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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (April 13, 1900)
THE MORNING OREQONIAN, FRIDAY, APRIL '13, 1900.
COURSE IN PHOTOGRAPHY FOR AMATEURS
(Copyright, 1800, by Seymour Elton.)
THE OREOONIAN-S HOMESTUDY CIRCLE: DIRECTED BY PROF. SEYMOUR EATON
xl improvemeut or negatives.
BY. r. DUNDAS TODD.
"What Is a perfect negative? It Is ex
ceedingly difficult to give a good defini
tion, but this may do as well as any. A
negative Is perfect when It gives the ex
act kind of print the photographer wan us.
Some men want all their pictures to be
clear, crisp and full of detail, no matter
what the state of the atmosphere at the
moment of exposure, while others endea
vor to get gray, smudgy effects under
exactly similar conditions. A perfect neg
ative in one man's bands would be 3
failure in those of another.
But another point to be considered li
the printing of the picture. Photograph
ers, have much choice as to the printing
medium, but unfortunately the same nega
tive will not give equally good prints with
all kinds of papers. Gloesy papers tend
to give contrasting effects, therefore the
negatives for such paper must incline to
flatness. Matt papers, all "gaslight"
printing papers, such as Velox. Dekko,
Vlnco, etc.. and platlnotype papers, on the
other hand, require contrasty negatives
ns they tend to flatness. So. during de
velopment we must always keep the print
ing process in mind If we hope to get
a negative that will approach perfection.
At thte point it may be necessary to de
fine a few common terms so that there
may be no misunderstanding as to my
meaning. A "contraaty" or "vigorous"
negative is one where there Is a very de
cided deposit of silver on the high lights
or white objects, and a very thin deposit
in the shadows.. If the contrast be exces
sive, the print will show lack of detail In
the high lights when the shadows are
sufficiently printed, or It the high light
are long In printing the shadow detail will
be lost by overprinting. A "flat" nega
tive Is the very reverse of a "vigorous"
one. Such a negative will have a liberal
deposit of silver a 1 over, the result being
a flat, insipid print. A "dense" negative
la one that has a liberal deposit of silver,
and is easily known by the fact that it
takes a very long time to print. A "thin"
negative is the opposite, and prints too
But we may have a combination of
these characteristics, and we must be able
to recognize them all in order to modify
them Judiciously. In short, we must rec
ognize the cause.
Underexposure will give contrast, but so
will overdevelopment. Overexposure tends
to flatness, but so does underdevelopment.
"We may overdevelop an underexposed
plate and underdevelop an overexposed
plate, and thus make matters worse. We
may have a very dense negative that takes
a long time to print, and yet it may give
an excellent print, because we partly
corrected overexposure by overdevelop
ment. But a dense negative that gives a
"contrasty" print Indicates n correct ex
posure ruined by overdevelopment.
Suppose we take a batch of negatives
that ate not giving' sat'sfaclo y prints and
see if we cannot locate th trouble. It
might be wise to have a print beside us
for reference, as It will likely be a great
help. Our first negative gives us nice
detail In the ehadons. but the high lights
on the print are simply mas-ses of white.
That Is the pr.nt Is too "contrasty." I t
us now examine the negative, by holding
it up to the sky or In front cf a sheet of
white tissue paper behind whl:h Is a lamp
or gas flame. Look careful. y at the high
lights and see if there be detail present,
and if so does It look as if it ought to
show in the print, or is It lost in the
mass of deposit? If It seems as If It ought
to ptint and glossy paper has been used,
very likely a print en matt, platlnotype
or a "gaslight" paper would be all that
could be desired. But if the detail be
choked up or a print on the papers Just
mentioned be unsatisfactory, then the
contrast is due to overdevelopment, and
we must undo part of that by the process
known as "reduction." This is described
But the negative may be one that at no
stage shows detail in the shadows, yet
one which takes a long time to print the
high-light detail. An examination of the
negative will show detail to be absent in
the shadows. Here we have underexpos
ure combined with overdevelopment. The
only real remedy for Jhls kind of nega
tive Is a hammer, applied very Indiscrim
inately. Or the negative takes a long
time to print, but the resulting picture
Is fair, or Just a trlfli contrasty. This
indicates full exposurs and ovei develop
ment. Reduction will Improve this kind
of negative wondcrfu'ly.
Or the negative may take a long time
to print, yet the pictures turn out flat and
lifeless. This Is a cas; of gross overex
posure combined with overdevelopment, a
not uncommon complaint. Reduction will
Improve such a negative and in a very
bad case we may carry the process suffi
ciently far to get rid of some of the shad
ow detail, and then recover contrast by
in'.erslfylng what Is left.
The negative may print quickly, giving
plenty of djtall everywhere, and yet the
picture bs flat. This Indicates underde
velopment, and the remedy Is intenslflca
t'on. We may have overexposure com-
b'ned with urd rdevclopment, and in this
case .it Is wise to get rid of some of the
shadow detail by reduction before pro
ceeding to intensify.
It Is now time to describe how to con
duct the operations of reduction and ln
tenslflcat'on. They ore even simpler than
?3fiefiffSPment-so there is no reason why
any amateur cannot handle them success
fully. Reducfon Is usually accomplished by
means of potassium ferrocyanlde, com
monly called red prussiate of pMash. Re
member, plesee. that it Is a rank poison.
To tue it take a crystal about double the
size of a pea and dissolve it In about two
ounces of co'd water. Then make up an
ordinary hyro fixing bath and add to It
enough of the ferrocyanlde solution to
make It a sl'ght straw color. Immerse
the negative, previously soaked In water
for about a quarter of an hour. In this,
and It will rapidly lose density. The prog
ress may be watched by holding the nega
tive occasionally against the sky or the
white tissue paper hereto'ore described,.
"When sufficiently reduced, the nega Ive
shou'd be as thoroughly washed as nfttr
an ordinary fixing bath. One point needs
special notice. Daylight decomposes a
solution of ferrocyanlde very rapidly, and
therefore the tray should not be placed
in front of a window. Whenever the so
lution turns green It Is usetess. Should
reduction appear to stop, add more of the
ferrocyanlde solution, of course remov
ing the negative first from the bath and
seeing that the latter is well mixed be
fore the negative Is returned.
