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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 13, 1900)
THE MORNING OKEGONIAN, TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 13, 1900.
AGAINST THE TRUSTS
Another National Conference
in Session in Chicago.
MANY SPEECHES WERE DELIVERED
Cause ef GemBiaatieas, Their Growth.
KHd SBSgrestod Remedies for
CHICAGO. Feb. 12. Tonight, at the
close of the ftrat day's proceedings of the
anti-trust conference, catted by the Na
tional Anti-Trust League, good progress
had been made with the set speeches, of
which a doeen or more -were delivered.
Th resolutions committee was busy this
afternoon and tonight while the main
body of the delegates were listening to
the speeches at Central Music hall. A set
of resolution were formulated by the
committee, covering the following points:
Government ownership of all railways
and telegraph lines; the abolition ef all
special prlvtlges by legislative enactment;
placing on the free lt of all trust goods,
and direct legislation by petition from
thr people. The discussion in committee
was carried out on these lines. An
amendment was offered for the taxation
of all franchises, but was voted down on
the ground that such action would sim
ply legalise special 'privileges.
President Lockwood, of the executive
committee, called the conference to order.
Mayor Harrison welcomed the delegates
on behalf of the city. He denounced
trusts In general as dangerous and threat
ening the integrity of the nation. The
time had come, he said, to do away with
trusts. Already, he continued, the senate
of the United States has been reduced to
a small convention of owners and rep
resentatives of trusts. A few years more
would see the house and our judiciary
reduced to the same condition. In con
clusion, he called on the delegates to edu
cate the people to elect a legislative body
to force whatever scheme they decided
upon for the abolition of monopolies, and
to elect an executive with enough patriot
ism to enforce the laws formulated.
Ex-Judge Prentiss, of Illinois, was
elected temporary chairman, and ad
dressed the convention. In the course of
his remarks ex-Judge Prentiss said:
"We must arouse the people 'and edu
cate them, that In truth as well as in
theory, the government of the United
States belongs to them; that they are
the sovereigns of the country; that upon
thorn rests the responsibility of rooting
out the monopolies, and ere long they
will find a remedy. We are here to de
cide upon some remedy, and then to go
forth among the people and convince
them that they should start the work.
In my opinion, the trust evil was caused
by the failure of the- people to recognize
what are their rights ,and what their
powers are. Teach the -people the gov
ernment is theirs that In them the rem
edy lies. Teach them that the fundament
al principles of the Declaration of Inde
pendencethat all men are created equal
have been violated. These violations
are responsible for the situation that
confronts us today. Let us say that every
law which gives privileges to any class
shall be wiped off the statute books."
General K. B. Flnley, of Ohio, was rec
ognised by the chairman on a question
of personal privilege. He wished it un
derstood, he said, that he was not here
for the purpose of aiding in the organiza
tion of a new political party. He feared
that such a construction might be placed
upon a portion ef the speech of President
Lockwood in calling the conference to or
der President Lockwood immediately ex
plained that he was not here for the
organisation of a new party. His belief
was that att men showM, m the accom
plishment of (he purpose before the con
ference, rtee above the Interests of party.
O nicer a and Committees.
Franklin H. Wentworth, of Chicago,
was selected temporary secretary. The
following were appointed temporary vice
presidents: Sx-Oovernor Altgeld. Illinois;
John Crosby, New York; Richard Dalton,
Kansas; Tom L. Johnson, Ohio; Judge
Tuley, Chicago; General "Warner, Ohio;
Judge Clegg. Louisiana; IS. R. Rigley,
Jerry Sunpson. Kansas; Rev. Dr. Slade,
Illinois, P. Van Voorhes, Indiana; Gov
ernor Lee, South Dakota.
On motion of General Weaver, the chair
appointed a chairman from each state
on the following committees: Pro
gramme, permanent organization, resolu
tions, ways and means, national organiza
tion, and rules. The most important work
of the conference will fall upon the reso
The resolutions committee is made up as
follows: Louis F. Poet. Illinois; Willis J.
Abbott, Illinois; L. Lockwood, Pennsyl
anla; Professor Wills, Kansas; W. D.
B Bliss, Colorado; General J. B. Wea
ver. Iowa; B. S. Crosby. George Fred
W illfams, Maseachueetts; Tom L. John
son Ohio; Henry F. George, Jr., New
"irk, Richard Dalton, Jerry Simpson,
Kansas; Congressman Sulaer. New York;
C A. Stock well. Minnesota; Charles A.
Towne, Minnesota; Judge J. C. Clegg,
Louisiana; Joseph Shackley, Pennsylva
nia. Governor Lee, South Dakota; John
Z White. Illinois; Sam Jones, Toledo;
Ignatius Donnelly, Minnesota; Frank S.
Monnett, Ohio. A. P. McQuirk, Iowa; W.
1 Fleming. Kentucky; Professor J. R.
Cmmons, New York; C. B. Matthews.
