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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (April 16, 1900)
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THE MORNING OREGONlAN, MONDAY, ABIL 17, 1900,
AMERICAN POLITICAL PARTIES
CCoprriciit. 1WO. by Seymoar Eaton.)
THE OREGONIAN'S HOME STUDY CIRCLE: DIRECTED BY PROF. SEYMOUR EATON
AMERICAN POLITICAL PARTIES
IV. Tnil E1CA. OF GOOD FEELING.
UT JESSE MACY. LL. D.
The very first Congress of the United
States, which met In 1783. brought forward
bills for the taxation of Imports In order
to create a National revenue. The dis
cussion which preceded the passage of a
tariff act showed. a difference of opinion
among the legislators In respect to th
wisdom of Imposing duties for the pur
pose of protecting home Industries, but
neither then nor till years after was the
question raised of the Constitutional right
of the Federal Government to Impose pro
tective duties". It was the universal prac
tice of the nations thus to protect tbelr
own producers. Our first tariff act, though
a revenue and not a protective tariff, rec
ognized the principle of protection in its
preamble. Hamilton and Jefferson held
similar views. There was no party divis
ion upon the subject. The Industries of
the new state aside from shipbuilding and
transportation were almost who'.ly agri-
' Aj !
vi?; wvi--,iiiisiton.-,-ti'ti:isk."JtV'5Fir. .
THE ADAMS 3IAXSIO.V, QUIXCY, MASS.
cultural or crudely mechanic, and the
products of the soil paid for the manu
factured goods which were Imported. With
the war of 1S12 new conditions arose. The
various restrictive acts put in force led to
the ruin of American commerce. Manu
factures were established to supply the
goods which could no longer "be readily
Imported from foreign countries. The
duties upon Imports were doubled and un
der the stimulus thus afforded manufac
tures sprang up with great rapidity. The
close of the war and the removal of re
strictions upon trade threatened the new
enterprises with serious loss or ruin, and
the tariff act of 1S1C. providing for an In
crease of duties, was In a measure a con
cession to their needs, though It was mora
particularly designed to provide for the
heavy expenses of the war. After the
financial crisis of 1S19 a definite movement
arose in favor of Federal aid to manufac
tures, which would promote a desirable
diversification of industries, the revival of
business throughout the states, and a rlsj
In the price of land and its products'. Un
der the pressure of popular clamor Con
gress passed the tariff bill of 1K4. which
marks the adoption of a positive pro
tective policy. The duties upon textile
fabrics were raised, cs desired by New
England' manufacturers, and upon iron.
. lad,wpol and other' articles produced
chiefly in the Middle and "Western states.
Tbo leading statesmen. Irrespective of
party affiliations, favored the measure.
Party lines were drawn, as parties began
to rise out of the chaos of the period,
without reference to tariff questions.
Favorable results seemed to follow al
most immediately upon the legislation of
1821. Trade revived and a tide of pros
perity appeared to set In. If protection
had thus been proved good, would not
more protection be better? Manufacturers
of woolen goods had not received their
fair share of the increase of duty in 1S21
and they demanded higher rates. It brgan
to appear that sectional Interests were
deeply Involved In the details of tariff
legislation. Strong opposition to protec
tion grew up in the South and selfish greed
everywhere besieged Congress for action
favorable to Its own business and Its own
locality. Great pressure was brought to
bear upon public men. and as the Presi
dential campaign of 1S2S drew on It became
apparent that' the tariff was to enter promi
Inently into party politics.
Origin of the Spoil System.
That political theory which maintains
the right of a successful party or faction
to use its power of appointment to and
removal from office to further selfish In
dividual or party Interests, while the pub
lic welfare and the qualifications of can
didates become subordinate, has come to
b9 tersely named "the spells system."
A President naturally gathers round him
s counselors and aids in carrying out his
official i.o'icy those who sympathize with
that pclicy. He selects h!s cabinet mem
ber and appoints! the ministers who will
represent his Administration before for
eign powers from those holding political
views similar to his own. But there aro
many thousands of Inferior officers In the
clvl. service who have to do with the de
tails or the executive work of the great
business o the National Government.
They carry out, under Instructions from
' their superiors, the measures determined
upon by the responsible persons in the
government, "but are not In the slightest
degree concerned with the administrative
policy Itself. It is of no consequence what
ever what may be the political opinions
of the thousands of Custom-House offi
cers, Lighthouse-Keepers. Postmasters
etc, with their Innumerable subordinates,
so long as they are competent to perform
. the duties of their positions. They repre
sent no one and have no political respons'
billty for their acts. There is no valid
reason for removing a Democratic Post
master or clerk in the Treasury, for in
stance, to make room for a Republican
, Postmaster or clerk when a Republican
President Is sworn In. On the contrary.
It is extremely probable that the experi
enced official is better qualified for his
place trar. is any raw hand. The reward
ing of political party services by appoint
ment to lucrative office and the holding
out the hope of such reward as an induce
ment to partisan effort have brought into
American politics such a -train-of evils as
to threaten tho survival of our free insti
tutions. For 40 years no President was guilty of
basely prostituting his appointive power
to i-arty purposes. Jefferson was accuFed
of having made partisan removals, but
the clarg is not sustained. But through
ou; Jackson's two terms of office the civil
SiTir'ce T.as openly made a party engine
uaicr his avowed principle "To the vic
t.ns llonjr the spoils."
