of It
gets Into a Republican convention. It
looks like a conspiracy to make It appear
that all the- literature and speeches and
pamphlets of the Anti-Imperialistic League
had fallen on barren soil. The damning
truth probably Is that Hanna stole them
from the malls.
Statement of the Position by Arch
bishop Corrlsan.
Boston Herald.
Archbishop Corrlgan, of New York,
sailed on the Kaiser Wilhelm II, on Sun
day, on his dutiful visit to Rome. Among
the things which he will tell the Pope
are these: That within 10 years 250 new
churches, schools, rectories and convents
have been added to his New York diocese,
that there have been 330,434 baptisms, a
gain of S3.313 over the previous 10 years;
75,142 marriages, a gain of 17.066, and that
the Catholic population of the diocese is
about 1.200,000, for which 27 new parishes
were established. Surely, that Is a nota
ble record of progress.
The archbishop left to be read in all
the churches on Sunday, In lieu of the
sermon, a letter, largely devoted to the
subject of education. A notable feature
of this letter is the enforcement of his
precepts on the subject of education, not
only by quotations from the Pope's en
cyclicals and from Catholic authors, but
from American Protestants, Washington,
Daniel Webster and others. This la a
shrewd method of appeal to American
citizens. Of course, the archbishop pro
tests against the "Irreligious public
Schools" and the neeessitv nf nrnmnilnc
the church schools and raising their edu-.
1-u.uuuui sutnaara to a nigh ideal. In the
following sentences he vigorously combats
a somewhat common notion:
"We call your attention to the invasion of
parental rights frequently attempted of late
tears by our lawmakers, who woTUd base leg
islation on the assumption, philosophically ab
surd and historically false, that the child be
longs first to the state and afterward to the
parent, and on the un-American and socialistic
theory that the state exists not by and for
tlio citizen, but the citizen for the state. Usui
the words of Danton, they dare to call our
children "tho children of the state." They
would have us call thu schools "free," while
making the Introduction of their own fads
compulsory: would unduly lengthen the term
of compulsory attendance, without profit to
the pupil and often to the detriment of the
parent. In fine, they would hae us view
the people, to use the words of Nathan Mat
thews, of Boston, "not as the creators of th
Government, but as Its creatures, and the
Government Itself Is magnified as the "stale,'
into, something superior to religion, to tho
family, to the rights of property and to all
the other Institutions of civilized society."
Republican. Platforms That "Will
Command Respect and Support.
Chicago Tribune.
The Republicans of the Western States
are beginning to hold their conventions
and to set forth their views concerning
the Issues of the day. They are doing so,
as a rule, with a clearness and posltlve-
ncss which leave nothing to be desired.
As regards the future of the Philippines,
will have much to say during the ap-n
proacning campaign, the Ohio Republicans
declare that:
The provision of the treaty of Paris, which
took from Spain her title to the Philippine
Islands, and vested in the people of tho United
Suites unquestioned sovereignty over those
Islands, to bo exercised for securing to the
people thereof the blessings of liberty and law,
opened for those people tho only possible path
way of escape from oppression and placed
them on the road to progress In enlightenment
and civilization. That sovereignty must not
be repudiated: and that high purpose of its
origin must be accomplished in the establish
ment of peace and order and the blessings of
individual liberty among the people of tho
Philippine Islands.
The Indiana Republicans are about
equally emphatic They say that:
The possession of the Islands could not be
avoided with honor and safety. Our first duty
Is to establish the authority of the United
States against armed resistance; then to re
place military by civil administration. The
guiding principle of our conduct in dealing
with the people of these islands should be to
promote their highest welfare, and we pledg
the largest possible freedom of control In their
affairs as their ability for self-government
shaU bo developed, and to use all proper means
to advance their civilization and enlightenment.
In these two planks are to be found
the sentiments which will be enunlcated In
the National platform to be adopted at
Philadelphia." Those sentiments will ap
peal more strongly to the American peo
ple than the demand of Mr. Bryan that
the United States shall relinquish sov
ereignty over the Islands and let the Fili
pinos welter in anarchy and bloodshed un
til some European nation takes them 'in
Dooler on Sheldon.
