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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
VOL. XL IsT0. 12,236.
PORTLAND, OREGON. THURSDAY, MARCH 1, 1900.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
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133 SIXTH STREET
RELIEF AT LAST
(toiler's Men Get Through
OFFICIAL NEWS IN LONDON
Garrison Was Apparently About
FORCED TO DRINK POLLUTED WATER
Hard Fighting: by the British Forces
Before the Goal "Was
LONDON, March 1, 9:52 A. M. The "War
Office has received the following dispatch
from General Buller:
"Lyttleton's Headquarters, March 1,
9:03, Morning. General Dundonald, with
the Natal Carbineers and a composite regi
ment, entered Ladysmith last night. The
country between me and Ladysmith Is re
ported clear of the enemy. I am moving
IS DESrERATE STRAITS.
IiRdysBiltk Could Xot Have Held Out
LONDON, March 1, 4:50 A M. General
Buller's tidings come weighted with his
long list of casualties. His losses in the
four attempts to get General "White out
Ladysmith was n Sesperate straits.
Charles "Williams, the military expert, says
he learns on very high authority presum
ably that of Lord "Wolseley. that "Gen
eral White's force was almost at its last
"This is not so much," says Mr. "Will
lams, "on account of any lack of provis
ions or of ammunition, neither of which
Is yet exhausted, as because of the poison
ous waters of the Klip River and the evil
effect of the heat on the terrain in which
the garrison must reside. Even those who
have escaped fever, dysentery and diar
rhoea are in a state of low'Vltallty. They
can still mar trenhe and would .prob
ably hold their own againsaJast desper
ate assault, but they can initiate nothing.
General Buller now knows that, as units,
the regiments will be of no use to him
for months. The water of Klip River Is
not available for drinking, and to boll It is
Impossible, because of the scarcity of fuel.
It Is thick with putrid animal matter. Tea
made of it has a suspended fiber, some
thing like beef tea. It is caused by the
sewage from the Boer camps."
Mr. WIH'ams adds that when news like
this passes under the thumb of the censor
It more than offsets whatever Jolly news
may be hellographed from Ladysmith.
There la no authoritative indication yet
of what Lord Roberta will 'do next. It
seems likely that a branch railway will
be built across the veldt to lessen the
difficulties of transportation. Golonel Glo
ruard, who built the Soudan Railway, is
with Lord Roberts. The strain on the
"Western Railway Is seen from the fact
that the population of Kimberley, two
weeks after the relief, continues on re
duced rations. Lord Roberts' troops thus
far have been only partially fed.
It Is quite clear to technical heads that
those ,o tr.l; of an Immediate and rapid
advance L nto the Free State do not
realize th transport conditions. The
Boers, as '. ow appears, have built a rail
way from Harrlsmlth to Kroomstadt to
facilitate the movement of their troops be
tween Natal and the Free State.
Mafeklng was holding out February 13.
At that time the Boons were showing un
usual activity and firing , ..lammable
The Boers who hold positions south of
the Orange River have been weakened.
Lieutenant Barentezen, writing on behalf
of himself and of other Scandinavian pris
oners, affirms that there are no mercen
aries in the Boer Army, and no volunteers
who receive a penny for their services.
The rapidly growing casualty lists ar
being classified as quickly as possible.
They show that up to this morning, the
total number of casualties was 11,834, of
which 2319 were added during the last fort
night. Ten of the 11 Scotch regiments
lost above 2050 men, and eight of the Irish
Regiments, 2000. Then comes the Glouces
ters and Northumberlands. while of
nearly 2000 Colonials the Royal Canadians
lost 121' and the Victoria Mourted contin
gent 26. The casualties are classified thus:
Killed 1933'Mtsslng 3173
Wounded 6S38Dlseaee S30
Gibson Bowles, Conservative member of
Parliament for Kings Lynn, who was
much struck by the statement of Cecil
Rhodes the other -ay that the profits of
the De Beers Company last year were
.2,000,000, and that there are diamonds In
, Kimberley now valued at 167,000, Intends
I to suggest to Mr. Balfour, First Lord of
the Treasury, that the rescued property
be distributed among the troops as sal
vage, or at least be applied to the relief
I of the widows and orphans of the fallen.
HOW CROXJE SURRENDERED.
