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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (April 13, 1900)
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THE MORNING OREGONIAN, FRIDAY, "APRIL 13, WOO. '
AGAINST THE CANAL
Senate Declines to Consider
the Nicaragua Bill.
PHILIPPINES HAVE RIGHT OF WAY
Effort to DUlodce the Spooner Mcns-
we With the Alasknn Code
BUI Also Failed.
"WASHINGTON. April 11 An effort was
taade In the Senate today -by Morgan
Dem. Ala.) to displace the present un
tflnlshed business, the Spooner Philippine
bill, by the substitution In Us stead of
the Nicaragua Canal bill. While Mor
gan's motion failed, 13 to 33, the Philip
pine measure had a narrow escape from
being displaced by the Alaskan civil code
bill, on motion of Carter (Hep. Mont), the
motion being defeated on a roll-call. 22 to
84. The feature of the day's proceedings
was an exhaustive dlscuss'on of the Quay
case by Burrows (Rep. Mich.).
The Routine Report.
Jones (Dem. Ark.), chairman of the
Democratic National Committee, opened
the seeslon with a sharp retori to a
charge made against him In the House
yesterday by Dolllver (Rep. la.). He read
from the record a quotation from the
speech of Dolllver. delivered In the House
"yesterday on the Puerto Rlcan bill, as
"I accuse the chairman of the Demo
cratic National Committee of being In
the some conspiracy. If you will permit me
to speak. I hold In my hand a proposed
amendment offered by Senator Jones, of
Arkansas, to the bill now becoming a
.law, to give the proceeds of the Puerto
Rlcan customs to the people of Puerto
Rico, an amendment which, if It had been
passed, would hav e given to the American
Sugar Refining Company il.SOO.WO which
they have already paid In cash Into the
treasury of the United 'States on sugar
imports from Puerto Rico."
"As a rule I pay no attention to asper
sions of this character," said Jones, "but
it may be possible that somo honest man
may hare been misled or might misjudge
what has been done by me. When the
Puerto Rlcan bill was presented in the
Senate, I offered an amendment propos
ing to refund the duties that had been
collected from, the people of Puerto Rico
to the people who had paid the duties.
I did that from the conviction that the
Government of the United States had no
right to levy any tariff duties upon pro
ducts coming from Puerto Rico, and If
we had no such right it was common hon
esty that we should give the money back
to the people from whom we had taken it.
"I had never looked to see who had
paid these revenues nor where thN money
would go. I am not In the confidence of
the sugar trust. They have not come to
me to complain of that duty by which
they paid tl.8OD.O00i I did not know" that
such was the fact. Men who are more
familiar with the doings of the 6Ugar
trust, of course, know more about that
than I, that they had paid a million and
a half of this money Into the treasury
of the United States. I know nothing of
It What I understood the facts to be
was that protests were made when these
duties were levied, and that the case was
pending in the Supreme Court of the
United States, and I believe that when the
Supremo Court decides this question it
will decide that the money shall be paid
"back to the men who paid It I believe
in doing Justice, no matter who is In
volved. I believe In giving the devil his
dues, and if we have no right under the
laws to levy this tax, and the sugar trust
has paid a part of It and the" money is
due to tlicm. It ought to be refunded.
"I have no fear of being misjudged by
any member of this body. I d6 not be
lieve any motive of this kind has evct
been attributed to me by a man who has
a senso of Justice and a desire to be fair
and Just to his fellowmen. I offered this
amendment In the course of the debate
here. It was stated that a large part of
the money that had bn paid was paid
by the sugar trust and the tobacco trust
I withdrew the amendment No vote was
ever taken on It After discussion. 1
made up my mind that the proper thing
to do was to leave the matter to be set
tled by the courts: that havlnpr gone to
tho length we had. It was better to let
the courts say whether or not this thing
should be done. There Is nothing more. I
think, that anybody can Justly censure
Morgan asked unanimous consent that
the Nicaragua Canal bill be made the
order of business for 2 o'clock. April 3.
but Lodge (Rep. Mass.). in charge of
the Spooner Philippine bill, objected.
T shall feel bound." said Morgan, "to
antagonize the Senator's bill with the
Nicaragua Canal bill."
Burrows (Rep. Mich.) then addressed
the Senate on the resolution relative to
seating M. S. Quay as a Senator from
Pennsylvania. Burrows said that as a
member of the committee, on privileges
and elections called upon two jears ago
to consider the case of Henry W. Corbett.
appointed as a Senator by the Governor
of Oregon, he "was forced to tho con
clusion that the power of appointment In
that case was not lodged with the execu
tive, and a majority of the committee so
reported.". The Senate sustained that re
portbya vote of SO to 19.
"Since that time," said he. "I have seen
nothing to cause me to Teverse my Judg
ment: further examlmtlon has served
rather to strengthen and confirm It Tho
material facts in this case are the same
ns they were In that The Constitution
Is the same. The precedents are the
same. The only change Is In the name
of the party seeking admission to the
Senate. Then it was ex-Senator Corhott?
now It Is ex-Senator Quay. A change of
parties certainly ought not to rroduce a
change of convictions."