The current number of Harper's Weekly
contains Mr. Dooley's observations on
Mr. Sheldon's newspaper, which show that
Mr. Dunne Is in excellent form and his
wit apparently inexhaustible. We reprint
the editor's supposed address to his asso
ciates, and the result:
" Th' newspaper, Instead iv bein' a
powerful agent rr th' salvation Iv man
kind, has become something that they
want to r-read, he says. "Yt can all go
home, he says. Til stay here an' write
th' paper mesllf, he says. 'I'm the beet
writer ar-round here, annybow, an I'll
give thlm something that '11 prepare thlm
fr death,' he says.
"An" he did, Hlnnissy, ho did. 'Twas a
gran paper. They -was an article on sew
erage an wan on prayin' fr rain, an an
other on munl-clpal ownership lv gas
tanks, an' wan to show that they nlvex
was a good milker owned be a pro-fano
man. They was pomes, too, many lv thlm,
an' fine wans, "Th Man with th' Shovel,'
'Th' Man With th Pick,' Th' Man With
th Cash Register,' Th' Man With th
Snow Plow,' Th' Man With th Bell
Punch Th' Man With th' Skate 'Th
Man With No Kick Comln." Fine poeth
ry, th editor askln' who pushed this here
man's forehead back an' planed down his
chin, who made him wear clothes that
didn't fit him, an' got him a Job raisin
eggplant fr th monno-pollst In Topeka at
a dollar a day. A man In th editor's
position ought to know, but he d.dn't,
so he ast In th pomes. An th' adver
tising, Hinnissyl I'd be scandalized fr
to go back readln' th' common adver
tlsin in th' vile daily press about men's
pantlngs, an' Dcesannyoneknowwherel
cangeta biscuit, an In th Spring a
young man's fancy lightly turns, to Po
cohontaa plug, not made be th thrusts.
Th' editor left thlm sacrilegious adver
tisements fr his venal contlmp'raries. His
was pious an nice; 'Do ye'er smokln
in this wurruld. Th' Christyan Unity
Five-cint See-gar is made out Iv th fin
est grades lv excelsior Iver projooced in
Kansas "Nebuchednezzar grass seed,
fr man an bast, an' so on. 'Twas nice
to r-read. It made a man feel as if he
was In church asleep.
"Ye see, Hlnnissy, th editor went to
th wrong shop f"r what Hogan calls his
Inspiration. Father Kelly was talkin It
over with me, an says he: 'They ain't
anny news In beuV good. You might write
th' dotes lv all th' convents lv th wur
ruld an th' back iv a postage stamp, an
have room to spare. Supposln ye took out
rv a newspaper all th" murdhers, an' sui
cides, an' divorces, an elopements, an
fires, an" disease, an war. an famine.'
he sajre, 'ye wuddsnt have enough ltftj
to- keep a man busy r-readln' while he
rode ar-roun' th' block on th' lightnln.
express. No he says, 'news Is sin an sin
la news. A religious newspaper? None lv
thlm Tr me. I want, to know what's goln"
on among th murdher an' burglary set.
Did ye r-read it? he eays. '
"I did says I.
" 'What did ye think Iv it? says he.
" 1 know says I, wny more people
don't go to cflurch eays I."
! Quay and Corbett.
New York Tribune.
Though Mr. Corbett's experience has
been more frequently brought Into the
discussion of Mr. Quay's credentials than
that of Mr.. Mantle, the circumstances
were less nearly identical. The Montana
Legislature had balloted dally for many
weeks, but had failed to choose a Sen
ator, w'hUe the Oregon Legislature never
succeeded in organizing, and finally dis
persed without transacting any business
whatsoever. Five years later, though Mr.