New York; George H. ShlWey, New York;
Milton Park, Texas; Dr. George H. Sher
man. Michigan. T. J. Cole. Indiana; Gar
r tt Drotters, of South Dakota university;
J. hn P. Altgeld, Illinois; S. W. Bemls,
New York; K. W. Rucker, Colorado;
Clarence Darrow, Chicago.
The committee on national organization,
next in Importance to that on resolutions,
follows M. L. Lockwood, Pennsylvania;
C B Matthews, New York; J. R. Sov
ereign, Arkansas; Judge Clegg, Louis
iana, E. Q. Norton. Alabama; H. B. Mar
1 n New York: lorn L. Johnson. Ohio;
.' T Bride, Ohio; George Fred Williams,
Massachusetts; William L. Prentiss. 111
!i. s, Jerry SUwpsoa. Kansas; General J.
I Weaver, Iowa. Congressman Sutser,
2vw York. K. R. Rigley, Kansas; A. P.
M Quirk. Iowa; C. J. Bucil. Minnesota;
Nathan Cole, Colorado; C. H. Howard,
thuago. P. K. Dow. New York; Will
iam Rann. New York; Louis Post, Chl
c vr . R. Boddtnghouee. Chicago; W. D.
B Bliss. Colorado: Willis J. Abbott. Chl
t ikT Mrs. Luanda Chandler. Illinois.
P was announced that, owing to the 111
rus of ex-Congressman Towne, of Min
nesota, he will be unable to attend the
coherence. His place on the resolutions
lommittee was given to Frank D. Larra
b e of Minnesota.
Grewta ef Trusts.
captain v. p. Black, of Illinois, then
addressed the conference on the trust
quction. He was entanetaettoally re
ceded He said:
The growth of conditions under our
rn ernment which take away from the
masses who toll the hope of advancement
alike for themselves and their children;
the economic status that, by the opera
tion of the law of necessity compelling
t! e toller to provide for himself and those
d ,end nt upon him renders his condition
a rtxed and unalterable condition and
makes escape from the army of manual
to'lers a matter dependent not upon in
dividual earnestness, faithfulness, skill,
but a matter resting In the favor of the
employer, thus making of the toiler a de
p ndent These conditions are Intolerable
;o men understanding and loving llverty
nd resolved upon its maintenance above
all things. The conditions. If tamely tol
erated, are destructive alike of personal
Independence and of free government.
The trust ev. as It now exists among
us has gmwn out of the corporate sys
tem and Iks most msHgnnnt and bane
ful fruitage Is the sssushiug ef pubnc
sentiment consequent upon its practices."
He suggested as a method "of check
mating the corrupting practices of the
managers and dependents of the corpora
tion" the adoption of the initiative and
referendum. Such reform, he believed,
could be adopted and put in operation,
and, once in operation, the people cNauld,
by legislation which the courts could not
annul, dominate the whole question.
Black's speech aroused much enthusi
asm. At Us conclusion the conference
Governor Lee, of South Dakota, was the
first speaker of the afternoon. He said:
"We are face to face with a state of
universal ownership of wealth and the
sources of wealth-production by monop
oly, supplemented with the universal slav
ery of wealth-producers. In this view of
the case, unexplained, need I argue that
our future Is the most hopeless since the
dawn of civilization? Need I remind you
that, viewed elmply as a prospect whose
scientific reason Is not generally under
stood, and whose logical, and, I may say,
Inevitable, outcome Is not yet seen, there
is reason for the fear which is instinct
ively felt by the people?
"The groping after remedies and the
Webster Davis, assistant secretary of the interior, la taking a voluntary trip through the
Boer country. Official Washington- Is not worrying especially over hla movements, since his
Journeylngs are purely as an Individual and nave no connection with the United States gov
ernment. Three months ago he laid aside the departmental duties at the capital and set sail
for South Africa. He has been entertained by President Kruger, has traveled In state from
one point to another, and is now comfortably riding In the president's saloon carriage.
discussion of purely surface facts, which
characterized most of the record of the
former cession of this conference, and
which has been seen in all the newspaper
and platform talk since this question be
came of sudden and paramount impor
tance, shows that most of the disputants
are almost wholly lost or satisfied with
the present aspect of the trust. Fear and
frenzy on the part of the majority, and
cunning sophistry by trust-owners and re
tainers, has been the rule. But it is clear
to me, after a calm view of the facts,
that, having grown into this situation
through the natural accumulations of
wealth in the hands of a few men, under
a legislative and commercial policy which
has sacrificed everything to the cause of
money-making and capital-creation, we
should be able to find a simple, logical
and orderly means of turning all these
conditions to the advantage of the whole
people without disarrangement or destruc
tion of wealth or methods of wealth
making. It Is plain to me that, having
permitted a few men to take all but an
existence from our farmers and laborers
In exchange for the use of capital, until
the few find themselves overloaded with
money and the means of money-making,
and the many find themselves with no
money and no means of making a living,
there is but one way out of the difficulty,
and that lies in transferring the ownership
and control of mines, machines and means
of transportation and distribution from
the few to the many.