Roberts' First "Words "Were a Com
pliment. PAARDEBERG. Tuesday. Feb. 27, Ma
juba Day, 3 A M. The British camp was
awakened by the continued rattle of rifle
fire at daybreak, and the news arrived I
that the Canadians, while building a trench I
quite close to the enemy, were fusilladed i
at a range of 50 yards. The Canadians gal
lantly worked forward, and occupied the
edge of the trenches along the river, en
tirely enfilading the Boers. This move
ment was followed by -a cessation of fire
except an occasional solitary shot.
Suddenly a regiment stationed on the
crest of a hill perceived a 7hite flag, and
burst into cheers, thus first announcing
the surrender of General Cronje. Shortly
afterward a note reached Lord Roberts,
bringing tidings of the Boers' uncondi
tional surrender. General Prettyman was
sent to accept the surrender.
At about 7 o'clock a small group of men
appeared in the distance crossing the
plains towards headquarters. The latter,
being apprised of General Cronje's ap
proach, Lord Roberts walked to the front
in the modest coat in which he sleeps, and
ordered a guard of the Seaforths to line
up. A group of horsemen then approached.
On General Prettyman's right rode an -el-J
derly man, clad In a rough, short over
coat, a wide-brimmed hat, ordinary tweed
trousers and brown shoes. It was the re
doubtable Cronje. His face was burned
alnfost black, and his curly beard wan
tinged with gray.
Lord Roberts walked to and fro In front
of his cart until the Boer General ar
rived, when the British commander ad
vanced gravely and kindly saluted the Boer
commander. Cronje's face was absolutely
Impassive, exhibiting no sign of his inner
feelings. Lord Roberts was surrounded by
his staff, when General Prettyman, ad
dressing the Field Marshal, said:
"Commandant Cronje, sir."
The Commandant touched his hat in sa
lute, and Lord Roberts saluted in return.
The whole group then dismounted, and
Lord Roberts stepped forward and shook
hands with the Boer Commander.
"You made a gallant defense, sir," was
the first salutation of Lord Roberts to
the Vanquished Boer leader. He. then mo
tioned General Cronje to a seat In a chair
which had been brought for his accom
modation, and the two officers conversed
through an Interpreter. General Cronje
afterward breakfasted with the British officers.
Canadians Avenged Majuba.
LONDON. March 1. A dispatch to the
Times, from Paardeberg, dated Tuesday,
"The performance of the Canadians un
der an absolutely withering fire, which
caused them to retire 50 yards until the
engineers had dug trenches, was splendid.
The dim moonlight and the cloudy sky
alone rendered the enemy's point-blank
fusllade Ineffective. The Canadians held
the position until dawn. The greatest ad
miration is -expressed for their valor, and
It Is felt that a new era has been opened
to the Empire, now that the Canadians
The Queen's Congratulations.
LONDON, Feb. 2S. In her dispatch to
Lord Roberts, following the announcement
of tho surrender of General Cronje, Her
"Accept for yourself and all under your
command my warmest congratulations on
this splendid news."
Lord Roberts replied:
"All under my command are deeply grate
ful for your Majesty's most gracious mes
sage. Congratulations from their Queen
are an honor the soldiers dearly prize."
IS THE BOER. CA3IP.
Free Sinters Overjoyed at Their De
liverance. LONDON, March 1. In a dispatch from
Paardeberg, dated Tuesday, February 27,
a staff correspondent says:
"On my first visit to General Cronje's
camp. I was admitted Inside, even before
the British guard. At every 10 paces I
came upon tho swollen carcasses of horses
or mules tainting the air. It seems im
possible that thousands could have en
dured such a frightful stench. The river
banks were honeycombed with trenches
such as had never been seen before in
warfare. These were really undergroud
dwellings. Unless a shell were to drop
straight down into ha opcnlrfg, It would
not reach the Interior.
"The Boers were lying or sitting on the
ground. Their faces were haggard and
wan. They said the, wavror -a drop of
spirits In the laager. Every countHiaaco
showed Joy at the end of the 'dreadful
siege. Some of them laughed and said
they hoped they would soon get whisky.
"Nearly all the Free Staters speke Eng
lish, but there was not a word about
fighting for liberty, the only expression
being those of joy over their present de
liverance. One man, shaking his fist in
the direction of General Cronje, ex
claimed: 'That man deserves to be shot.'