Corbett's case seemed Intrinsically strong
er for the reason given, his credentials
were rejected by the great majority of 0
to 19. and party lines were completely ob
literated, 17 Republicans, as it happened,
voting for and just the same number
against him. The result had all the ap
pearance and In the mind of the country
all the weight of a deliberate verdict
founded on a careful and conscientious
examination of the meaning of the Con
stitution, and it was universally accepted
as settling the practice of the Senate as
to recess appointments to vacancies
which'Legislatures had had, the opportu
nity to 1111. We suppose that If Governor
Stone had appointed a new man tp suc
ceed Senator Quay a year ago, after the
Pennsylvania Legislature's failure to
elect, scarcely any one would have ex
pected htm to secure his seat. But Mr.
Quay had served so long, had made so
many friends among his colleagues and
gained so much influence that from the
outset nobody doubted his ability to make
a hard fight, or would have been greatly
surprised at the last if he had won by a
narrow majority. But it can hardly be
denied that a victory so won, reversing
a precedent so recent and so strong,
would have been peculiarly unwelcome to
the country. If the Senate had reversed
a long line of precedents, many who still
hold the deliberative branch of Congress
in. the highest esteem would have had
their faith sorely tried, while some who
are fond of declaring that its usefulness
and honor have been Impaired in recent
years would have found a new argument
In support of their contention.
Canada Oar- Xatnral Customer.
New York Journal of Commerce.
A discriminating", duty of 25 per cent In
favor of the United Kingdom having
failed to check Imports from the United
States, the very loyal Dominion Govern
ment will next Summer, try the merits,
of a discrimination of 33 1-3, per cent. It
may be poss.ble that -a rate of discrimi
nation can be found which will serve the
purpose, but it Is not likely that one
third will be more effective than one
fourth, and it is not quite certain that
any rate of discrimination will prevent
increasing importation from the United
States. In textiles and some other manu
factures In which the United Kingdom
occupies a pre-eminent position, the Can
adian trade is' already with England. In
metals and in minor manufactures, which
amount to a very great sum In the aggre
gate, the Canadian trade will remain with
the United States unless the discrimina
tion against us be very heavy. Proximity
has a great deal to do with the course of
trade. Communication is more rapid, or
ders can be filled sooner, transportation
rates are lower, and the American goods
give better satisfaction.. In addition to all
these influences, the cost of production is
declining hereK and the list of commodities
in which we can compete with England
anywhere is increasing From 1S95 to 1SS3
the Canadian imports from Great Britain
increased about 20 per cent In actual value,
but In the percentage of the total imports
declined from S0.8 to 21.8. The imports
from the United States increased 76 -per
cent In actual value, and the percentage
Increased from 50 to 59.2.
Japanese Immigration.
Philadelphia Public Ledger.
Perhaps it would be better for the whole
country if its Atlantic Coast were as
sensitive on the subject of undesirable
immigrants as its Pacific side. That sec
tion has succeeded in excluding Chinese
laborers, without stopping to make dis
tinction between those who might be
desirable and those who might not, and
now it Is threatening further agitation
on account of the influx of Japanese.
It has succeeded In Inspiring the British
Northwest with the same spirit, and the
people of Vancouver are moving' for
a restriction on Japanese immigration
at that port. The British Government
Is too conservative to move hastily In
tho matter, and if It places any restric
tions on the Japanese, will do so only
after Investigation and full consideration;
but, we may as well prepare for an issue
of this kind' as an incident in our coming
Presidential campaign.
Calamity In Kentucky.
Louisville Courier-Journal (Dem.)
The trade prospects of the South are
growing better every day. The South is
doing pretty well already, thank you, but
unless all signs fail -business will be bet
ter in 1900 and 1S01 than it was In 1S99.
Three great staples are the sources
whence so much promise comes. Of cot
ton a large acreage will be planted this
year, and contracts are being made 'to
deliver cotton as soon'as picked at 7
cents a pound. Of course the crop de
pends chiefly upon climatic conditions,
and It is Impossible to predict accurate
ly as to Its size. Conservative estimates
at present are that it will not exceed 11,
500,000 to 12,000,000 though It may be much
more or much less. Should It be les3
prices are certain to be high, and should
it be 11,000,000 and sell at IVt cents it would
return the South about $412,500,000 which
would be $130,625,000 in excess of the 1SS3
Testimony for the Canteen.