"The process of political and economic
evolution through which the country
must go before the crisis really comes
will be marked by brutal exhibitions of
trust practices. It will be marked by the
smasWng of laws, the rising of endless
antitrust nostrums, swiftly followed by
their Judicial overthrow. The period will
be red with a continued policy of foreign
conquest and an attempt to substitute a
political empire, with Its army and tin
seled institutions of force, for the repub
lice of Jefferson and Lincoln."
Jay D. Miller, of Illinois, was the first
speaker at the afternoon session of the
conference. He said:
"The mischievous results of monopoly
have caused most. If not all, of the Amer
ican states, as well as the national gov
ernment, to adopt civil and criminal laws
to correct the evil, all of which laws have
proved utterly futile. It Is the climax ot
Inconsistency to enact a law placing in
the hands of individuals or corporations
the power to do a thing, and then, wh.le
ocntlnuing such law In force, to enact
another law prohibiting the full exercise
of the power given by the first law, and
yet expect both laws to be and remain
In force and effect at the same time. We
have enacted laws which breed monopoly,
and then enacted other laws attempting
to prohibit the thing we are breeding,
and expect both to be effective. The one
creates and propagates social disease, the
other is empiricism and quackery. The
result Is that we have been caught in our
own trap. It is my belief that the lova
of truth and fair play is so flimly Im
planted In the human mind that when a
great wrong has been revealed to the
public eye, and a definite and adequate
remedy pointed out, it is only necessary
sufficiently to educate the masses In order
to secure its adoption. There is no rea
son why persons may not form a co
partnership, and they again with others
form a large copartnership, or they may
Incorporate, and this Incorporation may be
consolidated with other corporations, but
so long as they enjoy no special privilege,
cither directly or Indirectly, any attempt
ed monopoly will be short-lived and suc
cessfully overtaken by competition.
"Special privilege exists In different
forms, common among which are:
"L Permission given to individuals or
corporations to exercise functions olf gov
ernment; such as railroads, telegraphs and
"2. Second-hand privileges extended by
those who exercise functions of govern,
ment, such as discriminating railroad
rates and other favors.
"3. Privileges in natural resources, re
sulting In land monopoly.
". Protective tariffs.
"The people should understand that the
unfortunate consequences to the body
pollt'-c which may result from permitting
the selfish pirates of society to exercise
functions of government can scarcely be
George Sherman, of Michigan, followed.
"Disease Is but a change: the one per
meating this nation must soon reach vital
I parts. The lancing of some bolls by means
of Judiciary and legislative Investigations
has not removed the evil, but only re
vealed the nauseating corruption. Poli
ticians, ever ready to serve vested rights
and special privileges, are endeavoring to'
hide the festering sores under Star-Spangled
Banner plasters, stuck on with paper;
they are applying their soothing lotions
of a counterfeit prosperity, compounded cf
bonds and war taxes; they are urging
the nation to swallow their intoxicating
drug of Imperialism, in order that. In
the delirium thus produced, the nation may
not feel the fatal change going on.
"Shall we, as a peopl. retrace our steps
In civilization Oi advance? These are
really the questions now before us. Direct
legislation will be the instrument in the
hands of the people to create new forms
and laws, not according to preconceived
social theories, or the interests of any
ruling class, , but according to the real
wants of all the people as they make
themselves felt. There Is only one way
by which direct legislation can be brought
about, and that lsbyamending the con
stitution. This, then, is the remedy we
Hon. T. Carl Spelling, author of the
OOM PAUL'S GUEST.
California primary election law, followed.
He criticised the anti-trust act of the 51st
congress, known as the Sherman act,
pointing out several particulars In which,
he said, the act was vague and fatally
defective In definitions and specifications.
Mr. Spelling insisted that congress bad
ample powers, under the constitution, to
enact laws for the suppression of trusts
and removal of monopoly evila generally,
and criticised Presidents Cleveland and
McKlnley for their "expressions of doubt
as to such legislative power." He handed
to the secretary a proposed hill, very elab
orate in Its definition and severe In its
restrictive and penal provisions.
Frank R. Elliott, of Kansas, followed
Mr. Spelling. t-
B. .Matthews, of Buffalo, N. Y., followed
in a discourse on the oil trade. He was
given close attention, and created much
The paper prepared by Alexander Del
mar, the political economist of New York,
was read by Judge J. B. Fleming. Mr.
Delmar was prevented from attending the
conference on account ot illness.
H. S. Blgelow was the first speaker at
the night session.
Conressman William Sulzer, of 'New
York, received a hearty reception when
presented to the audience. He said:
"The law on the statute books against
trusts is clear and plain, and the highest
court in the land has passed upon Its val
idity and sustained the constitutionality
of its provisions. The anti-trust law of
1S90 declares that every contract or com
bination in the nature of a trust in re
straint of trade and commerce among the
several states or with foreign nations is
a conspiracy Illegal and void, and punish
able by fine and imprisonment. Under'
this act, it seems to me every trust in
the United States can be prosecuted for
violation of law, the charter annulled and
the men behind it punished for conspiracy.