"Not a woman or child In the camp had
been hurt, except one girl, who showed
an Injured finger tip. There were heart
rending partings between several men and
their wives, and many of the women cried
bitterly. Several youths of 16 to IS years
of age were In tho camp. The Transvaal
ers appeared to have lost their former
He Thought Roberts "Was Headed for
PAARDEBERG, Monday, Feb. 26. Yes
terday was observed as a tacit armistice.
The Boers freely showed themselves to
the British troops. Our horses are now
thoroughly rested and full rationed.
This correspondent has conversed with
many Boer prisoners, both Free Staters
and Transvaalers. All seamed convinced
now that tho war must eri In a British
victory. They had never before believed
that the British would be able to advance
except by railways, and they had supposed
that the efforts to relieve Kimberley were
due to the necessity of securing the Klm-berley-Mafeklng
line, whence the advance
Into the heart of the Transvaal would be
easy. General Cronje, It appears, had
steadily refused to believe It possible that
tho British would make a long march
away from a railway, and, therefore, he
totally misconceived the object of tho
strategic movement of Lord Roberts, im
agining that it was merely a change of
direction in order to attack Magersfontein
by way of Jacobsdal.
All the prisoners seem equally con
clnved that when the British get to Pre
toria some foreign power will Intervene.
It becomes more evident dally that the
great necessity In the successful conduct
of the campaign of Lord Roberts' Is a
larger supply of horses.
There Was Xo Firing, hut 3Illltnry
LONDON, March L Winston Churchill,
in a dispatch from Colenso, dated Tuesday,
"The condition of the "wounded, who
were untended on the hillside Sunday, was
so painful that General Buller sent a flag
of truce to the enemy, and It was ar
ranged that throughout Sunday military
movements should continue on both sides,
but there should be no shooting. Thl3
truce terminated at dusk. The Boers
then resumed a furious musketry attack
on the British left- The attack was re
pulsed. Fighting continues vigorously. We
shall seo who can stand bucketing best,
the Briton or the Boer."
Mr. Churchill goes on to say that there
Is abundant proof of the Boers using a
largo proportion of illegal bullets, no
fewer than five different kinds of explod
ing or expanding bullets having been
found. He also asserts that the Boers
are employing armed Kaffirs, and he adds:
"I have always tried to be fair toward
tho Boers: but after making every allow
ance. It must be said that they show when
In stress a very daTk, cruel and vengeful
underside of character."
Gallantry of the Canadians.
LONDON, March 1. A dispatch to the
Morning Post from Paardeberg says:
"The Canadians were only prevented
from carrying General Cronje's laager at
the point of the bayonet by Imperative or
ders to the contrary. Their gallantry Is
the universal theme of conversation. We
captured '00 small arms. Our tremendous
she.l fire had scarcely any appreciable ef
fect on the Boer trenches. Their wounded
during the week numbered about SO. The
number of their dead we have not ascer
BY SMALL MAJORITY
House Passed the Puerto Rican
. Tariff Bill.
RESULT OF VOTE WAS 172 TO 161
Exciting Scene in the Chamber Ef
forts to Secure & Full Vote
on Both Sides.
WASHINGTON. Feb. 2S. The battle
royal over the Puerto RIcan tariff bill
ended In the House today In a' sweeping
victory for the Republicans. The bill
was amended as agreed upon at the con
ference of Republicans Monday night so
as to reduce the tariff from 23 to 15 per
cent of the American tariff, and limiting
Its life to two years, and was passed by
a vote of 172 yeas to 161 noes. Six Re
publicans, Crumpacker of Indiana, Fletch
er and Heatwole of Minnesota, Llttlefield
of Maine, Lorimer of Illinois, and McCall
of Massachusetts, voted with the opposi
tion against the bill, and four Democrats,
Davey and Meyer of Louisiana, De "vrles
of California, and Sibley of Pennsylvania,
voted with the Republicans for the bill.
In addition. Warner, Republican, of 1111.
nols, paired against the bill with Boutelle,
Republican, of Maine, for It. Two other
Republicans, Dane of Iowa and Farrls of
Indiana, were absent and unpaired- They
were understood to be against the bllL
Four Democrats who were opposed to the
bill, Fleming of Georgia, Small of North
Carolina, Smith of Kentucky, and Stalllngs
of Alabama, were absent and unpaired.