'the way had been prepared by the pas
sags in JSTO of a bill drawn by Crawford.
thea Secretary of the Treasury, and a can-dl-iate
for the Presidency, limiting the
term of p. large number of inferior officials
tj fcur yearr. Before this the term had
not been Axed, and the object, of the new
law clearly was to Increase the patronage
to be olspcted of. while . Its immediate
purpose vas to gain votes for Crawford.
Tho officers mentioned In the bill were also
to be "rem.-.Table at pleasure." The prin
ciple ft "rotation in office" was thus In
troduced Into Feleral politics. The e.-il
toi-dency o! the bill was unperccived t-y
most. 5j- to Jefferson and Madijcn and
, Calhouu It was clear. The latter jej, ire J
It "one of the most dangerous ever passed"
and destined 4o work a revolution. ' How
the new methods quickly deadened the
moral sensibilities and undermined the po
litical integrity "of large numbers of the
people we have since learned at bitter
The Slavery Question.
"WTien the Constitution was adopted
there was no sectional division of opinion
regarding slavery. Every Southern mem
ber of Congress voted for the ordinance
of 1757. which forever forbade slavery In
the JCorthwcst Territory. Efforts to abol
ish the. iniquitous foreign slave trade were
notxerflned to the North; before Its final
prohibition In IMS nearly every state had
passed laws against It. Abolition societies
were found during the early years of ths.
cer.iury in states as far south as Virginia.
The American Colonization Society, organ
ized !n 1S16. was composed of Southern
slavehclders, along with Northern aboll-
tlonbts. There was always, even down
to the Civil War. a large Southern white
. poru'ation which neither owned slaves' nor
J favpred slavery. The institution was found
' unprofitable In the North, and gradually
"disappeared. Many believed that, left to
, Itself, it wc-uld follow the same course in
the Sou'h when the ocean traffic in slaves
should have been suppressed. There was
' a disposition to regard the evil zs tern-
I porary and to treat it with leniency. As
new states entered the Union the spirit of
mutual concession which had created the
Constitution led. to a tacit understanding
that the existing "balance" between slave
, and free territory should be recognized and
i regarded. Vermont and Kentucky, Indi
ana and Mississippi, came In together.
I But when Missouri in 1S19 asked to bo
admitted, bringing slavery with her.
It was at once clear that the country
j was sharply divided In respect to further
V extension of the Institution, and especially
in respect to its recognition In the new
, Federal territory of the Louisiana pur
chase. It had In the meantime become
strongly Intrenched sIn the cotton states,
as necessary to tho culture of that Impor
tant crop, and the planters were reach
ing out after more land. Any interference
with their internal affairs tfcey regarded
as a violation of the Constitutional rights
of the states. An acrid and angry debate
took place In Congress. A House amend
ment prohibiting slavery In the new state
t was voted down in the Senate. The bill
J was lost, only to come up again in the next
' Congress. Much bitter feeling was roused
I by the hot discussion which spread
. through many states. Harsh charges and
mutual recriminations were' made. The
South was overbearing and insolent The
North was bigoted and Intolerant It
seemed at the time most fortunate that
a compromise measure, warmly supported
by the great Influence of Henry Clay,
averted tho serious strifo which threat
ened. Maine was now ready for statehood.
She was admitted as a free state. Missouri
came in with slavery, but the bill in-
eluded a prohibition of slavery In the re
mainder of the Louisiana purchase north
of the southern "boundary of Missouri,
latitude 26 degrees 30 minutes.
The Missouri compromise postponed for
a generation the great struggle with slav
ery, but wise men knew that It was a
postponement only, and that the act dl-
Direct Wires to
New York Stock Exchange
Chicago Board of Trade
14-215 Chamber of Commerce
ssrn JSra. .n
vlded the country Into osposlnz sections
ruled by conflicting and Irreconcilable prin.
ciplea. Jefferson wrote April 22. 1130:
"This momentous question, like a fire
bell in the night, awakened and filled me
with terror. I considered it at once as
the knell of the Union. It Is hushed. In
deed, for the- moment, but this is a re
prieve only, not a final sentence. A geo
graphical line, coinciding with a- marked
principle, moral and political, once con
ceived and held up to the angry passion
of men, will never be obliterated, and every
new Irritation will mark , lt deeper and
The Election of 182-1.
The campaign of ISM has been called by
a discriminating writer one of the most
Interesting in our history. It Is certainly
a matter of great Interest to know how
men will act when, without party organ
izations for focalizing political sentiment.
In 'the absence of great questions upon
which persons must inevitably differ, and
under a Constitution such as ours, they
are caljcd up6n to choose a responsible
head for a powerful state.