Every trust, by its very nature, is in re
straint of trade and commerce and In vio
lation of this law.
"In my opinion, the department of Jus
tice under the present law can Institute
and successfully maintain action against
every trust doing business In the United
States. The law Is clear and plain, and
the facts are within the knowledge of all
and too obvious for controversy.
"The people who oppose and condemn
trusts will receive no encouragement from
this trust-ridden and trust-owned adminis
tration. The republican attorney-general
is the mere creature of the trust. The re
publican party in all its power stands
fearlessly for trusts, and Is openly and
boldly supported by trusts. Every trust
in the country was for William McKlnley
for president In 1P96, and every trust will
loyally and zealously aid him in 1900. If
you ask what for, I answer for value re
ceived, for the blessing of a pliable secre
tary of the treasury, and a derelict attorney-general,
for favors yet to come, and,
above all and beyond all, for Mark Hanna,
who runs the republican machine for the
benefit of the trust, and who turned down
In Ohio an honest and fearless attorney
general, who was brave enough to do his
duty, and courageous enough to enforce
the law against the Standard Oil trust,
the greatest, the most relentless and the
most cold-blooded monopoly of them all."
Bolton Hall, of New York, came next.
Mr. Sovereign followed. William J.
Strong, of Chicago, was the last speaker
of the evening. He talked on "Railroad
Blacklisting." The speaker illustrated his
talk with stereopticon pictures.
The committee on permanent organi
zation will submit a report tomorrow, rec
ommending Frank R. Monnett, formerly
attorney-general of Ohio, for permanent
chairman of the conference.
Single Tax Men Defeated.
CHICAGO, Feb. 12. At tonight's ses
sion of the committee on resolutions, the
single-tax advocates made a determined
effort to capture the organization, but
failed. An amendment was presented ask
ing for legislation requiring owners of
unworked coal mines and oil wells to pay
a royalty to the government. The com
mittee adjourned to meet at 11 o'clock to
morrow morning. The report of the reso
lutions committee will be presented to the
Many requests have been made to ex
tend the conference until Thursday in or
der to give all the speakers who have pre
pared papers an opportunity to be heard
One hundred and two speakers have asked
for places on the programme, but the
managers have decided that as it will be
impossible to accommodate all, it would
be useless to continue the convention an
FOUR CLARK WITNESSES
BUT ONE OF THEM TESTIFIED FOR
John S. Xcill, of the Helena Inde
pendent, Denied the Allega
tions of Whiteside.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 12. Four wit
nesses testified before the senate com
mittee on elections and privileges in its
investigaiton of the election of Mr. Clark,
on Montana, today. They were: D. R.
Peeler, a banker of Kallspell, whose evi
dence related to the bank account of
Senator Gelger; W. H. Cochran, of Butte,
who was called by the defense, but, who,
before he concluded, was stigmatized by
them as a witness for the prosecution;
State Senator C. W. Hoffman, and John
S. Nelll, proprietor of the Galena Inde
pendent. Mr. Nelll had not concluded
when the committee adjourned for the
day. He denied categorically all the al
legations of Whiteside involving his name,
and the latters assertions conqernins the
use of corrupt means to secure Clark's
David R, Peeler, president of the First
National bank, at Kallspell, Mont., was
the first witness. Before Mr. Peeler be
gan Senator Chandler again brousht up
the question of the whereabouts of
"Swede" Murphy, a witness wanted. The
senator said the man had been here once,
but had disappeared, and that he hoped
that the newspapers would continue their
efforts to locate him. Mr. Chandler said
also that he wanted to know the where
abouts of E. P. Woods, and D. G. War
ner. He desired, he said, to have them
all summoned. Mr. Hartman said he
had been told that Mr. Murphy had re
turned to Butte, and that the other two
men were In California.
Mr. PeeleT was questioned concerning
the account of State Senator Gelger, with
his bank, but he was not able to throw
much light upon the subject. He con
firmed Mr. Geiger's statement that he
(Gelger) had borrowed $2300 at the bank,
saying that Gelger had given him a deed
to property as security. The witness was
unable to give dates when various loans
had been made, and he was taken sharply
to task by Senator Chandler for his fail
ure in this resnect. He protested that
he was not trying to conceal anything,
but that he was simply unable to remem
ber. Mr. Peeler testified to conversations
with Mr. Whiteside previous to the elec
tion for state senator, In which the latter
had shown that he was a friend of Mr.
Daly. He also told of meeting Mr. Well
come In Helena, and said that he had told
him that he had better 'let Whiteside
alone, because he knew that Whiteside
was a "Daly man."
