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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 14, 1900)
THE MORNING OREGONIAN, WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 14, J900.
ALLISON AND JONES!
Spoke For and Against the Fi
JiAX OF THE-SENATE DEBATE
The iFermer Presented His Answers
' te the relHi Rained by '
WASHINGTON, Feb. 13. The financial
rtnin Jn the senate reached-, ite .climax
ttfttir Two. great speeches, one in favor
f Um pending senat substitute measure
mad the other In opposition to it, Were
fettvered. and both were listened to by
sonfctorc with close attention. The first
we delivered b Allison of Iowa, the
mntdng member of the ilnanoe committee.
Ba had been an attentive listener to the
speeches delivered on the other sideof the
chamber, and in the course ot nis argu
ment he presented his answers to the
jielnlr raised against the pending senate
hilt Jones of evada declared that the
MU was vicoy6 and unwarranted, con
farting too great power upon national
hanks, and fastening the country to- gold
standard. Tomorrow the senate will be
gin the consideration of the bill and
nnMiiMhmiiiH under the in-minute rule
THE DAY IN DETAIL.
Speeches of Allison and Jones in the
WASHINGTON. Feb IS The bill ap
propriating $lfiO,M9 for the enlargement of
the postoAce building at Portland. Or,
was pawed in the senate.
The financial bill was then laid before
the senate, and Allison (rep. la.) addressed
the aerate. He said he did not propose to
enter upon a general discussion of financial
questions when had been more or less
considered during the last five years. In
the pending measure it was proposed to
deal with the currencj question in a large
and general waj. Allison referred to the
senate substitute for the house bill and
said there ac no proposition to change
the existing currency gold and silver cer
tificate, greenbacks, treasury notes and
National bank notes.
"Under the blU." said Allison, "the
greenbacks cannot be retired I want to
ar that the retirement of the greenbacks
r any other part of our money should
never be attempted without the most
o&reful scrutiny and the msest considera
tion of the legislation pro ding for it."
In response to another question by Lind
say (dam. Ky.), Alteon said the green
backs under the provisions of the pend
ing bill practically would be gold certifi
cates, and he added "It is so no." Alli
son sold the bll did not provide for the
exchange of sliver notes for gold, because
the committee did not deem it necessary
The faith of the government had been
pledged to maintain them at a parity, and
that pledge had not been broken. We
would never disgrace and degrade our
selves by allowing them to go to a dis
count. "Is the silver dollar a dollar, or k it a
promise to pay a gold dollar?" asked Till
man (dent. S C).
"It te a dollar," replied Allison. "The
senator and I agree about that "
"But hew will a. silver dollar be kept
at par with gold unless jou redeem it in
How do you know the sun will shine
tomorrow V replied Allison. "One of -the
reasons in because it shone jesterday.
We will keep silver at par because we
have so kept it for 22 3 ears But in addi
tion we will strengthen the situation.
France and Germany kept a great mass of
idlver in circulation, but it Is not redeem
able In gold. The United States is the
vajtjr najHinry that redeems fractional sll-
TKe inwwrtntonn for the lesne of sliver cer
ttnoatan of $ and under, he said, had
been placed in the bill owing to the popu
lar demand for small bills. .
Allen (pop. Neb) interposed to say his
objection to the bill was that the whole
power to issue money would be. turned
over to the national banks.
Allison said that under the bill every
dollar of our currency would remain in
circulation. AJMeon, turning to the re
funding features of the bill, said it was
a propitious time to redeem the bonds due
In ISM, vm and tm The funding should
proceed gradually In order that there
might be no friction in the money market
"We could save $3,60,O0Q per annum by
funding the bonds now. We could not be
be charged with favoring national bands
when we compelled them to deposit 2 per
cent bonds instead of S or 4 per cents.
At the conclusion of Allison's speech,
Jones (all. Nev) continued the debate in
& speech strongly antagonistic to the pro
visions of the pending bill.