There are dozens of ways by which the
proccs. of intensification can bs perform
ed, but for the average Individual I con
sider a one-solution Intenslfitr the best.
It Is a lltt e more troub'esome to prepare,
but It ! exceedingly slmp'e to use, and,
above all. cne can see Just what Is going
on, and can therefore te I when density
is sufficient. The following are the de
tails of the process:
Prepare a saturated solution of bichlor
ide of mercury in water that is. dissolve
as much of the bichloride as the water
will take up. Th's can be done by placing
an ounce of the-chemical In a 12 or 16
ounce bottle and filling it with water. An
occasloral shake will help so utlon, -which
proceeds -aery slowly. The bottle should
be marked "poUon." Then dissolve 1H
ounces ci icxuae ot potassium in six
ounces of water. The first solution should
be poured Into the iodide a little at a
tlmr. A r.-d precipitate will at once form,
which will dissolve on shaking the' bot
tle. A point wi'l be reached, when the
form'ng red prec'pltate will no longer dis
solve by shaking, and when that hap
pens no more of the mercury must be
poured in. Be careful not to add more
than will be Just enough to make the
solution very sight y tu-bli. Now add
one ounce of hyposulphite of soda, and
when this has dissolved add enough wat
er to the ronit on to make the to.al bulk
30 ounces. For use, this shoald be dilut
ed with about tnree larts of water. If
the plate has not been thoroughly fixed
the intensifying so'ut on will prtdu:e yei
low eta ns. The n.git ve to be lntens tried
should be soaked In clean water for about,
half an hour, and then immersed In the
intcnslfler. It will rapld'y become denser,
and the prognss can be watched by hold
ing It up and examining It with the sky
for a background. When dense enough
the negative should be washed and set
aside to dry. Should the Intensification
be overdone, it can be-reduced by placing
the negative in the fixing bath fcr a short
Another very excellent single solution
int'ns fler Is the plat num Intenslner,
which is manufactured by a Pbl alelphld
boiise. Full Instructions accompany the
bott e, and the pio:ess Is an exceedingly
Local reduction and local tntens'flcatlon
may often be done w tb ad venire?. The
negative U p'aced In a horizontal posi
tion about a foot above a table, on which
Is laid' a sheet of white paper to reflect
the light upward. The. solution Is applied
to the necessary spot by means of a small
brush. To prevent spreading. It Is th'ck
ened by the addition of a little ordinary
Local reduction may also be done by
taking a small pi'cs of canton flannel or
cotton wool, dipping It In alcohol and nib
bing the p3t gently. This abrades the
film and In point of fact Is exactly simi
lar to sandpapering a piece of wocdi .-
Amcng minor troubles may bo Includ
ed small, transparent spots, wh.th slow
ery distinctly on the prlrts ss small
blick specki. They are taus d by p2r I
cles of dust on the film at the moment of
exposure or by nlrtcl-s on the fl'm dur
ing development. The remedy is to spot
each ho e with opaque water-color, appl cd
w.th the point of a fire brush or the p.'l.it
of a toothpick chewed soft and brush-like.
The film sometimes feels lough nfter U
Is dry. This Is due to the presence of sand
In the washing water. It can be avoided
by holding tne pla.e under the tap after
washing Is fln'shed, and going over th
film with a wad of cottcn wool cr the
pilm of the hand.
N-te Four e y att-a-tlve Illustrated
sttdles will folcv. The topes are: Tha
Composlton of a PI tuie.' 'Vortralture
at Hone," "Pho ographirg Interiors," a d
Annual Report of the Retiring Presi
dent, H. D. Miller.
SALEM, April It The annual rerort of
H. B. Miller, as president of the State
Board of Horticulture, was filed In the
Governor's office today. It Is as follows:
"This state contains many hundred old
orchards, motlly small home places, the
fruit from which has been used for home
consumption and local markets. Since
peots and diseases have been Increasing,
these orchards have been neglected, and
as the soil Is being drained of its fertl.lty
mcun of the old places have become little
else than breeding places for insects and
fungi, that endanger any commercial or
well-kept orchard In their vicinity. The
fruit from most of these unkept trees Is of
little value even for home consumption,
excepting cherries, and where these old
trees have been found Infected. In prox
imity to clean orchards, the commission
ers have enforced the law, and had them
cleaned or taken out entirely.
"From now on a more vigorous policy
must be pursued, and all unkept places
must be trimmed and kept clean, or taken
"Several nurseries were In bad condition,
being Infected with Canker, scale and
aphis. Some have fceen condemned and
cleaned by burning, and all diseased places
have been cleansed and put In good shape,
and others have cleaned up and retired
from the business.
"The -low price at which nursery stock
had been selling made the business un
profitable and moro than rialf the people
engaged in this work have retired during
the past few years.
"The past year has seen a very health
revival of the nursery business, and good,
clean stock, up to date In varetles. has
been In good demand, at fair pries p. Wash
ington. Idaho, Montana and California
have been buying largely of (Oregon nur
serymen during the past year, "and some
shipments have been made to the Orient.
"The worst difficulty found with nursery
stock was that much of It was Infested
with canker, without the knowledge of the
nurseryman. By tracing up the disease
found In many young .orchards. It wai
discovered that many young Apple trees
had become Infested while m the nursery,
sometimes coming from cuttings, but gen
eraly from cankered trees In the vicinity
of the nursery. As the spore? are blowri
about, and can be carried as far as halt
a mile, and perhaps more. It Is of the ut
most Importance that all old trees near
to nurseries should be carefully sprayed
and the disease killed.
"This disease has been widely distributed
throughout the state, and In all parts ot
Western Oregon Its growth Is so rap d as
to endanger the success of apple growing.
It seems to thrive equally well In all parts
of Western Oregon. In Eastern Oregon,
in the drier regions, it does not seem .to
be so Injurious; but as it Is found doing
well .In the vicinity of the Umber line of
Eastern Washington, there is danger of Its
extending over Eastern Oregon.
"Professor A. B. Cordley, of the Oregon
Experiment Station, has been doing some
valuable work for the state In connection
with this pest, and In his further re
searches will no doubt find an efficient
method of mastering it. For the present,
the most Important work is to keep It out
ot the nursery stock.