Burrows carefully reviewed the Quay
case from its lnclplency. and stated the
question at Issue. After reviewing at
great length the precedents. Burrows cited
tho roll-call on the Corbett case, showing
.that Penrose (Rep. Pa.) voted against
Corbett and Quay himself was paired
against him. In conclusion he said:
t "And let me say to the Senators, that
no sooner shall you hive established the
doctrine contended for by tho minority
than there will he a popular uprising In
this country which no pbwer can resist
or suppress, to take from State legisla
tures and "Governors all power to apppolnt
Senators, and lodge It with the people."
The unfinished business, the Spooner
bill, being before tho Senate. Morgan
moved to proceed to the consideration of
tho Nicaragua Canal bill, which would
have displaced the Spooner bill as the un
finished business. The motion was lost
15 to 33, as follows:
Bacon Danltl Jone. Ncv.
- Bate Foster Money
Berry Harris Perkins
Clay Heltfcld Talllaferro
Culberson Jones. Ark. West
Piatt N. Y.
Carter then asked the Senate to proceed
. with the Alaskan civil code bi'l. but the
motion was defeated. 22 to 21, as follows:
Clay Heltfcld ..Warren
Alllron Hawley Pcttlgrew
Cullom Jones, Nev. Piatt Conn.
Dav s Kean Piatt N. Y.
Deboe Ledge Quarles
Depcw McComas Ro;s
Foraker McCumber Sewell
Frye . MrMIUan Stewart
Galllcger Nelron Teller
The senior Senator from South Dakota,
unable on account of Morgan's objection
to get his resolution expre'sing pympath;
for the Boers before the Sinate, then ad
dressed the Senate, as If the resolution
were under conslderat'on. The Senator
maintained his resolution ought to be
adopted. If It were not it would be the
first time In history that the Senate had
felled to stand by a Nation struggling
for liberty. It was well understood, in
his opinion, that the present Administra
tion was favorable to the cause of Great
Britain. Even if Mr. Hay had no verbal
understanding with Great Britain, and the
Senator believed he- had. so long as Me
Ktnley occupied the White House, nsth
lng would be done for the stn.ggllni
South African Republics. The reason was
that the United States, he said, was en
gaged in the same business as Great Brit
ain. While England was robbing the
Boers, we were robbing tha Filipinos.
After an executive session, the Senatr,
at 4:50 P. 1L. adjourned unUl Saturday.
SHIP SUBSIDY BILL.
Republican Senators Will Try to
Force It Tliroujih.
WASHINGTON, April 12. The definite
Intention of the Republican Senators to
seek to have the shipping subsidy bill
passed at the present setslon was an
nounced In the Senate committee on com
merce today. It Is the purpose to have
tho bill given tho place of "unfinished
business" when the Quay resolution and
the Philippine bill are disposed of. No
announcement was mace that the Repub
lican caucus committee on order of busi
ness had given Its sanction to the p'an,
but such Is understood to be the care.
The Democratic members of the com
mittee expressed surprise at the announced
decision, saying that they had understood
that all parties were to unite for a final
adjournment In June, and they feared this
result could not be secured If the shipping
bill was to be taken up with the view to
its passage. They Indicated unalterable
opposition to the bill, and expressed tho
opinion that prdo-gel tobate would t iVox
any effort to pass It Some of them said
they believed It would be good politics for
the Democrats to allow the bill to beccms
a law, but that this would not be permis
sible without at least sufficient discussion
to explain the effect of the measure. Han
na end Frje stood out strongly for the
bill, Hanna declaring that to postpone
consideration until a fter the election,
merely because of its possible effect In
the campaign, would be cowardice. Some
of the Democrats indicated a desire for a
more deliberate consideration of tha Phil
ippine bill, as a consequence of the Inten
tion, to take up the shipping measure.
SITUATION IN PUERTO RICO
Former Good Feel Ins: Between Na
tives and Americans Lessening.
PONCE, Puerto Rico, April 4. At
no time since the hurricane of August 8
last has the condition of the poor of
Puerto Rico been as bad as it is today.
About S3 per cent of the Island may be
placed In the peon class, which Is made
up of a mixture of all races. In the
other 5 per cent are Included the well-to-do.
educated people, such as merchants,
planters and professional men and their
This better class Is able to pass through
such times as are now prevailing with
out actual physical suffering, but their
business affairs are at a standstill, and
have been for a long time, and this de
prives the majority of the large laboring
class of a means of livelihood. This large
body of laboring people furnishes the very
cheap and effective labor which Is needed
for agriculture and other work, but at all
times they have been In an under-fed and
Their hardships have been greatly add
ed Jo by the scarcity of fruit since the
hurricane, and It Is consequently Increased
In price. Salt fish, rice and beans have
been Imported free of duty since the hur
ricano, but little of the benefit derived
from this has gone to peons, and now,
when there Is a prospect of 15 per cent of
the Dingley tariff being placed on these
articles, the price has been greatly ad
vanced. Merchants hesitate to Import
largo stocks because of the prospect of
free trade, and the present scarcity Is
also a cause for the advance In prices.
Rice has gone up from 5 and 6 centavos
a pound to 8 and 9. beans from 6 to 12,
and, at one time, a few days ago, to 15
centavos a pound, while salt fish has ad
vanced from 6 to about 10 centavos.