"ThU measure," said he, "Is the climax
of edCorts that have been made since 1S6S
to abolish the use of silver. It is certain
that there will be additional legislation pre
sented at some subsequent date to retire
the 9MC.M of greenbacks. The go'd
ntandard advocates know that it would
not do to attempt to carry through all
of their plane at once. That would be a
shock to the American people. There
will be also an effort in the near futuro
to retire the treasury notes. This will
afford the national banks an opportunity
to regulate the volume of money, save
only of geM and stiver coin. Thus an
aggregutlpn of private banking corpora
tlomt wW fecerctee the sovereign function
of leaning money instead of that function
being vested In the government alone "
Jones declared that the measure provided
clearly for a permanent increase in the
bonded debt of the country, and that It
Is a moiwtrou proposition that any ex
ecutive officer of the government should
have the power to bond the American
people. Jones declared that the result of
the authorisation of national banks to
Issue so great an amount of currency as
they would be able to issue bx the pro
visions af the pending otU would be to
place in the hands of the banks the credit
of the entire people, and the powerful In
terest of financial pressure and financial
stringency absolutely to bankrupt thou
sands of people by calling In loans in
the regular conduct of their banking busi
ness. In conclusion he advocated the issue of
a paper currency by the government alone.
This currency should be entirely Indepen
dent of gold, silver or anything else that
1 1111111111 great value. Such money, he
argued, regulated m amount, in accora
anee with the population of the country,
would be the best and steadiest ever seen
in the world.
The death of Representative Chtekering
was esmenweod. and the feqpwiag senators
were asttMiuted as a funeral committee:
Piatt, Maeon. Icott, Turner and Sullivan.
In. the House.
In the honee today, the joint resolution
Incgsnstng the lhn of cost of the sew
government printing office to fiK.009, en
account of the Increased cost of building
malarial, wan adopted. The bill to extend
the period of suspension of ecrtaln laws
relating to the war department for another
year from March I ww adopted.
Payne (rep, N. T ) then made announce
ment of Chickerteg'e death Resolutions
prepared by the New York delegat on were
read and a committee appointed to attend
the funeral. At 11 P M.. as a mark of
respect, the house' adjourned.
Bryan Consulted Geld Democrats.
KKV YORK, Feb. . A special to the
"HtaraM from Washington says'
Hr. Bryan did not coofioe fete consul
tatfi while In "Waahngton with the
rroo-ellrar democrats, but talked with
eomo f the shrewdest and most Influ
ential MMbers of the gold atesiari wing
of Om puty. It te kaowa that "be
belt a secret umforw wtth ex-Seaktor
0 1 lawn, mt ft wa attar afaouttng Wr.
gonrnmi tliat Mr. "Brjmi tepees boob
his friends the Importance of holding the r
convention at a date several weeks in ad
vance of the republican convention.
Notwithstanding the assertion b mem
bers of the democratic' national commit
tee that at a recent conference at Chi
cago It was decided to, hold the conven
tion in Milwaukee, "Wis., there seems, to
be a disposition to rescind that action.
Missouri representatives declare Kansas
City will wrest the prize from New York,
Milwaukee, Chicago ar any other city.
o i f
. BANKS AND BANKERS.
Senator Berrerldge Says Moneyed Men
Do Piot Conspire Aeainst
New York. At a meeting of the Bank
ers' Association, on "Wednesday night, Sen
ator Beeridge, of Indiana, defended the
bankers and others from attacks by poli
ticians. The keynote of his address was
"Harmony of Interest Among All Indus
tries." Mr. JJeveridge said:
"The great truth of the hour Is this
the real interest of every American citi
zen is the true interest of every other
American citizen; the ultimate good of any
class Is the final good of all If farmer,
manufacturer, artisan, carrier, banker and
all the elements with, whioh God has woven
the American nation can understand that
their interests are identical and npt an
tagonistic, the sovereignty of the republic
over the markets, mints and, mines of all
the world is no longer a prophecy, but, in
the very realization of that great truth,
becomes an. accomplished faot.
"And so. if the speech I utter to you to
night might not as appropriately be spok
en to the farmers of America, I should
refuse to speak to you. And any message
given to the laboring men of the nation
should be equally applicable to you, be
cause your Interests are the same. There
Is no class In the republic who deserve ex
"The occupation of demagogues today 1b
to divide the American people and to" set
brothers laboring In one calling against
brothers laboring in another. Of all of
these, the banks and bankers are the fa
vorite objects of perpetual attack. The
reason of this Is that the banking interests
of the nation are the natural objects of
the people's suspicion, because the banks
are the holders of the people's accumulated
wealth, and each depositor, forgetting his
Individual deposit, looks at the vast aggre
gation of deposits and thinks of that
massed and mighty bulk of wealth as the
property of the banks themselves. And
so the ear is credulous to the charge of
the Jack Cades of politics, that the banks
are unnaturally rich; that this enormous
wealth Is dishonest wealth, won by mys
terious and. wizard hands, won by grinding
the people, won by squeezing the juices out
of prosperous times until only the husk of
hard times is left for the maaes.