San Jose Scale,
"This Insect Is to be found now In al
most every orchard section of this state,
and In many places Is doing serious dam
age, having In some places entirely ruined
good orchards In two years from Its first
"It Is to be found generally In most of
the towns, where It attacks not only fruit
trees and berry bushes, but ornamental
trees and shrubbery as welL
"Much good has been done by the Com
missioners this year la enforcing regula
tions In regard to spraying In the door
yards of the principal cities and towns. A
continued and more rigid enforcement ot
these regulations will no doubt be neces
sary In the future.
"Recent reports from Jackson County
report that some enemy of-the scale Is de
stroying It In that section, and orchardlsts
are encouraged with the hope that this
pest may be held In check.
"Tho most successful method of combat
ting Insects la by the Introduction ot ef-
ficlent enemies, and much good work might
be done In this way if funds were" provided
for the purpose. '
"The attention of the State Entomolo
gist, Professor A. R. Cordley. has been
called to this condition of destruction go
ing on In Jackson County amongst the
scale. In the hope that if tho enemy is
discovered. It may be Introduced Into other
portions of the state where the scale is
doing Its deadly work.
Condemnation of Frmlt.
! 'flcale, scab and codlin moth hare be
come so common in most parts of the
state that clean fruit can no longer be
grown without proper spraying. During
the past year fruit was so scarce tnat n
thorough execution of the law regarding
selling diseased fruit for home use would
have prevented many peoplu from getting
any fruit for family use; and for that
reason the law was not strictly enforced,
excepting with scaly fruit. It was the
Intention of the board during the coming
year to enforce the law In every respect
regarding wormy and diseased fruit, and
growers bringing this kind ot product to
the market will find It condemned and
"In this connection I wish to report
that good success In keeping the coJI'.n
moth In check has been achieved In many
large commercial orchards, where not to
exceed S per cent of the fruit has been
damaged. It has been accomplished, how
ever, by the closest attention as to time,
method and thoroughness of spraying,
usually five sprayings being required.
"Success in this work Is only to.be se
cured by the most minute thoroughness
in the application of the spray, and .i
certainty of the purity of the material
used. Hundreds of failure In spraying are
reported to the board, but in every case
examined the cause was found either In
Impure materials, not a sufficient number
of applications, or general carelessness In
methods of application.
"Inasmuch as diseased and wormy fruit
will not be allowed sold, even In local
markets. It Is quite Important that grow,
era should understand this, and be gov
erned accordingly. The board has, there
fore, constantly notified the public
through the press of Its Intention to strict.
ly enforce every feature of the law regard.
Ing the selling of fruit. ' -
"It is very gratifying to learn, from
the reports of the various CommlsslcnorJ
and quarantine officer of the port, that the
dealers In fruit are heartily In accord witt
the law which prohibits the sale of all
Infected, wormy or diseased fruit; .and'
will g!e every assistance In carrying out
the provisions of this law.
"And In this connection I would surges!
that the fruitgrowers ot this stats urg
upon the Legislature the necessity for a
small appropriation for the lmporta Ion
of beneficial Insects, the value of which
cannot be overestimated. Our neighbor
ing state, to the south, has expended thou
sands of dollars In this line, with mcel
beneficial results, and we could casll)
profit by this experience.
"The board has earnestly endeavored to
enforce the law regarding the sale of im
pure and adulterated materials for sprays.
So far there has not been much good ac
complished because of carelessness on the
part of growers. Law cannot be made
effective to protect people who do not
want protection, and until those who use
this material feel the necessity for the
execution of the law. the work of the
board will not be successful in that direc
tion. "A great many of the disappointments
In spraying come from adulterated ma
terials. This Is especially true of parts
green and blue vitriol, and every orchard
Is t should be sure that he Is not being
defrauded In these po'sons.
"The work of the board for the year
has not been as effective as a whole as
I had hoped. The Individual work of the
Commissioners has been earnest and
faithful, and the improved condition of
horticulture In the state is due to the
generous work and real sacrifices of the
members of the board. Each member Is
an enthusiastic rrultgrower. well quali
fied by knowledge and Inclination for the
position, and I am sure that no better
work could be done by any other body
of men with an equal amount of money
at their command.
"The work of the secretary. Mr. H. E.
Dosch. has been painstaking, efficient and
effective, and his generous services for
the public In, this position are deserving
of the highest commendation.
"The active Interest In the work of tho
board by all persons connected with it
indicates that valuable services are being
performed. The vast amount of Inquiry
coming to all the Commissioners from all
sections of the state, the renewed and
continued Interest In the board's activi
ties by the fruitgrowers, gives assurance.
vt. mmc m nic iaw iu general support
in Its execution.
"The appointment of so earnest, capa
ble and extensive a fruitgrower as Hon.
E. L. Smith as my successor gives as
surance of continued and more effective
ness of the work."
BIO MIMXG CORPORATION.
Capitalised at 730,000,000. and Will
Operate In British Colombia.
SPOKANE. Wash, April It The
Chronicle this afternoon announced the
formation of the biggest mining company
operating in the Northwest, and one of
the most gigantic mining schemes over
formed. It is the King Solomon Mining
Company, headed by James B. Town
send, of Lima. O., receiver of the Do
trolt & Lima railroad. It has been capi
talized at $30,000,000, and has secured hun
dreds of claims for two and a half miles
along Lake Kootenay, near Alnswortlf, B.
C. Including the town of Woodbury, and
all the property formerly owned by the
Canadian Pacific Mining & Milling Com
pany. Work will commence on the min
ing property In May. Half a million dol
lars will be expended this season. Im
provements will Include the establish
ment of a smelter, chemical works and a
complete system of power drills. A mam
moth water-power plant will be con
structed, that will furnish power for tho
entire district. The transfer of stock from
the wld Canadian Pacific Mining & Mill
ing Company to the new King Solomon
Mining Company Is now in progress. The
stockholders Include men worth millions
In New York.
t s i
RESCINDED RECENT RULES.
Southern Pacific Drops Employes
Insurance and Age Limit.