No one who understands the situation
here will deny that much of tho former
good feeling between Puerto Rlcans and
Americans has been lost Besides, Ameri
cans are fewer In number In Puerto
Rico today than at any time since shortly
after the troopa first landed, and those
departing have left a long list of defunct
companies, bankrupt business, wrecked
schemes and anxious creditors, who. In
some cases, hold choice collections of
worthless notes and checks. Not only are
Americans leaving the Island, but large
numbers of Puerto Rlcans have gone to
Venezuela, to Santo Domingo and to Cuba.
Three days ago more than 300 natives
sailed for Cuba to obtain employment
there, and at least 1000 sailed from this
port alone during the last threo months.
Much livestock Is also being shipped to
Cuba. The greatest loss to Puerto Rico
In this respect Is In the large cargoes of
magnificent cattle, which It will take years
,THB RUNNING RACES.
Tcnterdns Winners nt Memphis and
MEMPHIS, Tenn.. April 12. The re
sults of the races were:
Four and a half furlongs, selling South
Breeze won, Odnor second, Frank John
son third: time, 0.S7i.
Six furlongs Alice Turner won. Gray
less second. Larkspur third; time. l:lCVi.
One mile The Lady won. Florlzar sec
ond; Thrive third; time. 1:V.
Half mile, the Ardclle Stakes Lady
Schorr won. The Mecca second. Miss Ben
nett third; time. 0.304.
Mile and an eighth Ben Chance won.
Russell B, second, Bonnie lone third:
Six furlongs The Rush won. Miss Mae
Day second, Trladltza third: time. 1:1.
Race nt Tnnfornn.
SAN FRANCISCO. April 12. The
weather was fine at Tanforan Park and
the track was heavy The results were:
Four and a half furlongs, 2-year-olds
Homage won. Ada N. .second. Bavassa
third; time, 0:57i.
Six furlongs, selling High Hoe won, St
Caslmlr second. Mortgage third; time,
Six furlongs Formcro won. Sardine
Second. Cormorant third; time. 1:UH.
Mile and a quarter, selling My Gypsy
won. Sardonlne second. Prestome third;
One mile, selling SUvcrtone won. Cas
take second. Captive third.: time, 1:45.
One mile Maydlne won, "Urchin second.
Bathos third; time, 1:4$&
Jeffries and SIcCoy Matched.
NEW YORK. April 12. Jim Jeffries and
Kid McCoy were today matched to meet
In a 25-round boxing bout July 20, before
the club offering the largest purse, Char
He White will be the referee.
RnnilnV Demands on Coren.
Y6KOHAMA. April 12. Advices from
Seoul, capital of Cores, announce that
Russia has presented to the Corean Gov
ernment renewed demands referring to
QUESTION BROCGnT TJP rniLIFPETfi
MATTER IK TUB HOUSE.
Debate on a Resolution 'Providing
for the Election of Senators
by Popular Vote.
WASHINGTON. April 12.-The House
today, after a spirited debate, adopted
the resolution reported from the Insular
affairs committee to authorize the Secre
tary of the Treasury to designate deposi
tories In Puerto Rico. Cuba and the Phil
ippines for the deposit of Government
funds. By the terms of the resolution. It
applies to Cuba only so long as the Island
shall be occupied by the United States.
An amendment to Include tho Philippines
In this provision as to Cuba, offered, as
was stated, to emphasize the desire of tha
opposition not to retain the Islands, was
defeated by a party vote.
A Senate bill which will permit the de
pendent mothers of soldiers or sailors of
the Spanish war, even though they mar
ried Confederate soldiers, to receive tho
ON THE BRYAN-Y DEEP. - mbuno.
Dewey Kansas City Tlarbor appears to be heavily mined.
benefit of the general pension law, was
The remainder of the day was devoted
to debate upon a resolution from the com
mittee on the election of President Vice-
President and Representatives In Congress
for a Constitutional amendment empower
ing the Legislatures of states to decldo
whether the United States Senators snail
be elected by the Legislature or directly by
A substitute resolution was offered by
tho minority of the committee, which dif
fered from the majority resolutions In giv
ing the states no option, hut providing
that In all states the people rtiould vote
directly for United States Senators.""
Cooper (Rep. Wis.), chairman of tho com
mittee on Insular affairs, at the outset
called up the resolution to authorize the
Secretary of the Treasury to designate
banks in Puerto Rico, Cuba and the Phil
ippines as Government depositories.
Jones (Dem. Va.) offered an amendment
which provided that the act rtioutd apply
to the Philippines and Cuba only so long
as they should be occupied by the United
States. The provision relative to Cuba was
a committee amendment
Cooper, opening the debate, said that
for some Inexplicable reason the bill had
been called the Standard Oil bill. After
patient Investigation he had failed to find
one fact to support such a slur. The rea
soning, ho said, seemed to be about like
this: Mr. Sibley came from Pennsylvania;
coal oil was found there; the Standard Oil
Company handled oil; ergo, this is a Stand
ard Oil bill. Cooper explained the neces
sity for Government depositories In our
lruular possessions. Disbursing officers ot
the Government could deposit only In Gov
ernment depositories. If they deposited
elsewhere they were guilty of technical
embezzlement The designation of deposi
tories, he said, was necessary for the pro
tection and security of Government funds.