During the years of good feeling men
had congratulated themselves upon the
passing away of party strife and the gath
ering of all in peace and harmony within
tho Republican fold. But there was never
real harmony among the political leaders
who sought place and power. Party lines
being effaced and political principles not
in dispute, men ranged themselves under
the personal leadership of favorites and
were known by their names "Adams
men," "Clay men," "Jackson men." Poll
tics became a contest between 'persons, not
principles. As we have previously seen,
tho old nominating machlnory the Con
gressional caucus was Just expiring, mak
ing in Its last throes a spasmodic effort
in favor of Crawford. Nothing had been
accepted in Its place, and Presidential ,
cniiuiuuics lor mis campaign were an
nounced In various Irregular ways, here
and there, for soma two years before the
election took place. NIIcs' Register tells
us that In 122 there were IS or 1? candi
dates. Only four, however Clay, Craw
ford. Adams and Jackson finally received
electoral votes, and no one obtained a
majority, though Jackson received a plu
rality of the popular and electoral vote,
while Calhoun, by an overwhelming ma
jority, was elected Vice-President. The
House of Representatives was a second
time called upon to choose a President,
Clay, being fourth on the list, could not.
according to the Constitution, be voted
for. and his electoral votes were given to
John Qulncy Adams, who thus became tho
sixth President of the United States.
The peaceful period of Monroe's incum
bency was now followed by an administra
tion fnll of troubled and stormy experl
ences. Thero was no longer a lack of
questions for which It was worth, while to
enter Into party struggles. It soon ap
peared, that the quiet era, had "brought
forth a plentiful crpp and that new po
litical sortings and adjustments wer-fast
gatherings the National forces into op
THE COMMISSION FARCE.
It Hn Been- Overworked and Has
Dccomc Stnle and Unprofitable.
WASHINGTON, April 9. Tho "commis
elon" farce has now reached a stao
where it is exciting almost universal crit
icism, and the press of the country bad
at last taken hold of the subject and crit
icised the matter rather aeverely In soma
instances. The fact that one commission
la created after another and that the re
sults of all are unsatisfactory gives am
ple room for this unfavorable criticism
that is spreading so rapidly. The "Wash
ington Post, which has all along stood by
the Administration, save on tho Puerto
Mean question, published an editorial oa
thp xommleslons which is very interesting
and hits the nail on tho head. The Post
"Wo understand let us put It pleasant
ly that another 'commission Is in pro
cess of formation. We have had many of
these sidelights on the drama. There was
the "War Investigating Commission, which
sat for many months, and the information
of which has never yet reached the pub
lic We have had a Philippine Commis
sion, which sat In Manila for almost a
year, and the report of which was so en
lightening that another commission had to
be created immediately In order to tell
i what tho first one had accomplished.
We have had a commission to visit Puerto
HIco and throw light upon conditions
there, and tho result Is a' Puerto IUcan
tariff bill which the Inhabitants deplore.
JVe have commissioners of all sorta In
Cuba, drawing $5000 per annum each, and
contributing no Intelligence worth 5 cents.
Now It is proposed to give us a new com
mission a purely commercial body, this
time who will make a royal progress In
Japan -and China, and, some time In the
sweet by and by, tell us about trade, etc.,
with those burning lards.
"We feel about these commissions very
much as we feel about the Grand High
Plenipotentiary Special Commissioner of
the State Department, whose business It
Is to modify, qualify and. If necessary,
obliterate " tariff legislation by Congress.
In a word, they strike us as being almost
absurdly superfluous. We shall not waste
time discueslng the others, but In this case
of the proposed commercial commission
to China and Japan we feel moved to say
that If squelched It never would be missed.
As the story comes to us, the Idea Is to
populate the body with statesmen, diplo
mats and orators, and to send them
abroad upon a perfectly beautiful and
luxurious Junket, to collate a set of facts
which our Consuls, If they have been
chosen with the smallest reference to fit
ness, should have In their possession now.
Wo have always had the impression that
our Consular Service is excellent in every
way. It has been asserted that this serv
ice is equipped with the highest order of
talent. If that be true, the State Depart
ment should now have at Its disposal all
material necessary to the formulation of
a thoroughly Intelligent commercial policy
with the Orient. If It be not true and If
the creation of a commission to "cover the
ground be Indispensable, that body should
be composed exclusively of experienced
business men. leaders In mercantile pur
suits and experts in the theory and detail
of legitimate commerce. We cannot sea
where diplomacy and statesmanship aro
called for unless we propose to eliminate
Congress and the State Department. It
these have done, their duty In the past
and are capable of doing it in the future,
we do not need a commission of any sort
and in no event do we need a sumptuous
picnic for thj benefit of amateurs and fa
vorites. "This 'commission business- has been
overworked. It has become flat, stale
and unprofitable. The people are wenry of
it, and Congress, if It be wise, will center-tha
people's opinions in the prem
ises." Tbli MlRbt Be Clrnrer.
PORTLAND, April 14. (To the Editor.)
The Iteupbllcans ot Oregon in their state
platforin. "reaffirm their belief In and loy
alty, to the gold standard." That is Inno
cent 'and harmless enough so long as they
do not demand a gold basis. So long as
we remain as we are now. on a bimetallic
basis nt the lawful ratio of 16 pounds
of silver to one pound of gold, it makes
no difference whatever whether the cold
dollar of S.S grains nine-tenths fine, or
the silver dollar of 3T1U grains pure silver
lsvthe standard. The gold law, so-called,
which recently passed Congress, not only
recognizes a bimetallic basis, but It also
recognizes .that most notorious ratio ot
16 to 1. and therefore all -thU crowing
over getting down, not to a gold basis,
for that would have been a most ruinous
policy, but to the Immaterial gold stand
ard. Is pure buncombe, as the change is
a most vacuous nonessential. The Re
publican party of the United States is to
be congratulated on maintaining a bimet
allic basis, as It does by section S ot the
gold, law, as. well qs -the ratio between
gold and silver at 16 to 1. The vice of
S. S. GEO. W. ELDER; S. S. NOME CITY
. S.S. DESPATCH
The above first-class steamers will, sail every 10 days
during the season for Cape Nome, York and SL Michael
and Yukon river points. '
First Sailing, May 15.