The Southern Pacific Company has re
scinded its rules in regard to insuring
Its employes, and of men making ap
plication for work In Portland. The rea
son given Is that the new regulations
caused a good deal of dissatisfaction
among the engineers, firemen' and me
chanics, and that a good many desirable
men had been barred out by the 45-year
limit. The rules were In force Just one
month, but even those who signed the
applications nave been released, and all
deductions for pay In connection with tha
Insurance are to be refunded.
Quite a number of old men who are
known to be good workers were refused
employment under the workings of the
system, but these will now be taken on,
much to their satisfaction. The way some
of these old fellows "kicked" was quite
amusing, and a number of them called on
a down-town agent in a body and offered
to meet a like number of young men be
tween 25 and 3S years of age. on a given
piece of railroad grading. This brought
out the statement on the part of a well
known contractor that he would rather
have a gang of old men than one com
posed of young ones. Quite a number of
hands are needed by the Southern Pa
cific on Its various lines and branches in
William Craawel'. who worked In the
timber for Proctor & Beer's sawmill, at
Pleasant Home, yesterday met with a se
vere accident, and was brought to the city
, for tr.a'ment. He wrs handling legs and
urrag an u. xne ax gixnceo, sxr.King mm
on the front part of fcli left leg. be.wecn
the arkle and knee, cutting ints the bone
and severing the muse'es of the leg. He
was taken to Qriham first, but the physl.
c'ans there advised that he be brought to
Frost Hart Early Primes.
HILLSBORO. Or., Aprt: li-Orchardlsti
In many localities report that ths prunes
have been very much Injured by the-re-cent
frosts. The blossoms are falling In
exposed places, and the early bearing
trees will afford but a slight yield. Apples
do not appear to be injured.
EUROPEAN FLOUR CARGOES
BERWICKSHIRE CARRIES THE
FIFTH FOR THE 8EASOX.
Three Others Have Sailed for the
Cape Scarcity of Sailors
The first flour carro which has left
Portland for Europe this year was cleared
at the custom-house yesterday by the
Portland Flouring Mills Company for
Queenstown or Falmouth for orders. The
vessel carrying It was the smallest craft
that has figured with the 1839-1900 grain
fleet. It was the diminutive Berwickshire,
and she has aboard 16.422V4 barrels, valued
at H2.KX1. While this Is the first Euro
pean flour cargo of the year, there have
been four others since the opening of the
season last July, the other vessels clear
ing with flour cargoes being the Forfar
shire and the Arctic Stream, In Novem
ber, with 22.S5S and 27,211 barrels, respect
ively, and the Alclnous and Kirkcudbright
shire, In December, with 17,230 and 26.43C
In addition to these cargoes, the Powys
Castle and the Lorton each carried full
cargoes of flour to South Africa, and tho
Macduff carried a part cargo for the same
port. The demands of the Orient have
grown to such proportions that the mills
In the Northwest are kept pretty busy
grinding cargoes "for that country, so
there Is but little flour to be shipped
around the Horn to Europe.
WHY SAILORS DESERT.
"All Work and Vo Play Offers 5omo
The William Law, ThornUebonk and
Berwickshire are stl'l in the stream wait
ing for sailors. The Law has the nearest
to a full crew, lacking but cne man. With
a scarcity or labor on shcre In a glorious
country like Oregon, It Is but natural
that Jack Tar should find shore life more
attractive than that on the rolling deep.
The treatment which is accorded some of
the men before the mast, however, is r.ot
calculated to render their ship life any
more attractive than It should be. Lost
Sunday, while crowds of people were out
enJoIng the bright sunshine and mak
ing the most of the day of rest, the sec
ond mate nnd apprentice boys on one of
the ships in port were kept at work all
day. While they were busily engaged In
pointing, chipping rust, etc. a delegation
of apprentice boys from some of the
other ships In port lined up on the dock
above them and sang. "nule. Britannia!
Britons never will be slaves!" Tho hard
worked sailors saw the point of the Joke,
but did not appreciate It, and the general
opinion of the outside public was to the
effect that If the mistreated sailors did not
run away from their ship they were hard
ly worthy of the flag they were sailing
The theoretical but Impracticable plans
for handling the sailor question which are
evolved by well-meaning people generally
provide for the sailor going up to the
"onsul's office and shipping himself. The
boarding-house men of this city have a
reputation as hustlers In their peculiar
line, which Is not limited to this state
or coast, and when their most strenuous
efforts fall to secure crews promptly, the
delay due to waiting for the sailor to come
around himself and be shipped would be
too great to be considered.
OX A TRIAL TRIP.
D. P. Jt A.X. Co.'n KeiT Steamer Re
liance on Her First Rnn.
The new steamer Reliance, owned by The
Dalles, Portland & Astoria Navigation
Company, started out on her trial trip yes
terday morning from Supple's shipyard, oa
the East Side. Captain Johnson was in
command: A. Andrews was engineer. The
company was represented by Hugh Glenn,
president, and W. C. Allaway, manager.
Others aboard were: J. T. Peters, E. M.
Williams, L. E. Crowe, S. L. Brooks. J.
P. Mclnerny, John Fleming. Joseph -Supple
(builder). Thomas F. Strong and F. J.
Smith. It was the Intention to make the
run to Kalama and return, but when near
St, Johns the high-pressure engine was
disabled, and It was necessary to return
to Portland. The cylinders were discon
nected and the boat brought back with
one cylinder. The steamer, while running
to St, Johns, made excellent speed. The
machinery was working smoothly, and a
successful trip was In prospect when the
slight accident happened. Another trial
trip will be undertaken today. The steam
er will leave at 10. o'clock this morning.
To Launch the KvlchaU.
The fine freight steamer Kvlchak. built
by the Wolff & Zwlcker Iron works for
the Alaska Commercial Company, will b
launched from the ways at the shipyard
Saturday afternoon at 2 o'clock. She will
be the largest vessel ever launched In
Portland, and It Is expected that a large
crowd will witness her plunge Into the
river. It will be Impossible to admit the
public to the shipyard, but a fine view
of the launching may be had from East
Water street, which Is large enough to
hold half the population of Portland.
Monmouthshire's Quick Trip.