Brewer (Dem. Ala.) said he supported
the Jones amendment In order to. empha
size In every possible way his aversion
to the retention of the Philippines. He
said he had rather sec a Republican who
opposed the retention of the Islands than
a Democrat who favored holding them.
Ho charged that the rituatlon hi the Phil
ippines was persistently misrepresented by
the War Department The Insurrection
was not over. Only last week the Filipi
nos had attacked an outpost within five1
miles of Manila. "We hold them only with
in the range of our guns." wrote an officer
tn a letter to him. Peace would not
come, he slid, in a generation If we bold
on. He was in favor of turning the Islands
over to the Inhabitants at the earliest pos
Cox (Dem. Tenn.) criticised the bin be
cause It did not require depositories to
deposit United States Government bonds'
tor security for Government funds.
Jones said If Cooper had Inquired fur
ther he would have discovered a better
reason why this bill was called the Stand
ard OH bill. He recalled the letter written
by Mr. Hepburn, of the National City
Bank, ot New York, to Secretary Gage
asking for Just such, a privilege as this
bill bestowed, because some of the bank's
directors bad contributed financially to
the election of Mr. McKlnley In 1S3S. The
National City Bank, he wrote, was owned
by the Standard Oil Company.
Fitzgerald (Dem. Mara.) offered an
amendment requiring designated deposi
tories to pay 2 per cent per annum on
deposits. It was lost
Gaines (Dem. Tenn.) and DcArmond
(Dem. Mo) opposed the bill. The latter
said there was neither 'propriety nor ex
cuse for designating tho depositories in
Cuba. It was another straw which indi
cated a purpose to get hold of everything
In Cuba that was worth having.
Cooper. In closing the debate, said there
was practically no money for the banks
In being designated as Government deposi
tories, because the moneys deposited
would remain but a short time. Ther!
was perhaps some advertisement in It for
the banks; that was all. The relief was
desired by the disbursing officers of tb
Jones' amendment was lost; 121 to 125.
The bill was passed. 133 to 120.
Loudenslagcr (Rep. N. J.) called up the,
Senate bill to repeal section 4T16 of the
revised Matutes, so far as It relates to
the dependent parents of soldiers or sailors,
of the Spanish war. The purpesy was
to permit the dependent mothers of sol.
dlcrs ot the Spanish war to be pensioned.
even If their husbands had been Confed.
"Why not repeal section 4716." asked
Gibson (Rep. Tenn.). "and let Confederate
soldiers who afterward served In the
Union army be pensioned?" .
"No, no." called out Williams (Dem.
Miss.), "we don't want to pension desert
ers from the Confederate, army."
The bill was passed.
Tho conference report on the legislative,
executive and Judicial appropriation bill
was agreed to.
Corliss (Rep. Mich.) called up the Joint
resolution providing for a Constitutional
amendment for the election of United
States Senators by direct vote of the peo
ple where the Legislatures of the states so
Clark (Dem. Mo.) offered as a, substitute
a resolution proposing a Constitutional
amendment providing for the election ot
Senators by direct vote In all the states.
Corliss said the Legislatures of 33 states
had declared for the election of Senators
directly by popular vote. He thought
there should be some change In the meth
od of electing Senators, and believed the
citizens of every state should determine
how and by what method their Senators
should be elected. During his remarks,
Corliss displayed a cartoon on the sub.
Ject which attracted a large group ot
members about It Brosius (Rep. Pa.)
called for order.
Corliss responded: "Why does the gen.
tleman from Pennsylvania object? Does
he think It reflects upon his state?"
"No. no," replied Brosius.
Powers (Rep. Vt) favored the election
of Senators directly by the people, so as
to get rid of the scandals that had at
tended so many Senatorial elections. All
the states, ho added, should elect by popu
lar vote. -
After some further remarks by Zelgter
(Dem. Pa.), Small (Dem. N. C). Lloyd
(Dem. Mo.). Rldgely (Pop. Kan.)., Sulxer
(Dem. N. Y.), McDowell (Dem. O.), Jones
(Dem. V&.). and Ryan (Dem. Pa.) In favor
ot the substitute resolution, the House, at
5:20 P. M., adjourned.
REPEAL OF STAMP TAXES.
Bill Introduced In the House
Tnvraey of Minnesota.
WASHINGTON, April 12.-In view of
Secretary Gage's statement of the grow
ing surplus. Importance attaches to a bill
introduced In the House today by Repre
sentative Tawney, of Minnesota, a mem
ber of the ways and means committee,
to repeal tho following provisions ot the
war revenue act to take effect July 1.
"Broker'snote or memorandum of sale ot
any goods, 10 cents: conveyance deeds,
etc., when the consideration or value ex
ceeds $100 and does not exceed $500, 50
cents, and for each additional $500 or frac
tional part thereof In excess of $300, 50
cents; lease, agreement etc. for a period
of one year, 25 cents; exceeding one year
and not exceeding three years, 60 cents;
for a period exceeding three years, $1:
mortgage or pledge, etc, exceeding J1000
and not exceeding $1500. 25 cents, and on
each 3500 In excess of $1500. 25 cents;
power of attorney or proxy, etc, 10 cents:
power of attorney to sell and convey real
estate etc, 20 cents; protests, etc, 20
Tawney says that the Secretary of the
Treasury estimates that the provisions to
be repealed by the bill only furnish $321.