The cross-examination brought out the
fact that Mr. Gelger had made small
loans of $200 or $300 previous to his elec
tion to the legislature, but that he had
always in such cases given Indorsed notes,
whereas, after the election, notes of from
$500 to $1200 were taken without indorse
ment. He contradicted Mr. Geiger's
statement that the Geiger note for $2300
had been, canceled, saying that he still
held Geiger's property as security for it.
Mr. Peeler stated that during the ses
sion of the legislature Representative
Garr had handed him a package of pa
pers, but he said that he had never told
any one that the package contained Mr.
Garr"s boodle. Mr. Peeler said Mr. Garr
told him that the package contained his
election certificate, and a copy of a news
paper containing a committee list. It
was not enclosed in an envelope, but was
simply laid in a pigebn-hole In the safely
vault of the bank, and not locked up. He
had returned the package to Mr. Garr
after the adjournment of. the legislature.
In the afternoon William H. Cochran,
late editor of a weekly paper at Butte,
testified to two conversations with Mark
Hewitt, a- witness, .who testified for the
prosecution early In the case. He said
that in the first conversation Hewitt had
said he knew nothing against Clark, but
that In the second, which occurred last
December. Hewitt had been very bitter
against Clark, intimating that he had
failed to keep faith with him In a mining
deal. The witness told him he was com
ing to Washington to testify in this case,
and that while he knew of nothing
against Clark, that "there was lots of
time between Butte and Washington."
On cross-examination, Cochran said he
had sold his paper, and had been prepar
ing to go to the Klondike. Under pres
sure he said he had gone to see some per
sons for the defense in this case, among
them Representatives Paul and Metlen,
of Beaverhead county, and Senator Nor
ris. He said that on one occasion, when
standing in the outer office of Jesse B.
Root, partner of Mr. Wellcome, In Butte,
he heard Mr. Root say to some one In
the office, whom he did not know: "Here
is the money; take it, and after you have
testified we will pay you the balance."
He supposed this referred to the Clark
case, but he did not know.
This statement was evidently a sucprlse
to the counsel for the defense, who had
called Mr. Cochran, in an attempt to im
peach the testimony. The witness said
he had seen Mr. Campbell, counsel for
the prosecution, since his arrival In Wash
ington, but had neither given him money
nor made promises to give him any.
"As It transpires," said Mr. Foster,
"the witness is not ours." He added
that Cochran had told a stronger state
ment to him before taking the stand than
he had told on the stand.
Charles W. Hoffman, state senator, was
the next witness. He said he was a dem
ocrat, that he had been in the senate for
14 years; that when in the legislature In
1S9S It was largely antl-jDaly. Mr. Hoff
man testified to a conversation with A.
D. Matts, a fTlend of Mr. Daly, who said:
"Clark will never get there. We'll run
him out of- the state." Mr. Hoffman said
he had known of no corruption In the
state legislature In connection with Mr.
Clark's election. On cross-examination
Mr. Hartman asked: "Did you not say to
me and others prior to the election that
you considered him unfit?"
"No, sir," was the Teply. "I never said
that to you nor any one else."
J. S. Nelll, proprietor of the Helena
Independent covered a wide range In his
testimony, principally relating to State
Senator Whiteside's evidence. He said
he had known Whiteside for 18 years, and
had been friendly to him. He had had
several conversations with Whiteside dur
ing and after " the legislature; that at
each of these meetings Whiteside had ex
pressed himself as friendly to Mr. Clark.
"He told me," said the witness, "when
I met him first after the election, that
of the &1 members elected to the legisla
ture, none was a more earnest supporter
of Clark than himself, adding that It was
time to dump the Daly outfit."
Mr. Nelll produced a letter from White
side asking him (Nelll) to secure the serv
ices of a lawyer, by nreference Mr. Day,
to represent him (Whiteside) in his con
test with Mr. GeUrer for a seat in the
senate. He told of meeting Whiteside
about the time of the meeting of the leg
islature, when he had invited him to his
house to meet W. C. Clark, son of the
'senator. This he had done at the request
of Whiteside, who had said that he want
ed personally to meet either W. A, Clark,
his .son or his brother, Joseph K. Clark.
He said that, introducing the two gen
tlemen, he had told C. W. Clark that Mr.
Whiteside, in becoming a supporter of his
father, was liable to subject himself to
the "tyranny of the MnUy Magulres, who
were relentless In their pursuit of every
man who opposed them," Informing him
at the same time that Whiteside had the
contract for the construction of a school
building at Butte, where the trustees were
Daly men. He had told Charles Clark
that they would try to drive Whiteside
out after his vote. Charles Clark had
-eplled that "the Clarks are good stayers
hemselves, and he need not have any fear
1 of being driven out" He at this time had
No Fusel Oil.
speedily cured by DUFFY'S PURE RULT
WHISKEY. Its regular and continued use
cures Consumption, because it kills the
germs, it enriches the blood and tones up
the system. Duffy's is the only whiskey
taxed as a medicine by the Government.