"All patriotic men should denounce that
slander. For there is no business so ut
terly dependent on the welfare of their
fellowmen as the business of the bankers
of the United, States. Banks have but two
sources- of profit Interest and exchange.
When times are good money Is In demand,
rates are high, exchange Is brisk, and
banks prosper precisely as the country
prospers. "When times are- bad, exchange
diminishes, loans are called In and all the
sources of Income dry up like the wither
ing roots of growing corn in a summer's
drought. "When do banks earn largest divi
dends? Exactly when the farmer gets
highest prices for his wheat; exactly when
the manufacturer sells most wares; ex
actly when the man who tolls with his
hardened hands Is rewarded with highest
wages. "When do bank dividends decrease
and finally fall? Exactly when the mer
chant dare not buy because he cannot sell;
when factory wheels are motionless and
factory fires are ashes; when the farmer
burns his corn for fuel; when the miner
starves at the mouth of the silent shaft;
when hunger sits at the table of toll.
"And it is as unthinkable that the banks
should destroy prosperity as that the hand
should pluck out the heart that supplies
J it with blood, or deny the sstem the food
uy v uiuii iiiuuu me ua-iiu can even live.
"The banks are not creators of wealth;
the government Is not the creator of
wealth. The people, the soil, the air, the
mines, the looms these are the creators
of wealth. The banks do not even own the
wealth they hold. They do not own them
selv es. The stockholders own them partly,
but the depositors own them under the ac
cumulating decisions more largely even
than the stockholders. So the demagogues'
statement that the banks own the coun
try Is merely a statement that the country
owns the banks. The real banker Is the
American people. The nominal banker,
from president to bookkeeper, is nothing
more than the telephone girl at the ex
change throughout the country, with the
central exchange here in New York; the
banking methods and devices are nothing
more, than the wires and transmitters and
receivers; the depositors are the subscrib
ers to the system, to serve whom it Is the
business of the whole machinery of finan
"The real prosperity of every lndiistry
and every calling rests on the prosperity
of every other Industry and calling In the
nation. "When we injure one we Injure alL
And so I plead for American fraternity. I
plead for American unity. I plead for a
permanent settlement of the questions
with which the mischievous ex and divide
us. The commerce of the far East needs
a common currency, and that need must
be supplied by the genius of American
bankers. No. man can enumerate the work
that calls us to Its doing over all the world.
To do It we need all our strength, all our
labor, all our capital, all our practical of
mind, all our exalted of soul. And so, I
propose the sentiment: 'The brotherhood
of American business, the fraternity of
American industry, and the mutual affec
tion of all American hearts to the end that
the American people may be prosperous
and powerful and the republic supreme
among the governments of man. "
MILLER'S BIG PROFITS.
Made One Million, Dollars Out of His
NEW YORK. Feb. 13. The Evening
World today says:
"Cecil Leslie, 'preSte agent" and employe
of the Miller E2Q-per-cent swindle, has
made a long confession to the Eenlng
World. Briefly epitomized, Leslie says:
" "The Franklin syndicate was a colossal
bunco game. Some of the men Interested
in the concern were formerly managers
of Lyons & Co , and the B. S. Dean Com
pany, in this city: which was run on simi
lar lines. Miller must have gathered at
least $1,000,000 out of the scheme, prob
Repeal of the Horton Loir.
NEW YORK, Feb. 13. It is expected the
bill repealing the Horton boxing law will
pass the assembly tomorrow, and that it
will pass the senate with equal facility.
The bill, as amended, sets the date of Its
becoming a law as September 1. It Is
believed that immediately upon the pas
sage of the bill the enemies of prizefight
ing will begin ,an agitation for the rigid
enforcement of the Horton law during the
remainder of its life, and thus seek to
prevent the Corbett-Jeffries battle. Strict
construction of the Horton law forbids
Skcl inc of the Subsidy Bill.
NEW YORK, Feb. 13. The Washington
correspondent of the World says there
is no hope of the passage of the Hanna
Payne shipping subsidy bill; that it is
doubtful if it ever emerges from the house
committee; that republican leaders, noting
the protests against the bill, have decided
that it would be good policy to shelve it.
Ainu Catt Succeeds Miss AntlionyV
WASHmGTON, Feb. 13. The National
Woman's Suffragist Association today
elected -Mrs. Carrie Chapman Catt, of
New York, president f er the ensuing year,
to succeed Miss Susan B. Anthony, who
A PRESENT FROM CLARK !