924. but that they are very onerous and
vexatious, and should be repealed.
"WILL FLSII ALASKA BILL.
Philippine Measure May Be Attached
to Military Supply BUI.
WASHINGTON, April 12. An agrcmoent
was reached after the' Senate adjourned
today, by which the Alaskan bill Is to be
considered. Lodge. In charge of the Phil
ippine bill, will ask that It be laid aside
Informally, and If no objection Is made,
LodKe will move the consideration of the
Alaskan bllL After it Is passed, the Phil
ippine bill will bo made tho unfinished
business again. Senator Carter Jias made
tho suggestion, and It Is lqoked upon with
favor by Lodge, to make the Philippine
bill a part of the military appropriation
bill. If this is done, it need not be again
made tho unfinished business.
Coeur d'Alene Investigation.
WASHINGTON. April li-The morning
session of the Coeur d'Alene investigation
was yery brief, owmg to the absence of
witnesses, and the argument went over
until this afternoon. At the afternoon ses
sion. Connor Mallot a representative of
the Spokane Spokesman-Review, who was
nt Wardner at the time of the trouble,
described the march of several hundred
armed and masked men on the Bunker
HUl mine, the seizing of a large quantity
of dynamite, the explosion' In the mill, and
the many exciting events on that occasion.
The testimony corroborated previous wit
nesses on this subject, but. was more vivid
and circumstantial on some points.
Legislative Appropriation Bill.
WASHINGTON. April 12.-Tfae confer
ees ot the two Houses today reached an
agreement en the l'g'slat'vo, executive
and Judicial appropriation bir. As agre'd
upon, the bill carried an appropriation
ot 324173,152. Most of the Senate addi
tions were retained. Including that tor the
continuance of the Court of Private, Land
Claims for two years more. The S nate
Amendments looking to the continuance
of the hydrographlc oftce also were left
in the bl 1, but the provision fr a branch
office at Manila was stricken out
President Gompers' Arsrament.
WASHINGTON. April li-Pres'dent
Gompersv of the Federation of Labor,
made an extended argument before the
House committee on labor today In support
ot the proposed eight-hour law.
STORIES OFTHE I
DDADLISESS OF RIFLE FIRE FROS
Grevfsome Scenes on the Veldt
Clever Dutch Defensive Works
A Brave Subaltern.
LONDON, April 3. As an example of
the deadllness of rifle fire from behind en
trenchments at short ranges, a Standard
correspondent writing from Osfcnteln,
March 7, of the siege ot General Cronje,
"Colonel Hannay made an extraordinary
charge with mounted infantry, riding his
men at a gallop right up to the Bocf
trenches, but all wer disabled or killed
before they got within 50 yards. Colonel
Hannay was himself killed."
During the Paardeberg battle, the same
correspondent relates, a party of Kitch
ener's horse rode up to an Osfontehvfarm
houso. A man In khaki told the cavalry
men that British troops with guns occu
pied the kopjes, near by. "The men off
saddled." the correspondent says, "and
were resting, when suddenly the cry arose
that the Boers were on them. The house
was surrounded Vy (he enemy, who lire!
Into the horses, stampeding them. Lieu
tenant Watermeycr, who had run for his
horse, was In the act of mounting when
a Boer came around the corner of. the
house and fired polnti blank at htm. The
bullet struck his arm and grazed along his
left shoulder. He let fall the reins, raised
his rifle and shot the Boer dead. His honij
having bolted, ho crossed tha farmyard
and gained the garden, and thence, leap
ing the wall, escaped across the plain.
Forty-three officers and men were killed,
wounded or taken prisoners by the en
emy." Incongruities of War.
H. F. Prevost Battersby thus moralizes
In the Morning Post on the Incongruities
of war. under date of Osfonidn. March 6:
"Art and war. Who has the temerity
still to speak of them together, which not
even- by their contrasts can be compared?
Beneath me. behind a red-brown ant hi I.
a Dguro in khaki Is lying with his check
against his rifle, his eye along the sights.
There Is a lump cf iron stone 00 yards
In front of him on the lower slope of the
kopje, and under It Is a man whom he la
trying to kill. He knows nothing of. the
man but that he wears a gray fe't hat
and has a pretty styU of shooting, for
the ant hill has been struck three times.
The man knows probably even lees of him.
They move. In ordinary circumstances.
TOCO miles apart; have not an Interest nor
even a quarrel In common. One lives In
Chelsea, the other on the veldt Each ha3.
perhaps, his share Of the virtues, makes
a good woman happy, and does his duty
by tho state. With less space between
them and no supply of cartridges, they
might bo the best of friends. Now each
desires only the other's end.
"With a llttlo more right allowance in
that last shot for wind, the man on the
kopje would be lying quiet among the
stones, and none would know where he
lay nor what had befallen him but the
vultures, who turned his face upward next
morning to pick out his eyes.