The Oriental liner Monmouthshire made
& good beginning for her first voyage under
her new master. She left Portland about
S o'c'ock yesterday momlng, and at 12:15
anchored at Astoria, She is having very
good dispatch this trip. After being de
layed at quarantine she come to Portland
and discharged an unusually large Inward
freight, loaded outward, and was back to
Astoria Just eight days after entering the
Steamer Lamina Ashore.
TILLAMOOK. Or., April 11. The steam
er Laguna, from San Francisco, went
ashore this morning north of Tillamook
bar, not far from where the lumber
schooner LUa and Mattle now lies
wrecked. It la expected that the Laguna
wCI come off at high tide this evening,
although some fear that she will not be
able to get off without assistance.
The Asptee Released.
ASTORIA. April 12. The British ship
Asplce, that arrived In port on Monday
from Honolulu, was released from quar
antine this morning, and will leave up
the river as soon as a tug shall arrive
for her. There is no sickness on board
of her, nor has there been since she left
The steamship Belgian King sailed from
San Francisco for Portland Wednesday
evening, and is due tomorrow.
Superintendent Conway, of the O. R. &
N. water lines. Is at Rlparla looking after
the interests of the river fleet which hoi
headquarters' at that point.
The steamer Ocklaharoa left down last
evening, and will start back from Astoria
this momlng with the British ship Asplce,
which has been released from .quarantine.
The May FUnt, which lost a good grain
charter by late arrival, and then took a
cargo of coal to San Francisco. Is re
ported to be under charter for two more
trips in the coast coal trade.
The steamship Duke of Fife, which
sailed from the Sound for the Orient
last week, carried a cargo of flour that
would have done credit to Portland. The
total amount for the different ports was
Domestic and Forcljrn Ports.
ASTORIA, April 12. Sailed Brifsh ships
Poseidon and Isle of Arran. for Queens
town or Falmouth for orders; United
States steamer Manzanlta, for Coos Bay.
Arrived down Steamer Monmouthshire.
Outside at S P. M. Square-rigger in bal
1 VsHlff ilUtW.-gk, '
last. Condition ot the bar at ST. ..
smooth; weather, clear; wind, south.
San Pedro, April 12. Sailed Schooner
Fannie Adele, for Gray's Harbor.
New- Tork. April It Arrived Werra,
from Genoa; Lahn, from Bremen and
Naples. April 12. Arrived Alter, from
New Tork for Genoa,
Liverpool, April 12. Arrived Corinthian,
from Boston; Belgenland. from Philadel
phia. Tokohama Sailed April 11 Olympla,
from Hong Kong for Tacoma.
San Diego Arrived April 10 British
steamer Robert Adamson. from Nanalmo.
Runcorn Arrived April 10 British ship
Comllebank, from Oregon.
Yokohama Sailed April -British ship
Sr, MIrren. for Oregon.
Antwerp Arrived April 10 British ship
Manchester, from Tacoma:
San Francisco, April 12. Arrived
Steamer Queen, from Victoria. Sailed
Steamer Reporter, for Cook Inlet.
Queenstown, April 12. Sal'ed Teu'orlc
from Liverpool, for New Ycrk.
Liverpool, April 12. Sailed New Eng
land, for Boston: Taurlc, for New Tork.
Hoqulam Arrived April 11 Schooner La
Glronde. from San Pedro for Hoqulam.
New Tork. April 12. Sa.led Hlspanla.
for Marseilles; L'AquItaln, for Havre;
Kaiser Frtederlck. for Hamburg.
April E. 28:20 north. 23 west, British ship
Ben Lee. from Shields for Santa Rosalia.
April 7. 26:21 north. 23 west, British ship
Deccan. from Hamburg for Oregon. Feb
ruary 27, 1 south, 2S west, British ship
Port Caledonia, from Hamburg for Santa
CHANGED OLYMPIC RESERVE
The Land Excluded Proclamation
Ready for the President.
WASHINGTON, April 7. The townships
and sections that are included In the ex
clusions from the Olympic foreit resjrve.
In Clallam County. In the State of Wash
ington, are as follows:
T. 2S. R. 13, 14 and 15 W.; sec'lons 1 to
IS Inclusive. T. 23. R. 3 W.: sec.lors 1 to
IS Inclusive.. T. 23, R. 4; secfons 1 to 13
Inclusive, T. 29, R, E; aevCons 4, E, 6, 7 and
8, T. 19. R. 12; all of T. 23. R. 13, exc:pt
sections 13. 23, 24. 25 nnd 16: all of T. 29.
R. 14 and 15; sections 1 to 12 Inclusive. T.
3. R. 3; sections, 27, 2S, 29, 10. 31, 32. 33
and 34. of T. 30. R. 10 W.; s.ctions 15 to
36 Inclusive of T. 30, R. 11; sections If
to 3C inclusive, or T. 30, R. 12; T. 30. R. 13.
14 and 15.
The proclamation excluding these lands,
aggregating a grand total of 297,000 acres,
has not yet been signed, although It ha
been prepared. Action as regards Clal
lam County Is being delayed by the fai'ure
ot the Department to act in Jeffersoi
County. When further reports are re
ceived from Jefferson County the procla
mation will bo signed.
Of the 297.000 acres excluded from the
reserve In Clallam County. 47,438 acres are
state and schosl land, 53,120 are home
stead entries not yet proved up, SS,75
acres are lands on which final rights or
patents havo Issued, making a total of
While settlers lnslde the reserve were
Isolated by the forest reserve blanket
they had the right to select lands else
where, but were not allowed payment
for Imorovcmcnts. To remedy this de
fect. Congressman Jones has Introduced
a bill to compensate settlers for Improve
ments In cases where their lands are not
removed from the reserve.
From the first Senator Foster has urged
upon the Interior Department the question
of tne right of Congress practically to
confiscate vested property rights by iso
lating a settler inside a forest reserve
without offering any compensation for
such practical confiscation. Indeed, It has
bscn held, at times, that such Isolation
and confiscation of property was uncon
stitutional. Primarily it was argued here
two years ago, when the law was ecac
ed. granting lieu lands for lands Isolated
Inside of a forest reserve, that the settler
was the man to be benefited.
ANOTHER TALK ON BIRDS.
Dr. W. R. Lord Making; Himself Pop
ular "With School Children.