OXE OV THB SENATOR'S -STAXCH
STJPPORJTERS RECEIVED $5000,
Testified That He Received the Money
After the Election for His Serv
ices In the Contest.
"WASHINGTON, Feb. J3X The senate.
wiumiiieB on privileges ana elections to
day concluded its hearing-df Mr. Nelll,
In the Clark investigation, and algo heard
"William McDermott, another of the close
friends and stanch supporters of Senator
Clark In his contest for the. senate, be
fore the Montana Jeglsjature last win
ter. Probably the most Interesting testi
mony of the day was a statement made
by McDermott to the effect that Mr. Clark
had made him a present of $5000 after his
election to the senafe inpayment to Mc
Dermott for his services in the contest.
He also testified that he ad expended
about $22,000 in the legislative and sena
torial elections. The major portion of
this money had been received from Mr,
Clark's son, but the witness contended it
was all spent for legitimate purposes. Mr.
Nelll asserted that he spent only a limit
ed sum of money, and said that all he did
spend was his own. The only other wit-
Better Than a College
For the spring term of the Home Study Circle, "which is to begin
tomorrow, the contributors have been chosen "With reeard to their capa
bilities for dealing authoritatively with the subjects under dlscussalon.
The list includes, among others, Dr. Edward Everett Hale, Dr. Jesse
Macy, a recognized authority on political history; Dr. Thomas Marc
Parrott, of Princeton uniyersity; Professor Maurice' Francis Egan and
Isaac N. Demmon. The subjects of-study, which, have been chosen
with a special.reference to their timeliness, are of unusual interest. The
study of theTiistory of the American political parties m the year of
a presidential campaign "will be of obvious value. A series of lessons
in French will be presented for the many readers who hope to form
the acquaintance "with the literature of that language, or expect to put
their knowledge to practical use in visiting the Paris exposition. The
extraordinary discoveries recently made in the field of science will
form another course,, of peculiar interest at the present time. The
three very entertaining courses on "Golden Ages of Literature,"
"Photography for Amateurs" and "Biographical Studies for Girls,"
will be in the hands of recognized specialists.
ness of the day was a resident of Butte
named Jacobs, who stated that the prose
cution's witness, Cason, had told him that
he was getting money from the Daly peo
ple for his testimony adverse to Mr.
When the senate committee resumed its
session, J. S. M. Nelll, of Helena, who
was on the stand when the committee ad
journed yesterday, was recalled. He was
questioned closely by ex-Senator Ed
munds concerning the Impression Tetter
book from which he cut the copy of his
letter to T. J. Johns, of Lewlston. Mr.
Nelll said that he had cut the letter out
of the book Saturday last, and Monday
had expressed it to Helena. Mr. Edmunds
commented on the fact that the book had
been sent back on the very day that Mr.
Nelll wsa to go on the stand as signifi
cant. Mr. Nelll said he -would intercept
the book and bring it back, but that he
would not agree that the entire book
should undergo inspection. The witness
was cross-examined by Mr. Campbell.
"Did you do any work for Mr. Clark
during the last senatorial campaign In
"I did all 1 could In my paper and oth
erwise In a legitimate way."
"Did you spend any money in either the
legislative campaign or tHe senatorial
contest before the legislature?" v
"Yes, but it was my -own "
"Did you spend any except your own?"
"I did not."
"Did not jou leave some money in Fer
"I did leave some money for Dave Hil
ger and Mr. Williams, but it was given
mo by A. J. Davidson, and I was little
more than a messenger in the transac
tion." 'Changing the form of the question,
how much money did you handle In the
senatorial contest that was not your
'I did. not handle any money during tho
senatorial contest, except such as one
would naturally spend not to exceed In
the aggregate 51000"
"Dldjou spend no money except In Fer
"I cannot precisely say as to that."
Speaking of Attorney-General Nolan's
transcript of his testimony before the
Lewis and Clark county grand jury, Mr.
Nelll declared that it was colored through
out. He ga e ah Instance In which he was
quoted as saying that he did not know
what money was corrUptly spent, "I be
lieve the word 'corruptly was Intention
ally left out,"
"Has Mr. Clark a mortgage on the Hel
ena Independent for $25,000?" asked Mr.
"He has a mortgage for $24,800, and I
pay him his interest regularly," respond
ed Mr. Nelll Neil! was then excused.