"But that Is tho Inevitable Incongruity
of war, the effect of enmity without Its
existence: "wrath brtngeth the punish
ments of the sword,' said the writer ot
Job, but the punishment of the sword does
not always bring wrath. Men can be made
to slay each other without that Induce
ment "Lying not far beyond that figure In
khaki Is a black patch. The gray-green
scrub almost conceals It, all but two queer
dark wisps like the talons of a bird
clenched and turned upward. They ora the
Bands of a man. Beneath them, looking
upward also, Is a face of a Kaffir. One
knows It to be a face by Its position, but
the shrapnel which passed through It has
made a mass of block and red with no hu
man resemblance. The figure In khaki
holds hla nose when the wind passes Ills
way over It 'There Is a little .heap ot po
tatoes beside the swollen body which It
was gathering when war came 'by. That
also Is an Inevitable Incongruity; tho
doom of the peaceful. One accepts It frith
the other. War Is this sort of thing, blind,
senseless. Indiscriminate. It Is, also, after
a fashion, worse than that
"There Is out there, spread, over the
thorns of a. mimosa, what was once a
man. No one who sees It as he passes
looks at It again. The smear ot yellow
on what is left there speaks of lyddite.
That may seem to the novice the worst
side of war. It is not really. The mind
hugs It unwillingly, perhaps, and shud
ders. Memory cannot drop It by the way.
It lends a horror to one's dreams. But In
war It was merely a gruesome "Incident a
common one, possibly, but an Incident
"The, atmosphere U very different One
breathes It here, where the bullets are
flying over, though tho crack of the
rifles, with tholr strange, soft cry, and
tho bitter reek of ther dead Is mixed with
dust and the faint scent ot flowers mixed,
too. It may bo, with the memory of that
long, shallow trench beyond the camp.
where tho brown-kneed Highlanders Ha
In their gay hcee and kilts besldo the stiff,
still figures In khaki. It Is In that air
that art sounds so strange a note that It
seems but an echo from another world.
That Is no figure of speech. To think
steadfastly hero of on art. of the soul of
an art. Is to effect a transformation In
personality no less astonishing than thit
Robert Louis Stevenson conceived for Dr.
"The change really Is Incredible; It Is
Impossible to describe. One must live here
first In this bare, empty land with life
grown suddenly cheap, and death always
about one. with friends buried at night
that shared one's biscuit In the morning's
battle, and remembered again with an In
tolerable smart, with destruction and vic
tory only In one's thoughts, and the ru'n
and foulness of an army round one It Is
In that one must be steeped to rcailzo how
far one has come; so far, so far that vis
Ion and thought and beauty seem left be
hind one In another world."
Boers Dlmrlnjr Trenches.
Bennett Burleigh, writing to the Dally
Telegraph under date of March 6, says:
"Our friend, the wily Boer, Is at his
own congenial game along ' our front
Every kopje and defensive position he Is
Industriously fortifying. I have ridden out
and seen him digging trenches, buildlrg
stone walls, erecting sandbag redoubts,
mounting cannon and preparing to receive
us In the direction he hopes wc shall ad
"For such a country, he has made
choice of the strongest poss-b'e lines. The
IS miles he Is Intrenching southward from
the Modder skip from range to range ot
low, strong kopjes. North of the Modder,
upon other hills, he has detachments
watching us. and guns in emplacements
upon table-topped hllla. His right rests
upon a large, flat hUL his center and left
among nests of conical kopjes, where he
can hide his men and conceal bis cannon.
Yesterday (March 5) I watched the Boers
at work for hours. .Nearly every morn
ing there are outpost affairs between our
cavalry and them. Today a few guns were
fired by either side, and the crackling of
musketry went on for hours. The ranges
were long and, consequently, little dam
"Some 10 dajs ago a iroart thing was
done by a subaltern In Roberts' Horse
that deserves moro than passing, record.
A body of Boers hastening to Crpnje's re
lief were met and turned back by French's
energetic cavalry. The enemy In their
flight passed by several low kopjes where
Roberts' Horse had pickets. One of thes
"slated them from a 600-yard range. A
young officer, nearer. 2000 than 00 yards
from the Boers, seeing there was no
chance of the enemy coming his way, took
It upon himself to ride .out with a thin
squadron to within 300 yards of the re
treating Boers. There he d'smountcd his
men and began firing rapidly Into the
enemy, emptying halt a hundred saddles.
The Boers halted, resumed the fire, p'eked
up most of their wounded and put them
Into wagons; but the officer stood bis
ground, and the enemy trekked, leaving
him victor. Ot such soldiers are good
"There Is said to be symptoms of horse
sickness about, but I take It so far, hun
ger la Its worst form and that with over
work, has dotted the veldt with the car
casses of animals, po'soned the air. of old
camps 'and brought, hither ominous
swarms of vultures. I fear the amicable
Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to
Animals would despair ot us and Itself
were Its representatives here, they would
have so much that Is Impossible to at
tempt to put right It Is suggestive, pt a
more than healthy appetite to see horses
wildly browsing upon African heather
and scrub, or plunging for the straw cas
ing of old bottles and hamper stuffing.
FIGHTIXG IX SATAL,
Boer Attack on the British Lines
LONDON. April 12. A special dispatch
from Eland's Laagte, dated yesterday,
"Fighting was renewed beyond Eland's
Laagte this afternoon. The Boers steadi
ly advanced upon the. British positions.
There was a continuous rifle Are and the
Boer big guns were In action. The Brit
ish replied effectively, and after two
hours' fighting the Boers were checked."