Rev. Wll lam R. Lord addressed the pu
pils of the Brooklyn School yesterday
afternoon on "El di." The school was
separated into two dlrls'ons, primary and
grammar, and Mr. Lord first gave a half
hcur talk to the i miller pupils, after
wh ch he spoke more extensively to the
pupils of the gramrrar g ades. He has
the rare qua lty of be ng able to talk
Interestingly to children, and this was
evinced by the tapt atten ion accorded
him throughout his clever talk. In speak
ing to the younger pupils he ca'led atten
tion to the different varieties ot blrd3 In
the v.cln.ty of that schoolhcuse, and told
them personally to observe the appear
ance and habits of the blrds. Question
were then asked concerning these birds,
showing that his previous talk had an
effect, as many of the children were -acquainted
with some of the birds men
tioned. To the advanced pupils. Mr. Lord said
that the moment they became Interested
enough In birds to watch and study them
they would become their fr.ends, and th.n
he mentioned some varieties rarely seen
here. The call of these birds he imitated
In a peculiarly natural manner. He Cosed
with a story ot an unusual friendship
ex'stlng between a Portland-woman and
a cherry bird. The woman, he said, began
by throwing out crumbs to the tiny crea
ture, and gradua ly it became so tame
that it would eat out of her hand. Now
when she sits at work at her sewing ma
chine th s soc'able little fellow comes, ac
companied by many o h's friends, and
sits on the machine, talking to the' kind
woman in his twittering bird-tongue. Mr.
Lord then gave a description of these
birds, wh ch are supposed to be harmful
to the cherry tre-s, saj Ing that they d d
little harm to the trees and lived mostly
on worms. In the bird world, he said. In
c'oslng, the men drcreed much b.tter than
the women, and this was especially the
case with these birds.
These exercises were in place of the
u'.ual Arbor Day programme, and. the
ttachers think, will be productive of
good In teaching the children k ndness to
Enpt Side Notes.
Sam Penny, who has been driver of En
gine Company No. 7 for tho past .two
years, has tendered his resignation to
Chief Campbel'. Ore of the extramen was
detailed to take his place.
J. D. Lee. Supiilntsniont of the State
Pen'tectlary, will rsteln his re:Idence In
the Ninth Ward, where he l.vtd before
he moved to Salem. He came down to
register from that ward, and was over to
see his old friends.
General Summers Camp, of Alb'na. Ii
arrarging for a smoker next Monday
night at its quarters in the Manley build
ing. It is exprcted that delegate? from
all the other camps of the city will be
present at this gathering, and a good time
James Partlow. who lives on East
Twelfth street, says that he has found
a way to keep slugs away from plants.
He puts cabbage le.ves around the plant,
and then the slugs leave the p an.s alone.
The remedy Is s mple enough and costs
practically nothing, so that those having
plants may try the remedy.
Expensive Telcarrnph Tolls.
Telegraphing to distant parts of the
world is still an expensive business. The
rate per word for a message from San
Francisco to AucklandNew Zealand, for
example. Is 12 87. From New Tork to
Manila the rate Is 45. The charge Is
not always In ratio to the distance. The
rate from New Tork to some South Amer
ican or West Indian porta Is nearly 12
per word, but In reaching these points
the messages travel twice across the At
lantic. . ,. -taSti $ - Ate. i-:t.asfcyfrP - a
HARDWOODS OF OREGON
MAST USES TO WHICH THET MAT
Oak Makes Fine Furniture Timber
Wood That Is Good for Barrels
and Farm Implements.
Oregon white oak timber has come to
the front of recent years as material for
the construction of the better class of fur
niture, and the firms making use of It In
Portland consider It superior to the East
ern article, both In beauty and durabil
ity. When the same pains are taken in its
seasoning and finish. It takes on a gloss
fully equal to the best of the Eastern
hard woods. Bedroom sets, chiffoniers, of
fice desks, picture frames, ete, are now
made of Oregon oak in the furniture fac
tories of Portland, and are often gHea
preference over the fancy grades of im
The oak of the Pacific Slope does not
grow so tall nor so straight as that of the
Southern States, and so cannot be used
extensively In the manufacture rf large
barrel staves, though beer kegs are often
made of It, as oak logs of the length re
quired may be found, from which the
staves can be split. The most use which
coopers make of Oregon oak is that ot bar
rel hoops, which are formed of the youngc
growth of oak saplings. These hoops are
used In the manufacture of hogshead",
where stout bands are necessary to protect
the Iron hoops from violent contact In
shipment by rail or by sea. Salmon bar
rels and barrels enclosing horse meat are
often encircled with oak hoops. In addi
tion to the iron ones, which keep thj
staves together more rlg'dly, though in
capable of standtng the Jar of heavy
bodies in transit.
Furniture dealers who use Oregon oak
largely, usually subject the logs to about
six months' open-air seasoning after th?
trees are cut down; then the timbers ar
squared and placed In the dryhouse. where
a tnoroush artificial seasoning renders the
wood proof against further shrirkate after
it nas Deen made Into modern furniture.
"The quarter-sawn oak 1 the prettiest
timber used In the manufacture-of furni
ture." a prominent furniture man ead
yesterday. "By quarter-sawn Is meant the
process of sawing the logs Into quarters,
as you would quarter an apple, and then
the boards are sawn from these divisions.
The fine grain of the wood Is thus brought
out. as In that extension table," and, sure
enough, nothing In the black walnut or
even the old-style mahogany cou'd be
prettier. The table was of elegant manu
facture, and might have parsed for the
output of the best Eastern factories If he
had said so.