Chaplain Charles C. Pierce, In his re
port on the subject of the canteen, de
clares that misrepresentation has been the
rule with reference to the liquor trafllc In
Manila; that there are not nearly so many
saloons as reported, and that where they
do exist under the management of Amer
icans they have displaced great numbers
of Filipino "speak-easies" which retailed
the vilest and most deadly of native poi
sons to our soldiers. Until conditions of
occupation are thoroughly settled, tbe
regimental canteen. In his opinion, Is a
benefit rather than a curse to American
troops. In equally high terms af praise
Chaplain Pierce refers to the changed
conditions in the social order of Manila,
entirely due to American management.
The Canadian Proposals.
Canada proposes July 1 to raise the
preferential duties on Imports from the
United Kingdom to 33 1-3 per cent. In 1S37
this preference was made 12 per cent.
Imports from England In 1S96 were 31 per
cent, and from the United) States 50 per
cent. The preference was given Great
Britain and the British share fell to 27 per
cent and the American share rose to 53
per cent- In a year, 1S98, the preference
was raised to 25 per cent, and in 1SS9 the
English share In Canadian trade fell to
24.8 per cent and. ours rose to 59.2 per cent.
"The People Are Afcald of Him,"
New- York Commercial Advertiser.
"Anybody can beat Bryan," says Sena
tor Lindsay, of Kentucky, giving as a
reason that the "people are afraid of
him." Not a man m New York State
whose opinion is worth a copper believes
that Bryan has a shadow of a chance for
carrying- this state. On the calculations
put forth by his own supporters, he can
not win without the vote of New York.
That is why Senator Lindsay says "any
body can beat Bryan,"'
The man. --who would rather be right
than President' usually is.
In times of peace, Admirals Sampeon
and Schley keep right on preparing for
Grover Cleveland has again relapsed
Into a state of innocuous desuetude. Ha
has gone fishing.
Queen Victoria is pretty long on staying,
power. She may live to see the end of
the Boer war yet.
If Agumaldo is in the land of the liv
ing, it is strange he sends no resolutions
of sympathy to Abdul Hamld.
If the Sultan was wise he would move
to this country, go through bankruptcy,
and give Uncle Sam tho laugh.
Now doth the gentle crawfish.
The oyster's understudy,
Proceed to play thai trying part
To suit most anybody.
A Georgia maniac believes it is his mis
sion to kill a great man, and consequently
the whole population of the state is in
A member of the Belgian Kare Club "has
been relating his hare-raising experiences.
Most of them consist of pretty bald state
ments. It's an ill wind that blows nobody good.
The Boer war has boomed the price ot
MUeouri mules to a height never known
The census-taker" who gets the job ot
enumerating the Vice-Presidential candi
dates will amass a handsome fortune if
he Is paid so much per name.
The famous English Judge Holt, In sen
tencing a convicted murderer, said: "And
may God have that mercy upon your
soul in the next world which a due regard
for the laws of English forbids us to
grant you in this.-'
The ofllce" boy yesterday met an old
acquaintance of his,, the disreputable re
porter. ' "What are you doing?" asked- the of
fice boy.
"Oh, I've got a fine job now' replied
the falie:. journalist.
'"What's that?"
"I'm writing Impromptu speeches for
the candidates"
In amount of property destroyed and
people made homeless the Ottawa Are
compares rather closely with that In Port
land, Me. On July 4, 1SS6, Portland lost $15.
000,000 In property and had 10,000 people
homeless. Ottawa loses the same amount
In property and has 12,000 homeless inhab
itants. Chicago's loss In property, $190,
526,500, in 1S71, is the greatest known in
the history of fires.