Eland's Laagte and "Wepener still mo
nopolize attention. At both places a se
ries of indecisive actions are occurring.
The Boer report of the fighting April 10
nt Eland's Laagte avers that the advance
on the British camp was made with tho
loss of only three mules and two horses.1
while the British losses, says the same
report must have been heavy. The bom
bardment lasted all day.
Nothing has been learned regarding the
rumor of Colonel Baden-Powell's death,
nor is there anything tending to show
how long the general advance toward
Pretoria will be delayed. In the absence,
ot exciting developments, public Interest
centers more upon the personality of the
new commanders, and tn the supposition
as to who tno next General will be to be
The announcement of the reoccupatlon
of Smlthficld by the burghers. Just re
ceived. Is no news, as the small British
forco at that place withdrew thence after
the Reddersburg affair.
It now appears that General Brabant
himself Is at Atlwal North, and that only
a portion of his column Is at Wepener.
BOERS AXXIOUS TO FIGHT.
Their Leaders Unable to Ilold Them
. BLOEMFONTEIN. April U- According
to Information received here, the Boer ac
tivity eastward of the railroad and in
proximity to the border. Is largely due to
the fact that Presidents Kruger and
Steyn have found they are unable to
keep their forces together In lnactvlty,
the burghers declaring they are unwilling
to remain with their commandos, unless
actively employed, as they are convinced
the British game is a waiting one. " It Is
believed tho Boer movement was origi
nally designed to oblige Lord Roberts to
weaken his force at Bloemfonteln. In
order to protect the railroad, when the
Boers would have attempted to recapture
the capital. But the burghers are evi
dently Ignorant, of the enormous forces
Lord Roberts has at his disposal.
Advices from Caree Siding say the
Boers are busily entrenching their posi
tion cast of Brandfort running parallel
with the railroad, while strongly holding
tho Waterval Drift waterworks.
Flc-htlng- at Bait Fontcin.
PRETORIA, April 11. Advices from
Wepener, where the British forco Is sur
rounded, say the battle continues favor
able to the Federals. About 1500 British
troops are. said to be there.
Heavy cannonading was heard this
morning In the direction of Bult Fonteln.
situated midway between Winburg and
Bushof. In 'the -Orange Free State, and
north vt Brandfort
Advices from Boer headquarters In Na
tal say that after a heavy bombardment
the British ore ''retiring In tho direction
of Ladysmlth. and the Federals are going
to their old positions.
Substitutes ana Leaves of Absence.
PRETORIA. April 1L The Free State
Gazette publishes orders to the effect
that no person commandered for active
service has the right to send a substitute,
without the consent of the Landrost In
reference to leaves cf absence, tho Ga
zette says that 10 per cent of each com
mand will be relieved by ballot for pe
riods of 12 days. This Is Intended to meet
the wishes of burghers desiring to plant
Peace Commission Goes to MItnn.
NAPLES. April 12. The Transvaal
commissioners, accompanied by Dr. Mul
ler' and Herr von Booschoten. started
this morning for Milan.
NEW YORK REPUBLICANS.
Indications Are for a Harmonious
NEW YORK. April 12. The indications
are that the Republican state meet
ing. In this city, next week, will be brief
and harmonious. At the headquarters of
tho Republican state committee. In the
Flflh-Avenue Hotel, it Is said there prob
ably will be no work for a com
mittee on contested seats. Nearly all
the delegates to the convention have
been elected, and there are no contests to
be decided by the convention. There was
.t report that the delegation from Troy,
controlled by ex-Governor Black, might
meet oppposttlon, but Mr. Black Informs
his friend.) in this city that there will be
The resolutions to bo adopted by the
state convention will be passed upon by
the stato committee nt Its meeting at the
Fifth-Avenue Hotel Monday evening. It
Is already settled that Senator Piatt.
Senator Depew, Governor Roosevelt and
Chairman O Dell, of tho state committee,
will be elected the delegatea-at-Iarce to
the National convention. Senator Elsberg.
who Is to be temporary chairman of the
convention and Congressman Sherman,
who Is to be permanent chairman, are un
der Instructions, It Is understood, to pre
pare short and pithy speeches. With all
the work well outlined In advance. It Is
said the convention will have only one
.The Presidential electors will be chosen
by the convention as reported by the dis
tricts, and the convention will ratify the
choice of members of the new state com
mittee elected by the district delegates.
Japanese Refused a Landing-.
SAN FRANCISCO. April 12. Thirty
three of the 219 Japanese steerage pas
sengers who arrived on the steamer Bel
gian King, a few days ago. have been
refused a landing by the lmmlgation offi
cials, but have appealed to the Secretary
of the Treasury, and, pending a reply
from Washington, will be held here. Tho
principal reason for tbeir rejection by tha
officials Is the discovery of evidence that
the Japanese came here as contract la
Four People Drowned.
SAN PEDRO, Cal.. April 12. Two men.
Peter Larsen nnd Joseph Mad?en. ard
women were drowned at the entrance to
the outer harbor yesterday. They were
under the influence of liquor and the boat
was seen to overturn.
CASTOR I A
Tor Infants and Children.
The Kind You Have Always Bought
EMPLOYES OF TWO SOUTHER
RAILWAYS ORDERED OUT.