FOR RATES ATTO IXFORMATIO!! APFLT T?
CALIFORNIA & OREGON COAST S. S. CO.
F. P. BAUHQARTNER, 233 Washington St.
W. A. Mitchell Jt Cck, General Asents. San Francisco.
Cape Nome Gold Fields
THE NEW PALATIAL STEEL STEAMSHIP
'Senator" will sail from San Francisco, May 14. Seattle, May 19. Subsequent trip
will be from Seattle direct name , June 71. Juy 21 and Aujust 20.
The "Senator" haa capacity .of 3300 tons- Her second cabin and steerage accommodation
an superior to the nret-claaa accommodations of most ot the ateamers adTcrtlted for Nome.
The Pacific Coaat Steanuhlp Co. ha been rucolr.s. lta steamers to Alaska winter anil sum
merfor 23 years, and la the pioneer Pacific Coast line. Seattle frelcht and pasienfer rates ap
ply from Portland, ror Mrther Information lnautre of COODALU PERKINS CO.. General
Arir.ta. 10 Market, San Franclaco. or K. POSTOK. Atftot, 9 Waablnfton sc. Portland. Or. ,
that law is In Its favoritism tp bankers
and to bondholders, and its virtue is in
its recognizing, except In payment, of
greenbacks and bonds, the sliver dollar
of 16 to 1 as If gal-tender money. X.
THE PORTLAND. f
E F WltUer, St Louis lt S Farrell, city
I. C KrueeerV Chlcaso!t L Id'eman. city
W O Chase. 'St Paul JMlss A Bennett, city -M
A Potter, IndlapollsjMlss E M Bennett, city
Thoa Doyle. Tacoma Isaac Baurn, -Epokan-
u Appei. uta aioines ju ii mew, jjoston
II M Hlrsch. do
W J ltattle; Cleveland
M Moore. Walla .Walla
u ,u lla:cn and wlfn,
L Todd ltaxen.tltr
Henry Stell, San Fran
ilr and Mrs F II
Mrs II A Spann. do
Leo Well. New Tork
W S SUtt. Chlcaeo
Mrs M O Moors, city '
Mrs Cora. TraJne. eltv
Miss 53 Sharpiuln. 8 T !
F Hunter. San Fran ill Wt "Weiss. New Tork
J A Murray. Detroit tit II Bain. Jr. S F I
W T Caha. Boston (Geo E Allan, city
C J O'Kell. San Fran ,J R' Hanly. Grant's Ps
Mrs S E Stephenson. ;L Schleslnger. Mllwk-o
Menominee. Mich E J Flynn. Salt Lake
Mrs C E Weniel and I H Chase and wife,
children. Minneapolis Tacoma
Mrs C R Bartlett and I A Paulson. Chlcaeo
son. Milwaukee J R Macee. city
W H Humphrey, B F G W Maynard. N T
u ii ii urucio, van- inn L. weicei. Helena
courer. B C
C H .Morse. Chicago
L II BrlgKS. Qulncy
C H Brlscs. Qulncy
S E Burnett, Chicago
F Van Meter, do
J W Brock. Phlla
J W Brock. Jr. da
S Hlrsch, city
D Ru-iso. citr
j. Ji aiunser, jr. bairra
Mr and Mrs N I 11
K M Jaekron. Alaska
F C Bailey, Omaha
Mr and Mrs Leo Peter-
Edw Hushes, city
J E Barrett and wf, Jo
Dr. J C Burton. Los Dr A C Lecly, S S
Mrs F E Burton, do
C Willis. Astoria
John Mlnto. Salem
F Rogers. Hefner
H Anderson, ,Ilnneatl
F B Leach, Indlanapois
E Pannoak. Los Angls
x uarstena. Seattle
A Latns; Pendleton
S J Howard. Buffalo
C E Startilrd, Castla
R Ferklnson. do
U A Inman. Colfax
W O Marks. Ashland
Mrs W H Plummer.
iiss riummflr, no
J M 'Marktbury, Gold
C R I-aGrand, 1'orllnd
C B Klnnon. do
D W Eaves, Lcwlston
M P Isenburg. Dallas
X Pettis. Seattle
W L Crawford, Knox-
E Oppenhelmer. S F
IG W Nlnemlra, Mon-
sano, w asn
Mrs K C Egburt,
II J Thompson. S F E P Kenyon. Chicago
Dr II F Bishop. N r iA Strange. Chisago
W F Hoalett, LoulsleF S Hoffman. IloscburA
W Bolton. Antelop
C E Moulton. Tacoma
T II Crawford. Union
Maude Leepley. N T
R O Dunbar. OlrmAla
Mm T II Crawford, do
J E Welch. Kendrlck
Miss Ruth Dunbar, do
M O Harrison. Eugeni
J F Lawson. San Fro
L A LathroD. Tacoma
Bruce G WorateU. Wal
J W Ramage. S F
J Jackson, San Fran
C Malven. Eugene
Mrs C Malven.' do
IF Honda. No Yakima
E Klbbon. Chehalls
Miss M Galbralth.