Herculean efforts had been made to get
out the full vote, and this led to some
remarkable Incidents. Six men were
brought from beds of-slckness. Two were
brought from hospitals. Brownlow ot
Tennessee was brought In a carriage, ac
companied by his wife and a physician. He
sat bundled up near the entrance until
his vote was given, and then withdrew. It
was felt that the strain would be severe
upon him, but when Tawney, the Republi
can whip, urged that the bill might "be
lost by this one vote, Brownlow said: "1
would rather lose my life than see this
Tawney and three assistants were out
in carriages until midnight last night ac
counting for every vote, and Underwood,
the Democratic whip, was similarly exert
ing every means to get out his vote. Three
Democrats were brought from sick beds.
The first test today was on a substitute
offered by McCall on behalf of the opposi
tion. It was the original Payne bill for
free trade with Puerto Rico, and was de
feated 1G0 to 174. Only five Republicans
voted for the substitute. Fletcher, Repub
lican, of Minnesota, who subsequently
voted to recommit and against the bill,
voted against the substitute. A motion to
recommit It, which followed, shared a sim
ilar fate, being lost 162 to 172. There was
great excitement throughout the roll
calls, which were followed with eager In
terest by thousands of spectators who
packed the galleries to suffocation. Thj
I fcUcmu indulged in !. denio tstca vi
ol wild jubilation when the final, result
The last day of the struggle opened at
11 o'clock with a very large attendance
in the galleries. The leaders on both sides
were actively' engaged in rallying their
forces and making computations upon the
.Inal vote, which was to be taken under
tue order at 3 o'clock.
Immediately after the reading of tho
journal the clerk began read.ng the bill
for amendment under the flve-mlnute rule.
When section 3 was reached, Payne (Rep.
N. Y.), chairman of the ways and means
committee, offered tho following substi
tute for that section:
"Sec. 3. That on and after the passage
of this act, all merchandise coming Into
the United 'States from Puerto Rico and
coming Into Puerto Rico from the United
States sha'l be entered at the several
ports of entry upon the payment of 15
per cent of the duties which were re
quired to be levied, collected and paid
upon like articles of merchandise import
ed from such countries, and In addition
thereto articles cf merchandise of Puerto
RIcan manufacture coming Into the United
States and withdrawn for consumption -or
sale upon payment of a tax equal to the
Internal revenue tax Imposed in the United
States upoi the like articles of merchan
dise of domestic manufacture, such tax
to be paid by internal revenue stamps
or stamps to be purchased and prov ded
for by the Commissioner of Internal Reve
nue at or most convenient to the port of
entry of said merchandise In the-United
States and "to be affixed under such regu
lations as the Commissioner of Internal
Revenue, with the approval of the Secre
tary of the Treasury, shall prescribe and
on aR articles of merchandise oZ United
States manufacture coming Into Puerto
Rico In addition to x the duty above pro
vided In payment of "a tax equal In Puerto
Rico upon like articles of Puerto RIcan
Berry (Dem. Ky.) said the amendment
proposed petty. Instead of grand, larceny
of the reople of Puerto Rico. He ridi
culed the laborious debate through whlcfc
the House had passed over the question
of what the "United States" meant under
the Constitution. If this country had been
called "Columbia" Instead of the "United
States" 1200 pages of the Congressional
Record could have been eliminated. No
one would have had the hardihood to con
tend then that the Constitution did not ex
tend over every foot of soil.
Do Armond (Dem. Mo.) called attention
to the peculiar language of the substitute.
Tho words, "coming Into the United
States," he said were plainly intended to
evade the Constitution.
Grow (Rep. Pa.), the venerable ex
Speaker of the House, and Graff (Jtep 111.)
spoke briefly In support of the bill. The
latter said his constituents expected him
to abide by the will of the majority of his
Bromwell (Rep. O.), who has hitherto
opposed the bill, after paying his respects
to some of his Ohio colleagues (Grosvenor
and Shattuc), said he was now convinced
that the Administration, which three
months ago demanded free trade for
Puerto Rico, now earnestly desired the
passage of the bill. It mattered little
whether ho returned to Congress, he said,
but It was of great Importance that tha
Republican party should remain In power.
His announcement that he decided to
stand by his party in the present emer
gency was greeted with applause.