George Wyndham, Secretary of State
for War, recently said In reply to ques
tions that Lord Roberts had not been de
layed through lack of remounts, but by
the necessity of transferring his base of
supplies from Cape Town, 750- miles away
over a single-rail, up-grade line. He had
also been compelled to protect his lines
of communication. The remounts sent to
South Africa. since January 1 numbered
42,000 horses and 23,000 mules.
"Aha!" remarked the author of "Sher
lock Holmes," fixing his X-ray eye upon
the man who wrote the "Jungle Book,"
"I see you are the man who dashed oft
'Beautiful Snow " .,
Kipling grew ghastly pale. "How did
you find that out?" he hissed.
"Really, my dear fellow," answered
Doyle, "nothing could be easier. Now, the
authorship or 'Auld Lang Syne has long
been a mystery. I saw It the other day
over you're signature. If you wrote that,
and kept so quiet about it, the inference
is clear that you wrote 'Beautiful Snow "
A shudder convulsed the frame of the man
who acts like a bear. "My jig Is up,"
he muttered. I might as well take up
the white man's burden, for there will
be no more milllon-dollar-a-line jobs for
me." And, taking his glasses from the
valet, who always carries them for him,
he adjusted them to his nose and sank
into a dark brown study.
Under a statute passed by the Montana
Legislature in 1S95, the amount to be ex
pended by any political committee, or by
any candidate for ofllce, and especially,
a candidate for the office of United; States
Senator, is limited to $1000 in any ono
county, with an additional allowance of
$1000 for specified personal disbursements.
In face of this statute, Clark gave to a
committee organized to promote his elec
tion unlimited authority to spend money,
which he agreed to furnish, the estimated
amount being at least $35,000, to secure"
tho state convention, and gOOfor &
Legislature. By his own confession Clark
violated this law, for he admitted making
payments to the amount of $139,000
through his son to the members of this
committee and others, besides some $15,000
to special agents. None of the members
of this committee or their assistants made
the sworn returns required by law, nor
did Mr. Clark himself make any return.
In face of these facts, there would seem
no reason why Clark should wait for tho
Senate to unseat him by adopting the re
port of the committee on privileges and
elections. Resignation would be but an
act of public decency on the part of
"Well," said the camel in the circus parade,
"there's some comfort for me, after all."
"What do you mean?" asked the elephant.
"My hump Is pretty bad, but It might ba
worse. I don't ride a bicycle." Tit-Bits.
A Cold-Blooded Prophet. Dramatic author
(after reading first two acts of his play) Now,
then, can you tell now how the play is going
to end? Manager Sure, I can. Author
How? Manager The second night. Puck.
A Great Man Misunderstood. "Tou think I
got into the Senate to make money!" Indig
nantly exclaimed Senator Lotsmum, eying tha
would-be briber with scorn. "I made money,
you infamous corruptlonist. in order to get Into
the Senate 1" Chicago Tribune.
Somewhat In Doubt. "We've got the Boers
on the ma!" cried Leftenant Sir Reginald
Runnymede, Jubilantly, "That's all right," re
plied Major the Hon. Percy Fltemaurice.
looking about him suspiciously; "but which
way are they running?" Philadelphia. North
Properly Described. "Well, "Willie," said
mamma, contemplating the result of her handi
work, "papa's old knickerbockers look very
well on you. Of course, they're a trifle large."
"Yes, ma," replied tho bright boy; "I guess
wide ex-pants would describe them." Phila
delphia Press.
An Irish officer addressing his men, who
had Just returned from a somewhat fruitless
expedition, said; "Tou were no doubt disap
pointed because this campaign gave you no op
portunity to fight; but it there had been any
fighting there would have been many absent
faces here today!" Tlt-Blts.
Called to Mind. Yes, the cannibal well re
called the day their last missionary but on
had come among them. "On the occasion of
the first services he held here," exclaimed
the simple savage, not without evidences of
emotion, "there wasn't a dry mouth In the
congregation!" There was no member ot the
tribe, unless perchance ho had been dieting
at thai time, who did not remember this mL
slonary, Detroit JcuraaV