F A Mann. Baker City
O Porteous. San Fran
Mrs Glius, spoaaae
J B Dabney, Spokans t
C W. Know lea. Manager.
C W Jones, city J Jones. The Dalles
G Maggie. Bearerton
C Amato. Beaverton
J W Cochran. Salem
John Eaton, city
Ja Jackson, city
II MacLalTerty. S F
It roster. Pendleton
A MacAdam. Dalles
J F Cradlclc. Milton
Walter Lyon. Salem
G F EbeThard. S F
D L Hassetr, S F
H C Shadbott, Em
metsburg ID GoodselL city
II Murdock. Hollo:
ii iioagiana, emmeu-
Mrs Hoagland, do
Miss N Sliadbolt, do
C T Crosby.. Astoria
T S Trulllnger. Astoria
W B YounK. Astoria
iP W Metcalf. Berkeley
IE O Koenig. San Fran
L Holmes. Chicago'
Mrs Holmes, Chicago
A M Baker. N X
iJ T Walch. Yaaulna
Mrs Shadbott, do
J J Ballany, PendlcliifMrs Walch, Yaqutna
J II Johannscn. SeasldiA Novens. Berkeley
Mrs Jchamuea. and ,V" II Plumer. San Jose
S children. Seaside (Mrs Plumer, Son Jose
H A Young. Salem I Alice Plumer. do
L A Conn. Ft Stevens Harry Plumer, do
THE ST. CHARLES.
J L Kelly. Dalles W n Chatten. S F
C L Miller. Brownsvlej Pierce Nell, Ban Fran
E J Bellinger, 1valama;W C Beasley, Ft Stvns
A L Morgan. Kalama A C Relyea. Clatsop
J F Christian, Vel-E Clark. Ontario
port' R Kelly. Ontario
Violet Gray, Astoria Geo Blanc, Ontario
N Wlntwanl, Artorla IB M Payne, Albany
W C Ueaaley, Ft btvnJ E Archibald. Albany
S II Blackburn, Rldsc-iF Merrill. Clatskanfe
field A II Dray, Goble
RE Bradbury, Seaside' H Fisher, city
J F Bradux. Holton 0 Baker. Walla Walla
A E Smith. Seattle C D Marble. do
Z C "Davis, Hood Rlver.S. J Garrison. Clackmas
M Hntchlnson. jIo IG B Ireston. Uresham
O C Relnselh. do J II Bushing. Porter
C II Abernathy.
it- K Hyatt, rciter
jit E Bradbury. Seaside
J Belcher. Astoria
G P Sink. Astoria
IV II Merrttt, Astoria
J Medley. .Astoria
F E Hyatt. Astoria
J Mulr, Cathlamet
R Kelly. Albany
J II Harris. Maygers
J C Farr. Maycers
C C Lnughlln. North
a Kenny. Astoria
E Genrce. Astoria
S It Thompson. Walla
L Michael. Stella
It Smith. Astoria
G B Davidson, Warren
ton II W McKay, Harrls-
A J Garrett, San Franl burg
II S Wheeler, Dalles Arthur Davis, do
Mrs Wheeler. Dalles lAV Fisher. do
W O Mtlllgan. Dalles ,J Hamblet. Astoria
C Baker. Vancouver :v IJ Steele. Harrlsburg
J M Eddy. Eugene
liars l; u liamsey and
I children. Harrlsburtr''
C Hllble. Marathon
Charles Stankn, do
H Horning. do
J Stanke. Warsaw
i j uranis. uraas Vlly
U Webber. Crans Vlly
C H Evans, Salem
J W Watson, Lltte Flls
Wm Stanke. do
u u marble, do
C L Ireland. Sherman IO E Warderly. Ranler
R U Mason. Salem
Hotel Donnelly, Tacoma.
Eurnnrp" plan; headquarters for com-,
merclnl men. Chllbrcs restaurant la
For Goldcndale, 'Wash., take stage at
Grants. H. Glass, prop. '
3Ir. B,rcy Is Rcndy.
SAEEM. Or., April ll.-(To the Edltor.7---
DlVlWr.theprMcrirUonofafarnoasFreQchpi3jaicirin,TTlH qn.cltlycuroyoa of&II
reiTDUROr rtl Mia.- r if ths rrrtwt nrvmni srtiH . "W nnliftsaaifl 1 ntsini i I m.
1's.lna In the Hack, Aemtual Emissions, Hri-von Debility, IMmplea
IJmatnoa to Jtnrry. Kibsmllag Drains, Yarlcoceln nod Conatlpitilon.
It StunS all Ifluuhrdiiv AP ntvht KrnrAti1Mrn.nf rf!wttrv wfcUMitf nnt rhiwkft
leads to bnermatorrhcea end all the horrors ot impotency. -"U tI IIE.VK cleanses tho
IIVr. Ihn LlrfPlAV Mrul THA r.aHt .... .. -tl lmn..4t . n?Pl nK VS? .,.n,htnri
and restores small weak organs --... --.. .- . .