Grosvenor (Rep. O.) said much of .the
opposition to the pending bill was due to
the fact that some mlsunderstod It. As
late as last Saturday night the editor of
a prominent Republican paper had made
the statement to him that the bill pro
posed that we should put our hands into
the pockets of starving Puerto RIcans
When he learned that all the money col
lected at both ends of the line went to the
Puerto RIcans, he was astonished. Payne's
nmendment was adopted without division.
Many members on both sides of the
House made brief flve-mlnute speeches,
explaining their position.
Richardson (Dem. Tenn.) read a com
munication from a delegation of Puerto
RIcans appealing for free trade.
Payne, in reply, said the gentlemen who
signed that communication were all direct
ly Interested In exporting sugar and to
bacco Into the United States.
Payne then offered the following ad
ditional section, agreed upon at the con
ference of Republicans Monday night:
"This act shall be taken and held to be
provisional in Its purposes and intended
to meet the pressing present need for
revenue for the Island of Puerto Rico, and
shall not continue In force after March 1,
Powers (Rep. Vt), who was tho author
of the amendment, supported it. His
objections to the bill concerned Its con
stitutionality and Its expediency. A case
was already in the courts involving tho
constitutionality, and this section would
make the measure temporary and pro
visional. It was, he understood, satisfac
tory to the President, and that being the
case, he was willing to give the amended
bill his support
Sibley (Dem. Pa.) announced his inten
tion of voting for the bill, saying:
"While we are debating the situation
the people of Puerto Rico are starving."
"Tho emergency," Interrupted Williams
(Dem. HI.), "is not in Puerto Rico, but in
the' policy of the Republican party."
Continuing, Sibley said that If It was
established that' every foot of territory
owned by the United States was on abso
lute equality, he was opposed to the whole
policy of expansion. If the Inhabitants
of the Philippines could compete with
American production and American labor,
he was willing to give the archipelago to
Aguinaldo. Sibley concluded with a
scathing characterization of his Demo
Tompkins (Rep. N. Y.), who was one
of the original Republican opponents of
the bill, announced briefly his reasons for
giving his support to the amended meas
ure. Hepburn (Rep. la.) said the treaty by
which Puerto Rico and the Philippines
became ours could never have been rati
fied without Democratic support, yet they
now contended that there is no power un
der the Constitution by -which American
labor can be protected against the com
petition of the pauper labor of 10,000,000
Carmack (Dem. Tenn.) suggested that
tho Democrats voted to ratify the treaty
because they believed in the assurance
of the Republicans, Hepburn among them,
that the Philippines were to be treated as
Cuba was to be treated that they were
to bo retained only temporarily.
Hopkins (Rep, III.) denied that anybody
speaking for the Republican party had
ever offered any such assurance.
Payne's amendment was then agreed to
without division, and he offered the follow
ing, to come In before the enacting clause:
"Whereas, The people of Puerto Rico
have been deprived of markets for a large
portion ot their products, and have lost
property and crops by severe and unusual
storms, when they are impoverished and
unable to pay Internal revenue and direct
"Whereas. Temporary revenue Is neces
sary for their schools, their roads and
their Internal Improvements, and the ad
ministration of their government; now,
Cummlngs (Dem. N. Y.) threw the House
Into a furor of excitement. He described
It to be the duty of every man In a great
crisis to rise above party and support the
Government, as he had done, during the
"I believe now wo should follow the lead
of the President," said he. emphatically,
"and I will vote for this bill." This state
ment electrified tho House. The Republi
cans without waltinr for him to finish his
sentence, rose en masse and cheered while
the Democrats sat stunned and dazed.
Cummlngs stood with arm upraised until
tho Republican applause ceased. "I will
vote for this bill," he continued, address
ing tho Republican 'side, "provided It Is
amended In accordance with the advice
of the President for absolute free trade
with Puerto Rico." It was now the turn
of tho Democrats to cheer, and for sev-
eral minutes they made the rafters ring.
The excitement and confusion Increased,
as the time for voting drew near. The
nrlVRtft irallPrV Of th 'Prx:frlnf,ci Vlnnon.
hold and the diplomatic gallery 'were also
well filled. Duke d'Arcos. the Snanlsh
Minister, was among those present.