Gentlemen ; I suffer with hemorrhages of the
lungs and have stomach trouble and kidney com
plaint. Duffy's Pure Malt Whiskey has helped me
to live these six years. Without it six months, I
would go to my grav e, I believe. Very respectfully
yoars, Joseph Collins, South Seaville, N. J.
Prescriiied by over 7,000 doctors.
All druggist "d Bracers, fi-oo a bottle. ValuaMe book of
tnforroitioa free. C.t the genuine bewaie of substitutes.
P'"'-"T MALT WHISKZT CO., Rochester, 17. T.
also suggested to Charles Clark that he
should give Whiteside a chance to bid
upon the contract for putting Up a build
ing the Clarks Were contemplating at
Butte, and Mr. Clark had replied that he
would give him an even chance with oth
ers. This was the last talk he had had
with Mr. Whiteside.
Referring to the attitude of the legis
lature, Mr. Nelll said the Clark people
had carried the primaries, and that when
the legislature was first elected, fully 50
of the democratic members were, for
Clark. Seven of these ceased to be so
afterward, and had since become em
ployes of the Anaconda (Daly's) Com
pany. Among the supporters were Mr.
Campbell and Speaker Stiff, and he quot
ed a speech made by Stiff two years ago.
In which the latter had referred to Daly's
men as ."copper-colored hirelings."
Mr. Neill was then questioned with a
view to bringing out explicit denials of
Mr. Whiteside's statement Involving his
name. He said he had never given Rep
resentative Jacqueth money to vote for
Clark, nor Whiteside money to hold for
him; that he never gave Mr. Fine $5000
for his vote for Clark; that he never told
Whiteside that $2000 had been sent to
Hong Kong to bring State Senator Hanna
home from the Philippines; that he never
showed Whiteside $10,000, telling him that
It was Intended for- him.
Mr. Nelll also referred to the testimony
of the witness, .Watson, concerning a let
ter from himself to T. 3. Jones, of Lewis
ton. He produced a copy of this letter
from his impression-book, promising to
iret the book from which the copy was
taken. It proved to be a plea with Jones
to make an appeal to the republican
members of the legislature from that
county to vote for Clark for the senate
and prevent a deadlock. He said in the
letter that Clark's election was absolutely
assured, and spoke o : Clark as a bulwark
against the "tyranny of the Anaconda
Company." Mr. Neill declared emphat
ically that he knew of no corrupt meth
ods In securing Mr. Clark's election.
The committee adjourned before the
direct examination had been completed.
NEW CABINET OFFICE.
Dcpnrtment of Mines nnd Mining:
Provided for by n House Bill.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 12. A new cabi
net officer, to be known as secretary of
mines and mining, is provided for In a
bill favorably acted on today by the house
committee on mines and mining. The
bill creates an executive department which
shall have entire charge of affairs relat
ing to mines, including geological sur
veys, the proposed secretary of mines to
have the same rank and same salary as
other 'cabinet officers.
Another mining measure favorably act
ed upon establishes mining experiment
stations in each of the mining states, sim
ilar to the agricultural experiment sta
tions, and provides for the appointment of
a government geologist at $3500, and an
assayist at $2500 in the several mining
states. These officers are to furnish as
says, issue public bulletins and conduct
explorations of the mining regions.
Foster's Cable Bill.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 12. A bill was
Introduced In the senate today by Senator
Foster, of Washington, providing for the
construction of a government cable line
from the United States to the Philippines.
The distinguishing feature of the bill Is
that it requires the cable to be laid from
some point on. the coast of Washington,
and that it shall run via Alaska and the
Aleutian Islands, to the Island of Attu,
thenco to the boundary between Russia
and Japan, and thence, with several stops,
to the Philippines. An independent cable
from San Francisco to Hawaii Is pro
vided. Weather Bureau Forecasts.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 1. (To the Edi
tor.) In your Issue of January 24, 1900, in
your Washington correspondence occurs
the following statement:
"... None of the big storms of last
winter were predicted by the weather bu
reau. Several large hurricanes were pre
dicted during the summer, which never
came, and much of the prediction done by
the weather service is now discounted and
has little value. ..."
This bureau Issued warning well in ad
vance of every hurricane that occurred
last summer and fall, while all the severe
storms of last winter that were dangerous
to navigation were successfully forecast
and the information freely distributed.
These are matters of record, and eo gen
erally known among those affected by the
forecasts that the assertions quoted from
your columns are ridiculous to informed
people. The statements do not agree with
those of nearly the combined press of the
United States. It is true that many fail
ures are made In the ordinary tempera
ture and rainfall forecast work of the bu
reau; and many failures will be made in
the future, as the present knowledge of
storm phenomena renders it impossible to
make an average of accuracy higher than
80 per cent, or a little over, in the predic
tion of rain or snow, and moderate
changes In temperature. But in the fore
casts of severe storms and cold waves the
bureau makes a very high degree of ac
curacy, and these are the warnings which
are of supreme importance.