TrI?5I-'Sl5n.,a'rerfr,r,,'0'dhy DoctorslsbecsntetOpercentare troubled with Prostatitis.
CUPIDENE the only known remedv to cure without n operaUon. SOOO tenUraonUls. A written
parantee riven and mourr returned If boxes does not effect a permanent care. I UOa baxfar$o0.
by mall. eendfnrniEKrfrcnlarand tesUmoulsli.
Address DA VOL BtUUISE co- P.O. torn 5)75. Ban Francisco. CL
for sale by Aldrlch Pharmacy, Sixth and Washington streets, Portland. Or.
In your Issue ot this date the following
editorial note was observed by mo:
The Boers have sent ,out an urgent
call 'for assistance.- Will not Judge O'Day
and Mr. D'Arcy kindly enlist at once?"
Permit me- to say In answer to tho above,
that if my enlisting would aid In any
way theDocxs In their gallant struggle
for Hbe'rjy and would 'bring 'about their
independence, I .wpphl' gladly enlist at
once. I would make any personal eacri
flce to secure freedom for these brave
people: " " - F. H. D'ARCY.
, T7 r h
Not Dewey lint Gorman.
New1 York Commercial Adverser.
ExSenator Gorman's determination to
remain away from the National Demo
cratic Convention confirms a theory of his
conduct that Is hlnfed at In our Washing
ton correspondent's letter. He Is unos
tentatiously "putting up a lightning rod"
In order to be In a stnte of preparedness
In caso Brjnn should be set aside at tho
last moment. It Is very clear now that a
large amount of subterranean work Is in
progress against Bryan, and "the direc.or
of this. Is undoubtedly Gorman. Arthur
Pue Gorman, as he Is Invariably called
when he Is subsolllng for a presidential
nomination. His great issue Is anti-Imperialism,
and we beg leave to stato that
he will be as alluring a candidate on that
platform as his party could find. He
might make enough noise over that to
turn public attention away from his record
as a spoils politician and corruptor of
politics, and in this way he might Induce
the professional antl-lmpcrlallsts, who are
also civil service reformers, to support
him. but If he did it would constitute (h
most wonderful spectacle ever seen In out
politics. As a political manipulator hi
Is the "smoothest" expert ,the party has.
He is- suspected ot pushing. Dewey into
tho Held now in the pitiable way
he adopted simply to show that If the
Democrats turn away from Bryan If
will be necessary to take up somebody
less Impulsive than the Admrral, oome
body of 'experience and sagacity, who oaj
be counted upon not to talk too freely.
More eases of catarrh have been cured
by Hocd's Sarsaparllia than by any other
NO PAY -'THE
ANCEA pultlte way to perfect manhood.
Everything else falls. The VACUUM TREAT
MENT CUKES you without medicine fit all
ctrvess or dUearen of the generative organs,
such as Irs manhood, exhauertlng drains, vari
cocele. Impotency. etc Men are quickly re
stored to perfect health and strength.
Write for circulars. Correspondence connden
tlaL THE HEALTH APPLIANCE CO.. rooms
J7. Ff npll huIMInr. Seattle. Wash
on the Burlington
"There is one iJepartmcnt on
the Burlington that Is better or
ganized than on any other rail
road I know of, and that's the
Department of Civility. Civil
ity, civility it's clttllty every
where, from the time you buy
your ticket and get aboard the
train, until you are escorted to
your connecting train, or to your
carriage or bus." Denver Times.
AH of which goes to show that
for right-down solid comfort,
the Burlington Is the line to
Omaha, Chicago. Kansas City,
St. Louis ALL. points East.
100 3rd St., C3r.SUrk,Pir:iJii, Orrju.
R W. FOSTER. .
OEO. S. TATLOR.
City Paueager Agent.
FOR CAPE NOME
S. S. Elihu .Thompson
Carrying freight only, will sail on or about
This favorite steamer, having large engage
menu, 'will receive prompt' d!iUch.
SttbMquent MUlncs about July 25 and Sep
For rates and full information apply to
COOK Sl CO.; 740 Pacific ave..
Telephone Mala 1SS. Tacoma. Wash.
Union Depot. Sixth and J Streets.
TWO TRAINS DAILY
FOR ALL POINTS EAST
"FAST MAIL AKD PORTLAND -CHICAGO
Leaves for the East via Spokane dally at S.4S
P. M. Arrive at 8:00 A. M.
Leaves for rf.e East, via Pendleton and Hunt
ington, dally at 8.-O0 P. M. Arrives, via Hunt
ington and Pendleton, at 6:J P. M.
THROUGH PULLMAN AND TOURIST
Water lines schedule, subject to change with
OCRAX AND RIVER SCHEDULE.
OCEAN DIVISION Steamships sail from
AInsworth dock at 8:00 P. M. Leave Portland
Columbia. Monday. April 2: Thursday, April
12: Sunday. April 22; Wednesday. May 2: Sat
urday. May 12. State of California. Saturday.
April 7, Tuesday. April 17: Friday, April 27:
Monday, May T.
From San Francisco State of California.
Tuesday, April 3: Friday, April 13: Monday.