Charles Ralph Jacobs, a carpenter from
Butte, testified to a conversation which
he had with G. C. Cason, a witness for
the prosecution. He had, he said, gone
to Cason's office, when the lattei asked
him if he wanted to make "some easy
"I replied," said the witness, "that there
was no one more inclined to make easy
money than mj self. He then told me that
all I had to do was to go to tho Daly
people and telj them a story and get my
mdney. They gave me $500 for my testi
mony, and you might as well get some!
01 it,' He then said ne would go to tho
other side and see what he could do."
The witness also said that Cason had.
referred him to Mr. Campbell. He further
said that he had come oluntarily to ex
pose Cason, having seen his testimony
before this committee in Montana papers.
He had not wanted to see Mr. Clark
"done -up," the latter being a friend of
his. Jacobs said that he had written
Cason while In Baker City, Or., telling
him If he came to Washington to testlfj
he Jacobs) would expose -him, notwith
standing he had originally promised Cas
on that he would say nothing of the con
versation. In that conversation there had
been no reference to the character of the
testimony he was to give in order to get
William McDermott, ex-TJnlted States
marshal of Montana, and a member of "the
Clark Independent committee during the
campaign of 1S99, testified that this com
mittee was organized because the regu
lar democratic committee was In the
hands of the Daly men. He volunteered
the; statement that he had heen a "bitter
opponent of Mr. Daly," but had Instruct
ed his workers at the primaries to use
none but honest means, and devote them
selves to preventing fraud. -. ,
At the afternoon sess on McDermott said
that just prior to the meeting of the leg
islature. State Senator Clark, of Madison
counts', had told him in Mr. BIckford's
office that he meant to vote for Mr. Clark
for the United States senate, and that he
believed others of the Madison county
delegation would do the same. Mr. Mc
Dermott said he had been presjnt at fre
quent consultations pf Mr. Clark's friends,
but he knew ,of no corrupt use of money
in Mr. Clark's Interest, -
The witness said he had spent $15,000 or
In Mr. Clark's Interest' In the legis
canrpalgn, and that C, W. Clark,
the senator's son, had given him this
money. After the state election he "had
expended ?5000 or $0000, which had come
from C."W. Clark and Mr. "Wellcome. This,
.he said, he had paid to every Tom, Dick
and Harry who asked him xor it, to tor"
100 persons, more or less. He naa Kepi
a correct account of all his expenditures,
but had not been able to find his books.
All told, he was very sure that ha, had not
handled to exceed $22,000 during the cam
paign, including both the legislative elec
tion and the senatorial contest. "When
he wanted money he would go to the bank
and get It. The understanding was that
Charles Clark was to keep money there
to meet the demands.
Asked the purpose" of the committee of
which he was a member, Mr. McDermott
said it was that of preventing Daly from
controlling the state. "If the Dalyltes
were for fusion, we were against it; if
th'ey were against fusion, we were for It
-Anything to beat Daly."
Giving a list of men to, whom he had
paid money in Helena, McDermott men
tioned a man named Johnson, who was,
he said, an expert on keeping a check
on such matters.v "We had him quite busy
for a time watching you (speaking to Mr.
CampbelO and Mr. Whiteside, He gqt
only WOO or $500, but that service was
worth more." -1
All told, he thought there were 300 or
400 men in Helena working for Mr. Clark
during1 the senatorial contest. Their prin
cipal business was to protect members of
That Jqu Can't Attend
the legislature from Intimidation by the
Daly people. All of them, were not, how
ever, under pay.
"Who were these terrible Intlmldators
that you have told us about?" asked Mr.
"I don't know but that jou were one of
them," responded McDermott.
Senator Chandler asked: "What com
pensation did you get for your services?"
"It was not my Intention to take any
thing, but I did get a present of S5000 af-
ter the senatorial election."
"Who gave It to you?"
"W. A. Clark. 'He sent me a check for
the money. I tried to get him to take It
back, but he refused, and I put It in the
bank to my account."
Speaking of the election In Butte, Mr.
McDermott said he had secured 100 affi
davits from persons registered from va
cant lots and of 40 from one room. Yet
he had torn them up and had made no
complaint before a justice of the peace,
because , there was no, justice there that
he had confidence in'.i Estimating the
relative strength of Clark and Daly in
Silver Bow county, in which Butte Is lo
cated, Mr. McDermott said that Mr. Daly
employed 4000 or 5000 men there, and Mr,
Clark 700 or 800.
The hearlpg was then adjourned until
THE RUNNING RACES.