WILLIS L. MOORE,
Chief U. S. Weather Bureau.
Fragrant Zarina cigarettes, sweeter and
milder than all others. 10c for 10.
soap is one that
a touch of
o atGmEagrmmmwM c
PiLLS worth living
3 Core BIBoisana NervsBS Disorders, c
A lO cent and 25 cents, at drug- stores. 6
A MISTAKEN IMPRESSION REGARDING THE
COPELAND MEDICAL INSTITUTE.
Their Work Is by No Means Confined to Any
One Manifestation of Constitutional Dis
order, but to AH Chronic Diseases.
Drs. Copelnnd and Montgomery are
specialists not In catarrh, alone, not
In dyspepsia, or'rhetamatism, or ner
vous troubles, or hlood troubles
alone not in any single manifesta
tion ot deep-seated constitutional
disorder. They are specialists In
all Ihose diseases, of a complex na
ture, requirinc special skill, special
education nnd special training:.
To the family physician belongs
the relief or care of acute diseases
the averting: of Immediate and press
ing: danger. To the specialist be
longs the cure of chronic diseases,
the lifting of the light and darkness
and shadow of lite, long endured;
the restoration, of courage and good
cheer, health nnd happiness, from the
permanent discouragement, morbid
melancholy, -weakness and certain
abnormal decline of chronic disease.
Great specialists could not he re
stricted to isolated manifestations ot
constitutional malady. "So impres
sion could he more erroneous than
that the work of Drs. Copelnnd and
Montgomery is confined to any one
disorder, like catarrh or blood trou
ble. Wherever such an impression
prevails, it should he immediately
corrected. Their xrork embraces all
chronic diseases, which they treat
with uniform success. Five dollars
a month is the only fee, and includes
all necessary medicines.
Great numbers of people suffer
from the malign poisons of catarrh,
as from other subtle chronic mala
dies, without any correct or definite
idea of the nature of their affliction.
The following symptoms have been
carefully arranged, to enable many
sufferers to understand just what it
is that alls them. Many diseases,
known under various specific names,
are really of a catarrhal origin aad
nnture. Every part of the mucous
membrane, the nose, throat, eyes,
ears, head, lungs, stomach, liver,
bowels, kidneys nnd bladder, are
subject to disease and blight by ca
tarrh. The proper course for suffer
ers is this: Read these symptoms
carefully over, mark those that ap
ply to your case, and bring this with
you to Drs. Copeland and Montgom
ery. If you live away from the city,
send them by mail and ask for mall
treatment. In cither instance, and
whether by mull or office treatment,
the patient may he assured of the
speediest relief nnd cure possible to
CATARRH OF HEAD AMD THROAT
The head and throat become dis
eased from nglected colds, causing
Catarrh when the condition of the
blood predisposes to this condition.
"Is the voire husky?"
"Do you spit up slime?"
"Ho you ache all overt"
"Do you snore at nlKhtt"
"Do you blow out scabs at night?"
"Is your nose stopped up?"
"Does your nose discharge?"
"Does the nooe bleed eaUy?"
"Is there tlcklln in the throat?"
"Is this Tvorue toward nlghtr
"Does the nose Itch and burn?"
"Do you hawk to clear the throat?"
"la there pain across the eyes?"
"Is there pain In front of head?"
"Is your sens of smell Ieavlnsr?"
"le the throat dry in the mornlne?"
"Are you losing your onn of taste?"
"Do you sleep with your mouth open?"'
"Does your nose atop up toward ntrht?"
CATARRH OF BRONCHIAL TUBES
This condition often results from
catarrh extending from the head and
throat, and, if left unchecked, ex
tends down the windpipe Into the
bronchial tubes, and in time attacks
"Have you a cough?"
"Are you loalng flesh?"
"Do you couch at night?"
"Have you a pain In aide?"
"Do you take cold easily?"
"Is your app'llte variable V
"Have you stltcne 'n side?"
"Do you cough until you gag?"
' Art you low-spirited at times?"
"Do you raise frothy material T'
"Do you cough on going to bed?"
"Do you cough in the morning?"
"Do you spit up yellow matter?"
"Do you spit up little cheesy lumpa?"
"Is your cough short and hacking?"
"Have you pain behind the breastbone T'
"Have you a disgust for fatty foods V
"le there a tickling behind the palate V
"Do you feel you are growing weaker?"
"Is there a burning pain !U the throat?"
"Do you cough worse night and morning?"
"Do you have to sit up at night to gtl
CATARRH OF THE STOMACH.
This condition may result from sev
eral causes, hut the usual cause is
catarrh, the mucus dropping down
into the throat and being swal
lowed. "Is there nausea?"
"Are you ccstlve?"
"Is there vomiting?"
"Do you belch up gas?"
"Havr you waUrhr"
"Are yoc ilghtneaded?"
"Is your tongue coated?"
"Do you hawk and spit?"
"Is there pain after eating?"
"Are you nervous and weak?"