April 23; Thursday. May 3; Sunday, May IS.
Columbia. Sunday. April 8; Wednesday. April
18; Saturday, April S3; Tuesday. May 8.
COLUMBIA RIVER. DIVISION.
PORTLAND AND ASTORIA.
Steamer Hassalo leaves Portland dally, except
Sunday, at 8.00 P. M.: on Saturday at 10:00 F.
M. Returning, leavea Astoria dally, except Sun-
cay, it i:w a. it.
POr.TLAND AND CORVALLIS. OK.
Steamer Ruth, for Salem. Albany. Corvallls
and way points, leaven Portlanl Tuejlays.
Thursdays and Saturdays at-S.uo A. M. Return
ing, leaves Corvallls Mondays. WedneJdays and
Fridays-at C:0O A M.
Steamer Modoc, for Salem. Independence and
way points, leaves Portland Mondays.We.lnes-
uays ana enaaya at u.w A. -- neiuiit
leaves Independence Tuesdays. Thursdays and
Saturdays at r-.30 A. M.
YAMHILL RIVER ROUTE.
PORTLAND AND DAYTON. OR.
Steamer Elmore, for Dayton and way points.
leaves Portland Tuesdays. Thursdays and Sat
urdays at 7 A. M. Returning, leaves Dayton for
Portland and way points Mondays. Wedneadays
and Fridays at C A. M.
snake Hivnu nnuTC.
RIPARIA. WASH.. AND LEWISTON. IDAHO.
Steamer Spokane or steamer LewKon leaves
Rlparla dally at 130 A. M.. arriving at Lewlston
at 12 o'clock noon. Returning, the Spokane or
Lewtsun leavu Lcwlston dolly at 8:30 A. M
arriving, at Itiparla. same evening.
' vr. H. HURLBURT,
General Passenger Agent.
V. A. SCHILLING. City Ticket Agent,
Telephone Main 712-
CHINA AND JAPAN. FROM PORTLAND,
la connection with THE OREGON RAILROAD
& NAVIGATION CO. ScheJule. 1000 isubject to
Steamer. Due to Leave Portland.
'ACEKCIELDIE" March 13
"MONMOUTHSHIRE" April 11
"BIIAEMAR" May 2
For rates, accommodations, etc. apply to
DODWELL 4 COMPANY. Limited.
General Agents. Portland. Or.
To principal points In Japan and China.
THE FASTEST AND MOST
The Direct Line to Denver, Omahi.
Kansas City and SL Louii.
Only 3JJ Days to Chicago,
Only4 Days to NewYorkand
other Principal Eastern-cities
Thronsh Pullman Palace Sleepers
Dlnlnar Cars (menls a la carte), and
Free Recllnlntc Cbalr Cnrs
Operated Dally an Fust Mull Trains
Throuith tickets, bsggage checks an! sleeping
ear accommodations csn be arranged at
CITY TICKET OFFICE
135 Third Street Portland, Orerjoi
J. H. LOTHROP.
aty Pass. Tkt. Agt.
FOR CAPE -NOiE
Tbe Magnificent Trnrif-Pacillc Passenger
Registered tonnage, "all tons; capacity.
4000 tons; passenger accommodations. 19)
first class, S00 second class. This steam
ship has just been released from the gov
ernment service as a troopship, and has
every modern comfort and convenience and
Is the largest steamship In tho Cape Nome
Will sail from Tacoma and Seattle on or
about the 25th of May.
For rates and full Information apply to
DODWELL li CO., LTD.
Telephone, Main. 9C 32 Oak Street.
Astoria & Columbia
River Railroad Co.
Tot Maygers. Rainier.
Clifton. Astoria, War
renton. Flavel. Ham
mond. Fort Stevens.
Gearhart Park. Seaside.
Astoria and Seashore
DEPOT. 8:00 A. M.
11:1S A. M.
B:0 P. M.
Ticket offlee. 233 Morrison st. and Union depot.
J. c MATO. Oec Pass. Agt.. Astoria. Or.
WHITE COLLAR LINE
COLUMBIA RIVER ft PUOET SOUND NAV1-
PORTLAND AND ASTORIA.
RAILET GATZERT (Alder-etreet dock)
Leaves Portland dally every morning at t
o'clock, except Sunday. Returning, leaves As
toria every night at 7 o'clock, except Sunday.
Oreeon 'phone Main 331. Columbia 'phone 33L
U. U. SCOTT. President.
CAPE NOME VIA DAWSON
NEXT SAILING. ROSALIE. APRIL IS.
The only company having through traRc ar
rangements to AtUn and the Klondike. Weekly
KSlllngj from Tacoma. Tor full Information ap
ply to 'J. L. HARTMAN. Agent. Portland. Or
1 Chamber of Commerce. '
Leave Dtftt m nJ stfttb j i
for Salem. Rose
burg. Ashland. Sac
San Francisco. Mo
lave. Los Angela.
El Paso, New Or
leans and the East
(dally except Sun
day), morning train
connects 1th train
for Mt. Angel. SU
vert on. Browne
and Natron, and
evening train for
lit. Angel and Sli
verton. Albany passenger
3:30 P. M.
8:30 P. St-
1:00 P. M.
13 JO P.M.
18:23 A. M.