Yesterday's Winners nt Tanforan and
SAN FRANCISCO, Feb. 13.-At Tan
foran Park, the weather was fine and the
track fast. The results were:
Seven furlongs, selling Meltkarth won,
Senora Caesar second, Miss Soak third;
Three and a half furlongs, for maiden
2-year-olds Moonbright won, On Time
second, Intreoldo third; time, 0:434.
Mile and an eighth Sardonic won, Sil
ver Tone second, Perseus third; time,
Mile and a sixteenth, selling Catas
trophe won, Daisy F. second, Morlnel
third; time. 1:47.
Races nt Msiv Orleans.
NEW ORLEANS, Ffc. 13 The track
was slow today. The results were:
Seven furkrags, selling Right Bower
won, Castar second, Lampwick thirdj
Six furlongs, selling Dr. Walmsley won,
Judge Wardell second, Tom KIngsley
third; time. 1:20.
Two and a sixteenth miles, selling Teutons-won,,
Albert Vale second, Monongah
third; time, 3:56,
Seven furlongs Ed Cartland U won.
Strangest second, Compensation third;
The Walking Match,
ST, LQUIS, Feb. 13. Gilbert Barnes, of
Springdale, Pa., led the six-day go-as-you-please
walking match tonight. The
score at 11 o'clock tonight follows:
Barnes , .,..,...92 5
Cox 286 11
Day , .285 5
Campana 278 14
Hegelman 263 6
Hart 258 8
Dean ,.., T. 254 3
Gllck 249 10
Graham, ... 239 16
Trlnidnd Treaty Signed.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 13 Another reci
procity treaty was signed at the state de-J
partment today by Lord Pauncefote and
Mr. Kasspn, conferring upon the island
of Trinidad, W. I., privileges in the matter
of reduced import duties on goods sent
into the United States. The concessions
made are similar to those granted to the
Windward and other islands of the British
Socks for' British Soldiers,
VANCOUVER, B. C, Feb. 13. A little
o er three weeks ago the patriotic women
of Vancouver held a meeting to devise
some means of showing sympathy and ap
preciation for soldiers who. have been called
to face the enemy.' The result haa been
that nearly 3000 pairs of socks are ready
for shipment, and dozens of sweaters and
caps, handkerchiefs and other articles.
. o '
Snn Francisco Will Be Dark.
SAN FRANCISCO, Feb. 13. The finance
committee of the board of supervisors 10.
day decided to shut off all the street lights
from March 1 to July 1, and also to omit
street sweeping one day In each week, In
order to carry the municipality through
the fiscal year without a deficit.
Boundary Surveyors Murdered.
TtANGOON, British Burmah, Feb. 13.
The British commissioners, Middle and
Sutherland, who had been engaged In the
demarcation of the Burmah-Chlnese terri
tory, have been murdered In the Monghem
district Consul Litter was wounded, but
CHARITY IN WAR TIME
PROVISIONS FOR SIQK AND WOTOfD
ED AND SOLDIERS' FAMILIES,,
Appeal to British In Baited 'Stales
to Help the Yeomanry Hos
LONDQN, Feb. 13. Aa the- ?Qnvlc,tlon
grows in Great Britain' that the war will
be long,, the efforts for providing for the
sick and wounded-and the families of the
s&dlers at the front are redoubling. There
is scarcely a woman in England wha. tei
addition to mailing articles' of clothing.
for those in the field and in the hospitals,
la not working fpr and contributing to
some social fund.
Mrs Arthur Paget's entertainment to
night brought In over 5000 for the fami
lies of the household troops. In which her
husband Is a colonel of the Scots Guards;
the? Mansion rlouse fund exceeds. 680,600
the Daily Telegraph's fund amounts to
119,000, and the Daily Mall s totals 77,
000. These amounts co er only the'larger
London funds, and do .not include numer
ous provincial funds of large amounts be
ing raised to equip volunteers.
The equipment of the" yeomanry hospi
tal has just left England for te Cape:
The ladies at the head of this charity
have now decided to raise funds to keep
the hospital going for six months, and
have Issued the following appeal ,to the
British residents of the United States:
"We are endeavoring to address an ap
peal to our fellow-countrymen, who, al
though absent from their native land,
' are mixed up heart and soul In. Us pros
perity. America has; generously glyen and
is still maintaining a hospital ship for our
wounded' soldiers. Thl3 munificence is
deeply "appreclared in our country. It la
not to America that we now appeal. Jt is
to those who cannot for various reasons
fight at their country's call. All the brav
est of Great Britain's soldiers will short
ly be at the front. We would ask their
absent comrades to prove by their liberal
ity that they are mindful of the sufferings
of those who fall bravely in keeping up
tho- traditions of British soldiers.