A great deal of the Oregon oak has
been ruthlessly destroyed for fuel wlth'n
the past half century, but the supply Is
by no means exhausted, according to a
man Interested In bringing oak logs to
Portland. He says there U no particular
belt of oak timber In any section, but
that the trees are scattered with a lavish
hand all over the country west of the
Cascade Mountains. The valley bottoms
and the low foothills yet bear an abun
dance of oak timber, and the fact that
It Is worth 320 t a 122 per 1000 In Port
land has rather Interfered with Its further
use sfs fuel. Most of the oak now used
for firewood Is of second growth, and
comes In the form of saplings, which have
sprung up in the rich bottoms within the
past 40 or 50 years. The removal of thesi
saplings serve a double purpose of clear
ing the lands and of enabling farm hands
to earn their wages In rainy season, when
woodcutting Is the only outdoor buslncsi
that can be followed. Among the other
uses for Oregon oak, ship's knees are men
tioned, and many of these find their way
to Portland shipyards in the course of a
year. Ax-handles, whlffte-trces, plough,
beams, wagon-tongues, etc. are often
made of native oak, but Its use has not yet
Ash and maple are Oregon hardwoods
used In the manufacture of furniture, and
the demand for these woods grows from
year to year. The supply Is considered
abundant for a long time to come, al
though furniture factories which use na
tive hardwoods exclusively are constantly
Increasing In number.
Local coopers use fir and spruce in lieu
of oak In the manufacture of the larger
barrels. The fir Is drawn on for packing
fish, and other products whose flavor Is
not affected by the wood. For such article I
as butter and milk, the spruce barrel Is
the favorite, as the wood Is white, clear
and tasteless. Tho supply of fir and spruct
Is practically 'nexhnustlble.
' Hardman Pianos. Wiley B. Allen Co.
A MOTHER'S MERCY
Always Anxloiu (o Save the Little Ones
Lack of Proper Care In Childhood
Lays the Foundation for Habitual
Constipation. Caaslnir Life-
Nothing so sweet and touching as a
mother's care for her little ones.
What a tender, watchful eye her anxiety
keeps on the young hopefuls!
In the young nearly all aliments are di
rectly traceable to st.mach and bowel
Jt-hyslc and purges are the most com
mon and most dangerous of all med'clnes.
Near.y all conta n opiates or mercurial
and othr mineral poisons, which perma
nently affect the tender bones and tissues
of the cluld.
Ths only proper laxative for n chl'd Is
a gen.le, poilthe egetable liver stimu
lant, like C'ascarets Landy Cathartic For
the babe-ln-ams the mother cats a Cas
caret. It makes her m'lk mildly purga
tive, and be-efits the baby. Older chil
dren eat a piece of a Cascaret like can
dy. They taste good, make the liver live
ly, prevent sour stomapn, p-jtlfy the blood
and regulate the bowels perfectly.
Go buy and try Ca ca.ets today. It's
what they do. not what we say they do,
that proves their merit. All druggists. 10c,
2c or 50c or mailed for price. Send for
bovkl't and free tample. Address. Ster
ling Remedy Co.. Chicago; Montreal. Can.;
or New Tork.
This Is th CASCAKET tit
Every tablet of the only irenalnr
Cftsearets & the m?lc lttr
"CCCV Look at the tablet be ton
you buy. and bevare of fraui.
Imitations and substitutes:
Made of pure vlnrln rubber, are the
only kind that cushion the foot and
prevent the Jar of the body in walk
ing. They l:st you twice as long as
the Inferior qua 1 les. that cost you
Just as much. Therj is nothing like
O'SulIlvan's the heel that g.ves per
Any dealer will attach them to the
shoes you are now wearing for 50 cents.
We send a sample ralr for T5 cents to
any one who has difficulty in finding
O'SULLIYAN BROi, LOWELL, MASS.
BKtn FOR FRKK TRIAL BOTTLE.
SB, TAR B8CB. XXD. CO, 108 E. USth, X. T.
- " -.
Sfot a dark office In the bulldtnsi
absolutely flreproots electric lights
and artesian vrnteri perfect sanita
tion nnd thorough ventilation. Ele
rntors rnn day and night.
ANDERSON-. GUSTAV. Attoni"y-at-Law...eiJ
ASSOCIATED PRESS; E. L. Powell. MgT..S0
AUSTEN, F. C. Manager for Oregon and
"Washington Bankers Life Association, of
Dm Moines. la 502-.VX1
BANKERS' LIFE ASSOCIATION. OF DES
MOINES. IA.;F. C. Austen. Manager..502-50S
EEHNKE. H. W . Prln. Peraln Ehortband
School .... ..... ..............,11
BENJAMIN. R TV.. Dentist -...3U
BINStVANGER. DR. O. S.. Fhjrs. & Sur.-HO-Ul
BROOKE. DR, J. SI.. Fhjrs. Surg 708-700
BRUERE. DR. O. E.. PhSlclan....4.2-13-.H
BUSTEED. RICHARD. Agent Wilson & Mc-
C.illa Tobacco Co. C02-C0J
CAUKIN. G. E.. District Agent Traveler
Insurance Co. 71S
CARDWELU DR. J. R 308
CLARK. HAROLD. Dentist !
CLEM. E. A. & CO.. Mlnlns Prorertli.5I5-51
COLUMBIA TELEPHONE COMPANT
CORNELIUS. C W.. Phys. and Surgeon 208
COVER. F. C Cahler Equitable Life SC
COLLIER. F. F.. Publisher; S. P. McGulre.
Manager ............................ 415-418
3AY. J. a. A I. N 31
DAVIS. NAPOLEON. President Columbia
Telephone Co ... ......GOT
DICKSON. DR. J. F.. Physician 713-714
DRAKE. DR. II. B.. Physician 512-513-514
DUNHAM. MRS. GEO. A. 717
DT5TER. JOE. F. Tobaccos -03
EDITORIAL ROOMS Eighth floor
EQUITABLE Lin.ASSTT.ANCE SOCIETT:
L Samuel. Manager; F. C. Cover. Cashier .300
EVENING TELEGRAM 325 Alder street
FENTON. J. D..Phyplclan and Surgeon. 500-510
FENTON. DR. HICKS C Eye and Ear 311
FENTON. MATTHEW F.. Dentist 509
FIDELITY MtTUAL LIFE ASSOCIATION;
E. C. Stark. Manager 601
FRENCH SCHOOL for conversation): Dr.
A. Muszarelll. Manager 00
GALVANI. W. II.. Engineer and Draughts
GAVIN, A.. President Oregon Camera Club.