Payne's preamble was adopted, 163 to
151, on a rising vote. Payne then offered
the last committee amendment to change
the letter of the bill so as to read "An Act
temporarily raising revenue for the Island
of Puerto Rico, and for other purposes."
Zenor (Dem. Ind.) and Jones (Dem. Va.)
were the last speakers, briefly opposing
At 3 o'clock tho committee rose and
Speaker Henderson resumed the chair.
McCall (Jtep. Mass.) then, on behalf of
the minority, offered as a substitute the
bill for free trade with Puerto Rico, orig
inally Introduced by Payne. The roll-call
, on It was followed with intense Interest.
Five Republicans voted with the Demo
crats, and four Democrats with the Re
publicans. The five Republicans were:
Heatwole (Minn.). Llttlefield (Me.). Lori
mer (Jll.), McCall (Mass.), and Crum
packer (Ind.). The four Democrats were:
Davey (La.). Meyer (La.), Sibley (Pa.),
and De "Vrles (Cal.). The substitute was
lost, 160 to 174.
The size of the majority against the
substitute was a gratifying surprise to
tho Republicans, and they applauded the
Richardson (Dem. Tenn.), the minority
leader, ,then moved to recommit tho bill
to the committee on ways and means, but
It was lost 162 to 172. On motion to re
commit. Fletcher (Rep. Minn.), who voted
with the Republicans on the substitute,
voted with the Democrats, and Splght
(Dem. Miss.), who failed to get In his
vote on tho substitute, voted for the mo
tion. The vote on the final passage of the bill
was 172 to 161. The announcement was
greeted with uproarious applause.
Hepburn (Rep. la.), after the confusion
had subsided, asked unanimous consent
that the Nicaragua Canal bill be consid
ered March 13.
"Does that take any account of the
treaty In the Senate?" asked Burton (Rep.
"I know nothing of the treaty," replied
"Then I object," exclaimed Burton.
At 4:40 P. M., the House adjourned.
Children Perished In a Sew
NEW YORK, Feb. 23. A fierce fire broke
out at midnight In a tenement at 1631
Third avenue. The police and firemen
made many thrilling rescues, and after
the fury of the flames had been spent
the bodies of three children were found 'n
the ruins. They were the children ot Ed
ward Friedner. who lived on the top floor
of the building.
A dozen or more people were rescued
m a semiconscious or unconscious condi
tion. Policeman Thomas Tra:y did valor
ous service, entering the burning build
ing repeatedly and finally dropp'ng on the
third floor, overcome by smoke. His com
rades carried him out unconscious, and he
was sent to the Presbyterian hospital. He
will recover. Another policeman carried
out a 5-year-old boy who was found al
most Apar on tho fhlril floor
PRESIDENT. DID IT
McKinley Responsible for Pas
sage of Tariff Bill.
THE OUTLOOK IN THE ' SENATE
Bill Will Probably Pass With. Soma
Amendments Movement to
WASHINGTON. Feb. 2S. The change of
attitude of the Admin'stration Is no doubt
responsible for the passage of the Puerto
RIcan tariff bill In the House. Had tha
President stood firmly by his message,
there are at least 50 Republicans who
never would have voted for the bill. The
majority was finally obtained by -the Jlat
footed assertions on the floor of the Efcmsa
and made directly to those who did not
want to put a tariff on Puerto lUcan
products, that the President wanted the
bill to pass.
There have been times when the outlook
In the Senate was against the passage of
the bill, but the fact that the Republican
party of the House Is committed for It will
mako It very difficult to defeat It In tha
Senate, and the probabilities are that, al
though there Is a great deal of dissatis
faction among Senators and many are
vigorously opposed to any tariff on Puerto
RIcan goods, the House bill will be amend
ed In tho Senate. No attempt will be
made to raise the duty to 25 per cent or
to change the provision limiting tho time
when the law shall cease to operate. This
was the concession that finally secured
enough votes to pass It In the House.
Those who want to put it through In tha
Senate are aware that any change may re
sult In defeat. There will be a very long
debate In the Senate and possibly the rea
sons why this tariff should be levied will
be brought out.