THE BATTLE OP COLISiSO.
Boiler's Failure Largely Dae to the
Lack of Mps.
CHICAGO. Feb. 13. A special to the
Record from Victoria, B. C, says:
A letter received by Mrs. A. A. Hum
phreys, of this city, .from a captain of a
border regiment, since wounded at Spion
kop, gives a graphic description df the
loss of the British guns at the Tugela
river. The letter was dated at Frere, De
cember 21, and In part says:
"People hardly realize yet what a big
undertaking this la turning out to be.
Everything points, to the Boers having not
less tftan 60,000 men Jn tho field, wlth-gund
superior to ours In range, and little behind
U3 in marksmanship, and until - we get
put a lot more troops, there is no likeli
hood of our doing much more than hold
them In check.
"They are undoubtedly following out a
plan of campaign which they have worked
out In all details In peace times, and they
are carrying it out most perfectly. They
have spies everywhere and are always
prepared to meet any move on our part
almost before we've begun. We are ex
actly the reverse and never seem to know"
what they are doing nor how many there
are of them In any direction. We won't
trust a single colonial (Cape Colonist).
"Wo have a first-class topographical
map of the frontier, but no military map
of these parts, and no one knows which
hill commands anqther, or what kind of
positions there are on the other side of
the mountains faqing us. We are exact
ly like tho French in the Franco-German
war, with excellent maps of the epemy'a
country, .but wilh none of our awn.' The.
Boer positions are on all the high' ridges
and hills. They extend tor miles and
command every bit of ground in front.
The hills behind are prepared for defense.
If they are driven back from one posi
tion they don't have to go very far to get
behind a new line of resistance. Water Is
far from plentiful and the transports
scarce, so we have to stick pretty well
to the railway. Buller has a hard nut to
crack in the Boer position in front of us
Colenso hills defending the river Tugela,
which we, must cross and which Is only
fordable In peaces few and far between.
"We tried to do so last Friday and had
a battle. We were 20,000 strong and the
Boers between 10,000 and 14,000 Our bri
gade, the Fifth, attacked on the left, but
our brigadier made an awful mess of it,
and Buller ordered him to withdraw, which
wo did after 532 were killed and wound
ed. Something went wrong with the right
brigade, and the officer commanding the
Royal artillery advanced his guns up to
within 700 yardB of the Boer position and
trenches long before the Infantry were
at hand to support him. The Boers al
lowed the guna to be unlimbered and then
poured such a hail of bullets that the
team3 of two batteries were killed in a
very short tlm. When, the gunners were
shot down, tho attack could not be car
ried out, and Buller had to give the order
to retire, and 10 guns had" to be aban
doned. Our total loss was 1147, and all
for nothing. Buller almost wept and was
heard to exclaim: 'My brigadiers have
"We shall have another division here
shortly and will then have 30,000 men, and
aa the Boers have been receiving rein
forcements, they will number not far from
20,000, and all in splendid positions. The
shrieking and bursting of shells and the
roar of battle and, the thousands of Mau
sers, Lee-Metfords and Maxims 'last Fri
day was something awfnl. The heat, too,
was dreadful, but the men behaved splen
didly," DUE TO SUPERIOR. POSITIONS.
Julian Ralph's Vievrs of the Boer
NEW YORK, tFeb. 13.-A dispatch to the
Herald from London says:
Mr. Julian Ralph, in a letter to the
Dally Mall from Modder River says:
"British defeats at the hands of the
Boers are due to the fact that the meth
ods qf modern warfare have been brought
tq a pause by the demonstrated power of
the weapons of today. The essential qual
ities of the army of. 20 years ago arc no
longer the supreme necessities for suc
cess. The man behind the- gun stands
mora supreme than ever.
"Dig a trench and line It, with good
shots, supported by modern artillery, and
no enemy can advance In the face of
them. They may be outflanked or starved,
but while their ammunition holds out.
pone can oust them, for they fill the whole
plain over a radius of at least 400Q yards
with such a withering blast of shrapnel
and rifle bullets that no troops can stand
in the open before it."