GEARY. DR. EDWARD P.. Physician and
GIESY. A. J.. Tbyplclan ard Surgeon. ..7C0-T10
GODDARD. E. C & CO.. Footwear
Ground Boor. 120 Sixth street
GOLDMAN. WILLIAM. Manager Manhattan
Life Insurance Co. of New York 200-210
GRANT. FRANK S.. ttomey-at-Law GIT
GRENIER. MISS BEATRICE. Dentist 70S
HAMMAM BATHS. King? A Compton. Prors.300
HAMMOND. A. B 31
HEIDINCER. GEO. A. A CO- Pianos and
Organ-i 131 Sixth street
HOLLISTER. DR. O. C. PhJ-n. A Sur..3O4-303
IDLEMAN, C. M.. Attorney-at-Law..41C-17-lS
JOHNSON. W. a - 315-3I0-31T
KADY. MARK T.. Manager FaclUe North
west Mutual Reserve rund Life Asso. .004-005
LAMONT, JOHN. Vice-President and Gen
eral Manager Columbia Telephone Co 608
LITTLEFIELD, H. R-. Phys. and Surgeon.. 208
MACRUM. W. S Sec Oregon Camera Club-214
MACKAY. DR. A. E.. Phys. and Surg. .711-712
MAXWELL. DR. W. E.. Thys. A Surg. .701-2-3
McCOY. NEWTON. Attorney-at-Law.....7I3
McFADEN. MISS IDA E.. Stenographer 201
McGINN, HENRY E-. Attoniey-at-Law.3tl-313
McKELL. T. J., Manufacturera" Representa
MILLER. DR. HERBERT C Dentist and
Oral Surgeon 00S-C03
MOBSMAN. DR. E. P.. Dentist 812-313-314
MANHATTAN LIFE INSURANCE CO.. of
New York: W. Goldman. Manager 209-210
McELROY, DR. J- G.. Phys. A Sur.7l-702-703
McFARLAND. E. B.. Secretary Columbia
Telephone Co. 90
McGUIRE. S. P.. Manager P. F. Collier.
MoKIM. MAURICE. Attorney-at-Law 500
MUTUAL LIFE INCURANCE CO.. of New
York: Wa. S. Pond. State Mgr.. 404-403-408
MUTUAL RESERVE TUND LIFE ASS'N.
M. T. Kady. Mgr. Pacific Northwest.. CO4-C05
NICHOLAS. HORACE B.. Attorney-at-Law.713
NILES. M. L. Cashier Manhattan Life In
surance Co.. of New York 20
OREGON INFIRMARY OF OSTEOPATHY:
Dr. L. B Smith. Osteopath 40S-4C9
OREGON CAMERA CLUB 214-215-210-211
PERNIN SHORTHAND SCHOOL; 1I. W
Behnke. Principal 211
POND. Wit. S.. State Manager Mutual Life
Ins. Co. of New York 404-400-408
PORTLAND EYE AN DEAR INFIRMARY.
Ground floor. 133 Sixth street
PORTLAND MINING & TRUST CO.; J. H.
Marshall. Manager 518
PORTLAND PRESS CLUB 714
PROTZMAN. EUGENE C.. Superintendent
Agencies Mutual Reserve Fund Life, of
New York -.-004
QUIMBY, L. P. W., Game and Forestry
Warden ............................. 710-717
REED A MALCOLM. Opticians. 133 Slxst street
REED. r. C, rish Commissioner... 407
RYAN. J. B.. Attorney-at-Law 411
SALISBURY, GEO. N., Section Director. U.
S. Weather Bureau 810
SAMUEL. L. Manager Equitable Ufa 304
SANDFORD, A. C A Co.. Publishers- Agts.513
SCRIBNER'S SONS. CHA5.. Publishers 513
SHERWOOD. J. W.. Deputy Supreme Com
mander, K-- O. T. M 517
SMITH. Dr. L. B.. Osteopath 40S-4JO
SONS OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION fM
STARK, E. C. Executive Special. Fldeflty
Mutual Life Association of Phlla.. Pa ...C01
STEEL. G. A.. Forest Inspector...... ....213
STUART. DELL. Attomey-at-Law.... C17-01S
STOLTE. DR. CHAS. E.. Dentist 7O4-70J
SURGEON OF THE S. P. RY. AND N. P.
TERMINAL CO. - 701
STROWBRIDGE. THOS. H.. Executive Spe
cial Agent Mutual Life, of New York 408
SUPERINTENDENT'S OFFICE 201
TUCKER. DR. GEO. F., Demist Cio-Ctl
U. S. WEATHER BUREAU 007-80S-900-010
" V. S. LIGHTHOUSE ENGINEERS. 13TH
DIST.. Captain Vf. C Langfitt, Corp-i of
Engineers. U. S. A. ..BOS
U. S ENGINEER OFFICE. niVER AND
HARBOR IMPROVEMENTS, Captain W.
C. Langfltt, Corps of Engineers. U. S. A..S18
WATERMAN. C. H., Cashier Mutual Life
of New York 408
WATKINS.MIS6 E. L. Purchasing Agency.719
WEATHERRED.MRS. EDYTH, Grand Sec
retary Native Daughters 718-717
WHITE. MISS L. E-. Aslstant Secretary
Oregon Camera Club 211
WILSON. DR. EDWARD N.. Phys. A Sur.304-3
WILSON. DR. GEO. P.. Phys. A Surg. 708-707
WILSON. DR. HOLT C. FbyB. A Sun? 307-3Ci
WILSON A MeCALLAY TOBACCO CO..
Richard Busteed. Agent G02-G03
WOOD. DR. W. L.. Physician 412-413-411
WILLAMETTE VALLEY TELEPIL CO.. .015
A few more eleennt offices mar be
had by opplytnfr to Portland Trnat
Company of OreRon, IOO Third l or
to the rent cleric In the bullillns-
MEN NO CURE.
NO PAY THfl
ANCEA positive way to perfect manhood.
Evrytttng else falls. The VACUUM TREAT
MENT CURES you without medicine of all
nervous or 3ljeajei of the generative organs,
ruca as lost -nanbood. exhausting drains, vari
cocele, hn potency, etc Men are quickly re
stored to perfect beaith and strength.
Writs for circulars. Correspondence confiden
tial. THE HEALTH APPLIANCE CO- rooms
47-48 Sate Deposit building. Seattle. Wash.
jimff 1 tfeS