88 Third Street Opposite Chamber of Commerce
Hours O A. M. to S P. M.t evening, 7 to 0: Suadays, 19 to 2.
"Do you have stek he4ales?"
"Do you Meat up after eattogl"
"Is there disgust fr breakfast?"
"Have you distress after eattog?"
"Is your throat filled wss kHnir
"Do you at tlraea have MarrbM&r'
"I. there rush ef bfeed i the head?"
"When you get up suddenly are you dlxayT"
"la there gsawteg reAs&ttoa m stomach ""
"Do yeu feel as If yew had lead in atomaohf
"When sterna eh is mty d yu feel faint?"
"Do you belch material that hums throatT
"If stomach is full de yen fl oppressed!"
SYMPTOMS OF EAR TROUBLES
Deafness and ear troubles result
from catarrh passing along the- 8i.
tachlan tube that leads from the
throat to the ear.
"Is your hearing faHgT"
"Do your ears discharge?"
"Do your ears Itch and hwa?"
"Are the ears dry awl sealy?"
"Have you pain behind the ears?"
"Is there throbbing m the ears?"
"Is there a buzzing sound hearrtT
"Do you have a ringing In tne ears?"
"Are there crackling Mimes' heard r
"Is your hearing bad etoudy days?'
"Do you have earache oocastoMUar?"
"Are there sounds like steam escaping?"
"Do your ears hurt when y Maw yeut
"Do you constantly hear noises la the ears?
"Do ytm hear better some days than others"
"Do the noises la yowr ears keep yott
"Whn yeu Mew your now do the tars
"Is hearing worse when yo have a cold?"
"Is roaring Hka a waterfall In the head?"
CATARRH OF THE LIVER.
The liver becomes diseased by ca
tarrh extending from the stomach
into the tubes of the liver.
"Are yeu fretful?"
"Are you peevish?"
"Do you get dizzy?"
"Do you feel fatigued?"
"Do you reel miserable?"
"Do you have ecld ferr
"Do you get tired easily?"
"Is your eyesight blurred?"
"Can't you explain where?"
"Constant sense of depression?"
"Is there a bloating after eating?"
"Constant sense of pain In back?"
"Have you gurgling In howeMr
"T)o you have rumbling In bowels?"
"Hav you pain under shoulder-blade ?"
"Is there throbbing In the stomaohT'
"Do you have sene of heat In bowels V
"Do yeu suffer from pains ht temples r
"Do yeu have palpitation of the heart?
CATARRH OF THE KIDNEYS AND
Catarrh of the kidneys and blad
der results in two -ways, first by tak
ing cold; second, by overworking;
the kidneys in separating from the
blood the poisons that have been ab
sorbed from catarrh, which affeets
"Do your hands and feet swetl?"
"Is thla more notfceablo in the saoraisgs?"
"Are they eoM and clammy?"
"Is there pain m small of haekr
"Is the urine dark and dottdy?"
"Does a deposit form when loft standing?"
"Is there a desire to get up at sight?"
"Do you see spots floating before ike eyes"
"Are the eyes dull and staring?"
"Is there a bad taste in the mouth?"
"Have you pain in top of head?"
"Is your hair getting gray?"
"If so, is it silvery whiter'
"Is the skin dry and harsh V
"la the hair dry and brittle?"
"Is there nausea after eating?"
"Has the perspiration a bad odor?"
"Is there punlness under the eyes?" "
"Are there dark rings around the eyes?
"Is the skin pale and dry?"
"Has the skin a. waxy look'"
"Do you see unpleasant things while asieepr"
"Have you chilly feelings down the back?"
"Do the Joints pain and ache?"
"Do the legi feel loo heavy?"
e Tho cost of treatment at the
Copeland Medical Institute for
any chronic ailment or malady O
Is at the rate ef
$5 Per Month.
Q This fee- laclades all racdl-
cines and the t'oastaat and J
watchful care el all patients J
to a final cure.
It you cannot come te the office,
write for Home Treatment Symptom
Blank: and Book and he eared at
BOOK FREE TO ALL
The Copeland Medical Institute
W. S. COPELAND. M. D.
J. H. MOSTCOMEKT, M. D.
OFFICE nOURS From 0 A. M. te 13
M.j from 1 to S P. M.
EVTUfiNGS Tuesdays and Fridays.
SIINDAY2 v rom lO A. M. to 12 M.
Leading and Most Successful
Physician and Surgeon
The world has ever known for the treat
ment of all private and chronic diseases
of beta male and female. The following
are among he troubles which, he will treat
with skill, and guarantee a perfect and
prempt cure of all curable diseases. We
treat the following diseases with a spe
cial treatment, which Is purely medical
PRIVATE 1fe. JPlett. gonor
i itivniu rhoea, tendoMnjg, swell
ing, quickly cured without pat or deten
tion from business.
I AniF wh ttvm asathy. in--ruiiJ
difference, aervens debility or
diseases peculiar to women, earn consult