Every advocate of the tariff in the Houso
has declared that it was necessary to raise
revenue, but they have not explained why
this necessity has Increased since the Pres
ident's message or since Payne first In
troduced his free-trade bill In the Houso
and Foraker his free-trade bill In the
Senate. It was not until Oxnard and tha
4 representatives of protection, especially
the Connecticut tobacco growers, pre
sented their views to the committee that
the only method of raising revenue in
Puerto Rico was found to be by levying
Representative Tongue, In explaining his
change on the Puerto RIcan tariff bill,
says that after studying the question he
Is convinced that It is a wise measure. He
says the fact that all of the tariff col
lected Is to be devoted to Puerto RIcan
development, and the further fact that
the people of the Island will be exempt
from other taxation make It a Just meas
ure. He. however, would oppose a per
manent bill of this character, and want3
to see the tariff withdrawn at the end
of two years.
Other Republicans who were whipped
Into line are having a hard time trying
to eypia'r.,'thlr course tt wt ctii of
It by saying It wouid bo a harJ. thing
to defeat the party and Its leaders )m such
an Important measure because of their
personal and Individual opinions.
Move to Shelve Bryan.
A stronger move than has yet been mada
to secure some other person than Bryan
to lead the head of the Democratic ticket
Is now under way, and many leading Dem
ocrats, silver men, as well as those who
oppose free coinage, are Interested In It.
They have some doubts about succeeding.
The first move was to postpone the Dem
ocratic convention until July 4, which
frives them more time to orcanlze and
Bran mre Ime to.,make !t aParent '
e Is notl th available candidate. Tho
?'Cjh JJL " LS!? !S
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they have doubts whether anybody they
may nominate could succeed, but they be
lieve that the wreck of the Democratic
party could be avoided by naming some
other candidate. All of the old Cleve
land Democracy Is expected to join forces
In the movement, and the hope Is ex
pressed that a sufficient number of -delegates
can be obtained to prevent the nom
ination by two-thirds.
Bryan, as usual, having had some Ink
ling of the movement, has been making hl3
canvass for delegates throughout the East
and South In the hope of counteracting
anything that may have been done or is
proposed to be done In the future. Not
withstanding this tour of Bryan, a great
many of the leaders believe that they can
yet make a sufficiently strong showing
to force Bryan either to withdraw or
compel the Democratic convention to
break the old two-thirds' rule to nomi
Mantle Says Silver Is Bend.
Ex-Senator Lee Mantle, ot Montana,
who joined the Silver-Republican forces
In the campaign of 1S96, says In an Inter
view here that the Silver Republicans and
tho straight Republicans will work to
gether In the coming campaign in Mon
tana. The strong expansion feeling among
all classes In the State who havo begun
to feel the quickening of trade resulting
from Pacific business has resulted In mak
ing tho Republican party popular, and
Mantle predicts that the Democrats have
a chance of carrying only one Western
State Nevada. This once pronounced
silver man says: "Silver Is a dead Issue."
He says the Clark-Daly contest Is giv
ing the State a bad name, and a great
many reputable citizens desire to defeat
both factions and establish the fact that
money cannot control Its politics.
For Larger Alaska Mails.
The members of the Oregordelegatlon
today joined In a petition to the Postmaster-General
asking that the full al
lowance of mall be carried from Skagway
to Dawson at the contract rate of 700
pounds a week. At present the carrier
refuses to carry newspapers and second
class matter, and they Insist that If tho
letter mail does not aggregate 70 pounds,
he shall make up that amount with pa
The Washington Post, reviewing tho
coming Senatorial contests, has the fol
lowing: "Senator McBride, of Oregon, has also
some opposition. He Is now the head of
what are known as the Mitchell forces in
Oregon, although his gold-standard, pro
clivities make him stronger than Mitchell,
and he Is opposed by the anti-Mitchell fac
tion. Mr. McBride Is a candidate for re
election and thinks he will be returned."
Fate of the French Treat-.
The fate of the French reciprocity treaty
Is still very much in doubt, but the de
termination of Aldrlch and other mem
bers ot tthe finance committee to have It
referred to them Indicates that It cannot
be adopted without a very hard fight. The
opponents of the treaty say that it cannot
secure the necessary two-thirds to pass.
Sewer Pipe Trust.
NEW YORK, Feb. 28. The manufac
turers of sewer pipe from various parts of
the country, who have been at the Fifth
Avenue Hotel for more than a week, have
formed a combination taking In the ma
jority of the firms In the United States.
Tho capitalization of the new organiza
tion is 510,000.000.