Dally. (Dally except Sunday.
Rebate tickets on sale between Portland. Sac
ramento and San Francisco. Net rates 11T Brat
clats and $11 second class, including sleeper.
Rates and tickets to Eastern points and Eu
rope. AL10 JAPAN. CHINA. HONOLULU and
AUSTRALIA. Can be obtained trom 1. Ii.
KIKKLAND. Ticket Agent. 140 Third st-
Passenger Depot, toot ot Jefferson Street.
Leave tor Oswego dally at 720. 9:40 A. JLi
12:30. 1:53. 3:23. 4:40. 0:23. 8:30. 11:30 P. M.;
and 0:00 A. M. on Sundays only. Arrive at
Portland dally at 0:36. 8:30. MO:) A. M.:
135. 3:10. lUSO. 0:13. 7:40. 10:00 P. M-: 13:40
A. M. dally, except Monday, B-JO and 10 ."03 A.
M. on Sundaya cnly.
Leave for Dallas Jally. except Sunday, at
6:03 P. M. Arrive at Portland at 0.30 A. M.
Passenger train leaves Dallas for Alrtle Mon
days. Wednesdaya and Fridays at 2:43 P. it.
Returns Tuesdaya, Thundajs and Saturdays.
R. KOEHLER, a H. MARKHAM.
Manager. Gen. Frt- & Pass. Agt.
THE DINING CAR ROUTE FROM PORTTANH
TO THE EAST.
THE ONL.T DIRECT LINE TO T2IE TE1-XOW-
CbIcb Depot. rti !! St
Fait mall inr Ta?o-
ma. Seattle. Oljrmpla.
Gray's Ilarbcr anl
South Dead polnti.
Spokane. Rossi n J. B.
C. lullman. Moscow.
Hump rntntnjc country.
St. Paul. Omaha. Kaa
ib. City. St. LouIj.
Chlc-ffo and all polnu
cast and JoutbU
Puxt Sound Express
for Tacoma and Seattle
and Intermediate -paints
11:13 A. M.i
3:50 P. M.
11:30 P. it.
rullraan Crst-clasa and tourist n'ceperi to Mln
ncapol.1. SL Paul and Missouri ilwr points with
Vc.stlbu.ed trains, union cepos connection
all principal cities.
Dacca ce checked to Jest Inn t Ion of tickets.
For handsomely Illustrated desi-rlptlTe matter,
tickets, alecpinr-car reserrauons. etc-, call oa oc
A. D. CHARLTON
Ai!i!nnl Crnernl 1'mncnKfr Acent,
SSS Murrlinn St.. Cor. Tblrd.
SOO PACIFIC USt
Offers the LOWEST RATES and BEST SERV
Ice to and from all Eastern points and Euroce.
Through tourist cars from coast to St. PaoJ.
Toronto. Montreal anl Bosun WlTUOlTa
Direct Route to
Kootenay Mining District
Canadian Pacific rrjil mill r.ejuAJs tines M
lapar an! j.3itni.a.
Ftr rated and Information, apply to
1L 1L ABBOTT. Agent.
E. J. COYLE, 19 Third street, city.
A. Q. P. A Vancourer. B. C.
Tlcicct Officer. 1SS Tblril St. Those OS (J
,r,.T I The Flyer, dally to and
1t'A, I from St. Paul. Mlnne
No. spoils. Duluth. Chicago
SM P. M. 1 and all points East.
8:00 A. M.
Throuith Palace and Tourist Sleepers, DlntnJ
and Buffet SznoklcsLlbrary Cars.
JAPAN - AMERICAN LINE
STEAMSHIP RIOJUN MARU
For Japan. China and all Asiatic points win
About April 25th.
Pacific Coasi Steamship Co.
THE COMPANY'S elegant
steamers. Cottase City. Cltir
J of Toieka and. Al - Kl lcavo
TACOMA 11 A. 31.. 5EATTI.U
fi t T lnril r. Ill IS tM
thnafter. For further lnfor
nvitlon obtain company's folder.
Th company rcsnes th right to Chans
wteamers. salllnc dates and houra of salllnj.
without rrevlous notice.
AGENTS if. POdTON. H Washington st..
Portland. Or.: F. W. CARLBTON. N. P. R. R.
dock. Tacoma: J. F. TROWBPJDGE, Pugel
Sound SupT. Ocean dock. Seattle.
GOODALU PERKINS U CO.. Oen. Acts.. 3- ?.
Yukon River Points'
S. S. "011IO." 1500 tons, after two years'
eervlee as TJ. S. trarwjwrt. has been released,
and will rail from Seattle for Cape Nome about
May 21. Rates First, claw. J100 and J123:
scond claw. $73. Fcr berths, etcapply ta
any railroad agent, or agent of the Interna
tional Navigation Co.. or to
ESIPHIK TRANSPORTATION CTX,
607 First avenue, Seattle. Wash.
VANCOUVER TRANSPORTATION CO.
Steamer Undine, Captain Charles T. Kamm.
leavea Vancouver at 3:30 A. II. and 1 P. M.
Leates Portland at 10 JO A. II. and 1:20 P. M.
Sundaya excepted. For freight or parage ap
ply on board, foot of Taylor street. Bound trtjt