Trouble Grew Out of the Refusal f
Officials of the Companies to
Consider Grievances. t
ATTuVNTA, Go,, April L The threaten
ing trouble of tho telegraphers and other
station employes of the Southern Rail
way and Alabama, Great Southern Rail
way, which has been pending for several
months, came to a head here today, when.
President Powell, of the Order of Railway
Telegraphers, called on the telegraphers)
to quit work.
The trouble commenced last Fall, when
the telegraphers' of each division appoint.
ed""a committee to go before the division
superintendents and ask a settlement of
certain grievances. Hearings, they say,
were refused them, and an appeal was
made to General Superintendent Harrett.
at Washingtdn. and later to Vice-President1
and General Marager Cannon. The off- .
cera of the order stats that no satisfac
tion was received from these officers, ant
the grievances were finally taken to Presi
dent Speyer. whose secretary said the.
president was too 1U to consider the mat
ter at this time.
President Powell says the committeemen
selected to represent the men have been
dismissed to the number of more than
20, and that dozens of members of tho
Order of Railway Telegraphers have been
discharged because of their membership.,
He says the last communication to the
officials of the company contained on offer
to arbitrate the differences. Railroad of
ficials say the strike has caused them no
Inconvenience and has not interfered wltlt
traffic In a statement which President
Powell has Issued he says:
"The strike was Inaugurated for tho fol
"To secure reinstatement of lt3 members
who were discharged by the Southern
Railway; for the right to be heard through
committers In the adjustment of Individual
grievances; for a set ot rules and rates oC
pay to govern train dispatchers, telegra
phers, agents and other station employes
In their employment discipline, etc; 12
consecutive hours" work per day, where
one or two telegraphers are employed. In
cluding one hour for dinner; 10 consecu
tive hours. Including meal hour. In all
relay dispatchers' offices and offices where
more than two dispatchers are employed:
eight consecutive hours for train dispatch
ers; pay for overtime; to abolish tha prac
tice of compelling agents to load cotton
and the performance of other manual
labor? a minimum wage scale of 345 and 350
per month for operators and 3120 for dis
patchers; fair and equitable rules regard
After Xcrv York Governorship.
NEW YORK, April 12. The Press saysr
'Justice George C Barrett, nccordlng ta
ttle belief ot prominent politicians of both
parties, will be the Democratic nominee
for Governor this fall. This Information
comes from best official sources, and tha
Justice's friends say he probably will not
preside in court again this Summer.
Justice Barrett called for Europe
Wednesday. He will visit Richard Croker
at Wantage before the return of the Tam
many chieftain to this country, and. as
he has been recognized for many years
as one ot Mr. Crokcr's closest friends,
many questions of politics will be dis
Left to Cooper Union.
NEW YORK. April 12. When JohmHol
stead. a well-known tea merchant died
last May, he bequeathed sums of money
to numerous public Institutions, and tha
residue of the estato to Cooper Union. It
was supposed that this (reslduft would
amount to I2S.O0O. An inventory of "the
estate, however, shows that Cooper Un
ion wilt receive $300,000.
Payne on Dewey's Candidacy.
SAN FRANCISCO. April 12. Republl
can National Committeeman Henry C.
Payne, of Milwaukee, who la In the city,
predicts the nomination of McKtnley at
Philadelphia by acclamation, and Is con
fident of his re-election. When asked
what ha thought of Dewey's candidacy, ho
said: "I think that Is too bad. I think
this expresses It"
So Writ, for Dreyer.
CHICAGO. April 12. Judge Dunne to
day refused a writ ot habeas corpus in
the caso of Banker Ii S. Dreyer. under
state prison sentence for the embezzle
ment of J31G.00O of West Park Board funds,
and committed him to the custody ot tha
Biliousness, sour stomach, constipa
tion and all liver Ills are cured by
The non-lrritntln? cathartic Prico
25 cents ot all druggists or by mall ot
CI. Hood A Co- Lowell. Mass.
Vin MarlanI Worlcf Famotu Tonic
THE EVIDENCE ,"1
medical r'""!n " we" aa a,l who have
ud Vin MarlanI pronounce It unnjualed. abso
lutely reliable and rate. Can be taken with
perfect confidence whenever a tonla rtstorallve
Is rti Jlrcd.
All Druggists'. Refuse Substitutes.
Keep the system in perfect or
der by the occasional use of
Tutt's Liver Pills. They reg
ulate the bowels and produce
A Vigorous Body.
For sick headache, malaria, bil
iousness, constipation and kin
dred diseases, an absolute cure
TUTT'S Liver PILLS
THISTLES AND DANDRUFF.
An Interesting Parallel nnd a Val
uable Dcdnctlon Therefrom.
Cutting down thistles, no moro relieves
the land of thistles than does scouring
the scalp cure dandruff. In each case per
manent rellef.can only come from eradi
cating permanently tho cause. A germ
that plows up the scalp In searching for
the hair root, where It laps the vitality,
causes dandruff, falling hair, and bald
ness. If you kill that term, you'll have
no dandruff, but a luxuriant suit of hair.
Newbro's Hcrplctde Is tie only hair prep
aration In the world that cures dandruff,
tolling hair and baldness by killing the
germ. "Destroy the Ciusa, you removsj
1 the effect."
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