Speaking of Magersfpnteln, he says:
"The Boers there demonstrated the fact
that, given a plain, field glasses, modern
magazine rlftes and quick-firing small
rguns. and the whole German army itseif
could not dislodge the 03,000 men of the
two Boer republics by a. .frontal attack on
those grass-edged trenches. Not 50,000
British Could have beaten those 15.000
Boers,, except; at such a sacrifice of life as
no commander would require or could be
pardoned for occasioning. For a frontal
attack the old military manuals declared
that the attacking force must be three
times that of the defending force, but to-i
day, with the new weapons, it Is said
that 10 men must attack one.
"One of tho most formidable new con
ditions of war which we are experiencing
la one that we have never, or next to
never, seen before, for there are men in
our army who have never seen a Boer in
battle. I know of officers who have seen
.only one or two in one battle and five or
six in another. Our menhave thrown them
selves upon the1 Veldt and have fired for
, (hours a; a time at, the. noise or flame at
A RESOURCE OF
XREINQTH AND EINERG
1 h 'JAh JU
Harry D. Iks, Qlens
"Early last spring L found"
my appetite was failing, and I
erally. I was advised to take Paine's Celery Compound,
and after using it 1 never felt
now. It braced me up, gave me strength and vigor and
made a new -man of me. I recommend it to all persons who
have tired and languid feelings,
work hard mentally."
Paine's Celery Compound restores, strengthens
and sustains vital energy and muscular force.
the trenches of the enemy whom they
could not see. At Modder river thera
were whole battalions of ours that did
not know at the end of the day whether
the enemy wa3 north or south ef the
"A European army, fighting under Eu
ropean rules, is a clumsy weapon against
the Boer, who opposes1 us with' weapons
which render one man as good as 10, and
all 10 invisible. We remember the old
saying that an army moves upon Its bel
ly, and we pharaphrase It to make it
read, 'A modern army must fight upon Its
"If Germany got in a trench that eould
not be turned, all the world could ad
vance and be slaughtered, but not all the
world could oust the Germans from that
CONFIDENCE) IS ROBERTS.
"Whatever He Does Will Be Accepted
as the Best.
NEW YORK, Feb. 13 The striking
feature of the war situation in London
Is the boundless confidence reposed in
Lord Roberts. Generaf Suiter's report of
his third repulstfi, published today, aroused
no harsh criticism, for some of the ex
perts say the attack wa3 only a feint or-
dered by Lord Roberts with a view to
keeping General Joubert busy and pre
venting him sending reinforcements to
General Cronje at Klmberley. Th5 piti
ful condition of the Inhabitants of Kim-,
berley, who are dying of disease at an
appalling rate, leads to the belief that
Lord Roberts, with his- fine army of 36,
000 men, -will endeavor to raise the slega
at once. "
On the other hahd, experts say that in
vasion of the Free State would be wiser
tactics. But whatever' Lord Reberts ss
will be accepted as the best thing to do.
The Boer raldi in Zululand continues to,
alarm Natal. It is- believed the Tcansvaal
ers will sweep vast herds of cattle out of
Zululand and then raid, northeastern Na
tal. A dispatch from Pletennarltzburg states
that fresh meat is abundant in Natal, 38
oxen being slaughtered daily, and that
the Boers have over 100 guns betweeri the
Tugela river and Ladysmlth. and the Beer
artillery Are greatly impresses all wha
see It, the guns being mounted In almost
Charles Williams, the military, erltfc of
the Morning jLeader, who is understood
to have close relations with Lord Wolse
ley, the commander-in-chief of the Brit
ish army, writes aa follows.
"The government Jast night refused to
say whether Lords Roberts and Kltchea-
Tq assist digestion, relieve distress,
after eating or drlnklHg too heartily,
to prevent constipation, take
Sold everywhere. 25 cent.
Palls, N. Y., writes:
that I was tired and languid,
was becoming Fun down gen-!
so well in all my Hfe as I do
to all athletes, and to all who
er were sont to the front without consu- i
tatioa with Lord Wolseley or not. It baa
already been so stated in this place and
it is agate, assorted. Lord Wolseiey
learned the news from Monday morning
papers and, tho appointments were made
or the previous Saturday.
The remainder of the criticism is do-
(voted to the aovernsont'a array plans.
The writer decktros.
"The ministerial scheme developed last
night in both houses is in the main a
eoiossal, costly Imposture, designed at
ence to hoax the country into the belief
1 that some satisfactory reform of our mil
itary system is at length to be accom
piished and to throw dust hi the eyes of
f foreign nations."
A Strong Fortification.
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